Medicago sativa: A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.Medicago truncatula: A plant species of the family FABACEAE used to study GENETICS because it is DIPLOID, self fertile, has a small genome, and short generation time.Medicago: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. It is distinct from Sweet Clover (MELILOTUS), from Bush Clover (LESPEDEZA), and from Red Clover (TRIFOLIUM).Sinorhizobium meliloti: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes formation of root nodules on some, but not all, types of sweet clover, MEDICAGO SATIVA, and fenugreek.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Root Nodules, Plant: Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Nigella sativa: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains alpha-hederin, a triterpene saponin in the seeds, and is the source of black seed oil.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Melilotus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Sinorhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonsporeforming rods which usually contain granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Rhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.Trifolium: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Entomophthora: A genus of fungi in the family Entomophthoraceae, order Entomorphthorales. They are primarily parasites of insects and spiders, but have been found to cause mycotic infections of the nose in man and horses.Avena sativa: A plant species of the family POACEAE that is widely cultivated for its edible seeds.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Pterocarpans: A group of compounds which can be described as benzo-pyrano-furano-benzenes which can be formed from ISOFLAVONES by internal coupling of the B ring to the 4-ketone position. Members include medicarpin, phaseolin, and pisatin which are found in FABACEAE.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Leghemoglobin: A hemoglobin-like oxygen-binding hemeprotein present in the nitrogen-fixing root nodules of leguminous plants. The red pigment has a molecular weight approximately 1/4 that of hemoglobin and has been suggested to act as an oxido-reduction catalyst in symbiotic nitrogen fixation.Vicia sativa: A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The seed is used for food and contains THIOCYANATES such as prunasin, cyanoalanine, cyanogen, and vicine.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Entomophthorales: An order of fungi comprising mostly insect pathogens, though some infect mammals including humans. Strict host specificity make these fungi a focus of many biological control studies.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Triacetoneamine-N-Oxyl: Cyclic N-oxide radical functioning as a spin label and radiation-sensitizing agent.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Plant Root Nodulation: The formation of a nitrogen-fixing cell mass on PLANT ROOTS following symbiotic infection by nitrogen-fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Polysaccharides, Bacterial: Polysaccharides found in bacteria and in capsules thereof.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Lotus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. This genus was formerly known as Tetragonolobus. The common name of lotus is also used for NYMPHAEA and NELUMBO.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Carbohydrate Metabolism: Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.RNA, Plant: Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.

Mechanical maceration of alfalfa. (1/896)

Maceration is an intensive forage-conditioning process that can increase field drying rates by as much as 300%. Because maceration shreds the forage and reduces its rigidity, improvements in bulk density, silage compaction, and ensiling characteristics have been observed. Macerating forage also increases the surface area available for microbial attachment in the rumen, thereby increasing forage digestibility and animal performance. Feeding trials with sheep have shown increases in DMI of 5 to 31% and increases in DM digestibility of from 14 to 16 percentage units. Lactation studies have demonstrated increases in milk production and BW gain for lactating Holstein cows; however, there is a consistent decrease in milk fat percentage when dairy cattle are fed macerated forage. In vitro studies have shown that maceration decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion and increases rate of NDF digestion. In situ digestibility studies have shown that maceration increases the size of the instantly soluble DM pool and decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion, but it may not consistently alter the rate or extent of DM and NDF digestion.  (+info)

Novel genes induced during an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis formed between Medicago truncatula and Glomus versiforme. (2/896)

Many terrestrial plant species are able to form symbiotic associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Here we have identified three cDNA clones representing genes whose expression is induced during the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis formed between Medicago truncatula and an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus versiforme. The three clones represent M. truncatula genes and encode novel proteins: a xyloglucan endotransglycosylase-related protein, a putative arabinogalactan protein (AGP), and a putative homologue of the mammalian p110 subunit of initiation factor 3 (eIF3). These genes show little or no expression in M. truncatula roots prior to formation of the symbiosis and are significantly induced following colonization by G. versiforme. The genes are not induced in roots in response to increases in phosphate. This suggests that induction of expression during the symbiosis is due to the interaction with the fungus and is not a secondary effect of improved phosphate nutrition. In situ hybridization revealed that the putative AGP is expressed specifically in cortical cells containing arbuscules. The identification of two mycorrhiza-induced genes encoding proteins predicted to be involved in cell wall structure is consistent with previous electron microscopy data that indicated major alterations in the extracellular matrix of the cortical cells following colonization by mycorrhizal fungi.  (+info)

NADH-glutamate synthase in alfalfa root nodules. Genetic regulation and cellular expression. (3/896)

NADH-dependent glutamate synthase (NADH-GOGAT; EC 1.4.1.14) is a key enzyme in primary nitrogen assimilation in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) root nodules. Here we report that in alfalfa, a single gene, probably with multiple alleles, encodes for NADH-GOGAT. In situ hybridizations were performed to assess the location of NADH-GOGAT transcript in alfalfa root nodules. In wild-type cv Saranac nodules the NADH-GOGAT gene is predominantly expressed in infected cells. Nodules devoid of bacteroids (empty) induced by Sinorhizobium meliloti 7154 had no NADH-GOGAT transcript detectable by in situ hybridization, suggesting that the presence of the bacteroid may be important for NADH-GOGAT expression. The pattern of expression of NADH-GOGAT shifted during root nodule development. Until d 9 after planting, all infected cells appeared to express NADH-GOGAT. By d 19, a gradient of expression from high in the early symbiotic zone to low in the late symbiotic zone was observed. In 33-d-old nodules expression was seen in only a few cell layers in the early symbiotic zone. This pattern of expression was also observed for the nifH transcript but not for leghemoglobin. The promoter of NADH-GOGAT was evaluated in transgenic alfalfa plants carrying chimeric beta-glucuronidase promoter fusions. The results suggest that there are at least four regulatory elements. The region responsible for expression in the infected cell zone contains an 88-bp direct repeat.  (+info)

Induction of a protective antibody response to foot and mouth disease virus in mice following oral or parenteral immunization with alfalfa transgenic plants expressing the viral structural protein VP1. (4/896)

