Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Employment, Supported: Paid work for mentally or physically disabled persons, taking place in regular or normal work settings. It may be competitive employment (work that pays minimum wage) or employment with subminimal wages in individualized or group placement situations. It is intended for persons with severe disabilities who require a range of support services to maintain employment. Supported employment differs from SHELTERED WORKSHOPS in that work in the latter takes place in a controlled working environment. Federal regulations are authorized and administered by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services.Rehabilitation, Vocational: Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.United StatesOccupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Self Tolerance: The normal lack of the ability to produce an immunological response to autologous (self) antigens. A breakdown of self tolerance leads to autoimmune diseases. The ability to recognize the difference between self and non-self is the prime function of the immune system.Vocational Education: Education for specific trades or occupations.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Retirement: The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Contracts: Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Health Facility Merger: The combining of administrative and organizational resources of two or more health care facilities.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Job Satisfaction: Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.Great BritainHealth Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Economic Recession: Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Accountable Care Organizations: Organizations of health care providers that agree to be accountable for the quality, cost, and overall care of Medicare beneficiaries who are enrolled in the traditional fee-for-service program who are assigned to it. Assigned means those beneficiaries for whom the professionals in the organization provide the bulk of primary care services. (www.cms.gov/OfficeofLegislation/Downloads/Accountable CareOrganization.pdf accessed 03/16/2011)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Contract Services: Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Insurance Selection Bias: Adverse or favorable selection bias exhibited by insurers or enrollees resulting in disproportionate enrollment of certain groups of people.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Sick Leave: An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Antitrust Laws: Those federal and state laws, and their enforcement, that protect trade and commerce from unlawful restraints and monopolies or unfair business practices.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Personnel Management: Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Efficiency: Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Sheltered Workshops: Protective places of employment for disabled persons which provide training and employment on a temporary or permanent basis.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Self Disclosure: A willingness to reveal information about oneself to others.Metallurgy: The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Insurance, Disability: Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Financial Management: The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.Provider-Sponsored Organizations: Entities sponsored by local hospitals, physician groups, and other licensed providers which are affiliated through common ownership or control and share financial risk whose purpose is to deliver health care services.Absenteeism: Chronic absence from work or other duty.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Job Application: Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Work: Productive or purposeful activities.Self Psychology: Psychoanalytic theory focusing on interpretation of behavior in reference to self. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Terms, 1994) This elaboration of the psychoanalytic concepts of narcissism and the self, was developed by Heinz Kohut, and stresses the importance of the self-awareness of excessive needs for approval and self-gratification.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Parental Leave: The authorized absence from work of either parent prior to and after the birth of their child. It includes also absence because of the illness of a child or at the time of the adoption of a child. It does not include leave for care of siblings, parents, or other family members: for this FAMILY LEAVE is available.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Insurance Pools: An organization of insurers or reinsurers through which particular types of risk are shared or pooled. The risk of high loss by a particular insurance company is transferred to the group as a whole (the insurance pool) with premiums, losses, and expenses shared in agreed amounts.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Public Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Child Care: Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.Job Description: Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.Models, Econometric: The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.Personnel Turnover: A change or shift in personnel due to reorganization, resignation, or discharge.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Workload: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.EnglandOrganizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.CaliforniaInsurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Insurance Carriers: Organizations which assume the financial responsibility for the risks of policyholders.Preferred Provider Organizations: Arrangements negotiated between a third-party payer (often a self-insured company or union trust fund) and a group of health-care providers (hospitals and physicians) who furnish services at lower than usual fees, and, in return, receive prompt payment and an expectation of an increased volume of patients.Economics, Hospital: Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Self Medication: The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Economic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Cytoskeleton: The network of filaments, tubules, and interconnecting filamentous bridges which give shape, structure, and organization to the cytoplasm.Self Mutilation: The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Ego: The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.EuropeHealthy Worker Effect: Phenomenon of workers' usually exhibiting overall death rates lower than those of the general population due to the fact that the severely ill and disabled are ordinarily excluded from employment.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Tax Exemption: Status not subject to taxation; as the income of a philanthropic organization. Tax-exempt organizations may also qualify to receive tax-deductible donations if they are considered to be nonprofit corporations under Section 501(c)3 of the United States Internal Revenue Code.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.SwedenPrivatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Managed Competition: A strategy for purchasing health care in a manner which will obtain maximum value for the price for the purchasers of the health care and the recipients. The concept was developed primarily by Alain Enthoven of Stanford University and promulgated by the Jackson Hole Group. The strategy depends on sponsors for groups of the population to be insured. The sponsor, in some cases a health alliance, acts as an intermediary between the group and competing provider groups (accountable health plans). The competition is price-based among annual premiums for a defined, standardized benefit package. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993)Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Pensions: Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Return to Work: Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Risk Sharing, Financial: Any system which allows payors to share some of the financial risk associated with a particular patient population with providers. Providers agree to adhere to fixed fee schedules in exchange for an increase in their payor base and a chance to benefit from cost containment measures. Common risk-sharing methods are prospective payment schedules (PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM), capitation (CAPITATION FEES), diagnosis-related fees (DIAGNOSIS-RELATED GROUPS), and pre-negotiated fees.FinlandFood Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Rubber: A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Drugs, Generic: Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Actins: Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Food Assistance: Food or financial assistance for food given to those in need.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Personnel, Hospital: The individuals employed by the hospital.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Textile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Rate Setting and Review: A method of examining and setting levels of payments.Organizational Culture: Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Personnel Downsizing: Reducing staff to cut costs or to achieve greater efficiency.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
"How bad is the Current Recession? Labour Market Downturns since the 1960s". Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. ... Lange was a New Zealand Rugby League board member and served as the organisation's Vice-President. In an interview with The New ... Where the market works well, it should be given its head. Where the market results in manifest inequity, or poor economic ... Gingrich, Jane Rebecca (2007). Dissertation: Whose Market Is It Anyways: Making Multiple Markets in the Welfare State. ...
Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications, A Study in the Economics of Internal Organization. Free Press, ... ISBN 0-465-02889-6. Williamson O, Wachter M, Harris JE, Understanding the Employment Relation: The Analysis of Idiosyncratic ... In 2003, he gave expert testimony in Price v. Philip Morris, a class-action lawsuit alleging fraud in the marketing and sale ... The Internal Organization of Hospitals: Some Economic Implications. Bell Journal of Economics 1977; 8: 467-82. Harris JE, ...
Mainstream economics does not assume a priori that markets are preferable to other forms of social organization. In fact, much ... Labor economics examines wages, employment, and labor market dynamics. Financial economics examines topics such as the ... Some examples of markets: commodity markets insurance markets bond markets energy markets flea markets debt markets stock ... The market structure can have several types of interacting market systems. Different forms of markets are a feature of ...
Employment relations encompass a wide range of phenomena-including work organization, governance, evaluation and rewards-and so ... Markets and Processes (1987). Kalleberg's contributions to sociological explanations of labor markets show how institutional ... "Externalizing Employment: Flexible Staffing Arrangements in U.S. Organizations." Social Science Research 32 (4): 525-552. ... "Externalizing Employment: Flexible Staffing Arrangements in U.S. Organizations." Social Science Research 32 (4): 525-552. ...
Rubery, Jill; Tavora, Isabel (September 2013). "Female employment, labour market institutions and gender culture in Portugal". ... Work and Organization. Wiley. 19 (2): 93-118. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0432.2010.00489.x. Tavora, Isabel (2012). "The southern ... André, Isabel Margarida (1996), "At the centre of the periphery? Women in the Portuguese labour market", in Ramón, María Dolors ... Tavora, Isabel (March 2012). "Understanding the high rates of employment among low-educated women in Portugal: a comparatively- ...
From an Active Employment Policy to Employment Promotion Law. Coping with economic restructuring and labour market adjustments ... An International Labour Organization project is being initiated to "modernize" Egypt's employment office services to better ... Youth Employment in Asia and the Pacific: Analytical Framework and Policy Recommendations, International Labour Organization. ... Hong Kong: Active Labour Market Policy Youth Employment in Asia and the Pacific: Analytical Framework and Policy ...
Endeavor is a global nonprofit organization that stimulates and supports high-impact entrepreneurship in emerging markets.) ... Akhtaboot is an online career network and employment website serving the MENA region through matching employers to employees. " ... Employment website "Akhtaboot.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2015-07-26. "What is Akhtaboot". ameinfo.com. Archived ... provides educational lectures and workshops to university students and recent graduates on how to approach the job market. It ...
The Organization of Employment; An International Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Fred Moseley papers [4] Harry W. ... Marx never completed his analysis of the world market however. In the real world, Marxian economists like Samir Amin argue, ... ISBN 0-04-330372-2. Fine, Ben (1998). Labour Market Theory: A Constructive Reassessment. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-16676-4. Harman ... financial and marketing services to be located in the richer countries, which hold most intellectual property rights and actual ...
doi:10.1016/0022-0531(72)90122-6. Iwai, Katsuhito (1974). "The Firm in Uncertain Markets and Its Price, Wage and Employment ... Organization. 5 (3-4): 321-351. doi:10.1016/0167-2681(84)90005-2. Iwai, Katsuhito (1996). "The bootstrap theory of money: A ... He has then argued in opposition to the neoclassical view of the self-regulating nature of laissez-faire market mechanism, that ... Organization. 5 (2): 159-190. doi:10.1016/0167-2681(84)90017-9. Iwai, Katsuhito (1984). "Schumpeterian dynamics, Part II: ...
"Introduction: Structural adjustment, labour markets and employment: Some considerations for sensible people". Retrieved 6 July ... van der Hoeven has worked for over 30 years in various places in the world for UNICEF and International Labour Organization ( ... He played a key role in the high-level meeting on structural adjustment and employment of the ILO in 1987 and joined in 1988 ... Having previously held positions in the Employment Strategy Department of the ILO and with UNICEF in New York, he is widely ...
