A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE used to study GENETICS because it is DIPLOID, self fertile, has a small genome, and short generation time.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. It is distinct from Sweet Clover (MELILOTUS), from Bush Clover (LESPEDEZA), and from Red Clover (TRIFOLIUM).
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes formation of root nodules on some, but not all, types of sweet clover, MEDICAGO SATIVA, and fenugreek.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains alpha-hederin, a triterpene saponin in the seeds, and is the source of black seed oil.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.
The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonsporeforming rods which usually contain granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
A genus of fungi in the family Entomophthoraceae, order Entomorphthorales. They are primarily parasites of insects and spiders, but have been found to cause mycotic infections of the nose in man and horses.
A plant species of the family POACEAE that is widely cultivated for its edible seeds.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
A group of compounds which can be described as benzo-pyrano-furano-benzenes which can be formed from ISOFLAVONES by internal coupling of the B ring to the 4-ketone position. Members include medicarpin, phaseolin, and pisatin which are found in FABACEAE.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A hemoglobin-like oxygen-binding hemeprotein present in the nitrogen-fixing root nodules of leguminous plants. The red pigment has a molecular weight approximately 1/4 that of hemoglobin and has been suggested to act as an oxido-reduction catalyst in symbiotic nitrogen fixation.
A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The seed is used for food and contains THIOCYANATES such as prunasin, cyanoalanine, cyanogen, and vicine.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
An order of fungi comprising mostly insect pathogens, though some infect mammals including humans. Strict host specificity make these fungi a focus of many biological control studies.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
Cyclic N-oxide radical functioning as a spin label and radiation-sensitizing agent.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The formation of a nitrogen-fixing cell mass on PLANT ROOTS following symbiotic infection by nitrogen-fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Diseases of plants.
Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Polysaccharides found in bacteria and in capsules thereof.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. This genus was formerly known as Tetragonolobus. The common name of lotus is also used for NYMPHAEA and NELUMBO.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.

Mechanical maceration of alfalfa. (1/896)

Maceration is an intensive forage-conditioning process that can increase field drying rates by as much as 300%. Because maceration shreds the forage and reduces its rigidity, improvements in bulk density, silage compaction, and ensiling characteristics have been observed. Macerating forage also increases the surface area available for microbial attachment in the rumen, thereby increasing forage digestibility and animal performance. Feeding trials with sheep have shown increases in DMI of 5 to 31% and increases in DM digestibility of from 14 to 16 percentage units. Lactation studies have demonstrated increases in milk production and BW gain for lactating Holstein cows; however, there is a consistent decrease in milk fat percentage when dairy cattle are fed macerated forage. In vitro studies have shown that maceration decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion and increases rate of NDF digestion. In situ digestibility studies have shown that maceration increases the size of the instantly soluble DM pool and decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion, but it may not consistently alter the rate or extent of DM and NDF digestion.  (+info)

Novel genes induced during an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis formed between Medicago truncatula and Glomus versiforme. (2/896)

Many terrestrial plant species are able to form symbiotic associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Here we have identified three cDNA clones representing genes whose expression is induced during the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis formed between Medicago truncatula and an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus versiforme. The three clones represent M. truncatula genes and encode novel proteins: a xyloglucan endotransglycosylase-related protein, a putative arabinogalactan protein (AGP), and a putative homologue of the mammalian p110 subunit of initiation factor 3 (eIF3). These genes show little or no expression in M. truncatula roots prior to formation of the symbiosis and are significantly induced following colonization by G. versiforme. The genes are not induced in roots in response to increases in phosphate. This suggests that induction of expression during the symbiosis is due to the interaction with the fungus and is not a secondary effect of improved phosphate nutrition. In situ hybridization revealed that the putative AGP is expressed specifically in cortical cells containing arbuscules. The identification of two mycorrhiza-induced genes encoding proteins predicted to be involved in cell wall structure is consistent with previous electron microscopy data that indicated major alterations in the extracellular matrix of the cortical cells following colonization by mycorrhizal fungi.  (+info)

NADH-glutamate synthase in alfalfa root nodules. Genetic regulation and cellular expression. (3/896)

NADH-dependent glutamate synthase (NADH-GOGAT; EC 1.4.1.14) is a key enzyme in primary nitrogen assimilation in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) root nodules. Here we report that in alfalfa, a single gene, probably with multiple alleles, encodes for NADH-GOGAT. In situ hybridizations were performed to assess the location of NADH-GOGAT transcript in alfalfa root nodules. In wild-type cv Saranac nodules the NADH-GOGAT gene is predominantly expressed in infected cells. Nodules devoid of bacteroids (empty) induced by Sinorhizobium meliloti 7154 had no NADH-GOGAT transcript detectable by in situ hybridization, suggesting that the presence of the bacteroid may be important for NADH-GOGAT expression. The pattern of expression of NADH-GOGAT shifted during root nodule development. Until d 9 after planting, all infected cells appeared to express NADH-GOGAT. By d 19, a gradient of expression from high in the early symbiotic zone to low in the late symbiotic zone was observed. In 33-d-old nodules expression was seen in only a few cell layers in the early symbiotic zone. This pattern of expression was also observed for the nifH transcript but not for leghemoglobin. The promoter of NADH-GOGAT was evaluated in transgenic alfalfa plants carrying chimeric beta-glucuronidase promoter fusions. The results suggest that there are at least four regulatory elements. The region responsible for expression in the infected cell zone contains an 88-bp direct repeat.  (+info)

Induction of a protective antibody response to foot and mouth disease virus in mice following oral or parenteral immunization with alfalfa transgenic plants expressing the viral structural protein VP1. (4/896)

The utilization of transgenic plants expressing recombinant antigens to be used in the formulation of experimental immunogens has been recently communicated. We report here the development of transgenic plants of alfalfa expressing the structural protein VP1 of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV). The presence of the transgenes in the plants was confirmed by PCR and their specific transcription was demonstrated by RT-PCR. Mice parenterally immunized using leaf extracts or receiving in their diet freshly harvested leaves from the transgenic plants developed a virus-specific immune response. Animals immunized by either method elicited a specific antibody response to a synthetic peptide representing amino acid residues 135-160 of VP1, to the structural protein VP1, and to intact FMDV particles. Additionally, the immunized mice were protected against experimental challenge with the virus. We believe this is the first report demonstrating the induction of a protective systemic antibody response in animals fed transgenic plants expressing a viral antigen. These results support the feasibility of producing edible vaccines in transgenic forage plants, such as alfalfa, commonly used in the diet of domestic animals even for those antigens for which a systemic immune response is required.  (+info)

Supplemental cracked corn for steers fed fresh alfalfa: I. Effects on digestion of organic matter, fiber, and starch. (5/896)

The effect of supplementation with different levels of cracked corn on the sites of OM, total dietary fiber (TDF), ADF, and starch digestion in steers fed fresh alfalfa indoors was determined. Six Angus steers (338 +/- 19 kg) fitted with cannulas in the rumen, duodenum, and ileum consumed 1) alfalfa (20.4% CP, 41.6% NDF) ad libitum (AALF); 2), 3), and 4) AALF supplemented (S) with .4, .8, or 1.2%, respectively, of BW of corn; or 5) alfalfa restricted at the average level of forage intake of S steers (RALF), in a 5 x 5 Latin square design. Total OM intake was lower (P < .01) in steers fed RALF than in those fed AALF but level of forage intake did not affect sites of OM, TDF, or starch digestion (P > .05). Forage OM intake decreased (P < .01) linearly (8,496 to 5,840 g/d) but total OM intake increased (P = .03) linearly (8,496 to 9,344 g/d) as corn increased from .4 to 1.2% BW. Ruminal apparent and true OM disappearance was not affected, but OM disappearing in the small intestine increased (P < .01) linearly with increasing levels of corn. Total tract OM digestibility (71.2 to 76.2%) and the proportion of OM intake that was digested in the small intestine (15.4 to 24.5%) increased (P < .01) linearly as corn increased. The TDF and ADF intakes decreased (P < .01) linearly as level of corn increased. Total tract TDF and ADF digestibilities were not different among treatments (average 62.9 and 57.8%, respectively). Starch intake and starch digested in the rumen and small and large intestine increased (P < .01) linearly with increasing corn level. Ruminal pH and VFA concentrations decreased and increased (P < .01), respectively, with increasing corn. Supplementation with corn increased OM intake, decreased forage OM intake, and increased the proportion of OM that was digested in the small intestine, but fiber digestion was not affected.  (+info)

Supplemental cracked corn for steers fed fresh alfalfa: II. Protein and amino acid digestion. (6/896)

The effects of different levels of cracked corn on N intake, ruminal bacterial CP synthesis, and duodenal flows and small intestinal digestion of amino acids (AA) in steers fed fresh alfalfa indoors were determined. Angus steers (n = 6; average BW 338 +/- 19 kg) cannulated in the rumen, duodenum, and ileum were fed each of five diets over five periods in a Latin square design with an extra animal. Steers consumed 1) alfalfa (20.4% CP, 41.6% NDF) ad libitum (AALF); 2), 3), and 4) AALF supplemented (S) with three levels of corn (.4, .8, or 1.2% of BW, respectively), or 5) alfalfa restricted (RALF) to the average forage intake of S steers. Average N intake and duodenal flow of nonammonia N (NAN) were greater (P < .01) in S than in RALF steers. Greater duodenal flows of NAN in S compared with RALF were due to a trend toward higher (P = .06) flows of both bacterial and dietary N. Levels of corn decreased (P < .01) linearly N intake and increased (P < .01) linearly duodenal flow of NAN owing to a numerical linear increase in nonbacterial N (P = .15) with no increase in bacterial N flow. Duodenal NAN flows as percentages of N intake increased (P < .01) linearly (69.3 to 91.0%) as corn increased. Ruminal NH3 N concentration, ruminal CP degradability, and the proportion of bacterial N in duodenal NAN were decreased (P < .01) linearly as corn increased. Efficiency of net microbial CP synthesis was not affected (P > .05) by treatment (average 42.6 and 30.9 g N/kg of OM apparently or truly digested in the rumen, respectively). Small intestinal disappearance of total N and individual AA, except for threonine and lysine, and small intestinal digestibility of N and individual AA, except for methionine, histidine, and proline, increased (P < .01) linearly with level of corn and were greater (P < .01) in S than in RALF steers. Supplementing corn to steers fed fresh alfalfa reduced ruminal N losses and CP degradability and increased the duodenal flow and the small intestinal disappearance and digestibility of total N and total, essential, and nonessential AA.  (+info)

