NebraskaNeuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery: A series of tests designed to assess neuropsychological function. The battery is used to diagnose specific cerebral dysfunction and also to determine lateralization.Executive Function: A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Trail Making Test: The subject's ability to connect 25 numbered and lettered circles in sequence in a specific length of time. A score of 12 or below is suggestive of organic brain damage.Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Mental Status Schedule: Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.Memory Disorders: Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.Mild Cognitive Impairment: A prodromal phase of cognitive decline that may precede the emergence of ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementias. It may include impairment of cognition, such as impairments in language, visuospatial awareness, ATTENTION and MEMORY.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Neuropsychology: A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Cimicidae: A family of wingless, blood-sucking insects of the suborder HETEROPTERA, including the bedbugs and related forms. Cimex (BEDBUGS), Heamatosiphon, and Oeciacus are medically important genera. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Swallows: The family Hirundinidae, comprised of small BIRDS that hunt flying INSECTS while in sustained flight.KansasMissions and Missionaries: To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Factor Analysis, Statistical: A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.South DakotaAgrochemicals: Chemicals used in agriculture. These include pesticides, fumigants, fertilizers, plant hormones, steroids, antibiotics, mycotoxins, etc.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Catalogs, LibraryPrivacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)TexasHippocratic Oath: An oath, attributed to Hippocrates, that serves as an ethical guide for the medical profession.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Methylphenidate: A central nervous system stimulant used most commonly in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER in children and for NARCOLEPSY. Its mechanisms appear to be similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The d-isomer of this drug is referred to as DEXMETHYLPHENIDATE HYDROCHLORIDE.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.

Does carotid endarterectomy improve cognitive functioning? (1/9)

BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) might improve cognitive functioning, but studies thus far have produced mixed results. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of CEA on cognitive functions in a methodologically more strict design, first by testing the presumption of preoperative cognitive impairment and second through a better control for the possible influence of the nonspecific effects of practice and surgery. METHODS: Preoperative performance on a neuropsychologic test battery of 56 patients with severe occlusive disease of the carotid artery but without history of major stroke was compared with the performance of 46 healthy control subjects and 23 patients before endarterectomy of the superficial femoral artery (remote endarterectomy). The degree of cognitive change in the 2 patient groups was compared at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. We assessed mood to control for possible momentary affective influences on cognition. RESULTS: Before CEA, patients showed reduced functioning compared with that seen in healthy control subjects in terms of attention, verbal and visual memory, planning of motor behavior, psychomotor skills, and executive function. Performance of patients before remote endarterectomy was reduced as well. Improvements in several cognitive functions were observed after both types of surgical interventions and were attributed to psychologic relief from uncomplicated surgery and to practice. CONCLUSIONS: No specific restorative effect of CEA on cognitive functioning was observed. The preoperative impairment in several cognitive domains might be caused by factors that patients with various types of vascular disease might have in common, such as small-vessel disease or other undetected abnormalities within the brain.  (+info)

Immediate reward bias in humans: fronto-parietal networks and a role for the catechol-O-methyltransferase 158(Val/Val) genotype. (2/9)

The tendency to choose lesser immediate benefits over greater long-term benefits characterizes alcoholism and other addictive disorders. However, despite its medical and socioeconomic importance, little is known about its neurobiological mechanisms. Brain regions that are activated when deciding between immediate or delayed rewards have been identified (McClure et al., 2004, 2007), as have areas in which responses to reward stimuli predict a paper-and-pencil measure of temporal discounting (Hariri et al., 2006). These studies assume "hot" and "cool" response selection systems, with the hot system proposed to generate impulsive choices in the presence of a proximate reward. However, to date, brain regions in which the magnitude of activity during decision making reliably predicts intertemporal choice behavior have not been identified. Here we address this question in sober alcoholics and non-substance-abusing control subjects and show that immediate reward bias directly scales with the magnitude of functional magnetic resonance imaging bold oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal during decision making at sites within the posterior parietal cortex (PPC), dorsal prefrontal cortex (dPFC), and rostral parahippocampal gyrus regions. Conversely, the tendency of an individual to wait for a larger, delayed reward correlates directly with BOLD signal in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex. In addition, genotype at the Val158Met polymorphism of the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene predicts both impulsive choice behavior and activity levels in the dPFC and PPC during decision making. These genotype effects remained significant after controlling for alcohol abuse history. These results shed new light on the neurobiological underpinnings of temporal discounting behavior and identify novel behavioral and neural consequences of genetic variation in dopamine metabolism.  (+info)

Sensory sensitivities and performance on sensory perceptual tasks in high-functioning individuals with autism. (3/9)

