Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Automobile Driver Examination: Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.United StatesHealth Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Morning Sickness: Symptoms of NAUSEA and VOMITING in pregnant women that usually occur in the morning during the first 2 to 3 months of PREGNANCY. Severe persistent vomiting during pregnancy is called HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Medication Systems: Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.IllinoisHealth Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Gulf War: United Nations' action to intervene in conflict between the nation of Kuwait and occupying Iraqi forces, occurring from 1990 through 1991.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Southwestern United States: The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Utilization Review: An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Psychophysiology: The study of the physiological basis of human and animal behavior.Complementary Therapies: Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.ArthritisSex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Persian Gulf Syndrome: Unexplained symptoms reported by veterans of the Persian Gulf War with Iraq in 1991. The symptoms reported include fatigue, skin rash, muscle and joint pain, headaches, loss of memory, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, and extreme sensitivity to commonly occurring chemicals. (Nature 1994 May 5;369(6475):8)United States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Catatonia: A neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by one or more of the following essential features: immobility, mutism, negativism (active or passive refusal to follow commands), mannerisms, stereotypies, posturing, grimacing, excitement, echolalia, echopraxia, muscular rigidity, and stupor; sometimes punctuated by sudden violent outbursts, panic, or hallucinations. This condition may be associated with psychiatric illnesses (e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; MOOD DISORDERS) or organic disorders (NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME; ENCEPHALITIS, etc.). (From DSM-IV, 4th ed, 1994; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Residential Treatment: A specialized residential treatment program for behavior disorders including substance abuse. It may include therapeutically planned group living and learning situations including teaching of adaptive skills to help patient functioning in the community. (From Kahn, A. P. and Fawcett, J. Encyclopedia of Mental Health, 1993, p320.)MarylandNaval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Disease: A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.CaliforniaSingaporeBack Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Housing for the Elderly: Housing arrangements for the elderly or aged, intended to foster independent living. The housing may take the form of group homes or small apartments. It is available to the economically self-supporting but the concept includes housing for the elderly with some physical limitations. The concept should be differentiated from HOMES FOR THE AGED which is restricted to long-term geriatric facilities providing supervised medical and nursing services.Patients: Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Physician's Role: The expected function of a member of the medical profession.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Mexican Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.PrisonersTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Inpatients: Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.Patient Discharge: The administrative process of discharging the patient, alive or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Drug Therapy: The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Health Services Misuse: Excessive, under or unnecessary utilization of health services by patients or physicians.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.ChicagoEmergencies: Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.Frail Elderly: Older adults or aged individuals who are lacking in general strength and are unusually susceptible to disease or to other infirmity.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Patient Admission: The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.New YorkMood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Prisons: Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Diagnosis-Related Groups: A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.Medical Records: Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Mobility Limitation: Difficulty in walking from place to place.Hospitals, Veterans: Hospitals providing medical care to veterans of wars.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Hospital Charges: The prices a hospital sets for its services. HOSPITAL COSTS (the direct and indirect expenses incurred by the hospital in providing the services) are one factor in the determination of hospital charges. Other factors may include, for example, profits, competition, and the necessity of recouping the costs of uncompensated care.WashingtonHealth Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Diabetes Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Pneumococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Emergency Medical Services: Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.PennsylvaniaAntidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Heart Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Eligibility Determination: Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.Homeless Persons: Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.Surgical Procedures, Operative: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Erectile Dysfunction: The inability in the male to have a PENILE ERECTION due to psychological or organ dysfunction.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions: Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.Meditation: A state of consciousness in which the individual eliminates environmental stimuli from awareness so that the mind can focus on a single thing, producing a state of relaxation and relief from stress. A wide variety of techniques are used to clear the mind of stressful outside interferences. It includes meditation therapy. (Mosby's Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)Great BritainReferral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems: Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Sickness Impact Profile: A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Thyroid Diseases: Pathological processes involving the THYROID GLAND.Self Disclosure: A willingness to reveal information about oneself to others.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Continuity of Patient Care: Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.GeorgiaGeriatrics: The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Medical conditions. There are a number of medications and other health problems that can predispose to diabetes. Some of ... "Standards of medical care in diabetes--2015: summary of revisions". Diabetes Care. 38 Suppl (38): S4. January 2015. doi:10.2337 ... O'Gorman DJ, Krook A (September 2011). "Exercise and the treatment of diabetes and obesity". The Medical Clinics of North ... Type 1 and type 2 diabetes were identified as separate conditions for the first time by the Indian physicians Sushruta and ...
Associated medical conditions. Peroxisomal disorders are a class of medical conditions that typically affect the human ...
Medical conditions associated with an increased risk of PTSD include cancer, heart attack, and stroke. 22% ... Associated medical conditions. Trauma survivors often develop depression, anxiety disorders, and mood disorders in addition to ... "conditions of great stress". The diagnosis includes language which relates the condition to combat as well as to "civilian ... Assessment and Management of Conditions Specifically Related to Stress (PDF). Geneva: World Health Organization. 2013. ISBN 978 ...
Chronic medical conditions. Persons with component deficiencies in the final common complement pathway (C3,C5-C9) are ... Children 2-10 years of age who are at high risk for meningococcal disease such as certain chronic medical conditions and travel ... Laboratory personnel and medical staff are at risk of exposure to N. meningitides or to patients with meningococcal disease. ... Medical staff. Health care people should receive routine immunization against meningococcal disease for laboratory ...