The utilization of transgenic plants expressing recombinant antigens to be used in the formulation of experimental immunogens has been recently communicated. We report here the development of transgenic plants of alfalfa expressing the structural protein VP1 of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV). The presence of the transgenes in the plants was confirmed by PCR and their specific transcription was demonstrated by RT-PCR. Mice parenterally immunized using leaf extracts or receiving in their diet freshly harvested leaves from the transgenic plants developed a virus-specific immune response. Animals immunized by either method elicited a specific antibody response to a synthetic peptide representing amino acid residues 135-160 of VP1, to the structural protein VP1, and to intact FMDV particles. Additionally, the immunized mice were protected against experimental challenge with the virus. We believe this is the first report demonstrating the induction of a protective systemic antibody response in animals fed transgenic plants expressing a viral antigen. These results support the feasibility of producing edible vaccines in transgenic forage plants, such as alfalfa, commonly used in the diet of domestic animals even for those antigens for which a systemic immune response is required.  (+info)

Supplemental cracked corn for steers fed fresh alfalfa: I. Effects on digestion of organic matter, fiber, and starch. (5/896)

The effect of supplementation with different levels of cracked corn on the sites of OM, total dietary fiber (TDF), ADF, and starch digestion in steers fed fresh alfalfa indoors was determined. Six Angus steers (338 +/- 19 kg) fitted with cannulas in the rumen, duodenum, and ileum consumed 1) alfalfa (20.4% CP, 41.6% NDF) ad libitum (AALF); 2), 3), and 4) AALF supplemented (S) with .4, .8, or 1.2%, respectively, of BW of corn; or 5) alfalfa restricted at the average level of forage intake of S steers (RALF), in a 5 x 5 Latin square design. Total OM intake was lower (P < .01) in steers fed RALF than in those fed AALF but level of forage intake did not affect sites of OM, TDF, or starch digestion (P > .05). Forage OM intake decreased (P < .01) linearly (8,496 to 5,840 g/d) but total OM intake increased (P = .03) linearly (8,496 to 9,344 g/d) as corn increased from .4 to 1.2% BW. Ruminal apparent and true OM disappearance was not affected, but OM disappearing in the small intestine increased (P < .01) linearly with increasing levels of corn. Total tract OM digestibility (71.2 to 76.2%) and the proportion of OM intake that was digested in the small intestine (15.4 to 24.5%) increased (P < .01) linearly as corn increased. The TDF and ADF intakes decreased (P < .01) linearly as level of corn increased. Total tract TDF and ADF digestibilities were not different among treatments (average 62.9 and 57.8%, respectively). Starch intake and starch digested in the rumen and small and large intestine increased (P < .01) linearly with increasing corn level. Ruminal pH and VFA concentrations decreased and increased (P < .01), respectively, with increasing corn. Supplementation with corn increased OM intake, decreased forage OM intake, and increased the proportion of OM that was digested in the small intestine, but fiber digestion was not affected.  (+info)

Supplemental cracked corn for steers fed fresh alfalfa: II. Protein and amino acid digestion. (6/896)

The effects of different levels of cracked corn on N intake, ruminal bacterial CP synthesis, and duodenal flows and small intestinal digestion of amino acids (AA) in steers fed fresh alfalfa indoors were determined. Angus steers (n = 6; average BW 338 +/- 19 kg) cannulated in the rumen, duodenum, and ileum were fed each of five diets over five periods in a Latin square design with an extra animal. Steers consumed 1) alfalfa (20.4% CP, 41.6% NDF) ad libitum (AALF); 2), 3), and 4) AALF supplemented (S) with three levels of corn (.4, .8, or 1.2% of BW, respectively), or 5) alfalfa restricted (RALF) to the average forage intake of S steers. Average N intake and duodenal flow of nonammonia N (NAN) were greater (P < .01) in S than in RALF steers. Greater duodenal flows of NAN in S compared with RALF were due to a trend toward higher (P = .06) flows of both bacterial and dietary N. Levels of corn decreased (P < .01) linearly N intake and increased (P < .01) linearly duodenal flow of NAN owing to a numerical linear increase in nonbacterial N (P = .15) with no increase in bacterial N flow. Duodenal NAN flows as percentages of N intake increased (P < .01) linearly (69.3 to 91.0%) as corn increased. Ruminal NH3 N concentration, ruminal CP degradability, and the proportion of bacterial N in duodenal NAN were decreased (P < .01) linearly as corn increased. Efficiency of net microbial CP synthesis was not affected (P > .05) by treatment (average 42.6 and 30.9 g N/kg of OM apparently or truly digested in the rumen, respectively). Small intestinal disappearance of total N and individual AA, except for threonine and lysine, and small intestinal digestibility of N and individual AA, except for methionine, histidine, and proline, increased (P < .01) linearly with level of corn and were greater (P < .01) in S than in RALF steers. Supplementing corn to steers fed fresh alfalfa reduced ruminal N losses and CP degradability and increased the duodenal flow and the small intestinal disappearance and digestibility of total N and total, essential, and nonessential AA.  (+info)

Fractionation of fiber and crude protein in fresh forages during the spring growth. (7/896)

The composition of the fiber and CP of alfalfa, bromegrass, and endophyte-free and -infected tall fescue forages was compared during the spring growth from vegetative to reproductive stages. Forages were sampled from April 27 to June 6 in 1994, and from April 27 to June 11 in 1995, with 11 and 12 harvest dates, respectively. Total dietary fiber (TDF) was fractionated into insoluble and soluble fiber (SF). The CP of the forages was fractionated into nonprotein N (A), soluble CP (B1), insoluble CP that was soluble in neutral detergent (B2), CP insoluble in neutral detergent but soluble in acid detergent (B3), and CP insoluble in acid detergent (C). Effects of year, forage species, and harvest dates (day as a covariable) were included in the model. Across harvest dates, alfalfa (A) had lower (P < .01) TDF and higher (P < .01) SF concentrations than grasses (GR) (A: 49.9 and 14.4% and GR: 60.4 and 4.5% [OM basis] for TDF and SF, respectively). Alfalfa had higher (P < .01) CP (20.6% DM) than GR (15.3%). The rate of decrease in CP (% DM) across days was higher (P < .01) for bromegrass (-.4%/d) than for the other forages (-.29%/d). Fraction A (% of CP) was not different (P = .24) among forages (22.5%), but B1 was higher (P < .01) in A (17.1%) than in GR (13.2%). The B2 fraction (% of CP) was higher (P < .01) in A compared with GR (51.6 vs 45.9%, respectively). Alfalfa had lower (P < .01) B3 (3.0% of CP) than bromegrass (18.6%) and tall fescue (13.2%). Fraction C was not different (P = .23) among forages (3.8%). Fractions A, B1, and C (% of CP) did not change (P > .05) across days for all forages. Fraction B2 (% of CP) decreased across days in A (-.21%/d) but was not affected in GR. Fraction B3 (% of CP) increased (P < .05) in A (.1%/d), decreased in endophyte-infected tall fescue (-.20%/d), and did not change (P > .05) in the other forages. Crude protein and fiber composition were affected more by forage species than by maturity. The CP and NDF concentrations were more affected by maturity. Insoluble fractions but not soluble fractions of CP were affected by maturity.  (+info)

