Marijuana Abuse: The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Marijuana Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.Cannabis: The plant genus in the Cannabaceae plant family, Urticales order, Hamamelidae subclass. The flowering tops are called many slang terms including pot, marijuana, hashish, bhang, and ganja. The stem is an important source of hemp fiber.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Child Abuse, Sexual: Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Dronabinol: A psychoactive compound extracted from the resin of Cannabis sativa (marihuana, hashish). The isomer delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is considered the most active form, producing characteristic mood and perceptual changes associated with this compound.Elder Abuse: Emotional, nutritional, financial, or physical maltreatment, exploitation, or abandonment of the older person generally by family members or by institutional personnel.Street Drugs: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.Valproic Acid: A fatty acid with anticonvulsant properties used in the treatment of epilepsy. The mechanisms of its therapeutic actions are not well understood. It may act by increasing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID levels in the brain or by altering the properties of voltage dependent sodium channels.Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors: Compounds that inhibit HISTONE DEACETYLASES. This class of drugs may influence gene expression by increasing the level of acetylated HISTONES in specific CHROMATIN domains.Anticonvulsants: Drugs used to prevent SEIZURES or reduce their severity.Antimanic Agents: Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)Hydroxamic Acids: A class of weak acids with the general formula R-CONHOH.Butyrates: Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxypropane structure.Encephalitis Virus, St. Louis: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiologic agent of ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.Encephalitis, St. Louis: A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750)Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Encephalitis Viruses: A collection of single-stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.Saints: Persons officially recognized or acknowledged as pre-eminent for consecration, holiness, and piety, especially through canonization by a branch of the Christian church. (From Webster, 3d ed)Group Practice: Any group of three or more full-time physicians organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of health care services, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.WashingtonWrongful Life: In civil law a cause of action which alleges that a defendant has wrongfully caused a child to be born.Love: Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: A group of religious bodies tracing their origin to Joseph Smith in 1830 and accepting the Book of Mormon as divine revelation. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.National Institute on Drug Abuse (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports a comprehensive research portfolio that focuses on the biological, social, behavioral and neuroscientific bases of drug abuse on the body and brain as well as its causes, prevention, and treatment. NIDA, NIAAA, and NIMH were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.National Institute on Aging (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. Through basic and clinical biomedical research and training, it conducts and supports research into the nature of the aging process and diseases associated with the later stages of life. The Institute was established in 1974.Buprenorphine: A derivative of the opioid alkaloid THEBAINE that is a more potent and longer lasting analgesic than MORPHINE. It appears to act as a partial agonist at mu and kappa opioid receptors and as an antagonist at delta receptors. The lack of delta-agonist activity has been suggested to account for the observation that buprenorphine tolerance may not develop with chronic use.Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Opioid-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.Brain Chemistry: Changes in the amounts of various chemicals (neurotransmitters, receptors, enzymes, and other metabolites) specific to the area of the central nervous system contained within the head. These are monitored over time, during sensory stimulation, or under different disease states.Gross Domestic Product: Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Libraries, MedicalFamily Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Psychiatric Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the organization and administration of psychiatric services.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksHospitals, Special: Hospitals which provide care for a single category of illness with facilities and staff directed toward a specific service.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Papillomaviridae: A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Human papillomavirus 16: A type of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS especially associated with malignant tumors of the CERVIX and the RESPIRATORY MUCOSA.Human papillomavirus 18: A type of human papillomavirus especially associated with malignant tumors of the genital and RESPIRATORY MUCOSA.Papillomavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTIONS. Human vaccines are intended to reduce the incidence of UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS, so they are sometimes considered a type of CANCER VACCINES. They are often composed of CAPSID PROTEINS, especially L1 protein, from various types of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS.
... heroin dependence MeSH F03.900.675.600 --- morphine dependence MeSH F03.900.700 --- phencyclidine abuse MeSH F03.900.746 --- ... marijuana abuse MeSH F03.900.650 --- neonatal abstinence syndrome MeSH F03.900.675 --- opioid-related disorders MeSH F03.900. ... psychoses, substance-induced MeSH F03.900.793 --- substance abuse, intravenous MeSH F03.900.825 --- substance withdrawal ...
