The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.
Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.
The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech.
A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws.
A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws; its posterior portion retracts the mandible.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
The act of taking solids and liquids into the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT through the mouth and throat.
Nuclei of the trigeminal nerve situated in the brain stem. They include the nucleus of the spinal trigeminal tract (TRIGEMINAL NUCLEUS, SPINAL), the principal sensory nucleus, the mesencephalic nucleus, and the motor nucleus.
A registration of any positional relationship of the mandible in reference to the maxillae. These records may be any of the many vertical, horizontal, or orientation relations. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
Hyaline cartilages in the nose. There are five major nasal cartilages including two lateral, two alar, and one septal.
Genetically developed small pigs for use in biomedical research. There are several strains - Yucatan miniature, Sinclair miniature, and Minnesota miniature.
The stable placement of surgically induced fractures of the mandible or maxilla through the use of elastics, wire ligatures, arch bars, or other splints. It is used often in the cosmetic surgery of retrognathism and prognathism. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p636)
Either of a pair of bones that form the prominent part of the CHEEK and contribute to the ORBIT on each side of the SKULL.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The properties and processes of materials that affect their behavior under force.
An articulation between the condyle of the mandible and the articular tubercle of the temporal bone.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
A type of fibrous joint between bones of the head.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
The posterior process on the ramus of the mandible composed of two parts: a superior part, the articular portion, and an inferior part, the condylar neck.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
A complete denture replacing all the natural mandibular teeth and associated structures. It is completely supported by the oral tissue and underlying mandibular bone.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
A plant species of the family VISCACEAE, order Santalales, subclass Rosidae. This is the traditional mistletoe of literature and Christmas. Members contain viscotoxin (5 kDa basic polypeptides related to thionins), beta-galactoside- and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific lectin II (60 kDa), and polysaccharides. Mistletoe lectin I is a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein. Commercial extracts include Plenosol, Eurixor, Helixor Isorel, Iscador, and NSC 635089 (ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, PHYTOGENIC).
A plant species in the CHENOPODIUM genus known for edible greens.
A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is widely cultivated for the edible yellow-orange root. The plant has finely divided leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers.

Midpalatal suture of osteopetrotic (op/op) mice exhibits immature fusion. (1/522)

The midpalatal suture was observed histologically in both toothless osteopetrotic (op/op) and normal (control) mice. The normal mice had a mature sutural structure, which consists of a well-developed cartilage cell zone and palatal bone. In contrast, the thickness of the cartilage cell zone was substantially greater in the op/op mice than that in the controls. Moreover, the cartilage cells in the op/op mice were frequently found in the palatal bone as well as in the sutural space, exhibiting an imperfect fusion. It seems that immature fusion at the sutural interface in the op/op mice is related to a decrease in biting or masticatory force accompanied by the failure of tooth eruption in addition to an essential defect in osteoclast differentiation, which is a congenital symptom in op/op mice.  (+info)

Motivation for and satisfaction with orthodontic-surgical treatment: a retrospective study of 28 patients. (2/522)

Motivation for starting treatment and satisfaction with treatment results were evaluated on the basis of replies to a 14-item questionnaire and clinical examination of 28 orthognathic patients from 6 months to 2 years after treatment. The most common reasons for seeking professional help were problems in biting and chewing (68 per cent). Another major reason was dissatisfaction with facial appearance (36 per cent). Many patients also complained of temporomandibular joint symptoms (32 per cent) and headache (32 per cent). Women (8/19) were more often dissatisfied with their facial appearance than men (2/9), but the difference was not statistically significant. In agreement with earlier studies, the results of orthognathic treatment fulfilled the expectations of almost every patient. Nearly 100 per cent of the patients (27/28) were satisfied with treatment results, although 40 per cent experienced some degree of numbness in the lips and/or jaw 1 year post-operatively. The most satisfied patients were those who stated temporomandibular disorders as the main reason for seeking treatment and whose PAR-index had improved greatly. The majority of the patients experienced the orthodontic treatment as painful and as the most unpleasant part of the whole treatment, but all the patients were satisfied with the pre-treatment information they were given on orthodontics. Orthodontic-surgical therapy should be of a high professional standard technically, but the psychological aspects are equally important in the treatment protocol. The professionals should make efforts to understand the patient's motivations for and expectations of treatment. Patients should be well prepared for surgery and supported for a long time after to help them to adjust to post-surgical changes.  (+info)

