Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
'Housing, Animal' refers to the physical structure or environment designed and constructed to provide shelter, protection, and specific living conditions for various domestic or captive animals, meeting their biological and behavioral needs while ensuring their welfare and well-being.
Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
Institutional committees established to protect the welfare of animals used in research and education. The 1971 NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals introduced the policy that institutions using warm-blooded animals in projects supported by NIH grants either be accredited by a recognized professional laboratory animal accrediting body or establish its own committee to evaluate animal care; the Public Health Service adopted a policy in 1979 requiring such committees; and the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act mandate review and approval of federally funded research with animals by a formally designated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).
'Laboratory animals' are non-human creatures that are intentionally used in scientific research, testing, and education settings to investigate physiological processes, evaluate the safety and efficacy of drugs or medical devices, and teach anatomy, surgical techniques, and other healthcare-related skills.
A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.
The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.
Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.
The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.
The authorized absence from work of a family member to attend the illness or participate in the care of a parent, a sibling, or other family member. For the care of a parent for a child or for pre- or postnatal leave of a parent, PARENTAL LEAVE is available.
Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".
A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The discipline pertaining to the study of animal behavior.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
## I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Japan" is not a medical term or concept. It is a country located in Asia, known as Nihon-koku or Nippon-koku in Japanese, and is renowned for its unique culture, advanced technology, and rich history. If you have any questions related to medical topics, I would be happy to help answer them!
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
An infection occurring in PUERPERIUM, the period of 6-8 weeks after giving birth.

Impact of diet on lead in blood and urine in female adults and relevance to mobilization of lead from bone stores. (1/514)

We measured high precision lead isotope ratios and lead concentrations in blood, urine, and environmental samples to assess the significance of diet as a contributing factor to blood and urine lead levels in a cohort of 23 migrant women and 5 Australian-born women. We evaluated possible correlations between levels of dietary lead intake and changes observed in blood and urine lead levels and isotopic composition during pregnancy and postpartum. Mean blood lead concentrations for both groups were approximately 3 microg/dl. The concentration of lead in the diet was 5.8 +/- 3 microg Pb/kg [geometric mean (GM) 5.2] and mean daily dietary intake was 8.5 microg/kg/day (GM 7.4), with a range of 2-39 microg/kg/day. Analysis of 6-day duplicate dietary samples for individual subjects commonly showed major spikes in lead concentration and isotopic composition that were not reflected by associated changes in either blood lead concentration or isotopic composition. Changes in blood lead levels and isotopic composition observed during and after pregnancy could not be solely explained by dietary lead. These data are consistent with earlier conclusions that, in cases where levels of environmental lead exposure and dietary lead intake are low, skeletal contribution is the dominant contributor to blood lead, especially during pregnancy and postpartum.  (+info)

The Safe Motherhood Initiative: why has it stalled? (2/514)

Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are still the leading cause of death and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries. After decades of neglect, the founding of the Safe Motherhood Initiative in 1987 promised action on this problem. A dozen years later, there is no evidence that maternal mortality has declined and there are still few sizeable programs. A major reason for this disappointing record is that the initiative lacks a clear, concise, feasible strategy. This article reviews the available options and proposes a strategy based on improving the availability and quality of medical treatment of obstetric complications. Once district hospitals and health centers provide such needed care, community mobilization to improve prove utilization may be beneficial. Substantial reductions in maternal deaths would be possible in a relatively short period of time if this strategy were embraced.  (+info)

Media watch. (3/514)

In late 1997, Sharon Bernstein, a 35-year-old Los Angeles Times journalist and a new mother, was assigned the county hospital beat. Recently pregnant, the reporter was drawn towards stories of maternal and fetal health. So, she decided to look into obstetric malpractice claims against county hospitals. What she uncovered would change county hospital policy, lead to an assembly bill, and rekindle the medical debate about the safety of lowering Caesarean section (C-section) rates.  (+info)

Use of hospital data for Safe Motherhood programmes in south Kalimantan, Indonesia. (4/514)

The evaluation of Safe Motherhood programmes has been hampered by difficulties in measuring the preferred outcomes of maternal mortality and morbidity. The need for adequate indicators has led researchers and programme managers alike to resort to indicators of utilization and quality of health services. In this study we assess the magnitude of four indicators of use of essential obstetric care (EOC) and one indicator of quality of care in health facilities in three districts in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. The general picture which emerges for South Kalimantan is that the use of obstetric services is low. Even in the more urban district of Banjar where facility-based coverage is highest, fewer than 14% of all deliveries take place in an EOC facility, 2% of expected births are admitted to such a facility with a major obstetric intervention (MOI), and 1% of expected births have an MOI for an absolute maternal indication. The use of facility-based EOC is consistently lower in Barito Kuala compared to the other districts, and the differences persist regardless of the indicators used. In this setting with low utilization rates, general rates of utilization of EOC facilities seem to be as satisfactory an indicator of relative access to EOC as more elaborate indicators specifying the reasons for admission. The inequalities in access to care revealed by the various indicators of use of EOC services may prove to be a more powerful stimulus for change than the widely reported and highly inaccurate accounts of the high levels of maternal mortality.  (+info)

Assessing the effects of welfare reform policies on reproductive and infant health. (5/514)

OBJECTIVES: The welfare reform law of 1996 marked a historical moment in US policy toward the poor by ending the entitlement to cash assistance, by requiring work, and by establishing time limits. This article examines the potential impact on the health of women and children, the primary recipients of welfare benefits. METHODS: The authors outline the reproductive health outcomes most likely to be sensitive to welfare policies, identify indicators that might be used to assess these outcomes, review empirical evidence, and suggest specific methods and data sources. RESULTS: State welfare requirements could improve health outcomes or deter families from Medicaid and food stamps, as well as income support, thus worsening health outcomes. National and state data may prove useful in detecting these effects; however, new data sources may be required for specific health-related questions. CONCLUSIONS: Assessing the effects of welfare policies on reproductive and infant health is possible, although challenging. Reauthorization of the legislation is required in 2002; it is essential that the consequences for health be included in the next round of public debate.  (+info)

Sex ratios, family size, and birth order. (6/514)

In many countries, the male:female ratio at birth has varied significantly over the past century, but the reasons for these changes have been unclear. The authors observed a close parallel between decreasing family size and declining male:female sex ratio in Denmark from 1960 to 1994. To explain this finding, they examined the sex ratio and birth order of 1,403,021 children born to 700,030 couples. Overall, 51.2% of the first births were male. However, families with boys were significantly more likely than expected to have another boy (biologic heterogeneity). By the fourth birth to families with three prior boys, 52.4% were male. The increase varied directly with the number of prior boys (p for trend = 0.0007). Furthermore, couples with boys were more likely to continue to have children. In summary, the authors found that the declining male:female ratio in Denmark and probably other European populations is mainly attributable to three effects: declining family size, biologic heterogeneity, and child sex preference. Why families with boys are more likely to have additional boys is unknown.  (+info)

Reducing perinatal HIV transmission in developing countries through antenatal and delivery care, and breastfeeding: supporting infant survival by supporting women's survival. (7/514)

In 1998, a joint UNAIDS/UNICEF/WHO working group announced an initiative to pilot test an intervention to reduce perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), based on new guidelines on HIV and infant feeding. This intervention for developing countries includes short-course perinatal zidovudine (AZT) treatment and advice to HIV-positive women not to breastfeed their infants, where this can be done safely. The present paper raises questions about the extent of the public health benefit of this intervention, even though it may be cost-effective, due to the limited capacity of antenatal and delivery services to implement it fully. It argues that it is necessary to provide universal access to replacement feeding methods and support in their safe use, not only for women who have tested HIV-positive during pregnancy, but also for untested women who may also decide not to breastfeed, some of whom may be infected with HIV or may acquire HIV during the breastfeeding period. It further argues that additional funding, more staff, staff training, and improved capacity and resources are also needed to integrate this intervention successfully into antenatal and delivery care. The intervention will prevent some infants from getting HIV even in the absence of many of these changes. However, a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention and care in developing countries that includes both women and infants would promote better health and survival of women, which would in turn contribute to greater infant health and survival. If combination antiretroviral therapy in the latter part of pregnancy and/or during the breastfeeding period can be shown to be safe for infants, preliminary evidence suggests that it might reduce perinatal HIV transmission as effectively as the current intervention and, in addition, might allow the practice of breastfeeding to be preserved.  (+info)

Pregnancy intentions may not be a useful measure for research on maternal and child health outcomes.(8/514)

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Maternal welfare is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in a general sense, it refers to the physical, mental, and social well-being of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. It encompasses various factors such as access to quality healthcare services, nutrition, emotional support, and a safe and healthy environment.

Maternal welfare is an essential component of maternal health, which aims to ensure that women have a positive and safe pregnancy and childbirth experience, free from complications and harm. It involves addressing issues related to maternal mortality and morbidity, prenatal care, family planning, and reproductive rights.