Degradation of two protein sources at three solids retention times in continuous culture. (8/896)

Effects of solids retention times (SRT) of 10, 20, and 30 h on protein degradation and microbial metabolism were studied in continuous cultures of ruminal contents. Liquid dilution rate was constant across all retention times at .12 h(-1) (8.3 h mean retention time). Two semipurified diets that contained either soybean meal (SBM) or alfalfa hay (ALFH) as the sole nitrogen source were provided in amounts that decreased as SRT was increased. Digestion coefficients for DM, NDF, and ADF increased with increasing SRT. Digestion coefficients for nonstructural carbohydrates were higher in the SBM diet than in the ALFH diet but were not affected by SRT. Protein degradation in the ALFH diet averaged 51% and was unaffected by retention time. In the SBM diet, digestion of protein was 77, 78, and 96% at 10-, 20-, and 30-h retention times, respectively. Microbial efficiency decreased with increasing SRT and was greater for the SBM than for the ALFH diet. Efficiencies ranged from 30.6 to 35.7 and 20.8 to 29.2 g of N/kg of digested DM for the SBM and ALFH diets, respectively, as SRT decreased from 30 to 10 h. The diaminopimelic acid content of the microbes increased as SRT increased, indicating that changes in microbial species occurred owing to passage rates. From these results, we concluded that the digestibility decreases associated with increased ruminal turnover rates may be less for nonstructural carbohydrates and protein than for the fiber fractions.  (+info)

