A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
An order of the ANGIOSPERMS, subclass Rosidae. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.
A species of gram-negative bacteria, in the genus ERWINIA, causing a necrotic disease of plants.
The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.
The reproductive cells of plants.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3- or 1,4-linkages in beta-D-glucans. This enzyme specifically acts on sites where reducing glucose residues are substituted at the 3 position.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Proteins that are involved in the peptide chain termination reaction (PEPTIDE CHAIN TERMINATION, TRANSLATIONAL) on RIBOSOMES. They include codon-specific class-I release factors, which recognize stop signals (TERMINATOR CODON) in the MESSENGER RNA; and codon-nonspecific class-II release factors.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Retrovirus-associated DNA sequences (v-myb) originally isolated from the avian myeloblastosis and E26 leukemia viruses. The proto-oncogene c-myb codes for a nuclear protein involved in transcriptional regulation and appears to be essential for hematopoietic cell proliferation. The human myb gene is located at 6q22-23 on the short arm of chromosome 6. This is the point of break in translocations involved in T-cell acute lymphatic leukemia and in some ovarian cancers and melanomas. (From Ibelgaufts, Dictionary of Cytokines, 1995).
Set of instructions about how to prepare food for eating using specific instructions.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.
A tumor made up of nerve cells and nerve fibers. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The reproductive organs of plants.
A plant genus of the FABACEAE family known for the seeds used as food.
A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Insurance providing for payment of a stipulated sum to a designated beneficiary upon death of the insured.
Coverage by contract whereby one part indemnifies or guarantees another against loss by a specified contingency.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Organizations which assume the financial responsibility for the risks of policyholders.
Insurance against loss resulting from liability for injury or damage to the persons or property of others.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.
Polyacenes with four ortho-fused benzene rings in a straight linear arrangement. This group is best known for the subclass called TETRACYCLINES.
Dibenzoquinolines derived in plants from (S)-reticuline (BENZYLISOQUINOLINES).
A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.

The relationship between photosystem II efficiency and quantum yield for CO(2) assimilation is not affected by nitrogen content in apple leaves. (1/489)

Bench-grafted Fuji/M.26 apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees were fertigated with different concentrations of nitrogen by using a modified Hoagland's solution for 45 d. CO(2) assimilation and photosystem II (PSII) quantum efficiency in response to incident photon flux density (PFD) were measured simultaneously in recent fully expanded leaves under low O(2) (2%) and saturated CO(2) (1300 micromol mol(-1)) conditions. A single curvilinear relationship was found between true quantum yield for CO(2) assimilation and PSII quantum efficiency for leaves with a wide range of leaf N content. The relationship was linear up to a quantum yield of approximately 0.05 mol CO(2) mol(-1) quanta. It then became curvilinear with a further rise in quantum yield in response to decreasing PFD. This relationship was subsequently used as a calibration curve to assess the rate of non-cyclic electron transport associated with Rubisco and the partitioning of electron flow between CO(2) assimilation and photorespiration in different N leaves in response to intercellular CO(2) concentration (C(i)) under normal O(2) conditions. Both the rate of non-cyclic electron flow and the rate of electron flow to CO(2) or O(2) increased with increasing leaf N at any given C(i). The percentage of non-cyclic electron flow to CO(2) assimilation, however, remained the same regardless of leaf N content. As C(i) increased, the percentage of non-cyclic electron flow to CO(2) assimilation increased. In conclusion, the relationship between PSII quantum efficiency and quantum yield for CO(2) assimilation and the partitioning of electron flow between CO(2) assimilation and photorespiration are not affected by N content in apple leaves.  (+info)

Local modulation of host pH by Colletotrichum species as a mechanism to increase virulence. (2/489)

The phytopathogenic fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides produces one pectate lyase (PL) that is a key virulence factor in disease development. During growth of C. gloeosporioides, Colletotrichum acutatum, and Colletotrichum coccodes in acidified yeast extract medium, the fungus secreted ammonia and increased the medium pH. Ammonia accumulation and the consequent pH change increased as a function of initial pH and buffer capacity of the medium. PL secretion by C. gloeosporioides correspondingly increased as the pH of the medium increased. The C. gloeosporioides pelB gene-disrupted mutant was able to increase ammonia accumulation and pH of the media similarly to the wild-type isolate. C. gloeosporioides in avocado, C. coccodes in tomato, and C. acutatum in apple showed ammonia accumulation in the infected area where pH increased to 7.5 to 8 and PL activity is optima. In nonhost interactions where C. gloeosporioides was inoculated in apples, the addition of ammonia-releasing compounds significantly enhanced pathogenicity to levels similar to those caused by the compatible C. acutatum-apple interaction. The results therefore suggest the importance of ammonia secretion as a virulence factor, enhancing environmental pH and pathogenicity of the Colletotrichum species.  (+info)

Abscisic acid-specific binding sites in the flesh of developing apple fruit. (3/489)

Abscisic acid (ABA) specific-binding sites localized in the cytosol were identified and characterized in the flesh of developing apple (Malus pumila L. cv. Starkrimon) fruit. ABA binding activity was scarcely detectable in the microsomes but high ABA binding activity in the cytosolic fraction was detected. The ABA-binding sites possessed a protein nature with both active serine residues and thiol-groups of cysteine residues in their functional binding sites. ABA binding was shown to be saturable, reversible and of high affinity. A Scatchard plot provided evidence for two different ABA binding proteins, one with higher affinity (K(d)=2.3 nM) and the other with lower affinity (K(d)=58.8 nM). Phaseic acid, trans-ABA and (-)-ABA had essentially no affinity for the binding proteins, indicating their stereo-specificity to bind physiologically active cis-(+)-ABA. The time-course, pH- and temperature-dependence of the ABA-binding proteins were determined. It is hypothesized that the detected ABA-binding proteins may be putative ABA-receptors that mediate ABA signals during fruit development.  (+info)

Inoculation onto solid surfaces protects Salmonella spp. during acid challenge: a model study using polyethersulfone membranes. (4/489)

Salmonellae are the most frequently reported cause of outbreaks of food-borne gastroenteritis in the United States. In clinical trials, the oral infective dose (ID) for healthy volunteers was estimated to be approximately 1 million cells. However, in reports from various outbreaks, the ID of Salmonella species associated with solid foods was estimated to be as few as 100 cells. We found that fresh-cut produce surfaces not only provided suitable solid support for pathogen attachment but also played a critical role in increasing the acid tolerance of the pathogen. However the acidic nature of certain produce played no role in making salmonellae resistant to stomach acidity. Inoculation onto fresh-cut produce surfaces, as well as onto inert surfaces, such as polyethersulfone membranes and tissue paper, increased the survival of salmonellae during acid challenge (50 mM Na-citrate, pH 3.0; 37 degrees C; 2 h) by 4 to 5 log units. Acid challenge experiments using cells inoculated onto polyethersulfone membranes provided a model system suitable for studying the underlying fundamentals of the protection that occurs when Salmonella strains are associated with solid foods. The surface-associated acid protection, which was observed in several Salmonella strains, required de novo protein synthesis and was independent of stationary-phase sigma transcription factor.  (+info)

Polyphenols from alcoholic apple cider are absorbed, metabolized and excreted by humans. (5/489)

We determined the uptake and excretion of low doses of polyphenols in six subjects who each consumed 1.1 L of an alcoholic cider beverage. Over a 24-h period, no phloretin was detected in plasma (detection limit = 0.036 micromol/L), but 21 +/- 5% of the dose (4.8 mg) was excreted in the urine. In contrast, from a low dose of 1.6-mg quercetin equivalents, no quercetin was found in urine or plasma, but 3'-methyl quercetin was detected in plasma [C(max) (maximum concentration) = 0.14 +/- 0.19 micromol/L; range: 0 to 0.44 micromol/L]. No flavanol monomers (dose of free (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin = 3.5 mg) were detected in urine or plasma (detection limit: 0.01 micromol/L). Caffeic acid (total dose including esters = 11 mg) was detected only in plasma within 2 h, with C(max) = 0.43 +/- 0.3 micromol/L (range: 0.18 to 0.84 micromol/L). An almost 3-fold increase in hippuric acid was detected in 24-h urine (74 +/- 29 micromol/L; range: 38-116 micromol/L), compared with a prestudy value of 19 +/- 9 micromol/L. These data show that polyphenols are taken up from cider, that phloretin is excreted in the urine and suggest that low doses of quercetin are extensively methylated in humans.  (+info)

Cloning and characterization of four apple MADS box genes isolated from vegetative tissue. (6/489)

With the aim of finding genes involved in the floral transition of woody species four MADS box genes containing cDNAs from apple (Malus domestica) have been isolated. Three genes were isolated from vegetative tissue of apple, but were homologues of known genes that specify floral organ identity. MdMADS13 is an AP3-like B class MADS box gene, and was mainly expressed in petals and stamens as demonstrated by Northern blot analysis. MdMADS14 and -15 are AGAMOUS-like genes. They differed slightly in expression patterns on Northern blots, with MdMADS15 mRNA levels equally high in stamens and carpels, but MdMADS14 preferably expressed in carpels. MdMADS14 is likely to be the apple orthologue of one of the Arabidopsis thaliana SHATTERPROOF genes, and MdMADS15 closely resembled the Arabidopsis AGAMOUS gene. It has been shown with RT-PCR that the three floral apple MADS box genes are expressed in vegetative tissues of adult as well as juvenile trees, albeit at low levels. MdMADS12 is an AP1-like gene that is expressed at similar levels in leaves, vegetative shoots, and floral tissues, and that may be involved in the transition from the juvenile to the adult stage.  (+info)

Overexpression of polygalacturonase in transgenic apple trees leads to a range of novel phenotypes involving changes in cell adhesion. (7/489)

Polygalacturonases (PGs) cleave runs of unesterified GalUA that form homogalacturonan regions along the backbone of pectin. Homogalacturonan-rich pectin is commonly found in the middle lamella region of the wall where two adjacent cells abut and its integrity is important for cell adhesion. Transgenic apple (Malus domestica Borkh. cv Royal Gala) trees were produced that contained additional copies of a fruit-specific apple PG gene under a constitutive promoter. In contrast to previous studies in transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) where PG overexpression had no effect on the plant (K.W. Osteryoung, K. Toenjes, B. Hall, V. Winkler, A.B. Bennett [1990] Plant Cell 2: 1239-1248), PG overexpression in transgenic apple led to a range of novel phenotypes. These phenotypes included silvery colored leaves and premature leaf shedding due to reduced cell adhesion in leaf abscission zones. Mature leaves had malformed and malfunctioning stomata that perturbed water relations and contributed to a brittle leaf phenotype. Chemical and ultrastructural analyses were used to relate the phenotypic changes to pectin changes in the leaf cell walls. The modification of apple trees by a single PG gene has offered a new and unexpected perspective on the role of pectin and cell wall adhesion in leaf morphology and stomatal development.  (+info)