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) "Marijuana Drug Facts". National Institute on Drug Abuse. January 2014. ... or anxiolytic dependence (including benzodiazepine dependence and barbiturate dependence) 304.20 Cocaine dependence 304.30 ... abuse, and substance dependence, is flawed. First, diagnosis of drug use versus abuse can be arbitrary and reflect cultural ... dependence 304.90 Other (or unknown) substance dependence 305.10 Nicotine dependence Addiction is a complex but treatable ...
Men and women between the ages of 18-60 who met DSM-IV criteria for current marijuana dependence were enrolled in a 12-week ... "DrugFacts: Marijuana". National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved 20 July 2015. Copeland, J, Gerber, S, Swift, W. Evidence- ... Budney, Alan J.; Roffman, Roger; Stephens, Robert S.; Walker, Denise (2007-12). "Marijuana Dependence and Its Treatment". ... Marijuana addiction is more common among heavy users. Marijuana use can lead to increased tolerance and, in some users, ...
"abuse". This model explicitly recognizes a spectrum of use, ranging from beneficial use to chronic dependence. 'Drug abuse' is ... In 1973, the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse stated: ...drug abuse may refer to any type of drug or chemical ... Under consideration is a transition from the abuse/dependence terminology. At the moment, abuse is seen as an early form or ... including drug abuse) and substance dependence as conditions separate from substance abuse alone, bringing in social and ...
... "dependence" rather than "addiction" or "abuse" were praised by President Richard M. Nixon's National Commission on Marijuana ... dependence. It said that drug abuse was "a state of psychic dependence or physical dependence, or both, on a drug, arising in a ... The Committee would point out again that the recommendation for the use of the terms drug abuse and drug dependence of this or ... However, the 1957 and 1964-1965 WHO definitions of addiction, dependence and drug abuse persist to the present day in medical ...
Measurement of Dependence, Abuse, Treatment, and Treatment Need - 2000 NHSDA - Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment". ... "DrugFacts: Is Marijuana Medicine?". National Institute on Drug Abuse. National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health ... Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. Except ... 1236, enacted October 27, 1970 National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse (March 1973). Drug Use In America: Problem In ...
Alcohol abuse and dependence are major problems and many health problems as well as death can result from excessive alcohol use ... levels and subjective effects after marihuana smoking in human volunteers". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 64 (2): 143-9. doi: ... Abuse of alcohol is associated with more than 40% of deaths that occur in automobile accidents every year. The risk of a fatal ... Alcohol dependence is linked to a lifespan that is reduced by about 12 years relative to the average person. In 2004, it was ...
"Appendix C: Measurement of Dependence, Abuse, Treatment, and Treatment Need - 2000 NHSDA - Substance Dependence, Abuse, and ... "DrugFacts: Is Marijuana Medicine?". National Institute on Drug Abuse. National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health ... Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.[37] ... Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs ...
Budney AJ, Roffman R, Stephens RS, Walker D (December 2007). "Marijuana dependence and its treatment". Addict Sci Clin Pract ( ... have met diagnostic criteria for cannabis abuse or dependence within the past year. Among individuals who have ever used ... Marijuana smoke has been listed on the California Proposition 65 warning list as a carcinogen since 2009, but leaves and pure ... The authors say that bladder cancer does seem to be linked to habitual marijuana use, and that there may be a risk for cancers ...
"DrugFacts: Marijuana". National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved 20 July 2015.. *^ a b Copeland J, Gerber S, Swift W ( ... DSM-IV abuse and dependence were combined into cannabis use disorder. The legal problems criterion (from cannabis abuse) has ... "National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved 7 May 2018.. *^ a b Clinical Textbook of Addictive Disorders, Marijuana, David ... National Institute on Drug Abuse (2014), The Science of Drug Abuse and Addiction: The Basics. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ...
Yet side effects for marijuana are: psychological dependence requiring more of the drug to get the same effect, sleepiness, ... Anabolic agents are abused by athletes in training to increase the size and strength of their muscles. However, the muscle ... Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. Also, since it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or ... Yet, the abuse of beta-3 agonists can be used as an enhancer. Examples of beta-2 agonists are: bambuterol, formoterol, ...
Since polydrug abuse often accompanies the use of LSD the symptoms may be masked. Abnormal feeding, tremors and hypertonia can ... Withdrawal from marijuana can initiate a preterm birth and meconium staining. LSD use by the mother produces symptoms. ... Benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and certain antidepressants (SSRIs) can cause dependence in the infant while in the womb. The ... A history of substance of abuse in the mother before the birth increases the likelihood that the infant will develop symptoms ...
