Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
Institutional committees established to protect the welfare of animals used in research and education. The 1971 NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals introduced the policy that institutions using warm-blooded animals in projects supported by NIH grants either be accredited by a recognized professional laboratory animal accrediting body or establish its own committee to evaluate animal care; the Public Health Service adopted a policy in 1979 requiring such committees; and the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act mandate review and approval of federally funded research with animals by a formally designated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).
A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.
The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.
Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.
The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.
The authorized absence from work of a family member to attend the illness or participate in the care of a parent, a sibling, or other family member. For the care of a parent for a child or for pre- or postnatal leave of a parent, PARENTAL LEAVE is available.
Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".
A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The discipline pertaining to the study of animal behavior.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
An independent agency within the Executive Branch of the United States Government. It administers a national social insurance program whereby employees, employers, and the self-employed pay contributions into pooled trust funds. Part of the contributions go into a separate hospital insurance trust fund for workers at age 65 to provide help with medical expenses. Other programs include the supplemental social security income program for the aged, blind, and disabled and the Old Age Survivors and Disability Insurance Program. It became an independent agency March 31, 1995. It had previously been part of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, later the Department of Health and Human Services. (From United States Government Manual, 1994-95)
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.

Impact of diet on lead in blood and urine in female adults and relevance to mobilization of lead from bone stores. (1/514)

We measured high precision lead isotope ratios and lead concentrations in blood, urine, and environmental samples to assess the significance of diet as a contributing factor to blood and urine lead levels in a cohort of 23 migrant women and 5 Australian-born women. We evaluated possible correlations between levels of dietary lead intake and changes observed in blood and urine lead levels and isotopic composition during pregnancy and postpartum. Mean blood lead concentrations for both groups were approximately 3 microg/dl. The concentration of lead in the diet was 5.8 +/- 3 microg Pb/kg [geometric mean (GM) 5.2] and mean daily dietary intake was 8.5 microg/kg/day (GM 7.4), with a range of 2-39 microg/kg/day. Analysis of 6-day duplicate dietary samples for individual subjects commonly showed major spikes in lead concentration and isotopic composition that were not reflected by associated changes in either blood lead concentration or isotopic composition. Changes in blood lead levels and isotopic composition observed during and after pregnancy could not be solely explained by dietary lead. These data are consistent with earlier conclusions that, in cases where levels of environmental lead exposure and dietary lead intake are low, skeletal contribution is the dominant contributor to blood lead, especially during pregnancy and postpartum.  (+info)

The Safe Motherhood Initiative: why has it stalled? (2/514)

Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are still the leading cause of death and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries. After decades of neglect, the founding of the Safe Motherhood Initiative in 1987 promised action on this problem. A dozen years later, there is no evidence that maternal mortality has declined and there are still few sizeable programs. A major reason for this disappointing record is that the initiative lacks a clear, concise, feasible strategy. This article reviews the available options and proposes a strategy based on improving the availability and quality of medical treatment of obstetric complications. Once district hospitals and health centers provide such needed care, community mobilization to improve prove utilization may be beneficial. Substantial reductions in maternal deaths would be possible in a relatively short period of time if this strategy were embraced.  (+info)

Media watch. (3/514)

In late 1997, Sharon Bernstein, a 35-year-old Los Angeles Times journalist and a new mother, was assigned the county hospital beat. Recently pregnant, the reporter was drawn towards stories of maternal and fetal health. So, she decided to look into obstetric malpractice claims against county hospitals. What she uncovered would change county hospital policy, lead to an assembly bill, and rekindle the medical debate about the safety of lowering Caesarean section (C-section) rates.  (+info)

Use of hospital data for Safe Motherhood programmes in south Kalimantan, Indonesia. (4/514)

The evaluation of Safe Motherhood programmes has been hampered by difficulties in measuring the preferred outcomes of maternal mortality and morbidity. The need for adequate indicators has led researchers and programme managers alike to resort to indicators of utilization and quality of health services. In this study we assess the magnitude of four indicators of use of essential obstetric care (EOC) and one indicator of quality of care in health facilities in three districts in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. The general picture which emerges for South Kalimantan is that the use of obstetric services is low. Even in the more urban district of Banjar where facility-based coverage is highest, fewer than 14% of all deliveries take place in an EOC facility, 2% of expected births are admitted to such a facility with a major obstetric intervention (MOI), and 1% of expected births have an MOI for an absolute maternal indication. The use of facility-based EOC is consistently lower in Barito Kuala compared to the other districts, and the differences persist regardless of the indicators used. In this setting with low utilization rates, general rates of utilization of EOC facilities seem to be as satisfactory an indicator of relative access to EOC as more elaborate indicators specifying the reasons for admission. The inequalities in access to care revealed by the various indicators of use of EOC services may prove to be a more powerful stimulus for change than the widely reported and highly inaccurate accounts of the high levels of maternal mortality.  (+info)

Assessing the effects of welfare reform policies on reproductive and infant health. (5/514)

OBJECTIVES: The welfare reform law of 1996 marked a historical moment in US policy toward the poor by ending the entitlement to cash assistance, by requiring work, and by establishing time limits. This article examines the potential impact on the health of women and children, the primary recipients of welfare benefits. METHODS: The authors outline the reproductive health outcomes most likely to be sensitive to welfare policies, identify indicators that might be used to assess these outcomes, review empirical evidence, and suggest specific methods and data sources. RESULTS: State welfare requirements could improve health outcomes or deter families from Medicaid and food stamps, as well as income support, thus worsening health outcomes. National and state data may prove useful in detecting these effects; however, new data sources may be required for specific health-related questions. CONCLUSIONS: Assessing the effects of welfare policies on reproductive and infant health is possible, although challenging. Reauthorization of the legislation is required in 2002; it is essential that the consequences for health be included in the next round of public debate.  (+info)

Sex ratios, family size, and birth order. (6/514)

In many countries, the male:female ratio at birth has varied significantly over the past century, but the reasons for these changes have been unclear. The authors observed a close parallel between decreasing family size and declining male:female sex ratio in Denmark from 1960 to 1994. To explain this finding, they examined the sex ratio and birth order of 1,403,021 children born to 700,030 couples. Overall, 51.2% of the first births were male. However, families with boys were significantly more likely than expected to have another boy (biologic heterogeneity). By the fourth birth to families with three prior boys, 52.4% were male. The increase varied directly with the number of prior boys (p for trend = 0.0007). Furthermore, couples with boys were more likely to continue to have children. In summary, the authors found that the declining male:female ratio in Denmark and probably other European populations is mainly attributable to three effects: declining family size, biologic heterogeneity, and child sex preference. Why families with boys are more likely to have additional boys is unknown.  (+info)

Reducing perinatal HIV transmission in developing countries through antenatal and delivery care, and breastfeeding: supporting infant survival by supporting women's survival. (7/514)

In 1998, a joint UNAIDS/UNICEF/WHO working group announced an initiative to pilot test an intervention to reduce perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), based on new guidelines on HIV and infant feeding. This intervention for developing countries includes short-course perinatal zidovudine (AZT) treatment and advice to HIV-positive women not to breastfeed their infants, where this can be done safely. The present paper raises questions about the extent of the public health benefit of this intervention, even though it may be cost-effective, due to the limited capacity of antenatal and delivery services to implement it fully. It argues that it is necessary to provide universal access to replacement feeding methods and support in their safe use, not only for women who have tested HIV-positive during pregnancy, but also for untested women who may also decide not to breastfeed, some of whom may be infected with HIV or may acquire HIV during the breastfeeding period. It further argues that additional funding, more staff, staff training, and improved capacity and resources are also needed to integrate this intervention successfully into antenatal and delivery care. The intervention will prevent some infants from getting HIV even in the absence of many of these changes. However, a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention and care in developing countries that includes both women and infants would promote better health and survival of women, which would in turn contribute to greater infant health and survival. If combination antiretroviral therapy in the latter part of pregnancy and/or during the breastfeeding period can be shown to be safe for infants, preliminary evidence suggests that it might reduce perinatal HIV transmission as effectively as the current intervention and, in addition, might allow the practice of breastfeeding to be preserved.  (+info)

Pregnancy intentions may not be a useful measure for research on maternal and child health outcomes.(8/514)

