Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The reporting of observed or suspected PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT or incompetence to appropriate authorities or to the public.
Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)
Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The practice of prescribing or using a drug outside the scope of the drug's official approved label as designated by a regulatory agency concerning the treatment of a particular disease or condition.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Travel to another country for the purpose of medical treatment.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.
Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.
The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
The selection of one food over another.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
An examination, review and verification of all financial accounts.
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.
An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.
Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
The application of knowledge to the food industry.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The means of interchanging or transmitting and receiving information. Historically the media were written: books, journals, newspapers, and other publications; in the modern age the media include, in addition, radio, television, computers, and information networks.
Professional practice as an employee or contractee of a health care institution.
Procedures, strategies, and theories of planning.
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
Collection and analysis of data pertaining to operations of a particular library, library system, or group of independent libraries, with recommendations for improvement and/or ordered plans for further development.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.
Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Hospital department responsible for the purchasing of supplies and equipment.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.
Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.
Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.
Pharmacy services accessed via electronic means.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Large computers in both size and capacity.
The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.
Managerial personnel responsible for implementing policy and directing the activities of hospitals.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Viscous materials composed of complex, high-molecular-weight compounds derived from the distillation of petroleum or the destructive distillation of wood or coal. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The detection of long and short term side effects of conventional and traditional medicines through research, data mining, monitoring, and evaluation of healthcare information obtained from healthcare providers and patients.
The planning and managing of programs, services, and resources.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Communication between persons or between institutions or organizations by an exchange of letters. Its use in indexing and cataloging will generally figure in historical and biographical material.
The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.
Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.
Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.

Targeting of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders by the tobacco industry: results from the Minnesota Tobacco Document Depository. (1/461)

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to review internal tobacco industry documents written between 1985 and 1995 regarding the Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) population in the USA. These documents detail opportunities and barriers to promotion of tobacco products, as viewed by the tobacco industry and its market research firms. DATA SOURCES: /methods: Researchers reviewed tobacco industry documents from the document depository in Minneapolis, Minnesota and the tobacco industry's website, The Tobacco Archive, in a systematic fashion. A combined technique was employed using title keywords, dates, and names to search the 4(b) index. FINDINGS: A review of internal tobacco company documents reveal that during the late 1980s, the industry and its market research firms recognised the importance of the AAPI community as a potential business market. Documents describe the population growth in this community, the high prevalence of smoking in countries of origin, high purchasing power of AAPI immigrants, cultural predisposition to smoking, opportunities afforded by the high proportion of retail businesses under AAPI ownership, barriers to developing the AAPI market, comprehensive campaigns, and political and lobbying efforts. Comprehensive campaigns were designed to integrate promotion efforts in AAPI consumer, retail, and business communities. CONCLUSIONS: The documents show that the tobacco industry developed specific promotion strategies to target the AAPI population. Tobacco control initiatives in the AAPI group have been slower to develop than in other targeted ethnic groups, and may benefit by increased awareness of industry methods to promote tobacco use.  (+info)

Influence of commercial information on prescription quantity in primary care. (2/461)

BACKGROUND: In the last few years we have witnessed many publicly-financed health services reaching a crisis point. Thus, drug expenditure is nowadays one of the main concerns of health managers, and its containment one of the first goals of health authorities in western countries. The objective of this study is to identify the effect of the perceived quality stated in commercial information, its uses, and how physicians perceive the influence it has on prescription amounts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 405 primary care physicians was conducted in Galicia (north-west Spain). The independent variables physician's education and speciality, physician's perception of the quality of available drug information sources, type of practice, and number of patients were collected, through a postal questionnaire. Environmental characteristics of the practice were obtained from secondary sources. Multiple regression models were constructed using as dependent variables two indicators of prescription volume. RESULTS: The response rate was 75.2%. Prescription amounts was found to be associated with perceived credibility of information provided by medical visitors, regulated physician training, and environmental characteristics of the practice (primary care team practice, urban environment). CONCLUSIONS: The study results suggest that in order to decrease prescription amounts it is necessary to limit the role of pharmaceutical companies in physician training, improve physician education and training, and emphasize more objective sources of information.  (+info)

Review article: gastroenterology and the pharmaceutical industry. (3/461)

Physicians' relationships with industry derive from the moral imperative to advocate and work for the best interests of patients. Private industry generally operates to satisfy the best interests of the stockholders or owners. Conflicts arise between these interests and are magnified by the inequality of the financial positions of physicians and industry. Because the ultimate consumer of the products (drugs, medical devices, etc.) of the biomedical industry must enlist a physician as an intermediary, the physician has become the target of industry in a sophisticated marketing effort that includes the offering of financial and other incentives. These conflicts and incentives are pervasive throughout clinical and research endeavors. Standards for resolution, if not elimination, of these conflicts have been proposed by various respected organizations. Individual physicians and medical organizations should evaluate these standards and, if pertinent and appropriate, endorse and follow them.  (+info)

Testing neoclassical competitive market theory in the field. (4/461)

This study presents results from a pilot field experiment that tests predictions of competitive market theory. A major advantage of this particular field experimental design is that my laboratory is the marketplace: subjects are engaged in buying, selling, and trading activities whether I run an exchange experiment or am a passive observer. In this sense, I am gathering data in a natural environment while still maintaining the necessary control to execute a clean comparison between treatments. The main results of the study fall into two categories. First, the competitive model predicts reasonably well in some market treatments: the expected price and quantity levels are approximated in many market rounds. Second, the data suggest that market composition is important: buyer and seller experience levels impact not only the distribution of rents but also the overall level of rents captured. An unexpected result in this regard is that average market efficiency is lowest in markets that match experienced buyers and experienced sellers and highest when experienced buyers engage in bargaining with inexperienced sellers. Together, these results suggest that both market experience and market composition play an important role in the equilibrium discovery process.  (+info)

