Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.
Oils which are used in industrial or commercial applications.
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)
Place or physical location of work or employment.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
A colorless, flammable, poisonous liquid, CS2. It is used as a solvent, and is a counterirritant and has local anesthetic properties but is not used as such. It is highly toxic with pronounced CNS, hematologic, and dermatologic effects.
Compounds that provide LUBRICATION between surfaces in order to reduce FRICTION.
Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.
Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.
Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
Skin irritant and allergen used in the manufacture of polyurethane foams and other elastomers.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
Derivatives and polymers of styrene. They are used in the manufacturing of synthetic rubber, plastics, and resins. Some of the polymers form the skeletal structures for ion exchange resin beads.
Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The study of the physical and chemical properties of a drug and its dosage form as related to the onset, duration, and intensity of its action.
Relating to the size of solids.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Recombinant antibodies produced in TRANSGENIC PLANTS. The plants serve as BIOREACTORS to produce the antibodies for medical use or industrial processes.
Injuries sustained from incidents in the course of work-related activities.
Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The large scale production of pharmaceutically important and commercially valuable RECOMBINANT PROTEINS.
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.
An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)
A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)
A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
Materials in intermediate state between solid and liquid.
Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
Drugs which have received FDA approval for human testing but have yet to be approved for commercial marketing. This includes drugs used for treatment while they still are undergoing clinical trials (Treatment IND). The main heading includes drugs under investigation in foreign countries.
Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.
Completed forms of the pharmaceutical preparation in which prescribed doses of medication are included. They are designed to resist action by gastric fluids, prevent vomiting and nausea, reduce or alleviate the undesirable taste and smells associated with oral administration, achieve a high concentration of drug at target site, or produce a delayed or long-acting drug effect.
A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.
A pre-emergence, selective herbicide for the control of wild oats in various crops.
Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A type of asbestos that occurs in nature as the dihydrate of magnesium silicate. It exists in two forms: antigorite, a plated variety, and chrysotile, a fibrous variety. The latter makes up 95% of all asbestos products. (From Merck Index, 11th ed, p.893)
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
BIOLOGIC PRODUCTS that are imitations but not exact replicas of innovator products.
Substances which are of little or no therapeutic value, but are necessary in the manufacture, compounding, storage, etc., of pharmaceutical preparations or drug dosage forms. They include SOLVENTS, diluting agents, and suspending agents, and emulsifying agents. Also, ANTIOXIDANTS; PRESERVATIVES, PHARMACEUTICAL; COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS; OINTMENT BASES.
Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Methods for cultivation of cells, usually on a large-scale, in a closed system for the purpose of producing cells or cellular products to harvest.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.
A colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics.
Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Travel by a group of physicians for the purpose of making a special study or undertaking a special project of short-term duration.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
The branch of applied psychology concerned with the application of psychologic principles and methods to industrial problems including selection and training of workers, working conditions, etc.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
A broad family of synthetic organosiloxane polymers containing a repeating silicon-oxygen backbone with organic side groups attached via carbon-silicon bonds. Depending on their structure, they are classified as liquids, gels, and elastomers. (From Merck Index, 12th ed)
A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.
A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Reducing staff to cut costs or to achieve greater efficiency.
Methods and techniques used to modify or select cells and develop conditions for growing cells for biosynthetic production of molecules (METABOLIC ENGINEERING), for generation of tissue structures and organs in vitro (TISSUE ENGINEERING), or for other BIOENGINEERING research objectives.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.
Respirators to protect individuals from breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors.
Inorganic compounds that contain silicon as an integral part of the molecule.
Supplies used in building.
Methods for maintaining or growing CELLS in vitro.
A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.
Inorganic and organic derivatives of sulfuric acid (H2SO4). The salts and esters of sulfuric acid are known as SULFATES and SULFURIC ACID ESTERS respectively.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
Beryllium. An element with the atomic symbol Be, atomic number 4, and atomic weight 9.01218. Short exposure to this element can lead to a type of poisoning known as BERYLLIOSIS.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).
Long, pliable, cohesive natural or manufactured filaments of various lengths. They form the structure of some minerals. The medical significance lies in their potential ability to cause various types of PNEUMOCONIOSIS (e.g., ASBESTOSIS) after occupational or environmental exposure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p708)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
A group of compounds that has the general structure of a dicarboxylic acid-substituted benzene ring. The ortho-isomer is used in dye manufacture. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A polyvinyl resin used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, including medical devices, tubing, and other packaging. It is also used as a rubber substitute.
The relative equivalency in the efficacy of different modes of treatment of a disease, most often used to compare the efficacy of different pharmaceuticals to treat a given disease.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.
A group of methane-based halogenated hydrocarbons containing one or more fluorine and chlorine atoms.
The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
Warfare involving the use of living organisms or their products as disease etiologic agents against people, animals, or plants.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
A generic term for all substances having the properties of stretching under tension, high tensile strength, retracting rapidly, and recovering their original dimensions fully. They are generally POLYMERS.
Fabric or other material used to cover the body.
The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.