Fractionation of fiber and crude protein in fresh forages during the spring growth. (7/896)

The composition of the fiber and CP of alfalfa, bromegrass, and endophyte-free and -infected tall fescue forages was compared during the spring growth from vegetative to reproductive stages. Forages were sampled from April 27 to June 6 in 1994, and from April 27 to June 11 in 1995, with 11 and 12 harvest dates, respectively. Total dietary fiber (TDF) was fractionated into insoluble and soluble fiber (SF). The CP of the forages was fractionated into nonprotein N (A), soluble CP (B1), insoluble CP that was soluble in neutral detergent (B2), CP insoluble in neutral detergent but soluble in acid detergent (B3), and CP insoluble in acid detergent (C). Effects of year, forage species, and harvest dates (day as a covariable) were included in the model. Across harvest dates, alfalfa (A) had lower (P < .01) TDF and higher (P < .01) SF concentrations than grasses (GR) (A: 49.9 and 14.4% and GR: 60.4 and 4.5% [OM basis] for TDF and SF, respectively). Alfalfa had higher (P < .01) CP (20.6% DM) than GR (15.3%). The rate of decrease in CP (% DM) across days was higher (P < .01) for bromegrass (-.4%/d) than for the other forages (-.29%/d). Fraction A (% of CP) was not different (P = .24) among forages (22.5%), but B1 was higher (P < .01) in A (17.1%) than in GR (13.2%). The B2 fraction (% of CP) was higher (P < .01) in A compared with GR (51.6 vs 45.9%, respectively). Alfalfa had lower (P < .01) B3 (3.0% of CP) than bromegrass (18.6%) and tall fescue (13.2%). Fraction C was not different (P = .23) among forages (3.8%). Fractions A, B1, and C (% of CP) did not change (P > .05) across days for all forages. Fraction B2 (% of CP) decreased across days in A (-.21%/d) but was not affected in GR. Fraction B3 (% of CP) increased (P < .05) in A (.1%/d), decreased in endophyte-infected tall fescue (-.20%/d), and did not change (P > .05) in the other forages. Crude protein and fiber composition were affected more by forage species than by maturity. The CP and NDF concentrations were more affected by maturity. Insoluble fractions but not soluble fractions of CP were affected by maturity.  (+info)

Degradation of two protein sources at three solids retention times in continuous culture. (8/896)

Effects of solids retention times (SRT) of 10, 20, and 30 h on protein degradation and microbial metabolism were studied in continuous cultures of ruminal contents. Liquid dilution rate was constant across all retention times at .12 h(-1) (8.3 h mean retention time). Two semipurified diets that contained either soybean meal (SBM) or alfalfa hay (ALFH) as the sole nitrogen source were provided in amounts that decreased as SRT was increased. Digestion coefficients for DM, NDF, and ADF increased with increasing SRT. Digestion coefficients for nonstructural carbohydrates were higher in the SBM diet than in the ALFH diet but were not affected by SRT. Protein degradation in the ALFH diet averaged 51% and was unaffected by retention time. In the SBM diet, digestion of protein was 77, 78, and 96% at 10-, 20-, and 30-h retention times, respectively. Microbial efficiency decreased with increasing SRT and was greater for the SBM than for the ALFH diet. Efficiencies ranged from 30.6 to 35.7 and 20.8 to 29.2 g of N/kg of digested DM for the SBM and ALFH diets, respectively, as SRT decreased from 30 to 10 h. The diaminopimelic acid content of the microbes increased as SRT increased, indicating that changes in microbial species occurred owing to passage rates. From these results, we concluded that the digestibility decreases associated with increased ruminal turnover rates may be less for nonstructural carbohydrates and protein than for the fiber fractions.  (+info)

