Maleic Anhydrides: Used in copolymerization reactions, in the Diels-Alder(diene)synthesis, in the preparation of resins, pharmaceuticals and agricultural chemicals. It is a powerful irritant and causes burns.MaleatesAnhydrides: Chemical compounds derived from acids by the elimination of a molecule of water.Maleic Hydrazide: 1,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione. A herbicide and plant growth regulator; also used to control suckering of tobacco. Its residue in food and tobacco is highly toxic, causing CNS disturbances and liver damage.Pyran Copolymer: Copolymer of divinyl ether and maleic anhydride that acts as an immunostimulant with antineoplastic and anti-infective properties. It is used in combination with other antineoplastic agents.Succinic Anhydrides: A subclass of anhydrides with the general structure of dihydrofurandione. They can be substituted on any carbon atom. They modify and inhibit proteins and enzymes and are used in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.Fumarates: Compounds based on fumaric acid.Phthalic Anhydrides: Phthalic acid anhydrides. Can be substituted on any carbon atom. Used extensively in industry and as a reagent in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.Acetic Anhydrides: Compounds used extensively as acetylation, oxidation and dehydrating agents and in the modification of proteins and enzymes.Polymers: Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).Granuloma Annulare: Benign granulomatous disease of unknown etiology characterized by a ring of localized or disseminated papules or nodules on the skin and palisading histiocytes surrounding necrobiotic tissue resulting from altered collagen structures.Dermatologic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.Rhizopus: A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, a common saprophyte and facultative parasite of mature fruits and vegetables. It may cause cerebral mycoses in diabetes and cutaneous infection in severely burned patients.Polystyrenes: Polymerized forms of styrene used as a biocompatible material, especially in dentistry. They are thermoplastic and are used as insulators, for injection molding and casting, as sheets, plates, rods, rigid forms and beads.Citraconic Anhydrides: Methylmaleic anhydrides.Contraceptive Agents, Male: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Polyesters: Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.Alkenes: Unsaturated hydrocarbons of the type Cn-H2n, indicated by the suffix -ene. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p408)Calcium Fluoride: Calcium fluoride. Occurring in nature as the mineral fluorite or fluorspar. It is the primary source of fluorine and its compounds. Pure calcium fluoride is used as a catalyst in dehydration and dehydrogenation and is used to fluoridate drinking water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Poly A: A group of adenine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each adenine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.Metals, Alkali: Metals that constitute group 1(formerly group Ia) of the periodic table. They are the most strongly electropositive of the metals. Note that HYDROGEN is not considered an alkali metal even though it falls under the group 1 heading in the periodic table.Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Neutralization Tests: The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Salts: Substances produced from the reaction between acids and bases; compounds consisting of a metal (positive) and nonmetal (negative) radical. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Polyethylene Terephthalates: Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Copying Processes: Reproduction of data in a new location or other destination, leaving the source data unchanged, although the physical form of the result may differ from that of the source.PrintingSilicon Dioxide: Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Pneumoconiosis: A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)PaperBenzoyl Peroxide: A peroxide derivative that has been used topically for BURNS and as a dermatologic agent in the treatment of ACNE and POISON IVY DERMATITIS. It is used also as a bleach in the food industry.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Liquid Crystals: Materials in intermediate state between solid and liquid.Data Display: The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.Computer Terminals: Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)Isoindoles: Benzopyrroles with the nitrogen at the number two carbon, in contrast to INDOLES which have the nitrogen adjacent to the six-membered ring.Recycling: The extraction and recovery of usable or valuable material from scrap or other discarded materials. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Cathode Ray Tube: A vacuum tube equipped with an electron emitting CATHODE and a fluorescent screen which emits visible light when excited by the cathode ray. Cathode ray tubes are used as imaging devises for TELEVISIONS; COMPUTER TERMINALS; TEXT TELECOMMUNICATION DEVICES; oscilloscopes; and other DATA DISPLAY devices.Coated Materials, Biocompatible: Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.Newcastle Disease: An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.Newcastle disease virus: The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
Morfolini: Fenbutrazat • Morazon • Fendimetrazin • Fenmetrazin; Oksazolini: 4-Metilaminoreks (4-MAR, 4-MAX) • Aminoreks • Klominoreks • Ciklazodon • Fenozolon • Fluminoreks • Pemolin • Tozalinon; Fenetilamini (takođe amfetamini, katinoni, fentermini, itd): 2-Hidroksifenetilamin (2-OH-PEA) • 4-CAB • 4-Metilamfetamin (4-MA) • 4-Metilmetamfetamin (4-MMA) • Alfetamin • Amfekloral • Amfepentoreks • Amfepramon • Amfetamin (Dekstroamfetamin • Levoamfetamin) • Amfetaminil • β-Metilfenetilamin (β-Me-PEA) • Benzodioksolilbutanamin (BDB) • Benzodioksolilhidroksibutanamin (BOH) • Benzfetamin • Bufedron • Butilon • Katin • Katinon • Klobenzoreks • Klortermin • D-deprenil • Dimetoksiamfetamin (DMA) • Dimetoksimetamfetamin (DMMA) • Dimetilamfetamin • Dimetilkatinon (Dimetilpropion, metamfepramon) • Etkatinon (Etilpropion) • Etilamfetamin • Etilbenzodioksolilbutanamin (EBDB) • Etilon • Famprofazon • Fenetilin • Fenproporeks ...
