Root Nodules, Plant
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
Plants, Genetically Modified
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Plant Root Nodulation
Amino Acid Sequence
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
Mechanical maceration of alfalfa. (1/896)Maceration is an intensive forage-conditioning process that can increase field drying rates by as much as 300%. Because maceration shreds the forage and reduces its rigidity, improvements in bulk density, silage compaction, and ensiling characteristics have been observed. Macerating forage also increases the surface area available for microbial attachment in the rumen, thereby increasing forage digestibility and animal performance. Feeding trials with sheep have shown increases in DMI of 5 to 31% and increases in DM digestibility of from 14 to 16 percentage units. Lactation studies have demonstrated increases in milk production and BW gain for lactating Holstein cows; however, there is a consistent decrease in milk fat percentage when dairy cattle are fed macerated forage. In vitro studies have shown that maceration decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion and increases rate of NDF digestion. In situ digestibility studies have shown that maceration increases the size of the instantly soluble DM pool and decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion, but it may not consistently alter the rate or extent of DM and NDF digestion. (+info)
Novel genes induced during an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis formed between Medicago truncatula and Glomus versiforme. (2/896)Many terrestrial plant species are able to form symbiotic associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Here we have identified three cDNA clones representing genes whose expression is induced during the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis formed between Medicago truncatula and an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus versiforme. The three clones represent M. truncatula genes and encode novel proteins: a xyloglucan endotransglycosylase-related protein, a putative arabinogalactan protein (AGP), and a putative homologue of the mammalian p110 subunit of initiation factor 3 (eIF3). These genes show little or no expression in M. truncatula roots prior to formation of the symbiosis and are significantly induced following colonization by G. versiforme. The genes are not induced in roots in response to increases in phosphate. This suggests that induction of expression during the symbiosis is due to the interaction with the fungus and is not a secondary effect of improved phosphate nutrition. In situ hybridization revealed that the putative AGP is expressed specifically in cortical cells containing arbuscules. The identification of two mycorrhiza-induced genes encoding proteins predicted to be involved in cell wall structure is consistent with previous electron microscopy data that indicated major alterations in the extracellular matrix of the cortical cells following colonization by mycorrhizal fungi. (+info)
NADH-glutamate synthase in alfalfa root nodules. Genetic regulation and cellular expression. (3/896)NADH-dependent glutamate synthase (NADH-GOGAT; EC 126.96.36.199) is a key enzyme in primary nitrogen assimilation in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) root nodules. Here we report that in alfalfa, a single gene, probably with multiple alleles, encodes for NADH-GOGAT. In situ hybridizations were performed to assess the location of NADH-GOGAT transcript in alfalfa root nodules. In wild-type cv Saranac nodules the NADH-GOGAT gene is predominantly expressed in infected cells. Nodules devoid of bacteroids (empty) induced by Sinorhizobium meliloti 7154 had no NADH-GOGAT transcript detectable by in situ hybridization, suggesting that the presence of the bacteroid may be important for NADH-GOGAT expression. The pattern of expression of NADH-GOGAT shifted during root nodule development. Until d 9 after planting, all infected cells appeared to express NADH-GOGAT. By d 19, a gradient of expression from high in the early symbiotic zone to low in the late symbiotic zone was observed. In 33-d-old nodules expression was seen in only a few cell layers in the early symbiotic zone. This pattern of expression was also observed for the nifH transcript but not for leghemoglobin. The promoter of NADH-GOGAT was evaluated in transgenic alfalfa plants carrying chimeric beta-glucuronidase promoter fusions. The results suggest that there are at least four regulatory elements. The region responsible for expression in the infected cell zone contains an 88-bp direct repeat. (+info)
Induction of a protective antibody response to foot and mouth disease virus in mice following oral or parenteral immunization with alfalfa transgenic plants expressing the viral structural protein VP1. (4/896)The utilization of transgenic plants expressing recombinant antigens to be used in the formulation of experimental immunogens has been recently communicated. We report here the development of transgenic plants of alfalfa expressing the structural protein VP1 of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV). The presence of the transgenes in the plants was confirmed by PCR and their specific transcription was demonstrated by RT-PCR. Mice parenterally immunized using leaf extracts or receiving in their diet freshly harvested leaves from the transgenic plants developed a virus-specific immune response. Animals immunized by either method elicited a specific antibody response to a synthetic peptide representing amino acid residues 135-160 of VP1, to the structural protein VP1, and to intact FMDV particles. Additionally, the immunized mice were protected against experimental challenge with the virus. We believe this is the first report demonstrating the induction of a protective systemic antibody response in animals fed transgenic plants expressing a viral antigen. These results support the feasibility of producing edible vaccines in transgenic forage plants, such as alfalfa, commonly used in the diet of domestic animals even for those antigens for which a systemic immune response is required. (+info)
Supplemental cracked corn for steers fed fresh alfalfa: I. Effects on digestion of organic matter, fiber, and starch. (5/896)The effect of supplementation with different levels of cracked corn on the sites of OM, total dietary fiber (TDF), ADF, and starch digestion in steers fed fresh alfalfa indoors was determined. Six Angus steers (338 +/- 19 kg) fitted with cannulas in the rumen, duodenum, and ileum consumed 1) alfalfa (20.4% CP, 41.6% NDF) ad libitum (AALF); 2), 3), and 4) AALF supplemented (S) with .4, .8, or 1.2%, respectively, of BW of corn; or 5) alfalfa restricted at the average level of forage intake of S steers (RALF), in a 5 x 5 Latin square design. Total OM intake was lower (P < .01) in steers fed RALF than in those fed AALF but level of forage intake did not affect sites of OM, TDF, or starch digestion (P > .05). Forage OM intake decreased (P < .01) linearly (8,496 to 5,840 g/d) but total OM intake increased (P = .03) linearly (8,496 to 9,344 g/d) as corn increased from .4 to 1.2% BW. Ruminal apparent and true OM disappearance was not affected, but OM disappearing in the small intestine increased (P < .01) linearly with increasing levels of corn. Total tract OM digestibility (71.2 to 76.2%) and the proportion of OM intake that was digested in the small intestine (15.4 to 24.5%) increased (P < .01) linearly as corn increased. The TDF and ADF intakes decreased (P < .01) linearly as level of corn increased. Total tract TDF and ADF digestibilities were not different among treatments (average 62.9 and 57.8%, respectively). Starch intake and starch digested in the rumen and small and large intestine increased (P < .01) linearly with increasing corn level. Ruminal pH and VFA concentrations decreased and increased (P < .01), respectively, with increasing corn. Supplementation with corn increased OM intake, decreased forage OM intake, and increased the proportion of OM that was digested in the small intestine, but fiber digestion was not affected. (+info)
