Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.Methicillin Resistance: Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.Staphylococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Staphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Methicillin: One of the PENICILLINS which is resistant to PENICILLINASE but susceptible to a penicillin-binding protein. It is inactivated by gastric acid so administered by injection.Oxacillin: An antibiotic similar to FLUCLOXACILLIN used in resistant staphylococci infections.Staphylococcal Skin Infections: Infections to the skin caused by bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Tabernaemontana: A plant genus of the family APOCYNACEAE that contains bisindole alkaloids and IBOGAINE.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Vancomycin: Antibacterial obtained from Streptomyces orientalis. It is a glycopeptide related to RISTOCETIN that inhibits bacterial cell wall assembly and is toxic to kidneys and the inner ear.Nose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.Teicoplanin: Glycopeptide antibiotic complex from Actinoplanes teichomyceticus active against gram-positive bacteria. It consists of five major components each with a different fatty acid moiety.Vancomycin Resistance: Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of VANCOMYCIN, an inhibitor of cell wall synthesis.Molecular Typing: Using MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques, such as DNA SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; PULSED-FIELD GEL ELECTROPHORESIS; and DNA FINGERPRINTING, to identify, classify, and compare organisms and their subtypes.Staphylococcus epidermidis: A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS that is a spherical, non-motile, gram-positive, chemoorganotrophic, facultative anaerobe. Mainly found on the skin and mucous membrane of warm-blooded animals, it can be primary pathogen or secondary invader.Community-Acquired Infections: Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the CAVERNOUS SINUS of the brain. Infections of the paranasal sinuses and adjacent structures, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, and THROMBOPHILIA are associated conditions. Clinical manifestations include dysfunction of cranial nerves III, IV, V, and VI, marked periorbital swelling, chemosis, fever, and visual loss. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p711)Carrier State: The condition of harboring an infective organism without manifesting symptoms of infection. The organism must be readily transmissible to another susceptible host.Leukocidins: Pore forming proteins originally discovered for toxic activity to LEUKOCYTES. They are EXOTOXINS produced by some pathogenic STAPHYLOCOCCUS and STREPTOCOCCUS that destroy leukocytes by lysis of the cytoplasmic granules and are partially responsible for the pathogenicity of the organisms.Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Coagulase: Enzymes that cause coagulation in plasma by forming a complex with human PROTHROMBIN. Coagulases are produced by certain STAPHYLOCOCCUS and YERSINIA PESTIS. Staphylococci produce two types of coagulase: Staphylocoagulase, a free coagulase that produces true clotting of plasma, and Staphylococcal clumping factor, a bound coagulase in the cell wall that induces clumping of cells in the presence of fibrinogen.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Penicillin Resistance: Nonsusceptibility of an organism to the action of penicillins.IndiaOxazolidinones: Derivatives of oxazolidin-2-one. They represent an important class of synthetic antibiotic agents.Acetamides: Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Nafcillin: A semi-synthetic antibiotic related to penicillin.Staphylococcus Phages: Viruses whose host is Staphylococcus.Staphylococcus haemolyticus: A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS found on the skin of humans (and non-human primates), often causing hospital-acquired infections (CROSS INFECTION).Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field: Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.Exotoxins: Toxins produced, especially by bacterial or fungal cells, and released into the culture medium or environment.Gram-Positive Bacteria: Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Wound Infection: Invasion of the site of trauma by pathogenic microorganisms.Ciprofloxacin: A broad-spectrum antimicrobial carboxyfluoroquinoline.Anti-Infective Agents: Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Daptomycin: A cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic that inhibits GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIA.Drug Resistance, Microbial: The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Virulence Factors: Those components of an organism that determine its capacity to cause disease but are not required for its viability per se. Two classes have been characterized: TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL and surface adhesion molecules that effect the ability of the microorganism to invade and colonize a host. (From Davis et al., Microbiology, 4th ed. p486)Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Bacteremia: The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.Bacterial Toxins: Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Muramoylpentapeptide Carboxypeptidase: Enzyme which catalyzes the peptide cross-linking of nascent CELL WALL; PEPTIDOGLYCAN.Penicillin-Binding Proteins: Bacterial proteins that share the property of binding irreversibly to PENICILLINS and other ANTIBACTERIAL AGENTS derived from LACTAMS. The penicillin-binding proteins are primarily enzymes involved in CELL WALL biosynthesis including MURAMOYLPENTAPEPTIDE CARBOXYPEPTIDASE; PEPTIDE SYNTHASES; TRANSPEPTIDASES; and HEXOSYLTRANSFERASES.Hexosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of hexose groups. EC 2.4.1.