Methadone: A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)Narcotics: Agents that induce NARCOSIS. Narcotics include agents that cause somnolence or induced sleep (STUPOR); natural or synthetic derivatives of OPIUM or MORPHINE or any substance that has such effects. They are potent inducers of ANALGESIA and OPIOID-RELATED DISORDERS.Opiate Substitution Treatment: Medical treatment for opioid dependence using a substitute opiate such as METHADONE or BUPRENORPHINE.Opioid-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.Heroin Dependence: Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.Methadyl Acetate: A narcotic analgesic with a long onset and duration of action.Buprenorphine: A derivative of the opioid alkaloid THEBAINE that is a more potent and longer lasting analgesic than MORPHINE. It appears to act as a partial agonist at mu and kappa opioid receptors and as an antagonist at delta receptors. The lack of delta-agonist activity has been suggested to account for the observation that buprenorphine tolerance may not develop with chronic use.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Fetal and neonatal addiction and withdrawal as a result of the mother's dependence on drugs during pregnancy. Withdrawal or abstinence symptoms develop shortly after birth. Symptoms exhibited are loud, high-pitched crying, sweating, yawning and gastrointestinal disturbances.Heroin: A narcotic analgesic that may be habit-forming. It is a controlled substance (opium derivative) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Parts 329.1, 1308.11 (1987). Sale is forbidden in the United States by Federal statute. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Substance Abuse Detection: Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.PyrrolidinesDrug Overdose: Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.Morphine: The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.Dextropropoxyphene: A narcotic analgesic structurally related to METHADONE. Only the dextro-isomer has an analgesic effect; the levo-isomer appears to exert an antitussive effect.Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.Narcotic Antagonists: Agents inhibiting the effect of narcotics on the central nervous system.Street Drugs: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Cocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Opium: The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.Oxidoreductases, N-DemethylatingStereoisomerism: The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Meconium: The thick green-to-black mucilaginous material found in the intestines of a full-term fetus. It consists of secretions of the INTESTINAL GLANDS; BILE PIGMENTS; FATTY ACIDS; AMNIOTIC FLUID; and intrauterine debris. It constitutes the first stools passed by a newborn.Naloxone: A specific opiate antagonist that has no agonist activity. It is a competitive antagonist at mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors.Therapeutic Community: Psychotherapeutic technique which emphasizes socioenvironmental and interpersonal influences in the resocialization and rehabilitation of the patient. The setting is usually a hospital unit or ward in which professional and nonprofessional staff interact with the patients.Directly Observed Therapy: A treatment method in which patients are under direct observation when they take their medication or receive their treatment. This method is designed to reduce the risk of treatment interruption and to ensure patient compliance.Drug Interactions: The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.PrisonersDose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Codeine: An opioid analgesic related to MORPHINE but with less potent analgesic properties and mild sedative effects. It also acts centrally to suppress cough.Naltrexone: Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Ozone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Cyclohexanecarboxylic AcidsCondoms: A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.Prisons: Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.United StatesUniversal Precautions: Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.

Solid-phase microextraction for cannabinoids analysis in hair and its possible application to other drugs. (1/993)

This paper describes the application of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) to cannabis testing in hair. Fifty milligrams of hair was washed with petroleum ether, hydrolyzed with NaOH, neutralized, deuterated internal standard was added and directly submitted to SPME. The SPME was analyzed by GC-MS. The limit of detection was 0.1 ng/mg for cannabinol (CBN) and delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and 0.2 ng/mg for cannabidiol (CBD). THC was detected in a range spanning from 0.1 to 0.7 ng/mg. CBD concentrations ranged from 0.7 to 14.1 ng/mg, and CBN concentrations ranged from 0.4 to 0.7 ng/mg. The effectiveness of different decontamination procedures was also studied on passively contaminated hair. The proposed method is also suitable for the analysis of methadone in hair; cocaine and cocaethylene can be detected in hair with SPME extraction after enzymatic hydrolysis.  (+info)

Safer sex strategies for women: the hierarchical model in methadone treatment clinics. (2/993)