Medical conditions. Albinism is a genetic abnormality in which little or no pigment is found in human hair, eyes, and ... It changes more slowly under dry oxidizing conditions (such as in burials in sand or in ice) than under wet reducing conditions ... Conditions affecting hair color. Aging or achromotrichia. Children born with some hair colors may find it gradually ... "Medical Daily. Retrieved 17 January 2016.. *^ Etienne, Gabriel; Cony-Makhoul, Pascale; Mahon, François-Xavier (8 August 2002). ...
Medical contraindications. Main article: Breastfeeding by HIV infected mothers. Medical conditions that do not allow ... Medical conditions. Undiagnosed maternal celiac disease may cause a short duration of the breastfeeding period. Treatment ... It is usually preventable, unless caused by medical conditions that have been estimated to affect up to five percent of women.[ ... Medical conditions that do not allow breastfeeding are rare. Mothers who take certain recreational drugs and medications ...
Medical condition. Following the release, doubts were expressed whether Megrahi was as ill as claimed by MacAskill in his ... In response to an attempt to have his medical condition made public from Scottish Tories in July 2010, First Minister Alex ... "Medical advice on Libyan bomber 'in doubt'". The Scotsman. Retrieved 5 June 2010.. ... MEGRAHI could have as long as five years to live, but the average life expectancy of someone of his age with his condition is ...
Medical conditions. Breast changes like atypical ductal hyperplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ, found ... "Canadian Medical Association Journal. 183 (17): 1991-2001. doi:10.1503/cmaj.110334. PMC 3225421 . PMID 22106103.. ... Stage 0 is a pre-cancerous or marker condition, either ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). ... the surgeon was the king of the medical profession. Additionally, there were far more European women surgeons: Less than ...
As a medical condition. Road rage is not an official mental disorder recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ... The number of territory markers predicted road rage better than vehicle value or condition. Furthermore, only the number of ... "Road rage' gets a medical diagnosis". MSNBC. 2006-06-05. Retrieved August 19, 2011.. ...
Relationship with medical conditions. There is evidence that certain medical conditions (normally only neurological conditions ... Watanabe, T. (2003). "Lucid Dreaming: Its Experimental Proof and Psychological Conditions". J Int Soc Life Inf Sci. 21 (1). ... These conditions may occur because, during REM sleep, the flow of information between the hippocampus and neocortex is reduced. ...
However, the results of these tests proved inconclusive; therefore, the precise cause of Merrick's medical condition remains ... his condition has been a source of curiosity for medical professionals. His appearance at the meeting of the Pathological ... The case received only a brief mention in the British Medical Journal, and the Lancet declined to mention it at all. Four ... "The "Elephant-Man"", British Medical Journal, 2 (1354): 1188-1189, 11 December 1886, doi:10.1136/bmj.2.1354.1171. ...
Medical conditions. The differential diagnosis for LUTS is broad and includes various medical conditions, neurologic ... "University of Maryland Medical Center.. *^ Y. de Jong; R.M. ten Brinck; J.H.F.M. Pinckaers; A.A.B. Lycklama à Nijeholt. " ... If medical treatment is not effective a person may try office-based therapies or transurethral resection of prostate (TURP), ... Gu, F (March 1997). "Changes in the prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia in China". Chinese medical journal. 110 (3): 163 ...
Critical Condition Monitoring; Medical Response Monitoring; Elevator Telephone Monitoring; Hold-Up or Panic Alarm Monitoring; ... High-end systems connect to a central station or first responder (e.g. police/fire/medical) via a direct phone wire, a cellular ... It is easier to know when there are false alarms, because the system is designed to react to that condition. Failure alarms are ... To prevent a clandestine attack using a secondary light source being used to hold the detector in a sealed condition whilst an ...
Infobox medical condition. Navigation menu. Personal tools. *Not logged in. *Talk. *Contributions ...
Other causes are medical conditions such as pesticide exposure, mercury poisoning, diabetic neuropathy, skin cancer, ... In the 1797 edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, a description of the condition raphania includes the symptom: .mw-parser- ...
Complications of surgical and medical care. *Transfusion medicine. Hidden categories: *Infobox medical condition ...
Clinical presentation is typical only in 50-75% of cases; and many other conditions such as mastitis or even heart ... under laboratory conditions - successfully modulated by estrogen, but not by tamoxifen. ...
Medical emergencies. *Symptoms and signs: Urinary system. *Men's health. Hidden categories: *Infobox medical condition ... "Testicle pain: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". National Institute of Health.. *^ Chalett JM, Nerenberg LT (October 2000). "" ... Chronic scrotal pain (pain for greater than 3 months) may occur due to a number of underlying conditions. It occurs in 15-19 ... It is a rare condition but fatal if not identified and aggressively treated with a combination of surgical debridement and ...
List of cutaneous conditions. References. *^ Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology ... 2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. pp. 654-6. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9.. ...
In medical practice, hormonal and nerve inputs that maintain an organ or body part are said to have trophic effects. A ... This condition is called sarcopenia, and may be distinct from atrophy in its pathophysiology. While the exact cause of ... Other syndromes or conditions which can induce skeletal muscle atrophy are congestive heart failure and liver disease. ... Dystrophies, myositis, and motor neuron conditions. Pathologic atrophy of muscles can occur with diseases of the motor ...
... is a common medical term for thoughts about homicide. There is a range of homicidal thoughts which spans ... Homicidal ideation may arise in relation to behavioural conditions such as personality disorder (particularly conduct disorder ... They should be brought swiftly to a place where an assessment can be made and any underlying medical or mental disorder should ... Delirium is often drug induced or secondary to general medical illness(es) (see ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural ...