Description Frontier Natural Products, Organic Powdered Alfalfa Leaf, 16 oz (453 g) Alfalfa is a well-known fodder crop with high nutrition value for many types of livestock. Alfalfa leaf makes a pleasant tasting, tonifying tea and blends well with other herbs.Frontier Natural Products, Organic Powdered Alfalfa Leaf, 16 oz (453 g) The Plant: Alfalfa is a long-lived perennial with a deep and extensive root system. The plants are 3 to 4 feet high and the leaves have three lobes. The whole plant is harvested just as its pale purple flowers are opening. It grows in a wide range of conditions. As a nitrogen-fixing plant with an extensive root system, alfalfa helps restore and nourish poor soils. Alfalfa seeds are small and yellow-tan and are a popular sprouting seed.Frontier Natural Products, Organic Powdered Alfalfa Leaf, 16 oz (453 g) Constituents of Note: Alfalfa, an important animal food, is a highly studied crop. Alfalfa is about 15% protein. It contains many vitamins (including A,C,D,K and B) and
Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) has a considerable amount of genetic diversity for many agronomic and physiological traits. This diversity is highlighted through the considerable genotype by environment interaction influences on yield observed in Europe, North America, and the subtropical regions of Australia. There is a need to quantify the influence of genotype by environment interactions on yield and key physiological processes in the cool temperate dairy regions of Australia. This information will ensure that appropriate cultivars can be selected and best management practices developed so that lucerne can become a greater component of the dairy feedbase. Field experiments indentified that genotype by environment interactions occur in cool temperate regions, with winter dormant genotypes adapted to low yield potential environments, and winter active genotypes adapted to high yield potential environments. Irrigation was identified as a major management input determining genotype by environment ...
یونجه (Medicago sativa L.) مهم‌ترین گیاه علوفه-ای دنیاست که به طور گسترده در بیشتر مناطق اقلیمی بویژه نواحی خشک و نیمه-خشک مورد کشت و کار قرار دارد. این گیاه از مکانیسم-های مورفولوژیک، فیزیولوژیک و بیوشیمیایی مختلفی درمواجه با تنش-های محیطی بویژه تنش خشکی برخوردار است. هدف از این پژوهش، تعیین نقش آنزیم-های آنتی-اکسیدانی کاتالاز، پراکسیداز و آسکوربات پراکسیداز در مقاومت به خشکی گیاهچه-های یونجه در شرایط آزمایشگاهی بود. بدین منظور ده رقم یونجه شامل ارقام اصفهانی، همدانی، یزدی، اردوبادی، قره یونجه، بمی، نیکشهری، قمی، بغدادی و کودی و شش سطح پتانسیل آب شامل صفر، 2/0-، 4/0-
Save 50% Lindberg - Alfalfa Leaf Tablets 500 mg 500 Tablets Alfalfa Leaf Tablets 500 mg Made With Organic Alfalfa Supports Colon Health and Regularity* Alfalfa Leaf Tablets are made with young, freshly harvested organic alfalfa grown in the United States. Alfalfa plants send their roots deep into the ground, absorbing important trace minerals and nutrients. Its been traditionally used to support optimal joint and colon health, as well as helping to maintain regular bowel movements.* Vegetarian. Vegetarian Tablets.
MiR156 regulates plant biomass production through regulation of members of Squamosa-Promoter Binding Protein-Like (SPL) genes. In this study, I investigated function of miR156 in Medicago sativa (alfalfa). Alfalfa plants overexpressing alfalfa miR156 and Lotus japonicus miR156 were generated, and the miR156 cleavage targets were validated. In silico analysis showed that some alfalfa sequence reads (~ 60 bp) are similar to miR156 precursors but the hairpin secondary structure could not be produced from these sequences. Of the five predicted target SPLs genes, three (SPL6, SPL12 and SPL13) contain miR156 cleavage sites and their expression was downregulated in transgenic alfalfa overexpressing miR156. These transgenic alfalfa genotypes had reduced internode length, enhanced shoot branching, and elevated biomass. Although alfalfa miR156 had little effect on nodulation and flowering time, L. japonicus miR156 reduced nodulation and delayed flowering time (up to 50 days). Our observations imply that miR156
A genetic linkage map is a valuable tool for QTL mapping, map-based gene cloning, comparative mapping, and whole genome assembly. Alfalfa, one of the most important forage crops in the world, is autotetraploid, allogamous, and highly heterozygous, characteristics that have impeded the construction of a high density linkage map using traditional genetic marker systems. Using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), we constructed low-cost, reasonably high-density linkage maps for both maternal and paternal parental genomes of an autotetraploid alfalfa F1 population. The resulting maps contain 3,591 SNP markers on 64 linkage groups across both parents, with an average density of one marker per 1.5 and 1.0 cM for the maternal and paternal haplotype maps, respectively. Chromosome assignments were made based on homology of markers to the Medicago truncatula genome. Four linkage groups representing the four haplotypes of each alfalfa chromosome were assigned to each of the eight Medicago chromosomes in both ...
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Medicago sativa MsPRP2 protein: a proline-rich cell wall protein; from alfalfa Medicago sativa; amino acid sequence given in first source; GenBank L37017
Fall dormancy and freezing tolerance characterized as two important phenotypic traits, have great effects on productivity and persistence of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Despite the fact that one of the most limiting traits for alfalfa freezing tolerance in winter is fall dormancy, the interplay between fall dormancy and cold acclimation processes of alfalfa remains largely unknown. We compared the plant regrowth, winter survival, raffinose and amino acids accumulation, and genome-wide differentially expressed genes of fall-dormant cultivar with non-dormant cultivar under cold acclimation. Averaged over both years, the non-dormant alfalfa exhibited largely rapid regrowth compared with fall dormant alfalfa after last cutting in autumn, but the winter survival rate of fall dormant alfalfa was about 34-fold higher than that of non-dormant alfalfa. The accumulation of raffinose and amino acids were significantly increased in fall dormant alfalfa, whereas were decreased in non-dormant alfalfa under cold
Alfalfa is the best known fodder crop with high ability of biological nitrogen fixation and drought tolerance in dry, Pannonian region of east Austria. Different morphological and physiological characteristics of 18 alfalfa genotypes from different geographical origins, 8 Iranian ecotypes and 10 European cultivars were evaluated under irrigated and rainfed conditions during 2006-08 cropping seasons. The objectives of this study were to measure genetic distance and divergence among genotypes and to classify them based on morphological and physiological characters. Cluster analysis differentiated Iranian ecotypes and European cultivars from each other under irrigated condition, and when data averaged across two environments (irrigated and rainfed). However, under rainfed conditions small changes occurred in grouping of genotypes due mainly to differential responses of the genotypes to rainfed condition. Considerable genetic distance observed between Iranian and European genotypes. Different crossing
The objective of this study was to evaluate phenotypic diversity in the alfalfa germplasm collections using multivariate analysis to examine the extent of genetic diversity and contribution of selected characters to the total diversity...
Sprouts are widely used as an important source of minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. During germination, the enzymes released nutrients from seed in order to grow a new plant. Digestibility of carbohydrates and proteins increase due to conversion in simple sugars and amino acids. Minerals are absorbed from water and transported in germinated seeds. Also, vitamins C and B are formed during metabolic changes of the seeds. Small amounts of sprouts contain a high concentration of bioactive compounds. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) sprouts contain high levels of nutrients with important impact on human health. This nutrients, especially isoflavones, can reduce the menopause side-effects. In vitro studies shows that isoflavones can decrease the incidence of breast cancer, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic diseases. The aim of this study is to observe the effect of sprouting on some compounds like: carbohydrates, saponins, phenolic compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids. The seed of alfalfa were ...
