Lymphocoele and localized lymphoedema of the penis. (1/44)Six patients with lymphocoele or sclerosing lymphangitis of the penis attended the Department of Venereology, Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, during a 9-month period. Clinical details of these patients are given and the aetiology of the condition is discussed. (+info)
Diagnostic approach to lymph node enlargement. (2/44)BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: How to reach the correct diagnosis of a lymph node enlargement is still a problem which strongly challenges the knowledge and experience of the clinician. Organized and specifically oriented literature on the right sequential steps and the logical criteria that should guide this diagnostic approach is still lacking. METHODS: The authors have tried to exploit available knowledge and their personal experience by correlating a large body of information regarding size, physical characteristics, anatomical location of enlarged lymph nodes, and the possible epidemiological, environmental, occupational and clinical categorization of this condition. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: It was intended that such material would have constituted the basis of a hypothetic decision-making tree, but this was impossible because of the lack of epidemiological investigation and registry data. Nevertheless, we present this preparatory work here in order to stimulate the interest of concerned readers and because of its possible direct usefulness in hematologic practice. (+info)
Pulmonary lymphangitis carcinomatosa and acute pancreatitis: a rare presentation of choledochal cyst. (3/44)Pulmonary lymphangitis carcinomatosa is an unusual cause of death in a young adult. This case describes an apparently healthy young woman who presented with severe acute pancreatitis, which is a recognized complication of a choledochal cyst. Autopsy examination revealed advanced malignancy with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma penetrating the wall of the choledochal cyst and metastatic adenocarcinoma in the lymph nodes, lungs and kidneys. This case emphasises the unusual presentation of a choledochal cyst with acute pancreatitis and the aggressive nature of malignancy associated with this congenital anomaly. (+info)
Pulmonary lymphangitic sarcomatosis from cutaneous angiosarcoma: an unusual presentation of diffuse interstitial lung disease. (4/44)Pulmonary lymphangitic sarcomatosis (PLS) is not much recognized clinically although it shows similar pathological patterns and diagnostic features to pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis (PLC). We report a case with hand angiosarcoma whose chest X-ray findings revealed a diffuse interstitial pattern consistent with lymphangitic spreading. The final diagnosis was made by open lung biopsy. The clinical, diagnostic and pathological features of this disease process are reviewed. (+info)
Rickettsia mongolotimonae: a rare pathogen in France. (5/44)We report a second case of laboratory-confirmed infection caused by Rickettsia mongolotimonae in Marseille, France. This rickettsiosis may represent a new clinical entity; moreover, its geographic distribution may be broader than previously documented. This pathogen should be systematically considered in the differential diagnosis of atypical rickettsioses, especially rashless fevers with lymphangitis and lymphadenopathy, in southern France and perhaps elsewhere. (+info)
Sporotrichoid lymphangitis due to group A Streptococcus. (6/44)We describe what is, to our knowledge, the first case of sporotrichoid lymphangitis caused solely by group A Streptococcus in an otherwise healthy patient. Infection with pyogenic pathogens, such as streptococci and staphylococci, as well as with the most common causes of sporotrichoid lymphangitis (i.e., Sporothrix schenkii, Nocardia brasiliensis, Mycobacterium marinum, and Leishmania species) should be considered in differential diagnosis for some patients. (+info)
Carcinomatous lymphangitis mimicking pulmonary thromboembolism. (7/44)A 41-year-old woman was admitted with rapidly worsening dyspnea. Echocardiography disclosed interventricular septal flattening and a markedly decreased left ventricle, although left ventricular contraction remained normal. Computed tomography of the chest demonstrated slightly dilated main pulmonary arteries and fine reticulonodular densities in the lung. Examination of a transbronchial lung biopsy specimen revealed carcinomatous lymphangitis, and the patient died 7 days after admission. The clinical presentation of this patient was difficult to discriminate from that seen with pulmonary thromboembolism. (+info)
Efficacy and sustainability of a footcare programme in preventing acute attacks of adenolymphangitis in Brugian filariasis. (8/44)Lymphatic filariasis is associated with considerable disability related to the intensity and frequency of acute adenolymphangitis (ADL) attacks. The global programme for elimination of lymphatic filariasis emphasizes the need to combine transmission control with alleviation of disability. Footcare aimed at the prevention of secondary bacterial infections is the mainstay of disability alleviation programmes. We evaluated the efficacy and sustainability of an unsupervised, personal footcare programme by examining and interviewing 127 patients who had previously participated in a trial that assessed the efficacy of diethylcarbamazine, penicillin and footcare in the prevention of ADL. During the trial period these patients had been educated in footcare and were supervised. During the unsupervised period, which lasted 1 year or longer, 47 patients developed no ADL, and ADL occurred less frequently in 72.5%. Most patients were practising footcare as originally advised, unsupervised and without cost, which proves that such a programme is sustainable and effective. (+info)
Lymphangitis is a medical condition characterized by the inflammation and infection of the lymphatic vessels, which are the tubular structures that transport lymph fluid from various tissues to the bloodstream. This condition typically occurs as a complication of a bacterial or fungal skin infection that spreads to the nearby lymphatic vessels.