Medical care. If the rash does not improve or continues to spread after 2-3 of days of self-care, or if the itching and/ ... "Contact Dermatitis and Related Conditions". Clevelandclinicmeded.com. Retrieved 2014-04-17.. *^ Irritant Contact Dermatitis. ... Medical treatment usually consists of lotions, creams, or oral medications.. *Corticosteroids. A corticosteroid medication ... Physical irritant contact dermatitis may most commonly be caused by low humidity from air conditioning. Also, many plants ...
... is a condition or a process in which an organism becomes chemically harmed severely (poisoned) by a toxic substance ... In the medical sense, toxicity and poisoning can be caused by less dangerous substances than those legally classified as a ...
"linitis plastica" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary. *^ Bevan S, Houlston RS (1999). "Genetic predisposition to gastric cancer". ...
Infobox medical condition. Navigation menu. Personal tools. *Not logged in. *Talk. *Contributions ...
... yet which do not have any effect on the conditions they purport to cure, and often carry with them serious side effects that ... but also from the medical fraternity. The book was frequently criticized for being sensational propaganda, and many at the time ... Several professionals in the medical industry also pointed to the unscientific and spurious conclusions reached, with one ...
A war pensions tribunal in London yesterday ruled the term Gulf War Syndrome is the appropriate medical label to be attached ... to Mr Martins condition. The ruling will enable the other servicemen to claim their disablement pensions. ...
... had general medical condition. The most common catatonic symptoms, occurring in over two-thirds of participants, were mutism, ... a diagnosis of catatonia due to general medical condition (GMC), the GMC being Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection/Acquired ... By using this website, you agree to our Terms and Conditions, Privacy statement and Cookies policy. ... All participants were discharged with good improvement except one case that was discharged against medical advice as the family ...
People with Certain Medical Conditions. *Other People Who Need Extra Precautionsplus icon*Rural Communities ...
The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always see your healthcare provider ... Health Home Conditions and Diseases Peripheral Neuropathy. Facebook Twitter Linkedin Pinterest Print. What You Need to Know * ... If an underlying condition like diabetes is at fault, your healthcare provider will treat that first and then treat the pain ... In many cases, a different type of problem, such as a kidney condition or a hormone imbalance, leads to peripheral neuropathy. ...
... have another medical condition (such as a weakened immune system) or are malnourished. ... You may be more prone to salmonellosis if you are elderly, have another medical condition (such as a weakened immune system) or ... You may be more prone to salmonellosis if you are elderly, have another medical condition (such as a weakened immune system) or ... The symptoms of stomach cancer are usually vague and can be common to other medical conditions... ...
Pages in category "Infobox medical condition (new)". The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 5,299 ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Infobox_medical_condition_(new)&oldid=812795841" ...
... condition of growth retardation resulting in abnormally short adult stature and caused by a variety of hereditary and metabolic ... Dwarfism, condition of growth retardation resulting in abnormally short adult stature and caused by a variety of hereditary and ... Inadequate production of thyroid hormone during gestation and early infancy results in a condition known as cretinism, which is ... Deformities in cats caused by genetic conditions might be cute but can lead to health problems. ...
A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all ... provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. ... This condition is known as ketoacidosis.. DKA is sometimes the first sign of type 1 diabetes in people who have not yet been ... Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. ...
Few of these conditions, however, lead to total blindness, and many of them have some form of available treatment. Even when ... Broad categories of conditions that impair vision include infections (e.g., gonorrhea or congenital rubella infection), ... there are many vision-lowering conditions for which there is no well-understood cause (e.g., age-related macular degeneration). ...
... signs that his medical condition is improving, spokesman General Otavio Rego Barros said on Friday. ... signs that his medical condition is improving, spokesman General Otavio Rego Barros said on Friday. ... His medical team said his bodily functions are returning to normal, but there is not date set for him to go home. ... according to a medical bulletin issued by the Sao Paulo hospital where he is being treated. ...
An aplastic condition refers to a structure or system that has failed to mature or fully develop. ... A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all ... provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. ... An aplastic condition refers to a structure or system that has failed to mature or fully develop. ...
... become a medical diagnosis, defined by specific symptoms and increasingly focused on by those who deal with the medical issues ... As a medical resident 30 years ago, Ava Kaufman remembers puzzling over some of the elderly patients who came to the primary- ... Frailty is not an age, its a condition, says Kaufman, a Bethesda, Md., internist and geriatrician. We know it when we see it ... There have always been frail people, but only in recent years has the term frailty become a medical diagnosis, defined by ...
... vaccines indicated for Adults Based on Medical and Other Indications ... Always make recommendations by determining needed vaccines based on age (Table 1), assessing for medical conditions and other ... Age 19 through 64 years with chronic medical conditions (chronic heart [excluding hypertension], lung, or liver disease, ... Table 2. Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule by Medical Condition and Other Indications, United States, 2020. ...
While rare medical conditions are cocktail-party fodder for some, they can be a source of difficulty and shame for those who ... Some medical conditions are so baffling to doctors and researchers that their exact origins remain a mystery.. *0 Shares ... The following pages feature some of the more unusual medical conditions that have received recent media attention. ... Cestari believes that at least part of Adlers condition may be attributed to a psychological condition that has manifested ...
