Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
Therapeutic approach tailoring therapy for genetically defined subgroups of patients.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.
System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
A field of medicine concerned with developing and using strategies aimed at repair or replacement of damaged, diseased, or metabolically deficient organs, tissues, and cells via TISSUE ENGINEERING; CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and ARTIFICIAL ORGANS and BIOARTIFICIAL ORGANS and tissues.
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.
A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
An insect-borne reovirus infection of horses, mules and donkeys in Africa and the Middle East; characterized by pulmonary edema, cardiac involvement, and edema of the head and neck.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Large mammals in the family Elephantidae, with columnar limbs, bulky bodies, and elongated snouts. They are the only surviving members of the PROBOSCIDEA MAMMALS.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
A species of ORBIVIRUS that causes disease in horses, mules, and donkeys. Via its principal vector CULICOIDES, it can also infect dogs, elephants, camels, cattle, sheep, goats, and, in special circumstances, humans.
Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people of KOREA.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes Gambian or West African sleeping sickness in humans. The vector host is usually the tsetse fly (Glossina).
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The alterations of modes of medical practice, induced by the threat of liability, for the principal purposes of forestalling lawsuits by patients as well as providing good legal defense in the event that such lawsuits are instituted.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Material prepared from plants.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Branch of medicine involved with management and organization of public health response to disasters and major events including the special health and medical needs of a community in a disaster.
A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes nagana in domestic and game animals in Africa. It apparently does not infect humans. It is transmitted by bites of tsetse flies (Glossina).
A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes Rhodesian sleeping sickness in humans. It is carried by Glossina pallidipes, G. morsitans and occasionally other species of game-attacking tsetse flies.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and management of nuclear medicine services.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A system of therapeutics founded by Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), based on the Law of Similars where "like cures like". Diseases are treated by highly diluted substances that cause, in healthy persons, symptoms like those of the disease to be treated.
An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Agents destructive to the protozoal organisms belonging to the suborder TRYPANOSOMATINA.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
The interactions between physician and patient.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.
Mystical, religious, or spiritual practices performed for health benefit.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
The educational process of instructing.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A genus of Old World monkeys found in Africa although some species have been introduced into the West Indies. This genus is composed of at least twenty species: C. AETHIOPS, C. ascanius, C. campbelli, C. cephus, C. denti, C. diana, C. dryas, C. erythrogaster, C. erythrotis, C. hamlyni, C. lhoesti, C. mitis, C. mona, C. neglectus, C. nictitans, C. petaurista, C. pogonias, C. preussi, C. salongo, and C. wolfi.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
Traditional Arabic methods used in medicine in the ARAB WORLD.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Large, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the cat family FELIDAE, species Panthera leo. They are found in Africa and southern Asia.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The use of faith and spirit to cure disease.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
The effect of herbs, other PLANTS, or PLANT EXTRACTS on the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of drugs.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
A branch of medicine which deals with sexually transmitted disease.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
A branch of genetics which deals with the genetic variability in individual responses to drugs and drug metabolism (BIOTRANSFORMATION).
A drugless system of therapy, making use of physical forces such as air, light, water, heat, massage. Treatments are often diet- and nutrition-oriented with attention given to the patient's personal history and lifestyle. (From Cassileth, Alternative Medicine Handbook, 1998, p329)
A genus of flagellate protozoans found in the blood and lymph of vertebrates and invertebrates, both hosts being required to complete the life cycle.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The field of medicine concerned with understanding the biochemical basis of health and disease and involved in developing diagnostic and therapeutic methods that utilize MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Bloodsucking flies of the genus Glossina, found primarily in equatorial Africa. Several species are intermediate hosts of trypanosomes.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Women licensed to practice medicine.

Understanding lay perspectives: care options for STD treatment in Lusaka, Zambia. (1/255)

Understanding lay persons' perceptions of STD care is critical in the design and implementation of appropriate health services. Using 20 unstructured group interviews, 10 focus group discussions and 4 STD case simulations in selected sub-populations in Lusaka, we investigated lay person perspectives of STD services. The study revealed a large diversity of care options for STD in the communities, including self-care, traditional healers, medicine sold in the markets and streets, injections administered in the compounds, private clinics, health centres and hospital. The factors identified as influencing care seeking behaviour are: lay referral mechanisms, social cost, availability of care options, economics, beliefs, stigma and quality of care as perceived by the users.  (+info)

Traditional bone setter's gangrene. (2/255)

Traditional bone setter's gangrene (TBSG) is the term we use to describe the sequelae sometimes seen after treatment with native fracture splints. Twenty five consecutive complications were recorded in 25 patients aged between 5-50 years with a median age of 10 years. The major complication of the native fracture splint treatment was distal limb gangrene necessitating proximal amputations in 15 cases.  (+info)

A clinical trial of 'AM', a Ugandan herbal remedy for malaria. (3/255)

BACKGROUND: Mortality and morbidity from malaria is still high in Africa, and may further increase as resistance to antimalarial drugs spreads. Many people rely on herbal medicines as the first line of treatment. Yet there has been very little clinical research into their effectiveness. METHODS: Patients being treated for malaria at a herbalists' clinic in South-West Uganda were followed up and their response to a particular herb, 'AM', was monitored. Eighty-eight patients were enrolled; 72 were followed up for at least 2 days, and were questioned about side-effects. Nineteen patients infected with Plasmodium falciparum had initial parasite counts sufficiently high for parasite clearance to be assessed. RESULTS: No severe adverse reactions were observed, although about 50 per cent experienced minor side-effects. Although complete parasite clearance was achieved in only one case, the geometric mean of parasite counts had declined significantly by day 7. There was also a marked symptomatic improvement in 17 of the 19 patients. CONCLUSIONS: AM appears safe, although it is not always well tolerated. Significant symptomatic improvement and a reduction of parasite counts were observed in patients taking AM. There is a need for further research, such as a randomized controlled trial, to assess the efficacy of this treatment.  (+info)

An assessment of home remedy use by African Americans. (4/255)

This analysis represents the first national look at family and individual use of home remedies by African Americans. The purpose is to examine home remedy usage by African-American individuals and their families and assess the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and home remedy usage for African-American families and African-American individuals. Using logistic regression, a secondary analysis of the National Survey on Black Americans (NSBA) data (N = 2107) was conducted to examine factors associated with home remedy use. Multivariate analysis indicated that parent's education, importance of religion, living with a grandparent, and living in a rural area were associated with families' use of home remedies. Age, gender, living with a grandparent, education, and geographic region were associated with individual home remedy use. The results of this research may provide insight to health care practitioners in their challenge of appropriately integrating self-care practices (i.e., home remedy use) and the use of the formal health care system among the patients that utilize both "scientific" and "folk" medical systems. When possible, treatment plans should be adapted to consider patients' demographics, health beliefs, and self-care practices. Health care providers should encourage patient and family involvement and dialogue regarding therapeutic approaches. As more information becomes available, health care practitioners will be better able to ascertain the possible health consequences of concurrent usage of home remedies and prescription drug therapies.  (+info)

'Killer' canines: the morbidity and mortality of ebino in northern Uganda. (5/255)

In northern Uganda, unerupted primary canine teeth are commonly extracted because they are believed to cause diarrhoea, vomiting, and fever. This practice, known as ebino, is performed under very crude conditions often using unclean tools. To evaluate the morbidity and mortality of complications related to ebino, we retrospectively analysed discharge records from the paediatric ward of Lacor Hospital, Gulu. In the period 1992-98, ebino-related complications, mainly sepsis and anaemia, were among the leading causes of admission (n = 740) and hospital death (n = 156, case fatality rate = 21.1%, proportional mortality rate = 3.3%). Discouraging the adoption of deeply rooted traditional practices that are potentially hazardous to health should be a public health priority in northern Uganda. This could be done by educating not only the general public, but also traditional healers and community and religious leaders, who could convey the knowledge to their people.  (+info)

Promoting breastfeeding in rural Gambia: combining traditional and modern knowledge. (6/255)

Sub-optimal breastfeeding practices still prevail in many countries, especially in traditional rural communities. Despite high breastfeeding initiation rates and long total duration of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding is a rare practice. In the present study, quantitative methods were used to identify current infant feeding practices in 12 rural communities in The GAMBIA: Results indicated that delayed initiation of breastfeeding, prelacteal feeding and failure to practice exclusive breastfeeding were widespread. Qualitative data further indicated that current beliefs and practices were strongly influenced by traditional beliefs and practices. These were kept very much alive by elders, both women and men, including husbands. The results also showed an unexpected support for bottle-feeding from both male and female elders who considered it part of the modernization process. A strategy for promoting early initiation of breastfeeding, feeding of colostrum and exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months in rural communities should therefore incorporate traditional beliefs and practices into modern messages on optimal breastfeeding. Traditional beliefs and practices in the study setting that could be used in this way included knowledge from the population's acquaintance with the newborns of their livestock. It also included the traditional practice of mothers taking their very young children with them when going to work in the fields. The paper suggests such a strategy by developing a matrix to establish linkages between modern and traditional knowledge on a specific practice. Such linkages facilitate the acceptance of recommendations on infant feeding by mothers in these communities. The strategy recommends an expanded target group to include elders and husbands, as the data show that these groups are highly influential in matters regarding patterns of child feeding.  (+info)

Complications of fracture treatment by traditional bonesetters in southwest Nigeria. (7/255)

BACKGROUND: Traditional bonesetters (TBS) practice widely in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the types of complications seen in patients previously treated by TBS and to assess factors that may predispose to the complications. METHODS: We carried out a prospective non-randomized controlled study in a general hospital in southwest Nigeria. All patients brought into the hospital over the 10-month study period with fractures who had been treated previously by a TBS and, as a control, all patients brought directly to and treated by us were studied. Each patient was assessed and prescribed the most appropriate treatment for their fracture: reduction, immobilization (operatively and otherwise) and physiotherapy. Malunion, non-union, delayed union, gangrene, stiffness of joints and loss of joint motion, Volkman's ischaemic contracture and tetanus were all investigated. RESULTS: Over half of the patients in the TBS subgroup had malunion, and a quarter had non-union. Only one out of the 36 (2.8%) had no complaints and was satisfied with the outcome of treatment of his fractures by the TBS. In the orthodox subgroup, there were seven complications as a result of treatment of a total of 49 bones (14%). Most of the complications involved the loss of joint motion. CONCLUSIONS: There were no statistically significant associations between the complications recorded and the ages of the patients, types of bone fractured or the duration of treatment in patients who were in the TBS subgroup. The introduction of a health insurance scheme in Nigeria may make it easier for individuals and families to be able to afford proper fracture treatment in hospitals.  (+info)

Infertility in South Africa: women's reproductive health knowledge and treatment-seeking behaviour for involuntary childlessness. (8/255)

BACKGROUND: Infertility is a major reproductive health problem in Africa. This paper presents the findings of two studies which focus on the knowledge that infertile women have about fertility and the causes of infertility, their treatment-seeking behaviour and their expectations of an infertility clinic. METHODS: A total of 150 infertile women from a culturally diverse, urban community in South Africa participated in the two studies. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were applied using in-depth, semi-structured interviews and structured questionnaires. RESULTS: The women who participated had little knowledge about human reproduction and modern treatment options for infertility. They were highly motivated to find treatment and accessed both traditional and modern health care. Treatment barriers within modern health care were identified. CONCLUSIONS: The importance of health education and counselling is recognized, and both need to be integrated into infertility management, particularly in the developing world. The introduction of clinical guidelines is recommended in order to overcome treatment barriers and improve the delivery of health services.  (+info)