Description Frontier Natural Products, Organic Powdered Alfalfa Leaf, 16 oz (453 g) Alfalfa is a well-known fodder crop with high nutrition value for many types of livestock. Alfalfa leaf makes a pleasant tasting, tonifying tea and blends well with other herbs.Frontier Natural Products, Organic Powdered Alfalfa Leaf, 16 oz (453 g) The Plant: Alfalfa is a long-lived perennial with a deep and extensive root system. The plants are 3 to 4 feet high and the leaves have three lobes. The whole plant is harvested just as its pale purple flowers are opening. It grows in a wide range of conditions. As a nitrogen-fixing plant with an extensive root system, alfalfa helps restore and nourish poor soils. Alfalfa seeds are small and yellow-tan and are a popular sprouting seed.Frontier Natural Products, Organic Powdered Alfalfa Leaf, 16 oz (453 g) Constituents of Note: Alfalfa, an important animal food, is a highly studied crop. Alfalfa is about 15% protein. It contains many vitamins (including A,C,D,K and B) and
Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) has a considerable amount of genetic diversity for many agronomic and physiological traits. This diversity is highlighted through the considerable genotype by environment interaction influences on yield observed in Europe, North America, and the subtropical regions of Australia. There is a need to quantify the influence of genotype by environment interactions on yield and key physiological processes in the cool temperate dairy regions of Australia. This information will ensure that appropriate cultivars can be selected and best management practices developed so that lucerne can become a greater component of the dairy feedbase. Field experiments indentified that genotype by environment interactions occur in cool temperate regions, with winter dormant genotypes adapted to low yield potential environments, and winter active genotypes adapted to high yield potential environments. Irrigation was identified as a major management input determining genotype by environment ...
A Gram-positive, spore-forming, aerobic, rod-shaped, xylanolytic bacterium designated strain CC-Alfalfa-35T was isolated from the rhizosphere of Medicago sativa L. in Taiwan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain CC-Alfalfa-35T was affiliated to the genus Cohnella. Strain CC-Alfalfa-35T shared 95.3 % pairwise 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of the type species of the genus Cohnella (Cohnella thermotolerans DSM 17683T) besides showing a similarity of 97.4-93.6 % with other recognized species of the genus Cohnella. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between CC-Alfalfa-35T and Cohnella thailandensis KCTC 22296T was 37.7 %±1.7 % (reciprocal value, 55.7 %±3.0 %). Predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The polar lipid profile constituted diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, lysyl-phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified aminophospholipids. The ...
یونجه (Medicago sativa L.) مهم‌ترین گیاه علوفه-ای دنیاست که به طور گسترده در بیشتر مناطق اقلیمی بویژه نواحی خشک و نیمه-خشک مورد کشت و کار قرار دارد. این گیاه از مکانیسم-های مورفولوژیک، فیزیولوژیک و بیوشیمیایی مختلفی درمواجه با تنش-های محیطی بویژه تنش خشکی برخوردار است. هدف از این پژوهش، تعیین نقش آنزیم-های آنتی-اکسیدانی کاتالاز، پراکسیداز و آسکوربات پراکسیداز در مقاومت به خشکی گیاهچه-های یونجه در شرایط آزمایشگاهی بود. بدین منظور ده رقم یونجه شامل ارقام اصفهانی، همدانی، یزدی، اردوبادی، قره یونجه، بمی، نیکشهری، قمی، بغدادی و کودی و شش سطح پتانسیل آب شامل صفر، 2/0-، 4/0-
Plants have been genetically enhanced to produce a number of products for agricultural, industrial and pharmaceutical purposes. This technology could potentially be applied to providing chemoprevention strategies to the general population. Resveratrol (3,5,4′-trihydroxystilbene) is a compound that has been shown to have protective activity against a number of cancers and could be an ideal candidate for such an application. Alfalfa that was genetically modified to express resveratrol-synthase was used as a model in applying biotechnological approaches to cancer prevention. The transgenic alfalfa, which accumulates resveratrol as a glucoside (piceid = trans-resveratrol-3-O−β-D-glucopyranoside) (152 ± 17.5 μ g piceid/g dry weight), was incorporated into a standard mouse diet at 20% of the diet by weight and fed for 5 wk to 6-wk-old, female CF-1 mice (N = 17-30) that were injected with a single dose of azoxymethane (5 mg/kg body weight). While the addition of resveratrol-aglycone (20 mg/kg diet) to
Save 50% Lindberg - Alfalfa Leaf Tablets 500 mg 500 Tablets Alfalfa Leaf Tablets 500 mg Made With Organic Alfalfa Supports Colon Health and Regularity* Alfalfa Leaf Tablets are made with young, freshly harvested organic alfalfa grown in the United States. Alfalfa plants send their roots deep into the ground, absorbing important trace minerals and nutrients. Its been traditionally used to support optimal joint and colon health, as well as helping to maintain regular bowel movements.* Vegetarian. Vegetarian Tablets.
Decomposing alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) shoots and roots generate large amounts of NO3-N available to the next crop but also susceptible to deep leaching. This study was aimed at determining the specific contributions of above- and belowground alfalfa biomass to soil N pools. Dynamics of soil and plant N pools were studied in a Kalamanzoo loam soil (fine-loamy, mixed, mesic Typic Hapludalfs) over a 2-yr period under bare fallow (BF), bare fallow to which alfalfa shoot mulch was applied (BFSM), living alfalfa plants with shoots removed after harvest (A), and living alfalfa with shoot mulch remaining on the soil surface after harvest (ASM). Organic N pools were monitored in alfalfa plant parts, soil-incorporated debris, and soil organic matter to depths of 150 cm. Inorganic N pools were monitored by suction lysimeters, soil extraction, and evaluation of soil denitrification rates. Living alfalfa stands kept soil inorganic N at very low levels, whether shoot mulch was applied or not. Soluble ...
MiR156 regulates plant biomass production through regulation of members of Squamosa-Promoter Binding Protein-Like (SPL) genes. In this study, I investigated function of miR156 in Medicago sativa (alfalfa). Alfalfa plants overexpressing alfalfa miR156 and Lotus japonicus miR156 were generated, and the miR156 cleavage targets were validated. In silico analysis showed that some alfalfa sequence reads (~ 60 bp) are similar to miR156 precursors but the hairpin secondary structure could not be produced from these sequences. Of the five predicted target SPLs genes, three (SPL6, SPL12 and SPL13) contain miR156 cleavage sites and their expression was downregulated in transgenic alfalfa overexpressing miR156. These transgenic alfalfa genotypes had reduced internode length, enhanced shoot branching, and elevated biomass. Although alfalfa miR156 had little effect on nodulation and flowering time, L. japonicus miR156 reduced nodulation and delayed flowering time (up to 50 days). Our observations imply that miR156
A genetic linkage map is a valuable tool for QTL mapping, map-based gene cloning, comparative mapping, and whole genome assembly. Alfalfa, one of the most important forage crops in the world, is autotetraploid, allogamous, and highly heterozygous, characteristics that have impeded the construction of a high density linkage map using traditional genetic marker systems. Using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), we constructed low-cost, reasonably high-density linkage maps for both maternal and paternal parental genomes of an autotetraploid alfalfa F1 population. The resulting maps contain 3,591 SNP markers on 64 linkage groups across both parents, with an average density of one marker per 1.5 and 1.0 cM for the maternal and paternal haplotype maps, respectively. Chromosome assignments were made based on homology of markers to the Medicago truncatula genome. Four linkage groups representing the four haplotypes of each alfalfa chromosome were assigned to each of the eight Medicago chromosomes in both ...
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Alfalfa contains many important substances including flavonoids which play many diverse roles in plant. Alfalfa callus was induced on media containing 6- benzyl aminopurin (BA), α -Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), 2, 4 Dichloro phenoxy acetic acid (2, 4-D) and kinetin. The best callus formation was obtained from the medium of 2 mgl-1 2, 4- D + 1.5 mgl-1 Kinetin; leaf was the best organ of alfalfa in production of fresh weight. The 2nd subculture was higher in growth characters and flavonoids production as compared to the 1st subculture. Flavonoid concentration was higher in shoot tip of 1st subculture and leaves in the 2nd subculture.
Medicago sativa MsPRP2 protein: a proline-rich cell wall protein; from alfalfa Medicago sativa; amino acid sequence given in first source; GenBank L37017
Fall dormancy and freezing tolerance characterized as two important phenotypic traits, have great effects on productivity and persistence of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Despite the fact that one of the most limiting traits for alfalfa freezing tolerance in winter is fall dormancy, the interplay between fall dormancy and cold acclimation processes of alfalfa remains largely unknown. We compared the plant regrowth, winter survival, raffinose and amino acids accumulation, and genome-wide differentially expressed genes of fall-dormant cultivar with non-dormant cultivar under cold acclimation. Averaged over both years, the non-dormant alfalfa exhibited largely rapid regrowth compared with fall dormant alfalfa after last cutting in autumn, but the winter survival rate of fall dormant alfalfa was about 34-fold higher than that of non-dormant alfalfa. The accumulation of raffinose and amino acids were significantly increased in fall dormant alfalfa, whereas were decreased in non-dormant alfalfa under cold
Alfalfa is the best known fodder crop with high ability of biological nitrogen fixation and drought tolerance in dry, Pannonian region of east Austria. Different morphological and physiological characteristics of 18 alfalfa genotypes from different geographical origins, 8 Iranian ecotypes and 10 European cultivars were evaluated under irrigated and rainfed conditions during 2006-08 cropping seasons. The objectives of this study were to measure genetic distance and divergence among genotypes and to classify them based on morphological and physiological characters. Cluster analysis differentiated Iranian ecotypes and European cultivars from each other under irrigated condition, and when data averaged across two environments (irrigated and rainfed). However, under rainfed conditions small changes occurred in grouping of genotypes due mainly to differential responses of the genotypes to rainfed condition. Considerable genetic distance observed between Iranian and European genotypes. Different crossing
The objective of this study was to evaluate phenotypic diversity in the alfalfa germplasm collections using multivariate analysis to examine the extent of genetic diversity and contribution of selected characters to the total diversity...
Sprouts are widely used as an important source of minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. During germination, the enzymes released nutrients from seed in order to grow a new plant. Digestibility of carbohydrates and proteins increase due to conversion in simple sugars and amino acids. Minerals are absorbed from water and transported in germinated seeds. Also, vitamins C and B are formed during metabolic changes of the seeds. Small amounts of sprouts contain a high concentration of bioactive compounds. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) sprouts contain high levels of nutrients with important impact on human health. This nutrients, especially isoflavones, can reduce the menopause side-effects. In vitro studies shows that isoflavones can decrease the incidence of breast cancer, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic diseases. The aim of this study is to observe the effect of sprouting on some compounds like: carbohydrates, saponins, phenolic compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids. The seed of alfalfa were ...
