The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.
The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.
The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.
The farthest or outermost projections of the body, such as the HAND and FOOT.
The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)
General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
The bones of the upper and lower LEG. They include the PELVIC BONES.
Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.
The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
An alternative to amputation in patients with neoplasms, ischemia, fractures, and other limb-threatening conditions. Generally, sophisticated surgical procedures such as vascular surgery and reconstruction are used to salvage diseased limbs.
Lack of perfusion in the EXTREMITIES resulting from atherosclerosis. It is characterized by INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION, and an ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX of 0.9 or less.
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.
The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.
A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.
A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The vein formed by the union of the anterior and posterior tibial veins; it courses through the popliteal space and becomes the femoral vein.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Manner or style of walking.
The anterior and posterior arteries created at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery. The anterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle and lies along the tibia at the distal part of the leg to surface superficially anterior to the ankle joint. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg, ankle, and foot. The posterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle, lies behind the tibia in the lower part of its course, and is found situated between the medial malleolus and the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg and foot.
Ulceration of the skin and underlying structures of the lower extremity. About 90% of the cases are due to venous insufficiency (VARICOSE ULCER), 5% to arterial disease, and the remaining 5% to other causes.
Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.
The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.
The formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) within a vein.
Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply.
Common foot problems in persons with DIABETES MELLITUS, caused by any combination of factors such as DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES; PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES; and INFECTION. With the loss of sensation and poor circulation, injuries and infections often lead to severe foot ulceration, GANGRENE and AMPUTATION.
General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.
The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
Endovascular procedure in which atheromatous plaque is excised by a cutting or rotating catheter. It differs from balloon and laser angioplasty procedures which enlarge vessels by dilation but frequently do not remove much plaque. If the plaque is removed by surgical excision under general anesthesia rather than by an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ENDARTERECTOMY.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The bones of the upper and lower ARM. They include the CLAVICLE and SCAPULA.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.
The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the LOWER EXTREMITY.
Injuries to blood vessels caused by laceration, contusion, puncture, or crush and other types of injuries. Symptoms vary by site and mode of injuries and may include bleeding, bruising, swelling, pain, and numbness. It does not include injuries secondary to pathologic function or diseases such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
The vein which drains the foot and leg.
The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.
Edema due to obstruction of lymph vessels or disorders of the lymph nodes.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Impaired venous blood flow or venous return (venous stasis), usually caused by inadequate venous valves. Venous insufficiency often occurs in the legs, and is associated with EDEMA and sometimes with VENOUS STASIS ULCERS at the ankle.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Difficulty in walking from place to place.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A connective tissue neoplasm formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells; it is usually highly malignant.
Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot (THROMBUS).
Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
A syndrome characterized by retropatellar or peripatellar PAIN resulting from physical and biochemical changes in the patellofemoral joint. The pain is most prominent when ascending or descending stairs, squatting, or sitting with flexed knees. There is a lack of consensus on the etiology and treatment. The syndrome is often confused with (or accompanied by) CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE, the latter describing a pathological condition of the CARTILAGE and not a syndrome.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The position or attitude of the body.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
Mild to moderate loss of bilateral lower extremity motor function, which may be a manifestation of SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; MUSCULAR DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; parasagittal brain lesions; and other conditions.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.
A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material which has been transported from a distant vessel by the bloodstream. Removal of a clot at its original site is called THROMBECTOMY.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.
Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
Strips of elastic material used to apply pressure to body parts to control EDEMA and aid circulation.
A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.
Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS of an upper extremity vein (e.g., AXILLARY VEIN; SUBCLAVIAN VEIN; and JUGULAR VEINS). It is associated with mechanical factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Primary) secondary to other anatomic factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Secondary). Symptoms may include sudden onset of pain, warmth, redness, blueness, and swelling in the arm.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Breaks in bones.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Common occlusive arterial disease which is caused by ATHEROSCLEROSIS. It is characterized by lesions in the innermost layer (ARTERIAL INTIMA) of arteries including the AORTA and its branches to the extremities. Risk factors include smoking, HYPERLIPIDEMIA, and HYPERTENSION.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Radiographic study of the lymphatic system following injection of dye or contrast medium.
Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).
Enlarged and tortuous VEINS.
A congenital disorder that is characterized by a triad of capillary malformations (HEMANGIOMA), venous malformations (ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA), and soft tissue or bony hypertrophy of the limb. This syndrome is caused by mutations in the VG5Q gene which encodes a strong angiogenesis stimulator.
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
Lesion on the surface of the skin of the foot, usually accompanied by inflammation. The lesion may become infected or necrotic and is frequently associated with diabetes or leprosy.
Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.
Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)
An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.
A nonspecific term used to denote any cutaneous lesion or group of lesions, or eruptions of any type on the leg. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.
A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.
Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Walking aids generally having two handgrips and four legs.
A device that measures MUSCLE STRENGTH during muscle contraction, such as gripping, pushing, and pulling. It is used to evaluate the health status of muscle in sports medicine or physical therapy.
A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)
Mechanical devices inserted in the inferior vena cava that prevent the migration of blood clots from deep venous thrombosis of the leg.
To move about or walk on foot with the use of aids.
Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.
The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.
The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material from a blood vessel at the point of its formation. Removal of a clot arising from a distant site is called EMBOLECTOMY.
The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.
Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Gross hypo- or aplasia of one or more long bones of one or more limbs. The concept includes amelia, hemimelia, phocomelia, and sirenomelia.
A condition caused by one or more episodes of DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS, usually the blood clots are lodged in the legs. Clinical features include EDEMA; PAIN; aching; heaviness; and MUSCLE CRAMP in the leg. When severe leg swelling leads to skin breakdown, it is called venous STASIS ULCER.
Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The articulations extending from the ANKLE distally to the TOES. These include the ANKLE JOINT; TARSAL JOINTS; METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT; and TOE JOINT.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Diseases of the peripheral nerves external to the brain and spinal cord, which includes diseases of the nerve roots, ganglia, plexi, autonomic nerves, sensory nerves, and motor nerves.
Double-layered inflatable suits which, when inflated, exert pressure on the lower part of the wearer's body. The suits are used to improve or stabilize the circulatory state, i.e., to prevent hypotension, control hemorrhage, and regulate blood pressure. The suits are also used by pilots under positive acceleration.
Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
The tunnel in the lower anterior ABDOMINAL WALL through which the SPERMATIC CORD, in the male; ROUND LIGAMENT, in the female; nerves; and vessels pass. Its internal end is at the deep inguinal ring and its external end is at the superficial inguinal ring.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.
Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.
A specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders and injuries and anatomic defects of the foot.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Skin diseases affecting or involving the cutaneous blood vessels and generally manifested as inflammation, swelling, erythema, or necrosis in the affected area.
Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.
Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Instruments that generate intermittent forces, uniformed or graduated, to facilitate the emptying of VEINS. These devices are used to reduce limb EDEMA and prevent venous THROMBOEMBOLISM, such as deep vein thrombosis in the legs.
Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot occurring at or before birth.
The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.
Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.
A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
A malignant tumor derived from primitive or embryonal lipoblastic cells. It may be composed of well-differentiated fat cells or may be dedifferentiated: myxoid (LIPOSARCOMA, MYXOID), round-celled, or pleomorphic, usually in association with a rich network of capillaries. Recurrences are common and dedifferentiated liposarcomas metastasize to the lungs or serosal surfaces. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Gait abnormalities that are a manifestation of nervous system dysfunction. These conditions may be caused by a wide variety of disorders which affect motor control, sensory feedback, and muscle strength including: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or MUSCULAR DISEASES.