Women clients of a methadone maintenance treatment clinic were targeted for an intervention aimed to reduce unsafe sex. The hierarchical model was the basis of the single intervention session, tested among 63 volunteers. This model requires the educator to discuss and demonstrate a full range of barriers that women might use for protection, ranking these in the order of their known efficacy. The model stresses that no one should go without protection. Two objections, both untested, have been voiced against the model. One is that, because of its complexity, women will have difficulty comprehending the message. The second is that, by demonstrating alternative strategies to the male condom, the educator is offering women a way out from persisting with the male condom, so that instead they will use an easier, but less effective, method of protection. The present research aimed at testing both objections in a high-risk and disadvantaged group of women. By comparing before and after performance on a knowledge test, it was established that, at least among these women, the complex message was well understood. By comparing baseline and follow-up reports of barriers used by sexually active women before and after intervention, a reduction in reports of unsafe sexual encounters was demonstrated. The reduction could be attributed directly to adoption of the female condom. Although some women who had used male condoms previously adopted the female condom, most of those who did so had not used the male condom previously. Since neither theoretical objection to the hierarchical model is sustained in this population, fresh weight is given to emphasizing choice of barriers, especially to women who are at high risk and relatively disempowered. As experience with the female condom grows and its unfamiliarity decreases, it would seem appropriate to encourage women who do not succeed with the male condom to try to use the female condom, over which they have more control.  (+info)

Harm reduction: Australia as a case study. (3/993)

This paper explicates the term, "harm reduction"; demonstrates that harm reduction has a long tradition; and uses one country, Australia, as a case study. Harm reduction can be understood as "policies and programs which are designed to reduce the adverse consequences of mood altering substances without necessarily reducing their consumption"; it is consistent with the best traditions of both medicine and public health. Although it is difficult to interpret trends in mortality from alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs to determine whether harm reduction in Australia "worked", the effectiveness of harm-reduction policies and programs in controlling HIV among injecting drug users (IDUs) seems extremely strong and suggests that benefits of harm-reduction programs for other drugs will become apparent in time.  (+info)

Methadone treatment by general practitioners in Amsterdam. (4/993)

In Amsterdam, a three-tiered program exists to deal with drug use and addiction. General practitioners form the backbone of the system, helping to deal with the majority of addicts, who are not criminals and many of whom desire to be free of addiction. Distinctions are made between drugs with "acceptable" and "unacceptable" risks, and between drug use and drug-related crime; patients who fall into the former categories are treated in a nonconfrontational, nonstigmatizing manner; such a system helps prevent the majority of patients from passing into unacceptable, criminalized categories. The overall program has demonstrated harm reduction both for patients and for the city of Amsterdam.  (+info)

Recent developments in maintenance prescribing and monitoring in the United Kingdom. (5/993)

After a brief historical review of British drug legislation and public and governmental attitudes, this paper describes the wide range of policies and practices that have appeared since the explosion of illicit drug abuse in the 1960s. The spectrum goes from a reluctance to prescribe at all to maintenance on injectable opiates. Comparisons are made with differing attitudes to the availability of abortion in public health services. Compared with 5 years ago, about three times more methadone is being prescribed. There is a steady increase in prescriptions for injectable methadone but heroin maintenance is still rare. The "British System" permits great flexibility in the choice of opiates for maintenance. Some amphetamine-prescribing programmes also exist. Hair analysis for drugs to monitor levels of both prescribed and unprescribed drugs is a welcome and promising alternative to undignified and often misleading urine tests.  (+info)

Harm reduction in Bern: from outreach to heroin maintenance. (6/993)

In Switzerland, harm-reduction programs have the support of the national government and many localities, in congruence with much of the rest of Europe and in contrast with the United States, and take place in public settings. The threat of AIDS is recognized as the greater harm. This paper describes the overall national program and highlights the experience from one city; the program is noteworthy because it is aimed at gathering comparative data from controlled trials.  (+info)

Studies on the uptake, metabolism, and release of endogenous and exogenous chemicals by use of the isolated perfused lung. (7/993)

The isolated perfused lung is a valuable tool for studying many lung functions. The kinds of information one can obtain from the isolated perfused lung are illustrated by examples from our studies on the uptake, accumulation, and metabolism of endogenous and exogenous chemicals.  (+info)

A pilot study to determine the usefulness of the urinary excretion of methadone and its primary metabolite (EDDP) as potential markers of compliance in methadone detoxification programs. (8/993)

