The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Age of the biological father.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
The sequence in which children are born into the family.
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
The possession of a third chromosome of any one type in an otherwise diploid cell.
The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
The failure of homologous CHROMOSOMES or CHROMATIDS to segregate during MITOSIS or MEIOSIS with the result that one daughter cell has both of a pair of parental chromosomes or chromatids and the other has none.
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)
A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.
The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
Female parents, human or animal.
A product of the PLACENTA, and DECIDUA, secreted into the maternal circulation during PREGNANCY. It has been identified as an IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-4 protease that proteolyzes IGFBP-4 and thus increases IGF bioavailability. It is found also in human FIBROBLASTS, ovarian FOLLICULAR FLUID, and GRANULOSA CELLS. The enzyme is a heterotetramer of about 500-kDa.
A HERNIA due to an imperfect closure or weakness of the umbilical ring. It appears as a skin-covered protrusion at the UMBILICUS during crying, coughing, or straining. The hernia generally consists of OMENTUM or SMALL INTESTINE. The vast majority of umbilical hernias are congenital but can be acquired due to severe abdominal distention.
A congenital defect with major fissure in the ABDOMINAL WALL lateral to, but not at, the UMBILICUS. This results in the extrusion of VISCERA. Unlike OMPHALOCELE, herniated structures in gastroschisis are not covered by a sac or PERITONEUM.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the OVUM; ZYGOTE; or BLASTOCYST prior to implantation. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS is performed to determine the presence or absence of genetic disease.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
Deaths occurring from the 28th week of GESTATION to the 28th day after birth in a given population.
The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Abnormal number or structure of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations may result in CHROMOSOME DISORDERS.
Minute cells produced during development of an OOCYTE as it undergoes MEIOSIS. A polar body contains one of the nuclei derived from the first or second meiotic CELL DIVISION. Polar bodies have practically no CYTOPLASM. They are eventually discarded by the oocyte. (from King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
A specific pair of GROUP G CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
A method for diagnosis of fetal diseases by sampling the cells of the placental chorionic villi for DNA analysis, presence of bacteria, concentration of metabolites, etc. The advantage over amniocentesis is that the procedure can be carried out in the first trimester.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
The short, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group G in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 21 and 22 and the Y chromosome.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The number of males per 100 females.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.
The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
A hydroxylated metabolite of ESTRADIOL or ESTRONE that has a hydroxyl group at C3, 16-alpha, and 17-beta position. Estriol is a major urinary estrogen. During PREGNANCY, a large amount of estriol is produced by the PLACENTA. Isomers with inversion of the hydroxyl group or groups are called epiestriol.
A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
The short, metacentric human chromosomes, called group F in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 19 and 20.
A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)
Abnormal number or structure of the SEX CHROMOSOMES. Some sex chromosome aberrations are associated with SEX CHROMOSOME DISORDERS and SEX CHROMOSOME DISORDERS OF SEX DEVELOPMENT.
The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Size and composition of the family.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.
The occurrence in an individual of two or more cell populations of different chromosomal constitutions, derived from a single ZYGOTE, as opposed to CHIMERISM in which the different cell populations are derived from more than one zygote.
Number of fetal deaths with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more in a given population. Late fetal mortality is death after of 28 weeks or more.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
The medium-sized, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group D in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 13, 14, and 15.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.
Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.
Extraction of the fetus by means of obstetrical instruments.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.
Two offspring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from two OVA, fertilized at about the same time by two SPERMATOZOA. Such twins are genetically distinct and can be of different sexes.
Male parents, human or animal.
Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
Abnormal placentation in which the PLACENTA implants in the lower segment of the UTERUS (the zone of dilation) and may cover part or all of the opening of the CERVIX. It is often associated with serious antepartum bleeding and PREMATURE LABOR.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during FETAL DEVELOPMENT and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Effect of the interval between pregnancies on perinatal outcomes. (1/2227)

BACKGROUND: A short interval between pregnancies has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Whether that association is due to confounding by other risk factors, such as maternal age, socioeconomic status, and reproductive history, is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated the interpregnancy interval in relation to low birth weight, preterm birth, and small size for gestational age by analyzing data from the birth certificates of 173,205 singleton infants born alive to multiparous mothers in Utah from 1989 to 1996. RESULTS: Infants conceived 18 to 23 months after a previous live birth had the lowest risks of adverse perinatal outcomes; shorter and longer interpregnancy intervals were associated with higher risks. These associations persisted when the data were stratified according to and controlled for 16 biologic, sociodemographic, and behavioral risk factors. As compared with infants conceived 18 to 23 months after a live birth, infants conceived less than 6 months after a live birth had odds ratios of 1.4 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.3 to 1.6) for low birth weight, 1.4 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.3 to 1.5) for preterm birth, and 1.3 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.2 to 1.4) for small size for gestational age; infants conceived 120 months or more after a live birth had odds ratios of 2.0 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.7 to 2.4);1.5 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.3 to 1.7), and 1.8 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.6 to 2.0) for these three adverse outcomes, respectively, when we controlled for all 16 risk factors with logistic regression. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal interpregnancy interval for preventing adverse perinatal outcomes is 18 to 23 months.  (+info)

Maternal smoking and Down syndrome: the confounding effect of maternal age. (2/2227)

Inconsistent results have been reported from studies evaluating the association of maternal smoking with birth of a Down syndrome child. Control of known risk factors, particularly maternal age, has also varied across studies. By using a population-based case-control design (775 Down syndrome cases and 7,750 normal controls) and Washington State birth record data for 1984-1994, the authors examined this hypothesized association and found a crude odds ratio of 0.80 (95% confidence interval 0.65-0.98). Controlling for broad categories of maternal age (<35 years, > or =35 years), as described in prior studies, resulted in a negative association (odds ratio = 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.71-1.07). However, controlling for exact year of maternal age in conjunction with race and parity resulted in no association (odds ratio = 1.00, 95% confidence interval 0.82-1.24). In this study, the prevalence of Down syndrome births increased with increasing maternal age, whereas among controls the reported prevalence of smoking during pregnancy decreased with increasing maternal age. There is a substantial potential for residual confounding by maternal age in studies of maternal smoking and Down syndrome. After adequately controlling for maternal age in this study, the authors found no clear relation between maternal smoking and the risk of Down syndrome.  (+info)

Energy intake, not energy output, is a determinant of body size in infants. (3/2227)

BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the primary determinants of body weight at 1 y of age are genetic background, as represented by parental obesity, and low total energy expenditure. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the relative contributions of genetic background and energy intake and expenditure as determinants of body weight at 1 y of age. DESIGN: Forty infants of obese and 38 infants of lean mothers, half boys and half girls, were assessed at 3 mo of age for 10 risk factors for obesity: sex, risk group (obese or nonobese mothers), maternal and paternal body mass index, body weight, feeding mode (breast, bottle, or both), 3-d energy intake, nutritive sucking behavior during a test meal, total energy expenditure, sleeping energy expenditure, and interactions among them. RESULTS: The only difference between risk groups at baseline was that the high-risk group sucked more vigorously during the test meal. Four measures accounted for 62% of the variability in weight at 12 mo: 3-mo weight (41%, P = 0.0001), nutritive sucking behavior (9%, P = 0.0002), 3-d food intake (8%, P = 0.0002), and male sex (3%, P = 0.05). Food intake and sucking behavior at 3 mo accounted for similar amounts of variability in weight-for-length, body fat, fat-free mass, and skinfold thickness at 12 mo. Contrary to expectations, neither total nor sleeping energy expenditure at 3 mo nor maternal obesity contributed to measures of body size at 12 mo. CONCLUSIONS: Energy intake contributes significantly to measures of body weight and composition at 1 y of age; parental obesity and energy expenditure do not.  (+info)

Breast cancer risk in monozygotic and dizygotic female twins: a 20-year population-based cohort study in Finland from 1976 to 1995. (4/2227)

This population-based study investigated the occurrence of breast cancer over a 20-year period in a cohort of monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins in Finland. Altogether, 13,176 female twins of known zygosity who were living in Finland at the end of 1975 were identified from the Finnish Twin Cohort Study and followed-up for cancer through the Finnish Cancer Registry for the years 1976-1995. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated, based on national cancer incidence rates. The relative risk of breast cancer for MZ twins compared to DZ twins was decreased [SIR(MZ)/SIR(DZ) ratio = 0.78; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58-1.0]; the decreased risk for MZ twins (SIR = 0.76; 95% CI, 0.58-1.0) accounted for this result, whereas the risk for DZ twins did not differ from the general population risk (SIR = 0.98; 95% CI, 0.84-1.1). There was no risk decrease among MZ twins in other cancers related to reproductive behavior; i.e., number of children and age at first birth seem not to explain the decreased risk of breast cancer. Our results, which are in line with earlier studies on the same topic, suggest that prenatal influences or postnatal behavioral factors may protect MZ female twins from breast cancer.  (+info)

A family study of coarctation of the aorta. (5/2227)

Families of 100 patients with coarctation of the aorta and 50 controls for age, sex, and social status were studied to assess the influence of genetic and environmental variables in the aetiology. A tendency to familial aggregation of the condition and other congenital heart defects compatible with multifactorial inheritance was discerned. Recurrence risk for sibs is approximately 1 in 200 for coarctation of the aorta, and 1% for any form of congenital heart defect. The heritability of coarctation is estimated at 58%. The tendency for other non-cardiac defects to occur in the patients with coarctation does not appear in their sibs and is not so pronounced as in some other congenital heart conditions. Of the several environmental variables examined, there was no definitive association with any other than season of birth, which implies a possible association with maternal infection; there is also a suggestion of a paternal age effect, but these require investigation in a prospective survey.  (+info)

Fertility patterns after appendicectomy: historical cohort study. (6/2227)

OBJECTIVE: To examine fertility patterns in women who had their appendix removed in childhood. DESIGN: Historical cohort study with computerised data and fertility data for this cohort and for an age matched cohort of women from the Swedish general population. The cohorts were followed to 1994. SETTING: General population. PARTICIPANTS: 9840 women who were under 15 years when they underwent appendicectomy between 1964 and 1983; 47 590 control women. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Diagnoses at discharge. Distributions of age at birth of first child among women with perforated and non-perforated appendix and women who underwent appendicectomy but were found to have a normal appendix compared with control women by using survival analysis methods. Parity distributions at the latest update of the registry were also examined. RESULTS: Women with a history of perforated appendix had a similar rate of first birth as the control women (adjusted hazard ratio 0.95; 95% confidence interval 0.88 to 1. 04) and had a similar distribution of parity at the end of follow up. Women who had had a normal appendix removed had an increased rate of first births (1.48; 1.42 to 1.54) and on average had their first child at an earlier age and reached a higher parity than control women. CONCLUSION: A history of perforated appendix in childhood does not seem to have long term negative consequences on female fertility. This may have important implications for the management of young women with suspected appendicitis as the liberal attitude to surgical explorations with a subsequently high rate of removal of a normal appendix is often justified by a perceived increased risk of infertility after perforation. Women whose appendix was found to be normal at appendicectomy in childhood seem to belong to a subgroup with a higher fertility than the general population.  (+info)

Maternal age- and gestation-specific risk for trisomy 21. (7/2227)

OBJECTIVE: To provide estimates of maternal age- and gestational age-related risks for trisomy 21. METHODS: The prevalence of trisomy 21 was examined in 57,614 women who had fetal karyotyping at 9-16 weeks of gestation for the sole indication of maternal age of 35 years or more. On the basis of the maternal age distribution and the reported maternal age-related risk for trisomy 21 at birth, the expected number of trisomy 21 cases was calculated for each gestational age subgroup (9-10 weeks, 11-14 weeks and 15-16 weeks). The ratio of the observed to expected number of cases of trisomy 21 was then calculated and regression analysis was applied to derive a smoothened curve. The formula for maternal age- and gestational age-related risk was then applied to a population of 96,127 pregnancies that were examined at 10-14 weeks to calculate the expected number of trisomy 21 pregnancies, and this number was compared to the observed number of 326. RESULTS: In the 57,614 pregnancies there were 538 cases of trisomy 21. The relative prevalences of trisomy 21, compared to a prevalence of 1.0 at 40 weeks, was 10 exp(0.2718 x log(10)(gestation)2 - 1.023 x log10(gestation) + 0.9425). On the basis of the estimated maternal age- and gestational age-related risks, the expected number of trisomy 21 cases at 10-14 weeks of gestation in the 96,127 pregnancies was 329 (95% confidence interval 291-361), which was not significantly different from the observed number of 326 cases (chi2 = 0.02). CONCLUSION: The risk for trisomy 21 increases with maternal age and decreases with gestation. The prevalence of trisomy 21 at 12 and 16 weeks of gestation is higher than the prevalence at 40 weeks by 30% and 21%, respectively.  (+info)

Is maternal age a risk factor for mental retardation among children? (8/2227)

The purpose of this study was to determine whether older or very young maternal age at delivery is associated with mental retardation in children. Ten-year-old children with mental retardation (an intelligence quotient of 70 or less) were identified in 1985-1987 from multiple sources in the metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, area. These children were subdivided into two case groups according to whether they had concomitant developmental disabilities or birth defects affecting the central nervous system (codevelopmental retardation) or did not have such disabilities (isolated retardation). Control children were randomly chosen from the regular education files of the public school systems in the study area. Data on sociodemographic variables were gathered from birth certificates. Children of teenaged mothers were not at increased risk for either form of retardation and children of mothers aged > or =30 years were not at increased risk for isolated retardation, in comparison with children of mothers aged 20-29 years. A markedly elevated risk of codevelopmental retardation was seen among black children of mothers aged > or =30 years that was not attributable to Down syndrome. A modest increase in risk for codevelopmental retardation was observed among white children born to older mothers, but it was entirely due to Down syndrome.  (+info)