The inflammation in lymphangitis can cause symptoms such as red streaks along the affected lymphatic vessels, swelling, warmth, and pain. Fever, chills, and fatigue may also accompany these localized symptoms. In severe cases, lymphangitis can lead to more widespread infection, sepsis, or abscess formation if left untreated.
The diagnosis of lymphangitis typically involves a physical examination and laboratory tests such as blood cultures or skin lesion cultures to identify the causative organism. Treatment usually consists of antibiotics or antifungal medications to eradicate the infection, along with supportive care such as warm compresses, elevation, and pain management. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to drain any abscesses that have formed.
Typhlitis is not a common term in general medicine, but it is used in the field of pediatric oncology. It's also known as neutropenic enterocolitis. Here's the medical definition:
Typhlitis is an inflammatory condition that primarily affects the cecum, a pouch-like structure connecting the large and small intestines. It's characterized by infection and inflammation of the cecum, often seen in immunocompromised individuals, particularly children undergoing chemotherapy for cancer. The condition can also involve other parts of the intestine. It's a serious and potentially life-threatening complication due to the risk of sepsis and intestinal perforation.
Erysipelas is a skin infection characterized by the rapid onset of sharply demarcated, raised, and indurated (hardened) red plaques or patches with surrounding edema (swelling). It is typically caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria (\*Streptococcus pyogenes*). The infection involves the upper dermis and superficial lymphatics, resulting in painful, tender, warm, and erythematous (red) lesions. Erysipelas can also present with fever, chills, malaise, and generalized fatigue. Common sites for this infection include the face and lower extremities. Treatment usually involves antibiotics to eliminate the bacterial infection and supportive care to manage symptoms. If left untreated, erysipelas can lead to severe complications such as sepsis or necrotizing fasciitis.
Vulvar diseases refer to a range of medical conditions that affect the vulva, which is the external female genital area including the mons pubis, labia majora and minora, clitoris, and the vaginal opening. These conditions can cause various symptoms such as itching, burning, pain, soreness, irritation, or abnormal growths or lesions. Some common vulvar diseases include:
1. Vulvitis: inflammation of the vulva that can be caused by infection, allergies, or irritants.
2. Lichen sclerosus: a chronic skin condition that causes thin, white patches on the vulva.
3. Lichen planus: an inflammatory condition that affects the skin and mucous membranes, including the vulva.
4. Vulvar cancer: a rare type of cancer that develops in the tissues of the vulva.
5. Genital warts: caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, these are small growths or bumps on the vulva.
6. Pudendal neuralgia: a nerve condition that causes pain in the vulvar area.
7. Vestibulodynia: pain or discomfort in the vestibule, the area surrounding the vaginal opening.
It is important to consult a healthcare professional if experiencing any symptoms related to vulvar diseases for proper diagnosis and treatment.
'Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis' is a gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, diphtheroid bacterium that is the causative agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) in sheep and goats. It can also cause chronic, granulomatous infections in other animals, including horses, cattle, and humans. The bacteria are typically transmitted through contact with infected animals or contaminated environmental sources, such as soil or water. Infection can lead to the formation of abscesses in the lymph nodes, particularly in the head and neck region, as well as other organs.