Lyophilized apple counteracts the development of hypercholesterolemia, oxidative stress, and renal dysfunction in obese Zucker rats. (8/489)

Apples may have selective effects on abnormalities associated with the plurimetabolic syndrome. Therefore, the effects of 20% lyophilized apple supplementation on plasma and tissue lipids and on protection against susceptibility to oxidative stress and renal dysfunction were investigated in Zucker lean (Fa/-) or obese (fa/fa) rats. The experimental diets were equilibrated for sugar supply, contained 0.25 g/100 g cholesterol and provided only one third of the vitamin E requirement. Obese Zucker rats were hypercholesterolemic with cholesterol accumulation in LDL and HDL fractions. The apple diet lowered plasma and LDL cholesterol (-22 and -70%, respectively, P < 0.01) in obese Zucker rats and, in parallel, reduced triglyceride accumulation in heart and liver. Zucker rats fed the apple diet also had a larger intestinal pool and greater fecal excretion of bile acids. The heart concentration and urinary excretion of malondialdehyde were reduced by apple consumption in obese Zucker rats, suggesting better protection against peroxidation. Glucosuria and proteinuria in obese Zucker rats were also suppressed by the apple diet. In conclusion, despite their moderate fiber content, apples improve substantially the lipid status and peroxidative parameters in obese Zucker rats, suggesting that other plant constituents such as polyphenols are involved in these effects.  (+info)