Association mapping is a powerful approach for exploring the molecular genetic basis of complex quantitative traits. An alfalfa (Medicago sativa) association panel comprised of 336 genotypes from 75 alfalfa accessions represented by four to eight genotypes for each accession. Each genotype was genotyped using 85 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and phenotyped for five fiber-related traits in four different environments. A model-based structure analysis was used to group all genotypes into two groups. Most of the genotypes have a low relative kinship (less than 0.3), suggesting population stratification not be an issue for association analysis. Generally, the Q + K model exhibited the best performance to eliminate the false associated positives. In total, 124 marker-trait associations were predicted (p
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Certified Organically Grown (C.O.G.) * Natural source of Chlorophyll & Vitamins * Natural source of Minerals and Protein Alfalfas (Medicago sativa) deep root system pulls valuable minerals from the soil. With the aid of sun light, nutrients inclu
Certified Organically Grown (C.O.G.) * Natural source of Chlorophyll & Vitamins * Natural source of Minerals and Protein Alfalfas (Medicago sativa) deep root system pulls valuable minerals from the soil. With the aid of sun light, nutrients inclu
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is native to Iran and was likely domesticated during the Bronze Age to feed horses arriving from Central Asia. It was later used in Greece around 490 B.C. as horse feed for the Persian army. The name alfalfa comes from the Arabian al-fac-facah, for "father of all foods". A perennial herb, alfalfa was and is easy to grow, thriving in many varied climates throughout the world, and provides an excellent protein-rich food source for cattle, horses, sheep and other animals.. ...
The model that we presently favor (Fig. 5B) is schematically simple, but if one considers what is known about the perception of Nod factor by host legumes, it is very likely that signal transduction pathways involved in the recognition of three structurally diverse signal polysaccharides are far more complicated than those represented in our figure. A core set of genes involved in Nod factor production is conserved among the rhizobia, and the various Nod factors produced by rhizobial strains adhere to common structural themes. Even so, isolation of candidate Nod factor receptors has proven very challenging (see reference 31 for a review), partially due to the identification of multiple candidates with various affinities for Nod factors, the possibility that lipochitooligosaccharides are a general class of developmental signaling molecules, and the fact that slightly different Nod factor molecules appear to control different aspects of the hosts response to Nod factor. Because succinoglycan, EPS ...
The following health alert is from the FDA on September 4, 2008. Sprouters Northwest, Inc., Kent, Washington is recalling its alfalfa sprout products (alfalfa sprouts, onion sprouts, and salad sprouts) because they may be linked to a recent outbreak of Salmonellosis in OR and WA. To date, 13 cases of Salmonella Typhimirium infection have been associated with the consumption of raw alfalfa sprouts. The recalled sprouts were distributed in WA, OR, ID, and AK in retail stores and through wholesale produce suppliers. The products are Sprouters Northwest brand and include all lot numbers with a best by date of 9/17/08 or earlier of: 5oz alfalfa sprout cups UPC - 033383701417, 4oz alfalfa clamshells UPC-815098001088, 1lb bags of alfalfa sprouts UPC - 079566123508, 2lb trays of alfalfa sprouts UPC - 079566123492, 5oz salad cups UPC - 033383702674, 4oz salad clamshells UPC - 815098002061, 5oz alfalfa onion sprout cups UPC - 033383701905, and 4oz onion sprout clamshells UPC - 815098002054. Consumers who ...
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Gray, Alison, Day, C and Flatt, Peter (1994) investigation of the antihyperglycaemic and insulin-releasing effects of Medicago sativa. Diabetic Medicine, 11 (Suppl). S21. [Journal article] Full text not available from this repository. ...
Cyclins are key regulators of the cell cycle in all eukaryotes. We have previously isolated two B-type cyclin genes, cycMs1 and cycMs2, from alfalfa that are primarily expressed during the G2-to-M phase transition and are most likely mitotic cyclin genes. Here, we report the isolation of a novel alfalfa cyclin gene, termed cycMs3 (for cyclin Medicago sativa), by selecting for mating type alpha-pheromone-induced cell cycle arrest suppression in yeast. The central region of the predicted amino acid sequence of the cycMs3 gene is most similar to the cyclin box of yeast B-type and mammalian A- and B-type cyclins. In situ hybridization showed that cycMs3 mRNA can be detected only in proliferating cells and not in differentiated alfalfa cells. When differentiated G0-arrested cells were induced to reenter the cell cycle in the G1 phase and resume cell division by treatment with plant hormones, cycMs3 transcript levels increased long before the onset of DNA synthesis. In contrast, histone H3-1 mRNA and ...
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a perennial herb that is indigenous to the Middle East. Because of its deep root system, Alfalfa is better able to absorb minerals from the soil than other plants. Therefore, Alfalfa is a rich source of vitamins and minerals, as well as Chlorophyll. NOW® Alfalfa Leaf Caps contain only Organic Alfalfa, so its free of pesticide and herbicide residues.
Alfalfa tested for GM contamination: The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) announced last week that a sample of alfalfa from a field in eastern Washington tested positive for the low-level presence of the genetically modified (GM) pesticide resistance Roundup Ready trait. The grower brought seed and plant samples to the WSDA lab after a broker rejected the alfalfa intended for export because it contained evidence of GM traits. The grower said he did not intentionally plant Roundup Ready alfalfa, which was approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 2011. It is unknown if the seed was mislabeled. In a statement, Forage Genetics, a company that sells GM alfalfa seed, said genetic modification is permissible in conventional alfalfa seed. "Varietal purity standards allow low-level presence of impurities, including (GM) traits, in conventional alfalfa seed," spokeswoman Rebecca Lentz said in a statement. "The potential presence of impurities is clearly stated on the label. If ...
Monsanto Canada Inc. and Forage Genetics International have developed an alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) event with reduced lignin compared to conventional alfalfa at the same stage of growth.
Overexpression of AtEDT1 Gene Confers Drought Tolerance in Alfalfa: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, the growth of alfalfa is seriously affected by an ...
Culinary / Nutrition. - High in vitamins (B, A, D, E, and K) and minerals (biotin, folic acid, iron, magnesium, potassium).. - Brewed as a tea drink.. - Dried alfalfa is considered as good, if not better, than fresh alfalfa.. Folkloric traditional benefits and uses of alfalfa. - Decoction used to boost energy.. - Anecdotal reports on use as diuretic, treatment of bladder problems, diabetes, dyspepsia, and asthma.. - In South American traditional medicine, used for diuresis, kidney and vesicular swelling, and lung ailments.. Other uses. - Fodder: Primary use as feed for high-producing dairy cows, because of high protein content and easily digestible fiber. Popular as livestock forage: horses, goats, sheep, cattle.. - Plant serves as a commercial source of chlorophyll and carotene. (6). Concerns. - Contraindications:. FDA issued an advisory for children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems to avoid eating alfalfa sprouts because of frequent bacterial contamination (S. enterica, ...