... maleic and succinic acids via hydrolysis/hydrogenation and the derivation of succinic anhydride from maleic acid and anhydride ... Like other cyclic acid anhydrides, succinic anhydride is readily hydrolyzed to a dicarboxylic acid (WHO, 2009). Dicarboxylic ... Succinic acid can also be oxidised to fumaric acid. The participation of malate, fumarate and succinate in the Krebs cycle, the ... Succinic anhydride is structurally similar to maleic acid and it plays a biochemical role in the citrus acid cycle, where ...
Specific unsaturated acids include maleic acid, fumaric acid, and their esters and anhydrides. ... at least one unsaturated polybasic acid comprising maleic acid or maleic anhydride; and at least one aromatic polybasic acid ... fumaric acid, itaconic acid, citraconic acid, chloromaleic acid, dimeric methacrylic acid, nadic acid, tetrahydrophthalic acid ... fumaric acid, itaconic acid, citraconic acid, chloromaleic acid, dimeric methacrylic acid, nadic acid, tetrahydrophthalic acid ...
Fumaric acid (110-17-8). maleic anhydride (108-31-6). Fumaryl chloride (627-63-4) ... is not necessary in the reaction of most acids and their anhydrides with phthaloyl chloride. When acids are used, it is best to ... Fumaryl chloride has been prepared from fumaric acid and phthaloyl chloride,3 from maleic acid by the action of thionyl ... A mixture of 98 g. (1 mole) of maleic anhydride, m.p. 52-54°, 230 g. of commercial phthaloyl chloride (Note 1), and 2 g. of ...
... maleic acid, fumaric acid, etc.; dichloro maleic anhydride; maleic acid amide; unsaturated dicarboxylic acids (e.g., acrylic ... pentenoic acid); decenoic acids, undecenoic acids, dodecenoic acids, linoleic acid, etc.); esters, acid amides or anhydrides of ... Examples of such polyfunctional compounds include maleic acid; maleic anhydride; fumaric acid; glycidyl acrylate, itaconic acid ... In one embodiment, the functionalizing agent comprises maleic anhydride and/or fumaric acid. ...
... maleic acid, fumaric acid, etc.; dichloro maleic anhydride; maleic acid amide; unsaturated dicarboxylic acids (e.g., acrylic ... pentenoic acid); decenoic acids, undecenoic acids, dodecenoic acids, linoleic acid, etc.); esters, acid amides or anhydrides of ... Examples of such polyfunctional compounds include maleic acid; maleic anhydride; fumaric acid; glycidyl acrylate, itaconic acid ... wherein the compatibilizing agent comprises citric acid, maleic anhydride, and/or fumaric acid. ...
... for example acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, maleic anhydride and fumaric anhydride. ... salts of copolymers of olefins and ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acids or carboxylic acid anhydrides optionally ... Suitable salts include salts of copolymers of styrene and maleic anhydride, ... of copolymers of acrylate and methacrylate esters and ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acids or carboxylic acid anhydrides ...
