A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.
A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Derivatives of formic acids. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that are formed with a single carbon carboxy group.
Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A species of METHYLOBACTERIUM which can utilize acetate, ethanol, or methylamine as a sole carbon source. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
Yeast-like ascomycetous fungi of the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES isolated from exuded tree sap.
A family of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria utilizing only one-carbon organic compounds and isolated from in soil and water.
The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A phylum of ARCHAEA comprising at least seven classes: Methanobacteria, Methanococci, Halobacteria (extreme halophiles), Archaeoglobi (sulfate-reducing species), Methanopyri, and the thermophiles: Thermoplasmata, and Thermococci.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A pyrrolo-quinoline having two adjacent keto-groups at the 4 and 5 positions and three acidic carboxyl groups. It is a coenzyme of some DEHYDROGENASES.
A commonly used laboratory solvent. It was previously used as an anesthetic, but was banned from use in the U.S. due to its suspected carcinogenicity.
A highly reactive aldehyde gas formed by oxidation or incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. In solution, it has a wide range of uses: in the manufacture of resins and textiles, as a disinfectant, and as a laboratory fixative or preservative. Formaldehyde solution (formalin) is considered a hazardous compound, and its vapor toxic. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p717)
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
A large group of aerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. This is because the cell walls of gram-negative bacteria are low in peptidoglycan and thus have low affinity for violet stain and high affinity for the pink dye safranine.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of aldehyde or ketone residues. EC 2.2.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, facultatively methylotrophic rods occurring singly or occasionally in rosettes. Members of this genus are usually motile and are isolated from soil, dust, fresh water, lake sediments, leaf surfaces, rice, air, and hospital environments. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
Compounds in which a methyl group is attached to the cyano moiety.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
A species of METHYLOPHILUS which is motile by single flagella. In addition to growth on methanol as a sole carbon source, growth also occurs on glucose. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
A family of gram-negative bacteria in the order Methylophilales.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
An adverse drug interaction characterized by altered mental status, autonomic dysfunction, and neuromuscular abnormalities. It is most frequently caused by use of both serotonin reuptake inhibitors and monoamine oxidase inhibitors, leading to excess serotonin availability in the CNS at the serotonin 1A receptor.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A colorless, odorless, viscous dihydroxy alcohol. It has a sweet taste, but is poisonous if ingested. Ethylene glycol is the most important glycol commercially available and is manufactured on a large scale in the United States. It is used as an antifreeze and coolant, in hydraulic fluids, and in the manufacture of low-freezing dynamites and resins.
Uptake of substances through the SKIN.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
The graphic recording of chest wall movement due to cardiac impulses.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.
The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Binary compounds of oxygen containing the anion O(2-). The anion combines with metals to form alkaline oxides and non-metals to form acidic oxides.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of anthranilate (o-aminobenzoate) and pyruvic acid from chorismate and glutamine. Anthranilate is the biosynthetic precursor of tryptophan and numerous secondary metabolites, including inducible plant defense compounds. EC 4.1.3.27.
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.

Properties of non-polymerizable tropomyosin obtained by carboxypeptidase A digestion. (1/1719)

Tropomyosin digested with carboxypeptidase A [EC 3.4.12.2] (CTM) shows a lower viscosity than the undigested protein in solution. From the relation between the viscosity decrease and the amount of amino acids liberated from the carboxyl terminus during this digestion, it is inferred that loss of the tri-peptide-Thr-Ser-Ile from the C-terminus is responsible for the decrease in viscosity. The secondary structure of -TM was not affected by the digestion according to circular dichroic measurements. The viscosity of CTM did not increase in methanol-water mixtures, whereas that of tropomyosin increased markedly. These results indicate that polymerizability was lost upon the removal of a small peptide from the C-terminus without change in the secondary structure. A decrease in the viscosity of tropomyosin solutions was observed on the addition of CTM, indicating that CTM interacts with intact tropomyosin. The dependence of the viscosity decrease on the amount of CTM showed that CTM binds tropomyosin in a one-to-one ratio as a result of end-to-end interaction. Since paracrystals having a 400 A repeated band structure could be grown in the presence of Mg ions at neutral pH, side-by-side interactions in CTM molecules remain intact, even though polymerizability is lost. The disc gel electrophoretic pattern showed that troponin could bind to CTM, but no increase in viscosity due to the complex was observed in solution. That is, the C-terminal part of tropomyosin is not required for the formation of the complex. The amount of CTM bound to F-actin was less than half of that bound to undigested tropomyosin, and could be reduced to one-tenth by a washing procedure. In the presence of troponin, however, the amount recovered to the level of tropomyosin normally bound to F-actin. Therefore, it is concluded that troponin is bound in the middle of the tropomyosin molecule and strengthens the binding of tropomyosin to F-actin.  (+info)

Immunofluorescence detection of ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) proteins with their carboxyl-terminal threonine phosphorylated in cultured cells and tissues. (2/1719)

Ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) proteins are thought to play an important role in organizing cortical actin-based cytoskeletons through cross-linkage of actin filaments with integral membrane proteins. Recent in vitro biochemical studies have revealed that ERM proteins phosphorylated on their COOH-terminal threonine residue (CPERMs) are active in their cross-linking activity, but this has not yet been evaluated in vivo. To immunofluorescently visualize CPERMs in cultured cells as well as tissues using a mAb specific for CPERMs, we developed a new fixation protocol using trichloroacetic acid (TCA) as a fixative. Immunoblotting analyses in combination with immunofluorescence microscopy showed that TCA effectively inactivated soluble phosphatases, which maintained the phosphorylation level of CPERMs during sample processing for immunofluorescence staining. Immunofluorescence microscopy with TCA-fixed samples revealed that CPERMs were exclusively associated with plasma membranes in a variety of cells and tissues, whereas total ERM proteins were distributed in both the cytoplasm and plasma membranes. Furthermore, the amounts of CPERMs were shown to be regulated in a cell and tissue type-dependent manner. These findings favored the notion that phosphorylation of the COOH-terminal threonine plays a key role in the regulation of the cross-linking activity of ERM proteins in vivo.  (+info)

Formate-induced inhibition of photoreceptor function in methanol intoxication. (3/1719)

Formic acid is the toxic metabolite responsible for the retinal and optic nerve toxicity produced in methanol intoxication. Previous studies in our laboratory have documented formate-induced retinal dysfunction and histopathology in a rodent model of methanol intoxication. The present studies define the time and concentration dependence of formate-induced retinal toxicity in methanol-intoxicated rats. Retinal function was assessed 24, 48, and 72 h after the initial dose of methanol by flicker electroretinographic measurements. Retinal histopathology was assessed at the same time intervals. Rod- and cone-mediated electroretinogram (ERG) responses were attenuated in a formate concentration- and time-dependent manner, and both retinal sensitivity and maximal responsiveness to light were diminished. Attenuation of UV-cone-mediated responses was temporally delayed in comparison to the functional deficits observed in the 15 Hz/510 nm responses, which have a rod-mediated component and occurred at significantly higher formate concentrations. Both 15 Hz/510 nm and UV-cone-mediated ERG responses were undetectable by 72 h; however, if light intensity was increased, a retinal ERG response could be recorded, indicating that photoreceptor function was profoundly attenuated, but not abolished, under these intoxication conditions. Functional changes preceded structural alterations. Histopathological changes were most pronounced in the outer retina with evidence of inner segment swelling, photoreceptor mitochondrial disruption, and the appearance of fragmented photoreceptor nuclei in the outer nuclear layer. The nature of both the functional and structural alterations observed are consistent with formate-induced inhibition of mitochondrial energy production, resulting in photoreceptor dysfunction and pathology.  (+info)

Positive selection of novel peroxisome biogenesis-defective mutants of the yeast Pichia pastoris. (4/1719)

We have developed two novel schemes for the direct selection of peroxisome-biogenesis-defective (pex) mutants of the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. Both schemes take advantage of our observation that methanol-induced pex mutants contain little or no alcohol oxidase (AOX) activity. AOX is a peroxisomal matrix enzyme that catalyzes the first step in the methanol-utilization pathway. One scheme utilizes allyl alcohol, a compound that is not toxic to cells but is oxidized by AOX to acrolein, a compound that is toxic. Exposure of mutagenized populations of AOX-induced cells to allyl alcohol selectively kills AOX-containing cells. However, pex mutants without AOX are able to grow. The second scheme utilizes a P. pastoris strain that is defective in formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FLD), a methanol pathway enzyme required to metabolize formaldehyde, the product of AOX. AOX-induced cells of fld1 strains are sensitive to methanol because of the accumulation of formaldehyde. However, fld1 pex mutants, with little active AOX, do not efficiently oxidize methanol to formaldehyde and therefore are not sensitive to methanol. Using these selections, new pex mutant alleles in previously identified PEX genes have been isolated along with mutants in three previously unidentified PEX groups.  (+info)

Distribution of gangliosides, GM1 and GM3, in the rat oviduct. (5/1719)

It is known that gangliosides, being ubiquitous membrane components, play important roles in cell-cell recognition, differentiation and transmembrane signalling. GM3, GM1 and GD1a were detected in the rat oviduct as major gangliosides by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) analysis. The total amounts of gangliosides from the oviducts at various times after hormone injection were not much changed. In order to identify their distribution and possible changes during ovulation, frozen sections of the rat oviducts were stained with specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the ganglio-series gangliosides. GM3 and GM1 were expressed in a different manner, but GD1a and other gangliosides were not immunohistochemically detected. In the ampullar region, GM3 was expressed in all the stroma and epithelial cells, but not GM1. GM1 was also not observed in epithelial cells. Staining by anti-GM1 monoclonal antibodies revealed long and minute thread-like structures in some of the stroma cells, whereas anti-GM3 monoclonal antibodies stained the entire cytoplasm, but not the nucleus, of all the stroma and epithelial cells. Other ganglio-series gangliosides, including GD1a, were not detected to some extent in the ampullar region by immunohistochemistry. Thus, these data suggest that GM3 and GM1 are oviduct-specific gangliosides.  (+info)

Effects of nickel and cobalt on kinetics of methanol conversion by methanogenic sludge as assessed by on-line CH4 monitoring. (6/1719)

When metals were added in a pulse mode to methylotrophic-methanogenic biomass, three methane production rate phases were recognized. Increased concentrations of Ni and Co accelerated the initial exponential and final arithmetic increases in the methane production rate and reduced the temporary decrease in the rate. When Ni and Co were added continuously, the temporary decrease phase was eliminated and the exponential production rate increased. We hypothesize that the temporary decrease in the methane production rate and the final arithmetic increase in the methane production rate were due to micronutrient limitations and that the precipitation-dissolution kinetics of metal sulfides may play a key role in the biovailability of these compounds.  (+info)

Antimalarial activities of various 4-pyridinemethanols with special attention to WR-172,435 and WR-180,409. (7/1719)

Pilot appraisals of the activities of 10 specially selected 2,6-substituted-4-pyridinemethanols against acute Plasmodium falciparum infections in owl monkeys identified three derivatives that were two to three times as active as chloroquine against infections with a 4-aminoquinoline-susceptible strain and, at the same doses, were equally effective against infections with a strain fully resistant to treatment with maximally tolerated doses of chloroquine, quinine, and pyrimethamine. Two of these derivatives, WR-172,435 and WR-180,409, deemed worthy of evaluation in human volunteers, were studied in greater depth in owl monkeys infected with either the multidrug-resistant Smith strain of P. falciparum or the pyrimethamine-resistant Palo Alto strain of P. vivax. These studies showed (i) that at the same total oral dose, 3-day and 7-day treatment schedules were equally effective and slightly superior to a single-dose schedule; (ii) that WR-172,435 was slightly more active than WR-180,409 in each treatment regimen; (iii) that intravenous delivery of WR-180,409 phosphate was feasible and effective; (iv) that both compounds effected control of parasitemia more rapidly than any standard or newly discovered antimalarial drug; and (v) that WR-172,435 and WR-180,409 had therapeutic indexes at least four to eight times those exhibited by chloroquine in infections with 4-aminoquinoline-susceptible strains, indexes retained by these pyridinemethanols against infections with various drug-resistant strains.  (+info)

Microbial oxidation of methane and methanol: isolation of methane-utilizing bacteria and characterization of a facultative methane-utilizing isolate. (8/1719)

A methane-utilizing organism capable of growth both on methane and on more complex organic substrates as a sole source of carbon and energy, has been isolated and studied in detail. Suspensions of methane-grown cells of this organism oxidized C-1 compounds (methane, methanol, formaldehyde, formate); hydrocarbons (ethane, propane); primary alcohols (ethanol, propanol); primary aldehydes (acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde); alkenes (ethylene, propylene); dimethylether; and organic acids (acetate, malate, succinate, isocitrate). Suspensions of methanol-or succinate-grown cells did not oxidize methane, ethane, propane, ethylene, propylene, or dimethylether, suggesting that the enzymatic systems required for oxidation of these substrates are induced only during growth on methane. Extracts of methane-grown cells contained a particulate reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent methane monooxygenase activity. Oxidation of methanol, formaldehyde, and primary alcohols was catalyzed by a phenazine methosulfate-linked, ammonium ion-requiring methanol dehydrogenase. Oxidation of primary aldehydes was catalyzed by a phenazine methosulfate-linked, ammonium ion-independent aldehyde dehydrogenase. Formate was oxidized by a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-specific formate dehydrogenase. Extracts of methane-grown, but not succinate-grown, cells contained the key enzymes of the serine pathway, hydroxypyruvate reductase and malate lyase, indicating that the enzymes of C-1 assimilation are induced only during growth on C-1 compounds. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase was induced during growth on glucose. Extracts of methane-grown cells contained low levels of enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, including alpha-keto glutarate dehydrogenase, relative to the levels found during growth on succinate.  (+info)

The methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris can be used to express recombinant genes at high levels under the control of the methanol-inducible alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter. Accurate regulation of the methanol concentration in P. pastoris cultures is necessary to maintain induction, while preventing accumulation of methanol to cytotoxic levels. We developed an inexpensive methanol sensor that uses a gas-permeable silicone rubber tube immersed in the culture medium and an organic solvent vapor detector. The sensor was used to monitor methanol concentration continuously throughout a fed-batch shake-flask culture of a P. pastoris clone producing the N-lobe of human transferrin. The sensor calibration was stable for the duration of the culture and the output signal accurately reflected the methanol concentration determined off-line by HPLC. A closed-loop control system utilizing this sensor was developed and used to maintain a 0.3% (v/v) methanol concentration in the culture. Use of this system ...
Methanol poisoning is a serious public health issue in developing countries, but few data are available in the literature on acute kidney injury (AKI) after methanol intoxication. This study examined the clinical features, spectrum and outcomes of AKI in patients with methanol intoxication and evaluated the predictors of mortality after methanol intoxication. A total of 50 patients with methanol intoxication were seen at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 2000 and 2013. Patients were grouped according to the status of renal damage as AKI (n = 33) or non-AKI (n = 19). Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and mortality data were obtained for analysis. Most patients were middle-aged (47.8 ± 14.9 years), predominantly male (74.0%), and habitual alcohol consumers (70.0%). Most incidents were oral exposures (96.0%) and unintentional (66.0%). Two (4.0%) patients attempted suicide by intravenous injection of methanol. Five (10.0%) patients suffered methanol intoxication after ingestion of methomyl pesticide
TY - JOUR. T1 - Real time measurements of methanol crossover in a DMFC. AU - Han, Jiahua. AU - Liu, Hongtan. PY - 2007/1/10. Y1 - 2007/1/10. N2 - Methanol crossover is a serious problem in a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), which causes significant voltage loss and waste of fuel. Due to methanol crossover, most DMFCs must operate on a fuel with a very low methanol concentration; yet very low methanol concentration also causes a poor cell performance. Thus, it is very important to find the optimal operating conditions of methanol concentration and other operating parameters. In this research, methanol crossover rate in a DMFC is determined by measuring the carbon dioxide concentration at the cathode exit in real time. By measuring methanol crossover and cell performances at different inlet methanol concentrations and various operating conditions three types of characteristics are identified in the relationships between methanol crossover and cell current density. Further analysis of these ...
In order to regulate methanol concentration, since the methanol crossover rate is roughly proportional to the methanol concentration at the anode, it is necessary to accurately sense the concentration of methanol in solution. Various types of sensors may be used to measure the concentration of methanol in an aqueous solution. Capacitance devices, which measure the change in the dielectric constant of the methanol solution, can be used as methanol sensors. However, the difference in dielectric constants for a methanol-water system is small leading to less accurate values. A sensing device, in wide range of methanol concentrations, up to about, 10 mol/L, would be very helpful for DMFC optimized operation. A passive mode design, of about 1/10th of a cm area, using a single parameter function, will be designed. The design and simulation would involve optimization of various parameters like the area of the working electrodes and counter electrodes, separation distance and overlap length between ...
In this work, methanol in crude glycerol solution was used to assist the lipid production with oleaginous yeast Trichosporon oleaginosus cultivated under non-sterilized conditions. The investigated methanol concentration was 0%, 1.4%, 2.2%, 3.3% and 4.4% (w/v). The results showed that methanol played a significant role in the non-sterilized fermentation for lipid production. The optimal methanol concentration was around 1.4% (w/v) in which the growth of T. oleaginosus was promoted and overcame that of the contaminants. The non-sterilized fed-batch fermentation with initial methanol concentration of 1.4% (w/v) was then performed and high biomass production (43.39 g/L) and lipid production (20.42 g/L) were achieved.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Design and fabrication of pumpless small direct methanol fuel cells for portable applications. AU - Shimizu, Takahiro. AU - Momma, Toshiyuki. AU - Mohamedi, Mohamed. AU - Osaka, Tetsuya. AU - Sarangapani, Srinivasan. PY - 2004/10/29. Y1 - 2004/10/29. N2 - This work studied the design, fabrication, and performance evaluation of a 36 cm2, passive, air-breathing, room-temperature, direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). The cell is completely passive with no external pumps or other ancillary devices. It takes oxygen from the surrounding air, and the methanol solution is stored in a built-in reservoir. The fuel cell runs successfully with methanol concentration ranging from 0.5 to 4 M. It produced a power density of 11 mW cm-2 reached with 4 M methanol at current densities as high as 36 mA cm-2 and at a voltage of 0.3.. AB - This work studied the design, fabrication, and performance evaluation of a 36 cm2, passive, air-breathing, room-temperature, direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). The cell ...
Owing to the serious crossover of methanol from the anode to the cathode through the polymer electrolyte membrane, direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) usually use dilute methanol solutions as fuel. However, the use of high-concentration methanol is highly demanded to improve the energy density of a DMFC system. Instead of the conventional strategies (for example, improving the fuel-feed system, membrane development, modification of electrode, and water management), we demonstrate the use of selective electrocatalysts to run a DMFC at high concentrations of methanol. In particular, at an operating temperature of 80°C, the as-fabricated DMFC with core-shell-shell [email protected]@Pt nanocomposites at the anode and core-shell [email protected] nanoparticles at the cathode produces a maximum power density of 89.7 mW cm−2 at a methanol feed concentration of 10 M and maintains good performance at a methanol concentration of up to 15 M. The high selectivity of the electrocatalysts achieved through structural construction ...
Methanol oxidation catalysts comprising an outer Pt-shell with an inner Ni-core supported on carbon, (Pt-Ni/C), were prepared with either crystalline or amorphous Ni core structures. Structural comparisons of the two forms of catalyst were made using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and methanol oxidation activity compared using CV and chronoamperometry (CA). While both the amorphous Ni core and crystalline Ni core structures were covered by similar Pt shell thickness and structure, the Pt-Ni(amorphous)/C catalyst had higher methanol oxidation activity. The amorphous Ni core thus offers improved Pt usage efficiency in direct methanol fuel cells.
1. The effect of methanol on the β-galactosidase-catalysed hydrolysis of some nitrophenyl β-d-galactopyranosides has been studied under steady-state conditions. 2. The initial fractional rate of increase of kcat. as a function of methanol concentration with 2,4- and 3,5-dinitrophenyl β-d-galactopyranosides, but not with the other substrates studied, indicated that degalactosylation of the enzyme was rate-limiting. 3. The decrease in kcat. at high methanol concentrations for these substrates is considered to arise from causes other than galactosylation becoming rate-limiting. 4. Both galactosylation and degalactosylation of the enzyme require protonation of a group of pKa approx. 9.. ...
Abstract: A binary metallic catalyst (PtSn/C) and a ternary metallic catalyst (PtSnCo/C) with a metal mass fraction of 20% were prepared by borohydride reduction and subsequent hydrothermal treatment in a glycol liquid phase. The structure and composition of the as-prepared electrocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Their activity and stability for the catalysis of methanol oxidation were evaluated by anodic linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and the anodic stripping of a pre-adsorbed CO monolayer. We found that the PtSnCo/C catalyst gave the best catalytic activity for the methanol oxidation of all the catalysts including the commercial JM-PtRu/C catalyst. After 100 cycles, the peak current of methanol oxidation for the PtSn/C catalyst rapidly decreased to 11% of its initial peak current but PtSnCo/C decreased to only 50%. This result suggests that the PtSnCo/C catalyst has better chemical stability for the ...
Methyl alcohol poisoning has been mainly reported in community. Two cases of methyl alcohol poisoning occurred in a small-sized subcontracted factory which manufactured smartphone parts in Korea. One young female patient presented with dyspnea and visual disturbance. Another young male patient presented with visual disturbance and myalgia. They treated with sodium bicarbonate infusion and hemodialysis for metabolic acidosis. In addition, he received ethyl alcohol per oral treatment. Her and his urinary methyl alcohol concentration was detected as 7.632 mg/L, 46.8 mg/L, respectively, although they were treated hemodialysis. Results of the working environment measurement showed that the concentration of methyl alcohol (1030.1-2220.5 ppm) in the air exceeded the time weighted average (200 ppm). They were diagnosed with optic neuropathy due to methyl alcohol poisoning and still have visual impairment. Workers who hired as dispatched employees in a small-sized subcontracted factory were exposed to high
A patient who is suspected to suffer from methanol toxicity should be brought to the hospital as soon as possible. Information such as the type of methanol the patient was exposed to, the amount and the time the exposure occurred will be helpful in the management of the toxicity [2].. Once the patient arrives at the hospital, the priority is to establish the airway and breathing. Intubation may be required if there is acute pulmonary distress or pulmonary edema. An intravenous access will also be established to administer fluid and medications. If the ingestion occurred less than 60 minutes prior, a tube may be inserted through the patients nose to remove any remaining poison in the stomach. Once the patient is stable, antidotes may be given to the patient.. The antidotes used for methanol toxicity are ethanol or fomepizole. These substances delay the metabolism of methanol until it is removed from the body either naturally or through the help of hemodialysis. Delayed metabolism of methanol ...
The electrochemical and in-situ surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) techniques were used to investigate the electrooxidation behavior of methanol in acidic, neutral and alkaline media at a Pt-Ru nanoparticle modified glassy carbon (Pt-Ru/GC) electrode. The results showed that methanol could be dissociated spontaneously at the Pt-Ru/GC electrode to produce a strongly adsorbed intermediate, CO. It was found that CO could be oxidized more easily in the alkaline medium than in the acidic and neutral media. The peak potential of methanol oxidation was shifted from 0.663 and 0.708 V in the acidic and neutral media to -0.030 V in the alkaline medium, which is due to that the adsorption strength of CO on the Pt surface in the alkaline medium is weaker than that in the acidic and neutral media. The final product of the methanol oxidation is C02. However, in the alkaline medium, CO2 proCO(2) duced would form CO32- and HCO3- resulting in the decrease in the alkaline concentration and then in the ...
Global Sodium Methoxide Market is segmented, By product Type into Caustic soda, Methanol as Raw Materials, Sodium Metal, Methanol as Raw Materials. Sodium Methoxide is a compound with molecular formula CH3ONa. It is also termed as Sodium methylate. This is a colorless solid, white to pale yellow in color, present in the powdered form; and a chemical compound, which is formed by the process of deprotonation of the methanol; or also, it is produced by the exothermic reaction within the elemental sodium and methanol; which is a widely used reagent in the industry and the chemical laboratory.. Full Research Report On Global Sodium Methoxide Market Analysis available at: https://www.millioninsights.com/industry-reports/sodium-methoxide-methylate-market. Sodium methoxide is used as the catalyst in the production of the biodiesel. It is a flammable compound, but not explosive. When exposed to high heat it can be decomposed. It is available in the liquid and solid form; for e.g. vitamin A1, B1, ...
Methanol crossover on the cathodes causes significant performance loss in direct methanol fuel cells, and the parasitic current induced by the electrochemical oxidation of methanol on the cathodes is believed to be the cause. Palladium cathodes are known to bear resistance to methanol but not platinum cathodes. By means of the density functional theory (DFT), the distorted molecular structure of the adsorbed methanol on platinum was revealed, and this distorted molecular structure indicates that platinum makes methanol has a tendency toward the elimination of the first hydrogen (involved in the first step of electrochemical oxidation of methanol) in electric neutrality, and loss of an electron can reinforce this tendency. However, palladium cannot distort the molecular structure of the adsorbed methanol, even in the loss of electron condition. The activation energies and the reaction energies calculated by means of DFT also show that after losing an electron, the elimination of the first ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Electrochemical characterization of PtRu/C electrocatalysts for methanol oxidation reaction. AU - Lin, Yan. AU - Luo, Jin. AU - Maye, Mathew M.. AU - Kariuki, Nancy N.. AU - Wang, Lingyan. AU - Njoki, Peter N.. AU - Han, Li. AU - Schadt, Mark. AU - Zhong, Chuan Jian. PY - 2004/1/1. Y1 - 2004/1/1. N2 - Direct methanol fuel cells are increasingly considered as an attractive power source for mobile applications because of the high energy density. The binary PtRu nanoparticle catalyst on carbon support is currently one of the most-studied electrocatalysts showing a bifunctional catalytic mechanism. A systematical electrochemical characterization of PtRu/Vulcan carbon catalysts (E-tek) for methanol oxidation under various conditions was carried out. The results revealed some initial insights into the experimental conditions for comparing the catalytic activities of different electrocatalysts. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 228th ACS National Meeting (Philadelphia, PA ...
The role of methanol produced in-situ in the liquid phase methanol synthesis process has been experimentally examined. The catalyst crystallite size is found to be more stable when the produced water and methanol are consistently removed from the catalyst active sites. The experimental evidence shows that in-situ produced water is not the only culprit for the catalyst crystallite size growth, rather, methanol is also responsible for contributing to crystallite growth and therefore catalyst deactivation. Hydrothermal leaching of the catalyst was also determined to be an active participant in catalyst deactivation. Two experimental designs were run to assess the influence of temperature, leaching solution concentration and pretreatment conditions on the extent of leaching of the methanol synthesis catalyst. Water and methanol were found to be active participants in the reduction of catalyst activity. Hence, the methanol/water solutions serve as potentially harmful agents in the leaching of aluminum and
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Methanol prices, methanol reports, methanol market intelligence, methanol directory, methanol buy sell offers, methanol news, methanol articles, methanol market analysis, Methanol import, methanol export, methanol trade, Acetic acid, acetic acid prices, acetic acid ...
Methanol prices, methanol reports, methanol market intelligence, methanol directory, methanol buy sell offers, methanol news, methanol articles, methanol market analysis, Methanol import, methanol export, methanol trade, Acetic acid, acetic acid prices, acetic acid ...