Mastication steal: an unusual precipitant of cerebrovascular insufficiency. (3/522)

An 83-year-old man had episodic dizziness, visual disturbance, and facial and extremity weakness associated with eating. Occlusion of the ipsilateral common carotid artery and stenosis or occlusion of the major collateral sources were demonstrated. We believe this anatomic configuration, combined with increases in demand for external carotid artery blood flow necessitated by the act of chewing, resulted in a vascular steal syndrome. An extended carotid endarterectomy was performed, and there were no additional episodes.  (+info)

Motor pattern specification by dual descending pathways to a lobster rhythm-generating network. (4/522)

In the European lobster Homarus gammarus, rhythmic masticatory movements of the three foregut gastric mill teeth are generated by antagonistic sets of striated muscles that are driven by a neural network in the stomatogastric ganglion. In vitro, this circuit can spontaneously generate a single (type I) motor program, unlike in vivo in which gastric mill patterns with different phase relationships are found. By using paired intrasomatic recordings, all elements of the gastric mill network, which consists mainly of motoneurons, have been identified and their synaptic relationships established. The gastric mill circuit of Homarus is similar to that of other decapod crustaceans, although some differences in neuron number and synaptic connectivity were found. Moreover, specific members of the lobster network receive input from two identified interneurons, one excitatory and one inhibitory, that project from each rostral commissural ganglion. Integration of input from these projection elements is mediated by synaptic interactions within the gastric mill network itself. In arrhythmic preparations, direct phasic stimulation of the previously identified commissural gastric (CG) interneuron evokes gastric mill output similar to the type I pattern spontaneously expressed in vitro and in vivo. The newly identified gastric inhibitor interneuron makes inhibitory synapses onto a different subset of gastric mill neurons and, when activated with the CG neuron, drives gastric mill output similar to the type II pattern that is only observed in the intact animal. Thus, two distinct phenotypes of gastric mill network activity can be specified by the concerted actions of parallel input pathways and synaptic connectivity within a target central pattern generator.  (+info)

Variation in ruminants' preference for tall fescue hays cut either at sundown or at sunup. (5/522)

Plants vary diurnally in concentrations of nonstructural carbohydrates. If ruminants prefer forages with higher total nonstructural carbohydrates (TNC), then the preference for hays harvested within the same 24-h period may vary. An established field of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) was harvested six times in the vegetative stage. Harvests were paired such that each cutting at sundown (PM) was followed by a cutting the next morning at sunup (AM). We harvested in this manner three times, resulting in six hays. The hays were field-dried, baled, and passed through a hydraulic bale processor prior to feeding. Experiments were conducted with sheep, goats, and cattle, using six animals in each case. During an adaptation phase, hays were offered alone as meals. In the experimental phase, every possible pair of hays (15 pairs) was presented for a meal. Data were analyzed by multidimensional scaling and by traditional analyses. Multidimensional scaling indicated that selection was based on a single criterion. Preference for PM hays was greater than for AM hays (P < .01) in all experiments. Increased preference was associated with increased TNC (P < .01) and in vitro true DM disappearance (P < .01) and decreased fiber concentration (P < .01; NDF, ADF, cellulose, and ADL). Mowing hay late in the day was effective in increasing forage preference.  (+info)

Feeding problems in merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy. (6/522)

