Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Mouth FloorMouth DiseasesMouth Mucosa: Lining of the ORAL CAVITY, including mucosa on the GUMS; the PALATE; the LIP; the CHEEK; floor of the mouth; and other structures. The mucosa is generally a nonkeratinized stratified squamous EPITHELIUM covering muscle, bone, or glands but can show varying degree of keratinization at specific locations.Mouth Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Mouthwashes: Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Xerostomia: Decreased salivary flow.Mouth Protectors: Devices or pieces of equipment placed in or around the mouth or attached to instruments to protect the external or internal tissues of the mouth and the teeth.Enterovirus A, Human: A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 10 serotypes, mostly coxsackieviruses.Dental Impression Materials: Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.Trismus: Spasmodic contraction of the masseter muscle resulting in forceful jaw closure. This may be seen with a variety of diseases, including TETANUS, as a complication of radiation therapy, trauma, or in association with neoplastic conditions.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Halitosis: An offensive, foul breath odor resulting from a variety of causes such as poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infections, or the ingestion of certain foods.Construction Materials: Supplies used in building.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Sucking Behavior: Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.Lip: Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.Biomimetic Materials: Materials fabricated by BIOMIMETICS techniques, i.e., based on natural processes found in biological systems.Enterovirus: A genus of the family PICORNAVIRIDAE whose members preferentially inhabit the intestinal tract of a variety of hosts. The genus contains many species. Newly described members of human enteroviruses are assigned continuous numbers with the species designated "human enterovirus".Nose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.Resins, Synthetic: Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Dentures: An appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues. It does not include CROWNS; DENTAL ABUTMENTS; nor TOOTH, ARTIFICIAL.Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Pharynx: A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).Tensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)Methacrylates: Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Respiratory Muscles: These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Temporomandibular Joint: An articulation between the condyle of the mandible and the articular tubercle of the temporal bone.Coated Materials, Biocompatible: Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Silicates: The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.Acrylic ResinsBisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate: The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Polymers: Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).Enterovirus InfectionsAnkylosis: Fixation and immobility of a joint.Ceramics: Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Saliva, Artificial: A solution used for irrigating the mouth in xerostomia and as a substitute for saliva.Hardness: The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.Salivation: The discharge of saliva from the SALIVARY GLANDS that keeps the mouth tissues moist and aids in digestion.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Yawning: An involuntary deep INHALATION with the MOUTH open, often accompanied by the act of stretching.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Taste Disorders: Conditions characterized by an alteration in gustatory function or perception. Taste disorders are frequently associated with OLFACTION DISORDERS. Additional potential etiologies include METABOLIC DISEASES; DRUG TOXICITY; and taste pathway disorders (e.g., TASTE BUD diseases; FACIAL NERVE DISEASES; GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL NERVE DISEASES; and BRAIN STEM diseases).Siloxanes: Silicon polymers that contain alternate silicon and oxygen atoms in linear or cyclic molecular structures.Elasticity: Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.Oral Ulcer: A loss of mucous substance of the mouth showing local excavation of the surface, resulting from the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue. It is the result of a variety of causes, e.g., denture irritation, aphthous stomatitis (STOMATITIS, APHTHOUS); NOMA; necrotizing gingivitis (GINGIVITIS, NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE); TOOTHBRUSHING; and various irritants. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p842)Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Polyurethanes: A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.Hoarseness: An unnaturally deep or rough quality of voice.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Dental Articulators: Mechanical devices that simulate the temporomandibular joints and jaws to which maxillary and mandibular casts are attached. The entire assembly attempts to reproduce the movements of the mandible and the various tooth-to-tooth relationships that accompany those movements.Zirconium: Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Denture Liners: Material applied to the tissue side of a denture to provide a soft lining to the parts of a denture coming in contact with soft tissue. It cushions contact of the denture with the tissues.Porosity: Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.Inhalation: The act of BREATHING in.Oral Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.Elastic Modulus: Numerical expression indicating the measure of stiffness in a material. It is defined by the ratio of stress in a unit area of substance to the resulting deformation (strain). This allows the behavior of a material under load (such as bone) to be calculated.Silicone Elastomers: Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Methylmethacrylates: The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Glass Ionomer Cements: A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Calcium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Facial Bones: The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)IndiaTaste: The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.Masks: Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Oral Submucous FibrosisDental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Nanostructures: Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Ranula: A form of retention cyst of the floor of the mouth, usually due to obstruction of the ducts of the submaxillary or sublingual glands, presenting a slowly enlarging painless deep burrowing mucocele of one side of the mouth. It is also called sublingual cyst and sublingual ptyalocele.PolyvinylsSutures: Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Deglutition: The act of taking solids and liquids into the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT through the mouth and throat.Cheek: The part of the face that is below the eye and to the side of the nose and mouth.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Aphthovirus: A genus of the family PICORNAVIRIDAE infecting mainly cloven-hoofed animals. They cause vesicular lesions and upper respiratory tract infections. FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE VIRUS is the type species.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Silicon Dioxide: Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Bone Substitutes: Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.Silicones: A broad family of synthetic organosiloxane polymers containing a repeating silicon-oxygen backbone with organic side groups attached via carbon-silicon bonds. Depending on their structure, they are classified as liquids, gels, and elastomers. (From Merck Index, 12th ed)Denture Design: The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.Polymethacrylic Acids: Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Pliability: The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)Inspiratory Capacity: The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the TIDAL VOLUME and the INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is IC.Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood: Mental disorders related to feeding and eating usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood.Sulfur Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.Stomatitis, Aphthous: A recurrent disease of the oral mucosa of unknown etiology. It is characterized by small white ulcerative lesions, single or multiple, round or oval. Two to eight crops of lesions occur per year, lasting for 7 to 14 days and then heal without scarring. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p742)Aerosols: Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)Compomers: Composite materials composed of an ion-leachable glass embedded in a polymeric matrix. They differ from GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS in that partially silanized glass particles are used to provide a direct bond to the resin matrix and the matrix is primarily formed by a light-activated, radical polymerization reaction.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Hyoid Bone: A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.Sjogren's Syndrome: Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease in which the salivary and lacrimal glands undergo progressive destruction by lymphocytes and plasma cells resulting in decreased production of saliva and tears. The primary form, often called sicca syndrome, involves both KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA and XEROSTOMIA. The secondary form includes, in addition, the presence of a connective tissue disease, usually rheumatoid arthritis.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Stomatitis: INFLAMMATION of the soft tissues of the MOUTH, such as MUCOSA; PALATE; GINGIVA; and LIP.Polymethyl Methacrylate: Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.Orthodontic Wires: Wires of various dimensions and grades made of stainless steel or precious metal. They are used in orthodontic treatment.TextilesReference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Povidone-Iodine: An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.Mandibular Condyle: The posterior process on the ramus of the mandible composed of two parts: a superior part, the articular portion, and an inferior part, the condylar neck.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Resin Cements: Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)Denture Retention: The retention of a denture in place by design, device, or adhesion.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Compressive Strength: The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Salivary Glands: Glands that secrete SALIVA in the MOUTH. There are three pairs of salivary glands (PAROTID GLAND; SUBLINGUAL GLAND; SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND).Facial Pain: Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Masticatory Muscles: Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Palate, Hard: The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Polymerization: Chemical reaction in which monomeric components are combined to form POLYMERS (e.g., POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE).Hardness Tests: A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Tooth Abrasion: The pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes. It is differentiated from TOOTH ATTRITION in that this type of wearing away is the result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It differs also from TOOTH EROSION, the progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes not involving bacterial action. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p2)Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Calcium Sulfate: A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.Hydrogels: Water swollen, rigid, 3-dimensional network of cross-linked, hydrophilic macromolecules, 20-95% water. They are used in paints, printing inks, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Chin: The anatomical frontal portion of the mandible, also known as the mentum, that contains the line of fusion of the two separate halves of the mandible (symphysis menti). This line of fusion divides inferiorly to enclose a triangular area called the mental protuberance. On each side, inferior to the second premolar tooth, is the mental foramen for the passage of blood vessels and a nerve.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Nanocomposites: Nanometer-scale composite structures composed of organic molecules intimately incorporated with inorganic molecules. (Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechology Terms, 4th ed)Oxides: Binary compounds of oxygen containing the anion O(2-). The anion combines with metals to form alkaline oxides and non-metals to form acidic oxides.Tongue DiseasesTooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Patrons perused reading material at their leisure. Coffeehouses became increasingly associated with news culture, as news ... These forms include: "Print, both licensed and unlicensed; manuscripts; aloud, as gossip, hearsay, and word of mouth." Runners ... as they were important venues for the reading and distribution of such materials, as well as the gathering of important news ...
... his distinctive marble-mouthed drawl... creates a regular-guy persona all too rare in hip-hop."Muzik (4/9, p.84) - 4 stars (out ... of 5) - "...Harlem on the rise? Most definitely." Rap Pages (1/98, p.105) - Solid Material - "...Creatively refreshing, well- ...
Spencer), who omits the vulgar material. "Maul" means "mouth" but is said only of animals. Abert, Hermann (2007) W. A. Mozart. ...
Young children commonly place non-nutritious material into the mouth. This activity occurs in 75% of 12-month-old infants, and ... self-protection devices that prohibit placement of objects in the mouth brief restraint contingent on pica being attempted Time ... non-edible object held against patient's mouth without allowing ingestion) The prevalence of pica is difficult to establish ...
Since the pure material poses an explosion hazard, it is often used as a solution, e.g., in dimethyl phthalate as a solvent. ... If ingested, irritates mouth and stomach. Lewis, R. J., Sr, ed. (1997). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary (13th ed.). New ... Sax, N. I. (1975). Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials (4th ed.). New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold. p. 357. " ... National Fire Protection Association (1978). Fire Protection Guide on Hazardous Materials (7th ed.). Boston, MA: National Fire ...
The smaller tentacles guide food into the mouth. Bryozoa (moss animals) are tiny creatures with tentacles around their mouths. ... The animal extracts edible material from the flow of water. Trypanorhynch cestodes are parasitic in fish. Their scolex shows ... In medusoid form, the body floats on water so that the tentacles hang down in a ring around the mouth. In polyp form, such as ... The tentacles are almost cylindrical and have bands of cilia which create a water current towards the mouth. ...
Guidance and support for mouth care in cancer and palliative care. Educational materials, events, articles and resources.. ... As a result of cell death in reaction to chemo- or radio-therapy, the mucosal lining of the mouth becomes thin, may slough off ... Water-soluble jellies can be used to lubricate the mouth. Salt mouthwash can soothe the pain and keep food particles clear so ... Oral hygiene is the mainstay of treatment; patients are encouraged to clean their mouth every four hours and at bedtime, more ...