In humans, 'Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis' infection is rare but can cause a variety of clinical manifestations, including chronic lymphadenitis, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, and septicemia. The disease is often referred to as "pseudotuberculosis" or "pigeon breast" in humans, due to the characteristic swelling of the chest that can occur with infection.
Diagnosis of 'Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis' infection typically involves the isolation and identification of the bacteria from clinical samples, such as pus or tissue biopsies. Treatment may involve surgical drainage of abscesses, along with antibiotic therapy. The choice of antibiotics depends on the severity and location of the infection, as well as the susceptibility of the bacterial strain.
Rhabdomyolysis is a medical condition characterized by the breakdown and degeneration of skeletal muscle fibers, leading to the release of their intracellular contents into the bloodstream. This can result in various complications, including electrolyte imbalances, kidney injury or failure, and potentially life-threatening conditions if not promptly diagnosed and treated.
The process of rhabdomyolysis typically involves three key components:
1. Muscle injury: Direct trauma, excessive exertion, prolonged immobilization, infections, metabolic disorders, toxins, or medications can cause muscle damage, leading to the release of intracellular components into the bloodstream.
2. Release of muscle contents: When muscle fibers break down, they release various substances, such as myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aldolase, and potassium ions. Myoglobin is a protein that can cause kidney damage when present in high concentrations in the bloodstream, particularly when it is filtered through the kidneys and deposits in the renal tubules.
3. Systemic effects: The release of muscle contents into the bloodstream can lead to various systemic complications, such as electrolyte imbalances (particularly hyperkalemia), acidosis, hypocalcemia, and kidney injury or failure due to myoglobin-induced tubular damage.
Symptoms of rhabdomyolysis can vary widely depending on the severity and extent of muscle damage but may include muscle pain, weakness, swelling, stiffness, dark urine, and tea-colored or cola-colored urine due to myoglobinuria. In severe cases, patients may experience symptoms related to kidney failure, such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and decreased urine output.
Diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis typically involves measuring blood levels of muscle enzymes (such as CK and LDH) and evaluating renal function through blood tests and urinalysis. Treatment generally focuses on addressing the underlying cause of muscle damage, maintaining fluid balance, correcting electrolyte imbalances, and preventing or managing kidney injury.
Glanders is a rare and serious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia mallei. It primarily affects horses, donkeys, and mules, but can also infect humans who come into contact with infected animals or contaminated materials. The disease is characterized by the formation of multiple abscesses in various organs, particularly the lungs, liver, spleen, and skin. In humans, glanders can cause fever, cough, chest pain, muscle aches, and pustules on the skin. It is a highly infectious disease and can be fatal if not treated promptly with appropriate antibiotics. Historically, it has been a concern in military settings due to its potential use as a biological weapon.
Royal Anthem (horse)
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Elmer Ernest Southard
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High-resolution computed tomography
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- Lymphangitis is an inflammation or an infection of the lymphatic channels that occurs as a result of infection at a site distal to the channel. (wikipedia.org)
- Equine lymphangitis is an inflammation or swelling associated with impairment of the lymphatic system , particularly in a limb, in horses . (wikipedia.org)
- Lymphadenitis is sometimes accompanied by lymphangitis , which is the inflammation of the lymphatic vessels that connect the lymph nodes. (yourdictionary.com)
- He had inflammation on the right forearm suggestive of lymphangitis and an eschar with surrounding edema and erythema on the dorsal lower right forearm ( Figure ). (cdc.gov)
- Analgesics can help to control pain in patients with lymphangitis, and anti-inflammatory medications can help to reduce inflammation and swelling. (medscape.com)
