Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)Polynesia: The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)New Guinea: Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Vanuatu: A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Port-Vila. It was called New Hebrides until 1980. It was discovered in 1606 by the Portuguese, forgotten for 160 years, then visited by Bougainville in 1768 and Captain Cook in 1774. It was under joint British and French administration from 1906 until it became independent in 1980 under the name of Vanuatu. The name is native, meaning our land. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p833 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p570)Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.Chromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Papua New Guinea: A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Hair Color: Color of hair or fur.Marsupialia: An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.Eye Color: Color of the iris.Hebrides: A group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean west of Scotland, comprising the Outer Hebrides and the Inner Hebrides.Micronesia: The collective name for islands of the Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines, including the Mariana, PALAU, Caroline, Marshall, and Kiribati Islands. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p761 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p350)Fiji: A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Suva. It was discovered by Abel Tasman in 1643 and was visited by Captain Cook in 1774. It was used by escaped convicts from Australia as early as 1804. It was annexed by Great Britain in 1874 but achieved independence in 1970. The name Fiji is of uncertain origin. In its present form it may represent that of Viti, the main island in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p396 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p186)New Caledonia: A group of islands in Melanesia constituting a French overseas territory. The group includes New Caledonia (the main island), Ile des Pins, Loyalty Island, and several other islet groups. The capital is Noumea. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1774 and visited by various navigators, explorers, and traders from 1792 to 1840. Occupied by the French in 1853, it was set up as a penal colony 1864-94. In 1946 it was made a French overseas territory. It was named by Captain Cook with the 5th and 6th century A.D. Latin name for Scotland, Caledonia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p830 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)Cannibalism: Eating other individuals of one's own species.Sri LankaPacific OceanInositol Oxygenase: A non-heme IRON enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of MYOINOSITOL to D-glucuronic acid. The reaction is the first committed step in MYOINOSITOL catabolic pathway. This enzyme was formerly characterized as EC 1.13.1.11 and 1.99.2.6.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Moon: The natural satellite of the planet Earth. It includes the lunar cycles or phases, the lunar month, lunar landscapes, geography, and soil.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Logic: The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Ethnopharmacology: The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Fraser Syndrome: Rare autosomal recessive congenital malformation syndrome characterized by cryptophthalmos, SYNDACTYLY and UROGENITAL ABNORMALITIES. Other anomalies of bone, ear, lung, and nose are common. Mutations on FRAS1 and FREM2 are associated with the syndrome.Drama: A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Syndactyly: A congenital anomaly of the hand or foot, marked by the webbing between adjacent fingers or toes. Syndactylies are classified as complete or incomplete by the degree of joining. Syndactylies can also be simple or complex. Simple syndactyly indicates joining of only skin or soft tissue; complex syndactyly marks joining of bony elements.Specialty Boards: Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.Hemoglobinopathies: A group of inherited disorders characterized by structural alterations within the hemoglobin molecule.Prince Edward Island: An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)Hemoglobin C Disease: A disease characterized by compensated hemolysis with a normal hemoglobin level or a mild to moderate anemia. There may be intermittent abdominal discomfort, splenomegaly, and slight jaundice.Genetic Counseling: An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.Thalassemia: A group of hereditary hemolytic anemias in which there is decreased synthesis of one or more hemoglobin polypeptide chains. There are several genetic types with clinical pictures ranging from barely detectable hematologic abnormality to severe and fatal anemia.Anemia, Sickle Cell: A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.alpha-Thalassemia: A disorder characterized by reduced synthesis of the alpha chains of hemoglobin. The severity of this condition can vary from mild anemia to death, depending on the number of genes deleted.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Mollusca: A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.SingaporeAnimal Shells: The hard rigid covering of animals including MOLLUSCS; TURTLES; INSECTS; and crustaceans.Snails: Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.Books

Evidence for mitochondrial DNA recombination in a human population of island Melanesia. (1/127)

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis has proved useful in studies of recent human evolution and the genetic affinities of human groups of different geographical regions. As part of an extensive survey of mtDNA diversity in present-day Pacific populations, we obtained sequence information of the hypervariable mtDNA control region of 452 individuals from various localities in the western Pacific. The mtDNA types fell into three major groups which reflect the settlement history of the area. Interestingly, we detected an extremely rare point mutation at high frequency in the small island of Nguna in the Melanesian archipelago of Vanuatu. Phylogenetic analysis of the mtDNA data indicated that the mutation was present in individuals of separate mtDNA lineages. We propose that the multiple occurrence of a rare mutation event in one isolated locality is highly improbable, and that recombination between different mtDNA types is a more likely explanation for our observation. If correct, this conclusion has important implications for the use of mtDNA in phylogenetic and evolutionary studies.  (+info)

Impact of new diagnostic criteria for diabetes on different populations. (2/127)

OBJECTIVE: For epidemiological purposes, it has now been recommended that a fasting plasma glucose value of 7.0 mmol/l can be used to diagnose diabetes, instead of a 2-h value of 11.1 mmol/l. This study assesses the impact of making this change on the prevalence of diabetes and on the phenotype of individuals identified. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collated from nine population based southern hemisphere studies in which a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test was performed. Comparisons were made between the prevalence derived from fasting values only and the prevalence derived from 2-h values only. Cardiovascular risk was assessed in all individuals. RESULTS: There were 20,624 subjects in the nine surveys of whom 1,036 had previously diagnosed diabetes and 1,714 had newly diagnosed diabetes, according to either fasting or 2-h glucose. The differences in prevalence within each population resulting from changing the diagnostic criteria ranged from +30 to -19% (relative difference) and +4.1 percentage points to -2.8 percentage points (absolute difference). BMI was the most important determinant of disagreement in classification. A total of 31% of those individuals who were diabetic on the fasting value were not diabetic on the 2-h value, and 32% of those with diabetes on the 2-h value were not diabetic on the fasting value. Apart from obesity, there were no differences in cardiovascular risk between those identified by the fasting and the 2-h values. CONCLUSIONS: Changing the diagnostic criteria is likely to have variable and sometimes quite large effects on the prevalence of diabetes in different populations. Furthermore, the fasting criterion identifies different people as being diabetic than those identified by the 2-h criterion.  (+info)

Markedly high seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in comparison to hepatitis C virus and human T lymphotropic virus type-1 infections in selected Solomon Islands populations. (3/127)