The head is depressed in front and the mouth is wide. The jaws are unequal, the lower projecting farther than the upper. The ... It is omnivorous, feeding on varied plant and animal material. Spawning is most common in spring but can occur at any time of ...
The Maya placed jade beads in the mouth of the dead. Michael D. Coe has suggested that this practice relates to a sixteenth- ... The value of jade went beyond its material worth. Perhaps because of its color, mirroring that of water and vegetation, it was ... In other words, the types of trace elements and their quantities affect the overall color of the material. The "Olmec Blue" ... Some view Jade use in Mesoamerica as largely influenced by the conceptualization of the material as a rare and valued commodity ...
The waste materials are egested through the mouth. The nonwaste matter is adsorbed back in through the tegument and the general ... The mouth is located within the anterior sucker on the ventral side of the fluke. This mouth leads to the pharynx, which is ... They use their mouth suckers to pull off and suck up food, bile, lymph, and tissue pieces from the walls of the bile ducts. F. ... The alimentary canal of F. hepatica has a single mouth which leads into the blind gut; it has no anus. ...
Material Safety Data Sheet Chemical Information Sheen, S; Addy, M (2003). "An in vitro evaluation of the availability of ... Asadoorian, Joanna; Williams, Karen (2008). "Cetylpyridinium chloride mouth rinse on gingivitis and plaque". Journal of Dental ... Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. 1-3 (9th ed.). New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold. p. 691. at least 125 ... "The effect of cetylpyridinium chloride-containing mouth rinses as adjuncts to toothbrushing on plaque and parameters of ...
... reactivated in 2013 with the release of a 2CD collection of rarities, singles and previously unreleased material on ... "Mouth Clamp" (Remix) (Fourth Dimension, FDS25, 1991). Split single with Cindytalk, limited to 500 hand numbered copies and sold ... Includes Jim O'Rourke source material. Splintered/RLW eponymous CD (Black Rose Recordings, BRCD96-1005, 1996). Collaborative ...
Hamburg was founded at the mouth of the Alster river in the 9th century and used it as a port. The water was used to flood the ... The barges-transporting building material, fuel, and foods-were staked or hauled. The Alster is navigatable some 9 km upstream ... The Alster's final section between Kleine Alster and its mouth at Binnenhafen, is called Alsterfleet, as part of a network of ... from the mouth. Alster Touristik GmbH (ATG), a subsidiary of the Hamburger Hochbahn, provides public and touristic transport on ...
Most platyhelminths have no anus and regurgitate undigested material through the mouth. However some long species have an anus ... The freshwater species Microstomum caudatum can open its mouth almost as wide as its body is long, to swallow prey as large as ... Turbellarians have no cuticle (external layer of organic but non-cellular material). In a few species the skin is a syncitium, ... Internal parasites and free-living marine animals live in environments that have high concentrations of dissolved material, and ...
Right whales are slow swimmers with large heads and mouths. Their baleen plates are narrow and very long - up to 4 m (13 ft) in ... Nephridia, the shell fish version of kidneys, remove the waste material. Buried bivalves feed by extending a siphon to the ... The whale shark sucks in a mouthful of water, closes its mouth and expels the water through its gills. During the slight delay ... It is believed they may exist to lure plankton or small fish into its mouth.[citation needed] The basking shark is a passive ...
Most platyhelminths have no anus and regurgitate undigested material through the mouth. However, some long species have an anus ... Cestodes have no mouths or guts, and the syncitial skin absorbs nutrients - mainly carbohydrates and amino acids - from the ... Adults usually have two holdfasts, a ring around the mouth and a larger sucker midway along what would be the underside in a ... The freshwater species Microstomum caudatum can open its mouth almost as wide as its body is long, to swallow prey about as ...
The Lady's mouth is filled with linen. No embalming materials were placed within the Lady's throat. The auricles of her ears ... It had been thought that the large wound in the left side of the mummy's mouth and cheek, which also destroyed part of the jaw ... One tooth is visible within her mouth. The fracture involved most of her left alveolar plate distal to the left first incisor. ... There is no evidence of embalming material within the cranial cavity. Researchers located an oval defect in the skull. It is ...
Female frogs carry eggs openly on their back; the eggs adhere to the mother's back with gelatinous material. Eggs hatch as ... They can threat their predators by opening their mouth, exposing the colourful tongue. There are six recognized species: ...
Masks vary by the kinds of materials used to make them. Wood is the most popular material for masks. Clay masks were used in ... They are made of fabric and envelope the head as well as the face, with plastic reinforcement around the eyes and mouth. The ... Other materials used for masks include wax, fired clay, leather, cloth, wire mesh, sheet metal, rubber tires, cardboard and ... Other masks are much larger than the face, with the wearer looking out the mouth of the mask. Some masks have movable parts ...
The mouth angle is about 20°. The case has indistinct length lines and is scattered with dark, granular, material. Full-grown ...
... s eat much like anteaters; they flick small foods into their mouths. Based on where these four-toed ... Seeds, fruits, buds, and other plant material also form part of their diets. ...
Its bedrock comprises the same materials found on Crow Creek. The gravels are similar, also, but carry less granite and do not ... Winner Creek joins Glacier Creek just below the mouth of Crow Creek. Its valley, bedrock, and gravels resemble those of ...