The flowing electrolyte-direct methanol fuel cell (FE-DMFC) is a type of fuel cell in which a flowing liquid electrolyte is used, in addition to two solid membranes, to reduce methanol crossover. In this study, FE-DMFCs having new materials and design were manufactured and studied. In this design, the flow field plates were made of stainless steel 2205 and had a pin type flow structure. PTFE treated carbon felts were used as the backing layers as well as the flowing electrolyte channel. Nafion® 115 or Nafion® 212 was used as the membranes. The polarization curves and methanol crossover current densities under different methanol concentrations and flow rates of sulfuric acid were measured using fully automated DMFC test stations. The performances of the FE-DMFCs were compared with those of the DMFCs having a single or double membrane. This study is, to the authors knowledge, the first experimental study on measuring the methanol crossover in a FE-DMFC. The results of this study demonstrate that this
Theoretical calculations based on density functional theory have made significant contributions to our understanding of metal oxides, their surfaces, and the binding of molecules at these surfaces. In this paper we investigate the binding of methanol at the alpha-Al2O3(0001) surface using first-principles density functional theory. We calculate the molecular adsorption energy of methanol to be E^g_ads=1.03 eV/molecule. Taking the methanol-methanol interaction into account, we obtain the adsorption energy E_ads=1.01 eV/molecule. Our calculations indicate that methanol adsorbs chemically by donating electron charge from the methanol oxygen to the surface aluminum. We find that the surface atomic structure changes upon adsorption, most notably the spacing between the outermost Al and O layers changes from 0.11 Angstrom to 0.33 Angstrom.
The methanol-induced conformational transitions under acidic conditions for beta -lactoglobulin, cytochrome c, and ubiquitin, representing three different classes of proteins with beta -sheets, alpha -helices, and both alpha -helices and beta -sheets, respectively, are studied under equilibrium conditions by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The folding states of proteins in solution are monitored by the charge state distributions that they produce during ESI and by hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange followed by ESI-MS. The changes in charge state distributions are correlated with earlier studies by optical and other methods which have shown that, in methanol, these proteins form partially unfolded intermediates with induced ct-helix structure. Intermediate states formed at about 35% methanol concentration are found to give bimodal charge state distributions. The same rate of H/D exchange is shown by the two contributions to the bimodal distributions. This suggests the ...
The answer is Maybe 0.3% will probably be fine, but it depends on the cell line a lot. Note that if the drug is soluble in methanol, it will also be soluble in ethanol, which might be less toxic.. ...
Acid-Treated Nickel-Rich Platinum-Nickel Alloys for Oxygen Reduction and Methanol Oxidation Reactions in Alkaline MediaAcid-Treated Nickel-Rich Platinum-Nickel Alloys for Oxygen Reduction and Methanol Oxidation Reactions in Alkaline Media ...
Methanol toxicity is poisoning from methanol.[1] Symptoms may include a decreased level of consciousness, poor coordination, vomiting, abdominal pain, and a specific smell on the breath.[1][2] Decreased vision may start as early as twelve hours after exposure.[2] Long-term outcomes may include blindness and kidney failure.[1] Toxicity and death may occur even after drinking a small amount.[1] Methanol poisoning most commonly occurs following the drinking of windshield washer fluid.[2] This may be accidental or done purposefully in an attempt to die by suicide.[1] Toxicity may also rarely occur through extensive skin exposure or breathing in fumes.[1] When methanol is broken down by the body it results in formaldehyde, formic acid, and formate which cause much of the toxicity.[2] The diagnosis may be suspected when there is acidosis or an increased osmol gap and confirmed by directly measuring blood levels.[1][2] Other conditions that can produce similar symptoms include infections, exposure to ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Solving environmental problems of breathing gases purification from methanol. AU - Bochkarev, V. V.. AU - Kukurina, O. S.. AU - Vdovin, A. S.. PY - 2012/12/1. Y1 - 2012/12/1. N2 - The true reasons of decrease in efficiency of breathing gases cleaning of tanks and railway tanks from methanol on CJSC Methanol (Tomsk, Russia) are determined. Platinum catalyst aging is caused by sintering and partial destruction of ceramic blocks owing to excess of ultimate service temperature, blocking of the active centers by coke, nonoptimum working of the catalytic installation. The economic way of block platinum catalysts regeneration is developed. Also the kinetics of the methanol deep oxidation on platinum and metal-complex catalysts is investigated. Moreover optimal operation of installation for breathing gases purification is defined.. AB - The true reasons of decrease in efficiency of breathing gases cleaning of tanks and railway tanks from methanol on CJSC Methanol (Tomsk, ...
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This PhD thesis deeply analyzes the mechanistic and kinetic behavior of methanol and dimethyl ether (DME) in the industrially relevant Methanol-To-Hydrocarbons (MTH) reaction, which employs zeolitic materials as catalysts. Industrial MTH processes use methanol, DME or combined methanol/DME feeds over zeolitic catalysts. Methanol and its dehydration product, DME, are conventionally attributed an analogous behavior in MTH; however, a thorough investigation on the theme was missing even though the MTH reaction has been studied for 40 years already. By means of mechanistic and kinetic studies, methanol has been found to negatively impact catalyst stability as compared to DME. This is rationalized based on the ability of methanol to form formaldehyde, a molecule that can act as coke promoter. Furthermore, the work presented in this PhD thesis suggest different strategies to reduce the impact of methanol on catalyst deactivation, thereby optimizing the lifetime of the catalyst during MTH operation ...
This study aims at investigating the emissions of cathode gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from a single direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) at different operating parameters (methanol concentration, methanol flowrate, oxygen flowrate, and cell temperature). At the standard test condition (run A1), the concentrations of stage 1 (S1) and S2 PAHs ranged from non-detect (ND) to 10.3 ± 2.54 (Nap) and ND to 0.148 ± 0.047 (IND) µg Nm-3, respectively; furthermore, the Total-PAHs and Total-BaPeq concentrations of S1 + S2 were 21.2 ± 4.48 µg Nm-3 and 409 ± 226 ng Nm-3, respectively. The operating parameters significantly influenced the patterns of PAH concentration profiles. Decreasing with increasing methanol flowrate and concentration or decreasing oxygen flowrate and cell temperature, the ranges of Total-PAHs and Total-BaPeq concentrations of S1 + S2 for different runs were (36.4 ± 10.9)‒(0.98 ± 0.21) µg Nm-3 and (409 ± 226)‒(98.7 ± 30.3) ng Nm-3, respectively, with corresponding
Background: Acute methanol poisoning is a fatal illness. Several Atypical presentations could make it difficult to suspect the diagnosis.. Case Report: A 50 years old male known chronic alcoholic presented to the emergency department with severe acute abdominal pain nausea and vomiting. He rapidly deteriorated within 2 hours to develop confusion and seizures, was found to have double gap severe metabolic acidosis and elevated serum methanol. The patient was managed with Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT) and supportive measures. He gradually improved and was discharged with no neurological or visual complications.. Conclusion and Recommendations: Acute methanol toxicity should be expected if the alcoholic patient develops a rapid neurological deterioration and shows double anion gap acidosis.. Health authorities should provide the serum formic acid test for diagnosis and the fomepizole as a preferable antidote. Until then, supportive treatment, intravenous ethanol and CRRT should be ...
In the February and May 2010 tips of the month (TOTM) we presented the distribution and concentration of sulfur compounds in an NGL Fractionation Train (NFT) using commercial simulation software [1-3]
In the February and May 2010 tips of the month (TOTM) we presented the distribution and concentration of sulfur compounds in an NGL Fractionation Train (NFT) using commercial simulation software [1-3]
Objective: Methanol-induced optic neuropathy is a visual impairment that results from damage to the optic nerve fibers caused by methanol. It is frequently bilateral with permanent visual deterioration. According to the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology (AACT), methanol-poisoned patients who present with ocular manifestations should be treated with fomepizole, ethanol, or hemodialysis, which do not remove the metabolites from the optic nerve. High-dose intravenous steroid treatment has been proposed in several studies to salvage vision because of its anti-inflammatory effect. This article examines the existing literature on the efficacy of high-dose intravenous steroid treatment in patients with methanol-induced optic neuropathy. ...
One of the reasons why Methanol has the potential to be an enduring solution to human energy needs is because the beltched out C02 (greenhouse gas emission) both from using Methanol and while producing Methanol can be tapped back to produce Methanol. Thereby a seamless loop of CO2 sequestration cycle is created to perpetually burn fuels without polluting the environment at all. C02 from steel plants, Thermal Power plants, Cement Plants etc. can be tapped in large quantities to produce Methanol. The Technology has acquired commercial maturity and countries like Iceland are producing in meaningful quantities already.. NITI Aayog has drawn out a comprehensive plan to replace 20% of crude imports from Methanol alone. Adopting Methanol in this scale would bring down pollution in the country by more than 40% and not to forget the benefits from import substitution. Over a period of time of time diesel can completely be done away with. Indian Railways alone burns three billion litres of diesel every ...
Press Release issued Apr 9, 2015: A Detailed analysis of the international and China Sodium Methoxide market is presented in the Global Sodium Methoxide Industry 2015. The report analyses of the Sodium Methoxide market based on a variety of important industry verticals such as variety of products, key applications, developments, key market trends, key technologies in the marketplace, and the competitive landscape.
Improving the electrocatalytic activity and durability of electrocatalysts is of vital importance to the direct methanol fuel cells. PtRu materials are the most effective catalysts for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) in an acidic medium, but they still exhibits partial defects, such as limited catalytic ac Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers
CAS No. 67-56-1. Methyl alcohol (CH 3 OH) is a colorless liquid with a strong odor. It is a poisonous substance that can be absorbed through the eyes, skin, lungs, and digestive system. Overexposure can cause death. Workers may be harmed by exposure to methyl alcohol. The level of harm depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done ...
Theres a useful general principle in chemistry where like dissolves like relative to polarity of solids and liquids. The light fraction of petroleum, literally it weighs less by volume, is hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are considered non-polar molecules. The petroleum distillates in petrol (gasoline) are also non-polar hydrocarbon molecules. Methanol alcohol is a hydroxide group bonded to a carbon atom with three hydrogen atoms also bonded to the carbon atom. A result is methanol is a polar molecule, it also participates in hydrogen bonding. Where like dissolves like, methanol is not like hydrocarbons relative to polarity. So methanol is not very miscible (soluble) in pure hydrocarbons. Pour lighter fluid into a jar with methanol and you will see, pure methanol doesnt dissovle much in lighter fluid. But methanol dissolves in biodiesel, and kerosene (hydrocarbon) is miscible (dissolves) to a degree in biodiesel ...
The discovery may also spur research leading to biofuel applications in the future. Methanol can be considered a baby sugar molecule and is rapidly consumed in the ocean by abundant bacteria - called methylotrophs - which specialize in this type of food, said Dr. Tracy Mincer, WHOI associate scientist and lead author of the paper.. However, up until now, the thought was that methanol in the ocean came from an overflow of terrestrial methanol in the atmosphere. So, this discovery reveals a huge source of methanol that has gone completely unaccounted for in global methanol estimates.. Mincer first became interested in the idea of biologically-produced methanol in the ocean through previous work where he found methanol-nibbling bacteria in a phytoplankton culture he was growing. Intrigued, he extracted the microbe s DNA and its barcodes matched up with a well-known methylotroph in the ocean. Once we were able to characterize this bacteria, I wanted to explore the idea of plankton-produced ...
ANCHORAGE - BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. has agreed to pay $675,000 to the state to settle claims and cleanup monitoring costs from a pipeline leak on the North Slope last year that spilled crude oil and methanol.
One of the prerequisites for the detailed understanding of heterogeneous catalysis is the identification of the dynamic response of the catalyst surface under variable reaction conditions. The present study of methanol oxidation on different model Ru pre-catalysts, performed approaching the realistic catalyt
TY - JOUR. T1 - Hydrogen bonding and dynamics of methanol by high-pressure diamond-anvil cell NMR. AU - Okuchi, Takuo. AU - Cody, George D.. AU - Mao, Ho Kwang. AU - Hemley, Russell J.. PY - 2005/8/1. Y1 - 2005/8/1. N2 - Liquid methanol at densities up to ρ ρ 0 =1.7 was studied by NMR in a specially designed diamond-anvil cell. Methyl and hydroxyl resonances have been separately observed at pressures to 43 kbars which exceeds equilibrium freezing pressure of methanol. The chemical shift difference between methyl and hydroxyl protons increases nonlinearly with increasing density, indicating a noticeable decrease in hydrogen bond length. The analyses of spin-lattice relaxation rates of both hydroxyl and methyl protons indicate that compression enhances intermolecular proton exchange and selectively reduces motion of the hydroxyl protons. Collectively these observations reveal that hydrogen bonding interaction in liquid methanol noticeably increases with compression, inhibiting the liquid-solid ...
Due to high potential of pollution risk of the untreated palm oil mill effluent (POME), it can be treated and converted into methane gas and with a further conversion that can produce into methanol. Previously, methanol is widely used in domestic and industrial applications as a solvent. It has a unique characteristic, which are colourless, flammable, volatile, odourless liquid that is readily miscible in water and has boiling point approximately 64.5˚C. Nowadays, the methanol has more been used in transportation and energy production. In future, it is predicted that the use of methanol in fuel applications will generate a huge demand. This study targets to design the process of transforming carbon dioxide, captured from the biogas through anaerobic digestion into synthesizing the methanol with the aim to produce 200 tonnes of methanol per year. This expectation is due to several advantages offered by the use of methanol, which less polluted to the environment, economically attractive, less ...
Substantially reduce your Biodiesel production cost with a Freedom Clean Methanol Recovery System.. Methanol is steadily increasing in cost, recover up to 100% of your methanol from your glycerol by-product.. This will also leave you with valuable crude glycerin that you can sell.. Our Freedom Clean Methanol Recovery System features a 120 gallon staging tank. This eliminates the hassle of storing it until you are ready to recover your Methanol.. The Freedom Clean Methanol Recovery System recovery tank will accept 40 gallons of Glycerol at one time.. Heat is thermostatically controlled for optimum performance and efficiency.. Simple to operate, open valves to transfer Glycerol from the staging tank to the recovery system tank. And open two different valves to pump recovered glycerin into your storage.. Freedom Clean Methanol Recovery Kit:. ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Methanol adsorption and activation by zeolitic protons. AU - Blaszkowski, S.R.. AU - Santen, van, R.A.. PY - 1997. Y1 - 1997. N2 - Density functional theory is used to determine the modes of adsorption at low and high coverage of methanol as well as the intermediates involved in the Brønsted acid methanol dehydration to dimethyl ether. Two different reaction pathways were studied. In the first, methanol adsorption and surface methoxy species formation are the initial elementary steps for this reaction. Subsequent dimethyl ether formation by reaction of methanol with the surface methoxy species takes place. The second path involves the simultaneous adsorption and activation of two methanol molecules with formation of dimethyl ether and water in one step. The latter appears to be the preferred route. Additionally, carbon-carbon bond formation from the activation of methanol or dimethyl ether molecules by the surface methoxy groups was studied. The products are ethanol and ethyl ...
