A system of organs and tissues that process and transport immune cells and LYMPH.
Tubular vessels that are involved in the transport of LYMPH and LYMPHOCYTES.
Radiographic study of the lymphatic system following injection of dye or contrast medium.
Unbroken cellular lining (intima) of the lymph vessels (e.g., the high endothelial lymphatic venules). It is more permeable than vascular endothelium, lacking selective absorption and functioning mainly to remove plasma proteins that have filtered through the capillaries into the tissue spaces.
The formation of LYMPHATIC VESSELS.
Edema due to obstruction of lymph vessels or disorders of the lymph nodes.
The interstitial fluid that is in the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.
A benign tumor resulting from a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. Lymphangioendothelioma is a type of lymphangioma in which endothelial cells are the dominant component.
A cystic growth originating from lymphatic tissue. It is usually found in the neck, axilla, or groin.
Congenital or acquired structural abnormalities of the lymphatic system (LYMPHOID TISSUE) including the lymph vessels.
A vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor whose expression is restricted primarily to adult lymphatic endothelium. VEGFR-3 preferentially binds the vascular endothelial growth factor C and vascular endothelial growth factor D and may be involved in the control of lymphangiogenesis.
A vascular endothelial growth factor that specifically binds to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-2 and VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-3. In addition to being an angiogenic factor it can act on LYMPHATIC VESSELS to stimulate LYMPHANGIOGENESIS. It is similar in structure to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR D in that they both contain N- and C-terminal extensions that were not found in other VEGF family members.
Radionuclide imaging of the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.
They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.
The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.
Diseases of LYMPH; LYMPH NODES; or LYMPHATIC VESSELS.
A vascular endothelial growth factor that specifically binds to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-2 and VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-3. In addition to being an angiogenic factor it can act on LYMPHATIC VESSELS to stimulate LYMPHANGIOGENESIS. It is similar in structure to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR C in that they both contain N- and C-terminal extensions that were not found in other VEGF family members.
Compounds that contain the triphenylmethane aniline structure found in rosaniline. Many of them have a characteristic magenta color and are used as COLORING AGENTS.
The presence of chyle in the thoracic cavity. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS causing chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma in woodchucks. It closely resembles the human hepatitis B virus.
Chemicals and substances that impart color including soluble dyes and insoluble pigments. They are used in INKS; PAINTS; and as INDICATORS AND REAGENTS.
A tricarbocyanine dye that is used diagnostically in liver function tests and to determine blood volume and cardiac output.
A genus of Sciuridae consisting of 14 species. They are shortlegged, burrowing rodents which hibernate in winter.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
Parasitic infestation of the human lymphatic system by WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI or BRUGIA MALAYI. It is also called lymphatic filariasis.
Highly specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the HEART; BLOOD VESSELS; and lymph vessels, forming the ENDOTHELIUM. They are polygonal in shape and joined together by TIGHT JUNCTIONS. The tight junctions allow for variable permeability to specific macromolecules that are transported across the endothelial layer.
The branch of medicine concerned with the application of NANOTECHNOLOGY to the prevention and treatment of disease. It involves the monitoring, repair, construction, and control of human biological systems at the molecular level, using engineered nanodevices and NANOSTRUCTURES. (From Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, vol 1, 1999).
Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Inbred C57BL mice are a strain of laboratory mice that have been produced by many generations of brother-sister matings, resulting in a high degree of genetic uniformity and homozygosity, making them widely used for biomedical research, including studies on genetics, immunology, cancer, and neuroscience.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A white threadlike worm which causes elephantiasis, lymphangitis, and chyluria by interfering with the lymphatic circulation. The microfilaria are found in the circulating blood and are carried by mosquitoes.

LYVE-1, a new homologue of the CD44 glycoprotein, is a lymph-specific receptor for hyaluronan. (1/803)

The extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) is an abundant component of skin and mesenchymal tissues where it facilitates cell migration during wound healing, inflammation, and embryonic morphogenesis. Both during normal tissue homeostasis and particularly after tissue injury, HA is mobilized from these sites through lymphatic vessels to the lymph nodes where it is degraded before entering the circulation for rapid uptake by the liver. Currently, however, the identities of HA binding molecules which control this pathway are unknown. Here we describe the first such molecule, LYVE-1, which we have identified as a major receptor for HA on the lymph vessel wall. The deduced amino acid sequence of LYVE-1 predicts a 322-residue type I integral membrane polypeptide 41% similar to the CD44 HA receptor with a 212-residue extracellular domain containing a single Link module the prototypic HA binding domain of the Link protein superfamily. Like CD44, the LYVE-1 molecule binds both soluble and immobilized HA. However, unlike CD44, the LYVE-1 molecule colocalizes with HA on the luminal face of the lymph vessel wall and is completely absent from blood vessels. Hence, LYVE-1 is the first lymph-specific HA receptor to be characterized and is a uniquely powerful marker for lymph vessels themselves.  (+info)

Contribution of extracranial lymphatics and arachnoid villi to the clearance of a CSF tracer in the rat. (2/803)

The objective of this study was to determine the relative roles of arachnoid villi and cervical lymphatics in the clearance of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tracer in rats. 125I-labeled human serum albumin (125I-HSA; 100 micrograms) was injected into one lateral ventricle, and an Evans blue dye-rat protein complex was injected intravenously. Arterial blood was sampled for 3 h. Immediately after this, multiple cervical vessels were ligated in the same animals, and plasma recoveries were monitored for a further 3 h after the intracerebroventricular injection of 100 micrograms 131I-HSA. Tracer recovery in plasma at 3 h averaged (%injected dose) 0.697 +/- 0.042 before lymphatic ligation and dropped significantly to 0.357 +/- 0. 060 after ligation. Estimates of the rate constant associated with the transport of the CSF tracer to plasma were also significantly lower after obstruction of cervical lymphatics (from 0.584 +/- 0. 072/h to 0.217 +/- 0.056/h). No significant changes were observed in sham-operated animals. Assuming that the movement of the CSF tracer to plasma in lymph-ligated animals was a result of arachnoid villi clearance, we conclude that arachnoid villi and extracranial lymphatic pathways contributed equally to the clearance of the CSF tracer from the cranial vault.  (+info)

Lymph and pulmonary response to isobaric reduction in plasma oncotic pressure in baboons. (3/803)

Plasma colloid osmotic pressure was reduced by 76% (from 19.6 +/- 0.6 to 4.7 +/- 1.5 mm Hg) in five baboons while pulmonary capillary hydrostatic pressure was maintained at a normal level. This resulted in fluid retention, weight gain, peripheral edema and ascites, but no pulmonary edema. Thoracic duct lymph flow increased 6-fold and pulmonary lymph flow 7-fold. Thoracic duct lymph had a lower colloid osmotic pressure (2.0 +/- 0.7 mm Hg) than plasma (4.7 +/- 1.5 mm Hg), whereas the colloid osmotic pressure of pulmonary lymph (4.7 +/- 0.7 mm Hg) was the same as that of plasma. The lymph-plasma ratio for albumin fell in thoracic duct lymph but remained unchanged in pulmonary lymph. The difference between plasma colloid osmotic pressure and pulmonary artery wedge pressure decreased from 15.3 +/- 1.9 to -0.7 +/- 2.9 mm Hg. Despite this increase in filtration force, the lungs were protected from edema formation by a decrease of 11 mm Hg in pulmonary interstitial colloid osmotic pressure and a 7-fold increase in lymph flow.  (+info)

Development of T-B cell collaboration in neonatal mice. (4/803)

The neonatal immune response is impaired during the first weeks after birth. To obtain a better understanding of this immaturity, we investigated the development of T cell interactions with B cells in mice. For this purpose, we analyzed the immune response to three T-dependent antigens in vivo: (i) the polyclonal antibody response induced by vaccinia virus; (ii) the production of polyclonal and specific antibodies following immunization with hapten-carrier conjugates; (iii) the mouse mammary tumor virus superantigen (sAg) response involving an increase in sAg-reactive T cells and induction of polyclonal antibody production. After vaccinia virus injection into neonates, the polyclonal antibody response was similar to that observed in adult mice. The antibody response to hapten-carrier conjugates, however, was delayed and reduced. Injection with sAg-expressing B cells from neonatal or adult mice allowed us to determine whether B cells, T cells or both were implicated in the reduced immune response. In these sAg responses, neonatal T cells were stimulated by both neonatal and adult sAg-presenting B cells but only B cells from adult mice differentiated into IgM- and IgG-secreting plasma cells in the neonatal environment in vivo. Injecting neonatal B cells into adult mice did not induce antibody production. These results demonstrate that the environment of the neonatal lymph node is able to support a T and B cell response, and that immaturity of B cells plays a key role in the reduced immune response observed in the neonate.  (+info)

Lymphatic vessel hypoplasia in fetuses with Turner syndrome. (5/803)

Turner syndrome is associated with subcutaneous accumulation of fluid in the neck region that can be visualized sonographically from 10-14 weeks of gestation as massively increased nuchal translucency thickness. Possible mechanisms for this increased translucency include dilatation of the jugular lymphatic sacs because of developmental delay in the connection with the venous system, or a primary abnormal dilatation or proliferation of the lymphatic channels interfering with a normal flow between the lymphatic and venous systems. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of lymphatic vessels in nuchal skin tissue from fetuses with Turner syndrome compared with fetuses carrying trisomies 21, 18 and 13 and chromosomally normal controls. The distribution of vessels was examined by immunohistochemistry using a monoclonal antibody, PTN63, against 5' nucleotidase and an anti-laminin antibody. In normal control fetuses (n = 6) and those with trisomies 21 (n = 3), 18 (n = 2) and 13 (n = 2), PTN63-positive and laminin-positive vessels were evenly distributed throughout the dermis and subcutis. In Turner syndrome (n = 3), there was a chain of large vessels that stained with both PTN63 and laminin at the border between dermis and subcutis, but there was scarcity of vessels in the upper dermis and the subcutis. Using PTN63 alone, there were no positive vessels in the upper dermis. We conclude that in Turner syndrome lymphatic vessels in the upper dermis are hypoplastic.  (+info)

Lymphatic microangiopathy of the skin in systemic sclerosis. (6/803)

METHODS: The cutaneous capillary lymphatic system in patients with systemic sclerosis was investigated using fluorescence microlymphography. The distal upper limbs of 16 healthy controls (mean age 62.3+/-13.1 yr) and 16 patients with systemic sclerosis (mean age 58.9+/-13.6 yr) were examined and the following parameters were evaluated: (a) single lymphatic capillaries; (b) lymphatic capillary network and cutaneous backflow; (c) extension of the stained lymphatics; (d) diameter of single lymphatic capillaries. RESULTS: At the finger level, lymphatic capillaries were lacking in five patients, while they were present in all controls (P < 0.05). Extension of the stained lymphatics was increased in 11 patients (8.1+/-6.0 mm) compared to the 16 healthy controls (2.0+/-1.2 mm) (P < 0.0001). Cutaneous backflow was observed in three patients (P < 0.05). At the hand level, lymphatic network extension was significantly different between patients (3.8+/-2.4 mm) and controls (1.2+/-0.8 mm) (P < 0.01); however, no significant differences were found at the forearm level. CONCLUSION: Lesional skin in patients with systemic sclerosis exhibits evidence of lymphatic microangiopathy.  (+info)

VEGFR-3 and its ligand VEGF-C are associated with angiogenesis in breast cancer. (7/803)