African Traditional Medicines (ATMs) serve as a major source of primary healthcare for African people. The reasons for their use range from easy access, affordability, beliefs in traditional systems and long term safety. ATMs have been used to treat individuals infected with HIV and therefore need scientific validation; a view supported by Traditional Health Practitioners (THPs). This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxicity, immune modulatory and anti-HIV activities of traditional multiple herbal preparations from local THPs. Ugambu, Ihashi, Product Nene, Product Blue, SPNa and SDKc ATM were supplied by local THPs. Changes in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) & glutathione (GSH) over 24 hours were measured using luminometry. Changes in 12 cytokines were assayed using an ELISA-based absorbance assay. Protective effects against HIV killing of MT-4 cells were tested using the XTT assay and antiviral activity was measured using an HIV-1 viral load assay. Cyclosporine and AZT were used as ...
Ethical considerations. Ethical approval was obtained by the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Universitys ethics committee, with ethical approval number: H2004-HEA-NUR-001. Furthermore, the ethical acceptability of the study was ensured throughout the research process. First and foremost the researcher has an obligation to respect the rights, needs, values and desires of the participants. Some of the measures that were taken to uphold ethical principles were to obtain written permission from each participant to conduct the study, articulate the research objectives verbally and in writing to make them clearly understood by the participants, including a description of how data would be used and how anonymity and confidentiality of participants would be ensured. Ethical clearance was obtained with the ethical research board from the relevant educational institution.. Discussion. Both allopathic and traditional health practitioners experienced negative attitudes and practices. The allopathic health ...
TODAY is African Traditional Medicine Day (ATMD). It is a day set aside by the World Health Organisation (WHO) African Region to celebrate African Traditional Medicine and chart the path towards better delivery. Despite several studies that have demonstrated how Nigeria can make up to N240 billion ($1 billion) a month from the herbal medicine […]
Officials of the World Health organization (WHO) met with 70 traditional medicine experts in Africa in a bid to develop a cure for Covid-19.
The WHO has since 2003 celebrated 31 August as the African Traditional Medicines Day. This is justified in light of Africans command of medicinal knowledge about different herbs, trees and roots that are today relevant in modern medicine. For example, Africans were masters over child birth as they had independently mastered caesarean section using banana wine, reeds and hot irons. In West Africa, Cotton Mather who introduced small-pox inoculation is said to have learnt it from Onesimus, a slave. Today, as a result of diminished national incomes, reduction in foreign aid and a search for effective treatment of common diseases, there has been fresh interest in African traditional medicine. In responding to Covid-19, Madagascar developed COVID-ORGANICS that was unfortunately rejected by the WHO. True, while more than $8bn has been pledged to help fund research into diagnosis and treatment of Covid-19, the rejection and stern warning by WHO against COVID-ORGANICS is unfair and unappreciative of the ...
Aztec sources of some Mexican folk medicine / Bernard Ortiz de Montellano -- Zuni indian medicine: folklore or pharmacology, science or sorcery? / Scott Camazine -- Ayurveda: the traditional medicine of India / Narayan G. Patel -- Fijian medicinal plants / R.C. Cambie -- Medicinal plants of Papua New Guinea / David Holdsworth -- Australian medicinal plants / Geoffrey N. Vaughan -- Plants used in African traditional medicine / Kurt Hostettmann, Andrew Marston -- Antithrombotic agent of garlic: a lesson from 5000 years of folk medicine / Eric Block -- Scientific basis of the therapeutic effects of ginseng / T.B. Ng, H.W. Yeung -- Anticancer Chinese drugs: structure-activity relationships / Eric J. Lien, Wen Y. Li -- Some recent biochemical characterizations of Chinese herbal preparations / T.Y. Shen ... [et al.] -- Bioactive compounds from the three Chinese medicinal plants / Ren-Sheng Xu -- Zingiberaceous plants / Pittaya Tuntiwachwuttikul ... [et al.] -- Alkaloid components of Zizyphus plants / ...
1918 The antineoplastic activity of a plant powder used in African traditional medicine for treating cancer was investigated by analyzing the activity of various extracts in vitro. The most active, aqueous extract was subsequently subjected to a detailed investigation in a panel of 21 cell lines, showing a median IC50 of 27 mg raw powder /ml medium. The sensitivity of the cell lines varied from 1.7 mg/ml in MCF7 breast cancer cells to 170 mg/ml in AR230 chronic-myeloid leukemia cells. The in vivo antitumor activity was determined in the CC531 rat colorectal liver metastasis model. Treatment started one week after implanting 4x106 tumor cells intra-portally and was administered every second day for three weeks. Significant anticancer activity was found following administration of equitoxic total doses of 1000 (po) and 50 (ip) mg raw powder/kg, indicating reduced activity following intestinal absorption. By sequencing the mitochondrial gene for the large subunit of the ribulose bis-phosphate ...
The sun was relentless. So were the dozens of faces stubbornly waiting to enter the tiny thatched hut in Zimbabwe where Nhamburo Masango, a traditional healer, sat among herbs, bones and other remedies. An old man in front of me had a skin rash, another person a swollen leg, and somewhere a child complained of stomachache. No one, it seemed, was discouraged by the long, winding queue.. For many poor Zimbabweans there is nowhere else to go. Traditional healers are often the first and last line of defence against the most contagious and debilitating diseases that plague their lives. Although Western medicine is generally accepted throughout Africa, it has not replaced but rather augmented indigenous health approaches. Practitioners such as Mr. Masango remain central to the lives of many. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 80 per cent of people in Africa regularly seek their services.. Yet healers, for the most part, are not officially recognized by governments. They operate outside ...
Pastoralists rely on traditional healers (THs) for general health problems. However, some studies indicate that such practices result in delays in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) cases. This study aims to assess the role of traditional healers in the detection and referral of active TB cases in a pastoralist community. We identified 22 traditional healers from 7 villages of Kereyu pastoralist community in the Fentale district in Ethiopia in January 2015. We trained these THs in identifying presumptive TB symptoms and early referral to the nearby healthcare facilities. The training was held during a 1 week period that included a visit to their villages and follow-up. A 1 day meeting was held with the traditional healers, the district TB care and prevention coordinator and health extension workers from the selected sub-district to discuss the referral link between THs and the nearby healthcare facilities. Health providers working at the TB units in the selected healthcare facilities were
31. WE ALSO UNDERTAKE to enact and utilize appropriate legislation and international trade regulations to ensure the availability of drugs at affordable prices and technologies for treatment, care and prevention of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Infectious Diseases. WE ALSO RESOLVE to take immediate action to use tax exemption and other incentives to reduce the prices of drugs and all other inputs in health care services for accelerated improvement of the health of our populations. 32. WE RESOLVE to explore and further develop the potential of traditional medicine and traditional health practitioners in the prevention, care and management of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Related Infectious Diseases. ...
ABSTRACT: AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of the study was to investigate and document the utilization of medicinal (with emphasis on anthelmintic) plants by the people of Loitoktok district in Kenya for the management of both animal and human health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted between May and October 2009. Information was gathered from 23 traditional health practitioners, from across the district, by use of semi-structured questionnaires; transect walks, oral interviews and focus group discussions. Voucher specimens of cited plants were collected and deposited at the botanical herbarium of the University of Nairobi. RESULTS: A total of 80 medicinal plants cited were collected and identified as belonging to 46 families and 70 genera. The plants identified were 48%, 38%, 7%, 6% and 1% trees, shrubs, herbs, lianas and lichens, respectively. Most of the plants belonged to the families Fabaceae (10%), Euphorbiaceae (6%), Rutaceae (5%) followed by Boraginaceae, Labiateae, ...
Inadequate amounts of GABA might cause abdominal agony, constipation and a minimize in transit time. Whilst there are a number of prescription drugs on the market that a traditional health practitioner may perhaps use to take care of neurotransmitters, Eventually they only make additional difficulties. Medications only injury and click this site produce extra of the deficiency in neurotransmitters. Balancing the neurotransmitters need to be attained by generating modifications while in the diet program and Life-style and supplementing the diet plan with amino acids and a number of vitamins and minerals ...
Traditional healers need to stop using human body parts, having sex with their patients, and helping criminals, the president of the South African Traditional Healers Association has said.
The leading dental and oral heathcare site affords access to the AEGIS dental archives, as well as news, product information, and other online-only articles and features.
Traditional healers are hugely important, argues Avita Usfar, head of the secretariat for an internal government think tank, the Indonesian National Team for the Acceleration of Poverty Reduction. Although activities such as weight monitoring, vaccination, and distribution of nutritional supplementation are religion-free in public health clinics, government surveys indicate that there is extensive reliance on alternative healing, she says.. The Islamic influence is no less pervasive, although several observers, such as Claudia Surjadjaja, executive director of the Jakarta-based ALERTAsia Foundation (Alliance for Emerging & Re-emerging Infectious Threats in Asia), argues that it is often benign. On the issue of family planning and contraception, for example, the government succeeded in overturning strong clerical opposition, she notes.. Thats not to say that the Islamic factor has no impact on health matters, says Dr. Aasim Padela, assistant professor of medicine and director of the Initiative ...
Affordable Care Act open enrollment ends December 15 in most states, and enrollment in an ACA plan is effective January 1, 2020. If you enroll by December 20 , one of the three basic Health Excellence Plus options would be effective January 1, 2020, as well. Depending on your age and size of your membership unit, a Health Excellence Plus program can be between 30 and 90% less than enrolling in a traditional off-Marketplace insured health plan. Health Excellence Plus focuses on keeping you healthy and avoiding medical costs in the first place, but medical cost sharing is available to help with large medical expenses. Learn more at and call us at 877-734-3884 ...
Nadia Zainuddin, University of Wollongong In Gwyneth Paltrows new Netflix series, The Goop Lab, Paltrow explores a variety of wellness management approaches, from
Without dozens of insurance claims to file and follow up, physicians cut administrative overhead, reduce costs and keep their practices limited to a few hundred patients, rather than a few thousand.
Ensure a healthy pup by performing the proper eye & ear care for your dog. Mitigate itching & allergies with Petcos ear & eye medicines or cleaners for dogs.
English News Lessons: Free 26-Page lesson plan / 2-page mini-lesson - Traditional Healers - Handouts, online activity, mp3... current events.
Religious Leaders,Traditional Healers Religious leaders and traditional healers experiences and responses to HIV/AIDS in a modern community. Pedagógia VDM Verlag Dr. Müller (01.09.2009) - ISBN-13: 978-3-639-19174-5 ...
Top 10 of The Natural Way to Cure Swelling - There are many things cause the feet and ankles became swollen or edema. For example that are caused by the obesity, high blood pressure, or the mother is pregnant. Edema is a condition that occurs when the body is having trouble against gravity, so blood and fluid gathered in some areas of the body, especially the lower part as feet.. Edema is not dangerous, but it feels quite uncomfortable when used for walking. When you are unable to go to physicians or any medical primary and want to cure edema or swelling by yourself, there are several traditional ways to cure it. These ways including some physical exercise, potions/traditional remedies, consuming certain food/ traditional health supplements, and many other ways. So, here are the natural way to cure swelling, especially when it happens on the outside of the body.. Consuming magnesium supplements/foods/ ...
I often hear that tanks or healers are more important in raiding. But I disagree. I think its an illusion. And it works like this: A healer can wipe a raid almost instantaneously. A tank can similarly do the same. But a dps can in the long-term do it by being low in damage and eventually reaching an enrage. Sure they are more but collectively they will do it. A team with high dpses will make it easier for healers and tanks. There are encounters that the healers have it easy when the dpses
By scanning the distal radius and tibia, the HR-pQCT Core can measure a variety of important parameters reflecting the integrity or cortical and trabecular bone. This information cannot be determined using standard clinical imaging techniques such as dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). A scanning appointment is a 30 minute addition to a clinical research visit and involves less radiation exposure than traditional bone densitometry. With applications for both cross-sectional and longitudinal research, investigators have employed our facilities and expertise to study a variety of bone-related diseases with participants ranging in age from children to the elderly ...
Another thing that Cynthia Ann did was make almost all of the medicinal preparations. And keep alive the old ways that went with them. For instance, she always wore charms (i.e. a medicine bag) around her neck. It was filled with herbs, powders and what ever else she may have needed to cure someone of an ailment. I know that this is also Cherokee or Native American practice. Her medicinal practices were sought by many. She was somewhat of the local healer. I remember times when I was sick as a child that she would have me drink a mixture of whatever was in her bag of tricks. This always seemed to make me feel better. One time in particular I was suffering with Bronchitis and was very ill. My Mother had taken me to the Doctor and the antibiotics he prescribed werent working, as I grew sicker. I was taken to Cynthia Ann and she prepared for me a concoction of her herbs. And--passed me under a raspberry bush several times! I remember this very distinctly because it was in the dead of ...
Eyebright can be used topically or orally. As an eye wash, combine ½ teaspoon (2,000 mg) fresh or dried eyebright with 1 cup of brandy or gin (250 mL). Pour mixture into an airtight container. Shake the container every 2 to 3 days and strain the mixture after one month. Add 30 drops of tincture to 1 cup boiling water. If you are unsure how to mix the eye wash or eye drops properly, both items can be found commercially in sterile packaging.. For oral use, a tea made with eyebright is quite effective. Simply add ½-1 level teaspoon (2,000-4,000 mg) dried eyebright to 5 ounces of boiling water for 10 minutes. Strain the tea for drinking. Eyebright also comes as extracts and in capsule form and in different strengths, depending on the intended use of the product. If bought at a store with packaging, please follow the instructions for use on the package.. Dr. Christophers, Herbal Remedies, Natures Way, and Quantum Herbal Products are some of the more recognizable names on the market, though they ...