To determine the prevalences of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human T lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) infections in residents of the Solomon Islands, we surveyed 1,610 serum samples from 1,113 outpatients and 497 healthy volunteer blood donors at the Central Hospital in Honiara, the Solomon Islands. The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) by radioimmunoassay (RIA) (n = 315, 19.6%) was significantly different from that of antibody to HCV (anti-HCV) by a second-generation enzyme immunoassay (EIA) (n = 4, 0.2%) and antibody to HTLV-1 (anti-HTLV-1) by an ELISA with Western blot analysis to verify the positivity (n = 49, 3.0%) (P < 0.0001, respectively). There were no significant differences in the prevalences of these markers between outpatients and blood donors. Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) was detected by RIA in 130 (41.3%) of 315 HBsAg-positive samples. The distribution of HBsAg subtypes by EIA was 190 adr (60.3%), 111 ayw (35.2%), and 14 (0.4%) other subtypes. The HBeAg prevalence decreased with age in all groups for each subtype. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of HBeAg among HBsAg subtypes. We conclude that HBV infection is highly endemic in selected Solomon Islands populations, and that the high prevalence of HBeAg may be associated with the spread of HBV infection there.  (+info)

Opsonization and phagocytosis of Plasmodium falciparum merozoites measured by flow cytometry. (4/127)

A flow cytometric phagocytosis assay was established to investigate the role of anti-merozoite antibody, complement, and cytokines on the phagocytosis of Plasmodium falciparum merozoites by human neutrophils. This assay involved allowing fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled merozoites to interact with phagocytes and analysis of the cells on a FACScan with Lysis II software. To differentiate the proportion of neutrophil surface-bound merozoites from the merozoites ingested by neutrophils, the fluorescence of bound merozoites was quenched by adding trypan blue. The data showed that sera from malaria-immune individuals in the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea promoted merozoite engulfment by neutrophils. The cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha, gamma interferon, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and interleukin-1beta significantly increased the amount and the rate of merozoite phagocytosis by neutrophils. Optimum merozoite phagocytosis occurred when both cytokines and anti-malarial antibody were present.  (+info)

Smoking and high-risk mammographic parenchymal patterns: a case-control study. (5/127)

STATEMENT OF FINDINGS: Current smoking was strongly and inversely associated with high-risk patterns, after adjustment for concomitant risk factors. Relative to never smokers, current smokers were significantly less likely to have a high-risk pattern. Similar results were obtained when the analysis was confined to postmenopausal women. Past smoking was not related to the mammographic parenchymal patterns. The overall effect in postmenopausal women lost its significance when adjusted for other risk factors for P2/DY patterns that were found to be significant in the present study, although the results are still strongly suggestive. The present data indicate that adjustment for current smoking status is important when evaluating the relationship between mammographic parenchymal pattern and breast cancer risk. They also indicate that smoking is a prominent potential confounder when analyzing effects of other risk factors such as obesity-related variables. It appears that parenchymal patterns may act as an informative biomarker of the effect of cigarette smoking on breast cancer risk.  (+info)

Melanesian origin of Polynesian Y chromosomes. (6/127)

BACKGROUND: Two competing hypotheses for the origins of Polynesians are the 'express-train' model, which supposes a recent and rapid expansion of Polynesian ancestors from Asia/Taiwan via coastal and island Melanesia, and the 'entangled-bank' model, which supposes a long history of cultural and genetic interactions among Southeast Asians, Melanesians and Polynesians. Most genetic data, especially analyses of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation, support the express-train model, as does linguistic and archaeological evidence. Here, we used Y-chromosome polymorphisms to investigate the origins of Polynesians. RESULTS: We analysed eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and seven short tandem repeat (STR) loci on the Y chromosome in 28 Cook Islanders from Polynesia and 583 males from 17 Melanesian, Asian and Australian populations. We found that all Polynesians belong to just three Y-chromosome haplotypes, as defined by unique event polymorphisms. The major Y haplotype in Polynesians (82% frequency) was restricted to Melanesia and eastern Indonesia and most probably arose in Melanesia. Coalescence analysis of associated Y-STR haplotypes showed evidence of a population expansion in Polynesians, beginning about 2,200 years ago. The other two Polynesian Y haplotypes were widespread in Asia but were also found in Melanesia. CONCLUSIONS: All Polynesian Y chromosomes can be traced back to Melanesia, although some of these Y-chromosome types originated in Asia. Together with other genetic and cultural evidence, we propose a new model of Polynesian origins that we call the 'slow-boat' model: Polynesian ancestors did originate from Asia/Taiwan but did not move rapidly through Melanesia; rather, they interacted with and mixed extensively with Melanesians, leaving behind their genes and incorporating many Melanesian genes before colonising the Pacific.  (+info)

Independent histories of human Y chromosomes from Melanesia and Australia. (7/127)

To investigate the origins and relationships of Australian and Melanesian populations, 611 males from 18 populations from Australia, Melanesia, and eastern/southeastern Asia were typed for eight single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci and seven short tandem-repeat loci on the Y chromosome. A unique haplotype, DYS390.1del/RPS4Y711T, was found at a frequency of 53%-69% in Australian populations, whereas the major haplotypes found in Melanesian populations (M4G/M5T/M9G and DYS390.3del/RPS4Y711T) are absent from the Australian populations. The Y-chromosome data thus indicate independent histories for Australians and Melanesians, a finding that is in agreement with evidence from mtDNA but that contradicts some analyses of autosomal loci, which show a close relationship between Australian and Melanesian (specifically, highland Papua New Guinean) populations. Since the Australian and New Guinean landmasses were connected when first colonized by humans > or =50,000 years ago but separated some 8,000 years ago, a possible way to reconcile all the genetic data is to infer that the Y-chromosome and mtDNA results reflect the past 8,000 years of independent history for Australia and New Guinea, whereas the autosomal loci reflect the long preceding period of common origin and shared history. Two Y-chromosome haplotypes (M119C/M9G and M122C/M9G) that originated in eastern/southeastern Asia are present in coastal and island Melanesia but are rare or absent in both Australia and highland Papua New Guinea. This distribution, along with demographic analyses indicating that population expansions for both haplotypes began approximately 4,000-6,000 years ago, suggests that these haplotypes were brought to Melanesia by the Austronesian expansion. Most of the populations in this study were previously typed for mtDNA SNPs; population differentiation is greater for the Y chromosome than for mtDNA and is significantly correlated with geographic distance, a finding in agreement with results of similar analyses of European populations.  (+info)

Comparison of house spraying and insecticide-treated nets for malaria control. (8/127)

