Iodine: A nonmetallic element of the halogen group that is represented by the atomic symbol I, atomic number 53, and atomic weight of 126.90. It is a nutritionally essential element, especially important in thyroid hormone synthesis. In solution, it has anti-infective properties and is used topically.Iodine Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain iodine as an integral part of the molecule.Iodine Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of iodine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. I atoms with atomic weights 117-139, except I 127, are radioactive iodine isotopes.Goiter, Endemic: A form of IODINE deficiency disorders characterized by an enlargement of the THYROID GLAND in a significantly large fraction of a POPULATION GROUP. Endemic goiter is common in mountainous and iodine-deficient areas of the world where the DIET contains insufficient amount of iodine.Goiter: Enlargement of the THYROID GLAND that may increase from about 20 grams to hundreds of grams in human adults. Goiter is observed in individuals with normal thyroid function (euthyroidism), thyroid deficiency (HYPOTHYROIDISM), or hormone overproduction (HYPERTHYROIDISM). Goiter may be congenital or acquired, sporadic or endemic (GOITER, ENDEMIC).Thyroid Gland: A highly vascularized endocrine gland consisting of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the TRACHEA. It secretes THYROID HORMONES from the follicular cells and CALCITONIN from the parafollicular cells thereby regulating METABOLISM and CALCIUM level in blood, respectively.Potassium Iodide: An inorganic compound that is used as a source of iodine in thyrotoxic crisis and in the preparation of thyrotoxic patients for thyroidectomy. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Sodium Chloride, Dietary: Sodium chloride used in foods.Povidone-Iodine: An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.Deficiency Diseases: A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)Iodides: Inorganic binary compounds of iodine or the I- ion.Iodophors: Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Thyrotropin: A glycoprotein hormone secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Thyrotropin stimulates THYROID GLAND by increasing the iodide transport, synthesis and release of thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE). Thyrotropin consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH; LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Congenital Hypothyroidism: A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.Thyroxine: The major hormone derived from the thyroid gland. Thyroxine is synthesized via the iodination of tyrosines (MONOIODOTYROSINE) and the coupling of iodotyrosines (DIIODOTYROSINE) in the THYROGLOBULIN. Thyroxine is released from thyroglobulin by proteolysis and secreted into the blood. Thyroxine is peripherally deiodinated to form TRIIODOTHYRONINE which exerts a broad spectrum of stimulatory effects on cell metabolism.Thyroid Function Tests: Blood tests used to evaluate the functioning of the thyroid gland.Iodized Oil: A preparation of oil that contains covalently bound IODINE. It is commonly used as a RADIOCONTRAST AGENT and as a suspension medium for CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENTS.ThyroglobulinIodine Isotopes: Stable iodine atoms that have the same atomic number as the element iodine, but differ in atomic weight. I-127 is the only naturally occurring stable iodine isotope.Thyroid Diseases: Pathological processes involving the THYROID GLAND.Hypothyroidism: A syndrome that results from abnormally low secretion of THYROID HORMONES from the THYROID GLAND, leading to a decrease in BASAL METABOLIC RATE. In its most severe form, there is accumulation of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and EDEMA, known as MYXEDEMA.IodoproteinsThyroid Hormones: Natural hormones secreted by the THYROID GLAND, such as THYROXINE, and their synthetic analogs.Hyperthyroidism: Hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES from the THYROID GLAND. Elevated levels of thyroid hormones increase BASAL METABOLIC RATE.Iodide Peroxidase: A hemeprotein that catalyzes the oxidation of the iodide radical to iodine with the subsequent iodination of many organic compounds, particularly proteins. EC 1.11.1.8.Perchlorates: Compounds that contain the Cl(=O)(=O)(=O)O- structure. Included under this heading is perchloric acid and the salts and ester forms of perchlorate.Diiodotyrosine: A product from the iodination of MONOIODOTYROSINE. In the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, diiodotyrosine residues are coupled with other monoiodotyrosine or diiodotyrosine residues to form T4 or T3 thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE).Thyroid Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.Sodium Iodide: A compound forming white, odorless deliquescent crystals and used as iodine supplement, expectorant or in its radioactive (I-131) form as an diagnostic aid, particularly for thyroid function tests.