Supplemental cracked corn for steers fed fresh alfalfa: II. Protein and amino acid digestion. (6/896)The effects of different levels of cracked corn on N intake, ruminal bacterial CP synthesis, and duodenal flows and small intestinal digestion of amino acids (AA) in steers fed fresh alfalfa indoors were determined. Angus steers (n = 6; average BW 338 +/- 19 kg) cannulated in the rumen, duodenum, and ileum were fed each of five diets over five periods in a Latin square design with an extra animal. Steers consumed 1) alfalfa (20.4% CP, 41.6% NDF) ad libitum (AALF); 2), 3), and 4) AALF supplemented (S) with three levels of corn (.4, .8, or 1.2% of BW, respectively), or 5) alfalfa restricted (RALF) to the average forage intake of S steers. Average N intake and duodenal flow of nonammonia N (NAN) were greater (P < .01) in S than in RALF steers. Greater duodenal flows of NAN in S compared with RALF were due to a trend toward higher (P = .06) flows of both bacterial and dietary N. Levels of corn decreased (P < .01) linearly N intake and increased (P < .01) linearly duodenal flow of NAN owing to a numerical linear increase in nonbacterial N (P = .15) with no increase in bacterial N flow. Duodenal NAN flows as percentages of N intake increased (P < .01) linearly (69.3 to 91.0%) as corn increased. Ruminal NH3 N concentration, ruminal CP degradability, and the proportion of bacterial N in duodenal NAN were decreased (P < .01) linearly as corn increased. Efficiency of net microbial CP synthesis was not affected (P > .05) by treatment (average 42.6 and 30.9 g N/kg of OM apparently or truly digested in the rumen, respectively). Small intestinal disappearance of total N and individual AA, except for threonine and lysine, and small intestinal digestibility of N and individual AA, except for methionine, histidine, and proline, increased (P < .01) linearly with level of corn and were greater (P < .01) in S than in RALF steers. Supplementing corn to steers fed fresh alfalfa reduced ruminal N losses and CP degradability and increased the duodenal flow and the small intestinal disappearance and digestibility of total N and total, essential, and nonessential AA. (+info)
Fractionation of fiber and crude protein in fresh forages during the spring growth. (7/896)The composition of the fiber and CP of alfalfa, bromegrass, and endophyte-free and -infected tall fescue forages was compared during the spring growth from vegetative to reproductive stages. Forages were sampled from April 27 to June 6 in 1994, and from April 27 to June 11 in 1995, with 11 and 12 harvest dates, respectively. Total dietary fiber (TDF) was fractionated into insoluble and soluble fiber (SF). The CP of the forages was fractionated into nonprotein N (A), soluble CP (B1), insoluble CP that was soluble in neutral detergent (B2), CP insoluble in neutral detergent but soluble in acid detergent (B3), and CP insoluble in acid detergent (C). Effects of year, forage species, and harvest dates (day as a covariable) were included in the model. Across harvest dates, alfalfa (A) had lower (P < .01) TDF and higher (P < .01) SF concentrations than grasses (GR) (A: 49.9 and 14.4% and GR: 60.4 and 4.5% [OM basis] for TDF and SF, respectively). Alfalfa had higher (P < .01) CP (20.6% DM) than GR (15.3%). The rate of decrease in CP (% DM) across days was higher (P < .01) for bromegrass (-.4%/d) than for the other forages (-.29%/d). Fraction A (% of CP) was not different (P = .24) among forages (22.5%), but B1 was higher (P < .01) in A (17.1%) than in GR (13.2%). The B2 fraction (% of CP) was higher (P < .01) in A compared with GR (51.6 vs 45.9%, respectively). Alfalfa had lower (P < .01) B3 (3.0% of CP) than bromegrass (18.6%) and tall fescue (13.2%). Fraction C was not different (P = .23) among forages (3.8%). Fractions A, B1, and C (% of CP) did not change (P > .05) across days for all forages. Fraction B2 (% of CP) decreased across days in A (-.21%/d) but was not affected in GR. Fraction B3 (% of CP) increased (P < .05) in A (.1%/d), decreased in endophyte-infected tall fescue (-.20%/d), and did not change (P > .05) in the other forages. Crude protein and fiber composition were affected more by forage species than by maturity. The CP and NDF concentrations were more affected by maturity. Insoluble fractions but not soluble fractions of CP were affected by maturity. (+info)
Degradation of two protein sources at three solids retention times in continuous culture. (8/896)Effects of solids retention times (SRT) of 10, 20, and 30 h on protein degradation and microbial metabolism were studied in continuous cultures of ruminal contents. Liquid dilution rate was constant across all retention times at .12 h(-1) (8.3 h mean retention time). Two semipurified diets that contained either soybean meal (SBM) or alfalfa hay (ALFH) as the sole nitrogen source were provided in amounts that decreased as SRT was increased. Digestion coefficients for DM, NDF, and ADF increased with increasing SRT. Digestion coefficients for nonstructural carbohydrates were higher in the SBM diet than in the ALFH diet but were not affected by SRT. Protein degradation in the ALFH diet averaged 51% and was unaffected by retention time. In the SBM diet, digestion of protein was 77, 78, and 96% at 10-, 20-, and 30-h retention times, respectively. Microbial efficiency decreased with increasing SRT and was greater for the SBM than for the ALFH diet. Efficiencies ranged from 30.6 to 35.7 and 20.8 to 29.2 g of N/kg of digested DM for the SBM and ALFH diets, respectively, as SRT decreased from 30 to 10 h. The diaminopimelic acid content of the microbes increased as SRT increased, indicating that changes in microbial species occurred owing to passage rates. From these results, we concluded that the digestibility decreases associated with increased ruminal turnover rates may be less for nonstructural carbohydrates and protein than for the fiber fractions. (+info)
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Quantifying lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) genotype by environment interactions in the cool temperate dairy regions of Australia ...
Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) has a considerable amount of genetic diversity for many agronomic and physiological traits. This diversity is highlighted through the considerable genotype by environment interaction influences on yield observed in Europe, North America, and the subtropical regions of Australia. There is a need to quantify the influence of genotype by environment interactions on yield and key physiological processes in the cool temperate dairy regions of Australia. This information will ensure that appropriate cultivars can be selected and best management practices developed so that lucerne can become a greater component of the dairy feedbase. Field experiments indentified that genotype by environment interactions occur in cool temperate regions, with winter dormant genotypes adapted to low yield potential environments, and winter active genotypes adapted to high yield potential environments. Irrigation was identified as a major management input determining genotype by environment ...
Cohnella formosensis sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium isolated from the rhizosphere of Medicago sativa L | NCHU Institution...
A Gram-positive, spore-forming, aerobic, rod-shaped, xylanolytic bacterium designated strain CC-Alfalfa-35T was isolated from the rhizosphere of Medicago sativa L. in Taiwan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain CC-Alfalfa-35T was affiliated to the genus Cohnella. Strain CC-Alfalfa-35T shared 95.3 % pairwise 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of the type species of the genus Cohnella (Cohnella thermotolerans DSM 17683T) besides showing a similarity of 97.4-93.6 % with other recognized species of the genus Cohnella. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between CC-Alfalfa-35T and Cohnella thailandensis KCTC 22296T was 37.7 %±1.7 % (reciprocal value, 55.7 %±3.0 %). Predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The polar lipid profile constituted diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, lysyl-phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified aminophospholipids. The ...
اثر تنش خشکی بر خصوصیات بیوشیمیایی ریشهچه و ساقهچه ارقام مختلف یونجه (Medicago Sativa L.)
یونجه (Medicago sativa L.) مهمترین گیاه علوفه-ای دنیاست که به طور گسترده در بیشتر مناطق اقلیمی بویژه نواحی خشک و نیمه-خشک مورد کشت و کار قرار دارد. این گیاه از مکانیسم-های مورفولوژیک، فیزیولوژیک و بیوشیمیایی مختلفی درمواجه با تنش-های محیطی بویژه تنش خشکی برخوردار است. هدف از این پژوهش، تعیین نقش آنزیم-های آنتی-اکسیدانی کاتالاز، پراکسیداز و آسکوربات پراکسیداز در مقاومت به خشکی گیاهچه-های یونجه در شرایط آزمایشگاهی بود. بدین منظور ده رقم یونجه شامل ارقام اصفهانی، همدانی، یزدی، اردوبادی، قره یونجه، بمی، نیکشهری، قمی، بغدادی و کودی و شش سطح پتانسیل آب شامل صفر، 2/0-، 4/0-
Transgenic Alfalfa That Accumulates Piceid (Trans-Resveratrol-3-O−β-D- by Brian D. Kineman, Angela Au et al.