When analysing effects of maternal age on child outcomes, many researchers estimate sibling models to control for unobserved factors shared between siblings. Some have included birth year in these models, as it is linked to maternal age and may also have i
In this analysis of a large multinational cohort increasing maternal age did not appear to impact negatively on offsprings adult respiratory health. Higher maternal age at delivery was related to increasing levels of FEV1 and higher FEV1/FVC ratio in the offspring, possibly more pronounced among females. Moreover, increasing maternal age at delivery was related to decreasing risk of asthma and asthma symptoms among female offspring, while these associations were not present among male offspring. The results were robust across countries with different sociocultural characteristics, and with adjustment for a range of factors (maternal smoking, asthma and educational level; and offspring number of older siblings, single child, number of siblings, birth weight, age, BMI, daycare attendance before 5 years of age and living environment in early childhood).. The impact of maternal age on lung function is a novel finding. It is of interest that effects were observed for FEV1 and FEV1/ FVC ratio rather ...
Please cite this paper as: Aasheim V, Waldenström U, Hjelmstedt A, Rasmussen S, Pettersson H, Schytt E. Associations between advanced maternal age and psychological distress in primiparous women, from early pregnancy to 18 months postpartum. BJOG 2012;119:1108-1116.. Objective To investigate if advanced maternal age at first birth increases the risk of psychological distress during pregnancy at 17 and 30 weeks of gestation and at 6 and 18 months after birth.. Design National cohort study.. Setting Norway.. Sample A total of 19 291 nulliparous women recruited between 1999 and 2008 from hospitals and maternity units.. Methods Questionnaire data were obtained from the longitudinal Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, and register data from the national Medical Birth Register. Advanced maternal age was defined as ≥32 years and a reference group of women aged 25-31 years was used for comparisons. The distribution of psychological distress from 20 to ≥40 years was investigated, and the ...
It is fairly common in our society for women to delay pregnancy, especially when compared to our parents generation. For a variety of reasons including career goals and delayed marriage, many women are waiting until their 30s to start families. Waiting may consider these moms high-risk by most obstetricians for being of advanced maternal age, over 35 years old. Advanced maternal age is a well known risk factor for having a child with a chromosomal abnormality, such as Downs Syndrome. However, there has been little information on maternal age in relation to congenital abnormalities, or physical defects.. According to a new study, advanced maternal age might not be as risky as some may believe. In fact, it may actually decrease the risk of congenital malformations.. …this retrospective study used obstetric and ultrasound information collected from over 76,000 women at the time they presented for their routine second trimester ultrasound at Washington University in St. Louis (Mo.). ...
Objectives: To evaluate the associations between maternal age and obstetric and neonatal outcomes in primiparous women with emphasis on teenagers and older women. Design: A population-based cohort study. Setting: The Swedish Medical Birth Register. Participants: Primiparous women with singleton births from 1992 through 2010 (N=798 674) were divided into seven age groups: less than17 years, 17-19 years and an additional five 5-year classes. The reference group consisted of the women aged 25-29 years. Primary outcome: Obstetric and neonatal outcome. Results: The teenager groups had significantly more vaginal births (adjusted OR (aOR) 2.04 (1.79 to 2.32) and 1.95 (1.88 to 2.02) for age less than17 years and 1719 years, respectively); fewer caesarean sections (aOR 0.57 (0.48 to 0.67) and 0.55 (0.53 to 0.58)), and instrumental vaginal births (aOR 0.43 (0.36 to 0.52) and 0.50 (0.48 to 0.53)) compared with the reference group. The opposite was found among older women reaching a fourfold increased OR ...
Advanced Maternal Age AMA Definition - Advanced maternal age (AMA) refers to a pregnancy in which the mother is over the age of 35. The age of the mother....
Goetzinger KR, Shanks AL, Odibo AO, Macones GA & Cahill AG. (2017). Advanced Maternal Age and the Risk of Major Congenital Anomalies. Am J Perinatol , 34, 217-222. PMID: 27398707 DOI. This study aims to determine if advanced maternal age (AMA) is a risk factor for major congenital anomalies, in the absence of aneuploidy. ...Of 76,156 euploid fetuses, 2.4% (n = 1,804) were diagnosed with a major anomaly. There was a significant decrease in the incidence of major fetal anomalies with increasing maternal age until the threshold of age 35 (p , 0.001). Being AMA was significantly associated with an overall decreased risk for major fetal anomalies (adjusted odds ratio: 0.59, 95% confidence interval: 0.52-0.66). The subgroup analysis demonstrated similar results for women ≥ 40 years of age. Conclusion AMA is associated with an overall decreased risk for major anomalies. These findings may suggest that the all or nothing phenomenon plays a more robust role in embryonic development with advancing ...
Traditionally, women aged 35 and over who become pregnant are referred to as AMA, or advanced maternal age. But is this a thing of the past?
We extracted from the hospital episode statistics database records of women who delivered in English NHS acute trusts between 1 January and 31 December 2008. We restricted the sample to women aged between 15 and 44 years who had a singleton birth, and to NHS trusts whose obstetric units had more than 1000 deliveries in the 12 month period. Deliveries were included if the record contained information about mode of delivery in either the maternity tail or the procedure fields (OPCS codes: R17 to R25). The method of delivery was obtained primarily from the procedure fields. Where data had not been entered to these fields (0.6% of women), information was taken from the maternity tail. An elective caesarean section was defined by OPCS code R17, or by mode of delivery code 7 when data were obtained from the maternity tail. An emergency delivery was defined by codes R18 or 8, respectively.. Data on maternal age at delivery, ethnicity, and the NHS trust and region of treatment were obtained from the ...
I had a baby at age 27, which is above the mean age for a first baby in this country (25, I think), but well below the mean age for a first baby amongst my colleagues. Of the fifty or so women I went to med school with, I know of only FIVE who have had kids, even though the very youngest of us are almost thirty. I remember on my Labor and Delivery rotation in med school, all the girls in my class used to joke about how when they were up on the L&D board someday, thered by an AMA note by their name. (AMA = Advanced Maternal Age ...
0018 Background. Blood pressure (bp) level after birth may reflect the fetal cardiovascular environment, but few data exist on newborn bp. Methods. We report findings from a new cohort of pregnant women and their offspring, Project Viva. Enrollment as of September, 2000, is 1338 pregnant women (of a target 6000), and 581 have delivered. Data collected include maternal dietary, sociodemographic, economic, psychological, lifestyle, and clinical variables; and infant bp, pulse rate, length, weight, and circumferences measured during the first 2 days of life. We averaged 5 systolic bp readings taken with a Dinamap automated bp recorder. This abstract is limited to the first 260 measured newborns (131 girls and 129 boys) and partial maternal data. Results. The highest newborn systolic bp was in children of the oldest mothers, and the lowest in the maternal age group 20-24 years (⇓Table). Multivariate adjustment for infant birth weight and sex and for maternal body mass index, pregnancy weight gain, ...
What Creates The inability to conceive?. 1) Advancing mothers age: Historically before the last 20th century, ladies were developing in their teens as well as twenties, when age-related problems with the egg were not evident. Nevertheless, in our modern era, females are postponing youngster birth up until their thirties and forties, which has actually resulted in the exploration of the adverse effect of advanced maternal age on egg function. As a matter of fact, women age-related inability to conceive is the most usual root cause of infertility today. For unknown factors, as women age, egg numbers lower at a quick rate. And as aging takes place, egg top quality, or the chance of an egg being genetically typical, lowers too. For this reason the capacity to conceive a regular maternity lowers from when a lady is in her very early 30s into her 40s. A lady is seldom productive past the age of 45. This applies to the capacity to develop with her eggs, however not with benefactor eggs.. 2) Ovulation ...
Did you know that the rate of labor induction has drastically increased over the last 30 years? In this Evidence Based Birth® seminar, packed with facts, you will learn the evidence on 39-week induction and for induction at or past the due date. We cover the recent ARRIVE study in depth and well also cover a bit about advanced maternal age, and discuss the actual numbers of increase in stillbirth with older age.. Learning objectives for the Due Dates (with Advanced Maternal Age) seminar:. ...
Babymed.com articles & information about Advanced maternal age for mothers, expecting mothers, and soon to be expecting mothers.
At present there are three probable genetic mechanisms for the inheritance of AIS autosomal dominance (this produces a high proportion of affected members in a family), X linked transmission (X is the female sex chromosome) and what is called multifactorial. The last of these is particularly important and multiple genes (a gene is an active or functional segment of DNA which makes up a chromosome) are implicated. It is now known that environmental factors, using this term in a broad but
Background and Aim: We have previously presented analyses of data obtained from the German Perinatal Survey for the years 1995-1997. Here we present an analysis of data from the years 2007-2011 and compare the data to the previous data from the 1990s. Material and Methods: For the years 1995-1997, the data on 1 815 318 singleton pregnancies were provided by the Chambers of Physicians of all the states of Germany except Baden-Württemberg. For the years 2007-2011, the data on 3 187 920 singleton pregnancies from the German Perinatal Survey (all states of Germany) were obtained from the AQUA Institute in Göttingen, Germany. SPSS was used for data analysis. Plausibility checks were performed on the data. Results: Mean maternal age has increased over the years, from 28.7 years in 1995 to 30.2 years in 2011. We observed a decrease in smoking. While not all cases included data on maternal smoking after the pregnancy was known, when the cases with data on smoking were analysed, in 1995-1997 23.5 % of ...
I am currently in my second IVF cycle. I transferred 3 embryos. All were at the 8 cell stage and all have a perfect rating of 1. I was a bit leary about doing this, but due to my age, (Im 39, going on 40 in Sept) I decided to go ahead and take the chance. Advanced maternal age plays a role in pregnancy success. I just had my first U/S and they found 2 sacs and we were able to see both fetal hearbeats. Im a bit guarded because I know that there is a thing called Vanishing Twin. There is a chance (about 40%) that I can lose one. Im delighted that this worked, but at the same time, at 6 weeks, its still a bit early for us to celebrate. After 12 weeks (first trimester) maybe ill be able to breathe, but until then, Im being cautious. What is your status with IVF? Is this your first time? Age ...
So today were going to talk about age now and when you get into the late 30s even over 35, they start to call you advanced maternal age.
Werlins research answers questions the causes of IVF failure in women of advanced maternal age. PGD research gives insights to increase fertility success.
46, married, female, built a family the new-fashioned way. Azoosperma was a hurdle, and I was also of advanced maternal age. Were now raising two beautiful daughters and our family is complete (and insurance wouldnt cover another fresh cycle at my advanced age anyhow ...
46, married, female, built a family the new-fashioned way. Azoosperma was a hurdle, and I was also of advanced maternal age. Were now raising two beautiful daughters and our family is complete (and insurance wouldnt cover another fresh cycle at my advanced age anyhow ...
Premature and congenitally ill babies are born as a consequence of late maternal age, induced fertility, labour treatments, deprived prenatal care and modification in lifestyle predilections.
TY - JOUR. T1 - The influence of laying date and maternal age on eggshell thickness and pore density in yellow-eyed penguins. AU - Massaro, Melanie. AU - Davis, Lloyd S.. PY - 2004/8. Y1 - 2004/8. N2 - In many bird species, eggs laid late in the breeding season hatch after a shorter incubation period than eggs that were laid early. The proximate mechanisms that cause these seasonal declines in incubation length remain poorly understood. We tested in Yellow-eyed Penguins (Megadyptes antipodes), Hipfners hypothesis that late-laid eggs have thinner eggshells with a higher pore density that allow embryos to develop more rapidly than in early-laid eggs. In this species incubation length declines with increasing female age, so we also investigated whether eggshell thickness and pore density varies with female age. In addition, differences in shell thickness and pore density between first- and second-laid eggs of the same clutch were examined. Eggshell thickness did not change with laying date and was ...
In 2008, 41% of all births in the United States occurred outside of marriage. Children born to unmarried mothers are often disadvantaged in young adulthood, including being less likely to graduate high school. In recent years, the age composition of mothers has changed; teen births declined substantially, and non-marital births are now most heavily concentrated among women in their twenties. This paper examines whether maternal age at birth differentiates the educational outcomes of children, and if this varies by maternal marital status. Data are from the linked Children and Young Adult sample of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79). We find significant differences in the likelihood of high school graduation among youth born to a never-married versus a married mother. These disparities remain even after including controls for maternal age at birth, as well as social and economic characteristics of mothers prior to the birth. The marital status gap in the likelihood of ...
STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim of the study was to investigate factors in stillbirth mortality in Italy. DESIGN--Italian stillbirth data from 1955 to 1979 were analysed using a log-linear Poisson model with arbitrary constraints on the parameters to identify the effects of maternal birth cohort, calendar period of stillbirth and maternal age. SETTING--Stillbirth data for the whole of Italy were obtained from the Italian Central Institute of Statistics for the years under examination. During this period the criteria for defining stillbirth did not change and the quality of birth registration was similar. MAIN RESULTS--Decreases in stillbirth mortality were marked and steady, starting for the generations born since 1920. A period effect in stillbirth trends was shown, but this was apparently smaller than the cohort trend. CONCLUSIONS--The cohort trend suggests that long term improvements in socioeconomic and general health conditions may be important factors in the diminishing stillbirth rates, as well ...
Maternal race/ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) are important factors determining birth outcome. Previous studies have demonstrated that, teenagers, and mothers with advanced maternal age (AMA), and Black/Non-Hispanic race/ethnicity can independently increase the risk for a poor pregnancy outcome. Similarly, public insurance has been associated with suboptimal health outcomes. The interaction and impact on the risk of a pregnancy resulting in a NICU admission has not been studied. Our aim was, to analyze the simultaneous interactions of teen/advanced maternal age (AMA), race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status on the odds of NICU admission. The Consortium of Safe Labor Database (subset of n = 167,160 live births) was used to determine NICU admission and maternal factors: age, race/ethnicity, insurance, previous c-section, and gestational age. AMA mothers were more likely than teenaged mothers to have a pregnancy result in a NICU admission. Black/Non-Hispanic mothers with private insurance
Even before full implementation of the policy for combined risk assessment during the first trimester in Denmark, the number of infants born with Downs syndrome decreased by about 50% and the number of cases diagnosed prenatally increased by around 30%. The number of fetuses and newborn infants with Downs syndrome diagnosed prenatally or postnatally increased in the period 2000-5, with a slight decline in 2006 (fig 2). This was partly due to increasing maternal age, but was as expected because more fetuses with Downs syndrome are lost spontaneously than those that are chromosally normal. This increased rate has been estimated at around 25% from week 14 to term.[4] Based on the known distribution of maternal age at delivery in 2005 and 2006, 132 and 135 infants with Downs syndrome would have been expected in our population of 65 000 liveborn infants if the mothers had no prenatal intervention. Downs syndrome was diagnosed in 31 infants postnatally and 130 prenatally in 2005 and in 32 infants ...