... marijuana, peyote, and methylenedioxymethamphetamine. 2. A Schedule II drug is listed as another drug for high abuse risk. This ... This category has a lower risk of physical or mental health dependence compared to scheduled III. According to the DEA List of ... 3. A Schedule III drug is listed as a substance that has a lesser risk for abuse compared to scheduled I and II. This category ... The following are the five scheduled categories: 1. A Schedule I drug is listed as a substance that has a high risk for abuse ...
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, "The term medical marijuana refers to using the whole unprocessed marijuana ... and have a high potential for abuse and physical or psychological dependence. Cannabis use is illegal for any reason, with the ... "Marijuana as Medicine". National Institute on Drug Abuse. "- Retrieved 20 January 2009". Archived from the original on January ... "Marijuana Resource Center". Office of National Drug Control Policy. "Feds Let Banks and Marijuana Sellers Do Business". ...
The most commonly abused drug on reservations is marijuana because of its ready availability. The number of Native Americans ... and alcohol dependence. A study carried out from 2002 to 2005 reported that 10.7 percent of all Native American and Alaskan ... These health issues are matched by illegal drug abuse; abuse levels are higher than any other demographic group in the United ... Methamphetamine abuse on reservations is a particular area of concern for tribal and federal governments. Concerning their land ...
Alchimia Blog, Marijuana and Medicine: Cesamet, Marinol, Sativex Downs, David (21 October 2014). "War on marijuana ... Upon cessation of abuse, some chronic users experienced withdrawal symptoms, while deaths were rare. Since at least 1986, the ... better source needed] "WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence". World Health Organization. Retrieved 12 January 2014. EMCDDA, ... Badowski, ME (5 August 2017). "A review of oral cannabinoids and medical marijuana for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced ...
Prevalence and correlates from a national survey Alcohol abuse and dependence among U.S. college students. Dr. Knight in Other ... Medical Marijuana and the Developing Adolescent Brain Medical Marijuana Use For Children With Developmental Disorders May Do ... He is best known as the clinical scientist who developed and validated the CRAFFT substance abuse screen for adolescents. In ... 5. Knight JR, Sherritt L, Shrier LA, Harris SK, Chang G. Validity of the CRAFFT substance abuse screening test among adolescent ...
Substance abuse can lead someone towards prostitution and prostitution can lead someone to substance abuse. Prostitutes use ... Marijauna is used to help relax, heroin is used to help increase emotional and physical stress tolerances, and cocaine and ... Because of the addiction, a person will try to find ways in which to finance and satisfy their dependence, and in many cases ... or if they suffered physical and sexual abuse in adulthood they are much more likely to develop a substance abuse problem. Drug ...
In 1973, the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse stated: ...drug abuse may refer to any type of drug or chemical ... The principal change was a transition from the abuse/dependence terminology. In the DSM-IV era, abuse was seen as an early form ... For the Dice album, see Drug Abuse (album).. Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which ... including drug abuse) and substance dependence as conditions separate from substance abuse alone, bringing in social and ...
Alchimia Blog, Marijuana and Medicine: Cesamet, Marinol, Sativex *^ Downs, David (21 October 2014). "War on marijuana ... Calhoun SR, Galloway GP, Smith DE (1998). "Abuse potential of dronabinol (Marinol)". Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 30 (2): 187 ... At its 33rd meeting, in 2003, the World Health Organization Expert Committee on Drug Dependence recommended transferring THC to ... "Petition to Reschedule Cannabis (Marijuana)" (PDF). Coalition for Rescheduling Cannabis. 9 October 2002.. [better source needed ...
... can lead to alcohol dependence. In the diagnosis manual DSM-5 alcohol abuse is combined with alcohol dependence ... and Marijuana Use in Adolescence". Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 41 (12): 1495-1502. doi: ... "Diagnostic Criteria for Alcohol Abuse and Dependence". Alcohol Alert. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (30 PH ... 1997). "Age at onset of alcohol use and its association with DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: results from the National ...
... that your assertions about marijuana's potential for abuse were correct (i.e., that marijuana had some potential for abuse but ... Physical dependence and toxicity are not the only factors that are considered in determining a substance's abuse potential. The ... "FDA issues marijuana rescheduling recommendation to DEA". Marijuana.com. "H.R.2306 - Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act ... "because marijuana does not have the abuse potential for placement in Schedule I of the CSA, and because marijuana now has ...