Sort A couple of almost never leads to difficulties or even distributes to other parts of the body. Without a doubt each country has its own traditional health care method, they will practiced since centuries back again nevertheless due to deficiency of a well crafted set of scripts that steadily vanishes. Two) Spit can easily incorporate HSV-1 throughout people with active attacks. In addition we have heating system parts with regard to aching muscle tissues and anti-diarrheals, antacids along with laxatives for upset stomachs. Analyze mucocutaneous attacks clinically, however do well-liked lifestyle, PCR, as well as antigen discovery if people are neonates, immunocompromised, or expecting a baby and have a CNS contamination or even serious ailment. Potential risk of disease can be small if your mommy doesnt have any symptoms or even open sore spots in the course of shipping. Both you and your girlfriend ought to be looked at by way of a physician both with each other or perhaps singly.. In ...
Sort A couple of almost never leads to difficulties or even distributes to other parts of the body. Without a doubt each country has its own traditional health care method, they will practiced since centuries back again nevertheless due to deficiency of a well crafted set of scripts that steadily vanishes. Two) Spit can easily incorporate HSV-1 throughout people with active attacks. In addition we have heating system parts with regard to aching muscle tissues and anti-diarrheals, antacids along with laxatives for upset stomachs. Analyze mucocutaneous attacks clinically, however do well-liked lifestyle, PCR, as well as antigen discovery if people are neonates, immunocompromised, or expecting a baby and have a CNS contamination or even serious ailment. Potential risk of disease can be small if your mommy doesnt have any symptoms or even open sore spots in the course of shipping. Both you and your girlfriend ought to be looked at by way of a physician both with each other or perhaps singly.. In ...
While everyone has an opinion on the health care overhaul, including concierge doctors, a new report by the nonprofit policy think tank RAND Corp might have you thinking differently. Everyone knew the system was broken and has been broken for a very long time. There are many reasons why primary care physicians are turning to concierge medicine, but some of the most influential reasons are due to the fact that this health care system weve been using for generations just isnt working. Something had to change, and while the current change might not be what many people wanted, according to RAND Corp its much better than no change at all.. Concierge medicine creates an environment that allows for traditional health care to merge with progressive and technologically advanced medicine. Built on a strong foundation of trust and communication, the relationship that you have with your concierge doctor is nothing like the one you currently have with your family physician. While health care reform is ...
To understand workplace wellbeing we should remember the basics of traditional OH, defined universally as the effects of work on health and the effects of health on work-capability and performance. We can then combine the models (see table below).. OH services must evolve within the changing world of work, by internal and external audits, to ensure OH provision matches the real needs of an organisation.. Employers have started to recognise the role of OH as an integral part of the HR jigsaw, and to develop a health and wellbeing strategic plan.. This is where OH professionals must be involved. Our health and safety colleagues are trying hard to move into this area. The traditional health and safety practitioners role in the wellbeing model is currently limited to ensuring a safe and healthy working environment - protecting employees from harm. However, any health and wellbeing strategic model must include specific programmes to address the two major causes of work-related ill health - stress ...
The Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach takes into account a holistic understanding of health and the social and cultural determinants of public health by considering health implications of policies beyond the traditional health sectors.
It is common knowledge that Western cultures, particularly the United States, are facing health issues of a magnitude not previously seen. More and more people are coming to the decision to do something about a health or weight issue. The information available to the lay public is overwhelming, contradictory and confusing. After trying and failing over and over again, most people give up, resigning themselves to a life of medication and discomfort. The truth is that the answer to managing health issues is much more complex. Its not just about a pill or a superfood or enough willpower. It is so much more. Enter Nutritional Therapists.. Traditional health providers a generally trained in one area of health. Nutritionists or Dieticians understand nutrition and meal planning but are not trained in behavior change. Most mental health therapists understand behavior change but are not trained in nutrition.. Nutritional therapists are trained to address both the nutritional aspect of health management ...
At the same time, its so important that collectively we do all we can to ensure this experience comes with the same standards of quality that everyone rightly expects to see in more traditional health and care settings.. With around ten percent of the nurses and midwives on our NMC register holding prescribing qualifications, the Code already sets out how they can demonstrate they are appropriately supporting and protecting people seeking their care.. But theres always more we can do to strengthen best practice across all health and care settings and so, Im pleased the NMC has been a part of developing these principles together with our other regulatory partners. ...
A man who drinks moderate or high amounts of alcohol over the course of his life appears to raise his risk for developing certain kinds of cancer and having a greater need for health insurance.. Canadian researchers found that the more men drink, the greater their risk for specific cancers. However, the link appears to involve mostly beer and spirit consumption, not wine. According to a report from the American Association for Critical Illness insurance, the study did not explore risk among women. Cancer is a primary condition covered by both critical illness and traditional health insurance policies.. Scientists reported that cancer risk among men increased for some of the 13 cancers examined. These include esophageal, colon, stomach, liver, lung and prostate cancers. The study found that men who reported the highest consumption had a quite higher risk increase for these cancers, relative to those reporting lower-consumption drinker.. Among men who reported drinking on a daily or weekly basis, ...
According to Jouko Ranta, the projects director, the purpose of the scheme is not to admonish drinkers but to reach reluctant customers. According to research which backs the venture, many bar patrons find traditional health services patronising.. The scheme has so far been a success according to all reports, with pub punters discussing their results with each other and commenting on factors which might have affected them. Finnish healthcare providers are also hoping that the project could help identify those with type 2 diabetes, which is currently a big strain on the public purse.. ...
Previous studies have demonstrated that sniff dogs can identify cancer patients from healthy subjects through sniffing exhaled breath air or blood or serum or urine or feces. It is hypothesized that sniff dogs may be used as a tool in screening cancer patients in health examination. Trained dogs will sniff serum from participants who are attending the annual health examination to identify potential or high risk subjects, and the results will be compared with the outcome of the traditional health examination, and the high risk subjects will be followed periodically for at least five years ...
Fentanyl in Vancouver is a crisis traditional health services at UBC arent prepared to face.Youre at a party, and suddenly someone falls to the ground. Its an overdose caused by drugs laced with fentanyl, a synthetic opioid 10 to 100 times stronger than heroin. Depending on the dosage, there might be mere minutes before the damage is permanent - or even fatal.The solution is naloxone, a powerful opioid antagonist administered via injection or nasal spray that can offset the effects of an overdose for 30 to 90 minutes....
BACKGROUND: Nonprobability Web surveys using volunteer panels can provide a relatively cheap and quick alternative to traditional health and epidemiological surveys. However, concerns have been raised about their representativeness. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare results from different Web panels with a population-based probability sample survey (n=8969 aged 18-44 years) that used computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) for sensitive behaviors, the third British National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3). METHODS: Natsal-3 questions were included on 4 nonprobability Web panel surveys (n=2000 to 2099), 2 using basic quotas based on age and sex, and 2 using modified quotas based on additional variables related to key estimates. Results for sociodemographic characteristics were compared with external benchmarks and for sexual behaviors and opinions with Natsal-3. Odds ratios (ORs) were used to express differences between the benchmark data and each survey for each variable of ...
It is a medicinal practice that underscores the need to accomplish total body parity and prosperity by adjusting physical, natural, enthusiastic, wholesome, social, profound and way of life esteems. The all encompassing perspective on recuperating is generally acknowledged in the field of meds, which made it to one of the most prominent types of restorative practices everywhere throughout the world. It is stand-out restorative practice that utilizations different recuperating techniques, for example, Tai Chi, Yoga, Acupuncture, home grown and plant cures and Reiki to achieve total mental and physical equalization. Today different ailments, for example, joint pain, cervical, headaches, constant weakness disorder and much malignant growth can be relieved with the assistance of all encompassing drug practice. Building a profession in the field of elective medication appears to be extremely encouraging on the grounds that the interest for all encompassing drug specialists is developing step by step. ...
1 Answer - Posted in: latanoprost, medicine, eye - Answer: You may be okay with Latanoprost but not the Dorzolamide, from ...
Merck & Co., the second-biggest U.S. pharmaceutical company, said it agreed to buy specialty drugmaker Inspire Pharmaceuticals Inc. for about $430 million to expand its products to treat eye diseases. Merck said it will pay $5 a share, a 26 percent premium to Inspires closing share price Monday, the companies said in a statement. Merck continues to build upon its long-term commitment to improving therapeutic options of the treatment of eye diseases, said Beverly Lybrand, Mercks senior vice president for neuroscience and ophthalmology, in a statement.
Haha thats cool you got through with vodka. And they sniffed it, what fools! Hahaha how much eye medicine was your friend taking into this festival? Yes most places dont seem to let you take your own alcohol into the stage area, theres only Glastonbury Ive been to were they do. Yes there are always ways-- I usually try to get a bottle of red wine down the back of each wellie at these places. I have some specially shaped big wellies for this. Although I have a feeling it will be sunny so no wellies and maybe I willhave to use this eye medicine idea.. : ) That reminds me I remember hearing somewhere its possible to get drunk by pouring alcohol into your eye, does anyone know if this is ...
By formally recognising and following this code of conduct, traditional healers can totally change their work, and practise now as Natural Healers. In this way they can avoid the negative reputation of their profession, and they are able to collaborate now with modern medicine, in the way that the WHO has promoted, in vain, since the Alma Ata Declaration of 1978 ...
The intimate relationship between the human and plant world has evolved over generations of experience and practices. The tribal people and ethnic races throughout the world have developed their own culture, customs, cults, religious rites, taboos, totems, legends and myths, folk-fores and song, foods, medicinal practices, etc.
Two sangomas implicated in the disappearance of a 3-year-old girl from Boschfontein whose body parts might have been used for muti, have been denied bail by the Nelspruit Regional Court.
I play a healer. Im the best ranked healer on my server (#1 player on the server board in 2 of the 3 seasons I seriously competed in). Im saying that so you cant say I dont play a healer, not to brag, because thats the first thing I was predicting youd think after you read the following:. Sorc has been hilariously overpowered since 3.0. A full head and shoulders above the other two healers, and its why in 3.0, after maining merc healer since launch, I had to make the switch to become competitive because merc became flat out nonviable in PvP.. Since then its just dominated. It wasnt uncommon for me to facetank 4-5 people solo, unguarded, unsupported. It had TWO focus breaks, one of which only had a 45 second cooldown, when merc had none and operative had one. It had better singletarget burst than any other healer. It had better AoE burst than any other healer. It had better utility than any other healer. It had better resource management than any other healer (Though in 4.0 it became ...
Sip, Slurp, Gulp or Guzzle through some of your favourite DRINK concoctions. Whether Spirits are in the mix or not...Share your preferred BLENDS, stirred MIXES and succeeded…
Findings Could Lead to Lower Doses of Medication for Lupus Patients, Reducing Serious Side Effects Two immune system proteins could be the culprit behind many l
I have dedicated my body to science for years, data collecting, and trying every possible post-workout concoction under the sun because of this theory. I have tried all sorts of carb sources from grape juice, to sports drinks, to pure dextrose, and more recently, highly-branched cyclic dextrin. I have tried every single amino acid product known to man in every single dose possible. After 19 years of trial and error, I came up with a formula that kept my pumps for hours and accelerated my recovery, as well as dramatically reducing soreness. This concoction consisted of 5 key elements that I was buying separately and mixing together. I began passing my findings on to hundreds of clients who were either speechless, or overjoyed at what was happening to their bodies. I had what I called The ultimate post-workout concoction and I was always excited to share it. I had this figured out when I first started Blackstone Labs, but it wasnt until 3 years later where a fan, who had gotten some advice from ...
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Cancer is one of the leading causes of death both in developed and developing countries and was responsible for the loss of 9.6 million lives in 2018 alone. Development of drug resistant strains of cancer has hampered cancer therapy. Worldwide, plants have been reported to play a major role in the traditional treatment of cancer. Irinotecan, paclitaxel, and vincristine are some of the examples of plant derived compounds that are used as anticancer agents. This study evaluated the cytotoxicity, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities of Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims and Hypoxis colchicifolia Baker, two plants used in South African traditional medicine for treating cancer. Acetone, ethanol, and water (hot and cold) extracts were screened against four human cancer lines (breast MCF-7, colorectal Caco-2, lung A549 and cervical Hela) for anticancer potential. Two normal cells; Vero monkey kidney and bovine dermis were used to test for cytotoxicity, and Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 were ...
South Africa is blessed with a rich floral biodiversity of medicinally useful plants. One such plant is Harpagophytum procumbens DC (Family: Pedaliaceae). H. procumbens is widely used in South African traditional medicine for the treatment, management and/or control of a variety of human ailments. I …