Did you know alfalfa has a codependency issue? Alfalfa forage crops depend on seed production. Growing alfalfa seed depends on bees for pollination. Bees depend on the pollen and nectar resources of alfalfa flowers for reproduction and survival.
Gene silencing with RNA interference (RNAi) technology may be capable of modifying internal structure at a molecular level. This structural modification could affect biofunctions in terms of biodegradation, biochemical metabolism, and bioactive compound availability. The objectives of this study were to (1) Detect gene silencing-induced changes in carbohydrate molecular structure in an alfalfa forage (Medicago sativa spp. sativa: alfalfa) with down-regulation of genes that encode transcription factors TT8 and HB12; (2) Determine gene silencing-induced changes in nutrient bioutilization and bioavailability in the alfalfa forage (Medicago sativa); and (3) Quantify the correlation between gene silencing-induced molecular structure changes and the nutrient bioutilization and bioavailability in animals of ruminants. The experimental treatments included: T1 = Non-transgenic and no-gene silenced alfalfa forage (code "NT"); T2 = HB12-RNAi forage with HB12 gene down regulation (code "HB12"); T3 = ...
Alfalfa sprouts benefits include improving digestion, boosting growth and repair, managing diabetes, and healing the skin. It is rich in antioxidants and vitamin C.
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is frequently constrained by environmental conditions such as drought. Within this context, it is crucial to identify the physiological and metabolic traits conferring a better performance under ...
2012): Suitability of drought tolerance indices for selecting alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) genotypes under organic farming in Austria ...
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The National Alfalfa & Forage Alliance is an alliance between the growers, North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference, genetic suppliers and university segments of the alfalfa and alfalfa seed industry.
General Information: Environment: Host, Plant root, Root nodule, Soil; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 25 - 30C. This organism, much like other Rhizobia, forms a symbiotic relationship with a leguminous plant, in this case the alfalfa plant (Medicago sativa). Expression of nodulation genes results in production of a nodulation signal which the plant cell recognizes inducing root nodule formation. The plant cell provides carbon compounds for the bacterium to grow on. ...
Ive been pleased with it so far," McPhail said. "Were seeing an increase in nitrogen in the soil and overall it has proven to be a wise decision. Our livestock can graze on it when were not cutting and get some of the protein they need in their diets. Its a versatile crop that is easy to maintain and use.". While he is pleased with his alfalfa crop, McPhail said he would do one thing differently next time.. "Id plant 15-inch rows," he said. "We planted on 7½-inch rows and the bermudagrass was suppressed more than I would like for it to be. So were going to bigger rows next time.". Research conducted at Clemson University by Bill Stringer, professor emeritus, indicates alfalfa can be successfully established in 8-inch, 16-inch or 24-inch rows with bermudagrass becoming more competitive as the row spacing increases. Wider rows decrease shading by the alfalfa. However, the impact of these wider rows on alfalfa stand life were not measured in the two-year study and are unknown.. "Its a ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Alfalfa is helpful for conditions conditions including maintaining or regaining health. It works as a tonic for the kidneys and liver and for the digestive, reproductive, glandular and musculo-skeletal systems. This herb is also reported to reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke and cancer.. Several studies show that alfalfa leaves reduce blood cholesterol levels and plaque deposits on the artery walls. In doing this, the risk of heart disease and stroke is decreased. This is what I recommended before we had the Cholesterol Reduction Complex.. Alfalfa can also be used to treat obesity, bladder and kidney infections, hay fever, nausea, difficult pregnancies and bad breath. It is also used in many weight gain programs because of its high protein and appetite stimulating properties. Also alfalfa has been used to treat gangrene and epileptic seizures.. This clover-like herb has traditionally been one of the best herbal treatments for arthritis, gout and rheumatism. In fact, research suggests that ...
Medicago falcata Cold acclimation-specific protein: from alfalfa (Medicago falcata) cells; MW 17.6 kDa; expressed abundantly in cell-suspension cultures & is regulated at both the transcriptional & posttranscriptional levels; amino acid sequence given in first source
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... Alfalfa has a powerful reputation as a healing herb. It is a healthy and nutritious source of chlorophyll, beta carotene, calcium, and the vitamins D, E and K. Alfalfa has laxative, diuretic and antiseptic effects.
Alfalfa sprouts are known tobe the shoots of the alfalfa plant, which were harvested before they become the full-grown plant. The sprouts contain a ...
Do not thaw foods at room temperature. Thaw foods in the refrigerator and use them promptly. Do not refreeze foods once they have been completely thawed.. - Keep the refrigerator at 40 degrees Farenheit or lower, and the freezer at 0 degrees Farenheit or lower.. - Wash raw vegetables and fruits thoroughly before eating, especially those that will not be cooked. Avoid eating alfalfa sprouts until their safety can be assured. Methods to decontaminate alfalfa seeds and sprouts are being investigated.. - Drink only pasteurized juice or cider. Commercial juice with an extended shelf life that is sold at room temperature (juice in cardboard boxes, vacuum sealed juice in glass containers) has been pasteurized, although this is generally not indicated on the label. Juice concentrates are also heated sufficiently to kill bacteria.. - If you are ill with diarrhea or vomiting, do not prepare food for others, especially infants, the elderly, and those with weakened immune systems, because they are more ...
For nearly 1,500 years, cultures all over the world have been using alfalfa as a herbal remedy for many illnesses. The herb is believed to have originated from the Middle East where the Arabs referred to it as "the father of all foods" as they knew it was useful in a variety of forms. Physicians in early Chinese cultures used young alfalfa leaves in the treatment of digestive and kidney disorders. It was also believed to be useful in arthritis patients. Although the herb originated in the Middle East, it appeared in the thirteen colonies in 1736 and was used by the English and Americans to treat upset stomach ...
The alfalfa plant, bearing blue and purple blossoms, is considered a nutritional supplement and a body cleanser. Its leaves, growing in groups of three, are thought to nourish the body by stimulating the appetite, acting as a laxative and diuretic and providing such nutrients as fiber, protein, calcium and vitamin A (beta carotene). Target Ailments ...
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Alfalfa, Medicago sativa or alfalfa also called consists Alkaloids (asparagine, trigonelline) Coumarin, Vitamins, Minerals, Phytoestrogens
Today after school I went to the post office in town and picked up two items, one of them being wig stands. Yay now I can finally start styling wigs! Ive been thinking about cutting the bangs on my Hijikata wig shorter for some time now because I thought they were a bit too long... so I decided to plunge into a new challenge today and cut and style a wig myself for the first time ever. I must admit I was hesitating at first and scared to screw up. It doesnt really help that Im bad with scissors either... Im left-handed and Ive always used right-hand scissors and some angles are really hard and/or awkward to cut in... I cant use left-hand scissors because those are even weirder for me. lol I tried once when I was young and quickly decided to use "normal scissors". Before cutting the wig I had of course read and watched some how-to tutorials earlier so I knew somewhat what to do and not do ...