MicroRNAs are key regulators of plant physiological activities by functioning in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. In apple, the uncharacterized Md-miR285N is predicted to target 35 RNA transcripts, mostly coding for TMV, SCN1 and CDPK proteins involved in plant defense to pathogens. In this work, ca. 2 Kb of the Md-miR285N promoter were isolated and cloned into an expression vector with its 3-end fused to the ß-glucoronidase (GUS) reporter gene. The expression vector was used for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of both Malus x domestica (cv. Gala) and Arabidopsis thaliana (ecotype Col-0). In transgenic apple plantlets a strong GUS activity was detected in stems, leaves and veins. In Arabidopsis seedlings the promoter was shown to be highly expressed in roots, shoot apex meristem, primary and secondary leaves and veins. To understand the functional response of Md-miR285N against pathogen infections, apple and Arabidopsis plantlets wereinoculated, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Electronic nose chemical sensor feasibility study for the differentiation of apple cultivars. AU - Marrazzo, W. N.. AU - Heinemann, Paul Heinz. AU - Crassweller, Robert Michael. AU - LeBlanc, E.. PY - 2005/9/1. Y1 - 2005/9/1. N2 - The ability to analytically differentiate and match intact apple (Malus domestica, Borkh) fruit and fruit juice extracts from different apple cultivars is of interest to the food industry. This study tested the feasibility of detecting the difference among volatile gases evolved from intact McIntosh (Buhr), Delicious, and Gala apples and their extracted juice using a prototype 32-array polymeric detector chemical sensor. All data were first processed to obtain principal components. PCA analysis clearly separated whole McIntosh, Gala, and Delicious samples from juiced on day 1. PCA analysis of day 2 samples showed clustering of whole vs. juiced for all three cultivars, although there was some overlap between the clusters. A soft independent ...
True-to-type clonal fidelity is of paramount concern during micropropagation of crop species. Though, micropropagation has found an important role in propagation of apple rootstocks, commercial propagation may be constrained by the occurrence of genetic variations, especially when cultures are maintained in vitro for a long period. To determine genetic fidelity of micropropagated plants of apple rootstock MM 106 multiplied by enhanced axillary branching method, we screened 24 inter simple sequence repeat markers (ISSR). Of these, 11 primers reproducibly generated a total of 107 distinct bands. Apple rootstock Merton 793 and scion Jonathon were analysed along with tissue culture raised progenies of MM 106 as outliers to rule out the possibility that the invariant banding pattern was on account of inefficiency of ISSR primers in detecting variations. The number of bands per primer varied from 5 to 9 with an average of 9.72 scorable bands per primer. Among 83 bands amplified in micropropagated ...
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In this study, influence of land-use type on soil respiration was investigated in poplar plantation, apple orchard (apple trees with understory grasses) and adjacent grassland sites in SeyitlerArea,Artvin, Turkey. Soil respiration was measured approximately monthly in three sampling plots in each land use type from January 2005 to November 2005 using the soda-lime technique. Mean daily soil respiration ranged from 0.63-3.59 g C m-2 d-1. Mean soil respiration in apple orchard, poplar plantation and grassland sites were 1.98, 1.45 and 1.12 g C m-2 d-1, respectively. Mean soil respiration wassignificantly greater in apple orchard than in poplar plantations and grasslands. Seasonal changes in soil respiration were related to soil moisture and temperature changes. Mean soil respiration rate correlated strongly with subsurface soil (15-35cm) pH (R = -0,73; p,0.05), sand content (R= 0.96, p,0.001), soil silt content (R= -0.75; p,0.05), soil clay content (R= -0,83; p,0.001) and organic matter content ...
McIntosh apple trees at three early stages of leaf expansion were exposed to freshly discharged ascospores of Venturia inaequalis in a dew chamber at 18 19 C. Spores deposited on glass coverslips positioned next to the leaves at each node were counted. Spores on some coverslips were also tested for viability. Lesions were noted after the trees had been kept in a growth chamber (12 hr of light at 25 C followed by 12 hr of darkness at 20 C) for 11 27 days. The efficiency of lesion production was calculated as the ratio of the number of lesions per unit of leaf surface area at the time of inoculation to the number of spores per unit of coverslip area. Lesion-forming efficiency averaged 5, 6, and 14% for the three groups of trees.. ...
As Honeycrisp loses little if any firmness during storage (Tong et al., 1999; Wargo and Watkins, 2004) and has not been reported to be susceptible to superficial scald, the benefit of CA storage resides in retention of other aspects of fruit quality and limiting disorder development (DeEll et al., 2015; DeLong et al., 2006; Mattheis et al., 2017; Watkins and Nock, 2012). While the results herein show CA storage reduces SSC and TA loss and development of peel yellow color compared with fruit stored in air, increased incidence of soft scald in one year and nonchilling disorders in both years as pO2 setpoint decreased reduces the potential use for CA at and near the LOL. These results are consistent with responses in Anjou pear fruit, where internal browning developed when pO2 was held at 0.2 kPa above the LOL (Mattheis and Rudell, 2011; Mattheis et al., 2013). While increased internal browning risk has been observed in other apple cultivars as pO2 decreases (Watkins and Mattheis, 2019), soft ...
This guide to apple orchards in Georgia is the most complete list available. There is a map, phone numbers, email addresses, links to orchards websites , apple festival and loads of information about apples, including EASY illustrated directions to make apple pies, canning applesauce and apple butter, making apple jelly and more.There is also a guide to apple varieties and a state by state listing of pick-your own apple orchards.
Fruit growth in apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) is mediated by cell production and expansion. Genes involved in regulating these processes and thereby fruit growth, are not well characterized. We hypothesized that the apple homolog(s) of AINTEGUMENTA (ANT), an APETALA2-repeat containing transcription factor, regulates cell production during fruit growth in apple. Two ANT genes, MdANT1 and MdANT2, were isolated from apple and their expression was studied during multiple stages of fruit development. MdANT1 and MdANT2 expression was high during early fruit growth coincident with the period of cell production, rapidly declined during exit from cell production, and remained low during the rest of fruit development. The effects of increase in carbohydrate availability during fruit growth were characterized. Increase in carbohydrate availability enhanced fruit growth largely through an increase in cell production. Expression of MdANT1 and MdANT2 increased sharply by up to around 5-fold in response to an
Pickyourown.orgs Guide to apple varieties grown in Georgia is the most complete list available. They provide, phone numbers, email addresses, links to orchards websites , apple festival and loads of information about apples, including EASY illustrated directions to make apple pies, canning applesauce and apple butter, making apple jelly and more.There is also a guide to apple varieties and a state by state listing of pick-your own apple orchards.
This study investigated the diel emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from intact apple (Malus x domestica Borkh., cv. Golden Delicious) and grape (Vitis vinifera L., cv. Pinot Noir) foliage. Volatiles were monitored continuously for 48 h by proton transfer reaction - time of flight - mass spectrometry (PTRToF-MS). In addition, volatiles were collected by closed-loop-stripping-analysis (CLSA) and characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after 1 h and again 24 and 48 h later. Fourteen and ten volatiles were characterized by GC-MS in apple and grape, respectively. The majority of these were terpenes, followed by green leaf volatiles, and aromatic compounds. The PTR-ToF-MS identified 10 additional compounds and established their diel emission rhythms. The most abundant volatiles displaying a diel rhythm included methanol and dimethyl sulfide in both plants, acetone in grape, and mono-, homo- and sesquiterpenes in apple. The majority of volatiles were released from both ...
Malus Rudolph - Rudolph Crab Apple tree 12-14cm is available to buy online, or for sale at our tree nursery in Essex near London - Malus Rudolph - Rudolph Crab Apple tree. Plant Information: Size: 12-14cm girth standard.
Malus Tschononskii - Tschononski Crab Apple tree 8-10cm is available to buy online, or for sale at our tree nursery in Essex near London - Malus Tschononskii - Tschononskii Crab Apple Tree . Plant Information: Size: 8-10cm girth standard.
We mapped DNA polymorphisms generated by 41 sets of Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) primers, developed independently in four laboratories. All primer sets gave polymorphisms that could be located on our `White Angel x `Rome Beauty map for apple [Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. Var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf.]. The SSR primers were used to identify homologous linkage groups in `Wijcik McIntosh, NY 75441-58, `Golden Delicious, and `Liberty cultivars for which relatively complete linkage maps have been constructed from isozyme and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. In several instances, two or more SSRs were syntenic, and except for an apparent translocation involving linkage group (LG) 6, these linkages were conserved throughout the six maps. Twenty-four SSR primers were consistently polymorphic, and these are recommended as standard anchor markers for apple maps. Experiments on a pear (Pyrus communis L.) population indicated that many of the apple SSRs would be useful for mapping in ...
SUMMARY: Series of apple and pear shoots were inoculated with the scab pathogens Venturia inaequalis and V. pirina and injected with polyphenolic metabolites extracted from apple and pear leaves, and with urea. The translocation and persistence of arbutin in Cox leaves was demonstrated chromatographically. Injection of metabolites of the highly susceptible varieties Cox and Williams back into the same varieties, markedly inhibited the pathogens, which suggests that these potential resistance factors do not occur only in varieties which are scab resistant. Inhibition of infection was most marked on leaves already developing a mature resistance and the injection treatments were most effective when applied near the time of inoculation. Injection of urea increased susceptibility to V. inaequalis, and further results indicated the importance of optimal balance mechanisms between polyphenolic and nitrogenous metabolites. Chlorogenic acid and isochlorogenic acid strongly inhibited both pathogens and there was
Rarely do you see a home orchard missing the king of fruits. Apples today can be grown from the desert to the sea. Apples offer a remarkable diversity of flavors, colors and textures and have a lifespan that far exceeds many other fruit trees. The heirloom apple varieties that we offer fruit from mid July to late November, offering almost six months of superior flavors rarely found on the supermarket shelf. The home grown heirloom apple tree has historically been the central figure in the providing the nutrients and treats for past generations. Lastly, the suggested uses for each of these antique apple trees are just that-- suggestions. Experiment and have fun! Our certified organic apple trees growing in our field range from 5-8 feet in height, and are pruned to approximately 4-5 feet in height when shipped. The great majority of our apple varieties range from 5/8 to 3/4 in caliper and most have side branches (feathered), which often leads to earlier fruiting. Pick an apple for sample flavor and seed
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Tubby-like proteins (TLPs), characterized by a signature tubby domain, are widespread in plants and animals. To date, only plant TLPs involved in multifarious stress responses and male gametophyte development have been identified. However, studies on the molecular functions of plant TLPs are largely unknown. In this investigation, the roles of a TLP from Malus domestica (MdTLP7) in response to abiotic stresses were characterized by expressing it in Arabidopsis. The expression of wild-type full-length MdTLP7 (FL) significantly increased the stress tolerance of Arabidopsis seedlings to osmotic, salt, cold and heat stress, while the expression of truncated MdTLP7 containing only the tubby domain (Tub) also showed some function. Located on a central α helix surrounded by 12 anti-parallel β strands in the tubby domain, the K190/R192 site may be involved in fixation to the plasma membrane, as shown by 3D homology modelling with animal TLPs. This site might play a crucial role in anti-stress functions since
Domain architecture and assignment details (superfamily, family, region, evalue) for MDP0000263111|PACid:22664574 from Malus domestica v196. Plus protein sequence and external database links.
Apple Juice - Details about apple juice blends, fresh apple juice, pressed apple juice, natural apple juice benefits, apple juice suppliers, organic apple juice exporters and manufacturers from India.