Feeding difficulties were assessed in 14 children (age range 2-14 years) with merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy, a disease characterised by severe muscle weakness and inability to achieve independent ambulation. Twelve of the 14 children were below the 3rd centile for weight. On questioning, all parents thought their child had difficulty chewing, 12 families modified the diet, and 13 children took at least 30 minutes to complete a meal. On examination the mouth architecture was abnormal in 13 children. On videofluoroscopy only the youngest child (2 years old), had a normal study. The others all had an abnormal oral phase (breakdown and manipulation of food and transfer to oropharynx). Nine had an abnormal pharyngeal phase, with a delayed swallow reflex. Three of these also showed pooling of food in the larynx and three showed frank aspiration. These six cases all had a history of recurrent chest infections. Six of eight children who had pH monitoring also had gastro-oesophageal reflux. As a result of the study five children had a gastrostomy, which stopped the chest infections and improved weight gain. This study shows that children with merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy have difficulties at all stages of feeding that progress with age. Appropriate intervention can improve weight gain and reduce chest infections. The severity of the problem has not been previously appreciated in this disease, and the study shows the importance of considering the nutritional status in any child with a primary muscle disorder.  (+info)

Cheek and tongue pressures in the molar areas and the atmospheric pressure in the palatal vault in young adults. (7/522)

The pressures acting on the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth from the tongue and cheeks were measured in 24 adults aged 22-29 years. In addition, the pressure in the palatal vault was recorded. The pressure at two maxillary (buccal and lingual) and two mandibular (buccal and lingual) measuring points, and in the palatal vault was recorded simultaneously. Repeated recordings of the pressures at rest, and during chewing and swallowing were made. The pressures at rest were of similar magnitude (about 2 g/cm2) at the buccal and lingual sides of the mandibular posterior teeth. The median resting pressure at the maxillary posterior teeth was 2.7 g/cm2 on the buccal side and 1.0 g/cm2 on the lingual side. The difference in the maxilla was significant, but not in the mandible. It was concluded that the equilibrium of tooth position is maintained by the pressure from the cheeks and the tongue. During chewing and swallowing the pressures on the lingual side of the teeth were greater than those on the buccal side. At rest about half of the subjects had a negative pressure at the palatal vault, but no correlations between the resting pressure at the palatal vault and the resting pressures on the teeth were found.  (+info)

Features of cortically evoked swallowing in the awake primate (Macaca fascicularis). (8/522)

Although the cerebral cortex has been implicated in the control of swallowing, the output organization of the cortical swallowing representation, and features of cortically evoked swallowing, remain unclear. The present study defined the output features of the primate "cortical swallowing representation" with intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) applied within the lateral sensorimotor cortex. In four hemispheres of two awake monkeys, microelectrode penetrations were made at 5 mm deep to the cortical surface corresponding to both the white matter underlying the CMA and the frontal operculum; EMG patterns of swallows elicited from these four cortical regions showed some statistically significant differences. Whereas swallowing ONLY was evoked at some sites, particularly within the deep cortical area, swallowing was more frequently evoked together with other orofacial responses including rhythmic jaw movements. Increasing ICMS intensity increased the magnitude, and decreased the latency, of the swallow-related EMG burst in the genioglossus muscle at some sites. These findings suggest that a number of distinct cortical foci may participate in the initiation and modulation of the swallowing synergy as well as in integrating the swallow within the masticatory sequence.  (+info)