While rare medical conditions are cocktail-party fodder for some, they can be a source of difficulty and shame for those who ... They are conditions that one would be hard-pressed to find in medical literature. ... The following pages feature some of the more unusual medical conditions that have received recent media attention. ... Cestari believes that at least part of Adlers condition may be attributed to a psychological condition that has manifested ...
Medical conditions/illnesses that does not require proof of medical certificate:. As long as the condition or injury is stable ... Guests with medical condition/illness. To make air travel safe and comfortable, guests with medical conditions, unless ... Please refer to our Terms and Conditions of Carriage article 7.3. Definition of medical conditions/illnesses:. *A pre-existing ... Medical conditions/illnesses that requires proof of medical certificate:. The following table includes, but not exhaustive, a ...
I knew it couldnt be a good thing when my family Doctor left his cell phone number on mine and told me to call him anytime that evening. Hmmm…a mysterious painful numbing sensation ultimately resulting in a rash on my fingers and toes had suddenly invaded my personal space the other day. It followed a virus I had caught from my one-year old twins (who are in daycare and catch everything right now!) This virus had me calling for my momma to help with the twins however. I had muscle aches and cramping and my energy level was slothlike. I could not do anything for the babies....more ...
Our medical and surgical specialists, working together, consider your childs unique needs to evaluate their condition and ... If your childs condition advances to liver failure, treatment may be a liver transplant. For more on liver transplants at ... Another liver condition, biliary atresia, is the leading cause of cirrhosis in children. Biliary atresia happens when children ... If your childs liver condition continues to worsen over time, doctors may give medicines to help their liver work as well as ...
View all recently approved drugs for a specific condition. ... New drug approvals organized by medical condition. Each drug ... FDA Approved Drugs by Medical Condition. Search by medical condition for drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration ( ... Select the letter below that corresponds to the first letter of the medical condition you are searching for and all approved ... For the treatment of certain inflammatory diseases, including arthritis, COPD, asthma and psoriatic conditions ...
View all recently approved drugs for a specific condition. ... New drug approvals organized by medical condition. Each drug ... FDA Approved Drugs by Medical Condition. Search by medical condition for drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration ( ... Select the letter below that corresponds to the first letter of the medical condition you are searching for and all approved ...
... with polycystic ovary syndrome feel theyve been let down by a health care system that takes years to diagnose their condition ... Women are diagnosed with the condition if they have two out of three hallmark symptoms: irregular periods or no menses at all; ... The bumps on the ovaries arent cysts and the condition has symptoms that go far beyond the reproductive system, she explained ... Another contributor to delayed diagnoses may be primary care physicians lack of familiarity with the condition, not to mention ...
Disabilities and Medical Conditions To ensure your security, all travelers are required to undergo screening at the checkpoint ... You may provide the officer with the TSA notification card or other medical documentation to describe your condition. If you ... Also, TSA officers may swab your hands, mobility aids, equipment and other external medical devices to test for explosives ... You may provide a TSA notification card or other medical documentation to inform the TSA officer. ...
... Nations Largest Pet Insurer Reveals Most Common Causes of Veterinary Visits ... VPI) policyholders spent more than $46 million in 2011 treating the 10 most common medical conditions afflicting their pets. ... VPI Pet Insurance plans cover dogs, cats, birds and exotic pets for multiple medical problems and conditions relating to ... The large number of claims received for these medical conditions attests to their common, often repetitive, and sometimes ...
Chronic bronchitis is a medical condition that enhances the swelling and mucus (phlegm or sputum) production in the breathing ... Chronic bronchitis is a medical condition that enhances the swelling and mucus (phlegm or sputum) production in the breathing ... More about Chronic Bronchitis Is A Medical Condition That Enhances The Swelling And Mucus. *. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary ... Chronic Bronchitis Is A Medical Condition That Enhances The Swelling And Mucus. 2223 Words9 Pages ...
Acne is one of the most common chronic pre-existing conditions and is the most common skin condition in the United States. At ... CNN analyzed the top 10 most common conditions for Americans. People with these conditions come from all walks of life, but ... "medical sherpa" over the years, trying to help friends and acquaintances navigate the medical system when they are diagnosed ... People with the condition pause when they breathe in their sleep. The pauses can last for seconds or minutes and may happen as ...
