Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
Respirators to protect individuals from breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.
The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
A variety of devices used in conjunction with METERED DOSE INHALERS. Their purpose is to hold the released medication for inhalation and make it easy for the patients to inhale the metered dose of medication into their lungs.
Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.
The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.
Techniques for administering artificial respiration without the need for INTRATRACHEAL INTUBATION.
Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).
A disorder in which the adductor muscles of the VOCAL CORDS exhibit increased activity leading to laryngeal spasm. Laryngismus causes closure of the VOCAL FOLDS and airflow obstruction during inspiration.
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Personal devices for protection of the eyes from impact, flying objects, glare, liquids, or injurious radiation.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.
Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
Devices that cause a liquid or solid to be converted into an aerosol (spray) or a vapor. It is used in drug administration by inhalation, humidification of ambient air, and in certain analytical instruments.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
Stimulation at an intensity below that where a differentiated response can be elicited.
A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from:
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from patients to health professionals or health care workers. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.

Vital capacity and tidal volume preoxygenation with a mouthpiece. (1/281)

We have measured oxygen wash-in in 20 volunteers undergoing preoxygenation with a face mask, mouthpiece alone and a mouthpiece with a noseclip, in a crossover study. Tidal volume breathing and maximal deep breath techniques were studied with each type of equipment. When tidal volume breathing was used, the face mask and mouthpiece with noseclip were comparable, but the mouthpiece alone achieved a lower end-expiratory oxygen concentration than the two other methods after 3 min (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01), and after 5 min (P < 0.05 in each case). Conversely, during preoxygenation with vital capacity breaths, the mouthpiece and mouthpiece with noseclip were comparable, and both were more effective than the face mask (P < 0.001). In a second study, 20 patients who had undergone preoxygenation before induction of anaesthesia were asked later if they would have preferred the face mask or mouthpiece for this procedure. Significantly more patients (14 of 18 who expressed a preference) favoured the mouthpiece (P < 0.05; confidence limits 0.56-0.92).  (+info)

Reading with central field loss: number of letters masked is more important than the size of the mask in degrees. (2/281)

When the center of a readers, visual field is blocked from view, reading rates decline and eye movement patterns change. This is true whether the central visual field is blocked artificially (i.e. a mask) or through disease (e.g. a retinal scotoma due to macular degeneration). In past studies, when mask size was defined in terms of the number of letters masked from view, reading rates declined sharply as number of letters masked increased. Patients with larger central scotomas (in degrees of visual angle) also read slower. We sought to determine whether number of letters masked or size of the mask in degrees is the predominant factor affecting reading rates and eye movement behavior. By matching number of letters masked across several mask sizes (and compensating for reduced acuity in the periphery), we found that number of letters masked is the more important factor until mask size is quite large (> or = -7.5 degrees) and number of letters masked from view is more than seven.  (+info)

Variability of aerosol delivery via spacer devices in young asthmatic children in daily life. (3/281)

Pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDI) are widely used together with spacers for the treatment of asthma in children. However, the variability of daily medication dose for pMDI/spacer combinations is not known. Electrostatic charge is a potential source of dose variability. Metal spacers have no static charge. This study assessed and compared within-subject variability of aerosol delivery of metal and plastic spacers. This was a randomized, crossover study in children with stable asthma aged 1-4 (group I, n=17) and 5-8 (group II, n=16) yrs. In both groups the amount of drug delivered to the mouth by a metal spacer (Nebuchamber) and one of two plastic (polycarbonate) spacers, i.e. Babyhaler in group I and Volumatic in group II was measured. The metal and plastic spacers were tested at home in a randomized order for 7 days each, using budesonide (200 microg b.i.d.). Aerosol was collected on a filter positioned between spacer and facemask or mouth. Budesonide on the filter was assessed by high performance liquid chromatography. The mean filter dose for each child (mean+/-SD) during the 7 days was expressed as a percentage of the nominal dose. Within-subject variability was expressed as coefficient of variation (CV). Mean filter dose in group I was 41.7+/-10.1% for Nebuchamber and 26.0+/-4.0% for Babyhaler (p<0.001). Mean filter dose in group II was 50.2+/-9.2% for Nebuchamber and 19.4+/-7.2% for Volumatic (p<0.001). Mean CV in group I was 34% for Nebuchamber and 37% for Babyhaler (p=0.44). Mean CV in group II was 23% for Nebuchamber and 34% for Volumatic (p=0.003). There was substantial within-subject dose variability in aerosol delivery in children using a pMDI/spacer at home. This variability was lower for the metal than for the plastic spacer in children 5-8 yrs of age. The dose delivered to the mouth was about two-fold higher for the metal than the plastic spacer independent of age.  (+info)

Effect of the laryngeal mask airway on oesophageal pH: influence of the volume and pressure inside the cuff. (4/281)

We studied gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) with a face mask and laryngeal mask airway (LMA), and the effects of inflation pressure and volume of the LMA cuff on oesophageal pH, in 60 patients. Patients were managed with either a face mask (group I) or LMA inflated to obtain a seal in the anaesthesia circuit at 7 cm H2O (group II) or 15 cm H2O (group III). A pH-sensitive probe with two electrodes, 10 cm apart, was placed in the oesophagus during anaesthesia and recordings were made continuously until patients awakened. There was a significant difference in the incidence of GOR between the face mask (group I) and the LMA (groups II-III) (P < 0.05) in the lower oesophagus but there was no difference in the mid-oesophagus. No correlation was found between pressure and volume inside the cuff and variations in oesophageal pH. We conclude that LMA use was associated with increased reflux in the low oesophagus but oesophageal pH was not influenced by variations in pressure or volume inside the LMA cuff.  (+info)

Measurement for breath concentration of hydrogen and methane in horses. (5/281)

This study concerns the establishment of a simple testing method for breath concentration of hydrogen and methane in horses. Twenty-eight healthy thoroughbreds and 24 Arabians were used. Breath samples were collected using one-minute closed circulatory respiration through an aluminum bag filled with 10 liters of pure oxygen, which was mounted on the subjects by means of a face mask. Breath samples obtained, were analyzed by gas chromatography. A significant correlation in both hydrogen and methane levels was observed for samples collected at separate times. These findings confirmed the usefulness of our approach for testing breath concentrations of hydrogen and methane in horses.  (+info)

Oxygen therapy during exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (6/281)

Venturi masks (VMs) and nasal prongs (NPs) are widely used to treat acute respiratory failure (ARF) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study, these devices were compared in terms of their potentiality to worsen respiratory acidosis and their capacity to maintain adequate (> 90%) arterial oxygenation (Sa,O2) through time (approximately 24 h). In a randomized cross-over study, 18 consecutive COPD patients who required hospitalization because of ARF were studied. After determining baseline arterial blood gas levels (on room air), patients were randomized to receive oxygen therapy through a VM or NPs at the lowest possible inspiratory oxygen fraction that resulted in an initial Sa,O2 of > or = 90%. Arterial blood gas levels were measured again 30 min later (on O2), and Sa,O2 recorded using a computer during the subsequent approximately 24 h. Patients were then crossed-over to receive O2 therapy by means of the alternative device (NPs or VM), and the same measurements obtained again in the same order. It was observed that both the VM and NPs improved arterial oxygen tension (p<0.0001) to the same extent (p=NS), without any significant effect upon arterial carbon dioxide tension or pH. However, despite this adequate initial oxygenation, Sa,O2 was < 90% for 3.7+/-3.8 h using the VM and for 5.4+/-5.9 h using NPs (p<0.05). Regression analysis showed that the degree of arterial hypoxaemia (p<0.05) and arterial hypercapnia (p<0.05) present before starting O2 therapy and, particularly, the initial Sa,O2 achieved after initiation of O2 therapy (p<0.0001) enabled the time (in h) that patients would be poorly oxygenated (Sa,O2 < 90%) on follow-up to be predicted. These findings suggest that, in order to maintain an adequate (> 90%) level of arterial oxygenation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and moderate acute respiratory failure: 1) the initial arterial oxygen saturation on oxygen should be maximized whenever possible by increasing the inspiratory oxygen fraction; 2) this strategy seems feasible because neither the VM nor NPs worsen respiratory acidosis significantly; and 3) the Venturi mask (better than nasal prongs) should be recommended.  (+info)