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Iodates: Inorganic salts of iodic acid (HIO3).Monoiodotyrosine: A product from the iodination of tyrosine. In the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE), tyrosine is first iodized to monoiodotyrosine.Republic of BelarusThyroiditis, Autoimmune: Inflammatory disease of the THYROID GLAND due to autoimmune responses leading to lymphocytic infiltration of the gland. It is characterized by the presence of circulating thyroid antigen-specific T-CELLS and thyroid AUTOANTIBODIES. The clinical signs can range from HYPOTHYROIDISM to THYROTOXICOSIS depending on the type of autoimmune thyroiditis.Thyroidectomy: Surgical removal of the thyroid gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Quercus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).Hazardous Waste: Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.Uranium: Uranium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol U, atomic number 92, and atomic weight 238.03. U-235 is used as the fissionable fuel in nuclear weapons and as fuel in nuclear power reactors.Fundulidae: Family of small, surface-dwelling fish that inhabit fresh and brackish waters, and coastal marine areas.TennesseeOctopodiformes: A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Kelp: Large, robust forms of brown algae (PHAEOPHYCEAE) in the order Laminariales. They are a major component of the lower intertidal and sublittoral zones on rocky coasts in temperate and polar waters. Kelp, a kind of SEAWEED, usually refers to species in the genera LAMINARIA or MACROCYSTIS, but the term may also be used for species in FUCUS or Nereocystis.Yogurt: A slightly acid milk food produced by fermentation due to the combined action of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus.Dairy Products: Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.Seafood: Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.United States
  • On May 26, a preprint * was released providing the first direct evidence that povidone-iodine, a widely used antiseptic, is capable of killing SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. (chrismasterjohnphd.com)
  • As little as 0.5% povidone-iodine completely inactivated the virus in 60 seconds, comparable to 70% alcohol. (chrismasterjohnphd.com)
  • Povidone-iodine is traditionally used topically, and this study does not provide any basis to suggest it should be swallowed orally, which might cause diarrhea, or worse in large amounts. (chrismasterjohnphd.com)
  • 1.25% povidone-iodine solutions also have this problem and 2.5% solutions are toxic to the nasal mucosa, but 0.5% solutions are safe for anyone who doesn't have an iodine allergy or another reason to avoid iodine. (chrismasterjohnphd.com)
  • This suggests that 0.5% povidone-iodine solutions (which can be made by diluting 10% solutions, which are easily available on Amazon ), can be used inside the nose with a sterile swab, nasal irrigation system, or nasal spray, and that they can be swished in the mouth for 60 seconds, to kill the virus. (chrismasterjohnphd.com)
  • I have now released Version 4 of The Food and Supplement Guide for the Coronavirus , which includes the use of povidone-iodine in this fashion. (chrismasterjohnphd.com)
  • Salt provides only a fraction of daily iodine intake for most Americans. (harvard.edu)
  • One cup of yoghurt for instance contains about 50 per cent of your daily iodine intake requirements yet one boiled egg contains 10 per cent of your daily requirement. (monitor.co.ug)
  • With the safe upper limit of daily iodine intake for adults set at 1,100 micrograms by the IOM, it is unlikely to hit an excess amount when including a multivitamin and including natural sources of dietary iodine. (eatright.org)
  • To do this, you should avoid milk products, seafood, kelp, and many seasonings (especially salt which has had iodine added). (uwhealth.org)
  • Even in this small concentration, iodine is required for survival of fishes, crustaceans, macroalgae and kelp, and hermatypic invertebrates alike. (vaquatics.net)
  • From improving thyroid function and stabilising metabolism, to removing toxins from the body and even aiding in weight loss, Mineralife's liquid iodine supplement gives you all the benefits of pure iodine, in a quickly absorbed formula for maximum benefit. (faithful-to-nature.co.za)
  • 1913-1931: Bhise researches the seaweed liquid, and starts producing and selling it in England and later in the U.S, naming it Beslin (Best Liquid Iodine). (wikipedia.org)
  • This Liquid Iodine Supplement and All Products From Pure Mountain Botanicals Are Covered by a No-Question Asked Money Back Guarantee. (amazon.com)
  • This suggests that there was a fairly major release of iodine," he says. (nature.com)
  • Silicone dosage forms adapted for the continuous and controlled release of iodine values, notably to domestic water supplies for the treatment of the various disease states attributed to iodine deficiency, are heat-shaped from (A) a thermoplastic silicone copolymer, and (B) a therapeutically effective amount of at least one water soluble, nontoxic, organic and/or inorganic iodine compound which is in solid state at ambient temperature. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 1. A heat-shapable silicone composition for the controlled release of iodine values, comprising (A) a thermoplastic silicone copolymer, and (B) a therapeutically effective amount of at least one water soluble, nontoxic, organic and/or inorganic iodine compound which is in solid state at ambient temperature and which is homogeneously distributed throughout said thermoplastic silicone copolymer (A), said composition not including a catalyst. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The oceans are the most important source of natural iodine in the air, water, and soil. (cdc.gov)