Medicinal plants (MPs) used by traditional healers (THs) were investigated in Megera and adjacent subdistricts (kebeles) of Dalle District, Sidama Zone, southern Ethiopia. The objective of the study was to identify and record MPs and their traditional uses in the treatment of various human ailments with emphasis on malignancies and other most frequently reported diseases. Traditional medicinal knowledge held by 20 THs was investigated following standard ethnobotanical approaches. Guided field walk, free listing, rigorous individual interviews with extended discussions, and local market surveys were employed to obtain information. Preference rankings, paired comparisons, use value (UV) index, frequency of citation (FC), fidelity level (FL), and informant consensus factor (ICF) matrices were engaged to identify MPs used to treat malignancies and the other most prevalent human ailments. Seventy-one MP species belonging to 63 genera and 46 families, used to treat 39 human ailments, were recorded. A high
Ginger root and pyridoxine combination for occasional nausea relief and other indications Ginger root is an aromatic bitter that helps alleviate digestive system discomfort and reduce the symptoms of nausea associated with motion sickness. Ginger acts as a mild cholagogue (promoter of bile flow), digestive tonic, carminative and general complement to other remedies.Ginger inhibits the synthesis of 2-series prostanoids without harming the gastrointestinal tract, unlike aspirin and conventional NSAIDs. This platelet-dampening effect may explain the belief among traditional health practitioners that ginger promotes healthy circulation.
Home remedies include certain foods, drinks, ointments, compresses, baths, splints, and so on.. Remedies are NOT the same as over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. There are no rules that would determine which product may or may not be called a remedy, and what may or may not be its ingredients. On the other hand, an over-the-counter drug ingredients are strictly regulated by FDA (US Federal Drug Administration).. Home remedies are also NOT homeopathic remedies, herbal medicines or nutritional supplements. These substances often need to be specially prepared and this cannot be done in the home environment. However a herbal remedy that does not involve any specific preparation method according to a pharmacopoeia will fall under the category of a home remedy.. A home remedy should be used with caution. By providing some symptomatic relief, it can also delay a patient from seeking proper medical treatment. This can lead to a host of complications. In addition, certain home remedies can have potent drug ...
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Home remedies for strep throat pictures Over the years, more and more of us realized the advantages of the alternative medicine, and these being said, here are the best home remedies for strep throat. The most common one is surely the hot tea and any other hot drinks that can help your threat get better. As well as that, mint and fruits are the best to cure a cold, so that your organism will be brand new and healthy when the natural treatment gets over. These being said, the best home remedies for strep throat are the most natural one - and what could you wish more for?. So, these being said, the choice is yours in case of a cold. Either way you go for the natural and home remedies for strep throat or you wish to get yourself better in a short period of time and fully recovered, they have already been mentioned. Still, if interfering with a cold, you do not have why to worry - now you can have a bunch from which to choose, so you do not have why to worry again! A hot cup of mint tea with honey, ...
There are home remedies for strep throat that can ease each of these symptoms. However, it is very important to understand that home remedies for strep throat cant completely replace medical treatments prescribed by a physician. Strep throat is an infection caused by bacteria and therefore needs appropriate treatment that consists of antibiotics. Although there are natural alternatives for medical antibiotics, they are considerably less effective in fighting bacteria on their own. Home remedies for strep throat that can act as antibiotics are garlic, honey, olive leaf extract and tea tree oil. Such home remedies for strep throat can help in fighting infection and inflammation, but medical treatment shouldnt be ignored. In fact, most home remedies for strep throat should be used only in addition to medical treatment with antibiotics ...
Home Remedies for Dry Skin: Info on home remedies for Dry Skin and Dry Skin symptoms, Treatment and Causes. Also read how to prevent Dry Skin with proven home remedies. Here are the best Dry Skin Home Remedies & Cures.
Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines traditional medicine as the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness. In some Asian and African countries, up to 80% of the population relies on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs. When adopted outside its traditional culture, traditional medicine is often called alternative medicine. Practices known as traditional medicines include Ayurveda, Siddha medicine, Unani, ancient Iranian medicine, Iranian (Persian), Islamic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Korean ...
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The cause of hair falls are attributed to stress, pollution, thyroid imbalance, use of artificial hair style products and unbalanced food intake. Home remedies work wonder to stop hair fall. More so, they are cheap, natural and having no adverse side effect at all. Some home remedies for curing hair fall are mentioned in the following lines:. The cause of hair falls are attributed to stress, pollution, thyroid imbalance, use of artificial hair style products and unbalanced food intake. Home remedies work wonder to stop hair fall. More so, they are cheap, natural and having no adverse side effect at all. Some home remedies for curing hair fall are mentioned in the following lines: ...
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Home remedies for cough. Home remedies for cold. Home remedies for flu. Home remedies for fever. Check out these home treatments for cold, cough, fever, and flu
People have come up with some pretty inventive home remedies for zits. Some home remedies for pimples have included potatoes, vinegar and lemon juice, toothpaste, garlic, lime juice and basil. Some have claimed that these and other home remedies for pimples have worked for them quite well. In my own experience, no home remedy ever worked. The Regimen, however, keeps me clear. ...
Home remedies for frizzy hair - Best thing about home remedies is that they do not cause any side-effect. This article gives you best, tried and tested home remedies for frizzy hair.
Traditional Medicine 2020 aims to assemble the Researchers, principal investigators, specialists, and researchers operating beneath academe and health care trade, Business Delegates, Scientists and students across the world to attend Traditional Medicine and Acupuncture Conference during November 02-03, 2020 at osaka, Japan
Ask around like we did and sure enough you begin to acquire a valuable database of folk remedies. Everyone we asked had a home remedy or two; a grandmothers remedy to cure gout (apple cider vinegar), a sisters Ayurvedic remedy to stop diarrhea within minutes (turmeric), an old Mexican cure for a nagging cough (garlic). Thrilled to have this treasure chest of recipes to cure acute and chronic conditions, we started to post these remedies on Earth Clinic back in 1999. Not long after that, our readers started responding with their own family remedies. If you dont see what youre looking for in this Home Remedies section, please check out our extensive Ailments section ...
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Increased mucus production in your ears, nose, chest or throat is a symptom of many common ailments, such as cold. If you are suffering from mucous problem for a long period of time, you should ask a doctor for help. However, if all things are under control, you should make efforts by yourself to get rid of mucus. Fortunately, there are many ways you can try to help thin the mucous and keep it away for a long time. Here we list home remedies to help you to deal with the annoying disease.. Home Remedies for mucus. ... is a home remedies for anything blog that provides well-researched home remedies for common health problems we also provide skincare DIY, How to,
Never try to scratch the area as scratching can irritate the skin more, causing swelling of the area.. Are you a woman suffering from the inflamed vagina or vaginitis? Are you fed up of the smelly discharge and itching? Are you experiencing pain while urinating or while having intercourse? Are you looking for inexpensive home remedies to treat the condition? You can try the above home remedies to reduce the symptoms or you can use some of the lifestyle changes given above to prevent the infections of the vagina. Try out the above given home remedies and find out which one is suitable for your cause of inflammation of the vagina. Continue the remedy till you get complete relief and follow the correct methods to prevent further infections.. Source: GoHealthTips. ...
Dark circle is a very common problem. Home remedies for dark circle is the effective choice. Read effective dark circle home remedies and neem remedies for dark circle.
Top 10 Home Remedies To Cure Hair Fungus Hair fungus is a common problem today. Ringworms are the most common of all fungi. Follow these simple home remedies
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I worked at a vet & learned some great home remedies for dog diarrhea! See which home remedy for dog diarrhea works best & when your dog needs to see a vet.
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Have you known about any home remedy for Pregnancy Complications? What about a home remedy for stretch checks or morning infection? Most specialists will let
In addition to antibiotic treatment, you can try home remedies to ease the symptoms and discomfort caused by a kidney infection. Learn about the signs of a kidney infection and more about kidney health as we dive into the popular home remedies.. Explore this storyboard about Kidney Disease, Home Remedies, Medical Conditions by ActiveBeat on Flipboard.
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Home remedies for acne can help you get rid of acne forever. Our acne home remedies have been extracted from various tested & trusted natural resources.
Home remedies for abrasions like honey, coconut oil are a simple way to get rid from abrasion. Abrasion home remedies are very cheap and easily available.
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Anyone can find an acne home remedy that works, but no single acne home remedy works for everyone. Here are 10 home remedies for acne that work, with clear
Background Burkittlymphoma(BL) is the most common childhood cancer in Cameroon with a reported incidence of 3 per 100,000 children under 15 years in the Northwest region. Treatment at three Baptist mission hospitals has a recorded cure rate of over 50%. Traditional medicine(TM) is recognized by the national health system, but its scope is undefined and entraps children with BL. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and practices of parents and traditional healers (TH) towards TM in children with BL in order to develop recommendations for an integrative approach and improved access to life-saving treatment for children with BL. Methods This is a descriptive case series of children diagnosed with BL treated at Banso, Mbingo, and Mutengene Baptist Hospitals between 2003 and 2014. A questionnaire was used to obtain the following information: demographic information, religion, the rate of use of TM, reasons why guardians chose to use TM, the diagnoses made by the TH, treatment ...
Burkittlymphoma(BL) is the most common childhood cancer in Cameroon with a reported incidence of 3 per 100,000 children under 15 years in the Northwest region. Treatment at three Baptist mission hospitals has a recorded cure rate of over 50%. Traditional medicine(TM) is recognized by the national health system, but its scope is undefined and entraps children with BL. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and practices of parents and traditional healers (TH) towards TM in children with BL in order to develop recommendations for an integrative approach and improved access to life-saving treatment for children with BL. This is a descriptive case series of children diagnosed with BL treated at Banso, Mbingo, and Mutengene Baptist Hospitals between 2003 and 2014. A questionnaire was used to obtain the following information: demographic information, religion, the rate of use of TM, reasons why guardians chose to use TM, the diagnoses made by the TH, treatment offered, and the type of payment
1 Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli. 2 PG Student, Department of Ophthalmology, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli. Corresponding Author. Dr. Savitha Kanakpur. Email: [email protected] ABSTRACT:. Background: Corneal ulcer constitutes a major cause of loss of vision all over the world. There are many factors which contribute to corneal ulcer. Hence the epidemiology is complicated. Many infectious agents are also involved as causative agents. They cause corneal scarring which lead to loss of vision. The prevalence is different for different countries. Trauma or injury to eye is the most common risk factor. And this factor is mostly under-reported. Many people use traditional eye medicines, and this is also a major risk for corneal ulcers especially in developing countries. Prevention is most important as cure rates are discouraging.. Objective: To study the prevalence and risk factors of corneal ulcers among patients at a ...
In Africa, traditional medicine is used for 80% of primary healthcare, and in developing nations as a whole over one-third of ... holistic medicine, natural medicine, unorthodox medicine, fringe medicine, unconventional medicine, and new age medicine are ... Complementary medicine (CM), complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), integrated medicine or integrative medicine (IM), ... See also: Traditional medicine. Traditional medicine refers to the pre-scientific practices of a certain culture, in contrast ...
... an endemic traditional medicinal plant of Mauritius». South African Journal of Botany. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2014.03.017. ... Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. doi:10.1016/S1995-7645(12)60075-3. ... Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, M. F.. African Flora as Potential Sources of Medicinal Plants : Towards the Chemotherapy of ... Ameenah Gurib-Fakim Joins SAA - Spa & Wellness Association of Africa». Ανακτήθηκε στις 4-6-2015.. Ελέγξτε τις τιμές ημερομηνίας ...
... utilising traditional Buddhist funerary rites.[398] There were suspicions that he had committed suicide by taking an overdose ... an economic historian based at London's School of Oriental and African Studies. He met with Pol Pot, but was murdered shortly ... Cooperative stores selling goods like medicines, cloth, and kerosene were formed, providing goods imported from Vietnam.[176] ... As well as having a love of traditional Khmer music,[391] in childhood he became interested in romantic French poetry, with the ...
Wills not only learned traditional music from his family, he learned some Blues songs directly from African Americans in the ... There he played in minstrel and medicine shows, and, as with other Texas musicians such as Ocie Stockard, continued to earn ... African Americans were his playmates, and his father enjoyed watching him jig dance with the black children.[10][11] ... It's the same, whether you just follow a drum beat like in Africa or surround it with a lot of instruments. The rhythm's what's ...
Raviña, Enrique (2011). "Vinca alkaloids". The evolution of drug discovery: From traditional medicines to modern drugs. John ... Cooper, Raymond; Deakin, Jeffrey John (2016). "Africa's gift to the world". Botanical Miracles: Chemistry of Plants That ... "Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology. 5: 131-144. doi:10.4137/CMO.S5074. PMC 3117629. PMID 21695100.. ...
In Africa, wild animals including fruit bats are hunted for food and are referred to as bushmeat.[78][79] In equatorial Africa ... "The New England Journal of Medicine. 372 (25): 2423-27. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1500306. hdl:2328/35704. PMC 4547451. PMID 25950269. ... "Sierra Leone: a traditional healer and a funeral". World Health Organization (WHO). Archived from the original on 6 October ... 8.3 2013-2016 West Africa *8.3.1 2014 spread outside West Africa ... 2013-2016 West Africa. Main article: West African Ebola virus ...
Descended from Homo Sapiens, the anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens emerged in eastern Africa c. 200,000 BP, left Africa ... The Woman in the Shaman's Body: Reclaiming the Feminine in Religion and Medicine. New York: Bantam. ... "Slowly digested and absorbed carbohydrate in traditional bushfoods: a protective factor against diabetes?". Am J Clin Nutr. 45 ... Clark, JD, Variability in primary and secondary technologies of the Later Acheulian in Africa in Milliken, S and Cook, J (eds ...