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<p><em>Richard Horton</em>, editor of <em>The Lancet</em>, discusses the implications of news that maternal deaths have dropped by nearly a third since 1980.</p>
S. 198. A bill to require the Federal Communications Commission to incorporate data on maternal health outcomes into its broadband health maps. In GovTrack.us, a database of bills in the U.S. Congress.
Happy Maternal Mental Health Day! As a therapist specializing in Maternal Mental Health, this is like my professional holiday. A day to celebrate how far we have come in recognizing, diagnosing, and treating mental health issues in the perinatal period, and a day to push forward in spreading the word about Maternal Mental Health and creating space for more outreach and inclusivity. So, to celebrate this day, I am going to write an article for you detailing the symptoms that can impact mothers in
Factors influencing maternal health services utilization operate at various levels - individual, household, community and state. Depending on the indicator of maternal health services, the relevant determinants vary. Effective interventions to promote maternal health service utilization should targe …
Responding to this need, the Foundation launched a four-year (June 2015- September 2019) maternal health quality of care (MHQoC) strategy in June 2015, which aims to catalyze another paradigm shift, this time in the maternal health arena within India-changing the focus from increasing access to maternal health services to improving the quality of these services. The MHQoC strategy marks the final stage of the Foundations grant-making to support PRH in India and seeks to build a foundation and momentum for further maternal health quality improvements after the Foundation exits the country. To this end, it includes three key sub-strategies: (1) strengthening the supply of quality maternal health services in both the public and private sectors, (2) building demand for quality services through accountability mechanisms, and (3) building evidence and supporting advocacy for quality maternal health services. To carry out the work of the strategy, the Foundation has funded 20 grantees through 28 ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Coordinating Center (U2C) RFA-OD-16-006. NIH
Nearly 40 percent of all maternal deaths could be prevented by greater access to just three maternal health supplies (MHS): magnesium sulphate,...
The Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) is undertaking a strategic planning process for statewide maternal health efforts. IDPH seeks input as to the strengths, challenges and areas of focus that are critical regarding the states maternal health needs. We want to capture feedback from all Iowans who either work in or are passionate about maternal health, said Marcus Johnson-Miller of IDPHs Bureau of Family Health. In particular, we are focusing on capturing input on the states efforts to reduce health disparities and improve reducing disease and death among mothers and babies, with special attention to maternal health outcomes.. Maternal health efforts in the state aim to promote womens health and infant health before, during, and after pregnancy as well as reducing disease and death among mothers and babies, with special attention to reducing population-specific disparities in these health outcomes. IDPH invites you to take the following survey as a part of our community engagement ...
Amag Pharmaceuticals Incorporation operates in the Diagnostic Substances sector. AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc. is a pharmaceutical company. The Companys segment is the manufacture, development and commercialization of products and services for use in treating various conditions, with a focus on maternal health, anemia management and cancer supportive care. Its offerings focus on maternal health, anemia management and cancer supportive care, including its product, Makena (hydroxyprogesterone caproate injection); its product, Feraheme (ferumoxytol), for intravenous (IV) use, and MuGard Mucoadhesive Oral Wound Rinse. It is engaged in the development of Digoxin immune fab, a polyclonal antibody for the treatment of severe preeclampsia in pregnant women. Makena is a drug indicated to reduce the risk of preterm birth in women pregnant with a single baby having a history of singleton spontaneous preterm birth.
The posts on this blog do not necessarily reflect the views of the Maternal Health Task Force. Our objective is to provide a platform for our Editorial Committee and other experts to post a myriad of data and evidence, as well as opinions/views that exist in the field which will contribute to expanding the maternal health dialogue ...
Offering accredited evidence-based education for maternal-child Health Care Professionals through online presentations and virtual conferences. Informative, Convenient and Economical!
Two new articles published this week in PLOS Medicine, along with an update to our Maternal Health Task Force (MHTF)-PLoS Collection on Maternal Health. Gabriela Gomez and colleagues developed a mathematical model of the HIV. ...
In releasing a new report on maternal health nationwide, Amnesty International today revealed that flaws and shocking disparities in maternal health care that the government is ignoring
The initiative Zero Mothers Die looks to connect pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa to mobile technology to provide them with crucial information and resources on maternal health.
Background Increasing knowledge on obstetric danger signs (DS) among pregnant women and their families is one of the interventions targeted to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. It is expected that knowledge in DS will lead to early care seeking once complications occur among women or newb...
The overall goal of the PROBIT study is to investigate the influence of a randomized breastfeeding promotion intervention designed to increase the duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding (the breastfeeding promotion intervention) on the development of maternal and child health outcomes. The hypothesis is that randomization to the intervention will be associated with lower child adiposity, lower risk of asthma and atopy, improved lung function, and improved cognitive outcomes ...
9 questions to help you get your 9 months is important to your health. Learn all about getting your 9 months from Discovery Health.
The effects of National Health Insurance Scheme in Ghana and its impact on child health outcome and service utilization cannot be underestimated. Despite the tremendous improvement in child health care in Ghana, there are still some challenges in relation to how National health insurance membership, socioeconomic status and other demographic factors impacts on child health outcomes. The study seeks to determine the association between NHIS membership, socio-economic status, geographic location and other relevant background factors, on child health service utilization and outcomes. Secondary data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey conducted in 2011 was used. Multivariate analysis based on Binary Logistic Regression Models and Multiple linear regression techniques was applied to determine factors associated with child health outcomes and service utilization. Collection of best models was based on Hosmer-Lemeshow Goodness-Of-Fit as one criterion of fit and the Akaike Information Criterion.
Malaria and HIV are two of the most important Infectious diseases worldwide that are overlapping and synergistic in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the scale up of front line prevention efforts, the burden of malaria remains staggering among pregnant women and children; and malnutrition and growth retardation are major threats to child health. The purpose of the Prevention of Malaria and HIV Disease in Tororo (PROMOTE) program project (POI) is to evaluate promising interventions to reduce the burden of malaria and HIV and Improve maternal-child health through hypothesis based intervention studies. PROMOTE II will test the hypotheses that a) enhanced malaria chemoprevention in HIV infected and uninfected pregnant women will reduce placenta malaria; b) enhanced chemoprevention provided during both pregnancy and childhood will reduce malaria in children in the first 2 years of life and c) limiting in utero exposure to malaria antigens with enhanced malaria chemoprevention during pregnancy will reduce ...
Please sign the petition calling on the World Health Assembly and the UN World Health Organization to officially recognize World Maternal Mental Health Day (WMMH Day), to be commemorated annually on the first Wednesday of May. Maternal mental health advocates, researchers, academics, clinicians, and people with lived experiences are committed to improving the mental health support for women during
NACCHO recognizes the important role that local health departments serve in birth defects prevention, so we have implemented a new project called Bridging Preparedness, Infectious Disease, Maternal-Child Health and Birth Defects within Cities and Counties. With support from CDCs Division of Birth Defects and Infant Disorders, the project aims to increase local jurisdictions ability to respond to emerging threats and to protect and support pregnant women, infants and children.. To facilitate the coordination and planning of these efforts, NACCHO will convene the Maternal-Child, Infectious Disease, Preparedness (MIP) Collaborative Workgroup. This group will serve as an interdisciplinary forum to discuss the persistent and emerging issues in the field and explore the variations, gaps, and promising practices among preparedness, infectious disease, maternal-child health, and birth defects programs.. If you are interested in joining the MIP Collaborative Workgroup, please contact Kimberly Scott ...
Contact us at [email protected] for additional information about REFINE.. This website is made possible through support of the USAIDs Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance in the Office of Food For Peace. The contents are the responsibility of Tufts University and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Agency for International Development.. Photo credit: Patrick Webb (Home page), Betty Press (About Us), Kiyori Ueno/Heidi Reed/Mette Karlsen (Links page). ...
In celebration of the MHTF-PLOS Maternal Health collaboration we take a look back through the collections and highlight some of the most influential and interesting articles included in the collections.. In November 2011, the Maternal Health Task Force (MHTF) and PLOS Medicine embarked on a 3 year partnership culminating in the launches of 3 collections focussed on improving maternal and infant health globally. Today we take a look back through the achievements of these collections and using article level metrics gather a picture of the diverse issues and solutions for women and their offspring.. Year 1: Quality of Maternal Health Announced in PLOS Medicine, the theme was chosen to highlight the continued need for attention and action to improve the overall quality of maternal health.. Following the call for papers and rigorous editorial and peer review, 18 articles were published from a wide range of authors and settings, including 14 original research articles and 4 policy and health in action ...
Maternal mortality is a huge concern globally leading to more than a quarter of a million deaths every year. Similarly, an estimated 4 million neonates die every year worldwide, contributing to the majority of deaths of under-5 children. The majority of these deaths take place in under-developed countries, and specifically, in the sub-Saharan Africa region. It is evidenced that maternal ill-health and death contribute to the majority of child deaths. Reducing the death of children under 5 years by two thirds and also improving maternal health/reducing maternal death by three quarters between the years 1990 and 2015 are two of the eight aims of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), MDG-4 and MDG-5 respectively. The report on maternal health services in Eritrea, a nation in the sub-Saharan Africa, shows a low utilization of antenatal care, family planning services, and postnatal care. Furthermore, there is insufficient use of skilled assistance at delivery. The purpose of this study was to explore the
Result: The results showed that 38.5 percent (154) of the women received antenatal care, 32.3 percent (129) of the women received delivery services while 48.3 percent (193) received postnatal care services. In the logistic regression model, reduced income level was associated with decreased use of antenatal care (OR=0.1, P,0.05). In assisted delivery, increased distance to the health facility was associated with reduced use (OR=0.1, P ,0.05). In postnatal care, reduced education level of the respondent was found to be associated to decreased use of postnatal services (OR=0.51, P,0.05). Increased maternal age was associated with increased utilization of maternal health services (OR=2.1, P,0.05). On the other hand, decision making roles by the male spouse alone or both partners was associated with increased use of postnatal services (OR=4.5,P,0.05 ...
Background To measure socioeconomic inequalities in maternal health services in rural western China and to analyze the determinants contributions of inequalities. Study design: a cross-sectional...
As 2015 quickly approaches, the global health community has been made increasingly aware of our progress toward Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Some remarkable progress has indeed been made. For example, the proportion of underweight children under the age of five in developing countries has declined from 28% to 17% between 1990 and 2011. Significant progress has also been made in reducing mortality among children under the age of five. In 1990, 12 million children under five died, compared with 6.9 million children in 2011. In 2011, 2.5 million people were newly infected with HIV, representing a 24% decrease from the 3.1 million people newly infected in 2001. However, one millennium development goal has shown particularly slow progress: MDG 5, namely, improving maternal health. Few countries are on track to achieve the first part of MDG 5s goals, reducing maternal morality by 75%. Sub-Saharan Africa is in the most dire position, with a regional maternal mortality rate of 640 maternal ...