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Cerebral glucose utilisation in hepatitis C virus infection-associated encephalopathy. (4/9)

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DJ-1 and alphaSYN in LRRK2 CSF do not correlate with striatal dopaminergic function. (5/9)

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Recovery in schizophrenia: focus on neurocognitive functioning. (6/9)

Recovery encompasses symptom remission and functional elements such as cognition, social functioning and quality of life. Personal recovery is also important in illness management to help the person stay on track with treatment and focus on activities unrelated to taking medication that maintain mental health. In the present study we aimed to identify neurocognitive functioning in two clinically stable groups of patients with personal recovery and non-recovered patients. The results showered generalized cognitive deficits in both groups while the non-recovery group was more impaired in verbal and visual memory, acoustic and tactile gnosis and neurodynamics and executing functioning. Interestingly the recovery group demonstrated lack of programming of actions and sufficient error monitoring and self-correction whereas the non-recovery group was significantly more impaired in all executive domains. The obtained results could be beneficial in identifying a target for psychosocial treatments and specifically cognitive remediation for patients with schizophrenia to facilitate the process of recovery.  (+info)

Neuropsychological aspects of 10-year-old children. (7/9)

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Atrial fibrillation and cognitive decline: a longitudinal cohort study. (8/9)

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The present investigation examined neuropsychological functioning in 50 male batterers court-ordered into treatment and 23 nonpatient controls. Subjects were administered a neuropsychological screening battery consisting of the Screening Test for the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery, the Stroop Color and Word Test, two memory subtests from the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-III (Figural Memory and Delayed Figural Memory), and two subtests from the Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery (Trails A & B). Subjects were categorized as having neuropsychological dysfunction if their scores exceeded the statistical cut offs on two or more subtests. Results indicated that 24 (48%) of the male batterers exhibited cognitive dysfunction, as compared to only 1 (4.3%) of the nonpatient controls. Inspection of individual neuropsychological measures indicated poorer performance across all subtests for impaired male batterers as compared to both nonimpaired batterers and normal controls. In
The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between recent and long term substance use on adolescents neuropsychological functioning. Subjects were 77 adolescents who were referred for outpatient treatment for drug and conduct problems. Subjects were administered the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-III, structured interviews to assess substance use, and urine tests. Subjects were divided into neuropsychologically impaired and nonimpaired groups. Results indicated no significant group differences for: self-reports of lifetime use of alcohol, cannabis, and hard drugs; self or collateral reports of recent (past 30 days) use of alcohol, cannabis, and hard drugs; or urinalysis detection of alcohol, cannabis, and hard drugs. Correlations between these dependent measures of substance use and neuropsychological functioning were also nonsignificant (all ps |. 05). Although neuropsychological impairment was observed for some subjects in this sample, it was unrelated to their
The incidence and nature of structural brain dysfunction was investigated in a pilot study sample of individuals currently assigned the Nebraska Penal Code designation of mentally disordered sexual offender. It was hypothesized that the sexual offenders would show a significantly higher incidence of dysfunction than a psychosocially normal group as evidenced by computed tomography scan measures, regional cerebral blood flow, and neuropsychological instruments. The hypothesis was tested by two different methods. One method used a 160 by 160 printout of density numbers generated by computer from computed tomography scans administered to the sexual offenders. The second method used mean blood flow data generated from a Harshaw TASC-5 Regional Cerebral Blood Flow analysis system. Additionally, the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Test Battery was administered as a measure of the behavioral correlates of brain dysfunction. Preliminary analyses indicate that 50% of the sexual offenders tested showed brain
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible. ...
The Measurement and Intervention for Neuropsychological Disorders (MIND) Lab is run by Michael W. Williams, Ph.D. We have a primary interest in understanding the neuropsychological aspects of recovery following brain injury. Particular populations of interest include traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke. We have a specific interest in the cognitive, emotional, and physical characteristics that are related to functional recovery and patient-centered outcomes. Our goals include identifying modifiable factors and developing novel targeted interventions to optimize recovery and outcomes after brain injury.. Current projects are examining the role of physical pain after TBI in relation to functional outcomes (e.g., independence, community participation, etc.). The knowledge gained from these projects will be used in combination with prior research to develop patient driven behavioral interventions to maximize recovery.. Lab News. November 2019, Dr. Williams presents on assessing post-stroke ...
The Cognitive Phenotype Working Group currently has approximately 25 active members and an additional 40 associate members (July 2008). Membership is open to scientists and clinicians with an interest in neuropsychological aspects of Huntingtons disease. The group meets once or twice a year (typically at the EHDN plenary meeting and on one other occasion) and maintains regular e-mail communication between face-to-face meetings. Members are encouraged to present their research at working group meetings and to propose collaborative working group projects ...