A simple new technique to measure the effective dead space of the face mask with a water volumeter in infants. (7/281)

Measuring the effective dead space (EDS) of a face mask has been difficult in infants and the appropriate volume being deducted from lung volume measurements has varied between laboratories. This study measured EDS in 16 infants (age range, 5-36 months) who have cystic fibrosis, undergoing lung volume measurement by N2 washout. A thin plastic bladder, whose neck resided in the mask port, was shaped to fill a size 1 clear face mask. A water volumeter was made by inserting the body of a 20 mL plastic syringe into the neck of the bladder forming a tight seal with a snug fit against the inner surface of the mask port. The mask was placed on a horizontal surface and water was added until a level appeared in the syringe body (V1). At end-inspiration, the mask was briefly placed on the mouth and nose of the sleeping infant, causing the water level to rise in the syringe body (V2). The actual total dead space (V) of the mask when connected to the mouth port of the slide valve was 23 mL. EDS = V- (V2 - V1). Mean (95% confidence interval (95%CI)) EDS was 12.4 (95% CI 11.2, 13.6) mL. The smallest EDS was 8 mL since the connected ports (dead space, 8 mL) were unlikely to be penetrated by the infant's nose or lips. EDS decreased with increasing body weight and height, but seemed to be influenced by individual facial features too. In conclusion, a reliable noninvasive volumetric technique for the routine measurement of the effective dead space in infants has been developed.  (+info)

The intubating laryngeal mask airway compared with direct laryngoscopy. (8/281)

We have compared the ability of naive intubators to intubate the trachea using a laryngoscope and an intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) after receiving basic training, in a randomized, prospective, crossover study in 60 patients. Ventilation of the lungs via the ILMA was also compared with ventilation with a face mask. There was no significant difference in successful intubation between the techniques (38 of 89 with the ILMA and 33 of 93 with direct laryngoscopy; ns). In patients in whom participants failed in their intubation attempts with the ILMA, investigators achieved success in 89% (16 of 18). Satisfactory ventilation was more common with the ILMA (50 of 51) than with the face mask (43 of 60) (P = 0.0001). A total of 98% (89 of 91) of ILMA were inserted successfully, with a mean insertion time of 19.6 s, and 78% (69/89) of these insertions were achieved in less than 26 s. The ILMA may be useful for emergency oxygenation and ventilation, but these results do not support its use for intubation by those not trained in advanced airway management and ILMA use.  (+info)

There are several possible causes of airway obstruction, including:

1. Asthma: Inflammation of the airways can cause them to narrow and become obstructed.
2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): This is a progressive condition that damages the lungs and can lead to airway obstruction.
3. Bronchitis: Inflammation of the bronchial tubes (the airways that lead to the lungs) can cause them to narrow and become obstructed.
4. Pneumonia: Infection of the lungs can cause inflammation and narrowing of the airways.
5. Tumors: Cancerous tumors in the chest or throat can grow and block the airways.
6. Foreign objects: Objects such as food or toys can become lodged in the airways and cause obstruction.
7. Anaphylaxis: A severe allergic reaction can cause swelling of the airways and obstruct breathing.
8. Other conditions such as sleep apnea, cystic fibrosis, and vocal cord paralysis can also cause airway obstruction.

Symptoms of airway obstruction may include:

1. Difficulty breathing
2. Wheezing or stridor (a high-pitched sound when breathing in)
3. Chest tightness or pain
4. Coughing up mucus or phlegm
5. Shortness of breath
6. Blue lips or fingernail beds (in severe cases)

Treatment of airway obstruction depends on the underlying cause and may include medications such as bronchodilators, inhalers, and steroids, as well as surgery to remove blockages or repair damaged tissue. In severe cases, a tracheostomy (a tube inserted into the windpipe to help with breathing) may be necessary.

There are several types of respiratory insufficiency, including:

1. Hypoxemic respiratory failure: This occurs when the lungs do not take in enough oxygen, resulting in low levels of oxygen in the bloodstream.
2. Hypercapnic respiratory failure: This occurs when the lungs are unable to remove enough carbon dioxide from the bloodstream, leading to high levels of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream.
3. Mixed respiratory failure: This occurs when both hypoxemic and hypercapnic respiratory failure occur simultaneously.

Treatment for respiratory insufficiency depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, oxygen therapy, mechanical ventilation, and other supportive care measures. In severe cases, lung transplantation may be necessary. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms of respiratory insufficiency are present, as early intervention can improve outcomes and prevent complications.

Symptoms of pharyngitis may include sore throat, fever, difficulty swallowing, and tender lymph nodes in the neck. Treatment typically involves antibiotics for bacterial infections, anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling and pain, and plenty of rest and fluids to help the body recover.

Pharyngitis is a common condition that affects people of all ages and can be caused by various factors, such as:

1. Viral infections: The most common cause of pharyngitis is a viral infection, such as the common cold or influenza.
2. Bacterial infections: Strep throat, which is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes, is a type of bacterial infection that can cause pharyngitis.
3. Allergies: Allergies to pollens, dust mites, or other substances can cause postnasal drip and irritation of the throat, leading to pharyngitis.
4. Irritants: Exposure to smoke, chemicals, or other irritants can cause inflammation and soreness in the throat.
5. Dry air: Dry air can cause the throat to become dry and irritated, leading to pharyngitis.
6. Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy or menstruation can cause changes in the throat that lead to pharyngitis.
7. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): GERD can cause stomach acid to flow up into the throat, leading to inflammation and soreness.
8. Sinus infections: Sinus infections can cause postnasal drip and irritation of the throat, leading to pharyngitis.
9. Mononucleosis: Mononucleosis, also known as mono, is a viral infection that can cause pharyngitis.
10. Other medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus, can cause pharyngitis.

It's important to note that a sore throat can be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition, so if you have a persistent or severe sore throat, you should see a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Word origin: [O. Eng. larynx + Gr. , voice.]


1. Stuttering.
2. Hysterical stammering.
3. Spasmodic dysartria.

Note under Dysarthria: Laryngismus is a form of spasmodic dysarthria, the spasms being more sudden and violent than in the ordinary type.

Source: Stedman's Medical Dictionary (28th ed.) via

Terms popularity compared to other word forms of 'laryngismus':

Laryngismus has been less popular than other word forms such as 'laryngitis'.

Reference link:

The symptoms of aspiration pneumonia may include cough, fever, chills, difficulty breathing, and chest pain. The infection can be mild, moderate, or severe and can affect people of all ages, but it is more common in older adults or those with underlying medical conditions.

The diagnosis of aspiration pneumonia is usually made based on a combination of physical examination findings, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as chest x-rays or CT scans. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and supportive care such as oxygen therapy and mechanical ventilation in severe cases. In some cases, hospitalization may be required to monitor and treat the infection.