At any given time, a manatee typically has no more than six teeth in each jaw of its mouth. Its tail is paddle-shaped, and is ... These foreign materials do not appear to harm manatees, except for monofilament line or string, which can block a manatee's ... The manatee does not have front teeth, however, behind the lips, on the roof of the mouth, there are dense, ridged pads. These ... Manatees use their lips and front flippers to move the plants into the mouth. ...
The archaeologist can also place overburden material directly into the mouth of the dredge. As the water dredge will remove ... The tube can be made of any rigid material such as steel or plastic. The diameter of the tube depends on the power available ... The Bernoulli effect from the flow of pumped water causes suction at the mouth of the dredge. Water and sediment are sucked ... The archaeologist dislodges the material using a trowel, brush or by making a fanning motion with the hand to cause a current ...
In Lake Tahoe some chubs spawn around stream mouths in July. Tui chub diet is varied; young fish eat mostly invertebrates, ... adding plant material and especially algae as they mature. Habits also vary by location and the fineness of the gill rakers, so ...
Baytown is located at the mouth of the San Jacinto River on Galveston Bay, 26 miles (42 km) by road east of Houston. ... Fire, rescue, hazardous materials response, and EMS are provided by the Baytown Fire Department, an all-professional department ...
... mouth agape.. [Alan Moore] -- Very high resolution image available. ... u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> Sulfur Crested cockatoo reaches out, mouth agape.<\/span> ;. \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema ... http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1135016256<\/a>> # Sulfur Crested cockatoo reaches out, mouth agape.<\/span>\n. \u00A0\u00A0\ ... WorldCat is the worlds largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online. Learn more ›› ...
Mouth and Teeth. Article Translations: (Spanish). The first thing that comes to mind when you think of your mouth is probably ... This makes the mouth one of the first steps in the digestive process. Read on to find out how each aspect of the mouth and ... What Do the Mouth and Teeth Do?. The mouth and teeth play an important role in digesting food. Food is torn, ground, and ... Your mouth and teeth form your smile, which is often the first thing people notice when they look at you. The mouth is also ...
Real-time Data Collection at Dredged Material Disposal Sites at the Mouth of the Columbia River. ... Real-time Data Collection at Dredged Material Disposal Sites at the Mouth of the Columbia River ... s goal to keep dredged material from the MCR in the nearshore littoral cell. The preferred partner in the agreement will be ... Data collection will be performed at the Mouth of the Columbia River. ...
Get the best deals on Wide Mouth Plastic Jars In Candle Making & Soap Making Jars & Containers and find everything you'll ... Clear Round Wide - Mouth Plastic Jar w/ White Cap (w/ LINER) -- FREE SHIPPING!. $5.45 to $49.95 ... 1/4oz to 3oz Clear Round Wide-Mouth Plastic Jars w/ White Cap U-Pick Size & Qty.. $4.49 to $399.95 ... Crystal Clear Plastic Jars With Screw On Lids 16Oz Set OF 6 PC Wide Mouth NEW US. 5 out of 5 stars ...
Material Techniques Developing-out paper * XRF This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence ( ...
Face Mask Filter Material Wholesale, Filter Material , face mask filter material. Alibaba, face mask filter material offers ... face mask filter material his own face mask with only a , face mask filter material in his cloth mask for a filtering material ... face mask filter material. BFE99 meltblown fabric face mask material, View meltblown , face mask filter material. 1) Filter ... face mask filter material (Mask Filter Material , face mask filter material. 3M Cartridges & Filters for Personal Safety , 3M ...
... and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious enterovirus disease, occurring mostly in infants and children younger than 7 ... Supplementary materials. The following are available online at http://www.mdpi.com/link, Figure S1: title, Table S1: title, ... Fang Y, Wang S, Zhang L, Guo Z, Huang Z, Tu C, Zhu BP (2014) Risk factors of severe hand, foot and mouth disease: a meta- ... Oral Lesion Oral Ulcer Mouth Disease Andrographolide Viral Infectious Disease These keywords were added by machine and not by ...
Premium quality vacuum forming materials available in a various of thicknesses for a variety of purposes. ● Superior shock ... P98-1816 Type: Soft EVA material/clear mouthguard .040" 25/pk. *EV-813-25 Type: Soft EVA material/clear mouthguard .060" 25/pk ... Premium quality vacuum forming materials available in a various of thicknesses for a variety of purposes. ... EV-814-25 Type: Soft EVA material/clear mouthguard .080" 25/pk. ... Home / Mouth Guard, Splint and Bleaching Tray Material Mouth ...
Materials and Methods. Background: The 2001 Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in the UK. The daily number of new, real-time ... Sobrino F, Domingo E (2001) Foot-and-mouth disease in Europe. EMBO Reports 2:459-461CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar ... Woods A (2013) A Manufactured Plague: The History of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Britain. Abingdon: RoutledgeGoogle Scholar ... a Daily number of new notifications of infected premises during the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in the UK and b the ...
Materials and Methods. Microfluidic Chip Fabrication.. Microfluidic chips (Fig. 1) were fabricated as described previously (25 ... The number of species in the human mouth is estimated to be ≈700 (11, 12). Because of the challenges of removing intact biofilm ... Valve Vout allows recovery of the amplified genomic material from the chip into an individual microfuge tube. (C) After a cell ... The presence of these genes may be the result of extensive lateral transfer between species in the mouth, as has been ...