Plants have been genetically enhanced to produce a number of products for agricultural, industrial and pharmaceutical purposes. This technology could potentially be applied to providing chemoprevention strategies to the general population. Resveratrol (3,5,4′-trihydroxystilbene) is a compound that has been shown to have protective activity against a number of cancers and could be an ideal candidate for such an application. Alfalfa that was genetically modified to express resveratrol-synthase was used as a model in applying biotechnological approaches to cancer prevention. The transgenic alfalfa, which accumulates resveratrol as a glucoside (piceid = trans-resveratrol-3-O−β-D-glucopyranoside) (152 ± 17.5 μ g piceid/g dry weight), was incorporated into a standard mouse diet at 20% of the diet by weight and fed for 5 wk to 6-wk-old, female CF-1 mice (N = 17-30) that were injected with a single dose of azoxymethane (5 mg/kg body weight). While the addition of resveratrol-aglycone (20 mg/kg diet) to
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LTER Publications - Rasse, D. P. and O. Schabenberger. 1999. Modifications of soil nitrogen pools in response to alfalfa root...
Decomposing alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) shoots and roots generate large amounts of NO3-N available to the next crop but also susceptible to deep leaching. This study was aimed at determining the specific contributions of above- and belowground alfalfa biomass to soil N pools. Dynamics of soil and plant N pools were studied in a Kalamanzoo loam soil (fine-loamy, mixed, mesic Typic Hapludalfs) over a 2-yr period under bare fallow (BF), bare fallow to which alfalfa shoot mulch was applied (BFSM), living alfalfa plants with shoots removed after harvest (A), and living alfalfa with shoot mulch remaining on the soil surface after harvest (ASM). Organic N pools were monitored in alfalfa plant parts, soil-incorporated debris, and soil organic matter to depths of 150 cm. Inorganic N pools were monitored by suction lysimeters, soil extraction, and evaluation of soil denitrification rates. Living alfalfa stands kept soil inorganic N at very low levels, whether shoot mulch was applied or not. Soluble ...
Effects of microRNA156 on Flowering Time and Plant Architecture in Med by Banyar Aung
MiR156 regulates plant biomass production through regulation of members of Squamosa-Promoter Binding Protein-Like (SPL) genes. In this study, I investigated function of miR156 in Medicago sativa (alfalfa). Alfalfa plants overexpressing alfalfa miR156 and Lotus japonicus miR156 were generated, and the miR156 cleavage targets were validated. In silico analysis showed that some alfalfa sequence reads (~ 60 bp) are similar to miR156 precursors but the hairpin secondary structure could not be produced from these sequences. Of the five predicted target SPLs genes, three (SPL6, SPL12 and SPL13) contain miR156 cleavage sites and their expression was downregulated in transgenic alfalfa overexpressing miR156. These transgenic alfalfa genotypes had reduced internode length, enhanced shoot branching, and elevated biomass. Although alfalfa miR156 had little effect on nodulation and flowering time, L. japonicus miR156 reduced nodulation and delayed flowering time (up to 50 days). Our observations imply that miR156
A Saturated Genetic Linkage Map of Autotetraploid Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Developed Using Genotyping-by-Sequencing Is...
A genetic linkage map is a valuable tool for QTL mapping, map-based gene cloning, comparative mapping, and whole genome assembly. Alfalfa, one of the most important forage crops in the world, is autotetraploid, allogamous, and highly heterozygous, characteristics that have impeded the construction of a high density linkage map using traditional genetic marker systems. Using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), we constructed low-cost, reasonably high-density linkage maps for both maternal and paternal parental genomes of an autotetraploid alfalfa F1 population. The resulting maps contain 3,591 SNP markers on 64 linkage groups across both parents, with an average density of one marker per 1.5 and 1.0 cM for the maternal and paternal haplotype maps, respectively. Chromosome assignments were made based on homology of markers to the Medicago truncatula genome. Four linkage groups representing the four haplotypes of each alfalfa chromosome were assigned to each of the eight Medicago chromosomes in both ...
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INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS ON CALLUS INDUCTION AND FLAVONOID CONTENTS IN ALFALFA (Medicago sativa L.).
Alfalfa contains many important substances including flavonoids which play many diverse roles in plant. Alfalfa callus was induced on media containing 6- benzyl aminopurin (BA), α -Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), 2, 4 Dichloro phenoxy acetic acid (2, 4-D) and kinetin. The best callus formation was obtained from the medium of 2 mgl-1 2, 4- D + 1.5 mgl-1 Kinetin; leaf was the best organ of alfalfa in production of fresh weight. The 2nd subculture was higher in growth characters and flavonoids production as compared to the 1st subculture. Flavonoid concentration was higher in shoot tip of 1st subculture and leaves in the 2nd subculture.
Medicago sativa MsPRP2 protein Summary Report | CureHunter
Medicago sativa MsPRP2 protein: a proline-rich cell wall protein; from alfalfa Medicago sativa; amino acid sequence given in first source; GenBank L37017
How fall dormancy benefits alfalfa winter-survival? Physiologic and transcriptomic analyses of dormancy process | BMC Plant...
Fall dormancy and freezing tolerance characterized as two important phenotypic traits, have great effects on productivity and persistence of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Despite the fact that one of the most limiting traits for alfalfa freezing tolerance in winter is fall dormancy, the interplay between fall dormancy and cold acclimation processes of alfalfa remains largely unknown. We compared the plant regrowth, winter survival, raffinose and amino acids accumulation, and genome-wide differentially expressed genes of fall-dormant cultivar with non-dormant cultivar under cold acclimation. Averaged over both years, the non-dormant alfalfa exhibited largely rapid regrowth compared with fall dormant alfalfa after last cutting in autumn, but the winter survival rate of fall dormant alfalfa was about 34-fold higher than that of non-dormant alfalfa. The accumulation of raffinose and amino acids were significantly increased in fall dormant alfalfa, whereas were decreased in non-dormant alfalfa under cold
Genetic diversity and distance among Iranian and European alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) genotypes
Alfalfa is the best known fodder crop with high ability of biological nitrogen fixation and drought tolerance in dry, Pannonian region of east Austria. Different morphological and physiological characteristics of 18 alfalfa genotypes from different geographical origins, 8 Iranian ecotypes and 10 European cultivars were evaluated under irrigated and rainfed conditions during 2006-08 cropping seasons. The objectives of this study were to measure genetic distance and divergence among genotypes and to classify them based on morphological and physiological characters. Cluster analysis differentiated Iranian ecotypes and European cultivars from each other under irrigated condition, and when data averaged across two environments (irrigated and rainfed). However, under rainfed conditions small changes occurred in grouping of genotypes due mainly to differential responses of the genotypes to rainfed condition. Considerable genetic distance observed between Iranian and European genotypes. Different crossing
PHENOTYPIC DIVERSITY OF ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA L.) GERMPLASM
The objective of this study was to evaluate phenotypic diversity in the alfalfa germplasm collections using multivariate analysis to examine the extent of genetic diversity and contribution of selected characters to the total diversity...
Qualitative investigation on bioactive compounds of alfalfa seeds during germination-Gherghina Zinca, Rodica Dinica, Camelia...
Sprouts are widely used as an important source of minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. During germination, the enzymes released nutrients from seed in order to grow a new plant. Digestibility of carbohydrates and proteins increase due to conversion in simple sugars and amino acids. Minerals are absorbed from water and transported in germinated seeds. Also, vitamins C and B are formed during metabolic changes of the seeds. Small amounts of sprouts contain a high concentration of bioactive compounds. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) sprouts contain high levels of nutrients with important impact on human health. This nutrients, especially isoflavones, can reduce the menopause side-effects. In vitro studies shows that isoflavones can decrease the incidence of breast cancer, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic diseases. The aim of this study is to observe the effect of sprouting on some compounds like: carbohydrates, saponins, phenolic compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids. The seed of alfalfa were ...