A more flexible labour market would provide untold opportunities for the unemployed and the unexperienced; and market-driven ... The Centre for Development and Enterprise (CDE) is an independent public policy research and advocacy non-profit organisation ... CDE's stated vision includes: A high growth, high employment, constitutional democracy; A competitive economy with ... CDE has a special focus on the role of business and markets in development. CDE advocates a high-growth and labour intensive ...
Useful for strategic roles within a range of organizations. "In 2009, 65% of graduates from BMS went into full-time employment ... Marketing: Assistant Brand Manager; Technical Marketing Assistant; Media Planner & Buyer Supply Chain Management: E-commerce ... Students can develop a system view of organizations through examining organizations as part of a context. It aims to train the ... "Course topics covered include consumer theory, production, applications to the labour market, market structure, monopoly, ...
International Labour Organization- Labour Market Analysis & Monitoring. International Rice Research Institute, Manila - ... Technological Infusion and Employment of Women in Rice Cultivation. A Study in agro-economics. Board of Research Studies, TISS ... 1999-2000) UNICEF New Delhi- Nine Case studies of organizations working against child trafficking in the state of Maharashtra ... Development Impact of Irrigation Schemes under the Employment Guarantee Scheme irrigation systems. Study in Cost Benefit ...
... both within organizations and in markets. Milgrom analyzed the optimal design of incentive schemes and organizations, and he ... incentive to expand employment. In particular, as employment expands, labor market conditions in general begin to improve for ... Milgrom, Paul (1988). "Employment Contracts, Influence Activities, and Efficient Organization Design". Journal of Political ... Milgrom describes Market Design this way: Market design is a kind of economic engineering, utilizing laboratory research, game ...
Lime Connect is an organization whose goal is to find employment for people with disabilities. The idea with Lime Connect is: " ... As well they produce the Return on Disability Indices for the U.S. and Canada markets. These financial tools "recognize public ... The Economist notes that in the five years to 2012 the US index had outperformed the broader stock market. In 2006, Rich ... The organization's "Return on Disability Reports" and other models helps companies understand their performance across ...
"OECD Reviews of Labour Market and Social Policies OECD Reviews of Labour Market and Social Policies: Israel" (1). Organisation ... It is estimated that half as many of the Haredi community are in employment as the rest of population. This has led to ... According to data released by Central Bureau of Statistics, employment rate in the Haredi sector increased by 7% in two years, ... The more recent figures from the Central Bureau of Statistics on employment rates place Haredi women at 69.3%, comparable to 71 ...
After that, Schippers found employment at employers' organization VNO-NCW. From 1997 until 2001, her portfolio as secretary for ... VNO-CNW included healthcare and the labour market and from 2001 until 2003 spatial planning. Schippers was elected into the ...
The International Association of Employment Web Sites and dozens of other employment services organizations have objected. It ... For example, manufacturing.jobs could represent employment for a specific corporation, or market sector. In 2010, Employ Media ... and organizations to register some version of their corporate names and use it for a site aimed at those seeking employment ... As indicated by its name, the domain is restricted to employment-related sites. The domain was approved by ICANN on April 8, ...
Managing Social Risks through Transitional Labour Markets. International Labour Organisation, Social Aspects of European ... J. Kenner, EU Employment Law: From Rome to Amsterdam and Beyond, Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2003, 593pp. ... Together with the Spaak Report it provided the basis for the Treaty of Rome on the common market in 1957 and the creation of ... The Ohlin Report was a report drafted by a group of experts of the International Labour Organization led by Bertil Ohlin in ...
The labour market is the responsibility of the Ministry of Employment. The modern Swedish welfare system was preceded by the ... It is mostly funded by taxes, and executed by the public sector on all levels of government as well as private organizations. ... The labour market policies fall under the responsibilities of the Ministry of Employment. The responsibilities considered to be ... Social welfare in Sweden is made up of several organizations and systems dealing with welfare. ...
"2002 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates". "Architecture and Engineering Occupations". "Computer and ... "United States Labor Force Statistics Seasonally Adjusted". Labor Market Information. Rhode Island Department of Labor and ... nearly 106,000 are working in the IT enabled services and over 230,000 in user organizations. "Global Developer Population and ...
... staff training and certification at all levels of employment, and public relations and marketing resources for industry ... It is the largest organization in the world that works exclusively on behalf of the fine art and creative art materials ... In 2011, the Board of Directors changed the name of the organization from the National Art Materials Trade Association, to the ... The goal of the founders was to create an official trade association that would work together with organizations and ...
The congress administers the Aboriginal Skills and Employment Training Strategy (ASETS) which links training to labour market ... Also known as provincial/territorial organizations (PTOs), the congress has affiliate Aboriginal organizations in Canada's ... Each affiliate organization also has a respective provincial chief and president, who make up the Board of Directors of the ... The organization briefly (for seven months during 2016) changed its name to the Indigenous Peoples Assembly of Canada. This was ...