In 2011, North America imported more than three-quarters of its methanol from overseas. Methanol demand is projected to grow, as its applications continue to be used as green energy resources (methanol can be blended with other fuels to make a cleaner burning fuel; it is also used to make biodiesel). With increased demand, the price of methanol has continued to rise since 2009; additionally, in North America, the price of methanol includes the cost of shipping from another continent. Oberon provides a cost effective solution-it can produce methanol from an inexpensive domestic feedstock and locate production units near the end user, therefore reducing or eliminating shipping costs.. ...
The methanol to be produced is called green because the waste that is delivered is recycled in this process instead of burned. The waste - low-grade plastic and adhering green waste - is converted into syngas made of carbon (CO) and hydrogen (H2) and then into methanol. Normally methanol is made from natural gas and contributes to the emission of CO2. The total CO2 emissions are at least 65% lower than with fossil methanol. Air Liquide and Nouryon deliver the necessary raw materials, respectively oxygen and partly green hydrogen.. The planned factory converts 360,000 tons of waste - a waste stream of more than 700,000 households - into 220,000 tons of methanol every year. It is the first factory in Europe to produce chemicals and biofuels from non-recyclable waste. This is the first step towards a larger scale of methanol production, says Waas. Factories for fossil methanol are four to five times as large.. ...
Whod have thunk it - a chemistry conference full of space news. Its not that weird really, when you consider that the search for life = search for molecules.. Lars Kristensen from Leiden University in the Netherlands today showed us his maps of methanol in space. He is making these maps so he can see how methanol is distributed in the material that young stars are made from. Methanol is used as a tracer for early star formation and forms on the surface of interstellar ice-covered dust grains. Hell also soon be able to compare his methanol maps with results of water abundance from Herschel, which set off recently to check out the most distant objects in the universe.. Methanol forms as ice on dust grains. According to Kristensen, the major way that the methanol escapes from the surface of these grains is not by heating thermally, but by a non-thermal mechanism, be that activation by UV light, or other methods.. The abundance of methanol in the areas that Kristensen looked at, using the Harp B ...
The dry distillation of wood remained the major source of methanol into the early 20th century. Pyrolysis was instrumental in ... In their embalming process, the ancient Egyptians used methanol, which they obtained from the pyrolysis of wood. ... "Methanol". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007. ISBN 978-3527306732.CS1 ...
"How is Methanol Produced". METHANOL INSTITUTE. Retrieved 2020-06-29. Anzelmo, Bryce; Wilcox, Jennifer; Liguori, Simona. " ... MTBE is manufactured via the chemical reaction of methanol and isobutylene. Methanol is primarily derived from natural gas, ... Its performance as an additive is similar to MTBE, but due to the higher price of ethanol compared to methanol, it is more ... The resulting gases then further react in the presence of a catalyst to form methanol. Isobutylene can be produced through a ...
The pathway was proposed to involve binding of methane to Pt(II). In 1972, the Shilov group was able to produce methanol and ... This syngas is then used in Fischer-Tropsch reactions to make longer carbon chain products or methanol, one of the most ... ISBN 978-3-540-64862-8. "Methanol". www.essentialchemicalindustry.org. Retrieved 2016-02-01. Periana, R.A.; Taube, D.J.; Evitt ... High-Yield System for the Oxidation of Methane to Methanol". Science. 259 (5093): 340-343. Bibcode:1993Sci...259..340P. doi: ...
Bamford, Robert (2008). Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. Bamford, Robert (1 March ...
Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. "Rider Index", speedwaygb.co. Retrieved 21 ...
Bamford, Robert (2008). Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. Oakes, P (2006). ...
Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. "Doyle:I'm no Zorro". Bournemouth Daily Echo. ...
Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. (pl) Official website (pl) RKM Rybnik Website - ...
ISBN 0-7524-2737-7 Bamford, Robert (2008). Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. " ...
ISBN 978-0-9786293-0-4. Roberta J Nichols (2003). "The Methanol Story: A Sustainable Fuel for the Future" (PDF). Methanol ... Both ethanol and methanol have been used as an automotive fuel. While both can be obtained from petroleum or natural gas, ... In 1996, a new FFV Ford Taurus was developed, with models fully capable of running either methanol or ethanol blended with ... Ethanol was preferred over methanol because there is a large support in the farming community and thanks to government's ...
Methanol and ethanol fuel are primary sources of energy; they are convenient fuels for storing and transporting energy. These ... Once these fats or oils are filtered from their hydrocarbons and then combined with alcohol like methanol, diesel is brought to ... Some well-known alternative fuels include bio-diesel, bio-alcohol (methanol, ethanol, butane), refuse-derived fuel, chemically ... methanol; (c) propane gas; (d) natural gas; (e) hydrogen; (f) electricity; (g) for the purposes of subsections 4(1) and 5(1) of ...
Bamford, Robert (2008). Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. "Brother speeds in foir ...
Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. Butt, Randall (1980) "Dream Come True", Speedway ...
Bamford, Robert (2008). Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. Oakes, P (2006). ...
Methanol Press. pp. 142-143. ISBN 0-9553103-0-X. Bamford, R & Jarvis J.(2001). Homes of British Speedway. Stroud: Tempus ...
Bamford, Robert (2008). Methanol Press Speedway Yearbook 2008. Methanol Press. ISBN 978-0-9553103-5-5. Cite has empty unknown ...
Methanol and formaldehyde. In 2007, the amounts of ethylene and propylene produced in steam crackers were about 115 Mt ( ... Synthesis gas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen used to make ammonia and methanol. Ammonia is used to make the ... fertilizer urea and methanol is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate. Steam crackers are not to be confused with steam ...
Five private jetties are installed: the Shell Jetty that specialises in petroleum; the Iron Ore Jetty; the Methanol Jetty; and ...
... although production of methanol for export continues. This site ran on the Mobil process converting gas to methanol and ... Lee, Sunggyu (1990). Methanol Synthesis Technology. CRC Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8493-4610-1. Retrieved 2009-07-09. Lapedes, ... Depending on the context, methanol, ethanol and hydrogen may also be included. Synthetic fuels are produced by the chemical ... Common ways for refining synthetic fuels include the Fischer-Tropsch conversion, methanol to gasoline conversion, or direct ...
Methanol-utilizing yeasts. In: Murell JC, Dalton H (eds) Methane and methanol utilizers. New York, USA: Plenum. pp. 207-244.CS1 ...
Molten zinc chloride catalyses the conversion of methanol to hexamethylbenzene: 15 CH 3OH → C 6(CH 3) 6 + 3 CH 4 + 15 H 2O ... Chang, Clarence D. (1983). "Hydrocarbons from Methanol". Catal. Rev. - Sci. Eng. 25 (1): 1-118. doi:10.1080/01614948308078874. ...
... slightly soluble in methanol; very slightly soluble in ethanol; and practically insoluble in acetonitrile, isopropyl alcohol, ...
"Proposed Kalama Methanol Plant to Bring Dramatic GHG Reductions Northwest Innovation Works will Mitigate 100% of In-State ... "Kalama methanol plant could increase global GHG emissions , SEI". SEI. Retrieved May 19, 2019. Solomon, Molly. "For Plastics Or ... "Methanol proposal arrived in Tacoma after extensive Inslee courtship". thenewstribune. Retrieved May 19, 2019. "Taxpayers May ... NWIW announced their planned liquid methanol plant at the Port of Kalama in Kalama, Washington. The company touts this refinery ...
Water-methanol injection added. Ki-43-III "Ko" (Mark 3a) Only produced by Tachikawa plant. Series production model, some fitted ...
In 2005, Olah wrote an essay promoting the methanol economy in which he suggested that methanol could be produced from hydrogen ... Later in his career, his research shifted from hydrocarbons and their transformation into fuel to the methanol economy, namely ... ISBN 978-0-471-15743-4. "Exploring the Methanol Economy". Retrieved March 15, 2017. My Search for Carbocations and Their Role ... The Methanol Economy". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 44 (18): 2636-2639. doi:10.1002/anie.200462121. PMID 15800867. ...
Methanol in itself is toxic due to its central nervous system depression properties, but it can be converted to formaldehyde by ... Kruse, James A. (2012). "Methanol and Ethylene Glycol Intoxication". Critical Care Clinics. 28 (4): 661-711. doi:10.1016/j.ccc. ...
It is soluble in methanol. An oxidase acting on xerocomic acid is responsible for the "bluing" reaction seen in mushrooms. ...
Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI), The European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI). "indole-3-methanol (CHEBI:24814 ...
... methanol". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, 10, p. 613 Yoshihiko Ito, Shotaro Fujii, Masashi Nakatuska, Fumio Kawamoto, ...
Previously, most of Brent's research focused on the use of fomepizole as a treatment for both methanol and ethylene glycol ... Brent, J. (2009). "Fomepizole for Ethylene Glycol and Methanol Poisoning". New England Journal of Medicine. 360 (21): 2216-2223 ... Brent, J. (2010). "Fomepizole for the treatment of pediatric ethylene and diethylene glycol, butoxyethanol, and methanol ... Methylpyrazole for Toxic Alcohols (2002). "Formate kinetics in methanol poisoning". Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology ...
Deuterated methanol (CD3OD), is a form (called an isotopologue) of methanol (CH3OH) in which the hydrogen atom ("H") is ... replaced with deuterium (heavy hydrogen) isotope ("D"). Deuterated methanol is a common solvent used in NMR spectroscopy. v t e ...
A mixture of water and methanol with a molar concentration ratio (water:methanol) of 1.0 - 1.5 is pressurized to approximately ... While hydrogen power produces energy without CO2, a methanol reformer creates the gas as a byproduct. Methanol (prepared from ... The water-methanol mixture is introduced into a tube-shaped reactor where it makes contact with the catalyst. Hydrogen is then ... A methanol reformer is a device used in chemical engineering, especially in the area of fuel cell technology, which can produce ...
Methanol is also used in Monster Truck racing. Safety in automotive fuels[edit]. Pure methanol has been used in open wheel auto ... The Methanol Institute, the methanol trade industry organization, posts reports and presentations on methanol. Director Gregory ... Main article: Methanol Toxicity. Methanol occurs naturally in the human body and in some fruits, but is poisonous in high ... Methanol is far more difficult to ignite than gasoline and burns about 60% slower. A methanol fire releases energy at around 20 ...
Methanol (such as found in windshield washer fluid)[1][2]. Diagnostic method. Blood acidosis, increased osmol gap, methanol ... Methanol toxicity is poisoning from methanol.[1] Symptoms may include a decreased level of consciousness, poor coordination, ... Methanol has a high toxicity in humans. As little as 10 mL of pure methanol when drunk is metabolized into formic acid, which ... Methanol is toxic by two mechanisms. First, methanol (whether it enters the body by ingestion, inhalation, or absorption ...
... is a alkyl alcohol (CHEBI:50584) methanol (CHEBI:17790) is a one-carbon compound (CHEBI:64708) methanol ... methanol (CHEBI:17790) has role amphiprotic solvent (CHEBI:48360) methanol (CHEBI:17790) has role fuel (CHEBI:33292) methanol ( ... methanol (CHEBI:17790) has role Escherichia coli metabolite (CHEBI:76971) methanol (CHEBI:17790) has role Mycoplasma genitalium ... methanol (CHEBI:17790) is a volatile organic compound (CHEBI:134179) methanol (CHEBI:17790) is conjugate acid of methoxide ( ...
Methanol is a monohydric alcohol [2]. It melts at -97.8°C and boils at 67°C. It reacts with certain acids to form methyl esters ... methanol, methyl alcohol [1], or wood alcohol, CH3OH, a colorless, flammable liquid that is miscible with water in all ... Methanol Environmental Encyclopedia COPYRIGHT 2003 The Gale Group Inc.. Methanol. Methanol is an organic compound with the ... Methanol Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy COPYRIGHT 2001 The Gale Group Inc.. METHANOL. Robert Boyle, an Irish chemist noted ...
Published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organisation, and the World Health Organization, and produced within the framework of the Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of ...
IPCS INCHEM Healthy and Safety Guide 105: Methanolexternal icon. *IPCS INCHEM Environmental Health Criteria 196: Methanol ... Emergency Response Safety and Health Database (ERSH-DB) Systemic Agent: Methanol-ERSH-DB search results for methanol. ... NTP-CERHR Monograph (Reproductive Hazards): Methanolexternal icon. *New Jersey Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets: Methyl Alcohol ... Useful search terms for methyl alcohol include "methanol," "carbinol," "columbian spirits," "pyroligneous spirits," "wood ...
The preignition behavior of neat methanol in the four-stroke, naturally aspirated, watercooled, spark ignition engine is ... Methanol Preignition Temperature Behavior 912414. The preignition behavior of neat methanol in the four-stroke, naturally ... These experimental results are quantitatively compared to a methanol preignition model available in the literature. The range ... Citation: Haight, W. and Malte, P., "Methanol Preignition Temperature Behavior," SAE Technical Paper 912414, 1991, https://doi. ...
... running it on 100 percent methanol, get at least 24 miles per ... ... Methanol Wins By Robert Zubrin * About Robert Zubrin * Follow ... In response, I had the car tested for emissions with 100 percent methanol (M100), 60 percent methanol (M60), and ordinary ... running it on 100 percent methanol, get at least 24 miles per gallon on the highway. Since methanol averages less than half the ... Methanol contains about half the energy content of gasoline, but its high octane allows it to be burned more efficiently, and ...
... Curt Fischer Wed, 18 Jan 2017 19:35:53 -0800 ... methanol = Chem.MolFromSmiles(CO)* *water = Chem.MolFromSmiles(O)* *# SVG rendering seems to make small molecules like ... water and methanol completely invisible* *IPythonConsole.ipython_useSVG=True* *Draw.MolsToGridImage([water, methanol])* *# With ... but SVG rendering in Jupyter notebooks seems to make small molecules like methanol and water completely invisible. The same ...
The main sources of methanol in the body include fruits, vegetables, and diet drinks that contain aspartame. ... Methanol is a substance that can occur naturally in small amounts in the body. ... Methanol is a substance that can occur naturally in small amounts in the body. The main sources of methanol in the body include ... Methanol can be very poisonous if you eat or drink it in toxic amounts as little as 1 teaspoon (5 milliliters). Methanol ...
This article discusses poisoning from an overdose of methanol. ... Methanol is a nondrinking type of alcohol used for industrial ... Intake of methanol affects multiple organs. Organ damage may be permanent. How well the person does depends on how much poison ... Methanol is extremely poisonous. As little as 2 tablespoons (30 milliliters) can be deadly to a child. About 2 to 8 ounces (60 ... Methanol is a nondrinking type of alcohol used for industrial and automotive purposes. This article discusses poisoning from an ...
Prompt medical care is key to avoiding complications secondary to methanol intoxication. Supportive therapy is aimed at ... encoded search term (How is methanol toxicity treated?) and How is methanol toxicity treated? What to Read Next on Medscape ... Indications for this procedure include (1) greater than 30mL of methanol ingested, (2) serum methanol level greater than 20 mg/ ... Antidote therapy, often using ethanol or fomepizole, is directed towards delaying methanol metabolism until the methanol is ...
... methanol, have occupied an important position in the chemical industry for many years: the former as a feedstock, the latter as ... Methanol, formed as a breakdown product of plant material, is also ubiquitous and has also encouraged the growth of prokaryotes ... Methane and its oxidation product, methanol, have occupied an important position in the chemical industry for many years: the ... The Physiology and Biochemistry of Aerobic Methanol-Utilizing Gram-Negative and Gram-Positive Bacteria ...