Looking for insufficiency of mastication? Find out information about insufficiency of mastication. the mechanical processing of food in the oral cavity; consists of grinding and mixing the food with saliva. The process entails the biting off of food and... Explanation of insufficiency of mastication
We evaluated the applicability of mastication as a fuel treatment alternative within Northern Rocky Mountain moist and dry forests to treat post-harvest activity slash (moist forest) and standing trees (dry forest). On the moist forest site, we compared four different slash treatments, mastication, machine grapple piling, lop and scatter, and a control within a wildland urban interface setting to determine the effects of these treatments on soil nutrition, forest floor depth, and woody debris distributions. We randomly assigned the slash treatments and controls to 12 one-acre plots. Nitrogen, soil carbon, and magnesium concentrations within the soil components were not significantly different among the slash treatments. Lopped and scattered sites had significantly here duff depths than duff depths within the other slash treatments and control. Two years after treatment the structure and character of the masticated fuels was such that these areas resembled the grapple piled sites. We established the dry
Abstract. Chronic psychological stress is a risk factor for osteoporosis. Maternal active mastication during prenatal stress attenuates stress response. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that maternal active mastication influences the effect of prenatal stress on bone mass and bone microstructure in adult offspring. Pregnant ddY mice were randomly divided into control, stress, and stress/chewing groups. Mice in the stress and stress/chewing groups were placed in a ventilated restraint tube for 45 minutes, 3 times a day, and was initiated on day 12 of gestation and continued until delivery. Mice in the stress/chewing group were allowed to chew a wooden stick during the restraint stress period. The bone response of 5-month-old male offspring was evaluated using quantitative micro-CT, bone histomorphometry, and biochemical markers. Prenatal stress resulted in significant decrease of trabecular bone mass in both vertebra and distal femur of the offspring. Maternal active mastication ...
Mastication definition, the act or process of chewing: Limited ability to open the mouth may make proper mastication of food more difficult. See more.
EXCRUCIATE / MORFEUS / MASTICATION / EXHUMED / BIRCH MOUNTAIN: For those involved in the Death Metal underground of the early nineties names such as EXHUMED, MORPHEUS, MASTICATION or EXCRUCIATE will ring a bell in your head. Whereas EXCRUCIATE and MORPHEUS released official recordings on vinyl and CD, EXHUMED and MASTICATION just released demotapes. Among ...
Tel/Fax: 0256/220 480, e-mail: [email protected] ABSTRACT. Introduction. Planass fundamental laws are based on the neuro-occlusal concept, which plays a major role in the development and evolution of the stomatognatic system. The alterations of the masticatory functions contribute to the modeling of the structures that form the stomatognatic system.. Methodology The purpose of the study was to assess the masticatory stereotype of a group of young people and to analyse the functional masticatory angles.. We have assessed the amplitude of the functional masticatory angles on a group of 20 students. The masticatory angles depend on the occlusal morphology (cusp size), age and masticatory movements.. Results Great alterations are present with patients with dento-maxillary anomalies, edentations, dental injuries and unilateral mastication.. Conclusion The data obtained allow us to improve the masticatory functions as part of a complex oral rehabilitation. The functional masticatory angles are ...
This paper describes a method for obtaining detailed information about the velocities, directions and relative forces involved in mastication, and how these change throughout the chewing sequence, from combined electromyograph and kinematic records in human subjects. Differences in the temporal breakdown patterns of apple, carrot and biscuit are highlighted. Mastication of apple and carrot relied on vertical compression for each chew, with decreasing effort applied over the course of the chewing sequence. Differences between these products were related principally to the chewing effort exerted. For biscuit, compression was the predominant mechanism of breakdown in early chews but this was transferred to a shear action over the course of the sequence. ...