Prevention of aspiration pneumonia includes avoiding eating or drinking before lying down, taking small bites and chewing food thoroughly, and avoiding alcohol and sedatives. It is also important to maintain good oral hygiene and to avoid smoking and other forms of tobacco use. Vaccination against certain types of pneumonia may also be recommended for some individuals at high risk.

Miniature masks (substitutes for Goge or Gesuya masks) Sagbwe masks (runners' mask or fire watchers' mask) Daniel B. Reed calls ... masks Dancers' masks Storytellers' masks Beggars' masks (their primary job is the collecting of offerings for ancestors) ... Categories: Gore or ancestor masks (the most sacred of masks) Gesuya or avenger masks (stands up to the Go master and the ... Masks are the most important art form of the Dan people of Liberia. The Dan people refer to these masks as gle or ge, terms ...
"Thirteen Masks". AllMusic. Retrieved March 16, 2013. Thirteen Masks at Discogs (list of releases) (Use mdy dates from January ... Thirteen Masks is the solo debut record by Jarboe, released in 1991 through Hyperium. The album features Swans members Michael ...
... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Behind Masks. Behind Masks at IMDb Stills at v t e ( ... Behind Masks at Janiss Garza (2015). "Behind-Masks - Trailer - Cast - Showtimes -". Movies & TV Dept ... Behind Masks is a 1921 American silent drama film directed by Frank Reicher. It was written by Kathryn Stuart based upon the ... "Behind Masks". Retrieved January 25, 2015. Catalog of Holdings The American Film Institute Collection and The United ...
... are facial masks worn to limit the intake of air during breathing. Their ostensible purpose is to strengthen the ... Training masks allow users to actively work on their respiratory muscle fitness. Originally designed to simulate training at ... Training masks allow athletes to strengthen their respiratory muscle fitness without having to be confined to stationary ... The use of training masks, however, has no measurable effect on haemoglobin, hematocrit levels and oxygen transport in athletes ...
The mask is Fukai, that of an older woman withered with age and visibly marked by the deep emotions of one well advanced in ... Masks (Japanese: 女面, Onnamen) is a novel by Japanese author Fumiko Enchi, published in 1958. An English translation by Juliet ... At a meeting of her poetry circle some months later, Mieko is presented with the gift of a noh mask from the old master visited ... Each of the novel's three sections takes its name from a type of Noh mask. Many elements of the novel were influenced by The ...
... are ritual masks made by the Woyo people of Central Africa. The Woyo masks are typically made out of wood, and ... Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2009, All articles lacking in-text citations, Masks in Africa). ... Information about the Woyo people "African Masks - Woyo". Retrieved 2016-11-13. "Woyo Tribes - African Tribes". Retrieved 2016- ... or to restore the power of the mask. They were worn in ceremonial dances known as the ndunga. They are also decorated with ...
"The Masks" is episode 145 of the American television series The Twilight Zone. It originally aired on March 20, 1964 on CBS. In ... As such, he informs them that his will is drawn up so that they inherit everything only if they wear their masks until midnight ... Following dinner, the family gathers in Foster's study, where he instructs them to put on special one-of-a-kind masks that he ... Tonight's tale of men, the macabre and masks, on the Twilight Zone. Robert Keith as Jason Foster Milton Selzer as Wilfred ...
France portal United Kingdom portal Television portal Disney portal Official website PJ Masks at IMDb PJ Masks on Disney Junior ... The PJ Masks first met him in space. He also appears in the daytime as a bespectacled boy and hang's out in the Museum's ... PJ Masks is a British/French co-production by Entertainment One, Frog Box, and TeamTO. The series was renewed for a second ... When he first met the PJ Masks, he started to be bossy towards them and take control of their powers and do what he wants them ...
... could be small three-inch finger masks or maskettes (or dance fans, in the Lower Yukon Yup'ik dialects tegumiaq sg ... Also known as Cup'ik masks for the Chevak Cup'ik dialect speaking people of Chevak and Cup'ig masks for the Nunivak Cup'ig ... Over the long winter darkness dances and storytelling took place in the qasgiq using these masks. They most often create masks ... The Surrealists' Dance with the Yup'ik Mask], by ...
"Death Masks: Book Five of The Dresden Files". Retrieved 19 December 2014. Butcher, Jim. "Death Masks(#5)". www. ... "Death Masks (The Dresden Files #5)". Retrieved 19 December 2014. Butcher, Jim (2003). Death masks. New York ... ISBN 0-451-45940-7. "The SF Site Featured Review: Death Masks". Retrieved 19 December 2014. "Death Masks by Jim ... Death Masks is a 2003 novel by science fiction and fantasy author Jim Butcher. It is the fifth novel in The Dresden Files, his ...
Masks at AllMusic "News ESTK Release Fifth Full Length Album Masks". MetalForceMagazine. Retrieved October 3, 2021. "Eyes Set ... "Reviews ESTK Masks album". ScreamerMagazine. October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2021. "Eyes Set to Kill - Masks album". ... Masks is the fifth studio album by American metalcore band Eyes Set to Kill. The album was released on September 17, 2013. It ... "Eyes Set to Kill Stream New Album Masks". Alt. Press. September 12, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2021. "Review: Eyes Set to Kill ...
... (French: Les trois masques) is a 1929 French film directed by André Hugon and starring Renée Héribel, Jean ... The Three Masks at IMDb v t e (CS1 French-language sources (fr), Articles with short description, Short description is ... They stab him while all three are wearing masks for a carnival. Renée Héribel as Viola Vescotelli Jean Toulout as Pratti Della ... which had previously been made into a 1921 silent The Three Masks by Henry Krauss. In Corsica two brothers decide to take ...
Masks at IMDb v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Use dmy dates from ... Masks (German: Masken) is a 1929 German silent crime film directed by Rudolf Meinert and starring Karl Ludwig Diehl, Trude ...
Masks is a comic based on the Angel television series. This issue is a one-shot Halloween-themed annual featuring four special ...
The mask and lazzo connected, without the lazzo a character in a mask is not making anything and is less entertaining. Masks ... Weber, Elizabeth (2009). "Commedia dell'Arte, Masks and Masking: A Modern Application for the Production of Commedia Masks. An ... The zanni mask was one of the first and was a full mask, covering the full face and sometimes head, until the bottom of the ... A comic mask is a nobody and somebody at the same time. A mask helps to create the beautiful, extravagant, repulsive and yet ...
... may refer to: City of Masks, a 2002 mystery novel by Daniel Hecht City of Masks, a fantasy novel by Mary Hoffman ... a lost 1920 silent film City of Masks is a nickname given to the city of Venice, famous for their Venetian masks. This ... disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title City of Masks. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to ...
... is a rock and roll band fronted by Andrew Katz, an actor-turned-singer born and raised in Detroit. Katz ... and Clear Plastic Masks was formed. They developed a devoted fanbase in their neighborhood of Bed-Stuy, Brooklyn, playing at ...
... , 1st edition (for 2nd edition of Call of Cthulhu), CHA2307-X, boxed set, 1984 Masks of Nyarlathotep, 2nd ... The Complete Masks of Nyarlathotep, 3rd edition, (for 6th edition of Call of Cthulhu), CHA2361-H, hardcover, 2006 Masks of ... No one should be without a copy of Masks of Nyarlathotep." According to game historian Shannon Appelcline, Masks of ... Masks of Nyarlathotep was written by Larry DiTillio with Lynn Willis, and was published by Chaosium in 1984 as a boxed set with ...
Masks (French: Masques) is a 1987 French mystery thriller film directed by Claude Chabrol. It was entered into the 37th Berlin ... Masks at IMDb (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Use dmy dates from November 2019 ... Craig Williams on the BFI site was more positive: "The idea of the bourgeois mask concealing murderous impulses is prevalent ...
... female ancestor mask, Tanzania Mwaash aMbooy Mask Brooklyn Museum A copper and wood mask from Central Africa Helmet Mask for ... Animals are common subjects in African masks. Animal masks might actually represent the spirit of animals, so that the mask- ... as they are cheaper and more easily available than local masks), and, in turn, Zimbabwean mask-makers reproduce masks from ... Animal hair or straw are often used for a mask's hair or beard. The general structure of a mask varies depending on the way it ...