Frontiers | Association Mapping for Fiber-Related Traits and Digestibility in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) | Plant Science
Association mapping is a powerful approach for exploring the molecular genetic basis of complex quantitative traits. An alfalfa (Medicago sativa) association panel comprised of 336 genotypes from 75 alfalfa accessions represented by four to eight genotypes for each accession. Each genotype was genotyped using 85 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and phenotyped for five fiber-related traits in four different environments. A model-based structure analysis was used to group all genotypes into two groups. Most of the genotypes have a low relative kinship (less than 0.3), suggesting population stratification not be an issue for association analysis. Generally, the Q + K model exhibited the best performance to eliminate the false associated positives. In total, 124 marker-trait associations were predicted (p
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Description:Lucerne (Medicago sativa) is also known as alfalfa, which means best fodder - and this says it all. Lucerne is the king of fodder, yielding a large volume of high quality hay thats rich in protein. Lucerne belongs to the legume family, which means that, working with soil bacteria called rhizobia, it is
Tag: medicago sativa | Highlight HEALTH
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is native to Iran and was likely domesticated during the Bronze Age to feed horses arriving from Central Asia. It was later used in Greece around 490 B.C. as horse feed for the Persian army. The name alfalfa comes from the Arabian al-fac-facah, for father of all foods. A perennial herb, alfalfa was and is easy to grow, thriving in many varied climates throughout the world, and provides an excellent protein-rich food source for cattle, horses, sheep and other animals.. ...
Alfalfa Root Nodule Invasion Efficiency Is Dependent on Sinorhizobium melilotiPolysaccharides | Journal of Bacteriology
The model that we presently favor (Fig. 5B) is schematically simple, but if one considers what is known about the perception of Nod factor by host legumes, it is very likely that signal transduction pathways involved in the recognition of three structurally diverse signal polysaccharides are far more complicated than those represented in our figure. A core set of genes involved in Nod factor production is conserved among the rhizobia, and the various Nod factors produced by rhizobial strains adhere to common structural themes. Even so, isolation of candidate Nod factor receptors has proven very challenging (see reference 31 for a review), partially due to the identification of multiple candidates with various affinities for Nod factors, the possibility that lipochitooligosaccharides are a general class of developmental signaling molecules, and the fact that slightly different Nod factor molecules appear to control different aspects of the hosts response to Nod factor. Because succinoglycan, EPS ...
Kashrut.com - Kosher Food Alerts and Mislabeled Products
The following health alert is from the FDA on September 4, 2008. Sprouters Northwest, Inc., Kent, Washington is recalling its alfalfa sprout products (alfalfa sprouts, onion sprouts, and salad sprouts) because they may be linked to a recent outbreak of Salmonellosis in OR and WA. To date, 13 cases of Salmonella Typhimirium infection have been associated with the consumption of raw alfalfa sprouts. The recalled sprouts were distributed in WA, OR, ID, and AK in retail stores and through wholesale produce suppliers. The products are Sprouters Northwest brand and include all lot numbers with a best by date of 9/17/08 or earlier of: 5oz alfalfa sprout cups UPC - 033383701417, 4oz alfalfa clamshells UPC-815098001088, 1lb bags of alfalfa sprouts UPC - 079566123508, 2lb trays of alfalfa sprouts UPC - 079566123492, 5oz salad cups UPC - 033383702674, 4oz salad clamshells UPC - 815098002061, 5oz alfalfa onion sprout cups UPC - 033383701905, and 4oz onion sprout clamshells UPC - 815098002054. Consumers who ...
Effect of Foliar Feeding on Nitrogen Assimilation in Alfalfa Plants at Insufficient Molybdenum Supply | SpringerLink
The influence of foliar feeding on the nitrogen assimilation in alfalfa plants under conditions of Mo shortage was studied. It was established that foliar
Alfalfa Plant Articles on agriculture-xprt.com
Find alfalfa plant articles on agriculture-xprt.com, the worlds largest agricultural industry marketplace and information resource.
Alfalfa Seed Bulldog 805 - Alfalfa Seed - 5 LBS. For Warmer Climates (Southern States): Seedland.com
ORDER INFORMATION: We reserve the right to cancel any orders for products or seeds in which either the items are no longer available or discontinued. On items in which the pricing was listed incorrectly online due to an error in pricing correctly, we will contact you with the corrected price. For our retail customers we will offer you the wholesale price for that particular item, however pricing errors will NOT be honored at the incorrect error price. Any product that displays a zero price ($0.00) is considered to be out of stock item. Usually the product will also be marked as SOLD OUT, however in some cases only a zero price may display. Customers will be notified the actual normal price on zero price items once the item becomes available. Out of stock (SOLD OUT) items will not be billed, backordered or shipped unless you specifically contact us requesting an order be shipped when available - You will be notified of the item price on any out of stock item that you request to be shipped ...
Salmonella outbreak tied to alfalfa sprouts | 2016-08-17 | Food Engineering
The CDC, in conjunction with several state health agencies and FDA, is investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Reading and Salmonella Abony infections. As of Aug. 10, the CDC reported 30 people across nine states have been infected with outbreak strains of the pathogen. Five people were hospitalized. An investigation into to the outbreak revealed alfalfa sprouts supplied by Sprouts Extraordinaire of Denver, CO are the likely source of the infections. The company issued a recall of its alfalfa sprout products earlier in the month . . .
investigation of the antihyperglycaemic and insulin-releasing effects of Medicago sativa. - Ulster Institutional Repository
Gray, Alison, Day, C and Flatt, Peter (1994) investigation of the antihyperglycaemic and insulin-releasing effects of Medicago sativa. Diabetic Medicine, 11 (Suppl). S21. [Journal article] Full text not available from this repository. ...
cycMs3, a novel B-type alfalfa cyclin gene, is induced in the G0-to-G1 transition of the cell cycle. | Plant Cell
Cyclins are key regulators of the cell cycle in all eukaryotes. We have previously isolated two B-type cyclin genes, cycMs1 and cycMs2, from alfalfa that are primarily expressed during the G2-to-M phase transition and are most likely mitotic cyclin genes. Here, we report the isolation of a novel alfalfa cyclin gene, termed cycMs3 (for cyclin Medicago sativa), by selecting for mating type alpha-pheromone-induced cell cycle arrest suppression in yeast. The central region of the predicted amino acid sequence of the cycMs3 gene is most similar to the cyclin box of yeast B-type and mammalian A- and B-type cyclins. In situ hybridization showed that cycMs3 mRNA can be detected only in proliferating cells and not in differentiated alfalfa cells. When differentiated G0-arrested cells were induced to reenter the cell cycle in the G1 phase and resume cell division by treatment with plant hormones, cycMs3 transcript levels increased long before the onset of DNA synthesis. In contrast, histone H3-1 mRNA and ...
Alfalfa - Now - Alfalfa Herb 100 Caps
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a perennial herb that is indigenous to the Middle East. Because of its deep root system, Alfalfa is better able to absorb minerals from the soil than other plants. Therefore, Alfalfa is a rich source of vitamins and minerals, as well as Chlorophyll. NOW® Alfalfa Leaf Caps contain only Organic Alfalfa, so its free of pesticide and herbicide residues.
A call for a Day of Action to Stop GM Alfalfa was issued by the National Farmers Union-Ontario. - The Cornwall Free News
For more information on GM Alfalfa: www.cban.ca/alfalfa. Why is GM Alfalfa Such a Huge Threat?. GM contamination is inevitable because alfalfa is a perennial crop pollinated by insects. In Ontario, weeds are becoming resistant to glyphosate (the active ingredient in Monsantos herbicide Roundup): another glyphosate tolerant crop like Roundup Ready alfalfa would increase these weeds. Alfalfa is almost always grown in a mix with grasses and establishes readily without the use of herbicides. Farmers dont want or need Roundup Ready alfalfa. If genetically modified (GM, also called genetically engineered or GE) alfalfa is released in Eastern Canada it will have negative impacts on a wide range of farmers and farming systems, both conventional and organic. For more information see www.cban.ca/alfalfa. Why is Alfalfa Important?. Alfalfa (commonly harvested as hay) is a high-protein forage fed to animals like dairy cows, beef cattle, lambs, poultry and pigs. Its also used to build nutrients in the ...