In this application case the eegosports system was used for the measurement of facial EMG, more specifically with a focus on mastication experiments. The test setup consisted of an eegosports complete system with 64 referential channels. Of these, 4 referential channels were configured in a bipolar setup. One bipolar channel was located on the participants right thumb
Welcome to another edition of Mastication Monologues! I just keep on chugging along on here churning out one great review after another. In fact, I just recently passed my 200th post on my blog, so if this is your first time coming to my page, check it out here. It showcases the variety of cultures…
Mastication of Brutality Uncontrolled is a Brutal Death Metal band from Germany. Discography: Preemptive Space Warfare. Line-up: Flo, Basti, Manuel.
HUMAN MASTICATION - Raped And Mutilated (L) TS: Size : L artwork by Arvin Palma FRUIT OF THE LOOM - Super Premium 100% Cotton / Baumwolle
Cadeverous Mastication Lyrics by Meshuggah from the Contradictions Collapse/None album - including song video, artist biography, translations and more: Here we are to stay We all can see the purblind day Assail the cause Defray the ogre, the insubordinates Restrained to…
Principal Investigator:KOBAYASHI Tadaharu, Project Period (FY):1991 - 1993, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (C), Research Field:外科・放射線系歯学
東京医科歯科大学大学院医歯学総合研究科口腔機能再構築学系摂食機能回復学講座摂食機能制御学分野 Masticatory Function Control, Department of Masticatory Function Rehabilitation, Division of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University ...
Chewing motor performance was examined in twenty-one patients. Twelve patients had TMJ dysfunction syndrome, eight had occlusal trauma, and one had CNS impairment. Surface electromyography and three-dimensional jaw movement was recorded. Discomfort was recorded by the patient during chewing of beefstick. Specific changes in mandibular movement were related to the presence of pain, discomfort and other symptoms of the TMJ dysfunction syndrome.
Boli interne: boli interne, boli interne consultatii, medicina interna, ekg consultatii, tensiune arteriala, control tensiune arteriala, control tensiune, explorari functionale, neurologie, laborator analize, oftalmologie,...
How to Follow a Soft Diet. At some point in your life, you may find that you or someone you know needs to eat without chewing. The restriction might be due to jaw, mouth, or gastrointestinal surgery, the removal of wisdom teeth, freshly...
Head and neck cancer is prevalent in Taiwan, and oral cancer is the most common location. Patients with advanced stage of the disease need extensive tumor excision with neck dissection. Secondary reconstructive surgeries using free flap could improve the postoperative function or appearance of cancer survivors. Oral functions include respiration, speech, mastication, deglutition, and cosmetics. Advanced treatments make survival rates increased, but might develop shoulder dysfunction, speech, mastication, donor site morbidity and psychological issues. The purpose of this project is to explore the effects of rehabilitation following reconstructive surgery in oral cancer survivors.. This study design is an interrupted time-series design. The investigators will recruit 50 subjects one week following reconstructive surgery. The measurements include manual muscle strength, joint range of motion, maximal mouth opening, pain status, hand-to-neck test, hand-to-scapula test, hand-to-opposite-scapula test, ...
People spend a lot of money to get elected to public office. They buy ads, they buy signs, they pay campaign staffs, and so on. And yet, for free, you and I get to tell more than half of them, Bite me.. You cant get much more American than that. ...
Masticating juicers are best. With mastication juicers theres no heating up the juice which can happen in other types of juicers. Centrifugal juicers spin at high rates as the fruit or veggie is pressed down against the grating mechanism. The friction that occurs releases excess energy as heat. The increased heat during processing can damage some of the very phytonutrients that you are trying to consume. Mastication (think of the chewing motion your mouth makes when you eat) compresses and grinds the fruit or veggie and extracts the juice in a more gentle manner. They can be more expensive but may very well be worth the investment. If youre not sure if you will stick with it, start with a smaller, cheaper run of the mill juicer before you make a huge investment. My first juicer was just about $30 and I used it for about a year to be sure it wouldnt be just a fad for me before I considered investing in something more pricey.. No matter how you slice it getting as close to the recommended 5 or ...