Substance Abuse, 35, 352-363. doi:10.1080/08897077.2014.936993 *^ Godley, M.D., Passetti, L., Subramaniam, G., Funk, R., Smith ... Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 174, 9-16. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.12.029 ... The economic cost of outpatient marijuana treatment for adolescents: Findings from a multisite experiment. Addiction, 97, S84- ... The Cannabis Youth Treatment (CYT) study, which was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's ( ...
New pharmaceutical substances were assayed (in the prisoner population) for their abuse and addiction (substance dependence) ... The smoker will swear that what hit him never came from marijuana"). Isbell also commented on the potency of street marijuana ... "smoking marijuana has no unpleasant aftereffects, no dependence is developed on the drug, and the practice can easily be ... but without the opioid dependence issues). Many opiate derivatives and synthetic opioids were tested for addiction and abuse ...
Provision of Marijuana and Other Compounds For Scientific Research - Recommendations of The National Institute on Drug Abuse ... state of dependence" AND "[c]entral nervous system stimulation or depression, resulting in hallucinations or disturbances in ... The reference to "certain studies" is to the then-forthcoming National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse. In 1972, the ... Schedule IV - The drug, which is already in Schedule I, is particularly liable to abuse and to produce ill effects, and such ...
Those involved in the criminal justice system have rates of substance abuse and dependence that are more than four times higher ... possession of marijuana or heroin) while receiving Federal student aid are disqualified from receiving further aid for a ... only 7 to 17 percent of prisoners who meet DSM criteria for alcohol/drug dependence or abuse receive treatment.[8] ... Levenson, Jill S.; Morin, John W. (2000), Treating Nonoffending Parents in Child Sexual Abuse Cases, SAGE, p. 7, ISBN 0-7619- ...
Research funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) found that patients taking opioids for long-term chronic pain, ... Brain dopamine release reduced in severe marijuana dependence Substance use disorders extremely common among previously ... About the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a component of the National ... Marijuana use is associated with an increased risk of prescription opioid misuse and use disorders ...
To obtain a clear assessment of the abuse liability of a drug (i.e., the risk of harmful use and/or dependence), a variety of ... one participant used marijuana (once per week or less), and two participants used sedatives (once per week or less). One ... 1987) Abuse liability assessment of buprenorphine-naloxone combinations. in Problems of Drug Dependence 1986 Proceeding of the ... in Buprenorphine: Combating Drug Abuse with a Unique Opioid, eds Cowan A, Lewis JW (Wiley-Liss, Inc. New York), pp 71-101. ...
They will be providing urine samples to check for illegal drugs of abuse including marijuana and other drugs. They will also ... Vilazodone Treatment for Marijuana Dependence. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the ... Marijuana Abuse. Substance-Related Disorders. Chemically-Induced Disorders. Mental Disorders. Vilazodone Hydrochloride. ... Vilazodone is FDA approved for the treatment of depression- in this study, vilazodones effect on marijuana dependence is being ...
... there is a lack of clinical research addressing treatments for marijuana dependence. Research has shown that marijuana abuse is ... may help treat marijuana dependence. Motivational enhancement therapy has been shown to reduce marijuana use. Therefore, it is ... Effectiveness of Buspirone and Motivational Enhancement Therapy for the Treatment of Marijuana Dependence - 1. The safety and ... Marijuana dependence is one of the most common substance-related disorders in the United States. Despite its prevalence, ...
Marijuana Abuse Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Drug: Atomoxetine Procedure: Motivational enhancement therapy ... Dependence on nicotine and caffeine will be allowed since dependence on these substances commonly co-occurs with marijuana ... Atomoxetine Treatment for ADHD and Marijuana Dependence. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility ... Meet DSM-IV criteria for marijuana dependence. *Meet DSM-IV criteria for current ADHD, determined by a clinical interview and ...
MARIJUANA ABUSE. D002189. EFO:0004218. MARIJUANA DEPENDENCE. 2. ClinicalTrials. SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE. D020181. EFO:0003918 ... ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE. 1. ClinicalTrials. NAUSEA. D009325. EFO:0006911. CHEMOTHERAPY-INDUCED NAUSEA AND VOMITING. 4. ...
Marijuana Abuse. D002189. EFO:0004218. marijuana dependence. 1. ClinicalTrials. Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders. ... drug dependence. 2. ClinicalTrials. Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity. D001289. EFO:0003888. attention deficit ...