Materials and Methods and Fig. 1A) (beam width was defined as the double-sided −6-dB amplitude drop). Mouth gape changed ... Bats widened their mouth gape when descending toward the pond to drink, and they narrowed their mouth gape when ascending ( ... Hence, mouth-emitting bats dynamically adjust their mouth gape to optimize the area that they sense with their echolocation ... There is no reason for a bat that is ascending more quickly to close its mouth more rapidly unless narrowing the mouth gape has ...
Material Type. gelatin dry plate negatives. Description Level. Item. Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by ...
... creative leopard masks for adult fashion washable dustproof face mask outdoor sports riding cycling men and women print mouth ... Product Name: Creative Leopard Masks; Color: As pic; Material: Other; Size: Free; you can choose your like Don`t hesitate and ... Creative Leopard Masks For Adult Fashion Washable Dustproof Face Mask Outdoor Sports Riding Cycling Men And Women Print Mouth ...
... we have 3ply doctor face mask monochrome material suppliers and manufacturer ,if you need 3ply doctor face mask monochrome ... 3ply doctor face mask monochrome material can be offered by us, ... Mouth Mask *Disposable Medical Mouth Mask. *Disposable Surgical ... 3ply doctor face mask monochrome material hypo-allergenic material.. Amazon, 3ply doctor face mask monochrome material: Filter ... 3ply doctor face mask monochrome material Material 1st layer: PP non-woven , 3ply doctor face mask monochrome material ...
Research Materials. *LF-BK (CVCL_RX26) - Cellosaurus - a cell line knowledge resource ... LF-BK cells and primary bovine kidney cells were equally susceptible in plaque assays to each of the 7 types of foot-and-mouth ... A continuous bovine kidney cell line for routine assays of foot-and-mouth disease virus.. Swaney LM1. ... arose from primary bovine calf kidney cells that survived infection with a temperature-sensitive mutant of foot-and-mouth ...
Judges evaluated twelve red wines for in-mouth basic perception (sweet, sour, bitter, astringent, and burning sensation) ... 2. Materials and Methods 2.1. Chemicals and Standards. Hydrochloric acid (HCl), gallic acid, catechin, p-coumaric acid, ... Gawel, R.; Oberholster, A.; Francis, I.L. A Mouth-feel Wheel: Terminology for communicating the mouth-feel characteristics of ... Basic In-Mouth Attribute Evaluation: A Comparison of Two Panels. Mihaela Mihnea 1,2,*. , José Luis Aleixandre-Tudó 1, Martin ...
Disposable medical non-woven face mask earloop 3ply blue mouth cover Main material Polypropylene material, SPP nonwoven fabric ... ear loop 3m mask material in ghana Loop : Ear Loop , ear loop 3m mask material in ghana The 3M half Face Mask is resuable ... ear loop 3m mask material in ghana Ear Loop Surgical Face Mask Soft, comfortable. Folds , ear loop 3m mask material in ghana. ... Surgical Face Mask Home , ear loop 3m mask material in ghana Unique material for maximum fluid resistance/protection against ...
Yawning was distinguished from non-yawning in terms of the length of time it took to reach the apex of the mouth stretch, with ... To assess changes in frequency, a Poisson mixed effects model was fitted to the count of number of yawn and simple mouth ... For both yawns and simple mouth openings a smooth varying age effect was significant. The number of yawns observed declined ... Furthermore there is no developmental account of fetal yawning compared with simple mouth opening. The aim of the present study ...
Materials and Methods. Subjects and stimuli.. Twenty healthy subjects participated in the fMRI experiment (seven female; mean ... All mouth-preferring voxels were grouped into a mouth ROI (average volume across subjects was 633 ± 110 mm3 in the left ... Because viewing mouth movements and hearing vocal speech are tightly linked, we predicted that the mouth ROI would show a ... 2A, NV), the mouth and eye voxels were found in a patchy arrangement, with many small clusters showing mouth or eye preference ...
... foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an emerging infection with pandemic potential. Knowledge of neutralizing antibody responses ... Materials and Methods. Settings. The clinical and patient data used in this study were derived from an ongoing clinical study ... Xing W, Liao Q, Viboud C, Zhang J, Sun J, Wu JT, et al. Hand, foot, and mouth disease in China, 2008-12: an epidemiological ... Takahashi S, Liao Q, Van Boeckel TP, Xing W, Sun J, Hsiao VY, et al. Hand, foot, and mouth disease in China: modeling epidemic ...
... and mouth disease (HFMD), a common disease caused by enteroviruses (EVs), usually affects children. Clustered and sporadic HFMD ... Enterovirus Co-infections and Onychomadesis after Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease, Spain, 2008 On This Page. *Materials and ... Wu Y, Yeo A, Phoon MC, Tan EL, Poh CL, Quak SH, The largest outbreak of hand; foot and mouth disease in Singapore in 2008: the ... Nail matrix arrest following hand-foot-mouth disease: a report of five children. Pediatr Dermatol. 2000;17:7-11. DOIPubMed ...
MATERIALS AND METHODS. Subjects. Eleven right-handed, neurologically normal subjects (six males) with an average age of 33.7 ( ... In MOUTH, an open mouth was contrasted to a closed mouth in a static face. Eye movements were contrasted with mouth movements ... Moving mouths within EYES versus MOUTH produced 67% of the voxels activated by MOUTH. These results suggest considerable ... Four task comparisons were computed: (1) EYES, MOUTH, and RADIAL; (2) EYES, MOUTH, SIMULATED EYES, and SIMULATED MOUTH; (3) ...