Wearing a mask means he does not have to see his own face in the mirror. Masks title listing at the Internet Speculative ... "Masks" is a science fiction short story by American writer Damon Knight. It was original published in Playboy magazine in 1968 ... He has begun to behave strangely, insisting on wearing a metal mask at all times. All efforts to provide him with a natural ... Visitors, and the people who share the living space with him, wear surgical masks, ostensibly to guard against infections. Jim ...
Masks at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Use dmy dates from August ... Masks (German: Masken) is a 1920 German silent film directed by William Wauer and starring Albert Bassermann and Elsa ...
The lead masks case (Portuguese: mistério das máscaras de chumbo, lit. "mystery of the lead masks") involves a series of events ... Each body wore a formal suit, a lead eye mask, and a waterproof coat. There were no signs of major trauma or any evidence of a ... "Lead Mask Case". 4 June 2018. Retrieved 3 June 2019. Frater, Jamie (3 July 2009). "10 More Mysteries That Remain ... Believing that such an encounter would be accompanied by blinding light, the men cut metal masks to shield their eyes and may ...
... is a 1917 British silent biographical film directed by Fred Paul and starring Johnston Forbes-Robertson, Irene ... It is based on the 1852 play Masks and Faces by Charles Reade and Tom Taylor. Johnston Forbes-Robertson - Triplet Irene ... Footman Masks and Faces at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, ...
... ? A Study in the Psychology of Acting is an 1888 book by William Archer. It is based on a series of articles ... Masks or Faces ultimately failed to put debate over Diderot completely to rest, but it did reinvigorate it. It also served as a ... Full Text of Masks or Faces at Google Books Paradox of Acting by Denis Diderot at Google Books (1888 non-fiction books, Works ... Lee Strasberg lists Masks or Faces (along with Diderot) among the influences he used to develop the Method. Archer, Charles. ...
... at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, IMDb ID same as ... Hearts and Masks is a 1921 American silent comedy film directed by William A. Seiter and starring Elinor Field, Francis ...
... (German: Menschen und Masken) is a 1913 German silent film directed by Harry Piel and featuring Max Auzinger, ... People and Masks at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, 1913 films, ...
Masks have a long history of use in rituals and dance. In the Western world, masks have been used in dances to portray certain ... The use of masks in dance in the West traces back to ancient Greece. Grecian dancers would use masks for religious rituals to ... In Greek theaters, masks are used to enhance the drama of tragedy and comedy, illustrated by kordax, a mask dance of comedy ... In The Green Table by Kurt Jooss, a ballet exploring the idea of death, Jooss used mask to free dancers of identity. The masks ...
... at IMDb The Masks of Death at AllMovie (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata ... The Masks of Death is a 1984 British mystery television film directed by Roy Ward Baker and starring Peter Cushing as Sherlock ... "The Masks of Death (1984)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on 16 ...
... at IMDb The City of Masks synopsis at AllMovie lantern slide ; coming attraction(Wayback ... The City of Masks is a lost 1920 silent film comedy drama produced by Famous Players-Lasky and distributed by Paramount ... The City of Masks The American Film Institute Catalog Feature Films: 1911-20 by The American Film Institute, c.1988 The AFI ...
Use masks effectively to help slow the spread of COVID-19. ... Masksplus icon*Types of Masks & Respirators. *Use & Care of ... Masking is a critical public health tool and it is important to remember that any mask is better than no mask. ... Wearing a high-quality mask along with vaccination, self-testing, and physical distancing, helps protect you and others by ... CDC recommends universal indoor masking for all teachers, staff, students, and visitors to K-12 schools, regardless of ...
Check out our COVID masks selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. ... Over Head Face Mask for Hearing Aids, Mask with Neck strap and elastic around head, Kids Hearing Aid Accessory, Large Face Mask ... Baseball Face Mask, Washable/Reusable/Flexible Adult or Child Mask with Optional Lanyard ... Please Wear A Mask Decal , COVID Decal , COVID Sticker , Door Decal , Door Sticker ...
... wearing a face mask in public helps protect other people from possible infection with COVID-19. Other people who wear masks ... Adjust the mask so that there are no gaps.. *Once you have the mask on, do not touch the mask. If you must touch the mask, wash ... You can also use a mask fitter or wear a disposable mask under a cloth mask. Even if you have a beard that is not trimmed, ... For extra protection, you can wear a cloth mask on top of a disposable surgical mask (creating a double mask). If you use a ...
2.1. Sharing of password or login information is strictly prohibited. Suspension of account access may result from sharing of this information.. 2.2. Worksheets and other materials available on abcteach, including clip art, may be printed or otherwise duplicated for use in your home or your classroom(s). Clip art on abcteach is intended as a resource for you in creating lessons and teaching materials and the like within your permitted usage of the Site. If you are a paid member, our clip art may be: placed on another publication as clip art, or distributed individually on a third-party authorship site, if you as a member give abcteach credit for any clip art intended to be redistributed. Giving credit to abcteach requires you to mention our name and website on any publications in which you use our clip art for redistribution. You may not use our clip art in the design or content of another website; or distribute our clip art electronically or by email or text or by any other media or social ...
N95 or surgical masks. Read about more effective masks and ways to improve how your mask protects you. ... Face masks. Policy. Effective March 2, 2022, Kansas State University strongly encourages - but does not require - that everyone ... Individuals who had exposure to someone with COVID-19 should also wear a mask. People with symptoms or a positive test should ... Face masks are now optional for all individuals on K-State campuses and at university events. ...
Many people believe that wearing a face mask has untoward health effects. This study aimed to find out. ... So yes, exercising while wearing an N95 mask might be different from exercising without an N95 mask. But nothing here looks ... Clearly, this study lets us conclude that mask wearing at rest has less of an effect than mask wearing during exercise. ... The thing is, studying masks in isolation is useful because you can control so many variables. But masks arent used in ...
The personal decision to send children to school with a mask or not needs to be made by each family individually, not by a ... parents have fundamental rights to raise his or her child and to make all decisions concerning the child and mandatory masking ... The personal decision to send children to school with a mask or not needs to be made by each family individually, not by a ... By signing this petition I request that the Gilmanton School Board revoke their previous decision making masks mandatory when a ...
... mask protecting from toxic molecules and particles; mask protecting from toxic molecules and particles; 防止有毒氣體進入人體內的頭部護具; ... U.S. Airmen inspect their gas masks during an ability to survive and operate rodeo at Nose Dock 1 at Joint Base Charleston, S.C ... Assembling gas masks - US Army Europe Best Warrior Competition 140916-A-ZQ078-046.jpg 2,100 × 1,500; 2.82 MB. ... U.S. Marines wear gas masks while participating in a four-mile run during the 2011 Pfc. Ryan M. Jerabek Memorial Challenge on ...
Browse our selection of masks that condition, hydrate and nurture hair for healthy-looking locks. ... Hair Masks for Shiny Hair, Hair Masks for Curly Hair, Hair Masks for Frizzy Hair, Hair Masks for Dry Hair ... Hair Masks. 105 Results. Sort by. : RelevanceChoosing sorting option will automatically update the products that are displayed ... K18 Biomimetic HairscienceMini Leave-In Molecular Repair Hair Mask. 3.3K ...
... According to security analysts at MessageLabs, a valid attachment that contains security ...
The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a supraglottic airway device developed by British Anesthesiologist Dr. Archi Brain. ... The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is an acceptable alternative to mask anesthesia in the operating room. It is often used for ... Laryngeal Mask Airway Sizes. A table showing laryngeal mask airway size based on patient weight is included below. ... When is elective ventilation indicated with a laryngeal mask airway (LMA)?. When is the use of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) ...