Technique whereby the weight of a sample can be followed over a period of time while its temperature is being changed (usually increased at a constant rate).
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
Quartz (SiO2). A glassy or crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Many colored varieties are semiprecious stones. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhaled rare metal BERYLLIUM or its soluble salts which are used in a wide variety of industry including alloys, ceramics, radiographic equipment, and vacuum tubes. Berylliosis is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction in the upper airway leading to BRONCHIOLITIS; PULMONARY EDEMA; and pneumonia.
Inorganic compounds that contain carbon as an integral part of the molecule but are not derived from hydrocarbons.
An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on adjacent carbons. They are viscous and colorless liquids. Some are used as anesthetics or hypnotics. However, the class is best known for their use as a coolant or antifreeze.
A polyvinyl polymer of variable molecular weight; used as suspending and dispersing agent and vehicle for pharmaceuticals; also used as blood volume expander.
Materials incorporated mechanically in plastics (usually PVC) to increase flexibility, workability or distensibility; due to the non-chemical inclusion, plasticizers leach out from the plastic and are found in body fluids and the general environment.
Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.
An allotropic form of carbon that is used in pencils, as a lubricant, and in matches and explosives. It is obtained by mining and its dust can cause lung irritation.
Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.
Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Methylester of cellulose. Methylcellulose is used as an emulsifying and suspending agent in cosmetics, pharmaceutics and the chemical industry. It is used therapeutically as a bulk laxative.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Organic salts of cyanic acid containing the -OCN radical.
A flat, flexible strip of material used to cover or fasten together damaged tissue.
The contamination of indoor air.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism. It has the atomic symbol Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 52. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP85-002,1985), chromium and some of its compounds have been listed as known carcinogens.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.

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"All our handsets are made in China and then shipped to India," CEO Pete Lau told reporters on Monday, according to Reuters. "So ... OnePlus, Foxconn Ink Deal to Make Phones in India. Production begins later this year at a 30,000-square-foot Foxconn facility ... OnePlus India (@OnePlus_IN) October 12, 2015. Thank you everyone for the warm welcomes. Namaste to all of our India fans! # ... OnePlus India marketing chief Karan Sarin tweeted a photo of himself with OnePlus India General Manager Vikas Agarwal and ...
The northeastern Indian state of Assam is building a detention center to house thousands of stateless citizens. On Aug. 31 the ... Amman made the comments on Jan. 30, 2020, seven days after his early release from prison and just three days before he suddenly ... India builds first detention center for stateless citizens /node/1551156/world India builds first detention center for ... This is the first time any state government in India has built an exclusive detention center to hold illegal immigrants.. ...
It made me more comfortable as an actor.. How important is a sensible film over a commercially successful film?. Id rather ... india news Ill make my money and marry for love: Dia Mirza. Bollywood actress Dia Mirza speaks to Prema K about life in films ... Home / India News / Ill make my money and marry for love: Dia Mirza ... The success of films like Rang de Basanti and Lago Raho Munnabhai proves that great content makes successful cinema.. On ...
I eventually made it to university, but I would routinely be late for classes because unlike seasoned city dwellers, I was ... Photo Credit: Courtesy of EMBARQ India) Tahira Thekaekara is Strategy Head-Institutional Development of EMBARQ India, a project ... Q&A with Tahira Thekaekara: Making Indias cities thrive for people, not cars. ... Im really proud of WRI Indias streets-for-all program. Started as "Raahgiri Day" - Indias first sustained car-free day ...
... our Prime Minister stood firmly and made it very clear that India shall not compromise on its sovereignty. This bold stand of ... ವಿಜಯ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕGo GreenAdAge IndiaEisamayIGN IndiaIamGujaratTimes of IndiaSamayam TamilSamayam TeluguMiss KyraBombay TimesFilmipop ... He said, "India is emerging as big manufacturing centre and global manufacturer ecosystem is realising that it must have other ... India emerging as big manufacturing centre: Ravi Shankar Prasad. ANI , 07 Sep 2020, 07:26 AM IST. ...
Film one-liners do not a politician make. Rajinikanths visible electoral strength is his constant mouthing of the term, ... Apart from the political implications attaching to Murthys BJP past, his sudden choice has made RMM cadres unsure about the ... News India , Latest News India , Bollywood News , Indian Cricket Score , India Business News ... Rajini @ 70: Film one-liners do not a politician make. By N Sathiya Moorthy December 11, 2020 17:23 IST ...
... to be in India as telecom firms roll out 4G ... Enjoy comfortable stay! IRCTC renovated retiring rooms made ... He spoke of the possibilities of manufacturing and retailing in India. He appreciated the breadth of young talent in India and ... "Make in India" manufacturing push.. "Every aspect of business was discussed. Now its for Apple to talk about their plans," a ... Government sources say India is keen to get Apple to start making products in the country in what would be a boost for PM ...
The Italians have made themselves and us Indian bikers a complete joke. 5 models launched and ineptly priced 3-4 times the US ... Ducati Makes Plans to Sell in India. By Paul Crowe Weve mentioned many times how the major motorcycle manufacturers have been ... If Ducati had a mfg in India build one under license (Bajaj?) a lot more people there would be riding a Ducati. It would also ... Precision Motor India will be the exclusive importer of Ducati motorcycles in India. Precision Motor India also sells brands ...