Mullany and colleagues report outcomes from a project involving delivery of community-based maternal health services in eastern Burma, and report substantial increases in coverage of care.
Awarded first place in the 2018 AJN Book of the Year Awards in the Maternal-Child Health/Prenatal Nursing/ Childbirth category! Learn to provide the best prenatal, intrapartum, postpartum, and neonatal care possible. Maternal, Fetal, & Neonatal Physiology: A Clinical Perspective, 5th Edition includes expert insight and clinically relevant coverage of the physiologic changes that occur throughout all major periods of the perinatal experience. This classic reference gives you a solid foundation for assessment and therapeutic interventions, featuring an emphasis on the evolving interrelationships between mother, fetus, and neonate and adaptations of preterm and term infants to the extrauterine environment.
Below are extracts from a blog on the Maternal Health Task Force. For decades, the medical and global health communities have viewed magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) as the gold standard for PE/E prevention and treatment [*see note below]. We know it works faster and better than other anticonvulsants like diazepam, but in many settings diazepam is…
The health and wellbeing of women everywhere is of great importance in its own right. It is also key to the health and wellbeing of their families, communities and societies. But every year, over half a million women in developing countries die in pregnancy and childbirth. The Safe Motherhood Initiative was started in 1987 to improve maternity services and to protect the health of mothers and their infants.
12/10/2016 - El evento internacional que tuvo lugar en Potsdam y Berlín, en Alemania, estudió las oportunidades que se presentan con el uso de los macrodatos en la industria del cine y la televisión
Alberta Bacci, Stelian Hodorogea, Henrik Khachatryan, Shohida Babojonova, Signe Irsa, Maira Jansone, Iurie Dondiuc, George Matarazde, Gunta Lazdane, Marzia Lazzerini ...
Common symptoms of a potential emotional, behavioral, or developmental problem include poor grades in school, withdrawal from friends and family, and insomnia.
We investigate the effect of education Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) on teenage pregnancy. Our main concern is with how the size and sign of the effect may depend on the design of the program. Using a simple model we show that an education CCT that conditions renewal on school performance reduces teenage pregnancy; the program can increase teenage pregnancy if it does not condition on school performance. Then, using an original data base, we estimate the causal impact on teenage pregnancy of two education CCTs implemented in Bogot´a (Subsidio Educativo, SE, and Familias en Acci´on, FA); both programs differ particularly on whether school success is a condition for renewal or not. We show that SE has negative average effect on teenage pregnancy while FA has a null average effect. We also find that SE has either null or no effect for adolescents in all age and grade groups while FA has positive, null or negative effects for adolescents in different age and grade groups. Since SE ...
Many policymakers are interested in the role of conditions in cash transfer programs. Do they improve outcomes of interest more than money alone? Are there trade-offs? Is there a role for conditions for political rather than technocratic reasons? Its easy to extend the list of questions for a good while. However, before one can get to these questions, there is a much more basic question that needs to be answered (for any policymaker contemplating running one of these programs at any level):
Many policymakers are interested in the role of conditions in cash transfer programs. Do they improve outcomes of interest more than money alone? Are there trade-offs? Is there a role for conditions for political rather than technocratic reasons? Its easy to extend the list of questions for a good while. However, before one can get to these questions, there is a much more basic question that needs to be answered (for any policymaker contemplating running one of these programs at any level):
Background: There is a lack of population-based studies on multiple births and maternal mental health. Having a high-risk pregnancy by bearing two or more children is a stressful life event, and the challenges of parenting two or more children probably also lead to a high level of parental stress. There are a few results on multiple births and maternal mental health from studies on in vitro fertilization samples. The only previous cohort study on multiple birth and maternal mental health included a single measure of depressive symptoms at 9 months postpartum. We aim to estimate the relative risk for depression and anxiety after multiple birth in a population-based prospective cohort study while adjusting for factors prior and subsequent to fertilization. Methods: We used data from 87,807 pregnancies included in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study. Information on multiple birth was retrieved from the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry, and maternal mental health was assessed at 17th and ...
Objectives: Household conditions and culturally/socially variable childcare practices influence priming of the inflammatory response during infancy. Maternal mental health may partially mediate that effect. Among mother- infant dyads in Mwanza, Tanzania, we hypothesized that poorer maternal mental health would be associated with adverse household ecology, lower social capital, and greater inflammation among infants under the age of one; and that mental health would mediate any effects of household ecology/social capital on inflammation. Methods: We collected dried blood spots from mother-infant dyads (N588) at health centers near Mwanza, Tanzania. To assess household ecology and social capital, we conducted interviews with mothers using the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale, the MacArthur Subjective Social Status Scale, and a household wealth inventory. We employed the Hopkins Symptom Checklist to assess maternal mental health. A high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) assay was used to ...
Using a community sample of mothers and children in a major urban centre in Canada, this study described developmental problems at age 2 and identified protective factors for developmental problems in a subgroup of families with maternal mental health risk. Maternal mental health risk was common, affecting 27% of women in our sample, which is similar to previously reported rates of 25%.12. Poor sleep habits have previously been linked to poor child developmental outcomes including child behaviour problems,30 poorer learning capacity and academic performance.31 Our findings extend this research by identifying that good sleep habits may act as a protective factor for child social-emotional and behavioural development when mothers are experiencing poor mental health. It is hypothesised that having a child who sleeps well provides mothers, especially those with mental health concerns, with a reprieve from the demands of caring for a young child. Consequently, educating and providing parents with ...
Unplanned pregnancies account for approximately 49% of all pregnancies in the United States and this number has been stagnant for decades. To better understand the predictors of unplanned pregnancy, we examined whether various sociodemographic factors (race, age, education, marital status, income, car, and home ownership) in a Mid-Michigan cohort increased odds of a woman reporting an unplanned pregnancy. An additional objective was to determine if associations existed between maternal behavioral factors (depression, smoking, breast-feeding), child health outcomes (low birth weight and pre-term birth), and unplanned pregnancies. Data used in this study were from an ongoing data collection project entitled the Archive for Research and Child Health (ARCH). Associations were assessed with odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals with univariate and multivariate models. Unplanned pregnancies accounted for 62.9% of all pregnancies. Women who were non-white, younger, less educated, unmarried, low ...
This second phase will support governmental efforts to improve access to basic health services for the uninsured population by expanding the Maternal Child Health Insurance Program (
South Africas maternal mortality rate (625 deaths/100,000 live births) is high for a middle-income country, although over 90% of pregnant women utilize maternal health services. Alongside HIV/AIDS, barriers to Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care currently impede the countrys Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing child mortality and improving maternal health. While health system barriers to obstetric care have been well documented,
Written for LCGB by:. Heidi Reiner Nowalany, IBCLC - Zoe Faulkner, IBCLC - Bethany Chapman, Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist. References:. Kendall Tackett, K. (2007). A new paradigm for depression in new mothers: the central role of inflammation and how breastfeeding and anti-inflammatory treatments protect maternal mental health. International Breastfeeding Journal.. Borra, C., Iacovou, M., Sevilla, A., (2014). New Evidence on Breastfeeding and Postpartum Depression: The Importance of Understanding Womens Intentions. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 897-907.. Uvnäs Moberg, K., Prime, D. (2013). Oxytocin effects in mothers and infants during breastfeeding. Infant, 201-206.. TO DOWNLOAD A COPY OF THIS INFORMATION AS A PDF, PLEASE CLICK BELOW. A4 Handout Breastfeeding & Mental Health 9.11.17 LCGB. ...
While the federal and provincial governments have recently announced funding for mental health initiatives to support vulnerable groups, pregnant and postpartum women have been forgotten so far. World Maternal Mental Health Day went unacknowledged this month by both our prime minister and premier, while advocates highlighted that #NowMoreThanEver, a national perinatal mental health strategy, is needed to ensure universal screening and timely access to treatment.. Our leaders did remember to issue messages for Mothers Day a few days later, but mothers deserve more than praise for what they do for their families. They deserve help when they are struggling, and its time our governments took action to support maternal mental wellness during this time of crisis.. Tanya Nayler is an Ottawa mother expecting her second child in June. ...
Stepfamilies remain poorly understood in Japanese society, and the support needs of stepfamily mothers are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of stepfamilies and maternal mental health as compared with non-stepfamilies in Japan to utilize as a primary resource for providing effective support through community-based health care for stepfamilies. From December 2011 to July 2012, we conducted this questionnaire survey with mothers at 3- and 4-month checkups for infants. The response rate was 75.1%. The sample for analysis included responses of 2246 mothers, excluding single mothers. Respondents comprised 47 (2.1%) stepfamilies and 2199 (97.9%) non-stepfamilies. There were significantly higher rates of parents with not more than a high school education and ≥3 children among stepfamilies compared with non-stepfamilies. Stepfamily mothers had significantly higher rates of feeling a lack of economic resources, absence of participation in childbirth education classes, smoking during
New Life Perinatal Health Care Servicess, Houston, TX listing in the home health care directory. Includes contact and inspection info for New Life Perinatal Health Care Services.
Empowerment is a complex multidimensional concept that can be broadly defined as the ability of individuals or groups to improve capacities, to critically analyze situations and to take actions to improve those situations [1]. In sub-Saharan Africa, womens overall empowerment has been positively associated with the utilization of maternal health services [2], use of contraception [3-5], improved infant feeding practices [6], and reductions in infant mortality [7].. Given the positive associations between general empowerment and maternal-child health, it is important to consider womens empowerment as it relates to health and healthcare [8]. Health-related empowerment is a construct that was developed to examine ways that healthcare setting factors relate to clients perceived control over health-related decisions and behaviors [9, 10]. However, most health-related empowerment research has focused on chronic health conditions, such as mental health, diabetes, cancers, and disability [11-15], ...
The study specifically assessed whether VSLAs for safe motherhood is a viable option for facilitating access to emergency health care. This was in line with the fact that VSLAs in Kiboga district were started by AOGU in 2007 as a system of income generation to establish emergency financing for safe motherhood at community level so as to reduce the delays in accessing emergency obstetric care (EMOC).The study described the process of the VSLA concept within safe mother hood; assessed the role and effectiveness of VSLAs in helping people to access health care, improve safe mother hood and social economic status of people; identified challenges and came up with strategies to improve VSLA performance in Kiboga district. The study used a descriptive, cross-sectional design with both qualitative and quantitative methods. Data was collected from 100 respondents using a semi structured questionnaire with closed, open ended questions and a likert scale. It was analyzed using SPSS and presented using ...