Recently, monoclonal antibodies against the human vascular endothelial growth factor receptor VEGFR-3 were shown to provide a specific antigenic marker for lymphatic endothelium in various normal tissues. In this study we have investigated the expression of VEGFR-3 and its ligand VEGF-C in normal breast tissue and in breast tumors by immunohistochemistry. VEGFR-3 was weakly expressed in capillaries of normal breast tissue and in fibroadenomas. In intraductal breast carcinomas, VEGFR-3 was prominent in the "necklace" vessels adjacent to the basal lamina of the tumor-filled ducts. VEGF receptor 1 and 2 as well as blood vessel endothelial and basal lamina markers were colocalized with VEGFR-3 in many of these vessels. Antibodies against smooth muscle alpha-actin gave a weak staining of the necklace vessels, suggesting that they were incompletely covered by pericytes/smooth muscle cells. A highly elevated number of VEGFR-3 positive vessels was found in invasive breast cancer in comparison with histologically normal breast tissue (P < 0.0001, the Mann-Whitney test). VEGF-C was located in the cytoplasm of intraductal and invasive cancer cells. The results demonstrate that the expression of VEGFR-3 becomes up-regulated in the endothelium of angiogenic blood vessels in breast cancer. The results also suggest that VEGF-C secreted by the intraductal carcinoma cells acts predominantly as an angiogenic growth factor for blood vessels, although this paracrine signaling network between the cancer cells and the endothelium may also be involved in modifying the permeabilities of both blood and lymphatic vessels and metastasis formation.  (+info)

Localization of Mycobacterium leprae to endothelial cells of epineurial and perineurial blood vessels and lymphatics. (8/803)

Infection of peripheral nerve by Mycobacterium leprae, the histopathological hallmark of leprosy, is a major factor in this disease, but the route and mechanisms by which bacilli localize to peripheral nerve are unknown. Experimentally infected armadillos have recently been recognized as a model of lepromatous neuritis; the major site of early accumulation of M. leprae is epineurial. To determine the epineurial cells involved, 1-cm segments of 44 nerves from armadillos were screened for acid-fast bacilli and thin sections were examined ultrastructurally. Of 596 blocks containing nerve, 36% contained acid-fast bacilli. Overall, M. leprae were found in endothelial cells in 40% of epineurial blood vessels and 75% of lymphatics, and in 25% of vessels intraneurally. Comparison of epineurial and endoneurial findings suggested that colonization of epineurial vessels preceded endoneurial infection. Such colonization of epineurial nutrient vessels may greatly increase the risk of endoneurial M. leprae bacteremia, and also enhance the risk of ischemia following even mild increases in inflammation or mechanical stress. These findings also raise the possibility that early, specific mechanisms in the localization of M. leprae to peripheral nerve may involve adhesion events between M. leprae (or M. leprae-parasitized macrophages) and the endothelial cells of the vasa nervorum.  (+info)

The lymphatic system is a complex network of organs, tissues, vessels, and cells that work together to defend the body against infectious diseases and also play a crucial role in the immune system. It is made up of:

1. Lymphoid Organs: These include the spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, tonsils, adenoids, and Peyer's patches (in the intestines). They produce and mature immune cells.

2. Lymphatic Vessels: These are thin tubes that carry clear fluid called lymph towards the heart.

3. Lymph: This is a clear-to-white fluid that contains white blood cells, mainly lymphocytes, which help fight infections.

4. Other tissues and cells: These include bone marrow where immune cells are produced, and lymphocytes (T cells and B cells) which are types of white blood cells that help protect the body from infection and disease.

The primary function of the lymphatic system is to transport lymph throughout the body, collecting waste products, bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances from the tissues, and filtering them out through the lymph nodes. The lymphatic system also helps in the absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins from food in the digestive tract.

Lymphatic vessels are thin-walled, valved structures that collect and transport lymph, a fluid derived from the interstitial fluid surrounding the cells, throughout the lymphatic system. They play a crucial role in immune function and maintaining fluid balance in the body. The primary function of lymphatic vessels is to return excess interstitial fluid, proteins, waste products, and immune cells to the bloodstream via the subclavian veins near the heart.

There are two types of lymphatic vessels:

1. Lymphatic capillaries: These are the smallest lymphatic vessels, found in most body tissues except for the central nervous system (CNS). They have blind ends and are highly permeable to allow the entry of interstitial fluid, proteins, and other large molecules.
2. Larger lymphatic vessels: These include precollecting vessels, collecting vessels, and lymphatic trunks. Precollecting vessels have valves that prevent backflow of lymph and merge to form larger collecting vessels. Collecting vessels contain smooth muscle in their walls, which helps to propel the lymph forward. They also have valves at regular intervals to ensure unidirectional flow towards the heart. Lymphatic trunks are large vessels that collect lymph from various regions of the body and eventually drain into the two main lymphatic ducts: the thoracic duct and the right lymphatic duct.

Overall, lymphatic vessels play a vital role in maintaining fluid balance, immune surveillance, and waste removal in the human body.

Lymphography is not a commonly used term in current medical practice. However, historically, it referred to a radiographic imaging technique that involved the injection of a contrast material into the lymphatic system to visualize the lymph nodes and lymph vessels. This procedure was used primarily for diagnostic purposes, particularly in the evaluation of cancerous conditions like lymphoma or melanoma.

The process typically involved injecting a radiopaque substance into the interstitial tissue, which would then be taken up by the lymphatic vessels and transported to the regional lymph nodes. X-ray imaging was used to track the progression of the contrast material, creating detailed images of the lymphatic system.

Due to advancements in medical imaging technology, lymphography has largely been replaced by other non-invasive imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET) scans. These modern methods provide high-resolution images of the body's internal structures without requiring invasive procedures or the use of contrast materials.

The endothelium is a thin layer of cells that lines the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels. The lymphatic endothelium, specifically, is the type of endothelial cell that forms the walls of lymphatic vessels. These vessels are an important part of the immune system and play a crucial role in transporting fluid, waste products, and immune cells throughout the body.

The lymphatic endothelium helps to regulate the movement of fluids and cells between the tissues and the bloodstream. It also contains specialized structures called valves that help to ensure the unidirectional flow of lymph fluid towards the heart. Dysfunction of the lymphatic endothelium has been implicated in a variety of diseases, including lymphedema, inflammation, and cancer metastasis.

Lymphangiogenesis is the formation of new lymphatic vessels from pre-existing ones. It is a complex biological process that involves the growth, differentiation, and remodeling of lymphatic endothelial cells, which line the interior surface of lymphatic vessels. Lymphangiogenesis plays crucial roles in various physiological processes, including tissue drainage, immune surveillance, and lipid absorption. However, it can also contribute to pathological conditions such as cancer metastasis, inflammation, and fibrosis when it is dysregulated.

The process of lymphangiogenesis is regulated by a variety of growth factors, receptors, and signaling molecules, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, VEGF-D, and their receptor VEGFR-3, as well as other factors such as angiopoietins, integrins, and matrix metalloproteinases. Understanding the mechanisms of lymphangiogenesis has important implications for developing novel therapies for a range of diseases associated with abnormal lymphatic vessel growth and function.

Lymphedema is a chronic condition characterized by swelling in one or more parts of the body, usually an arm or leg, due to the accumulation of lymph fluid. This occurs when the lymphatic system is unable to properly drain the fluid, often as a result of damage or removal of lymph nodes, or because of a genetic abnormality that affects lymphatic vessel development.

The swelling can range from mild to severe and may cause discomfort, tightness, or a feeling of heaviness in the affected limb. In some cases, lymphedema can also lead to skin changes, recurrent infections, and reduced mobility. The condition is currently not curable but can be managed effectively with various treatments such as compression garments, manual lymphatic drainage, exercise, and skincare routines.

Lymph is a colorless, transparent fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system, which is a part of the immune and circulatory systems. It consists of white blood cells called lymphocytes, proteins, lipids, glucose, electrolytes, hormones, and waste products. Lymph plays an essential role in maintaining fluid balance, absorbing fats from the digestive tract, and defending the body against infection by transporting immune cells to various tissues and organs. It is collected from tissues through lymph capillaries and flows through increasingly larger lymphatic vessels, ultimately returning to the bloodstream via the subclavian veins in the chest region.

Lymphangioma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor or malformation that occurs due to the abnormal development of the lymphatic system, a part of the immune system that helps fight infection and eliminate waste products. Lymphangiomas are typically composed of dilated lymphatic vessels filled with clear fluid called lymph. These masses can occur in various parts of the body but are most commonly found in the head, neck, and axilla (armpit) regions.

There are three main types of lymphangiomas:

1. Capillary lymphangioma: Also known as "lymphangiectasia" or "lymphangiomatosis," this is the most superficial and least aggressive type, often presenting as small vesicles or blisters on the skin.
2. Cavernous lymphangioma: This type consists of larger, more dilated lymphatic spaces and can involve deeper tissues. It usually appears as a soft, compressible mass beneath the skin.
3. Cystic hygroma: A subtype of cavernous lymphangioma, cystic hygromas are typically found in the neck or axilla regions and present as large, fluid-filled sacs or cysts.

Lymphangiomas can cause various symptoms depending on their size and location, including swelling, pain, infection, difficulty swallowing, or breathing problems if they compress vital structures such as airways or blood vessels. Treatment options may include surgical excision, sclerotherapy (injection of a substance to shrink the lesion), or observation, depending on the individual case and patient's preferences.

Cystic lymphangioma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor that develops in the lymphatic system, which is a part of the immune system. It is typically present at birth or appears in early childhood. The tumor is caused by the abnormal development of lymphatic vessels, resulting in the formation of cystic spaces filled with lymph fluid.

Cystic lymphangioma can occur anywhere in the body but are most commonly found in the head and neck region, particularly in the tongue, mouth, and throat. They may also appear in the armpits or groin. The tumor usually grows slowly and can cause various symptoms depending on its location. For example, a cystic lymphangioma in the throat can cause difficulty breathing, swallowing, or speaking.

Treatment options for cystic lymphangioma include surgical removal of the tumor, sclerotherapy (injection of a solution that causes the cysts to harden and shrink), or observation if the tumor is not causing any symptoms. The choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the size and location of the tumor, as well as the patient's age and overall health.

Lymphatic abnormalities refer to conditions or defects that affect the lymphatic system, which is a part of the immune and circulatory systems. The lymphatic system includes a network of vessels, tissues, and organs that help rid the body of waste and toxins, fight infections, and maintain fluid balance.

Lymphatic abnormalities can occur due to genetic mutations, infections, inflammation, or cancer. These abnormalities may affect various components of the lymphatic system, including:

1. Lymph vessels: Abnormalities in lymph vessels can lead to a buildup of lymph fluid in certain parts of the body, causing swelling known as lymphedema.
2. Lymph nodes: Enlarged or abnormally shaped lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) may indicate an infection, inflammation, or cancer.
3. Spleen: An enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) can be a sign of various conditions, such as infections, blood disorders, or cancer.
4. Thymus: Abnormalities in the thymus gland, which is part of the immune system, can lead to immunodeficiency disorders.
5. Tonsils and adenoids: Enlarged tonsils and adenoids can cause breathing and swallowing difficulties, especially in children.
6. Aggregated lymphatic tissue: Abnormalities in aggregated lymphatic tissue, such as Peyer's patches in the small intestine or the appendix, can increase the risk of infections and autoimmune disorders.