To sell products in India, the e-commerce platforms should cooperate with local Indian inventory companies. ... This made him get another job at his friends digital marketing company as a blog writer. After a few years, when he was ... India Makes e-Commerce Platforms Lives Difficult. Argam Artashyan June 22, 2021. ... New e-Commerce Policy In India. The proposal was submitted by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs of India on Monday. E-commerce ...
He declined to provide details about which kiosks had been raided and said no arrests had been made in connection with the ... India makes no arrests in connection with rape videos. .css-1u046kd-Article{font-family:"Georgia","Times","Times New Roman", ... a prominent womens rights activist in India and the general secretary of the All India Democratic Womens Association, said ... A dark trade: Rape videos for sale in India. In kiosks in Uttar Pradesh, videos of what appear to be rapes from around the ...
Creating Indias New Cities (Apr 2007). Indias Challenges (Mar 2007). 3GSM 2007 (Feb 2007). Demo 2007 (Feb 2007). A Tale of ... India Empowered (Oct 2005). Rajasthan Ruminations 2 (Sep 2005). Building a Better India (Sep 2005). South Koreas IT839 (Jul ... India Travel Made Easy. The New York Times has a guide for those visiting India. ... The Uns of India (Oct 10). - Gov 2.0: 10 Learnings for India (Sep 10). - Pretty Good Principles for India (Jul 10). - A Nation ...
... heres a quick roundup of what and who made headlines in Malayalam cinema this week. (Pic courtesy: Facebook) ... I felt the time was right: Paresh Rawal on making a comeback to Gujarati films after 40 years ... The Times of India. *Etimes*BriefsMoviesTVBigg BossWeb SeriesLifestylePageantsVisual StoriesMusicEventsVideosTheatrePhotos ... The Times of IndiaAbout us,sitemap,feedback,privacy policy, newsletter,Terms of Use and Grievance Redressal Policy,Advertise ...
Residents set off firecrackers in the ancestral home of Kamala Harris on Sunday as India celebrated the vice president-elects ... Women in the village made a rangoli - a colourful work of folk art drawn on the ground - with the words: "Congratulations to ... India hails Kamala Harris as history-making U.S. vice president-elect. ... Thulasendrapuram, India - Residents set off firecrackers in the ancestral home of Kamala Harris on Sunday as India celebrated ...
Tropical Cyclone Fani made landfall in Odisha, northeastern India on 3 May 2019. ... Tropical Cyclone Fani made landfall in Odisha, northeastern India on 3 May 2019.. ... Tropical Cyclone Fani makes landfall in India. 28 April 2019 02:00-08:00 UTC and 2 May 18:00 UTC-3 May 06:00 UTC. ... Tropical cyclone Fani: Indias biggest storm in decades makes landfall (The Guardian) ...
India seeks it owns path as a manufacturing powerhouse with: For a few years now, a facile dichotomy has made the rounds in ... China means manufacturing and India means services. Yet several leaders of the public and… ... Next Article Industrialization and Urbanization in India. One thought on "India and Manufacturing" * Amit. Thursday June 5, ... Anyway, what India needs is a robust manufacturing sector. And that means India needs energy. And so does everyone and his ...
571 million into an escrow account before it can transfer a key manufacturing plant to Microsoft. As you know, Microsoft is ... They have also made it amply clear that they want to limit their liability to their assets in India. In such a situation, they ... Nokia Finland, parent company to Nokia India, doesnt want to get involved. A quote from an Indian tax official:. "Nokia ... A blow not only to Microsoft, which wouldnt get a key manufacturing plant, but to those who rely on the factory for their ...
... which makes it perfect for Indias rugged roads. Ironically, given the state of Londons roads, this actually makes it a ... A beautiful piece of British biking history made in India. Ride a machine with all its quirks, and inject a bit of fun and ... 1/1A beautiful piece of British biking history made in India. ... a beautiful piece of British biking history made in India. ... The story goes that when production halted in the Midlands in the early 1970s there was plenty of demand in India - not least ...
US Anti-vaxxer Who Made Jokes About Covid-19 Vaccine Dies of Coronavirus. ... Frances Safran SA Looking To Build Engine-Repair Facility In India After Massive Orders From IndiGo. Read full article. ... Tokyo Olympics, Day 2: Mary Kom, Manika Batra headline Indias show. Tokyo [Japan], July 25 (ANI): India might not have put up ... Our goal is to create a safe and engaging place for users to connect over interests and passions. In order to improve our ...
... in India meet under trees or in thatched-roof huts until a proper building where they can worship the Lord is built. The cost ... Your donation, big or small, will help build a place where congregations can meet in a safe and clean environment instead of ... of church construction in India ranges from $10,000 to $20,000, depending on the size, location, and materials. ... Initial deduction will be made within one business day of donation. Future recurring payments will be deducted on the same date ...

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