2. Materials and Methods. 2.1. Patients. A total of 60 children below ten years with EV71 infections acquired during outbreaks ... C. Yang, C. Deng, J. Wan, L. Zhu, and Q. Leng, "Neutralizing antibody response in the patients with hand, foot and mouth ... Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a major causative agent of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. The role of T follicular ... Increased Frequency of Circulating Follicular Helper T Cells in Children with Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Caused by ...
2. Materials and Methods. 2.1. Study Selection. A systematic search of the literature was done in the following electronic ... The Risk Factors of Acquiring Severe Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease: A Meta-Analysis. Bai Jun Sun,1,2 Hui Jie Chen,2 Ye Chen,2 ... World Health Organization, A Guide to Clinical Management and Public Health Response for Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD), ... D. M. Zhang, R. L. Li, W. J. Zhang et al., "A case-control study on risk factors for severe hand, foot and mouth disease," ...
Justice Department told a judge Friday that the House Judiciary Committee shouldnt get access to secret grand jury material ... opposes House request for Mueller materials. In this Thursday, April 18, 2019 file photo, a sign for the Department of Justice ... the Justice Department argued the committee hadnt provided a sufficient explanation about how the material would help in the ... She paints with her mouth.. Boston nurse accused of stealing morphine from dying veterans, taking it herself. ...
  • This gag is a great one to buy because of the quality materials (medical grade silicone, real leather) and great design. (edenfantasys.com)
  • Made of 100% hygienically superior silicone, this piece is hypoallergenic, tasteless, dishwasher safe, and phthalate free, making it ideal for safe use in the mouth. (edenfantasys.com)
  • When it comes to material, modern vibrators are usually made from glass, metal or silicone, and many are designed with different textures such as nobbles or ridges to increase stimulation. (t3.com)
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious enterovirus disease, occurring mostly in infants and children younger than 7 years with potentially fatal complications. (springer.com)
  • AbuBakar S, Chee HY, Al-Kobaisi MF, Xiaoshan J, Chua KB, Lam SK (1999) Identification of enterovirus 71 isolates from an outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) with fatal cases of encephalomyelitis in Malaysia. (springer.com)
  • Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an emerging infection with pandemic potential. (cdc.gov)
  • Since 1997, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has emerged as a serious childhood infection in the Asia-Pacific region ( 1 , 2 ) with the potential of spreading to other parts of the world. (cdc.gov)
  • Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a major causative agent of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. (hindawi.com)
  • EV71 is one of the major causative agents of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in young children, which has caused a series of outbreaks of HFMD throughout the world, with particular prevalence in Asian-Pacific region [ 2 - 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The incidence of severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is not low, especially in mainland China in almost every year recently. (hindawi.com)
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood infection disease with characteristic features of fever, oral ulcers, and vesicular rashes on the hands, feet, and buttocks. (hindawi.com)
  • Most HFMD cases were mild and limited to fever and vesicular exanthema on patients' palms, soles, and mouth along with discomfortness at certain levels. (hindawi.com)
  • In vertebrates, the primary mouth becomes the opening to the pharynx as surrounding tissues form the jaws, teeth, tongue and palate, which together constitute the secondary or adult mouth. (biologists.org)
  • The size of my jaw wasn't big enough to accommodate the size of the ball and thus it ended up making a horrible squeaky sensation inside my mouth when my teeth touched it. (edenfantasys.com)
  • Even better, I could put those teeth in a shell mouth and use them for Halloween or something! (instructables.com)
  • Hold the final, glued shells together, matching up the "teeth" on the top and bottom in various degrees of openness to determine at which angle your "mouth" looks the best (worst? (instructables.com)
  • Holding the shell-mouth face-down and gluing from the back corner (the part where the shell attaches normally) will allow you to glue the teeth together from the inside without having any excess glue show on the outside/front. (instructables.com)
  • Should fit comfortably: material should be flexible enough to follow shape of face. (dsm.com)
  • In the twentieth century, the term plastic has come to refer to a class of materials that, under suitable conditions, can be deformed by some kind of shaping or molding process to produce an end product that retains its shape. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is worth noting that while several studies have used the daily series of notifications of infected premises during the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in the UK to calibrate epidemic models (Kao 2002 ), few studies have used the data to test their capacity to forecast the trajectory of the epidemic (Morris et al. (springer.com)
  • The Wide Mouth Round Packer, or "pill packer" is commonly made of glass or plastic materials (PET, HDPE, PP), and has a relatively square base with rounded shoulders and have a wide mouth design for packing solid or powder products. (oberk.com)
  • Talk about alternative options that would work for you: a prescription toothpaste, mouth rinse, an electric toothbrush with pressure sensors or something similar. (colgate.com)
  • The re-creation by the NYU scientists of this type of assembly in a laboratory raises the prospect for the eventual development of self-replicating materials that possess a wide range of patterns and that can perform a variety of functions. (scienceblog.com)
  • Some people cause damage inside their mouths themselves, either through an absentminded habit or as a type of deliberate self-harm ( factitious ulceration). (wikipedia.org)
  • These books and other materials are an excellent source for researchers who are looking into the diet reform and movement, or those who wish to know the type of foods eaten by early American vegetarians. (umich.edu)