Fourteen subjects (selected on the basis of compliance with the methadone-maintenance program prescribed by the consultant psychiatrist in charge of their treatment) undergoing opiate detoxification by methadone-replacement therapy were studied to determine if a relationship exists between the dose of methadone prescribed and the urinary excretion of methadone and/or its primary metabolite, 2-ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidine (EDDP). After the derivation of this relationship, it was hoped that the urinary concentrations of methadone and/or EDDP could be used as a noninvasive technique to monitor the methadone compliance of 56 drug abusers. Despite statistically significant correlations (p<0.001) between methadone dose and urine concentrations of methadone and EDDP, the large variation in concentrations measured in the urine of drug abusers negated the possibility of any clear-cut relationship being confirmed. However, it may be possible to use excretion data to monitor individual compliance but only through long-term monitoring of individual subjects to establish their own intraindividual variation in excretion patterns.  (+info)

  • In Vancouver, a team of scientists who work with people who use street drugs have noted that there are sites-community clinics, doctors' offices, pharmacies-where both ART and methadone are provided. (catie.ca)
  • The present study did not randomly assign participants to different clinics/locations for receiving ART and methadone. (catie.ca)
  • That's because methadone clinics (known in the field as Opioid Treatment Programs or OTPs) are widely-regarded as crime magnets. (ireta.org)
  • News articles feed this narrative , from reporting on neighborhoods protesting methadone clinics to sensationalizing crime in areas where OTPs are located. (ireta.org)
  • A major component of this program is methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), which was initiated as a pilot program in 8 clinics serving 1,029 drug users in 2004 and subsequently expanded to 738 clinics serving 344,254 drug users by the end of 2011, which accounts for approximately 30% of registered IDUs in China (personal communication with China CDC). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Beginning in 1964, federally approved methadone clinics, called opioid treatment programs , used very regulated doses to help people who had struggled with heroin addiction for years taper off their abuse of the more intense narcotic, which had a much shorter half-life. (sunrisehouse.com)
  • Results show that hepatocyte methadone N -demethylation resembles expressed and liver microsomal metabolism more than clinical metabolism. (ovid.com)
  • Compared with clinical studies, hepatocytes underreport induction of methadone metabolism by HIV drugs. (ovid.com)
  • Hepatocytes are not a good predictive model for clinical antiretroviral induction of methadone metabolism and not a substitute for clinical studies. (ovid.com)
  • in front of the methadone clinic 1. (ireta.org)
  • But ask most of the public where they'd like to house a methadone clinic, and you'll hear "Not in my backyard. (ireta.org)
  • Methadone clinic protest sign. (ireta.org)
  • This spirited online debate over the placement of an OTP in Portsmouth, Virginia, shows how "methadone clinic" and "meth lab" are often conflated-and in this case, the local ABC affiliate contributed to the confusion. (ireta.org)
  • Early research suggests that methadone may be a good, inexpensive drug to treat neuropathic pain. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Study drug: The study drug is methadone supplied in 2.5 mg tablets. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Drug interactions involving methadone and/or HIV antiretrovirals can be problematic. (ovid.com)
  • This investigation evaluated human hepatocytes as a model for methadone induction, and tested the hypothesis that methadone and EDDP are substrates for human drug transporters. (ovid.com)
  • As sharing unsterile equipment for street drug use can lead to a range of infections, including HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV), people who are receiving methadone or other opioid substitution also need to be offered screening and treatment for these germs. (catie.ca)
  • Perhaps the last decade's massive growth of recreational prescription opioid use-people who are essentially abusing the same drug as heroin users and, as such, may benefit equally from methadone treatment-will help ease our vague, but powerful fear of OTPs. (ireta.org)
  • In many cases, methadone treatment becomes connected with the conditions surrounding the drug addiction it actually treats. (ireta.org)
  • Methadone-drug interactions (MDIs) have been shown to cause many adverse effects. (beds.ac.uk)