Masking is a critical public health tool for preventing the spread of respiratory diseases. ... When is masking most useful?. Wearing a high-quality mask or respirator is most beneficial when:. *You are in crowded or tight ... Why should I wear a mask when traveling if I dont usually wear one in my community?. *Traveling can bring you in contact with ... Wearing a mask during travel can also help protect others who cannot avoid being in crowded places when they are traveling. ...
EWGs Skin Deep® database gives you practical solutions to protect yourself and your family from everyday exposures to chemicals in personal care products.
... that masks might be useful. The other eleven suggest that masks are either useless-whether compared with no masks or because ... it tested cloth masks against surgical masks and did not feature a no-mask control group. The trial tested the protection of ... How did mask guidance change so profoundly? Did the medical research on the effectiveness of masks change-and in a remarkably ... One RCT tested these masks that so many high-profile public-health officials have touted. This "first RCT of cloth masks," in ...
... masks - Sharing our stories on preparing for and responding to public health events ... Seattle Seamstress Sews Homemade Masks to Support Community. This student-authored post is published by CPR in partnership with ...
These masks have three layers: the first (against the face) is cotton, the middle layer is N95 filter material, and the third ( ... How Xerox Turned Printer Filters into Face Masks. When the call went out at Xerox to think about new ways to use materials on ... "I said we needed the masks in two hours." After one tailor turned it around for him in that timeframe, Adiletta went back to ... "I thought we could take that filter and, with some help, put it into fabric and make a surgical mask on steroids." ...
Vaccines, masks? Japan puzzling over sudden… Share this:. *Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) ... of wearing masks and bad weather in late August that kept people home. ... masks? Japan puzzling over sudden virus success ...
Shop unique Sport face masks designed and sold by independent artists. Get up to 20% off. ... Wear a mask, wash your hands, stay safe. ... Boxing Mask, work out mask,UFC Mask Flat Mask. By Crime By ... What kind of masks are these?. These Sport cloth face masks are not designed for medical use, or as personal protective ... What is the return policy for masks?. Masks can be returned within 14 days of receiving your order. Please see our Help Center ...
Explore unsharp masking in Adobe Photoshop, and learn how to make images more clear and dramatic by increasing contrast and ... Select the Unsharp Mask filter by going to Filter › Sharpen › Unsharp Mask. Adjust the Amount, Radius, and Threshold sliders to ... The Unsharp Mask affects the color of pixels as well as the brightness. In areas of fine detail and complex color textures, the ... The Unsharp Mask is a very effective filter for creating striking, high-contrast images. If you want to use a more subtle ...
COVID-19 and Face Masks: Your Questions Answered.. Q&A COVID-19 and Face Masks: Your Questions Answered Medical-grade masks ... Many of these masks have more space between the mask and your mouth than cloth masks, which leads to less muffling. For ... Why use KF94, KN95, or N95 masks?. These masks do much better at keeping you from inhaling the virus. A typical cloth mask ... What is the difference between KF94, KN95, and N95 masks?. All these masks have similar filtration efficiency. The labels just ... talks about masks as a new must-wear item. Read here what inspired him to create the XuperMask. ... From a functionality standpoint, masks have their issues. Your eyeglasses fog up. Masks are hot and stuffy. Talking on your ... As a Futurist, how long do you forsee we will be wearing masks while moving around in public? ... Q&A: Talks Masks. Heres what hes been up to during the pandemic ...
Masked Forces Zombie Survival is a cool game designed to put you face to face with all the challenges and horrors that zombies ...
CSS Masking Module Level 1 *CSS Masking Module Level 1 Publication History ...
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: This website and its contents including, but not limited to, images, artwork, content, layout, design and text are protected by domestic and international copyright laws. It is unlawful to reproduce, transmit, print, or distribute any portion of this website without our express written consent. Please contact us with any questions. If you need assistance, please call ...
Put your mask over your nose, thats why youre in the theater, Patti LuPone told a pair of patrons during a Company ... Patti LuPone Curses at Broadway Theatergoers for Not Wearing Masks Properly: Get Out!. Put your mask over your nose, thats ... Patti LuPone tore into a pair of theatergoers on Tuesday after the duo refused to wear their masks properly during a post-show ... Before it even got to the point in the video, Patti had politely asked them to lift their masks several times, the source ...
"We had to reuse our masks, gowns and the [face] shield," one nurse said. "We were told, You get one for the entire time until ... "NO MORE MASKS AND REUSING THE DISPOSABLE ONES…NURSES FIGURING IT OUT DURING COVID-19 CRISIS." ... The nurse also said various items, including masks, wipes and Purell hand sanitizer, began "disappearing through the night." ...
Most of them wore gloves and masks as a safety precaution after prosecutors warned the VX-tainted items may still be dangerous. ... A Malaysian judge and court officials wore face masks and surgical gloves in court Wednesday as samples were admitted as ...
An overnight mask is more than a skin care fad, its a staple to soft, hydrated skin. We dig into the science behind why it ... How do you use an overnight mask?. Most people use overnight masks once or twice a week, and theyre not as messy as they might ... Some face masks, or facial masks, are specifically designed for overnight use. While these are generally safe to apply and ... What does an overnight mask do?. Designed to help ingredients penetrate more deeply as you sleep, an overnight mask works both ...
Some 300,000 coronavirus masks sent to pregnant women in Japan as part of a government handout have been found to be faulty, ... The masks are being sent out in order of priority, with pregnant women and care homes for the disabled at the top of the list, ... Masks remain a sought-after item in Japan.. Sharp Corp said in a statement on Tuesday that 4.7 million people applied for ... "There is no problem with the quality of our masks," the company president was quoted by NHK as saying. The firm could not ...
  • N95 Respirators or Surgical Masks? (
  • At Phoebe Putney Health, DIY masks are intended to be worn over N95 respirators and then disposed of so that the respirators can be reused more safely, says Amanda Clements, the hospital's public relations coordinator. (
  • While most all masks provide protection, some respirators (N95 and KN95 masks that meet certain standards) provide the best protection if worn properly. (
  • But neck gaiters and surgical masks captured three times more amylase than cloth masks and N95 respirators. (
  • Less than a week earlier, on February 25, public-health authorities in the United Kingdom had published guidance that masks were unnecessary even for those providing community or residential care: "During normal day-to-day activities facemasks do not provide protection from respiratory viruses, such as COVID-19 and do not need to be worn by staff. (
  • Fitted and Flat masks should only be worn by people ages 13 and up. (
  • Studies show that masks reduce the release of droplets when worn over the nose and mouth. (
  • If worn with no measures to reduce gaps, your protection may not be better than cloth masks. (
  • The new guidance, announced Friday, is a reversal from previous CDC recommendations that face masks need to be worn only by people who are sick with COVID-19, the illness caused by the new coronavirus , or by those caring for someone who is sick. (
  • The university's updated face mask guidance is based on the newest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance for determining face mask requirements. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is encouraging all Americans - even people who feel healthy - to wear cloth face masks or homemade face coverings in public when 6-feet social distancing is difficult to maintain in an effort to help slow the spread of the coronavirus. (
  • If you use a respirator (an N95 or KN95) mask, you should not double mask. (
  • Health care providers recommend using more effective masks, including KN95, N95 or surgical masks. (