Lymphatic abnormalities can present with various symptoms, including swelling, pain, recurrent infections, and fatigue. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may involve medications, surgery, or lifestyle changes.

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3 (VEGFR-3) is a type of receptor tyrosine kinase that is primarily expressed in lymphatic endothelial cells. It is a crucial regulator of lymphangiogenesis, which is the formation of new lymphatic vessels from pre-existing ones. VEGFR-3 binds to its ligands, including VEGF-C and VEGF-D, leading to the activation of downstream signaling pathways that promote cell survival, proliferation, migration, and differentiation of lymphatic endothelial cells.

VEGFR-3 also plays a role in angiogenesis, which is the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. However, its functions in angiogenesis are less well understood compared to its roles in lymphangiogenesis. Dysregulation of VEGFR-3 signaling has been implicated in various pathological conditions, including cancer, inflammation, and lymphatic disorders.

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C (VEGF-C) is a protein that belongs to the family of vascular endothelial growth factors. It plays a crucial role in angiogenesis, which is the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. Specifically, VEGF-C is a key regulator of lymphangiogenesis, which is the development of new lymphatic vessels.

VEGF-C stimulates the growth and proliferation of lymphatic endothelial cells, leading to an increase in the number and size of lymphatic vessels. This process is important for maintaining fluid balance in tissues and for the immune system's response to infection and inflammation.

Abnormal regulation of VEGF-C has been implicated in various diseases, including cancer, where it can promote tumor growth and metastasis by enhancing the formation of new blood vessels that supply nutrients and oxygen to the tumor. Inhibitors of VEGF-C have been developed as potential therapeutic agents for cancer treatment.

Lymphoscintigraphy is a medical imaging technique that uses radioactive tracers to examine the lymphatic system, specifically the lymph nodes and vessels. In this procedure, a small amount of radioactive material is injected into the area of interest, usually an extremity or the site of a surgical incision. The tracer then travels through the lymphatic channels and accumulates in the regional lymph nodes. A specialized camera called a gamma camera detects the radiation emitted by the tracer and creates images that reveal the function and anatomy of the lymphatic system.

Lymphoscintigraphy is often used to diagnose and assess conditions affecting the lymphatic system, such as lymphedema, cancer metastasis to lymph nodes, or unusual lymphatic flow patterns. It can help identify sentinel lymph nodes (the first node(s) to receive drainage from a tumor) in patients with melanoma and breast cancer, which is crucial for surgical planning and staging purposes.

In summary, lymphoscintigraphy is a non-invasive imaging technique that utilizes radioactive tracers to visualize the lymphatic system's structure and function, providing valuable information for diagnostic and therapeutic decision-making in various clinical scenarios.

Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped organs that are part of the immune system. They are found throughout the body, especially in the neck, armpits, groin, and abdomen. Lymph nodes filter lymph fluid, which carries waste and unwanted substances such as bacteria, viruses, and cancer cells. They contain white blood cells called lymphocytes that help fight infections and diseases by attacking and destroying the harmful substances found in the lymph fluid. When an infection or disease is present, lymph nodes may swell due to the increased number of immune cells and fluid accumulation as they work to fight off the invaders.

Lymphatic metastasis is the spread of cancer cells from a primary tumor to distant lymph nodes through the lymphatic system. It occurs when malignant cells break away from the original tumor, enter the lymphatic vessels, and travel to nearby or remote lymph nodes. Once there, these cancer cells can multiply and form new tumors, leading to further progression of the disease. Lymphatic metastasis is a common way for many types of cancer to spread and can have significant implications for prognosis and treatment strategies.

I believe there may be a slight confusion in your question. The "meat-packing industry" is not a term that has a medical definition, as it pertains to the industrial process and business practice of slaughtering animals, processing their carcasses into edible meats, and packaging them for distribution and sale to consumers.

However, if you are interested in occupational health or workplace safety aspects related to this industry, there are numerous medical and epidemiological studies that discuss the potential health risks and hazards faced by workers in meat-packing plants, such as exposure to infectious diseases, musculoskeletal injuries, and chemical hazards.

Lymphatic diseases refer to a group of conditions that affect the lymphatic system, which is an important part of the immune and circulatory systems. The lymphatic system consists of a network of vessels, organs, and tissues that help to transport lymph fluid throughout the body, fight infection, and remove waste products.

Lymphatic diseases can be caused by various factors, including genetics, infections, cancer, and autoimmune disorders. Some common types of lymphatic diseases include:

1. Lymphedema: A condition that causes swelling in the arms or legs due to a blockage or damage in the lymphatic vessels.
2. Lymphoma: A type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, including Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
3. Infections: Certain bacterial and viral infections can affect the lymphatic system, such as tuberculosis, cat-scratch disease, and HIV/AIDS.
4. Autoimmune disorders: Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and scleroderma can cause inflammation and damage to the lymphatic system.
5. Congenital abnormalities: Some people are born with abnormalities in their lymphatic system, such as malformations or missing lymph nodes.

Symptoms of lymphatic diseases may vary depending on the specific condition and its severity. Treatment options may include medication, physical therapy, surgery, or radiation therapy. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of a lymphatic disease, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes.

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D (VEGFD) is a protein that belongs to the family of vascular endothelial growth factors. It plays an essential role in the process of angiogenesis, which is the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. Specifically, VEGFD stimulates the growth and proliferation of lymphatic endothelial cells, thereby promoting the development and maintenance of the lymphatic system.

VEGFD binds to its specific receptor, VEGFR-3, which is primarily expressed on the surface of lymphatic endothelial cells. This binding triggers a cascade of intracellular signaling events that ultimately lead to the activation of various genes involved in cell proliferation, migration, and survival.

Dysregulation of VEGFD and its receptor has been implicated in several pathological conditions, including lymphatic malformations, cancer, and inflammatory diseases. In these contexts, the overexpression or aberrant activation of VEGFD can contribute to excessive angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis, leading to tissue edema, tumor growth, and metastasis. Therefore, targeting the VEGFD signaling pathway has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for various diseases.

Rosaniline dyes are a type of basic dye that were first synthesized in the late 19th century. They are named after rosaniline, which is a primary chemical used in their production. Rosaniline dyes are characterized by their ability to form complexes with metal ions, which can then bind to proteins and other biological molecules. This property makes them useful as histological stains, which are used to highlight specific structures or features within tissues and cells.

Rosaniline dyes include a range of different chemicals, such as methyl violet, crystal violet, and basic fuchsin. These dyes are often used in combination with other staining techniques to provide contrast and enhance the visibility of specific cellular components. For example, they may be used to stain nuclei, cytoplasm, or other structures within cells, allowing researchers and clinicians to visualize and analyze tissue samples more effectively.

It's worth noting that some rosaniline dyes have been found to have potential health hazards, particularly when used in certain forms or concentrations. Therefore, it's important to follow proper safety protocols when handling these chemicals and to use them only under the guidance of trained professionals.

Chylothorax is a medical condition characterized by the accumulation of lymphatic fluid called chyle in the pleural space, which is the space between the lungs and the chest wall. Chyle is a milky-white fluid that contains nutrients, electrolytes, and immune cells, and it is normally transported through the thoracic duct to the bloodstream.

Chylothorax can occur due to various reasons, such as trauma, surgery, tumors, or congenital abnormalities that disrupt the normal flow of chyle. As a result, chyle leaks into the pleural space, causing symptoms such as cough, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and fever.

The diagnosis of chylothorax is usually made through imaging studies such as chest X-ray or CT scan, and confirmed by analyzing the fluid for the presence of chylomicrons, which are lipid particles found in chyle. The treatment options for chylothorax include dietary modifications, such as a low-fat diet with medium-chain triglycerides, chest tube drainage, and surgical interventions such as thoracic duct ligation or pleurodesis.

Hepatitis B virus (Woodchuck) refers to the hepadnavirus that naturally infects North American woodchucks (Marmota monax). This virus is closely related to the human Hepatitis B virus (HBV), and it is used as a model for studying HBV infection and related liver diseases in woodchucks. The woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer in its natural host. The virus-host interactions and the disease progression in woodchucks closely mimic those observed in humans with HBV infection. Therefore, studies of WHV infection in woodchucks have contributed significantly to our understanding of HBV biology, host immune responses, and the development of novel therapies for HBV infection in humans.

Coloring agents, also known as food dyes or color additives, are substances that are added to foods, medications, and cosmetics to improve their appearance by giving them a specific color. These agents can be made from both synthetic and natural sources. They must be approved by regulatory agencies such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before they can be used in products intended for human consumption.

Coloring agents are used for various reasons, including:

* To replace color lost during food processing or preparation
* To make foods more visually appealing
* To help consumers easily identify certain types of food
* To indicate the flavor of a product (e.g., fruit-flavored candies)

It's important to note that while coloring agents can enhance the appearance of products, they do not affect their taste or nutritional value. Some people may have allergic reactions to certain coloring agents, so it's essential to check product labels if you have any known allergies. Additionally, excessive consumption of some synthetic coloring agents has been linked to health concerns, so moderation is key.

Indocyanine green (ICG) is a sterile, water-soluble, tricarbocyanine dye that is used as a diagnostic agent in medical imaging. It is primarily used in ophthalmology for fluorescein angiography to examine blood flow in the retina and choroid, and in cardiac surgery to assess cardiac output and perfusion. When injected into the body, ICG binds to plasma proteins and fluoresces when exposed to near-infrared light, allowing for visualization of various tissues and structures. It is excreted primarily by the liver and has a half-life of approximately 3-4 minutes in the bloodstream.

"Marmota" is a genus of large ground squirrels that are native to North America and Eurasia. These animals, also known as woodchucks or whistle pigs, are well-known for their ability to hibernate during the winter months. They typically live in burrows that they dig themselves, and their diet consists mainly of grasses, leaves, and shrubs. Marmotas are social creatures and often live in colonies with a dominant male and several females. While "Marmota" is a valid term in medical literature, it is more commonly found in the fields of biology and zoology rather than medicine.

Diagnostic imaging is a medical specialty that uses various technologies to produce visual representations of the internal structures and functioning of the body. These images are used to diagnose injury, disease, or other abnormalities and to monitor the effectiveness of treatment. Common modalities of diagnostic imaging include:

1. Radiography (X-ray): Uses ionizing radiation to produce detailed images of bones, teeth, and some organs.
2. Computed Tomography (CT) Scan: Combines X-ray technology with computer processing to create cross-sectional images of the body.
3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to generate detailed images of soft tissues, organs, and bones.
4. Ultrasound: Employs high-frequency sound waves to produce real-time images of internal structures, often used for obstetrics and gynecology.
5. Nuclear Medicine: Involves the administration of radioactive tracers to assess organ function or detect abnormalities within the body.
6. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan: Uses a small amount of radioactive material to produce detailed images of metabolic activity in the body, often used for cancer detection and monitoring treatment response.
7. Fluoroscopy: Utilizes continuous X-ray imaging to observe moving structures or processes within the body, such as swallowing studies or angiography.

Diagnostic imaging plays a crucial role in modern medicine, allowing healthcare providers to make informed decisions about patient care and treatment plans.

Elephantiasis, filarial is a medical condition characterized by the severe swelling of limbs or other parts of the body due to the blockage of lymphatic vessels by parasitic worms. It is caused by infection with threadlike nematode filarial worms, such as Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia timori. These worms are transmitted to humans through mosquito bites.