Sorry for my late response. I will try to answer your questions, and perhaps anticipate several others. (1.) Useful background info: I started a Belgian fence (of nearly two dozen different apple varieties) about 10 years ago. For the past several years, I have been teaching a class at the UWs Center for Urban Horticulture called The Art of Espalier. This years two different classes are scheduled for different Saturdays: one in April, and one in May. Plus, at the upcoming Feb. 14-18 NW Flower & Garden Show (in Seattles Convention Center), we will have a booth in which we will have an espaliered apple tree on display, plus a large photo of my Belgian fence. Bonus: There will be a lecture on espaliered fruit trees on Wed., Feb. 14 at 9:30 am. (2.) One of the best decisions I made was to grow DIFFERENT apple varieties (called cultivars). The variety presents an exciting element. Because I grow apples from all over the world, I call mine the United Nations of apple cultivars. I strongly ...
Sorry for my late response. I will try to answer your questions, and perhaps anticipate several others. (1.) Useful background info: I started a Belgian fence (of nearly two dozen different apple varieties) about 10 years ago. For the past several years, I have been teaching a class at the UWs Center for Urban Horticulture called The Art of Espalier. This years two different classes are scheduled for different Saturdays: one in April, and one in May. Plus, at the upcoming Feb. 14-18 NW Flower & Garden Show (in Seattles Convention Center), we will have a booth in which we will have an espaliered apple tree on display, plus a large photo of my Belgian fence. Bonus: There will be a lecture on espaliered fruit trees on Wed., Feb. 14 at 9:30 am. (2.) One of the best decisions I made was to grow DIFFERENT apple varieties (called cultivars). The variety presents an exciting element. Because I grow apples from all over the world, I call mine the United Nations of apple cultivars. I strongly ...
In order to make true apple cider vinegar, you need to first make apple cider, and then change that apple cider into vinegar. ACV does contain pectin, a form of soluble fiber, so it is theoretically possible that it may help to absorb liquid from the intestines and help with improved stool formation. hala nassif Ù Ù Ù Ù Ù 23, 2018. 4. ا٠رئ٠س٠ة/apple cider vinegar/ does apple cider vinegar make you poop. For those who want to try ACV, it does have some proven health benefits. Yeast Infection. If you are on any medication, consult your doctor before taking apple cider vinegar. Many women have found that Apple Cider Vinegar can help reduce the appearance of cellulite.   ACV is not pixie dust, but itâ s also not snake oil. Each reason helps you lose weight in some way or another. While the other one, which is cider vinegar, is make from the fermentation of apple cider. And it is also very convenient to take these gummies. If you have gastritis â â a condition ...
Phytopathology 89:100-108...Phytopathology 89:100-108...Characterization of Ribosomal DNA from Venturia inaequalis and Its Phylogenetic Relationship to rDNA from Other Tree-Fruit Venturia Species...G. Schnabel , E. L. Schnabel , and A. L. Jones...
We studied 6 people who take Apple cider vinegar and Tylenol from FDA. Drug interactions are found. See what they are, when they happen and for whom. Drug interactions are reported only by a few people who take Apple cider vinegar and Tylenol w/ codeine together. This review analyzes the effectiveness and drug interactions between Apple cider vinegar and Tylenol w/ codeine. If you take Apple cider vinegar and Tylenol w/ codeine.. Apple cider vinegar has also been used as a tylenol and apple cider vinegar treatment for everything from taking to fungus. Though it works have some important health benefits, it is manufactured to keep in mind that cutting cider vinegar is not without its own side effects. Because of its active properties, apple sauce vinegar can. posts discussing solutions and reviews about apple cider vinegar as a natural alternative to Tylenol. ...
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Apple Cider Vinegar for Gallbladder Pain. A neck lump or nodule is the most common symptom of thyroid cancer. For a topical use, apple cider vinegar is the ideal candidate for soothing dermatographic urticaria. So instead of buying 30 gallons of vinegar, I thought I could just take water and bring the pH down to a acidic level similar to vinegar. Theres lots more information on the little star lady chickweed in my book Healing Wise. Apple cider vinegar affects potassium and sodium levels. Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV). by Brian Shilhavy Editor, Health Impact News. Or Apple cider vinegar instead of OJ? And cheese has salt. Thyroid issues: Raw maca contains iodine and other goitrogens, which can irritate the thyroid. Skin, bones and hair are typically kept away from diseases. A more recent study randomly assigned 39 study subjects to follow a restricted calorie diet with apple cider vinegar or a restricted calorie diet without apple cider vinegar for 12 weeks. Vinegar is obviously the stuff of ...
Apple tree is commonly called Malus domestica. Apple fruit is a delicious pomaceous fruit which belongs to Family Rosaceae, Genus Males. Except for the seeds the whole fruit including the skin is appropriate for human consumption. The inner core of the fruit that contains seeds, is not eaten and is discarded. Aphids and mildew are the common insects that attack on apple. In 20014, about 84.6 million tons of apples were produced worldwide. Pakistan is the worlds 10th largest country for apple production. Nutritional Value. Apples contain Dietary fibers and flavonoids antioxidants. Apples are rich in Iron, vitamin C and other Important Vitamins. They help to reduce the cholesterol level and retain the skin freshness. Apples are rich in polyphenolic compounds and vitamin B complex.. Symptoms of the Apple Scab. Olive green zones visible on the basements of leaves are the first indication of the disease. Leaves become twisted dwarfed and drop later in the season. Around the margins of the lesions ...
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Apple cider vinegar works well as a flavoring for food, and a preservative for canned items, such as pickles. Vinegar also works well with meat marinades.. It has a strong, sour flavor that works well when balanced with other ingredients.. A tablespoon of vinegar can add the right hint of tang to a pork and bean dish or a pulled pork roast, for example. But, its tartness is best paired with plain apple cider or a sweet barbecue sauce.. One of the easiest and healthiest ways to consume apple cider vinegar is to add it to a healthy oil, such as olive oil, and use it as a salad dressing. Most of the studies found that just 1 to 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar are enough to reap its health benefits.. Apple cider vinegar is not for everyone, however. People who have stomach ulcers or acid reflux may find that apple cider vinegar makes their conditions worse.. On the other hand, for some people with heartburn, resulting from reduced stomach acid, apple cider vinegar may improve heartburn or acid ...
Nitric oxide production, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and mitochondrial nitrite-reducing activities in roots, leaves and stems of different developmental stages were investigated, using potted 3-year-old apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees. The arginine-dependent NOS activity is sensitive to NOS inhibitor L-NAME and aminoguanidine (AG), with L-NAME being more effective than AG. Endogenous NO production, NOS and mitochondrial nitrite-reducing activities are predominately presented in young leaves and especially in young white roots and young stems. Root and stem mitochondria can reduce nitrite to nitric oxide at the expense of NADH, however, this mitochondrial nitrite-reducing activity is absent in leaves ...
Apple Cider Vinegar - MedHelps Apple Cider Vinegar Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Apple Cider Vinegar. Find Apple Cider Vinegar information, treatments for Apple Cider Vinegar and Apple Cider Vinegar symptoms.
Autor: Gosch, Christian et al.; Genre: Zeitschriftenartikel; Im Druck veröffentlicht: 2010; Titel: Cloning and heterologous expression of glycosyltransferases from Malus x domestica and Pyrus communis, which convert phloretin to phloretin 2'-O-glucoside (phloridzin)
Washington State produces about 70% of total fresh market apples in the United States. One of the primary goals of apple breeding programs is the development of new cultivars resistant to devastating diseases such as fire blight. The overall objective of this study was to investigate high-throughput phenotyping techniques to evaluate fire blight disease symptoms in apple trees. In this regard, normalized stomatal conductance data acquired using a portable photosynthetic system, image data collected using RGB and multispectral cameras, and visible-near infrared spectral reflectance acquired using a hyperspectral sensing system, were independently evaluated to estimate the progression of fire blight infection in young apple trees. Sensors with ranging complexity - from simple RGB to multispectral imaging to hyperspectral system - were evaluated to select the most accurate technique for the assessment of fire blight disease symptoms. The proximal multispectral images and visible-near infrared spectral
Apples have well balanced and diverse biochemical content characterized by such biologically active compounds as organic acids, sugars, vitamins, polyphenolic, minerals and other valuable substances. Fresh-cut products are becoming well known in the world, for which production apples are used. The importance of apples in diversifying nutritional value in salads was evaluated in LSIFG in 2010 by determination of polyphenolic, vitamin C and sugar content. Ten apple cultivars grown in Latvia were tested: Alesya , Antei , Auksis, Belorusskoe Malinovoe, Korichnoe Novoe , Kovalenkovskoe , Orlik , Saltanat , Sinap Orlovskii , Zarya Alatau . The results of the research showed that the highest content of polyphenolic and chlorogenic acids was found in cultivars Alesya and Antei , but the highest content of catechins in Kovalenkovskoe , Korichnoe Novoe and Auksis . The content of vitamin C varied from 8.1 to 10.4 mg 100 g-1. The content of sugars between the cultivars was found as very different: from 1.3 ...
2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Studies were conducted in commercial apple orchards in British Columbia, Canada, to determine whether lures combining ethyl-(E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate, pear ester (PE), with either acetic acid (AA) or sex pheromone, (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1-ol (codlemone), might improve monitoring of codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), in an area-wide programme integrating sterile insect technology (SIT) and mating disruption (MD). Catches of sterile and wild codling moths were compared in apple orchards receiving weekly delivery of sterile moths (1:1 sex ratio) using white delta traps baited with either AA or PE alone, and in combination. Sterile and wild codling moths responded similarly to these kairomone lures. For each moth sex and type (sterile and wild), AA-PE lures were significantly more attractive than AA or PE alone. Bisexual catches with AA-PE lures were compared with those of commercial bisexual lures containing 3 mg of codlemone plus 3 mg of PE ...
Taken after a meal this is a great natural remedy for heartburn. And we canâ t ignore the harmful effects and excessive use of apple cider vinegar. Can apple cider vinegar help treat psoriasis? Apple cider vinegar erodes the tooth enamel. In particular, very few studies have explored the potential side effects or complications of regularly consuming vinegar. Drinking the Apple cider vinegar to flush out drug toxins from your body. Included is detail on scientific studies and the potential adverse effects. Some evidence suggests that vinegar may help with a range of health issues, but scientists need to carry out more research to verify and understand these findings. The apple cider vinegar for sciatica apple cider vinegar for sciatica cause gastritis ulcers or occupations which will banish sciatica on the other hand (fingers on top of the nerves of the spine. Apple cider vinegar is a natural product made from apples that are crushed and fermented, which creates a host of bacteria (the good ...
p,In southern Ontario, Canada during 1988-1997, pesticide exposure and its effects on the immune and endocrine systems and the behaviour and growth of tree swallos (Tachycineta bicolor) and on reproductive success in tree swallos and eastern bluebirds (Sailia sailis) were studied. Birds were exposed in sprayed apple orchards and non-sprayed sites. There were significant effects of pesticides on all of these endpoints. Sprayed tree swallow nestlings had significantly increased blastogenic response to pokeweed mitogen and delayed thymic maturation. Also, some tree swallow immune parameters were correlated to the date chicks were sampled. As the number of mixed sprays applied increased, there was a significant and positive increase in the concentration of the thyroid hormone, tri-iodo-thyronine, in male chicks and some indications of an increasing occurrence of a disrupted sertoli cell population on the seminiferous tubular basement membrane in testes. There were no effects of pesticides on adult ...