  • This dietary supplement from Life Extension® could be your convenient source of vitamin D3 and natural iodine that may offer broad-spectrum support in symptoms of thyroid imbalance. (pureformulas.com)
  • One of the richest sources of natural iodine is found in seaweed, particularly macro algae. (divinita.com)
  • A new recommendation from the World Health Organization (WHO) says that nursing and bottle-feeding moms need to take iodine capsules to provide a year's dose of iodine for herself and baby . (thebump.com)
  • They should not take iodine tablets unless a very large does of radioactive iodine is expected and they are told to do so. (nationalpost.com)
  • Local public health or emergency management officials will alert the public if it is necessary to take iodine tablets or other protective actions. (nationalpost.com)
  • People should not take iodine tablets unless advised to do so because the risks - see side effects, below - may outweigh the benefits. (nationalpost.com)
  • When people take iodine, the kidneys excrete various toxins, including bromine, fluoride and heavy metals. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Because your body does not produce iodine, it needs to be supplied in the diet. (eatright.org)
  • And the source cannot be Fukushima, because the recent high levels of radiation discovered there, despite being high, won't produce iodine 131 and that reactor type won't do it in abundance either. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Furthermore, many other iodine storage sites need elemental iodine - such as the brain, stomach and salivary glands - and these sites need higher dosages in order to be absorbed in sufficient and proper amounts. (earthclinic.com)
  • 1932: Bhise forms Atomidine Company after taking Cayce's term "atomic iodine" and creating a brand from it using iodine from seaweeds in saline solution instead of elemental iodine in alcohol, which was not the instructions Cayce gave. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, children are more sensitive to the harmful effects of excessively high levels of stable and radioactive iodine than adults because their thyroid glands are still growing. (cdc.gov)
  • Paul Lutaakome, a nutritionist at Jinja Referral Hospital, says iodine influences functioning of thyroid glands by aiding the production of hormones, which are directly responsible for controlling the body's base metabolic rate. (monitor.co.ug)
  • The radioactive isotope iodine-131 is sometimes used to treat cancerous thyroid glands. (rsc.org)
  • The aim of this study is to determine the proportion of patients for whom treatment with Selumetinib increases the amount of radioactive iodine taken up by the previously iodine-refractory thyroid cancers following a short course (4 weeks) of the drug. (isrctn.com)
  • For the survey, you will be given a small amount of radioactive iodine to drink. (uwhealth.org)
  • "For years, it was believed that iodine deficiency was a problem restricted to certain geographic areas and high-risk conditions (poverty, malnourishment) but this is not valid anymore," ​explained Velasco. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Prompted by the scant attention paid by published literature reviews to the applications of molecular iodine in oxidative aromatization reactions, we decided to review methods developed to-date involving iodine as an oxidant to promote aromatization of α,β-unsaturated cyclic compounds. (mdpi.com)
  • We report absolute frequency measurements of 81 hyperfine components of the rovibrational transitions of molecular iodine at 578 nm using the second harmonic generation of an 1156 nm external-cavity diode laser and a fiber-based optical frequency comb. (osapublishing.org)
  • Violet iodine is a patented non-hormonal molecular iodine formula that helps address an underlying cause of FBC (rather than masking the discomfort temporarily). (walgreens.com)
  • Molecular iodine has been used in clinical trials in 1476 women over 3 decades. (walgreens.com)
  • The laser is fed with gaseous chlorine, molecular iodine, and an aqueous mixture of hydrogen peroxide and potassium hydroxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • While much progress has been made to reduce the global incidence of maternal iodine deficiency during pregnancy and lactation, recent studies have identified low maternal iodine status even in areas thought to be iodine sufficient, according to new data published in Nutrients. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Researchers from the University of Surrey, UK, and the Hospital de Riotinto, Huelva, Spain, noted that maternal iodine deficiency during pregnancy and lactation and childhood deficiency during the first two years of life, are widely recognised as having negative cognitive consequences including impaired speech development, learning and reading skills. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Researchers studied whether there was an association between mild-to-moderate maternal iodine deficiency and cognitive development of their children. (newsmax.com)
  • Now the main sources of iodine are iodate minerals, natural brine deposits left by the evaporation of ancient seas and brackish (briny) waters from oil and salt wells. (rsc.org)
  • According to Standard Process, "almost 80 per cent of the body's iodine content resides in the thyroid gland. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Most of the world's iodine is found in the ocean, where it is concentrated by sea life, especially seaweed. (medlineplus.gov)