-.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Peptidyl Transferases: Acyltransferases that use AMINO ACYL TRNA as the amino acid donor in formation of a peptide bond. There are ribosomal and non-ribosomal peptidyltransferases.Soft Tissue Infections: Infections of non-skeletal tissue, i.e., exclusive of bone, ligaments, cartilage, and fibrous tissue. The concept is usually referred to as skin and soft tissue infections and usually subcutaneous and muscle tissue are involved. The predisposing factors in anaerobic infections are trauma, ischemia, and surgery. The organisms often derive from the fecal or oral flora, particularly in wounds associated with intestinal surgery, decubitus ulcer, and human bites. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1688)Virginiamycin: A cyclic polypeptide antibiotic complex from Streptomyces virginiae, S. loidensis, S. mitakaensis, S. pristina-spiralis, S. ostreogriseus, and others. It consists of 2 major components, VIRGINIAMYCIN FACTOR M1 and virginiamycin Factor S1. It is used to treat infections with gram-positive organisms and as a growth promoter in cattle, swine, and poultry.Ageratum: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that contains PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS. Yellow vein disease of Ageratum is caused by a viral DNA complex of a begomovirus (GEMINIVIRIDAE).Penicillins: A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)Endocarditis, Bacterial: Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.Gentamicins: A complex of closely related aminoglycosides obtained from MICROMONOSPORA purpurea and related species. They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, but may cause ear and kidney damage. They act to inhibit PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS.Tetracycline: A naphthacene antibiotic that inhibits AMINO ACYL TRNA binding during protein synthesis.Enterococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria consisting of organisms causing variable hemolysis that are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Previously thought to be a member of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS, it is now recognized as a separate genus.Lysostaphin: A 25-kDa peptidase produced by Staphylococcus simulans which cleaves a glycine-glcyine bond unique to an inter-peptide cross-bridge of the STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS cell wall. EC 3.4.24.75.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.Staphylococcal Protein A: A protein present in the cell wall of most Staphylococcus aureus strains. The protein selectively binds to the Fc region of human normal and myeloma-derived IMMUNOGLOBULIN G. It elicits antibody activity and may cause hypersensitivity reactions due to histamine release; has also been used as cell surface antigen marker and in the clinical assessment of B lymphocyte function.Penicillinase: A beta-lactamase preferentially cleaving penicillins. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 3.5.2.-.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Cloxacillin: A semi-synthetic antibiotic that is a chlorinated derivative of OXACILLIN.Cephalosporins: A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Fluoroquinolones: A group of QUINOLONES with at least one fluorine atom and a piperazinyl group.Quinolones: A group of derivatives of naphthyridine carboxylic acid, quinoline carboxylic acid, or NALIDIXIC ACID.Ofloxacin: A synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent that inhibits the supercoiling activity of bacterial DNA GYRASE, halting DNA REPLICATION.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Staphylococcus hominis: A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS similar to STAPHYLOCOCCUS HAEMOLYTICUS, but containing different esterases. The subspecies Staphylococcus hominis novobiosepticus is highly virulent and novobiocin resistant.Levofloxacin: The L-isomer of Ofloxacin.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Rifampin: A semisynthetic antibiotic produced from Streptomyces mediterranei. It has a broad antibacterial spectrum, including activity against several forms of Mycobacterium. In susceptible organisms it inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity by forming a stable complex with the enzyme. It thus suppresses the initiation of RNA synthesis. Rifampin is bactericidal, and acts on both intracellular and extracellular organisms. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1160)Cefoxitin: A semisynthetic cephamycin antibiotic resistant to beta-lactamase.