... such as maleic acid anhydride, fumaric acid, succinic acid, alkenylsuccinic anhydride and adipic acid; and alicyclic carboxylic ... and anhydrides and lower alkyl esters of these acids. These acids, and anhydrides and lower alkyl esters of these acids may be ... such as terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, phthalic acid anhydride, trimellitic acid anhydride, pyromellitic acid and ... such as oxalic acid, succinic acid, glutaric acid, adipic acid, suberic acid, azelaic acid, sebacic acid, 1,9- ...
... absorption under pressure and fast absorption rate is obtained by first providing a solution containing carboxylic acid ... alpha-cyanoacrylic acid, beta-methylacrylic acid, itaconic acid, citraconic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, maleic anhydride, ... Suitable monomers include acrylic acids and their anhydrides such as acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, ethacrylic acid, alpha- ... The unsaturated carboxylic acid monomers can also include itaconic acid, citraconic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, and maleic ...
... a-chloroacrylic acid and cinammic acid; unsaturated dicarboxylic acids such as maleic acid, maleic anhydride, fumaric acid, ... itaconic acid, itaconic anhydride, citraconic acid, citraconic anhydride and mesaconic acid, and anhydrides thereof; ... itaconic acid, citraconic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid and mesaconic acid; tricarboxylic acids such as tricarballylic acid, ... malonic acid, succinic acid, glutaric acid, adipic acid, pimelic acid, suberic acid, azelaic acid, sebacic acid, brassylic acid ...
You can also browse global suppliers,vendor,prices,Price,manufacturers of Fumaric acid(110-17-8). At last,Fumaric acid(110-17-8 ... Visit ChemicalBook To find more Fumaric acid(110-17-8) information like chemical properties,Structure,melting point,boiling ... acid Maleic anhydride Maleic acid Ascoric Acid FUMARIC ACID DIETHYL ESTER FUMARIC ACID DIMETHYL ESTER Citric acid Fumaric acid ... as a by-product in the manufacture of maleic and phthalic anhydrides, and by the isomerization of maleic acid using heat or a ...
... and fumaric acids and HOOC(CH2)n COOH where n=2 to 14 and "dimer acids", anhydrides of diacids such as maleic, phthalic, ... a) phthalic acid (PA), isophthalic acid, terephthalic acid hexahydrophthalic anhydride;. (b) an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid ... tall oil fatty acids, dehydrated castor oil fatty acids, benzoic acid, toluic acid and t-butylbenzoic acid. Fatty acids may be ... oleic acid, linolelic acid, linolenic acid, erucic acid, soybean oil fatty acids, linseed oil fatty acids, safflower oil fatty ...
... glutaconic acid, aconitic acid and the like. Also useful in the present invention are acid anhydrides, such as maleic anhydride ... a-chlorosorbic acid, cinnamic acid, fi-styryl acrylic acid, hydromuconic acid, itaconic acid, citraconic acid, fumaric aid, ... ethacrylic acid, u-chloroacrylic acid, a-cyanoacrylic acid, crotonic acid, fi-acryloxy propionic acid, hydrosorbic acid, sorbic ... Water soluble salts of poly(acrylic acid) and poly(methacrylic acid), copolymers of these acids with lower alkyl acrylates, ...
... maleic and/or itaconic acid and/or anhydrides thereof. The liquid coating compositions of the present invention provide the ... The pendant activated unsaturated groups of the addition polymer are based upon fumaric, ... The reaction of the monoester of maleic acid, fumaric acid and/or itaconic acid with the difunctional or polyfunctional epoxy ... 379.9 g of maleic anhydride.. The resulting mixture was kept at 80.degree. C. with air being passed through until an acid ...
... by weight of at least one monoethylenically unsaturated C.sub.3-C.sub.8-carboxylic acid or of an anhydride or ... or dicarboxylic acids or anhydrides thereof, such as maleic acid, maleic anhydride, acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, fumaric ... ethacrylic acid, vinylacetic acid, allylacetic acid, crotonic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, mesaconic acid and itaconic acid ... those of acrylic acid with methacrylic acid and of acrylic acid or methacrylic acid with maleic acid and/or fumaric acid. It is ...
... and fumaric acids and HOOC(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOH where n=2 or more and "dimer acids", anhydrides of diacids such as maleic, ... and anhydrides of polyacids such as trimellitic acid anhydride. In theinvention, however, the acrylic polymer and the polyester ... "Polyester" or "polyester polymer" means the polymerized reaction product of polyacids and polyols or an acid with a hydroxyl ... alcohols and carboxylic acids. An important aspect of this invention includes cross-linking polymers such as acrylic polymers ...