  • SPH professors in the Department of Environmental Health share guidance on how to select, wear, and preserve KF94, KN95, and N95 masks. (
  • Why use KF94, KN95, or N95 masks? (
  • Performance can be increased to 60-80% filtration by knotting and tucking ear loops and otherwise minimizing gaps, and better still if using a mask brace, A well-fitted KF94/KN95/N95 can be more like 90-95+ percent. (
  • What is the difference between KF94, KN95, and N95 masks? (
  • CDC recommends universal indoor masking for all teachers, staff, students, and visitors to K-12 schools, regardless of vaccination status. (
  • But based on all available data, the CDC recommends indoor masking whenever there are high levels of COVID-19. (
  • Masks are recommended when using indoor public transportation, such as trains and buses. (
  • Many cities across the country, following new CDC guidance handed down amid a spike in cases nationally caused by the Delta variant, are once again mandating indoor mask-wearing for everyone, regardless of inoculation status. (
  • Wearing a high-quality mask along with vaccination, self-testing, and physical distancing, helps protect you and others by reducing the chance of spreading COVID-19. (
  • A new study found that mandatory masking reduces the spread of COVID-19 in schools. (
  • Schools with mandatory masking had 72% less COVID-19 cases caught at school than those with optional masking. (
  • Wearing masks is a CDC-recommended* approach to reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), by reducing the spread of respiratory droplets into the air when a person coughs, sneezes, or talks and by reducing the inhalation of these droplets by the wearer. (
  • CDC and the Kansas Department of Health and Environment analyzed trends in county-level COVID-19 incidence before (June 1-July 2) and after (July 3-August 23) the governor's executive order among counties that ultimately had a mask mandate in place and those that did not. (
  • In the midst of the rapidly spreading COVID-19 pandemic, hospitals and clinics are running out of masks. (
  • At Phoebe Putney Health hospital in Albany, Georgia, staff members and volunteers have been working overtime to make face masks that might provide protection against COVID-19. (
  • In places where COVID-19 is spreading, wearing a face mask in public helps protect other people from possible infection with COVID-19 . (
  • Using face masks in public settings helps reduce the spread of COVID-19. (
  • If you live with or have social contact with someone at high risk for severe illness from COVID-19, you may want to self-test before seeing them and wear a mask indoors when you are with them. (
  • Individuals who had exposure to someone with COVID-19 should also wear a mask. (
  • The CDC further recommends that all schoolchildren and teachers, even those who have had Covid-19 or have been vaccinated, should wear masks. (
  • Even people outside the company pitched in: A member of Fromm's church, who recently lost someone likely to COVID-19, had a background in textile manufacturing and shared with Adiletta the unique aspects of sourcing and manufacturing the masks. (
  • These Sport cloth face masks are not designed for medical use, or as personal protective equipment against coronavirus (COVID-19). (
  • The findings may help explain why wearing masks has been linked to lower disease severity in people with COVID-19. (
  • Masks serve as a barrier to help protect the people wearing them from getting or spreading SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. (
  • Research suggests that wearing a face mask may also lessen the severity of COVID-19 if an individual is infected. (
  • We found that face masks strongly increase the humidity in inhaled air and propose that the resulting hydration of the respiratory tract could be responsible for the documented finding that links lower COVID-19 disease severity to wearing a mask," says Bax. (
  • This study suggests another way that masks may help in the battle against COVID-19. (
  • Hydrating the Respiratory Tract: An Alternative Explanation Why Masks Lower Severity of COVID-19. (
  • Why use masks to protect against COVID-19? (
  • Although New York City lifted its mask and vaccine mandates back in March, the Broadway League - the national trade association for the theatre industry - has its own COVID-19 safety protocols. (
  • The researchers say that their next steps will be to adapt the color-changing strip to detect the main protease (Mpro), a marker of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, and to validate the smart mask in people who have COVID-19. (
  • If you must touch the mask, wash your hands right away or use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. (
  • Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer before putting on your mask. (
  • The nurse also said various items, including masks, wipes and Purell hand sanitizer, began "disappearing through the night. (
  • On July 2, 2020, the governor of Kansas issued an executive order † (state mandate), effective July 3, requiring masks or other face coverings in public spaces. (
  • In a series of experiments, participants wore four types of face coverings: a neck gaiter, a surgical mask, an N95 respirator, and a cloth mask. (
  • That research suggests that Americans' many months of mask-wearing has likely provided little to no health benefit and might even have been counterproductive in preventing the spread of the novel coronavirus. (
  • When the call went out at Xerox to think about new ways to use materials on hand to help the coronavirus humanitarian effort, Mark Adiletta, long-time Xerox engineering manager, had a crazy thought: What if we use printer filters to make medical-grade face masks? (
  • Wearing a face mask may also protect you from infection. (
  • Wearing face masks helps reduce the spray of respiratory droplets from the nose and mouth. (
  • Wearing a face mask over your nose and mouth keeps droplets from spraying out into the air when you are speaking, coughing, or sneezing. (
  • Wearing a mask also helps keep you from touching your face. (
  • Even if you have a beard that is not trimmed, wearing a mask will still help protect you. (
  • Wearing a mask during travel can also help protect others who cannot avoid being in crowded places when they are traveling. (
  • About a month later, on March 30, World Health Organization (WHO) Health Emergencies Program executive director Mike Ryan said that "there is no specific evidence to suggest that the wearing of masks by the mass population has any particular benefit. (
  • He added, "In fact there's some evidence to suggest the opposite" because of the possibility of not "wearing a mask properly or fitting it properly" and of "taking it off and all the other risks that are otherwise associated with that. (
  • Did the medical research on the effectiveness of masks change-and in a remarkably short period of time-or just the guidance on wearing them? (
  • In a " Science Brief " highlighting studies that "demonstrate that mask wearing reduces new infections" and serving as the main public justification for its mask guidance, the CDC provides a helpful matrix of 15 studies-none RCTs. (
  • Some possible factors in Japan's success include a belated but remarkably rapid vaccination campaign, an emptying out of many nightlife areas as fears spread during the recent surge in cases, a widespread practice, well before the pandemic, of wearing masks and bad weather in late August that kept people home. (
  • Please check with your local authorities for updated requirements and recommendations for wearing cloth face masks. (
  • NIDDK's Dr. Joseph Courtney breathes into the sealed box used for the study while wearing a mask. (
  • Wearing masks to interrupt this route of transmission has been increasingly recommended by scientists, clinicians, and government agencies. (
  • First the why: Medical experts and scientists have shown that wearing a mask is one of the best ways to reduce the spread of contagion factors. (
  • As a Futurist, how long do you forsee we will be wearing masks while moving around in public? (
  • Our new normal, while the world continues to battle the virus and get the majority of people around the globe vaccinated, is to continue to include wearing masks. (
  • As might be expected, strenuous activity and prolonged mask wearing produced higher concentrations of amylase in the masks. (
  • The minor task of wearing a mask inspired Dr. Laughlin to start working on a colorful art project that would reflect individuality, community and respect for each other's well-being. (
  • The lighter surgical or medical face-masks are made to prevent spit and mucous from getting on patients or equipment. (
  • The face mask should fit snugly over your nose and mouth, against the sides of your face, and secured under your chin. (