Discussion. The findings of this study demonstrate that isolates of V. inaequalis from the AREC near Winchester, VA vary in their resistance to myclobutanil. Though we observed a continuum of fungicide resistance in our populations, the majority of the isolates were classified as either moderately resistant or resistant to myclobutanil, with the remainder classified as sensitive. Colony growth varied among isolates, fungicide rates, and between replicate growth tests. This is the first detailed report of fungicide resistance to myclobutanil in populations of V. inaequalis in Virginia, and to our knowledge, the first report of SI resistance in apple scab from orchards in the southeastern United States. This study represents an important baseline for monitoring fungicide resistance to myclobutanil in apple scab populations in Virginia, and can contribute to the knowledge of fungicide resistance in apple scab populations on a global basis (3,9,15,19,23).. Our data support our hypothesis that ...
Apple cider vinegar is delicious as a dressing for salads and offers a whole host of health benefits when consumed as part of a balanced diet. But did you know that this popular condiment is also a wonderful treatment for your hair and scalp?. Handpicked content: 5 benefits of apple cider vinegar with The Mother. Your scalp has a natural pH level of around 5,1 which can be disturbed by the average hair care routine which involves shampoo, conditioner and styling products which often have alkaline formulas. Having its pH thrown off balance can cause an overpopulation of bacteria or overproduction of oil on your scalp. This can lead to blocked hair follicles along with itching and flaking.. Handpicked content: Does your hair need a detox?. Just like your scalp, apple cider vinegar is mildly acidic. This means that rinsing the hair with apple cider vinegar could restore your scalps pH balance back to natural levels. Not only this, the acetic acid in apple cider vinegar is antifungal and ...
Most apple buyers visit farms and purchase the tasty fruit at the farms markets or even pull them straight off the trees. Yet, most people probably never consider that growers must keep orchards clear of weeds so the trees can bear those beautiful apple varieties. This article focuses on the weeds most prevalent in the North Carolina region.. So what weeds give North Carolina-based growers the most problems? Wayne Mitchem, Southern Region Small Fruit Consortium coordinator and tree fruit weed management Extension associate at North Carolina State University, said weeds that affect apple growers in the region include large crabgrass, fall panicum, pigweed, lambsquarter, smartweed species, morningglory species, Carolina geranium, dandelion, curly dock, mouse-ear and common chickweed, purple deadnettle and horseweed.. In newly planted orchards, we recommend growers protect the trunks and use Chateau (flumioxazin) for preweed control, Mitchem said. A sequential application of 6 to 8 ounces per ...
Soil C/N ratio is an important influencing factor in soil nitrogen cycling. Two-year old apple trees (Borkh. cv. Fuji/ Malus hupehensis) were used to understand the effect of soil C/N ratio [6.52 (CK), 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40] on apple growth and nitrogen utilization and loss by using 15N trace technique. The results showed that, with the increasing of soil C/N ratio, apple shoot length and fresh weight increased at first, and then decreased; the higher apple shoot length and fresh weight appeared in C/N=15, 20 and 25 treatments, and there were no significant differences among these three treatments, but significantly higher than the other treatments. Statistical analysis revealed that there was significant difference in nitrogen utilization rate between the different treatments, the highest N utilization rate was occurred in soil C/N=25 treatment which value was 22.87%, and there was no significant difference between soil C/N=25 and C/N=20 treatments, but both the two treatments were
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It can help … I started this blog with the hopes of helping others with PCOS, infertility issues and other ailments. Luckily, there are some natural remedies to try help manage these symptoms and reduce your ovarian cyst. You can combine this treatment with a hot compress, by adding some apple cider vinegar to the hot water. Ive talked about how apple cider vinegar is a miracle remedy for ovarian cysts in this article: How to Use Apple Cider Vinegar to Dissolve Ovarian Cysts . Firstly clean the affected area with soap and water thoroughly. All these contribute in dissolving ovarian cysts naturally. Although this small lump may not pose any major health risk it can be a cause of low self-esteem for its unappealing appearance. It will take a few months for the cyst to shrink. Apple cider vinegar is high in potassium and is recommended by many health professionals. It has excellent anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties which make it an ideal agent for treating cysts and preventing infections ...
I dont know about you, but this Real Life Housewife likes a cocktail while she cooks.. I typically cook dinner with a glass of wine close by. But when starting our Fakesgiving meal, I am up at the crack of dawn. We typically eat around 1:30 in the afternoon, so I am rising early to get the meal going. So a morning cocktail while we prep the food and wait for family is needed.. While everyone loves a mimosa, I decided to make them a little for festive and swap out the orange juice for apple cider!. I stop at our local orchard and grabbed a gallon of their apple cider. I filled 3/4 of the champagne flute with Prosecco (my fav!), and topped it off with 1/4 of apple cider.. This made for such a delicious drink, that I continued making them for my guests, as they arrived for the holiday. They were a huge hit with everyone! The perfect seasonal twist on a classic.. We are spending Sunday morning tailgating for our beloved Minnesota Vikings, and you can be sure that our Apple Cider Mimosas will be ...
Even if apple is important when using it to wash your hair, it can also be harmful when used in the following ways though the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. ACV may damage hair. It is said that acetic acid is good for your hair as it provides conditioning and shine. But if you use it in excess then your hair will be damaged extensively. Hence you should take extra care while using apple cider vinegar for various purposes because it can affect you either positively or negatively.. Depletes your hair of natural oils. One disadvantage of using apple cider vinegar alone on your hair is that it does not contain any oils that can be beneficial for your hair compared to other shampoos that replenish the natural shine to your hair which are washed away during the cleaning process.. Therefore, you will be drying your scalp and likely depleting oils only on the ends of your hair making your hair unhealthy and prone to breakage because the natural oils are depleted from the scalp and hair. ...
Id love to breed fruit, preferably ones that get a bit less attention than the standard rose and citrus family fruits, but theres a few things I wouldnt mind trying with those if I had the chance, like crossing some of my favorite apple varieties, like Snowsweet and Pink Pearl. I also think itd be pretty nifty to try, among other things, making interspecies crossings some of the pome fruits, like apple and pear. I doubt youd get much success, but GRIN supposedly has a Malus x Pyrus hybrid and this paper reports using embryo rescue to do it. GRIN also lists some other hybrids, like quince x pear. Theyve even got a slideshow on it. Ive got a shipova tree outside, which is a pear x whitebeam hybrid, and apparently they taste pretty good (though are notorious for taking a long time to come into production) so there might be some potential for wide crossings if they can be made. I wonder if somatic hybridization could be used to do it.. ...
Sales & Product Inquiries Apple Store Visit the Apple Online Store to purchase Apple hardware, software, and third-party accessories. To purchase by phone, please call 1-800-MY-APPLE (800-692-7753). Apple Retail Stores Experience the digital lifestyle at any of the Apple Retail Stores around the country. Find store hours and contact information for all locations. Find Apple Authorized Resellers Use our Reseller Locator to find an Apple Authorized Reseller in the U.S. Apple Authorized Resellers offer industry expertise, multi-platform services, and Mac-based solutions for a wide variety of organizations. Get financing for you, your business, or your school Apple Financial Services offers financing on Apple products for consumers, educational institutions, and businesses. Speak with your Apple representative to learn more. Find Authorized Training Centers Use our Training Center Locator to find Apple Authorized Training Centers worldwide. Find Consultants Visit our Apple Consultants Network page ...
Sales & Product Inquiries Apple Store Visit the Apple Online Store to purchase Apple hardware, software, and third-party accessories. To purchase by phone, please call 1-800-MY-APPLE (800-692-7753). Apple Retail Stores Experience the digital lifestyle at any of the Apple Retail Stores around the country. Find store hours and contact information for all locations. Find Apple Authorized Resellers Use our Reseller Locator to find an Apple Authorized Reseller in the U.S. Apple Authorized Resellers offer industry expertise, multi-platform services, and Mac-based solutions for a wide variety of organizations. Get financing for you, your business, or your school Apple Financial Services offers financing on Apple products for consumers, educational institutions, and businesses. Speak with your Apple representative to learn more. Find Authorized Training Centers Use our Training Center Locator to find Apple Authorized Training Centers worldwide. Find Consultants Visit our Apple Consultants Network page ...
Flavonoids are secondary metabolites that play important roles in plant physiology. Despite numerous studies examined the effects of available carbon (C) or nitrogen (N) on flavonoid biosynthesis, the mechanism of C/N interactive effects on flavonoid metabolism is still unclear. In this study, we analyzed the composition of flavonoids and the expression levels of flavonoid-related genes in leaves and calli of crabapple (Malus sp.) cultivars with different leaf colors grown on media with different C/N ratios. Our results show that high C/N ratios induce anthocyanin pigmentation in leaves of the ever-red cultivar Royalty and the spring-red cultivar Prairifire, as well as in three types of calli derived from the ever-green cultivar Spring Snow, but not in the leaves of the ever-green cultivar Flame. This phenomenon therefore correlated with anthocyanin content in these different samples. In addition, high C/N ratios in the growth media resulted in an increase in the concentration of flavones and
Semidwarfing rootstocks produce a tree that may be 20 feet or taller on fertile, well-drained soil. M.7 rootstock (75 percent size of a seedling tree) and MM.111 (85 percent of a seedling tree) perform well on most Missouri sites (Figure 12). M.26 rootstock is not recommended because it is extremely susceptible to fire blight. Even though these trees may be advertised as freestanding, use an 8-foot stake to support trees on dwarfing rootstock at planting and a 5-foot stake to support trees on M.7 rootstock). Stakes may be removed from M.7 trees when they are self-supporting after seven years. Trees generally will not bear a full crop of fruit until five or more years after planting. These trees will usually have a lifespan of more than 25 years.. Many apple cultivars are suitable for use in Missouri. To reduce the incidence of disease infections, plant a disease-resistant cultivar such as Liberty or Enterprise. Other disease-resistant varieties include Jonafree, Redfree and Goldrush, but they ...
I am not a big drinker yall. The occasional margarita in summer, glass of wine with dinner or Bloody Mary at brunch is about it for this wild and crazy Mama.. But one thing I can never say no to is champagne. Or sparkling wine. Or Prosecco. Or for a real treat Sparkling Shiraz. Basically if bubbles are involved, count me in.. So at the pumpkin patch recently I stopped in the Apple Cider milkshake hut and noticed a sign for Sparkling Apple Cider. What? Champagne + Apple Cider? Yes please! Considering I was on a 2nd grade field trip and chauffeuring two precious little 7 year olds, I thought it might not be a good idea to sidle up to the bar and have a glass. Boo!. But I couldnt get the idea out of my head and I was thinking this is really going to be a perfect cocktail to welcome my guests for Thanksgiving dinner! I usually have a cheese tray and light appetizers out so the sparkling cider will be festive and will pair beautifully with cheeses and fruits and such.. So here is the super, super ...
The production of clarified and stable apple juice poses a challenge to the beverage industry. Today, this type of apple juice is produced by what are called microfiltration and ultrafiltration membrane technologies. These automated technologies offer a definite advantage in terms of productivity. However, certain juices can be very acidic and particularly rich in proteins and tannins; in such cases, membrane fouling can make the technology less attractive for apple juice clarification. It would be impossible to go back to the old clarification technique, which could take up to 20 hours and involved several steps, including the use of large quantities of enzymes to break down the pectin, followed by the addition of a clarifying agent (such as gelatine) to the freshly pressed juice to precipitate the proteins and tannins. It was necessary to wait until everything settled to the bottom before filtering it all through a filter press.. ...