Another traditional cup is the masu, a box usually made of hinoki or sugi, which was originally used for measuring rice. The ... Toso is a sort of iwai-zake made by soaking tososan, a Chinese powdered medicine, overnight in sake. Even children sip a ... Sake is sold in volume units divisible by 180 ml (6.3 imp fl oz; 6.1 US fl oz) (a gō), the traditional Japanese unit for cup ... Kimoto (生酛) is the traditional orthodox method for preparing the starter mash, which includes the laborious process of grinding ...
Islamic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Korean medicine, acupuncture, Muti, Ifá, and traditional African ... Traditional medicine[edit]. Main article: Traditional medicine. Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine ... Folk medicine may also be referred to as traditional medicine, alternative medicine, indigenous medicine, or natural medicine. ... traditional medicine is often called alternative medicine.[61] Practices known as traditional medicines include Ayurveda, ...
... college with a medical degree and the first and only African-American woman to obtain the Doctress of Medicine degree from New ... Home economics brought a scientific language to the traditional women's sphere of the home and raised "homemaking to the status ... It was the fourth African-American Greek letter organization for women, and the first African-American sorority established on ... "National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 2013-03-03.. *^ "History of Women Physicians - Timeline". Drexel University, College of ...
"Institute of Medicine. 2009. Retrieved 5 September 2015.. *^ Blue, Laura (30 October 2012). "Smoke-Free Laws Are Saving Lives" ... but concluded that teabacco made from nicotine lozenges may be less harmful than traditional tobacco cigarettes.[138] ... The New England Journal of Medicine. 337 (15): 1052-7. doi:10.1056/NEJM199710093371506. hdl:1765/59780. PMID 9321534.. ... "Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 162 (5): 477-83. doi:10.1001/archpedi.162.5.477. PMC 2948204. PMID 18458195.. ...
Eric J. Bailey (2002). African American Alternative Medicine: Using Alternative Medicine to Prevent and Control Chronic ... A large number of chiropractors fear that if they do not separate themselves from the traditional vitalistic concept of innate ... Chiropractors faced heavy opposition from organized medicine.[36] DD Palmer was jailed in 1907 for practicing medicine without ... as integrated medicine, and 12% as mainstream medicine.[55] Many chiropractors believe they are primary care providers,[4][20] ...
Nahyan A.G. Fancy (2006). Pulmonary Transit and Bodily Resurrection: The Interaction of Medicine, Philosophy and Religion in ... African. Traditional. *Akamba. *Akan. *Baluba. *Bantu *Kongo. *Zulu. *Berber *Guanche church. *Bushongo ... "Pulmonary Transit and Bodily Resurrection: The Interaction of Medicine, Philosophy and Religion in the Works of Ibn al-Nafīs ( ...
Medicine and medical care were also directed to these priority groups - particularly the military. Public and private medical ... traditional absentee large landowners or zamindars;[O] the upper-tier "wealthy peasant" jotedars; and, at the lower ... and Southern Africa-everywhere in the Indian Ocean but to India. Those assignments show a will to punish." In contrast, Tauger ... "British supply lines around the southern tip of Africa to the Middle East, India and Australia". (Lyons 2016, p. 150) Churchill ...
Although Ge Hong was the first writer of traditional Chinese medicine who accurately described the symptoms of smallpox, the ... Western African Ebola (2013-2016). *DR Congo Ebola (2014). *Madagascar plague (2014) ...
"Veterinary Medicine/Small Animal Clinician - via ResearchGate.. *^ Lyson, Tyler R.; Schachner, Emma R.; Botha-Brink, Jennifer; ... But the traditional class Reptilia is not a clade. It is just a section of the clade Amniota: the section that is left after ... "Haemostatic function of dogs naturally envenomed by African puffadder (Bitis arietans) or snouted cobra (Naja annulifera)". ... Janos, Elisabeth (2004). Country Folk Medicine: Tales of Skunk Oil, Sassafras Tea, and Other Old-time Remedies (1 ed.). Lyon's ...
Ingrid Hehmeyer; Hannelore Schönig; Hanne Schönig (27 August 2012). Herbal Medicine in Yemen: Traditional Knowledge and ... The plant however is widely available and legal in East Africa, some African nations on the other hand such as South Africa ... South AfricaEdit. In South Africa, Catha edulis is a protected tree.[11] ... and Kafta in its endemic regions of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.[1][7]:4-5[8] In the African Great Lakes ...
... "deviation from traditional relationships" as well as sexual acts.[37] ...
Traditional Chinese medicine. References[edit]. *^ a b "Google Ngram Viewer". Retrieved 2018-05-29.. .mw-parser-output cite. ... Rooibos (Red Bush), reddish plant used to make an infusion and grown in South Africa. In the US it is sometimes called red tea ... In China, the traditional Chinese medicine approach is used in formulating natural herbal teas and they are very popular in ... Lobelia, which contains alkaloids and has traditional medicine uses for smoking cessation, may cause nausea, vomiting, or ...
... maize and cassava have similarly replaced traditional African crops as the most important staple food crops grown on the ... "Victorian Medicine - From Fluke to Theory". BBC History. February 1, 2002. Retrieved February 17, 2013.. ... Africa 36.7 1,216 0186,987,000 - Nigeria 21,000,000 - Lagos Europe 72.9 738 0145,939,000 - Russia;. approx. 112 million in ... Africa Europe Latin America/Caribbean Northern America Oceania 2000 6,144 3,741 (60.9%) 811 (13.2%) 726 (11.8%) 522 (8.5%) 312 ...
Products such as tea, porcelain, pharmaceuticals and medicine, furniture, and cabinet-work were shipped to Vietnam from China. ... This was also the traditional view of Chinese and Vietnamese historians. Many chronicles including Records of the Outer ...
... other such exceptions include Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Dentistry and Doctor of Veterinary Medicine). It may not be ... Kenneth K. Mwenda (2007). Comparing American and British Legal Education Systems: Lessons for Commonwealth African Law Schools ... The traditional law degree in Australia is the undergraduate Bachelor of Laws (LLB); however, there has been a huge shift ... Kenneth K. Mwenda (2007). Comparing American and British Legal Education Systems: Lessons for Commonwealth African Law Schools ...
31 December A partial lunar eclipse is visible from most of Africa, Europe, Asia, and Australia. The SB ("Sleeping Beauty") ... A new method developed by Cornell biological engineers offers an efficient way to make proteins for use in medicine or industry ... Iranian scientists find that the way in which traditional timber-framed constructions are built makes them earthquake-resistant ... 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak 2009 Nobel Prize in ...
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-08-26. Retrieved 2009-08-08.. ... Such software can assist blind people with orientation and navigation, but it is not a replacement for traditional mobility ... The burden of onchocerciasis: children leading blind adults in Africa. Childhood blindness can be caused by conditions related ... are a more high-tech alternative to traditional magnification devices. ...
... which had fled the West African colony of Bolama (an island off West Africa, present day Guinea-Bissau) the previous November. ... "Benjamin Rush, yellow Fever and the Birth of Modern Medicine. Archived from the original on November 7, 2007. Retrieved ... He strongly discounted the traditional treatment for severe fevers, which was to wrap patients in blankets, give them camomile ... African-American nurses had also begun dying of the fever. Carts took ill victims to Bush Hill and the dead to burial grounds. ...
... has a role in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. It is an ingredient in traditional Indian drinks, both cold and hot, ... Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962). Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E & S Livingstone.. ... It is widely used in cooking and as a main ingredient in traditional medicines. It is consumed as a salad dish called gyin-thot ... Medicinal Values and Traditional Practices", Herbal Medicine in India, Springer Singapore, pp. 437-450, doi:10.1007/978-981-13- ...
A.L. Dahl (1985) Traditional Environmental Management in New Caledonia: A Review of Existing Knowledge ... In Africa, the closely related families of Caesalpiniaceae, Mimosaceae, and Papilionaceae, and a large number of Euphorbiaceae ... V. Singh (ed) (2007) Indian Folk Medicines and Other Plant-Based Products. Jodhpur Scientific Publications. Chapter 22 .mw- ... "Plants used for poison fishing in tropical Africa". Toxicon. 44: 417-30. Sep 2004. doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2004.05.014. PMID ...
Siddha medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Korean medicine, Unani, and Yoga. In some countries such as Canada, ... such as the 2014-2016 West African Ebola virus epidemic or the 2003 SARS outbreak, healthcare workers are at even greater risk ... Alternative medicine practitioners[edit]. In many societies, practitioners of alternative medicine have contact with a ... traditional birth attendants, or traditional midwives, are the primary source of pregnancy and childbirth care for many women ...
"Recent scientific studies of a traditional Chinese medicine, tea, on prevention of chronic diseases". J Tradit Complement Med. ... The art of elevated pouring is used principally by people in Northern Africa (e.g. Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania, Libya and ... A traditional method uses a three-piece lidded teacup called a gaiwan, the lid of which is tilted to decant the tea into a ... Pruess, Joanna (2006). Tea Cuisine: A New Approach to Flavoring Contemporary and Traditional Dishes. Globe Pequot. ISBN 1-59228 ...
"Fairy Tales and Other Traditional Stories. 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2016.. *^ Gamard, Ibrahim. "The Merchant and the Parrot". ... "Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery. 19 (2): 142-149. doi:10.1647/183.. ... Cruickshank, A; Gautier, J; Chappuis, C (1993). "Vocal mimicry in wild African Grey Parrots Psittacus erithacus". Ibis. 135 (3 ... Many species in the Americas, Africa, and Papua New Guinea consume clay, which releases minerals and absorbs toxic compounds ...
Traditional African medicine is a range of traditional medicine disciplines involving indigenous herbalism and African ... Traditional African medicine served the people in Africa prior to the establishment of science-based medicine, but with the ... and traditional Asian medicine. The medical diagnoses and chosen methods of treatment in traditional African medicine rely ... This led to the inappropriate use of many modern medicines by the Mende. Africa portal Medicine portal Traditional African ...
... small-scale harvesting for use in traditional medicine has decimated West African turtle populations. As the West African coast ... In West Africa, sea turtles are killed for use in traditional medicine. Many parts of a turtles body are believed to have ... "The Use of Sea Turtles in Traditional Medicine in the Cape Verde Archipelago, West Africa". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2019-03-27 ... "The Use of Sea Turtles in Traditional Medicine in the Cape Verde Archipelago, West Africa". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2019-03-28 ...
Cosmas Attamah, an Enugu-based Traditional Medicine Practitioner, has urged his colleagues to embark on extensive research into ... Traditional medicine practitioner urges research into African herbs, roots. On November 22, 2019. 1:36 pmIn Newsby Lawal ... said the time had come for Africans to look inwards to utilise traditional medicine. ... He said that traditional medicine could be developed for export to other countries like the Chinese and the Indians do. ...
TRADITIONAL MEDICINE; ITS ROLE IN THE FIGHT AGAINST HIV/AIDS The decision to observe an African Traditional Medicine Day ... follows an adoption in 2000 of a resolution on promoting the role of traditional medicine in health systems, a strategy for the ...
... the water we drink and the medicines and vaccines that treat and protect us. The Organization aims to provide every child, ... the countries in the WHO African Region celebrate the African Traditional Medicine Day under the theme ... the countries in the WHO African Region celebrate the African Traditional Medicine Day under the theme "Traditional medicine ... traditional medicine is the main-and sometimes the only-source of health care. In our Region, traditional medicine has strong ...
The theme for this years 10th edition is African Traditional Medicine Day: What Impact? ... the water we drink and the medicines and vaccines that treat and protect us. The Organization aims to provide every child, ... the African Region commemorates on 31 August the African Traditional Medicine Day. ... The significance of African Traditional Medicine Day is to raise awareness of the critical role that traditional medicine plays ...
... ... Traditional Medicine May Offer Hope For Alzheimers Treatment. Carpolobia lutea, known more commonly as cattle stick, is a ... The plant extract has been used for centuries in traditional medicine in Nigeria and could form the basis of a new drug to ... Our findings suggest that traditional medicines will provide new chemicals able to temper Alzheimers disease progression." ...
Within the framework of enhancing the significance of traditional African medicinal plants, aspects such as traditional use, ... In many parts of rural Africa, traditional healers prescribing medicinal plants are the most easily accessible and affordable ... The major focus of the present review is to provide an updated overview of 10 promising medicinal plants from the African ... have been probed to investigate trends in the rapidly increasing number of scientific publications on African traditional ...
medicine, african traditional A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the african ... Retrieved from "" ... It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, ...
Even in other African countries, traditional medicines are more widely used than modern medicines due to their accessibility, ... Researchers document anti-cancer potential of plants used in traditional African medicine. Tuesday, July 28, 2020 by: Evangelyn ... Researchers document anti-cancer potential of plants used in traditional African medicine,/a,. ... In countries like Ethiopia, traditional medicines are used to treat serious diseases like cancer. This is because they are less ...
...",Two traditional African ... Two traditional African medicines observed to kill cancer cells - study. Sunday, September 02, 2018 by: RJ Jhonson Tags: ... ... Modern medicine offers several methods to address cancer, but these are held back by some factors, first of which has to do ...
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  • In West Africa, sea turtles are killed for use in traditional medicine. (
  • Most fishing in West Africa is done from small watercraft rather than commercial vessels, making it increasingly difficult to enforce sea turtle conservation laws. (
  • Carpolobia lutea, known more commonly as cattle stick , is a small shrub or tree found native to Central and West Africa. (
  • Burkina Faso (BFA) is a landlocked country in central West Africa, covering an area of 274,000 km 2 . (
  • Evolving culture: A cross-cultural study of Suriname, West Africa, and the Caribbean. (
  • Trypanosoma vivax ( T. vivax ), Trypanosoma congolense ( T. congolense ) and to a lesser extent Trypanosoma brucei brucei ( T. b. brucei ) are the main species responsible for African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) called nagana in West Africa while T. b. rhodesiense and T. b. gambiense cause sleeping sickness (human African trypanosomiasis, HAT). (
  • More and more South Africans are now using traditional Chinese medicine as they have become more aware of it. (
  • South Africans living with HIV/AIDS are now encouraged to make their own informed choices about the types of treatment they wish to seek including antiretrovirals (ART), exercise, nutrition, as well as traditional and complementary medicines (TCAM). (
  • This two-tiered system is not only inequitable and inaccessible to a large portion of South Africans, but institutions in the public sector have suffered poor management, underfunding and deteriorating infrastructure. (
  • Fast-tracking the implementation of a National Health Insurance scheme, which will eventually cover all South Africans. (
  • Many South Africans use traditional medicine. (
  • For example, after Mozambique gained independence in 1975, attempts to control traditional medicine went as far as sending diviner-healers to re-education camps. (