... such as fumaric acid, itaconic acid, citraconic acid, vinyl succinic acid, and maleic acid, as well as their acid anhydrides ... is a half ester of an acid anhydride such as maleic anhydride. A preferable substituted styrene is α-methylstyrene. ... such as acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and crotonic acid, as well as ethylene-type unsaturated dicarboxylic acids, ... a. Alcohol or ester of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid having 1-18 carbon atoms; b. Styrene or acrylonitrile; c. Vinyl ester ...
... fumaric, maleic acids and anhydrides. Other different olefinic monomers copolymerizable with such carboxylic monomers include ... Suitable polyvinylmethylether/maleic anhydride (PVME/MA) copolymers include those in which the methyl vinyl ether to maleic ... acid, phthalic acid, salicylic acid or trihydroxybenzoic acid, for example, gallic acid. [0028] The arginine in free or salt ... polyvinylmethylether/maleic anhydride (PVME/MA) copolymer, acrylic acid/methylacrylate/styrene/2-acryloamido-2-methylpropane ...
... to C30 hydrocarbyl substituted succinic anhydride), other acids and anhydrides such as maleic and fumaric acids and anhydrides ... such as octanoic acid, oleic acid, stearic acid, linoleic acid, dodecanoic acid, or tall oil acid. ... succinic acids and anhydrides (e.g., succinic anhydride, dodecyl succinic anhydride, and C\ ... The acid chloride product was cooled. Then, fresh, dry heptane was added to the acid chloride product. The acid chloride ...
... alkenyl succinic anhydrides, malic acid, fumaric acid, and derivative chemicals. This segment serves manufacturers of ... and molten maleic anhydride for the manufacture of various products, such as unsaturated polyester resins, copolymers, ...
... maleic and fumaric acids and their esters, nitriles and anhydrides. The proportions of the tially ( 1) reacting ethylene with a ... methacrylic anhydride; vinyl esters, e.g., vinyl acetate, vinyl benzoate, vinyl laurate; vinyl 111,24: 1.3620 These new l,2-bis ... ketones, e.g., ethyl vinyl ketone; butenedioic acids and 5. The process which comprises the steps of sequen~ their derivatives ... acrylic and methacrylic acids and their derivatives, e.g., ethyl acrylate, methyl methacry late, acrylonitrile, ...
... cyanomethacrylic acid, itaconic acid, crotonic acid, fumaric acid, maleic acid, and maleic anhydride acid, and acrylates and ... As the polycarboxylic acid (PC), acid anhydrides and lower alkyl esters of dicarboxylic acids (DIC), polycarboxylic acids (TC) ... a-cyanoacrylic acid, a-cyanomethacrylic acid, itaconic acid, crotonic acid, fumaric acid, maleic acid, maleic anhydride, etc. ... alkenylene dicarboxylic acids having 4 to 20 carbon atoms such as maleic acid and fumaric acid. ...
with maleic acid and fumaric acid with ethylene and propylene alcohol, polymerized with styrene and reinforced with glass ... 3.8.8 Glycerol-phthalic anhydride. Glycerol-phthalic anhydride is formed by heating phthalic anhydride with equal volume of ... Polyester thermoset resins are formed by polymerization of polyhydric alcohols with polycarboxylic acids or anhydrides, e.g. ... with acid, is collected in a latex bulking and blending tank, coagulated with formic acid or acetic acid, rolled into ribbed ...
Production of Maleic Acid, Fumaric Acid, or Maleic Anhydride from Levulinic Acid Analogs. Chatzidimitriou, A. & Bond, J., Dec ... Polysialic Acid-Polycaprolactone Micelles for Drug Delivery. Bader, R., Jul 17 2018, Patent No. 10,022,324. Research output: ...
... acrylic acid, crotonic acid, decyl acrylate, dibutyl itaconate, di(2-ethylhexyl) maleate, fumaric acid, itaconic acid, maleic ... maleic acid and its methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, amyl, hexyl, heptyl, or octyl esters; maleic anhydride; 5-norbornene-2, 3- ... 2-Alkenyl) succinic anhydrides mixture, in which the alkenyl groups are derived from olefins which contain not less than 95 ... fumaric acid, itaconic acid, maleic acid, methacrylic acid, methyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate, mono(2-ethylhexyl) maleate, ...