Health value of its ingredients:. Apple cider vinegar. Apple cider vinegar is made from ripe apples. The apples are fermented and producers use rigorous procedures in order to get the final product. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, used only two natural remedies, apple cider vinegar and honey.. Apple cider vinegar is rich in potassium. The lack of potassium is often associated with slow growth, so potassium deficiency causes hair loss, brittle nails and teeth, sinusitis, and runny nose. The regular use of this mineral eliminates these health problems. Apple cider vinegar will also help you eliminate the toxins from your body.. Apple cider vinegar is rich in pectin. It is a fiber that decreases bad cholesterol and normalizes blood pressure.. We all know that people need more calcium as years pass. Apple cider vinegar stimulates the extraction of calcium from the food it is combined with, and this results in straightening of bones.. It is rich in malic acid, known for its ability to fight ...
Cotoneaster is an ornamental shrub valued for showy flowers, berries and architecture as well as the ability tolerate adverse conditions under which other taxa fail. Cotoneaster is a highly diverse genus of over 400 species, of which few are available in the US nursery trade. Some species commercially available have been identified as potentially invasive in the state of Oregon and also are susceptible to the bacterial disease fire blight. Cotoneaster selections with reduced fertility and disease resistance would be desirable characteristics for low input landscape plants. A goal of my research was to characterize Cotoneaster spp. to provide information for the rationale planning and development of novel clones to meet these horticultural goals. In the first study, genome sizes were estimated using flow cytometery and ploidy levels were inferred using holoploid genome size. Observed differences in monoploid genome sizes translate to a difference in chromosome size. Differences in chromosome size ...
EWGs Skin Deep® database gives you practical solutions to protect yourself and your family from everyday exposures to chemicals in personal care products.
This journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects, including types of insects, insecticides, biological control, and crop protection.
Apple Maggot (AM),Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh), occurred over the weekend July 6th with a single fly captured on 1 of 4 baited red sticky spheres in a block known for moist soil conditions and high AM pressure.. Recent rains in late June and July have provided optimum conditions for Apple Maggot adult emergence. Our second capture on July 14 captured only a few captured AM flies on red spheres with lure, indicating the attraction of the adult fly to mature apple. As this was our second week of captures early varieties should be monitored with oviposition stings indicating the need for management to prevent AM egg laying. Although we have yet to reach AM threshold of 5 flies per trap, early maturing varieties, especially Ginger Gold, are vulnerable and likely to begin seeing injury this week. The red spheres are very attractive to mature adult female AM flies, ready to oviposit. From work done by Chapman and Link, the apple maggot will first infest early apple varieties, moving to later maturing ...
A plant pathway that initiates with the formation of citramalate from pyruvate and acetyl-CoA by citramalate synthase (CMS) is proven to contribute to the synthesis of α-ketoacids and vital odor-active esters in apple (Malus × domestica) fruit. Microarray screening led to the invention of a gene with excessive amino acid similarity to 2-isopropylmalate synthase (IPMS). However, practical …. Citramalate synthase yields a biosynthetic pathway for isoleucine and straight- and branched-chain ester formation in ripening apple fruit Read More ». ...
Berberis thunbergii Golden Rocket 3L. NEW. Outstanding, bright golden foliage that, that will not scorch in the sun. Ideal for growing in a...
Capsicum - Golden Californian Wonder 15 seeds This capsicum or sweet bell pepper produces large golden bell shaped fruit on vigorous and high yielding plants.
Abies koreana Golden Selection - This seed has been collected from an as of yet unnamed selection in VanDusens collection. Growth of the parent tree appears to be limited, dense and bushy. The cones develop a deep grey-violet colour and mature to dark brown in the late fall. Typical of Abies species, the cones disintegrate to distribute the seed in the early winter. A superb candidate for bonsai. Seed supply is very limited.
Over 300 people dined on Golden Rice, a variety of genetically modified (GM) rice, during an event supporting GM foods in Wuhan, Hubei Province on October 19.
Thuja occidentalis Golden Tuffet, Zerav z padn , Pomalu rostouc jehli nan plo e kulovit ho tvaru. Dor st do v ky 50-80 cm. Ro n p r stek je 5 cm. Jehli tvo zlato- lut . Je to velmi hust jehli nan vhodn do skalek i jehli nat ch skupin., Jehli nany
Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is gaining popularity these days as a wonder cure for diabetes, weight loss, heart disease and much more. The question however is - Is there science behind these claims or is it a classic case of excellent marketing?. Vinegar has been used as a medical therapy for thousands of years. Recorded vinegar history starts around 5000 BC when the Babylonians were using the fruit of the date palm to make wine and vinegar. Vinegar residues have been found in ancient Egyptian urns traced to 3000 BC. As well, recorded vinegar history in China starts from texts that date back to 1200 BC.. During biblical times, vinegar was used to flavour foods, as an energising drink, and as a medicine, and it is mentioned in both the old and new testaments.. In ancient Greece, around 400 BC, Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, prescribed apple cider vinegar mixed with honey for a variety of ills, including coughs and colds.. Scientific evidence adds to age old wisdom by inferring vinegars ...
At Mt. Capra, we take the health and wellness of our animals seriously. So serious in fact that we go to great expenses (in both time and money) to ensure they stay at optimum levels of wellness. Of course the primary way in which we maintain their good health is by keeping them on organic pasture and letting them eat the food God designed them to eat: grass. In addition to having a no-exceptions commitment to grass-based nutrition, we also supplement their diet with organic hydroponic barley fodder, organic sea kelp, diatomaceous earth, and last but not least organic apple cider vinegar. This Organic Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) comes from apples grown locally here in the Pacific Northwest and is one of our go-to supplements for ensuring daily herd health. ACV helps to combat parasite growth, assists in nutrient utilization, and is crucial in promoting gut health in our animals. It also is a vital component in hoof health and maintenance of a glossy, pest free coat, and helping them thrive from ...
Apple cider vinegar is a well-liked ingredient in hair and pores and skin tonics. Considering the fact that apple cider vinegar with mother consists of reside cultures (probiotics), minerals, vitamins and acids, it can aid with hair, skin and nail wellness by supplying necessary vitamins and minerals. Apple cider vinegar is available in liquid and health supplement kinds. For far more on apple cider vinegar, go through 30 Ways to Use Apple Cider Vinegar.. A different essential ingredient for hair pores and skin and nail health is MSM. MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) is an organic, biologically energetic sulfur derived from the earths h2o cycle. Though sulfur is current in several complete meals and unprocessed food items, it can be misplaced in the heating method essential to prepare dinner foods. Sulfur is a needed ingredient of collagen and keratin for skin and nails. So, MSM rewards consist of serving to to guidance toughness and adaptability in nails and hair. Additionally, for pores and skin ...
Fruit development, maturation and ripening consists of a complex series of biochemical and physiological changes that in climacteric fruits, including apple and tomato, are coordinated by the gaseous hormone ethylene. These changes lead to final fruit quality and understanding of the functional machinery underlying these processes is of both biological and practical importance. To date many reports have been made on the analysis of gene expression in apple. In this study we focused our investigation on the role of ethylene during apple maturation, specifically comparing transcriptomics of normal ripening with changes resulting from application of the hormone receptor competitor 1-Methylcyclopropene. To gain insight into the molecular process regulating ripening in apple, and to compare to tomato (model species for ripening studies), we utilized both homologous and heterologous (tomato) microarray to profile transcriptome dynamics of genes involved in fruit development and ripening, emphasizing ...
During the manufacturing of fresh-cut apples, a number of biochemical events, overall exothermic, con-tribute to increasing the reaction rate of the fruit and the browning of its wounded surface. This workapplied isothermal microcalorimetry to compare the overall effect of such complex events before andafter treatments with ascorbic acid solutions, pulsed lights or UV-C lights. Briefly, apple samples werecut into cylinders and dipped in solutions containing ascorbic acid (0-2.5%) or exposed to high energydoses of light (from 6 to 175 kJ/m2). In general, the heat-flow signal recorded by microcalorimetry wasinversely proportional to the intensity of the applied treatment. In case of treatments with ascorbicacid, the heat-flow signal was empirically deconvoluted in three distinctive signals, respectively, (I) anexponential decay, (II) a gaussian central curve and (III) a final logistical function. The first and the thirdfunctions were constant regardless of the concentration of ascorbic acid used. ...
Eczema affects around 10-20% infants and 3% children and adults in the United States. Eczema is a term used for a group of medical conditions causing irrigation or inflammation of the skin. Atopic Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis is the most commonly occurring kind of eczema. If you suffer from it, you will have inflamed skin, red rashes and itchy skin in certain body parts like your face, hands, wrists, knees, and even entire body. When the skin is affected by eczema, it will have intense itching and at times it could even lead to bleeding on scratching the skin.. You can find so many lotions and creams on the market that claim to treat this serious itchy skin condition. But these over the counter creams and drugs come with their own set of side effects. Thats why we are introducing this miraculous ingredient - apple cider vinegar, which can effectively treat this itching skin disorder.. Here you will find out how to prepare different remedies using apple cider vinegar for treating eczema. So how ...
Apple Cider Vinegar with Beet Bottle Count: 60 Count / 1 Month Supply Capsule: Bovine (cow) based Main Ingredients: Apple Cider Vinegar and Beet Root Powder Main Use: Reduces appetite and boosts your metabolism, energy, and circulation. Suggested Use: As a dietary supplement, take one (1) capsule daily. For best result
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Treatment of varicose veins with apple cider vinegar is gaining popularity. How does it work? What are the mode of application and contraindications? How to prepare apple cider vinegar in the house?
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In Scots law, the term animus malus ("evil intention") is sometimes used. In family law, animus deserendi refers to one ... 2019). "Malus animus". Black's Law Dictionary (11th ed.). Thomson Reuters. ISBN 9781539229766. Bates, Frank (1970). "Animus ...
"Malus doumeri". Flora of China. Retrieved 17 December 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Decaisne, Nouv. Arch. Mus. ... Docynia delavayi (Franchet) C.K.Schneider Docynia indica (Wallich) Decaisne Malus doumeri resembles Docynia, but the internal ... structure of the fruit matches Malus. Gu Cuizhi and Stephen A. Spongberg. "Docynia". Flora of China. Retrieved 17 December 2014 ...
The original wild ancestor of Malus domestica was Malus sieversii, found growing wild in the mountains of Central Asia in ... been successfully used to determine whether such ancient apples were wild Malus sylvestris or Malus domesticus containing Malus ... Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.) and the domesticated apple (Malus domestica Borkh.)". Mol. Ecol. 15 (8): 2171-82. doi:10.1111/j. ... Malus sieversii is recognized as a major progenitor species to the cultivated apple, and is morphologically similar. Due to the ...
"Incentive malus". The Economist. 2016-09-24. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2019-03-08. Yong, Ed (2016-09-21). "The Inevitable ...
"Malus biography". University of St Andrews. Retrieved 2009-01-27. "Oxford DNB article: Wells, William Charles (subscription ...
Malus 'Osman', from one of Saunders' early experiments crossing M. baccata with relatively hardy apples. Malus 'Rescue'. Malus ... Cultivars include: Malus 'Columbia', from one of Saunders' early experiments crossing M. baccata (from Siberia) with relatively ... "Vf scab resistance of Malus". Archived from the original on 2014-12-19. Retrieved 2014-12-19. "The Ettersburg Apple Legacies", ... Disease resistance breeding Backcrossing Cider apple Crimson Gold Malus niedzwetskyana Surprise (apple) Wealthy (apple) Wijcik ...
The caterpillars feed on a number of deciduous trees.(Quercus sp., Alnus sp., Prunus sp., Salix sp., Tilia sp., Malus sp., ...
Some important crop species are lemon (Citrus spp.), apple (Malus spp.), almond (Amygdalus spp.), chestnut (Castanea sativa and ...
"Malus domestica 'Sunset'". BBC Gardeners' World Magazine. Retrieved 2020-12-20. "Malus domestica 'Sunset' (D) , apple 'Sunset'/ ...
"Malus 'Sweet Sixteen'". 2018-11-08. "Sweet Sixteen Apple Malus 'Sweet Sixteen'" (PDF). co.becker.mn.us. Retrieved 6 November ...