PatientsPotentiallyAsthmaNeurologicalDisordersSearchRarity of the conditionTreatIllnessesAmputationSeverity of the conditionChronic health conditionsState'sDoctorsAutoimmuneSevereBlindnessRespiratoryAbnormalDisabilitiesUrgent medical attentionPeopleMarijuanaMedicationPhysiciansOnsetResearchersCannabisProblems2017PediatricFindInjuriesInpatientsPhysicalOutcomesSignificantlyQualifiesIllness or conditionDiseases and conditionsHistorySurgicalDiagnosticCareAllergicPneumoniaCommon chronicSpecific
- Before the Affordable Care Act, Americans could be denied health insurance if they had one of several of common health conditions like diabetes, asthma and even acne. (cnn.com)
- Asthma is a respiratory condition marked by inflammation in the lung's airways. (foodallergy.org)
- The most chronic condition in adolescents is Asthma. (bartleby.com)
- Find out medicines used to treat specific health conditions like for example medicines used for treatment of 'Asthma' or 'Prostate Cancer. (medindia.net)
- Asthma - this condition is becoming more and more common in kids, perhaps due to pollution, or to our modern Western lifestyle. (pregnancy-info.net)
- Asthma care has increasingly focused on personalised management for severe asthma, and recognition of the role and importance of comorbid conditions has increased. (mja.com.au)
- associated comorbid conditions often play a key role in the significant disease morbidity and frequently contribute to a severe and difficult-to-treat asthma phenotype. (mja.com.au)
- A diagnostic and management algorithm for comorbid conditions in severe asthma is outlined. (mja.com.au)
- Personalised diagnosis and management of comorbid conditions are essential to achieving effective and improved outcomes for patients with severe asthma. (mja.com.au)
- Some comorbid conditions can both occur together with asthma and masquerade as asthma itself, as with vocal cord dysfunction (VCD). (mja.com.au)
- Other conditions or factors can affect the nature and severity of asthma, leading to a distinct phenotype. (mja.com.au)
- 3 Additionally, the appropriate treatment of comorbid conditions is a critical step in distinguishing the subset of patients with biologically severe asthma from among the undifferentiated group of patients presenting with difficult-to-treat asthma. (mja.com.au)
- We also outline a simplified, iterative approach to assessing and managing comorbid conditions in severe asthma. (mja.com.au)
- A broad spectrum of comorbid conditions has been noted in association with severe asthma. (mja.com.au)
- If your healthcare provider suspects nerve damage, he or she will take an extensive medical history and do a number of neurological tests to determine the location and extent of your nerve damage. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Other qualifying conditions that were added include Alzheimer's disease, autism spectrum disorder and three degenerative neurological disorders. (lcsun-news.com)
- Like the long-unconscious princess, people with the neurological condition called Sleeping Beauty syndrome experience periods of excessive sleep . (livescience.com)
- Epilepsy is a neurological condition involving the brain that makes people more susceptible to having recurrent unprovoked seizures. (childrensnational.org)
- Two thirds of women who die during pregnancy or shortly afterwards do not die from complications of pregnancy but from other medical conditions-such as heart disease, neurological conditions, or mental health problems-that have deteriorated because they were not well controlled, a report has shown. (bmj.com)
- Dwarfism , condition of growth retardation resulting in abnormally short adult stature and caused by a variety of hereditary and metabolic disorders. (britannica.com)
- In several hormonal disorders and hereditary conditions dwarfism is associated with subnormal intelligence. (britannica.com)
- Iritis/uveitis can be associated with many medical conditions, including autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory conditions like Crohn's Disease or ulcerative colitis, and infectious disorders including herpes and tuberculosis. (medpagetoday.com)
- New Mexico's Medical Cannabis Advisory Board of doctors also recommended the addition of other qualifying conditions for medical marijuana, including substance use disorders linked to tobacco, alcohol and stimulants. (lcsun-news.com)
- Some common musculoskeletal disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, or fibromyalgia automatically qualify as a disability if a person can provide medical documentation of the condition's severity and that all treatment options have been exhausted. (ehow.co.uk)
- The majority of patients will have a benign or self-limiting condition but evaluation must be able to identify patients with serious disorders that require further treatment. (myvmc.com)
- The specific disorders medical cannabis can legally be used to treat vary from state to state. (sun-sentinel.com)
- Additional study is needed to further define the specific benefits medical cannabis may have for these and other related disorders. (sun-sentinel.com)
- The rarity of the condition means little research has been done on it and doctors are only able to help assist Olvia-Mae's parents with making her life as comfortable and happy as possible. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- The rarity of the condition made her parents dismiss the chance of Taylor having it. (listverse.com)
- While the majority of these conditions are curable, they can become chronic and expensive to treat. (prnewswire.com)
- While many pet owners fear major accidents and illnesses, which can cost thousands of dollars to treat for a single incident, repetitive and chronic conditions can be just as detrimental to a pet's quality of life and financially burdensome to the pet owner. (prnewswire.com)
- If you or someone you love is new to food allergies, start with the basics of understanding the condition, as well as how to prevent and treat reactions. (foodallergy.org)
- Often a person will experience and treat these conditions separately. (foodallergy.org)
- Medindia provides you with the complete list of drugs to treat various health conditions. (medindia.net)
- What medical conditions does Prevagen treat? (reference.com)
- Find the best ways to treat any type of disease or medical condition in these lists. (ranker.com)
- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved a form of medical cannabis to treat severe childhood epilepsy. (sun-sentinel.com)
- There is no convincing evidence that cannabis used to treat medical conditions leads to cannabis dependence. (sun-sentinel.com)
- We're hearing about it for the first time doctors using Viagra to treat babies with serious medical conditions. (kltv.com)
- As such, state officials hope that medical marijuana can be an effective way to treat or decrease the pain experienced by patients with these conditions. (hightimes.com)
- After this round of additions, Connecticut now allows patients to use medical marijuana to treat 30 health conditions. (hightimes.com)