The mechanism by which methanol causes blindness is as follows :- There is a enzyme (an alcohol dehydrogenase) in the eye which ... over 90 methanol plants have the capacity to produce over 11 billion gallons of methanol annually. The global methanol industry ... Methanol is much less flammable than gasoline and results in less severe fires when it does ignite. Methanol is a high-octane ... Methanol is present in many cooked vegetables, and the artificial sweetener in diet soft drinks breaks down into methanol ...
Methanol engines evaluated included those with higher compression and th ... Possible fuel efficiency improvements of light-duty methanol engines are reviewed in comparison to gasoline engines. This ... Potential of Light-Duty Methanol Vehicles 891667. Possible fuel efficiency improvements of light-duty methanol engines are ... Methanol engines evaluated included those with higher compression and those using lean-burn, stratified charge. Higher ...
About METHANOL: Methyl Alcohol is an aliphatic alcohol.. Function(s): Denaturant; Fragrance Ingredient; Solvent ...
Table 1: Theory data for adsorption of methanol on graphene. Included is the adsorption energy , the distance of the methanol O ... for the various methanol-graphene systems that we consider. Also shown for each calculation is the coverage of methanol on ... We also find that the methanol-graphene distance, here measured as the distance to O in methanol, , slightly increases with ... Thus, the methanol-methanol interactions are important as they contribute to a large fraction of the adsorption energy, but the ...
The adsorption of a single methanol molecule and small methanol clusters on graphene is studied at various coverages. ... Methanol Adsorption on Graphene. Elsebeth Schröder Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Chalmers University of Technology, ... Adsorption in clusters or at high coverages (less than a monolayer) is found to be preferable, with the methanol C-O axis ... The adsorption energies calculated with vdW-DF are compared with previous DFT-D and MP2-based calculations for single methanol ...
This chapter provides the diffusion coefficient of methanol in water at different concentrations measured using Taylor ... Winkelmann J. (2018) Diffusion coefficient of methanol in water. In: Lechner M.D. (eds) Diffusion in Gases, Liquids and ... This chapter provides the diffusion coefficient of methanol in water at different concentrations measured using Taylor ...
Most alcoholic drinks contain a small amount of methanol. (Image: Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty Images). Methanol is one of the ... All wine has a small amount of methanol in it, and commercial wineries are required by federal law to test their products ... If the litmus paper turns blue, there is a potentially dangerous level of methanol in the wine and it should be discarded. ... Its likely that a number of bottles of wine came from the same batch and they are also contaminated with excess methanol. ...
Numerous countries have reported methanol poisoning outbreaks, including India, Norway, Turkey, and Uganda, the World Health ... About Methanol Poisoning. Methanol is a widely available chemical, used as a solvent and a fuel, but is also found in trace, ... Methanol becomes toxic when the it metabolizes to formaldehyde and formic acid in the body. When these build up in the blood, ... While methanol poisoning could happen anywhere, it would be unlikely in the U.S. since the perpetrators would have to bypass ...
Methanol definition is - a light volatile flammable poisonous liquid alcohol CH3OH used especially as a solvent, antifreeze, or ... Comments on methanol. What made you want to look up methanol? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, ... Post the Definition of methanol to Facebook Share the Definition of methanol on Twitter ... Examples of methanol in a Sentence. Recent Examples on the Web. Despite this latest development, whether or not alcohol laced ...
Also, there are provided a reformer, a reforming apparatus, and a tuel cell system employing these methanol catalysts Since a ... The auto-thermal reforming process can be stably accelerated in the methanol reforming reaction using these catalysts. ... another methanol reforming catalyst comprises a catalytic component I containing Cu oxide and Zn oxide, a catalytic component ... A methanol reforming catalyst that generates a reformed gas containing hydrogen by reforming methanol under the presence of ...
Secret military projects, powerful collisions at the LHC, future international physics projects, and lots of new data from around the universe will be featured in talks at this years spring meeting of The American Physical Society (APS), the largest professional society of physicists in the world. This year, APS is joining with the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT), the worlds largest society of physics teachers, for a joint meeting from February 13-17, 2010 at the Marriott Wardman Park Hotel in Washington, D.C.. ...
Methanol digestion and dangers may turn you away from aspartame forever. Learn about methanol digestion and dangers at ... more innocuous products that contain methanol. Methanol is found naturally in fruit juice and distilled spirits such as whiskey ... Methanol can be distilled from fermented wood, so you may know it as wood alcohol. Its an ingredient in commercial products ... Methanol is one of a host of alcohols normally produced during the fermentation of carbon-based compounds. An alcohol is ...
Companion volume to: Environmental health criteria 196, Methanol. DC.HQ. 31 p. ... 1997)‎. Methanol : health and safety guide. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/41944 ...
One of the major advantages of DMFCs is that they use methanol as a fuel. Methanol has a high energy density and can store ... Global Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) Market 2014-2018. News provided by ... has announced the addition of the Global Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) Market 2014-2018report to their offering. ...
Methanol Jobs on Rigzone.com. Technical Manager, Project Engineer Online Process Analysis (m/w/d), Aussergewöhnliche Ingenieure ... Maintains, through professional contacts, association activities, literature review, etc., knowledge of methanol production ...
  • In the U.S., methanol fuel has received less attention than ethanol fuel as an alternative to petroleum -based fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, ethanol is less toxic and has higher energy density , although methanol is less expensive to produce sustainably and is a less expensive way to reduce the carbon footprint . (wikipedia.org)
  • However, for optimizing engine performance, fuel availability, toxicity and political advantage, a blend of ethanol, methanol and petroleum is likely to be preferable to using any of these individual substances alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both methanol and ethanol burn at lower temperatures than gasoline, and both are less volatile, making engine starting in cold weather more difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol, like ethanol, contains soluble and insoluble contaminants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The initial symptoms of methanol exposure are usually less severe than the symptoms from the ingestion of a similar quantity of ethanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethanol is sometimes denatured (adulterated), and made poisonous, by the addition of methanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, methanol (whether it enters the body by ingestion , inhalation , or absorption through the skin) can be fatal due to its CNS depressant properties in the same manner as ethanol poisoning . (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of its poisonous properties, methanol is also used as a denaturant for ethanol. (encyclopedia.com)
  • However, some people accidentally drink methanol, or drink it on purpose as a substitute for grain alcohol (ethanol). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Antidote therapy, often using ethanol or fomepizole, is directed towards delaying methanol metabolism until the methanol is eliminated from the patient's system either naturally or via dialysis. (medscape.com)
  • Like methanol, ethanol is metabolized by ADH, but the enzyme's affinity for ethanol is 10-20 times higher than it is for methanol. (medscape.com)
  • Pohanka M. Toxicology and the biological role of methanol and ethanol: Current view. (medscape.com)
  • As the methanol is water soluble it's eventually excreted by the body, helped no doubt by the diuretic effect of ethanol. (everything2.com)
  • Methanol is much sweeter than ethanol, and even a small amount adds flavor to these beverages. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The same set of enzymes digest both methanol and ethanol. (howstuffworks.com)
  • But the small difference in the structures of the ethanol and methanol molecules means that the intermediate steps of the same process turn methanol into compounds that are far more dangerous than methanol itself! (howstuffworks.com)
  • Process for production of ethanol at high efficiency, selectivity and conversion rate by the homologation reaction of methanol and carbon monoxide and hydrogen using a catalyst system containing alkali metal atom, cobalt atom, iodine atom and, optionally, ruthenium atom and an organic tertiary amino. (google.com.au)
  • Process for production of ethanol at high efficiency, selectivity and conversion rate by the homologation reaction of methanol and carbon monoxide and hydrogen using a catalyst system containing alkali metal atom, cobalt atom, iodine atom and, optionally, ruthenium atom and an organic tertiary amino compound. (google.com.au)
  • It is well known that one can produce methanol directly from synthesis gas and that methanol can be further reacted by hydroformylation, homologation and carbonylation reactions to produce acetaldehyde, ethanol and acetic acid or its methyl ester, respectively. (google.com.au)
  • No. 4,133,966, filed by Wayne R. Pretzer et al and issued Jan. 9, 1979, discloses the process for the homologation of methanol to ethanol using a catalyst system containing cobalt acetylacetonate, a trivalent phosphorus or trivalent arsenic or trivalent antimony organic ligand, an iodine compound and a ruthenium compound. (google.com.au)
  • No. 4,253,987, filed by Rocco A. Fiato and issued on Nov. 11, 1980 and Mar. 3, 1981, respectively, there are disclosed processes and catalysts for the production of ethanol by the homologation reaction of methanol and synthesis gas using a system containing cobalt atom, ruthenium atom, iodine atom and a phosphine ligand. (google.com.au)
  • No. 4,239,925, filed by Wayne R. Pretzer et al and issued on Dec. 16, 1980, disclose a process for selectively producing ethanol using a system containing a specifically defined cobalt tricarbonyl complex, an iodine compound, and a ruthenium compound in the methanol homologation reaction. (google.com.au)
  • Within the scope of an agreement signed in November 2017 (earlier post), Eni and FCA have developed "A20", a new fuel with a low level of emissions due to its 15% methanol and 5% bio-ethanol alcohol content. (greencarcongress.com)
  • The flexible-fuel vehicles currently being manufactured by General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler can run on any combination of ethanol, methanol and/or gasoline. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Methanol was, at one time, a very promising alternative transportation fuel but has has been eclipsed by support for ethanol - mostly outside of California from corn-producing states - and compressed natural gas - supported by natural gas utility companies. (factbites.com)
  • Because of its poisonous properties , methanol is frequently used as a denaturant additive for ethanol manufactured for industrial uses- this addition of a poison economically exempts industrial ethanol from the rather significant 'liquor' taxes that would otherwise be levied as it is the essence of all potable alcoholic beverages. (factbites.com)
  • [16] Methanol is however far more toxic than ethanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note that many people (including me) used to feel that tomatoes and other veggies had ethanol in them as well, which interacted with the methanol to help make it less dangerous. (bellaonline.com)
  • new research has shown that the amount of ethanol in a tomato is extremely tiny - at the level of 1/20th to 1/80th the amount of methanol. (bellaonline.com)
  • The FDA says it has "seen a sharp increase in hand sanitizer products that are labeled to contain ethanol (also known as ethyl alcohol) but that have tested positive for methanol contamination. (usatoday.com)
  • Mr Davies says they use industrial ethanol, methanol and even insect repellant. (news.com.au)
  • Like ethanol, the type of alcohol that is normally found in spirits, methanol is toxic to the body, and on a molecular level, it only differs from drinking alcohol by one carbon and two hydrogen atoms. (livescience.com)
  • The chemical depresses the central nervous system in the same way as ethanol, so in large quantities, it can kill someone in the same way as ordinary alcohol poisoning , but according to the National Institutes of Health, even 2 to 8 ounces of methanol can be fatal to an adult. (livescience.com)
  • This is because alcohol dehydrogenase, the same enzyme that breaks down ethanol, converts methanol into formaldehyde. (livescience.com)
  • Because of its toxicity, methanol is sometimes added to ethanol products with industrial uses, such as solvents, to rule out their potential as beverages. (livescience.com)
  • Unfortunately, during the 1990s, the methanol advocates who had led the program all retired, leaving the flex fuel cause to be picked up by the ethanol industry, as flex fuel cars can also use that fuel as well. (the-american-interest.com)
  • While all are at risk for methanol poisoning, young children who accidently ingest these products and adolescents and adults who drink these products as an alcohol (ethanol) substitute, are most at risk. (rttnews.com)
  • Methanol fuel could one day become a viable alternative for city folk just as ethanol fuel has already proved its value for country folk. (motherearthnews.com)
  • A test can be done to measure the amount of methanol in your blood. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most alcoholic drinks contain a small amount of methanol. (ehow.com)
  • All wine has a small amount of methanol in it, and commercial wineries are required by federal law to test their products before they're sent to stores. (ehow.com)
  • Many smaller personal wineries or wine hobbyists aren't as diligent in their testing, so if you're not sure about the amount of methanol in the wine you're about to drink, you can test the level yourself. (ehow.com)
  • A typical glass of wine contains a small amount of methanol, from 0.0041 to 0.02 percent by volume. (howstuffworks.com)
  • As a result, the atmosphere contains a small amount of methanol vapor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reactor-regenerator system is the core of the whole plant, filled with a large amount of methanol and olefin mixture. (aiche.org)
  • Naturally, methanol is produced in the anaerobic metabolism of several types of bacteria, therefore there is a small amount of methanol vapor in the atmosphere. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Deuterated methanol (CD3OD), is a form (called an isotopologue) of methanol (CH3OH) in which the hydrogen atom ("H") is replaced with deuterium (heavy hydrogen) isotope ("D"). Deuterated methanol is a common solvent used in NMR spectroscopy. (wikipedia.org)
  • A methanol reformer is a device used in chemical engineering, especially in the area of fuel cell technology, which can produce pure hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide by reacting a methanol and water (steam) mixture. (wikipedia.org)
  • longrightarrow \;CO_{2}+3\ H_{2}\qquad } \Delta H_{R\ 298}^{0}=49.2\ \mathrm {kJ/mol} } Methanol is transformed into hydrogen and carbon dioxide by pressure and heat and interaction with a catalyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • A mixture of water and methanol with a molar concentration ratio (water:methanol) of 1.0 - 1.5 is pressurized to approximately 20 bar, vaporized and heated to a temperature of 250 - 360 °C. The hydrogen that is created is separated through the use of Pressure swing adsorption or a hydrogen-permeable membrane made of polymer or a palladium alloy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol reformers are being considered as a component of a hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicle. (wikipedia.org)
  • While hydrogen power produces energy without CO2, a methanol reformer creates the gas as a byproduct. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bloomberg News, The Mercury News , "Tanker attacks raise fears of Persian Gulf unrest," 13 June 2019 Finally, the hydrogen and carbon dioxide that are collected need to get combined into methanol . (merriam-webster.com)