Normalization rates of compression ultrasonography in patients with a first episode of deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs: association with recurrence and new thrombosis. (1/1399)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Delayed thrombus regression after a first episode of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the inferior limbs has been implicated in the development of the post-thrombotic syndrome. Whether normalization of vein segments involved in the index DVT has prognostic significance with respect to the probability of DVT recurrence or new thrombosis is currently unknown. In this study, we prospectively monitored thrombus regression in consecutive patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic DVT. Factors affecting normalization rates and the relationship between previous normalization and DVT recurrence or new thrombosis were explored. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-nine patients with a first episode of symptomatic DVT of the lower limbs (38 with cancer) and 104 patients with DVT occurring after hip replacement surgery were serially monitored by real time B-mode compression ultrasonography (C-US) over a period of 12 months (months 1, 3, 6 and 12). C-US normalization of popliteal and femoral venous segments was arbitrarily assigned to be residual thrombus occupying, at maximum compressibility, less than 40% of the vein area in the absence of compression. RESULTS: In patients with no DVT recurrence or new thrombosis, C-US normalization was observed at 12 months in 100% of 99 patients with post-operative DVT, in 59% of 134 cancer-free symptomatic DVT outpatients and in 23.3% of 30 symptomatic DVT outpatients with cancer (p = 0.0001). Independent negative effects on the probability of C-US normalization were observed for younger age (p <0.05), for the outpatient presentation of the index DVT (p 0.017), for DVT involving the entire femoro-popliteal axis (p 0.05), and for the presence of cancer (p 0.05). DVT recurrence or new thrombosis was observed in 5 patients with post-operative DVT (4.8%), in 7 cancer-free patients with symptomatic DVT (5.0%) and in 8 patients with cancer (21.1%). Only 4 of these patients had shown normalization of their index DVT prior to the event. The presence of cancer was the only significant predictor of DVT recurrence and/or new thrombosis occurring within 3 months from the index DVT (OR = 4.90, p = 0.002). The absence of previous C-US normalization was the only predictor of recurrence or new thrombosis occurring after 3 and 6 months from the index DVT (OR 5.26, p 0.027). INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: Absence of C-US normalization after a first episode of DVT appears to be a factor favoring recurrence or new thrombosis and may be relevant to the optimal duration of oral anticoagulant treatment.  (+info)

Time course of skeletal muscle repair and gene expression following acute hind limb ischemia in mice. (2/1399)

DNA microarrays were used to measure the time course of gene expression during skeletal muscle damage and regeneration in mice following femoral artery ligation (FAL). We found 1,289 known sequences were differentially expressed between the FAL and control groups. Gene expression peaked on day 3, and the functional cluster "inflammation" contained the greatest number of genes. Muscle function was depressed for 3 days postligation, but returned to normal by day 7. Decreased muscle function was accompanied by reduced expression of genes involved in mitochondrial energy production, muscle contraction, and calcium handling. The induction of MyoD on day 1 denoted the beginning of muscle regeneration and was followed by the reemergence of the embryonic forms of muscle contractile proteins, which peaked at day 7. Transcriptional analysis indicated that the ischemic skeletal muscle may transition through a functional adaptation stage with recovery of contractile force prior to full regeneration. Several members of the insulin-like growth factor axis were coordinately induced in a time frame consistent with their playing a role in the regenerative process.  (+info)

Cardiac troponin I predicts short-term mortality in vascular surgery patients. (3/1399)

BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a highly sensitive and specific marker for myocardial injury that predicts outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who have undergone vascular surgery. However, postoperative surveillance with cardiac enzymes is not routinely performed in these patients. We evaluated the association between postoperative cTnI levels and 6-month mortality and perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) after vascular surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-nine patients having aortic or infrainguinal vascular surgery or lower extremity amputation were included in this study. Blood samples were analyzed for cTnI immediately after surgery and the mornings of postoperative days 1, 2, and 3. An elevated cTnI was defined as serum concentrations >1.5 ng/mL in any of the 4 samples. Twenty-eight patients (12%) had postoperative cTnI >1.5 ng/mL, which was associated with a 6-fold increased risk of 6-month mortality (adjusted OR, 5.9; 95% CI, 1.6 to 22.4) and a 27-fold increased risk of MI (OR, 27.1; 95% CI, 5.2 to 142.7). Furthermore, we observed a dose-response relation between cTnI concentration and mortality. Patients with cTnI >3.0 ng/mL had a significantly greater risk of death compared with patients with levels < or =0.35 ng/mL (OR, 4.9; 95% CI, 1.3 to 19.0). CONCLUSIONS: Routine postoperative surveillance for cTnI is useful for identifying patients who have undergone vascular surgery who have an increased risk for short-term mortality and perioperative MI. Further research is needed to determine whether intervention in these patients can improve outcome.  (+info)

Limb salvage and amputation in survivors of pediatric lower-extremity bone tumors: what are the long-term implications? (4/1399)

The past four decades have seen tremendous progress in the treatment of pediatric and adolescent cancers. As a consequence, there are increasing numbers of adult childhood cancer survivors. This has prompted investigation into the long-term consequences of cancer treatments. One group that merits special study is the survivors of lower-extremity bone tumors. Their function and quality of life may depend in part on both the surgery and the age at which it was performed. Comparisons between studies are difficult because small numbers of patients and the use of varying research designs and methods have limited research in this area. The purpose of this article is to review the major surgical approaches to lower-limb bone tumors and their impact on pediatric patients. The results show that survival is equivalent between amputation and limb salvage. Complications occur more frequently in limb salvage. The long-term outcomes of those undergoing amputation and limb salvage have not been found to be substantially different in regard to quality of life. In conclusion, prospective long-term follow-up of pediatric patients with lower-limb tumors is needed to (1) determine in a uniform manner the long-term complications, quality of life, and functionality of this population and describe differences within this patient population based on age at diagnosis and surgical procedure, (2) identify areas of concern that are amenable to intervention, and (3) provide clinicians and future patients a better understanding of the surgical options.  (+info)

Increased platelet aggregation and activation in peripheral arterial disease. (5/1399)

OBJECTIVES: patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have a threefold increase in cardiovascular mortality. Standard antiplatelet treatment may not confer uniform benefit in different patient groups. This study aimed to compare platelet function in patients with lower limb PAD, carotid disease and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with age- and sex-matched healthy controls. METHODS: patients with lower limb PAD (n = 20), carotid disease (n = 40), AAA (n = 13) and age/sex matched healthy controls (n= 20) were studied. Whole blood methods to detect spontaneous platelet aggregation (SPA), and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and collagen-induced aggregation were used. The detection of platelet P-selectin and the PAC-1 antigen by flow cytometry were also used as markers of platelet activation and aggregation. RESULTS: patients with lower limb PAD or AAA had higher baseline SPA compared to normal controls (p < 0.01). There was significantly higher collagen-induced aggregation in IC patients compared to normal controls (p < 0.01). However, there was no difference in ADP-induced aggregation between lower limb PAD and control patients. There was no difference in PAC-1 binding between control patients and the patients with lower limb PAD, carotid disease or AAA. Patients with carotid disease had a higher expression of P-selectin compared to normal controls (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: this study provides further evidence that platelet hyperactivity is present in patients with PAD despite the use of antiplatelet therapy. Further antiplatelet strategies may be indicated to protect these patients.  (+info)

Ultrasound contrast-agent improves imaging of lower limb occlusive disease. (6/1399)

OBJECTIVES: to evaluate if ultrasound contrast-agent infusion could improve duplex-ultrasound imaging of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and increase the agreement with digital subtraction arteriography (DSA). DESIGN: prospective and consecutive study. MATERIAL: of 60 consecutive PAD patients, 15 were found to have an inconclusive duplex-ultrasound scan of the trifurcation and were included in the study. All 15 patients (53% male) were scheduled for DSA, all being candidates for vascular surgery due to claudication (n = 3, 20%), rest pain (n = 5, 33%) and tissue loss (n = 7, 47%). METHODS: on the day before DSA, a duplex-ultrasound scan of the trifurcation was performed. If the duplex-ultrasound scan was found inconclusive, it was repeated during continuous ultrasound contrast-agent infusion. DSA was performed unaware of the duplex-ultrasound results and served as the gold standard. RESULTS: after contrast-agent administration, the number of inconclusively diagnosed segments was significantly reduced by 26 (70%), from 37 to 11(p < 0.001). In 19 segments (73%) contrast-agent infusion changed the diagnosis in accordance with the DSA (p < 0.05). Values of sensitivity and positive predictive value were improved from 0.20 (0.04-0.62) to 0.47 (0.26-0.69) and 0.50 (0.10-0.91) to 0.80 (0.49-0.93), respectively. Specificity and negative predictive value were unchanged. Agreement between duplex-ultrasound and DSA were improved from poor (kappa = 0.18 (95% CI: 0-0.82)) to moderate (kappa = 0.45 (0.17-0.74)) (p = 0.44). CONCLUSION: ultrasound contrast-agents improve the diagnostic ability of duplex-ultrasound when scanning difficult arterial segments in patients suffering from PAD.  (+info)

Microtibial embolectomy. (7/1399)