How will the reduction of tariffs and taxes on insecticide- treated bednets affect household purchases? (5/461)

One of the steps called for in the fight against malaria is the removal of tariffs and taxes on insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs), netting materials, and insecticides, with a view to reducing the retail prices of ITNs and thus increasing utilization. In this paper we develop an approach for analysing the extent to which reform of tariff and tax policy can be expected to increase ITN purchases. We consider the following questions: (1). How much does the retail price of ITNs change if tariffs and taxes are reduced or eliminated? (2). How responsive is consumer demand to changes in the retail price of ITNs? Data on the price elasticity of demand for ITNs are very limited. Nevertheless, they suggest that ITN demand is not highly responsive to lower prices if household preferences are held constant. The reduction in retail prices associated with the removal of tariffs and taxes depends on the structure of the market in individual countries. In Nigeria, reducing the tariff on insecticides from 42% to zero and the tariff on netting materials from 40% to 5% is expected to increase ITN purchases by 9-27%, depending on the elasticity used. Country-specific information about market structure and cost conditions is needed if predictions are to be made as to how a specific policy change will affect ITN purchases.  (+info)

Restrictions on import of drugs for personal use within the European single market. (6/461)

BACKGROUND: The European Union (EU) has harmonized legislation on pharmaceutical products to implement the single market in this field. European consumers are offered with high quality and safe products that have been brought onto the market through harmonized procedures. The aim of the study was to find out if there still were legislative restrictions to purchasing prescription only medicines (POMs) for personal use from another EU member state. METHODS: The medicines authorities in the EU were inquired about the possibilities of a citizen to obtain POMs for personal use from another EU country. The method used was a questionnaire covering both the delivery of foreign prescriptions and import of prescription-only medicines. The questionnaire was mailed, e-mailed or faxed to the national medicines authorities. RESULTS: An answer was obtained from 11 of the 15 member states. The results showed that the delivery of foreign prescriptions was regulated only in the Nordic countries. All the countries reported prohibitions on delivering prescriptions for drugs that act on the central nervous system and prescriptions that were suspicious. The personal import of drugs was restricted as to the amounts and reimbursement policy. CONCLUSIONS: The import of drugs for personal use is not yet comparable to other consumables in the EU. The prevailing restrictions contravene the community legislation and this problem has not yet been solved. It is probable that problems will arise in the near future when information technology is likely to be used increasingly in the delivery of drugs.  (+info)

Monitoring compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in west Africa: multisite cross sectional survey in Togo and Burkina Faso. (7/461)

OBJECTIVES: To monitor compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in health systems, sales outlets, distribution points, and the news media in Togo and Burkina Faso, west Africa. DESIGN: Multisite cross sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Staff at 43 health facilities and 66 sales outlets and distribution points, 186 health providers, and 105 mothers of infants aged < or =5 months in 16 cities. RESULTS: Six (14%) health facilities had received donations of breast milk substitutes. All donations were being given to mothers free of charge. Health providers in five (12%) health facilities had received free samples of breast milk substitutes for purposes other than professional research or evaluation. Health professionals in five (12%) health facilities had received promotional gifts from manufacturers. Promotional materials of commercial breast milk substitutes were found in seven (16%) health facilities. Special displays to market commercial breast milk substitutes were found in 29 (44%) sales and distribution points. Forty commercial breast milk substitutes violated the labelling standards of the code: 21 were manufactured by Danone, 11 by Nestle, and eight by other national and international manufacturers. Most (148, 90%) health providers had never heard of the code, and 66 mothers (63%) had never received any counselling on breast feeding by their health providers. CONCLUSION: In west Africa manufacturers are violating the code of marketing of breast milk substitutes. Comparable levels of code violations are observed with (Burkina Faso) or without (Togo) regulating legislation. Legislation must be accompanied by effective information, training, and monitoring systems to ensure that healthcare providers and manufacturers comply with evidence based practice and the code.  (+info)

Views of older people on cataract surgery options: an assessment of preferences by conjoint analysis. (8/461)

BACKGROUND: Key issues in the quality of care for people with cataracts in the UK include hospital waiting lists, complication rates from surgery, and the use of junior surgeons. The main objective of this study was to investigate the relative importance that older people attach to these factors when given theoretical choices over options for cataract surgery. METHOD: A systematic sample of 194 individuals aged 60-84 years on a general practice register in Nottingham were invited to take part in an interview based survey. Respondents ranked 11 "cataract surgery packages" containing different waiting list lengths, complication risks, and surgeon grades. Conjoint analysis was performed to determine the relative importance of these factors for individuals and for the group as a whole. RESULTS: Of the 194 subjects invited to participate, 146 (72%) completed the interview. For the group as a whole the "averaged importance" of the factors was: complication risk 45.8%; waiting time 41.1%, surgeon grade 13.1%. Analysis of importance scores for individuals showed that some were particularly concerned about complication risk while others were more concerned about waiting times. There was a strong negative correlation between importance scores for these factors (Spearman's rho -0.78, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Most respondents thought that either risk of damage to sight and/or waiting time were important, while surgeon grade was relatively unimportant. The findings show that some potential cataract patients prefer a greater risk of complication combined with a short wait than a low complication rate and a longer wait.  (+info)

There are several types of drug-related side effects and adverse reactions, including:

1. Common side effects: These are side effects that are commonly experienced by patients taking a particular medication. Examples include nausea, dizziness, and fatigue.
2. Serious side effects: These are side effects that can be severe or life-threatening. Examples include allergic reactions, liver damage, and bone marrow suppression.
3. Adverse events: These are any unwanted or harmful effects that occur during the use of a medication, including side effects and other clinical events such as infections or injuries.
4. Drug interactions: These are interactions between two or more drugs that can cause harmful side effects or reduce the effectiveness of one or both drugs.
5. Side effects caused by drug abuse: These are side effects that occur when a medication is taken in larger-than-recommended doses or in a manner other than as directed. Examples include hallucinations, seizures, and overdose.