Even before full implementation of the policy for combined risk assessment during the first trimester in Denmark, the number of infants born with Downs syndrome decreased by about 50% and the number of cases diagnosed prenatally increased by around 30%. The number of fetuses and newborn infants with Downs syndrome diagnosed prenatally or postnatally increased in the period 2000-5, with a slight decline in 2006 (fig 2). This was partly due to increasing maternal age, but was as expected because more fetuses with Downs syndrome are lost spontaneously than those that are chromosally normal. This increased rate has been estimated at around 25% from week 14 to term.[4] Based on the known distribution of maternal age at delivery in 2005 and 2006, 132 and 135 infants with Downs syndrome would have been expected in our population of 65 000 liveborn infants if the mothers had no prenatal intervention. Downs syndrome was diagnosed in 31 infants postnatally and 130 prenatally in 2005 and in 32 infants ...
A mothers age at menopause may predict her daughters fertility in terms of the numbers of eggs remaining in her ovaries, according to the new research published online in Europes leading reproductive medicine journal Human ...
There is no definite way to avoid having a baby with Downs syndrome. There will always be probabilities, sometimes greater than others. A big factor is the age at which amother conceives. At age 25, probabilities are 1 in 1,250; at age 40 probabilities increase to 1 in 100 (Shriver 2007). Parents with Down syndrome, or with an abnormal 21 chromosome are also at higher risk of conceiving a child with the condition. Many tests can be done before the child is born so that the parents may prepare for the childs special needs (Shriver 2007).. A series of two surveys on exposure to contraceptive pills prove that there may be an impact at or around the time of pregnancy on Down syndrome probabilities. A study done by Martinez-Frias and Read infer that that there will be a slight increased rate of Down Syndrome for maternal age group 20-29, a decreased rate for maternal age group 30-39 (Read). ...
It has been known for more than half a century that the risk of conceiving a child with trisomy increases with advanced maternal age However the origin of the high susceptibility to nondisjunction of whole chromosomes and precocious separation of sister chromatids leading to aneuploidy in aged oocytes and embryos derived from them cannot be traced back to a single disturbance and mechanism Instead analysis of recombination patterns of meiotic chromosomes of spread oocytes from embryonal ovary and of origins and exchange patterns of extra chromosomes in trisomies as well as morphological and molecular studies of oocytes and somatic cells from young and aged females show chromosome specific risk patterns and cellular aberrations related to the chronological age of the female In addition analysis of the function of meiotic and cell cycle regulating genes in oogenesis and the study of the spindle and chromosomal status of maturing oocytes suggest that several events contribute synergistically to ...
The study by Nybo Andersen and colleagues is undoubtedly generalizable. Because of its population-based design, it provides the best estimates to date of the incidence of pregnancy loss and its association with maternal age and previous reproductive history. The authors do not attempt to explain their findings. The cause of miscarriages in older women now seems to be well understood: Chromosomal deletions and fatal trisomies resulting from nondisjunction during meiosis are probably the underlying biological mechanisms (1). Whether these mechanisms also explain the increased likelihood of ectopic pregnancy in older women remains to be seen. The study by Nybo Andersen and colleagues favors the hypothetical role of the fertilized egg itself in the pathogenesis of ectopic nidation. Accumulation of other risk factors with increasing age (i.e., those impairing tubal function) might also explain the association (2). The relation between stillbirth and maternal age, straightforward as it may seem, is ...
A group of patients (150) suffering from keratoconus were asked their mothers age at their birth. A statistically significant excess of older mothers as compared with the general population was found. The social class of the patients was found to have a distribution different from the general population, and it is suggested that this is related to the patients maternal age. ...
The association of maternal age with infant mortality, child anthropometric failure, diarrhoea and anaemia for first births: evidence from 55 low- and middle-income countries ...
P-434 Does partner relationship context and adjustment during the transition to parenthood differ according to maternal age and mode of conception? [Abstract]. Human Reproduction 25 (S1) , i283-i284. 10.1093/humrep/de.25.s1.425 ...
A pregnancy over 35 is considered a geriatric pregnancy. In recent years, geriatric pregnancy has come to be known as the pregnancy of advanced maternal age.
Its more than just the number of miscarriages that determines the likelihood of structural chromosome abnormalities, say researchers from the Netherlands. In couples who are trying to conceive and who have had two or more miscarriages, young maternal age at the time of a second miscarriage, a history of three or more miscarriages, and a history of two or more miscarriages in siblings or parents of either partner make the couple more likely to be carriers of such anomalies, according to the results of a nested case-control study.
The following pages link to Template:Genetic risk maternal age table: Displayed 4 items. View (previous 100 , next 100) (20 , 50 , 100 , 250 , 500) ...
Dont get me wrong, I appreciate the red carpet treatment. I love knowing that my odds of having a Down Syndrome or Trisomy 18 baby are LOW LOW LOW after the testing was done, we have none of the genetic markers. Next well do neural tube defect testing so you know - MORE PICTURES! Plus I get to see the sex by then so thatll be fun ...
Dont get me wrong, I appreciate the red carpet treatment. I love knowing that my odds of having a Down Syndrome or Trisomy 18 baby are LOW LOW LOW after the testing was done, we have none of the genetic markers. Next well do neural tube defect testing so you know - MORE PICTURES! Plus I get to see the sex by then so thatll be fun ...
Q: Ive always had a pretty healthy diet but now that I am pregnant, what vitamins, minerals and other nutrients are critical to include for optimal health for me and my baby?. Response from Margaret Connor, MPH, CHC, The Wellness Pantry. A: It sounds like you have already helped yourself and your baby by eating healthy before your pregnancy began, which is terrific. Now lets examine how our metabolic needs do increase during pregnancy. The following vitamins and minerals play a special role in your health and that of your childs during pregnancy (and often postpartum as well). One exciting detail to consider is that the absorption of nutrients across our intestinal barrier typically increases during pregnancy, so eating good sources of these vitamins and minerals will go a long way towards keeping you equipped with the necessary nutrients.. FOLATE - Youve probably heard your OB mention this as a valuable supplement that you might have been taking even before you became pregnant. The evidence ...
Advanced Paternal Age APA Definition - Advanced paternal age (APA) most commonly refers to a man who is 40 years or older at the time of conception. As a....
BabyAfter40.com: Women who conceive and deliver after the age of 50 years, following egg donation, do not have a reduced parenting capacity compared with younger women, according to new study findings.
I did discuss a little bit of a plan with my doctor. She didnt want to make any decisions until we get there, and I think that is the right thing to do in my case. I am on the edge of advanced maternal age. I cant decide if I should just wait the extra month and be automatically high risk or leave that designation up to chance. It would eliminate some arguments with my insurance company. My doctor didnt really think losing weight would help me much, but she agreed that getting in fighting shape couldnt hurt. I believe that my pregnancy was a failed stress-test and a wake-up call to start taking care of myself and get healthy. My BP is still higher than it was pre-pregnancy, so I wouldnt be surprised if I end up having to deal with that at some point. I didnt discuss it with her at my previous appointments because I thought it would go down if I got the weight off. We will end up talking about it at my first appointment or next checkup ...
I did discuss a little bit of a plan with my doctor. She didnt want to make any decisions until we get there, and I think that is the right thing to do in my case. I am on the edge of advanced maternal age. I cant decide if I should just wait the extra month and be automatically high risk or leave that designation up to chance. It would eliminate some arguments with my insurance company. My doctor didnt really think losing weight would help me much, but she agreed that getting in fighting shape couldnt hurt. I believe that my pregnancy was a failed stress-test and a wake-up call to start taking care of myself and get healthy. My BP is still higher than it was pre-pregnancy, so I wouldnt be surprised if I end up having to deal with that at some point. I didnt discuss it with her at my previous appointments because I thought it would go down if I got the weight off. We will end up talking about it at my first appointment or next checkup ...
The largest study of its kind has examined the impact of advanced maternal age of the health of babies and mothers. The Canadian Institute for Health
I am getting ready to do a 2nd IVF for a 2nd child. The first IVF was successful at age 35. I am turning 40 in August and my doctor is recommending PGD because of my advanced maternal age. My husband and I are healthy and have no genetic defects running in our family but Ive read several articles saying that PGD may increase chances of success because of the ability to test and select the highest quality embryos. I didnt see any posts on this subject on your message board for the last 4 years so I am wondering if your opinions have changed on the subject or if you still believe it actually decreases success rates by 1/3? I am leaning towards not doing it because of our successful IVF on the first try 5 years ago and no family history but I want to give ourselves the best chances possible for another successful IVF. I would appreciate any new insight ...
I am getting ready to do a 2nd IVF for a 2nd child. The first IVF was successful at age 35. I am turning 40 in August and my doctor is recommending PGD because of my advanced maternal age. My husband and I are healthy and have no genetic defects running in our family but Ive read several articles saying that PGD may increase chances of success because of the ability to test and select the highest quality embryos. I didnt see any posts on this subject on your message board for the last 4 years so I am wondering if your opinions have changed on the subject or if you still believe it actually decreases success rates by 1/3? I am leaning towards not doing it because of our successful IVF on the first try 5 years ago and no family history but I want to give ourselves the best chances possible for another successful IVF. I would appreciate any new insight ...
A new study reveals that maternal demographic factors such as social status, ethnicity and maternal age can predict the likelihood of operative births in the UK.
Two studies of its abundance in Palau were conducted using point counts from April to May 1991 (Wiles et al. 1997) and from April to May 2005 (G. Wiles, unpublished data). Both studies were inconclusive about total numbers, but provided baseline encounter rates that could, and should, be repeated in the future to determine population trends. Data from 2005 have not yet been analyzed, but bats were common in many locations. Numbers appeared to have increased since 1991. Prior to the early 1990s the species had gone through a large decline due to commercial exploitation with thousands of bats being exported annually to markets in Guam and the Northern Marianas. In the 1940s the species was considered abundant (Marshall 1945, as reported in Wiles et al. 1997), but by the 1970s numbers were starting to decline (Owen 1977), and at some point in the 1980s this trend reversed itself with less bats being exported (Wiles et al. 1997 ...
1 in 350 At age 39, 1 in 150 At age 40, 1 in 100 At age 44, 1 in 40 At age 45, 1 in 30 At age 49, 1 in 10 Advanced maternal age ... 1 in 2000 At age 24, 1 in 1300 At age 25, 1 in 1200 At age 29, 1 in 950 At age 30, 1 in 900 At age 34, 1 in 450 At age 35, ... Advanced maternal age, in a broad sense, is the instance of a woman being of an older age at a stage of reproduction, although ... Finally, although older maternal age doesn't necessarily imply older paternal age, researchers have suggested links between ...
Although adolescent mothers have been found to display lower maternal sensitivity, there is no evidence that maternal age ... The three most negative affecting factors are maternal depression, maternal stress, and maternal anxiety. Recent studies have ... maternal-synchrony, and maternal mind-mindedness. There are also a number of ways of measuring maternal sensitivity in the ... Lobi, M; Welcher DW; Mellitz ED (1971). "Maternal age and intellectual functioning of offspring". Johns Hopkins Med J. 128 (6 ...
Maternal age. This is one of the two well-established risk factors for GC. Many studies have shown that the risk of developing ... Risk of disease may also be higher in those experiencing pregnancy at younger or older ages that average, such as below 15 ... But other studies had showed no association when corrected for age. At the cellular level, any abnormalities in the placental ... and intermediate trophoblasts which spread throughout the chorion villi to support maternal-fetal circulation. Malignant ...
Trimble, Benjamin, K.; Patricia A. Baird; John M. Opitz (1978). "Maternal age and down syndrome: Age-specific incidence rates ... Maternal age has been shown to be related to intelligence with younger mothers tending have children of lower intelligence than ... However, another study found that when influences such as maternal age, mother's personality and home environment, there was no ... Zybert, P; Stein Z; Belmont L. (1978). "Maternal age and children's ability". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 47 (3): 815-818. doi ...
The leaders of the maternal feminist movement were middle-aged and the maternal feminist movement was in decline. There was ... However, the WCTU saw women purely as wives and mothers, accepting the constraints of maternal feminism. Maternal feminism ... Diniejko, Dr Andrzej (2014). "Maternal feminism". Frances Trollope: a Maternal Feminist and Social Reformer. The Victorian Web ... The concept of maternal feminism is resilient. In January 1993 CBS debuted a "soft" drama for family viewing called Dr. Quinn, ...
"Mitochondria, maternal inheritance, and male aging." Current Biology 22.18 (2012): 1717-1721. Dowling, Damian K., A. Larkeson ... Because of maternal inheritance, mtDNA has no selection in males. Instead, mutations only deleterious to males could be ... They demonstrated that mtDNA polymorphism is responsible for male aging, while there is no significant effect on female ... 4 relative to maternal inheritance in mice. Hence, selection can act on male-specific deleterious mutations when they are ...
Starting around age 35, pregnant women are considered to be of advanced maternal age, and significant declines in fertility ... Middle age is the period of age beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age. The exact range is disputed, but the ... Youth Aging Midlife crisis "APA PsycNet". psycnet.apa.org. "Middle Age: definition of middle age in Oxford dictionary (American ... Middle-aged adults may begin to show visible signs of aging. This process can be more rapid in women who have osteoporosis. ...
... the risk of conceiving a child with it increases with a woman's age. The average maternal age for conceiving a child with this ... mean maternal age for this disorder is 32½ Edwards, J.H.; Harnden, D.G.; Cameron, A.H.; Crosse, V. Mary; Wolff, O.H. (April 9, ... Modifications regarding maternal age and markers]". Ceska Gynekol (in Czech). 72 (1): 49-52. PMID 17357350. Papp C, Ban Z, ... About 8-12% of infants survive longer than 1 year.[better source needed] One percent of children live to age 10. However, these ...
Camus MF, Clancy DJ, Dowling DK (September 2012). "Mitochondria, maternal inheritance, and male aging". Current Biology. 22 (18 ... The asymmetry of maternal and paternal expression suggests that some kind of conflict between these two genomes might be ... Why inheritance ended up being maternal, rather than paternal, is also much debated, but one key hypothesis is that the ... Due to differences in methylation status of gametes, there is an inherent asymmetry to the maternal and paternal genomes that ...