What inspires her:. I admire people who make a real difference in the world around them. On autism and design:. I am convinced that designing to accommodate the sensory sensitivities and motor requirements of those with autism benefits the broader community-fostering enhanced learning and wellbeing for all students, teachers, and parents alike. Through my work and this website, I hope to create greater awareness about the power of the built environment to facilitate learning and living well for everyone, and to generate support for inclusive spaces.. ...
In Neuropsychological Aspects of Substance Use Disorders, internationally recognized experts provide clinicians with the most up to date information on the neuropsychology of substance use disorders based on the empirical literature. Substance use disorders continue to be a major health concern in the United States and worldwide, although their causes and effective treatments remain elusive. Research in this area has expanded dramatically over the past two decades and provided insights into psychobiological, behavioral, and genetic factors that contribute to the onset and maintenance of substance use disorders and associated neuropsychological abnormalities. This research has provided a strong empirical foundation that has direct implications for clinical neuropsychological practice and created a need to provide the practitioner with a cogent and up-to-date summary of current developments, which is the goal of this volume. Chapters in this volume are organized into three sections that are designed to
A biopsychological review of gambling disorder Gabriel C Quintero Florida State University – Republic of Panama, Panama City, Panama Abstract: The present review is an overview of previous experimental work on biopsychological aspects of gambling disorder. It includes the topics 1) gambling disorder from the neuroimaging and electroencephalography (EEG) perspective, 2) cognitive, executive functioning, and neuropsychological aspects of gambling disorder, and 3) rodent models of gambling disorder. Penalties and losses in gambling can differ in terms of brain activity. Also, specific patterns of brain activity, brain anatomical traits, EEG responses, and cognitive and executive performance can discriminate pathological gamblers from nonpathological gamblers. Also, pathological gamblers can display dysfunction in such brain areas as the insula, frontal lobe, and orbitofrontal cortex. Pathological gambling is a heterogeneous disorder that can vary depending on the severity of cognition, the
The PLAN Lab opened in January of 2016. It is a CFI-funded laboratory space dedicated to researching the cognitive and neuropsychological aspects of psychopathology and stroke. The space is located on the ground floor of the Sciences building on the UBC Okanagan campus. The lab is equipped with EEG, eye-tracking and behavioural testing equipment. All data collection computers are equipped with experimental software supporting the respective methodologies. Laboratory space is subdivided into four rooms: 1) a large training and analysis room 2) an EEG testing room 3) an eye-tracking room and 4) a behavioural testing room . The PLAN Lab facilities offer a unique training environment for both graduate and undergraduate students interested in pursuing research in clinical and neuropsychology.. ...
Abstract: Misophonia is an understudied but relatively common respondent behavior condition, the effects of which range from annoying to debilitating. Misophonia cannot be classified with DSM or ICD-criteria. Misophonia is known as a condition where commonly occurring innocuous stimuli (e.g. chewing sound) elicit anger and accompanying physiological responses which function as motivating operations for overt aggression and escape. Recent basic research on misophonia as a behavioral phenomenon has identified an immediate physical response (typically a muscle flinch) elicited by misophonic stimuli, which is unique for each person. Although there are some common misophonic stimuli, each person has a unique set of stimuli, which often includes auditory and visual stimuli, but can be any sensory modality. Misophonia is similar to general sensory sensitivity which is common with autism, but the management and intervention for each are quite different. Misophonia was first identified and named by ...
In visual processing he scored typical. In tactile (touch) he scored probable difference. In oral sensory processing he scored probable difference. In auditory(hearing) he scored definite difference. In Vestibular(movement) processing he scored definite difference. She said Emeric demonstrates sensory processing difficulties. And that he has low registration which indicates poor modulation. She said its like being unable to tune to a radio station. He demonstrates sensory sensitivity and sensory avoiding. She writes, "Children with this combination may not notice stimuli when they need to but once they do notice their nervous systems are intolerant to the input. His behavior may be inconsistent. Avoiding behaviors may cause the child to be overcome by sensory input and engage in very disruptive behaviors appearing stubborn or controlling. He may be viewed as fussy or may require a great deal of structure. He may demonstrate more variability in behavior which makes it hard to plan or anticipate ...
The mission of the AIDS Neurological Center is to conduct research and provide clinical support on HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. The Center investigators conduct both clinical and basic neuroscience research on the neurological and neuropsychological aspects of HIV and AIDS. The Center participates in and supports clinical trials with a neurological focus in the UNC AIDS Clinical Trials Unit locally and the AIDS Clinical Trials Group in the United States and internationally. Through the clinical component, the Center provides clinical consultation and evaluation for HIV and AIDS related neurological and neuropsychological disorders. The Center has an active basic neuroscience research program focused on the pathogenesis of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.. ...