- Cutaneous lymphangitis-inflammation of the skin's lymphatic vessels-is fairly uncommon in horses, does not exhibit age, sex, or breed predilections. (uky.edu)
- Lymphangitis is inflammation or irritation of lymphatic channels and lymph nodes connected to it. (buddymd.com)
- Inflammation of lymphatic vessels (lymphangitis) is usually caused by a variety of bacterial or parasitic infections. (atlasofscience.org)
- Lymphadenitis and lymphangitis. (medlineplus.gov)
Nodular lymphangitis caused2
- citation needed] Chronic lymphangitis is a cutaneous condition that is the result of recurrent bouts of acute bacterial lymphangitis. (wikipedia.org)
- In addition, individuals with diabetes, immunodeficiency, varicella, chronic steroid use, or other systemic illnesses have increased risk of developing serious or rapidly spreading lymphangitis. (medscape.com)
- Cutaneous lymphangitis can become chronic if left untreated or if treatment is ineffective. (uky.edu)
- There are other conditions that can mimic DVT such as muscle strain or muscle tear, immobilization that led to leg swelling, lymphedema , lymphangitis , chronic venous insufficiency , or cellulitis . (wikidoc.org)
- Chronic persistent lymphedema may lead to recurrent streptococcal lymphangitis, which can also be the predisposing factor [ 2 , 3 , 4 ]. (cdlib.org)
- In the previous reports of abdominal ENV, it was hypothesized that the massiveness of the panniculus caused increased interstitial and intravascular pressure predisposing the patients to chronic low-grade cellulitis and lymphangitis [ 5 , 6 ]. (cdlib.org)
- She nursed me through viral pneumonia, staphylococcal lymphangitis, numerous respiratory illnesses, and took me to the emergency room for stitches more times than I dare to say. (forbes.com)
- This article refers mainly to sporadic lymphangitis . (wikipedia.org)
- Sporadic lymphangitis, also known as "Monday morning leg," can also result in swollen distal hindlimbs. (uky.edu)
- The cause of sporadic lymphangitis in horses is not well understood, but luckily the condition typically resolves after exercise. (uky.edu)
- Ulcerative lymphangitis is referred to in passing, as it is managed in a similar manner. (wikipedia.org)
- Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis has been cultured from some cases (particularly of ulcerative lymphangitis, but in others, a bacterial culture is negative. (wikipedia.org)
- In ulcerative lymphangitis, intravenous iodine salts may also be used, and abscesses should be poulticed or lanced. (wikipedia.org)
- Infection of the lymphatic system develops following contamination of skin wounds by various bacteria, most commonly Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (the causative agent of ulcerative lymphangitis/pigeon fever). (uky.edu)
- Acute lymphangitis follows cutaneous injury or infection and presents as a tender red streak ascending the arm or leg from a site of injury. (dermis.net)
- Clinically, cutaneous lymphangitis in horses can manifest as a swollen limb, skin abnormalities characterized as multiple skin nodules that can abscess or develop draining tracts, and/or lameness. (uky.edu)
- Cutaneous lymphangitis typically affects the distal (lower) portion of a single hind limb, between the hock and hoof. (uky.edu)
- Infectious cutaneous lymphangitis in horses has traditionally been associated with poor hygiene and insect transmission of microorganisms. (uky.edu)
- Treatment of infectious cutaneous lymphangitis in horses includes appropriate antimicrobials, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hydrotherapy, and surgical fluid drainage. (uky.edu)
- This emphasizes the importance of rapid diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous lymphangitis. (uky.edu)
- Cutaneous lymphangitis is occasionally diagnosed at the University of Kentucky Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. (uky.edu)
- Although no specific data regarding sex-related demographics are available for lymphangitis, two thirds of patients with cellulitis (a complication of lymphangitis occurring in the absence of appropriate antimicrobial therapy) are reported to be male. (medscape.com)
- Staphylococcus aureus can also cause lymphangitis, although the disorder is more likely to occur in patients with cellulitis due to GABHS than in those with cellulitis resulting from S aureus . (medscape.com)
- Cellulitis can spread in the skin and involve the lymphatic system causing lymphangitis . (yourdictionary.com)
- Rarely, cellulitis with suppuration, necrosis, and ulceration develops along the involved lymph channels as a consequence of primary lymphangitis. (msdmanuals.com)