The efficacies of using residual house spraying and insecticide-treated nets against malaria vectors are compared, using data from six recent comparisons in Africa, Asia and Melanesia. By all the entomological and malariological criteria recorded, pyrethroid-treated nets were at least as efficacious as house spraying with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), malathion or a pyrethroid. However, when data from carefully monitored house spraying projects carried out between the 1950s and 1970s at Pare-Taveta and Zanzibar (United Republic of Tanzania), Kisumu (Kenya) and Garki (Nigeria) are compared with recent insecticide-treated net trials with apparently similar vector populations, the results with the insecticide-treated nets were much less impressive. Possible explanations include the longer duration of most of the earlier spraying projects and the use of non-irritant insecticides. Non-irritant insecticides may yield higher mosquito mortalities than pyrethroids, which tend to make insects leave the site of treatment (i.e. are excito-repellent). Comparative tests with non-irritant insecticides, including their use on nets, are advocated. The relative costs and sustainability of spraying and of insecticide-treated net operations are briefly reviewed for villages in endemic and epidemic situations and in camps for displaced populations. The importance of high population coverage is emphasized, and the advantages of providing treatment free of charge, rather than charging individuals, are pointed out.  (+info)

The Solomon Islands lie in the center of Island Melanesia, bordered to the north by the Bismarck Archipelago and to the south by Vanuatu. The nations half-million inhabitants speak around 70 languages from two unrelated language groups: Austronesian, a language family widespread in the Pacific and closely related to languages spoken in Island Southeast Asia, and "East Papuan", generally defined as non-Austronesian and distantly related to the extremely diverse Papuan languages of New Guinea. Despite the archipelagos presumed role as a staging post for the settlement of Remote Oceania, genetic research on Solomon Island populations is sparse. We collected paired samples from two regions that have populations speaking Austronesian and Papuan languages, respectively. Here we present Y-chromosome data from these samples, the first from Solomon Islands. We detected five Y-chromosome lineages: M-M106, O-M175, K-M9*, K-M230, and the extremely rare clade, K1-M177. Y-chromosome lineages from Solomon ...
Solomon Islands Population Growth Rate table by year, historic, and current data. Current Solomon Islands Population Growth Rate is 2.01%.
The Solomon Islands are believed to have been inhabited by Melanesian people for thousands of years. It is believed that Papuan-speaking settlers began to arrive around 30,000 BC. Austronesian speakers arrived circa 4,000 BC also bringing cultural elements such as the outrigger canoe. It is between 1,200 and 800 BC that the ancestors of the Polynesians, the Lapita people, arrived from the Bismarck Archipelago with their characteristic ceramics.. The first European to visit the islands was the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, coming from Peru in 1568. The people of Solomon Islands were notorious for headhunting and cannibalism before the arrival of the Europeans. Missionaries began visiting the Solomons in the mid-19th century. They made little progress at first, because "blackbirding" (the often brutal recruitment of laborers for the sugar plantations in Queensland and Fiji) led to a series of reprisals and massacres. The evils of the labor trade prompted the United Kingdom to ...
Knowledge and confidence are two key components when it comes to making responsible choices. This is why Juli Dugdale, Global Programme Manager Womens Leadership, World YWCA/YWCA of Solomon Islands and an IPPF trainer led a workshop for 30 young women on Sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) 15-17 November in Honiara, Solomon Islands. The main objective was to discuss issues that affect young women and to share with the participants the information and knowledge to prevent HIV, AIDS, STIs and early unintended pregnancy. In addition, she encouraged them to build their confidence as empowered young women leaders and teach their peers about SRHR and family planning.. "We need to work together and support young women and girls for them to live a life in dignity. My dream is that one day you will stand in front of a group of young women and tell them what you have learned" said Juli.. This training took place during a journey in the Asia and Pacific (Taiwan, Honh Kong, Fiji, Samoa) made ...
Learn how to call Zambia from Solomon Islands. Out complete resource guide gives you the Zambia country code & Solomon Island dialing code to make your international calls.
Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population) in Solomon Islands was reported at 1.038 % in 2010, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Solomon Islands - Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on March of 2020.
ISO certification ownership (% of firms) in Solomon Islands was reported at 6.4 % in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Solomon Islands - ISO certification ownership (% of firms) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on February of 2020.
The largest rookery for hawksbill turtles in the oceanic South Pacific is the Arnavon Islands, which are located in the Manning Strait between Isabel and Choiseul Province, Solomon Islands. The history of this rookery is one of overexploitation, conflict and violence. Throughout the 1800s Roviana he …
The Solomon Islands was the sixth country to switch allegiance to China since President Tsai Ing-wen took office in Taiwan in 2016.
Hoverman, S., H. Ross, T. Chan, and B. Powell. 2011. Social learning through participatory integrated catchment risk assessment in the Solomon Islands. Ecology and Society 16(2): 17. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-04036-160217
There is unanimous agreement that the functional role of parrotfish as lower trophic level herbivores is a key component in the structural integrity and resiliency of shallow water coral reef ecosystems. The premise for carrying out a comprehensive fishery, biological and ecological investigation of parrotfishes here was based on the recognition that more concerted research is needed in order to help address management and conservation challenges related to parrotfish fisheries. More importantly, it was decided from the outset that urbanized fisheries posed the greatest threat to coral reef fish assemblages, which prompted me to place the investigation of parrotfish ecology within the context of a typical artisanal fishery case study in the South Pacific (i.e. Solomon Islands).. I feel some vindication for the research theme adopted for this PhD given the recognition of both parrotfish assemblage decline and open-access urban fisheries by the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, held in the ...
The mobile country code resource guide gives you the Angola mobile code and shows you how to call a Angola cell phone from Solomon Islands.
The First Review Under the Standby Credit Facility (SCF) discusses Solomon Islands satisfactory performance under the SCF-supported program, approved in December 2011. The current arrangement is intended to be precautionary and, given the current level of reserves, the authorities do not intend to draw on the IMFs resources unless an unexpected need arises. The outlook remains favorable, but with large near-term downside risks. Substantial progress has been made toward implementing structural benchmarks.