It's important to note that not all side effects and adverse reactions are caused by the drug itself. Some may be due to other factors, such as underlying medical conditions, other medications being taken, or environmental factors.

To identify and manage drug-related side effects and adverse reactions, healthcare providers will typically ask patients about any symptoms they are experiencing, perform physical exams, and review the patient's medical history and medication list. In some cases, additional tests may be ordered to help diagnose and manage the problem.

Overall, it's important for patients taking medications to be aware of the potential for side effects and adverse reactions, and to report any symptoms or concerns to their healthcare provider promptly. This can help ensure that any issues are identified and addressed early, minimizing the risk of harm and ensuring that the patient receives the best possible care.

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It is also not sufficient just to build a market: attention needs to be paid to how that market will be managed, operated and ... Effective regulation of markets is essential. Inside a market, both hygiene rules and revenue collection activities have to be ... Efficient marketing infrastructure such as wholesale, retail and assembly markets and storage facilities is essential for cost- ... Markets play an important role in rural development, income generation, food security, and developing rural-market linkages. ...
Promotion and marketing communications, All stub articles, Marketing stubs). ... marketing) AISDALSLove Model Defining Advertising Goals for Measured Advertising by Solomom Dutka - Publisher: NTC Business ...
American Marketing Association "What Is A Marketing Channel". Marketing 101. "Types of Marketing Channels". Boundless. "Kanal ... Multichannel marketing Omnichannel marketing Crosschannel marketing These approaches can be differentiated by: Where they take ... Marketing Channels can be long term or short term. Short term channels are influenced by market factors such as: business users ... A marketing channel is a useful tool for management, and is crucial to creating an effective and well-planned marketing ...
... , or cultural movement marketing, is a marketing model that begins with an idea on the rise in culture. ... "Movements" as a new brand building marketing model begins with an idea on the rise in culture rather than the product itself. ... Cultural movement" requires a radical rethink of the old rules of marketing. Instead of being about "the individual" it is ... Suzana Apelbaum (September 28, 2010). "Movement Marketing in the Nude: Is it a game changer -- or just a fancy dress?". ...
Digital marketing, Market research, Marketing techniques, Online advertising, Spamming). ... Email marketing is popular with companies for several reasons: Email marketing is significantly cheaper and faster than ... Historically, it has not been easy to measure the effectiveness of marketing campaigns because target markets cannot be ... and highlighted the potential of marketing through mass emails. However, as email marketing developed as an effective means of ...
2015, 7 21). "Premiums.". Retrieved from Boundless Marketing: https://www.boundless.com/marketing/textbooks/boundless-marketing ... How to Use Advertising Specialties and Premiums in Direct Marketing Advertising Specialties and Premiums in Direct Marketing. ... In marketing, premiums are promotional items - toys, collectables, souvenirs and household products - that are linked to a ... Loyalty marketing Pepsi Stuff Radio premium Trading stamp Lamb, Hair & McDaniel 2008, pp. 540. Kotler & Armstrong 2010, pp. 504 ...
"Global Marketing Strategy". Wiley International Encyclopedia of Marketing Online. "International Marketing". marketing-schools. ... International marketing is required for the development of the marketing mix for the country. International marketing includes ... "International Marketing , Fastweb". www.fastweb.com. Retrieved 2 April 2021. "Domestic marketing vs international marketing". ... "Definition of Marketing Mix , What is Marketing Mix ? Marketing Mix Meaning". The Economic Times. Retrieved 21 April 2019. ...
Wool Marketing Board British Egg Industry Council Egg Marketing Board Milk Marketing Board Potato Council Tripe Marketing Board ... A marketing board is an organization created by many producers to try to market their product and increase consumption and thus ... Marketing boards differ from industry trade groups in that their primary goal is marketing towards consumers, not governments, ... Agricultural produce market committee Kerala Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Tamil Nadu State Agricultural Marketing ...
Other common youth marketing tactics include entertainment marketing, music marketing, sports marketing, event marketing, viral ... Advertising to children Food marketing toward children Viral marketing Word of mouth Online marketing New Media Marketing Youth ... Talks on youth marketing have been ongoing; there have been few changes to policy or law in regards to marketing to youth. The ... "Youth Marketing" is a term used in the marketing and advertising industry to describe activities to communicate with young ...
... content marketing, career site design, social media marketing, employee referrals, and email marketing engage potential ... Inbound marketing has been the most successful marketing method for doing business in recent years because companies are ... A recruitment marketing strategy leverages the principles of inbound marketing by integrating an employer's value propositionas ... "What is Recruitment Marketing?". Rally™ Recruitment Marketing. Retrieved 2019-01-17. (All articles with unsourced statements, ...
Depending on the company's marketing mix, they may use different types of attribution to track their marketing channels: ... Stephanie Miller (February 6, 2013). "Digital Marketing Attribution.Digital Marketing Attribution". DMNews.com. Retrieved March ... Base = Predicted Conversions Without Observed Marketing Predicted Conversions With Observed Marketing {\displaystyle {\text{ ... and email marketing. The purpose of marketing attribution is to quantify the influence each advertising impression has on a ...
... "set of marketing tools that the firm uses to pursue its marketing objectives in the target market". The traditional marketing ... "From Marketing Mix to Relationship Marketing: Towards a Paradigm Shift in Marketing," Management Decision, vol. 32, no.2, 1994 ... Marketing of Services, [AMA Special Conference on Services Marketing], American Marketing Association, Chicago. Ill, 1981, pp ... Marketing of Services. American Marketing Association: 47-51. Kotler, Philip (2012). Marketing Management. Pearson Education. p ...