Promoting maternal welfare requires a multidisciplinary approach that includes healthcare providers, policymakers, community leaders, and families working together to ensure that women have access to the resources and support they need to maintain their health and well-being during pregnancy and beyond.

Animal welfare is a concept that refers to the state of an animal's physical and mental health, comfort, and ability to express normal behaviors. It encompasses factors such as proper nutrition, housing, handling, care, treatment, and protection from harm and distress. The goal of animal welfare is to ensure that animals are treated with respect and consideration, and that their needs and interests are met in a responsible and ethical manner.

The concept of animal welfare is based on the recognition that animals are sentient beings capable of experiencing pain, suffering, and emotions, and that they have intrinsic value beyond their usefulness to humans. It is guided by principles such as the "Five Freedoms," which include freedom from hunger and thirst, freedom from discomfort, freedom from pain, injury or disease, freedom to express normal behavior, and freedom from fear and distress.

Animal welfare is an important consideration in various fields, including agriculture, research, conservation, entertainment, and companionship. It involves a multidisciplinary approach that draws on knowledge from biology, ethology, veterinary medicine, psychology, philosophy, and law. Ultimately, animal welfare aims to promote the humane treatment of animals and to ensure their well-being in all aspects of their lives.

"Social welfare" is a broad concept and not a medical term per se, but it is often discussed in the context of public health and medical social work. Here's a definition related to those fields:

Social welfare refers to the programs, services, and benefits provided by governmental and non-governmental organizations to promote the well-being of individuals, families, and communities, with a particular focus on meeting basic needs, protecting vulnerable populations, and enhancing social and economic opportunities. These efforts aim to improve overall quality of life, reduce health disparities, and strengthen the social determinants of health.

Examples of social welfare programs include Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Medicaid, Section 8 housing assistance, and various community-based services such as mental health counseling, substance abuse treatment, and home healthcare.

In the medical field, social workers often play a crucial role in connecting patients to available social welfare resources to address various psychosocial needs that can impact their health outcomes.

Child welfare is a broad term that refers to the overall well-being and protection of children. It encompasses a range of services and interventions aimed at promoting the physical, emotional, social, and educational development of children, while also protecting them from harm, abuse, and neglect. The medical definition of child welfare may include:

1. Preventive Services: Programs and interventions designed to strengthen families and prevent child maltreatment, such as home visiting programs, parent education classes, and family support services.
2. Protective Services: Interventions that aim to protect children from harm, abuse, or neglect, including investigations of reports of maltreatment, removal of children from dangerous situations, and provision of alternative care arrangements.
3. Family Reunification Services: Efforts to reunite children with their families when it is safe and in the best interest of the child, such as family therapy, parent-child visitation, and case management services.
4. Permanency Planning: The development of long-term plans for children who cannot safely return to their families, including adoption, guardianship, or other permanent living arrangements.
5. Foster Care Services: Provision of temporary care for children who cannot safely remain in their own homes, including placement with foster families, group homes, or residential treatment facilities.
6. Child Health and Development Services: Programs that promote the physical, emotional, and developmental well-being of children, such as health screenings, immunizations, mental health services, and early intervention programs for children with special needs.
7. Advocacy and Policy Development: Efforts to promote policies and practices that support the well-being and protection of children, including advocating for laws and regulations that protect children's rights and ensure their safety and well-being.

"Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)" was a federal assistance program in the United States, established in 1935 as part of the Social Security Act. The program provided financial assistance to families with dependent children who were deprived of support due to the death, disability, or absence of one or both parents.

The primary goal of AFDC was to help ensure the basic needs of children were met, including food, clothing, and housing. Eligibility for the program was based on income and resource limits, and the amount of assistance provided varied by state. In 1996, AFDC was replaced by the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant program as part of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act.

Animal husbandry is the practice of breeding and raising animals for agricultural purposes, such as for the production of meat, milk, eggs, or fiber. It involves providing proper care for the animals, including feeding, housing, health care, and breeding management. The goal of animal husbandry is to maintain healthy and productive animals while also being mindful of environmental sustainability and animal welfare.

Animal experimentation, also known as animal testing, refers to the use of non-human animals in scientific research and testing to understand the effects of various substances, treatments, or procedures on living organisms. This practice is performed with the goal of advancing medical and veterinary knowledge, developing new medications, treatments, and surgical techniques, as well as studying basic biological processes and diseases.

In animal experimentation, researchers expose animals to specific conditions, treatments, or substances and then analyze their responses, behaviors, physiological changes, or other outcomes. The selection of animal species for these experiments depends on the research question and the similarities between the animal model and the human or target species under investigation. Commonly used animals include mice, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, primates, and dogs.

Animal experimentation has been instrumental in numerous scientific breakthroughs and medical advancements throughout history. However, it remains a controversial topic due to ethical concerns regarding the treatment and welfare of animals used in research. Many organizations advocate for the reduction, refinement, or replacement (3Rs) of animal testing, aiming to minimize animal suffering and find alternative methods whenever possible.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Housing, Animal" is not a standard term in medical terminology. Medical terminology typically relates to the human body, diseases, treatments, and healthcare practices. "Housing, Animal" would be more related to veterinary medicine or animal care fields, which pertain to the accommodation and environment provided for animals. If you have any questions related to medical terminology, I'd be happy to help!

Foster home care, also known as foster family care or simply foster care, is a type of residential placement where a licensed individual or family, referred to as a foster parent or foster family, provides temporary care and nurturing for children or adolescents who cannot remain in their own homes due to abuse, neglect, abandonment, or other similar circumstances. The primary goal of foster home care is to provide a safe, stable, and supportive environment that meets the emotional, physical, medical, educational, and therapeutic needs of the child while working towards reunification with their biological family or, when appropriate, exploring other permanent placement options such as adoption or guardianship.

In a foster home setting, children receive individualized attention and support, allowing them to maintain connections with their communities, schools, and friends whenever possible. The foster parents collaborate closely with the child's social worker, case manager, therapist, and other professionals involved in the child's life to ensure coordinated care and services that promote the child's overall well-being and development.

Foster home care is an essential component of the child welfare system, as it offers a flexible and responsive approach to addressing the diverse needs of children and youth in out-of-home placements. It requires ongoing training, support, and collaboration among all parties involved to ensure positive outcomes for the children and families being served.

"Animal rights" is a term that refers to the philosophical and moral stance that non-human animals have inherent value and basic rights to live free from exploitation, harm, and unnecessary suffering. This perspective holds that animals are not merely property or resources for human use, but sentient beings capable of experiencing pleasure and pain, just like humans.

The concept of animal rights is often associated with the abolitionist movement, which advocates for an end to all forms of animal exploitation, including farming, hunting, fishing, entertainment, experimentation, and clothing production. Instead, proponents of animal rights argue that animals should be treated with respect and compassion, and that their interests and well-being should be considered on par with those of humans.

It is important to note that the concept of animal rights can vary in scope and specifics, with some advocates focusing on certain species or issues, while others take a more comprehensive approach. Ultimately, the goal of the animal rights movement is to promote a more just and equitable relationship between humans and animals, based on respect for their inherent worth and dignity.

Animal Care Committees (ACCs), also known as Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) in the United States, are committees required by regulations to oversee the humane treatment and use of animals in research and teaching at institutions such as universities, hospitals, and pharmaceutical companies.

The main responsibilities of ACCs include reviewing and approving animal use protocols, inspecting animal facilities and laboratories, ensuring compliance with relevant policies and regulations, and providing training and education to researchers and staff on the ethical treatment of animals. The members of ACCs typically include veterinarians, scientists, non-scientists, and community members who can provide a balanced perspective on the use of animals in research and teaching.

'Laboratory animals' are defined as non-human creatures that are used in scientific research and experiments to study various biological phenomena, develop new medical treatments and therapies, test the safety and efficacy of drugs, medical devices, and other products. These animals are kept under controlled conditions in laboratory settings and are typically purpose-bred for research purposes.

The use of laboratory animals is subject to strict regulations and guidelines to ensure their humane treatment and welfare. The most commonly used species include mice, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, dogs, cats, non-human primates, and fish. Other less common species may also be used depending on the specific research question being studied.

The primary goal of using laboratory animals in research is to advance our understanding of basic biological processes and develop new medical treatments that can improve human and animal health. However, it is important to note that the use of animals in research remains a controversial topic due to ethical concerns regarding their welfare and potential for suffering.

An abandoned child is a child who has been abandoned or deserted by their parent or caregiver and lacks proper care and supervision. This can occur in various situations, such as when a parent leaves a newborn at a hospital or fire station without providing any identifying information, or when a parent or caregiver fails to return for a child after leaving them in the care of another person.

Abandoned children may face significant risks to their physical and emotional well-being, including neglect, abuse, and trauma. They may also experience developmental delays, behavioral problems, and other negative outcomes as a result of their experiences. In many cases, abandoned children become wards of the state and are placed in foster care or other temporary living arrangements until a permanent home can be found for them.