  • A methanol reforming catalyst that generates a reformed gas containing hydrogen by reforming methanol under the presence of oxygen and steam, comprises a catalytic component I containing Cu oxide and Zn oxide, and a catalytic component II containing metal oxide and one of Pt and Pd Also, another methanol. (google.com)
  • Methanol (CH 3 OH) is the simplest alcohol with a chain consisting of a carbon atom with three hydrogen atoms attached. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Scientists at ETH Zürich and oil and gas company Total have developed a new catalyst that efficiently converts CO2 and hydrogen directly into methanol. (greencarcongress.com)
  • In 1923, the German chemist Matthias Pier, working for BASF developed a means to convert synthesis gas (a mixture of carbon oxides and hydrogen ) into methanol. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • High speed racing vehicles have used methanol for fuel for many years, but a more recent development is the potential for fuel-cell powered vehicles which use a methanol reforming unit to generate hydrogen from methanol . (factbites.com)
  • In the future, methanol could possibly be the fuel of choice for providing the hydrogen necessary to power fuel cell vehicles. (factbites.com)
  • Ford Motor Co. and DaimlerChrysler AG believe methanol is the proper interim step -- it is easier and cleaner to convert to hydrogen and can be generated from biomass, reducing the use of fossil fuels. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • So automakers are trying to use gasoline or methanol, which would be reformed into hydrogen on board. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • A non-negligible formation of interstellar methanol by the previously proposed mechanism via radiative association of CH 3 + and H 2 O and subsequent dissociative recombination of the resulting CH 3 OH 2 + ion to yield methanol and hydrogen atoms is therefore very unlikely. (diva-portal.org)
  • The crystal structure confirms the absolute configuration of nine stereocenters determined previously for the acetyl-ated compound metacridamide A. In the crystal, the methanol- d 4 mol-ecule is positioned close to the O atom in the carbonyl group of the peptide bond, forming an O-H⋯O hydrogen bond. (iucr.org)
  • It is the catalytic industrial process directly from carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen that produces modern methanol. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • At their most basic, fuel cells are devices that convert the chemical energy of a fuel -- such as hydrogen, gasoline or methanol -- and air into electricity . (howstuffworks.com)
  • In liquid form, methanol (CH3OH) reacts with water (H2O) to create CO2, hydrogen ions and electrons. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The new process uses d N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) as an organocatalyst, then adds hydrosilicane - a combination of silica and hydrogen - and water to make methanol, according to a study published in the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition . (greentechmedia.com)
  • The process uses catalysts to promote the formation of methanol which is a liquid fuel… a great way to utilize hydrogen which in itself is a silly direction to take as a fuel. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • The cooperation between PSI and Methanol Casale includes the development of an innovative high pressure model of soot-free, partial oxidation burners and reactors for the production of syngas (a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide) from natural gas. (psi.ch)
  • The production of the fuel is accomplished by breaking a hydrocarbon feedstock down into carbon monoxide and hydrogen (using a destructive distillation process), then forcing the gases to react in the presence of a catalyst-and under elevated temperatures and pressures-to form liquid methanol. (motherearthnews.com)
  • methanol, methyl alcohol , or wood alcohol, CH 3 OH, a colorless, flammable liquid that is miscible with water in all proportions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • methanol ( methyl alcohol , CH 3 OH ) Colourless, poisonous, flammable liquid, the simplest of the alcohols . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Methanol , the alcohol with the simplest chemical structure, works as a gasoline replacement, as a feedstock for making MTBE ( methyl tertiary butyl ether) fuels , and as a source for making biodiesel . (factbites.com)
  • Methanol can be used to make methyl tertiary-butyl ether ( MTBE ), an oxygenate which is blended with gasoline to enhance octane and create cleaner burning fuel . (factbites.com)
  • Methanol ( methyl alcohol ), often referred to as " wood alcohol " is a clean-burning liquid alternative transportation fuel . (factbites.com)
  • Methanol , also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula C H 3 O H (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group , often abbreviated MeOH). (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol is the simplest alcohol , consisting of a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol, is a prime component of aspartame and nutrasweet. (bellaonline.com)
  • A large proportion of methanol is used to make motor spirit, vinyl acetate, acetic anhydride these chemicals is used for the manufacture of adhesives, coating, photographic film, synthetic fiber, synthetic rubber and thermoplastic and mainly the methyl-tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) which reduces "knock" and also the proportion of CO and hydrocarbon in the exhaust. (ipl.org)
  • Methanol, also known as wood alcohol or methyl alcohol, is produced as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of wood. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Methanol, Absolute, Reagent, ACS, is also called methyl alcohol or 'wood alcohol' it was one of the by products of distillation of wood. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • The California entrepreneur's venture revolves around what he calls "Methanol X," a blend of pure methyl alcohol and several other volatiles. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Historically, methanol was first produced by destructive distillation ( pyrolysis ) of wood, resulting in its common English name of wood alcohol . (wikipedia.org)
  • [6] Methanol is converted to formaldehyde via alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and formaldehyde is converted to formic acid (formate) via aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol is a monohydric alcohol . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Methanol is often called wood alcohol because it was once produced chiefly as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of wood. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Methanol is a type of alcohol that is sometimes used for industrial and automotive purposes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Methanol is sometimes called "wood alcohol. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Methanol (CH 3 OH)is an alcohol compound. (everything2.com)
  • Methanol is the simplest alcohol because it has only 1 carbon atom. (everything2.com)
  • Methanol-Tainted Alcohol: Could It Happen Here? (webmd.com)
  • When these build up in the blood , the drinker may become drowsy and unsteady -- but may assume those are just the effects of the alcohol, not the excess methanol. (webmd.com)
  • The site alerts readers to incidents such as the Costa Rica methanol poisonings as well as to what Canlar says is much more likely to happen in the U.S.: fraudulent practices such as bars and restaurants diluting alcohol or switching an order to an inferior brand. (webmd.com)
  • Despite this latest development, whether or not alcohol laced with methanol was behind these mysterious and devastating deaths in the Dominican Republic still remains to be seen. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Methanol can be distilled from fermented wood, so you may know it as wood alcohol . (howstuffworks.com)
  • Methanol, also known as wood alcohol, is a common and toxic organic solvent that can cause metabolic acidosis, neurologic sequelae, and even death, when ingested. (thestar.com.my)
  • Methanol , also known as wood alcohol , can be used as an alternative fuel in flexible fuel vehicles that run on M85 (a blend of 85% methanol and 15% gasoline ). (factbites.com)
  • Methanol is required with a supercharged engine in a Top Alcohol Dragster and, until the end of the 2005 season, all vehicles in the Indianapolis 500 had to run methanol . (factbites.com)
  • Methanol acquired the name wood alcohol because it was once produced chiefly by the destructive distillation of wood . (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol is a natural alcohol, and when ingested in large amounts it can cause blindness and death. (bellaonline.com)
  • Children who accidentally ingest hand sanitizer and young people who drink hand sanitizer as an alcohol substitute are at an increased risk for methanol poisoning, the FDA said. (usatoday.com)
  • Twenty-two deaths in the Czech Republic and bans on Czech alcohol in neighboring countries are the result of an outbreak of bootleg liquor tainted with methanol, a close chemical cousin of potable alcohol that can be fatal in only a few ounces. (livescience.com)
  • The Czech Republic has also taken measures to protect its citizens from the methanol-laced booze that has been passed off under legitimate-looking labels there, prohibiting the sale of all spirits containing more than 20 percent alcohol on Friday. (livescience.com)
  • Methanol, the chemical at the heart of the Czech liquor's menace, is a commonly synthesized alcohol found in antifreeze and windshield wiper fluid. (livescience.com)
  • Methanol is known as the simplest alcohol. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Methanol is the simplest alcohol, with chemical formula CH 3 OH. (the-american-interest.com)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration or FDA has warned about the growing number of hand sanitizers containing methanol or wood alcohol, that could be toxic when absorbed through the skin or ingested, and can be life-threatening. (rttnews.com)
  • Methanol is a type of alcohol used to create fuel, solvents and antifreeze. (ktar.com)
  • A team of scientists, led by Boy Lankhaar at Chalmers University of Technology, has solved an important puzzle in astrochemistry: how to measure magnetic fields in space using methanol, the simplest form of alcohol. (innovations-report.com)
  • Methanol is type of alcohol used in the manufacture and production of products such as antifreeze, some paints, resin, perfume and some types of fuel. (ehow.co.uk)
  • If you are distilling alcohol at home you can test your homemade liquor for methanol to prevent the consumption of this toxic alcohol, which can cause blindness or death. (ehow.co.uk)
  • If you detect an acrid smell, methanol is present in the alcohol. (ehow.co.uk)
  • https://www.ehow.co.uk/how_8714279_test-alcohol-methanol.html. (ehow.co.uk)
  • How to Test If Alcohol Has Methanol" last modified May 13, 2017. (ehow.co.uk)
  • There's another form of fluid energy-methanol-which not only does, under certain circumstances, cost less than either grain alcohol or gasoline, but also can be manufactured from virtually any source of biomass, including wood wastes and garbage! (motherearthnews.com)
  • Unfortunately, methanol fuel (or wood alcohol, as it's sometimes referred to) doesn't easily lend itself to small-scale production. (motherearthnews.com)
  • We remain extremely concerned about the potential serious risks of alcohol-based hand sanitizers containing methanol," FDA Commissioner Stephen M. Hahn said in a statement . (elpasotimes.com)
  • Methanol is an alcohol that is most often used to create fuel, solvents and antifreeze, and can be poisonous if it is ingested, inhaled or absorbed through skin, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention explains. (ktvu.com)
  • Methanol is used as a solvent for varnishes and lacquers, as an antifreeze, and as a gasoline extender in the production of gasohol . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Motor neuron disease and optic neuropathy after acute exposure to a methanol-containing solvent mixture. (medscape.com)
  • Methanol (CH 3 OH) is the simplest of the alcohols, and it is used, for example, as a solvent, an alternative fuel, and as a source for producing other chemicals. (hindawi.com)
  • In experiments where molecules are adsorbed on graphite, methanol is often used as a solvent for the larger molecules at target, and thus the adsorption properties of methanol affect the adsorption of the other molecule. (hindawi.com)
  • Gaining access to detailed adsorption data for methanol on graphite, such as positions and energetics like those provided here, is thus valuable both directly and as input data for larger simulations of molecules on graphite embedded in the (methanol) solvent. (hindawi.com)
  • Methanol is a widely available chemical, used as a solvent and a fuel, but is also found in trace, nontoxic amounts in fruit juices, according to the World Health Organization. (webmd.com)
  • Methanol is used as a solvent , fuel , and antifreeze. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Methanol is an important industrial material and it is used in the manufacture of formaldehyde , as a solvent in the paint and varnish industry, and as an anti-freeze. (factbites.com)
  • Methanol is used industrially as a solvent, pesticide and alternative fuel source, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (usatoday.com)
  • This low tendency toward acid-base interactions is one of the reasons why methanol is so commonly used as a solvent. (reference.com)
  • [1] When methanol is broken down by the body it results in formaldehyde , formic acid , and formate which cause much of the toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large amounts of methanol are also used in the creation of formaldehyde which is used as an antiseptic , disinfectant , and preservative for biological materials. (everything2.com)
  • Methanol becomes toxic when the it metabolizes to formaldehyde and formic acid in the body. (webmd.com)
  • In the first enzymatic reaction, methanol is broken down into formaldehyde . (howstuffworks.com)
  • About 40 percent of methanol is converted to formaldehyde , which in turn is used for products such as plastics , paints , explosives , and textiles . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Methanol breaks downs to produce formaldehyde and formic acid, which are responsible for many of the toxic effects. (factbites.com)
  • If a person fasts, then any methanol they ingest gets turned into formaldehyde - so that of course methanol wouldn't be detected. (bellaonline.com)
  • This is because heating aspartame over 86F turns the methanol into formaldehyde. (bellaonline.com)
  • So either you ingest the methanol and your body turns it into formaldehyde, or you heat up the aspartame (in your coffee or in cooking) and it turns into formaldehyde before you even consume it. (bellaonline.com)
  • This process is somewhat slow, which explains why the symptoms of methanol poisoning can sometimes take hours or days to manifest, but formaldehyde, once present, is processed very swiftly into formic acid, a chemical found in ant stings. (livescience.com)
  • Acetic acid (CH3COOH) and formaldehyde (HCHO) can be obtained by processing methanol and is also used for petrol bending (petroleum derived liquid). (ipl.org)
  • By application, formaldehyde accounted for the dominant share of 29.6% in the global methanol market in 2015, followed by acetic acid. (openpr.com)
  • This test is done to see if you have a toxic level of methanol in your body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If the litmus paper turns blue, there is a potentially dangerous level of methanol in the wine and it should be discarded. (ehow.com)
  • As a result, there is a low level of methanol vapor in the atmosphere. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The average level of methanol in a human body has found to be between .6mg/l and 1mg/l depending on the person. (bellaonline.com)
  • BASF has introduced a product for the production of methanol on the basis of renewable raw materials according to the biomass balance approach. (greencarcongress.com)
  • China presently accounts for nearly half the global production of methanol and its capacity is only set to increase in the coming years. (openpr.com)
  • Scientists at the Singapore-based Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) are striving to make the mass production of methanol more cost-effective. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • The conversion of methanol to olefins on acidic zeolites takes place through a complex network of chemical reactions. (berkeley.edu)
  • The percent conversion of methanol is denoted by Xme and the Y terms represent percent yields. (berkeley.edu)
  • Field of the Invention This invention relates to the conversion of methanol and dimethyl ether to obtain a reaction product containing olefins. (google.com)