In marketing and sales, marketing collateral is a collection of media used to support the sales of a product or service. ... "Ending the War between Sales and Marketing". Harvard Business Review. p. 5. Retrieved June 18, 2010.[1] (Articles needing ...
... may refer to: Older, non-pejorative sense of marketing communications Newer, pejorative sense of ... interruption marketing This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Outbound marketing. If an internal ...
... is an advanced form of word-of-mouth marketing in which companies develop customers who believe so ... Evangelism marketing is applicable to any kind of product. Technology evangelism is the evangelism marketing of a tool. ... Evangelism marketing is sometimes confused with affiliate marketing. However, while affiliate programs provide incentives in ... Longenecker, C. (2005). "Marketing as a management style". Business Horizons. 38 (4): 77. doi:10.1016/0007-6813(95)90012-8. ...
... , sometimes called "experiential marketing", "event marketing", "on-ground marketing", "live marketing", " ... "Engagement Marketing 101 (Redux)", Marketing Daily, April 18, 2012 Ippolito, Greg (2013-08-08). "Momentum Marketing". Marketing ... Street marketing, also known as street teams Youth marketing, also known as entertainment marketing Event management, also ... "participation marketing", "Loyalty Marketing", or "special events", is a marketing strategy that directly engages consumers and ...
... refers to the application of marketing ethics into the marketing process. Briefly, marketing ethics refers to ... Ethical marketing should be part of business ethics in the sense that marketing forms a significant part of any business model ... Over the past few years ethical marketing has become a more important part of marketing with many university courses adding ... Business ethics Fair trade Greenwashing Marketing ethics Socially responsible marketing Murphy, Patrick E.; Gene R. Laczniak; ...
... affects all phases of the customer life-cycle, and several conversion marketing solutions are utilized to ... In electronic commerce, conversion marketing is marketing with the intention of increasing conversions-that is, site visitors ... The company could market a special offer, like free shipping, to convert the visitor into a paying customer. A company may also ... Conversion marketing attempts to solve low online conversions through optimized customer service, which requires a complex ...
... permission marketing improves the odds that consumers pay more attention to the marketing message. Permission marketing thus ... Permission marketing is a concept introduced in a book of the same name in 1999 by marketing expert Seth Godin. Permission ... Permission marketing allows consumers to choose whether or not to be subjected to marketing[dubious - discuss]. This choice can ... Interruption marketing is essentially a competition to win people's attention. In today's world of mass-marketing, people are ...
... , regardless of the product offered or the market targeted, sets the guidelines for which good marketing is ... Normative marketing ethics. Positive marketing ethics looks at the statement "what is" when it comes to examining marketing ... Using selective marketing to discourage demand from an unwanted market group or exclude them altogether. Examples of market ... The main theoretical issue here is the debate between free markets and regulated markets. In a truly free market, any ...
... "What is Content Marketing?: Content Marketing". Retrieved 19 September 2014. Lieb, Rebecca (2011-10-14). ... Content marketing is a form of marketing focused on creating, publishing, and distributing content for a targeted audience ... Content marketing requires continuous delivery of large amounts of content, preferably within a content marketing strategy. ... Digital content marketing through electronic service is usually served together with other channels to achieve marketing ...
The 4 Ps are the key factors in marketing a product or service: product, price, place, and promotion. ... Marketing Mix: The 4 Ps of Marketing and How to Use Them A marketing mix includes multiple areas of focus as part of a ... How To Use the 4 Ps of Marketing in Your Marketing Strategy The four Ps provide a framework on which to build your marketing ... What Is Guerrilla Marketing? Definition, Examples, and History Guerrilla marketing is the use of novel or unexpected marketing ...
Marketing optimization. Maximize your ROI by understanding how your advertising and marketing reaches and impacts audiences. ... 2023 Nielsen Annual Marketing Report. Discover how consistent measurement can help you navigate todays digital-first media ... Discover the 5 factors that move the needle for brand building across branded content, influencer and podcast marketing in… ...
AMR provides custom and syndicated market research reports with deep industry analysis. It also offers business and consulting ... RF Isolator Market May 2023. The global rf isolator market was valued at $0.7 billion in 2022, and is projected to reach $1.3 ... Decentralized Insurance Market May 2023. The global decentralized insurance market was valued at $1.4 billion in 2022, and is ... Interested in building your career in market research, digital marketing, editing, writing, or sales Contact Us to work with ...
Who is this for?. However, we are only interesting in clients who are in a position to invest in their business and take it to the next level and ready to crunch it in 2018 and beyond.. Then please complete subscription form above or below.. We take our business and commitment seriously. We dont take you money or you time lithely we know everyone including you work really hard for your money so in you are not a good fit for us we are first to gracefully decline the offer to work together. ...
Agenda Digital marketing overview 1 What is digital marketing? 2 Why are people going on... ... Digital Marketing Overview What is Social media marketing (SMM)? *Digital Marketing Overview What is Social media marketing ( ... Digital Marketing Overview Digital marketing measurement *Digital Marketing Overview Digital marketing measurement Calculation ... Digital marketing measurement *Digital Marketing Overview Introduction What is digital marketing? "Digital marketing" is the ...
Marketing Politics Weekly. Marketing Automotive Weekly. Marketing Retail Weekly. Marketing: CPG Weekly. Marketing: D2C Weekly. ... Brand and Product Marketing. MarketingDaily. Marketing: Top of the News. Marketing Insider. Brand Insider. Brand Insider: ... Marketing Daily Editions for May 2023. Marketing Daily - Wednesday, May 31, 2023. In A Dangerous Pride Season, Brands Dim Their ... Marketing Meter: Brands Have Trouble Measuring ROI Across Channels. Marketing Daily - Tuesday, May 23, 2023. FDA Envisions ...