The blockage of lymphatic vessels leads to the accumulation of lymph fluid in the affected area, causing progressive swelling, thickening, and hardening of the skin and underlying tissues. In advanced cases, the skin may become rough, nodular, and fissured, resembling the hide of an elephant, hence the name "elephantiasis."

The condition is usually chronic and can cause significant disability and social stigma. While there is no cure for filarial elephantiasis, various treatments are available to alleviate symptoms, prevent transmission, and halt the progression of the disease. These include antibiotics to kill the worms, surgery to remove the lymphatic obstruction, and various supportive measures to manage the swelling and prevent secondary infections.

Endothelial cells are the type of cells that line the inner surface of blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and heart chambers. They play a crucial role in maintaining vascular homeostasis by controlling vasomotor tone, coagulation, platelet activation, and inflammation. Endothelial cells also regulate the transport of molecules between the blood and surrounding tissues, and contribute to the maintenance of the structural integrity of the vasculature. They are flat, elongated cells with a unique morphology that allows them to form a continuous, nonthrombogenic lining inside the vessels. Endothelial cells can be isolated from various tissues and cultured in vitro for research purposes.

Nanomedicine is a branch of medicine that utilizes nanotechnology, which deals with materials, devices, or systems at the nanometer scale (typically between 1-100 nm), to prevent and treat diseases. It involves the development of novel therapeutics, diagnostics, and medical devices that can interact with biological systems at the molecular level for improved detection, monitoring, and targeted treatment of various diseases and conditions.

Nanomedicine encompasses several areas, including:

1. Drug delivery: Nanocarriers such as liposomes, polymeric nanoparticles, dendrimers, and inorganic nanoparticles can be used to encapsulate drugs, enhancing their solubility, stability, and targeted delivery to specific cells or tissues, thereby reducing side effects.
2. Diagnostics: Nanoscale biosensors and imaging agents can provide early detection and monitoring of diseases with high sensitivity and specificity, enabling personalized medicine and improved patient outcomes.
3. Regenerative medicine: Nanomaterials can be used to create scaffolds and matrices for tissue engineering, promoting cell growth, differentiation, and vascularization in damaged or diseased tissues.
4. Gene therapy: Nanoparticles can be employed to deliver genetic material such as DNA, RNA, or gene-editing tools (e.g., CRISPR-Cas9) for the targeted correction of genetic disorders or cancer treatment.
5. Medical devices: Nanotechnology can improve the performance and functionality of medical devices by enhancing their biocompatibility, strength, and electrical conductivity, as well as incorporating sensing and drug delivery capabilities.

Overall, nanomedicine holds great promise for addressing unmet medical needs, improving diagnostic accuracy, and developing more effective therapies with reduced side effects. However, it also presents unique challenges related to safety, regulation, and scalability that must be addressed before widespread clinical adoption.

Nanostructures, in the context of medical and biomedical research, refer to materials or devices with structural features that have at least one dimension ranging between 1-100 nanometers (nm). At this size scale, the properties of these structures can differ significantly from bulk materials, exhibiting unique phenomena that are often influenced by quantum effects.

Nanostructures have attracted considerable interest in biomedicine due to their potential applications in various areas such as drug delivery, diagnostics, regenerative medicine, and tissue engineering. They can be fabricated from a wide range of materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, and carbon-based materials.

Some examples of nanostructures used in biomedicine include:

1. Nanoparticles: These are tiny particles with at least one dimension in the nanoscale range. They can be made from various materials like metals, polymers, or lipids and have applications in drug delivery, imaging, and diagnostics.
2. Quantum dots: These are semiconductor nanocrystals that exhibit unique optical properties due to quantum confinement effects. They are used as fluorescent labels for bioimaging and biosensing applications.
3. Carbon nanotubes: These are hollow, cylindrical structures made of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice. They have exceptional mechanical strength, electrical conductivity, and thermal stability, making them suitable for various biomedical applications such as drug delivery, tissue engineering, and biosensors.
4. Nanofibers: These are elongated nanostructures with high aspect ratios (length much greater than width). They can be fabricated from various materials like polymers, ceramics, or composites and have applications in tissue engineering, wound healing, and drug delivery.
5. Dendrimers: These are highly branched, nanoscale polymers with a well-defined structure and narrow size distribution. They can be used as drug carriers, gene delivery vehicles, and diagnostic agents.
6. Nanoshells: These are hollow, spherical nanoparticles consisting of a dielectric core covered by a thin metallic shell. They exhibit unique optical properties that make them suitable for applications such as photothermal therapy, biosensing, and imaging.

I apologize, but "sheep" is not a term that has a medical definition. It is a common animal with the scientific name Ovis aries. If you have any medical or health-related questions, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

Neoplasms are abnormal growths of cells or tissues in the body that serve no physiological function. They can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign neoplasms are typically slow growing and do not spread to other parts of the body, while malignant neoplasms are aggressive, invasive, and can metastasize to distant sites.

Neoplasms occur when there is a dysregulation in the normal process of cell division and differentiation, leading to uncontrolled growth and accumulation of cells. This can result from genetic mutations or other factors such as viral infections, environmental exposures, or hormonal imbalances.

Neoplasms can develop in any organ or tissue of the body and can cause various symptoms depending on their size, location, and type. Treatment options for neoplasms include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, among others.

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a technique used in pathology and laboratory medicine to identify specific proteins or antigens in tissue sections. It combines the principles of immunology and histology to detect the presence and location of these target molecules within cells and tissues. This technique utilizes antibodies that are specific to the protein or antigen of interest, which are then tagged with a detection system such as a chromogen or fluorophore. The stained tissue sections can be examined under a microscope, allowing for the visualization and analysis of the distribution and expression patterns of the target molecule in the context of the tissue architecture. Immunohistochemistry is widely used in diagnostic pathology to help identify various diseases, including cancer, infectious diseases, and immune-mediated disorders.

C57BL/6 (C57 Black 6) is an inbred strain of laboratory mouse that is widely used in biomedical research. The term "inbred" refers to a strain of animals where matings have been carried out between siblings or other closely related individuals for many generations, resulting in a population that is highly homozygous at most genetic loci.

The C57BL/6 strain was established in 1920 by crossing a female mouse from the dilute brown (DBA) strain with a male mouse from the black strain. The resulting offspring were then interbred for many generations to create the inbred C57BL/6 strain.

C57BL/6 mice are known for their robust health, longevity, and ease of handling, making them a popular choice for researchers. They have been used in a wide range of biomedical research areas, including studies of cancer, immunology, neuroscience, cardiovascular disease, and metabolism.

One of the most notable features of the C57BL/6 strain is its sensitivity to certain genetic modifications, such as the introduction of mutations that lead to obesity or impaired glucose tolerance. This has made it a valuable tool for studying the genetic basis of complex diseases and traits.

Overall, the C57BL/6 inbred mouse strain is an important model organism in biomedical research, providing a valuable resource for understanding the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying human health and disease.

Cell movement, also known as cell motility, refers to the ability of cells to move independently and change their location within tissue or inside the body. This process is essential for various biological functions, including embryonic development, wound healing, immune responses, and cancer metastasis.

There are several types of cell movement, including:

1. **Crawling or mesenchymal migration:** Cells move by extending and retracting protrusions called pseudopodia or filopodia, which contain actin filaments. This type of movement is common in fibroblasts, immune cells, and cancer cells during tissue invasion and metastasis.
2. **Amoeboid migration:** Cells move by changing their shape and squeezing through tight spaces without forming protrusions. This type of movement is often observed in white blood cells (leukocytes) as they migrate through the body to fight infections.
3. **Pseudopodial extension:** Cells extend pseudopodia, which are temporary cytoplasmic projections containing actin filaments. These protrusions help the cell explore its environment and move forward.
4. **Bacterial flagellar motion:** Bacteria use a whip-like structure called a flagellum to propel themselves through their environment. The rotation of the flagellum is driven by a molecular motor in the bacterial cell membrane.
5. **Ciliary and ependymal movement:** Ciliated cells, such as those lining the respiratory tract and fallopian tubes, have hair-like structures called cilia that beat in coordinated waves to move fluids or mucus across the cell surface.

Cell movement is regulated by a complex interplay of signaling pathways, cytoskeletal rearrangements, and adhesion molecules, which enable cells to respond to environmental cues and navigate through tissues.

Biological models, also known as physiological models or organismal models, are simplified representations of biological systems, processes, or mechanisms that are used to understand and explain the underlying principles and relationships. These models can be theoretical (conceptual or mathematical) or physical (such as anatomical models, cell cultures, or animal models). They are widely used in biomedical research to study various phenomena, including disease pathophysiology, drug action, and therapeutic interventions.

Examples of biological models include:

1. Mathematical models: These use mathematical equations and formulas to describe complex biological systems or processes, such as population dynamics, metabolic pathways, or gene regulation networks. They can help predict the behavior of these systems under different conditions and test hypotheses about their underlying mechanisms.
2. Cell cultures: These are collections of cells grown in a controlled environment, typically in a laboratory dish or flask. They can be used to study cellular processes, such as signal transduction, gene expression, or metabolism, and to test the effects of drugs or other treatments on these processes.
3. Animal models: These are living organisms, usually vertebrates like mice, rats, or non-human primates, that are used to study various aspects of human biology and disease. They can provide valuable insights into the pathophysiology of diseases, the mechanisms of drug action, and the safety and efficacy of new therapies.
4. Anatomical models: These are physical representations of biological structures or systems, such as plastic models of organs or tissues, that can be used for educational purposes or to plan surgical procedures. They can also serve as a basis for developing more sophisticated models, such as computer simulations or 3D-printed replicas.

Overall, biological models play a crucial role in advancing our understanding of biology and medicine, helping to identify new targets for therapeutic intervention, develop novel drugs and treatments, and improve human health.

Animal disease models are specialized animals, typically rodents such as mice or rats, that have been genetically engineered or exposed to certain conditions to develop symptoms and physiological changes similar to those seen in human diseases. These models are used in medical research to study the pathophysiology of diseases, identify potential therapeutic targets, test drug efficacy and safety, and understand disease mechanisms.

The genetic modifications can include knockout or knock-in mutations, transgenic expression of specific genes, or RNA interference techniques. The animals may also be exposed to environmental factors such as chemicals, radiation, or infectious agents to induce the disease state.

Examples of animal disease models include:

1. Mouse models of cancer: Genetically engineered mice that develop various types of tumors, allowing researchers to study cancer initiation, progression, and metastasis.
2. Alzheimer's disease models: Transgenic mice expressing mutant human genes associated with Alzheimer's disease, which exhibit amyloid plaque formation and cognitive decline.
3. Diabetes models: Obese and diabetic mouse strains like the NOD (non-obese diabetic) or db/db mice, used to study the development of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, respectively.
4. Cardiovascular disease models: Atherosclerosis-prone mice, such as ApoE-deficient or LDLR-deficient mice, that develop plaque buildup in their arteries when fed a high-fat diet.
5. Inflammatory bowel disease models: Mice with genetic mutations affecting intestinal barrier function and immune response, such as IL-10 knockout or SAMP1/YitFc mice, which develop colitis.

Animal disease models are essential tools in preclinical research, but it is important to recognize their limitations. Differences between species can affect the translatability of results from animal studies to human patients. Therefore, researchers must carefully consider the choice of model and interpret findings cautiously when applying them to human diseases.

Wuchereria bancrofti is a parasitic roundworm that causes lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. The worms infect the lymphatic system and can lead to chronic swelling of body parts such as the limbs, breasts, and genitals, as well as other symptoms including fever, chills, and skin rashes. Wuchereria bancrofti is a significant public health problem in many tropical and subtropical regions around the world.