In 60 seconds: 9/23/13 | Feedstuffs
Alfalfa tested for GM contamination: The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) announced last week that a sample of alfalfa from a field in eastern Washington tested positive for the low-level presence of the genetically modified (GM) pesticide resistance Roundup Ready trait. The grower brought seed and plant samples to the WSDA lab after a broker rejected the alfalfa intended for export because it contained evidence of GM traits. The grower said he did not intentionally plant Roundup Ready alfalfa, which was approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 2011. It is unknown if the seed was mislabeled. In a statement, Forage Genetics, a company that sells GM alfalfa seed, said genetic modification is permissible in conventional alfalfa seed. Varietal purity standards allow low-level presence of impurities, including (GM) traits, in conventional alfalfa seed, spokeswoman Rebecca Lentz said in a statement. The potential presence of impurities is clearly stated on the label. If ...
Decision Document DD2014-106 Determination of the Safety of Monsanto Canada Inc. and Forage Genetic Internationals Alfalfa ...
Monsanto Canada Inc. and Forage Genetics International have developed an alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) event with reduced lignin compared to conventional alfalfa at the same stage of growth.
Overexpression of AtEDT1 Gene Confers Drought Tolerance in Alfalfa- Crop Biotech Update ( 12/20/2017 ) | ISAAA.org/KC
Overexpression of AtEDT1 Gene Confers Drought Tolerance in Alfalfa: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important legume forage crop with great economic value. However, the growth of alfalfa is seriously affected by an ...
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Quebec company, AquaFuchsia recalls alfalfa sprouts due to salmonella concerns | The Global Dispatch
Aquafuchsia brand alfalfa sprout product, commonly known as Salad Plus- Alfalfa with a touch of radish! in 125 g containers. The container is stamped with a product code of 041 and a UPV of 0 551176 1.. The recall was initiated after testing by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).. The affected products were sold in Quebec. There have been no reported illnesses associated with the consumption of this product.. The CFIA says the recalled product should be thrown out or returned to the store where it was purchased.. Salmonella is an organism, which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Healthy persons infected with Salmonella often experience fever, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.. In rare circumstances, infection with Salmonella can result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illnesses such as arterial infections (i.e., ...
A.Vogel BioSnacky® Alfalfa Seeds 40g | The Honey Doctor
Alfalfa sprouts complement light meals such as salads at any time of the year. The slightly bitter, mildly nutty taste adds a distinctive flavour to salads, soups, dips and many other dishes. ...
Alfalfa nutrition proven benefits uses - 2beingfit
Culinary / Nutrition. - High in vitamins (B, A, D, E, and K) and minerals (biotin, folic acid, iron, magnesium, potassium).. - Brewed as a tea drink.. - Dried alfalfa is considered as good, if not better, than fresh alfalfa.. Folkloric traditional benefits and uses of alfalfa. - Decoction used to boost energy.. - Anecdotal reports on use as diuretic, treatment of bladder problems, diabetes, dyspepsia, and asthma.. - In South American traditional medicine, used for diuresis, kidney and vesicular swelling, and lung ailments.. Other uses. - Fodder: Primary use as feed for high-producing dairy cows, because of high protein content and easily digestible fiber. Popular as livestock forage: horses, goats, sheep, cattle.. - Plant serves as a commercial source of chlorophyll and carotene. (6). Concerns. - Contraindications:. FDA issued an advisory for children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems to avoid eating alfalfa sprouts because of frequent bacterial contamination (S. enterica, ...
Phosphorus Fertilization Strategies for Alfalfa Hay Production followe by Antonio P. Mallarino and David Rueber
A long-term experiment was conducted to evaluate phosphorus (P) fertilization strategies for alfalfa grown for hay and followed by corn harvested for grain.Alfalfa has greater P requirements than corn, and this is recognized in the ISU Extension publication PM-1688. The guidelines are based on previous research with pure alfalfa or alfalfa-grass mixtures. The information available is about 30 years old; however, there is insufficient information about alternative strategies for distributing P fertilization rates during the alfalfa crop years and for a following corn crop. This study evaluated several combinations of initial and top-dressed P fertilization rates for alfalfa and also evaluated effects of starter P and nitrogen (N) on corn following alfalfa.
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Bees and Alfalfa Make for a Great Pairing | Pioneer Seeds
Did you know alfalfa has a codependency issue? Alfalfa forage crops depend on seed production. Growing alfalfa seed depends on bees for pollination. Bees depend on the pollen and nectar resources of alfalfa flowers for reproduction and survival.
Gene-silencing-induced changes in carbohydrate conformation in relation to bioenergy value and carbohydrate subfractions in...
Gene silencing with RNA interference (RNAi) technology may be capable of modifying internal structure at a molecular level. This structural modification could affect biofunctions in terms of biodegradation, biochemical metabolism, and bioactive compound availability. The objectives of this study were to (1) Detect gene silencing-induced changes in carbohydrate molecular structure in an alfalfa forage (Medicago sativa spp. sativa: alfalfa) with down-regulation of genes that encode transcription factors TT8 and HB12; (2) Determine gene silencing-induced changes in nutrient bioutilization and bioavailability in the alfalfa forage (Medicago sativa); and (3) Quantify the correlation between gene silencing-induced molecular structure changes and the nutrient bioutilization and bioavailability in animals of ruminants. The experimental treatments included: T1 = Non-transgenic and no-gene silenced alfalfa forage (code NT); T2 = HB12-RNAi forage with HB12 gene down regulation (code HB12); T3 = ...
Alfalfa Sprouts recalled over Salmonella risk - Outbreak News Today
Healthy persons often experience fever, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In rare circumstances, infection with salmonella can result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illness such as arterial infections, endocarditis and arthritis.. The recalled sprouts were packed and shipped from March 6-March 15. The sprouts were distributed in Minnesota and Wisconsin and were sold through various grocery stores. Some packages have sell by dates on the label. March 15-March 25.. The product is packaged in a plastic cup or clam container.. No illnesses have been reported to date in connection with this problem.. The potential for contamination was noted after routine testing by the FDA revealed the presence of Salmonella in some 5 ounce packages of Alfalfa Sprouts. At River Valley Sprouts every batch of seed is sanitized at 20,000 PPM of calcium hypochlorite and irrigation water is tested for salmonella and E. coli.. Production of these products has been ...
Browsing Articles publicats (Hortofructicultura, Botànica i Jardineria) by Subject Nitrogen en lagricultura
In crop rotations that include alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), agronomic and environmental concerns mean that it is important to determine the N fertilizer contribution of this legume for subsequent crops in order to help ...
11 Wonderful Benefits of Alfalfa Sprouts | Organic Facts
Alfalfa sprouts benefits include improving digestion, boosting growth and repair, managing diabetes, and healing the skin. It is rich in antioxidants and vitamin C.
Browsing by Subject N/C metabolism
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is frequently constrained by environmental conditions such as drought. Within this context, it is crucial to identify the physiological and metabolic traits conferring a better performance under ...
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU) - Research portal
2012): Suitability of drought tolerance indices for selecting alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) genotypes under organic farming in Austria ...
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Alfalfa - Natures Sunshine Products of Australia
Alfalfa Healthy and Delicious Traditionally used for its nutritive properties and as a general tonic to help maintain wellbeing. As a nutritive food herb, Alfalfa is a beneficial addition to a healthy diet Alfalfa EACH CAPSULE CONTAINS Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) herb powder 450mg DOSAGE Take two capsules with a meal thr
Medicago sativa; Onobrychis sativa; Cichorium intybus; Campanula glomerata; Campanula rotundifolia; Asperula cynanchica; ...