It is important to note that each jurisdiction has its own legal definition of child abandonment, which may vary depending on factors such as the age of the child, the length of time they have been abandoned, and the specific circumstances surrounding their situation. If you suspect that a child has been abandoned, it is important to contact local child welfare authorities or law enforcement agencies immediately to ensure their safety and well-being.

Domestic animals, also known as domestic animals or pets, are species that have been tamed and kept by humans for various purposes. These purposes can include companionship, work, protection, or food production. Some common examples of domestic animals include dogs, cats, cows, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, and chickens.

Domestic animals are distinguished from wild animals in that they are dependent on humans for their survival and are able to live in close proximity to people. They have often been selectively bred over generations to possess certain traits or characteristics that make them more suitable for their intended uses. For example, dogs may be bred for their size, strength, agility, or temperament, while cats may be bred for their coat patterns or behaviors.

It is important to note that the term "domestic animal" does not necessarily mean that an animal is tame or safe to handle. Some domestic animals, such as certain breeds of dogs, can be aggressive or dangerous if not properly trained and managed. It is always important to approach and handle any animal, domestic or wild, with caution and respect.

Euthanasia, when used in the context of animals, refers to the act of intentionally causing the death of an animal in a humane and peaceful manner to alleviate suffering from incurable illness or injury. It is also commonly referred to as "putting an animal to sleep" or "mercy killing." The goal of euthanasia in animals is to minimize pain and distress, and it is typically carried out by a veterinarian using approved medications and techniques. Euthanasia may be considered when an animal's quality of life has become significantly compromised and there are no reasonable treatment options available to alleviate its suffering.

Child care, also known as daycare, refers to the supervision and care of children usually outside of their home, provided by a professional or licensed facility. This can include early education, meals, and activities for children while their parents are at work or otherwise unable to care for them. Child care may be provided in a variety of settings such as child care centers, family child care homes, and in-home care. It is an essential service for many families with young children, allowing parents to maintain employment and providing children with socialization and learning opportunities.

'Infant welfare' is not a medical term per se, but it is a term used to describe the overall health and well-being of infants. It encompasses various aspects of infant care, including physical, mental, emotional, and social development. Infant welfare aims to promote healthy growth and development, prevent illness and injury, and provide early intervention and treatment for any health issues that may arise.

Infant welfare programs often include services such as well-child visits, immunizations, developmental screenings, nutrition counseling, and parent education on topics such as safe sleep practices, feeding, and child safety. These programs are typically provided through healthcare systems, public health departments, and community organizations. The ultimate goal of infant welfare is to ensure that infants have the best possible start in life and are equipped with the necessary foundation for a healthy and successful future.

"Public policy" is not a medical term, but rather a term used in the field of politics, government, and public administration. It refers to a course or principle of action adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or organization to guide decisions and achieve specific goals related to public health, safety, or welfare.

However, in the context of healthcare and medicine, "public policy" often refers to laws, regulations, guidelines, and initiatives established by government entities to promote and protect the health and well-being of the population. Public policies in healthcare aim to ensure access to quality care, reduce health disparities, promote public health, regulate healthcare practices and industries, and address broader social determinants of health. Examples include Medicaid and Medicare programs, laws mandating insurance coverage for certain medical procedures or treatments, and regulations governing the safety and efficacy of drugs and medical devices.

Child abuse is a broad term that refers to any form of physical, emotional, or sexual mistreatment or neglect that causes harm to a child's health, development, or dignity. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), child abuse includes:

1. Physical abuse: Non-accidental injuries caused by hitting, kicking, shaking, burning, or otherwise harming a child's body.
2. Sexual abuse: Any sexual activity involving a child, such as touching or non-touching behaviors, exploitation, or exposure to pornographic material.
3. Emotional abuse: Behaviors that harm a child's emotional well-being and self-esteem, such as constant criticism, humiliation, threats, or rejection.
4. Neglect: Failure to provide for a child's basic needs, including food, clothing, shelter, medical care, education, and emotional support.

Child abuse can have serious short-term and long-term consequences for the physical, emotional, and psychological well-being of children. It is a violation of their fundamental human rights and a public health concern that requires prevention, early detection, and intervention.

'Healthcare Records' or 'Medical Records' are defined as systematic collections of comprehensive information about a patient's health status, including their medical history, demographics, medications, treatment plans, progress notes, laboratory test results, imaging studies, and any other relevant healthcare-related information. These records serve as a vital tool for healthcare providers to make informed decisions regarding diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing care of patients. They also play a crucial role in maintaining continuity of care, supporting research and education, ensuring legal and ethical compliance, and improving overall healthcare quality and safety. Healthcare records may be maintained in paper form or digitally, following specific standards and regulations to ensure accuracy, confidentiality, and easy accessibility.

Social work is a professional field of practice that promotes social change, problem-solving in human relationships, and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being. According to the International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW), social work involves "the application of social sciences, theory, knowledge, and skills to effect positive changes in individuals, groups, communities, and societies."

Social workers are trained to work with individuals, families, groups, and communities to address a wide range of social, emotional, and practical needs. They help people navigate complex systems, access resources, and advocate for their rights. Social workers may be employed in various settings, including hospitals, mental health clinics, schools, community centers, and government agencies.

In medical settings, social work is often focused on helping patients and their families cope with illness, disability, or injury. Medical social workers provide counseling, support, and advocacy to help patients and families navigate the healthcare system, access needed resources, and make informed decisions about treatment options. They may also assist with discharge planning, coordinating care transitions, and connecting patients with community-based services.

Medical social work is a specialized area of practice that requires knowledge and skills in areas such as psychosocial assessment, crisis intervention, case management, and advocacy. Medical social workers must be able to communicate effectively with healthcare professionals, patients, and families, and have a deep understanding of the social determinants of health and the impact of illness on individuals and communities.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "poverty" is not a medical condition or term. It is a social condition defined by the World Bank as "pronounced deprivation in well-being," and measured through indicators such as income, consumption, and access to basic services. Poverty can have significant impacts on health outcomes and healthcare access, but it is not considered a medical diagnosis. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to try my best to help answer them!

Laboratory Animal Science (also known as Experimental Animal Science) is a multidisciplinary field that involves the care, use, and breeding of animals for scientific research. It encompasses various disciplines such as veterinary medicine, biology, genetics, nutrition, and ethology to ensure the humane treatment, proper husbandry, and experimental validity when using animals in research.

The primary goal of laboratory animal science is to support and advance biological and medical knowledge by providing well-characterized and healthy animals for research purposes. This field also includes the development and implementation of guidelines, regulations, and standards regarding the use of animals in research to ensure their welfare and minimize any potential distress or harm.

Animal testing alternatives, also known as alternative methods or replacement methods, refer to scientific techniques that can be used to replace the use of animals in research and testing. These methods aim to achieve the same scientific objectives while avoiding harm to animals. There are several categories of animal testing alternatives:

1. In vitro (test tube or cell culture) methods: These methods involve growing cells or tissues in a laboratory setting, outside of a living organism. They can be used to study the effects of chemicals, drugs, and other substances on specific cell types or tissues.
2. Computer modeling and simulation: Advanced computer programs and algorithms can be used to model biological systems and predict how they will respond to various stimuli. These methods can help researchers understand complex biological processes without using animals.
3. In silico (using computer models) methods: These methods involve the use of computational tools and databases to predict the potential toxicity or other biological effects of chemicals, drugs, and other substances. They can be used to identify potential hazards and prioritize further testing.
4. Microdosing: This method involves giving human volunteers very small doses of a drug or chemical, followed by careful monitoring to assess its safety and pharmacological properties. This approach can provide valuable information while minimizing the use of animals.
5. Tissue engineering: Scientists can create functional tissue constructs using cells, scaffolds, and bioreactors. These engineered tissues can be used to study the effects of drugs, chemicals, and other substances on human tissues without using animals.
6. Human-based approaches: These methods involve the use of human volunteers, donated tissues, or cells obtained from consenting adults. Examples include microdosing, organ-on-a-chip technology, and the use of human cell lines in laboratory experiments.

These animal testing alternatives can help reduce the number of animals used in research and testing, refine experimental procedures to minimize suffering, and replace the use of animals with non-animal methods whenever possible.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Political Systems" is not a term used in medical definitions. Political systems refer to the institutions, procedures, and mechanisms through which a society makes decisions on political matters. Examples include democracies, monarchies, and dictatorships. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health sciences, I'd be happy to help!

Veterinary medicine is the branch of medical science that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and injuries in non-human animals. The profession of veterinary medicine is dedicated to the care, health, and welfare of animals, as well as to the promotion of human health through animal research and public health advancements. Veterinarians employ a variety of diagnostic methods including clinical examination, radiography, laboratory testing, and ultrasound imaging. They use a range of treatments, including medication, surgery, and dietary management. In addition, veterinarians may also advise on preventative healthcare measures such as vaccination schedules and parasite control programs.