The Solomon Islands government is coming under pressure to lift the ban on the harvesting of beche de mer. The ban was put in place after concerns that beche de...
A pre-trial hearing will be held in the Solomon Islands High Court for the electoral petitions that have been received. The courts chief executive officer, Bruce Kelly, says a total...
Blond hair evolution in Solomon Islanders. Researchers investigated the Melanesians on the Solomon Islands and while looking at the genomes of 85 people confirmed that the blonds had a different version (allele) of the TYRP1 locus from the dark-haired individuals.
Blond hair evolution in Solomon Islanders. Researchers investigated the Melanesians on the Solomon Islands and while looking at the genomes of 85 people confirmed that the blonds had a different version (allele) of the TYRP1 locus from the
The median skin color on Bougainville is amongst the darkest in the world, and the Aita are reputed to be among the darker residents of Bougainville. Additionally there is no report of blue eyes amongst these Melanesian peoples, which in Europeans is more common than blonde hair. Two papers, Melanesian mtDNA Complexity and Unexpected NRY Chromosome Variation in Northern Island Melanesia, shed some light on the genetic relationship of the Aita to the other groups in the region. They are it seems an ancient and rather isolated people who are geneticallyhomogeneous in a region characterized by a great deal of between group genetic variation. I am willing to hazard that presence of blondism in Melanesia is a function of the diversity of the region and its relative insulation from demographic sweeps which characterized much of the rest of the world. The Austronesians brought a more advanced culture and acculturated the coastal groups, but the ecology of Melanesia allowed the indigenous peoples, those ...
Implementation of the National Action Plan (NAP) on Women, Peace and Security in the Solomon Islands can now be successfully coordinated.Thanks to World Vision Solomon Islands for making this possible through the development of a Monitoring and Evaluation Framework that will ensure the National Action Plan is implemented and monitored by the Ministry of Women, Youth, Children and Family Affairs (MWYCFA).An agreement signed by World Vision Solomon Islands with the Ministry of Women on 27th September this year ensured the completion of the framework.
immune Uncategorized 3-deazaneplanocin A HCl manufacture, Mouse monoclonal to CD106(PE) Background Successful reduction of malaria transmission to very low levels has made Isabel Province, Solomon Islands, a target for early elimination by 2014. qualitative research methods. Results Approximately 33% (8,554/26,221) 3-deazaneplanocin A HCl manufacture of the population of Isabel Province participated in the survey. Only one subject was found to be infected with Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) (96 parasites/L) using Giemsa-stained blood films, giving a prevalence of 0.01%. PCR analysis detected a further 13 cases, giving an estimated malaria prevalence of 0.51%. There was a wide geographical distribution of infected subjects. None reported having travelled outside Isabel Province in the previous three months suggesting low-level indigenous malaria transmission. The qualitative findings provide warning signs that the current community vigilance approach to surveillance will not be sufficient to achieve ...
I defended my ph.d. dissertation in 2013: A grammar of Engdewu. An Oceanic language of the Solomon Islands. It is a grammatical description of the endangered Reefs-Santa Cruz language Engdewu (Oceanic), spoken on Santa Cruz (Nedö) Island, Temotu Province, Solomon Islands.. Evaluation committee: Prof. Dr. Ulrike Mosel, Dr. Alexandre François and Prof. Dr. Kjell Magne Yri.. Supervisors: Prof. Rolf Theil and Dr. Åshild Næss.. ...
Question: My aunt gave me a small Norfolk Island pine over Christmas, decorated as a Christmas tree. I have de-decorated it and its doing well, but is there anything special I should do to take care of a Norfolk Island pine? I live in Connecticut. Can I plant it outside in the spring?. Answer: The Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla) is a conifer native to Norfolk Island, which is east of Australia and has a subtropical climate. The air temperature there generally ranges from 50˚F to 79˚F. It would not survive the winter in most of the United States, including Connecticut. It is hardy to USDA Zone 11 and it appears as a landscape plant in south Florida, Southern California and Hawaii.. Norfolk Island pine makes a nice and fairly long-lived houseplant, slowly reaching a height of 6 feet. (In the wild, it can reach 200 feet!) It does not like having its roots disturbed, so it should be repotted only every 2 or 3 years. Once it gets over 3 feet tall, just replace the top few inches of ...
This essay is on the case study of the Terrestrial and the Marine Ecosystem of Nukapu Island. The island is one of the fourteen Islands in Temotu Province the easternmost part of the Solomon Islands, approximately about 1mile in length with a narrow width along with a huge extensive coral reef (fig. 1)and is located at the latitude 10o0818S and longitude 165o0503"E [ (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) ]. This island is at the distance of 20km away from Santa Cruz the main bigger Island in Temotu Province and located alongside the other atoll islands (Nupani, Matema, Pileni, Makalumu, Nifiloli) [ (Seach, 1989) ]. There were about 110 people living on the island, most of them are old people and younger children. Most of the people have moved to settled in some other parts of Santa Cruz in order to get better education, medical attention and get along with the modern life since they can not make proper connection with the other bigger island because of its isolation. The island got its name ...
Copyright © 2018 Kerry Solomon, MD. All Rights Reserved. Dr. Kerry Solomon is one of the most renowned ophthalmologists in Charleston, and the entire state of South Carolina. At his Mt. Pleasant ophthalmology practice, with additional locations in North Charleston, West Ashley, and Summerville, Dr. Solomon specializes in refractive lens exchange, PRK, LASIK, cataract surgery with multifocal IOLs and toric lenses, and other eye surgery procedures. His patients come to Charleston from areas such as Myrtle Beach, Columbia, Hilton Head, Goose Creek, Johns Island, and Kiawah Island, SC; Asheville, NC; and Savannah, GA.. Web Marketing Powered by Ceatus Media Group. ...
Copyright © 2018 Kerry Solomon, MD. All Rights Reserved. Dr. Kerry Solomon is one of the most renowned ophthalmologists in Charleston, and the entire state of South Carolina. At his Mt. Pleasant ophthalmology practice, with additional locations in North Charleston, West Ashley, and Summerville, Dr. Solomon specializes in refractive lens exchange, PRK, LASIK, cataract surgery with multifocal IOLs and toric lenses, and other eye surgery procedures. His patients come to Charleston from areas such as Myrtle Beach, Columbia, Hilton Head, Goose Creek, Johns Island, and Kiawah Island, SC; Asheville, NC; and Savannah, GA.. Web Marketing Powered by Ceatus Media Group. ...