The Wikibook Anatomy and Physiology of Animals has a page on the topic of: Lymphatic System Lymphatic System Lymphatic System ... The lymphatic system, or lymphoid system, is an organ system in vertebrates that is part of the immune system, and ... Unlike the circulatory system that is a closed system, the lymphatic system is open. The human circulatory system processes an ... The lymphatic system plays a major role in the body's immune system, as the primary site for cells relating to adaptive immune ...
It occurs as a result of the adult worms lodging in the lymphatic system and obstructing the flow of lymph. Different species ... The adult worms live in the human lymphatic system and obstruct the flow of lymph throughout the body; this results in chronic ... These worms damage the lymphatic system. The disease is diagnosed by microscopic examination of blood collected during the ... From there, the larvae enter the lymphatic vessels and develop into adults. The larvae take up residence in the lymphatic ...
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-374203-2.00125-1. ISBN 978-0-12-374203-2. Jackson MA, Day JC (2018-01-01). "Chapter 16: Lymphatic System ... The right lymphatic duct courses along the medial border of the anterior scalene at the root of the neck. The right lymphatic ... The right lymphatic duct is an important lymphatic vessel that drains the right upper quadrant of the body. It forms various ... Along with the thoracic duct, the right lymphatic duct is one of the lymphatic structures most likely to be ruptured in the ...
The meningeal lymphatic system is composed of a network of vessels along the dural sinus in the dura which express lymphatic ... The meningeal lymphatic vessels (or meningeal lymphatics) are a network of conventional lymphatic vessels located parallel to ... the meningeal lymphatics serve both the tissue drainage and immune cell trafficking functions of the lymphatic system. ... As a part of the lymphatic system, the meningeal lymphatics are responsible for draining immune cells, small molecules, and ...
Unlike the cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system is not closed and has no central pump. Lymph movement occurs despite low ... The lymphatic conducting system broadly consists of two types of channels-the initial lymphatics, the prelymphatics or lymph ... Lacteal Meningeal lymphatic vessels Lymphatic system Section across portal canal of pig. X 250. "19.2B: Distribution of ... As part of the lymphatic system, lymph vessels are complementary to the cardiovascular system. Lymph vessels are lined by ...
Lymphatic system, Pathology, Lymphatic pathology, Diseases of veins, lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes). ... Lymphatic disease is a class of disorders which directly affect the components of the lymphatic system. Examples include ... Diseases and disorder Hodgkin's Disease/Hodgkin's Lymphoma Hodgkin lymphoma This is a type of cancer of the lymphatic system. ... Lymphatic Diseases". "Lymphedema: Lymphatic Disorders: Merck Manual Home Edition". (Articles with short description, Short ...
Lymphatic system, Lymphatic tissue, All stub articles, Lymphatic system stubs). ... 2007). "Expression of lymphatic vascular endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1) in the human placenta". Lymphatic Research ... At this stage vascular and lymphatic endothelia were seen to be morphologically distinct and lymphatic vessels considered less ... Although lymphatics were first described by Hippocrates in 400BC and rediscovered as "milky veins in the gut of a well fed dog ...
Lymphatic system. Thymus and spleen are clearly visible. Cisterna chyli (arrow), adjacent to the azygous vein (curved arrow). ... Lymphatic system Schipper, Paul; Sukumar, Mithran; Mayberry, John C. (2008-01-01), Asensio, JUAN A.; Trunkey, DONALD D. (eds ... It is the most common drainage trunk of most of the body's lymphatics. The cisterna chyli is a retroperitoneal structure. In ... Lymphatics and Lymph Circulation: Physiology and Pathology. Elsevier Science. pp. 77-78. ISBN 978-1-4831-8597-2. Anatomy photo: ...
Immune system, Lymphatic system, Lymphatic tissue, Lymphatics of the head and neck, Tonsil disorders). ... "The Lymphatic System". act.downstate.edu. Archived from the original on 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2017-01-29. Shahid S. "Tonsils". ... As mucosal lymphatic tissue of the aerodigestive tract, the palatine tonsils are viewed in some classifications as belonging to ... Kato A, Hulse KE, Tan BK, Schleimer RP (April 2013). "B-lymphocyte lineage cells and the respiratory system". The Journal of ...
Endocrine system, Lymphoid organ, Lymphatic system, Skeletal system, Stem cells). ... Furthermore, bone marrow performs a valve-like function to prevent the backflow of lymphatic fluid in the lymphatic system.[ ... The Lymphatic System. Allonhealth.com. Retrieved 5 December 2011. Fabricant, Florence. "Begging for Bones: A New Craving for ... The red bone marrow is a key element of the lymphatic system, being one of the primary lymphoid organs that generate ...
5. The Lymphatics of the Lower Extremity, Gray, Henry (1918) Anatomy of the Human Body "VIII. The Lymphatic System. 5. The ... squeezing lymph out of the leg via the lymphatic vessels. When the muscle relaxes, valves in the vessels shut preventing the ... Lymphatics of the Lower Extremity. Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body". Jarvis, C. (2004). Physical Examination and ...
Lymphatic system The mouth cavity. The cheeks have been slit transversely and the tongue pulled forward. Throat after ... The cytokine network represents a very sophisticated and versatile regulatory system that is essential to the immune system for ... It could also be an effect of ontogeny of the immune system. The pathogenesis of infectious/inflammatory disease in the tonsils ... Through the capsule pass trabecules that contain small blood vessels, nerves and lymphatic vessels. These trabecules divide the ...
Filariasis Lymphatic system Liu, Yi; Zeng, Rui (2020), Wan, Xue-Hong; Zeng, Rui (eds.), "Physical Examination of Anus, Rectum ... Mammal male reproductive system, All stub articles, Disease stubs, Genitourinary system stubs). ... Chyloderma is swelling of the scrotum resulting from chronic lymphatic obstruction. Obstruction may be caused by a nematode ...
In vertebrates, the lymphatic system is complementary to the circulatory system. The lymphatic system carries excess plasma ( ... the lymphatic system is an open system. Some sources describe it as a secondary circulatory system. The circulatory system can ... The lymphatic system is an essential subsystem of the circulatory system consisting of a network of lymphatic vessels, lymph ... The most primitive, diploblastic animal phyla lack circulatory systems. An additional transport system, the lymphatic system, ...
Cardiovascular system and lymphatic vessels. Disorders of horses. Chronic progressive lymphedema in draft horses". In Zachary, ... The cause of CPL is not known, although it is suspected that a genetic disorder of elastin metabolism prevents the lymphatic ...
The pertinent nasal lymphatic system arises from the superficial mucosa, and drains posteriorly to the retropharyngeal nodes ( ... the nasal lymphatic system; E. the facial and nasal nerves; F. the nasal bone; and G. the nasal cartilages. Nasal skin - Like ... and caused by circulatory and nervous system disorders. Autoimmune system diseases Bites - animal and human Burns - caused by ... The GSP nerve joins the deep petrosal nerve (of the sympathetic nervous system), derived from the carotid plexus, to form the ...
The lungs are supplied with the largest lymphatic drainage system of any other organ in the body. Each lung is surrounded by a ... ISBN 978-0-443-06850-8. "The Lymphatic System - Human Anatomy". Retrieved 8 September 2017. Saladin, Kenneth S. (2011). Human ... The lungs are supplied by nerves of the autonomic nervous system. Input from the parasympathetic nervous system occurs via the ... Dr D.R. Johnson: Introductory anatomy, respiratory system, leeds.ac.uk Franlink Institute Online: The Respiratory System, sln. ...
In 1932, at a time when the lymphatic system was poorly understood, they began to develop light rhythmic hand movements hoping ... Manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) is a type of massage based on the hypothesis that it will encourage the natural drainage of the ... Manual lymphatic drainage was pioneered by the Danish doctors Emil Vodder and Estrid Vodder in the 1930s for the treatment of ... The lymph system depends on intrinsic contractions of the smooth muscle cells in the walls of lymph vessels (peristalsis) and ...
... is the larger of the two lymph ducts of the lymphatic system (the other being the right lymphatic duct). The thoracic duct ... Lymph duct Lymphatic system Schuenke, Michael; Schulte, Erik; Schumacher, Udo; Ross, Lawrence M.; Lamperti, Edward D.; Voll, ... These are drained by the right lymphatic duct. The lymph transport, in the thoracic duct, is mainly caused by the action of ... In human anatomy, the thoracic duct (also known as the left lymphatic duct, alimentary duct, chyliferous duct, and Van Hoorne's ...
The lymphatic system begins to develop. Main development of sex organs starts. Gestational age: 8 weeks and 0 days until 8 ... The nervous system develops enough to control some body functions. The eyelids open and close. The cochleae are now developed, ... The respiratory system, while immature, has developed to the point where gas exchange is possible. Gestational age: 30 weeks ... The following table summarizes the various expression systems during week number x of gestation. Gestational age: 2 weeks and 0 ...
A glymphatic system has been described as the lymphatic drainage system of the brain. The brain-wide glymphatic pathway ... Sun, BL; Wang, LH; Yang, T; Sun, JY; Mao, LL; Yang, MF; Yuan, H; Colvin, RA; Yang, XY (April 2018). "Lymphatic drainage system ... Iliff, JJ; Nedergaard, M (June 2013). "Is there a cerebral lymphatic system?". Stroke. 44 (6 Suppl 1): S93-5. doi:10.1161/ ... The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system ...
Lymphomas begin in the lymphatic system. Germ cell tumors usually begin in the ovaries and testes. In patients in whom the ... or because it has regressed due to immune system activity or other factors. In such situations a diagnosis of cancer of unknown ...
The lymphatic system drains this excess.[citation needed] J. Rodney Levick argues in his textbook that the interstitial force ... The remainder of the lymphatic fluid is rich in proteins and other large molecules and rejoins the blood stream via the ... and the fluid is returned to the circulation via afferent and efferent lymphatics.[citation needed] The Starling equation can ... Breathing and the Nervous System", Aminoff's Neurology and General Medicine (Fifth Edition), Boston: Academic Press, pp. 3-23, ...
Guyton, Arthur C.; Hall, John Edward (2006). "The Microcirculation and the Lymphatic System". Textbook of Medical Physiology ( ... Lymphatic capillaries are slightly larger in diameter than blood capillaries, and have closed ends (unlike the blood ... A capillary is a small blood vessel, from 5 to 10 micrometres in diameter, and is part of the microcirculation system. ... Those with few vesicles, which are primarily found in the central nervous system. These capillaries are a constituent of the ...
... was an Italian physician noted for the discovery of the lacteal vessels of the lymphatic system. Aselli discovered (or ... "Study of the Thoracico-abdominal Lymphatic System". Archives of Surgery. 93 (3): 371-376. doi:10.1001/archsurg. ... Four Centuries From the Discovery of Lymphatic System". The American Surgeon. 89 (6): 2325-2328. doi:10.1177/00031348221096573 ... Fulton, John Farquhar (1938). "The Early History of the Lymphatics". Bulletin of the Hennepin County Medical Society. 9: 5. ...
"Cardiovascular Circulatory And Lymphatic Systems: Early Development". LifeMap. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. ... Blood islands are structures around the developing embryo which lead to many different parts of the circulatory system. Blood ... Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Embryology of cardiovascular system, Articles containing ...
Immune system, Lymphatic system, Lymphatics of the torso, Lymphoid organ, Organs (anatomy)). ... Like the thymus, the spleen possesses only efferent lymphatic vessels. The spleen is part of the lymphatic system. Both the ... "Spleen and Lymphatic System" Archived 2009-03-13 at the Wayback Machine, Kidshealth.org (American Academy of Family Physicians ... The spleen is a center of activity of the mononuclear phagocyte system and is analogous to a large lymph node, as its absence ...
... history of the brain lymphatic system' in Nature Medicine. 2014 Included in Wired magazine list of 'promising Italians under 35 ... history of the brain lymphatic system". Nature. 25 (2): 538-540. doi:10.1038/s41591-019-0417-3. PMID 30948855. S2CID 96434900 ... the world's largest organization of scientists and physicians devoted to understanding the brain and the nervous system'. In ...
... it is the surgery of the lymphatic system."[citation needed] The better-known examples of lymphadenectomy are axillary lymph ... Extensive resection of lymphatic tissue can lead to the formation of a lymphocele.[citation needed] It is uncertain whether ...