This tendency increases with maternal age. Fertilization of two different oocytes by two different spermatozoa results in ... Geirsson RT (May 1991). "Ultrasound instead of last menstrual period as the basis of gestational age assignment". Ultrasound in ...
"Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in school-aged children: association with maternal mental health and use of health ... The continuity of maternal stress from during to after pregnancy is a progression of maternal-foetal stress transfer which is ... leading to physiological manifestations of stress such as increased maternal blood pressure (MBP) and maternal heart rate (MHR ... This is that maternal-foetal stress transfer occurs through the mechanism of cortisol moving from mother to baby through the ...
Nondisjunction is related to advanced maternal age, although due to its rarity, the maternal age effect in pentasomy X is ... Dey, Subrata Kumar; Ghosh, Sujoy (29 August 2011). "Etiology of Down Syndrome: Risk of Advanced Maternal Age and Altered ... Mikwar M, MacFarlane AJ, Marchetti F (4 July 2020). "Mechanisms of oocyte aneuploidy associated with advanced maternal age". ... Chiang T, Schultz RM, Lampson MA (1 January 2012). "Meiotic Origins of Maternal Age-Related Aneuploidy". Biology of ...
Young maternal age and increases the risk. Studies differ whether the risk is different in different trimesters. Limited data ... The risk of severe malaria by Plasmodium falciparum is three times as high in pregnant women, with a median maternal mortality ... Maternal physiological changes including a decrease in respiratory volumes and urinary stasis due to an enlarging uterus. The ...
Frick AP (January 2021). "Advanced maternal age and adverse pregnancy outcomes". Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics ... Age Older age - Pregnancies in women over the age of 35 are considered "advanced age". First-time pregnant women in this age ... Frick AP (January 2021). "Advanced maternal age and adverse pregnancy outcomes". Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics ... Younger age - Pregnant teenagers are more likely to develop anemia, have preterm births, and have low birth weight babies. ...
Hassold T, Jacobs P, Kline J, Stein Z, Warburton D (July 1980). "Effect of maternal age on autosomal trisomies". Annals of ... The probability of nondisjunction in human oocytes increases with increasing maternal age, presumably due to loss of cohesin ... Tsutsumi M, Fujiwara R, Nishizawa H, Ito M, Kogo H, Inagaki H, Ohye T, Kato T, Fujii T, Kurahashi H (May 2014). "Age-related ... Because of recombination, an individual chromatid can consist of a new combination of maternal and paternal genetic information ...
The relation between number of older brothers and male homosexuality is not an artifact of higher maternal or paternal age at ... Slater E (13 January 1962). "Birth order and maternal age of homosexuals". The Lancet. 1 (7220): 69-71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736( ... It has generally been thought that this maternal response would not apply to first born gay sons and that they may owe their ... This implies that the birth order phenomenon cannot be explained by increased mutation rates in the ova or sperm cells of aging ...
... incidence increases substantially as maternal age rises. Less is understood about the role of maternal age in sex chromosome ... Dey, Subrata Kumar; Ghosh, Sujoy (29 August 2011). "Etiology of Down Syndrome: Risk of Advanced Maternal Age and Altered ... Nondisjunction is related to advanced maternal age. In common aneuploidies such as Down syndrome, the relationship with ... Mikwar M, MacFarlane AJ, Marchetti F (4 July 2020). "Mechanisms of oocyte aneuploidy associated with advanced maternal age". ...
Campbell CL, Furlotte NA, Eriksson N, Hinds D, Auton A (2015). "Escape from crossover interference increases with maternal age ... In humans, recombination rate increases with maternal age. Furthermore, placement of female recombination events appears to ... become increasingly deregulated with maternal age, with a larger fraction of events occurring within closer proximity to each ...
Maternal age and its negative effects on oocytes plays a key role in the reduction of fertility in women over 35 years of age. ... A high maternal age is associated with increased chromosome segregation errors during meiosis as well, which leads to oocyte ... Moreover, ageing is associated with oocyte abnormalities since higher maternal age is associated with oocytes with a reduced ... The principal oocyte abnormality associated with increased maternal age is aneuploidy, in which chromosome segregation errors ...
Maternal age is the only known risk factor. Women at 40 years have a four times higher risk for a child with Klinefelter ... The extra chromosome is retained because of a nondisjunction event during paternal meiosis I, maternal meiosis I, or maternal ... They may have less muscle control and coordination than other boys of their age. During puberty, the physical traits of the ...
The risk of Trisomy 21 increases with maternal age with the risk being 1/2000 (0.05%) at age 20 increasing to 1/100 (1%) at age ... Hassold T, Hunt P (December 2009). "Maternal age and chromosomally abnormal pregnancies: what we know and what we wish we knew ... Hook, EB (September 1981). "Rates of chromosome abnormalities at different maternal ages". Obstetrics and Gynecology. 27 (1): ... "New observations on maternal age effect on germline de novo mutations". Nature Communications. 7: 10486. Bibcode:2016NatCo... ...
Still, advanced maternal age causes decreased success rates; women aged 38-39 years appear to have reasonable success during ... maternal age, follicle count at hCG administration day, follicle rupture, and the number of uterine contractions observed after ... Women whose age is becoming a major factor in fertility may not want to spend that extra time. The number of samples ( ... However, for women aged over 40 years, there appears to be no benefit after a single cycle of COH/IUI. Medical experts ...
It is more likely with advanced maternal age. Some oocytes have multiple nuclei, although it is thought they never mature. ... Maternal cells also synthesize and contribute a store of ribosomes that are required for the translation of proteins before the ... Sundaram N, Tao Q, Wylie C, Heasman J (September 2003). "The role of maternal CREB in early embryogenesis of Xenopus laevis". ... Ogushi S, Palmieri C, Fulka H, Saitou M, Miyano T, Fulka J (February 2008). "The maternal nucleolus is essential for early ...
As maternal age increases so does egg size. At the beginning of the breeding season females lay smaller eggs compared to the ... It has been suggested that the two species diverged during Pleistocene ice age. Both have the same number of chromosomes (2n=17 ... Eggs laid in the last part of the breeding season are smaller in size due to deteriorating maternal health. Research suggests ... depending on the female's age and its origins". Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C. 154 (3): 172-179. doi:10.1016/j.cbpc ...
Maternal age effect Pregnancy over age 50 "paternal age effect". Retrieved 2015-05-28. Amaral, David; Dawson, Geraldine; ... which found that maternal age began to correlate with lower intelligence at a younger age than paternal age, however two other ... There is no similar relationship with maternal age. A second study also found a risk of schizophrenia in both fathers above age ... Weinberg "made no distinction between paternal age, maternal age and birth order" in his hypothesis. In 1953, Krooth used the ...
Full maternal inheritance is present within DM1, repeat expansion length is linked to maternal age and the earliest instance of ... "Increased trinucleotide repeat instability with advanced maternal age". Human Molecular Genetics. 6 (12): 2135-2139. doi: ... Maternal transmission has been observed to only consist of an increase in repeat units of 1 while the paternal transmission is ... Typical age at symptom onset is 5-15, with symptoms progressively getting worse over time. Friedreich's ataxia is an autosomal ...
Paternal age effect Advanced maternal age Pregnancy over age 50 "Having a Baby After Age 35: How Aging Affects Fertility and ... At age 20, 1 in 2000 At age 24, 1 in 1300 At age 25, 1 in 1200 At age 29, 1 in 950 At age 30, 1 in 900 At age 34, 1 in 450 At ... age 35, 1 in 350 At age 39, 1 in 150 At age 40, 1 in 100 At age 44, 1 in 40 At age 45, 1 in 30 At age 49, 1 in 10 In addition ... While many women in advanced age may opt for IVF treatment in order to have children, patients with higher maternal age (>40 ...
Low birth weight can also vary by maternal age. In 2008 the rate of low birth weight was the highest in babies born to women ... A low birth weight can be caused either by a preterm birth (low gestational age at birth) or of the infant being small for ... A baby born small or large for gestational age (either of the two extremes) is thought to have an increased risk of developing ... "Infant Mortality , Maternal and Infant Health , Reproductive Health , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 3 August 2018. Collins JW, David RJ, ...
Tallamy, D.W. (1982). "Age specific maternal defense in Gargaphia solani (Hemiptera: Tingidae)". Behavioral Ecology and ... Kearns, R.S.; Yamamoto, R.T. (1981). "Maternal behavior and alarm response in the eggplant lace bug, Gargaphia solani Heidemann ... Douglas Tallamy found that maternal defensive behaviour in this species is consistent with the theory, since mothers became ... Tallamy, D.W.; Denno, R.F. (1981). "Maternal care in Gargaphia solani (Hemiptera: Tingidae)". Animal Behaviour. 29 (3): 771-778 ...
The maternal Elizabeth died in 1869, aged about 45. On 16 December 1871, Burbank married Alice Noyes Thompson, with whom he had ... Maurice had moved to Vancouver, where he died in 1969, aged 89. He was buried in the city's Mountain View Cemetery. The Harvard ... Burbank died of heart disease on June 27, 1895, aged 72. Three years later, Alice remarried, to Charles Torrey. He died in 1918 ... while they were living in Plymouth, Massachusetts, after which Alice returned to Yarmouth, where she died in 1938, aged about ...
His maternal great-grandfather, named Lionel, was a British immigrant, and fought against the Pampas tribes in the mid-19th ... By the late 1960s, tango had become mostly "for export", since musicians and audiences were aging and making little progress ... one of the top tango dancers of his age). Japanese tourists were a constant presence in Rivero's place. Rivero hosted a TV show ...
She died there on 29 November 1869, aged 58. Her husband took her body to Paris, where she was buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery ... She came from a musically gifted family, her maternal aunt Giuseppina Grassini (1773-1850) being a favourite opera singer both ...
Princess Consort Yeonju died on January 14, 1626, 4th year of King Injo's reign, at the age of 47 years old. Her tomb is ... A granddaughter of King Sejong thru her father Grand Prince Yeongeung and a maternal cousin of Queen Jeongsun Her 4th son, Gu ...
... died on 18 February 1547 aged 23 at Fossombrone and was buried in the church at the Monastery of Santa Chiara ... Her maternal grandparents were Franceschetto Cybo, Duke of Spoleto (in turn illegitimate son of Pope Innocent VIII) and ... On 14 December 1527, an agreement was signed in Todi according to which, upon reaching marriageable age, Giulia was to marry ...
Although she was her father's only legitimate child, Margaret had two maternal half-brothers and three maternal half-sisters ... At age twelve Margaret married Edmund Tudor, twelve years her senior, on 1 November 1455. The Wars of the Roses had just broken ... Rosemary O'Day (26 July 2012). The Routledge Companion to the Tudor Age. Routledge. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-136-96253-0. Seward, ... 126-7. Ward, Jennifer C. (1992). English Noblewomen in the Later Middle Ages. University of California: Longman. p. 102. Vergil ...
Courtenay's heir was his elder son, Edward, who was eight years of age at his father's death. Courtenay's younger son, Hugh (d. ... and frequently the younger son beneficiary was required to adopt the maternal surname and armorials. Furthermore, his mother ... only son and heir apparent who predeceased his father aged 16, believed to be represented by the very fine miniature alabaster ...
The fact that so many black men of child-producing age are incarcerated for crimes for which only they go to prison gives a ... Wilt, Judith (1990). Abortion, Choice, and Contemporary Fiction: The Armageddon of the Maternal Instinct. University of Chicago ... Two girls of the Relf family in Mississippi, deemed mentally incompetent at ages 12 and 14, and also 18-year-old welfare ... Alexander argues that, despite many Americans wanting to believe that the election of President Obama ushered in a new age ...
His maternal great-grandfather Lucas Lindeboom (1845-1933) was a professor at the Kampen Theological College. Bremmer studied ... The Metamorphosis of Magic from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, Peeters (with J. Veenstra) 2006: Cultures of Conversions, Peeters ...
Amnionic fluid volume Gestational age assessment Fetal weight estimation Fetal anatomical survey Evaluation of the maternal ... if a later scan gives a different estimate of gestational age, the estimated age is not normally changed but rather it is ... It is not unprecedented for fetuses of that age to make momentary movements that could be repeated once or twice beyond the ... Usually scans for this type of detection are done around 18 to 23 weeks of gestational age (called the "anatomy scan", "anomaly ...
King Christian IX survived his wife by seven years, and died peacefully of old age, at age 87, on 29 January 1906 at his ... Christian IX was born on 8 April 1818 at the residence of his maternal grandparents, Gottorf Castle, near the town of Schleswig ... Old age pensions were introduced in 1891 and unemployment and family benefits were introduced in 1892. In spite of his initial ... Upon the death of Frederick VII, Christian succeeded to the throne at the age of 45. He was proclaimed king from the balcony of ...
"My Love for Carlos the Jackal Archived September 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine." The Age. 25 March 2004. Retrieved on 20 May ... the first or paternal surname is Ramírez and the second or maternal family name is Sánchez. Morenne, Benoît (28 March 2017). " ...
His maternal grandfather was Simon Schleifer, a Jewish teacher in the yeshiva in Wloclawek, Poland who later emigrated to ... However, Wasserstein died in Manhattan three days later, on October 14, at the age of 61. Wasserstein, Bruce (2001). Big Deal: ... Mergers and Acquisitions in the Digital Age. New York: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-52268-6. Wasserstein, Bruce (1998). Big Deal: ...
A report in The Age newspaper alleged that several councillors had used their phone entitlements for non-council purposes. On ... Social caring and support roles have continued to grow, from maternal and child health centres - the first opened around 1924 ... Farrah Tomazin and Martin Boulton (12 August 2005). "Council sacked as politics, egos clash". The Age. Retrieved 13 January ... The median age for Glen Eira residents is 37 years. Children 0-14 years make up 18.0% of the population, 15 to 19 years 5.4%, ...
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits discriminatory practice directed against individuals who are 40 ... Gatrell, Caroline (March 2011). "Managing the Maternal Body: A Comprehensive Review and Transdisciplinary Analysis: Managing ... a movie studio may base a hiring decision on age if the actor they are hiring will play a youthful character in a film. Given ... age (40 or over), disability, or genetic information (note: additional classes may be protected depending on state or local law ...
With age increasing, the herniation progresses and ease its detection. Pulmonary angiography assists in detecting the presence ... Congenital Malformations Induced in Rats by Maternal Vitamin A Deficiency: II. Effect of Varying the Preparatory Diet Upon the ...
... aged sixty-eight, and his title passed to his younger brother, Richard. He was buried in the family vault at St Eata's parish ... a maternal granddaughter of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford. He was educated at Rugby School and Jesus College, ...
Wilson's earliest memory was of playing in his yard and standing near the front gate of the Augusta parsonage at the age of ... Wilson's maternal grandfather, Reverend Thomas Woodrow, moved from Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, to Carlisle, Cumbria, ... Woodrow Wilson died on February 3, 1924, at the age of 67. He was interred in Washington National Cathedral, being the only ... online Gage, Beverly (2009). The Day Wall Street Exploded: A Story of America in its First Age of Terror. Oxford University ...
His father and maternal grandfather were MPs for Wells at the same time. (Vaughan-) Lee was educated at Eton College and joined ... He held the seat until he resigned shortly before his death at the age of 46 in 1882. Vaughan-Lee married Clara Elizabeth Moore ...
At the age of four, sometime in 1959, the young Crown Prince received the offerings of good wishes and respects by the public, ... Maternal mortality rate dropped from 7.7% in 1985 to 2.6% in 2006. Besides these human development indicators, material ...