... you can read all about MARKETING CONTENT. as Vertical Response lets you create, manage and optimize email campaigns as well as ... Small business marketing Where to Find Kickin Online Images for Your Content. If you need a on-going source of professional ... 8 Tips for Boosting Customer Engagement Through Email Marketing. *If You Build It They Will Come: Growing Your Presence With a ... Leverage the power of VerticalResponse with insights, examples and practical advice from our email marketing experts. See how ...
But theres a relationship between marketing strategy and employee recruitment. ... Marketing strategy doesnt just lay out processes to create new customers and retain existing ones. Directly or indirectly, it ... Paul Talbot: How is marketing strategy changing and why?. Josh Levine: The most important shift that leading companies are ... Talbot: Marketing strategy, brand strategy, media strategy, campaign strategy…we have all these strategies that can easily ...
... in which an open market refers to a market which is accessible to all economic actors. In an open market so defined, all ... It is not a free market process. *To intervene in the "business cycle", a central bank may choose to go into the open market ... This contrasts with a market closed by a monopoly which dominate an industry, and with a protected market in which entry is ... In principle, a fully open market is a completely free market in which all economic actors can trade without any external ...
... in place switch to a new marketing automation vendor for a variety of reasons. Regardless of whether the MAP transition ... nearly 10 percent of B2B organizations with a marketing automation platform (MAP) ... Clear the schedule. Once the timing of the marketing automation migration is scheduled, inform field and program marketing. ... Though marketing automation migration is often viewed as one project, the project works better when it comprises multiple ...
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Google Marketing Live 2022. Here are links to our coverage of Google Marketing Live 2022:. *Google Marketing Live 2022: ... You can register for Google Marketing Live 2023 here.. Why we care. In the fast-paced world of digital marketing, staying up-to ... Google Marketing Live 2023 is a free event and allows advertisers to stay ahead of the competition and on top of industry ... Google Marketing Live registration opens. Stay up to date on new products & technology, adapt to new strategies, and capitalize ...
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Essentials - Video Marketing Launchpad. Call-To-Action. You must grab the viewers attention, connect with them and finally ... Personality-Focussed Videos: The best type of video for marketing purposes and to build trust. Featured by the presence of a ... Produce Videos - Video Marketing Launchpad. *Software-driven solution: The quickest way which turns articles into videos or ...
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... these are some of the marketing strategies that the web has taken to new heights. ... Virally yours: Marketing on the net Word of mouth, demographic trageting, these are some of the marketing strategies that the ... The foundation for viral marketing was laid when Cro-Magnon recommended a bear femur as a club to his neighbor. In the ... The Net is so potent, in fact, it might just enable viral marketing to kill the very engine that powers itself. ...
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  • The global decentralized insurance market was valued at $1.4 billion in 2022, and is projected to reach $135.6 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 58.5% from 2023 to 2032. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
  • The 2023 Saturday Market season will begin on Saturday, April 15th and continue each Saturday through November 11th, 2023. (dcfm.org)
  • You can register for Google Marketing Live 2023 here . (searchengineland.com)
  • Google Marketing Live 2023 is a free event and allows advertisers to stay ahead of the competition and on top of industry trends and changes. (searchengineland.com)
  • Salesforce has been named a Leader in The Forrester Wave™: Cross-Channel Marketing Hubs, Q1 2023. (salesforce.com)
  • Registering a year-on-year (Y-o-Y) growth of 5.3%, the global sealless magnetic drive pump market size reached around US$ 637.7 million in 2022. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • Through 2022, Gartner projects the market size and growth of the cloud services industry at nearly three time the growth of overall IT services. (gartner.com)
  • Google Marketing Live 2022. (searchengineland.com)
  • The Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ) is conducting a comprehensive analysis of the country's health labour market that started on 14 August 2022. (who.int)
  • Madison's bike share program Madison BCycle offers another easy way to get to the market and skip the traffic, with over 40 stations in the downtown and surrounding areas. (dcfm.org)
  • Future Market Insights, Inc. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • Explore our insights and best practices on marketing & privacy. (forrester.com)
  • At Experian Marketing Services, we use data and insights to help brands have more meaningful interactions with people. (experian.com)
  • Leverage the power of VerticalResponse with insights, examples and practical advice from our email marketing experts. (verticalresponse.com)
  • Keep up with the latest marketing trends, insights, and conversations. (salesforce.com)
  • Learn about the top insights from our 8th State of Marketing report. (salesforce.com)
  • The success of this health labour market analysis will provide evidence and insight on the Zimbabwe population health needs, the health workforce issues and dynamics, particularly in the health labour market of Zimbabwe," noted Health Services Board (HSB) Acting Executive Director Mr Anglebert Mbengwa. (who.int)
  • As a graduate of the Bachelor of Business (Marketing), you'll have plenty of opportunities to drive exciting and strategic marketing campaigns, engaging with clients and customers in a variety of industries and environments, including established brands or start-ups. (edu.au)
  • Most digital marketing strategies and campaigns have following 5 objectives. (slideshare.net)
  • As leaders in the evolution of the advertising landscape, Experian Marketing Services can help you identify your customers and the right potential customers, uncover the most appropriate communication channels, develop messages that resonate, and measure the effectiveness of marketing activities and campaigns. (experian.com)