  • Face shields are not recommended for use in place of face masks at this time. (
  • Wash your hands before placing the mask on your face so that it covers both your nose and mouth. (
  • Face masks are now optional for all individuals on K-State campuses and at university events. (
  • Be sure your mask fits snugly against the sides of your face and under your chin. (
  • after cleansing the skin, remove film on hydrogel mask pack and apply directly to face. (
  • While the iGen 5 Press printer filter has the same properties as an N95 facemask, it can't be form-fitted into the face-hugging shape of an FDA-approved N95 mask. (
  • These masks have three layers: the first (against the face) is cotton, the middle layer is N95 filter material, and the third (outside) is cotton. (
  • When should I wear a face mask? (
  • Loop the elastic straps around your ears and adjust the toggles, if available, so there are no gaps between your face and the mask. (
  • Face masks substantially increase the humidity of the air that the mask-wearer breathes in, which the researchers propose could help combat SARS-CoV-2 infection. (
  • Drs. Joseph Courtney and Adriaan Bax of NIH's National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) carried out a study to compare how different face masks affected the humidity of inhaled air. (
  • What is the protective value of different face masks? (
  • Experts believe face masks effectively reduce viral transmission because they block a person from expelling the virus and help prevent a person from receiving the expelled virus. (
  • The protective effects of face masks are important for medical professionals, who are particularly vulnerable to the virus due to their high rates of exposure while working in clinical settings. (
  • Masked Forces Zombie Survival is a cool game designed to put you face to face with all the challenges and horrors that zombies can bring in an alternative future. (
  • We had to reuse our masks, gowns and the [face] shield," one nurse said. (
  • A Malaysian judge and court officials wore face masks and surgical gloves in court Wednesday as samples were admitted as evidence of where VX nerve agent was found on the body and clothing of the murdered half brother of North Korea's leader. (
  • 3. Press the mask on face so that the slits are closed. (
  • 4. Take off the mask after 10-15 minutes, pat the remaining essence on face in order skin to fully absorb the nutrient. (
  • Dr. Laughlin reached out to friends and family and asked each to send a selfie with their face mask, and started painting a project that would take four months to complete. (
  • For extra protection, you can wear a cloth mask on top of a disposable surgical mask (creating a double mask). (
  • The scientists tested four common types of masks: an N95 mask, a three-ply disposable surgical mask, a two-ply cotton-polyester mask, and a heavy cotton mask. (
  • Wear a mask or respirator that provides the highest level of protection (such as an N95 mask). (
  • If you have a weakened immune system or are at high risk for severe illness, wear a mask or respirator that provides the highest level of protection (such as an N95 mask). (
  • When people properly wear a high-quality mask or respirator, they protect themselves and those around them, and help keep travel safer for everyone. (
  • A volunteer wore each mask for at least 10 minutes before any measurements were taken. (
  • Most of them wore gloves and masks as a safety precaution after prosecutors warned the VX-tainted items may still be dangerous. (
  • The scientists placed the strips in masks that participants wore for eight hours. (
  • Limited evidence suggests that homemade masks can offer some protection. (
  • The WHO recommends that you clean hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water before putting on a mask. (
  • When the pandemic broke out, it quickly became clear that masks were going to be a new must-wear item, like shoes or a jacket when it's cold outside. (
  • Effective March 2, 2022, Kansas State University strongly encourages - but does not require - that everyone wear masks while indoors on university property. (
  • Regardless of how low community spread may be, you may choose to wear a mask at any time. (
  • Masking is a critical public health tool for preventing the spread of respiratory diseases. (
  • Surgical masks were designed to keep medical personnel from inadvertently infecting patients' wounds, not to prevent the spread of viruses. (
  • In truth, the CDC's, U.K.'s, and WHO's earlier guidance was much more consistent with the best medical research on masks' effectiveness in preventing the spread of viruses. (
  • I thought we could take that filter and, with some help, put it into fabric and make a surgical mask on steroids. (
  • It took the standard surgical mask and gave it N95-like performance without classifying it as such. (
  • At room temperature, the surgical mask resulted in the lowest but still sizable humidity increase, while both the N95 mask and the cotton-polyester mask increased humidity to an equal extent. (
  • Initially designed for use in the operating room as a method of elective ventilation, it is a good alternative to bag-valve-mask ventilation , freeing the hands of the provider with the benefit of less gastric distention. (
  • [ 8 ] Its use results in less gastric distention than with bag-valve-mask ventilation, which reduces but does not eliminate the risk of aspiration. (
  • The most effective method for decreasing exposure to these viral particles is with masks, alongside adequate room ventilation and filtration. (
  • The Omicron variant is even more infectious than previous variants, making it even more important to use masking and ventilation/filtration to reduce exposure. (
  • And if everyone wears masks, the benefits are multiplicative, since the masks would filter out both what is being exhaled and what is being inhaled, resulting in smaller inhaled doses. (
  • Medical and fabric masks: who wears what when? (
  • All these masks have similar filtration efficiency. (
  • How do you decide which mask to purchase, given the importance of filtration efficiency, comfort, and fit? (
  • For filtration efficiency, if authentic and tested, all of these types of masks do well, but performance can vary. (
  • Their aim was to determine the masks' fitted filtration efficiency (FFE), which indicates their effectiveness at blocking particles of similar size to those of SARS-CoV-2. (
  • Deaconess Health System in Evansville, Indiana, has posted instructions for fabric masks on their website and asked the public to step up and sew. (
  • If you use cloth masks, they should be made of at least 2 layers of fabric that can be laundered in a washing machine and dryer. (
  • This effect originates from traditional film photography and is rooted in a darkroom technique where a copy of the original image is intentionally blurred, or "unsharpened," and then applied to the original image as a contrast mask - essentially a sheet of film placed alongside the negative during printing. (
  • The scientists behind the present study tested numerous modifications to medical procedure masks alongside a range of consumer-grade masks. (
  • The Broadway legend - who is currently starring in the Tony-nominated revival of Stephen Sondheim's Company - was appearing alongside her costars in a filmed Q&A hosted by the American Theatre Wing when she snapped at the patrons, telling them to pull their masks up over their noses. (
  • When selecting a mask, consult official guidance to make the right choice for you. (
  • According to the CDC guidance, people may choose to mask at any time, and high-risk individuals should consult with their health care providers, as should those who live with or care for higher risk people. (
  • Then, on April 3, 2020, Adams announced that the CDC was changing its guidance and that the general public should hereafter wear masks whenever sufficient social distancing could not be maintained. (
  • How did mask guidance change so profoundly? (
  • I t's striking how much the CDC, in marshalling evidence to justify its revised mask guidance, studiously avoids mentioning randomized controlled trials. (
  • Each of the tested masks had a sampling port installed, enabling the scientists to compare sodium chloride concentrations behind the masks against the concentration in the general atmosphere of the exposure chamber. (
  • Do not slip the mask down on your chin or neck, wear it below your nose or mouth or up on your forehead, wear it only on your nose, or dangle it from one ear. (
  • The masks tested included an unmodified medical procedure mask, the same mask with various modifications to improve its fit, and a variety of consumer-grade masks, including cotton and synthetic masks, bandanas, and a neck gaiter covering. (