In practice, many Chinese Empress Dowagers, either as official regent for a sovereign who was still a minor in age or from the ... This family was known as the Longxi Li lineage (隴西李氏). The Tang Emperors had Xianbei maternal ancestry, from Emperor Gaozu of ... In the earliest, semi-mythical age, the sovereign was titled either huang (Chinese: 皇 huáng) or di (Chinese: 帝 dì). Together, ... China: Dawn of a Golden Age, 200-750 AD. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2004. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-58839-126-1. Ancient and Early ...
Spartak from an early age was fascinated by the theater and dreamed of becoming an actor. In 1937, Anna Mishulina was arrested ... The name Spartak was given at the insistence of his maternal uncle, a well-known historian, Professor Alexander Vasilyevich ... 2005 in Moscow at the age of 79 from heart failure. He was buried at the Vagankovo cemetery. His wife is Valentina ...
Devotion to the Heart of Mary began in the Middle Ages with Anselm of Canterbury, and Bernard of Clairvaux. It was practiced ... her maternal love for her son Jesus Christ, and her motherly and compassionate love for all mankind. Traditionally, the ...
In 1978 at age 8, Campbell made her first public appearance in the music video for Bob Marley's "Is This Love". She tap-danced ... on several missions to promote maternal health. Campbell has received recognition for her charitable work. In 2007, she was ... From age three, Campbell attended the Barbara Speake Stage School and at 10 she was accepted into the Italia Conti Academy of ... She had studied dance from age 3 to 16, and originally intended to be a dancer. In 1986, while still a student of the Italia ...
2 maternal genomes) and control fetuses (1 maternal, 1 paternal genome). An intriguing study surveying the transcriptome of ... doi:10.1111/age.12168. PMID 24990393. Magee DA, Sikora KM, Berkowicz EW, Berry DP, Howard DJ, Mullen MP, Evans RD, Spillane C, ... For example, the maternal genes that control insulin production will be imprinted in a male but will be expressed in any of the ... Both maternal and paternal phenotypes will have a small value rather than one hosting a large value and silencing the other. ...
Abuse during childbirth Advanced maternal age, when a woman is of an older age at reproduction Antinatalism Asynclitic birth, ... Maternal evacuation is the predominant risk management method for assisting mothers in these communities. Maternal evacuation ... the global maternal mortality ratio has fallen from 385 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 216 deaths per ... of maternal deaths. Within maternal deaths due to hemorrhage, two-thirds are caused by postpartum hemorrhage. The causes of ...
After finishing his primary schooling in Pasarni, he moved to his maternal uncle's place in Amalner, Jalgaon, where he studied ... Lokshahir Vittal Umap Mrudgandh Lifetime Achievement award He died in his residence in Mumbai on 20 March 2015 at the age of 91 ...
In 1812, at age three, Nariakira was designated the heir to the Satsuma lordship by his father. As with any daimyō's heir, ... ISBN 0-231-13804-0. Ravina, 44 Minayoshi was Ōkubo Toshimichi's maternal grandfather Iwata, 33 Iwata, 26 Anne Tucker et al., ... ISBN 0-8248-2937-9. Darwin Marable, Through the Looking Glass: How Japanese Photography Came of Age. World and I, May 1, 2004. ...
He died on 29 July 1952, at the age of 74. He was originally buried in the Shrine of Our Lady of the Oak in Monterrey, and ... so he sent a young Guillermo to be educated by his maternal uncle Prisciliano Córdova, a prominent cleric of the Diocese of ... Because he was sent to the college at the unusually young age of 10, a December 1932 catalog of past students records him as ... In Tritschler's later years, his mental alertness declined, possibly due to an aging-associated disease. ...
He portrayed Don Diego de la Vega's maternal uncle in a number of Season 2 Zorro episodes.[citation needed] In 1958, he guest- ... On January 1, 1994, aged 86, Romero died from complications of a blood clot while being treated for bronchitis and pneumonia at ...
It hosts a maternal, infant, child/youth program with levels one to three obstetrical care (high risk obstetrics), levels one ... Royal Columbian Hospital is undergoing a 3 phase redevelopment project expanding the hospital's capacity to address aging ...
To assess the effect of maternal age on obstetric intervention and pregnancy outcome, a retrospective study compared obstetric ... Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: report by the Secretariat  Executive Board, 138 (‎World Health Organization, 2016 ... WHO Flutool for planning and costing maternal influenza vaccination  World Health Organization (‎World Health Organization, ... Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: Safeguarding against possible conflicts of interest in nutrition programmes: draft ...
To assess the effect of maternal age on obstetric intervention and pregnancy outcome, a retrospective study compared obstetric ... Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: report by the Secretariat  Executive Board, 138 (‎World Health Organization, 2016 ... WHO Flutool for planning and costing maternal influenza vaccination  World Health Organization (‎World Health Organization, ... Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: Safeguarding against possible conflicts of interest in nutrition programmes: draft ...
Preterm birth rates declined for all age groups and overall from 10.41% to 9.54% of live births. ... Preterm birth rates declined for all age groups and overall from 10.41% to 9.54% of live births. ... by maternal age - United States, 2007 and 2014. Maternal. age (yrs). All births. Preterm births. Rate change components*. ... Mean maternal age increased from 27.4 years to 28.3 years. The contribution of fewer births to teens and to women aged 20−24 ...
GNPR 2009-2010: Maternal, infant and young child nutrition - Management of severe acute malnutrition - Preschool-age children ( ... Action - GNPR 2009-2010: Maternal, infant and young child nutrition - Preventive malaria treatment - Women of reproductive age ... GNPR 2009-2010: Maternal, infant and young child nutrition - Counselling on nutritional support&care for people living with HIV ... GNPR 2009-2010: Maternal, infant and young child nutrition - Breastfeeding promotion and/or counselling - Infants (up to 1 year ...
Nutrition and Health Aging (RMNCAH - NUT & HAA) 2022-2026. The launch ceremony took place in the presence of the Honourable ... launched the Strategic Plan for the Implementation of Reproductive Maternal, Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health - ... On 13 January 2023 the Ministry of Health, Eritrea, launched the Strategic Plan for the Implementation of Reproductive Maternal ... Eritrea launched Strategic Plan for the Implementation of Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health - ...
The risk of a spontaneous abortion was 8.9% in women aged 20-24 years and 74.7% in those aged 45 years or more. High maternal ... Maternal age and fetal loss: population based register linkage study BMJ 2000; 320 :1708 doi:10.1136/bmj.320.7251.1708 ... Objective: To estimate the association between maternal age and fetal death (spontaneous abortion, ectopic pregnancy, ... The risk of an ectopic pregnancy and stillbirth also increased with increasing maternal age. ...
Obesity and maternal perception: a cross-sectional study of children aged 6 to 8 years in Kuwait ... Obesity and maternal perception: a cross-sectional study of children aged 6 to 8 years in Kuwait. East Mediterr Health J. 2019; ... Aims: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity in those aged six to eight years and to investigate maternal ... given that these younger children are under maternal control. Maternal perception and the childs actual weight status are ...
Information and resources for partners who support families prenatally through 5 years of age ... CDC FAQ about cloth face coverings which notes that face coverings should not be placed on anyone under 2 years of age ... Save the Children has compiled resources that include activities for families with school age children. ...
This is the age when testing is recommended for screening.". Dr. Pedron contends that advanced maternal age really isnt as ... Pregnancy Over 35 = Advanced Maternal Age. The age of first time mothers continues to climb as more women are waiting to have a ... "Advanced maternal age is clinically described as age 35 and older," explains Dr. Pedron. "Historically this term started ... Excellent maternal health and fitness is often associated with better maternal outcomes.. "If you want to have a baby its best ...
Data by race, sex by age. KIDS COUNT Data Book. ... Births covered by Medicaid by maternal age in Vermont. Change ... Definitions: The number and percent of births where the payment source for delivery was Medicaid, by maternal age. ... Definitions: The number and percent of births where the payment source for delivery was Medicaid, by maternal age. ... How are three neighboring counties in Texas doing on reducing teen births across three age categories? ...
Study reveals critical gaps in maternal health services for women of reproductive age. By ... National Institute of Population Studies found critical gaps in maternal health services for women of reproductive age in ... "Explaining Maternal Mortality in Pakistan: In-depth Analysis of Pakistan Maternal Mortality Survey, 2019" and reiterated Sindh ... examines the predictors of maternal mortality in Pakistan and unpacks causes of maternal deaths while also identifying the ...
maternal age and fertility. Most Women Conceive Within 5 Years of Beginning Fertility Treatment. by Carolina Conceptions , Aug ... Maternal Age is STILL the Greatest Predictor of IVF Success. by Carolina Conceptions , Jan 27, 2016 , Fertility Blog, Fertility ... Bill Meyer shares this article with patients and notes again how "age is the major determinate in fertility." Its never too ...
And just like blue jeans and fine wine, I am better with some age on me. ... I am a mama of advanced maternal age. ... AMA: Advanced Maternal Age. Apparently, any mother over the age ... So time for a little metaphorical role play to analyze and legitimize my advanced maternal age worth and potential:. I am the ... This Is What It Means To Be A Mom Of Advanced Maternal Age. ... But what else does it mean to be a mother of advanced age - an ...
Maternal effects can modify progeny phenotypes to improve their survival under variable conditions, such as changes in food ... In aphidophagous coccinellids, maternal effects can influence egg size, developmental rate, and final adult body size. Four ... Cryptic maternal effects in Hippodamia convergens vary with maternal age and body size. *G. Vargas, J. Michaud, J. Nechols ... There is little evidence that maternal identity or maternal age had any influence on their offsprings response to fish ...
Estimation of Gestational Age (EGA). EGA ultrasound crown rump length combined fetal biometry ART-derived EGA IVF Ultrasound ... UNC Collaborative for Maternal and Infant Health aims to improve the health and well-being of women and families across North ... Copyright © 2022 UNC Center for Maternal & Infant Health · All Rights Reserved · Website by Tomatillo Design ...
... by Maternal Age (Maternal Retrospective; California Only) (change indicator) View Parental Drinking or Drug Problem (Maternal ... Parental Drinking or Drug Problem, by Maternal Age (Maternal Retrospective; California Only) ... by maternal age (e.g., among California women ages 15-19 with a live birth in 2013-2014, an estimated 15.3% had lived with a ... MIHA surveys postpartum women (ages 15 and older) who deliver a live birth about their own childhood hardships prior to age 14. ...
... by Maternal Age (Maternal Retrospective; California Only) (change indicator) View Parental Drinking or Drug Problem (Maternal ... Parental Drinking or Drug Problem, by Maternal Age (Maternal Retrospective; California Only) ... by maternal age (e.g., among California women ages 15-19 with a live birth in 2013-2014, an estimated 15.3% had lived with a ... MIHA surveys postpartum women (ages 15 and older) who deliver a live birth about their own childhood hardships prior to age 14. ...
maternal aging. maternal aging. Brevard News SCD HEALTH HEADLINES: Coloring Book Fosters Self-Awareness, Alcohol Increases Risk ... Topics Include: No Redeeming Health Aspects Of Booze; Put That Smoothie Down; More Kids, Longer Maternal Life - and More. […] ...
Information about the SNOMED CT code 428008002 representing Female infertility due to advanced maternal age. ... Female infertility due to advanced maternal age 428008002. SNOMED CT code. SNOMED code. 428008002. ... Female infertility due to advanced maternal age 428008002. ancestors. sorted most to least specific ... female-infertility-due-to-advanced-maternal-age.html. Copyright © 2000-2022 InnoviHealth Systems Inc - CPT® copyright American ...
The median maternal age during pregnancy was 28.6 years. The median (interquartile range) gestational age in weeks at the first ... would be reached for maternal RSV vaccination within the gestational age window of 28-32 weeks. Widening the vaccination window ... The timing of maternal vaccination during pregnancy may be critical for its effectiveness. However, Kenya has no documented ... The proportion of women attending for ANC during a gestational age window for vaccination of 28-32 weeks (recommended), 26-33 ...
Maternal Grandmothers Dwelling . Firstborn Child Aged [0,6) . Firstborn Child Aged [6,12] . Firstborn Child Aged [0,6) . ... Maternal Grandmothers Dwelling . Firstborn Child Aged [0,6) . Firstborn Child Aged [6,12] . Firstborn Child Aged [0,6) . ... FBSi is the dummy indicator of having a firstborn son, Xi is maternal age and age squared, λp is the provincial fixed effect, ... Regressions also include a constant term, maternal age, age squared, urban/rural status, calendar-year fixed effects, and ...
Adolescents conceptualization of adult roles: Relationships with age, gender, work goal, and maternal employment. Sex Roles. ... Adolescents conceptualization of adult roles : Relationships with age, gender, work goal, and maternal employment. In: Sex ... Adolescents conceptualization of adult roles : Relationships with age, gender, work goal, and maternal employment. / Jackson, ... title = "Adolescents conceptualization of adult roles: Relationships with age, gender, work goal, and maternal employment", ...
... ... Title : Maternal Zika Virus Infection: Association With Small-for-Gestational-Age Neonates and Preterm Birth Personal Author(s ... Maternal Zika Virus Infection: Association With Small-for-Gestational-Age Neonates and Preterm Birth ... Infant, Small For Gestational Age Pregnancy Pregnancy Complications, Infectious Premature Birth Prenatal Care Retrospective ...
The Role of Maternal Reminiscing Style and Language Ability at 36 Months of Age on Second Graders Reports of First Memories.. ... The Role of Maternal Reminiscing Style and Language Ability at 36 Months of Age on Second Graders Reports of First Memories.. ...
Birthweight, maternal age, and birth order : three important determinants in infant mortality / Ruth R. Puffer, Carlos V. ...
Mean maternal age of Downs syndrome in Hyderabad, India. Journal of the Indian Medical Association. 1999 Jan; 97(1): 25. ...
Maternal capacity for reflective functioning and developmental correlates in children aged 4 years. ... Maternal capacity for reflective functioning and developmental correlates in children aged 4 years ...
  • The analysis was limited to births with gestational age ≥20 weeks, as determined by the obstetric estimate. (cdc.gov)
  • However, Kenya has no documented published data on gestational age distribution of pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC), or the proportion of women attending ANC during the proposed window period for vaccination, to inform appropriate timing for delivery or estimate potential uptake of this vaccine. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The median (interquartile range) gestational age in weeks at the first to fifth ANC attendance was 26 (21-28), 29 (26-32), 32 (28-34), 34 (32-36) and 36 (34-38), respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The proportion of women attending for ANC during a gestational age window for vaccination of 28-32 weeks (recommended), 26-33 weeks and 24-36 weeks was 76.6% (360/470), 84.5% (397/470) and 96.2% (452/470), respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Estimated vaccine coverage was 42.1, 46.5 and 52.9% within the narrow, wide and wider gestational age windows, respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In a random sample of pregnant women from Kilifi HDSS, Coastal Kenya with card-confirmed ANC clinic attendance, 76.6% would be reached for maternal RSV vaccination within the gestational age window of 28-32 weeks. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sociodemographic and gestational characteristics of adolescents and advanced age mothers showed population heterogeneity, thus, specific follow up and orientations should be applied at each one. (bvsalud.org)
  • The quality and completeness of birthweight and gestational age data in computerized birth files. (cdc.gov)
  • 16. Lang JM, Lieberman E, Cohen A. A comparison of risk factors for preterm labor and term small-for-gestational- age birth. (cdc.gov)