  • Health communication and marketing campaigns that promote positive behavior change are a cornerstone of public health and behavioral science. (cdc.gov)
  • The worldwide public cloud services market is projected to grow 17.5 percent in 2019 to total $214.3 billion, up from $182.4 billion in 2018, according to Gartner, Inc. (gartner.com)
  • The fastest-growing market segment will be cloud system infrastructure services, or infrastructure as a service (IaaS), which is forecast to grow 27.5 percent in 2019 to reach $38.9 billion, up from $30.5 billion in 2018 (see Table 1). (gartner.com)
  • Maximize your ROI by understanding how your advertising and marketing reaches and impacts audiences. (nielsen.com)
  • Maximize marketing ROI with the #1 Success Ecosystem. (salesforce.com)
  • Cigarette and smokeless tobacco companies spend billions of dollars each year to market their products. (cdc.gov)
  • questioning whether or not these products should continue to be marketed at all without authorized premarket tobacco applications," Gottlieb continued. (medscape.com)
  • We found it insightful and also our client found it very useful to better understand some of the market dynamics. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
  • A presentation about digital marketing regarding Search Engine Optimization, Pay Per Click, and Social Media Marketing. (slideshare.net)
  • Digital Marketing Overview How digital marketing evolved over the years Back in the day, it was all about search engine optimization - (organic search)  Build a website  Apply the art of on and off page SEO to your website, you build links, you build more links, and you build even more backlinks, focus on the meta-tags, content, etc. (slideshare.net)
  • Learn actionable search marketing tactics that can help you drive more traffic, leads, and revenue. (searchengineland.com)
  • Bring your backpack, saddle bags, or bike trailer to carry the many fresh and wonderful products available at the Dane County Farmers' Market on the Square. (dcfm.org)
  • Digital marketing" is the process of building and maintaining customer relationships through online activities to facilitate the exchange of ideas, products, and services that satisfy the goals of both parties. (slideshare.net)
  • How does the marketing of products, services and experiences impact our daily lives? (le.ac.uk)
  • Google has opened registration for Google Marketing Live - the company's annual event for showing off its newest ad formats, products and updates. (searchengineland.com)
  • In the face of skyrocketing e-cigarette use by adolescents, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said it has not ruled out taking the products off the market, according to testimony at a January 18 public hearing . (medscape.com)
  • Why has the FDA not exercised its authority with respect to the marketing of these products, but it has insisted on [it] with respect to the approval and marketing of nicotine replacement therapies? (medscape.com)
  • This section provides answers to the frequently asked questions regarding the DAIDS Use of Study Products Not Marketed in the United States Policy. (nih.gov)
  • However, many bodybuilding products marketed as dietary supplements have been found to contain other ingredients that can be harmful. (nih.gov)
  • This market is projected to account for USD 265.4 billion by 2026, registering a CAGR of 18.0% during the forecast period. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • This degree builds a strong understanding of business principles while you learn marketing theories, practice and how marketing impacts the success of contemporary organisations. (edu.au)
  • Consumption in society is shaped by the cultural, political, technologically digital-focused factors that influence marketing practices and this programme will prepare you to engage with these issues in critical, practical ways. (le.ac.uk)
  • There is insufficient data, particularly nationwide, on the market structure for physician practices. (nih.gov)
  • This project, once completed, might provide a decent snapshot of the market structure for physician practices in one state. (nih.gov)
  • In summary, fundamental data and measurement issues prevent adequate analyses of health care market structure. (nih.gov)
  • Explore more of our markets! (dcfm.org)
  • The event will explore how Google's AI-driven ads solutions can amplify your marketing skills and generate impressive business outcomes in the evolving economic landscape. (searchengineland.com)
  • Discover how Forrester supports B2B and B2C marketing leaders. (forrester.com)
  • See how Forrester evaluated the 15 most significant cross-channel marketing hubs and why Salesforce was named a Leader. (salesforce.com)
  • Interested in building your career in market research, digital marketing, editing, writing, or sales Contact Us to work with the leaders in the industry. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
  • Agenda Digital marketing overview 1 What is digital marketing? (slideshare.net)
  • 3 Benefits of digital marketing 4 What does digital marketing consist of? (slideshare.net)
  • Digital Marketing Overview Why are people going online? (slideshare.net)
  • For information on a new product, service or location  If they have a question  If they are looking for help  If they want more information on certain individuals or organizations  Meeting attendants  Business contacts  General information (maybe about you…)  New employees  Available jobs  Etc. With the constant growth of the web, and more people getting connected every day, digital marketing has become a necessity for many organizations. (slideshare.net)
  • Digital Marketing Overview What does digital marketing consist of? (slideshare.net)
  • Digital Marketing Overview Digital marketing objectives One way to make sure you are found on the web is with an optimized digital marketing strategy. (slideshare.net)
  • Reaching the right audience  To engage with your audience  To motivate your audience to take action  Efficient spending on your campaign  Return on investment (ROI) Digital marketing goal Digital marketing is about generating sales and/or capturing leads from customers that are searching on the Internet for answers. (slideshare.net)
  • In the era of e-commerce and digital marketing, it's important to remember that your market is most likely spread out over a wide range. (experian.com)
  • This degree combines management studies with marketing analysis, from traditional advertising to cutting-edge digital techniques. (le.ac.uk)
  • You will combine your studies of management with a specialist focus on marketing management, digital and social media marketing and marketing intelligence. (le.ac.uk)