- Cellulitis may involve tender, erythematous, nonraised skin lesions on the lower extremity that may or may not be accompanied by lymphangitis. (medscape.com)
- Malaise, tenderness at the site of infection, skin ulcers (a rare symptom of lymphangitis), rapid pulse, and enlarged, swollen, and tender lymph nodes are also seen. (wikipedia.org)
- Lymphangitis is an infection of the lymph vessels (channels). (medlineplus.gov)
- Lymphangitis most often results from an acute streptococcal infection of the skin. (medlineplus.gov)
- Lymphangitis may be a sign that a skin or soft tissue infection is getting worse. (medlineplus.gov)
- We report a case of Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimoniae strain infection associated with lymphangitis ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- Lymphangitis is acute bacterial infection (usually streptococcal) of peripheral lymphatic channels. (msdmanuals.com)
- Additionally, pathogenic fungi such as Sporothrix spp (the cause of sporothricosis) or Histoplasma farciminosum (the cause of epizootic lymphangitis ) also have been associated with lymphatic system infection. (uky.edu)
- Bas was diagnosed with lymphangitis, a serious infection which can cause permanent damage to a horse's limbs. (thebrooke.org)
- Lymphangitis is another skin condition that involves an infection that takes hold in the lymph vessels themselves. (lymphedemaproducts.com)
- Sclerosing lymphangitis of the penis is a condition related to vigorous sexual activity, manifesting as an asymptomatic firm cord -like swelling around the coronal sulcus of the penis. (escholarship.org)
- Sclerosing lymphangitis: penis A dermal cord on the distal shaft parallel to the corona. (mhmedical.com)
- Liver abscess from a necropsy specimen of a horse with lymphangitis. (merckvetmanual.com)
- If the lymphatic vessels are also infected, in a condition referred to as lymphangitis , there will be red streaks extending from the wound in the direction of the lymph nodes, throbbing pain, and high fever and/or chills. (yourdictionary.com)
- Nonvenereal sclerosing lymphangitis, penile venereal edema, and Mondor phlebitis. (mhmedical.com)
- It may be taken at first for almost any fever, particularly typhoid, or for venereal disease or lymphangitis . (yourdictionary.com)
- After treatment with topical bacitracin, floxacillin, and acetaminophen for 2 days, fever (38.7°C) continued with lymphangitis extending from the right wrist to the elbow. (cdc.gov)
- citation needed] Infectious lymphangitis should be differentiated from other conditions such as superficial thrombophlebitis (swelling is local to the affected vein), cat scratch (swellings feels hard to the touch), acute streptococcal hemolytic gangrene and necrotizing fasciitis (infected area crackles to the touch and the patient looks very ill). Both drug and non-drug based treatment options are available to treat with lymphanginitis. (wikipedia.org)
- Lymphangitis suggests a group A streptococcal etiology. (medscape.com)
- Contact your provider or go to the emergency room if you have symptoms of lymphangitis. (medlineplus.gov)
- Trypanosomal chancre on shoulder with lymphangitis toward axilla. (medscape.com)
- Lymphangitis extending from the right forearm to the axilla and (inset) eschar on right forearm, caused by Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae strain. (cdc.gov)
- Three days later a rash developed on the trunk and arms, and lymphangitis extended to the axilla. (cdc.gov)
- A literature review by Cohen et al indicated that nonbacterial etiologies of lymphangitis with lymphangitic streaking include viral and fungal infections, insect and spider bites, and noninfectious, iatrogenic causes, with the latter reportedly including treatment with bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine, purified protein derivative placement, and topical treatment of verrucae vulgaris with cantharidin. (medscape.com)
- 3. Presence of visceral crisis, lymphangitis carcinomatosis, or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. (who.int)
- [ 3 ] Lieberman et al reported a case of viral lymphangitis associated with palmar herpetic whitlow in a child. (medscape.com)
- Marque M, Girard C, Guillot B, Bessis D. Superficial lymphangitis after arthropod bite: a distinctive but underrecognized entity? (medscape.com)
- Lymphangitis due to insect sting. (medscape.com)
- Lymphangitis caused by GABHS can rapidly progress and has been associated with serious complications. (medscape.com)
- Nodular lymphangitis is a distinct clinical entity, separate from lymphangitis. (medscape.com)
- The condition you have is medically called lymphangitis. (buddymd.com)