The teenage years are a time when being social is the number one priority for kids. But for kids with Aspergers who have acute social challenges, these years can be the most difficult, confusing time in their lives. Enter J. D. Kraus, a young man who has been there, done that He offers practical advice to his peers so they can get the most out of middle school and high school, both academically and socially. From sensory sensitivity to awkwardness, dating to driving, he tackles it all Parents and teachers will love seeing life through J. D.s eyes, plus "Notes to Parents" sections offer great advice for caregivers and educators alike. Inside youll find chapters on: Organization and School Transitioning Sensory Sensitivity Motor Skills and Awkwardness Stress-Management Bullying Socializing and Friendships Dating and Relationships Obsessions and Creativity And more ...
Psychosocial development of children with autism. Accompaniment of the parents in the care of a child with autism in the daily life.". We are studying parents rôle in the care of children with autism in the every day life. Autism is a serious developmental disorder for children characterised by both difficulties of communication and social interactions, as well as at their level of interests and particular behaviour.Sensory sensitivity and emotional regulation are also disrupted. Autism is currently a public health problem in both developed and developing countries. The aim of this study is to contribute to the improvement of the quality of relational life of children with autism, by using the therapeutic methods adapted for them in Belgium, and by adapting them to the realities of the Democratic Republic of Congo ...
Converging evidence from clinical, preclinical, neuroimaging, and genetic research implicates dopamine neurotransmission in the pathophysiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The in vivo neuroreceptor imaging evidence also suggests alterations in the dopamine system in ADHD; however, the nature and behavioral significance of those have not yet been established. Here, we investigated striatal dopaminergic function in ADHD using [(11)C]raclopride PET with a d-amphetamine challenge. We also examined the relationship of striatal dopamine responses to ADHD symptoms and neurocognitive function. A total of 15 treatment-free, noncomorbid adult males with ADHD (age: 29.87 ± 8.65) and 18 healthy male controls (age: 25.44 ± 6.77) underwent two PET scans: one following a lactose placebo and the other following d-amphetamine (0.3 mg/kg, p.o.), administered double blind and in random order counterbalanced across groups. In a separate session without a drug, participants performed a ...
Background Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, restricted patterns of behaviour, and unusual sensory sensitivities. The hypotheses...
With improved classroom performance an urgent goal in the U.S., a newly deployed intervention uses psychological theory introduced 50 years ago to show that a positive stimulus/response encounter can change human behavior. In the current study, researchers from the University of Chicago proved that test performance can
According to the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, infants with an FASD suffer from low birth weight; irritability; sensory sensitivity; poor sucking; slow development; poor sleep-wake cycles; and increased ear infections. Toddlers with FASD suffer from poor memory capability, hyperactivity, fearlessness, no sense of boundaries, and the need for excessive physical contact. Grade-school children with an FASD tend to have short attention spans, poor coordination, and difficulty with both fine and gross motor skills. Older children with an FASD have difficulty keeping up in school and tend to suffer from low self-esteem, and teenagers with an FASD often demonstrate poor impulse control and cannot distinguish between public and private behaviors ...
The Complete Guide to Asperger's Syndrome is the definitive handbook for anyone affected by Asperger's syndrome (AS). Now including a new introduction explaining the impact of DSM-5 on the diagnosis and approach to AS, it brings together a wealth of information on all aspects of the syndrome for children through to adults. Drawing on case studies and personal accounts from Attwood's extensive clinical experience, and from his correspondence with individuals with AS, this book is both authoritative and extremely accessible. Chapters examine: * causes and indications of the syndrome * the diagnosis and its effect on the individual * theory of mind * the perception of emotions in self and others * social interaction, including friendships * long-term relationships * teasing, bullying and mental health issues * the effect of AS on language and cognitive abilities, sensory sensitivity, movement and co-ordination skills * career development. There is also an invaluable frequently asked questions
Smartphones were used in an online Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) design to test prodromal functioning relative to the interictal state in migraine patients. effects were found for effort spent and stressors encountered. Exploratory (random effect) analysis revealed significant individual differences in the change scores in sensory sensitivity, pain/stiffness, fatigue and negative affect. It is concluded that the prodromal change in migraine - relative to interictal functioning - predominantly exists within the last 12 hours before attack onset. Individual diversity is large, however. Future research should zoom in to identify prodrome development within the 12 pre-attack hours as well as to isolate individual patterns. Intro Migraine produces episodes of severe headaches, typically unilateral, of the pulsating quality and associated with nausea and/or throwing up, phonophobia and photophobia [1], which last 4-72 hours and hamper regular daily activity [1] markedly. Evidence demonstrates ...