These channels are the lymphatic channels, or simply lymphatics. Unlike the cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system is not ... Lymph (from Latin, lympha, meaning "water") is the fluid that flows through the lymphatic system, a system composed of lymph ... In some amphibian and reptilian species, the lymphatic system has central pumps, called lymph hearts, which typically exist in ... Fluid Physiology: 2.1 Fluid Compartments "The Lymphatic System". Human Anatomy (Gray's Anatomy). Retrieved 12 October 2012. ...
The Wikibook Anatomy and Physiology of Animals has a page on the topic of: Lymphatic System Lymphatic System Lymphatic System ... The lymphatic system, or lymphoid system, is an organ system in vertebrates that is part of the immune system, and ... Unlike the circulatory system that is a closed system, the lymphatic system is open. The human circulatory system processes an ... The lymphatic system plays a major role in the bodys immune system, as the primary site for cells relating to adaptive immune ...
The lymphatic system is an extensive drainage network that helps keep bodily fluid levels in balance and defends the body ... What Does the Lymphatic System Do?. One of the lymphatic systems major jobs is to collect extra lymph fluid from body tissues ... The spleen is part of the lymphatic system, which is an extensive drainage network. The lymphatic (lim-FAT-ik) system works to ... The lymphatic system is a network of very small tubes (or vessels) that drain lymph fluid from all over the body. The major ...
NOTE: Considering the function of the lymphatic system as a drainage system, the lymph nodes also swell - without cell ... The lymphatic system consists of lymph vessels, lymph nodes, and lymphatic organs such as the spleen. Working in conjunction ... The lymphatic system is also wrongly believed to be a passageway for "metastasizing cancer cells" (see GNM Article "Questioning ... The spleen is a specialized lymph node and therefore an important part of the lymphatic system. Its main function is to filter ...
The lymph system transports blood through the body. ...
Blog posts : "lymphatic system" 11 Ways to Boost Your Lymphatic System for Great Health September 25, 2013. ... The lymphatic system, or lymph system as it is also called, is a system made up of glands, lymph nodes, the spleen, thymus ... Tags lymph lymphatic system lymphatic drainage lymph drainage lymph detox detox cleansing detoxification lymphatic ...
Skin is congested, the right operation of the lymphatic system is secured and thus toxins are removed from the body. The most ... A lymphatic system massage purifies the body from toxic substances that stay in the body as a consequence of an unhealthy ... Mechanical lymphatic system massage of lower or upper limbs. A lymphatic system massage purifies the body from toxic substances ... Skin is congested, the right operation of the lymphatic system is secured and thus toxins are removed from the body. ...
Discover the role and function of the right subclavian trunk in lymphatic drainage of the bodys right side. ... The right lymphatic duct returns lymph to the venous system via the right brachiocephalic vein, at the junction between the ... However, the right lymphatic trunk is a highly variable structure, where it may not receive one of the trunks named above. ... Additionally, it is normal for the right lymphatic trunk not to form at all, and the terminals of the right bronchomediastinal ...
Lymphatic system problems include lymphedema and swollen glands. Learn more. ... Lymphatic diseases can affect your lymph, lymph vessels, or lymph nodes. ... Lymphatic System (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish * Overview of the Lymphatic System (Merck & Co., Inc.) Also ... Introduction to the Lymphatic System (National Cancer Institute) * Lymphatic System (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) Also in ...
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Nate Sleger discuss lymphatic system health . What is the lymphatic system? How to identify signs of lymphatic damage plus more ... System EducationLymphatic System HealthMagic BarclayTechniques for Lymphatic CareThe body aquarium lymphatic mojoThe Lymphatic ... What Makes Your Lymphatic System So Important, And How Can You Care For It?. The lymphatic system is one of the most ... Lymphatic System Health. Lymphatic System Health: Why you need to love your lymph. In this Interview on the Begin Within ...
... is a cystic lymphatic lesion that can affect any anatomic subsite in the human body. It usually affects the head and neck (~75 ... Lymphangiomas are benign malformations of the lymphatic system. [1] These were first described by Redenbacker in 1828. ... encoded search term (Lymphatic Malformation (Cystic Hygroma)) and Lymphatic Malformation (Cystic Hygroma) What to Read Next on ... Failure of these tissues to communicate with the lymphatic or venous system ...
Download free lymphatic photos and vectors. Thousands of free images, photos and vectors. ... 3d rendered medically accurate illustration of the lymphatic system of the neck ... 3d art illustration of lymphatic system of female front side kidney view ... Human lungs respiratory system healthy lungs light in the form of a tree line art drawing by hand medicine ...
"50 Ways To Detoxify The Lymphatic System" http://www.soreadyforhealth.com/ebook/ If youd like me to help you with your ... LIST OF HERBS FOR LYMPHATIC DETOX: (Herbs are powerful and can be dangerous if taken in excess. Always consult a healthcare ... amzn.to/1JBmRoC Soft Lymphatic Dry Brush http://amzn.to/1KK0Qb4 YOUTUBE VIDEO FOR LYMPHATIC MASSAGE: For the head, neck, sinus ...
Unlocking the Brains Lymphatic System: The Next Frontier in Supermicrosurgery with Dr. Wei F. Chen. ... The Lymphedema Patient Roundtable was bursting with "lymphatic gratitude" this month as the regular panel was joined by special ... Wei F. Chen expands on findings about lymphatic dysfunctions of the brain, including groundbreaking revelations that could lead ...
You can help sinus infections with lymphatic system detoxification. ... New Era Of The Lymphatic System For Health - December 16, 2019 * Podcast 148 Help Autoimmune Diseases with Lymphatic System ... Join Our FREE Lymphatic System Health Mastery Facebook™ Group. Help Most Health Problems With REAL Science of the Lymphatic ... Protected: Lose Weight & Reboot Your Health With The Lymphatic System PDF * Protected: A Recording of a Distance Lymphatic ...
Lymphatic vessels, These vessels are everywhere throughout the whole body, ordinarily near the skin. ... What Is the Lymphatic System? The lymphatic framework incorporates organs and tissues that assistance dispense with waste items ... Step by step instructions to Boost the Immune System by Activating the Lymphatic System ... The lymphatic framework underpins each framework in the body including the stomach related framework, sensory system, and ...
How does space travel affect the lymphatic and venous systems? Space Forum Dinner discusses the implications of weightlessness ... A particular area of concern is the effect of space travel on the lymphatic system. Lymphatic function is important in the ... In our "1G" environment on Earth, lymphatic system dysfunction or failure can cause a buildup of protein rich fluids resulting ... On the evening of October 8, 2021, a visionary and thought leading group of ~60 of the worlds leading vascular, lymphatic and ...
The lymphatic system is unique, in that it is a 1-way system that returns lymph fluid via vessels to the cardiovascular system ... The lymphatic system parallels the cardiovascular system (see the images below). ... The lymphatic system parallels the cardiovascular system (see the images below). The lymphatic system is unique, in that it is ... encoded search term (Lymphatic System Anatomy) and Lymphatic System Anatomy What to Read Next on Medscape ...
The lymphatic system is unique, in that it is a 1-way system that returns lymph fluid via vessels to the cardiovascular system ... The lymphatic system parallels the cardiovascular system (see the images below). ... The lymphatic system parallels the cardiovascular system (see the images below). The lymphatic system is unique, in that it is ... encoded search term (Lymphatic System Anatomy) and Lymphatic System Anatomy What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Get or read online The Lymphatic System In Colorectal Cancer books ... FREE DOWNLOAD The Lymphatic System In Colorectal Cancer book in PDF, EPUB and Kindle format. ... The Lymphatic System in Colorectal Cancer by Wim Ceelen. The Lymphatic System in Colorectal Cancer: Basic Concepts, Pathology, ... The Lymphatic System in Colorectal Cancer by Wim Ceelen Book PDF Summary. The Lymphatic System in Colorectal Cancer: Basic ...
Improve Circulation to the Lymphatic System with Whole Body Vibration. "WBV Machines reduces lymph edema by improving ... "The benefits of vibration exercise, particularly to the lymphatic system, have been enjoyed by people from several cultures ... circulation to the lymphatic system, thereby helping remove waste and bacteria from the system more effectively than passive ...
Heather Hettrick explains the science behind edema and what happens when your lymphatic system is affected by injury.  ... lymphatic and integumentary systems What happens when the human bodys waste and drainage system doesnt work as it should? In ... Marcelo Ruettimann Liberato de Moura explain the science behind edema and what happens when your lymphatic system is affected ... Appreciate the relationship between the integument and AVL (arterial, venous, lymphatic) system with respect to edema formation ...
The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs that help rid the body of toxins, waste and other unwanted materials. ... What is lymph fluid and the lymphatic system?. Lymph is a clear-to-white fluid made of white blood cells, especially ... How does Lymph Fluid Balance Oil help your lymphatic system?. Posted February 11, 2020. by The Therapeutic Alternative ... The primary function of the lymphatic system is to transport lymph, a fluid containing infection-fighting white blood cells, ...
Overview of the Lymphatic System - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the MSD Manuals - Medical ... The lymphatic system is part of your immune system Overview of the Immune System The immune system is your bodys defense ... What is the lymphatic system? The lymphatic system is a network of lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes that carry fluid called ... What is the immune system? The immune system Overview of the Immune System The immune system is your bodys defense system. It ...
Correcting Lymphatic System Issues through Chiropractic. Like so many of the systems in your body, the lymphatic system can ... The Lymphatic System. The lymphatic system consists of a network of vessels that travel throughout your body, a lot like your ... part of what is known as the lymphatic system. This system is a major part of your immune system and needs to be kept in good ... Electro-Lymphatic Drainage. Some chiropractic clinics utilize a tool to encourage your lymphatic system to cleanse and detoxify ...
The most underrated purifying system in the human body is the Lymphatic System, an integral part of the immune system. It is a ... The lymphatic system moves approximately 45 percent of the waste through the body as it helps drain debris from 17 glands and ... Improved Breast Awareness Through Wellness Education: The Lymphatic Drainage System. Posted on Aug 29, 2015 in FOCUS ON THE ... The lymph system is completely independent from the blood system and its capillaries. Blood moves quickly through capillaries, ...
Many people turn to supplements and medications to boost their immunity, but did you know that lymphatic massage can also help? ... 2. Lymphatic Massage Helps Remove Toxins. By improving the function of the lymphatic system, lymphatic massage helps remove ... 1. Lymphatic Massage Stimulates the Immune System. Lymphatic massage helps stimulate the immune system by increasing the ... By improving the function of the lymphatic system, lymphatic massage can help boost your immune system. In this blog post, ...
Melissa Gallagher, Naturopathic Physician, gives overview of all the different organs & ways your lymph system supports you. ... Your Lymphatic System Helps Your Immune System Fight Invaders. The lymphatic system also is a huge part of your immune system. ... So, the lymphatic system has lymph vessels, very similar to your capillaries or your vascular vessels, but the lymphatic system ... And so overall, your lymphatic system is part of your capacity, your bodys own innate system to identify foreign invaders, and ...
Researchers have identified a molecule that ties lipedema to other lymphatic diseases, such as lymphedema, and distinguishes it ... who researches the lymphatic system, they found that platelet factor, a small protein, 4 is a biomarker for lymphatic-promoted ... As his hunt for treatments progressed, it led him on a lifelong journey to understand the lymphatic system. He has long ... who has been treating patients with the disorder and studying the lymphatic system for almost three decades. "This is a disease ...
  • The right lymphatic duct drains the right side of the region and the much larger left lymphatic duct, known as the thoracic duct, drains the left side of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The right subclavian trunk may join with the bronchomediastinal and jugular trunks, thus, forming the right lymphatic duct. (elsevier.com)
  • The right lymphatic duct returns lymph to the venous system via the right brachiocephalic vein, at the junction between the internal jugular and subclavian veins. (elsevier.com)