- VPI Pet Insurance plans cover dogs, cats, birds and exotic pets for multiple medical problems and conditions relating to accidents, illnesses and injuries. (prnewswire.com)
- They may be suffering from dehydration, heat exhaustion or communicable illnesses - from influenza to chickenpox - that often spread in conditions of close confinement, though none so far have presented what health officials regard as an unusual or alarming public health or infectious disease threat. (nytimes.com)
- New Mexico health officials on Thursday expanded the list of qualifying conditions for the state's medical cannabis program to include opioid use disorder, joining several other states. (lcsun-news.com)
- Now that Connecticut added eight new qualifying conditions for the state's medical marijuana program, more people can access the medicine they need. (hightimes.com)
- Connecticut's Regulation Review Committee, a group of lawmakers that oversees the state's medical marijuana program, recently voted to expand the program. (hightimes.com)
- Some medical conditions are so baffling to doctors and researchers that their exact origins remain a mystery. (go.com)
- After much medical testing, including head, chest and abdomen scans, doctors were unable to identify the source of Sands' chronic hiccups. (go.com)
- Doctors, both in Australia and the United States, are baffled as to the exact cause -- or indeed, whether her condition is physical or psychological. (go.com)
- SPRINGFIELD - Scott Arthurs said he was just 10 years old when a seemingly minor ear infection quickly escalated into a debilitating condition -- "like a screwdriver" from his ear down to his neck -- that doctors simply couldn't pinpoint in the 15 years that followed. (masslive.com)
- In fact, by the time the former Enfield resident, now 26, first visited Baystate Medical Center in 2016, Arthurs said he had heard it all before, remaining skeptical when doctors suggested Arthurs might suffer from a rare condition, Eagle Syndrome, affecting only 0.16 percent of the population. (masslive.com)
- But thanks to Dr. Mohamad Khaled, a neurosurgeon at Baystate Medical Center, what baffled many doctors as a "mystery condition" not only received a proper diagnosis, but one year after his final surgery, Arthurs said he has been able to live without pain for the first time in nearly two decades. (masslive.com)
- Arthurs said that despite visits to a pair of Boston hospitals, another Connecticut hospital, headache clinic and dental clinic, doctors were unable to pinpoint the condition, first misdiagnosing it as occipital neuralgia, then trigeminal neuralgia, requiring a series of monthly shots (nerve blocks) in the back of his head - a short-term relief that he said eventually wore off. (masslive.com)
- Doctors link it with many inflammatory conditions, including forms of arthritis. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network (ATN) has developed medical guidelines to help doctors recognize and manage these issues . (autismspeaks.org)
- Either way, the 10 medical conditions we're about to discuss are so bizarre that doctors, researchers and the people who live with them continue to work not only toward a cure, but toward a greater understanding of what the condition even is. (howstuffworks.com)
- The new arrivals had been in federal custody for up to 72 hours, but most had received no real medical attention - the volunteer physicians at the private clinic were the first doctors many had seen since crossing the border. (nytimes.com)
- When this process does not work properly, people can develop an autoimmune condition. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Excess inflammation, even when the body is not damaged, characterize autoimmune conditions. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Researchers have linked many autoimmune conditions to high levels of TNF alpha in the blood. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- People use it to describe the many autoimmune and inflammatory conditions that affect those under 16 years of age. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Inadequate production of thyroid hormone during gestation and early infancy results in a condition known as cretinism , which is characterized by growth retardation and severe mental retardation . (britannica.com)
- There are varying degrees of the condition, and those with a severe form may be unable to distinguish between a face and another object, or to recognize their own face. (livescience.com)
- There are medical conditions, however, that are severe enough to deem a person disabled by law and automatically qualifies her for benefits. (ehow.co.uk)
- This device and process can also be used to predict a future abnormal medical condition of the user. (google.com.au)
- This device can include a GPS system for locating the user when the user is having an abnormal medical condition. (google.com.au)
- If the medical condition of the user is in an abnormal range then an alarm will sound. (google.com.au)
- However, if the user is not in an abnormal range, then the device may also predict the possibility of a future occurrence of an abnormal medical condition in the user. (google.com.au)
- 4 . The process as in claim 1 , wherein said step of determining whether a user has an abnormal medical condition includes the step of setting said range in said plurality of parameters based upon an average formed from a plurality of previous users. (google.com.au)
- But they exist, sometimes as a rare disorder, sometimes as a disorder that falls between many medical specialties, and sometimes as an extreme form of a normal bodily function that most people experience every day. (go.com)
- Sometimes there are cures for what ails them but most often people with these strange conditions must move forward with their lives, coping with physical, social and emotional discomfort, because there is no cure. (go.com)
- People with these strange conditions can be so uncomfortable, physically, socially and emotionally, that their lives can grind to a halt as they struggle to find a cure. (go.com)
- Insurers would still have to cover everyone, regardless of pre-existing conditions, but insurance companies could charge people more based on their medical history. (cnn.com)
- But who are these people who live with these pre-existing conditions? (cnn.com)
- People with these conditions come from all walks of life, but they each must cope with the illness they have or once had. (cnn.com)
- About 1.5 million people in the United States have rheumatoid arthritis and almost three times more women have the condition than men. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Around 30 percent of people who have the skin condition psoriasis will also develop psoriatic arthritis. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Depression is a mental health condition that affects people of all ages. (bartleby.com)
- The condition tends to occur among older adults, but even young people can be frail if they have one or more disabling chronic diseases. (psychcentral.com)
- The term "frailty" is used loosely to describe a range of conditions in older people. (psychcentral.com)