Ive been trying to think about a good Friday article for days now, but Ive been completely preoccupied with figuring out how to carry around enough meat to satisfy my new dietary plan. Im often pretty slow at recognizing the obvious. Todays article is all about food. Some years ago my wife and I…
Fire managers have increased their use of mastication, the on-site disposal of shrubs and small-diameter trees through chipping and shredding, a practice that alters the chemical and physical conditions of the forest floor and may influence vegetation regrowth for years or decades. We evaluated a network of 18 masticated sites to assess the effects of mastication treatments on plants and soils, and convey how these effects vary over time ...
empath is a similarity analysis of the heavy-metal bands listed in the Encyclopaedia Metallum, based solely on reviewer overlap. The similarity scores are approximately the percentage of overlap, adjusted to reduce the effects of both high popularity and small samples. 7017 bands qualify. Various bonus statistics are provided for no especially good reason ...
Included here are the Italian Sandwich from Baldinos, Cheesesteak sandwich from Mellow Mushroom in Statesboro, a real sugar Dr. Pepper, the worst bagel & lox I have ever gotten from Einsteins (notice only one little piece of lox on each half), a Bison Burger & Rings from Crystal Beer Parlor in Savannah, a Orange & Pineapple shake from Tradewinds in Tybee Island, a onion and mushroom quesadilla, and some wings from Fresh Market ...
Honesty is the best policy. The policy is in the beat if you dig that, only its not so clear cut. Thats the thing about rap music; youve always got to learn to read between the lines. Youve got to literally mine your way through all the X-rated language, the violence and the sexual innuendos to get to appreciate the truth of the overriding message. And Im going to be as honest as possible with you today. It may also seem obvious but theres a great deal many things that me and Tupac Shakur do not have in common.. But in saying that I am declaring myself to be a hypocrite. Because the truth of the matter is this. While Tupac is rapping to us loud and clear, I harbor similar thoughts in the deep recesses of my breast. These thoughts are kept to myself, nobody knows about it, only I do. But if you believe in the Master, the Higher Power, the Divine Ruler, whatever name you give Him, you know this as well as I know that. He already knows. And then again, 2Pac and I actually do have a couple of ...
THE EL DORADO COUNTY FIRE SAFE COUNCIL IS SEEKING PROPOSALS FROM QUALIFIED CONTRACTORS TO PROVIDE: FUEL REDUCTION, MASTICATION, CHAINSAW AND CHIPPING OR PILE BURNING SERVICES IN THE LOGTOWN AREA EAST OF STATE HIGHWAY 49. Logtown East Side Fuel Break (LT10) 16-SFA-56063) and Logtown East Side Fuel Break (LT 10) Monitor section (sra 5gs15144) Release Date: October 2, 2017,. Required Site visit: October 18, 2017, 0900 at the parking lot of Bobbys Market the corner of Crystal Boulevard and Highway 49. Closing Date: October 27, 2017. Two Grants funding have been obtained to perform Fuels reduction work on 95 acres of land. The project is located off of Highway 49 and Dolomite Drive in El Dorado County, California. The Fire Safe Council is seeking a qualified contractor through a competitive bid process to perform mastication, chipping or pile burning, and chainsaw work.. Please download a complete copy of the two Request for Proposals click here for the federal grant and here for the SRA grant or ...
So Dropbox cant really give me what I want (what I really really want). But I stumbled into Spideroak who are like the smarter, but lesser known cousins of Dropbox. Their software does everything Dropbox does (including tracking all revisions!) but they have a trust no one model which encrypts all files before leaving my computer using, and this is critical, MY key which they dont store. Pretty cool, eh? Spideroak also has a iPad/iPhone app and offers a neat feature that allows emailing any file in my Spideroak bucket to anyone using my iPhone without having to upload the file to my iPhone first. They do this by sending a special link to the email recipient that allows them to open only the file you wanted them to have. This could be a huge bacon saver on the road.. So Spideroaks the panacea then? Well… um… no. They have two critical flaws: 1) They depend on time stamps on files to determine most recent file. 2) Syncs are slow, sometimes taking more than 5 minutes for very small ...