"The labour market in October 2017". Directorate of labour. Retrieved 2017-12-08. "Report on Fifth Annual Employment - ... A labour market profile, International Labour Organization, 2013. [21] Tonga Department of Statistics "Archived copy". Archived ... "Current labour market - April 2016". Public Employment Service Austria. Retrieved 2016-05-06. CIA World Factbook: Belarus. ... Employment rate as a percentage of total population in working age is sometimes used instead of unemployment rate. For purposes ...
These employment and activity numbers does also not include research institutions and related non-profit activities. For ... Victoria is also home to the Defence Materials Technology Centre, Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) and the ... 87 percent of Victorian defence companies also generate additional business outside the defence market. Four of Australia's top ... About 60 percent of this employment is by the 19 Prime and Tier 1 defence contractors that undertake defence work in Victoria. ...
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... at 3508 Market Street. The "Station A" designation is a leftover from Baytown's pre-consolidation days. Prior to consolidation ... employment sectors[32] Construction. 20% Manufacturing. 14% Retail trade. 14% Education/health/. social services. 12% ... Valero Marketing & Supply, Car Son Bay LP, Memorial NW Pavilion Trust, Camden Property Trust, and LCY Elastomers LP. ...
The conditions formed by these models are likely to influence labor market transitions, flexibility and security of employment ... Persons reemployed after reactive medium-scale downsizing and workers of the non-downsized organizations can be regarded as the ... The limitations of employment as a tool for social inclusion. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:621.View ArticlePubMedPubMed Central ... European Commission, Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion; 2016 Mar. Report No.: KE-04-16-541-EN-N. Contract No.: #VT/2015/ ...
Labour markets, skills and employability This research area draws on critical labour market studies, work sociology and work ... Work, employment & organisation. Our research spans employment studies, human resource management, organisational behaviour and ... The Department of Work Employment & Organisation is based within Strathclyde Business School. Some of our highlights include:. ... editors of key journals - Employee Relations, Human Resource Management Journal, New Technology Work & Employment, Organization ...
... employment and work-related policies. Eurofounds vision is that the Agencys knowledge will contribute to effective policies ... focusing on major topic areas including changes in labour markets and employment, efforts to tackle youth unemployment, ... european union 25 comparative research 21 work organisation 12 job creation 12 job loss 11 job quality 10 social dialogue 9 pan ... youth employment 1 collective bargaining 1 offshoring 1 social situation 1 wages 1 well-being 1 Deprivation 1 work-related ...
The latest Ethiopia economic analysis for the country says addressing major obstacles in the labor market will further ... Media Organization. Multilateral Organization. NGO or Nonprofit. Private Sector Firm. World Bank Group. Other. ... The countrys fifth economic analysis, "Why So Idle? Wages and Employment in a Crowded Labor Market," identifies urban areas as ... Report: Fifth Ethiopia Economic Update: Why So Idle? Wages and Employment in a Crowded Labor Market ...
Sustainability-linked bonds complement and bolster the sustainable finance market. by Latham & Watkins LLP on 11/12/2019. ... Business Organization › Labor & Employment › Intellectual Property. + Follow x Following x Following - Unfollow ... In September 2019, Italian power generation company Enel opened up the market for a new sustainable finance product - bonds ... Employment Contract Former Employee Compliance Confidentiality Agreements See all › ...
Labour Markets and Employment. Dr Will Bartlett. Visiting Senior Fellow, LSEE Research Unit on South East Europe (European ... Expertise: impact organization; future of business; innovation; purpose-driven organizations; sustainable business model ... business groups and social enterprises in emerging markets; internationalisation of firms in emerging markets; early stage ... business groups and social enterprises in emerging markets; internationalisation of firms in emerging markets; early stage ...
Student Organization Finance Office. *The Common Market. *Ticket Assistant. *Web Development Assistant ... Student Employment. Wilson Commons Student Activities (WCSA) provides opportunities for undergraduate student employment. WCSA ... Tutorials for using JobLink can be found on the University Student Employment site: visit University Student Employment. ... Student Employment Awards. Fall 2019 WCSA Student Employee Training. Our mandatory training for all WCSA student employees will ...
However, the most effective approaches are achieved by organizations whose products and services reflect the core mission and ... Organizational branding is both about transforming the internal culture of an organizations environment through people- and ... values of the organization itself. In public health, organizational branding still has much to learn and to apply from the ... process-related change and about projecting the vision, goals, and focus of the organization into its products and services for ...
In doing this, the primary contrast is with hierarchies and markets as alternative and already well understood forms of socio- ... the question of whether there can be a particular logic to the network form of organisation, and whether there are any limits ... offers a commentary on how the idea of networks has been used to illustrate contemporary forms of socio-economic organisation ( ... Employment Law. *. Environmental and Energy Law. *. Family Law. *. Human Rights and Immigration. ...