  • If successful, Coskata's technology will enable the rapid microbial conversion of methanol to fuel with high carbon and energy efficiency. (energy.gov)
  • It's an ingredient in commercial products like antifreeze, glass cleaner, and paint thinners, but many people regularly drink other, more innocuous products that contain methanol. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The Food and Drug Administration has added to its list of hand sanitizers to avoid because they may contain methanol, a toxic substance when absorbed through skin or ingested. (usatoday.com)
  • In June, the FDA warned consumers not to use nine kinds of hand sanitizers because they may contain methanol, and added to the list in early July . (usatoday.com)
  • The FDA is advising consumers not to use the following hand sanitizers because tests found them to contain methanol or that they were "purportedly made at the same facility as products in which FDA has tested and confirmed methanol contamination. (usatoday.com)
  • According to the release, some callers reported ingesting homemade hand sanitizer looking to receive intoxicating effects, but hand sanitizer normally doesn't contain methanol unless it's made incorrectly. (ktar.com)
  • The Food and Drug Administration's list of hand sanitizers to avoid because they may contain methanol continues to grow. (elpasotimes.com)
  • As of Saturday, the FDA's "do-not-use list of dangerous hand sanitizer products" now includes 101 varieties of hand sanitizer that should be avoided - some that have already been recalled and other products being recommended for recalls - as they may contain methanol, a potentially fatal ingredient. (elpasotimes.com)
  • I offered to bet up to ten people $10,000 each that I could take my 2007 Chevy Cobalt, which is not a flex-fuel car, and, running it on 100 percent methanol, get at least 24 miles per gallon on the highway. (nationalreview.com)
  • ad#First, I ran the car on 100 percent methanol. (nationalreview.com)
  • In response, I had the car tested for emissions with 100 percent methanol (M100), 60 percent methanol (M60), and ordinary gasoline (i.e. (nationalreview.com)
  • Most windshield wiper fluid s are fifty percent methanol. (everything2.com)
  • M85 is commonly used as an alternative motor fuel mixture consisting of 85 percent methanol and 15 percent gasoline. (pei.org)
  • An equilibrium mixture of methanol, dimethyl ether and water is produced which has 25 percent methanol. (ipl.org)
  • BASF researchers have developed a process to produce methanol without any greenhouse gas emissions. (greencarcongress.com)
  • One of the first visible successes in this area has been achieved by a project team which has applied to patent a process to produce methanol without any greenhouse gas emissions. (basf.com)
  • However, the ready availability of shale-derived feedstock has since boosted U.S.'s ability to produce methanol once again. (openpr.com)
  • At this time, the most economical way to produce methanol is from natural gas, as the world is currently awash with it, so much so that hundreds of billions of cubic feet of it are being flared globally every year . (the-american-interest.com)
  • The auto-thermal reforming process can be stably accelerated in the methanol reforming reaction using these catalysts. (google.com)
  • Also, there are provided a reformer, a reforming apparatus, and a tuel cell system employing these methanol catalysts Since a heater Or a reducing apparatus can be omitted in these apparatuses, etc., sizes of these apparatuses, etc. become small and thus these apparatuses, etc. are suitable for the installing into the mobile body. (google.com)
  • This process used a zinc chromate catalyst , and required extremely vigorous conditions-pressures ranging from 30-100 MPa (300-1000 atm), and temperatures of about 400° C . Modern methanol production has been made more efficient through use of catalysts (commonly copper ) capable of operating at lower pressures. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Using special catalysts, this can then be turned into crude methanol, which can be further processed after purification. (basf.com)
  • The exothermic conversion of the lower alcohols such as methanol to its corresponding ether has been known to take place in the presence of certain catalysts such as gamma alumina. (google.com.au)
  • Biomethanol" may be produced by gasification of organic materials to synthesis gas followed by conventional methanol synthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The subsequent process steps - methanol synthesis and distillation - can be carried out nearly unchanged. (basf.com)
  • Ingenuity was required to address the merging and processing of the waste gas streams that arise during methanol synthesis and distillation and which cannot be avoided even with optimal process management. (basf.com)
  • To ensure that the carbon contained in the carbon dioxide is not lost and that it can be used again for methanol synthesis, the captured carbon dioxide is fed back into the beginning of the process. (basf.com)
  • Aspects of the new CO2 emission-free methanol synthesis process were tested in a pilot plant at BASF's subsidiary hte GmbH in Heidelberg, Germany. (basf.com)
  • We are optimistic that our climate-friendly approach will better adapt methanol synthesis to the requirements of the 21stcentury," said project manager Dr. Maximilian Vicari from BASF's Intermediates division. (basf.com)
  • CML103 - Term paper Methanol Synthesis Industrial process/chemical synthesized: Today in industries, generally the basis for the manufacture of methanol is synthesis gas (normally called as syn gas). (ipl.org)
  • Syn gas preparation, Methanol synthesis and, Methanol purification that contain the reactions given below a. (ipl.org)
  • The company is a leader in the development of methanol synthesis - reactors and in the design of methanol plants. (psi.ch)
  • In general, at lower temperatures methanol reacts to form dimethyl ether (DME). (berkeley.edu)
  • Methanol and dimethyl ether are converted to a reaction product containing olefins. (google.com)
  • 3. The process of claim 1 wherein the product comprising dimethyl ether is in equilibrium with methanol and water and the total equilibrium mixture is passed with said diluent to said second stage of catalyst contact. (google.com.au)
  • Methanol also serves as an energy supplier and can be used as a raw material for chemical conversion into other fuels or fuel additives. (basf.com)
  • However it is made, replacing petroleum fuels with methanol would improve air quality, as internal combustion engines burn much cleaner on methanol than gasoline, emitting sharply reduced amounts of carbon monoxide, NOx, hydrocarbons, and particulates. (the-american-interest.com)
  • Iceland-based Carbon Recycling International is seeking to turn carbon dioxide into methanol and thence into other fuels, taking advantage of Iceland's abundant geothermal energy resources to power the energy-intensive process. (greentechmedia.com)
  • The FDA recommends that any customer who has been exposed to any of the listed products and is experiencing symptoms of methanol poisoning should seek immediate treatment. (ktvu.com)
  • Earlier attempts to measure the magnetic properties of methanol in laboratory conditions have met with problems. (innovations-report.com)
  • Instead, it turned out to be very complicated because we had to compute the properties of methanol in great detail", says Ad van der Avoird. (innovations-report.com)
  • The molecular formula for methanol can be written as CH3OH. (reference.com)
  • Using measurements of methanol (CH3OH) in space to investigate magnetic fields was suggested many decades ago. (innovations-report.com)
  • Methanol is toxic by two mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol can be very poisonous if you eat or drink it in toxic amounts as little as 1 teaspoon (5 milliliters). (medlineplus.gov)
  • This enzyme also works on other alcohols, and with methanol gives methanal, a very toxic compound . (everything2.com)
  • Although it is toxic , the human body can handle low concentrations of methanol with no ill effects. (everything2.com)
  • Emissions from methanol cars are low in reactive hydrocarbons (which form smog ) and in toxic compounds. (everything2.com)
  • All alcohols are toxic to some degree, but the dark side of methanol lies in the metabolites produced during its breakdown in the body. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Methanol is not an acceptable active ingredient for hand sanitizers and must not be used due to its toxic effects," the FDA said, noting its investigation of methanol in certain hand sanitizers is ongoing. (usatoday.com)
  • Methanol is toxic and could be fatal as little as 3 tablespoons were consumed. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Methanol is a toxic substance when absorbed through skin or ingested. (elpasotimes.com)
  • As little as 10 mL of pure methanol when drunk is metabolized into formic acid , which can cause permanent blindness by destruction of the optic nerve . (wikipedia.org)
  • 15 mL is potentially fatal, [1] although the median lethal dose is typically 100 mL (3.4 fl oz) (i.e. 1-2 mL/kg body weight of pure methanol [8] ). (wikipedia.org)
  • If it can be successfully implemented at an industrial scale, the entire production process - from syngas production to pure methanol - will no longer release any carbon dioxide emissions. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Pure methanol, however, was first isolated in 1661 by Robert Boyle , who called it spirit of box , because he produced it via the distillation of boxwood. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • 3] Because of the inexpensive raw materials used in its manufacture, pure methanol can cost less than its grain-based country cousin. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Methanol is much less flammable than gasoline and results in less severe fires when it does ignite. (everything2.com)
  • Methanol is used on a limited basis to fuel internal combustion engines, mainly by virtue of the fact that it is not nearly as flammable as gasoline . (factbites.com)
  • A federal agency last week urged museums and schools to stop using methanol and other flammable chemicals in their fire-based science demonstrations after a flash fire injured 13 people, most of them children, at a museum in Reno, Nev. (edweek.org)
  • Because methanol can ignite in the air at a relatively low temperature, using it in classrooms or labs with ignition sources "creates an unacceptable risk of flash fire," especially when large containers of flammable substances are nearby, the board said. (edweek.org)
  • Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory, Tufts University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have shown that mononuclear rhodium species, anchored on a zeolite or titanium dioxide support suspended in aqueous solution, can catalyze the direct conversion of methane to methanol and acetic acid using oxygen and carbon monoxide under mild conditions. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Today, methanol is mainly produced industrially by hydrogenation of carbon monoxide . (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol is one of the many alcohols produced during the fermentation process and in larger doses, it can sicken, or in rare cases, kill the person consuming it. (ehow.com)
  • Methanol is one of a host of alcohols normally produced during the fermentation of carbon-based compounds. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Methanol can contaminate illicit alcohols, resulting in blindness and organ failure. (ktar.com)
  • However, the FDA has found that the 59 hand sanitizers have tested positive for methanol contamination. (ktvu.com)
  • but problems happen when higher concentrations of methanol form during distillation processes done incorrectly, or when someone adds methanol to drinks illicitly, the WHO says. (webmd.com)
  • Methanol is derrived as a by-product of wood distillation. (factbites.com)
  • The naphtha, fraction of crude oil distillation, is used as a raw material in many older facilities for the manufacture of methanol . (factbites.com)
  • Methanol toxicity is poisoning from methanol . (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Toxicity to methanol has been described as early as 1856. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol has a high toxicity in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • How is methanol toxicity treated? (medscape.com)
  • Gupta N, Sonambekar AA, Daksh SK, Tomar L. A rare presentation of methanol toxicity. (medscape.com)
  • As little as 10 grams of methanol can cause blindness. (everything2.com)
  • The cells that make up the optic nerve are exquisitely sensitive to formic acid, which is why blindness is so closely associated with methanol poisoning. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Methanol in the eyes in particular turns into formate and can damage the eyes - hence the risk of blindness. (bellaonline.com)
  • Most recently, the FDA said it has been notified of "adults and children ingesting hand sanitizer products contaminated with methanol that has led to recent adverse events including blindness, hospitalizations and death. (rttnews.com)
  • A 2017 study from the Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine reports that methanol can cause blindness, nervous system and/or gastrointestinal issues or death with prolonged exposure. (ktvu.com)
  • Winkelmann J. (2018) Diffusion coefficient of methanol in water. (springer.com)
  • Benjamin Storrow, Scientific American , "Carbon Capture Test Facility Opens in Wyoming," 17 May 2018 Vinegar's active ingredient, acetic acid, can be produced naturally through bacterial fermentation, as in apple cider vinegar, or industrially, via chemical reactions from such source materials as methanol . (merriam-webster.com)
  • Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/6s5j2j/global_direct ) has announced the addition of the 'Global Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) Market 2014-2018' report to their offering. (prnewswire.com)
  • The water-methanol mixture is introduced into a tube-shaped reactor where it makes contact with the catalyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2 . The methanol reforming catalyst as in claim 1 , further comprising. (google.com)
  • 4 . The methanol reforming catalyst as in any one of claims 1 - 3 , wherein the metal oxide is at least one selected from the group consisting of alumina, cerium oxide, zirconia, silica, titania, magnesia, zinc oxide, gallium oxide, and indium oxide. (google.com)
  • 5 . The methanol reforming catalyst as in any one of claims 1 - 3 , wherein the catalytic component II contains palladium, zinc oxide, cerium oxide, and zirconia. (google.com)
  • Methanol is mixed with a catalyst -- often sodium hydroxide -- and added to the oil. (factbites.com)
  • A process is described for the production of aromatics boiling in the gasoline boiling range from methanol carried out in two stages wherein a heat dissipating diluent is employed in the second stage during contact with a crystalline zeolite catalyst selective for the purpose and the first stage exothermic. (google.com.au)
  • A process is described for the production of aromatics boiling in the gasoline boiling range from methanol carried out in two stages wherein a heat dissipating diluent is employed in the second stage during contact with a crystalline zeolite catalyst selective for the purpose and the first stage exothermic temperature rise is catalytically restricted. (google.com.au)
  • More particularly, the present invention relates to the sequential restructuring of methanol through a plurality of catalyst contact zones temperature restrained in response to catalyst activity and selectivity. (google.com.au)
  • [ citation needed ] Methanol may be made from hydrocarbon or renewable resources, in particular natural gas and biomass respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • These species, termed the "hydrocarbon pool," are occluded in the pores and catalyze the formation of olefins from methanol. (berkeley.edu)
  • Combine it with carbon and you have a hydrocarbon like methanol… thus a complete cycle. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • The refinery is billed as a facility that would turn fracked natural gas from Canada into methanol for shipment to China to make plastics. (ap.org)
  • The authors of the Op-Ed supporting the Kalama methanol refinery rightly state that we need sustainable development to help protect our environment. (seattletimes.com)
  • On November 13, a report written by the company proposing the world's largest fracked-gas-to-methanol refinery was released by the Port of Kalama and Cowlitz County, WA. (kboo.fm)
  • As a young person, I believe that we need to keep the world's largest fracked gas-to-methanol refinery from being built in our wonderful Washington in Kalama along the Columbia River. (heraldnet.com)
  • We've stopped projects like this methanol refinery before, and we can surely do it again. (heraldnet.com)
  • Lawmakers and citizens, let's take a public stance against this methanol refinery! (heraldnet.com)