నమలడం (Mastication or Chewing) జీర్ణ ప్రక్రియలో మొదటి భాగం. నమిలేటప్పుడు ఆహార పదార్ధాలు పండ్ల మధ్యన పడి చిన్నవిగా చేయబడతాయి. అందువలన జీర్ణద్రవాలలోని ఎంజైమ్లు బాగా పనిచేసి ఆహారాన్ని సులభంగా జీర్ణించుకోవడానికి ఉపయోగపడతాయి. ఈ ప్రక్రియలో నాలుక మరియు బుగ్గలు సహకరిస్తాయి. నమలడం పూర్తయేసరికి ఆహారం మెత్తగా మారి లాలాజలంతో కలిసి ముద్దలాగా తయారౌతుంది. కార్బోహైడ్రేట్లు కొంతవరకు ...
A 75-year-old female patient with multiple medical conditions asking for dental implants to improve her masticatory function. As such, the All-on-4® treatment concept protocol for the mandible and later on a flapless implant surgery for the maxilla have been employed. ...
Jiangsu Boli Bioproducts Co.,Ltd. - We are a technical leading enzyme manufacturer in China with an established reputation as a reliable
Jiangsu Boli Bioproducts Co.,Ltd. - We are a technical leading enzyme manufacturer in China with an established reputation as a reliable
Randomizovaná a kontrolovaná. Boli hodnotené 3 oblasti: oblasť, na ktorú bola aplikovaná deionizovaná voda (negatívna kontrola), oblasť, na ktorú bol aplikovaný Bi-Oil, a oblasť, na ktorú bol aplikovaný 1% roztok lauryl sulfátu sodného (pozitívna kontrola - dráždidlo pokožku). Skúšobné výrobky boli aplikované pomocou náplasti na volárnu stranu predlaktia a odstránené po 24 hodinách. Bola hodnotená pokožka a zaznamenané reakcie po 24, 48, 72 a 96 hodinách po aplikácii. Počas hodnotenia boli prítomní dermatológovia. Reakcie pokožky boli hodnotené na stupnici 0 - 4 (kde 0 je bez reakcie a 4 je zapálené začervenanie ...
Infectii cu protozoare si helminti consideratii generale | Boli infectioase - MediculTau - ghid medical de medicamente naturiste, naturale
Comandă orice carte de la editura Thieme Publishing Group din categoria oncologie, imunologie și boli infecțioase cu livrare rapidă prin curier oriunde în România. Ambalare de cadou gratuită.
Principiile imunizarii si folosirea vaccinurilor | Boli infectioase - MediculTau - ghid medical de medicamente naturiste, naturale
ZuPreems Marmoset Diet can be fed as the sole diet for marmosets and tamarins. It is necessary to include a supplemental source of vitamin C.
Letra de Fecal Rites - Impaled: Mastication starts the process, Transforms the food into bolus, Deglutition of the ruffage, Oesophageal stage, Careening straight down my gullet, Into my gut it will plummet...
Before After Alignment of your horses teeth is crucial for their mastication process and their ability to access the nutrients in their food. This equine client had large hooks and a severe overbite prior to his dental procedure. Corrected, his ability to chew and start his digestive process improves and the horse makes strides toward…
Joyous news! Our brethren at Trident have shared the love and given us a truck-load of liquid-centred Trident Splash and long-lasting, soft-textured Trident Soft (complete with truck) in support of the revolution. Weve decided to take our bounty on tour to meet you and hand out gum to anyone who demands more from their chew, so they can join us in flavour-rich mastication ...
Cheesecake à mâcher Everest Chew de This & That Canine Co, 100% naturel pour chien. Mastication parfaite pour les chiens souffrant dallergies ou de sensibilités sévères.
The purpose of orthognathodontics is therefore to achieve correct occlusion, optimal mastication and speech, and a satisfactory esthetic appearance. After stressing the importance that anatomic and functional factors have on the arrangement of teeth in the dental arch, the follower of orthognathodontics is perfectly aware that the goal of correct occlusion can be reached not only through strictly dental factors but also through other variables, the so-called functional variables. The orthognathodontist therefore can work not only in the mechanistic sense of correcting dental irregularities within the narrow context of the arches but also in a broader sense: on the osseous bases, which influence interarch relations, and on muscle functioning, of great importance in the development and spatial positioning of the jawbones themselves. Essentially, treatment can be dual: On the one hand, dysgnathia can be corrected by regularizing intra-arch and interarch dental relations; in this case, the work is ...
MMMMM. Pizza tastes good. Cold. My teeth are all funny. Mastication is good. There is that really solid connection where the teeth meet up again, like l...