Alcohol abuse or dependence. Alcoholism. Cocaine dependence. Marijuana abuse. Substance abuse or dependence. ...
Nondependent Marijuana Abuse. *Nondependent Opioid Abuse. *Nondependent Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Abuse ... Rempfer Jr treats Drug and Alcohol Dependence more than 56% of his peers ...
Nondependent Drug and Alcohol Abuse. *. Nondependent Marijuana Abuse. *. Nondependent Opioid Abuse. *. Opioid Dependence. ...
Treatment of cannabis withdrawal and dependence is difficult and remains mainly based on psychological therapy; current ... However, potential dangerous adverse effects from smoking marijuana are well known and should be clearly taught to a public ... However, potential dangerous adverse effects from smoking marijuana are well known and should be clearly taught to a public ... Treatment of cannabis withdrawal and dependence is difficult and remains mainly based on psychological therapy; current ...
Cannabis Dependence - Wikipedia. *Marijuana Abuse - National Institute On Drug Abuse. *Cannabis: a health perspective and ... Cops Say Marijuana Shatter Is Dangerous, Others Say It Just Gets You Really High - This concentrated form of marijuana ... Marijuana is often cut with hallucinogens and other, more dangerous drugs that have more serious side effects than marijuana ... 2011) Nine studies without specialized substance abuse treatment and five with specialized substance abuse treatment assessed ...
Kevin M. Gray Q & A: A Potential Medication for Marijuana Dependence. October 2014. Dr. Kevin M. Gray discusses why its the ... In an accompanying podcast, he discusses a clinical trial that examines NACs potential as a treatment for marijuana dependence ... Study: Treat Jail Detainees Drug Abuse To Lower HIV Transmission. March 2014. Active drug use before incarceration was ... The study concludes that evidence-based treatment for drug abuse in jails may result in improved HIV treatment outcomes, which ...
The vast majority of marijuana smokers do not develop an addiction, but some do develop all of the symptoms of an actual ... Marijuana Abuse v. Dependence There is a difference between marijuana abuse and marijuana dependence. Marijuana abuse occurs ... According to studies, the number of children and teenagers in treatment for marijuana dependence and abuse has increased by 142 ... Whether marijuana has become more addictive or not, the number of people seeking treatment for marijuana abuse has increased ...
Marijuana dependence influenced by genes, childhood sexual abuse Genetic variation within the endocannabinoid system may ... while others are able to use marijuana without problems, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis. ... explain why some survivors of childhood adversity go on to become dependent on marijuana, ...
A randomized trial of contingency management for adolescent marijuana abuse and dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009;105(3): ... The cost-effectiveness of four treatments for marijuana dependence. Addiction. 2007;102(9):1443-1453pmid:17645430. ... Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services, Center for Substance Abuse ... Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention ...
5 Warning Signs of Opioid Dependence 05/27/2018 Substance Abuse Study: Exercise helps treat addiction by altering brains ... Marijuana use may double the risk of stroke in young adults.. *The New Zealand findings are the first from a case-controlled ... 08/15/2018 Substance Abuse By affecting cocaine-induced plasticity, SMURF1 provides a new targeted approach that could prevent ... Researchers found no differences in age, stroke mechanism or most vascular risk factors between marijuana users and non-users. ...
5 Warning Signs of Opioid Dependence 05/27/2018 Substance Abuse Study: Exercise helps treat addiction by altering brains ... Using federal data and information from a new survey of marijuana users in Washington state, researchers say marijuana ... and requires the state to regulate and tax a new marijuana market. Commercial marijuana stores and associated supply chains are ... 01/31/2018 Substance Abuse New study analyses the relationship between alcohol use and long-term cognitive decline in middle ...
Read about the long-term effects on the brain and body, and read about treatment and prevention of marijuana abuse and ... Marijuana is the most commonly abused illegal substance in the world. ... Marijuana abuse or addiction is also associated with a much higher risk of developing a dependence on other drugs. ... What is the prognosis of marijuana abuse and addiction?. *Where can people find more information about marijuana abuse and ...