Civil rights are a group of rights and protections that guarantee equal treatment to all individuals, regardless of their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, or other characteristics. These rights are enshrined in the laws and constitutions of various countries and include freedoms such as the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to equal protection under the law, and the right to freedom of speech, religion, and assembly.

In the United States, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark piece of legislation that prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in employment, education, and access to public accommodations. Other important civil rights laws in the U.S. include the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which protects the right to vote, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities.

Violations of civil rights can take many forms, including discrimination, harassment, intimidation, and violence. Those whose civil rights have been violated may be entitled to legal remedies, such as damages, injunctions, or orders for relief.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

There is no specific medical definition for "single parent." It is a social term used to describe a person who is raising one or more children without the other parent's involvement. This could be due to various reasons such as divorce, separation, death, or absence of the other parent. The responsibilities and challenges faced by single parents can sometimes have implications for their physical and mental health, but it is not a medical term or concept.

"Employment" is a term that is commonly used in the context of social sciences and law rather than medicine. It generally refers to the state or condition of being employed, which means an individual is engaged in a job or occupation, providing services to an employer in exchange for compensation, such as wages or salary. Employment may involve various types of work arrangements, including full-time, part-time, temporary, contract, or freelance positions.

In the context of medicine and public health, employment is often discussed in relation to its impact on health outcomes, healthcare access, and socioeconomic status. For instance, research has shown that unemployment or underemployment can negatively affect mental and physical health, while stable employment can contribute to better health outcomes and overall well-being. Additionally, employment may influence an individual's ability to afford healthcare, medications, and other essential needs, which can impact their health status.

In summary, the medical definition of 'employment' pertains to the state or condition of being engaged in a job or occupation, providing services to an employer for compensation. Employment has significant implications for health outcomes, healthcare access, and socioeconomic status.

Social work, psychiatric, is a specialized field of social work practice that focuses on the mental, emotional, and behavioral well-being of individuals, families, groups, and communities. It involves the application of social work principles, theories, and interventions to address the psychosocial needs and challenges of people living with mental illness or experiencing psychological distress.

Psychiatric social workers collaborate with other mental health professionals, such as psychiatrists, psychologists, and nurses, to provide comprehensive care for individuals with psychiatric disorders. They conduct biopsychosocial assessments, develop treatment plans, provide counseling and therapy, coordinate services, advocate for patients' rights, and engage in case management and discharge planning.

Psychiatric social workers also play a critical role in promoting mental health awareness, reducing stigma associated with mental illness, and advocating for policies that support the mental health needs of individuals and communities. They may work in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, community mental health centers, private practices, and residential treatment facilities.

Family leave is a type of employment-related benefit that allows employees to take time off from work to attend to personal or family matters. The specific details of family leave policies can vary, but they generally allow an employee to take a certain amount of time off, often with the continuation of health insurance and other benefits, to care for a new child (such as through birth, adoption, or foster placement), to care for a family member with a serious health condition, or to manage their own serious health condition.

In the United States, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a federal law that requires certain employers to provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid family leave to eligible employees during a 12-month period for specified family and medical reasons. Some states have their own family leave laws that may offer additional protections or benefits.

Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit in a competitive market. The main features of capitalism include private property rights, voluntary exchange, competition, and the price mechanism.

In a capitalist economy, individuals and businesses are free to produce and sell goods and services according to their own interests and abilities, and consumers are free to buy what they want as long as they have the means to pay for it. Prices are determined by supply and demand, and competition among producers helps ensure that resources are allocated efficiently and that innovation is encouraged.

Capitalism has been widely adopted around the world because of its ability to generate wealth and promote economic growth. However, it can also lead to income inequality, market failures, and other social problems if left unchecked. Therefore, many capitalist economies have regulations and safety nets in place to mitigate these risks and ensure that the benefits of capitalism are shared more broadly.

Ethology is the scientific study of animal behavior, especially in a natural or instinctive environment. It focuses on the observational research and analysis of animal behavior, including communication, social organization, mating, and development. Ethologists aim to understand the evolutionary basis for these behaviors and how they contribute to an animal's survival and reproduction. The field draws upon various disciplines, including psychology, biology, anthropology, and ecology.

In the context of medical definitions, "transportation" typically refers to the movement of patients from one location to another. This can include the transfer of patients between healthcare facilities (such as from a hospital to a long-term care facility), between departments within a healthcare facility (such as from the emergency department to an inpatient unit), or to and from medical appointments.

Transportation may also refer to the movement of medical equipment, supplies, or specimens between locations. In this context, transportation ensures that necessary items are delivered to the right place at the right time, which is critical for providing high-quality patient care.

It's important to note that safe and timely transportation is essential for ensuring positive patient outcomes, reducing the risk of adverse events, and improving overall healthcare efficiency.

'Animal behavior' refers to the actions or responses of animals to various stimuli, including their interactions with the environment and other individuals. It is the study of the actions of animals, whether they are instinctual, learned, or a combination of both. Animal behavior includes communication, mating, foraging, predator avoidance, and social organization, among other things. The scientific study of animal behavior is called ethology. This field seeks to understand the evolutionary basis for behaviors as well as their physiological and psychological mechanisms.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "morals" is not a term that has a medical definition. Morals refer to personal or societal beliefs about right and wrong behavior. It is a concept that falls under the realm of ethics, philosophy, and sociology rather than medicine. If you have any questions related to medical terminologies or concepts, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

Consumer advocacy in a medical context refers to the process of representing and supporting the rights and interests of patients and healthcare consumers. Consumer advocates work to ensure that individuals receive safe, effective, and affordable healthcare services, and that they are empowered to make informed decisions about their own care. This may involve promoting transparency and accountability in the healthcare system, advocating for policies that protect patient rights, and providing education and support to help consumers navigate the complex world of healthcare. Consumer advocacy can take many forms, including individual case advocacy, class action lawsuits, policy reform efforts, and public awareness campaigns.

Ethics is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. In the medical field, ethics refers to the principles that guide doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals in making decisions about patient care. These principles often include respect for autonomy (the right of patients to make their own decisions), non-maleficence (doing no harm), beneficence (acting in the best interests of the patient), and justice (fairness in the distribution of resources). Medical ethics may also involve considerations of confidentiality, informed consent, and end-of-life decision making.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Japan" is not a medical term. Japan is the name of a country, officially known as Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku in Japanese, and is located in East Asia. It is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean with a population of about 126 million people.

If you have any medical questions or terms that you would like me to define, please let me know!

A veterinarian is a licensed medical professional who practices veterinary medicine. They are dedicated to the health and well-being of animals, ranging from pets and livestock to wild animals and exotic creatures. Veterinarians diagnose, treat, and prevent diseases and injuries in animals, and they also provide advice and guidance on animal care and nutrition.

Veterinarians may specialize in a particular area of veterinary medicine, such as surgery, internal medicine, dentistry, dermatology, or emergency care. They may work in private clinical practice, research institutions, government agencies, zoos, wildlife rehabilitation centers, or the animal health industry.

To become a veterinarian, one must complete a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree from an accredited veterinary school and pass a licensing exam. Veterinary schools typically require applicants to have a bachelor's degree with a strong background in science courses. Additionally, veterinarians must adhere to strict ethical standards and maintain their knowledge and skills through ongoing education and training.

"Social Security" is a term that refers to a social insurance program, providing financial security to eligible individuals primarily through retirement, disability, and survivor's benefits. In the United States, it is administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA). The program is funded through payroll taxes known as Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax, paid by workers and their employers.

It's important to note that "Social Security" is not a medical term per se, but rather a term used in the context of social welfare programs and policies. However, it does have an impact on healthcare as many Americans rely on Social Security benefits to help cover their medical expenses, especially during retirement.

Puerperal infection, also known as childbed fever or postpartum infection, is a healthcare-associated infection that can occur in women following childbirth, miscarriage, or abortion. It's typically caused by bacteria that enter the reproductive system during these processes and can lead to inflammation and infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or other pelvic organs.

The most common causative agents are Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A streptococcus), Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. Symptoms of puerperal infection can include fever, abdominal pain, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and painful urination. If left untreated, the infection can lead to serious complications such as sepsis, infertility, or even death.

Prompt diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics are crucial for managing puerperal infections and preventing complications. Good hygiene practices and proper sterilization of medical equipment can also help reduce the risk of developing this infection.