Association mapping is a powerful approach for exploring the molecular genetic basis of complex quantitative traits. An alfalfa (Medicago sativa) association panel comprised of 336 genotypes from 75 alfalfa accessions represented by four to eight genotypes for each accession. Each genotype was genotyped using 85 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and phenotyped for five fiber-related traits in four different environments. A model-based structure analysis was used to group all genotypes into two groups. Most of the genotypes have a low relative kinship (less than 0.3), suggesting population stratification not be an issue for association analysis. Generally, the Q + K model exhibited the best performance to eliminate the false associated positives. In total, 124 marker-trait associations were predicted (p
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Certified Organically Grown (C.O.G.) * Natural source of Chlorophyll & Vitamins * Natural source of Minerals and Protein Alfalfas (Medicago sativa) deep root system pulls valuable minerals from the soil. With the aid of sun light, nutrients inclu
Certified Organically Grown (C.O.G.) * Natural source of Chlorophyll & Vitamins * Natural source of Minerals and Protein Alfalfas (Medicago sativa) deep root system pulls valuable minerals from the soil. With the aid of sun light, nutrients inclu
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is native to Iran and was likely domesticated during the Bronze Age to feed horses arriving from Central Asia. It was later used in Greece around 490 B.C. as horse feed for the Persian army. The name alfalfa comes from the Arabian al-fac-facah, for father of all foods. A perennial herb, alfalfa was and is easy to grow, thriving in many varied climates throughout the world, and provides an excellent protein-rich food source for cattle, horses, sheep and other animals.. ...
The model that we presently favor (Fig. 5B) is schematically simple, but if one considers what is known about the perception of Nod factor by host legumes, it is very likely that signal transduction pathways involved in the recognition of three structurally diverse signal polysaccharides are far more complicated than those represented in our figure. A core set of genes involved in Nod factor production is conserved among the rhizobia, and the various Nod factors produced by rhizobial strains adhere to common structural themes. Even so, isolation of candidate Nod factor receptors has proven very challenging (see reference 31 for a review), partially due to the identification of multiple candidates with various affinities for Nod factors, the possibility that lipochitooligosaccharides are a general class of developmental signaling molecules, and the fact that slightly different Nod factor molecules appear to control different aspects of the hosts response to Nod factor. Because succinoglycan, EPS ...
The following health alert is from the FDA on September 4, 2008. Sprouters Northwest, Inc., Kent, Washington is recalling its alfalfa sprout products (alfalfa sprouts, onion sprouts, and salad sprouts) because they may be linked to a recent outbreak of Salmonellosis in OR and WA. To date, 13 cases of Salmonella Typhimirium infection have been associated with the consumption of raw alfalfa sprouts. The recalled sprouts were distributed in WA, OR, ID, and AK in retail stores and through wholesale produce suppliers. The products are Sprouters Northwest brand and include all lot numbers with a best by date of 9/17/08 or earlier of: 5oz alfalfa sprout cups UPC - 033383701417, 4oz alfalfa clamshells UPC-815098001088, 1lb bags of alfalfa sprouts UPC - 079566123508, 2lb trays of alfalfa sprouts UPC - 079566123492, 5oz salad cups UPC - 033383702674, 4oz salad clamshells UPC - 815098002061, 5oz alfalfa onion sprout cups UPC - 033383701905, and 4oz onion sprout clamshells UPC - 815098002054. Consumers who ...
The influence of foliar feeding on the nitrogen assimilation in alfalfa plants under conditions of Mo shortage was studied. It was established that foliar
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The CDC, in conjunction with several state health agencies and FDA, is investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Reading and Salmonella Abony infections. As of Aug. 10, the CDC reported 30 people across nine states have been infected with outbreak strains of the pathogen. Five people were hospitalized. An investigation into to the outbreak revealed alfalfa sprouts supplied by Sprouts Extraordinaire of Denver, CO are the likely source of the infections. The company issued a recall of its alfalfa sprout products earlier in the month . . .
Gray, Alison, Day, C and Flatt, Peter (1994) investigation of the antihyperglycaemic and insulin-releasing effects of Medicago sativa. Diabetic Medicine, 11 (Suppl). S21. [Journal article] Full text not available from this repository. ...
Cyclins are key regulators of the cell cycle in all eukaryotes. We have previously isolated two B-type cyclin genes, cycMs1 and cycMs2, from alfalfa that are primarily expressed during the G2-to-M phase transition and are most likely mitotic cyclin genes. Here, we report the isolation of a novel alfalfa cyclin gene, termed cycMs3 (for cyclin Medicago sativa), by selecting for mating type alpha-pheromone-induced cell cycle arrest suppression in yeast. The central region of the predicted amino acid sequence of the cycMs3 gene is most similar to the cyclin box of yeast B-type and mammalian A- and B-type cyclins. In situ hybridization showed that cycMs3 mRNA can be detected only in proliferating cells and not in differentiated alfalfa cells. When differentiated G0-arrested cells were induced to reenter the cell cycle in the G1 phase and resume cell division by treatment with plant hormones, cycMs3 transcript levels increased long before the onset of DNA synthesis. In contrast, histone H3-1 mRNA and ...
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a perennial herb that is indigenous to the Middle East. Because of its deep root system, Alfalfa is better able to absorb minerals from the soil than other plants. Therefore, Alfalfa is a rich source of vitamins and minerals, as well as Chlorophyll. NOW® Alfalfa Leaf Caps contain only Organic Alfalfa, so its free of pesticide and herbicide residues.
For more information on GM Alfalfa: www.cban.ca/alfalfa. Why is GM Alfalfa Such a Huge Threat?. GM contamination is inevitable because alfalfa is a perennial crop pollinated by insects. In Ontario, weeds are becoming resistant to glyphosate (the active ingredient in Monsantos herbicide Roundup): another glyphosate tolerant crop like Roundup Ready alfalfa would increase these weeds. Alfalfa is almost always grown in a mix with grasses and establishes readily without the use of herbicides. Farmers dont want or need Roundup Ready alfalfa. If genetically modified (GM, also called genetically engineered or GE) alfalfa is released in Eastern Canada it will have negative impacts on a wide range of farmers and farming systems, both conventional and organic. For more information see www.cban.ca/alfalfa. Why is Alfalfa Important?. Alfalfa (commonly harvested as hay) is a high-protein forage fed to animals like dairy cows, beef cattle, lambs, poultry and pigs. Its also used to build nutrients in the ...
Alfalfa tested for GM contamination: The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) announced last week that a sample of alfalfa from a field in eastern Washington tested positive for the low-level presence of the genetically modified (GM) pesticide resistance Roundup Ready trait. The grower brought seed and plant samples to the WSDA lab after a broker rejected the alfalfa intended for export because it contained evidence of GM traits. The grower said he did not intentionally plant Roundup Ready alfalfa, which was approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 2011. It is unknown if the seed was mislabeled. In a statement, Forage Genetics, a company that sells GM alfalfa seed, said genetic modification is permissible in conventional alfalfa seed. Varietal purity standards allow low-level presence of impurities, including (GM) traits, in conventional alfalfa seed, spokeswoman Rebecca Lentz said in a statement. The potential presence of impurities is clearly stated on the label. If ...
Monsanto Canada Inc. and Forage Genetics International have developed an alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) event with reduced lignin compared to conventional alfalfa at the same stage of growth.
Overexpression of AtEDT1 Gene Confers Drought Tolerance in Alfalfa: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, the growth of alfalfa is seriously affected by an ...
Aquafuchsia brand alfalfa sprout product, commonly known as Salad Plus- Alfalfa with a touch of radish! in 125 g containers. The container is stamped with a product code of 041 and a UPV of 0 551176 1.. The recall was initiated after testing by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).. The affected products were sold in Quebec. There have been no reported illnesses associated with the consumption of this product.. The CFIA says the recalled product should be thrown out or returned to the store where it was purchased.. Salmonella is an organism, which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Healthy persons infected with Salmonella often experience fever, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.. In rare circumstances, infection with Salmonella can result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illnesses such as arterial infections (i.e., ...
Culinary / Nutrition. - High in vitamins (B, A, D, E, and K) and minerals (biotin, folic acid, iron, magnesium, potassium).. - Brewed as a tea drink.. - Dried alfalfa is considered as good, if not better, than fresh alfalfa.. Folkloric traditional benefits and uses of alfalfa. - Decoction used to boost energy.. - Anecdotal reports on use as diuretic, treatment of bladder problems, diabetes, dyspepsia, and asthma.. - In South American traditional medicine, used for diuresis, kidney and vesicular swelling, and lung ailments.. Other uses. - Fodder: Primary use as feed for high-producing dairy cows, because of high protein content and easily digestible fiber. Popular as livestock forage: horses, goats, sheep, cattle.. - Plant serves as a commercial source of chlorophyll and carotene. (6). Concerns. - Contraindications:. FDA issued an advisory for children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems to avoid eating alfalfa sprouts because of frequent bacterial contamination (S. enterica, ...
A long-term experiment was conducted to evaluate phosphorus (P) fertilization strategies for alfalfa grown for hay and followed by corn harvested for grain.Alfalfa has greater P requirements than corn, and this is recognized in the ISU Extension publication PM-1688. The guidelines are based on previous research with pure alfalfa or alfalfa-grass mixtures. The information available is about 30 years old; however, there is insufficient information about alternative strategies for distributing P fertilization rates during the alfalfa crop years and for a following corn crop. This study evaluated several combinations of initial and top-dressed P fertilization rates for alfalfa and also evaluated effects of starter P and nitrogen (N) on corn following alfalfa.
Did you know alfalfa has a codependency issue? Alfalfa forage crops depend on seed production. Growing alfalfa seed depends on bees for pollination. Bees depend on the pollen and nectar resources of alfalfa flowers for reproduction and survival.