Sleep, as defined by a state of rest, reduced sensory sensitivity, relaxed muscle tonus and altered neural activity, is well known across the animal kingdom from mollusks (Stephenson and Lewis, 2011) to humans. The role of sleep is likely to be manifold, but one particular property appears to exist across animal species - the supportive effect on memory consolidation. In humans, consolidation of different forms of memory appears to be supported by different sleep phases, e.g. perceptual memory (Mednick et al., 2003), sensory-motor memory (Brawn et al., 2008) and motor skill memory (Walker et al., 2002) by REM sleep, and declarative memory by slow wave sleep (Diekelmann and Born, 2010). Insects are known to go through rest phases that resemble key features of sleep [Drosophila (Hendricks et al., 2000; Shaw et al., 2000); honeybee (Kaiser, 1988)]. In Drosophila, the genes and signaling cascades that control sleep are already well understood (Sehgal and Mignot, 2011), and some of these regulatory ...
Diminution of basal ganglia dopaminergic function may play an important role in the generation of akinetic mutism in a patient with anterior cerebral arterial i
On Nov. 19, the Canucks Autism Network and Kelowna International Airport will team up to host the first YLW Accessibility Tour for families living with autism.. The tour will take families through the entire pre-flight process, including entering the airport, waiting in line, passing through security and boarding a plane.. The Canucks Autism Networks I CAN Fly program was developed in partnership with Vancouver International Airport in 2014.. Due to anxiety or sensory sensitivities, children with autism can be overwhelmed by the pre-flight experience. This can present a significant challenge for families with autism to successfully and comfortably navigate the airport environment. By providing families with a simulated experience, the program will better prepare children with autism for what to expect at the airport.. In addition to the tour, the I CAN Fly program includes a resource kit that features a step-by-step storybook outlining the airport routine, an interactive checklist allowing ...
There have been few efforts to characterize the human psyche in terms useful to those who would understand and reconstruct its functional aspects from a modern evolutionary viewpoint (but see Premack and Woodruff 1978; Griffin 1978; Savage-Rumbaugh et al. 1978, and the accompanying commentaries). I think the key argument (Humphrey 1976, 1978, 1983; Alexander 1979, 1987) is that consciousness represents a system of (1) building scenarios or constructing possible (imagined) alternatives; (2) testing and adjusting them according to different projected circumstances; and (3) eventually using them according to whatever circumstances actually arise. Earlier, I referred to such abilities as the capacity to over-ride immediate rewards and punishments in the interests of securing greater rewards visualized in the future (Alexander 1987). In this view, consciousness, cognition, and related attributes - which probably represent the core of the problem in understanding the human psyche - have their value in ...
Overwhelmed? You bet I was.. I frequently felt like I was rushing from one thing to the next, all day long. Rush to get the kids and myself out the door in the morning. Rush to work.. At work, I would be focused on getting everything done so I could be out the door in time to get home to make dinner and help with homework. I usually also had some sort of housework to do in the evening.. I rushed to get my daughters to bed on time and hoped I would have enough time for some "me time" so I could actually relax and have some quiet time before bed.. But, Id already be thinking about the list of things I had to do the next day, and the cycle would start all over again.. What I thought I felt was stress. We all hear the phrase "Im so stressed out," particularly when we have a lot going on. That described me perfectly. I was constantly busy, so I was constantly stressed.. Or so I thought.. What I actually was suffering from was high-functioning anxiety.. High-functioning anxiety isnt a specific type ...
OConnell ME, Tuokko H, Voll S, Simard M, Griffith LE, Taler V, et al. An evidence-based approach to the creation of normative data: base rates of impaired scores within a brief neuropsychological battery argue for age corrections, but against corrections for medical conditions. Clin Neuropsychol. 2017;31(6-7):1188-1203. ...
Roy K, Murtie JC, El-Khodor BF, Edgar N, Sardi SP, Hooks BM, Benoit-Marand M, Chen C, Moore H, ODonnell P, Brunner D, Corfas G. Loss of erbB signaling in oligodendrocytes alters myelin and dopaminergic function, a potential mechanism for neuropsychiatric disorders ...
I can never say enough good things about Discovery Place and the people who work there. Before checking in to DP, I was out of options and out of answers. Fortunately, Discovery Place has a solution. Taking suggestions from the staff at DP saved my life, and as a result, Im now more content and hopeful about life. Im grateful for Discovery Place showing me how to live a healthy life so that I can become a better man and help the next guy.". ...