  • Hogeveen, M, Blom, HJ & den Heijer, M 2012, ' Maternal homocysteine and small-for-gestational-age offspring: systematic review and meta-analysis ', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 130-136. (vumc.nl)
  • Gestational age was determined by the date of the woman's last menstruation, uterine height, or ultrasound. (cdc.gov)
  • Effect of maternal age and growth on placental nutrient transport: potential mechanisms for teenagers' predisposition to small-for-gestational-age birth? (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Low organic solvent exposure and combined maternal-infant gene polymorphisms affect gestational age. (cdc.gov)
  • Confirmation of gestational age is based on physical and neurologic characteristics. (medscape.com)
  • The Ballard Scoring System remains the main tool clinicians use after delivery to confirm gestational age by means of physical examination. (medscape.com)
  • Gestational diabetes, maternal serum cholesterol, and C-reactive protein were unrelated to children's BMI trajectories. (rti.org)
  • The second time, the information procured by the questionnaire was about the mental health of mothers following delivery and characteristics of neonates such as their birth weight, gestational age, and motor developments. (news-medical.net)
  • In contrast, lower gestational age and birth weight infants belonging to mothers who did not experience high depressive symptoms perinatally did not demonstrate impaired motor outcomes. (news-medical.net)
  • In this study, published 24 October 2011, in an advance online edition of Pediatrics , lead author Joseph Braun, research fellow in environmental health at HSPH, and his colleagues found that gestational BPA exposure was associated with more behavioural problems at age 3, especially in girls. (domain-b.com)
  • In multivariate analysis ( adjusted for maternal age, estimated gestational age at enrollment, gravidity and education) adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for any adverse outcome (intrauterine loss, preterm, low birth weight, birth defect) for HIV positive vs negative women was 2.29 (95% CI 1.41 to 3.72), p=0.001. (i-base.info)
  • 4] But women with HIV at normal BMI were at higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA). (i-base.info)
  • In neonates, the half-life of cefotaxime is 2 to 6 hours, it varies with gestational and postnatal ages, and the clearance and distribution volume are 0.074+0.03 l/h/kg and 0.461+0.027 l/kg, respectively. (ac.ir)
  • The RMNCAH & HA Strategic Plan 2022-2026 aims to guide the implementation of high-impact evidence-based interventions to improve maternal, newborn, child, adolescent, and older people outcomes towards the attainment of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 3 (Good health and well-being) and SDG 5 (Gender equality). (who.int)
  • Excellent maternal health and fitness is often associated with better maternal outcomes. (unitypoint.org)
  • Dr. Azra Fazal Pechuhu, Minister for Health and Population Welfare Sindh attended the launch ceremony of the Report titled "Explaining Maternal Mortality in Pakistan: In-depth Analysis of Pakistan Maternal Mortality Survey, 2019" and reiterated Sindh government's commitment to improving health outcomes as population welfare. (pakobserver.net)
  • Mothers who give birth at an advanced age today could be facing lower risks of poor neonatal outcomes than their counterparts in the past ( Carolan 2003 ). (niussp.org)
  • We define advanced maternal age as ages 40+, as previous work has shown that the association between advanced maternal age and adverse birth outcomes becomes clinically relevant after this age threshold ( Mills and Lavender 2011 ). (niussp.org)
  • Although the relationship between fetal death and maternal age during cholera has not been documented, younger age is associated with increased risk for other adverse pregnancy outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • Based on these findings and our previous report on the obstetric and neonatal outcomes associated with postmenopausal reproduction [Paulson RJ et al, JAMA 2002;288:2321-3], we submit that there continues to be a lack of data justifying the restriction of access to ART services based on maternal age alone. (babyafter40.com)
  • The second study found that a maternal age of 40 years or over was not associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes, although these women did have higher rates of cesarean section compared with younger women. (babyafter40.com)
  • The extreme age of the mother is therefore a risk of neonatal adverse outcomes. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Impact of maternal age on birth outcomes: a population-based study of primiparous Brazilian women in the city of São Paulo. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Maternal age and factors associated with perinatal outcomes. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Weng Y-H, Yang C-Y, Chiu Y-W. Risk Assessment of Adverse Birth Outcomes in Relation to Maternal Age. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Although high prenatal and postnatal maternal stress negatively impacted the newborn's motor outcomes, neither prenatal nor postnatal maternal stress reached statistically significant values to foretold the infant's motor function at least in zero to two months old neonates. (news-medical.net)
  • As part of HHS' commitment, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Office of Minority Health (OMH) launched a new Hear Her campaign segment that works to improve AI/AN maternal health outcomes by raising awareness of life-threatening warning signs during and after pregnancy and improving communication between health care providers and their patients. (ncuih.org)
  • As the campaign moves forward into implementation, the focus will be on building capacity for tribes and tribal serving organizations to implement the campaign and improve maternal outcomes. (ncuih.org)
  • Data from Lesotho - where almost a third of women of reproductive age are living with HIV - showed that in the ART era women with HIV still remain at a higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. (i-base.info)
  • Despite almost universal ART and most women starting treatment before pregnancy, adverse birth outcomes remained elevated among women living with HIV compared with HIV negative women in the Integrated Management Team to Improve Maternal-Child Outcomes (IMPROVE) study. (i-base.info)
  • Maternal and neonatal outcomes in electively induced low-risk term pregnancies. (skepticalob.com)
  • Although diagnosis, treatment and management of pregnancy in SLE women have been improved recently, but the main concern is effects of SLE on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes. (ac.ir)
  • This study aimed to investigate the maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes in pregnant women with SLE. (ac.ir)
  • Although the causes of poor pregnancy outcomes at short intervals among older and younger women were not examined in this study, the findings suggest different risk profiles for each age group. (globalhealthnewswire.com)
  • SAN DIEGO - Birth complications during labor and delivery do not increase a child's risk for autism spectrum disorder, delegates heard here at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) 2015 Annual Pregnancy Meeting. (medscape.com)
  • Is Age an Independent Risk Factor for Those Complications? (ijpediatrics.com)
  • 3. Crane JMG, Van den Hof MC, Dodds L, Armson BA, Liston R. Maternal complications with placenta previa. (medresearch.in)
  • The major complications, which account for almost 75% of al maternal deaths, are severe haemorrhage, infection, high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia), complications during childbirth and unsafe abortion. (who.int)
  • In order to prevent PE complications, there are many early detection markers, which include maternal demographics, past medical, obstetric, family history, and some current pregnancy characteristics [ 4 - 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • There is common knowledge among people that pregnancy happened at an increased maternal age causes complications. (craftythinking.com)
  • It is also the first investigation of pregnancy spacing and maternal mortality or severe morbidity-rare but life-threatening complications of pregnancy, labour and delivery-in a high-income country. (globalhealthnewswire.com)
  • To estimate the association between maternal age and fetal death (spontaneous abortion, ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth), taking into account a woman's reproductive history. (bmj.com)
  • Evidence on the direction and strength of association between maternal age and the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHD) in different age group categories is conflicting. (bvsalud.org)
  • To examine the association between maternal age and the prevalence of CHD in Europe between 1995 and 2015 using population -based data from 24 registries belonging to the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT) network. (bvsalud.org)
  • Based on data for cases of CHD from 24 European population -based registries , evidence of a positive association between maternal age and the total prevalence of CHD for younger (≤24 years old) and older (35-44 years old) mothers was observed. (bvsalud.org)
  • The association between maternal age and placenta previa was analysed. (medresearch.in)
  • No association between maternal age and clefts was observed (p=0.747). (bvsalud.org)
  • The maternal mortality rate in 2018 was 17 deaths for every 100,000 live births in the US. (hcplive.com)
  • The maternal mortality rate in 2019 was 20.1 deaths per 100,000 live births. (hcplive.com)
  • The maternal mortality rate for white women rose to 19.1 deaths per 100,000 live births from 17.9 deaths in 2019 and 14.9 deaths in 2018. (hcplive.com)
  • Hispanic women have a lower maternal mortality rate than Black and White women, but the increase in this population during the first year of the pandemic was significant with a rate of 11.8 and 12.6 deaths in 2018 and 2019 compared with 18.2 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2020. (hcplive.com)
  • In 2020, the rate for women under 25 years of age was 13.8 per 100,000 live births. (hcplive.com)
  • The rate for women who are 40 or older is about 8 times higher, with 107.9 deaths per 100,000 live births, than the rate of women under the age of 25. (hcplive.com)
  • And in stark contrast, the maternal mortality rate for Black women 40 years or older was 263.1 deaths for every 100,000 live births. (hcplive.com)
  • The maternal death rate for 2018 was 17.4 deaths per 100,000 live births, and much higher among black women than other ethnicities, according to the first report on national maternal mortality the CDC has released since 2007. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention included infant deaths and infant death rate per 1,000 live births for 2020, maternal deaths and maternal death rate per 100,000 live births for 2018-2020, and number of births in 2020. (247wallst.com)
  • Health initiatives should promote healthy weight status before and during pregnancy to improve maternal and child health. (rti.org)
  • IMPROVE is a cluster randomised study of facility-based interventions to improve maternal child health services. (i-base.info)
  • California Department of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health (MCAH) Program, & University of California, San Francisco, Center on Social Disparities in Health, Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA) Survey (Mar. 2018). (kidsdata.org)
  • Black women had a maternal mortality rate of 37.3 and 44 in 2018 and 2019, respectively. (hcplive.com)
  • As of 2018, the checkbox was added to death certificates in all 50 states, allowing the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics to begin gathering and publishing maternal mortality data again. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • The new data shows a total of 658 deaths were identified in 2018 as maternal deaths. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • Estimated percentage of children ages 0-18 with and without health insurance coverage at the time of survey, by type of insurance and age group (e.g., in 2018, 42.5% of California children ages 6-18 were covered by public health insurance). (kidsdata.org)
  • 2018). The main question of this study is how teachers working with children under the age of three speak about successful pedagogy. (helsinki.fi)
  • Estimated number of children ages 0-17 living in census tracts in which at least 30% of residents live below their federal poverty threshold (e.g., in 2014-2018, 964,271 California children lived in areas of concentrated poverty). (kidsdata.org)
  • The contribution of fewer births to teens and to women aged 20−24 years to the overall decline in preterm births was offset by increases in births to older mothers. (cdc.gov)
  • Rates of preterm births vary by maternal age, being higher among the youngest and oldest mothers. (cdc.gov)
  • The effects of age distribution changes on the preterm birth rate decrease were different in younger and older mothers. (cdc.gov)
  • The decrease in the proportion of births to mothers aged ≤19 and 20−24 years and reductions in age-specific preterm rates in all age groups contributed to the overall decline in the preterm birth rate. (cdc.gov)
  • The increase in births to mothers aged ≥30 years had no effect on the overall preterm birth rate decrease. (cdc.gov)
  • A decrease in the percentage of births to mothers aged ≤24 years was observed, which included a 39.5% decrease in births to teens and an increase in births to women aged ≥25 years ( Table ). (cdc.gov)
  • The age of first time mothers continues to climb as more women are waiting to have a baby. (unitypoint.org)
  • As a maternal fetal medicine (MFM) specialist Dr. Pedron specializes in caring for expectant mothers and their unborn baby either who may have health concerns before birth or after delivery. (unitypoint.org)
  • The analysis shows women belonging to younger and higher age groups, with no education and first-time mothers are at a significantly higher risk of maternal mortality in Pakistan. (pakobserver.net)
  • Interestingly, a new joint study conducted by the University of Wyoming and the Salvador Zubiran National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition in Mexico City is flipping the script on this notion and suggesting that certain parents, more specifically obese mothers , can cause their children to age at an accelerated rate. (studyfinds.org)
  • However, after studying the offspring of obese rat mothers, the research team say the effects of maternal obesity can be passed down to subsequent generations, and accelerate the offspring's rate of aging when it comes to metabolic problems. (studyfinds.org)
  • The results suggest that naive mothers can be 'primed' to exhibit greater maternal responsiveness than is characteristic of primiparous mothers. (mysciencework.com)
  • Total prevalence for all CHD combined was increased for younger mothers (≤24 years) and for mothers 35-44 years of age when compared with mothers aged 25-29 years (reference group) (IRR 1.05, 95% CI 1.02, 1.07). (bvsalud.org)
  • The total prevalence was increased for severity group I (very severe) only for younger mothers compared to those aged 25-29 years (IRR 1.14, 95% CI 1.04, 1.23). (bvsalud.org)
  • This cross-sectional study included 98 adolescents (up to 18 year-old) and 33 advanced maternal age (more than 35 year-old) mothers admitted at the maternity of Presidente Prudente Regional Hospital, Brazil. (bvsalud.org)
  • The median age adolescents and advanced maternal age mothers were 20 years (12-24) 37 years (35-45), respectively. (bvsalud.org)
  • The majority of the adolescents (66.3%) were primiparous and C-section delivery had occurred in 66.7% of advanced age mothers. (bvsalud.org)
  • In particular, the differences in the profiles of mothers who gave birth at age 40+ and those who gave birth in their 20s became larger and advanced maternal age became increasingly associated with socio-economic advantage and good health behaviours. (niussp.org)
  • For example, Figure 1 shows that amongst mothers who gave birth in 1958 or 1970 there was a smaller percentage of mothers who gave birth at advanced maternal ages in a high social class group than mothers who gave birth in their mid-20s. (niussp.org)
  • Figure 2 shows that there was virtually no age gradient in smoking during pregnancy in 1958 and 1970, whilst amongst mothers who gave birth around 1992 or 2001 older mothers were less likely to smoke during pregnancy than younger mothers. (niussp.org)
  • The reference category was mothers who gave birth at ages 25-29. (niussp.org)
  • In particular, only in the most recent cohorts did the adjustment for mothers' socio-demographic characteristics (e.g. education, social class, marital status) increase the odds of LBW associated with advanced maternal age to a level similar to that observed in the unadjusted model for 1958/1970. (niussp.org)
  • This study aimed to investigate the complementary feeding practice among mothers with children aged 6-23 months by maternal employment status in eastern Ethiopia. (researchsquare.com)
  • The population of the study comprised 548969 mothers of child-bearing age (15-49 years). (edu.ng)
  • The study made use of proportionately sampled 400 mothers of childbearing age (15-49 years). (edu.ng)
  • There is a significant association between the level of education of mothers and utilization of overall maternal health services. (edu.ng)