Gene silencing with RNA interference (RNAi) technology may be capable of modifying internal structure at a molecular level. This structural modification could affect biofunctions in terms of biodegradation, biochemical metabolism, and bioactive compound availability. The objectives of this study were to (1) Detect gene silencing-induced changes in carbohydrate molecular structure in an alfalfa forage (Medicago sativa spp. sativa: alfalfa) with down-regulation of genes that encode transcription factors TT8 and HB12; (2) Determine gene silencing-induced changes in nutrient bioutilization and bioavailability in the alfalfa forage (Medicago sativa); and (3) Quantify the correlation between gene silencing-induced molecular structure changes and the nutrient bioutilization and bioavailability in animals of ruminants. The experimental treatments included: T1 = Non-transgenic and no-gene silenced alfalfa forage (code NT); T2 = HB12-RNAi forage with HB12 gene down regulation (code HB12); T3 = ...
Healthy persons often experience fever, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In rare circumstances, infection with salmonella can result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illness such as arterial infections, endocarditis and arthritis.. The recalled sprouts were packed and shipped from March 6-March 15. The sprouts were distributed in Minnesota and Wisconsin and were sold through various grocery stores. Some packages have sell by dates on the label. March 15-March 25.. The product is packaged in a plastic cup or clam container.. No illnesses have been reported to date in connection with this problem.. The potential for contamination was noted after routine testing by the FDA revealed the presence of Salmonella in some 5 ounce packages of Alfalfa Sprouts. At River Valley Sprouts every batch of seed is sanitized at 20,000 PPM of calcium hypochlorite and irrigation water is tested for salmonella and E. coli.. Production of these products has been ...
In crop rotations that include alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), agronomic and environmental concerns mean that it is important to determine the N fertilizer contribution of this legume for subsequent crops in order to help ...
Alfalfa sprouts benefits include improving digestion, boosting growth and repair, managing diabetes, and healing the skin. It is rich in antioxidants and vitamin C.
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is frequently constrained by environmental conditions such as drought. Within this context, it is crucial to identify the physiological and metabolic traits conferring a better performance under ...
2012): Suitability of drought tolerance indices for selecting alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) genotypes under organic farming in Austria ...
How To Clean Your Wig: Generally, a wig should be washed after 12-15 wearings. Factors such as air quality and humidity will contribute to frequency of washing, as it does with your own hair. Always keep your own hair clean when wearing your wig to reduce washing frequency. Before washing, brush straight styles gently but completely with a wire brush. Brush curly styles lightly with a vent brush or pick, keeping curls intact. Add a cap of Wig Shampoo to basin of cool water (never use hot water). Immerse wig, dousing it gently, and allow to soak for 2 minutes. Rinse completely by swishing in clean, cool water. Gently squeeze excess water from wig. For high luster and softness, apply hair conditioner. Leave on 5 minutes and rinse well, in cool water. Gently squeeze out excess water. On curly styles, lightly finger squeeze curls while wig is still wet. On all styles, gently towel blot wig to remove excess wetness. Place wig on a form and allow to air dry naturally. Do NOT comb or brush a wet wig ...
Alfalfa Healthy and Delicious Traditionally used for its nutritive properties and as a general tonic to help maintain wellbeing. As a nutritive food herb, Alfalfa is a beneficial addition to a healthy diet Alfalfa EACH CAPSULE CONTAINS Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) herb powder 450mg DOSAGE Take two capsules with a meal thr
The Lancet. Volume 345. February 18, 1995. sir-Theenlarging international food trade and processing of large quantities of food have increased the number of foodborne infections in many countries. There are examples showing that these epidemics may spread across national borders, as happened in the early 1980s, when chocolate bars originating from Italy caused an epidemic due to Salmonella napoli in England and Wales.1 In 1973-74, 5 eastboume infection in the USA and Canada was also traced back to contaminated chocolate.2 We report an epidemic due to .S bovismorbificans, which originated fromAustralian alfalfa seeds and was observed concomitantly in Finland and Sweden.. In the middle of March, 1994, several people on the west coast of Sweden contracted S bovismorbificans, a serovar that is very rare in Sweden. The Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control contacted their Nordic neighbours but no cases due to this serovar were seen in Norway, Denmark, or Finland. An epidemiological ...
The National Alfalfa & Forage Alliance is an alliance between the growers, North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference, genetic suppliers and university segments of the alfalfa and alfalfa seed industry.
General Information: Environment: Host, Plant root, Root nodule, Soil; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 25 - 30C. This organism, much like other Rhizobia, forms a symbiotic relationship with a leguminous plant, in this case the alfalfa plant (Medicago sativa). Expression of nodulation genes results in production of a nodulation signal which the plant cell recognizes inducing root nodule formation. The plant cell provides carbon compounds for the bacterium to grow on. ...
Ive been pleased with it so far, McPhail said. Were seeing an increase in nitrogen in the soil and overall it has proven to be a wise decision. Our livestock can graze on it when were not cutting and get some of the protein they need in their diets. Its a versatile crop that is easy to maintain and use.. While he is pleased with his alfalfa crop, McPhail said he would do one thing differently next time.. Id plant 15-inch rows, he said. We planted on 7½-inch rows and the bermudagrass was suppressed more than I would like for it to be. So were going to bigger rows next time.. Research conducted at Clemson University by Bill Stringer, professor emeritus, indicates alfalfa can be successfully established in 8-inch, 16-inch or 24-inch rows with bermudagrass becoming more competitive as the row spacing increases. Wider rows decrease shading by the alfalfa. However, the impact of these wider rows on alfalfa stand life were not measured in the two-year study and are unknown.. Its a ...
Medicago sativa; Onobrychis sativa; Cichorium intybus; Campanula glomerata; Campanula rotundifolia; Asperula cynanchica; ...
Medicago sativa) 32 Cultivated alfalfa is tetraploid, with 2n=4x=32. Wild relatives have 2n=16.[21]:165 [21] ... Raphanus sativus) 18 [21] Carrot. (Daucus carota) 18 The genus Daucus includes around 25 species. D. carota has nine chromosome ... Allium sativum) 16 [26] Itch mite. (Sarcoptes scabiei) 17/18 According to the observation of embryonic cells of egg, chromosome ... Avena sativa) 42 This is a hexaploid with 2n=6x=42. Diploid and tetraploid cultivated species also exist.[21] [21] ...
Medicago sativa M. sativa M. sativa M. sativa Flowers Yellow flowers Light violet flowers M. sativa var. sativa, mature fruits ... definition of alfalfa at Wiktionary Media related to Medicago sativa at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Medicago sativa at ... Alfalfa (/ælˈfælfə/) (Medicago sativa), also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. It ... 1891 "Medicago sativa - ILDIS LegumeWeb". ildis.org. Retrieved 7 March 2008. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant ...
Alfalfa, Medicago sativa. *Red clover, Trifolium pratense. *Ironweed, Vernonia sp.[6][7] ...
Medicago sativa - alfalfa. *Solidago sp. - goldenrod. *Syringa vulgaris - lilac. *Trifolium pratense - red clover ...
Host plants include Brassica rapa, Fragaria sp., Medicago sativa, Pisum sp., Rubus spp., Solanum aviculare, Trifolium repens, ...
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa), shoot: 4.8 μg (192 IU) vitamin D2, 0.1 μg (4 IU) vitamin D3[105] ...
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa), shoot: 4.8 μg (192 IU) vitamin D2, 0.1 μg (4 IU) vitamin D3[17] ...
"Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)-Downy Mildew". Pacific Northwest Pest Management Handbooks. 2015-09-11. Retrieved 2019-12-05. Samac, ...
Medicago sativa L. Melilotus alba Medik. Melilotus officinalis Lam. Myrocarpus frondosus M.Allemão Sweetia fruticosa var. ... gongylodes Eruca sativa Mill. Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. Sinapis alba L. Apuleia molaris Spruce ex Benth. Bauhinia forficata ... Apium graveolens L. Daucus carota L. Pastinaca sativa L. Petroselinum crispum Hoffm. All the plants of this family are found in ... C.lanatus Nakai Cucumis melo L. Cucumis sativus L. Cucurbita maxima Duchesne Cucurbita pepo L. Luffa cylindrica M.Roem. ...
Apple) (+) Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) Mimulus spp. (Monkey flower) Morus spp. (Mulberry) Nemesia strumosa (Nemesia) Nemophila ... Bean) Pisum sativum (Pea) Platanus spp. (Sycamore, Plane tree) Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon flower) Populus (Poplar) ... Pyrola) Quercus palustris (Pin Oak) Quercus rubra (Red oak) Raphanus sativus (Radish) Reseda odorata (Mignonette) Rhaphiolepis ... Bellflower) Campsis radicans (Trumpet Creeper) Cannabis sativa (Hemp, Marijuana) Capsicum spp. (Pepper) Carpobrotus edulis (Ice ...
Alfalfa sprouts Medicago sativa 45. Sprouted kidney beans Phaseolus vulgaris 46. Sprouted chickpeas Cicer arietinum Tubers are ... Hemp seeds Cannabis sativa 39. Sesame seeds Sesamum indicum 40. Walnuts Juglans regia Root vegetables have a broad variety of ... White icicle radish (winter radish) Raphanus sativus var. Longipinnatus Sprouts extremely high nutrient content. The sprouting ...
He XZ, Reddy JT, Dixon RA (1998). "Stress responses in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L). XXII. cDNA cloning and characterization of ... Medicago sativa L.)". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 336 (1): 121-9. doi:10.1006/abbi.1996.0539. PMID 8951042. ... "Isoflavone O-methyltransferase activities in elicitor-treated cell suspension cultures of Medicago sativa". Phytochemistry. 30 ...
Mould, Michael J. R.; Boland, G. J.; Robb, Jane (1991-03-01). "Ultrastructure of the Colletotrichum trifolii-Medicago sativa ...
The larvae feed on Lotus, Medicago sativa and Trifolium. Fauna Europaea Lot Moths and Butterflies v t e. ...
It is a notable parasite of lucerne (Medicago sativa). In many regions, including the Nepal Eastern Himalayas, this species are ...
The larva makes serpentine mines in Medicago sativa leaves. Fauna Europaea Bei-Bienko, G.Y. & Steyskal, G.C. (1988) Keys to the ...
The larvae feed on Medicago sativa and Medicago minima. They spin together the terminal leaves of their host plant. Pupation ...
The larvae feed on Lathyrus palustris and Medicago sativa. They live within a spun or rolled leaf. The species overwinters in ...
Adults have been recorded highly abundant on alfalfa (Medicago sativa). "Lygus punctatus species details". Catalogue of Life. ... Medicago Sativa L.) In Hamedan Province (Western Iran) Journal of Plant Protection Research 48(3) Schwartz, Michael D.; Foottit ...
Dakora FD, Joseph CM, Phillips DA (March 1993). "Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Root Exudates Contain Isoflavonoids in the ... "The effect of rhizobiophages on Sinorhizobium meliloti-Medicago sativa symbiosis". Biology and Fertility of Soils. 39 (4): 292- ... S. meliloti forms a symbiotic relationship with legumes from the genera Medicago, Melilotus and Trigonella, including the model ... rigiduloides, among Ensifer meliloti efficiently nodulating Medicago species". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 36 (7): 490 ...