  • An MDI is defined as concurrent use of drug(s) with methadone that may result in an increase or decrease of effectiveness and/or adverse effect of methadone. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The rapid disappearance of theft and antisocial behavior in patients on the methadone maintenance program strongly supports the hypothesis that the crimes that they have previously committed as addicts were a consequence of drug hunger, not the expression of some more basic psychopathology. (wordpress.com)
  • Methadone, like heroin, is an opioid drug. (drugrehab.us)
  • Many people misunderstand methadone and believe that it is just another form of drug addiction. (drugrehab.us)
  • Although it is also an opioid, methadone is not a substitute drug. (drugrehab.us)
  • Methadone often gets a bad rap as a drug used to treat a drug addiction, but the truth is that it has been used for decades because it really does help people addicted to heroin. (drugrehab.us)
  • I did not take any other drugs only my prescribed methadone and prenatal vitamin. (womensmentalhealth.org)
  • Prescribed methadone can help stabilize the lives of people who use street drugs and serve as an entryway to other services. (catie.ca)
  • The scientists found that participants who received methadone and ART in the same setting were significantly more likely to achieve what the researchers called "optimal adherence to ART" (adherence rates of at least 95%) than participants whose drugs were dispensed in different locations. (catie.ca)
  • The B.C. scientists stated that their findings can be used to "assist government officials, policy makers and service providers to make decisions on designing [services] for the provision of [methadone] and ART for HIV-positive people who use drugs. (catie.ca)
  • They also stated that "pharmacy-delegated methadone administration may better meet the needs of people who use drugs, potentially leading to improved treatment outcomes" for both opioid use disorder and HIV infection. (catie.ca)
  • Methadone is equated with heroin-and drugs in general. (ireta.org)
  • Beginning in the 1990s, states began to put methadone on their "preferred drugs" list as a prescription painkiller for Medicaid patients. (sunrisehouse.com)
  • Methadone binds to the opioid receptors in the brain for 24-36 hours, and it has a half-life of 8-59 hours. (sunrisehouse.com)
  • At this point, the individual detoxing from methadone will experience anxiety, depression, and restlessness. (sunrisehouse.com)
Breakthrough Meds on Methadone?
Breakthrough Meds on Methadone? (drugs.com)
Beth Israel Methadone Clinic | Local Drug Rehab in New York, New York | TheGoodDrugsGuide.com
Beth Israel Methadone Clinic | Local Drug Rehab in New York, New York | TheGoodDrugsGuide.com (thegooddrugsguide.com)
Methadone Addiction Overdose
Methadone Addiction Overdose (addictionsearch.com)
Methadone and Breastfeeding - MGH Center for Women's Mental Health
Methadone and Breastfeeding - MGH Center for Women's Mental Health (womensmentalhealth.org)
Choosing Methadone Over Morphine
Choosing Methadone Over Morphine (verywellhealth.com)
Module 6: Dosing and Titration of Opioids: How Much, How Long, and How and When to Stop?
Module 6: Dosing and Titration of Opioids: How Much, How Long, and How and When to Stop? (cdc.gov)
Methadon | Define Methadon at Dictionary.com
Methadon | Define Methadon at Dictionary.com (dictionary.com)
U.S. GAO - Methadone Maintenance: Some Treatment Programs Are Not Effective; Greater Federal Oversight Needed
U.S. GAO - Methadone Maintenance: Some Treatment Programs Are Not Effective; Greater Federal Oversight Needed (gao.gov)
Methadone Intensol Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - WebMD
Methadone Intensol Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - WebMD (webmd.com)
Drug Addiction and AIDS | SpringerLink
Drug Addiction and AIDS | SpringerLink (link.springer.com)
Some clinic doctors solving opioid crisis with drugs, not words
Some clinic doctors solving opioid crisis with drugs, not words (usatoday.com)
Methadone clinics: Crime is not the problem - Baltimore Sun
Methadone clinics: Crime is not the problem - Baltimore Sun (baltimoresun.com)
Methadone - Forum on Choosing Your Meds -- TheBody.com
Methadone - Forum on Choosing Your Meds -- TheBody.com (thebody.com)
Recidivism - Wikipedia
Recidivism - Wikipedia (en.wikipedia.org)
The Power of Kindness and Top News | The Dr. Oz Show
The Power of Kindness and Top News | The Dr. Oz Show (doctoroz.com)
COVID-19: Potential Implications for Individuals with Substance Use Disorders | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
COVID-19: Potential Implications for Individuals with Substance Use Disorders | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (drugabuse.gov)
25 most commonly used recreational drugs in America | Health and Medicine | nwitimes.com
25 most commonly used recreational drugs in America | Health and Medicine | nwitimes.com (nwitimes.com)
Addiction: Substance Abuse Help - Forums and Discussions - MedHelp