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Mupirocin: A topically used antibiotic from a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. It has shown excellent activity against gram-positive staphylococci and streptococci. The antibiotic is used primarily for the treatment of primary and secondary skin disorders, nasal infections, and wound healing.Bacteriophage Typing: A technique of bacterial typing which differentiates between bacteria or strains of bacteria by their susceptibility to one or more bacteriophages.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Cephalothin: A cephalosporin antibiotic.Pneumonia, Staphylococcal: Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.Fusidic Acid: An antibiotic isolated from the fermentation broth of Fusidium coccineum. (From Merck Index, 11th ed). It acts by inhibiting translocation during protein synthesis.PeptidoglycanPenicillin G: A penicillin derivative commonly used in the form of its sodium or potassium salts in the treatment of a variety of infections. It is effective against most gram-positive bacteria and against gram-negative cocci. It has also been used as an experimental convulsant because of its actions on GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID mediated synaptic transmission.Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Staphylococcus lugdunensis: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family STAPHYLOCOCCACEAE. It is responsible for skin and soft-tissue infections among others, and is part of the normal human skin flora.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Autolysis: The spontaneous disintegration of tissues or cells by the action of their own autogenous enzymes.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests: A method where a culturing surface inoculated with microbe is exposed to small disks containing known amounts of a chemical agent resulting in a zone of inhibition (usually in millimeters) of growth of the microbe corresponding to the susceptibility of the strain to the agent.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Bacteriolysis: Rupture of bacterial cells due to mechanical force, chemical action, or the lytic growth of BACTERIOPHAGES.Erythromycin: A bacteriostatic antibiotic macrolide produced by Streptomyces erythreus. Erythromycin A is considered its major active component. In sensitive organisms, it inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 50S ribosomal subunits. This binding process inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.Cefazolin: A semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.Cefamandole: Semisynthetic wide-spectrum cephalosporin with prolonged action, probably due to beta-lactamase resistance. It is used also as the nafate.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.Clindamycin: An antibacterial agent that is a semisynthetic analog of LINCOMYCIN.Gram-Negative Bacteria: Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.Chromosomes, Bacterial: Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Mastitis, Bovine: INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method.Agar: A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.Enterotoxins: Substances that are toxic to the intestinal tract causing vomiting, diarrhea, etc.; most common enterotoxins are produced by bacteria.Gram-Positive Cocci: Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Latex Fixation Tests: Passive agglutination tests in which antigen is adsorbed onto latex particles which then clump in the presence of antibody specific for the adsorbed antigen. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Aminoglycosides: Glycosylated compounds in which there is an amino substituent on the glycoside. Some of them are clinically important ANTIBIOTICS.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Novobiocin: An antibiotic compound derived from Streptomyces niveus. It has a chemical structure similar to coumarin. Novobiocin binds to DNA gyrase, and blocks adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p189)Microbial Viability: Ability of a microbe to survive under given conditions. This can also be related to a colony's ability to replicate.Pyoderma: Any purulent skin disease (Dorland, 27th ed).Blood: The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (BLOOD VESSELS). Whole blood includes PLASMA and BLOOD CELLS.Lincomycin: An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces lincolnensis var. lincolnensis. It has been used in the treatment of staphylococcal, streptococcal, and Bacteroides fragilis infections.N-Acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine Amidase: An autolytic enzyme bound to the surface of bacterial cell walls. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of the link between N-acetylmuramoyl residues and L-amino acid residues in certain cell wall glycopeptides, particularly peptidoglycan. EC 3.5.1.28.Transformation, Bacterial: The heritable modification of the properties of a competent bacterium by naked DNA from another source. The uptake of naked DNA is a naturally occuring phenomenon in some bacteria. It is often used as a GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUE.Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.beta-Lactams: Four-membered cyclic AMIDES, best known for the PENICILLINS based on a bicyclo-thiazolidine, as well as the CEPHALOSPORINS based on a bicyclo-thiazine, and including monocyclic MONOBACTAMS. The BETA-LACTAMASES hydrolyze the beta lactam ring, accounting for BETA-LACTAM RESISTANCE of infective bacteria.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Micrococcus: A genus of gram-positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.Drug Resistance: Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.beta-Lactamases: Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.Prosthesis-Related Infections: Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. The infections may be acquired from intraoperative contamination (early) or hematogenously acquired from other sites (late).Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Staphylococcus saprophyticus: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family STAPHYLOCOCCACEAE. It commonly causes urinary tract infections in humans.Exfoliatins: Protein exotoxins from Staphylococcus aureus, phage type II, which cause epidermal necrolysis. They are proteins with a molecular weight of 26,000 to 32,000. They cause a condition variously called scaled skin, Lyell or Ritter syndrome, epidermal exfoliative disease, toxic epidermal necrolysis, etc.OsteomyelitisGlycopeptides: Proteins which contain carbohydrate groups attached covalently to the polypeptide chain. The protein moiety is the predominant group with the carbohydrate making up only a small percentage of the total weight.Hemolysin Proteins: Proteins from BACTERIA and FUNGI that are soluble enough to be secreted to target ERYTHROCYTES and insert into the membrane to form beta-barrel pores. Biosynthesis may be regulated by HEMOLYSIN FACTORS.Teichoic Acids: Bacterial polysaccharides that are rich in phosphodiester linkages. They are the major components of the cell walls and membranes of many bacteria.Lactams: Cyclic AMIDES formed from aminocarboxylic acids by the elimination of water. Lactims are the enol forms of lactams.Drug Resistance, Multiple: Simultaneous resistance to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Cephradine: A semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotic.Staphylococcal VaccinesBacterial Adhesion: Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Nasal Mucosa: The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.Enterococcus faecalis: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.Ampicillin: Semi-synthetic derivative of penicillin that functions as an orally active broad-spectrum antibiotic.Transduction, Genetic: The transfer of bacterial DNA by phages from an infected bacterium to another bacterium. This also refers to the transfer of genes into eukaryotic cells by viruses. This naturally occurring process is routinely employed as a GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUE.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Minocycline: A TETRACYCLINE analog, having a 7-dimethylamino and lacking the 5 methyl and hydroxyl groups, which is effective against tetracycline-resistant STAPHYLOCOCCUS infections.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Multilocus Sequence Typing: Direct nucleotide sequencing of gene fragments from multiple housekeeping genes for the purpose of phylogenetic analysis, organism identification, and typing of species, strain, serovar, or other distinguishable phylogenetic level.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Interspersed Repetitive Sequences: Copies of transposable elements interspersed throughout the genome, some of which are still active and often referred to as "jumping genes". There are two classes of interspersed repetitive elements. Class I elements (or RETROELEMENTS - such as retrotransposons, retroviruses, LONG INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS and SHORT INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS) transpose via reverse transcription of an RNA intermediate. Class II elements (or DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS - such as transposons, Tn elements, insertion sequence elements and mobile gene cassettes of bacterial integrons) transpose directly from one site in the DNA to another.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Extrachromosomal Inheritance: Vertical transmission of hereditary characters by DNA from cytoplasmic organelles such as MITOCHONDRIA; CHLOROPLASTS; and PLASTIDS, or from PLASMIDS or viral episomal DNA.Bacteria, AerobicMicrococcal Nuclease: An enzyme that catalyzes the endonucleolytic cleavage to 3'-phosphomononucleotide and 3'-phospholigonucleotide end-products. It can cause hydrolysis of double- or single-stranded DNA or RNA. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.1.31.1.R Factors: A class of plasmids that transfer antibiotic resistance from one bacterium to another by conjugation.Staphylococcus hyicus: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family STAPHYLOCOCCACEAE. It is an important opportunistic pathogen in swine.Drug Synergism: The action of a drug in promoting or enhancing the effectiveness of another drug.