Marketing creates the "image" of your organization. Creating interesting and lasting impressions is key function, as well as an ... Marketing: How much time should a consultant set aside for business development and marketing? ... Partner with your marketing department. The relationship can prove to be beneficial-and not just when it comes to following ... SHRM18 will expand your perspective - on your organization, on your career, and on the way you approach HR. Join us in Chicago ...
Labour market. Employment1, original values, million. 1. ILO-Intertnational Labour Organization. -labour market statistics. ... Labour market. Unemployment rate, original value, percent. Tables. Data from the Federal Institute for Employment. Original ... Labour market. Vacancies unfilled, original values, 1,000. Tables. Data from the Federal Institute for Employment. Original ...
Labour market. Employment1, original values, million. 1. ILO-Intertnational Labour Organization. -labour market statistics. ... Labour market. Unemployment rate, original value, percent. Tables. Data from the Federal Institute for Employment. Original ... Labour market. Vacancies unfilled, original values, 1,000. Tables. Data from the Federal Institute for Employment. Original ...
... political campaign organizations, and political organizations and clubs that are engaged in promoting the interests of national ... Between 2001 and 2015, political organizations has ranged from around 5,000 to over 20,000. ... The political organizations industry (which includes political parties, political action committees, ... Labor Market Activity of Blacks in the United States. Examines data on the labor market and related topics for the Black or ...
Global Organisation • Innovative Solutions • Flexible Working Arrangements. Save. Migration Agent. Listed three days ago3d ago ... Administration & Office Support, Self Employment, Marketing & Communications, Pharmaceuticals & Medical Devices Jobs in All ...
Dominant forms of economic organization in market economies. Organization Studies, 15 (2): 153-182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Models of self-employment in a competitive market. Journal of Economic Surveys, 7 (4): 367-397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Are inefficient entrepreneurs driven out of the market? Journal of Economic Theory, 114 (2): 329-344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Best markets for entrepreneurial finance: 2005 capital access index. Santa Monica, CA: Milken Institute Capital Studies.Google ...
Labor MarketsEmployment and Earnings Inequality • Telecommunications Industrial Organization and Public Policy ... Employment and the telecommunications industry. May 3, 2004 , By Jeffrey Keefe , Commentary ... Eliminating fair share fees and making public employment "right-to-work" would increase the pay penalty for working in state ... He recently concluded the second study of Telecommunications Employment and Human Resources Practices funded by the Sloan ...
The Japanese market is an attractive and challenging one. It is essential for foreign companies wanting to establish a growing ... Part 1: The Labour Market 1. Society and Economy 2. Employment and Hiring 3. Work and its Environment Part 2: The Workplace 4. ... Using case studies and covering topics such as the labour market, corporate organization, decision making and business ... This book focuses on three particular areas: the labour market, the workplace and the market-place. The management of human ...
ASX listed blue chip organization , Market leader in supply chain and logistics ... Are you energetic, reliable & want to be part of a leading organisation? Do you want to make a difference to Sydneys commuters ... Advertising, Arts & Media, Trades & Services, Mining, Resources & Energy, Legal, Self Employment, Quality Assurance & Control, ...
Advice and assistance have been provided to Member Countries on the improvement of marketing organizations and facilities; the ... employment; agrarian reform; organization, administration and policy for agricultural and rural development; agricultural ... Marketing and farm supply work has been concentrated on the marketing needs of small farmers, and on ensuring the adequate ... By 1971 the Desert Locust Control Organization for Eastern Africa (DLCO-EA) and the Organisation commune de lutte ...
Labour market in 2025 requires virtual organization. Increasingly, virtual work, telework and self-employment are viable ... Many organizations like IBM embraces virtual work not only as a means of helping employees with work- life balance issues, but ...
Providing a wide range of quantitative and qualitative market research services focusing on all aspects of the clinical trials ... Clinical research professional and employment trends. *Other custom projects based on your organizations needs ... CenterWatchs Market Research Intelligence Services assist organizations in developing, evaluating and executing business ... Contact us to discuss our market research capabilities and how CenterWatch can help your organization. ...
... with self-employment being used as the most common proxy for ... Job market papers. RePEc working paper series dedicated to the ... L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship. *M13 - Business ... We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data. We show that the measurement of self-employment has changed over time ... "The best and the brightest or the least successful? Self-employment entry among male wage-earners in Sweden," Small Business ...
... information about opportunities for employment and internships; organisation of company visits; production of instruments ... Netherlands: Foundation for cooperation of VET and labour market. In 2010, the national associations of employers and employees ... the Dutch Association of VET Colleges (the umbrella organisation of VET providers) and the umbrella organisation of the centres ... Within S-BB, education and the labour market have reached joint agreements on work placement. The companies that want to offer ...