  • Rather than looking for the medical or physical reasons behind an illness (or a spell of bad luck), traditional healers attempt to determine the root cause underlying it, which is believed to stem from a lack of balance between the patient and their social environment or the spiritual world. (
  • In many parts of rural Africa, traditional healers prescribing medicinal plants are the most easily accessible and affordable health resource available to the local community and at times the only therapy that subsists. (
  • According to traditional healers, Sideroxylon oxyacanthum , Zanthoxylum chalybeum (knob wood), Clematis simensis , Clematis longicauda , Dovyalis abyssinica (abyssinian gooseberry), Vernonia leopoldi (bitter leaf) and Clerodendrum myricoides (blue butterfly bush) are the most frequently used medicinal plants to treat breast cancer in Ethiopia. (
  • The minister was speaking at the Medical Research Council (MRC) to traditional healers and community members at the launch of the National Reference Centre for African Traditional Medicine (NRCATM) in the Western Cape on Sunday. (
  • The minister said there were 200 000 traditional healers in South Africa and they were the first healthcare providers to be consulted in up to 80 percent of cases, especially in rural areas. (
  • The centre is led by the Department of Health, the MRC and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, and will be used by traditional healers, the government, regulatory authorities, scientists, medical professionals, conservation authorities, communities and businesses. (
  • Traditional healers are plentiful and are culturally accepted health-care providers throughout Africa and much of the developing world. (
  • Until recently, however, few traditional healers have been involved in primary eye care activities. (
  • Part 1 gives brief background information on traditional healers and explains why they should be involved in the prevention of blindness activities. (
  • The event which was held at the Kanifing Municipality brought together health personnel and traditional healers from around the country. (
  • The same applies to successes registered by various traditional healers across Africa and parts of Asia," he said. (
  • He also indicated that traditional healers are first sources of health care in most parts of Africa and their services are easily accessible and more than affordable. (
  • Also speaking at the occasion, Mr. Salieu Puge, the vice president of the National Traditional Healers Assembly expressed delight and honor for marking yet another commemoration of African Traditional Medicine Day. (
  • Collaborating with traditional healers for HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sub-Saharan Africa : suggestions for programme managers and field workers. (
  • Practical guide for collaborating with traditional healers for AIDS prevention and care in sub-Saharan Africa. (
  • The World Health Organization is recommending the use of traditional healers in Africa to help in the treatment of HIV. (
  • Learners will not become certified traditional healers at the completion of this course but will be able apply basic principles or traditional medicine for health and illnesses. (
  • Students will see a Ugandan group of traditional healers discuss the African traditional herbal remedies. (
  • Traditional healers of South Africa are practitioners of traditional African medicine in Southern Africa . (
  • There are two main types of traditional healers within the Nguni , Sotho-Tswana , and Tsonga societies of Southern Africa: the diviner ( sangoma ), and the herbalist ( inyanga ). (
  • These healers are effectively South African shamans who are highly revered and respected in a society where illness is thought to be caused by witchcraft, pollution (contact with impure objects or occurrences) or through neglect of the ancestors. (
  • [1] [2] It is estimated that there are as many as 200,000 indigenous traditional healers in South Africa compared to 25,000 Western-trained doctors. (
  • [3] Traditional healers are consulted by approximately 60% of the South African population, usually in conjunction with modern biomedical services. (
  • For harmony between the living and the dead, vital for a trouble-free life, traditional healers believe that the ancestors must be shown respect through ritual and animal sacrifice. (
  • Traditional healers will often give their patients muti -medications made from plant, animal and minerals-imbued with spiritual significance. (
  • Although sangoma is a Zulu term that is colloquially used to commonly describe all types of Southern African traditional healers, there are differences between practices: an inyanga is concerned mainly with medicines made from plants and animals, while a sangoma relies primarily on divination for healing purposes and might also be considered a type of fortune teller . (
  • In modern times, colonialism , urbanisation , apartheid and transculturation have blurred the distinction between the two and traditional healers tend to practice both arts. (
  • Each culture has their own terminology for their traditional healers. (
  • Xhosa traditional healers are known as amaxwele (herbalists) or amagqirha (diviners). (
  • [14] Traditional healers work in a sacred healing hut or indumba , where they believe their ancestors reside. (
  • Traditional healers have for centuries advocated the value of using a combination of herbal remedies and single extracts and combined medicinal plants to activate the body's immune system, self-healing, and protective processes [ 3 ]. (
  • These traditional healers have to be called by ancestors or gods. (
  • 2 - 4 This practice is driven by widespread spiritual causal theories of chronic illness, the need for cures, and the endorsement of ethnomedical professionals-in particular traditional religious healers-as experts in treating and curing spiritually caused conditions. (
  • practices of traditional healers. (
  • Due to this, interest in integrating traditional African medicine into the continent's national health care systems has increased and the use of traditional medicinal plants is being encouraged in some countries. (
  • The use of medicinal plants as a fundamental component of the African traditional healthcare system is perhaps the oldest and the most assorted of all therapeutic systems. (
  • Nonetheless, there is still a paucity of updated comprehensive compilation of promising medicinal plants from the African continent. (
  • The major focus of the present review is to provide an updated overview of 10 promising medicinal plants from the African biodiversity which have short- as well as long-term potential to be developed as future phytopharmaceuticals to treat and/or manage panoply of infectious and chronic conditions. (
  • In this endeavour, key scientific databases have been probed to investigate trends in the rapidly increasing number of scientific publications on African traditional medicinal plants. (
  • Within the framework of enhancing the significance of traditional African medicinal plants, aspects such as traditional use, phytochemical profile, in vitro , in vivo , and clinical studies and also future challenges pertaining to the use of these plants have been explored. (
  • The extensive use of traditional medicine in Africa, composed mainly of medicinal plants, has been argued to be linked to cultural and economic reasons. (
  • It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men , witch doctors , and sorcerers. (
  • Natural News ) Medicinal plants have seen much in use as traditional medicines, especially in developing countries. (
  • It is estimated that more than 95 percent of traditional Ethiopian medicines are sourced from medicinal plants. (
  • The compounds also give medicinal plants immune-stimulating and anti-tumor properties that make them effective anti-cancer medicines . (
  • Practitioners work with the patient with a goal ofsupporting this power, through treatments such as nutrition and lifestyle counseling, dietarysupplements, medicinal plants, exercise, homeopathy, and treatments from traditionalChinese medicine.Osteopathic ("ahs-tee-oh-PATH-ic") medicine is a form of conventional medicine that, in part,emphasizes diseases arising in the musculoskeletal system. (
  • They will become familiar specifically with African traditional medicine from Uganda, African healing through music from Gabon, Afro-Cuban and Afro Puerto-Rican healing techniques, medicinal plants for women, Native American feather healing and other topics. (
  • izinyanya ) and the practice of traditional African medicine , which is often a mix of medicinal plants and various animal body fats or skin. (
  • Medicinal plants are an integral part of African culture, one of the oldest and most diverse in the world. (
  • From as early as the 1840's, the Portuguese and other communities in East Africa were using this herb as a supplement for diabetes. (
  • In East Africa, its roots are used against stomach pains, while its leaves are used to treat snake bites and headaches. (
  • Robert D. Hormats , U.S. Under Secretary of State for economic growth, energy and the environment spent about a year in east Africa as a graduate student on a program called Operation Crossroads Africa. (
  • This much extended and revised article incorporates material from: M. Miles (2002) Children with hydrocephalus and spina bifida in East Africa: can family and community resources improve the odds? (
  • Modern science has considered methods of traditional knowledge as primitive and under colonial rule some traditional medical practices were outlawed. (
  • An African healer embraced this concept by starting a 48-bed hospital, the first of its kind, in Kwa-Mhlanga, South Africa, which combines traditional African methods with other alternative medical practices such as homeopathy, iridology, and traditional Asian medicine. (
  • The institution of African Traditional Medicine Day, coupled with continuous support of WHO, has impacted positively on practitioners, practices and products, hence contributing to improving access to medicines in the African Region. (
  • Traditional medicine is the sum total of knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures that are used to maintain health, as well as to prevent, diagnose, improve, or treat physical and mental illnesses [ 1 ]. (
  • This is why the WHO encourages African member states to promote and integrate traditional medical practices in their health system [ 1 ]. (
  • A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the african peoples. (
  • Terms that are underlined in the text are defined atthe end of this fact sheet.What is CAM?CAM is a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices,and products that are not generally considered to be part ofconventional medicine. (
  • The survey provided valuable information about traditional medical practices and practitioners, but it did not lead to their incorporation into biomedical institutions. (
  • THO is an organization of traditional health practitioners and associates who are committed to harnessing, developing and promoting traditional health care practices and systems. (
  • Herbal medicine may also refer to phytomedicine , phytotherapy , [3] or paraherbalism , [4] which are alternative and pseudoscientific practices of using unrefined plant or animal extracts as supposed medicines or health-promoting agents. (
  • Because ATM forms a large portion of the healthcare systems in Africa, it follows that ATM and its practices should receive more attention in bioethics in the present global era. (
  • This chapter presents a brief history of Suriname, addresses the ethnopharmacological practices of Maroons and Creoles as well as Hindustanis and Javanese, and concludes with a few remarks on the previsions provided by the country's rich plant-based traditional medicine. (
  • Also, further RCTs are warranted due to the consumer preferences for natural treatments, especially in health settings with predominant use of traditional medicines and practices," said Arentz. (
  • Traditional medicines are the Medicines with the sum total of the know-how, skills, and practices based at the theories, ideals, and stories indigenous to special cultures, whether explicable or no longer, used within the protection of fitness in addition to inside the prevention, analysis, development or treatment of bodily and intellectual contamination. (
  • The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions . (
  • Mixes of modern and traditional practices are common. (
  • The present review and study is concerned mainly with hydrocephalus and spina bifida in African histories, traditional cultures, and current medical, surgical, and family care practices, while also visiting some broader issues of poverty, development, severe disability, and access to cost-effective services. (
  • Whether you're a health care professional or simply someone who wishes to explore the various traditions that can maximize health and wellness, this program will give you a solid foundation in a variety of traditional healing practices and techniques. (
  • There is the belief among the practitioners of traditional healing that the ability to diagnose and treat illnesses are a gift from God. (
  • Attamah, also the Chairman, Enugu State National Association of Traditional Medicine Practitioners (NANTMP), called on Gov. Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi to come to its aid in developing the state's hospitals. (
  • Traditional health practitioners (THPs) are established healthcare service providers in their communities, more especially in African societies. (
  • WHO recognizes that traditional, complementary and alternative medicine has many benefits and Africa has a long history of traditional medicine and practitioners that play an important role in providing care to populations. (
  • Shortly before and after the political independence of Suriname in 1975, migration to the Netherlands increased significantly and the practitioners of orthodox medicine were confronted, more than in the past, with individuals who attributed their problems to supernatural causes. (
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 80% of the emerging world's population relies on traditional medicine for therapy. (
  • The central government surveyed and licensed traditional doctors as part of a global strategy, led by the World Health Organization, to provide "Health for All by the Year 2000" . (
  • Officials of the World Health organization (WHO) met with 70 traditional medicine experts in Africa in a bid to develop a cure for Covid-19 . (
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 80 percent of the population of some Asian and African countries presently use herbal medicine for some aspect of primary health care. (
  • In a joint effort to enhance research and development of traditional medicines for COVID-19 in Africa, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) today launched an expert advisory committee/panel to provide independent scientific advice and support to countries on the safety, efficacy and quality of traditional medicine therapies. (
  • According to the World Health Organization, there are several challenges associated with the herbal medicine practice ( Figure 1 ), which are related to regulatory status, assessment of safety and efficacy, quality control, safety monitoring, and lack of knowledge about herbal medicine within national drug regulatory authorities ( World Health Organization, 2005 ). (
  • Lead author George Schmid from the World Health Organization (WHO) comments: 'Analysis of studies published by Gisselquist and colleagues provides no compelling evidence that unsafe injections are a major mode of HIV-1 transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. (
  • Mr. Cosmas Attamah, an Enugu-based Traditional Medicine Practitioner, has urged his colleagues to embark on extensive research into roots and herbs that offered optimal benefits in healthcare. (
  • Herbal medicines include herbs, herbal materials, herbal preparations, and finished herbal products that contain parts of plants or other plant materials as active ingredients. (
  • The combination of these two herbs can be used to treat diseases related to inflammation , according to a study published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine . (
  • By the end of the project, we hope to see a substantial increase in the variety and volume of sustainably produced herbs grown in Africa for both the African and the worldwide marketplace. (
  • China's Ministry of Science and Technology, for example, has made the modernisation of traditional chinese medicine one of 12 focal points in its current Five-Year Plan, with US$3.6 million budgeted for screening both conventional chemical compounds and medicinal herbs for drug leads. (