... up to 120 maternal and child welfare associations were formed. The Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (Centre) was ... The Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (Burmese: မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ မိခင်နှင့်ကလေး စောင့်ရှောက်ရေး အသင်း, abbreviated ... Currently the Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association is carrying out the following activities: Health activities ... After Burma gained independence, maternal and child welfare associations were set up in towns and cities. But those association ...
... and the consequent reduction in maternal and infant deaths in Australia. She was Director of Maternal and Baby Welfare in the ... 32 during her tenure as Director of Maternal and Baby welfare. She was protective of her position in maternal health and ... "MATERNAL AND INFANT WELFARE. New Director in N.S.W." The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 17 June 1937. p ... Cuthbert succeeded Doctor Elma Morgan as the Director of Infant and Maternal Welfare on 1 August 1937, a role she held until ...
Garrett, Heather L. (1999). "Feminizing Social Welfare: The Needlework Guild of Canada, 1892-1995". Célébrons Nos Réussites ... However, the WCTU saw women purely as wives and mothers, accepting the constraints of maternal feminism. Maternal feminism ... Diniejko, Dr Andrzej (2014). "Maternal feminism". Frances Trollope: a Maternal Feminist and Social Reformer. Retrieved 2014-08- ... The leaders of the maternal feminist movement were middle-aged and the maternal feminist movement was in decline. There was ...
"Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association". Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association. MMCWA. Retrieved 21 February ... Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association, established in 1991, promotes the health and well-being of mothers and children ... These include the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, and the Department of Social Welfare. They serve as ... The majority of maternal deaths occur at home, only 38% of women with labor complications were referred to a hospital in 2010, ...
Title V concerns maternal and child welfare. Title VI concerns public health services (investigation of disease and problems of ... Quadagno, Jill (1994). The Color of Welfare: How Racism Undermined the War on Poverty. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 7 ... Title V Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant (PDF/details) Title VI Coronavirus Relief, Fiscal Recovery, and Critical ... Title IV Grants to States for Aid and Services to Needy Families with Children and for Child-Welfare Services (PDF/details) ...
ISBN 1-57003-202-5. "Maternal Welfare Bureau Completes Plans for Tour". Mar 12, 1947. p. 5. Retrieved November 3, 2013. ...
"Child Welfare, Maternal Care Agencies to Integrate Services". July 27, 2011. "History of Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center". New ... "Two Historic Child Welfare and Maternity Services Agencies Come Together to Meet Growing Needs of Children and Mothers in New ... Child Welfare Services include: Family foster care services (regular & kinship foster care and adoption services, treatment ...
London: National Association for Maternal and Child Welfare. ISBN 978-0902057005. Morley, David (1973). Paediatric Priorities ...
"Hospitals in the Country". Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Retrieved 17 August 2020. "Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) ( ... Its maternal mortality ratio is higher than the national average at 258 maternal deaths for every 100,000 live births (2017), ... Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved 14 ... "Rural Health Statistics 2014-15" (PDF). Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. 2015. Archived (PDF) from ...
Higher maternal and infant mortality rates are associated with the inability to offer timely assistance to mothers with ... Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) National Perinatal Statistics Unit. 2008. "Report on Maternity ... Over a similar time period, maternal mortality during childbirth fell during 1900 to 1997 from 6-9 deaths per thousand to 0.077 ... There are also unquantifiable differences in home birth patients, such as maternal attitudes towards medical involvement in ...
The city also saw a decrease in maternal mortality. He was successful in decreasing the city's rates of diphtheria. Bundensen ... Bundesen Nabs Moron Who Hoaxed School". He launched an infant welfare program, emphasizing parental education. This was ...
For services in connection with maternal and child welfare. Edith Annie Howes - of Dunedin. For public services. William Alfred ... For social-welfare and philanthropic services. Annie Isabel Fraer - of Christchurch. For public services. Dr Doris Clifton ...
The girls are put in a welfare clinic under Dr. Gerald Dreyfuss. They refer to "Mama," a mysterious maternal protector figure. ... She also kills their maternal great-aunt Jean and uses her body to spirit the children away. Annabel and Lucas find the ...
Due to the high life expectancy at birth and low maternal and under-5 child mortality rates it is fair to say that the health ... "Welfare and health promotion". MINISTRY OF SOCIAL AFFAIRS AND HEALTH. "Primary health care". Ministry of Social Affairs and ... "Maternal Mortality". Our World in Data. "Finland". Healthdata. "Life expectancy at birth, total (years) - Finland". The World ... The Finnish Ministry of Social Affairs and Health supports the welfare of people in Finland via social and health services and ...
Title V of the Act established Grants to the States for Maternal and Child Welfare. Administration of the Title V grant program ... "U.S. Maternal and Child Health Bureau (2001). Celebrating 65 years of Title V: The Maternal and Child Health program 1935-2000- ... "Maternal & Child Health Bureau". Hrsa.gov. Retrieved 2013-12-31. "Maternal and Child Health Bureau Fact Sheet" (PDF). Retrieved ... giving maternal and child welfare equal status with the unemployment compensation and old-age provisions of the Social Security ...
And he sang of Krishna, the Child Deity, with maternal love. He was more concerned about the welfare of child Krishna than his ...
In 1939 the name of the service was changed from the Department of Infant Welfare, to the Maternal and Child Welfare Department ... Annual Report of the Acting Director of Infant Welfare, 1938-39. Annual Report of the Director of Maternal and Child Welfare, ... In 1978 the Maternal Child Welfare Service celebrated its 60th Jubilee. During this time the Fortitude Valley Child Health ... His emphasis was on the promotion of breast feeding, the training of nurses in maternal and infant welfare and the education of ...
... increasing provision for maternal health and infant welfare as well home nursing. He successfully introduced the Nurse ... His work here was largely concerned with improving the health and welfare of children, but was cut short following the outbreak ... and great care was taken to improve the welfare of the munitions workers, both male and female. Ammunition supply-lines ...
1997). Farm Animal Behaviour And Welfare. 3rd Ed. CABI, Wallingford, UK. 437 pp. Dwyer, C.M. (ed.) (2008). The Welfare Of Sheep ... 1985). Maternal vocalizations and other sounds in the fetal lamb's sound environment. Early Human Development, 11: 179-190. ... Animal welfare and meat science. CABI, Wallingford, UK. 298 pp. Houpt, K. A. 2004. Behavioral physiology. In: Reece, W. O. (ed ... Cathy M. Dwyer (31 July 2008). The Welfare of Sheep. シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社. pp. 56-. ISBN 978-1-4020-8552-9. Archived from the ...
Lara Marks (1996). Metropolitan Maternity: Maternal and Infant Welfare Services in Early Twentieth Century London. Rodopi. pp. ...
Her doctoral thesis was titled "The Politics of Motherhood: Child and Maternal Welfare in England, 1900-1939". In 1979, Lewis ... Lewis, Jane (1980). The Politics of Motherhood: Child and Maternal Welfare in England, 1900-1939. Montreal: McGill-Queen's ... specialising in gender and welfare. She was Barnett Professor of Social Policy at the University of Oxford from 2000 to 2004 ...
Emily Hannah Simmonds, Vice-President, National Association for Maternal and Child Welfare. Henry Skehin, Superintendent, Royal ... For nursing and welfare services to the community in Zambia. Richard Neville Ward, lately Technical Education Officer, British ... Robert William Burrell, Welfare Visitor, Royal Naval Association. John Albert Percival Busttn, lately Technical Officer, ... For service to community welfare. Mara Tup, Sergeant, Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary. Gabriel Auina Wai. For public ...
Marks, Lara (1996). Metropolitan Maternity: Maternal and Infant Welfare Services in Early Twentieth Century London. pp. 71-72. ...
ISBN 978-0-230-23698-1. Marks, Lara (1996). Metropolitan Maternity: Maternal and Infant Welfare Services in Early Twentieth ...
Lewis, Jane (Jane E. ) (1980). The politics of motherhood : child and maternal welfare in England, 1900-1939. Internet Archive ... maternal and child welfare clinics could provide birth control information to women. This concession could at least in part be ... to emphasise the health costs to mothers without access to birth control advice and drawing on statistics concerning maternal ...
"Maternal Mortality Ratio in India". World Bank Group. Retrieved 19 January 2019. NRHM FAQ (Articles with short description, ... It is operated under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare as part of the National Rural Health Mission. The Scheme ... With a focus to reduce maternal and child mortality, dedicated Mother and Child Health Wings with 100/50/30 bed capacity have ... The Infant Mortality rate in the country since the implementation of the scheme has been as follows The maternal mortality ...
Social welfare programs have successfully been implemented in several countries, including Sweden, France, Germany and the ... The majority of maternal wall lawsuits are filed under Title VII, which prohibits sex discrimination in employment. Maternal ... Research suggests that the maternal wall is cemented by employer stereotypes and gender expectations. The first major maternal ... The mommy track, motherhood penalty, and the maternal wall have similar discriminatory effects; however, the maternal wall is ...
The maternal and child health component aimed to address Nigeria's elevated maternal and child mortality rates by providing ... "Mrs Buhari reaffirms commitment towards improving welfare of women, children - Daily Trust". dailytrust.com. Retrieved 2023-09- ... "Aisha Buhari tasks wives of governors on maternal, child mortality in Nigeria". Premium Times. Retrieved 2023-09-06. "Aisha ... Notable achievements include: Reduction in maternal and child mortality rates in targeted regions. Increased access to quality ...