BACKGROUND: microtibial embolectomy is an important technique in cases of limb threatening acute arterial occlusion affecting native crural and pedal vessels. It is particularly useful when thrombolysis is contraindicated or ineffective as in "trash foot". METHODS: in order to evaluate the efficacy of this technique, a retrospective case note review was carried out for patients undergoing microtibial embolectomy from 1990 to 1999. Data collected included the causes and degree of ischaemia, additional procedures required, vessel patency, limb salvage and complications encountered. RESULTS: twenty-two limbs underwent exploration of the crural/pedal vessels with ankle level arteriotomies under local anaesthetic in 12 cases, general anaesthetic in nine and epidural in one. The causes of ischaemia were cardiac emboli (8), "trash foot" (7), emboli from aortic and popliteal aneurysms (3) and thrombotic occlusion of crural vessels (4). The vessel patency rate was 69% and limb salvage rate 62% (13/21) up to 5-years follow-up. Six of the seven cases with "trash foot" were salvaged while one required an amputation at 3-months post-operatively. The 30-day mortality was 22% (5/22). CONCLUSIONS: microtibial embolectomy is effective in acute occlusion of the crural/pedal arteries including cases of "trash foot", offering limb salvage to a worthwhile proportion of cases.  (+info)

Leg muscle strength is reduced in Parkinson's disease and relates to the ability to rise from a chair. (8/1399)

Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) have difficulties rising from a chair; however, factors contributing to this inability have never been investigated. We compared lower extremity strength between individuals with PD and healthy controls and quantified the relationships between strength and the ability to rise from a chair. Ten men with mild PD and 10 sex- and age-matched controls performed maximal concentric, isokinetic knee and hip extensor torque on an isokinetic dynamometer to quantify muscle strength. Subjects also rose from a chair at their comfortable pace without the use of their arms and the duration of this task provided a measure of sit-to-stand (STS) ability. Subjects with PD were tested in an on- and off-medication state on different days. Mean hip and knee extensor torques were lower in subjects with PD, with greater deficits found at the hip. Greater hip strength was related to better STS ability in subjects with PD while greater knee strength was related to better STS ability in controls. These results show that individuals with mild PD generate smaller extremity forces compared to controls. Reduced strength, particularly at the hip, may be one factor that contributes to the difficulty of persons with PD to rise from a chair.  (+info)