EDITORIAL. Maternal health in Brazil: priorities and challenges. José Guilherme Cecatti; Mary Angela Parpinelli. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brasil. [email protected] The UN member states convened at the Millennium Summit in 2000 agreed that the world has sufficient technology, resources, knowledge, and experience to deal with the majority of the problems that prevent human development for all, particularly for people in poor and developing countries.. Brazil is a signatory to the Millennium Declaration, and the most recent Brazilian National Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals points to important strides, especially in the fight against extreme poverty and hunger, the reduction of infant mortality, and the struggle against diseases like HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and leprosy. However, forecasts are bleak for achieving the goal of improved maternal health. Despite progress, the inequalities are striking. Gender, ...
Our program is focused on methods and analysis, drawing heavily on quantitative and computational approaches. Most MPH programs have more population-focused coursework on disease prevention, nutrition, maternal-child health, etc., and less on methods and research. For students in the academic program, we emphasize clinical research done by physician scientists, something that is not taught in most public health programs. Students who graduate from our program should be prepared to move towards research careers whereas students in MPH programs may be better prepared for entry level jobs in public health departments ...
Background  The Millennium Cohort Study - assesses stress, PTSD, alcohol and tobacco use, and other military and/or combat-related exposures  The DoD Birth and Infant Health Registry - captures inpatient and outpatient healthcare information for the first year of life on infants born to military families
List of 200 causes of Developmental problems and Pain and Swelling symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
List of causes of Dark and light patches on the skin and Developmental problems, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
The International Cesarean Awareness Network is a non-profit organization whose mission is to improve maternal-child health by reducing preventable cesareans through education, supporting cesarean recovery, and advocating for vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC ...
The International Cesarean Awareness Network is a non-profit organization whose mission is to improve maternal-child health by reducing preventable cesareans through education, supporting cesarean recovery, and advocating for vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC ...
COMMUNIQUÉ ISSUED AT THE END OF A ONE-DAY LEGISLATIVE AND MEDIA DIALOGUE ON MATERNAL HEALTH ORGANIZED BY CIVIL SOCIETY LEGISLATIVE ADVOCACY CENTRE (CISLAC) WITH SUPPORT FROM THE MACARTHUR FOUNDATION, HELD AT ROYAL HOTEL, DUTSE JIGAWA STATE ON 18TH MAY, 2017. PREAMBLE: Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC) organized a One-day Legislative and Media Dialogue on…
According to Coad and Dunstall (2011), the puerperium is sometimes considered to be the Cinderella of midwifery and the effects of pregnancy on maternal health post-delivery receive little emphasis. Therefore, the midwifes role is to observe and monitor changes and be able to differentiate between normal maternal physiology and abnormality. This is because, the puerperal mother could be very vulnerable to physiological stress which would potentially lead to a pathological condition (Coad and Dunstall, 2011). NMC Rules and Standards (2012) emphasised that, the midwife is expected to provide care to women and babies in the postnatal period for not less than 10 days or for such longer period as considered necessary. More so, relevant healthcare professionals such as the midwife, who care for mothers and babies should have demonstrated competency and sufficient ongoing clinical experience in undertaking maternal and newborn physical examinations and recognising abnormalities (NICE, 2015). ...
A AAI tem divulgado, em sua página, oportunidades no exterior que contemplam bolsas de mestrado, doutorado e pós-doutorado, além de empregos e financiamentos internacionais para pesquisa ...
TY - BOOK. T1 - Measuring and addressing outcomes after pregnancy. T2 - A holistic approach to maternal health. AU - Filippi, Veronique AU - IMMPACT and Population and Reference Bureau. PY - 2007/2. Y1 - 2007/2. M3 - Other Report. BT - Measuring and addressing outcomes after pregnancy. PB - IMMPACT. CY - Aberdeen, United Kingdom. ER - ...
This week, federal lawmakers re-introduced legislation to help improve maternal health outcomes for women of color - and in particular, Black women, for whom mortality rates are two-to-three times higher than that of white women. We look at why this disparity exists, and whether the bill package does enough to address it.
OrSense Ltd. Introduces Non-Invasive Hemoglobin System for Anemia Monitoring in Maternal Health - read this article along with other careers information, tips and advice on BioSpace
Free flashcards to help memorize facts about Maternal Child Frame work. Other activities to help include hangman, crossword, word scramble, games, matching, quizes, and tests.
Since August, over 800,000 Rohingya have fled Myanmar for sanctuary in Bangladesh. (Photos by Josh Estey) Every Mother Counts deployed an emergency grant from the Maternal & Child Health Emergency…
We produce a variety of resources - including case studies, fact sheets, videos and infographics - that we share with the global health community.. ...
O & G Consultation every Day on appointment with Experienced Gynologist Dr. Manoranjan Mahapatra. Know More about the Doctor click here ...
Obrigado pelo interesse em nossas oportunidades! Fique à vontade para conferi-las e candidatar-se aquelas aderentes ao seu perfil.
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association". Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare ... Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association, established in 1991, promotes the health and well-being of mothers and children ... These include the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, and the Department of Social Welfare. They serve as ... The majority of maternal deaths occur at home, only 38% of women with labor complications were referred to a hospital in 2010, ...
Title V concerns maternal and child welfare. Title VI concerns public health services (investigation of disease and problems of ... Quadagno, Jill (1994). The Color of Welfare: How Racism Undermined the War on Poverty. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 7 ... Roosevelt organized a committee led by Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins to develop a major social welfare program proposal. ... to relieve the unemployed and their dependents is a use for any purpose narrower than the promotion of the general welfare." ...
ISBN 1-57003-202-5. "Maternal Welfare Bureau Completes Plans for Tour". Mar 12, 1947. p. 5. Retrieved November 3, 2013. CS1 ...
"Hospitals in the Country". Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Retrieved 17 August 2020. "Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) ( ... Uttar Pradesh's maternal mortality ratio is higher than the national average at 258 maternal deaths for every 100,000 live ... Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved 14 ... "Rural Health Statistics 2014-15" (PDF). Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. 2015. Archived (PDF) from ...
London: National Association for Maternal and Child Welfare. ISBN 978-0902057005. Morley, David (1973). Paediatric Priorities ...
For services in connection with maternal and child welfare. Edith Annie Howes - of Dunedin. For public services. William Alfred ... For social-welfare and philanthropic services. Annie Isabel Fraer - of Christchurch. For public services. Dr Doris Clifton ...
... and the consequent reduction in maternal and infant deaths in Australia. She was Director of Maternal and Baby Welfare in the ... 32 during her tenure as Director of Maternal and Baby welfare. She was protective of her position in maternal health and ... Cuthbert succeeded Doctor Elma Morgan as the Director of Infant and Maternal Welfare on 1 August 1937, a role she held until ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "MATERNAL AND INFANT WELFARE. New Director in N.S.W." The Sydney Morning Herald. ...
The city also saw a decrease in maternal mortality. He was successful in decreasing the city's rates of diphtheria. Bundesen ... Bundesen Nabs Moron Who Hoaxed School". He launched an infant welfare program, emphasizing parental education. This was ...
At the university, she was promoted to Reader in 1994 and then taught as a Professor of Animal Welfare from 2001 till 2017. ... She examined the cognitive influences on the avian maternal response in hens by manipulating chicks' knowledge and observing ... She is a Professor of Animal Welfare at the Royal Veterinary College and has honorary appointments at the University of Oxford ... The findings provide a way of validating and justifying welfare indicators that can be used in practice. Nicol has also ...
It is operated under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare as part of the National Rural Health Mission. The Scheme ... With a focus to reduce maternal and child mortality, dedicated Mother and Child Health Wings with 100/50/30 bed capacity have ... The Infant Mortality rate in the country since the implementation of the scheme has been as follows The maternal mortality ... It aims to promote institutional delivery among poor pregnant women and to reduce neo-natal mortality and maternal mortality. ...
"Mother-Worship/Mother-Blame: Politics and Welfare in an Uncertain Age." Ed. Andrea O'Reilly. Maternal Theory: Essential ... "Killing the Black Body." Maternal Theory: Essential Readings (2007): 482-500. Print. Feldman, Shelley. "Exploring Theories of ...
In 1939 the name of the service was changed from the Department of Infant Welfare, to the Maternal and Child Welfare Department ... Annual Report of the Acting Director of Infant Welfare, 1938-39. Annual Report of the Director of Maternal and Child Welfare, ... In 1978 the Maternal Child Welfare Service celebrated its 60th Jubilee. During this time the Fortitude Valley Child Health ... His emphasis was on the promotion of breast feeding, the training of nurses in maternal and infant welfare and the education of ...
1997). Farm Animal Behaviour And Welfare. 3rd Ed. CABI, Wallingford, UK. 437 pp. Dwyer, C.M. (ed.) (2008). The Welfare Of Sheep ... 1985). Maternal vocalizations and other sounds in the fetal lamb's sound environment. Early Human Development, 11: 179-190. ... Animal welfare and meat science. CABI, Wallingford, UK. 298 pp. Houpt, K. A. 2004. Behavioral physiology. In: Reece, W. O . (ed ... Cathy M. Dwyer (31 July 2008). The Welfare of Sheep. シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社. pp. 56-. ISBN 978-1-4020-8552-9. Retrieved 15 October ...
Lara Marks (1996). Metropolitan Maternity: Maternal and Infant Welfare Services in Early Twentieth Century London. Rodopi. pp. ...
Emily Hannah Simmonds, Vice-President, National Association for Maternal and Child Welfare. Henry Skehin, Superintendent, Royal ... For nursing and welfare services to the community in Zambia. Richard Neville Ward, lately Technical Education Officer, British ... Robert William Burrell, Welfare Visitor, Royal Naval Association. John Albert Percival Busttn, lately Technical Officer, ... For service to community welfare. Mara Tup, Sergeant, Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary. Gabriel Auina Wai. For public ...
Marks, Lara (1996). Metropolitan Maternity: Maternal and Infant Welfare Services in Early Twentieth Century London. Clio Medica ...
Higher maternal and infant mortality rates are associated with the inability to offer timely assistance to mothers with ... Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) National Perinatal Statistics Unit. 2008. "Report on Maternity ... Over a similar time period, maternal mortality during childbirth fell during 1900 to 1997 from 6-9 deaths per thousand to 0.077 ... There are also unquantifiable differences in home birth patients, such as maternal attitudes towards medical involvement in ...
ISBN 978-0-230-23698-1. Marks, Lara (1996). Metropolitan Maternity: Maternal and Infant Welfare Services in Early Twentieth ...
And he sang of Krishna, the Child Deity, with maternal love. He was more concerned about the welfare of child Krishna than his ...
Michael Edward Wylie Samuelson, Vice-President, National Association for Maternal and Child Welfare. Norman Keith Scott, ... For welfare services to children in Sri Lanka. Eileen Platts. For nursing and welfare services to the community in India. ... For welfare services to the community in Kenya. Morag Henderson Clark. For welfare services to children in Turkey. Brian ... For welfare services to children in India. Alan John Carne, lately Third Secretary, HM Embassy, Havana. Alphonso Cassell. For ...
Mott, Maria Lúcia (2012). "Maternal and Child Welfare, State Policy and Women's Philanthropic Activities in Brazil, 1930-45". ... Welfare and Social Policy in the Twentieth Century. New York, New York: Berghahn Books. pp. 168-189. ISBN 978-0-85745-466-9. " ...
For services in connection with infant and maternal welfare in the Commonwealth of Australia. Bessie Louise Hubbard. For social ... Janet Welch For services in connection with maternal and child welfare in the Nyasaland Protectorate. Alexander Thomas Williams ... John Macgill Rusk SSC JP Chairman of the Scottish Advisory Committee on the Welfare of the Blind. Isabella Hamilton Sloan, ...
Tom Lakin Paget MRCS LRCP - formerly director of maternal welfare, Health Department, New Zealand. Carl Victor Smith - ... For patriotic and social welfare work. John Black Grant - of Dunedin. For services in connection with patriotic and social ... For patriotic and social welfare work during the war. Captain Harold Hilton Sergeant - harbourmaster at Auckland for 33 years. ... For services in connection with patriotic and social welfare movements. Alexander Francis Ritchie Crawford MB ChB - a prominent ...