The wingspan is about 30 millimetres (1.2 in). The larvae feed on Phaseolus, Medicago sativa and Glycine max. Yu, Dicky Sick Ki ...
Medicago sativa and Spartium junceum. The larvae of Tathorhynchus exsiccata fallax probably feed on Medicago sativa. Pitkin, ...
This article is a list of diseases of alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Common Names of Diseases, The American Phytopathological ...
The wingspan is 16-17 mm (0.63-0.67 in). The larvae feed on Astragalus, Coronilla, Dorycnium, Galega and Medicago sativa. They ...
It attacks medicago sativa and has been found in Queensland, Australia. http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2011/ ...
1989). "Detection of Norspermidine and Norspermine in Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa)". Plant Physiology. 89 (2): 525-529. doi: ...
The larvae feed on Medicago sativa, Trifolium, Vicia and Robinia pseudoacacia. C. e. electo (South Africa, southern Mozambique ...
... burgundy bean Medicago spp. - medics Medicago sativa - alfalfa, lucerne Medicago truncatula - barrel medic Melilotus spp. - ... vetches Vicia articulata - oneflower vetch Vicia ervilia - bitter vetch Vicia narbonensis - narbon vetch Vicia sativa - common ... Sorghum Corn or soybean stover Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus - Daikon radish/"forage radish" Grass-fed beef Fageria, N.K ...
... sativa to produce Sand Lucerne (M. sativa ssp. varia)." If so, then medica = (1) Medicago sativa and (2) Medicago falcata and ( ... "Medicago sativa", known in classical Latin as "Medica". There was also a redirect from the botanical name Medicago sativa. ... My reading suggested that medica was a classical term for any of several species of genus Medicago (not always Medicago sativa ... "Medicago sativa") and marked the page for deletion (summary: "Delenda. Duplicates "Medicago" (the bigger file) with a different ...
Medicago sativa (lucerna), Arachis hypogaea (kikiriki), Lathyrus odoratus (slatki grašak), Ceratonia siliqua (rogač) i ... Brojni su važne poljoprivredne i prehrambene biljke, uključujući i Glycine max (soja), Phaseolus (grah), Pisum sativum (grašak ... Trifolium (djetelina), Medicago (grahorica) i rijetko prstasto spojeni (npr. Lupinus). Kod Mimosoideae i Caesalpinioideae su ... Vicia sativa). U nekim vrstama roda Robinia (bagremi), u modificirane šuplje stipule naseljavaju se mravi i poznati su kao ...
Medicago sativa L.) by loline alkaloids and synthetic N-acylloline derivatives". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 38 ...
Pisum sativum (gisantes), Cicer arietinum (kardis), Medicago sativa (alfalfa), Arachis hypogaea (mani), Ceratonia siliqua ( ...
Medicago sativa. Alfalfa. xxx. xxx. [5],[26] Cr-Chrome. H-. Pistia stratiotes. Water lettuce. Cd(T), Cu(T), Hg(H). Pantropicale ...
Medicago sativa. *Melilotus albus. *Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.. *Hedysarum coronarium L.. *Trifolium (zènaro) ...
Medicago sativa. 32[21]. Cultivated alfalfa is tetraploid, with 2n=4x=32. Wild relatives have 2n=16.[21]. ... Raphanus sativus. 18[21]. Kanguru. 16. Ini termasuk beberapa anggota genus Macropus, tetapi tidak termasuk kanguru merah (M. ... Avena sativa. 42[21]. This is a hexaploid with 2n=6x=42. Diploid and tetraploid cultivated species also exist.[21]. ...
Medicago truncatula on liblikõieliste mudelorganism, mis on lähedalt suguluses hariliku lutserniga. Seda kasutatakse lämmastiku ... Riisi (Oryza sativa) kasutatakse mudelorganismina teraviljaliste bioloogias. Tal on üks väiksemaid genoome teraviljaliikide ...
A. pisum feeds on phloem sap of host plants including Medicago sativa (alfalfa), Pisum sativa (pea), Trifolium pretense (red ...
The nodules of Medicago italica contain the nitrogen fixing bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti. The plant provides the bacteria ... sativus) is a root vegetable, usually orange in color, though purple, black, red, white, and yellow cultivars exist. They are a ... A nineteenth-century illustration showing the morphology of the roots, stems, leaves and flowers of the rice plant Oryza sativa ...
Gant Louis-Philippe Vézina, un enklasker e Kebek eo bet daskemmet geot-gall (Medicago sativa). Produiñ a reont kalz ... Cannabis sativa indica) hag ar c'hoka (Erythroxylum coca) dre o gwrizioù. Ar fungi Fusarium oxysporum a vo daskemmet gant ar ...
Medicago sativa L.), mung bean sprout (Vigna radiata L.), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.), kudzu root (Pueraria lobata L.), and ...
Approximately 20% of angiosperms, including alfalfa (Medicago sativa), normally show biparental inheritance of plastids.[11] ...
The nodules of Medicago italica contain the nitrogen fixing bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti. The plant provides the bacteria ... Gregor Mendel discovered the genetic laws of inheritance by studying inherited traits such as shape in Pisum sativum (peas). ... A nineteenth-century illustration showing the morphology of the roots, stems, leaves and flowers of the rice plant Oryza sativa ... Oryza sativa)[124] and Brachypodium distachyon,[125] has made them important model species for understanding the genetics, ...
... and seeds of the legumes Medicago sativa, Lotus japonicus, Lotus uliginosus, Hedysarum sulfurescens, and Robinia pseudoacacia.[ ...
In 1931 Weimer J.L. was the first to report AMV in alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Transmission of the virus occurs mainly by some ... Pisum sativum), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), bluebeard (Caryopteris incana), ... ...
Medicago sativa) and corn (Zea mays).[8]. Western tanagers have also been observed in saltcedar (Tamarix species) communities [ ...
"A NEW PEST: RUSH VENEER, NOMOPHILA NOCTUELLA DENIS & SCHIFFERMULLER, 1775 (LEPIDOPTERA: CRAMBIDAE) ON ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA ... The larvae feed on Trifolium, clover, Medicago, Polygonum aviculare, wheat, Vaccinium and various other grasses. They pupate in ...
Medicago minima) Sickle Medick (Medicago falcata) Sand Lucerne (Medicago sativa ssp. varia) Fine-leaved Sandwort (Minuartia ... bryophilus subcommunity the Fragaria vesca - Erigeron acer subcommunity the Medicago lupulina - Rumex acetosa subcommunity ...
The larvae feed on Medicago falcata, Medicago lupulina, Medicago sativa, Melilotus alba, Melilotus officinalis, Ononis spinosa ...
PERRIN, DAWN R.; BOTTOMLEY, W. (1961). "Pisatin: an Antifungal Substance from Pisum sativum L.". Nature. Springer Science and ... Buergeri Medicarpin, found in Medicago truncatula Morisianine, isolated from the seeds of Bituminaria morisiana Orientanol A, ... isolated from the wood of Erythrina orientalis Phaseolin, found in French bean seeds Pisatin, found in Pisum sativum Striatine ...
Medicago sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum), and livestock grazing. The soils in the aspen parkland biome are also quite ...
2013). "CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots trigger DNA repair and antioxidant enzyme systems in Medicago sativa cells in suspension culture ...
... easily hybridizes with Medicago falcata (which is sometimes treated as a subspecies of M. sativa). Most newer ... Medicago sativa L.. Fabaceae. Alfalfa, Lucerne. Source: James A. Duke. 1983. Handbook of Energy Crops. unpublished. *Uses *Folk ... Green forage of Medicago sativa is reported to contain per 100 g, 80.0% moisture, 5.2 g protein, 0.9 g fat, 3.5 g fiber, and ... The genus Medicago has been reported to contain the following chemicals, relative toxicities of which are tabulated in Dukes " ...
Medicago is an extensive genus of the family Leguminosae, comprising about 83 different species. Medicago sativa (Linn.) has ... Phytochemical and pharmacological potential of Medicago sativa: a review.. Bora KS1, Sharma A. ... M. sativa seems to hold great potential for in-depth investigation for various biological activities, especially their effects ... The present review comprises the ethnopharmacological, phytochemical and therapeutic potential of M. sativa. ...
Medicago sativa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from June ... M. sativa sativa. The commonly cultivated form of alfalfa. M. sativa varia (Martyn.)Arcang. This sub-species is likely to be of ... Medicago sativa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from June ... Medicago polymorpha. Toothed Bur-Clover, Burclover. Annual. 0.6. 0-0 LM. N. DM. 2. 0. 0. ...
"Crystal structure of isoflavone reductase from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).". Wang X., He X., Lin J., Shao H., Chang Z., Dixon ... "Crystal structure of isoflavone reductase from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).". Wang X., He X., Lin J., Shao H., Chang Z., Dixon ... "Crystal structure of isoflavone reductase from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).". Wang X., He X., Lin J., Shao H., Chang Z., Dixon ... "Crystal structure of isoflavone reductase from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).". Wang X., He X., Lin J., Shao H., Chang Z., Dixon ...
sativa genomic DNA, M. sativa ssp. sativa pollen cDNA as well as from M. truncatula genomic DNA. All of these PCR fragments ... Total RNA was isolated from different organs of M. sativa ssp. varia or M. sativa ssp. sativa using the guanidinium thiocyanate ... sativa spp. sativa genomic DNA, supporting the idea that there are at least two different PG genes in the Medicago genome. ... Medicago PGs and the control Msc27 sequences were coamplified during 25 cycles from RNA of various plant tissues of M. sativa ...
7. Medicago sativa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 778. 1753. 紫苜蓿 zi mu xu Medicago afghanica Vassilczenko; M. alaschanica Vas-silczenko; ... sativa var. tibetana Alefeld; M. tibetana (Alefeld) Vassilczenko.. Perennial herbs, 30-100 cm. Stems erect, ascending, rarely ...
Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paulas Choice Skincare. Paulas expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:. ...
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is native to Iran and was likely domesticated during the Bronze Age to feed horses arriving from ...
... key role of which in response to salt stress was demonstrated for the model species Medicago truncatula, was identified in the ... Nucleotide polymorphism of the Srlk gene that determines salt stress tolerance in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). ... Medicago sativa). In twelve alfalfa samples originating from regions with contrasting growing conditions, 19 SNPs were revealed ... key role of which in response to salt stress was demonstrated for the model species Medicago truncatula, was identified in the ...
... from alfalfa Medicago sativa; amino acid sequence given in first source; GenBank L37017 ... Medicago sativa MsPRP2 protein: a proline-rich cell wall protein; ... Subscribe to New Research on Medicago sativa MsPRP2 protein a proline-rich cell wall protein; from alfalfa Medicago sativa; ...
An alfalfa (Medicago sativa) association panel comprised of 336 genotypes from 75 alfalfa accessions represented by four to ... An alfalfa (Medicago sativa) association panel comprised of 336 genotypes from 75 alfalfa accessions represented by four to ... Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L.) germplasm as revealed by microsatellite markers. PLoS ONE 10:e0124592. doi: 10.1371/journal. ... Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is one of the most important forage crops in the world due to its high biomass and choice nutritional ...
Molecular Cloning and Functional Identification of a Squalene Synthase Encoding Gene from Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).. Kang J ...
Effects of the Medicago scutellata trypsin inhibitor (MsTI) on cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in human breast and cervical ... Table of Contents , Herbs & Supplements , Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) Alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Also listed as: Medicago sativa ... medicago, mielga, mu su, phytoestrogen, purple medic, purple medick, purple medicle, sai pi li ka, saranac, Spanish clover, ...