The Testament of Solomon is an Old Testament pseudepigraphical work ascribed to King Solomon. It was written in the Greek language, some time in the early 1st millennium CE. It describes how Solomon was enabled to build his temple by commanding demons by means of a magical ring that was entrusted to him by the archangel Michael. Scholarly opinion on when the testament was written varies widely. Despite the texts claim to have been a first-hand account of King Solomons construction of the Temple of Jerusalem, its original publication dates sometime between the 1st and 5th centuries CE, over a thousand years after King Solomons death and the temples completion. The real author or authors of the text remain unknown. The text was originally written in Greek and contains numerous theological and magical themes ranging from Christianity and Judaism to Greek mythology and astrology that possibly hint at a Christian writer with a Greek background. When a demon named Ornias harasses a young lad (who ...
An aging sewer main slated be replaced ruptured on Sunday afternoon, sending raw sewage flowing for hours into Solomon Creek in Wilkes-Barre, authorities said Monday.. "There was a large amount of sewage that went into Solomon Creek," said Colleen Connolly, a spokeswoman for the state Department of Environmental Protection. It was not immediately clear how much sewage was released.. The 27-inch pipe, near the Hanover Township and Wilkes-Barre border, was repaired by 2 a.m. Monday as the sewage was diverted through other sewer pipes, authorities said.. The main, which originates in Wilkes-Barre Township, leads to the Wyoming Valley Sanitary Authority. Solomon Creek eventually flows into the Susquehanna River.. Ironically, the agenda for Monday nights Hanover Township Commissioners meeting included a motion to seek bids for the replacement of the 20-year-old main, township Manager John Sipper said.. Commissioners are seeking bids for a larger 30-inch sewer main that will be 105 feet long, he ...
Clavicula Salomonis The Key of Solomon the King One of the most famous grimoires in existence. Its connection to Solomon is spurious; Solomon, like the ...
Solomon Success provides free business and investing strategies based on the wisdom of King Solomon and other biblical principles.
The constitution provides for freedom of religion, and other laws and policies contributed to the generally free practice of religion.. The government generally respected religious freedom in practice. There was no change in the status of respect for religious freedom by the government during the period covered by this report.. There were no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious affiliation, belief, or practice.. The U.S. government discusses religious freedom with the government as part of its overall policy to promote human rights.. Section I. Religious Demography. The country is an archipelago with an area of 11,599 square miles and a population of 610,000. Approximately 92 percent of the population is affiliated with one of the following Christian churches: Anglican Church of Melanesia, 32.8 percent; Roman Catholic, 19 percent; South Seas Evangelical, 17 percent; United Methodist, 10.3 percent; and Seventh-day Adventist, 11.2 percent. These five groups comprise the ...
By this time, AES-Espiritu Santo, in the New Hebrides had already been handed over to the AACS, all the AES staff there having been sent to Guadalcanal. On the orders of senior officers, Richard Sinclair was told that AES-Guadalcanal, the last of The Mosquito Network, would go off the air on November 30, 1945. Sinclair had a plan for the final evening of transmission. In particular, he decided to use portions of the recordings made by the station since it went on air in March 1944. He wrote to his friends: Will use a bit from George s [Dvorak] Native News, quite a hunk from your [Botzer] first anniversary show, and several other cuts we made. He then decided to put the final recordings in boxes and send them to the former staff members concerned. I think that perhaps you would like some of the stuff we have made here, he concluded (*R. Sinclair, personal communication, 1945 ...
Taenaris phorcas is a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family and the Morphinae subfamily. Subspecies include: Taenaris phorcas phorcas (Bismarck Archipelago - Solomon Islands) Taenaris phorcas uranus Staudinger, 1888 (Bismarck Archipelago - Crown Island) Taenaris phorcas admiralitatis Rothschild, 1916 (Admiralty Islands) This species can be found in the Solomon Islands and Bismarck Archipelago. The upperside of the wings contains large white blotches, with broad brown edges and a wide eyespot surrounded with yellow orange located in the white area of the hindwings. The underside of the hindwings shows an outer angle completely brown and a wide patch with two large black eyespots surrounded with yellow orange. The abdomen is brown. Larvae of this species feed on Dracaena species. Biolib Catalogue of Life Savela, Markku. "Taenaris Hübner, [1819]". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved August 25, 2017. Discover Life Insect Life Forms Transactions of the Entomological Society of London ...
In addition to encounters with the locals, you will enjoy stunning white-sand beaches and be able to swim and snorkel in its crystal-clear waters.
The Visale Community Clinic is run by three registered nurses who live on-site and work, two at a time, around the clock, seven days a week. They too, greeted us with open arms - their first request was for me to assess a pregnant woman with pre-eclampsia and refer her to the NRH. That done, two of the three transported the patient into Honiara and left the students and I to run the clinic for the day. We saw 75 patients that day - 75% of whom presented with fever wanting to be tested for malaria. Malaria is a huge problem in the Solomons and around 50% of those tested had P falciparum or a mixed infection of P falciparum/vivax. The clinic has Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) kits available (for which the nurses charge $5SBD equivalent to about $0.90AUD) and there is a microscopist on duty Monday to Friday. I was amazed that, in a country where almost nothing happens in a hurry, many patients prefer to pay for an RDT (instant result) rather than wait 20 minutes for their microscopy result (which is ...
Advice and information when travelling to malaria risk countries, buy anti malaria tablets and travel accessories online from Travelpharm.
Cornufer parkeri parkeri Brown, 1965, Breviora, 218: 3. Holotype: MCZ 36923, by original designation. Type locality: Kunua area, Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands.. Cornufer parkeri bukanensis Brown, 1965, Breviora, 218: 2. Holotype: MCZ 35777, by original designation. Type locality: lowland forest at south end of Buka Island, Solomon Islands.. Platymantis parkeri bukanensis - Zweifel, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 120, by reference to Brown, 1965, Breviora, 218: 2-3.. Platymantis parkeri parkeri - Zweifel, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 120, by implication.. Cornufer parkeri - Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 140. ...
In many cases, the infection is asymptomatic - persons do not exhibit symptoms. Those with symptoms usually get ill 30 days to 6 months after exposure to the virus. Symptoms include fatigue, malaise, nausea, abdominal pain, dark urine, and jaundice. The illness can last several weeks and some adults can become chronic carriers after being infected. Hepatitis B can cause chronic liver infections, cirrhosis of the liver, or liver cancer. Most infections are asymptomatic in children under five years of age but they can become chronic carriers. Many countries are now including vaccination against Hepatitis B in their childhood vaccination schedules. Treatment includes supportive care of symptoms. Some cases of chronic Hepatitis B can be treated with antiviral drugs. ...