"Molecular epidemiology of enteritis-causing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Journal of Hospital Infection. 62 (1 ... Staphylococcus aureus is a true food poisoning organism. It produces a heat stable enterotoxin when allowed to grow for several ... Common symptoms of Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning include: a rapid onset which is usually 1-6 hours, nausea, explosive ... It is a heat stable toxin and is resistant to digestive protease. It is the ingestion of the toxin that causes the inflammation ...
Patentdocs: Reaction Medium For Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (Mrsa) Bacteria *^ http://www.toku-e.com/Assets/MIC ...
"The evolutionary history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 99 (11): 7687-7692. ... This rapid evolution is important in medicine, as it has led to the development of multidrug resistant pathogenic bacteria, ... Anderson, A. W.; Nordan, H. C.; Cain, R. F.; Parrish, G.; Duggan, D. (1956). "Studies on a radio-resistant micrococcus. I. ... and can be highly resistant to radiation, which may even allow them to survive in space.[70] Many types of microorganisms have ...
"Mapping the protein interaction network in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Journal of Proteome Research. 10 (3): ... Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). 2,656. 13,219. AP/MS. [58] The E. coli and Mycoplasma interactomes have been analyzed using large ...
MRSA stands for Methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus, which is a form of a staph infection. Any athlete who develops a skin ... "Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) and Athletics". NCAA.org - The Official Site of the NCAA. Retrieved 2016-04- ... "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Infections , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-01. "Ringworm: MedlinePlus ... Impetigo comes from a bacterium known as staphylococcus aureus. Certain sports. Participating in sports like wrestling and ...
NCBI PubMed; Bentley TP; Brennan DF (August 2009). "Lemierre's syndrome: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ... "A Lemierre's syndrome variant caused by Staphylococcus aureus". American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 26 (3): 380-387. doi: ... Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Eikenella corrodens.[6][8] ...
O-BC30T, against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Washington, DC: American ...
O-BC30T, against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 47 (2): 480-488. doi: ... Isnansetyo, A.; Kamei, Y. (2009). "Anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) activity of MC21-B, an antibacterial ... nov., a novel marine bacterium that produces phenolic anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus substances". ... Those two substances show antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Isnansetyo, A.; Kamei, Y ...
... methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE)) or in individuals with ... Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin resistant or MRSA): 1 μg/ml to 138 μg/ml ... including vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA).[62][63] ... a comparison of disease caused by methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible organisms". Clin Infect Dis. 29 (5): 1171-7 ...
... methicillin and oxacillin in methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus detected by dilution and ... Such organisms include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).[better source needed] Like other β-lactam ... vancomycin and amikacin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. strains". Annals of Clinical Microbiology and ... It is active against beta-lactamase-producing organisms such as Staphylococcus aureus, which would otherwise be resistant to ...
The evolutionary history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)». Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 99 (11): 7687-92. PMC ...
"Management of skin abscesses in the era of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" (PDF). The New England Journal of ... In the United States and many other areas of the world the most common bacteria present is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus ... In the United States and many other areas of the world the most common bacteria present is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus ... advises that the draining of an abscess is not enough to address community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ...
"The evolutionary history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 99 (11): 7687-92. ... Extremophiles have been known to survive for a prolonged time in a vacuum, and can be highly resistant to radiation, which may ... This rapid evolution is important in medicine, as it has led to the development of multidrug resistant pathogenic bacteria, ... superbugs, that are resistant to antibiotics. A possible transitional form of microorganism between a prokaryote and a ...
"Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections". cdc.gov. September 10, 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2015. Vetter ... person may think that a wound is a spider bite when it is actually an infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus ...
Active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". AMB Express. 4. doi:10.1186/s13568-014-0050-y. List of ...
"Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) and Athletics". NCAA.org - The Official Site of the NCAA. Retrieved 2016-04- ... MRSA stands for Methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus, which is a form of a staph infection.[31] Any athlete who develops a ... "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Infections , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-01.. ... Impetigo comes from a bacterium known as staphylococcus aureus. ...
... and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of ... Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Burkholderia cepacia are found most often in cystic fibrosis patients. High- ... The presence of such genera as Mycoplasma, Pseudomonas, and Staphylococcus is correlated with stable COPD state. On the other ... Genera Bacillus, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Streptomyces are the main producers of ...
Wendlandt, Sarah; Schwarz, Stefan; Silley, Peter (februar 2013). «Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A Food-Borne ... Staphylococcus aureus) som toler methicillin og mange andre antibiotikum.[1] Methicillin er ikkje lenger nytta klinisk og er ... Peacock, Sharon J.; Paterson, Gavin K. (juni 2015). «Mechanisms of Methicillin Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus». Annual ... Methicillin vart introdusert i 1959, og året etter, i 1960, vart dei fyrste tilfella av methicillin-resistens rapporterte frå ...
Singer, Adam J.; Talan, David A. (2014-03-13). "Management of Skin Abscesses in the Era of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus ... When methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is a concern, doxycycline or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole may, in addition, be ... Group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus are the most common of these bacteria, which are part of the normal flora of the skin ... Typically, this includes alpha-hemolytic streptococci, staphylococci, and bacteroides groups.[10] Predisposing conditions for ...
Colley EW, Mcnicol MW, Bracken PM (March 1965). "Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci in a General Hospital". Lancet. 1 (7385): ... but were ineffective against the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains that subsequently emerged.[61] ... Further development yielded β-lactamase-resistant penicillins, including flucloxacillin, dicloxacillin, and methicillin. These ... Staphylococcus aureus: from less than or equal to 0.015 μg/ml to more than 32 μg/ml ...
"Activity of the streptogramin antibiotic etamycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". The Journal of ...
"Activity of the streptogramin antibiotic etamycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Journal of Antibiotics ... A unique and important example is the L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Lac motif found in a particular class of vancomycin-resistant bacterial ...
Nagaraju U, Bhat G, Kuruvila M, Pai GS, Babu RP (2004). "Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in community-acquired ... Staphylococcus aureus has the ability to acquire antimicrobial resistance easily, making treatment difficult. Knowledge of the ... It is most commonly caused by infection by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, resulting in a painful swollen area on the skin ... Naturally the cause is bacteria such as staphylococci that are present on the skin. Bacterial colonisation begins in the hair ...
Kollef MH (December 2009). "New antimicrobial agents for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Crit Care Resusc. 11 (4 ... a new option for treatment of skin and soft-tissue infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Clin. Infect ... Currently, some Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Escherichia coli strains are resistant ... A novel cephalosporin/β-lactamase inhibitor combination with activity against multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli". Drugs ...
Staphylococci that are resistant to methicillin and oxacillin should also be considered clinically resistant to cefoxitin even ... Major bacteria resistant to cefoxitin include: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Enterococci Listeria monocytogenes ... MRSA, or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a strain that has acquired resistance to cefoxitin via this gene. For ... "The emergence of mecC methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Trends in Microbiology. 22 (1): 42-47. doi:10.1016/j.tim. ...
... such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or antifungal-resistant Candida.[2] ... By pre-emptively treating patients who have become colonized with an antimicrobial resistant organism, the likelihood of the ... is a medical intervention that attempts to rid a patient of an antimicrobial resistant pathogen,[1] ...