Medicago sativa M. sativa M. sativa M. sativa Flowers Yellow flowers Light violet flowers M. sativa var. sativa, mature fruits ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Medicago sativa. Wikispecies has information related to Medicago sativa. Grassland ... Alfalfa (/ælˈfælfə/) (Medicago sativa), also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. It ... 1891 "Medicago sativa - ILDIS LegumeWeb". ildis.org. Retrieved 7 March 2008. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant ...
Eruca sativa, the rocket or arugula, a leaf vegetable. Lactuca sativa, Lollo rosso lettuce. Medicago sativa, alfalfa. Nigella ... Look up sativa, sativum, or sativus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Sativa, sativus, and sativum are Latin botanical ... Avena sativa, the common oat. Cannabis sativa, one of three forms of cannabis. Castanea sativa, sweet chestnut. Crocus sativus ... Pisum sativum, pea plant. 8 Foot Sativa, a New Zealand-based metal band Sativa (Jhené Aiko song) Sativanorte and Sativasur, ...
Host plants include Brassica rapa, Fragaria sp., Medicago sativa, Pisum sp., Rubus spp., Solanum aviculare, Trifolium repens, ...
Plantae Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa), shoot: 4.8 μg (192 IU) vitamin D2, 0.1 μg (4 IU) vitamin D3 The vitamin D2 ...
Plants Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa), shoot: 4.8 μg (192 IU) vitamin D2, 0.1 μg (4 IU) vitamin D3 Fungus, from USDA ...
"Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)-Downy Mildew". Pacific Northwest Pest Management Handbooks. 2015-09-11. Retrieved 2019-12-05. Samac, ...
List of honey plants
Medicago sativa L. Melilotus alba Medik. Melilotus officinalis Lam. Myrocarpus frondosus M.Allemão Sweetia fruticosa var. ... gongylodes Eruca sativa Mill. Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. Sinapis alba L. Apuleia molaris Spruce ex Benth. Bauhinia forficata ... Apium graveolens L. Daucus carota L. Pastinaca sativa L. Petroselinum crispum Hoffm. All the plants of this family are found in ... C.lanatus Nakai Cucumis melo L. Cucumis sativus L. Cucurbita maxima Duchesne Cucurbita pepo L. Luffa cylindrica M.Roem. ...
sainfoin) and Medicago sativa L. (alfalfa). Furthermore, pesticidal properties were confirmed to be present in S. chameajasme: ...
Apple) (+) Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) Mimulus spp. (Monkey flower) Morus spp. (Mulberry) Nemesia strumosa (Nemesia) Nemophila ... Bean) Pisum sativum (Pea) Platanus spp. (Sycamore, Plane tree) Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon flower) Populus (Poplar) ... Pyrola) Quercus palustris (Pin Oak) Quercus rubra (Red oak) Raphanus sativus (Radish) Reseda odorata (Mignonette) Rhaphiolepis ... Bellflower) Campsis radicans (Trumpet Creeper) Cannabis sativa (Hemp, Marijuana) Capsicum spp. (Pepper) Carpobrotus edulis (Ice ...
Future 50 Foods report
Alfalfa sprouts Medicago sativa 45. Sprouted kidney beans Phaseolus vulgaris 46. Sprouted chickpeas Cicer arietinum Tubers are ... Hemp seeds Cannabis sativa 39. Sesame seeds Sesamum indicum 40. Walnuts Juglans regia Root vegetables have a broad variety of ... White icicle radish (winter radish) Raphanus sativus var. Longipinnatus Sprouts extremely high nutrient content. The sprouting ...
Its host plant is often Medicago sativa. Larva feed on various plants, including Robinia neomexicana, Medicago hispida, Lotus ...
blazing stars Medicago sativa - alfalfa Solidago sp. - goldenrod Syringa vulgaris - lilac Trifolium pratense - red clover ...
He XZ, Reddy JT, Dixon RA (1998). "Stress responses in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L). XXII. cDNA cloning and characterization of ... Medicago sativa L.)". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 336 (1): 121-9. doi:10.1006/abbi.1996.0539. PMID 8951042. ... "Isoflavone O-methyltransferase activities in elicitor-treated cell suspension cultures of Medicago sativa". Phytochemistry. 30 ...
Mould, Michael J. R.; Boland, G. J.; Robb, Jane (1991-03-01). "Ultrastructure of the Colletotrichum trifolii-Medicago sativa ...
The larvae feed on Lotus, Medicago sativa and Trifolium. Fauna Europaea Lot Moths and Butterflies v t e (Articles with short ...
It is a notable parasite of lucerne (Medicago sativa). In many regions, including the Nepal Eastern Himalayas, this species are ...
The larva makes serpentine mines in Medicago sativa leaves. Fauna Europaea Bei-Bienko, G.Y. & Steyskal, G.C. (1988) Keys to the ...
The larvae feed on Medicago sativa and Medicago minima. They spin together the terminal leaves of their host plant. Pupation ...
The larvae feed on Lathyrus palustris and Medicago sativa. They live within a spun or rolled leaf. The species overwinters in ...
Dakora FD, Joseph CM, Phillips DA (March 1993). "Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Root Exudates Contain Isoflavonoids in the ... "The effect of rhizobiophages on Sinorhizobium meliloti-Medicago sativa symbiosis". Biology and Fertility of Soils. 39 (4): 292- ... S. meliloti forms a symbiotic relationship with legumes from the genera Medicago, Melilotus and Trigonella, including the model ... rigiduloides, among Ensifer meliloti efficiently nodulating Medicago species". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 36 (7): 490 ...
Majid Mirab-balou, Mohammad Khanjani Harmful Hemiptera of Lygus Genus (Miridae, Hemiptera) On Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.) In ... Adults have been recorded highly abundant on alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Wikispecies has information related to Lygus punctatus ...
Economy of New South Wales
Medicago sativa, alfalfa) is grown here. Due to the introduction of the spotted alfalfa aphid (Therioaphis maculata) in the ...
The wingspan is about 30 millimetres (1.2 in). The larvae feed on Phaseolus, Medicago sativa and Glycine max. Yu, Dicky Sick Ki ...
Medicago sativa and Spartium junceum. The larvae of Tathorhynchus exsiccata fallax probably feed on Medicago sativa. Pitkin, ...
List of alfalfa diseases
This article is a list of diseases of alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Alfalfa pests, pests named for alfalfa Common Names of ...
The wingspan is 16-17 mm (0.63-0.67 in). The larvae feed on Astragalus, Coronilla, Dorycnium, Galega and Medicago sativa. They ...
It attacks medicago sativa and has been found in Queensland, Australia. "Catalogue of Life - 2011 Annual Checklist :: Search ...
The species is diurnal and parasitizes Fagus sylvatica and Medicago sativa. "Mymar pulchellum". Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue ...
1989). "Detection of Norspermidine and Norspermine in Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa)". Plant Physiology. 89 (2): 525-529. doi: ...
"A NEW PEST: RUSH VENEER, NOMOPHILA NOCTUELLA DENIS & SCHIFFERMULLER, 1775 (LEPIDOPTERA: CRAMBIDAE) ON ALFALFA (MEDICAGO SATIVA ... The larvae feed on Trifolium, clover, Medicago, Polygonum aviculare, wheat, Vaccinium and various other grasses. They pupate in ...
British NVC community CG7
Medicago minima) Sickle Medick (Medicago falcata) Sand Lucerne (Medicago sativa ssp. varia) Fine-leaved Sandwort (Minuartia ... bryophilus subcommunity the Fragaria vesca - Erigeron acer subcommunity the Medicago lupulina - Rumex acetosa subcommunity ...