Aging, even in healthy older adults, is accompanied by a reduction in muscle mass and muscle strength (Gallagher et al., 1997). The gradual loss of muscle strength (below a certain threshold) results in functional impairment. This may result in the need for assistance in the performance of daily activities and an increased risk of falling and non-vertebral fractures (Goodpaster et al., 2006). Therefore, the preservation of muscle strength in older adults is of major importance. Lower extremity function is the use of lower limbs and is imperative for mobility, lower extremity function can be assessed using various practical tests with the patient and is most commonly evaluated via a lower extremity functional scale. A practical non-invasive and cost-effective solution to keeping good lower extremity function is through a basic exercise program (Marsh et al., 2009). Mobility is the key to leading a high quality of life with independence, thus a diminished lower extremity function may result in the ...
,Does a standardization tool to direct invasive therapy for symptomatic lower extremity peripheral arterial disease improve outcomes?
The Lower Extremity Alignment Clinic is available to otherwise healthy children under the age of 10 with concerns for flat feet, bow legs, knock knees, in-toeing, and out-toeing.. Under the direction of our orthopedic surgery specialists, trained pediatric orthopedic nurse practitioners and physician assistants (Raquel Sanchez, P.A.-C., Mary Lou Scott, P.N.P., Kathryn Abare, P.N.P., and Erynn Meier, P.A.-C.) provide a comprehensive orthopedic evaluation of each child, including the spine, hips and legs. An X-ray exam of the lower extremities or hips may be recommended during the visit. After a comprehensive evaluation, families may be directed to follow up with one of our orthopedic surgeons. Patients with complex medical conditions, developmental delay, neuromuscular disorders and congenital abnormalities are not seen in this clinic.. The Lower Extremity Alignment Clinic is offered weekly at our Main Campus and Escondido locations by appointment only. To schedule an appointment, call ...
In this nested case-control study, we found a strong inverse association between total adiponectin and risk of lower extremity PAD in otherwise healthy men. This association was apparent over the entire range of adiponectin concentrations and persisted even after controlling for traditional biochemical risk factors, such as HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, CRP, and other established PAD risk factors, including cumulative lifelong smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus. No interactions were observed between adiponectin and lipids, and markers of glycemic control, inflammation, or kidney function.. To our knowledge, only 1 prospective study has investigated the effect of adiponectin on risk of incident PAD.18 Similar to our findings in men, data from the Womens Health Study showed a strong inverse association between total and high molecular weight adiponectin with risk of symptomatic PAD (defined as intermittent claudication or PAD revascularization) among 110 women ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reliability of lower extremity functional performance tests. AU - Bolgla, Lori Ann. AU - Keskula, Douglas R.. PY - 1997/1/1. Y1 - 1997/1/1. N2 - Clinicians routinely have used functional performance tests as an evaluation tool in deciding when an athlete can safely return to unrestricted sporting activities. These practitioners assumed that these tests provide a reliable measure of lower extremity performance; however, little research has been reported on the reliability of these measures. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the reliability of lower extremity functional performance tests. Five male and 15 female volunteers were evaluated using the single hop for distance, triple hop for distance, 6-m timed hop, and cross-over hop for distance as described by Noyes (10). One clinician measured each subjects performance using a standardized protocol and retested subjects in the same manner approximately 48 hours later. The order of testing was randomly determined. ...
Purpose/Background: Functional tests have been used primarily to assess an athletes fitness or readiness to return to sport. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine the ability of the standing long jump (SLJ) test, the single‐leg hop (SLH) for distance test, and the lower extremity functional test (LEFT) as preseason screening tools to identify collegiate athletes who may be at increased risk for a time‐loss sports‐related low back or lower extremity injury. Methods: A total of 193 Division III athletes from 15 university teams (110 females, age 19.1 ± 1.1 y; 83 males, age 19.5 ± 1.3 y) were tested prior to their sports seasons. Athletes performed the functional tests in the following sequence: SLJ, SLH, LEFT. The athletes were then prospectively followed during their sports season for occurrence of low back or LE injury. Results: Female athletes who completed the LEFT in $118 s were 6 times more likely (OR=6.4, 95% CI: 1.3, 31.7) to sustain a thigh or knee injury. ...
National frameworks such as SIGN and NICE have recognised the benefits of foot screening programmes to be invaluable in preventing foot related complications within other high-risk groups, such as Diabetes, however this has not included the CKD population. This systematic review would recommend all patients presenting with CKD should be screened for lower extremity vascular and neurological impairment. Furthermore, National guidelines should be developed to highlight the profound effect these risk factors can have on the lower extremity in CKD and encourage the Health Care Professional to undertake simple non-invasive tests to detect and prevent the development of these potentially serious complications. ...
This lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) calculator determines functional status in patients suffering from lower extremity disorders and disabilities.
Purpose The presence of kinesiophobia was identified in patients with foot problems. There was no finding of foot functionality according to the level of kinesiophobia in lower extremity problems. The aim of this study was to compare the lower extremity functional status in foot problems with a low or high level of kinesiophobia. Materials and methods Evaluated herein were 37 patients with foot problems (plantar fasciitis, hallux valgus, flat foot). Physical and demographic characteristics were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups based on if they had a high or low level of kinesiophobia using the Tampa kinesiophobia scale. Ankle plantar flexor and knee flexor muscles tightness were recorded. The foot posture was evaluated using the Foot Posture Index. Foot-related pain was measured using the Visual Analog Scale Foot & Ankle. The Foot Function Index and the American Orthopaedics Foot and Ankle Foundation Ankle-Hindfoot Scale and Hallux Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal Scale were ...
The purpose of this study was to formulate a predictive equation to discriminate males from females using static and dynamic lower extremity (LE) alignments. Twenty-four healthy adults volunteered to participate. Three-dimensional motion analysis was used to assess the kinematics of the right hip and knee during two functional tasks. Six measures of static LE alignment were also performed. Statistical comparisons were made between males and females for all variables. Static and dynamic variables that were significantly different by sex were entered into separate discriminant analyses for each task. The resulting equations were each able to correctly predict 87% of the subjects by sex. Fifty-eight percent and 55% of the variance was explained by sex for the vertical jump and plant & jump, respectively. The frontal plane hip angle was the best predictor of sex for both tasks. While there were statistically significant differences between the sexes for static measures of LE alignment, kinematic ...