Read: malus clavus. Read: tero. Conceivably derived straight from the original CL participle absconditus. The [i̯s̺] ending is ...
"Malus 'Grimes Golden'". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved January 22, 2013. "Grimes Golden", National Fruit Collection, ...
Many of these genes have been isolated from wild Malus spp. populations in East Asia, where a high level of species diversity ... "Apple (Malus spp.)-Scab". Pacific Northwest Pest Management Handbooks. 2015-09-11. Retrieved 2020-04-06. Köhl, Jürgen; Scheer, ... it is most commonly associated with the infection of Malus trees, including species of flowering crabapple, as well as ... the PRI Apple Breeding Program has used controlled crosses between cultivated apples and wild Malus species to develop 1500 ...
"Étienne-Louis Malus". MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. "Benoit Mandelbrot". MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. " ...
Malpas MALUS CATALUS - Malcael; Malchael; Malchein; Machel MALUS LEPORARIUS - Maleverer; Mallieure; Mallyvery MALUS LUPELLUS - ... MALUS VACINUS - *Malveisin; Malvoisin; Mavesyn; Mason de MALO VISU - Malveya de MALPASSU - ...
Malus spp.), oak (Quercus spp.), and hop-hornbeam (Ostrya spp.). "Entoleuca mammata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017 ...
Malus pumila), sorghum (Sorghum ssp.), melons and many species of berries. They will also feed at domestic bee farms, readily ... Malus ssp.), brambles (Rubus fruticosus), raspberries (Rubus idaeus), bearberries (Arctostaphylos ssp.) (reportedly named for ...
... multi-site Malus; 185 taxa, 9 out of 10 known species, plus cultivars Quercus; multi-site Tilia; 45 taxa Ulmus; 78 taxa, 35 spp ...
Venerable Malus the Hermit. Saint Eliphius (Eloff), born in Ireland, he was martyred in Toul in France under Julian the ...
"Pyrus Malus Brentfordiensis Review". Gardener's Magazine. 7: 587-590. 1831. "Pyrus Malus Brentfordiensis Review". Horticultural ... Ronalds, Hugh (1831). Pyrus Malus Brentfordiensis: or, a Concise Description of Selected Apples. London: Longman. Ronalds, B.F ... who published Pyrus Malus Brentfordiensis: or, a Concise Description of Selected Apples (1831). His plants were some of the ...
Crab-apples (Malus sp./cv.s) form a walk from the tennis-court. A large sloping flower bed below the terrace is cleverly ...
Malus sylvestris cv.) at the rear, there is little more old planting. A range of modern planting has been added since the 1990s ...
Malus domestica, to which is added a cultigen epithet, enclosed in single quotes e.g. Malus domestica 'Granny Smith'. The ...
Plantings include Japanese Maple (Acer japonica); Box elder (Acer negundo); Crab Apple (Malus sylvestris); Ash (Fraxinus sp.); ...
Apple flowers (Malus spp.) contain cyanide precursors, and Johnny jump-ups (Viola tricolor) contain saponins. Borage (Borago ...
Malus sp.), cherry (Prunus sp.), cherry plum (P.x blireana) and sweet bay/bay laurel (Laurus nobilis). Shrubs throughout the ...
"Apple (Malus pumila Millervar)". Prints & Books. Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 2007-10-20. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
"Apple (Malus) Katy, Apple". Frank P Matthews. Retrieved 2020-05-22. Ltd, Orange Pippin. "Apple - Katy - tasting notes, ...
It feeds on Malus sylvestris. BioLib.cz - Linda nigroscutata. Retrieved on 8 September 2014. v t e. ...
"RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'King of the Pippins'". Retrieved 3 January 2021. "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica ' ... "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Edward VII'". Retrieved 3 January 2021. "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Egremont ... "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'George Neal'". Retrieved 3 January 2021. "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Golden ... "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Idared'". Retrieved 23 May 2013. "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'James Grieve'". ...
The genus Malus is subdivided into eight sections (six with two added in 2006 and 2008). Malus × micromalus - midget crabapple ... "Malus Comtesse de Paris". RHS. Retrieved 6 January 2021. "RHS Plantfinder -Malus Evereste". Retrieved 25 March 2018. "RHS ... "RHS Plantfinder - Malus × robusta Red Sentinel". Retrieved 25 March 2018. "RHS Plantfinder - Malus Sun Rival". Retrieved 25 ... "RHS Plantfinder - Malus Adirondack". Retrieved 25 March 2018. "RHS Plantfinder - Malus Butterball". Retrieved 25 March 2018 ...
Retrieved 26 November 2016.old-form url The Plant List, Malus hupehensis (Pamp.) Rehder "Malus hupehensis". Natural Resources ... is a species of flowering plant in the apple genus Malus of the family Rosaceae. It is native to China. Malus hupehensis is a ... Malus is the ancient Latin name for apple trees. Hupehensis means from Hubei province, China. Hubei was formerly spelled ... Malus hupehensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 22 August 2007. Rehder, Alfred. 1933. Journal of the ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Malus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 36 species of Malus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. ...
Report abuse for Malus VPN - Free china unblock proxy. Use this form only if you feel this item violates the Chrome Web Store ... ExtensionsProductivityMalus VPN - Free china unblock proxyReport Abuse. ...
tr,W5S296,W5S296_9ROSA MYB16 OS=Malus hybrid cultivar OX=604297 PE=2 SV=1 ...
Genus: Malus Sectiones: M. sect. Chloromeles - M. sect. Docyniopsis - M. sect. Eriolobus - M. sect. Gymnomeles - M. sect. Malus ... Simple English: Malus. slovenčina: jabloň. Soomaaliga: Tufaax. suomi: Omenapuut. svenska: Aplar. Tagalog: Alimangong mansanas. ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malus&oldid=4302749" ...
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT EXTRACT. Click here for all products containing this ingredient ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Malus pumila Mill. var. niedzwetzkyana (Dieck) C.K. Schneid.. MASYP. Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. var. praecox (Pall.) Ponomar. ... click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Malus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
Malus hupehensis is a species of plant in the family Rosaceae. It is a C3 ...
Define Maluss law: A law that uses the square of the cosine between the plane of polarization of a beam of plane-polarized ... Maluss law. A law that uses the square of the cosine between the plane of polarization of a beam of plane-polarized light and ... Maluss law is the standard procedure used to experimentally determine if a particular polarizing element is actually a linear ...
Formula hybridae: Malus domestica Borkh. × Malus fusca (Raf.) C.K.Schneid.. References[edit]. *Rehder, A. in Sargent, C.S. 1907 ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malus_×_dawsoniana&oldid=6015882" ...
genus Malus synonyms, genus Malus pronunciation, genus Malus translation, English dictionary definition of genus Malus. Noun 1 ... genus Malus - apple trees; found throughout temperate zones of the northern hemisphere Malus rosid dicot genus - a genus of ... genus Malus - apple trees; found throughout temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. Malus ... Genus Malus - definition of genus Malus by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/genus+Malus ...
Dolgo Crabapple - Malus Dolgo. Family Rosaceae - Rose Family; Fruit Trees. Dolgo crabapple is particularly resistant to apple ... USDA National Forest Service Fact Sheet 393, Malus x Dolgo. *Dolgo Crabapple, Morton Arboretum accs. 108-84*1 & 2, photos by ...
... Mindaugas Liaudanskas,1 Pranas Viškelis,2 Raimondas ... "Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Malus domestica Leaves," The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, Article ID ...
The reason people plant Malus; incredibly showy in white, pink and red shades. ...
Bonus-malus coefficients are then obtained with the expected value principle, and from linear credibility predictors. E,pirical ... This paper provides bonus-malus systems which rest on different types of claims. Consistent estimators are given for some ... "Designing Optimal Bonus-Malus Systems from Different Types of Claims," Papers 9819, Paris X - Nanterre, U.F.R. de Sc. Ec. Gest ... "Bonus-Malus Scales in Segmented Tariffs With Stochastic Migration Between Segments," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American ...
Malus Geneva 11 Rootstock (Apple) Also called G11. Cornell University intro, NY. Dwarf rootstock produces a tree about a ...
... In Iacob, AI. Procedia Finance and Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., 2015. s. 216- ... Then the bonus-malus (BM) system is used for each class of drivers and Bayesian relative premium is calculated. Finally a ... Then the bonus-malus (BM) system is used for each class of drivers and Bayesian relative premium is calculated. Finally a ... title = {Bonus-Malus Systems in Vehicle Insurance},. year = {2015}. }. TY - JOUR. ID - 1205458. AU - Kafková, Silvie. PY - 2015 ...
The Tina crabapple (Malus Tina) features showy blossoms in the springtime and small red fruits in the autumn that attract ... The Tina crabapple (Malus Tina) features showy blossoms in the springtime and small red fruits in the autumn that attract ... How to Prune Malus Tina Crabapple Trees. By Elton Dunn; Updated September 21, 2017 ...
Crabapple (Malus). Plant Health Problems. See Apple for a discussion of problems that may also occur on crabapple.. Diseases ... Malus floribunda, among others. Using these in the landscape should avoid almost entirely the need to spray. In the case of ...
An upright, rounded tree with toothed, green leaves. Flowers in spring. Pinkish buds open to single, cupped, white flowers. Red fruit. Prone to apple
A shrub or rounded tree with toothed, green leaves that turn yellow and dark purple in fall. Flowers in spring. Requires moist, well-drained soil. Prefers
Important Info : Also known as Malus baccata Jackii.. Google Plant Images: click here! ...
228 Malus Geneva 11 Item. Discounted. Price. 228A: April shipment, 10 for $33.50 New catalog listings coming in early October ... Malus Geneva 11 Rootstock (Apple) Also called G11. Cornell University intro, NY. Dwarf rootstock produces a tree about a ...
Many are cultivars of Malus baccata and Malus floribunda.. Since disease resistance can vary depending on where a particular ... Scientific name: Malus x Jewelberry. Pronunciation: MAY-luss. Common name(s): Jewelberry crabapple. Family: Rosaceae. Plant ... Malus adapted for street tree and urban use include Adams, Bob White, David, Donald Wyman, Profusion, Red Splendor ... One of the best crabapples for the south is Malus x Callaway.. Disease-resistant cultivars include: David, `Dolga, Donald ...
Malus fusca (Rafinesque) C. K. Schneider*Malus halliana Koehne*Malus hupehensis (Pampanini) Rehder*Malus ioensis (Alph. Wood) ... Malus prunifolia (Willdenow) Borkhausen*Malus pumila Miller*Malus toringo (Siebold) Siebold ex de Vriese ... Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux*Malus baccata (Linnaeus) Borkhausen*Malus coronaria (Linnaeus) Miller* ... Malus Miller, Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. vol. 2. 1754. Apple, pommier [Latin malus, apple tree] Elizabeth E. Dickson Shrubs or ...
Royalty Crabapple - Malus Royalty. Royalty Crabapple - Malus Royalty. Family Rosaceae - Rose Family. Royalty Crab grows to ... Royalty Crabapple - Malus Royalty, Morton Arboretum acc. 103-90* 1, 2 & 3, Photos: Bruce J. Marlin ...
Malus domestica (Apple) (Pyrus malus)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A075LW64,A0A075LW64_MALDO MYBPA1-like transcription factor OS=Malus domestica OX=3750 GN=MYBPA1 PE=2 SV=1 ...
Malus is a genus of about 35 species of deciduous trees and shrubs from Europe, Asia and North America.. Genus name from Latin ...
  • Malus domestica Borkh. (wikimedia.org)
  • and the domesticated apple (Malus domestica Borkh. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Efeito da maçã gala (Malus domestica Borkh) na lipidemia de ratos hipercolestero. (usp.br)
  • Effect of gala apple (Malus domestica Borkh) in the lipidemia of the hyperlipidemics rats. (usp.br)
  • which have demonstrated that stochastic evolutionary forces, notably bottlenecks and subsequent diversification, were not major contributing factors to apple ( Malus domestica [Suckow] Borkh. (frontiersin.org)
  • Spatial development of transport structures in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh. (ugent.be)
  • TY - JOUR UR - http://lib.ugent.be/catalog/pug01:8042592 ID - pug01:8042592 LA - eng TI - Spatial development of transport structures in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh. (ugent.be)
  • DIGITAL.CSIC: Improving the performance of calcium-containing spray formulations to limit the incidence of bitter pit in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh. (csic.es)
  • Laboratory and field experiments were carried out with apples (Malus x domestica Borkh. (csic.es)
  • The influence of five different carbohydrate sources, fructose, glucose, mannitol, sorbitol and sucrose on in vitro shoot proliferation of apple ( Malus × domestica Borkh. (ishs.org)
  • Impact of air drought on photosynthesis efficiency of the Siberian crabapple ( Malus baccata L. Borkh. (springer.com)
  • In this study, the Siberian crabapple ( Malus baccata L. Borkh. (springer.com)
  • Leaf micro-environment influence the altered foliar phenotype of columnar apple (Malus x domestica Borkh. (ku.dk)
  • A detailed genetic map has been constructed in apple ( Malus X domestica Borkh. (usda.gov)