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For example, VBR is significantly correlated with performance on the Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. Studies have ...
... luria-nebraska neuropsychological battery MeSH F04.711.513.838 --- trail making test MeSH F04.711.647 --- personality tests ... neuropsychological tests MeSH F04.711.513.180 --- bender-gestalt test MeSH F04.711.513.300 --- ...
Test Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery Fluid ... psychometric model of broad and narrow abilities and Luria's neuropsychological theory of processing. There are a number of ... with Luria's sequential simultaneous processing dichotomy (Luria, 1966) and work in cognitive psychology. The KABC focuses on ... or neuropsychological tests. The original KABC was developed from neuropsychological theory, merging left brain-right brain ...
Hooper Visual Organization Test Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological battery MicroCog Mini mental state examination (MMSE) NEPSY ... Barcelona Neuropsychological Test (BNT) Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) Cognistat (The ... Neuropsychological tests are a core component of the process of conducting neuropsychological assessment, along with personal, ... 3: Clinical Neuropsychological Assessment. London: SAGE. ISBN 978-0-85702-270-7 Seidman, Larry J. (1998). Neuropsychological ...
The Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery (LNNB) is a standardized test that identifies neuropsychological deficiencies by ... The original, adult version is for use with ages fifteen and over, while the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery for ... Golden, C. J. (2004). The Adult Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. In G. Goldstein, S. R. Beers, & M. Hersen (Eds.), ... Golden, C. J., Berg, R. A., & Graber, B. (1982). Test-retest reliability of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery in ...
Unlike most other neuropsychological batteries for adults (such as the Luria-Nebraska, the Halstead-Reitan, and so forth), the ... Dean, R. S., & Woodcock, R. W. (2003b). Dean-Woodcock Neuropsychological Battery. Itasca, IL: Riverside Publishing. Dean, R. S ... This is both an advantage and a shortcoming of the battery. The advantage is that it makes the battery much cheaper, less time- ... that need not have neuropsychological backgrounds. The DWNB consists of the Dean-Woodcock Sensory-Motor Battery (DWSMB) (Dean ...
Neuropsychological test. *Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). *Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. *Rey-Osterrieth ... Neuropsychological tests[edit]. Main article: Neuropsychological test. These tests consist of specifically designed tasks used ... 1990). MacArthur Story-Stem battery. Unpublished manual. *^ Robinson, Elizabeth A.; Eyberg, Sheila M. (1981). "The dyadic ... Neuropsychological tests can be used in a clinical context to assess impairment after an injury or illness known to affect ...
Neuropsychological test. *Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). *Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. *Rey-Osterrieth ... Others employ the WAIS-R NI (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised as a Neuropsychological Instrument), another measure ... The WAIS was initially created as a revision of the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale (WBIS), which was a battery of tests ... Rehabilitation psychologists and neuropsychologists use the WAIS-IV and other neuropsychological tests to assess how the brain ...
Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. *Montreal Cognitive Assessment. *Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of ... and a child/adolescent version that is part of the original NEPSY neuropsychological battery of tests by Marit Korkman, Ursula ... is available as part of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB). ... "Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 3 (2): 108-119. PMID 9126852. Retrieved 2010-03-04.. ...
Neuropsychological test. *Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). *Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. *Rey-Osterrieth ... Hakstian, A. R. & Cattell, R. B. (1982). Manual for the Comprehensive Ability Battery. Champaign, IL: IPAT. ... Cattell also constructed (T-data) tests of cognitive abilities such as the Comprehensive Ability Battery (CAB) - a ...
Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. *Montreal Cognitive Assessment. *Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of ... Muriel Deutsch Lezak (2 March 1995). Neuropsychological Assessment. Oxford University Press. p. 545. ISBN 978-0-19-509031-4.. ... Patricia Espe-Pfeifer; Jana Wachsler-Felder (30 April 2000). Neuropsychological Interpretation of Objective Psychological Tests ...
Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery. *Hayling and Brixton tests. *Lexical Decision Task. *Luria-Nebraska ...
Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery. *Hayling and Brixton tests. *Lexical Decision Task. *Luria-Nebraska ... During the course of the work there, Hebb wrote The Organization of Behavior: A Neuropsychological Theory,[3] his ground- ... Hebb, D. O. (1949). The Organization of Behavior: A Neuropsychological Theory. New York: Wiley and Sons. ISBN 9780471367277.. ... Hebb, D.O. (1949). The Organization of Behavior: A Neuropsychological Theory. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.. ...
Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery. *Hayling and Brixton tests. *Lexical Decision Task. *Luria-Nebraska ...
Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. *Montreal Cognitive Assessment. *Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of ... The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination or BDAE is a neuropsychological battery used to evaluate adults suspected of having ... Lay summary - Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (17 June 2014).. *. Strauss, Esther; Sherman, Elizabeth M ... Lezak, Muriel D.; Howieson, Diane B.; Bigler, Erin D.; Tranel, Daniel (2012). Neuropsychological Assessment (Fifth ed.). Oxford ...
The Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery (LNNB) is a standardized test that identifies neuropsychological deficiencies by ... The original, adult version is for use with ages fifteen and over, while the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery for ... Golden, C. J. (2004). The Adult Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. In G. Goldstein, S. R. Beers, & M. Hersen (Eds.), ... Golden, C. J., Berg, R. A., & Graber, B. (1982). Test-retest reliability of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery in ...
... the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery (LNNB) (Golden, Purisch, & Hammeke, 1985) consists of 269 items... ... Based on Lurias (1966, 1973) functional systems theory of brain organization, ... Relationship of the Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery to the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. Journal of ... The relationship of the Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery to the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery: ...
... on the complete Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. Findings from intercorrelated items confirm that the Rhythm test is ... the most sensitive of all Luria-Nebraska scales to disorders of attention and concentration. The wide variety of abilities that ... Interpretation of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery by Item Intercorrelation: The Rhythm scale ... Golden, C. J., Berg, R. A. (1980). Interpretation of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery by Item Intercorrelation: ...
QP360 .G64 1980 The Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery : QP360 .G64 1985 Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery : ... 29 cm.Subject(s): Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery , Neuropsychological testsLOC classification: QP360 , .G64 1985 ... Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery : forms I and II, manual / Charles J. Golden, Thomas A. Hammeke, Arnold D. Purisch. ...
Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. This is a set of several tests designed to cover a broad range of functional domains ... Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery. A set of tests that examines language, attention, motor speed, abstract thinking, ... Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status. Designed as a brief, repeatable measure of cognitive ... A neuropsychological screening examination is a considerably abbreviated version of a full neuropsychological assessment, ...
In this completely revised and updated 2nd edition, the concepts and methods of psychometric ne ... No other book reviews clinical neuropsychological assessment from an empirical psychometric perspective. ... The Halstead-Reitan and Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Batteries Michael D. Franzen. Pages 115-151 ... No other book reviews clinical neuropsychological assessment from an empirical psychometric perspective. In this completely ...
Description: The factor structure of the Luria Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery (LNNB) Form II was examined. A principle ... Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Clinical Scales of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Test Battery, Form ...
Silicon is regarded as one of the most promising candidates for lithium-ion battery anodes because of its abundance and high ... Luria-nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. A series of tests designed to assess neuropsychological function. The battery is ... Silicon is regarded as one of the most promising candidates for lithium-ion battery anodes because of its abundance and high ... The aqueous lithium (Li) battery is one of the most promising devices for the large-scale grid application. Currently, a key ...
Luria Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery - Forms 1 (LNNB). Make a Picture Story (MAPS). ... Stroop Neuropsychological Screening Test (SNST). Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 Disorders (SCID-5-CV). Held in Clinic ... Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsycholgical Status (RBANS). Held in Clinic. ...
... in the role of the neuropsychologist over the past decade have been accompanied by a shift in the goals of neuropsychological ... Golden, C. J., and Maruish, M. (1986). The Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. In D. Wedding, A. M. Horton. and J. ... Stambrook, M. (1983). The Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery: A promise that may be partly fulfilled. Journal of ... Hutchinson, G. L. (1984). The Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery controversy: A reply to Spiers. Journal of Consulting ...
Luria Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery; LVWM, left ventricle wall motion; NP, neuropsychologic. Clinical Bottom Line. We ... of 26 off-pump CABG patients had neuropsychological deficits, and only 9% of 54 SC patients had neuropsychological deficits (P= ... No neuropsychological testing done. Two patients randomised to MC were switched to SC intraoperatively because of severe ... MC= 7/284; P=ns) although there is some advantage of SC technique in causing less neuropsychological deficits and release of ...
For example, VBR is significantly correlated with performance on the Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. Studies have ...
Golden, C. J., Hammeke, T. A., & Purisch, A. D. (1980). Manual for the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. Los Angeles: ... Golden, C. J. (1987). Manual for the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Childrens Revision. Los Angeles, CA: Western ... Snow, J. H., & Hynd, G. W. (1985). Factor structure of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Childrens Revision. ... Sweet, J. J., Carr, M. A., Rossini, E., & Kaspar, C. (1986). Relationship between the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery ...