- First-year Democratic Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham, a former state health secretary, campaigned on a pledge to open up the medical marijuana program to people struggling with opioid use and addiction after the previous administration rejected petitions for the change. (lcsun-news.com)
- Those who suffer from this condition may complain that people seem to mumble or that they hear, but do not understand, what is being said. (ucsfhealth.org)
- Although hearing loss is very common among adults, particularly those over age 65, the condition is often under diagnosed in older people. (ucsfhealth.org)
- People with medical problems may require special diets for their conditions. (livestrong.com)
- The programme will follow single people who feel that their love lives are affected by a medical condition. (womens-health.co.uk)
- For people with rare or little-understood medical conditions, this frustrating scenario is generally how their doctor visits play out. (howstuffworks.com)
- And it can be very lonely -- there may only be a few dozen people in the entire world who have the same condition. (howstuffworks.com)
- People with ADHD can also suffer from these feelings, especially if depression is a co-existing condition. (healthcentral.com)
- Do people who use medical marijuana need to be concerned about addiction? (sun-sentinel.com)
- A rare condition gives people a wild hairdo. (listverse.com)
- SANTA FE - A state at the forefront of the U.S. opioid and drug overdose epidemic is turning to its medical marijuana program to reduce suffering from drug use and addiction. (lcsun-news.com)
- At least eight other states - from Maine to California - along with Washington, D.C., already recognize opioid dependency as a qualifying condition for medical marijuana use, either explicitly or within the bounds of significant medical conditions, according to Karen O'Keefe, director of state policies at the California-based Marijuana Policy Project. (lcsun-news.com)
- Medical marijuana is now legal in the state where I live. (sun-sentinel.com)
- Medical marijuana, also called medical cannabis, can be helpful in treating a variety of conditions. (sun-sentinel.com)
- Possession of marijuana is illegal under federal law in the U.S. However, 30 states and the District of Columbia currently have laws legalizing medical cannabis in some form. (sun-sentinel.com)
- In particular, state lawmakers recently expanded the medical marijuana program. (hightimes.com)
- Currently, there are nine medical marijuana dispensaries in Connecticut. (hightimes.com)
- Following decriminalization, the state legalized medical marijuana in 2012. (hightimes.com)
- That year, the Senate approved medical marijuana in a 21-13 vote. (hightimes.com)
- Earlier this year, state officials said they hoped to add more medical marijuana dispensaries . (hightimes.com)
- Chanon, who is a nurse practitioner, reviewed her son's medical records and talked to one of the physicians who trained her. (thedoctorstv.com)
- All physicians featured on this website are on the medical faculty of Rush University Medical Center or Rush Oak Park Hospital. (rush.edu)
- Some of the physicians featured are in private practice and, as independent practitioners, are not agents or employees of Rush University Medical Center or Rush Oak Park Hospital. (rush.edu)
- BMC physicians are leaders in their fields with the most advanced medical technology at their fingertips and working alongside a highly skilled nursing and professional staff. (bmc.org)
- Natalie Adler, 21, of Caulfield South, Melbourne, Australia, said she can sense the onset of her unusual condition -- and when she should start preparing for three days of darkness. (go.com)
- One consideration is the presence of a temporal association between the onset, exacerbation, or remission of the general medical condition and that of the psychotic disturbance. (health.am)
- Researchers found that women with polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, a common condition characterized by metabolic and fertility problems, were more likely than others to distrust their primary care physician's judgment and to feel that they weren't getting enough social support from health care providers. (reuters.com)
- A New York Times review of records and dozens of interviews with migrants, agents, researchers and health workers suggest that some of these deaths were not anomalies, but rather signs of entrenched problems that have repeatedly put detainees with medical conditions at risk. (nytimes.com)
- To obtain medical cannabis in those states, your health care provider certifies that you have a condition that allows you to buy medical cannabis from an authorized dispensary. (sun-sentinel.com)
- A recent report from the National Academies of Science reviewed and summarized the medical literature published about medical cannabis, specifically examining its effectiveness and safety. (sun-sentinel.com)
- It concluded that medical cannabis was particularly effective for easing chronic pain, especially pain caused by nerve damage. (sun-sentinel.com)
- Medical cannabis also has been shown to be useful in relieving painful muscles spasms caused by conditions such as multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injuries. (sun-sentinel.com)
- The condition can cause fatigue , problems with the eyes, and swelling and tenderness in the fingers and feet. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The articles in this section look at medical problems and procedures that are particular to women's organs and the female body. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
- Just like adults, children can have medical problems with any part of their bodies, so it's not really possible to draw up a definitive list of medical issues that are "common" for all kids. (pregnancy-info.net)
- PITTSBURGH, Jan. 22, 2017 - Sepsis accounts for considerably more hospital readmissions and associated costs than any of the four medical conditions tracked by the federal government to measure quality of care and guide pay-for-performance reimbursements, according to an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System. (eurekalert.org)
- To investigate the association between chronic conditions and iatrogenic medical errors in US pediatric inpatients. (aappublications.org)
- In the 2006 KID, 22.3% of pediatric inpatients had 1 chronic condition, 9.8% had 2 chronic conditions, and 12.0% had ≥3 chronic conditions. (aappublications.org)
- The number of chronic conditions was significantly associated with iatrogenic medical errors in pediatric inpatients. (aappublications.org)
- In a nationally representative sample, we found that pediatric inpatients with chronic conditions were at a significantly higher risk for medical errors than inpatient children without chronic conditions, controlling for severity of illness, length of stay, and other potential confounders. (aappublications.org)
- Two previous studies have examined medical errors during pediatric hospitalization. (aappublications.org)
- There is a scarcity of literature on medical errors in children with chronic conditions, even though the prevalence of chronic conditions has been increasing in the pediatric population in the United States. (aappublications.org)