  • Of 789 neonates from mothers with extreme age included, 64.7% were from mothers under the age of 18, and 35.3% from mothers aged 40 and over. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • They were compared to 519 neonates from mothers aged 20-30. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • A few years ago, Buss and colleagues measured cortisol levels during pregnancy in a group of 65 normal, healthy mothers and examined the association between maternal cortisol levels in early, mid-, and late gestation and measures of amygdala and hippocampus volume in their children at seven years of age. (superdoctors.com)
  • In another study, Rifkin-Grabbi and colleagues recruited 157 mothers at 10 to 13 weeks of pregnancy and assessed maternal depressive symptoms at 26 weeks of gestation using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). (superdoctors.com)
  • The study indicated that the children born to mothers having ages greater than 40 years had 51% more chances of developing autism. (craftythinking.com)
  • These statistics study concentrated on breastfeeding versus artificial leave no doubt about the significant impact of a woman's feeding and weaning behaviour of 2833 Kuwaiti mothers career on the length of time she chooses to breastfeed and with children aged 1 year ( 3 ). (who.int)
  • They also not consider the relationship between some of the social found that most infants in families without nursemaids and psychological variables and maternal breastfeeding were breastfed by their mothers. (who.int)
  • Furthermore, the National Council of Urban Indian Health (NCUIH) has engaged in extensive advocacy on behalf of AI/AN mothers and infants and for increased funding and support to the UIOs which provide maternal health, infant health, prenatal, and family planning services to AI/AN mothers and infants. (ncuih.org)
  • The children's BPA levels decreased from ages 1 to 3, but were higher and more variable than that of their mothers. (domain-b.com)
  • [15] Another known risk factor for preterm birth, advanced maternal age, was also studied, as preterm births are more likely among teen mothers and mothers ≥40 years of age. (prccm.org)
  • Mean maternal age increased from 27.4 years to 28.3 years. (cdc.gov)
  • From 2007 to 2014, the birth rate for females aged 15-19 years declined 42%, from 41.5 to 24.2 per 1,000 females. (cdc.gov)
  • A U-shaped relationship between maternal age and preterm birth was present in both years with the lowest preterm birth rate occurring among women aged 25−29 years (Table) (Figure). (cdc.gov)
  • At age 42 years, more than half of such pregnancies resulted in fetal loss. (bmj.com)
  • The risk of a spontaneous abortion was 8.9% in women aged 20-24 years and 74.7% in those aged 45 years or more. (bmj.com)
  • This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity in those aged six to eight years and to investigate maternal perception of child weight. (who.int)
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of overweight or obese infants and young children under the age of five years increased from 32 million globally in 1990 to 42 million in 2013 (2). (who.int)
  • This page provides resource information for the workforce that is primarily working to support families with children, prenatally through five years of age. (oregon.gov)
  • According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics the average age for a first-time mother has increased from age 21.4 in 1970 to 26.6 in 2016 - that's an average increase of five-years in the last four decades. (unitypoint.org)
  • The median maternal age during pregnancy was 28.6 years. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Among age groups, a significant increase from 2019-2020 was observed in women aged 25-39 and women 40 years or older. (hcplive.com)
  • Given the increase in maternal age over recent years, it is important to study the CHD prevalence by maternal age . (bvsalud.org)
  • Further subgroup analyses were undertaken within four maternal age -bands ≤24, 25-29, 30-34 and 35-44 years. (bvsalud.org)
  • The results suggest that young maternal age (≤24 years old) is a factor associated with severe CHD phenotypes while a positive association between advanced maternal age (35-44 years old) and mild CHD phenotypes was observed. (bvsalud.org)
  • During 1961-2011, birth rates decreased for all women aged 15-44 years. (cdc.gov)
  • 35 years, with rates for women aged 20-24 years (85.3 per 1,000 population) and those aged 15-19 years (31.3) reaching historic lows. (cdc.gov)
  • The birth rate for women aged 25-29 years decreased 9% (to 107.2), and the rate for women aged 30-34 years decreased 6% (to 96.5). (cdc.gov)
  • The birth rate for women aged 35-39 years was unchanged (47.2), and the rate for women aged 40-44 years increased 10% (to 10.3). (cdc.gov)
  • The figure above shows birth rates among women aged 15-44 years, by maternal age group, in the United States during 1961, 2007, and 2011. (cdc.gov)
  • Take the journey which will lead you to where we are now - an advanced maternal age mother (now of three years) navigating her way through preschool pandemonium. (fromguccitogerber.com)
  • Calculate birth rates (normalized to the total population) and fertility rates (normalized to females age 15 - 44 years old), as well as other measures . (cdc.gov)
  • Age of Mother - under 15 years through over 50 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Appropriate complementary feeding practice during the first two years of age prevents life cycle health problems that cannot be averted later in life. (researchsquare.com)
  • Fetal death occurred in 141 of the 900 analyzed pregnancies, more often in women less than 20 years of age, in their third trimester, seeking treatment more than 24 hours after symptom onset, with severe dehydration or who vomited. (cdc.gov)
  • Women less than 20 years of age were twice as likely as older women to experience fetal death. (cdc.gov)
  • Women who conceive and deliver after the age of 50 years, following egg donation, do not have a reduced parenting capacity compared with younger women, according to new study findings. (babyafter40.com)
  • In this first study examining physical and mental functioning among women conceiving after the age of 50 years, we did not find significant differences between this group and their younger counterparts. (babyafter40.com)
  • The first study, based on analysis of almost 6 million deliveries in the USA, found that women at the extremes of maternal age (younger than 20 years or older than 34 years) were significantly more likely than women of intermediate age to have a stillbirth. (babyafter40.com)
  • Clinical aspects of pregnancy after the age of 35 years: a review of the literature. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • 11 In short, "there is an increasing risk of fetal loss with increasing maternal age in women aged more than 30 years. (heritage.org)
  • The article examines how advanced maternal age, defined as delivery at thirty-five years old or older, cigarette smoking, and nulliparity, or the state of never having given birth, can negatively impact pregnancy. (asu.edu)
  • The study shows that between 1982 and 2004, the number of children born having mother's age between 40 and 44 years has increased three times. (craftythinking.com)
  • But the latest study indicates that paternal age and autism are only related if the mother's age is under 30 years. (craftythinking.com)
  • Five BMI z score trajectories from birth to age 4 years were identified by using latent class growth analysis. (rti.org)
  • Correlations were found between the duration of breastfeeding and maternal and paternal education, maternal occupation, years of marriage, age at marriage, family stability scale, self-esteem scale, and socioeconomic variables. (who.int)
  • The median age of all participating women was 31 years (IQR 28-34 years). (medscape.com)
  • Diabetes was diagnosed at a median age of 34 years (IQR 30-38 years), and only a few women went through menopause during follow-up. (medscape.com)
  • However, there was evidence of association between father's aged ≥40 years old and NSCL/P (p=0.031). (bvsalud.org)
  • This study showed that there were differences in the distribution of the non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate and the gender, and fathers aged ≥40 years old may have increased risk of oral cleft. (bvsalud.org)
  • Eligible participants were multiple or singleton pregnant women who can read and write English, with an internet connection, aged 18 to 55 years, and at any stage of gestation. (news-medical.net)
  • Annual average NO 2 concentration ( P = 0.007) and maternal age more than 40 years ( P = 0.012) were significant risk factors. (prccm.org)
  • Preschool wheeze in children aged 6 years or below is a heterogeneous disorder, including asthma, acute bronchitis, and acute bronchiolitis. (prccm.org)
  • Preschool wheeze in children was reported to occur in 33% of children aged 1-6 years. (prccm.org)
  • Putpute or pulple as it is known is held at the age of 2 years and conducted by the maternal uncle. (tamusamajuk.com)
  • Age related risk of fetal loss, ectopic pregnancy, and stillbirth, and age related risk of spontaneous abortion stratified according to parity and previous spontaneous abortions. (bmj.com)
  • The risk of an ectopic pregnancy and stillbirth also increased with increasing maternal age. (bmj.com)
  • Higher rate of stillbirth at the extremes of reproductive age: a large nationwide sample of deliveries in the United States. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Placental Dysfunction Underlies Increased Risk of Fetal Growth Restriction and Stillbirth in Advanced Maternal Age Women. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • 7 Even if, under optimal conditions, we can freeze the eggs of a 30-year-old woman and give her a 13 percent chance of an implantation in her 40s, there is still a much higher risk of maternal morbidity and stillbirth. (heritage.org)
  • In April 1994, Elizabeth Raymond, Sven Cnattingius, and John Kiely published "Effects of Maternal Age, Parity, and Smoking on the Risk of Stillbirth" in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, now known as BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (asu.edu)
  • Nonetheless, the cross-cohort differences in the fully adjusted model could suggest that access to modern obstetric care has modified and reduced the risks associated with giving birth at advanced maternal age. (niussp.org)
  • 6. Cleary -Goldman J, Malone FD, Vidaver J et al: Impact of maternal age on obstetric outcome. (medresearch.in)
  • High maternal age was a significant risk factor for spontaneous abortion irrespective of the number of previous miscarriages, parity, or calendar period. (bmj.com)
  • 16. Abu-Heija A, El-Jallad F, Ziadeh S. Placenta previa: effect of age, gravidity, parity and previous cesarean section. (medresearch.in)
  • Such an inverse association was also detected in strata of subgroup analyses according to study location, study sample size, parity of populations, singleton pregnancy, and adjustment for potential confounders including maternal age, diabetes mellitus, chronic hypertension, body mass index, and gender of infant. (oncotarget.com)
  • An in-depth analysis of Pakistan Maternal Mortality Survey (PMMS) 2019 produced jointly by the Population Council, National Committee on Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health, National Institute of Population Studies found critical gaps in maternal health services for women of reproductive age in Pakistan. (pakobserver.net)
  • The analytical framework for in-depth analysis of PMMS 2019 used both quantitative and qualitative approaches to investigate levels and causes of maternal mortality across Pakistan which yielded important policy and programmatic implications. (pakobserver.net)
  • According to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) , the number of maternal deaths went from 754 in 2019, to 861 in 2020. (hcplive.com)
  • However, very little information is available on the influence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on maternal mental health and associated motor deficits in neonates. (news-medical.net)
  • Although eclipsed by Tsepamo and other presentations evaluating dolutegravir (DTG)-associated neural tube defect risk, [1] there were several interesting related oral and poster abstracts at IAS 2019 focusing on pregnancy and maternal infant health. (i-base.info)
  • In Ethiopia, the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) report indicated that only 60% of infants aged 6-8 months got any complementary food with a median duration of exclusive breastfeeding of 3.1months. (researchsquare.com)
  • The median age of the infants at presentation for birth vaccines was six (interquartile range 2-16) days. (annalsofglobalhealth.org)
  • Native infants are also almost three times more likely than non-Hispanic whites to die from accidental deaths before the age of one year. (ncuih.org)
  • The study included 24 healthy infants at age 3-4 months. (childstudy.ca)
  • Substantial disparities of maternal mortality ratio among provinces, regions and rural areas call for customized interventions and improvement to access of family planning services and information could reduce number of maternal mortalities in Pakistan. (pakobserver.net)
  • MIHA is a collaborative effort of the Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division and the Women, Infant and Children Division of the California Department of Public Health and the Center on Social Disparities in Health at UC San Francisco. (kidsdata.org)
  • Rural Health Research Gateway recently compiled research coauthored by multiple NRHA members related to aging in place, race and rurality regarding maternal health disparities, rural mental health, and the travel burden to receive care. (mo.gov)
  • Given the maternal health disparities that AI/AN people and communities experience, it is a priority for CDC and OMH to reach tribal communities with resources CDC and OMH have worked to include the voices and perspectives of AI/AN throughout the development of the campaign and will continue to do so over time. (ncuih.org)
  • Although Pakistan made significant improvement in Antenatal care and delivery in facilities, but number of maternal mortalities did not reduce accordingly. (pakobserver.net)
  • In a recent study posted to the Research Square * preprint server, researchers estimated the impact of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health on the motor developments of the newborn during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. (news-medical.net)
  • Risk increased with age resulting in Black women 40 or over making up the majority of maternal deaths in 2020. (hcplive.com)
  • The number of maternal deaths increased 14% in 2020 compared to the year before. (hcplive.com)
  • Despite the global decline in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to 34.2% between 2000 and 2020, MMR is stil a disaster in the Africa region. (who.int)
  • The African Region accounted for 69% of global maternal deaths in 2020. (who.int)
  • Compared to 2017, in 2020 the maternal mortality ratio increased in 17 countries and decreased in 30 countries. (who.int)
  • In 2020, the maternal mortality ratio in the African Region was estimated at 531 deaths per 100 000 live births. (who.int)
  • In Guinea Bissau, in 2020, the maternal mortality rate increased by 9% compared to 2017. (who.int)
  • The maternal mortality rate in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, increased by 16% in 2020. (who.int)
  • In 2020, the maternal mortality rate increased by 37% in Zambia in relation to the 2017 rate. (who.int)
  • Despite being among the countries with a low rate of maternal mortality, Mauritius witnessed a 38% increase in the period between 2017 and 2020. (who.int)
  • In Comoros, maternal deaths increased by 21% in the period between 2017 and 2020. (who.int)
  • Namibia's maternal mortality rate increased by 10% between 2017 and 2020. (who.int)
  • Between 2017 and 2020, Sao Tome and Principe witnessed a 12% increase in its maternal mortality rate. (who.int)
  • National Vital Statistics System data for all live births to U.S. residents in 2007 and 2014 were analyzed for the effects of maternal age on the decline in preterm birth rates. (cdc.gov)
  • Maternal Mortality remains a key issue affecting women of reproductive age across the African Region. (who.int)
  • A factor often overlooked, but which nevertheless plays a definitive role in children's weight, eating habits and physical activity, is maternal perception of overweight and obesity and its influences (13). (who.int)
  • On the bright side, proper exercise did appear to curtail the most of the harmful effects of maternal obesity across both genders. (studyfinds.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Maternal prepregnancy obesity, GWG, and serum triglycerides are associated with longitudinal BMI trajectories in early childhood that may increase disease risk in later life. (rti.org)
  • Our maternal morbidity and mortality is the highest in the developed world, and the trend is continuing despite our awareness of it, despite our maternal-mortality review committees, despite attention in the press," Kara Zivin, professor of psychiatry, obstetrics and gynecology, University of Michigan, said in a statement . (hcplive.com)