On her return from active service, she was appointed to the Valley Centre of the Maternal and Child Welfare Services, and in ... In 1928 Barron was appointed superintendent of nurses, Maternal and Child Welfare Service. She retired in 1939. She was ... In 1923 Barron opened the first training school in child welfare nursing in Brisbane. ... 1922 she was sent to New Zealand for six months to study child welfare under Sir Truby King. ...
Her work has led to increased accessibility to health, education, livelihood and welfare services. Many people from upper ... Maternal, neonatal, and malnourished death declined in these communities. She was appointed as a jury member by the Youth Ki ...
She was a strong proponent of the then new maternal hygiene and infant welfare models. In 1893, Dr. Hurd married William Edward ...
... with the child welfare system. The Bureau held its first Child Welfare Evaluation Summit in 2009 to explore and promote ... Maternal and infant care and child labor were the Bureau's primary focus during its first two decades. However, other topics of ... handling of child welfare cases, and provided additional funds for states to improve their child welfare data collection ... Child Welfare Services provided state grants to address the needs of dependent and neglected children. When the Social Security ...
From 1946-1948 Gordon became Director of Maternal and Infant Welfare in the Health Department. Doris and Bill Gordon had one ... She firmly believed in motherhood as women's destiny and the need for women to be content with their maternal lot by making ... Gordon campaigned throughout her career for the welfare of mothers and children. ... and working for the welfare of mothers and children. Doris Clifton Jolly was born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on 10 July ...
District hospitals, maternal and child welfare centers are considered to be on the secondary level. Upazila health complexes, ... The activities of the Maternal and Child Health unit along with other maternal health care services are overseen by Upazila ... At the society level, MCH services are provided by the Family Welfare Assistants and Health Assistants. A Family Welfare ... The maternal mortality rate (MMR) per 100,000 live births was estimated at 385 globally and 563 in Bangladesh in 1990. In 2015 ...
The girls are put in a welfare clinic under the watch of Dr. Gerald Dreyfuss. They make reference to "Mama," a mysterious ... Dreyfuss agrees to support Lucas and his girlfriend Annabel's custody claim against the girls' maternal great-aunt, Jean ... maternal protector figure. The girls are initially hostile to Lucas, but Victoria recognizes him after he gives her a pair of ...
Appleby, Michael C.; Mench, Joy A.; Hughes, Barry O. (2004). Poultry Behaviour and Welfare. CABI. ISBN 9780851996677. .. ... This maternal vocalization is highly attractive to their young. The repetition and frequency modulation of these quacks form ... Dyer, Antoinette B.; Gottlieb, Gilbert (1990). "Auditory basis of maternal attachment in ducklings (Anas platyrhynchos) under ...
Nepal has made significant progress in improving maternal health. Maternal mortality rate was reduced from 748 per 100,000 live ... Individuals who lack a citizenship are marginalized and are denied access to government welfare benefits. Traditional beliefs ... Neonatal and maternal tetanus was already eliminated on 2005 and Japanese encephalitis is in control status. Measles case based ... An analysis of the causes of stunting in Nepal reveals that around half is rooted in poor maternal nutrition and half in poor ...
This welfare system the church funded through collecting taxes on a large scale and possessing large farmlands and estates. The ... Blainey likened the activities of the Catholic Church in health care during the Middle Ages to an early version of a welfare ...
The maternal uncle played a more prominent role in the lives of his sister's children than did the father-for example likely ... the tribe reorganized under the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act. Members approved a constitution and by laws in a May 26, 2009 vote ... For example, a man's maternal uncle (his mother's brother), and not his father, was usually considered to be his closest male ... Hereditary leadership passed through the maternal line,[9] and women elders could remove leaders of whom they disapproved. ...
A study of the maternal mitochondrial DNA of the black-backed jackal could find no evidence of genotypes from the most likely ... a b Willems, Robert A. (2013). https://archive.org/details/CAT10401495018 Animal Welfare Information Center Newsletter, Volume ...
... suffered persistent and increasing losses of land rights and welfare. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries ... which in turn reduced maternal deaths.[216] ...
In her role as global patron of The White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood, and chair of the Maternal Mortality Campaign, ... Minister of Health and Family Welfare, India). Parent organization. World Health Organization. ... "World Health Assembly approves monitoring framework for maternal and child nutrition". Geneva: World Health Organization. 21 ... maternal and child health]" in an echo of Allan Rosenfield's landmark Lancet article of 1985 - and highlighting that the ...
The bang also provided various welfare services for new Chinese immigrants, including financial services such as the collection ... while little is known about his maternal side except for the fact that his mother was a woman named Phạm Thị. Very few direct ...
P.S. Our legal system still works!"[147] The gender gap has partly been explained by "the maternal instinct". The idea of a ... The judge denied bail, saying Casey had shown "woeful disregard for the welfare of her child".[29] On July 22, 2008, after a ... While we don't know what is true and maybe never will, it is worth taking a look at the narcissistic family when maternal ... and her maternal grandparents, George and Cindy Anthony. On July 15, 2008, she was reported missing in a 9-1-1 call made by ...
... "were critical of Clinton's deal with Republicans on welfare reform, aspects of his anticrime legislation, and the neglect of ... "Documenting President Barack Obama's Maternal African-American Ancestry: Tracing His Mother's Bunch Ancestry to the First ...
Other campaigns included a program to reduce the infant mortality rate in 1970 directed at maternal and prenatal care.[19] As ... social welfare program established in Venezuela under former Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez.[62] ...
As pups, young rats use different types of ultrasonic cries to elicit and direct maternal search behavior,[18] as well as to ... Calhoun, J. B. (1962) Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. ... Grota, L. J.; Ader, R. (1969). "Continuous recording of maternal behavior in Rattus norvegicus". Animal Behaviour. 17 (4): 722- ... When lactating, female rats display a 24-hour rhythm of maternal behavior, and will usually spend more time attending to ...
Both CVS and Amnio require the pregnant woman to visit a genetic specialist known as a maternal fetal medicine specialist who ... social welfare benefits, immigration, or adoption purposes. To satisfy the chain-of-custody legal requirements, all tested ... However, testing the mitochondrial genome can prove only if two individuals are related by common descent through maternal ...
Social/ welfare services 613.1 208.1 185.5 2,878.4 1,477.4 1,493.2 1,498.5 2,592.6 2,745.4 1,537.7 73.6 15,303.5 ... Improve Maternal Health: Almost all of the half million women who die during pregnancy or childbirth every year live in Sub- ... There are numerous causes of maternal death that require a variety of health care interventions to be made widely accessible. ...
Professor Lumbers is an internationally respected authority on foetal and maternal physiology. For many years she has worked in ... The James Cook Medal, established in 1947, is awarded periodically for outstanding contributions to science and human welfare ...
Maternal Mortality : Indian maternal mortality rates in rural areas are one of the highest in the world. Rural India contains ... Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. "Draft National Health Policy 2015". Retrieved 1 April 2015. Britnell, Mark (2015). In ... Postpartum maternal illness is a serious problem in resource-poor settings and contributes to maternal mortality, particularly ... Maternal deaths are similarly high. The reasons for this high mortality are that few women have access to skilled birth ...
Hennock, Ernest Peter (2007). The origin of the welfare state in England and Germany, 1850-1914: social policies compared. ... Most preventive services are free such as annual checkups and maternal and child care. Regular office visits have co-payments ... Peru's Universal Health Insurance law aims to increase access to timely and quality health care services, emphasizes maternal ... "Algeria - Health And Welfare". Countrystudies.us. Retrieved November 14, 2011.. *^ http://www.marines.mil/Portals/59/ ...
a b McGreevy, P.D. & Nicholas, F.W. (1999). Some Practical Solutions to Welfare Problems in Dog Breeding. In Animal Welfare. 8 ...
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. *U.S. *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... Maternal health. *Medical anthropology. *Medical sociology. *Mental health. *Pharmaceutical policy. *Public health intervention ...
"Paternal and maternal lineages in the Balkans show a homogeneous landscape over linguistic barriers, except for the isolated ... This policy was implemented with large financial incentives, threats of denying future welfare payments, with misinformation, ...
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. *U.S. *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... Maternal health. *Medical anthropology. *Medical sociology. *Mental health (Ministers). *Pharmaceutical policy. *Pollution *Air ...
... or a maternal asset - requiring maternal inheritance (den yaay[46] or ƭeen yaay[48] ). The actual handling of these maternal ... "the economic welfare of female-heads [heads of households] depends upon networks" ("of kin and [matrilineal] community"), " ... Main article: Serer maternal clans. The Serer people of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania are patrilineal (simanGol in Serer ... Leadership by men was inherited through the maternal line, and the women elders held the power to remove leaders with whom they ...
In addition, FEV has been shown to be required for correct maternal behaviour in mice, such that offspring of mothers without ... Altruism is defined as "a concern for the welfare of others". If altruism is genetically determined, then altruistic ... "Serotonergic transcriptional programming determines maternal behavior and offspring survival". Nat Neurosci. 11 (9): 1001-1003 ...
Hallman, M (Apr 2012). "Premature birth and diseases in premature infants: common genetic background?". The Journal of Maternal ... Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2006. Therapy and equipment needs of people with cerebral palsy and like ... The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. 25 Suppl 1: 12-6. doi:10.3109/14767058.2012.663161. PMID 22309119.. ... AUS 141 million (9.6%) was the DWL from transfers including welfare payments and taxation forgone ...
... and common but older maternal heritage. Clan ranges overlap, mingling pods from different clans.[142] The final association ... International Fund for Animal Welfare, the Raincoast Conservation Foundation, and the Wilderness Committee.[184] Many ...
Maternal deaths have dropped from 543,000 in 1990 to 287,000 in 2010. Under-five mortality rates have also dropped, from 12 ... ODA refers to aid from national governments for promoting economic development and welfare in low and middle income countries. ... it is administered with the promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries as its main objective, ...
They are left behind partly because of little access to basic welfare in cities without local hukou status and partly because ... These concerns consisted of the spread of communicable and infectious disease, migrant maternal health, and occupational ... Lee, Ming-Hsuan (2011). "Migration and Children's Welfare in China: The Schooling and Health of Children Left-behind". The ... Although local governments didn't need to be responsible for migrants' welfare, they should still be responsible for any ...
This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Arévalo and the second or maternal family name is ... but in its blind attacks on social welfare will lose the war to fascism."[11] ...
This article uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Maduro and the second or maternal family name is ... and tactics to suggest voters could lose their jobs or social welfare if they did not vote for Maduro were used.[18][19] The ...
"In Esping-Andersen, Gøsta (ed.). Why We Need a New Welfare State. pp. 26-67. ISBN 978-0-19-925642-6. .. ... Social Protection: Interventions such as "health-related cash transfers", maternal education, and nutrition-based social ... Chunh, Haejoo; Muntaner, Carles (2006). "Welfare state matters: A typological multilevel analysis of wealthy countries". Health ... The lowest poverty rates are more common in smaller well-developed and high-spending welfare states like Sweden and Finland, ...
Good maternal nutrition: The best start in life  World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎World Health ... This publication presents a summary of the most recent evidence on maternal nutrition, the prevention of obesity and ...
Good maternal nutrition: The best start in life  World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎World Health ... This publication presents a summary of the most recent evidence on maternal nutrition, the prevention of obesity and ...
... babies at home babies in hospital birth blood born Caesarean section cariogenic cent of AIDS centre Chairman Child Welfare ... cent academic actually adolescent AIDS sufferers American amongst antenatal antibody Applause areas Association for Maternal ... HIV infection hope HTLV immune system important infants interesting intravenous drug abusers labour live look Maternal and ...