  • The AINTEGUMENTA genes, MdANT1 and MdANT2, are associated with the regulation of cell production during fruit growth in apple (Malus × domestica Borkh. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Fruit growth in apple ( Malus × domestica Borkh. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1- Introduction to the Species Malus domestica Borkh. (worldwidefruits.com)
  • 25) Characterization of Volatile Biosynthesis in `Jonagold' Apples ( Malus ×domestica Borkh. (ashs.org)
  • The objective of the experiment was to determine developmental changes in major aroma profiles in `Jonagold' apple ( Malus ×domestica Borkh. (ashs.org)
  • Tree size, cumulative yield, yield efficiency and anchorage of 6 micropropagated (MP) apple ( Malus domestica Borkh. (ashs.org)
  • Influence of Phostrade Ca on Color Development and Anthocyanin Content of 'Braeburn' Apple ( Malus domestica Borkh. (ashs.org)
  • Most of the domesticated apple varieties are from the European apple ( Malus pumila Mill). (illinois.edu)
  • The cultivated apple, Malus pumila Mill. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objective of this work is to present an algorithm for the automatic and non-destructive estimation of four maturity stages (unripe, half-ripe, ripe, or overripe) of Fuji apples (Malus Malus pumila) using both colour and spectral data from fruit. (usda.gov)
  • There are also countless heritage varieties of domestic culinary apples (Malus pumila) which flower at different times, all of which provide the same excellent nectar-flow. (beehappyplants.co.uk)
  • 2- Malus pumila Auct. (worldwidefruits.com)
  • Malus × micromalus - midget crabapple Crabapples are popular as compact ornamental trees, providing blossom in Spring and colourful fruit in Autumn. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eastern Siberia Ripe wild crab apples (Malus sylvestris) Trunk Cirrus Digital Purple Prince Crabapple Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606-607 Phipps, J.B. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malus hupehensis, common names Chinese crab apple, Hupeh crab or tea crabapple, is a species of flowering plant in the apple genus Malus of the family Rosaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 'Tina' crabapple (Malus 'Tina') features showy blossoms in the springtime and small red fruits in the autumn that attract birds. (gardenguides.com)
  • Royalty Crabapple - Malus 'Royalty', Morton Arboretum acc. (cirrusimage.com)
  • According to the Ornamental Crabapple Society, Malus spp. (ufl.edu)
  • Establishment of high effective regeneration and propagation system for ornamental crabapple ( Malus spp. (ajol.info)
  • Malus (/ˈmeɪləs/ or /ˈmæləs/) is a genus of about 30-55 species of small deciduous trees or shrubs in the family Rosaceae, including the domesticated orchard apple (M. domestica syn. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Malus is subdivided into eight sections (six with two added in 2006 and 2008). (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Malus contains approximately 50 to 80 species grouped as a section, a series, species and then the cultivar or variety, such as McIntosh. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The taxonomy of Malus has been revised at least three times, with some authors placing species within the genus Pyrus . (efloras.org)
  • Recent morphologic work has suggested that Malus be retained as a separate genus based on fully adnate carpels and deeply inferior ovaries (K. R. Robertson et al. (efloras.org)
  • Malus is a genus of about 35 species of deciduous trees and shrubs from Europe, Asia and North America. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • The species belonging to the genus Malus are found in the wild almost continuously throughout the temperate Eurasia and North America. (scielo.br)
  • The genus Malus is characterized by a large diversity resulted from the accumulation of somatic mutations and fostered by the human activities during the long history of the cultivation (Muzher et al. (scielo.br)
  • The genus Malus consist of 15 primary species with nine from Asia,two from Europe, andfour from North America. (illinois.edu)
  • Phylogenetic reconstruction of Pyreae and the genus Malus, relative to major Rosaceae taxa, identified the progenitor of the cultivated apple as M. sieversii. (youris.com)
  • In this article, I review domestication in the Malus genus, but relate it to what appear to be parallel processes across the Rosaceae family, in order to critique growing trends in domestication studies. (frontiersin.org)
  • He now plans to add a decoded version of the online encyclopedia into the DNA of a 4,000-year-old strain of apple, which he claims is the closest he could get to fruit from the biblical tale and he dubbed the project Malus ecclesia (Malus, the genus name for all apples, means both "bad, evil" and "apple tree" in Latin. (blogspot.com)
  • Apples are members of the Rosacaee family in the genus Malus . (rosaceae.org)
  • The taxonomy of the genus Malus is very confused - it has been revised on several occasions, with some authors placing species within the genus Pyrus. (theferns.info)
  • Show all 4 recent products that contain PYRUS MALUS SEED OIL. (ewg.org)
  • The post Organic apple (pyrus malus) juice appeared first on Juice Beauty Blog . (juicebeauty.com)
  • D-08-05: Canadian Fruit Tree Export Program (CFTEP) for Malus, Pyrus, Chaenomeles, Cydonia and Prunus spp. (gc.ca)
  • Of the 7,867 Malus SNP markers on the array, 1,823 (23.2%) were heterozygous in one of the two parents of the progeny, 1,007 (12.8%) were heterozygous in both parental genotypes, whilst just 2.8% of the 921 Pyrus SNPs were heterozygous. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 3- Pyrus malus L. (worldwidefruits.com)
  • Several Malus species, including domestic apples, hybridize freely. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malus zumi Golden Hornet - It is a traditional and popular medium-sized deciduous upright tree with a broad ovoid rounded crown and cup-shaped, pink-flushed, white flowers in late spring followed by a profuse crop of crab apples spherical bright, deep golden-yellow fruits 2.5cm in length, which which will stay on the tree until late in the year providing a useful colour feature in the garden. (millettephotomedia.com)
  • Malus hupehensis is a species of plant in the family Rosaceae . (eol.org)
  • The Rosaceae contains many economically valuable crop genera, including Malus (apple), Fragaria (strawberry), and Prunus (stone fruit). (springer.com)
  • Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. (usda.gov)
  • Malus sylvestris Amer. auth. (usda.gov)
  • new insights into the relationship between the European wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Strictly speaking, the crab apple is Malus sylvestris 'John Downie' with sylvestris, 'wild' or 'growing in woods', being the species and 'John Downie' the variety but the sylvestris is usually dropped. (thepoisongarden.co.uk)
  • Non-targeted LC-MS metabolomics on fruit of three wild and domesticated apple species (Malus sylvestris, M. sieversii and M. domestica) showed that two crab apple (M. sylvestris) accessions were distinguished by high concentrations of an ascorbic acid glycoside (AAG). (usda.gov)
  • Photografie: European wild apple (Malus sylvestris), tree in bloom Author: Maria BreuerDate: 2011-04-24 Royalty Free photo versions - Maximum available si. (tradebit.com)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 36 species of Malus . (usda.gov)
  • 1995). Cultivation, hybridization, and introgression have led to hundreds of species names within Malus . (efloras.org)
  • However, cultivation, hybridization, and introgression have led to hundreds of species being named within Malus and there is no clear agreement as to the number of accepted distinct species, or indeed the appropriate name for many of them. (theferns.info)
  • This paper provides bonus-malus systems which rest on different types of claims. (repec.org)
  • Designing optimal bonus-malus systems from different types of claims ," THEMA Working Papers 98-19, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise. (repec.org)
  • Designing Optimal Bonus-Malus Systems from Different Types of Claims ," ASTIN Bulletin: The Journal of the International Actuarial Association , Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(02), pages 205-220, November. (repec.org)
  • Designing Optimal Bonus-Malus Systems from Different Types of Claims ," Papers 9819, Paris X - Nanterre, U.F.R. de Sc. (repec.org)
  • Designing optimal bonus-malus systems from different types of claims ," Post-Print hal-00396955, HAL. (repec.org)
  • Bonus-Malus systems with two component mixture models arising from different parametric families. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Two component mixture distributions defined so that the component distributions do not necessarily arise from the same parametric family are employed for the construction of Optimal Bonus-malus Systems (BMS) with frequency and severity components. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Further to these factors, motorists' rates are subject to experience rating systems, including credibility mechanisms and Bonus Malus systems (BMSs). (ellibs.com)
  • Malus sieversii Roem. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Shu, H. 2009-09-08 00:00:00 A correlation between protein kinase phosphorylation and ABA level was studied in Malus sieversii (Ledeb. (deepdyve.com)
  • Cytospora canker is a serious disease in the stem of Malus sieversii , caused by Cytospora mali . (researchsquare.com)
  • The tree originated in Central Asia , where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii , is still found today. (worldwidefruits.com)
  • The genome sequence also provided proof that Malus sieversii was the wild ancestor of the domestic apple-an issue that had been long-debated in the scientific community. (worldwidefruits.com)
  • Malus adapted for street tree and urban use include 'Adams', 'Bob White', 'David', 'Donald Wyman', 'Profusion', 'Red Splendor' and Malus floribunda . (ufl.edu)
  • For example, the rootstocks of Malus baccata varieties are used to give additional cold hardiness to the combined plants for orchards in cold northern areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Important Info : Also known as Malus baccata Jackii. (backyardgardener.com)
  • The marker for the major scab resistance gene Vf was detected in all cultivars supposed to have Vf , except in Romus 1, and in the three small-fruited cultivars Malus Evereste, Golden Gem and Hilleri. (agriculturejournals.cz)
  • In order to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) for ARD tolerance a cross between the genotype Malus × robusta 5 (tolerant to ARD) and the rootstock M.9 (susceptible to ARD) was established and used for the construction of a first genetic linkage map including 78 SSR anchor markers. (ishs.org)
  • To test the applicability of the array for mapping in diverse Malus genotypes, we applied the array to the construction of a SNP-based linkage map of an apple rootstock progeny. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here, we show that 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase ( ACS )-silenced apple ( Malus domestica ) fruit that express a sense construct of ACS were more susceptible to Botrytis cinerea than untransformed apple, demonstrating that ethylene strengthens fruit resistance to B. cinerea infection. (apsnet.org)
  • Phenolic compounds present in fruit extracts of Malus spp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A charming dwarf Malus with semi-double white flowers and persistent small red fruit. (frankpmatthews.com)
  • The apple tree ( Malus domestica ) is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, pomaceous fruit , the apple . (worldwidefruits.com)
  • Malus hupehensis is a vigorous deciduous tree growing to 12 m (39 ft) tall and broad. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.old-form url The Plant List, Malus hupehensis (Pamp. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1933. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 14(3): 207 Flora of China, Malus hupehensis (Pampanini) Rehder, 1933. (wikipedia.org)
  • Isolation of two microsatellite markers from BAC clones of the Vf scab resistance region and molecular characterization of scab-resistant accessions in Malus germplasm. (usda.gov)
  • Eleven loci, representing ten genes (39%), were polymorphic in the "Fiesta" × "Totem" population and mapped to seven Malus linkage groups. (springer.com)
  • With the sequencing of the apple ( Malus × domestica ) genome completed, it is possible to carry out genomic studies on GH3 genes to indentify candidates with roles in abiotic/biotic stress responses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Up to now, only a few Malus genotypes with tolerance to ARD have been described and hardly any information is available about the genetic and physiological mechanisms underlying these tolerances. (ishs.org)
  • A whole-genome genotyping array has previously been developed for Malus using SNP data from 28 Malus genotypes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This array offers the prospect of high throughput genotyping and linkage map development for any given Malus progeny. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the domesticated apple ( Malus × domestica ). (youris.com)
  • These were used to amplify products by polymerase chain reaction from the parents of the Malus mapping progeny "Fiesta" × "Totem. (springer.com)
  • Fernández-Fernández F, Evans KM, Clarke JB, Govan CL, James CM, Marič S, Tobutt KR (2008) Development of an STS map of an interspecific progeny of Malus . (springer.com)
  • Royalty free photos: Flowers and buds of an apple tree (Malus spp. (tradebit.com)
  • In order to establish efficient regeneration system for ornamental tissue culture, we used Malus spp. (ajol.info)