The natural course of cannabis use, abuse and dependence during the first decades of life. Addiction. 2008;103(3):439-449; ... Marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States. Some of the claims made for or against marijuana are ... Aronow WS, Cassidy J. Effect of marihuana and placebo-marihuana smoking on angina pectoris. N Engl J Med. 1974;291(2):65-67. ... Lisdahl KM, Gilbart ER, Wright NE, Shollenbarger S. Dare to delay? The impacts of adolescent alcohol and marijuana use onset on ...
A comparison of drug use and dependence between blunt smokers and other cannabis users. Subst Use Misuse. 2009;44(3):401-415. ... Budney AJ, Roffman R, Stephens RS, Walker D. Marijuana Dependence and Its Treatment. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2007;4(1):4-16. ... Psychiatric Syndromes in Adolescents with Marijuana Abuse and Dependency in Outpatient Treatment. J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse. ... Subst Abuse. 2013;34(3):298-305. doi:10.1080/08897077.2013.775092.. *McCaffrey DF, Pacula RL, Han B, Ellickson P. Marijuana Use ...
Make research projects and school reports about Substance abuse easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia ... and pictures about Substance abuse at Encyclopedia.com. ... Substance Abuse and Dependence. Definition. Substance abuse and ... Substances of Abuse. In the early 2000s, the three most popular drugs of abuse were alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Each has ... See also:Child Abuse: Physical Abuse and Neglect; Child Abuse: Sexual Abuse; Childhood, Stages of: Adolescence; Children of ...
Behavioral treatments for drug abuse and dependence, (pp. 97-121). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. ... Contingent reinforcement of abstinence with individuals abusing cocaine and marijuana. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 24 ... Higgins, S.T., Sigmon, S.C. & Heil, S.T. (2008). Drug abuse and dependence. In D.H. Barlow (Ed.), Clinical Handbook of ... Applying behavioral concepts and principles to the treatment of cocaine dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 34, 87-97. ...
"DrugFacts: Marijuana". National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved 20 July 2015.. *^ a b Copeland J, Gerber S, Swift W ( ... DSM-IV abuse and dependence were combined into cannabis use disorder. The legal problems criterion (from cannabis abuse) has ... "National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved 7 May 2018.. *^ a b Clinical Textbook of Addictive Disorders, Marijuana, David ... National Institute on Drug Abuse (2014), The Science of Drug Abuse and Addiction: The Basics. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ...
The natural course of cannabis use, abuse and dependence during the first decades of life. Addiction. 2008;103(3):439-449; ... Aronow WS, Cassidy J. Effect of marihuana and placebo-marihuana smoking on angina pectoris. N Engl J Med. 1974;291(2):65-67. ... Lisdahl KM, Gilbart ER, Wright NE, Shollenbarger S. Dare to delay? The impacts of adolescent alcohol and marijuana use onset on ... Probability and predictors of transition from first use to dependence on nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine: results of ...
  • The National Institute on Drug Abuse previously reported that about 1 in 7 marijuana users would develop problematic use with the drug. (verywellmind.com)
  • The National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Cancer Institute supported this work. (healthcanal.com)
  • The study received funding support from the following National Institutes of Health sources: National Institute on Drug Abuse grants R01DA019380, R01DA022953 and R01DA028763, National Institute of Mental Health grants R01MH54197 and R01MH59463 (division of services and intervention research and Center for Mental Health Research on AIDS) and grants 1999-JE-FX-1001, 2005-JL-FX-0288, and 2008-JF-FX-0068 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (eurekalert.org)
  • This research was funded by the NIH's National Institute on Drug Abuse grant R01-DA-032715. (eurekalert.org)
  • Dr. Wilson Compton, deputy director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, said other research has shown similar trends but that the sharp increase found in the surveys is striking. (hightimes.com)
  • Adverse health and social consequences related to the misuse of prescription and OTC narcotics, particularly analgesics, stimulants, and CNS depressants, have been steadily worsening worldwide (National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) 2014). (deepdyve.com)
  • The most commonly reported prescription narcotics to be abused worldwide are stimulants such as methylphenidate and central nervous system (CNS) depressants such as sedatives (benzodiazepines) or some anticonvulsants like clonazepam (National Institute on Drug Abuse 2014) or pregabalin (Loftus and Wright 2014). (deepdyve.com)
  • Dr. Fairman's contribution to this work was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (T32DA007292) and the Intramural Research Program of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development. (springer.com)