16. Marti H, Haji HJ, Savioli L, et al. A comparative trial of single dose ivermectin versus three days of albendazole for treatment of Strongyloides stercoralis and other soil-transmitted helminth infections in children. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1996; 55: 477-481 ...
The majority of persons with the illness (90% to 95%) have latent TB infection (LTBI) and do not exhibit any symptoms. The bacteria can remain inactive for many years and the chance of developing active TB diminishes over time.. Persons with active TB have symptoms which include excessive coughing (sometimes with blood), chest pain, general weakness, lack of appetite, weight loss, swollen lymph glands, fever, chills, and night sweats. It can be misdiagnosed for bronchitis or pneumonia. If untreated, active TB can fatal.. Tuberculosis treatment involves taking antibiotics for a minimum of 6 months. Drug-resistant TB is a major concern as an increasing number of people are no longer able to be treated with previously effective drugs. Due to misuse of antibiotic therapies, patients can develop multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB). When a second line of antibiotics fail to cure the multi-drug resistant infection, it is known as extensively drug-resistant Tuberculosis (XDR TB).. ...
LRD objectives of improving food security and well-being of member countries by promoting innovative extension approaches to communicate information and promote new technologies for the sustainable management of agricultural and forest resources.
People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc ...
Welcome to the Pacific Women website where youll get the latest updates on the program as well as information and resources on gender equality from around the Pacific.
Taiwan Ambassador to Solomon Islands H.E. Victor Te-Sun Yu The Taiwanese Ambassador to Solomon Islands, His Excellency Victor Te Sun Yu has described the 33
When a wall of water came roaring down Honiaras Mataniko River towards her riverside home, Anna Maena only had enough time to grab her two children and run. She watched from a nearby hill as her home was destroyed and carried away, leaving the family wit
Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Space Science, Earth Science, Health and Medicine
The appearance of external hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the United States Department of Defense of the linked web sites, or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) sites, the United States Department of Defense does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.. Comment ...
- Most important Earthquake Data: Magnitude : 5.2 Local Time (conversion only below land) : 2017-12-06 10:45:56 GMT/UTC Time : 2017-12-05 23:45:56 Depth (Hypocenter) : 10 km Depth an…
Recommended vaccinationsRoutine vaccination:Vaccinations included in the vaccination schedule to be updatedHepatitis A1 injection two weeks before departure, booster 1 to 3 (5) years later.Children: aged ≥1 year.
Honiara City clinics will resume as soon as the outstanding water bill has been paid to the Solomon Islands Water Authority. The Citys Deputy Mayor, Alfred Maetia, says the process to release the money for the outstanding bill is underway.
AbeBooks.com: The 2000 Import and Export Market for Iron and Steel Tube and Pipe Fittings, Joints, and Elbows in Solomon Islands (World Trade Report) (9780597631450) by The Iron; Steel Tube; Pipe Fittings, Joints,; Elbows Research Group and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
Micronesia and Melanesia. Norman Gabel[year needed] mentions that rumours exist of pygmy people in the interior mountains of ...
Incidence of blond hair in Melanesia[edit]. Blond hair is rare in native populations outside of Europe, Central Asia and North ... The largest city in Melanesia is Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea with about 318,000 people, mostly of Melanesian ancestry.[27] ... The evidence from Melanesia suggests their territory extended into south Asia, where ancestors of the Melanesians developed.[10 ... It evolved independently in Melanesia,[25] where Melanesians of some islands (along with some Australian aborigines) are one of ...
Melanesia; and the Hawaiian Islands. These islands often harbor endemic radiations of rare and endangered snail species, which ...
Melanesia. A small section with palms chiefly native to Fiji and Vanuatu. Large adult palms are Carpoxylon, Veitchia vitiensis ...
Brookfield, H.C.; Hart, Doreen (1971). Melanesia. London: Methuen & Co Ltd. p. 30. ISBN 0416 70290 2. Neef, Gerrit; Hendy, ... as part of the Lapita migration out of south-east Asia into island Melanesia. The Lapita people brought with them domestic ...
"Papua New Guinea". National Profiles > > Regions > Melanesia >. Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. Retrieved 2012-10- ...
"Melanesia." In Music Cultures of the Pacific, the Near East, and Asia, 3rd ed., 14. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. 1996 ... "Melanesia: Papua New Guinea." The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 12. London: Macmillan, 1950. Hommage à Bartók, ...
"Melanesia Mummies". Retrieved 15 November 2013. "Mummified Maori head returned to NZ". Australian Geographic. 10 May 2011. ...
" "Summary of Historical Events". Melanesia News. Papua Press Agency. Archived from the original on September 8, 2008. ...
"PACE in Melanesia". The Pidgins and Creoles in Education (PACE) Newsletter. Archived from the original on September 21, 2006. ... The association comprises the five largest Christian churches in the country, the Anglican Church of Melanesia, the Roman ...
"Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 1011 , Voice of Melanesia". www.voiceofmelanesia.com. Retrieved 2017-11-04. "Kuni ... "Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 1048 ( Sundau 30 November 2014 ) , Voice of Melanesia". www.voiceofmelanesia.com. ... "Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 1045 ( Monday 17 November 2014 ) , Voice of Melanesia". www.voiceofmelanesia.com. ...
Tarburton, M. K. (12 June 2015). "Fataka (Mitre) Island Bird Checklist" (PDF). Birds of Melanesia. Retrieved 2 April 2017. ...
Melanesia: Beyond Diversity. Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-86784-045-2. ...
McConnell, Fraiser (10 May 1985). "Languages of Melanesia". Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 5 (3): 57-66. doi:10.1300/ ... McConnell, Fraiser (2 October 1985). "Peoples of Melanesia". Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 5 (4): 47-51. doi:10.1300/ ... McConnell, Fraiser (13 August 1984). "Classification of Melanesia". Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 5 (1): 53-60. doi: ...
"In the Solomons and other islands of Melanesia". Diocese of Melanesia. November 1943. Retrieved 21 February 2013. "Pacific ... In the Isles of the Sea: The Story of Fifty Years in Melanesia by Frances Awdry, 1902. Journal of a Voyage to the Western ... Southern Cross 9 was built in Australia in 1962 at the request of the Bishop of Melanesia, Alfred Thomas Hill. She is currently ... Church of the Province of Melanesia. Retrieved 2 June 2013. Last Cruise of the second Southern Cross Serialized account by C. H ...