Addiction: Substance Abuse Help - Forums and Discussions - MedHelp (medhelp.org)
Addiction: Alcohol/Drug Rehab Help - Forums and Discussions - MedHelp
Addiction: Alcohol/Drug Rehab Help - Forums and Discussions - MedHelp (medhelp.org)
Climate change methadone? «  RealClimate
Climate change methadone? « RealClimate (realclimate.org)
Methadone (Oral Route) Side Effects - Mayo Clinic
Methadone (Oral Route) Side Effects - Mayo Clinic (mayoclinic.org)
Methadone (Oral Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic
Methadone (Oral Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic (mayoclinic.org)
Acute pain management in patients with drug dependence syndr... : PAIN Reports
Acute pain management in patients with drug dependence syndr... : PAIN Reports (journals.lww.com)
DailyMed - DIFLUCAN- fluconazole tablet  DIFLUCAN- fluconazole powder, for suspension
DailyMed - DIFLUCAN- fluconazole tablet DIFLUCAN- fluconazole powder, for suspension (dailymed.nlm.nih.gov)
Methadone.. | DailyStrength
Methadone.. | DailyStrength (dailystrength.org)
Methadone in Ambulatory Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Methadone in Ambulatory Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov (clinicaltrials.gov)
Addiction: Social Help - Forums and Discussions - MedHelp
Addiction: Social Help - Forums and Discussions - MedHelp (medhelp.org)
Top 10 most addictive Drugs people struggle to stop taking. | HubPages
Top 10 most addictive Drugs people struggle to stop taking. | HubPages (hubpages.com)
Illegal Drugs and their Implications | HubPages
Illegal Drugs and their Implications | HubPages (hubpages.com)
Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy | Ricardo A. Cruciani | Springer
Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy | Ricardo A. Cruciani | Springer (springer.com)
Methadone Induced Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Methadone Induced Sensorineural Hearing Loss (hindawi.com)
North Carolina Examines Methadone Deaths within the Medicaid Population
North Carolina Examines Methadone Deaths within the Medicaid Population (cdc.gov)
Considering Medication to Help Treat Opioid Addiction? Make Sure You Know the Fine Print - Partnership to End Addiction | Where...
Considering Medication to Help Treat Opioid Addiction? Make Sure You Know the Fine Print - Partnership to End Addiction | Where... (drugfree.org)
Is methadone an answer to Alaska's heroin crisis? - Anchorage Daily News
Is methadone an answer to Alaska's heroin crisis? - Anchorage Daily News (adn.com)
Answers - The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions
Answers - The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions (answers.com)
Methadone: Treatment for Addiction (Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Drugs. Series 1) by Donald Hutchings | LibraryThing
Methadone: Treatment for Addiction (Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Drugs. Series 1) by Donald Hutchings | LibraryThing (librarything.com)
Possible Harmful Effects From Prolonged Use Of Methadone
Possible Harmful Effects From Prolonged Use Of Methadone (medicalnewstoday.com)
Council lifts barrier on methadone clinics - *GJ_SANFORD_NEWS - fosters.com - Dover, NH
Council lifts barrier on methadone clinics - *GJ_SANFORD_NEWS - fosters.com - Dover, NH (fosters.com)
S 603 Pill Images (White / Round)
S 603 Pill Images (White / Round) (drugs.com)
Treatment Standards and Optimal Treatment | Federal Regulation of Methadone Treatment | The National Academies Press
Treatment Standards and Optimal Treatment | Federal Regulation of Methadone Treatment | The National Academies Press (nap.edu)
The Prescription Drug Addiction Epidemic: The Truth About Pain Pill Addiction | HubPages
The Prescription Drug Addiction Epidemic: The Truth About Pain Pill Addiction | HubPages (hubpages.com)
Ketamine Abuse and The Dangers Associated With it | HubPages
Ketamine Abuse and The Dangers Associated With it | HubPages (hubpages.com)
Living Outside The Box Of Addiction | HubPages
Living Outside The Box Of Addiction | HubPages (hubpages.com)
The Power Of Addiction | HubPages
The Power Of Addiction | HubPages (hubpages.com)
Methadone & Other Opiate Maintenance | StoptheDrugWar.org
Methadone & Other Opiate Maintenance | StoptheDrugWar.org (stopthedrugwar.org)
Hooked on opiates | HubPages
Hooked on opiates | HubPages (hubpages.com)
How to Recognize an Addiction to Prescription Pill Medication | HubPages
How to Recognize an Addiction to Prescription Pill Medication | HubPages (hubpages.com)
Perry Porter - Methadone Music - DJBooth
Perry Porter - Methadone Music - DJBooth (djbooth.net)
May 1949 - Volume 49 - Issue 5 : AJN The American Journal of Nursing
May 1949 - Volume 49 - Issue 5 : AJN The American Journal of Nursing (journals.lww.com)
Drug and Alcohol Rehab Programs in Coatesville, Pennsylvania
Drug and Alcohol Rehab Programs in Coatesville, Pennsylvania (drugstrategies.org)