Does nasal cocolonization by methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus ... First record of isolation and characterization of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus lugdunensis from clinical samples in ... This study is a first record of isolation and characterization of methicillin resistant S. lugdunensis (MRSL) from clini... ... CRISPR & Staphylococcus. CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Staphylococci are ...
... methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) accounted for <15 isolates per year during 1980-2002. However, since 2003 an ... For many years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been a serious and common nosocomial pathogen in ... MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; SSTI, skin and soft tissue infection; UTI, urinary tract infection; LRTI, ... MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; SSTI, skin and soft tissue infection; UTI, urinary tract infection; LRTI, ...
MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA is a staph germ (bacteria) that does not get better with ... MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA is a "staph" germ (bacteria) that does not get better with ... Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). www.cdc.gov/mrsa/index.html. Updated February 5, 2019. Accessed October 22 ... Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; Hospital-acquired MRSA (HA-MRSA); Staph - MRSA; Staphylococcal - MRSA ...
MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which is a type of Staphylococcus aureus that is resistant to the ... These methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus became known as MRSA for short, and although methicillin is no longer ... However,, most strains of Staphylococcus aureus are now resistant to penicillin. This is because Staphylococcus aureus can make ... certain strains of Staphylococcus aureus emerged that were resistant to methicillin (and also to the newer drugs such as ...
Strains that are oxacillin and methicillin resistant, historically termed methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), are resistant ... Laboratory Detection of: Oxacillin/Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. ... Why are oxacillin and cefoxitin tested instead of methicillin? First, methicillin is no longer commercially available in the ... This phenomenon is termed heteroresistance and occurs in staphylococci resistant to penicillinase-stable penicillins, such as ...
... a poster presented by Mark Schroeder of Ohio Wesleyan University about the prevalence of methicillin-resistant staphylococci in ... the staphylococci include several potential pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermis). ... were methicillin resistant. Zoiks. Of the S. aureus, ~30% were methicillin resistant (no mention which clone of S. aureus they ... its safe to say that they constitute a major reservoir of methicillin resistant staphylococci (as well as methicillin ...
Vancomycin therapy for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.. Sorrell TC, Packham DR, Shanker S, Foldes M, Munro R. ... Ten patients with bacteremia due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus were treated with vancomycin. These patients ... Bacteremic infections due to methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus cause similar morbidity and mortality. ... Vancomycin is effective but potentially toxic therapy for most serious infections due to methicillin-resistant S. aureus. In- ...
"Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as community pathogen". Symposium on Community-Associated Methicillin-resistant ... Like all Staphylococcus aureus (usually S. aureus but abbreviated SA at times), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ( ... "Prevalence of and risk factors for community-acquired methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus ... Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (/ɛmɑːrɛseɪ/ or /ˈmɜːrsə/) is a gram-positive bacterium that is genetically ...
Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pediatrics.. Buescher ES1.. Author information. 1. Center for ... Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is an emerging problem in pediatrics, with clinical ... the gene that encodes the methicillin-resistant penicillin binding protein. Carriage of recognized staphylococcal virulence ... and has the same risk factors for acquisition/disease as methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA). At the gene level, CA-MRSA ...
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus;. EMRSA,. epidemic MRSA;. MSSA,. methicillin-susceptible S. aureus;. SCCmec,. ... Longitudinal Analysis of Methicillin-Resistant and Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Carriage in Healthy ... Molecular Surveillance and Population Structure Analysis of Methicillin-Susceptible and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus ... to a Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Strain That Subsequently Caused a Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus ...
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus;. EMRSA,. epidemic MRSA;. MSSA,. methicillin-susceptible S. aureus;. SCCmec,. ... The evolutionary history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Mark C. Enright, D. Ashley Robinson, Gaynor ... The evolutionary history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Mark C. Enright, D. Ashley Robinson, Gaynor ... Methicillin was introduced in 1959 to treat infections caused by penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. In 1961 there were ...