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Medicago sativa; Onobrychis sativa; Cichorium intybus; Campanula glomerata; Campanula rotundifolia; Asperula cynanchica; ...
Medicago sativa) 32 Cultivated alfalfa is tetraploid, with 2n=4x=32. Wild relatives have 2n=16.[21]:165 [21] ... Raphanus sativus) 18 [21] Carrot. (Daucus carota) 18 The genus Daucus includes around 25 species. D. carota has nine chromosome ... Allium sativum) 16 [26] Itch mite. (Sarcoptes scabiei) 17/18 According to the observation of embryonic cells of egg, chromosome ... Avena sativa) 42 This is a hexaploid with 2n=6x=42. Diploid and tetraploid cultivated species also exist.[21] [21] ...
Alfalfa, Medicago sativa. *Red clover, Trifolium pratense. *Ironweed, Vernonia sp.[6][7] ...
Medicago sativa - alfalfa. *Solidago sp. - goldenrod. *Syringa vulgaris - lilac. *Trifolium pratense - red clover ...
Medicago sativa L. Melilotus alba Medik. Melilotus officinalis Lam. Myrocarpus frondosus M.Allemão Sweetia fruticosa var. ... Apium graveolens L. Daucus carota L. Pastinaca sativa L. Petroselinu sativum Hoffm. All the plants of this family are found in ... gongyloides Eruca sativa Mill. Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. Sinapis alba L. Apuleia molaris Spruce ex Benth. Bauhinia ... C.lanatus Nakai Cucumis melo L. Cucumis sativus L. Cucurbita maxima Duchesne Cucurbita pepo L. Luffa cylindrica M.Roem. ...
Medicago sativa grow in low SO2. Rumex acetosella grow in acidic soil. Forest serve as good indicators of land productivity. ...
Apple) (+) Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) Mimulus spp. (Monkey flower) Morus spp. (Mulberry) Nemesia strumosa (Nemesia) Nemophila ... Bean) Pisum sativum (Pea) Platanus spp. (Sycamore, Plane tree) Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon flower) Populus (Poplar) ... Pyrola) Quercus palustris (Pin Oak) Quercus rubra (Red oak) Raphanus sativus (Radish) Reseda odorata (Mignonette) Rhaphiolepis ... Bellflower) Campsis radicans (Trumpet Creeper) Cannabis sativa (Hemp, Marijuana) Capsicum spp. (Pepper) Carpobrotus edulis (Ice ...
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa), shoot: 4.8 μg (192 IU) vitamin D2, 0.1 μg (4 IU) vitamin D3[105] ...
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa), shoot: 4.8 μg (192 IU) vitamin D2, 0.1 μg (4 IU) vitamin D3[17] ...
He XZ, Reddy JT, Dixon RA (1998). "Stress responses in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L). XXII. cDNA cloning and characterization of ... Medicago sativa L.)". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 336 (1): 121-9. doi:10.1006/abbi.1996.0539. PMID 8951042. ... "Isoflavone O-methyltransferase activities in elicitor-treated cell suspension cultures of Medicago sativa". Phytochemistry. 30 ...
"Ultrastructure of the Colletotrichum trifolii-Medicago sativa pathosystem. I. Pre-penetration events". Physiological and ...
The larvae feed on Lotus, Medicago sativa and Trifolium. Fauna Europaea Lot Moths and Butterflies. ...
It is a notable parasite of lucerne (Medicago sativa). The long thin stems of C. europaea are yellowish or reddish. They have ...
The larva makes serpentine mines in Medicago sativa leaves. Fauna Europaea Bei-Bienko, G.Y. & Steyskal, G.C. (1988) Keys to the ...
The larvae feed on Medicago sativa and Medicago minima. They spin together the terminal leaves of their host plant. Pupation ...
The larvae feed on Lathyrus palustris and Medicago sativa. They live within a spun or rolled leaf. The species overwinters in ...
... medicago (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.590.500 --- medicago sativa (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ... avena sativa (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.822.066 --- bambusa (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.822. ... oryza sativa (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.822.680 --- panicum (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.822. ... vicia sativa (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.984 --- wisteria (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.425 ...
The wingspan is about 30 millimetres (1.2 in). The larvae feed on Phaseolus, Medicago sativa and Glycine max. taxapad.com " ...
This article is a list of diseases of alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Common Names of Diseases, The American Phytopathological ...
Dakora, F. D., Joseph, C. M., & D. A. Phillips (1993). "Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Root Exudates Contain Isoflavonoids in the ... 2004). "The effect of rhizobiophages on Sinorhizobium meliloti-Medicago sativa symbiosis". Biology and Fertility of Soils. 39 ( ... 2006). "Nitrogen-fixing sinorhizobia with Medicago laciniata constitute a novel biovar (bv. medicaginis) of S. meliloti". Syst ... rigiduloides, among Ensifer meliloti efficiently nodulating Medicago species". Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 36 (7): 490-6. doi: ...
The larvae feed on Astragalus, Coronilla, Dorycnium, Galega and Medicago sativa. They create an ochreous pistol case with many ...
It attacks medicago sativa and has been found in Queensland, Australia. Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database. ...
1989). "Detection of Norspermidine and Norspermine in Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa)". Plant Physiology. 89 (2): 525-529. doi: ...
The larvae feed on Medicago sativa, Trifolium, Vicia and Robinia pseudoacacia. C. e. electo (South Africa, southern Mozambique ...
... burgundy bean Medicago spp. - medics Medicago sativa - alfalfa, lucerne Medicago truncatula - barrel medic Melilotus spp. - ... vetches Vicia articulata - oneflower vetch Vicia ervilia - bitter vetch Vicia narbonensis - narbon vetch Vicia sativa - common ...
... sativa to produce Sand Lucerne (M. sativa ssp. varia)." If so, then medica = (1) Medicago sativa and (2) Medicago falcata and ( ... "Medicago sativa", known in classical Latin as "Medica". There was also a redirect from the botanical name Medicago sativa. ... My reading suggested that medica was a classical term for any of several species of genus Medicago (not always Medicago sativa ... "Medicago sativa") and marked the page for deletion (summary: "Delenda. Duplicates "Medicago" (the bigger file) with a different ...
Medicago is an extensive genus of the family Leguminosae, comprising about 83 different species. Medicago sativa (Linn.) has ... Phytochemical and pharmacological potential of Medicago sativa: a review.. Bora KS1, Sharma A. ... M. sativa seems to hold great potential for in-depth investigation for various biological activities, especially their effects ... The present review comprises the ethnopharmacological, phytochemical and therapeutic potential of M. sativa. ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Medicago sativa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from June ... M. sativa sativa. The commonly cultivated form of alfalfa. M. sativa varia (Martyn.)Arcang. This sub-species is likely to be of ... Medicago sativa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from June ... Medicago polymorpha. Toothed Bur-Clover, Burclover. Annual. 0.6. 0-0 LM. N. DM. 2. 0. 0. ...
"Crystal structure of isoflavone reductase from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).". Wang X., He X., Lin J., Shao H., Chang Z., Dixon ... "Crystal structure of isoflavone reductase from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).". Wang X., He X., Lin J., Shao H., Chang Z., Dixon ... "Crystal structure of isoflavone reductase from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).". Wang X., He X., Lin J., Shao H., Chang Z., Dixon ... "Crystal structure of isoflavone reductase from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).". Wang X., He X., Lin J., Shao H., Chang Z., Dixon ...