Medicago sativa) and corn (Zea mays). Western tanagers have also been observed in saltcedar (Tamarix species) communities and ...
Common boneset, Eupatorium perfoliatum Alfalfa, Medicago sativa Red clover, Trifolium pratense Ironweed, Vernonia sp. Sedum, ...
The larvae feed on Medicago falcata, Medicago lupulina, Medicago sativa, Melilotus alba, Melilotus officinalis, Ononis spinosa ...
PERRIN, DAWN R.; BOTTOMLEY, W. (1961). "Pisatin: an Antifungal Substance from Pisum sativum L.". Nature. Springer Science and ... Buergeri Medicarpin, found in Medicago truncatula Morisianine, isolated from the seeds of Bituminaria morisiana Orientanol A, ... isolated from the wood of Erythrina orientalis Phaseolin, found in French bean seeds Pisatin, found in Pisum sativum Striatine ...
Medicago sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum), and livestock grazing. The soils in the aspen parkland biome are also quite ...
DNA-functionalized quantum dots
2013). "CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots trigger DNA repair and antioxidant enzyme systems in Medicago sativa cells in suspension culture ...
Medicago sativa L.)". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 293 (1): 158-66. doi:10.1016/0003-9861(92)90379-B. PMID 1731632. Ichimura M, ...
List of sequenced plant genomes
Bell L, Chadwick M, Puranik M, Tudor R, Methven L, Kennedy S, Wagstaff C (2020). "The Eruca sativa Genome and Transcriptome: A ... November 2011). "The Medicago genome provides insight into the evolution of rhizobial symbioses". Nature. 480 (7378): 520-4. ... Xi H, Nguyen V, Ward C, Liu Z, Searle IR (2022-01-31). "Chromosome-level assembly of the common vetch (Vicia sativa) reference ... December 2009). "The genome of the cucumber, Cucumis sativus L". Nature Genetics. 41 (12): 1275-81. doi:10.1038/ng.475. PMID ...
Nitrogen nutrition in the arbuscular mycorrhizal system
... growth and nutrition of Medicago sativa in phosphate-fixing soils as affected by P fertilizers". Plant and Soil 54:283-296 ...
In rice (Oryza sativa), for example, evidence suggests that the CCR1 homolog is an effector of Rac1, a small GTPase important ... However, crystal structures have so far been reported for just three CCR homologs: Petunia x hybrida CCR1, Medicago truncatula ... For example, CCR1 of the model legume Medicago truncatula shows strong preference toward feruloyl-CoA (typical of most CCRs), ... "Distinct cinnamoyl CoA reductases involved in parallel routes to lignin in Medicago truncatula". Proceedings of the National ...
... s may also be induced in the roots of legumes such as soybean, Lotus japonicus, pea, and Medicago truncatula after ... "Conservation and Diversification of Meristem Maintenance Mechanism in Oryza sativa: Function of the FLORAL ORGAN NUMBER2 Gene ... In contrast, nodules on pea, clovers, and Medicago truncatula are indeterminate, to maintain (at least for some time) an active ... The Nod factor receptor proteins NFR1 and NFR5 were cloned from several legumes including Lotus japonicus, Medicago truncatula ...
Other host species include: dog fennel (Anthemis cotula) alfalfa (Medicago sativa) pea (Pisum sativum) Berseem clover ( ...
Larvae feed on roots of various plants (Pisum arvense, Trifolium pratense, Medicago sativa). Catalogue of life BioLib Fauna ...
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and other legume crops (hay) were the principal habitat for breeding redwings in the county. Despite ...
List of vascular plants of Norfolk Island
Medicago lupulina (Naturalised) Medicago polymorpha (Naturalised) Melilotus indicus (Naturalised) Millettia australis Neotonia ... Vicia sativa subsp. nigra (Naturalised) Vicia tetrasperma (Naturalised) Vigna marina Frankeniaceae Frankenia pulverulenta ( ... Avena sativa (Naturalised) Axonopus fissifolius (Naturalised) Bothriochloa macra (Naturalised) Briza maxima (Naturalised) Briza ... Coriandrum sativum (Naturalised) Daucus glochidiatus (Naturalised) Foeniculum vulgare (Naturalised) Petroselinum crispum ( ...
Peanut stunt virus
Pisum sativum), soybeans (Glycine max), alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and lupine (Lupinus luteus). In 2002, PSV was reported to ...
List of companion plants
El-Darier, Salama M.; Zein El-Dien, Marwa H. (2011). "Biological activity of Medicago sativa L. (alfalfa) residues on ... Morris, Michael C.; Li, Frank Y. (2000). "Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) "companion plants" can attract hoverflies, and may ... Cucumis sativus L.) in a plastic tunnel". PLOS ONE. 8 (4): 1-7. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...862173X. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0062173. ... Allium sativum L.) induces nutrient concentration changes in the soil and plants in continuously cropped cucumber ( ...
Medicago sativa ) in Minnesota". Plant Disease: PDIS-12-19-2742. doi:10.1094/PDIS-12-19-2742-PDN. PMID 32781891. "Data for ...
Amaranthus tricolor Amaranthus viridis Melilotus indica Medicago sativa Zornia diphylla Trifolium alexandrinum Glinus lotoides ...
List of plants on the Modoc National Forest
barbatus Lupinus polyphyllus Medicago sativa Melilotus officinalis Robinia pseudoacacia Thermopsis species Trifolium pratense ...
Medicago sativa L.), mung bean sprout (Vigna radiata L.), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.), kudzu root (Pueraria lobata L.), and ...
Medicago sativa, fields in Córdoba, Argentina". J Insect Sci. 13 (41): 41. doi:10.1673/031.013.4101. PMC 3740930. PMID 23909840 ...
The larvae feed on a wide range of plants, including Medicago sativa, Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Rubus, Poa, Andropogon, Brassica ...
He owned much of the land where Daule sits today and invested the land in the shrimp and alfalfa (Medicago sativa) industry. He ...
... including Medicago sativa, Daucus carota, Lactuca sativa, Lonicera japonica, Sclerolaena muricata, Pelargonium x zonale, Mentha ...