  • Regions of the pSTS were identified that preferred visually presented moving mouths (presented in isolation or as part of a whole face) or moving eyes. (jneurosci.org)
  • The outer ply is made by moderately thick and flexible non-woven fabric to resist dusts and ashes The middle ply is made up from a melt-down BFE95 material to stop microbes and particulate substances. (acmr54.fr)
  • Throat swabs and saline mouth gargles, obtained from 89 university students, were processed in parallel by conventional culture and TaqMan ctrA PCR. (asm.org)
  • Our best insulated canteen water bottle has a WIDE MOUTH opening, so you can add ice cubes, fruits, clean it, and refill it with ease! (amazon.com)
  • China Manufacturer Japan Dental Antibacterial Designer Mouth Disposable Face Kn95 Respirator Protective Mask Kn95 , Find details about China Kn95 Mask FDA Approved, Kn95 Mask Certificated from Manufacturer Japan Dental Antibacterial Designer Mouth Disposable Face Kn95 Respirator Protective Mask Kn95 - Henan Province PUTIAN Medical Devices Co., Ltd. (reyboz.fr)
  • Accidental biting caused by a lack of awareness of painful stimuli in the mouth (e.g., following local anesthetic used during dental treatment) may cause ulceration which the person becomes aware of as the anesthetic wears off and the full sensation returns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iatrogenic ulceration can also occur during dental treatment, when incidental abrasions to the soft tissues of the mouth are common. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore there is no developmental account of fetal yawning compared with simple mouth opening. (plos.org)
  • The aim of the present study was to establish in a repeated measures design the development of fetal yawning compared with simple mouth opening. (plos.org)
  • Yawning can be reliably distinguished from other forms of mouth opening with the potential of using yawning as an index of fetal healthy development. (plos.org)
  • Known etiological mechanisms of cleft palate include defects within developing palate shelf tissues, defects in mandibular growth and defects in spontaneous fetal mouth movement. (biologists.org)
  • Until now, experimental studies directly documenting fetal mouth immobility as an underlying cause of cleft palate have been limited to models lacking neurotransmission. (biologists.org)
  • This study extends the range of anomalies directly demonstrated to have fetal mouth movement defects correlated with cleft palate. (biologists.org)
  • Here, we show that mouse embryos deficient in retinoic acid (RA) have mispatterned pharyngeal nerves and skeletal elements that block spontaneous fetal mouth movement in utero . (biologists.org)
  • Using X-ray microtomography, in utero ultrasound video, ex vivo culture and tissue staining, we demonstrate that proper retinoid signaling and pharyngeal patterning are crucial for the fetal mouth movement needed for palate formation. (biologists.org)
  • The finding that cleft palate in retinoid deficiency results from a lack of fetal mouth movement might help elucidate cleft palate etiology and improve early diagnosis in human disorders involving defects of pharyngeal development. (biologists.org)
  • The first truly synthetic polymer was Bakelite, a densely cross-linked material based on the reaction of phenol and formaldehyde. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Happy Mouth French Link Loose Ring Bit features a unique apple scent encourages horses to accept the bit and the space age polymer provides for a gentler bit. (jefferspet.com)
  • reflective vest: vest, class 2, mesh tear away, 2' silver 3m ® scotchlite® reflective material , hook and loop front closure, limited flammability. (informa7.it)
  • Even though the relationship between the neural network of mouth, tongue and respiratory movements is not well understood, some research suggests that the function of yawning in fetuses might lie in activity-dependent brain maturation . (plos.org)
  • In natural environments, humans see visual mouth movements at the same time as they hear voices, while there is no auditory accompaniment to visual eye movements. (jneurosci.org)
  • The strength of a voxel's preference for visual mouth movements was strongly correlated with the magnitude of its auditory speech response and its preference for vocal sounds, suggesting that visual and auditory speech features are coded together in small populations of neurons within the pSTS. (jneurosci.org)
  • Using BOLD fMRI, we show that the natural statistics of human speech, in which voices co-occur with mouth movements, are reflected in the neural architecture of the pSTS. (jneurosci.org)
  • From an early age, humans hear speech while observing mouth movements. (jneurosci.org)
  • We sought to determine whether regions of extrastriate visual cortex could be activated in subjects viewing eye and mouth movements that occurred within a stationary face. (jneurosci.org)
  • These results suggest that a superior temporal region centered in the STS is preferentially involved in the perception of gaze direction and mouth movements. (jneurosci.org)
  • Jacobs and Holzman, 2018 ) such that prey must be located close to the mouth at the time suction is generated and integration with swimming movements is critical. (biologists.org)
  • Well-supported correlations between swim speed and mouth size during prey capture suggest the broad existence of an integrated relationship between locomotion and feeding in suction-feeding fishes. (biologists.org)
  • Alternative general linear models supported a positive correlation between swim speed and mouth size in derived low-predation populations, suggesting that the relationship can be extended in some cases. (biologists.org)
  • Swim speed and mouth size have been established as primary drivers of the relationship between locomotor and feeding performance. (biologists.org)
  • But mouth size was not reported and these fish used comparatively slow approach speeds where integration may be less necessary. (biologists.org)
  • Therefore, the relationship between swim speed and mouth size may not generally apply to fishes specialized for alternative feeding modes, where suction forces may be less important. (biologists.org)
  • 2199 series Safe, durable, cost-effective line of bottles for packing and transporting hazardous materials For customers designing/certifying their own combination packaging Leakproof Split and puncture resistant with heavy duty walls Wide mouth allows easy filling of dry materials or liquids. (thomassci.com)
  • dispense FDA and DOT approved Bottles have wide mouth for ease of filling with dry or liquid materials. (thomassci.com)