... organizations and more broadly labor markets in societies. Within work and employment, industrial relations are a traditional ... Work, Employment and Organizations addresses current topics as: work and employment; globalization and work; labor-management ... labor markets and occupation; employment transitions and mobility; careers and professions; workplace organization; ... Work, Employment and Organizations is an avenue for original contributions in a wide range of areas associated with work and ...
Employment and labour market policies • Enterprise Development • Gender, equality and diversity • Green jobs • Informal Economy ... organizations • Strengthening workers organizations • Unacceptable forms of work • Youth Employment • Procurement management ... organizations, workers organizations and other national and international partners in support of Decent Work and sustainable ... "International Labour Organization". Official website The International Training Centre of the ILO Nobel Peace Prize 1969 for ...
  • Workforce downsizing, the reduction of personnel in organizations, was almost inevitable for survival of many companies during the Great Recession of the late 2000s. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In 2010, the national associations of employers and employees, the Dutch Association of VET Colleges (the umbrella organisation of VET providers) and the umbrella organisation of the centres of expertise VET - Trade and industry signed a declaration of intent for the establishment of a new foundation which started on 1 January 2012. (europa.eu)
  • With increasing of labor supply in the market and comparatively limited demand for labor by employers, females are recommended to adjust their socioeconomic, demographic and cultural characteristics so as to prosper their likelihood of finding job in paid labor market. (lu.se)
  • While there is no magic wand that will solve the problem of youth employment globally, there is a great deal that governments, workers and employers can and will be doing to make a difference. (weforum.org)
  • It runs training, learning and capacity development services for governments, employers' organizations, workers' organizations and other national and international partners in support of Decent Work and sustainable development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given its tripartite structure, the Centre is governed by a Board composed of representatives of governments, workers' and employers' organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Swedish labour market regulation generally relies heavily on collective bargaining between trade unions and Employers' organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Combining the resources of a large, national organization with the personal service that comes from local ownership, my team and I look forward to connecting qualified candidates with leading employers in ways that build mutual success. (prweb.com)
  • The South Bay office uses this approach to recruit superior professional, administrative and light industrial candidates for employers in their market. (prweb.com)
  • They often provide information about how settle in Canada, how to re-license in your field, how to effectively market your skills, and they may connect you to employers before you arrive. (wes.org)
  • Whether it's researching the labour market, engaging in the application process, or following-up with employers, in Canada, there are employment services equipped with employment counsellors and job developers to help you. (wes.org)
  • A job developer works closely with employers to help develop employment opportunities for job seekers. (wes.org)
  • Bridging programs are in partnerships with colleges, universities, regulatory bodies, employers, and community organizations to provide skills training that is targeted and specific. (wes.org)
  • The body of theory to which this evidence applies most directly concerns 'two-sided matching markets,' in which agents of one kind (e.g. workers) are matched with agents of another kind (e.g. employers). (stanford.edu)
  • The Department of Work Employment & Organisation is based within Strathclyde Business School. (strath.ac.uk)
  • Changing Employment (2012-2016), and the Work, Land and Globalisation network . (strath.ac.uk)
  • This research area draws on critical labour market studies, work sociology and work psychology to understand and develop theory related to labour markets, skills and employability. (strath.ac.uk)
  • The comprehensive analysis of the Japanese work environment together with its focus on foreign competition will make the book essential reading for all those interested in international business, human resources, marketing and Japanese studies. (routledge.com)
  • The Director-General has full power and authority, under the Constitution, General Rules of the Organization and the Financial Regulations, and subject to the general supervision of the Conference and Council, to direct the work of the Organization (Article VII and Rule XXXVII). (fao.org)
  • In view of the breadth of the Director-General's overall responsibilities for the work of the Organization no attempt is made here to discuss the activities of his immediate Office, beyond the general indications given above. (fao.org)
  • Many organizations like IBM embraces virtual work not only as a means of helping employees with work- life balance issues, but also for bottom line interests. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Increasingly, virtual work , telework and self-employment are viable options. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Within S-BB, education and the labour market have reached joint agreements on work placement. (europa.eu)
  • The section Work, Employment and Organizations is an avenue for original contributions in a wide range of areas associated with work and employment within workplaces, organizations and more broadly labor markets in societies. (frontiersin.org)
  • Work, Employment and Organizations is an avenue for original contributions in a wide range of areas associated with work and employment within workplaces, organizations and more broadly labor markets in societies. (frontiersin.org)
  • Within work and employment, industrial relations are a traditional crucial area for theorizing organization since organizational activity is usually undertaken by workers within employment. (frontiersin.org)