We report an alternative surgical approach for inducing filament MCAO in mice that results in reduced variability in lesion volume as assessed using a range of MRI analyses and histological staining. Avoiding ECA ligation and introducing an analgesic regime appears to reduce body weight loss without affecting lesion volume. Importantly, re-sealing the CCA reduced the variability of lesion volume along with changing the diffusion properties of the ischemic core.. Intraluminal MCAO is induced by inserting the filament via an incision at the trunk of the CCA, immediately below the bifurcation, or at the trunk of the ECA. ECA transection in rats can induce ischemic lesions of the mastication and swallowing muscles (Dittmar et al., 2003), affecting drinking behaviours and increasing body weight loss post-MCAO (Trueman et al., 2011). In mice, we show that when ECA ligation was avoided and an analgesic regime introduced there seemed to be no effect on lesion volume but data suggested that body weight ...
Stomach is an enlarged and muscular sac like organ of the digestive tract, the principal organ of digestion. It is located between the esophagus and the small intestine and involved in the second phase of digestion, following mastication (chewing).
Traumatic injuries involving the oral cavity may typically lead to the formation of surface ulcerations. The injuries may result from events such as accidentally biting oneself while talking, sleeping, or secondary to mastication.
The other day, I came home to find not one, but two pairs of leather shoes, completely in tact, sitting exactly where I left them, right under Junos nose. I thought that maybe she had finally grown out of her mastication crimes and it made me kind of sad.. ...
Boules faites de luffa et de brindilles pour votre rongeur. Favorise un comportement de mastication sain et une mâche croustillante et croquante. Irrésistible pour les petits animaux, favorise des dents propres et saines et aide à surmonter lennui de la cage.
Pletieš piate cez deviate .... taký program naozaj existoval, ale patricipovali na ňom všetky ozbrojené i spravodajské zložky v rátane juhovietnamských a nebolo to zamerané proti intelektuálom ale proti Vietkongu. Tých mŕtvych bolo určite viac ... ale tých intelektuálov tam bolo určite minimum. Isto sa postupovalo brutálne ... ale brutálny boli Vietkong, ktorý likvidoval ľudí len preto, že si dovolili byť nepríklad starostami. Značná časť civilistov sa chcela vyhnúť obom ... z tvojho pohľadu je blbé to, že síce Amíci zavierali nad mnohými žločinmi svojich vojakov oči .... a tresty boli často formálna a minimálne ... ale paradoxne len Amíci boli vôbec vyšetrovaní ....komunisti dodnes svoje zločiny popierajú ...hoci ich robili na vlastnom národe a sú dobre zdokumentované. Vietkong ako vojenská sila skončil v roku 1968 pri ofenzíve Ted, kedy ich takmer vyhladila armáda USA a juhovietnamci ... domáci akosi bojovali proti komunistom : ...
Všetky chemikálie boli od firmy Sigma Aldrich (Spojené kráľovstvo), ak nie je uvedené inak. Ak to bolo možné, bunkové tkanivá z tylového, čelného, spánkového a temenného laloku, ako aj z hi-pokampu od 10 darcov (3 žien a 7 mužov) s diagnózou ASD sme získali od Oxfordskej mozgovej banky ako tri 5 μm hrubé, sériové, parafínom zaliate rezy z každého laloku od každého darcu (viď Tabuľka č. 2). Tkanivové rezy, pripevnené na sklíčka, boli umiestnené do stojanu na sklíčka, násled-ne odvoskované a rehydratované pomocou prechodu skrz 250 ml nasledovných reagentov: 3 minúty v Histo-Clear (National Diagnostics, USA), 1 minútu v čerstvom Histo-Clear, 2 minúty v 100% eta-nole (HPLC kvalita) a 1 minútu v 90%, 70%, 50% a 30% (objem/objem) etanole. Nasledovala re-hydratácia v ultra-čistej vode (vodivosť , 0,067 μS/cm) počas 35 sekúnd. Sklíčka boli v každom re-agente každých 20 sekúnd potrasené a počas prenosu medzi jednotlivými rozpúšťadlami ...
F: No, d sa poveda , e na prv kr t sme celkom spokojn , aj ke alej u to budeme robi plne inak. St le cvi me a sna me sa o najviac zlep ova , aby sme nestuhli na jednom mieste. Asi najviac sme spokojn so zvukom, Martin Papp je naozajstn arodejn k. A sexu lne v kony? plne fantastick , v etci sme boli rozjeban ako kokoti, hehe. ...haha, no to ste ale u boli de pred nahr van m v HC, pam t te na t skvel p rty hahahaha..., o takto si to niekedy zop knu ... Boli ste v t diu MOONSET v ali, pre o pr ve tam, ako sa v m tam p ilo, vlezete tam aj nabud ce ...
"Swallow your food whole, fool! Do you not know that mastication makes you go blind?" ...
"Swallow your food whole, fool! Do you not know that mastication makes you go blind?" ...

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