Melanesia (General) 500..........Micronesia (General) 510..........Polynesia (General) 520-950..........Smaller Island Groups ...
Melanesia: Beyond Diversity. (eds. May, R. J. and Nelson, H.) Australian National University, Canberra, 297-307. Humphries, S ...
ISBN 978-982-214002-6. Charles Montgomery (2004). The Last Heathen: Encounters with Ghosts and Ancestors in Melanesia (Shark ... Melanesia: Beyond Diversity. Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-86784-045-2. ...
Melanesia Cup 2000. The seventh and the last Melanesia-wide tournament. This served as the qualifier for the 2000 OFC Nations ... Melanesia Cup 1989. The second Melanesia-wide tournament. Fiji v Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea v Vanuatu Solomon Islands v ... The Melanesia Cup 1990. The third Melanesia-wide tournament. Papua New Guinea v New Caledonia Papua New Guinea v Vanuatu ... The fifth Melanesia-wide tournament. This served as the 1996 OFC Nations Cup qualifier. Papua New Guinea v New Caledonia ...
"Church of Melanesia". Oikoumene.org. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-13. "Traditional Anglican ... 0.3 million Anglican Church of Melanesia - 0.2 million Continuing Anglican movement and independent churches - 0.6 million ...
Melanesia. *Honiara, Solomon Islands. *Nouméa, New Caledonia3. *Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea4 ...
Equally typical of Melanesia are the many tales of ghosts; and an example from the Kai, a Papuan tribe of German New Guinea, ... Although Melanesia seems characteristically to lack myths of the origin of the world, a tale recounting the source of the sea ... Melanesia falls into two geographic divisions: New Guinea with the smaller adjacent islands forming one, and the long series of ... In many parts of Melanesia a type of tale is found which seems to be rare in Polynesia and Indonesia, but is, on the other hand ...
List of small publications in the Archives of the Anglican Church of Melanesia (in the National Archives of Solomon Islands) p ... "About the Diocese of Vanuatu and New Caledonia". Anglican Church of Melanesia. Retrieved 2 July 2015. ... one of the eight dioceses that make up the Anglican Church of Melanesia. He was consecrated and installed as Bishop of Vanuatu ...
Herdt, Gilbert (editor) (January 28, 1993). Ritualized Homosexuality in Melanesia. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520- ...
Powe, Edward Llewellyn (1994). The Lore of Melanesia. Armchair Travelers. p. 171. Arthus-Bertrand, Yann (1 April 2007). The new ...
They should away charge Epidural scholars that do a later download the birds of northern melanesia speciation for work. The ... Each download the birds of northern melanesia speciation ecology and should have a letter of one industry. Foix, its download ... On my download the birds of northern melanesia speciation ecology and out, at the development of the challenge, I was Esther, a ... The Catholic download the birds of northern melanesia speciation is nt not 3d when it illustrates to Everybody. Israel enough ...
They left little genetic evidence in Melanesia. Most of the languages of Melanesia are members of the Austronesian or Papuan ... The scholarly consensus now includes New Guinea within Melanesia. Ann Chowning wrote in her 1977 textbook on Melanesia that ... The following countries are considered part of Melanesia: Fiji Papua New Guinea Solomon Islands Vanuatu Melanesia also includes ... The name Melanesia (in French Mélanésie) was first used by Jules Dumont dUrville in 1832 to denote an ethnic and geographical ...
Island Melanesia is a sub-region of Melanesia in Oceania. It is located east of mainland New Guinea island, from the Bismarck ...
Island-names in Melanesia (1912) W.H.R. Rivers, M.A., M.D., F.R.S. ... Most of the islands of Melanesia are denoted by at least two different names: one or more, of European origin, given by an ... 128069Island-names in MelanesiaW.H.R. Rivers, M.A., M.D., F.R.S.1912 ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Island-names_in_Melanesia&oldid=2173766" ...
Blondism in Melanesia posted by Razib @ 10/12/2007 01:01:00 AM Blondism in Melanesia ... In the context of Melanesia the appellation Papuan is simply a catchall for the host of ancient peoples who were extant in the ... I am willing to hazard that presence of blondism in Melanesia is a function of the diversity of the region and its relative ... Two papers, Melanesian mtDNA Complexity and Unexpected NRY Chromosome Variation in Northern Island Melanesia, shed some light ...
Anglican historical texts related to Melanesia. Categories: Melanesia , Oceania , Islands of Oceania , Islands of the Pacific ... File:,thumb,right,A map showing where Melanesia is.]] Melanesia is a region of islands in Oceania. ... Categories: Geography of Oceania , Islands of the Pacific Ocean , Islands of Oceania , Melanesia ... Melanesia is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western end of the Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea, and eastward to ...
SOUNDS OF POLYNESIA, Melanesia & Australia. Page 1 of 1 [9 Posts]. View unread posts. View new posts in the last week. Mark the ... SOUNDS OF POLYNESIA, Melanesia & Australia. Plug-in Virtual Sound Module powered by a Custom High-Performance Native ... Posted: Mon Jun 07, 2004 10:28 am Post subject: Re: SOUNDS OF POLYNESIA, Melanesia & Australia.. ... Posted: Mon Jun 07, 2004 10:32 am Post subject: Re: SOUNDS OF POLYNESIA, Melanesia & Australia.. ...
just some of the languages spoken in Melanesia are Austronesian, mostly those in coastal regions and in Southern Melanesia. The ... Melanesia (n=53):. C2*-M38(xP33) = 18.9%. J-12f2 = 1.9%. K*-M9(xM230, M20, M5, M214, LLY22g, M175, P27) = 24.5%. S-M230 = 7.5% ... Melanesia refers to the region from Fiji in the east to New Guinea in the west. Micronesia refers to the many small islands ... Polynesia, Melanesia, Austranesia.. Again Indonesia with lot of diversity and common border is not part of this lot of times. ...
IN these few lines special stress is laid upon the fact that one of the greatest--in my humble opinion the most significant and ominous of all--misfortunes that have befallen the Pacific Islanders has been the introduction among them of not a few of the most serious diseases that afflict the white man, without at the same time providing the means of combating them. A striking example of what this means was furnished by the epidemic of measles that overran Fiji in 1874-5, to which between a third and a fourth of the whole population succumbed. The disease was, so to speak, in new soil, and flourished accordingly. The psychical effect was also an important factor in the epidemic, and influenced the very high rate of mortality; while at the same time the vitality of those that recovered was lowered. Hardly less remarkable was the severity of the various forms of venereal disease, and of dysentery, diseases that, differently from the epidemic of measles, assumed endemic form and became ...
The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Ecology, and Biogeography (9780195141702) by Mayr, Ernst; Diamond, Jared and a ... Clearly, The Birds of Northern Melanesia represents a labor of love by the authors, who sink their teeth into a rich subject. ... The Birds of Northern Melanesia provides by far the most comprehensive study yet available of a rich fauna, composed of the 195 ... 4. The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Ecology, and Biogeography [Hardcover] Mayr, Ernst and Diamond, Jared Mayr, ...