  • We share the idea that capturing the relationships between employment and industrial relations and organization studies is key to advance knowledge about work, including its productive (paid) and reproductive (unpaid) aspects, and considering the intersection of gender, age cohorts, ethnicity and race. (frontiersin.org)
  • All manuscripts must be submitted directly to the section Work, Employment and Organizations, where they are peer-reviewed by the Associate and Review Editors of the specialty section. (frontiersin.org)
  • Looking for Writing articles internet marketing Workers or Work? (freelancer.com)
  • In this context, institutional actors work together to facilitate economic growth, employment and competitiveness, generating a general pressure fro growth and innovation, despite typical bureaucratic difficulties of the public system. (europa.eu)
  • We find that a number of factors work to minimise the effect of mothers' labour market participation on their children. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Negative employment effects are concentrated in those families where mothers work full time and also rely on unpaid care by a friend or relative. (bris.ac.uk)
  • The fall in the rate of discrimination of people with a disability in the workplace between 2006 and 2011 - while the rate for people without a disability increased - as well as enhanced legislation to protect the employment of people with a disability reveals an increasing awareness of disability/illness at work in general. (europa.eu)
  • The General Social Insurance Act (Allgemeines Sozialversicherungsgesetz ASVG) distinguishes between two kinds of diseases in an employment context: work-related diseases (arbeitsbedingte Erkrankungen) and occupational diseases (Berufskrankheiten), which form a subgroup of the work-related diseases. (europa.eu)
  • A bachelor's degree in psychology provides a strong foundation for graduate study as well as entry into any number of careers, including social work, human resources, public relations, marketing and administration. (jsc.edu)
  • It will also discuss how welfare-to-work reforms of the sickness benefit system might affect this, and how recession will impact on the policy goal of encouraging more people from health-related benefits into employment. (shu.ac.uk)
  • Acknowledges the work that goes on outside formal employment, in the family, the community and within various institutions. (wiley.com)
  • A qualitative sociologist, her research interests include labour market disadvantage, lifestyle transitions, and the significance of work for individual identities, in particular, how these are affected by class, gender, ethnicity and occupational sector. (wiley.com)
  • Rebecca Taylor is Research Fellow at the Policy Studies Institute whose research interests include voluntary work, community work and forms of work outside employment. (wiley.com)
  • She has longstanding research interests in the historical and contemporary restructuring of work and employment. (wiley.com)
  • ILO (2010) - that defines vulnerable employment as the sum of own-account workers and contributing family workers, people with informal work arrangements, often lacking adequate social security and recourse to effective social dialogue mechanisms - maintains that this type of employment has increased after the recent crisis. (springer.com)
  • According to the International Labor Organization, the organization from which the data were extracted, a woman is economically active if she is employed or actively seeking work. (springer.com)
  • I work in a coffee cooperative in Kenya, Machakos Cooperative Union Ltd . I am at the ILC representing Homeworkers' Working Group in Africa (which includes workers from Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and South Africa) under WIEGO (Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing) promoting decent work in the global supply chains through recognition and visibility of homeworkers. (ilo.org)
  • How can these organizations promote the achievement of decent work in global supply chains? (ilo.org)
  • These include labour-market training and work experience programmes, job search assistance and other employment services, many of which can be targeted to the most disadvantaged young people to prevent them from dropping out of work. (weforum.org)
  • As the world will in general depend on mechanization and robots for work, the organizations will require an ever-increasing number of individuals with specialized aptitudes for updates and up-degree. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Particular attention needs to be paid to youth under 18 who have reached the minimum age for employment as this stage in life is typically decisive in how youth will transition from school to work and for the likelihood of transiting out of poverty. (fao.org)
  • This is certainly the case with the organization of work. (cdc.gov)
  • Since its inception, NIOSH has been committed to understanding and preventing hazards arising from the organization of work. (cdc.gov)
  • In the 1970s, NIOSH was a partner in the Quality of Employment Surveys and initiated seminal epidemiologic studies on the effects of organiza- tion of work factors. (cdc.gov)
  • Working with the American Psychological Association (APA), NIOSH has supported interna- tional conferences on work, stress, and health and postgraduate and graduate training pro- grams combining organization of work with occupational safety and health at major universi- ties. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1996, the National Occupational Research Agenda recognized organization of work as one of the 21 priority research topics for the next decade, and a multidisciplinary team of researchers and practitioners from government, industry, labor, and academia was assembled to craft the research agenda presented in this report. (cdc.gov)
  • We have increased extramural funding to universities for research on the organization of work and enhanced the visibility of "organizational science" within NIOSH. (cdc.gov)
  • Foreword elevate organization of work research to a higher priority in occupational safety and health, to provide guideposts for research direction, and to develop partnerships in support of these pursuits. (cdc.gov)
  • Revolutionary changes in the organization of work have far outpaced our knowledge about the implications of these changes for the quality of working life and for safety and health on the job. (cdc.gov)
  • This report was developed under NORA as the first attempt to develop a compre- hensive research agenda for investigating and reducing occupational safety and health risks associated with the changing organization of work. (cdc.gov)