  • The lymphatic vessels grow progressively larger and form 2 lymphatic ducts: the right lymphatic duct, which drains the upper right quadrant, and the thoracic duct, which drains the remaining lymphatic tributaries. (medscape.com)
  • It consists of a large network of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, lymphoid organs, lymphoid tissues and lymph. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lymphatic system consists of a conducting network of lymphatic vessels, lymphoid organs, lymphoid tissues, and the circulating lymph. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lymphatic system is a network of lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes that carry fluid called lymph. (msdmanuals.com)
  • One of the lymphatic system's major jobs is to collect extra lymph fluid from body tissues and return it to the blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • In contrast, sleeping on your right side can decrease the lymphatic system's efficiency. (lifehack.org)
  • You have lymph vessels and lymph nodes that are connected to your lymphatic piping system, the lymph nodes are full of bacteria to break down these acids (act as septic tanks) and the lymph capillaries and vessels are the piping system just like the piping system in your house. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • The adult filarial worms primarily reside in the lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes. (who.int)
  • The fluid bathes the tissues as interstitial fluid, collecting waste products, bacteria, and damaged cells, and then drains as lymph into the lymphatic capillaries and lymphatic vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the lymphatic system didn't drain the excess fluid, the lymph fluid would build up in the body's tissues, making them swell. (kidshealth.org)
  • Lymphatic system consists of lymphatic vessels, lymphatic organs, and lymphatic tissues. (hindawi.com)
  • Working in conjunction with the circulatory system, the lymph vessels branch like the blood vessels into all tissues of the body. (learninggnm.com)
  • The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The Lymphatic System or Immune System is a network of tissues, vessels, and organs that work together to move a colourless, watery fluid called lymph back into our circulatory system. (dreamlandpublications.com)
  • Unlike the heart, the lymphatic system does not have a pump to push it around the body, so the lymph [a clear fluid that moves through your body's arteries and tissues to clean them, before draining them through the lymphatic system] relies primarily on our body's muscle action and movement to maintain its fluid movement. (essentialhealthsa.com)
  • It Also Works With The Circulatory System To Help Deliver Nutrients, Oxygen, And Hormones From The Blood To The Cells (Which Make Up The Tissues Of The Body). (commonsenseherbs.com)
  • They have the ability to target other tissues and organs throughout the body, spread and infect, grow and further divide making it impossible for the body's defense systems to remove the cancer. (mirrorathlete.org)
  • The lymphatic framework incorporates organs and tissues that assistance dispense with waste items, poisons, malignant growth cells, and different substances. (burari.in)
  • Lymphatic vessels are tiny tubes that carry lymph from your tissues to lymph nodes and then from the lymph nodes back into your blood vessels. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Lymphatic vessels are pathways made from lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) that resemble blood vessels in structure. (hindawi.com)
  • Unlike blood vessels, lymphatic vessels discharge excess interstitial fluid (ISF), which enters the terminal lymphatic vessels to form lymphatic fluid, which passes through the lymph nodes and returns to venous circulation [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • To date, most imaging methods can only measure blood or lymphatic vessels separately, such as dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI for blood vessels and DSC MRI-in-the-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (cDSC MRI) for lymphatic vessels. (lu.se)
  • Signal changes from small blood vessels occurred faster than from lymphatic vessels after intravenous Gd injection. (lu.se)
  • What Are the Spleen and Lymphatic System? (kidshealth.org)
  • The spleen is part of the lymphatic system , which is an extensive drainage network. (kidshealth.org)
  • The lymphatic system consists of lymph vessels, lymph nodes, and lymphatic organs such as the spleen . (learninggnm.com)
  • The lymphatic system, or lymph system as it is also called, is a system made up of glands, lymph nodes, the spleen, thymus gland, and tonsils. (drmichellecook.com)
  • Geneva -- Egypt becomes the first country in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the latest in the world to eliminate lymphatic filariasis (LF) as a public health problem. (who.int)
  • Egypt's struggle to overcome lymphatic filariasis (also known as elephantiasis) is perhaps one of the oldest in the history of public health, with field activities going back to the early 20th century. (who.int)
  • In November 2017, WHO recommended IDA1 (combination of ivermectin, DEC and albendazole) - an alternative three drug regimen to accelerate the global elimination of lymphatic filariasis. (who.int)
  • Lymphatic filariasis (LF), commonly known as elephantiasis, is a painful and profoundly disfiguring disease. (who.int)
  • In endemic countries, lymphatic filariasis has a major social and economic impact. (who.int)
  • Efforts to control lymphatic filariasis include mosquito control, mass drug administration to reduce transmission and treatment of individual cases. (who.int)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and other global health bodies have initiated programs aimed at eliminating lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem. (who.int)
  • Second, the glymphatic system was discovered, composed of para-arterial CSF influx channel, paravenous interstitial fluid (ISF) efflux channel, and the water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4) in astrocytes connecting the 2 channels. (hindawi.com)
  • Acids are obstructing the human organism and it's the largest system that must deal with these acids but this system must eliminate these metabolic waste or they settle in tissue (interstitial spaces) and dysfunction occurs in the human body. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • Robert Morse ND calls this interstitial lymphatic constipation or systemic acidosis and he is 100% correct because that's what it is. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • These interstitial spaces are all filled with fluids: part blood, part lymphatic fluid. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • As the interstitial fluid accumulates, it is picked up and removed by lymphatic vessels that pass through lymph nodes, which return the fluid to the venous system. (medscape.com)
  • Blind-ended lymphatic capillaries arise within interstitial spaces of cells near arterioles and venules. (medscape.com)
  • The lymphatic system, or lymphoid system, is an organ system in vertebrates that is part of the immune system, and complementary to the circulatory system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike the circulatory system that is a closed system, the lymphatic system is open. (wikipedia.org)
  • The human circulatory system processes an average of 20 litres of blood per day through capillary filtration, which removes plasma from the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the bone marrow, B cells immediately join the circulatory system and travel to secondary lymphoid organs in search of pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lymphatic system is an organ system that is part of the circulatory system and the immune system. (essentialhealthsa.com)
  • Regardless of metastasis the immune-lymph and circulatory blood systems go into overdrive to kill and remove the intruder cancer cell. (mirrorathlete.org)
  • Lymphatic capillaries are blind-ended tubes with thin endothelial walls (only a single cell in thickness). (medscape.com)
  • These structures express all of the molecular hallmarks of lymphatic endothelial cells, are able to carry both fluid and immune cells from the cerebrospinal fluid, and are connected to the deep cervical lymph nodes. (comecollaboration.org)
  • After passing through the lymphatic ducts, the lymph is returned to the bloodstream and excreted through the kidneys . (learninggnm.com)
  • They're also found along the lymphatic pathways in the chest, abdomen, and pelvis, where they filter the blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • A lymphatic system massage purifies the body from toxic substances that stay in the body as a consequence of an unhealthy lifestyle. (therme.sk)
  • At Essential Health we use a Lymphatic Drainage Vacuum Suction Massage which is an electrical method for lymphatic drainage. (essentialhealthsa.com)
  • Lymphatic Drainage Vacuum Suction Massage can increase lymph flow 10 to 20 times. (essentialhealthsa.com)
  • https://www.patreon.com/nabilinho PRODUCT LINKS: Raw Apple Cider Vinegar (With Mother) http://amzn.to/1JBmRoC Soft Lymphatic Dry Brush http://amzn.to/1KK0Qb4 YOUTUBE VIDEO FOR LYMPHATIC MASSAGE: For the head, neck, sinus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QA-wi0d7-Ro For the arm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PmHuanqbAQ LIST OF HERBS FOR LYMPHATIC DETOX: (Herbs are powerful and can be dangerous if taken in excess. (klatter.com)
  • Bone marrow is responsible for both the creation of T cell precursors and the production and maturation of B cells, which are important cell types of the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lymphatic/Immune System' - this wall chart includes detailed images of the immune system with all important information in an easy-to-read and simple-to-understand text. (dreamlandpublications.com)
  • The Lymphatic System or Immune System educational wall chart is ideal for all science enthusiasts and students of elementary grades. (dreamlandpublications.com)
  • The Lymphatic System can be considered the body's cleansing system and the main part of its Immune System. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • When all you have to do is empty the trash on the bodies sewer system and the immune system will be strong. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • The Lymphatic System Aids The Immune System By Removing: Excess Fluid, Waste, Debris, Pathogens, Dead Blood Cells, Abnormal Cells, And Other Toxins From Cells And The Tissue Spaces Between Them. (commonsenseherbs.com)
  • Garlic Also Has Antioxidant Properties That Boost The Immune System. (commonsenseherbs.com)
  • Lymphatic function is important in the maintenance of normal tissue fluid volume, but it is not clear how microgravity influences lymphatic pumping (lymphangion contractility) and the potential impact upon associated immune function. (koyamedical.com)
  • Overview of the Immune System The immune system is your body's defense system. (msdmanuals.com)
  • What is the immune system? (msdmanuals.com)
  • Although it is now accepted that the central nervous system undergoes constant immune surveillance that takes place within the meningeal compartment, the mechanisms governing the entrance and exit of immune cells from the central nervous system remain poorly understood. (comecollaboration.org)
  • MAI is an opportunistic pathogen that usually causes disease in the weakened immune system. (medscape.com)
  • Chronic inflammation caused by the immune response can lead to the thickening of the walls of the lymphatic vessels and reduced lymphatic flow. (who.int)
  • Other lymphatic system problems can include infections, blockage, and cancer . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Learn How to Gently Detox and Maintain Your Lymphatic System to Help Overcome an Illness, Help Prevent Disease or to Have Vibrant Life. (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • The lymphatic system collects excess fluid that drains from cells and tissue throughout your body and returns it to your bloodstream, which is then recirculated through your body. (essentialhealthsa.com)
  • In the first, trypanosomes multiply in the bloodstream and lymphatic system. (who.int)
  • The diet you are designed to eat will naturally clean this system and clean the eliminative organs to drain it! (thalassanutrition.com)
  • The lymphatic system is unique, in that it is a 1-way system that returns lymph fluid via vessels to the cardiovascular system for eventual elimination of toxic byproducts by end organs, such as the kidney, liver, colon, skin, and lungs. (medscape.com)
  • If you don't know the purpose of the lymphatic system and how that deals with the state of human health and how to regenerate the body from a state of dis-ease to a state of health and vitality then you will always be in a state of uncertainty and you will never know the causative factors to dysfunction and atrophy to cells an tissue in the human body. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • The blood system doesn't hold the acid chemistry that damages cells, tissue, nerve in the body. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • Go after your lymphatic system by cleaning this system so acids come out and tissue and cells regenerate. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • Tonsils, adenoids, reference section, and Peyer's patches (found in the digestion tracts) - These are lymphatic tissue with the fundamental occupation of ensuring against bacterial disease. (burari.in)