The child's future becomes more blurry when Leibaklei left for her maternal home. Thambal is a neighbour and classmate of ... Her parents etch out a plan for Sanatomba's welfare. Muru Ningthoujam as Sanatomba Reshmi Samom as Thambal Lairenjam Olen as ... as Sanatomba's maternal grandmother Shougrakpam Hemanta as School Headmaster Chinglen Thiyam as Hotel Owner Rajkumar Jnaranjan ...
Michael Edward Wylie Samuelson, Vice-President, National Association for Maternal and Child Welfare. Norman Keith Scott, ... For welfare services to children in Sri Lanka. Eileen Platts. For nursing and welfare services to the community in India. ... For welfare services to the community in Kenya. Morag Henderson Clark. For welfare services to children in Turkey. Brian ... For welfare services to children in India. Alan John Carne, lately Third Secretary, HM Embassy, Havana. Alphonso Cassell. For ...
... up to 120 maternal and child welfare associations were formed. The Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (Centre) was ... The Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (Burmese: မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ မိခင်နှင့်ကလေး စောင့်ရှောက်ရေး အသင်း, abbreviated ... Currently the Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association is carrying out the following activities: Health activities ... After Burma gained independence, maternal and child welfare associations were set up in towns and cities. But those association ...
Trainee manual in maternal & child health for nurses and midwives / by Mally Guimel. by Guimel, Mally , Saudi Arabia. Ministry ... Role of maternal nutritional health and care in the development and personality of children in Africa / E. O. Idusogie. by ... Maternal and infant nutrition reviews : Sri Lanka, a guide to the literature / Ron Israel, senior editor ... [et al.] by Israel ... Egypt : maternal and child health survey, 1991 / editors, Farouk Abdel-Azeem, Samir M. Farid, Atef M. Khalifa. by Abdel-Azeem, ...
Policy - Social Welfare (Consolidated Claims, Payments and Control) Regulations, No. 142 of 2007. PDF versionExporter au format ... Maternal, infant and young child nutrition. *Maternity protection. *(Policy) Legislation and regulations. *Maternity protection ...
Welfare Policies and Adolescents: Exploring the Roles of Sibling Care, Maternal Work Schedules, and Economic Resources. ... Welfare Policies and Adolescents: Exploring the Roles of Sibling Care, Maternal Work Schedules, and Economic Resources. / Hsueh ... Hsueh, J. A., & Gennetian, L. A. (2011). Welfare Policies and Adolescents: Exploring the Roles of Sibling Care, Maternal Work ... Hsueh, Jo Ann ; Gennetian, Lisa A. / Welfare Policies and Adolescents : Exploring the Roles of Sibling Care, Maternal Work ...
Using BMI and waist circumference as measures for pediatric adiposity, we provide scant evidence for its relation to maternal ... We also find no strong association between maternal employment and our measures for childrens diet and physical activity. Our ... we investigate the association between maternal employment and obesity in children aged 3-17 in both rural and urban China. ... childhood obesity; China; maternal employment; All these keywords. JEL classification:. *I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare ...
Maternal Welfare / statistics & numerical data* * Midwifery / statistics & numerical data* * Obstetrics and Gynecology ... We compared maternal and newborn outcomes between women planning hospital birth attended by a midwife versus a physician in ...
Donation of towels to the NOAH Welfare Centre Our latest contribution to the Noah Welfare Centre 152 towels that were passed on ... April is Maternal and Child Health Month This month also includes the birthday of Paul Harris on the 19th of April.. ... His chosen charities: The Salvation Army and the NOAH Welfare Centre, Luton. ... Donation of towels to the NOAH Welfare Centre Minor Sports Wednesday 24th April 2019 . Santas Sleigh around Barton-le-Clay ...
Child Welfare League of America. The Child Welfare League of America assists more than 3.5 million abused and neglected ... National Maternal Mental Health Hotline. The National Maternal Mental Health Hotline provides free, confidential, 24/7 ... Child Welfare Information Gateway. The Child Welfare Information Gateway (a merger of the former National Clearinghouse on ... The National Maternal Child Health Center for Child Death Review. This organization provides data on child deaths and has links ...
Time dependent decreases of maternal canine virus antibodies in newborn pups. Vet Rec. 1981;108:295-9. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Atlanta: US Department of Health, Education and Welfare; 1975. p. 25-62. ... In seals ,6 months of age, maternal antibodies have declined to undetectable levels (5). Therefore, these 9 juvenile seals must ...
The American Committee of Maternal Welfare, Inc: The Chairmans Address. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1935. 30:868. ... In most reviews, maternal death rates associated with infection range from 4-8%, or approximately 0.6 maternal deaths per ... What is the Impact of Ischemic Heart Disease on Maternal Morbidity and Mortality? 0.25 CME / CE / ABIM MOC Credits Clinical ... Maternal sepsis mortality and morbidity during hospitalization for delivery: temporal trends and independent associations for ...
Responding to family violence page on the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare website ... Maternal and Perinatal Health Committees Maternal and Perinatal Health Committees - expand Maternal and Perinatal Health ... As part of the response to what continues to be regarded as a major health and welfare issue, the AIHW released Family, ...
Mar 7, 2024 - Pennsylvanias Black Maternal Health Caucus; Fighting for Futures. * Feb 28, 2024 - Lawmaker: Welfare fraud ... lawmakers launch Black Maternal Health Caucus to combat alarming maternal mortality rates ... Feb 14, 2024 - Mayes legislation aims to address welfare fraud. * Feb 7, 2024 - Mayes highlights Shapiros proposals for ... Apr 12, 2024 - Pennsylvanias MOMNIBUS addresses Pennsylvanias maternal mortality through investments. * Apr 8, 2024 - PBMHC ...
Studies on the maternal-infant transmission of the viruses which cause acute hepatitis. Gastroenterology 1981;80:999-1004. * ... Education and Welfare. Public Health Service. Viral Hepatitis Investigations and Control Series. November 1977. (HEW ... Cincinnati: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control. July 1974 to ... Ahlfors K, Ivarsson S-A, Johnsson T, Svanberg L. Primary and secondary maternal cytomegalovirus infections and their relation ...
Categories: Maternal Welfare Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 3 ...
The data used is from a maternal health study carried out in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya. A total of 1,927 women (out of 2,482 ... schooling to alter perceptions of the value of skilled maternal health care. ... Despite various international efforts initiated to improve maternal health, more than half a million women worldwide die each ... CBS (Central Bureau of Statistics), Ministry of Planning and National Development: Welfare Monitoring Survey III: Government ...
Ford Schools Paula Lantz: Implications of restrictive abortion policies on maternal health, social welfare May 10, 2023 ... PubPol 746: Social Welfare Policy Social Welfare Policy in the United States: From the War on Poverty to the Covid-19 Pandemic ... The progress that has been made in Michigans child welfare system could be put at risk by a ban on abortion in the wake of the ... Restrictive abortion policies in the U.S. are predicted to have negative effects on maternal health, womens economic ...
"The state is embroiled in a welfare scandal, a health crisis in the aftermath of the Dobbs decision that originated out of ... We have one of the highest maternal mortality rates. Our rural hospitals are closing. Education is still underfunded. The ...
Child Health, Infant, Newborn, Maternal Welfare, Perinatology, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Pediatrics I Congreso de la Sociedad ... Gynecology, Obstetrics, Perinatology, Pediatrics, Child Health, Maternal Welfare, Infant, Newborn IV Jornadas Internacionales ...
Increase in child welfare cases attributable to opioid misuse. Benefits of Medications for OUD (MOUD). *Helps prevent relapse ... Opioid use during pregnancy has been linked to a variety of poor health outcomes for both mothers and babies such as maternal ... A.H. Hirai et al., "Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and Maternal Opioid-Related Diagnoses in the U.S., 2010-2017," JAMA 325, no. 2 ... Sources: D.J. Corsi et al., "Association of Maternal Opioid Use in Pregnancy With Adverse Perinatal Outcomes in Ontario, Canada ...
Things to know about maternal and child health in India. Ministry of health and family welfare in its annual (2015-2016) report ...
Welfare Rules Database * Career and Technical Education CoLab * Housing Crisis Research Collaborative ... Black Maternal Health Week seeks to deepen the national conversation on Black maternal health in the US by centering the voices ... the Black Mamas Matter Alliance declared April 11-17 Black Maternal Health Week to bring more attention to the Black maternal ... Black maternal health disparities in the United States are tied to a system that has historically devalued and exploited Black ...
As a social welfare organization, MomsRising Together primarily focuses on nonpartisan education and advocacy on issues that ... To close out Black Maternal Health Week, ESSENCE invited MomsRising Senior Vice President Monifa Bandele to speak on a dynamic ... MomsRising.org is a joint website of MomsRising Together, a 501(c)(4) social welfare organization, and MomsRising Education ...
Mental health is an integral part of health and well-being and poor mental health can be detrimental to the womans welfare and ... Mental health is an integral part of health and well-being and poor mental health can be detrimental to the womans welfare and ... Maternal Mental Health. (2019). Available online at: https://www.who.int/mental_health/maternal-child/maternal_mental_health/en ... In addition to affecting the womans emotional welfare and everyday functioning, poor mental health may affect her parenting ...
... maternal welfare, and mens own health and adult development. They also demonstrate important gaps in the scientific and ... Michael C. Lu, Dean, UC Berkeley School of Public Health and Former Director, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, U.S. Department ...