  • The global methanol market is characterized by the strong presence of a handful of regional companies with an established customer base in various countries. (openpr.com)
  • From a geographical standpoint, Asia Pacific dominates the global methanol market and accounted for a share of just under 70.0% in 2015. (openpr.com)
  • Another factor that is sure to benefit the global methanol market is the recovery of the U.S. methanol industry. (openpr.com)
  • This report scope includes a holistic study of the current dynamics of the market, industry growth and restraints of the Global Methanol Market. (openpr.com)
  • In this paper, we calculate by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) the adsorption energy of methanol on graphite at various degrees of coverage (less than one molecular monolayer) and we determine the distance from and the optimal angle of the methanol molecule C-O axis with the plane of graphene. (hindawi.com)
  • These data are then available as input to and/or for fine-tuning of molecular dynamics simulations of the methanol adsorption process. (hindawi.com)
  • X-ray structure of methanol dehydrogenase from Paracoccus denitrificans and molecular modeling of its interactions with cytochrome c-551i. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • This article is about methanol used as a fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • In China, methanol is made for fuel from coal. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ citation needed ] Widespread production by this route has a proposed potential to offer methanol fuel at a low cost and with benefits to the environment (see Hagen, SABD & Olah references below). (wikipedia.org)
  • Recently, methanol fuel has been produced using renewable energy and carbon dioxide as a feedstock. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the OPEC 1973 oil crisis , Reed and Lerner (1973) proposed methanol from coal as a proven fuel with well-established manufacturing technology and sufficient resources to replace gasoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Hagen (1976) reviewed prospects for synthesizing methanol from renewable resources and its use as a fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Director Gregory Dolan presented the 2008 global methanol fuel industry in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using methanol as a fuel in spark-ignition engines can offer an increased thermal efficiency and increased power output (as compared to gasoline) due to its high octane rating (114 [10] ) and high heat of vaporization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol (prepared from natural gas) that is used in an efficient fuel cell, however, releases less CO2 in the atmosphere than gasoline, in a net analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compact methanol reformer test for fuel-cell-powered light-duty vehicles, J. Power Sources 71 (1998) 288-293 Wiese, W. et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methanol steam reforming in a fuel cell drive system, J. Power Sources 84 (1999) 187-193 Peters, R. et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since methanol averages less than half the price of gasoline - and can readily be made from coal, natural gas, or any kind of biomass without exception - this would demonstrate superior transportation economy from a non-petroleum fuel that is producible from plentiful American resources. (nationalreview.com)
  • This required replacing the fuel-pump seal made of Viton, which is not methanol compatible, with one made of Buna-N, which is. (nationalreview.com)
  • When I first made the bet, many commentators thought that I would aim for high-efficiency performance with high-octane fuel by increasing the compression ratio of the engine (which is how race-car drivers using methanol have done it for the past half-century). (nationalreview.com)
  • It can be seen that when methanol is used, fuel-economy improvements of 40 percent can be achieved. (nationalreview.com)
  • Methanol is used in a number of consumer products, including paint strippers , duplicator fluid , model airplane fuel , and dry gas . (everything2.com)
  • Methanol is a high-octane fuel that offers excellent acceleration and vehicle power. (everything2.com)
  • Possible fuel efficiency improvements of light-duty methanol engines are reviewed in comparison to gasoline engines. (sae.org)
  • Fuel economy for the California dedicated methanol fleet is evaluated and compared to existing baseline gasoline fuel economy. (sae.org)
  • Average fuel economy for the methanol fuel-injected engines is 29.7 mpg on an equivalent energy basis compared to an adjusted EPA city fuel economy of 25.2 mpg. (sae.org)
  • Both comparisons indicate less gains with methanol than expected based on fuel properties and higher compression. (sae.org)
  • The concept of flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) being developed by many manufacturers may be the best transition strategy for introducing methanol, but not necessarily the best strategy to maximize methanol's air quality and energy security benefits. (sae.org)
  • One of the major advantages of DMFCs is that they use methanol as a fuel. (prnewswire.com)
  • Blue World Technologies has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with China-based new energy vehicle manufacturer AIWAYS, with the purpose of supplying the market with vehicles powered by methanol fuel cells for fast refueling and long range. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Blue World Technologies will use the Danish Power Systems technology in their methanol fuel cell systems. (greencarcongress.com)
  • The use of methanol as a motor fuel received attention during the oil crises of the 1970s due to its availability and low cost. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • However, there is still a great deal of interest in using methanol as a neat (unblended) fuel. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Methanol has been considered as a fuel , mainly in combination with gasoline . (factbites.com)
  • Methanol is also a high-octane, clean-burning fuel that is a potentially important substitute for gasoline in automotive vehicles. (factbites.com)
  • DETROIT -- The world's automakers are choosing sides in the gasoline vs. methanol strategy for fuel cells. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • But a report by Oregon Public Broadcasting earlier this year revealed that the company behind the project had suggested to investors the methanol could be burned as fuel. (ap.org)
  • A mixed-reactant direct methanol redox fuel cell where all reactants (anolyte and catholyte mixed) are supplied to the cathode. (openclipart.org)
  • Toshiba employee Hiroko Mochida displays an MP3 player along with a prototype model of a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). (howstuffworks.com)
  • however, Toshiba and other technology companies are looking into a slightly different form, one more suitable for MP3 players and other mobile devices -- Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) . (howstuffworks.com)
  • It's unclear whether or not users would refill an empty methanol fuel cell or if they would use disposable cartridges. (howstuffworks.com)
  • And although these models haven't left the laboratory, Toshiba appears to be carefully honing its products: The company introduced a prototype of a small headphone and MP3 player combination that can run for about 10 hours using a methanol fuel cell. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Toshiba's future vision sees methanol fuel cells on our heads. (howstuffworks.com)
  • One of the drawbacks of methanol as a fuel is its corrosivity to some metals, including aluminum. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Concerns with methanol's corrosivity have been addressed by using methanol compatible materials, and fuel additives that serve as corrosion inhibitors. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Coskata is engineering methanol fermentation into an anaerobic microorganism to enable a low-cost biological approach for liquid fuel production. (energy.gov)
  • Open the transportation fuel market to methanol. (the-american-interest.com)
  • The answer is to open the transportation fuel market to methanol and its derivatives. (the-american-interest.com)
  • The state solved this problem by getting the Ford Motor company to develop the flex fuel car, which could run equally well on methanol or gasoline. (the-american-interest.com)
  • A standard Ford sedan modified to run on methanol fuel. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Needless to say, the use of methanol fuel would have some direct-and most likely beneficial-impact on our society. (motherearthnews.com)
  • LONGVIEW, Wash. (AP) - Federal and state regulators are weighing the first major permits requested for the proposed $1.8 billion methanol manufacturing plant at the Port of Kalama. (q13fox.com)
  • In addition, Coskata's technology could integrate with other technologies that activate methane to methanol. (energy.gov)
  • Small amounts of methanol are found in normal, healthy human individuals, concluded by one study which found a mean of 4.5 ppm in the exhaled breath of subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysis of the data yielded the result that formation of methanol or deuterated methanol accounted for only 3 and 6% of the total rate in CH 3 OH 2 + and CD 3 OD 2 + , respectively. (diva-portal.org)
  • Methanol contains about half the energy content of gasoline, but its high octane allows it to be burned more efficiently, and thus obtain two-thirds of the mileage. (nationalreview.com)
  • Surface methoxy groups may be formed from the reaction of methanol with a zeolite acid site. (berkeley.edu)
  • An interdisciplinary team at Northwestern University has found that the enzyme responsible for the methane-methanol conversion catalyzes this reaction at a site that contains just one copper ion. (greencarcongress.com)
  • The specific reaction rate is defined as the quantity of methanol converted in said second bed per unit time per unit of cross-sectional area of the bed. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Here are the responses I obtained with a little discussion at the end: Hwa-Jee, Texas A&M University, wrote The endogenous GUS activity can be reduced by adding 20% methanol in GUS reaction buffer. (bio.net)
  • As far as methanol removing the aluminum oxide film on aluminum, I agree with the fellow who wrote that it would likely be a slow reaction. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Methanol can be easily obtained from the product of the carbon dioxide reaction. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • Catalytic mechanism of quinoprotein methanol dehydrogenase: A theoretical and x-ray crystallographic investigation. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Emergency Response Safety and Health Database (ERSH-DB) Systemic Agent: Methanol -ERSH-DB search results for methanol. (cdc.gov)
  • These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Methanol Poisoning. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Treatment is aimed at preventing further metabolism of the methanol, but some victims seek help too late. (webmd.com)
  • Methanol is produced naturally in the anaerobic metabolism of many varieties of bacteria. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The metabolism of methanol, however, doesn't go off as smoothly. (livescience.com)
  • In their embalming process, the ancient Egyptians used a mixture of substances, including methanol, which they obtained from the pyrolysis of wood. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The preignition behavior of neat methanol in the four-stroke, naturally aspirated, watercooled, spark ignition engine is reported. (sae.org)
  • Methanol is a substance that can occur naturally in small amounts in the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Methanol is found naturally in fruit juice and distilled spirits such as whiskey, wine, and beer . (howstuffworks.com)
  • While it can be man-made, methanol is also naturally emitted by volcanic processes, plants, microbes, insects and decomposing biological waste like sewage. (howstuffworks.com)
  • For the study on liquid-phase methanol, acetogenesis of foul condensate (FC) obtained from a chemical pulping industry was tested in three upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors operated at 22, 37 and 55 ºC for 51 d. (routledge.com)
  • Russia has an extensive program to make methanol from eucalyptus. (factbites.com)
  • The state Department of Ecology will decide whether to issue a permit for the company to build a natural gas pipeline to supply the necessary raw material to make methanol. (q13fox.com)
  • Megan Geuss, Ars Technica , "Creative thinking: Researchers propose solar methanol island using ocean CO₂," 6 June 2019 The researchers at the ITC are focused on turning carbon into products that can be used to make cement, methanol and building materials, among other things. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Indications for this procedure include (1) greater than 30mL of methanol ingested, (2) serum methanol level greater than 20 mg/dL, (3) observation of visual complications, and (4) no improvement in acidosis despite repeated sodium bicarbonate infusions. (medscape.com)
  • It's likely that a number of bottles of wine came from the same batch and they are also contaminated with excess methanol. (ehow.com)
  • If you do discover your wine is contaminated with excess methanol, you should carefully review your entire winemaking process. (ehow.com)
  • Carbon Recycling International , an Icelandic-American company, completed the first commercial scale renewable methanol plant in 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geely is a shareholder ($45.5-million investment in 2015) in Carbon Recycling International (CRI), an Icelandic company which produces renewable methanol using recycled CO2 emissions sourced from a local thermal. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Intertek tests methanol and solutions containing methanol for purity, contamination, composition and other quality and chemical parameters. (intertek.com)
  • All of the hand sanitizers were manufactured in Mexico and have been flagged for 'risk of methanol contamination. (ktvu.com)
  • The methanol can first be obtained from coal or natural gas. (berkeley.edu)
  • Its chemical formula is CH Methanol is normally produced from natural gas but also can be produced from coal or biomass crops, such as bagasse, the pulp residue left over from sugar cane, as shown in the picture to the right. (factbites.com)
  • The compound involved in the chemical spill into West Virginia's Elk River - 4-methylcyclohexane methanol - is used to clean coal. (csmonitor.com)
  • It has argued that its facility would provide a cleaner source of methanol for plastics than coal. (ap.org)
  • A study conducted for the company suggested that if the plant is not built, methanol derived from coal would continue to supply the growing Chinese market, resulting in worse greenhouse gas emissions. (ap.org)
  • Kristen Boyles, an attorney for the plaintiffs with the environmental law firm Earthjustice, called the notion the plant would dramatically cut greenhouse gas emissions by replacing methanol generated from coal ludicrous. (ap.org)
  • These include Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS), Reliance Industries Limited, AR-RAZI Saudi Methanol Company, RAMA Petrochemicals Ltd., Shenhua Ningxia Coal Industry Group Co. Ltd., and Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilisers & Chemicals Limited. (openpr.com)
  • The country's contribution in the production of coal-based methanol as an alternative to the natural gas-based variant is also noteworthy and is anticipated to drive the global market. (openpr.com)
  • Replacing gasoline with methanol made from coal would increase carbon emissions, but using methanol made from natural gas, biomass, trash, or CO 2 would decrease them. (the-american-interest.com)
  • Toshiba originally began developing their DMFC as a small cartridge that contains a 'passive' supply of methanol in a highly concentrated form. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Hemodialysis can easily remove methanol and formic acid. (medscape.com)
  • For studies of atmospheric (water) ice formation and interstellar (methanol) ice formation the graphite surface is found to be a suitable model for the particles on which the ice forms [ 3 , 4 ], further motivating our study of methanol adsorption on graphite. (hindawi.com)
  • Over the course of several days, atmospheric methanol is oxidized by oxygen with the help of sunlight, to generate carbon dioxide and water. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Methanol and ethylene glycol acute poisonings - predictors of mortality. (medscape.com)
  • Methanol and ethylene glycol poisonings. (medscape.com)
  • The Australian Medical Association expressed renewed concerns in July over the number of methanol-related poisonings in Indonesia. (news.com.au)
  • Methanol is also found in the interstellar medium, as methanol ice dust grains. (hindawi.com)