Factor Analysis of the Clinical Scales on the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery, Form II The Luria-Nebraska ... Neurocognitive implications of diabetes on dementia as measured by an extensive neuropsychological battery. Diabetes is a ... This study examined the ability of a specific neuropsychological battery to identify and classify dementia type, investigated ... The full battery correctly classified AD and VD dementia 87.5% and appeared to be the most robust. An item response theory ...
14591259 - Revised norms and decision rules for the luria-nebraska neuropsychological battery, for.... 8451129 - Age-related ...
Predicting Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) IQ scores from the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery ( ... Comparison of linear equating and prorated short forms for estimating WAIS-R FSIQ in a neuropsychological population. ... Sensitivity and specificity of WAIS-III/WMS-III demographically corrected factor scores in neuropsychological assessment. ...
Make research projects and school reports about Neuropsychological tests easy with credible articles from our FREE, online ... and pictures about Neuropsychological tests at Encyclopedia.com. ... or the Luria-Nebraska Battery for all patients. These batteries ... Some neuropsychologists prefer to use fixed test batteries like the Halstead-Reitan battery or the Luria-Nebraska battery for ... Some neuropsychologists prefer to use fixed test batteries like the Halstead-Reitan Battery ...
Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological battery (attenton, language, memory, spatial, executive function), the mini-mental state exam ... Diagnosis/Treatment planning: Clinical, Educational (giftedness/learning difficulties), neuropsychological deficits. * Coaching ...
Some neuropsychologists prefer to use fixed test batteries like the Halstead-Reitan Battery or the Luria-Nebraska Battery for ... flexible battery approach argue that tailoring test batteries to particular patients can provide more accurate information. ... A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms, and Commentary. 2nd Edition. New York: Oxford University Press ... Neuropsychological testing is an important component of the assessment and treatment of traumatic brain injury, dementia , ...
... performance in RDC-diagnosed schizoaffective and schizophrenic patients with the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. J ...
... comparison between the Halstead-Reitan and Luria-Nebraska batteries. Percept Mot Skills. 1993;76:305-306. [PubMed] ... Randolph C. RBANS Manual-Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status. Lutz, FL: PAR, Inc; 1998. [PubMed] ... Distributions of Total Scores on the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status in Patients With ... Brief cognitive assessment in schizophrenia: normative data for the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological ...
... comparison between the Halstead-Reitan and Luria-Nebraska batteries. Percept Mot Skills 1993; 76(1): 305-306. ... Neuropsychological Assessment. New York: Oxford University Press 2004. 17. Bryson GJ. Differential rate of neuropsychological ... Neuropsychological Sequelae of subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Vienna: Springer-Verlag 2000. 4. Jennett B, Bond M. Assessment of ... Ballard C, Stephens S, Kenny RA, Tovee KM, OBrien J. Profile of neuropsychological deficits in older stroke survivors without ...
Examples of neuropsychological test batteries include the Halstead-Reitan and the Luria-Nebraska tests. Each battery * includes ... These neuropsychological (nur-o-sy-ko-LAW-ji-kal) tests can measure such brain functions as memory, attention, eye-hand ... What Are Neuropsychological Tests? A specialized group of psychological tests measure brain capacities that can affect a ... battery in this case refers to a group of related tests that are given together. ...
Testifying Neuropsychological Evaluation for Learning Disabilities Expert Witness providing independent verbal or written ... Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery, Halstead-Reitan Test Battery, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition ... Neuropsychological Evaluation for Learning Disabilities, Neuropsychological Evaluation for ADHD, Neuropsychological Evaluation ... for ADD, Neuropsychological Evaluation for Autism, Neuropsychological Evaluation for Downs Syndrome, Neuropsychological ...
The luria-nebraska neuropsychological battery This procedure was first reported in 1978 in the form of two initial validity ... The luria-nebraska neuropsychological battery, The luria-nebraska neuropsyc.... ...
  • To develop this version and ensure it covered everything from both Luria and Christensen, Golden first created an exam that took approximately 18 hours to administer and contained nearly 2,000 procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tremont G., Westervelt H.J., Javorsky D.J., Podolanczuk A., Stern R.A. Referring physicians' perceptions of the neuropsychological evaluation: how are we doing? (psyjournals.ru)
  • The extensive work of A. R. Luria has long been recognized as a seminal contribution to understanding the functions of the brain, and in the psychological evaluation of neurological disorders. (nova.edu)
  • Neuropsychological testing is also an important tool for examining the effects of toxic substances and medical conditions on brain functioning. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Luria has presented numerous test procedures to evaluate brain processes, but these have found little recognition in the United States because the lack of standardized scoring, interpretation, and administration methods. (nova.edu)