... sativa L. into relatives, and details of the life forms with which it may interact. ... It is intended to provide background information on the biology of Medicago sativa L., its centre of origin, its related ... Medicago sativa L. belongs in the order Fabales, family Fabaceae, tribe Trifolieae, genus Medicago. The genus Medicago is very ... C3.0 Summary of the Ecology of Relatives of Medicago sativa L.. Part D - Potential Interaction of Medicago sativa L. with Other ...
Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, as the growth of alfalfa is ... Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, as the growth of alfalfa is ... Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, as the growth of alfalfa is ... Over-Expression of Arabidopsis EDT1 Gene Confers Drought Tolerance in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Guangshun Zheng1,2,3, ...
Furthermore, the ΔemrR mutant as well as the double ΔemrAR mutant was impaired in symbiosis with Medicago sativa; it formed ...
The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa), and Directive 95-03 (Dir95-03), entitled Guidelines for the Assessment of Novel ... The biology of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) as described in Biology Document Bio2005-02, "The Biology of Medicago sativa L.", ... DD2005-53: Determination of the Safety of Monsanto Canada Inc.s Roundup Ready® Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Events J101 and ... The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa), and Directive 95-03 (Dir95-03), entitled "Guidelines for the Assessment of Novel ...
Nutrient Composition, Forage Parameters, and Antioxidant Capacity of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) in Response to Saline ... Nutrient Composition, Forage Parameters, and Antioxidant Capacity of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) in Response to Saline ... "Nutrient Composition, Forage Parameters, and Antioxidant Capacity of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) in Response to Saline ... Medicago sativa, L.) in Response to Saline Irrigation Water. Agriculture 2015, 5, 577-597. ...
and Forage Genetics International have developed an alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) event with reduced lignin compared to ... According to the CFIA biology document Bio2005-02: The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa), there is a negligible risk for ... The CFIA biology document Bio2005-02: The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa) shows that unmodified plants of this species ... According to the CFIA biology document Bio2005-02: The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa), alfalfa is not considered a ...
Plant alfalfa Medicago sativa (L.) sort of Jaroslavna obtained from the NSC Institute of Agriculture of National Academy of ... and stimulates growth of above-ground plant mass and rhizogenesis and leads to increased productivity of Medicago sativa L. and ... Study of Agriculturally Useful Association of a Nitrogen-Fixing Cyanobacterium and Nodule Sinorhizobium with Medicago sativa L. ... "Symbiotic N2 fixation activity in relation to C economy of Pisum sativum L. as a function of plant phenology," Journal of ...
2018). Lignin reduction in alfalfa (Medicago sativa) does not affect foliar disease resistance. Retrieved from the University ... Recently, genetically modified alfalfa (Medicago sativa) varieties have been marketed with reduced lignin and improved forage ... Lignin reduction in alfalfa (Medicago sativa) does not affect foliar disease resistance ...
Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). B. D. McKersie, Y. Chen ... Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) ... Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) ... Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) ...
Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus pulp on ruminal fermentation and ewe performance.(Report) by Asian - Australasian ... sativa+L.)+hay+with+fresh...-a0218449455. *APA style: Effects of replacing lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus ... MLA style: "Effects of replacing lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus pulp on ruminal fermentation and ewe ... Effects of replacing lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus pulp on ruminal fermentation and ewe performance.. ...
... sativa subsp. sativa). Its members can be divided into three morphological groups: M. sativa subsp. caerulea and subsp. sativa ... Relationships And Autopolyploid Evolution In The Medicago Sativa Complex (Alfalfa And Allies; Leguminosae). dc.contributor. ... The Medicago sativa complex comprises several morphologically and genetically diverse diploid and autopolyploid taxa, including ... Relationships And Autopolyploid Evolution In The Medicago Sativa Complex (Alfalfa And Allies; Leguminosae). en_US. ...
Medicago sativa spp. sativa: alfalfa) with down-regulation of genes that encode transcription factors TT8 and HB12; (2) ... Medicago sativa) with Down-Regulation of HB12 and TT8 transcription factors., International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17( ... Medicago sativa) with Down-Regulation of HB12 and TT8 transcription factors.. Li, X., Hannoufa, A., Zhang, Y., and Yu, P. (2016 ... Medicago sativa); and (3) Quantify the correlation between gene silencing-induced molecular structure changes and the nutrient ...
A herbal food supplement BOTANICAL NAME Medicago sativa COMMON NAMES Alfalfa, Lucerne FAMILY Fabaceae DESCRIPTION Belonging to ...
... fungi and growth of Medicago sativa host in a factorial laboratory experiment. Defoliation affected fungi differentially, ... impacts of defoliation on root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal and dark septate endophytic fungi of Medicago sativa ...
i) Medicago sativa cv. CUS101.Alfalfa seeds were obtained from J. W. Jung Seeds Co. (Randolph, Wis.). Alfalfa seeds (0.5 g per ... Several aspects of the biology of the interaction between these bacteria and alfalfa (Medicago sativa) seedlings are addressed ... Kinetics and Strain Specificity of Rhizosphere and Endophytic Colonization by Enteric Bacteria on Seedlings of Medicago sativa ... Kinetics and Strain Specificity of Rhizosphere and Endophytic Colonization by Enteric Bacteria on Seedlings of Medicago sativa ...
Alfalfa medicago sativa l buffalo alfalfa weevil hypera postica gyllenhal alfalfa weevil control missouri usa southern 1989 ... Alfalfa medicago sativa l apollo ii alfalfa weevil aw hypera postica gyllenhal pea aphid pa acyrthosiphon pisum harris alfalfa ... Alfalfa medicago sativa l jacques chief alfalfa weevil aw hypera postica gyllenhal alfalfa weevil control in illinois usa 1990 ... Alfalfa medicago sativa l kansas common alfalfa weevil aw hypera postica gyllenhal pea aphid pa acyrthosiphon pisum harris ...
Medicago sativa) has great therapeutic benefits and can be used for boosting energy levels, lifting your spirits as well as ... Medicago sativa. Alfalfa is also known as Medicago sativa, and has certain therapeutic properties and the reported benefits of ... Herbal remedies using alfalfa (Medicago sativa). also known as lucerne. The use of herbal remedies, including the herb alfalfa ... Medicago sativa is an effective remedy for various ailments, and this natural holistic approach to health is becoming more and ...
  • Effects of replacing lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus pulp on ruminal fermentation and ewe performance. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Alfalfa (Medicago sativa), also known as lucerne is used for boosting energy levels as well as helping with menopause. (ageless.co.za)
  • The use of herbal remedies, including the herb alfalfa (also known as lucerne), classified as Medicago sativa, are popular as an alternative to standard Western allopathic medicine for a variety of problems, including menopause , alcoholism , drug dependency as well as boosting energy levels . (ageless.co.za)
  • Five perennial pasture species including lucerne ( Medicago sativa L.), phalaris ( Phalaris aquatica L.), chicory ( Cichorium intybus L.), tall fescue ( Festuca arundinacea Schreb. (springer.com)
  • 2009) the energy and protein values of lucerne ( Medicago sativa L.) hay in South Africa could vary considerably and should be determined beforehand in order to accurately compose a balanced diet. (scielo.org.za)
  • Six hundred lucerne ( Medicago sativa L.) hay samples were collected from several commercial irrigation farms in the main lucerne producing areas in South Africa, which varied in location, soil characteristics (texture, organic matter, N content, pH) and farm management. (scielo.org.za)
  • Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) has a considerable amount of genetic diversity for many agronomic and physiological traits. (edu.au)
  • The establishment and growth of 'Stamina 5' lucerne (Medicago sativa) seed sown with three inoculant carriers (ALOSCA®, coated, and peat slurry treated) or as bare seed (control) on five dates (21 October 2010, 9 November 2010, 8 December 2010, 13 January 2011 and 3 February 2011) was investigated on a Lismore stony silt loam soil at Ashley Dene dryland research farm in Canterbury. (lincoln.ac.nz)
  • Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) is a major forage legume grown in approximately 45 million hectares worldwide. (lincoln.ac.nz)
  • Alfalfa /ælˈfælfə/, Medicago sativa L., also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the leguminosae family grown as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. (alfalfatoolbox.org)
  • Medicago sativa also known as Lucerne but commonly called Alfalfa plant is a perennial flowering plant. (com.ng)
  • Also known as lucerne, Medicago sativa L., also known as Alfalfa (from the Arabic al-fal-fa, "father of all foods"), is a leguminous plant whose roots can reach the amazing length of 5 meters, so as to capture the nutrients even from the deeper soil. (erboristeriabio.com)
  • Medicago sativa (lucerne) is used as a traditional plant treatment of diabetes. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • Gray, A & Flatt, P 1997, ' Pancreatic and extra-pancreatic effects of the traditional anti-diabetic plant, Medicago sativa (lucerne) ', BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION , vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 325-334. (ulster.ac.uk)
  • AR06139 Preliminary evaluation of diverse lucerne ( Medicago sativa sspp. (publish.csiro.au)
  • Alfalfa (/ælˈfælfə/) (Medicago sativa), also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of this class, represented by E 2 in M. truncatula and Pl 1 in M. sativa , seems to be related to previously characterized plant PG genes expressed in pollen. (pnas.org)
  • Based on legume genome syntheny, the nucleotide sequence of Srlk gene, key role of which in response to salt stress was demonstrated for the model species Medicago truncatula , was identified in the major forage and siderate crop alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ). (springer.com)
  • A novel plant leucine-rich repeat receptor kinase regulates the response of Medicago truncatula roots to salt stress, Plant Cell , 2009, vol. 21, pp. 668-680. (springer.com)
  • Analysis of regulatory pathways involved in the reacquisition of root growth after salt stress in Medicago truncatula , Plant J. , 2007, vol. 51, pp. 1-17. (springer.com)
  • At low inoculum levels, a symbiosis mutant of Medicago truncatula , dmi1 , was colonized in higher numbers on the rhizosphere and in the interior by a Salmonella endophyte than was the wild-type host. (asm.org)
  • Comparison of Medicago sativa linkage group 1 maps with the M. truncatula chromosome 1 physical map. (g3journal.org)
  • Chromosome assignments were made based on homology of markers to the Medicago truncatula genome. (g3journal.org)
  • In addition, a small inversion on Chromosome 1 was identified between M. truncatula and M. sativa . (g3journal.org)