  • In the fast-paced world of digital marketing, staying up-to-date with the latest tools, technologies, and strategies is crucial for maintaining a competitive edge. (searchengineland.com)
  • In addition to being a Marine Corps veteran, she has an extensive background in digital marketing, an MBA and a penchant for true crime, podcasts, travel, and snacks. (searchengineland.com)
  • This is digital marketing for lasting relationships. (salesforce.com)
  • I asked corporate culture consultant Josh Levine, cofounder of CULTURE LABx, to lend his perspective to the ways that marketing strategy can impact employee recruitment and retention. (forbes.com)
  • Market economies range from minimally regulated free-market and laissez-faire systems where state activity is restricted to providing public goods and services and safeguarding private ownership, [3] to interventionist forms where the government plays an active role in correcting market failures and promoting social welfare . (wikipedia.org)
  • Financial Market Data powered by FinancialContent Services, Inc. All rights reserved. (investorplace.com)
  • For example, health care will be costly if the markets for hospital services are not functioning well even if the health care exchanges are functioning well. (nih.gov)
  • Consequently, there is a pressing need to invest in data infrastructure on health care organizations and markets. (nih.gov)
  • According to recent Gartner surveys, more than a third of organizations see cloud investments as a top three investing priority , which is impacting market offerings. (gartner.com)
  • Matt Piccinin, co-founder of the 16-location chain Shuckin' Shack Oyster Bar, with restaurants along the East Coast from Maryland to Florida, said he now lists all of his seafood offerings as market price, just like Long Beach Fish Grill. (cnbc.com)
  • Post Market Surveillance is phase 4 clinical trial, that is designed to capture these adverse side effects that did not appear during drug approval process. (nih.gov)
  • It provides comprehensive and collaborative recruitment plans, including marketing and community engagement that reach out to diverse and targeted research study participants. (nih.gov)
  • NITAAC can also assist with your market research by hosting Virtual or in-person Industry Days. (nih.gov)
  • As a comprehensive GWAC with both Other-Than-Small and Small Businesses, CIO-SP4 enables you to specify a socioeconomic group in your market research, and then use e-GOS to issue a Sources Sought Notice (SSN) directly to those same companies to gauge interest. (nih.gov)
  • Strong research evidence demonstrates that hospital prices are higher in more concentrated markets (i.e., markets with fewer competitors). (nih.gov)
  • Similarly, there is a lack of data to support research evidence on insurers, particularly small group, individual markets. (nih.gov)
  • The new health insurance exchanges might provide an opportunity to learn more about this piece of the market structure, although it is unclear how the exchanges might be used for research purposes and what entity would monitor researcher use. (nih.gov)
  • Marketing with your target customer segment in mind. (experian.com)
  • Make revenue teams more effective with account-based marketing and marketing automation. (salesforce.com)
  • This program is incredibly beneficial to increasing access to rapid tests by quickly and consistently gathering the critical data companies need to request EUA and subsequently enter the U.S. market once authorized," said Jeff Shuren, M.D., J.D., director of the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health. (nih.gov)
  • Most dietary supplements marketed for rapid weight loss, such as acai and hoodia, are ineffective for long-term weight control, and some have serious safety concerns. (nih.gov)
  • McCarthy co-wrote the book Basic Marketing: A Managerial Approach , further popularizing the idea. (investopedia.com)
  • This course explores how markets culturally and economically work, and provides a broader approach to studying marketing than simply explaining how businesses use marketing techniques. (le.ac.uk)
  • The MCRU team has extensive expertise and professional experience in marketing, design, and community engagement in the health field. (nih.gov)
  • however, it is important to understand that the entire health care system depends on functioning health care markets. (nih.gov)
  • Similarly, there is no comprehensive, national source of data on health insurance market structure. (nih.gov)
  • There is some evidence that health insurance firms are highly concentrated in small group markets. (nih.gov)
  • Disclaimer: Most OTC drugs are not reviewed and approved by FDA, however they may be marketed if they comply with applicable regulations and policies. (nih.gov)
  • In recent years, drugs those are first in class, those serving new market or those serve pressing demands undergo smaller clinical trial with surrogate end points. (nih.gov)
  • Improve effectiveness and save up to 50% with marketing on a single platform. (salesforce.com)
  • The Marketing Effectiveness Bundle, and associated discounting, is only available for Marketing Cloud. (salesforce.com)
  • We are the Technology Transfer Office from Univeristy, and the purpose of the report is to identify some key development of the technology R&D direction as well as marketing analysis. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
  • Make your spend go further and drive growth with Marketing Cloud. (salesforce.com)
  • Marketing Cloud makes every moment in a customer relationship count. (salesforce.com)
  • Discover the trends changing marketing analytics in our latest Marketing Intelligence Report. (salesforce.com)
  • Factors such as the high installation and maintenance cost, lack of trust and awareness among end users, and complexity in data storage act as restraints for the growth of the market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • Collecting data without infringing on consumers' privacy and ultimately sacrificing their loyalty and trust is a new marketing imperative. (forrester.com)
  • What can data integration do for marketing? (experian.com)
  • What is marketing data science and why does it matter in advertising? (experian.com)
  • There is insufficient data on physician and insurance markets. (nih.gov)
  • Marketing data were collected from AdScope and Nielsen. (nih.gov)
  • The global sealless magnetic drive pump market is anticipated to witness healthy growth amid increase in mining and manufacturing operations. (futuremarketinsights.com)