  • US National Institute on Drug Abuse, 'Is marijuana a gateway drug? (norml.org)
  • People who smoke marijuana are five times more likely to develop an alcohol problem, according to a new study by two New York universities. (rt.com)
  • While a few folks smoke marijuana for medical purposes, it's really a conventional recreational drug. (jackandjillpolitics.com)
  • 58.4 percent said they believed it was wrong or very wrong for someone their age to smoke marijuana. (dailycamera.com)
  • 88 percent said they believed their parents or guardians feel it would be wrong or very wrong for those students to smoke marijuana. (dailycamera.com)
  • One study found that young people who smoke marijuana are more likely to abuse other drugs, including prescription opioids , in the future. (webmd.com)
  • Heavy marijuana use is associated with impaired memory and executive cognitive function, difficulty sustaining attention and filtering out irrelevant information. (psychcentral.com)
  • Among individuals with psychosis who are also heavy marijuana users, the age they first used marijuana is strongly linked to the age of their first bout of psychosis, according to a study of 57 patients. (psychcentral.com)
  • And a study published in 2013 in Cancer Causes & Control found that heavy marijuana smoking might raise the risk of lung cancer. (webmd.com)
  • In addition, Dr. Mair and her team found that marijuana dispensaries and hospitalizations were more likely to be located in areas with lower household incomes and lower educational attainment. (eurekalert.org)
  • The study also found that marijuana dependence and abuse decreased in the younger demographics but not among those over 26. (rt.com)
  • We found that marijuana abusers display attenuated dopamine (DA) responses to MP, including reduced decreases in striatal distribution volumes. (pnas.org)
  • Findings from previous research has shown that marijuana use is associated with an earlier age of psychosis onset in people abusing multiple substances, but studies have not looked at a possible link between the onset of cannabis use itself and resulting psychosis. (psychcentral.com)
  • Study after study has shown that marijuana use can result in chronic, sometimes life-consuming anxiety. (theweek.com)
  • Within Florida, an estimated 8 percent of the population are considered current drug abusers (according to a survey done on past-month drug abuse in 2008). (recoveryfirst.org)
  • Marijuana abusers show lower positive and higher negative emotionality scores than controls, which is consistent, on one hand, with lower reward sensitivity and motivation and, on the other hand, with increased stress reactivity and irritability. (pnas.org)
  • To investigate this aspect of marijuana's impact on the human brain, we compared the brain's reactivity in marijuana abusers vs. controls when challenged with methylphenidate (MP). (pnas.org)
  • Here, we challenged 48 participants (24 controls and 24 marijuana abusers) with methylphenidate (MP), a drug that elevates extracellular dopamine (DA) as a surrogate for probing the reactivity of the brain to DA stimulation. (pnas.org)
  • We compared the subjective, cardiovascular, and brain DA responses (measured with PET and [ 11 C]raclopride) to MP between controls and marijuana abusers. (pnas.org)
  • Although baseline (placebo) measures of striatal DA D2 receptor availability did not differ between groups, the marijuana abusers showed markedly blunted responses when challenged with MP. (pnas.org)
  • Attempts to completely legalize the use of marijuana, whether for medicinal purposes or not, remain strongly contested in most jurisdictions. (medicinenet.com)
  • Recreational and medicinal marijuana is legal in the states of Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington. (rt.com)
  • One was for a dispensary at 3711 Long Beach Blvd. in Councilwoman Rae Gabelich s Eighth District.Gabelich, who proposed the moratorium, said she supports the medicinal use of marijuana 1,000%, but added that she wants to make sure the city has the proper conditions in place. (cannabisnews.com)
  • Although marijuana use by itself is neither sufficient nor needed to trigger schizophrenia , "if cannabis use precipitates the onset of psychosis, efforts should be focused on designing interventions to discourage cannabis use in vulnerable individuals," Dr. Juan A. Galvez-Buccollini and his associates said. (psychcentral.com)
  • The average age of first marijuana use was 15, preceding psychosis onset by an average of 7 years. (psychcentral.com)
  • The analysis also showed a strong link between the time a patient first smoked marijuana and their age of first psychosis hospitalization. (psychcentral.com)
  • There is also increasingly good evidence that in certain individuals, cases which are nearly impossible to predict, marijuana may induce psychosis. (theweek.com)
  • Contrary to the beliefs of those who advocate the legalization of marijuana, the current balanced, restrictive, and bipartisan drug policies of the United States are working reasonably well and they have contributed to reductions in the rate of marijuana use in our nation. (cnbc.com)