Supervised, hands-on training in hospitals provides maternal and neonatal health workers with invaluable real-life labor and ... Welfare and Self-Reliance Manager for the Churchs Africa Central Area. "The ability of mothers and newborns to receive quality ... increasing the risk of maternal and neonatal death. "In our trainings, we are able to leverage the resources we have from the ... Maternal, Newborn and Adolescent Health Specialist at UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office. "With this innovative ...
7Faculty of Medicine, and Health Technology, Tampere Center for Child, Adolescent, and Maternal Health Research: Global Health ... 10Department of Knowledge Brokers, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland; Academic Primary Health Care ... 7Faculty of Medicine, and Health Technology, Tampere Center for Child, Adolescent, and Maternal Health Research: Global Health ... 10Department of Knowledge Brokers, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland; Academic Primary Health Care ...
  • Safe motherhood : priorities and next steps, forward-looking assessment on the reduction of maternal mortality and morbidity within the framework of the safe motherhood initiative (SMI / Maureen Law, Deborah Maine, Marie-Thérèse Feuerstein. (who.int)
  • Maternal mortality is one of the leading causes of death among women of reproductive age. (scirp.org)
  • The causes of this maternal mortality are mainly the consequences of difficult deliveries, often due to a lack of antenatal care. (scirp.org)
  • of India with the help of information technology for ensuring the availability accessibility of full spectrum of healthcare and immunization services to pregnant women and under 5 children, to reduce the maternal mortality, morbidity neonatal morality morbidity. (scientiaresearchlibrary.com)
  • Due to the lack of availability of health care services in the rural part of the country the maternal mortality as well as morbidity rate were high. (scientiaresearchlibrary.com)
  • Restrictive abortion policies in the U.S. are predicted to have negative effects on maternal health, women's economic opportunities and social welfare systems. (umich.edu)
  • In late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Korea, public health priorities in maternal and infant welfare privileged the new nation's reproductive health and women's responsibility for care work to produce novel organization of services in hospitals and practices in the home. (hawaii.edu)
  • The Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (Burmese: မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ မိခင်နှင့်ကလေး စောင့်ရှောက်ရေး အသင်း, abbreviated MMCWA) is a non-governmental organisation in Burma which aims to protects mothers and their children in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • After Burma gained independence, maternal and child welfare associations were set up in towns and cities. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the time independence was gained to 1964, up to 120 maternal and child welfare associations were formed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (Centre) was formed on 30 April 1991 and has subsidiary bodies such as the Centre, State/Division, District Supervisory Committees, Township Associations and Branch Associations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The progress that has been made in Michigan's child welfare system could be put at risk by a ban on abortion in the wake of the Supreme Court's Roe decision. (umich.edu)
  • Who is involved: Each state/territory Act Early COVID-19 Response Team has a leadership team for the Act Early Response to COVID-19 Project, comprised of state and local early childhood program/systems administrators representing multiple sectors of the early childhood system, including childcare, child welfare, home visiting, early intervention, and pediatric healthcare. (cdc.gov)
  • It has also made remarkable progress in maternal and child health and in its fight against HIV/AIDS. (yourstory.com)
  • Therefore, she argues, it's to the credit of her "maternal instinct" that she beholds her first child as "all of a sudden the most wonderful thing in the world. (therumpus.net)
  • For 2017 however, all key child welfare programs remained at current funding levels that have been set for several years. (cwla.org)
  • Child Welfare Services (Title IV-B part 1) stayed at $269 million. (cwla.org)
  • Because the two Title IV-B programs (Child Welfare Services, part 1 and Promoting Safe and Stable Families, part 2) have not been reauthorized, the CIP could have lost $20 million in mandatory funds. (cwla.org)
  • Beyond the specific child welfare programs there were some significant advances which led Democrats to claim victory. (cwla.org)
  • In terms of children there were slight increases for Head Start, child care, the Maternal and Child Health Block Grant, and the McKinney-Vento Homeless Children and Youth block grants. (cwla.org)
  • Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS) is a recent initiative of Ministry of Health Family Welfare Govt. (scientiaresearchlibrary.com)
  • As of 2008 the MMCWA now functions with 324 township associations, and 11,233 branch associations formed to undertake health and welfare activities nationwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The UN has made its mark in the promotion of health and welfare as well. (yourstory.com)
  • Maternal Nutrition and Health Care Program. (who.int)
  • Participated in the parent reach out sessions and various awareness programs conducted by social welfare schools, attended national conferences conducted by IAP (Indian association of pediatrics) Currently full time associated with rainbow working on type 1 diabetes and obesity in children and feto-maternal nutrition. (momkidcare.com)
  • Opioid use during pregnancy has been linked to a variety of poor health outcomes for both mothers and babies such as maternal death, poor fetal growth, and preterm birth. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Understanding and evaluating traditional practices : a guide for improving maternal care / Barbara Pillsbury, Ann Brownlee, and Judith Timyan. (who.int)
  • The reconciliation of work and family life is one of today's major challenges for welfare states. (lu.se)
  • By examining the maternal environment as more than just pregnant bodies and behaviors, I show that the environments we imagine to shape our genes, bodies, and future health are related to race and gender, as well as structures like healthcare, social welfare, and housing. (wellesley.edu)
  • Notably, Kōsei rōdō-shō (Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare of Japan) has taken the initiative in providing financial and medical support for infertility treatments for married couples since the early 2000s. (sup.org)
  • 2 Working closely with advisory groups such as the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Central Social Insurance Medical Council, the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare has sought to facilitate medical and technological intervention in reproduction and thereby increase the nation's birth rate. (sup.org)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Maternal welfare. (who.int)
  • In India, UNDP has partnered with several government ministries like railways, home affairs, tribal affairs, new and renewable energy, and health and family welfare to help the country achieve its development goals. (yourstory.com)
  • En 2007, le gouvernement a lancé le programme pour la santé de la mère, du nouveau-né et de l'enfant, afin de favoriser l'accès à des interventions d'un bon rapport coût-efficacité et fondées sur des données factuelles, de renforcer les capacités des systèmes de santé de district, d'autonomiser les communautés, de former davantage de sages-femmes communautaires qualifiées et d'encourager le recours aux services essentiels. (who.int)
  • Yet, due to diverse complexities of domestic socioeconomic, political and cultural circumstances, the peculiarities of the differing welfare regimes and the MSs' reluctance of further extending EU powers, resulted in the creation of soft law as a regulative response to support the MSs balancing economic, employment and social issues. (lu.se)
  • The psychosocial work environment and maternal postpartum depression. (cdc.gov)
  • Future research could assess the impact of the interaction between the work and home environment on maternal postpartum depression. (cdc.gov)
  • Therein, the EU promotes the work-family reconciliation approach based on the gender equal shared-role-model4 according to the Nordic welfare practice. (lu.se)
  • Maternal Functioning, time, and money: The world of work and welfare. (bvsalud.org)
  • It was he who "won" on the matter of when to have children, she writes-or, rather, she "gracefully conceded the point, in large part because I'd misjudged the power of the maternal instinct. (therumpus.net)
  • 6 months of age, maternal antibodies have declined to undetectable levels ( 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • How promising, then, that I opened Mom Genes: Inside the New Science of Our Ancient Maternal Instinct and was ordered by its author, the journalist Abigail Tucker, to accept that should I become a mother, I will not be in control. (therumpus.net)
  • 8] Maternal depression, in particular, can interfere with mothers' responsiveness and positive parenting behavior that promote a secure parent-child relationship [see research summary on maternal depression screening for more information]. (nccp.org)
  • 11] However, the evidence for programs' ability to reduce child behavior problems and improve maternal depression is mixed and home visitors often encounter child and parent behavior, mental health, and relationship concerns that are challenging to address without support. (nccp.org)
  • Poultry Behavior and Welfare, Precision Farming. (ikerbasque.net)
  • To ensure animal welfare, we need to understand the behavior of animals under production conditions and take care of animals based on their instinct. (umn.edu)
  • This Sub-IPC will provide short- and long-term federal actions to improve equitable outcomes for families affected by substance use disorder involved in, or at risk of being involved in, the child welfare system. (nih.gov)
  • Common outcomes addressed by home visiting programs include maternal and child health, abuse and neglect prevention, positive parenting, and child health, development, and school readiness. (nccp.org)
  • Presented in partnership with Mamatoto Village and Campaign for Trauma-Informed Policy and Practice (CTIPP), this webinar discusses the need to improve maternal health outcomes for birthing people of color and create trauma-informed spaces and supports in community. (gwu.edu)
  • However, a new study, "Maternal Stress and Child Outcomes: Evidence From Siblings," by Anna Aizer, Laura Stroud and Stephen Buka, has found a direct link between in-utero exposure to cortisol and the cognition, health and educational attainment of the exposed offspring. (blogspot.com)