  • Research and development needs identi- fied in the agenda include (1) improved surveillance mechanisms to better track how the organization of work is changing, (2) accelerated research on safety and health implications of the changing organization of work, (3) increased research focus on organizational interven- tions to protect safety and health, and (4) steps to formalize and nurture organization of work as a distinctive field in occupational safety and health. (cdc.gov)
  • As an intern you will assist the Sports Marketing Managers in a wide range of operation daily work and will have the opportunity to do a research, which will be an added value to the department. (iagora.com)
  • If you are interested in building your career, making connections in your field, or even gaining work experience, taking advantage of the many free employment services available in Canada is a great way to start your journey. (wes.org)
  • When determining the answer to this question, it is important to recognize that volunteering may take many forms - from community involvement that may not be related to your professional objective to unpaid work specifically targeted to your employment goal. (charityvillage.com)
  • And for those of you who do undertake volunteer work while job searching, the act of volunteering may be minimized as unrelated to employment because it is unpaid. (charityvillage.com)
  • Current volunteer work that is directly related to your career objective may be included with employment history on a resume under Professional Experience with (volunteer) in brackets beside the job title. (charityvillage.com)
  • The YWCA of Metro Vancouver's FREE employment and career services for male and female jobseekers ages 16 to 65+ years include specialized workshops and support for immigrants, youth, Aboriginal peoples, personnes francophones, persons with disabilities, survivors of violence and abuse, older workers and women returning to work after an absence. (charityvillage.com)
  • I will be the first to admit that invoking the woo-woo of the Tao as the reason to expect a reversal of the stock market in 2018 smacks of Bearish desperation. (scoop.it)
  • In 2019, the International Labour Organization (ILO) celebrates its 100th anniversary. (ilo.org)
  • Growing construction and furniture industry coupled with increasing demand in China from industries such as automotive, textile, paper, secondary processed products, paints and coatings, among others is expected to drive the global melamine formaldehyde market from 2013 to 2019. (prweb.com)
  • This report analyzes the global melamine formaldehyde market in terms of volume (kilo tons) and revenue (USD million) from 2012 to 2019. (prweb.com)
  • Nevertheless, it may happen in some instances that women's employment is counter-cyclical: firms may attempt to reduce costs, by employing cheap forms of labour, such as non-regular or atypical workers, workers (young people or women) with low wages and so on. (springer.com)
  • Many youth are working poor, and the youth underemployment situation will continue to worsen if left unaddressed, as millions of young people enter the labour market. (fao.org)
  • Arbeidsmarktparticipatie van mensen met een migratie-achtergrond in België: hoog tijd om te mainstreamen Issue 2015/2 maart 2015 = Immigrant labour market participation in Belgium - high time to mainstream. (pitt.edu)
  • Immigrant labour market participation in Belgium - high time to mainstream. (pitt.edu)
  • Une meilleure insertion professionelle des personnes issues de l'immigration: allons au mainstreaming Issue 2015/2 mars 2015 = Immigrant labour market participation in Belgium - high time to mainstream. (pitt.edu)
  • You are the VP of HR for an organization that is increasingly being affected by foreign competitors that have substantially lower compensation costs. (informit.com)
  • There followed a period in which the market was very disorderly, with students being called upon to make increasingly prompt decisions whether to accept offers. (stanford.edu)
  • Jane Parry is Senior Research Fellow, who has worked in the Employment Group at the Policy Studies Institute (PSI) since 2000. (wiley.com)
  • Her books include Women on the Line (1982) published under the pseudonym of Ruth Cavendish and Cotton and Casuals: the gendered organisation of labour in time and space (2000). (wiley.com)
  • This online course offers an overview of various U.S. federal employment laws that impact total rewards compensation and benefits programs. (erieri.com)
  • While market-based pay systems continue to replace internally focused pay systems, job evaluation remains an important tool in the field of compensation. (erieri.com)
  • If we understand the simple dynamics of value creation, total compensation costs and the cost-basis of doing business (general overhead), then we understand why employment isn't coming back in the U.S. (scoop.it)
  • This report looks into the impact of the accelerated application of automation and digitisation technologies on the wage and tasks structure of employment in Europe. (apo.org.au)
  • This paper uses data from the ALSPAC cohort of 12000 births to explore the effects of early maternal employment on child cognitive and behavioural outcomes. (bris.ac.uk)
  • The results indicate that full time maternal employment begun in the 18 months after childbirth has small negative effects on later child outcomes. (bris.ac.uk)
  • This paper explores what past labour market adjustments to job losses might tell us about the implications of the current downturn in demand for labour. (shu.ac.uk)
  • The concept and its implications are closely connected to the values associated with extreme individualism, corporate capitalism, and an open market, preferably one that is global in its reach. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This course focuses on the development of a single competitive salary structure for a single market, with the goal of allowing a company to achieve salary levels that at least match the average for the comparison group of companies based on product or service markets, or talent labor markets. (erieri.com)
  • In addition to a salary in line with the prevailing market, the UT also offers a tailor-made employment conditions package. (utwente.nl)
  • 70% of informal employment in the rural areas and provides a livelihood for close to 80% of the Kenyan population (MoA, 2010). (scribd.com)
  • What are the data gaps regarding the challenges affecting rural youth employment and livelihoods that you periodically encounter? (fao.org)