  • Among women over 35 who conceived six months after a previous birth, the researchers found a 1.2 per cent risk (12 cases per 1,000 pregnancies) of maternal mortality or severe morbidity. (globalhealthnewswire.com)
  • Objective: To study the effect of maternal age on incidence of placenta previa. (medresearch.in)
  • The changing distribution of maternal age might indicate success of programs to prevent teen and unintended pregnancies. (cdc.gov)
  • Provision of quality family planning services can reduce repeated and multiple pregnancies as the analysis showed that non-practicing of family planning was a big factor contributing to maternal deaths. (pakobserver.net)
  • Pregnancies at extreme ages of reproductive life are considered to be at high risk for mother and neonate. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • After potential confounders related to socioeconomic status, maternal health, pregnancy-related events and conditions, and birth cohort were controlled for, the odds of a diagnosis of autism were not significantly higher in children exposed to induction or augmentation than in those not exposed to either. (medscape.com)
  • Effective public health strategies for further reducing preterm birth rates need to be tailored to different age groups. (cdc.gov)
  • Ensuring universal access to comprehensive, high-impact, quality, cost-effective, and culturally sensitive reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and healthier ageing services to all Eritreans along the continuum of care in an equitable and efficient manner is the main mission of this document. (who.int)
  • The study analysis that had technical and financial support of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) examines the predictors of maternal mortality in Pakistan and unpacks causes of maternal deaths while also identifying the societal and medical factors that contribute to the tragic loss of maternal lives. (pakobserver.net)
  • She stressed for concerted efforts and investments to meet the public health and human rights imperative of saving maternal lives. (pakobserver.net)
  • UNC Collaborative for Maternal and Infant Health aims to improve the health and well-being of women and families across North Carolina through community partnerships, research and clinical care innovations, and developing new approaches to complex problems. (mombaby.org)
  • NSCH data are collected by the U.S. Census Bureau on behalf of the Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Department of Health and Human Services. (kidsdata.org)
  • The World Health Orginization (WHO) defines a maternal death as 'the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and the site of the pregnancy, but not from accidental or incidental causes. (hcplive.com)
  • Trends in fertility and infant and maternal Health-United States, 1980-1988. (cdc.gov)
  • The study shows that in the UK the association between advanced maternal age and child health has not remained constant over time and is tied to the time period under consideration. (niussp.org)
  • Data are available by a variety of demographic characteristics, such as state and county of residence, mother's race, and mother's age, and health and medical items. (cdc.gov)
  • There is a need to strengthen maternal health service utilization such as ANC and institutional delivery to improve complementary feeding practices. (researchsquare.com)
  • Abstract The purpose of the study was to determine the utilization of maternal health services among women of child-bearing age in Ebonyi State. (edu.ng)
  • The study was delimited to utilization of three components of maternal health services, namely: prenatal services, delivery services and postnatal services. (edu.ng)
  • Literature pertinent to the study was reviewed under conceptual framework, empirical studies, factors that Influence utilization of maternal health services and theoretical framework and summary of reviewed literature. (edu.ng)
  • The findings of the study showed that women of child-bearing age utilized maternal health services and the factors that negatively influenced utilization of maternal health services were lack of awareness, finance, and absence of health workers. (edu.ng)
  • The study recommended, among others that maternal health services should be free at all stages and continuous public health education by health agencies and other relevant organs of information dissemination to enlighten the public on the importance of utilizing maternal health services. (edu.ng)
  • Written by a leading fertility specialist and a health educator, this original and daring book rethinks society's most fundamental beliefs about motherhood, aging and life itself. (babyafter40.com)
  • The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers' products does not imply that they are en- dorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. (who.int)
  • Dr. Joffe found that lock downs have negatively affected millions of people across the globe with food insecurity (82-132 million), severe poverty (70 million), maternal and under age-5 mortality from interrupted healthcare (1.7 million), infectious disease deaths from interrupted healthcare, school closures affecting future earning potential and lifespan of children, domestic violence mostly against women, mental health issues, drug addiction and more. (blacklistednews.com)
  • In addition, various studies have reported that the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic adversely impacts maternal mental health during pregnancy and postpartum. (news-medical.net)
  • During the initial time point, data on the subject's age, gender, residing country, occupation, education, and mental and physical health were collected using the survey form. (news-medical.net)
  • According to the authors, this is the first study examining the impact of maternal mental health on the motor development of babies during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. (news-medical.net)
  • Unlike the general knowledge regarding the harmful effects of smoking on health, maternal smoking during pregnancy has been demonstrated to protect potentially from the development of preeclampsia [ 8 ]. (oncotarget.com)
  • On December 1, 2022, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services(HHS) Secretary Xavier Becerra attended the White House Tribal Nations Summit where he discussed the Department's commitment to addressing mental and maternal health in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities. (ncuih.org)
  • Additional ongoing and historical trauma due to colonization, genocide, forced migration, and cultural erasure also contribute to health inequities, including pregnancy-related deaths and other maternal health conditions. (ncuih.org)
  • At least 23 of these clinics provide care for maternal health, infant health, prenatal, and/or family planning. (ncuih.org)
  • They also provide pediatric services and participate in maternal-child care programs such as WIC and the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting program (MIECHV). (ncuih.org)
  • They learnt about nursing care for of all ages and backgrounds, as well as child and maternal health care. (edu.au)
  • In March 2022, NCUIH signed onto a letter to Congress led by the National Home Visiting Coalition in support of reauthorizing HRSA's Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) and doubling the Tribal set-aside - which includes UIOs. (ncuih.org)
  • Dr. Bill Meyer shares this article with patients and notes again how "age is the major determinate in fertility. (carolinaconceptions.com)
  • It's a fact that female fertility declines with age. (txfertility.com)
  • More women are delaying motherhood to pursue their life goals, so our Austin fertility doctors want women to understand the relationship between advanced maternal age and fertility. (txfertility.com)
  • Age has a significant effect on a woman's fertility. (txfertility.com)
  • When it comes to the link between advanced maternal age and fertility, our Austin fertility doctors take care to explain how female fertility works. (txfertility.com)
  • A nation-wide study of data on height and weight were obtained from nurses' records, and maternal perceptions were assessed through a self-administered questionnaire. (who.int)
  • This study will be helpful in policymaking, designing new MNCH initiatives to prevent maternal deaths in Pakistan. (pakobserver.net)
  • In this study, we consider household decision-making on living arrangements and maternal labor supply in extended families with young children. (dukeupress.edu)
  • This study concerns the construction of the personal stereotypes of "adult" and adulthood roles and the influence of gender, maternal employment, and employment goals of adolescents in formulating a concept of "adult" during two periods in adolescence. (elsevier.com)
  • Maternal age and the prevalence of congenital heart defects in Europe, 1995-2015: A register-based study. (bvsalud.org)
  • Up to now, however, no study has analysed whether this is the case, despite the increasing proportion of women giving birth at advanced maternal ages. (niussp.org)
  • The aim of the study was to determine neonatal risks associated with extreme maternal age. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • The aim of this study was to examine how the Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) directors describe the pedagogy of children under the age of three and what significances the ECEC directors can give to the pedagogy of said children. (helsinki.fi)
  • The study focuses on analyzing how the pedagogy of under the age of three is discursively constructed by the ECEC direc-tors. (helsinki.fi)
  • A comprehensive study was conducted as per Autism Speaks, which examined the parental age of 10,000 autistic children and nearly five million control children. (craftythinking.com)
  • A study based in California indicated that maternal age is continuously on the rise. (craftythinking.com)
  • But surprisingly, this study also indicated that the number of cases related to increasing maternal age and autism risk accounts for only 5% of the cases. (craftythinking.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the associations between maternal metabolic parameters and early childhood BMI trajectories. (rti.org)
  • More than 3,500 children are enrolled in the study and followed from pre-birth until age five. (childstudy.ca)
  • In a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine , researchers found that getting pregnant less than 12 months after delivery is associated with risks for women of all ages. (globalhealthnewswire.com)
  • The study is the most extensive evaluation of how the role of pregnancy spacing could be impacted by maternal age. (globalhealthnewswire.com)
  • Women who experienced preadmission or postadmission fetal death did not differ by age or clinical presentation. (cdc.gov)
  • Fetal death may occur due to fetal hypoxia and acidosis resulting from excessive maternal dehydration. (cdc.gov)
  • The risk for fetal death was highest in the third trimester, even after controlling for maternal age, dehydration level, and vomiting. (cdc.gov)
  • The decline in preterm births from 2007 to 2014 is related, in part, to teen pregnancy prevention and the changing maternal age distribution. (cdc.gov)
  • Per 1,000 women in specified age group. (cdc.gov)
  • Birthweight, maternal age, and birth order : three important determinants in infant mortality / Ruth R. Puffer, Carlos V. Serrano. (who.int)
  • Maternal age under 18 was a risk factor for Apgar index below 7 at the 5th minute RR 1.69 (95% CI 1.17, 2.44), preterm birth RR 2.19 (95% CI 1.70, 2.80), low birthweight RR 2.03 (95% CI 1.53, 2.53) and admission to neonatalogy RR 2.64 (95% CI 2.20, 3.16). (ijpediatrics.com)
  • One genetic risk factor associated with autism is maternal and paternal age. (craftythinking.com)
  • This way, while comparing paternal and maternal age through autism research, it can be said that maternal age and autism risk are linked more as compared to paternal age and autism risk. (craftythinking.com)
  • Maternal serum triglycerides were negatively associated with BMI trajectories departing from lower birth sizes. (rti.org)
  • Experimental unconfounding of age and maternal responsiveness in rodents: prenatal CER conditioning to neonatal ultrasounds. (mysciencework.com)
  • HIV prevalence is very high in Lesotho: about 30% among women aged 15-59. (i-base.info)
  • The researchers said the increased risk in women aged 40 or over in particular suggested that frequent antepartum fetal monitoring may be warranted. (babyafter40.com)
  • Pregnancy and childbirth in women aged 40 and over at befelatanana maternity, Madagascar. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Prior to this, the US already had a higher maternal mortality rate than many developed countries. (hcplive.com)
  • Higher maternal cortisol levels in early (but not later) pregnancy were associated with larger right amygdala volume in girls but not in boys. (superdoctors.com)
  • Moreover, higher maternal cortisol levels in early pregnancy were also associated with more affective problems in girls, and this association was mediated, in part, by amygdala volume. (superdoctors.com)
  • A trend of increasing placenta previa incidence was observed in the past decade mainly because of an increasing caesarean section rate and advancing maternal age at the time of pregnancy. (medresearch.in)
  • All other risk factors for placenta previa except maternal age were excluded. (medresearch.in)
  • Conclusion- Advancing maternal age (≥ 35years) appears to increase the risk of placenta previa independent of other risk factors. (medresearch.in)
  • In the case of a complete placenta previa , a cesarian section is required for delivery to avoid the risk of fetal and maternal hemorrhage. (pacs.de)
  • I am excited to share that I am writing a book for women trying to conceive with advanced maternal age! (notriggerwarnings.com)
  • Increased mother's age is also linked with a lot of other developmental disorders, like Down Syndrome, etc. (craftythinking.com)
  • The duration of artificial feeding, number of abortions, degree of religiosity, family stability scale, age, and socioeconomic scale related to the du- ration of the mother's breastfeeding. (who.int)
  • The clipping of the boy's locks must be done by his maternal uncle or if none exists another man is made his mother's brother and this pseudo-maternal uncle carries out the task. (tamusamajuk.com)
  • These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2009-2010, Module 2 on Maternal, infant and young child nutrition. (who.int)
  • There's no doubt women are waiting longer to have their first child," shares Steve Pedron, MD, UnityPoint Clinic - Maternal Fetal Medicine medical director. (unitypoint.org)
  • When dysregulation of the maternal HPA axis occurs - as a result of exposure to stressful life events or the experience of anxiety or depressive symptoms during pregnancy - the baby is exposed to higher levels of cortisol and this may lead to long-standing alterations in the fetal HPA axis, making the child more susceptible to depression or anxiety as an adult. (superdoctors.com)
  • Buss C, Davis EP, Shahbaba B, Pruessner JC, Head K, Sandman CA. Maternal cortisol over the course of pregnancy and subsequent child amygdala and hippocampus volumes and affective problems. (superdoctors.com)
  • If I hadn't had K and A when I did, my cut off age would have been how ever long it took me to have a child. (tertia.org)
  • Variables examined being involved in the workplace changed the role and included maternal nutrition and education, parental age, status of women in contemporary Kuwaiti society ( 5 ). (who.int)
  • Historically this term started because of the increasing risk a woman has for genetic disorders as they age. (unitypoint.org)
  • Overall, the risk of maternal death increased with age. (hcplive.com)
  • After the age of the sixth month, the energy and nutrient content of breast milk alone is not enough to meet the nutritional demand of the growing infant, therefore optimal complementary feeding helps to reduces the child's risk of acquisition of different infectious diseases and related mortality. (researchsquare.com)
  • Tabcharoen S, Pinjaroen S, Suwanrath, Krisanapan O. Pregnancy outcome after age 40 and risk of low birth weight. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Maternal age at first childbirth and risk of low birth weight and preterm delivery in Washington State. (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Is maternal age risk factor for low birth weight? (ijpediatrics.com)
  • Maternal factors and history alone can be used as a PE risk stratification method. (hindawi.com)
  • Elevated body mass index, maternal age extremes and Afro-American ethnicity are associated with a higher risk of PE [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Studies indicate that with the increasing maternal age, the risk of autism increases in the children born to the mother. (craftythinking.com)
  • The studies conducted earlier indicated that autism's risk factors are associated with both paternal and maternal ages. (craftythinking.com)
  • Further studies involving different populations are needed for a better understanding of the effect of maternal and paternal ages as a risk factor for the occurrence of oral clefts. (bvsalud.org)
  • Is maternal age an independent risk factor for fetal loss? (ku.dk)
  • Potential risk factors for admissions over the same period were retrieved (i.e., air pollutants, preterm delivery, and maternal age). (prccm.org)