... up to 120 maternal and child welfare associations were formed. The Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (Centre) was ... The Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (Burmese: မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ မိခင်နှင့်ကလေး စောင့်ရှောက်ရေး အသင်း, abbreviated ... Currently the Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association is carrying out the following activities: Health activities ... After Burma gained independence, maternal and child welfare associations were set up in towns and cities. But those association ...
Maternal deaths are rare, catastrophic events and require monitoring and... ... Maternal deaths in Australia [email protected] is the thirteenth report on women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. ... Australias welfare Australias welfare 2019 is the 14th biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and ... Section B: Epidemiology of maternal deaths 1 *Maternal mortality ratio. *Maternal mortality ratio for use in international ...
The most common causes of maternal death were... ... The maternal mortality rate in Australia in [email protected] was 6.8 ... Australias welfare Australias welfare 2019 is the 14th biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and ... Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2017. Maternal deaths in Australia 2012-2014. Cat. no. PER 92. Canberra: AIHW. ... Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017). Maternal deaths in Australia 2012-2014. Canberra: AIHW. ...
Pregnancy Complications Pregnancy Outcome Endocrinology Gynecology Maternal and Child Health Maternal and infant welfare ...
Maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination (MNTE) : 2010 progress report  World Health Organization. Regional Office for the ... Health workers manual on counselling for maternal and child health  World Health Organization. Regional Office for the ... Browsing Information products by Subject "Maternal Welfare". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U ...
Improving child survival: maternal and child health including immunization  Regional Committee for the Western Pacific, 058 ( ... Maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination (MNTE) : 2010 progress report  World Health Organization. Regional Office for the ... Health workers manual on counselling for maternal and child health  World Health Organization. Regional Office for the ... Bi-Regional Workshop on the Progress of Maternal Mortality Reduction, Manila, Philippines, 27-30 October 2003 : report  World ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S ... National maternal and child health policies and strategies (Resolution)  Regional Committee for the Western Pacific, 039 ( ...
Book; Format: print Publisher: New Delhi : Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, 1994Availability: Items available for loan: WHO ... IP-A strategy for maternal and child health : proceedings, the 14th Asian Parasite Control/Family Planning Conference, October ... Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Material type: ... Results of search for su:{Maternal welfare.} Refine your ...
Role of maternal nutritional health and care in the development and personality of children in Africa / E. O. Idusogie.. by ... Primary maternal and neonatal health : a global concern / edited by Fe del Mundo, Elena Ines-Cuyegkeng and Domingo M. Aviado.. ... Trainee manual in maternal & child health for nurses and midwives / by Mally Guimel.. by Guimel, Mally , Saudi Arabia. Ministry ... Maternal and infant nutrition reviews : Sri Lanka, a guide to the literature / Ron Israel, senior editor ... [et al.]. by ...
Maternal, Infant, and Child Welfare. Less AJN, American Journal of Nursing. 39(4):428-430, April 1939. ...
... maternal, and newborn phases to the childhood phase. Taiwans past experiences on the action plan to promote maternal and child ... Shu-Ti Chiou, Director-General of the HPA, said that maternal and child health is the most important issue in public health, ... In view of the importance of obtaining funding for improving maternal and child health care, the HPA issued a statement in the ... Ministry of Health and Welfare Address: No.488, Sec. 6, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Nangang Dist., Taipei City 115, Taiwan (R.O.C.) ...
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies. Submitted by: Gayle ...
This new emphasis on work was one of the main reasons for the dramatic decline in welfare dependency during the late 1990s. The ... welfare and other public policies for families living below the poverty line have developed a primary objective of promoting ... limiting the number of years that families can receive federal cash welfare assistance and requiring most of them to ... new legislation, however, also prompted an extensive debate over the effects of welfare reform on the cognitive development and ...
TITLE V-GRANTS TO STATES FOR MATERNAL AND CHILD WELFARE[edit]. Part 1-Maternal And Child Health Services[edit]. SECTION 501. ... 5 TITLE V-GRANTS TO STATES FOR MATERNAL AND CHILD WELFARE *5.1 Part 1-Maternal And Child Health Services *5.1.1 SECTION 501. ... maternal and child welfare, public health, and the administration of their unemployment compensation laws; to establish a ... Part 3-Child Welfare Services[edit]. SEC. 521.[edit]. (a) For the purpose of enabling the United States, through the Children s ...
The report is an observational study of maternal deaths in Australia. This report... ... Maternal deaths in Australia 2003-2005 is the fourteenth report on why women die during pregnancy and childbirth. ... Australias welfare 2019 Australias welfare 2019 is the 14th biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and ... Australias low maternal mortality rate Indigenous results are the great exception leading causes of maternal deaths ...
Reproductive Health, Reproductive Rights: Reformers and the Politics of Maternal Welfare, 1917-1940 (review) pp. 744-745 ...
Box 1. Basic package of health services, Liberian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, 2008. Maternal and newborn health ... Liberia, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. Road map for accelerating the reduction of maternal and newborn morbidity and ... Liberia, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. The basic package of health and social welfare services. Monrovia: MHSW; 2007. ... Comparable figures for donor spending on maternal and child health are not easily available, because maternal and child health ...
Racism at play in Indigenous health care, child welfare: MMIWG hearing. Medical expert on Indigenous health speaks on maternal ... to provide clinics for Indigenous women who are afraid to access prenatal care for fear of being approached by child welfare. ...
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. *U.S. *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... "Maternal health". www.unfpa.org. Retrieved 2018-04-22.. *^ a b c d Kilpatrick SK, Ecker JL (September 2016). "Severe maternal ... WHO Maternal Health *^ "WHO , Maternal health". WHO. Retrieved 2020-05-14.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit ... Recommended Maternal Health Practices[edit]. Maternal health care and care of the fetus starts with prenatal health. The World ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Maternal and Infant Health. Data and statistics on maternal and infant health ... Center on Child Welfare Policy and Practice (CCWPP). *Emerging Scholars Extramural Small Grant Program *Focal Theme & Questions ... Child Welfare Information Gateway. A service of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children & ... What are good sources of information on basic trends in poverty, welfare, and related issues?. << previous FAQ , Back to FAQs ...
The Power of Love: Why maternal depression is an economic mobility issue. Richard V. Reeves ... How does measuring poverty and welfare affect American Indian children?. Randall Akee ...
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF THE DECLINE IN MATERNAL MORTALITY IN INDIA? EVIDENCE FROM TIME SERIES AND CROSS-SECTIONAL ANALYSES - ... Journal of Family Welfare 43(2).. Mukhopadhyay, B. K. (2012) Is maternal mortality in India expecting the "revised" Millennium ... Campbell, M. R. O., Graham, J. W. & Lancet Maternal Survival Series Steering Group (2006) Strategies for reducing maternal ... Ronsmans, C., Graham, W. J. & Lancet Maternal Survival Series Steering Group (2006) Maternal mortality: who, when, where and ...
... and were based predominantly on welfare inputs rather than outcomes. Of 9,024 animal welfare assessments across the 192 zoos, ... The inspectors reports were unclear as to how animal welfare was assessed, whether all animals or only a sub-sample had been ... Of the 192 zoos, 47 (24%) were assessed as meeting all the animal welfare standards. Membership of a zoo association was not ... assessments of animal welfare standards in five areas that approximate to the Five Freedoms. At least 11% of full licence ...
Maternal Welfare* * Obesity / epidemiology * Osteoporosis / epidemiology * Otitis Media / epidemiology * Ovarian Neoplasms / ... Breastfeeding and maternal and infant health outcomes in developed countries Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep). 2007 Apr;(153 ... For maternal outcomes, a history of lactation was associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, breast, and ovarian cancer ... Objectives: We reviewed the evidence on the effects of breastfeeding on short- and long-term infant and maternal health ...
The link between declining middle-wage jobs, rising wage inequality, and worker welfare ... Maternal mental health and development. Emilia del Bono, 23 June 2017. What is the impact of mothers mental health on ...
  • Maternal deaths in Australia 2000-02' is the thirteenth report on women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Maternal deaths that occurred up to year after the end of the pregnancy are included. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Maternal deaths in Australia 2003-2005 is the fourteenth report on why women die during pregnancy and childbirth. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Maternal health is the health of women during pregnancy , childbirth , and the postpartum period . (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a UNFPA report, social and economic status, culture norms and values, and geographic remoteness all increase a maternal mortality, and the risk for maternal death (during pregnancy or childbirth) in sub-Saharan Africa is 175 times higher than in developed countries, and risk for pregnancy-related illnesses and negative consequences after birth is even higher. (wikipedia.org)
  • The evidence from numerous studies conducted in diverse global settings that explored the direct and indirect causes of maternal morbidity and mortality (maternal audit studies) shows clearly that the vast majority of deaths related to pregnancy and childbirth are avoidable, but require a skilled person to be able to provide quality care, which must include being allowed to perform certain life-saving interventions (Pattinson et al. (who.int)
  • Data and statistics on maternal and infant health, including pregnancy complications, preterm birth, and infant mortality. (wisc.edu)
  • Study question Does maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure of infants to tobacco smoke at age 4 months increase the risk of caries in deciduous teeth? (bmj.com)
  • The propensity score adjusted hazard ratio between maternal smoking during pregnancy and having no smoker in the family was 1.10 (0.97 to 1.25). (bmj.com)
  • What this study adds Exposure to tobacco smoke at 4 months of age was associated with an approximately twofold increased risk of caries, and the risk of caries was also increased among those exposed to household smoking, by 1.5-fold, whereas the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy was not statistically significant. (bmj.com)
  • There is little evidence to support any long-term impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) in pregnancy on a child's risk of fatness in childhood and adolescence, according to a new study published in PLOS Medicine by Rebecca Richmond of the University of Bristol, UK, and colleagues. (eurekalert.org)
  • While the researchers found associations between maternal BMI before pregnancy and offspring BMI at all ages, these associations were largely explained by transmission of genes associated with fatness. (eurekalert.org)
  • These findings suggest that public health interventions directed at all family members and at different stages of the life course are likely to be important and are potentially more likely to halt the obesity epidemic than a focus on maternal overweight and obesity status in pregnancy," the authors say. (eurekalert.org)
  • Objective To study the association between parental depression and maternal antidepressant use during pregnancy with autism spectrum disorders in offspring. (bmj.com)
  • Food-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition (FA-MCHN) programs may foster child growth during the first 1000 d (pregnancy and the first 2 y of a child's life), but evidence is scant. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The evidence for negative influences of maternal stress during pregnancy on child cognition remains inconclusive. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Robust evidence (epidemiological and experimental) suggests that manipulation of maternal nutrition (macro- or micronutrient restriction) during pregnancy leads to metabolic abnormalities as well as development of insulin resistance and its associated complications in the offspring ( 3 , 4 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Objectives To investigate associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) at delivery (using pregnancy-specific BMI cut-off values 5 kg/m 2 higher in each of the WHO groups) and clinical, theatre utilisation and health economic outcomes for women undergoing caesarean section (CS). (bmj.com)