sativa genomic DNA, M. sativa ssp. sativa pollen cDNA as well as from M. truncatula genomic DNA. All of these PCR fragments ... Total RNA was isolated from different organs of M. sativa ssp. varia or M. sativa ssp. sativa using the guanidinium thiocyanate ... sativa spp. sativa genomic DNA, supporting the idea that there are at least two different PG genes in the Medicago genome. ... Medicago PGs and the control Msc27 sequences were coamplified during 25 cycles from RNA of various plant tissues of M. sativa ...
7. Medicago sativa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 778. 1753. 紫苜蓿 zi mu xu Medicago afghanica Vassilczenko; M. alaschanica Vas-silczenko; ... sativa var. tibetana Alefeld; M. tibetana (Alefeld) Vassilczenko.. Perennial herbs, 30-100 cm. Stems erect, ascending, rarely ...
M. Tucak, S. Popović, T. Čupić, V. Španić and I. Jug, "PHENOTYPIC DIVERSITY OF ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA L.) GERMPLASM", ... Tucak M, Popović S, Čupić T, Španić V, Jug I. PHENOTYPIC DIVERSITY OF ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA L.) GERMPLASM. Poljoprivreda [ ... Tucak, M., Popović, S., Čupić, T., Španić, V. & Jug, I. (2011). PHENOTYPIC DIVERSITY OF ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA L.) GERMPLASM ... PHENOTYPIC DIVERSITY OF ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA L.) GERMPLASM. Marijana Tucak ; Agricultural Institute Osijek, Južno predgrađe ...
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Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is native to Iran and was likely domesticated during the Bronze Age to feed horses arriving from ...
... key role of which in response to salt stress was demonstrated for the model species Medicago truncatula, was identified in the ... Nucleotide polymorphism of the Srlk gene that determines salt stress tolerance in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). ... Medicago sativa). In twelve alfalfa samples originating from regions with contrasting growing conditions, 19 SNPs were revealed ... key role of which in response to salt stress was demonstrated for the model species Medicago truncatula, was identified in the ...
... from alfalfa Medicago sativa; amino acid sequence given in first source; GenBank L37017 ... Medicago sativa MsPRP2 protein: a proline-rich cell wall protein; ... Subscribe to New Research on Medicago sativa MsPRP2 protein a proline-rich cell wall protein; from alfalfa Medicago sativa; ...
An alfalfa (Medicago sativa) association panel comprised of 336 genotypes from 75 alfalfa accessions represented by four to ... An alfalfa (Medicago sativa) association panel comprised of 336 genotypes from 75 alfalfa accessions represented by four to ... Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L.) germplasm as revealed by microsatellite markers. PLoS ONE 10:e0124592. doi: 10.1371/journal. ... Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is one of the most important forage crops in the world due to its high biomass and choice nutritional ...
Molecular Cloning and Functional Identification of a Squalene Synthase Encoding Gene from Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).. Kang J ...
Effects of the Medicago scutellata trypsin inhibitor (MsTI) on cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in human breast and cervical ... Table of Contents , Herbs & Supplements , Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) Alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Also listed as: Medicago sativa ... medicago, mielga, mu su, phytoestrogen, purple medic, purple medick, purple medicle, sai pi li ka, saranac, Spanish clover, ...
... sativa L. into relatives, and details of the life forms with which it may interact. ... It is intended to provide background information on the biology of Medicago sativa L., its centre of origin, its related ... Medicago sativa L. belongs in the order Fabales, family Fabaceae, tribe Trifolieae, genus Medicago. The genus Medicago is very ... C3.0 Summary of the Ecology of Relatives of Medicago sativa L.. Part D - Potential Interaction of Medicago sativa L. with Other ...
Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, as the growth of alfalfa is ... Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, as the growth of alfalfa is ... Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, as the growth of alfalfa is ... Over-Expression of Arabidopsis EDT1 Gene Confers Drought Tolerance in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Guangshun Zheng1,2,3, ...
Furthermore, the ΔemrR mutant as well as the double ΔemrAR mutant was impaired in symbiosis with Medicago sativa; it formed ...
Nutrient Composition, Forage Parameters, and Antioxidant Capacity of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) in Response to Saline ... Nutrient Composition, Forage Parameters, and Antioxidant Capacity of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) in Response to Saline ... "Nutrient Composition, Forage Parameters, and Antioxidant Capacity of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) in Response to Saline ... Medicago sativa, L.) in Response to Saline Irrigation Water. Agriculture 2015, 5, 577-597. ...
and Forage Genetics International have developed an alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) event with reduced lignin compared to ... According to the CFIA biology document Bio2005-02: The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa), there is a negligible risk for ... The CFIA biology document Bio2005-02: The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa) shows that unmodified plants of this species ... According to the CFIA biology document Bio2005-02: The Biology of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa), alfalfa is not considered a ...
Plant alfalfa Medicago sativa (L.) sort of Jaroslavna obtained from the NSC Institute of Agriculture of National Academy of ... and stimulates growth of above-ground plant mass and rhizogenesis and leads to increased productivity of Medicago sativa L. and ... Study of Agriculturally Useful Association of a Nitrogen-Fixing Cyanobacterium and Nodule Sinorhizobium with Medicago sativa L. ... "Symbiotic N2 fixation activity in relation to C economy of Pisum sativum L. as a function of plant phenology," Journal of ...
Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). B. D. McKersie, Y. Chen ... Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) ... Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) ... Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Tolerance of Freezing Stress in Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) ...
Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus pulp on ruminal fermentation and ewe performance.(Report) by Asian - Australasian ... sativa+L.)+hay+with+fresh...-a0218449455. *APA style: Effects of replacing lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus ... MLA style: "Effects of replacing lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus pulp on ruminal fermentation and ewe ... Effects of replacing lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) hay with fresh citrus pulp on ruminal fermentation and ewe performance.. ...
Characterization of two novel cold-inducible K,inf,3,/inf, dehydrin genes from alfalfa (Medicago sativa spp. sativa L.). Dubé, ... Search within an expressed sequence tags library from cDNAs of cold-acclimated crowns of alfalfa (Medicago sativa spp. sativa L ... Medicago sativa spp. sativa L.), 126(3), 823-835. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-012-2020-6 ...
Medicago sativa spp. sativa: alfalfa) with down-regulation of genes that encode transcription factors TT8 and HB12; (2) ... Medicago sativa) with Down-Regulation of HB12 and TT8 transcription factors., International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17( ... Medicago sativa) with Down-Regulation of HB12 and TT8 transcription factors.. Li, X., Hannoufa, A., Zhang, Y., and Yu, P. (2016 ... Medicago sativa); and (3) Quantify the correlation between gene silencing-induced molecular structure changes and the nutrient ...
Medicago sativa) em população de afídeos (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Bragantia [online]. 2005, vol.64, n.2, pp.233-239. ISSN 1678- ... sativa) - P3; Crioula, as mais cultivadas no Brasil, e CUF 101, resistente a afídeos - foi estudada entre setembro/1997 a ...

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