  • The results suggested that neck gaiters and surgical masks have better capabilities for concentrating oral fluids for disease-related detection. (
  • Do not use masks that have a valve or vent, which can allow virus particles to escape. (
  • It's possible that humidity created within the mask may play a role, as humidity is an essential factor in the process that clears inhaled particles from the lungs. (
  • Masks decrease release of viral particles from infectious people and decrease inhalation of viral particles by other people in the room. (
  • A typical cloth mask removes up to maybe 50% of the airborne particles . (
  • That's actually 5-10 times better than a cloth mask-for every 100 particles in the air, 50 would be inhaled with 50 percent removal, but only 5 would be inhaled with 95 percent removal. (
  • Researchers have assessed how effective various medical and consumer-grade masks are at protecting the wearer from exposure to particles similar in size to SARS-CoV-2. (
  • To help answer this question, researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) are working to create a "smart" mask that can detect SARS-CoV-2 infection in the wearer. (
  • Parental Autonomy refers to a principle that parents have fundamental rights to raise his or her child and to make all decisions concerning the child and mandatory masking contradicts this. (
  • By signing this petition I request that the Gilmanton School Board revoke their previous decision making masks mandatory when a certain number of cases are with in the school. (
  • So instead of waiting for mask shipments that may be weeks off, some people are making their own. (
  • Other people who wear masks help protect you from infection. (
  • Here are the CDC mask recommendations for all people age 2 and older based on the hospital admission level in your area. (
  • When masks first became a must, there was a shortage situation, so people started making their own. (
  • When he wasn't in the plant, Adiletta went in search of a tailor in Rochester to professionally stitch the filter into the cloth mask. (
  • Many clinicians have access to medical procedure masks, while individuals sometimes modify them with the intention of boosting their ability to block viral transmission. (
  • Several reliable studies have examined the effectiveness of different kinds of masks, with consideration of fit and comfort. (
  • Explore unsharp masking in Adobe Photoshop and learn how to make images clearer and more dramatic by increasing contrast and reducing noise. (
  • The scientists point out that while modifications to the medical procedure mask significantly improved its FFE, these require a balance with how comfortable they are to wear. (
  • After use, remove the mask from behind, loops first. (
  • For comfort, along with the straps versus ear loops, you want to make sure the masks are breathable so you can wear them for multiple hours. (
  • Adjust the mask so that there are no gaps. (
  • Follow this quick tutorial to apply the Unsharp Mask to your photo and adjust it for your artistic preferences. (
  • 2. Apply and adjust the Unsharp Mask filter. (
  • 2. Adjust the top and bottom of the mask to fit the outline of eyes, nose and mouth. (
  • Wear the most protective mask you can that fits well and that you will wear consistently. (
  • However, it is incorrect that without a formal "fit test" you cannot have a protective mask. (
  • There are two main types of masks generally used in healthcare. (
  • For the feasibility study, the researchers first wanted to see whether various types of masks can collect enough saliva for detection. (
  • These findings show that school masking remains a critical preventive measure in times with high community infection rates," says Dr. Danny Benjamin at Duke University, who co-led the study. (
  • Smart masks could one day be used to alert mask-wearers of a potential infection and the need for subsequent testing, especially in group settings such as nursing homes, rehab facilities, schools, and assembly lines. (
  • Jesse Jokerst aims to upgrade everyday masks with a color-changing sticker for detecting SARS-CoV-2 infection. (
  • Masks greatly increase the humidity of inhaled air, particularly at lower temperatures, which may help to protect wearers from serious respiratory infections. (
  • The humidifying effects of all masks greatly increased at lower temperatures. (
  • The performance of surgical masks depends greatly on the degree of fit. (
  • Look for masks with a nose wire to help prevent gaps and prevent fogging if you wear glasses. (
  • The most effective mask is the one that fits you comfortably and well that you will wear consistently. (
  • If you have a beard, try to use a mask that fits around your beard or trim your beard to help with the fit. (
  • At all temperatures, the thick cotton mask led to a very large increase in humidity. (
  • The most effective was a washed two-layer woven nylon mask, while the least effective was a three-layer woven cotton mask. (
  • One 2020 review by Chinese researchers, for example, analyzed six randomly controlled trials that included more than 9000 participants and found no added benefits of N95 masks over ordinary surgical masks for healthcare providers treating patients with the flu. (
  • By measuring the humidity changes in the box under the different conditions, the researchers were able to calculate how each mask affected the humidity of inhaled air. (
  • The researchers instructed an adult male without a beard to wear the masks. (
  • Researchers from the University of California, San Diego, demonstrated the feasibility of a "smart" mask that captures a wearer's saliva for disease detection. (
  • Researchers at UCSD are working to repurpose everyday masks for disease detection, which could help prevent outbreaks, especially in crowded settings. (
  • To make a mask "smart," the researchers aim to develop a sticker-like test strip that is affixed to the mask's inner layer and changes color when exposed to virus expelled in the wearer's saliva or breath. (
  • By tracing amylase, an abundant enzyme in saliva, the researchers were able to estimate the concentration and distribution of saliva in the masks. (
  • Earlier studies from Bax and other colleagues showed that any cloth mask can help block the thousands of saliva droplets that are released when speaking. (
  • They also wanted to determine where test strips should be placed on masks to best capture saliva. (
  • The team found that the color-changing strips were effective at capturing and detecting amylase from the mask-wearers' saliva. (
  • Masking is a critical public health tool and it is important to remember that any mask is better than no mask. (
  • Healthcare workers are going online to beg for more, the hashtags #GetMePPE and #WeNeedPPE are trending on Twitter, and some hospitals have even put out public calls for mask donations. (
  • Keep the mask on the entire time you are in public. (
  • The research, which appears in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine , provides more information for the public and clinicians on which masks to wear, and what modifications are likely to be effective. (
  • Members of the public have access to a wide variety of masks, including home-made and improvised variants. (
  • Gathering in public places, like sports stadiums, movie theaters, concerts and air travel will continue to be 'mask up territory. (
  • Fit is key-you can have the best filtering mask material in the world, but if there are gaps where air can come in and out, you are breathing air that is not filtered. (
  • Health providers are working scared: They know that the moment the masks run out, they're at increased risk for disease. (
  • After one tailor turned it around for him in that timeframe, Adiletta went back to designing the prototype at the Xerox lab, while also sending prototypes to Rochester Regional Health-the recipients of the final masks-to review. (
  • On April 9, the masks were loaded up into a truck and driven over to employees across Rochester Regional Health. (
  • While there is currently no laundered process for personal protective equipment, Xerox, Hickey Freeman, and Rochester Regional Health are exploring a sterilization process that would allow the masks to be reused multiple times. (
  • Physicians and providers around the world have been sharing strategies online for how to make their own masks. (
  • Make sure you can breathe comfortably through the mask. (
  • Now, I want to make sure that each voxel is assigned to only one mask. (
  • Using unsharp masking to make photos sharper. (
  • This allows you to apply the Unsharp Mask as a smart filter to the input image, which keeps the sharpening effect editable, in case you need to make changes later. (
  • Items sold by Etsy sellers, such as masks, aren't medical-grade. (
  • Medical-grade masks provide better protection than cloth masks against the highly contagious Omicron variant. (