  • We analysed the associations between delivery BMI (continuous and pregnancy-specific cut-off values) and total theatre time, surgical time, anaesthesia time, maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes, total hospital admission and theatre costs. (bmj.com)
  • In 1979, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention partnered with the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists in developing the Pregnancy-Related Mortality Surveillance System, and implementing maternal mortality review boards across the country. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 5 This figure, however, does not take into consideration the very large differences in maternal mortality between the country's northern and southern states, or the difficulty of identifying deaths that occur early in pregnancy, before women have come to the attention of maternal health services. (guttmacher.org)
  • In this investigation, we take advantage of population-based registers in Sweden to examine maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood risk of leukemia and lymphoma. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The apparent protective effect with ALL needs to be explored further and in no way supports maternal smoking as beneficial, given its adverse association with common pregnancy outcomes. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The possible in utero effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on subsequent cancer risk in the offspring have been addressed more recently through epidemiologic studies, although the results are in large part inconclusive ( 5 , 6 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • In the present investigation, we take advantage of existing population-based registers in Sweden to examine the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on childhood risk of leukemia and lymphoma among a cohort of 1,440,542 Swedish children born between 1983 and 1997. (aacrjournals.org)
  • A woman's lifetime risk of dying as a result of pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 39 in Sub-Saharan Africa, as compared to 1 in 4,700 in industrialized countries.The number of maternal deaths is highest in countries where women are least likely to have skilled attendance at delivery, such as a midwife, doctor or other trained health professional. (unfpa.org)
  • 9 The preventive and curative interventions in the basic package of health services target the disease burden in the country, particularly infectious disease and the high maternal and child morbidity and mortality (Box 1). (who.int)
  • It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning , preconception , prenatal , and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience, in most cases, and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, in other cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this module is to outline the ways in which legislation and professional regulation of midwives can be employed to enhance national and international efforts to reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality and improve reproductive health. (who.int)
  • The most common causes of maternal death were bleeding in the brain and in the abdomen (non-obstetric haemorrhage). (aihw.gov.au)
  • As women have gained access to family planning and skilled birth attendance with backup emergency obstetric care, the global maternal mortality ratio has fallen from 380 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 210 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • In most studies which were large enough, an association with various maternal obstetric morbidities was demonstrated. (hindawi.com)
  • The researchers found a very high maternal mortality in rural Mali and this highlights the urgent need for obstetric services in the remote rural areas. (bibalex.org)
  • The Maternal and Newborn Health Thematic Fund Annual Report 2018 This report highlights key results achieved in 2018 in the four intervention areas of the Maternal and Newborn Health Thematic Fund: midwifery, emergency obstetric and newborn care, maternal and perinatal death. (unfpa.org)
  • As such, the physician has worked to provide clinics for Indigenous women who are afraid to access prenatal care for fear of being approached by child welfare. (nunatsiaq.com)
  • 10 extremely low birth weight infants were admitted per year, and no prenatal maternal transfer. (aappublications.org)
  • Perinatal care systems, such as regionalization and prenatal maternal transfer, also have decreased mortality rates for infants. (aappublications.org)
  • The institutions in which ELBW infants were admitted were requested to respond with the following items: survival/death of the respective ELBW infants and postnatal age at death, immediate cause of death, gestational age, BW, gender, outborn/inborn status, prenatal maternal transfer, and multiple birth. (aappublications.org)
  • Prenatal Maternal Stress and Child IQ. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This study tested the association between maternal prenatal stress and child intellige. (bioportfolio.com)
  • There is a substantial body of literature demonstrating the negative impact maternal alcohol-use disorder can have on children through prenatal alcohol exposure and/or exposure to negative environmental factors associated with alcohol-use disorder during childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • The HPA offered constructive suggestions with regard to the provision of continuous and holistic healthcare starting from the reproductive, maternal, and newborn phases to the childhood phase. (gov.tw)
  • In order to safeguard the health of the newborns, it is essential to provide continuous holistic healthcare starting from the reproductive, maternal, and newborn phases to the childhood phase. (gov.tw)
  • 9.Developing midwifery capacity for the promotion of maternal and newborn health - Annex 1: a model curriculum for midwifery education and practice. (who.int)
  • The Fetal, Newborn, and Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Report of the 1933 White House Conference on Child Health Protection called attention to the link between poor aseptic practice, excessive and inappropriate obstetrical interventions (induction of labor, use of forceps, episiotomy, and cesarean deliveries), and high maternal mortality. (encyclopedia.com)
  • We evaluated use of the national population census as a means of measuring maternal mortality by assessing data from five countries (Benin, Islamic Republic of Iran, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Madagascar, and Zimbabwe) which identified maternal deaths in their censuses. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The maternal mortality rate in Australia in 2012-2014 was 6.8 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth, which is among the lowest rates in the world. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Therefore, with continuous efforts in the past years, the maternal mortality rate dropped from 40 deaths per 100,000 population (1970's) to 8.5 deaths per 100,000 population (2012). (gov.tw)
  • This paper examines the impact of maternal employment during a child's first three years and during adolescence on his or her decisions to engage in a range of risky behaviors: smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, using marijuana and other drugs, engaging in sex and committing crimes. (repec.org)
  • The impact of maternal education on the health of the child. (rrh.org.au)
  • The objective of this study is to determine the long-term effects of maternal Cr restriction on adipose tissue development and function in a rat model. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The effects of maternal alcohol-use disorder are experienced by the majority of exposed children rather than a vulnerable subgroup of this population. (aappublications.org)
  • Possible in utero effects of maternal smoking on hemopoietic cancer in the offspring have been addressed previously, although the results are inconclusive. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Provides a comprehensive statistical overview, largely at the national level, of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and welfare. (abs.gov.au)
  • Republic of Liberia Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Monrovia, Liberia. (who.int)
  • In response to the post-war health challenges, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, with assistance from donors and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), embarked on rebuilding the health system. (who.int)
  • Dr. Trina Salm Ward joined the faculty of the Helen Bader School of Social Welfare at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in August 2017. (uwm.edu)
  • They emphasized the importance of social welfare over individual consumption. (rense.com)
  • Increase social welfare by improving access to quality basic services, in particular for poor rural households. (worldbank.org)
  • The inspectors' reports were unclear as to how animal welfare was assessed, whether all animals or only a sub-sample had been inspected, and were based predominantly on welfare inputs rather than outcomes. (mdpi.com)
  • We reviewed the evidence on the effects of breastfeeding on short- and long-term infant and maternal health outcomes in developed countries. (nih.gov)
  • Forty-three primary studies on infant health outcomes, 43 primary studies on maternal health outcomes, and 29 systematic reviews or meta-analyses that covered approximately 400 individual studies were included in this review. (nih.gov)
  • For maternal outcomes, a history of lactation was associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, breast, and ovarian cancer. (nih.gov)
  • This information will provide a clearer understanding of life outcomes for children and families who come into contact with the child welfare system. (archive.org)
  • Investigate the relationship between maternal alcohol-use disorder and multiple biological and social child outcomes, including birth outcomes, child protection, justice contact, and academic outcomes for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous children. (aappublications.org)
  • A substantial body of literature identifies the increased risk of poor child outcomes that are associated with heavy maternal alcohol use. (aappublications.org)
  • Thus, an investment in the education of rural women in Nepal would greatly assist the achievement of improved maternal and child health outcomes. (rrh.org.au)
  • There are no definitive studies linking maternal deaths to unsafe abortions in rural settings, but official statistics from 1998 suggest that about 9% of maternal deaths in rural India are due to complications of abortion. (guttmacher.org)
  • Leading causes of maternal death according to the government's 2006-2011 National Health Plan are postpartum hemorrhage, eclampsia, and complications from unsafe abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In The Effect of Occupational Licensing on Consumer Welfare: Early Midwifery Laws and Maternal Mortality (NBER Working Paper No. 22456 ), D. Mark Anderson , Ryan Brown , Kerwin Kofi Charles , and Daniel I. Rees explore this issue by investigating the history of the licensing of midwives during the early 20th century. (nber.org)
  • Licensure was associated with an almost seven percent reduction in maternal mortality caused by puerperal fever, the leading cause of maternal mortality at the time, suggesting that midwifery training in antiseptic techniques and other medical practices improved care. (nber.org)
  • The relationship between midwifery laws and maternal mortality was more pronounced in states that required applicants to pass an exam or graduate from a recognized school. (nber.org)
  • Age patterns of the various maternal mortality indicators were plausible and consistent with external sources of data for other populations. (lse.ac.uk)
  • For the first four births, the association between abortion and various maternal and social variables, including the sex of the respondent's last child, was assessed using logistic regression. (guttmacher.org)
  • Abstract Methods for measuring maternal mortality at national and subnational levels in the developing world lag far behind the demand for estimates. (lse.ac.uk)
  • This publication presents a summary of the most recent evidence on maternal nutrition, the prevention of obesity and noncommunicable disease. (who.int)
  • CONCLUSIONS Chronic maternal Cr restriction increased body adiposity probably due to increased stress and altered lipid metabolism in WNIN rat offspring, which may predispose them to obesity and associated diseases in later life. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Fetal brain/blood ratios of C max and AUC 0-inf were approximately 1.58 and 1.48, respectively, which were much greater than the maternal ratios of 0.12 and 0.13. (aspetjournals.org)
  • The strongest predictor of abortion was maternal education: Women with at least a primary education were more likely than those with no education to have had an abortion (odds ratios, 1.9-6.7). (guttmacher.org)
  • Since 1984, British zoos have been required to meet the animal welfare standards set out under the Zoo Licensing Act 1981. (mdpi.com)
  • Zoos are regularly assessed by government-appointed inspectors, who report on animal welfare standards in each zoo. (mdpi.com)
  • We highlight a number of concerns about the inspection process itself, and identify areas where changes would lead to improvements in both the inspection process and our ability to monitor animal welfare standards in zoos. (mdpi.com)
  • We analysed the reports of government-appointed inspectors from 192 zoos between 2005-2008 to provide the first review of how animal welfare was assessed in British zoos since the enactment of the Zoo Licensing Act 1981. (mdpi.com)
  • We examined the effects of whether or not a veterinarian was included in the inspection team, type of inspection, licence status of the zoo and membership of a zoo association on the inspectors' assessments of animal welfare standards in five areas that approximate to the Five Freedoms. (mdpi.com)