  • The Medicago truncatula ortholog of Arabidopsis EIN2, sickle, is a negative regulator of symbiotic and pathogenic microbial associations. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Abscisic acid rescues the root meristem defects of the Medicago truncatula latd mutant. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Fungal elicitation of signal transduction-related plant genes precedes mycorrhiza establishment and requires the dmi3 gene in Medicago truncatula. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The spatial expression patterns of a phosphate transporter (MtPT1) from Medicago truncatula indicate a role in phosphate transport at the root/soil interface. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In Medicago truncatula , over 600 genes coding for nodule-specific cysteine-rich (NCR) peptides are expressed during nodule development and have been implicated in bacteroid differentiation. (pnas.org)
  • The raw reads were first mapped to the reference genomes of Medicago sativa and Medigago truncatula followed by the alignment of the unmapped reads to the NCBI viral genome database and de novo assembly using the SPAdes tool. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The raw sequencing reads were first mapped to the reference genomes of Medicago sativa ( http://www.medicagohapmap.org/downloads/cadl ) and Medicago truncatula ( http://www.medicagogenome.org/ ) with the Bowtie2 software described below. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Medicago is an extensive genus of the family Leguminosae, comprising about 83 different species. (nih.gov)
  • It is intended to provide background information on the biology of Medicago sativa L. , its centre of origin, its related species and the potential for gene introgression from M. sativa L. into relatives, and details of the life forms with which it may interact. (agr.ca)
  • The conclusions drawn in this document about the biology of M. sativa L. only relate to plants of this species with no novel traits. (agr.ca)
  • In order to provide further data required for investigating evolutionary patterns of repeated DNA within and between species, we used a novel approach based on massive parallel sequencing which allowed a comprehensive repeat characterization in our model species, garden pea ( Pisum sativum ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • We showed that MsPG3 is a single gene in the Medicago genome coding for PG. (pnas.org)
  • By Northern blot, MsPG3 transcripts are not detected in various Medicago tissues, indicating that the function of this gene is related closely to symbiosis. (pnas.org)
  • Nucleotide polymorphism of the Srlk gene that determines salt stress tolerance in alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L. (springer.com)
  • Molecular Cloning and Functional Identification of a Squalene Synthase Encoding Gene from Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. (nih.gov)
  • Over-Expression of Arabidopsis EDT1 Gene Confers Drought Tolerance in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. (frontiersin.org)
  • Gene-silencing-induced changes in carbohydrate conformation in relation to bioenergy value and carbohydrate subfractions in modeled plant ( Medicago sativa ) with Down-Regulation of HB12 and TT8 transcription factors. (gc.ca)
  • The objectives of this study were to (1) Detect gene silencing-induced changes in carbohydrate molecular structure in an alfalfa forage ( Medicago sativa spp. (gc.ca)
  • Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L. ) is a widely grown perennial herbaceous legume (Lesins and Lesins, 1979) that is a tetraploid (2n = 4x = 32). (agr.ca)
  • Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. (frontiersin.org)
  • A common procedure was the use of crop rotation , usually the alternation of a cash grain crop such as corn (maize) with a legume, often alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ), in the temperate world. (britannica.com)
  • Biochemical and Physiological Responses of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Cultivars to Osmotic Stress', Journal of Plant Physiology & Breeding , 7(1), pp. 87-97. (ac.ir)
  • Comparing germination properties of Yazdi and Hamedani cultivars of Medicago sativa under drought and salinity stresses effects. (ac.ir)
  • abstract = "Developmental patterns and transmission of two chlorophyll deficiencies were studied in tetraploid Medicago sativa L (alfalfa). (elsevier.com)
  • Medicago sativa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. (pfaf.org)
  • Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L.) is the most important perennial forage crop plant in Iran. (scialert.net)
  • Green forage of Medicago sativa is reported to contain per 100 g, 80.0% moisture, 5.2 g protein, 0.9 g fat, 3.5 g fiber, and 2.4 g ash. (purdue.edu)
  • Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) is one of the most important forage crops in the world due to its high biomass and choice nutritional profiles and it provides reliable sources of protein and minerals to animals. (frontiersin.org)
  • We have identified two classes of cDNA fragments corresponding to two classes of PG genes in the Medicago genome. (pnas.org)
  • This name is the root of the modern scientific name for the alfalfa genus, Medicago. (wikipedia.org)
  • dehydrin genes from alfalfa (Medicago sativa spp. (gc.ca)
  • Identification of emerging viral genomes in transcriptomic datasets of alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Evaluation of morphological indexes in drought tolerant cultivar selection ( Medicago sativa L.) under osmotic stress (PEG). (ac.ir)
  • The wild subspecies of Medicago sativa are widespread across Eurasia, with no major threats and stable populations. (theferns.info)
  • Several aspects of the biology of the interaction between these bacteria and alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) seedlings are addressed here. (asm.org)
  • combined freeze-thaw, deicing salt stress, and buffer, illustrating that buffer can alleviate the degree of the damage from freeze-thaw and deicing salt stress on M. sativa seedlings to some extent. (deepdyve.com)
  • This Decision Document has been prepared to explain the regulatory decisions reached under Directive 94-08 (Dir94-08) - Assessment Criteria for Determining Environmental Safety of Plants with Novel Traits, its companion document BIO2005-02 - The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (alfalfa) and Section 2.6 - Guidelines for the Assessment of Novel Feeds: Plant Sources, of Chapter 2 of the RG-1 Regulatory Guidance: Feed Registration Procedures and Labelling Standards. (gc.ca)
  • Recently, genetically modified alfalfa (Medicago sativa) varieties have been marketed with reduced lignin and improved forage quality traits, including increased digestibility by ruminants at later stages of plant maturity. (umn.edu)
  • The objective of this study was to characterize and classify the genetic diversity among alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L.) ecotypes collected from the cold regions of Iran, based on some agro- morphological traits . (scialert.net)
  • The maize crops were given 0, 40, 80, 120 or 160 kg N/ha under no-till or conventional (ploughing) tillage systems, and the 1st and 2nd crops of maize after M. sativa were assessed. (eurekamag.com)
  • An alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) association panel comprised of 336 genotypes from 75 alfalfa accessions represented by four to eight genotypes for each accession. (frontiersin.org)
  • Genetic diversity and distance among Iranian and European alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) genotypes', Crop Breeding Journal , 1(1), pp. 13-28. (areo.ir)
  • We investigated how artificial defoliation impacts root colonization by AM ( Glomus intraradices ) and DSE ( Phialocephala fortinii ) fungi and growth of Medicago sativa host in a factorial laboratory experiment. (springer.com)
  • Stress responses in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) 11. (uniprot.org)
  • Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. (plantphysiol.org)
  • To better characterize how arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and host plant interactions increase atrazine stress, we performed physiological and proteomic analysis of Funneliformis mosseae (mycorrhizal fungi) and Medicago sativa (alfalfa) association under atrazine stress. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Overall, the findings of this study show that AMF played an important role in easing atrazine stress in plants and contributed to atrazine remediation and further contributed to the understanding of the molecular mechanism associated with atrazine stresses and potential mycorrhizal contributions in M.sativa . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Induction of Oxidative Stress and Anatomical Changes by Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Medicago sativa L. (jchr.org)
  • In this study effect of anthracene on germination, anatomy and oxidative stress in Medicagosativa was evaluated. (jchr.org)
  • Biochemical and Molecular Phylogenetic Study of Agriculturally Useful Association of a Nitrogen-Fixing Cyanobacterium and Nodule Sinorhizobium with Medicago sativa L. (hindawi.com)
  • Samples (n = 168) representing the spectral characteristics of the South African Medicago sativa L. hay population were chemically analysed for the development of calibration equations. (scielo.org.za)
  • Strain T173 is unique in that it possesses a 175 kb symbiotic plasmid and elicits ineffective nodules on alfalfa, sweet clover, Medicago lupulina and Macroptilium atropurpureum. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The Medicago sativa complex comprises several morphologically and genetically diverse diploid and autopolyploid taxa, including autotetraploid cultivated alfalfa (M. sativa subsp. (cornell.edu)
  • Its members can be divided into three morphological groups: M. sativa subsp. (cornell.edu)
  • Monsanto Canada Inc. and Forage Genetics International have developed an alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L. ) event with reduced lignin compared to conventional alfalfa at the same stage of growth. (gc.ca)
  • The Inheritance of Chemical Phenotype in Cannabis sativa L. (sputtr.com)
  • Four linkage groups representing the four haplotypes of each alfalfa chromosome were assigned to each of the eight Medicago chromosomes in both the maternal and paternal parents. (g3journal.org)
  • The present review comprises the ethnopharmacological, phytochemical and therapeutic potential of M. sativa. (nih.gov)
  • The results showed that in the Arbuscular mycorrhizal, protective enzymes were up regulated and the malondialdehyde content increased relative to those of non-mycorrhizal M.sativa . (biomedcentral.com)
  • We also examined the atrazine degradation rates within the nutrient solution, and a 44.43% reduction was observed with the mycorrhizal M.sativa , with 30.83% of the reduction attributed to F. mosseae . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The activity of PPO, POD, CAT and SOD in mycorrhizal M.sativa were obviously higher than non mycorrhizal M.sativa under atrazine stess. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mycorrhizal Medicago showed improved atrazine degradation within the culturing medium and increased atrazine enrichment in the roots and stems. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Medicago sativa is an effective remedy for various ailments, and this natural holistic approach to health is becoming more and more popular, but should NOT replace conventional medicine or prescription drugs. (ageless.co.za)
  • The present work aims to isolate some of the best growth promoting rhizo-bacteria from the rhizosphere of Medicago sativa L. and their potential for secondary metabolites. (innspub.net)
  • Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) is native to Iran and was likely domesticated during the Bronze Age to feed horses arriving from Central Asia. (highlighthealth.com)