Change from Baseline in total Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) Score to week 25; SPPB is a series of six activities involving three domains of physical function - balance, usual walking speed and rising from a chair , is commonly used globally to assess and quantify (score 0-12) lower extremity function and has been shown to predict future adverse health events. A decline of one or more points in the SPPB total score is predictive of a decrease in lower extremity function and future adverse clinical outcomes in older adults, including falls, hospitalizations, institutionalization, incident disability and ...
Lower extremity injuries and pathologies are amongst the most common issues recreational athletes face. Fatigue is a factor that may impact how the lower extremity performs on a neuromuscular level. Neuromuscular control is a vital aspect of athletic performance and everyday life, that when hindered, may produce pathological results. The research is contradictory on whether or not fatigue produces a significant impact during neuromuscular performance. The purpose of this study is to assess neuromuscular control following a lower extremity fatigue protocol. This study was a randomized a controlled trial. Twenty-one recreationally active subjects, 10 males and 11 females, between the ages of 18 and 24 underwent two study sessions separated by a two-week break period. All subjects completed a pre and post Y Balance Test with the experimental group receiving a strenuous lateral step-down fatigue protocol and the control group receiving a 5 minute rest period. The effects of the fatigue protocol on all three
Thromboembolic events have been reported in hospitalized patient since beginning of the covid 19 pandemic. This study reports an ICU admitted patient with lower extremity arterial thrombosis diagnosed with covid 19.
Purpose: To identify the risk factors of major adverse cardiac event (MACE) in patients with chronic atherosclerotic lower extremity ischemia (CALEI) undergoing revascularization without noninvasive stress testing (NIST). Methods: From January 2007 to January 2012, patients with CALEI who underwent revascularization were retrospectively reviewed. Emergent operations, revision procedures for previous surgery, or patients with active cardiac conditions were excluded. NIST was not performed for patients without active cardiac conditions. Cardiac risk was categorized into low, intermediate and high risk, according to the Lees revised cardiac risk index. MACE was defined as acute myocardial infarction or any cardiac death within 30 days after surgery. Results: A total of 459 patients underwent elective lower extremity revascularization procedures (240 open surgeries, 128 endovascular procedures, and 91 hybrid surgeries). The treated lesions comprised of 18% aorto-iliac, 58% infrainguinal, and 24% ...
Background-Treatment for symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) includes lower extremity bypass surgery (LEB) and/or peripheral endovascular interventions (PVI); however, limited comparative effectiveness data exists between the two therapies. We assessed the safety and effectiveness of LEB and PVI in patients with symptomatic claudication and critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods and Results-In a community-based clinical registry at two large integrated healthcare delivery systems, we compared 883 patients undergoing PVI and 975 patients undergoing LEB between January 1st, 2005 and December 31st, 2011. Rates of Target Lesion Revascularization (TLR) were greater for PVI compared to LEB in patients presenting with claudication (12.3% ± 2.7% and 19.0% ± 3.5% at 1 and 3 years versus 5.2% ± 2.4% and 8.3% ± 3.1%, log-rank p,0.001) and CLI (19.1% ± 4.8% and 31.6% ± 6.3% and 1 and 3 years versus 10.8% ± 2.5% and 16.0% ± 3.2%, log-rank p,0.001). However, compared to PVI, LEB was associated ...
Role of Sex in Determining Treatment Type for Patients Undergoing Endovascular Lower Extremity Revascularization Academic Article ...
SCVS 2018 Abstracts: Wound location is independently associated with adverse outcomes following first-time lower extremity revascularization for tissue loss
Purposes: This study was conducted to develop the understanding of the influence variability in the coordination between the lower extremity joints in the support leg have on the consistency of the step characteristics in the early accelerating phase of sprint running. Methods: Five well-trained male sprinters performed eight maximal effort sprints over 10 meters. The kinematic data for the first three steps of the sprint where captured using automatic motion analysis system CODA CX1. Step velocity, step length and step frequency where found for each subject. The coefficient of variation in step velocity, step length and step frequency was found for each subject. The variability in the continuous joint angle profile differences in the lower extremity where found to show the joint coupling and plotted against the variability in the step characteristics using a linear correlation and regression graphs to test for a linear relationship. Results: The variability in the coupling of the ankle - knee ...
Demonstrate an increased repertoire of evaluation and management strategies to addresses the patients primary impairments interfering with efficient lower extremity function in a variety of activities. Instructor: Karen Guha, PT, B Sc PT, NDTA™ Coordinator/Instructor Karen is a Physiotherapist at Grand River Hospital and Back Works Spinal and Sports Rehabilitation. She received her Physical Therapy degree from the University of Toronto in 1996 and became NDT trained in 1999. Karen became a NDTA™ PT Instructor in 2007, a NDTA™ Coordinator Instructor in 2011 and a NDTA™ Advanced Course Instructor in 2014. She has over 18 years experience working with adults with neurological impairments in acute, rehabilitation and outpatient settings. Karen has taught NDT courses throughout North America and internationally.. Course Format: Course format will include lectures and patient demonstration by the instructor. A major portion of the course will involve laboratory practice sessions. During lab ...
政大學術集成(NCCU Academic Hub)是以機構為主體、作者為視角的學術產出典藏及分析平台,由政治大學原有的機構典藏轉 型而成。
Similar to the Lutonix 035-the first drug-coated balloon approved in the USA-the Lutonix 014 is an angioplasty balloon that is coated with a low dose of the drug paclitaxel, and also utilises standard mechanical dilatation of the vessel to restore blood flow for patients with peripheral artery disease. The Lutonix 035 is also the only drug-coated balloon being evaluated in an IDE trial for the treatment of dysfunctional arteriovenous fistulae located in the upper extremity, a Bard press release notes.. Below-the-knee peripheral artery disease is a challenging disease in a patient group that is currently under served. Patients often have to undergo frequent reinterventions following initial treatment. Regular balloon angioplasty is the primary catheter-based treatment option available today said Michael R Jaff, medical director of VasCore, the vascular ultrasound core laboratory used in the Lutonix BTK trial.. A significant number of patients with below-the-knee disease are at risk of limb ...