  • Of 9,024 animal welfare assessments across the 192 zoos, 7,511 (83%) were graded as meeting the standards, 782 (9%) as substandard and the rest were not graded. (mdpi.com)
  • Of the 192 zoos, 47 (24%) were assessed as meeting all the animal welfare standards. (mdpi.com)
  • Membership of a zoo association was not associated with a higher overall assessment of animal welfare standards, and specialist collections such as Farm Parks and Other Bird collections performed least well. (mdpi.com)
  • We recommend a number of changes to the inspection process that should lead to greater clarity in the assessment of animal welfare in British zoos. (mdpi.com)
  • 2020. Social isolation in rats: Effects on animal welfare and molecular markers for neuroplasticity. (awionline.org)
  • Animal Welfare 29(2), 209-219. (awionline.org)
  • It's Okay to Cry - Discussions by the Laboratory Animal Refinement & Enrichment Forum [LAREF], Volume V. Animal Welfare Institute, Washington, DC. (awionline.org)
  • Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science , 1-11. (animalsandsociety.org)
  • Special interests in pig housing, nutrition and reproduction, and in animal welfare and management of extensive and organic production systems. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • 1999 RSPCA/BSAS award for Innovative Developments in Animal Welfare. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • Science to the person or group whose work has done the most to promote the cause of farm animal welfare). (ncl.ac.uk)
  • Animal Welfare 2018, 27 (1), 21-34. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • The Maternal Neonatal and Child health indicators in District Dadu of Pakistan portrays a dismal pictures and after the floods of 2010-2011 the health infrastructure of this district was b. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Increased BMI at delivery was associated with increased risk of maternal intensive care unit admission (relative risk 1.07, p=0.045), but no increased risk of neonatal admission to higher acuity care. (bmj.com)
  • The under-five mortality rate was 110 per 1000 live births and the maternal mortality ratio was 994 deaths per 100 000 live births, with the latter figure representing a 71% increase from the 2000 estimate of 550. (who.int)
  • Amid such malnutrition and poverty exacerbated by the inaccessibility of healthcare services, it is not surprising that maternal mortality rate in the Philippines is now at 221 for every 100,000 live births," said Ilagan. (mindanews.com)
  • This article examines recent trends in two indicators associated with maternal mortality: the percentage of births assisted by a skilled health care worker and rates of caesarean delivery. (bibalex.org)
  • On her return to Perth in 1977 she, along with other researchers in the NH&MRC Epidemiology Unit, established the WA Maternal and Child Health Research Data Base, a unique collection of data on births from the entire State that supports most of the research by her group. (abs.gov.au)
  • According to the Nepalese data, there is a large difference among women in the rate of births assisted by a skilled birth attendant (SBA), one of the most important indicators for maternal health 3 . (rrh.org.au)
  • Early cessation of breastfeeding or not breastfeeding was associated with an increased risk of maternal postpartum depression. (nih.gov)
  • The psychosocial work environment and maternal postpartum depression. (cdc.gov)
  • Future research could assess the impact of the interaction between the work and home environment on maternal postpartum depression. (cdc.gov)
  • Sepsis was the leading cause of maternal death, with half of the cases following delivery (often performed without following the principles of asepsis), and half associated with illegally induced abortion . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Other studies have found no association between maternal smoking and risk of these cancers ( 7 , 12 ), whereas others still showed some evidence of a protective effect at least for ALL ( 13 -15 ) and AML ( 15 , 16 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Studies on the causes of maternal mortality in India have focused on institutional deliveries, and the association of socioeconomic and demographic factors with the decline in maternal mortality has not been sufficiently investigated. (cambridge.org)
  • By using both time series and cross-sectional data, this paper examines the factors associated with the decline in maternal mortality in India. (cambridge.org)
  • 0.05) show statistically significant association with the decline in the maternal mortality ratio in India. (cambridge.org)
  • 0.05) have a greater association with the decline in the maternal mortality ratio in India than institutional deliveries ( β =0.00305). (cambridge.org)
  • Interestingly, the weak association between 'increase in institutional deliveries' and 'decline in maternal mortality ratio' suggests that merely increasing deliveries alone will not help in ensuring maternal survival in India. (cambridge.org)
  • Maternal nutrition has been a long-standing concern of health authorities globally and in India. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Safe motherhood : priorities and next steps, forward-looking assessment on the reduction of maternal mortality and morbidity within the framework of the safe motherhood initiative (SMI / Maureen Law, Deborah Maine, Marie-Thérèse Feuerstein. (who.int)
  • License requirement also led to a five percent reduction in maternal mortality from other causes, indicating that midwives had become more capable of handling other birthing complications. (nber.org)
  • A 2001 Maternal and Child Health Journal study showed that chronic maternal exposure to stress through maternal cardiovascular, immune/inflammatory, and neuroendocrine processes is detrimental to infants birthweight. (prrac.org)
  • 2017). Maternal deaths in Australia 2012-2014 . (aihw.gov.au)
  • Trends in Maternal Mortality: 2000 to 2017 This report presents internationally comparable global, regional and country-level estimates and trends for maternal mortality between 2000 and 2017. (unfpa.org)
  • Dr. Salm Ward's research focuses on disparities in infant and maternal health, and specifically, on infant mortality. (uwm.edu)
  • In fact, maternal mortality rates reflect disparities between wealthy and poor countries more than any other measure of health. (unfpa.org)
  • OBJECTIVE We demonstrated previously that chronic maternal micronutrient restriction altered the body composition in rat offspring and may predispose offspring to adult-onset diseases. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Participants 4429 cases of autism spectrum disorder (1828 with and 2601 without intellectual disability) and 43 277 age and sex matched controls in the full sample (1679 cases of autism spectrum disorder and 16 845 controls with data on maternal antidepressant use nested within a cohort (n=589 114) of young people aged 0-17 years. (bmj.com)
  • Evidence from this large cohort suggests that maternal smoking affects the risk of childhood leukemia and lymphoma in the offspring. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Information on incident leukemia and lymphoma cases in the cohort came from the Swedish Cancer Registry, established by the National Board of Health and Welfare in 1958. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Compared with maternal tissues, a relatively low level of radioactivity was detected in fetal tissues. (aspetjournals.org)
  • The objectives of the current study were to investigate the lacteal secretion and maternal/fetal distribution of [ 14 C]dasatinib in rats after p.o. administration. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2006, Maternal deaths in Australia 2000-2002 , AIHW, Canberra. (aihw.gov.au)
  • The information in this appendix comes from the Research Forum's web site ( http://www.researchforum.org/ ), the Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development's Welfare Reform Research Database ( http://www.dwd.state.wi.us/dwd/wrr/ ), Congressional Research Service (2000), and from reviews of web sites of study investigators. (nap.edu)
  • Report about the Maternal Mortality in 2000. (bibalex.org)
  • This database, created in 2000, is updated every three months with newly published scientific articles, books, and other publications related to improving or safeguarding the welfare of animals used in research. (awionline.org)
  • We investigate links between child-care experiences - specifically care instability and mother's perceptions of care access - and maternal depressive symptoms, in an effort to illuminate policy-amenab. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2006. (aihw.gov.au)
  • To assess maternal concern about overweight in Australian preschool-aged children and factors predicting maternal concern about children's current and future weight status. (mja.com.au)
  • This publication is a joint venture between the ABS and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (abs.gov.au)
  • Over the past 25 years, welfare and other public policies for families living below the poverty line have developed a primary objective of promoting parents' self-sufficiency. (gettysburg.edu)
  • The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), passed in 1996, was a milestone in this effort, limiting the number of years that families can receive federal cash welfare assistance and requiring most of them to participate in work-related activities to be eligible for such assistance. (gettysburg.edu)
  • 10 Families were initially enrolled from maternal and child health centres in three local government areas (one inner urban, one suburban and one semi-rural) in Melbourne, Victoria, when the children were 2 weeks of age. (mja.com.au)
  • NSCAW (The National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being) is a project of the Administration on Children, Youth and Families to describe the child welfare system and the experiences of children and families who come in contact with the system. (archive.org)
  • The majority of maternal deaths occur at home, only 38% of women with labor complications were referred to a hospital in 2010, and only 24% reached the hospital, the other 14% died en route because of delayed referral or transportation delays. (wikipedia.org)
  • What are good sources of information on basic trends in poverty, welfare, and related issues? (wisc.edu)
  • How does measuring poverty and welfare affect American Indian children? (brookings.edu)
  • Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina's Downturns ," IZA Discussion Papers 6096, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). (repec.org)
  • Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina's Downturns ," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0121, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. (repec.org)
  • Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina's Downturns ," MPRA Paper 42936, University Library of Munich, Germany. (repec.org)
  • The impacts of migration on maternal and child health services utilisation in Sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Togo. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Convergent evidence in literature shows that rapid disruption of maternal care and breastfeeding due to an early weaning protocol changes the development of several neurobehavioral patterns in rodents, including the circadian pattern of feeding. (awionline.org)
  • Overall, comparing the estimates of relative effects, the socioeconomic and demographic factors have a stronger statistically significant association with the maternal mortality ratio than institutional deliveries. (cambridge.org)
  • Enquête nationale sur la situation des enfants et des femmes au Zaire en 1995 : rapport final. (who.int)
  • Maternal antidepressant use, recorded at the first antenatal interview, was available for children born from 1995 onwards. (bmj.com)
  • Gender and household structure factors associated with maternal and child undernutrition in rural communities in Ethiopia. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To examine predisposing, enabling, and need-related factors associated with dental utilization by children involved with the child welfare system (CWS). (springer.com)
  • This study aimed to determine factors influencing current use and future contraceptive intentions of women who were attending child welfare clinics within 2 years of delivery in Sunyani Municipality, Ghana. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition to examining other factors, an assessment of FP uptake and future contraceptive intentions during child welfare clinics (CWCs) allows a concomitant evaluation of the effects of exposure to FP messages during the three critical periods of antenatal, postnatal and child health care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • From 297 institutions in Japan, data on 3065 extremely low birth weight infants, which represented 98.4% of those reported in the maternal and health statistics of Japan in 2005, were collected. (aappublications.org)
  • 90% of the ELBW infants from the maternal and child health statistics of Japan. (aappublications.org)
  • 297 of them had admitted 3065 ELBW infants, which represented 98.4% of those reported in the maternal and child health statistics of Japan in 2005. (aappublications.org)
  • Maternal and child health (MCH) refers to the health of mothers, infants, children, and adolescents. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The proportion of infants born in hospitals increased from 55 percent in 1938 to 90 percent in 1948, which was accompanied by a 71 percent decrease in maternal mortality. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Maternal Employment and Adolescent Risky Behavior ," Labor and Demography 0302002, University Library of Munich, Germany. (repec.org)
  • Results A history of maternal (adjusted odds ratio 1.49, 95% confidence interval 1.08 to 2.08) but not paternal depression was associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring. (bmj.com)