  • This book details the anatomy and physiology of the lymphovascular system as well as describes the mechanisms of metastasis. (harperandharley.org)
  • You can help sinus infections with lymphatic system detoxification. (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • Whether you see a therapist for lymphatic sessions or learn how to self-drain your lymphatic system, manually improving the lymphatic system is powerful in its ability to improve lymph flow, circulation and natural detoxification to reduce inflammation. (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • The Lymphedema Patient Roundtable was bursting with "lymphatic gratitude" this month as the regular panel was joined by special guest Jasmine Zheng, MD, CLT, FAAPMR. (lymphapress.com)
  • DENVER--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Koya Medical , a transformative healthcare company focused on developing breakthrough treatments for lymphedema and venous diseases, and Essity, a leading global hygiene and health company that has as history of supporting space travel through the manufacturing of compression suits for astronauts, are sponsoring a forum to highlight the importance of venous and lymphatic health for space travel. (koyamedical.com)
  • In our "1G" environment on Earth, lymphatic system dysfunction or failure can cause a buildup of protein rich fluids resulting in uncomfortable swelling in arms, legs, and other regions of the body called lymphedema [3]. (koyamedical.com)
  • Lymphedema is commonly caused by cancer and treatment for cancer due to damage of the lymph system from the tumor itself, radiation treatment, or the surgical removal of lymph nodes. (koyamedical.com)
  • On the evening of October 8, 2021, a visionary and thought leading group of ~60 of the world's leading vascular, lymphatic and venous physicians, therapists and researchers will gather at the Colorado Air and Space Port to discuss opportunities to ensure there are supports in place to help facilitate space travel and further the efforts of terra firma lymphedema education and patient care. (koyamedical.com)
  • Elevating" the topic to involve the lymphatic dysfunction associated with space travel may help improve these shortcomings. (koyamedical.com)
  • Nevertheless, the molecular pathogenesis, dynamics and prognostic significance of lymphatic spread remain poorly understood. (harperandharley.org)
  • A lymphatic drainage treatment can help get the lymph flowing, help the body get rid of excess weight and give a fresher appearance with unclogged pores and less puffy looking skin. (essentialhealthsa.com)
  • Therefore, it is involved in the incidence and development of some central nervous system (CNS) diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • Recent studies have found that the ocular lymphatic system has a crucial impact on bounding eye diseases, like disorders of the optic nerve and retina. (hindawi.com)
  • We also discuss the biomarkers for identification of lymphatic vessels, the composition of ocular lymphatic systems, and the possible association with diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • Growing studies have instructed that the brain lymphatic system plays a crucial role within the CSF circulation and participates in the occurrence and development of some central nervous system (CNS) diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • Recent studies have suggested that the lymphatic system also plays an important role in the removal of metabolites from the optic nerve and retina, suggesting that it may be involved in the occurrence and development of the optic nerve and retinal diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • Besides, the composition of ocular lymphatic systems and its association with ocular diseases are also discussed. (hindawi.com)
  • Recent changes in human demographics and food preferences, changes in food production and distribution systems, microbial adaptation, and lack of support for public health resources and infrastructure have led to the emergence of novel as well as traditional foodborne diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • When lymphatic vessels are injured, lymphatic backflow is blocked, the body compensates inadequately, and edema is formed [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Like veins, lymphatic vessels have 1-way valves to prevent any backflow (see the image below). (medscape.com)
  • One of the characteristics of the central nervous system is the lack of a classical lymphatic drainage system. (comecollaboration.org)
  • What happens when the human body's waste and drainage system doesn't work as it should? (molnlycke.in)
  • The lymphatic (lim-FAT-ik) system works to keep body fluid levels in balance and to defend the body against infections. (kidshealth.org)
  • The lymphatic system is a network of very small tubes (or vessels) that drain lymph fluid from all over the body. (kidshealth.org)
  • The lymphatic system also helps defend the body against germs (viruses, bacteria, and fungi) that can cause illnesses. (kidshealth.org)
  • Equal to the peristaltic motion of the intestinal muscles that move food along the intestinal canal, the smooth muscles of the lymph vessel wall move the lymphatic fluid to the lymph nodes located throughout the body. (learninggnm.com)
  • Skin is congested, the right operation of the lymphatic system is secured and thus toxins are removed from the body. (therme.sk)
  • The lymphatic system clears away infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The lymphatic system is one of the most misunderstood and underappreciated systems in the body. (wholisticnaturalhealth.com.au)
  • The largest fluid based system in the human body is being ignored and it's the very system that must be acknowledged because it's the system that deals with all the cellular waste, chemical waste, and acid waste from the chemistry that is being consumed. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • The lymphatic system is a lipid-based system to buffer acids while the body uses the skin and kidneys to remove the acids. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • The lymphatic system is overflowing with waste because the chemistry that is consumed is creating a cationic environment in the body (systemic dehydration) mucus, acids, microbial waste, parasitic waste, janitorial bacterial waste and the like are saturating this giant fluid based system and the skin kidneys and adrenals are becoming damaged by these acids and not being filtered out of the body. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • If you don't empty your septic tank then it will damage every room in your "house" (body) medical doctors are focusing on the kitchen (blood system) do you poop in your kitchen! (thalassanutrition.com)
  • The body is just a bunch of cells and 2 major fluids blood and lymph and the nervous system that controls mobility function. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • Some of these wastes can also be foreign proteins and harmful chemicals that have entered the body through the digestive tract (small bowels), lungs, or skin, and carried by the blood and dumped into the Lymphatic System for removal. (thalassanutrition.com)
  • We Have Approximately 45 Pints Of Lymphatic Fluid In Our Body. (commonsenseherbs.com)
  • Lymphatic vessels - These vessels are everywhere throughout the whole body, ordinarily near the skin. (burari.in)
  • The lymphatic framework works by moving liquid (called lymph or lymph liquid) around the body. (burari.in)
  • The lymphatic framework underpins each framework in the body including the stomach related framework, sensory system, and respiratory framework. (burari.in)
  • The insusceptible framework - The lymphatic framework creates, stores, and brings white platelets through the body in the lymph liquid. (burari.in)
  • The lymphatic framework is in charge of moving white platelets through the body. (burari.in)
  • Actuating the lymphatic framework can help move the lymph liquid through the body so white platelets and other safe cells can carry out their responsibility. (burari.in)
  • According to Ayurvedic medicine, sleeping on your left side allows your body to better filter lymph fluid and waste via the lymph nodes as the left side of our body is the dominant lymphatic side. (lifehack.org)
  • You have lymphatic vessels all around your body. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Once inside the human body, the larvae develop into adult worms in the lymphatic system. (who.int)
  • Yarrow Is A Great Herb Used To Help Stop Excessive Bleeding, Especially From The Respiratory System. (commonsenseherbs.com)
  • Lymphatic spread is one of the hallmarks of locally advanced colorectal cancer that adversely affects prognosis. (harperandharley.org)
  • Swollen Lymph Nodes Lymph nodes are part of your lymphatic system, which helps fight infection and cancer. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Additionally, it is normal for the right lymphatic trunk not to form at all, and the terminals of the right bronchomediastinal, jugular, and subclavian trunks end directly in the venous system (Földi et al. (elsevier.com)
  • 1 Chylothorax occurs when the flow of chyle is increased ( e.g. increased hepatic production of lymph) or when entrance of chyle into the venous system is impeded ( e.g. increased venous pressures or obstruction of the lymphaticovenous junction). (ivis.org)
  • Space Forum Dinner participant Frank Aviles, PT, CWS, FACCWS, CLT-LANA, ALM, AWCC, DAPWCA, Wound Care Service Line Director for Natchitoches Regional Medical Center said, "This will be an exciting meeting of experts to collectively share and expand vascular and lymphatic knowledge to impact the safety of future space travel. (koyamedical.com)
  • Many clients with chronic sinusitis benefit from learning how to improve their lymph flow by balancing their pH and manually draining their lymphatic system. (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • First, meningeal lymphatic vessels (MLV) were found in the dural sinus, which may absorb and drain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). (hindawi.com)
  • In searching for T-cell gateways into and out of the meninges, we discovered functional lymphatic vessels lining the dural sinuses. (comecollaboration.org)
  • Their presence can cause damage and obstruction in the lymphatic system. (who.int)
  • You could read this book directly on your devices with pdf, epub and kindle format, check detail and related The Lymphatic System in Colorectal Cancer books below. (harperandharley.org)
  • The Lymphatic System in Colorectal Cancer: Basic Concepts, Pathology, Imaging, and Treatment Perspectives provides an in-depth overview on the role of the lymphatic system in the pathogenesis and treatment of colorectal cancer. (harperandharley.org)
  • This is the first book to provide a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to the lymphatic system in colorectal cancer, with topics ranging from cancer biology and mathematical modeling to surgical approaches and novel imaging techniques. (harperandharley.org)
  • Lymphangiogenesis and Cancer Metastasis introduces the new field of lymphatic vessel growth and development, and its relationship to the metastatic spread of cancer cells. (harperandharley.org)
  • A lymphatic drainage treatment can help with weight loss and general health. (essentialhealthsa.com)
  • In this Interview on the Begin Within podcast Magic Barclay and Nate Sleger discuss lymphatic system health. (wholisticnaturalhealth.com.au)
  • If you would like to know more about how you can improve your lymphatic system health you have come to the right place as we specialise in lymphatics. (wholisticnaturalhealth.com.au)
  • There are lots of ways to improve lymphatic system health. (wholisticnaturalhealth.com.au)
  • Lymphatic drainage has many benefits and it is something that everyone should consider learning if your really serious about improving your overall health. (wholisticnaturalhealth.com.au)
  • This System Must Do The Right Job All The Time, And Common Sense™ "Lymphatic Health" Has The Awesome Job Of Helping The Lymphatic System Do Just That! (commonsenseherbs.com)
  • John Ossipinsky is the developer of LymphPractic, a Lymphatic System Health Coach, and author of An Undetected Acid-Alkaline Imbalance. (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • He has been studying and working with the lymphatic system to help most health problems for over 25 years. (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • John believes maintaining their lymphatic system can help most health problems. (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • Gain more control over your health by learning more about maintaining your lymphatic system. (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • Help Most Health Problems With REAL Science of the Lymphatic System! (ossipinskyhealthacademy.com)
  • Lymphocytes - These are a kind of white platelet and the primary cells of the lymphatic framework. (burari.in)
  • Lymph is a clear fluid carried by the lymphatic vessels back to the heart for re-circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accumulating evidence demonstrates that the lymphatic system of the brain plays a vital role within the circulation of CSF and, therefore, in the removal of metabolites. (hindawi.com)