  • Bottles are wide-mouth for easy filling and have printed graduations in both milliliters and fluid ounces. (coleparmer.com)
  • Institute research efforts include the search for new ways of fighting disease and hunger, examining leading questions in mathematics and computer science, probing the physics of matter and the universe, creating novel materials and developing new strategies for protecting the environment. (phys.org)
  • Baculovirus-expressed foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) nonstructural protein 3AB was used as the antigen in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. (asm.org)
  • The leader proteinase (L pro ) of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is a papain-like proteinase that plays an important role in FMDV pathogenesis. (asm.org)
  • Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is unique in encoding and using 3 distinct forms of this peptide. (asm.org)
  • Picornaviruses, including foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), poliovirus (PV), and human rhinoviruses (HRVs), have a positive-sense RNA genome of about 8 kb that is infectious ( 1 , 5 ). (asm.org)
  • To evaluate a portable real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay designed to detect all 7 viral serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). (nih.gov)
  • These findings indicate that mouth rinsing with a carbohydrate solution attenuated the decline in executive function induced by sustained moderately high-intensity exercise, and that such attenuation seems to be unrelated to carbohydrate metabolic pathway but rather attributed, in part, to the inhibition of the excessive release of stress hormones. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Wong SS, Yip CC, Lau SK, Yuen KY (2010) Human enterovirus 71 and hand, foot and mouth disease. (springer.com)
  • Sarma N (2013) Hand, foot, and mouth disease: current scenario and Indian perspective. (springer.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (1998) Deaths among children during an outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease-Taiwan, Republic of China, April-July 1998. (springer.com)
  • foot and mouth disease in Singapore in 2008: the role of enterovirus 71 and coxsackievirus A strains. (springer.com)
  • Bian L, Wang Y, Yao X, Mao Q, Xu M, Liang Z (2015) Coxsackievirus A6: a new emerging pathogen causing hand, foot and mouth disease outbreaks world wide. (springer.com)
  • In this paper, we retrospectively assess the performance of simple phenomenological models that incorporate early sub-exponential growth dynamics to generate short-term forecasts of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in the UK. (springer.com)
  • In this paper, we retrospectively assess the performance of simple phenomenological models that incorporate early sub-exponential growth dynamics for generating short-term forecasts of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) epidemic in the UK(Chowell et al. (springer.com)
  • A continuous bovine kidney cell line for routine assays of foot-and-mouth disease virus. (nih.gov)
  • A continuous bovine kidney cell line, LF-BK, arose from primary bovine calf kidney cells that survived infection with a temperature-sensitive mutant of foot-and-mouth disease virus. (nih.gov)
  • LF-BK cells and primary bovine kidney cells were equally susceptible in plaque assays to each of the 7 types of foot-and-mouth disease virus. (nih.gov)
  • For one, you wont be protected as well from disease due to the flimsy material used. (reyboz.fr)
  • Explosive epidemics of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) occurred in Taiwan in 1997 ( 6 , 16 , 19 ). (asm.org)
  • Presents the latest developments resulting from the upsurge in data concerning foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the UK. (worldcat.org)
  • Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals ( 22 ). (asm.org)
  • Oral and nasal swab specimens, oropharyngeal specimens obtained with a probang, and blood samples were obtained at frequent intervals, and animals were observed for fever and clinical signs of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). (nih.gov)
  • In many instances, the assay detected viral RNA in the mouth and nose 24 to 96 hours before the onset of clinical disease. (nih.gov)
  • Field-Deployable Reverse Transcription-Insulated Isothermal PCR (RT-iiPCR) Assay for Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus. (nih.gov)
  • Direct detection and characterization of foot-and-mouth disease virus in East Africa using a field-ready real-time PCR platform. (nih.gov)
  • This year's EEID awardees will conduct research on such topics as the emergence of Tasmanian devil facial tumor disease, honeybees and their parasites, the evolution and spread of virulent infectious diseases, the macroecology of infectious disease, and the persistence of foot-and-mouth disease. (nsf.gov)
  • Analysis of stomach contents revealed a diet of herbaceous plants (meadow grasses and sedges) and shrubs, suggesting that the early Holocene vegetation near the mouth of the Rauchua River was similar to that of the present day: tundra-associated vegetation with undersized plants. (cambridge.org)
  • If your esophagus or stomach is being scanned, you may need to swallow a liquid that contains contrast material. (drugs.com)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1135016256 Title: Sulfur Crested cockatoo reaches out, mouth agape. (worldcat.org)
  • SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Humans interacting face to face make use of auditory cues from the talker's voice and visual cues from the talker's mouth to understand speech. (jneurosci.org)
  • What materials are required to make dentures? (reference.com)
  • When you make the sound that o makes your mouth kind of looks like an o . (auburn.edu)
  • The Janice B. Longone Culinary Archive (JBLCA) at the Special Collections Library, in conjunction with the rich resources of the William L. Clements Library make available a number of materials on diet reform and vegetarianism in late 19th and early 20th century America. (umich.edu)
  • Make sure to use a material certified/approved for skin contact* (like Arnitel ® ID2045) to facilitate certification. (dsm.com)
  • And the authors of a 2013 paper in the ( Journal of Chemical Physics described how water can condense into the confines of close hydrophobic materials, which do not play well with water, and quickly turn into vapor due to attractive forces between the surfaces of the two materials facing each other. (scienceblog.com)