  • Even if maternal stress turns out to be a major contributor to socioeconomic immobility or poor educational outcomes, it is unlikely that there will be an adequate biological or medical solution. (blogspot.com)
  • Idaho department of health and welfare - COVID-19 vaccine booster doses update - flyer, English - Jan. 25, 2022. (ugur-okumus.de)
  • Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) 866 … The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare provides programs, resources and information for individuals with disabilities and developmental disabilities. (ugur-okumus.de)
  • In addition, low maternal education predicted 33.2% of the cases with ADHD medication use, single parenthood predicted 13.5%, and social welfare predicted 9.3%, report the study authors. (medscape.com)
  • This is because of poor and inadequate health facilities, and ineffective functioning of the health and social welfare departments at the grass root level. (yourcommonwealth.org)
  • Earlier this month, the NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) made several resources available to provide researchers and administrators with federal perspectives on the oversight of research involving animal models. (nih.gov)
  • Visit the links below to learn more about how OLAW and USDA share information on animal welfare at awardee institutions, and open records requirements. (nih.gov)
  • Article / Animal welfare assessment: quantifying differences among commercial medium and fast growth broiler flocks. (ikerbasque.net)
  • it impact on animal welfare. (ikerbasque.net)
  • Animal welfare (.pdf) continues to gain interest with both consumers and producers. (umn.edu)
  • Understanding animal welfare, or how an animal interacts with its surroundings, has been the work of Yuzhi Li since 2005. (umn.edu)
  • Pigs that grow slower than their contemporaries can cause complications for animal welfare and profitability. (umn.edu)
  • Outreach projects address important issues facing pork producers, such as enhancing animal welfare and maintaining profitability of pork production systems, as well as biosecurity considerations . (umn.edu)
  • RESULTS: The strongest and most consistent influences on behaviour and emotional problems were derived from the home, including lower socio-demographic status, poorer maternal caregiving, parental stress/maternal mental health problems, as well as child gender (being a boy). (ox.ac.uk)
  • A high incidence of severe maternal anaemia, obstetric complications, and deliveries by untrained people all contribute to the numbers of infant deaths among tribal communities. (yourcommonwealth.org)
  • This study aimed to assess the relationship between birth weight and maternal exposure to passive smoking during pregnancy, and to investigate some other determinants of birth weight. (who.int)
  • Multiple regression analysis showed that after controlling for all the variables studied, birth weight had a significant inverse correlation with the maternal exposure to passive smoking and a positive correlation with adequate antenatal care. (who.int)
  • Infants and young children in families served by home visiting programs face significant risk for mental health problems because of high rates of maternal depression, exposure to violence and trauma, and other maternal mental health issues, such as anxiety. (nccp.org)
  • Originating in 2022, the Pregnant People, Substance Use Disorder and Child Welfare Sub Interagency Policy Committee (IPC) of the Maternal Health IPC will address the Biden-Harris Adminstration's First Year Drug Policy Priority, "Explore, identify barriers, and establish policy to help pregnant people with substance use disorder obtain prenatal care and addiction treatment without fear of child removal. (nih.gov)
  • In fact, low maternal education, receiving welfare benefits, and living in a single-parent home are all significant risk factors of developing ADHD, report the investigators. (medscape.com)
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of risk factors for ADHD in a national cohort of school children," write lead author Anders Hjern, MD, PhD, from the Centre for Epidemiology and the National Board of Health and Welfare in Stockholm, Sweden, and colleagues. (medscape.com)
  • These and other factors are not adequately captured by the monetary-based measures of poverty, even though they are also important indicators of human welfare. (stears.co)
  • By seeking to understand the hierarchical social structure of swine and identify factors that may lead to fighting among sows at mixing time, we aim to develop management strategies that enhance welfare and performance of group-housed gestating sows, while minimizing the risk of injury to the animals. (umn.edu)
  • ESP was designed to deliver health services at the facilities located at district level and below to household level under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Understanding and evaluating traditional practices : a guide for improving maternal care / Barbara Pillsbury, Ann Brownlee, and Judith Timyan. (who.int)
  • Observing an increased risk of leukemia in children of mothers reporting a history of influenza/pneumonia and sexually transmitted disease around the time of pregnancy suggests that maternal infection might contribute to the etiology of leukemia. (nih.gov)
  • When mothers and daughters get strong, the family gets strengthened and the welfare of the mothers and daughters is a priority for our government", the Prime Minister said. (bhajpakibaat.org)
  • But while income and wealth are pretty good indicators of welfare, it has become apparent that we miss out a lot of relevant features of human welfare if we only focus on how much money someone has. (stears.co)
  • Maternal illness and drug/medication use during the period surrounding pregnancy and risk of childhood leukemia among offspring. (nih.gov)
  • Maternal illness and drug/medication use (prescription, over-the-counter, and illicit) during pregnancy might be related to childhood leukemia risk. (nih.gov)
  • Data on maternal illnesses and drug use from before pregnancy through breastfeeding were obtained by interview with the biologic mother and were analyzed by conditional logistic regression. (nih.gov)
  • A range of repeated assessments were carried out at different time points, including direct observation of the quality of maternal caregiving and observations of the quality of non-parental care, and amount of time spent in different forms of care. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Future research could assess the impact of the interaction between the work and home environment on maternal postpartum depression. (cdc.gov)
  • 2006 Poultry Welfare Research. (ikerbasque.net)
  • At the West Central Research and Outreach Center (WCROC), we strive to develop management strategies to improve swine welfare through ethological approaches. (umn.edu)
  • While this research is compelling in terms of the effects of maternal stress on children's physical and mental health and their future academic success, the authors take a huge sociobiological leap by arguing that their results may be part of the reason why children of poor parents tend to become poor adults themselves. (blogspot.com)
  • 5] Other federal sources of funding for home visiting include Title V of the Maternal and Child Health Block Grant Program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Project LAUNCH, Medicaid, Healthy Start, Early Head Start, the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act and the Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention Program. (nccp.org)
  • Maternal Nutrition and Health Care Program. (who.int)
  • whether it is proper maternal and new-born care, functional educational institutions with trained teachers, proper housing, or clean drinking water. (stears.co)
  • Do we really need to subject more infant monkeys to maternal deprivation experiments? (nih.gov)
  • The Department of Health and Welfare (DHW) is announcing today that the statewide naloxone distribution program has been relaunched. (ugur-okumus.de)
  • They do not take ration items sent for distribution nor do they appear to be interested in cooking, according to tribal welfare department officials in charge of local development schemes. (yourcommonwealth.org)
  • In addition, the Swedish National Education Register was used to provide data on maternal education, the 2005 Register of the Total Population was used to determine head-of-household status, and the Total Enumeration Income Survey of 2005 was used to determine social assistance. (medscape.com)
  • He said that the finding about lower maternal education "also makes sense. (medscape.com)
  • A recent study conducted at the WCROC evaluated the role of maternal fear (.pdf) on piglet vitality. (umn.edu)
  • With a variety of housing environments available for swine producers, we evaluate and study the affects of different housing systems on the welfare of animals. (umn.edu)
  • The importance of addressing maternal depression is reflected in two MIECHV performance standards that focus on maternal depression: "percent of primary caregivers enrolled in home visiting who are screened for depression using a validated tool within 3 months of enrollment" and "percent of primary caregivers referred to services for a positive screen for depression who receive one or more service contacts. (nccp.org)
  • Use the following links to learn more about each of the programs supported by idalink on the Health and Welfare website.Individuals who are elderly or live with a disability can be eligible for Medicaid coverage if they meet the following criteria: Live in Idaho. (ugur-okumus.de)
  • 4] The federal Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) is the primary source of funding for home visiting and currently provides $400 million annually to states for the delivery of home visiting programs. (nccp.org)
  • As a broader measure of welfare, the multidimensional approach gives us a clearer view of how poverty affects the lives of Nigerians. (stears.co)
  • BACKGROUND: Over the past few decades there has been a dramatic increase in maternal employment and, as a result, an increase in the use of non-maternal childcare in the early years. (ox.ac.uk)
  • No 14C-labelled free books % to browse maternal email and paste rounds for Orchestral cheese institutions. (onlinemedsupplies.com)
  • Maternal history of influenza/pneumonia was associated with a statistically significant increased risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the offspring (odds ratio (OR) = 1.89, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.24, 2.89), although the risk was nonsignificant for common ALL (OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 0.75, 2.63). (nih.gov)