LER is brought to you by the same team that brought you BioMechanics magazine. When CMP Medica abruptly shut down BioMechanics in February 2009, a void was immediately created. Our research showed that there was a need for a multi-disciplinary publication focused and targeted on the lower extremity. Healthcare reform and the continuum of care has opened the door for the delivery of accurate, practical and relevant information for the various specialists involved in treating the lower extremity. Podiatrists, physical therapists, orthopedic surgeons, orthotists, prosthetists, and pedorthists are all connected in this process, and LER bridges the information gap between the various specialists as well as between practitioners and manufacturers of products used to treat lower extremity injuries.. With the ever changing healthcare delivery system and shifts in reimbursement, it is even more important to find ways to run your practice more efficiently and improve outcomes for your patients. LER ...
As the population continues to grow in average age, chronic lower extremity ischemia is becoming more prevalent. It is estimated that up to 10% of persons over 70 years of age have claudication, as...
Book DescriptionWatch world-renowned experts apply the latest techniques to effectively treat injuries and ailments to the lower extremity. Comprehensive Manual Therapy for the Lower Extremity Video establishes a foundation for learning by detailing the
Study Flashcards On Lower Extremity at Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. makes it easy to get the grade you want!
CPT codes 37220-37235 are reported for interventions of the lower extremities for treatment of occlusive disease and include angioplasty, atherectomy and stent placements. There are three vascular territories for coding purposes in the lower extremities.
PERI-LOC* Periarticular Locked Plating Lower Extremity treats lower extremity fractures including: lateral distal femur, proximal femur, distal femur, proximal tibia, anterolateral distal tibia, medial distal tibia plate.
Paolo Bianchi et al.: Occlusive Shrinkage of Ovation Endograft™ Presenting as Acute Lower Limbs Ischemia: Effective Endovascular Management The Ovation Endograft™is a graft prosthesis that can be inserted e.g. through the vessels of the groin into the aorta, the bodys main artery, to cover a dilated segment, namely an aneurysm. The special feature of this graft system is that it is equipped with sealing rings that are filled with a substance after deployement in order to avoid any blood flow along the graft into the aneurysm sac. Bianchi et al. report a case of a patient in whom this endograft was used and in whom the filled sealing rings started to shrink considerably after implantation. Subsequently, the blood flow to the patients legs through the graft was severely impaired. In order to reopen the narrowing of the prosthesis, another stent graft was inserted in the narrowed segment. The patient recovered without any further complications. The Ovation Endograft™was designed to ...
RESULTS: No differences existed in kinematics between sexes or with cycling position and power level. Subtle, qualitative differences were observed in all muscle activations between cycling positions within the pedal revolution. Average muscle activity across a whole pedal revolution was significantly increased in the SOL at 60 and 90 W and the GAS at all power levels and decreased in the GMX at 120 W in the RCP compared to the UCP. Non-linear increases existed in TA and GAS activity compared to more uniform increases of the other muscles as power increased regardless of position. Between sexes, the only significant difference was increased RF activity in the RCP of the men ...
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By Mark Brancel, M.D. 2021, 25th Annual Edition • © Annually 1997-2021 Mark Brancel, M.D. Go to Table of Contents or Index. This web-based guideline is updated on an ongoing basis, and therefore the latest editions are obtained by simply refreshing your browser connection or simply signing into this website afresh! Internet... Continue reading → ...
Author: Perry Nickelston. Title: The Lateral Subsystem and Lower Extremity Pain. Summary: Human locomotion is an incredible demonstration of muscle activation, timing, sequencing and patterning. The very idea that we can stand upright...
For over 10 years Performance Orthotics has implemented its Lower Extremity Care Program in more than 45 clinics throughout Canada and the United States. Our experienced clinicians provide our patients with the opportunity to relieve lower extremity discomfort by correcting the underlying cause, using our state-of-the-art computerized gait analysis technology.
The knee has various pathologic appearances in patients with congenital longitudinal deformities of the lower extremities. Radiographs from 39 patients with unilateral longitudinal congenital deficiencies of the lower extremities were analyzed to des
The lower extremity refers to the part of the body from the hip to the toes. The lower extremity includes the hip knee and ankle joints and the bones ...
Premier Radiology offers CT of the Lower Extremities, which is a noninvasive medical scan that uses special equipment to obtain multiple images of the lower extremities (hip, knee, ankle, & foot).
In lower extremity healthcare, as in politics, it hasnt been easy for women to succeed in traditionally male-dominated roles. The gender demographics have
60yo male, progressive bilateral lower extremity oedema for the past month…: 60yo male, progressive bilateral lower extremity oedema for the past month.
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Lower Extremities | Stealth Products, LLC. - Burnet, TX - Stealth Products offers an array of positioning products for the Lower Extremities of the body. Using standard or customized Foot Boxes, Calf Panels/straps, shoe holders and more.
This graph shows the total number of publications written about Lower Extremity by people in this website by year, and whether Lower Extremity was a major or minor topic of these publications ...
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an important cause of morbidity that affects up to 10 million people in the United States. It is caused by the restriction of blood flow to the arms, legs, or internal organs due to partial or total occlusion of the blood vessels. There are two types of PAD; organic and functional. Organic PAD, which is the more common form, is due to inflammation and tissue damage in the blood vessels caused by fatty build-up in arteries that blocks normal circulation. Functional PAD is related to abnormal contractions of the blood vessels due to a disease condition (for example, Raynauds disease). This condition may be triggered by smoking, cold temperatures, emotional stress, or working with vibrating machinery. PAD affects three major arterial segments of the lower extremity: (1) aorto-iliac arteries, (2) femoro-popliteal (FP) arteries, and (3) infra-popliteal (primarily tibial) arteries. The disease is usually classified based on claudication (a condition characterized by ...
Like all surgical procedures, leg bypass surgery carries significant risks including heart attacks, blood clots, infections, and even death in 2 to 3 percent of patients. Patients with advanced PAD have a high frequency of significant heart disease, so a thorough evaluation for cardiac problems and a careful review of medical therapies is required prior to surgery.. The use of medications such as aspirin, blood pressure, and cholesterol-lowering drugs is critical before and after the operation. The other major complications are related to the leg itself, and include the risk of failure of the bypass and wound healing problems. Overall, bypass surgery is immediately successful in 90 to 95 percent of cases. The short and long-term success of the procedure is most closely linked to two factors: 1) the material employed for the bypass graft itself and 2) the quality of the arteries in the lower leg to which the graft is attached. ...
Heron E. Rodriguez, M.D.s clinical activities focus on arterial and venous surgery and percutaneous interventions. Areas of special interest include lower extremity revascularization and arterial aneurysms. He has active research interests in minimally invasive treatment of aneurysms and lower extremity occlusive disease. He has participated in several multi-institutional clinical trials evaluating devices and therapies for the treatment of lower extremity occlusive disease ...