... wherein at least a portion of the anhydropolyamino acid is hydrolyzed and crosslinked, has high water absorbency and high ... biodegradability even if the anhydropolyamino acid has a low molecular weight. ... a water absorbent resin which has a structure in which a anhydropolyamino acid having an ethylenically unsaturated double bond ... fumaric acid or malic acid with ammonia, and (v) method of preparing by heating maleic anhydride, fumaric acid or malic acid ...
  • The hydrolysis product of succinic anhydride is succinic acid, an endogenous substance and food ingredient that is expected to be effectively excreted in urine. (europa.eu)
  • The participation of malate, fumarate and succinate in the Krebs cycle, the relative interchangeability of maleic and succinic acids via hydrolysis/hydrogenation and the derivation of succinic anhydride from maleic acid and anhydride, indicate it is reasonable to read-across from one form to another without anticipating large changes in toxicity profile. (europa.eu)
  • More particularly the invention relates to polymer latices of lower acrylate ester/alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated N-alkylol amide copolymers overpolymerized with an olefinically unsaturated carboxylic acid. (google.de)
  • Water soluble salts of poly(acrylic acid) and poly(methacrylic acid), copolymers of these acids with lower alkyl acrylates, natural gums such as alginates, proteins such as casein and cellulose derivatives such as hydroxyethyl cellulose are typically used throughout the industry as thickening aids. (google.de)
  • The acrylic and methacrylic acid/acrylate ester copolymers are an important class of materials used to enhance latex viscosity, being ofiered in both latex and dry powder form, however, they are not without disadvantages. (google.de)
  • Acrylamide-methacrylic acid-maleic anhydride copolymers containing not more than 0.2 percent of residual acrylamide monomer and having an average nitrogen content of 14.9 percent such that a 1 percent by weight aqueous solution has a minimum viscosity of 600 centipoises at 75 deg. (fda.gov)
  • Using pigments with a deposition aid, such as Gantrez® (copolymers of maleic anhydride and with methyl vinylether) in toothpaste to make teeth look whiter is disclosed in EP1935395B1. (justia.com)
  • A superabsorbent polymer having improved absorption under pressure and fast absorption rate is obtained by first providing a solution containing carboxylic acid monomers or water soluble salts thereof, and a crosslinking agent. (google.es)
  • 6. The porous core polymer of claim 5 wherein the crosslinking agent is a bis-acrylamide, a di, tri or polyester of an unsaturated mono or poly carboxylic acid polyol, a di or tri glycidyl ether of a polyol, a multi-substituted allyl amine or mixtures thereof. (google.es)
  • and then overpolymerizing about (Ll-10% by Weight of an olefinically unsaturated carboxylic acid monomer when the polymerization of the base polymer has reached at least about 50% completion. (google.de)
  • These novel compositions comprise a blend of (I) an unsaturated polyester prepared by reacting an unsaturated dicarboxylic acid with a dihydric alcohol and as the sole crosslinking agent (II) a vinyl ester prepared by reacting an epichlorohydrin-4,4'-isopropylidene diphenol epoxy resin, having a melt point of less than about 100 C., with a vinyl acid and (III) a polymerization initiator. (google.com)
  • Like other cyclic acid anhydrides, succinic anhydride is readily hydrolyzed to a dicarboxylic acid (WHO, 2009). (europa.eu)
  • 5. The porous core polymer of claim 2 wherein the crosslinking agent of step (a) has at least two polymerizable double bonds, at least one polymerizable double bond and at least one functional group reactive with the acid monomers or the water soluble salts thereof, at least two functional groups reactive with the acid monomers or the water soluble salts thereof, or is a polyvalent metal compound. (google.es)
  • Preferred polymer latices contain about 75-95% by weight of the lower alkyl acrylate ester, about 1-7 by weight N-methylol acrylamide or N-methylol methacrylamide, 0.56% by Weight acrylic and/or methacrylic acid and less than 15% by weight of other polymerizable monomers. (google.de)
  • The pendant activated unsaturated groups of the addition polymer are based upon fumaric, maleic and/or itaconic acid and/or anhydrides thereof. (patentgenius.com)
  • 4. The liquid coating composition of claim 2, wherein the acid groups of the addition polymer are neutralized wholly or in part with an inorganic or organic base. (patentgenius.com)