Pubblicato in News , Contrassegnato Denisovan, DNA, human ancestors, Melanesia, Neandertal, New Guinea , Lascia un commento ... Residents of the remote equatorial islands of Melanesia share fragments of genetic code with two extinct human species. Thats ... collected the modern-day blood samples used in the study about 15 years ago in Melanesia. This is the first time full genomes ...
3 Agroforestry in Melanesia: Case-studies from Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. ... possibly as a result of continued contact with Melanesia. Because of the unusual richness and significance of the Tikopian ...
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific (Manila : WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2011) ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T ...
Commensurability of scientific and indigneous ecological knowledge in coastal Melanesia: implications for contempory marine ... Fundamental ontological differences between scientific and indigenous ecological knowledge systems in coastal Melanesia have ... Commensurability of scientific and indigneous ecological knowledge in coastal Melanesia: implications for contempory marine ... Commensurability of scientific and indigneous ecological knowledge in coastal Melanesia: implications for contempory marine ...
Micronesia and Melanesia. Norman Gabel[year needed] mentions that rumours exist of pygmy people in the interior mountains of ...
Today were visiting Melanesia., but first Id like to direct your attention to a new study by Westaway et al, An early modern ... HomeAnthropology Friday: Melanesia Anthropology Friday: Melanesia. September 8, 2017. August 10, 2017. evolutiontheorist ... One thought on "Anthropology Friday: Melanesia" * Anthropology Friday: Melanesia , Reaction Times says: ... Bark cloth (tapa) is made in Melanesia, but it never figured as an article of clothing and its main use was to form a kind of ...
Art and Encounter: Melanesia. The Melanesia Project, at the British Museum, will host Art and Encounter: The Contemporary ... Applicants must be indigenous to the islands of Melanesia, Polynesia, or Micronesia and enrolled full-time for academic credit ... It also includes political reviews on the Pacific region and Melanesia, book and media reviews, and an index to volumes 11-20. ... Significance of Museum Collections from Melanesia,. 28-29 June 2010, at University College London. The conference will open ...
Incidence of blond hair in Melanesia[edit]. Blond hair is rare in native populations outside of Europe, Central Asia and North ... The largest city in Melanesia is Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea with about 318,000 people, mostly of Melanesian ancestry.[27] ... The evidence from Melanesia suggests their territory extended into south Asia, where ancestors of the Melanesians developed.[10 ... It evolved independently in Melanesia,[25] where Melanesians of some islands (along with some Australian aborigines) are one of ...
Melanesia Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Suva, Fiji. *Stacy D. Jupiter. *. UMR 5110, Centre de Formation et de ...
ACP-EU Aikwa river Business in Melanesia Charlot Salwai Contract of Work copper mining entrepreneur Fiji Kava Freeport-McRoRan ... Magazine To Bring Business News About Melanesia (HARD TALK). February 15, 2014 ... Rencana Pembangunan ini disusun berdasarkan nilai-nilai Kristiani dan Melanesia pada khususnya adat budaya Vanuatu yang ...
Unexpected NRY chromosome variation in Northern Island Melanesia. Scheinfeldt et al. Molecular Biology and Evolution, Advance ... But to try and address your questions: A low percentage of SEA Y markers in Island Melanesia doesnt contradict the hypothesis ... But to try and address your questions: A low percentage of SEA Y markers in Island Melanesia doesnt contradict the hypothesis ... To investigate the paternal population history of populations in Northern Island Melanesia, 685 paternally unrelated males from ...
Melanesia and Western Colonialism May 30, 2018 wantok. *Pacific islanders may carry the DNA of an unknown human species: ... Universal Tao Melanesia is a service delivered by Jhon Yonathan Kwano as an Associate Instructor for his Melanesian ... Indonesia is an "imagined community", Melanesia is a REAL community!… BUT… September 8, 2019 wantok. ...
Melanesia. Melanesia See: Pacific Islands.. less than 1 minute read Melanin. Melanin See: Skin. ...
Melanesia: The History and Politics of an Idea. 16 Nov 2011. Stephanie Lawson is Professor of Politics and International ...
  • In the context of Melanesia the appellation Papuan is simply a catchall for the host of ancient peoples who were extant in the region before the expansion of Austronesians within the last 5,000 years. (gnxp.com)
  • The Austronesians brought a more advanced culture and acculturated the coastal groups, but the ecology of Melanesia allowed the indigenous peoples, those termed Papuans, to maintain their existence inland. (gnxp.com)
  • Fundamental ontological differences between scientific and indigenous ecological knowledge systems in coastal Melanesia have resulted in very different conclusions being drawn from similar sets of observations. (data.gov.au)
  • I am willing to hazard that presence of blondism in Melanesia is a function of the diversity of the region and its relative insulation from demographic sweeps which characterized much of the rest of the world. (gnxp.com)
  • The Solomons are in the heart of Melanesia , the "black islands. (gnxp.com)
  • Based on ethnological factors, some of the islands to the west of the Moluccas, such as Flores , Sumba , Timor , Halmahera , Alor , and Pantar can also be considered to be part of Melanesia, although most people in this area do not make use of the term. (thefullwiki.org)
  • But "Melanesia" means dark islands, not because they are actually dark, but because the locals have dark, high-melanin skin. (wordpress.com)
  • Melanesia See: Pacific Islands. (jrank.org)
  • The concept among Europeans of Melanesia as a distinct region evolved gradually over time as their expeditions mapped and explored the Pacific. (wikipedia.org)
  • THE DIOCESE OF MELANESIA, which Bishop George A. Selwyn was instrumental in founding, is an associated missionary diocese of the Church of the Province of New Zealand. (anglicanhistory.org)
  • download history of linguistics in spain/historia de la lingüística en españa: volume ii sought given as a electrical weighting of the HistoryTudor. (sara-jordan.com)
  • Remembering that Melanesia has a history of a hundred years, the difference is probably due to longer life. (anglicanhistory.org)
  • Marine scientists have proposed a prosperity path for Melanesia, in a report that values the region's ocean assets at more than half a trillion US dollars. (edu.au)
  • The term Melanesia can be used in either an anthropological or a geographical context. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The geographic conception of Melanesia is used as a reference to the area where political , ethnic , and linguistic distinctions are not relevant. (thefullwiki.org)
  • D. Andrew Merriwether, a molecular anthropologist at Binghamton University, collected the modern-day blood samples used in the study about 15 years ago in Melanesia. (antrocom.net)
  • Most of the peoples in Melanesia have established independent countries, are admistered by France or have active independence movements (in the case of West Papua). (wikipedia.org)