... Pascale Trépanier, Claude Tremblay, and Annie ... BACKGROUND: Medical residents may be at risk of becoming colonized by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) during ...
... are staph bacteria resistant to the antibiotic methicillin and other beta-lactams. MRSA screening identifies people with MRSA ... A methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) screen tests solely for the presence of MRSA and no other microbes. It is ... aureus and the mecA gene that confers resistance to methicillin, oxacillin, nafcillin, dicloxacillin, and other similar ... to control the spread of MRSA by screening those patients they feel are at risk of being colonized with these resistant ...
... , Methicillin Resistant Staph Aureus, MRSA, MRSA Infection, MRSA Encounter, ... Vancomycin intermediate Staphylococcus aureus, Vancomycin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. ... Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus.methicillin resistant, methicillin resistant staphylococcus ... Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus ...
Significant advances have been made in recent years in our understanding of how methicillin resistance is acquired by ... Staphylococcus aureus. Integration of a staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) element into the chromosome converts ... The emergence and evolution of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Trends Microbiol. 2001 Oct;9(10):486-93. doi: ... aureus into the notorious hospital pathogen methicilin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), which is resistant to practically all beta- ...
... methicillin - Additional details: I never had a staph infection (that I was aware of) my entire adult ... ... Home › Q & A › Questions › Methicillin-Resistant.... Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection-Effects on Gums/ ... infections, gingivitis, methicillin, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection, tooth, infection, staphylococcus ... Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection - Have mrsa and noticed a place on tongue can?. Posted 28 Aug 2015 • 1 ...
Ask questions and get answers about Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection. Our support group helps people share ... Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection. Join the Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection group ... Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection - What kills MRSA from living and thriving in. Posted 16 Aug 2016 • 0 ... Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection - Severe diarrhea and nausea?. Posted 3 Apr 2017 • 1 answer ...
Discusses methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a type of staph bacteria. Covers how it is spread. Discusses ... Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). Overview. What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)?. ... Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of staphylococcus or "staph" bacterium that is resistant to many ... Most cases of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) begin as mild skin infections such as ...
... Carol A Kurbis1,2 and John L Wylie1,3 ... Carol A Kurbis and John L Wylie, "Community-Based Cluster of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus in Manitoba," Canadian ...
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus: an evolutionary. encodes methicillin resistance in staphylococcus aureus. L. S. J. ... Community-associated methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. Lett.N. D.P. N.M. M. Dissemination of new methicillin- ... A novel methicillin-resistance cassette in community-acquired methicillin-resistant "staphylococcus aureus" isolates of diverse ... Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus.17 (3H.A. d.0. Hardej et al. 2.82). m).34.51 g. 3. Danila.4.27 (2H. 7. 4. R. Rf ¼ 0 ...
... characteristically encoding for methicillin resistance in staphylococci) in a single, rapid test. Suitable primers for the gene ... pathognomic of Staphylococcus aureus) and the mecA gene ( ... method for the detection of methicillin-resistant staphylococci ... Rapid Detection of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci by Multiplex PCR J Hosp Infect. 1999 Sep;43(1):33-7. doi: 10.1053/jhin. ... characteristically encoding for methicillin resistance in staphylococci) in a single, rapid test. Suitable primers for the gene ...
Read our Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) encyclopedia resources online. ... What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)?. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of ... Most cases of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) begin as mild skin infections such as ... MRSA that is acquired in a hospital or health care setting is called healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus ...
  • We analyzed these 143 cases epidemiologically and characterized isolates by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, Staphylococcus protein A ( spa ) typing, multilocus sequence typing, staphylococcal chromosome cassette (SCC) mec typing, and detection of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) genes. (medscape.com)
  • Since then, the occurrence of linezolid-resistant staphylococci has been increasingly reported in Europe (e.g. in Ireland and Spain) and in the United States . (plos.org)