  • 5. The liquid coating composition of claim 2, wherein the acid groups of the addition polymer are esterified with a monofunctional epoxy compound or a monoalcohol. (patentgenius.com)
  • 6. The liquid coating composition of claim 1, wherein the addition polymer is obtained by the reaction of a monoester of maleic acid, fumaric acid and/or itaconic acid with an at least difunctional epoxy compound. (patentgenius.com)
  • 7. The liquid coating compositin of claim 1, wherein the addition polymer is obtained by reacting a monofunctional epoxy compound with a monoester of fumaric acid, maleic acid and/or itaconic acid, then reacting the resulting compound throughthe hydroxyl group with an at least difunctional isocyanate compound. (patentgenius.com)
  • Therefore, as a polymer material having both high water absorbency and excellent biodegradability, a polyamino acid resin having the same molecular structure as that of the polyacrylic acid (salt) has attracted interest as a material to replace the polyacrylic acid (salt). (justia.com)
  • In this vas occlusion method, styrene maleic anhydride polymer is injected into the lumen of the vas. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • DIB is an intermediate used in the production of a wide range of derivative speciality products including octylated diphenylamine antioxidants, octyl phenol, neo acids, isononyl derivatives, speciality polymers, elastomers and perfumery chemicals. (equilex.com)
  • The use of oils or unsaturated fatty acids in combination with the brittle alkyds resulted in the air-drying coatings which revolutionized the chemical coating industry. (entrepreneurindia.co)
  • Fumaric acid as an additive is regulated under the Codex Alimentarius General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA), a collection of internationally recognized standards.The U.S. Food and Drug Administration considers it safe. (chemicalbook.com)
  • 20, 410, 1999), and (4) resin obtained by hydrolyzing a reaction product of a polyamino acid and polysaccharides (Japanese Patent Application, First Publication No. 2000-290370). (justia.com)
  • With respect to (4) the resin obtained by hydrolyzing a reaction product of a polyamino acid and polysaccharides, high concentration of a crosslinking agent is required to impart the water absorption properties. (justia.com)
  • As the polyaspartic acid water absorbent resin, for example, there are disclosed (1) water absorbent resin obtained by hydrolyzing a partially crosslinked compound using polyaspartic acid polyamine (WO99/37624), (2) water absorbent resin wherein a crosslinking agent is a diepoxy compound such as ethylene glycol glycidyl ether (Polym. (justia.com)
  • A water absorbent material, comprising, as a main component, a water absorbent resin which has a structure in which a anhydropolyamino acid having an ethylenically unsaturated double bond is grafted with polysaccharides, wherein at least a portion of the anhydropolyamino acid is hydrolyzed and crosslinked, has high water absorbency and high biodegradability even if the anhydropolyamino acid has a low molecular weight. (justia.com)
  • Among these, a polyaspartic acid water absorbent resin has attracted special interest because it can be prepared by a chemical polymerization method. (justia.com)
  • It is used as a non polar solvent in the chemical industry and a reactant in industrial production of Adipic acid and caprolactam, intermediates in Nylon production. (equilex.com)
  • SMA's special properties derive from the combination of polar maleic anhydride (which also contributes stiffness, thermal stability, and chemical reactivity) and non-polar styrene (which also provides processing ease). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The oil or fatty acid portion of the alkyd is one of the factors which determine the paint formulator's choice of resin to be used. (entrepreneurindia.co)
  • Since the crosslinked polyacrylic acid (salt) cannot be easily decomposed into a lower-molecular weight compound, there have arisen problems in the disposal of paper diapers and sanitary products that use a large amount of the crosslinked polyacrylic acid (salt) with the increase in the sense of global environmental protection. (justia.com)
  • 9. According to the submitters, yields of the order of 95% of other acid chlorides can be obtained by the use of phthaloyl chloride (1 mole of chloride to 1 mole of a monobasic acid, 2 moles of chloride to 1 mole of a dibasic acid). (orgsyn.org)
  • As the water absorbent material, a crosslinked polyacrylic acid (salt) has hitherto been used. (justia.com)
  • When acids are used, it is best to add one of the components slowly, in order to avoid a too violent evolution of hydrogen chloride on warming. (orgsyn.org)