- They are conditions that one would be hard-pressed to find in medical literature. (go.com)
- I would hope that women with polycystic ovary syndrome will find it encouraging that there's a growing acknowledgement that they are dissatisfied with their medical experience," said study coauthor Marla Lujan of Cornell University. (reuters.com)
- Share your concerns and queries related to medical conditions with other members of this forum and you will be amazed to find immediate solutions to your concerns. (indiaparenting.com)
- Below you will find some recommendations for pregnant women, persons who need to travel with portable medical equipment, among others. (avianca.com)
- Below you'll find a listing of rated conditions. (vawatchdog.org)
- Would you like to find out more about a condition that may require neurosurgical care? (rochester.edu)
- Cestari believes that at least part of Adler's condition may be attributed to a psychological condition that has manifested itself in a physical way. (go.com)
- If you think you have adrenal fatigue, visit your medical practitioner first so they can take your full medical history, conduct a physical and look for other possible conditions. (doctoroz.com)
- There is physical evidence that something is going on," said Carol Drake, 56, a Fremont patient and participant in a Sunday support group at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation in Mountain View. (santacruzsentinel.com)
- Does your medical/physical condition make dating tricky? (womens-health.co.uk)
- Your physician should complete a thorough physical examination to rule out any physical conditions. (healthcentral.com)
- A clear statement of the physical disability or medical condition. (uwm.edu)
- Synopsis: Information on disability and health related topics including physical, mental, and medical conditions that can result in, or cause disability. (disabled-world.com)
- PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a set of specific care processes associated with better outcomes for general medical conditions identified as quality improvement targets for institutionalized vulnerable elders. (rand.org)
- CONCLUSIONS: Explicit care processes linked to improved nursing home outcomes for general medical conditions can be identified. (rand.org)
- The findings, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association , highlight the need for coordinated efforts to develop new medical interventions aimed at improving sepsis outcomes and reducing readmissions. (eurekalert.org)
- If we, as a nation, place such high emphasis on reducing readmissions for the other four conditions, then we really need to look for opportunities to improve outcomes for sepsis, which has a higher rate of readmission than heart failure. (eurekalert.org)
- Brown said the board evaluates whether a condition qualifies based on current medical research, the likely risk and benefits weighed against other available medications, practices in other states and consistency with New Mexico law. (lcsun-news.com)
- The Social Security Administration (SSA) uses certain criteria to determine whether a medical condition qualifies as a disability. (ehow.co.uk)
- An allergist will rely on a combination of medical history and diagnostic tests to determine if you or your child has food-triggered eczema. (foodallergy.org)
- For instance, if you develop paranoia and hallucinations with no personal or family history of psychosis , that certainly doesn't mean a psychiatric disorder is out of the question, but it does mean it could be worth exploring the possibility that an underlying medical condition is to blame. (psychcentral.com)
- Key features of the history and examination that are useful in diagnosing vulval conditions are shown in Box 2 . (mja.com.au)
- If you have a history of keloid scarring or hyperpigmentation, Evolence should be used with caution as it may aggravate these conditions. (dermanetwork.org)
- Abdominal pain may be a feature of numerous medical and surgical conditions and arise from organs within or adjacent to the abdominal cavity. (myvmc.com)
- A hernia occurs when there is a weakness or tear in your abdominal wall as a result of aging, injury, a previous surgical incision, or a condition present at birth. (goremedical.com)
- Reuters Health) - Many women with polycystic ovary syndrome feel they've been let down by a health care system that takes years to diagnose their condition, a new survey suggests. (reuters.com)
- The letter should be dated as close to your travel date as possible and covers you for your entire journey (outbound and return) provided you do not require any medical care during your trip. (britishairways.com)
- If you have recently had surgery or are under medical care, please communicate any assistance needed to the JetBlue crewmembers at the gate. (jetblue.com)
- Boston Medical Center (BMC) is a 514-bed academic medical center located in Boston's historic South End, providing medical care for infants, children, teens and adults. (bmc.org)
- Medical conditions affecting children are of course the major health care concern for parents. (pregnancy-info.net)
- For child medical advice related to the specific health care issues of your child, your pediatrician should always be your first port of call. (pregnancy-info.net)
- Medical research conducted on children is one of the most controversial ethical issues in health care today. (pregnancy-info.net)
- Iatrogenic medical errors are an important medical care issue in the United States. (aappublications.org)
- 8 Because of their frequent encounters with the health care system, children with chronic conditions have been identified as an important high-risk group for medical errors. (aappublications.org)
- Reviewed by health care specialists at UCSF Medical Center. (ucsfhealth.org)
- Yet most of the nation's Customs and Border Protection facilities along the border lack sufficient accommodations, staffing or procedures to thoroughly assess health needs or provide more than basic emergency care, a situation that has led to dangerous medical oversights. (nytimes.com)
- For example, in the early stages of disability associated with paraplegia , the affected person may be considered in poor health and may have a greater need for medical and health care, but once their condition is stable they may enjoy good health. (disabled-world.com)
- Skipping medical care because cost. (disabled-world.com)
- The quality indicators capture a broad range of medical care addressing assessment, management, and follow up. (rand.org)
- Most of these care processes can be measured by medical records or interview. (rand.org)
- Mayo Clinic Q & A is an educational resource and doesn't replace regular medical care. (sun-sentinel.com)
- A key component of the Affordable Care Act, the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program, penalizes hospitals if they have excessive rates of readmissions for these conditions. (eurekalert.org)
- It concentrates initially on the group with common comorbid conditions that can be managed in primary care. (mja.com.au)