- Alfalfa Leaf also known as Medicago Sativa or Lucerne. (mythsandbeyond.com)
- Some have speculated that the name most commonly used in Europe, "lucerne," may derive from the Persian word läjwärd for lapis lazuli, the ultramarine blue mineral lazurite, in reference to the blue flowers of Medicago sativa-one of the two species, with M. falcata, known as alfalfa. (big.ac.cn)
- Bacterial wilt of alfalfa (lucerne, Medicago sativa) occurs in most alfalfa-growing areas of the world. (usda.gov)
- Lucerne (M. sativa L., 2n = 4x = 32) is susceptible to weevil (Hypera postica Gyll) insect, hence incorporation of desirable gene (s) from M. scutellata (2n = 30) is an important researchable issue. (who.int)
Alfalfa Medicago sativa13
- A genome-wide association study approach to the identification of candidate genes underlying agronomic traits in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. (ilri.org)
- What Is Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa )? (bulksupplements.com)
- Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) is an herb that develops purple and yellow flowers and has been used for centuries for its health-supporting qualities. (bulksupplements.com)
- Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) is native to warmer temperate climates and is common in South Indian cuisine. (bulksupplements.com)
- Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) may help support the digestive system and promote healthy weight in already healthy individuals. (bulksupplements.com)
- Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) also helps support healthy hair and skin. (bulksupplements.com)
- Soil salinity is an important factor affecting growth, development, and productivity of almost all land plants, including the forage crop alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ). (biomedcentral.com)
- Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L.) is widely used as perennial legume forage due to its high protein content and biomass production [ 10 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Cultivated alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a major forage legume grown extensively worldwide. (big.ac.cn)
- The dry matter (DM) production of alfalfa (Medicago sativa), Caraveli variety, was evaluated per cut and per year, and its persistence over time in a prairie of the IVITAHuaral Station of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, San Marcos University (Lima, Peru). (edu.pe)
- Guiñez S., Abdón y López T., Horacio (Ene-Mar 1992) Comportamiento de variedades de alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) al nematodo del tallo y de los bulbos (Ditylenchus dipsaci) (Kuhn) Filipjev [en línea]. (inia.cl)
- Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) is a legume in the Pea Family. (foodreference.com)
- yellow alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. (minnesotaseasons.com)
- They used to be considered as separate species ( Pisum arvense , Pisum hortense ) but they are now seen as separate varieties or subspecies of Pisum sativum ( Pisum sativum var. (feedipedia.org)
- arvense , Pisum sativum var. (feedipedia.org)
- hortense , Pisum sativum subsp. (feedipedia.org)
- hortense ) or as separate varieties of the subspecies Pisum sativum subsp. (feedipedia.org)
- Peas (usually Pisum sativum L.) are one of the four most important legume crops next to soybean, groundnut and beans. (feedipedia.org)
- Pisum sativum has a large genetic diversity. (feedipedia.org)
- Allium sativum L. (alienplants.gr)
- Medicago sativa subsp. (botanicalinterests.com)
- Probable N6-adenosine-methyltransferase MT-A70-like OS=Oryza sativa subsp. (uu.nl)
- Medicago sativa microcarpa Urb. (alienplants.gr)
- Medicago sativa (Linn. (emsherbals.com)
- Nigella Sativa Linn. (vedicbooks.net)
- IMSEAR at SEARO: Studies on morphological and genetical similarities of Medicago murex and M. doliata to M. scutellata. (who.int)
- After screening 197 accessions comprising 50 Medicago species, M. murex (2n = 2x = 14) and M. doliata (2n = 2x = 16) have been identified as morphologically similar having compatible ploidy and genetically closer to M. scutellata as observed with 17 simple sequence repeats (SSR) and 8 enzymes based isozyme markers. (who.int)
- The degradation and bioaccumulation of selected antibiotics such as the sulfonamide sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and the fluoroquinolones enrofloxacin (ENR) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) were investigated in soil microcosm experiments where Lactuca sativa was grown with manure or digestate (1%) and spiked with a mixture of the three antibiotics (7.5 mg/kg each. (researchgate.net)
- Rumex crispus (yellow dock), Urtica dioica (stinging nettle leaf), Medicago sativa (alfalfa), Taraxacum officinale (dandelion leaf), and Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass) in a base of organic apple cider vinegar. (amritavitamin.com)
- 5%) of weevil infestation can be contemplated with diploid M. sativa (2n = 2x = 16) to generate weevil resistant lines. (who.int)
- The objective of the present study was to evaluate the agronomic efficiency of Azospirillum brasilense (pest strains Ab-V5 and Ab-V6) in four distinct rice culture regions (Oryza sativa L.). The tests were performed to meet the. (academicjournals.org)
- Whole Genome Sequencing and Comparative Genomic Analysis Reveal Allelic Variations Unique to a Purple Colored Rice Landrace (Oryza sativa ssp. (frontiersin.org)
- Purpleputtu ( Oryza sativa ssp. (frontiersin.org)
- Habit Relief is a nerve & general tonic which calms and strengthens the nervous system, improves quality of sleep, and increases mental clarity and general vitality with the inclusion of the 5 phosphates (Kali Phos, Mag Phos, Ferr Phos, Nat Phos, CalcPhos) and Avena Sativa along with Alfalfa. (schuesslertissuesalts.uk)
- Species of Trifolium , Medicago (clovers and alfalfa), Erodium , Polygonum , and Brassica have been incriminated as primary photosensitizing agents. (merckvetmanual.com)
Components in Alfalfa2
- Effect of Selection for Crown Diameter on Forage Yield and Quality Components in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. (scialert.net)
- Genetic variation for seed yield and its components in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) populations.Agronomie 20: 333-345. (edu.pl)
- Assessing the antibacterial activity of copper sheets in the germination of alfalfa seeds (Medicago sativa L. (shin-norinco.com)
- Copper metal as a contact surface was studied during the germination of alfalfa seeds (Medicago sativa L.) inside a rotating drum on a laboratory scale and compared with a plastic surface of food-grade. (shin-norinco.com)
- Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) seeds are known to contain saponins that help to prevent plaques that lead to heart attacks and lower cholesterol. (northindiagroup.com)
- The effects of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) in relation to abscisic acid (ABA) on different phases of somatic embryogenesis were studied in Medicago sativa L. Different concentrations of both the growth inhibitors (0.0, 0.5, 5.0, 50.0 and 500.0 μ M) were tested in five distinct phases of somatic embryogenesis, viz. (infona.pl)
- Exogenous Hematin Alleviates Mercury-induced Oxidative Damage in the Roots of Medicago sativa[J]. J Integr Plant Biol. (jipb.net)
- Selection of Methionine-Resistant Variant of Medicago sativa [J]. J Integr Plant Biol. (jipb.net)
- Effects of row spacing and plant growth regulation on alfalfa seed yield (medicago sativa l. (ifvcns.rs)
- PB - Pakistan Botanical Soc, Karachi T2 - Pakistan Journal of Botany T1 - Effects of row spacing and plant growth regulation on alfalfa seed yield (medicago sativa l. (ifvcns.rs)
- Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L. ) is a perennial plant with small leaves and purple flowers. (guide2herbalremedies.com)
- The objective of this investigation was to study the effect of two different methods of selection (modified mass and family selection) for crown diameter on forage yield and quality in Ismailia 91 alfalfa variety ( Medicago sativa L.). In 2007/2008, two hundred plants (5% intensity of selection) were selected for crown diameter, using the modified mass selection method. (scialert.net)
- Leaflet size and its relation to yield in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. (arizona.edu)
- In the present study, we evaluated the protective effect of exogenous heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1 EC 188.8.131.52) inducer hematin against mercury-induced oxidative damage in the roots of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Plants exposed to mercury (HgCl2) exhibited a significant increase of lipid peroxidation, as well as inhibition of root elongation. (jipb.net)
- Sinorhizobium meliloti associated with Medicago sativa and Melilotus spp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Of 42 rhizobial isolates from Medicago sativa and Melilotus spp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- alfalfa (Medicago sativa), green soya bean (Vigna radiata) and red cabbage (Brassica oleracea). (alchimiaweb.com)
- Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) is an herb that develops purple and yellow flowers and has been used for centuries for its health-supporting qualities. (bulksupplements.com)
- Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a perennial herb that is indigenous to the Middle East. (swansonaustralia.com)
- Yellow medick, like its close relative purple medick or alfalfa (Medicago sativa), is widely-planted to imrpove forage and nitrogen content of the soil. (nativeplanttrust.org)
- Multilocus sequence analysis of root nodule isolates from Lotus arabicus (Senegal), Lotus creticus, Argyrolobium uniflorum and Medicago sativa (Tunisia) and description of Ensifer numidicus sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Does long-term cadmium exposure influence the composition of pectic polysaccharides in the cell wall of Medicago sativa stems? (biomedcentral.com)
- In the current study, changes in the cell wall composition and structure of Medicago sativa stems were investigated after long-term exposure to Cd. (biomedcentral.com)
- Cannabis sativa L. var. (mygarden.net.au)
- Defense Expression in Protected Tissues of Medicago sativa Is Enhanced During Compatible Interactions with Colletotrichum trifolii . (apsnet.org)
- In vitro screening of mutant medicago sa. (comu.edu.tr)
- Our studies of an S. meliloti loss-of-function hfq mutant have revealed that Hfq plays a key role in the establishment of the symbiosis between S. meliloti and its host Medicago sativa. (nih.gov)