  • Although herbalism may apply modern standards of effectiveness testing to herbs and medicines derived from natural sources, few high-quality clinical trials and standards for purity or dosage exist. (
  • [11] Herbs also commonly featured in the traditional medicine of ancient India, where the principal treatment for diseases was diet. (
  • Duan-fang Liao (MD,PhD), the former president of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, is now a Professor and the Director of Province Key Laboratory for Quality Evaluation of Bulk Herbs of Hunan, and Vice Director of the State Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Powder and Innovative Medicine of China. (
  • Greater numbers of people rely on traditional medicine, mostly based on herbs, for their primary healthcare than 'conventional' or western medicine. (
  • The plant extract has been used for centuries in traditional medicine in Nigeria and could form the basis of a new drug to treat Alzheimer's disease, researchers at The University of Nottingham have found. (
  • A resistant strain of bacteria -created by partially effective counterfeit antibiotics - doesn't need a VISA and passport to get to the U.S. - Paul Orhii, National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, Nigeria I attended a conference in DC yesterday called, "The Global Impact of Fake Medicine. (
  • The challenge of the co-existence of orthodox and traditional medicine in Nigeria. (
  • Music therapy in traditional African society: Origin, basis and application in Nigeria. (
  • The Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. (
  • Johannesburg (AFP) - A suspected poacher was mauled to death and eaten by a pack of lions close to the Kruger National Park in South Africa, police said Monday, adding that little was left of the victim's body. (
  • We used the population viability analysis programme VORTEX to simulate seven 100-year-long scenarios investigating various rates of poisoning mortalities and the remedial effects of poison response activities on a population of Critically Endangered white-backed vultures Gyps africanus breeding in Kruger National Park, South Africa. (
  • Collaboration avec les guérisseurs traditionnels pour la prévention et la prise en charge du VIH en Afrique subsaharienne : suggestions à l'intention des administrateurs de programme et des agents de terrain. (
  • In February 2016 the TNHA published a report detailing strident, yet little publicized steps taken by the African Union Commission (AUC), the Pan-African Parliament (PAP), the NEPAD Agency's African Medicines Regulatory Harmonization Programme and various international donors to establish a supra-national Medicines Regulatory Agency for the entire African continent, styled similarly to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in Europe. (
  • 1 Embryonic Differentiation and Development Research Programme, School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. (
  • Medicine Programme of the WHO properties. (
  • Traditional medicine in Africa / edited by Isaac Sindiga, Chacha Nyaigotti-Chacha and Mary Peter Kanunah. (
  • Death in abeyance : illness and therapy among the Tabwa of central Africa / Christopher O. Davis. (
  • Meanwhile, advocating for "Brand Africa" emerged as the number one priority for Member States in Southern Africa, and in Central Africa, the focus is on strengthening tourism statistics systems. (
  • For example, the bark of Prunus africana , a major ingredient in traditional medicines for fevers and reproductive ailments in the region, was harvested from Oku and other highland chiefdoms for the manufacture of Tadenan (or Pygeum ), sold internationally as a treatment for prostate hyperplasia. (
  • In his opening remarks, the lord mayor of KMC Mr. Yankuba Colley said that time and science have proven that traditional medicine remains a vital component in the treatment of ailments of all sorts in every part of the world. (
  • Besides the use of indigenous based remedies for treatment of HIV and AIDS, the interest has also been increased by the continued use of these remedies for immune system based ailments even when allopathic medicines may be available. (
  • The bark of African mango has been used in traditional medicine for stomach and intestinal ailments, to relieve pain, and to prevent infections. (
  • These ailments often cause pregnant women to resort to self-medication including the use of herbal medicines ( John and Shantakumari, 2015 ). (
  • In South Africa the local population relies extensively on indigenous plants in the formulation of traditional medicines to treat skin ailments. (
  • Africa is facing the gravity of the situation as more than 500 COVID-19 cases have been confirmed in 31 of the 55 African Union (AU) members as of Wednesday, according to the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC). (
  • The philosophy of African traditional healing centers around restoring the body's energy balance and strengthening both mind and body through combinations of physical and mental interventions. (
  • The African CDC was launched on the 31st of January 2017 and is modeled on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ["CDC"] in the USA, and retains a collaborative partnership through a Memorandum of Collaboration. (
  • The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the use of Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicine (TCAM) for HIV patients prior to initiating antiretroviral therapy in three public hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. (
  • Langlois-Klassen, Kipp, Jhangri and Rubaale [ 12 ] studied the use of traditional herbal medicine by 137 AIDS patients in Kabarole District, western Uganda. (
  • The therapy has been clinically used for HIV/Aids for almost 25 years mainly in Africa and Asia and expected in the European market soon. (
  • The Chinese HIV/Aids therapy is motivated by March 2012 resolution at the first China-Africa International Cooperation and Development Forum on Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy (Africa Forum on TCM) in Cape Town, South Africa. (
  • Three ethical issues in the development of public genetic health policies in Africa', accepted for publication in The Journal of AIDS and Clinical Research , 5, (12). (
  • This has become the treatment for HIV/AIDS patients here since early January, when Gambian President Yahya Jammeh announced he had discovered a cure for the disease that has wreaked havoc across Africa. (
  • The West African country of Burkina Faso (BFA) is an example for the enduring importance of traditional plant use today. (
  • Twenty-four communities in Burkina Faso, 24 communities in Uganda, and 34 communities in South Africa were assigned in a 1:1 ratio, by use of a computer-generated randomisation sequence, to the control or intervention clusters. (
  • A total of 2,579 mother-infants pairs were assigned to the intervention or control clusters in Burkina Faso (n=392 and n = 402, respectively), Uganda (n=396 and n=369, respectively), and South Africa (n=535 and 485, respectively). (
  • Our primary objective is to establish a burgeoning centre of excellence that advances the contribution of African traditional medicines by addressing the health and economic needs of this country and the continent. (
  • Among such patients, few data are available on the prevalence and patterns of traditional and alternative therapy use. (
  • There is a growing prevalence of chronic illnesses such as cancer and diabetes in Cameroon and throughout sub-Saharan Africa. (
  • Traditional herbal medicines (THM) are used for the management of hypertension but the prevalence of its use among hypertensive patients living in South African communities is not sufficiently known. (
  • This was a cross-sectional descriptive study to determine the prevalence of THM use for hypertension, among 135 purposefully selected South African participants of the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study, who are THM users. (
  • The study gives an insight into the prevalence of THM use by hypertensive patients in selected South African communities. (
  • The prevalence and differential between the intervention and control groups is much lower in South Africa. (
  • The authors conclude that low-intensity individual breastfeeding peer counselling is achievable and, although it does not affect the diarrhoea prevalence, can be used to effectively increase EBF prevalence in many sub-Saharan African settings. (
  • Then, we discuss the prevalence of herbal medicine use during pregnancy across different sub-Saharan African countries, as well as the indications, adverse outcomes, and effectiveness of the most commonly used herbal medicines during pregnancy in that region. (
  • While still fighting against COVID-19 at home, China is supporting and helping African countries and regional organizations to the best of its ability, winning appreciation from across the continent. (
  • The Gambia on Tuesday joined the rest of the African continent to celebrate the African Traditional Medicine Day with the theme: 'Traditional medicine decade, progress so far. (
  • Furthermore, the survey also found that Member States from across the continent would like to see UNWTO add a new section to the Agenda for Africa focusing on the promotion of regional and domestic tourism . (
  • Author Benjamin Ofori-Amoah challenges common misconceptions and misrepresentations of Africa from a geographical perspective, harnessing the power of modern geographic mapping technology to explore this unique continent. (
  • Coverage of the entirety of Africa enables students to develop a cohesive portrait of the continent as a whole and identify the dynamism of its nations, cultures, and economies. (
  • By pooling expertise within the continent, the Regional Expert Committee will also accelerate the pace and elevate the standards of research, particularly clinical research on new therapies from traditional medicines against COVID-19. (
  • Commendable efforts are ongoing on the continent to find COVID-19 therapies in traditional medicine. (
  • This essentially means that existing National Medicines Regulatory Agencies in each individual African country will begin to divest many of their statutory functions and powers, and hand the levers of control and decision-making to the centralized AMA headquarters somewhere yet to be announced on the African continent. (
  • According to official position statements by the NEPAD Agency, the AMA is expected to provide leadership, to ensure that there are harmonized (one size fits all) and strengthened regulatory systems, which govern the regulation of medicines and medical products on the African continent. (
  • According to the Observer Research Foundation, an independent think tank based in India, Africa accounts for only 3 percent of the global medicine production and that 95 percent of the medicines consumed in the continent are imported. (
  • The national-scale analysis revealed systematic patterns of traditional plant use throughout BFA. (
  • Gov. Ugwuanyi, who was represented at the occasion by the Deputy Governor, Mrs. Cecelia Ezeilo, promised the organisation that a traditional medicine board would be created to prevent quacks in the practice. (
  • Psychology and health in African cultures : examples of ethnopsychotherapeutic practice / Karl Peltzer. (
  • Applying traditional medicines to cleanse the blood is a common practice among Africans and is linked to boosting body energy. (
  • The African Bantu traditional practice of medicine. (
  • Although most Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam , African people often combine the practice of their traditional beliefs with the practice of Abrahamic religions. (
  • An important support function of Making All Voices Count South Africa is to design, plan and facilitate community of practice gatherings for sustained learning and sharing across Making All Voices Count grantees. (
  • This practice paper reflects on the development of an appropriate and confidential feedback mechanism for users of post-rape services at Thuthuzela Care Centres / Rape Crisis Centres in Tshwane, South Africa. (
  • In this review, an overview of the practice of herbal medicine, including the regulations, challenges and overall safety, is provided. (
  • It is likely that the profound knowledge of herbal remedies in traditional cultures, developed through trial and error over many centuries, along with the most important cures was carefully passed on verbally from one generation to another. (
  • This is particularly problematic, as herbal medicine use during pregnancy raises several concerns attributed to the herbal ingredient itself, conventional drug-herbal medicine interactions, and contamination or adulteration of herbal remedies. (
  • Moreover, several local herbal remedies used by sub-Saharan African pregnant women have never been botanically identified. (
  • Although the ethno-botanical data is imprecise, there is a strong following of this herb in the treatment of diabetes and its associated symptoms in Africa, South America and India. (
  • The conventional folks medicines of India use medicinal plant based pills for preventing or suppressing various sickness. (
  • Then we'll explore in depth six global traditions: Ayurvedic medicine of India, the indigenous medicine of Central and South America, Native North American healing, the healing traditions of South Africa, traditional Chinese medicine, and Unani medicine of Eastern Europe. (
  • Turmeric and its yellow pigment and active ingredient, curcumin, have long been used in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicines to reduce inflammation and treat digestive problems, wounds, and inflammation. (
  • Traditional African medicine is a range of traditional medicine disciplines involving indigenous herbalism and African spirituality, typically including diviners, midwives, and herbalists. (
  • In the 21st century, modern pharmaceuticals and medical procedures remain inaccessible to large numbers of African people due to their relatively high cost and concentration of health facilities in urban centres. (
  • The health organisation said an agreement was reached with the herbal medicine experts on clinical trials of their remedies. (
  • They unanimously agreed that clinical trials must be conducted for all medicines in the Region, without exception. (
  • The 25-member Regional Expert Committee on Traditional Medicine for COVID-19 will support countries in collaborative efforts to conduct clinical trials of traditional medicines in compliance with international standards. (
  • Members of the Regional Expert Committee are mainly from research institutions, national regulatory authorities, traditional medicine programmes, public health departments, academia, medical pharmacy professions and civil society organizations of Member States. (
  • As can be seen in a newly released info-graphic published by the NEPAD Agency relating to the AMA's harmonization strategy, it is evident that the current domestic functions and responsibilities of National Medicines Regulatory Authorities, including the registration of medicines, the issuing of manufacturing and distribution licenses, conducting site inspections and the overseeing of appeals procedures will be conferred to the AMA once it has launched and becomes fully operational. (
  • In Ethiopia, reports suggest that more than 70 percent of the population still relies on traditional medicines and considers them their primary source of healthcare. (
  • On March 6, the Namibia Association of Medical Aid Funds, a juristic body for medical aid funds in the country, granted the registration, making Namibia the latest to join a long list of African countries that have formally incorporated the TCM into their public healthcare system. (
  • Yohannes Chala, head of the Addis Ababa Health Bureau, said "Chinese medicine and medical applications are highly regarded among Ethiopians," and that "the most common form of Chinese medical engagement in Ethiopia's healthcare sector is the application of acupuncture. (
  • On Wednesday afternoon, Chinese experts and officials from health and customs departments shared information and experience about COVID-19 in a video conference with officials and healthcare specialists from Africa CDC and 24 African countries, showing commitment to sharing experience and supporting Africa in the fight against the pandemic. (
  • Governments in several African states are now giving maximum attention to alternative healthcare systems, which in effect has instigated a new drive for research and investment in the design of new programmes in this field. (
  • 80% of people in Africa use traditional medicine for primary healthcare. (
  • Herbalism (also herbal medicine ) is the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes. (
  • In "12 Days in Africa,' Lisa shares observations and reflections from her short-term missionary trip to Uganda. (
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Medicine, African traditional. (