  • Cost plays a critical role in determining the growth of the AI sensor market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • This, along with the high cost of ownership, may limit the growth of this market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • Grow relationships by aligning marketing and loyalty around VIP customer experiences. (salesforce.com)
  • Creating a marketing campaign starts with an understanding of the product itself. (investopedia.com)
  • Our expertise in analyzing more than 10,000 niche markets makes us the preferred partner of leading consulting firms in the industry. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
  • In a centrally planned economy , economic planning is the principal allocation mechanism between firms rather than markets, with the economy's means of production being owned and operated by a single organizational body. (wikipedia.org)
  • [7] In addition, there are many variations of market socialism where the majority of capital assets are socially owned with markets allocating resources between socially owned firms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Market shares in the hospital industry are concentrated with a small number of firms. (nih.gov)
  • In general, fewer firms in the market results in less competition. (nih.gov)
  • His 1964 article 'The Concept of the Marketing Mix' demonstrated the ways that companies could use advertising tactics to engage their consumers. (investopedia.com)
  • The presentation includes the advantages and disadvantages of SEO, PPC and Social Media Marketing and a short strategy that you can use with each one of them. (slideshare.net)
  • Since those humble beginnings the Thanksgiving Market has expanded its marketplace, annually served over 150 for a buffet breakfast and offer a silent auction. (google.com)
  • Pets are not permitted at the Saturday Market, per Wisconsin Administrative Code 2.14(2). (dcfm.org)
  • Jessica Dinglasan, owner of Long Beach Fish Grill in Long Beach, California, never used to write 'market price' on her menu. (cnbc.com)
  • I have to do market price,' she said. (cnbc.com)
  • The maximum price for ramp parking during the Market (weekend rate) is usually $8. (dcfm.org)
  • A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment , production and distribution to the consumers are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand . (wikipedia.org)
  • These enterprises utilize a market-determined free price system to allocate capital goods and labor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Market economies rely upon a price system to signal market actors to adjust production and investment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Governments can intervene by establishing price ceilings or price floors in specific markets (such as minimum wage laws in the labor market), or use fiscal policy to discourage certain consumer behavior or to address market externalities generated by certain transactions ( Pigovian taxes ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Fundamentally, a market economy requires that a price system affected by supply and demand exists as the primary mechanism for allocating resources irrespective of the level of regulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no real difference in price between not- for-profit and for-profit hospitals exercising market power. (nih.gov)
  • The best type of video for marketing purposes and to build trust. (ananova.com)
  • Any successful marketing strategy should be revisited from time to time. (investopedia.com)
  • I write about marketing strategy. (forbes.com)
  • Marketing strategy doesn't just lay out processes to create new customers and retain existing ones. (forbes.com)
  • How is marketing strategy changing and why? (forbes.com)
  • When you look at a marketing strategy, what do you like to see? (forbes.com)
  • Marketing strategy, brand strategy, media strategy, campaign strategy…we have all these strategies that can easily exist independent of one another, or at least lack desirable synergies. (forbes.com)
  • Just about every marketing strategy attempts to shed light on the target customer. (forbes.com)
  • For market economies to function efficiently, governments must establish clearly defined and enforceable property rights for assets and capital goods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Build lasting relationships with the only marketing platform natively built on the world's #1 CRM. (salesforce.com)
  • A Bachelor of Business (Marketing) enhances core business knowledge with marketing expertise. (edu.au)
  • Marketing is one of the most dynamic and innovative within the Kelce College of Business. (pittstate.edu)
  • Students master foundational business and marketing theory while implementing contemporary concepts. (pittstate.edu)
  • The Market is small store on Level 2 of the Student Centre. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Optimize marketing performance and spend with omni-channel intelligence. (salesforce.com)
  • As the marketing industry has evolved, other Ps have been identified: people, process, and physical evidence. (investopedia.com)
  • Incorporate industry trends, needs and opportunities into masterful marketing. (edu.au)
  • This course is accredited by the Australian Marketing Institute so you know it's industry approved. (edu.au)
  • Marketing and risk share a common goal: building customer trust. (forrester.com)
  • Market economies can and often do include various types of cooperatives or autonomous state-owned enterprises that acquire capital goods and raw materials in capital markets . (wikipedia.org)
  • We are going to see extreme distributed work forces, and leaders need to be ready to market to these untapped pools of talent. (forbes.com)
  • The system will only work as well as the markets upon which it is built. (nih.gov)
  • Recent work has provided evidence that premiums are higher in more concentrated large employer markets. (nih.gov)
  • Earnings reports dominate stock market news this morning with several companies releasing their Q4 results. (investorplace.com)
  • This means that they may sell out before the close of Market. (dcfm.org)
  • They encompass a range of factors that are considered when marketing a product, including what consumers want, how the product or service meets or fails to meet those wants, how the product or service is perceived in the world, how it stands out from the competition, and how the company that produces it interacts with its customers. (investopedia.com)
  • The four Ps are the four essential factors involved in marketing a product or service to the public. (investopedia.com)
  • The major characteristic of a market economy is the existence of factor markets that play a dominant role in the allocation of capital and the factors of production . (wikipedia.org)