  • Traditional Medicine in Africa, The inaccessibility of biomedicine to most of Africa´s population because of escalating costs has necessitated a search for alternative ways of managing illnesses. (
  • NAIROBI, March 19 (Xinhua) -- It took Peng Wang, a practitioner of the Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) in Windhoek, three years to get TCM treatment registered in Namibia's health sector. (
  • At the forum, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) was agreed to have preventive effect many diseases in Africa. (
  • Traditional Chinese medicine has even made it onto the region's political agenda. (
  • Dr. Wei Wang is a Distinguished Furong Professor at School of Pharmacy, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine. (
  • Dr. Lee has worked on numerous drug discovery projects related to traditional Chinese medicine, contributing significantly to the development of alternative therapies for substance abuse and for osteoarthritis. (
  • Much of the trade supplies the traditional Chinese medicine sector. (
  • This unique event, scheduled to take place April 4-6, 2000 in Cape Town, South Africa, will provide a valuable educational forum for a gathering of pan-African natural products producers as well as buyers from both the regional and worldwide natural products marketplace. (
  • According to him, Dr. Samba, during his stewardship was able to convince African countries to adopt the decade 2000 to 2010 as traditional medicine decade. (
  • This builds on the UNWTO Agenda for Africa - Tourism for Inclusive Growth , the roadmap for African tourism that was adopted at the UNWTO General Assembly in 2019, and is based on the responses to a survey sent out by the Regional Department for Africa. (
  • Liao Hansu (3rd L), a member of the 12th batch of Chinese medical workers sent to Comoros, poses for photos with her African colleagues in Comoros, March 15, 2019. (
  • The formal launch of the AMA is now imminent, following the AU adopting its 31-page Treaty for the Establishment of the African Medicines Agency on the 11th of February 2019. (
  • Even in other African countries, traditional medicines are more widely used than modern medicines due to their accessibility, affordability and wide acceptance by different communities. (
  • TIB products have been clinically and widely used in Africa for almost 25 years and its clinical efficacy is very promising. (
  • Plants have been the basis for medical treatments through much of human history, and such traditional medicine is still widely practiced today. (
  • [16] Among the 120 active compounds currently isolated from the higher plants and widely used in modern medicine today, 80% show a positive correlation between their modern therapeutic use and the traditional use of the plants from which they are derived. (
  • Bulbine natalensis and Bulbine frutescens of the Asphodelaceae family are indigenous to only southern Africa and are widely used as a skin remedy. (
  • For various reasons, in the late 20th century the traditional systems of medical care in developing countries underwent a major revival. (
  • He said that traditional medicine could be developed for export to other countries like the Chinese and the Indians do. (
  • Asian countries, especially China, have gone quite far in traditional medicine development. (
  • In countries like Ethiopia, traditional medicines are used to treat serious diseases like cancer. (
  • However, since the world is searching for the best prevention vaccines and treatment methods, the TCM has so far played a substantial role in China's fight against the novel coronavirus and I believe that this can be taken as a model for African countries to contain COVID-19. (
  • It is my hope that more countries, particularly African countries, will take note of this worthy experience and do more research to help their own citizens," he added. (
  • WHOAFRO tweeted, "70 traditional medicine experts from countries across #Africa held a virtual meeting with @WHO on the role of traditional medicine in the #COVID19 response. (
  • Since 1960, Chinese medical teams have made contributions to improvement of local health conditions in African countries. (
  • Furthermore, several African countries have passed legislations to recognize legality of Chinese supplementary medicine, especially acupuncture. (
  • As the last of four courses on Curanderismo, the art of Hispanic/Latino traditional medicine, this course focuses specifically on traditional healing using different techniques of many countries around the world. (
  • Should African countries prolong border closure to EU? (
  • On the ground in 41 African countries with an external office in Japan, the Bank contributes to the economic development and the social progress of its 54 regional member states. (
  • Since China started medical assistance to Africa in 1963, as of last year, Chinese medical personnel have treated some 220 million patients in 48 African countries, according to the National Health Commission. (
  • While some countries like South Africa and Morocco produce 70 - 80 percent of their medicines, certain central African countries import close to 100 percent of their needs, the foundation said. (
  • However, in several sub-Saharan African countries, there is a paucity of data on the use of herbal medicines among pregnant women. (
  • The revised article concerns social responses to children with hydrocephalus and spina bifida in African countries, and the historical development of ways in which various resources have been used to improve their life chances, and overcome the disabling effects of these conditions. (
  • Meanwhile, in many African countries the achievement of reducing under-5 child mortality from a rate of around 40% in the mid-20th century to between 10% and 15% in the late 1990s has enabled far more children with severe impairments to survive and to make demands on health and education services that are hardly ready for them. (
  • Liver and Gallbladder: treats anemia and hepatitis (Cape Verde) Blood: increases lifespan, treats anemia and asthma (Cape Verde), rheumatism (Ghana) The legal framework for sea turtle protection in West African governments is either underdeveloped or absent entirely, although many nations are beginning to address this. (
  • Already, some state governments have created traditional medicine boards to sanitise the system and to get rid of quacks. (
  • According to her, the day was earmarked for governments and stakeholders to take stock of their contributions in the promotions of traditional medicine and for them to dwell on the theme of the occasion for their future plans and stimulation. (
  • In recognition of its role in health development in Africa, Heads of State and Government at their Summit in Maputo (Mozambique) in 2003 endorsed the institution of the African Traditional Medicine Day for Advocacy since about 80% of the African populations use it for their health care needs. (
  • The first formal step to establish the Agency followed the ratification of the African Union Model Law on Medical Products Regulation by African Heads of State and Government at the African Union (AU) Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in January 2016. (
  • As colonialism and Christianity spread through Africa, colonialists built general hospitals and Christian missionaries built private ones, with the hopes of making headway against widespread diseases. (
  • Polytheism was widespreaded in most of ancient African and other regions of the world, before the introduction of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism . (
  • Changing health beliefs are less the result of the introduction of a new health philosophy than of the retreat, under the impact of Christianity, of traditional religion which embodied the older health philosophy. (
  • Treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer s disease is currently limited, and new medicines that alleviate the symptoms and restrict disease progression are required. (
  • Over decades, Chinese medical teams in Africa have established a solid reputation for applying TCM therapy to treat diseases, many of which are chronic and difficult. (
  • Natural News ) Traditionally, South African geranium ( Pelargonium sidoides ) has been used to treat diseases, such as respiratory and gastrointestinal infections, dysmenorrhea, and liver disorders. (
  • The researchers concluded that the combination of South African geranium and Chinese goldthread root can be a potential agent for treating inflammation-related diseases. (
  • In South Africa, several species of the genus Maytenus are used in traditional medicine to treat various infectious diseases. (
  • In South Africa, over 6 million people are hypertensive and the burden of disease shows that cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death among adults. (
  • 1 Studies suggest that healer shopping within ethnomedical systems is the primary and dominant response for chronically ill people in Africa. (
  • Tshabalala-Msimang said current estimates suggested that more than 60 percent of the world's population relied on traditional medicines, and in South Africa, this figure was over 80 percent. (
  • World's largest Science, Technology & Medicine Open Access book publisher. (
  • Reflecting the specific and unique characteristics of their regions, these traditional healing systems provide the primary form of health care for the majority of the world's population. (
  • Abrahamic religious beliefs, especially monotheistic elements, such as the belief in a single creator god, was introduced into traditionally polytheistic African religions rather early. (
  • Although used traditionally in Africa, scientific data are lacking to support these claims. (
  • Herbal medicine use has grown considerably worldwide among pregnant women, and is particularly widespread in sub-Saharan Africa. (
  • As the world races to find treatment and vaccines against the virus, research into traditional and orthodox medicines as potential COVID-19 therapy must be grounded in science, and today marks an important step in supporting these endeavours," said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa. (
  • Traditional medicine was the dominant medical system for millions of people in Africa prior the arrival of the Europeans who introduced science-based medicine, which was a noticeable turning point in the history of this tradition and culture. (
  • Though, of course neighbouring medical traditions influenced traditional African medicine. (
  • The medical diagnoses and chosen methods of treatment in traditional African medicine rely heavily on spiritual aspects, often based on the belief that psycho-spiritual aspects should be addressed before the medical aspects. (
  • The study was led by Dr. Wayne Carter in the University's Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine, based at Royal Derby Hospital. (
  • In South Africa, doctors who use the TCM are registered under the Allied Health Professions Council and can claim medical aid. (
  • The reports of overburdened, underfunded medical systems in Africa are often accompanied by a recommendation for the integration/collaboration/professionalisation of traditional doctors and traditional medicines. (
  • Colley added that the successes of these traditional medicines were established in Western medical laboratories yet with much ambiguity. (
  • She went on to thank President Jammeh for his relentless effort in the promotion of traditional medicine and assured traditional medical institutions in the country that the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare is ever-ready to cooperate with them in the quest to accelerate health development through the use of traditional medicine. (
  • Based at China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, scientist Youyou Tu, the Physiology - Medicine Nobel winner has changed perception of TCMs as alternative medicine, especially in low economies. (
  • It attempts to define the problems of traditional medicine in Africa, while also discussing the conceptual foundations of African ethnomedicine and medical pluralism. (
  • In this dissertation, another approach to informed consent is considered -that of communal culture of Africa, a process used in African traditional medicine (ATM) wherein patients make medical decisions and give consent in consultation with the members of their community and the ATM doctor. (
  • Prof. KO, Seong-Gyu is the faculty and Vice Dean of College of Korean Medicine and Director of East-West Medical Research Institute at the Kyung Hee University, Seoul, KOREA. (
  • For over 50 years, China has sent more than 21,000 medical workers to provide medical aid in Africa. (
  • NANNING, Aug. 9 (Xinhua) -- When night falls, Liao Hansu, a Chinese obstetrician, finishes her daily ward inspection and recalls the memories of her medical aid experiences in Comoros, a small African country in the Indian Ocean. (
  • For over 50 years, over 21,000 Chinese medical workers like Liao have been sent to provide medical aid in Africa, and along with government programs to improve local medical conditions, they have been changing the Continent's health conditions for better. (
  • For medical workers like Liao, life and work are quite different in Africa than back at home. (
  • Guangxi medical teams have trained more than 4,000 local medical personnel in Africa since 2013, according to the health commission of Guangxi. (
  • Children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus in Africa: can medical, family and community resources improve the life chances? (
  • Independent Living Institute (ILI) » Library » Children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus in Africa: can medical, family and community resources improve the life chances? (
  • In 2002 to 2005, WHO adopted strategies which incorporated the attainment of the goals of traditional medicine decade," she said. (
  • CONCLUSION: This study justifies the traditional use of leaf crude extracts and fractions from these four plants to remedy gastrointestinal disorders resulting from infection, inflammation and oxidative stress complications. (
  • The pain-relieving components of African mango bark are not yet known, but a study demonstrated that both water and ethanol extracts produce pain-relieving effects, with the water extract having stronger effects. (
  • These findings validate the traditional use of the leaf gel extracts of B. frutescens and B. natalensis in the treatment of wounds and may warrant further investigation towards producing a low-cost effective topical treatment for wounds. (
  • Traditional Medicine is the oldest form of health care in the world and is used in the prevention, and treatment of physical and mental illnesses. (
  • In traditional times, natural illnesses were attributed to poor sanitation, poor nutrition, and lack of good water. (
  • [15] In comparison, herbal medicines can be grown from seed or gathered from nature for little or no cost. (
  • In addition to being a guide, "12 Days in Africa" showcases how Lisa discovered there is a world of children that need love when your own children have grown up. (
  • Her research on artemisinin, catapulted her discovery in therapy against malaria, a disease responsible for millions of death in Africa annually. (
  • The in traditional plants for treating identification of the plants listed, vivo tests are conducted with either malaria. (
  • as anti-malaria medicine, to relieve erythrocyte phase of the parasite (a pain or reduce body temperature in method developed by J. LEBRAS) fever, or to enhance the effectiveness and in vivo testing among rodents (a of chloroquine. (
  • Modern medicine offers several methods to address cancer, but these are held back by some factors, first of which has to do with economics. (
  • However, all West African coastal nations are relatively recent signatories of international initiatives, such as the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), both of which seek to conserve sea turtle populations. (
  • Along with bycatch from commercial fishing, small-scale harvesting for use in traditional medicine has decimated West African turtle populations. (
  • As the West African coast is home to some of the largest sea turtle populations in the world, it is one of the most ecologically important sites for sea turtle development. (
  • Traditional medicine that has been adopted by other populations (outside its indigenous culture) is often termed complementary or alternative medicine (CAM) [ 1 , 2 ]. (
  • In addition to causing over-exploitation of forests, the commercialisation of this traditional medicine did not confer any discernible financial or health benefit on local populations. (
  • [11] [12] Sangomas perform a holistic and symbolic form of healing by drawing on the embedded beliefs of the Bantu peoples in South Africa , who believe that ancestors in the afterlife guide and protect the living. (