Obese children with lower extremity (LE) pain have worse physical function and poorer psychosocial health compared to those without LE pain.
DATE : April 18 & 19, 2015. COURSE : Lower Extremity. INSTRUCTOR : Dr. Kevin Hearon, DC, CCEP. LOCATION : Georgia- Marietta @ Life University. 1415 Barclay Circle.. Marietta, GA 30060. United States. Click on the Life University Link for more information on how to register. ...
Date: July 23 & 24, 2016. Course: Advanced Principles of Lower Extremity. Instructor: Keith Rau, DC, CCEP. Location: 1269 Barclay Circle Marietta, GA 30060 ...
Rashid Rasheed-Molecular Perfusion Imaging with 99mTc-MIBI Lower Limb Muscle SPECT: In Diagnosis and Follow up of Peripheral Arterial Diseases (PAD)
Which aortic or lower extremity vascular surgery surgeons in Wisconsin get the best outcomes? Find/compare surgeons plus their death and complication rates.
ICD-10-PCS code List for Lymphatic, Right Lower Extremity is medical classification list by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
The Berkeley Lower Extremity Exoskeleton (BLEEX) is a robotic device that attaches to the lower body. Its purpose is to ... Dollar, Aaron M.; Herr, Hugh (February 2008). "Lower Extremity Exoskeletons and Active Orthoses: Challenges and State-of-the- ... complement the user's strength by adding extra force to the user's lower extremity bodily movements. The BLEEX was funded by ...
The lower extremity of femur (or distal extremity) is the lower end of the femur (thigh bone) in human and other animals, ... projects to a lower level. When, however, the femur is in its natural oblique position the lower surfaces of the two condyles ... The posterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint is attached to the lower and front part of the medial wall of the fossa and ... The lower and posterior parts of the articular surface constitute the tibial surfaces for articulation with the corresponding ...
... (BLEIL) is a distinct clinical entity characterized by acute lymphedema in ... Bilateral lower extremity inflammatory lymphedema is described in otherwise healthy young adults undergoing recruit training ... McCann, Shannan E.; Dalton, Scott R.; Kobayashi, Todd T. (May 2017). "Histopathology of bilateral lower extremity inflammatory ... "Bilateral Lower Extremity Inflammatory Lymphedema in Air Force Basic Trainees: Clinical and Epidemiologic Study of a New ...
... , sometimes called lower extremity-predominant spinal muscular atrophy ... lower extremity predominance 1 Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance 2A Spinal muscular atrophy with lower ... atrophies This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity ...
... is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers four times a year ... The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds is interdisciplinary and aims to appeal to a wide audience of those ... involved in the treatment and research of lower extremity wounds. The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds is ... The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds publishes original research, reviews of evidence-based diagnostic ...
Spinal muscular atrophies Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance 2A Spinal muscular atrophy with lower ... Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance 1 (SMALED1) is an extremely rare neuromuscular disorder of infants ... "Dominant spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance: Linkage to 14q32". Neurology. 75 (6): 539-546. doi:10.1212/ ... "A DYNC1H1 mutation causes a dominant spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance". Neurogenetics. 13 (4): 327-332 ...
... muscular atrophies Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance 1 Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity ... Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance 2A (SMALED2A) is a rare neuromuscular disorder characterised by ...
Spinal muscular atrophies Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance 1 Spinal muscular atrophy with lower ... Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance 2B (SMALED2B) is a rare neuromuscular disorder characterised by ... extremity predominance 2A Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM): 618291 Koboldt, Daniel C.; Kastury, Rama D.; Waldrop, ...
15 May 1996). "Lower extremity bursitis". Am Fam Physician. 53 (7): 2317-24. PMID 8638508. Hennrikus, WL; et al. (September ... 608 a threshold significantly lower than that of septic arthritis (50,000 cells per microliter).: p. 360 A tuberculosis ...
Butcher JD, Salzman KL, Lillegard WA (1996). "Lower extremity bursitis". Am Fam Physician. 53 (7): 2317-24. PMID 8638508. ... When lowering from full abduction there is often a painful "catch" at midrange. If the patient can achieve adequate muscle ... ISBN 978-1-56053-133-3. Lo IK, Boorman R, Marchuk L, Hollinshead R, Hart DA, Frank CB (2005). "Matrix molecule mRNA levels in ... Irritation or entrapment of the lower subscapular nerve, which innervates the subscapularis and teres major muscles, will ...
... less likely to incur any type of lower extremity injury and 52% less likely to incur an overuse lower extremity injury than" ... Stress fractures most frequently occur in weight-bearing bones of the lower extremities, such as the tibia and fibula (bones of ... Williams, Bruce E. (March 2010). "A three-point approach to testing running shoes". Lower Extremity Review. Marti, B. (1989). " ... UpToDate: Overview of running injuries of the lower extremity The Anatomy of Sports Injuries: Your Illustrated Guide to ...
In the lower extremity; The castle village of Maisaour; According to the legend, there is a cross erected on the territory of ...
Glass GE, Staruch RM, Simmons J, Lawton G, Nanchahal J, Jain A, Hettiaratchy SP (August 2016). "Managing missed lower extremity ... Wanich T, Hodgkins C, Columbier JA, Muraski E, Kennedy JG (December 2007). "Cycling injuries of the lower extremity". The ... Cone J, Inaba K (2017-09-14). "Lower extremity compartment syndrome". Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open. 2 (1): e000094. doi: ... The lower legs and the forearms are the most frequent sites affected by compartment syndrome. Other areas of the body such as ...
Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Guidelines Committee (2014). "The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity ... He founded the Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research (CLEAR), which rapidly became the most productive podiatric ... Lower Extremity Review Magazine". 7 March 2012. Armstrong DG, Bharara M, White M, Lepow B, Bhatnagar S, Fisher T, Kimbriel HR, ... Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research. 30 September 2007. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 12 ...
April 1978). "Mycetoma of lower extremity". J Postgrad Med. 24 (2): 113-116. PMID 722604. Chugh KS; Singhal PC; Yadav RV; ...
Shah, Selina (April 2010). "Pointe shoes complicate biomechanics of ballet". Lower Extremity Review Magazine. Niema, Aqil; ...
Lower Extremity Review Magazine. Coughlin, MJ; Thompson, FM (1995). "The high price of high-fashion footwear" (PDF). ... a toe cap which is low enough to press on the top of the toe may also cause bruising under the nail, especially if the toe cap ...
Souza, Thomas (2007). Lower Extremity: Technique and Management. Palmer College of Chiropractic.[verification needed][page ... Both T1 and T2 imaging of the MRI shows bone marrow oedema, subchondral low signal, subchondral crescent linear focus, and ...
"Lower Extremity Nerve Blocks" (PDF). NYSORA. Retrieved 4 August 2017. "Lumbar Plexus Block". NYSORA. Retrieved 5 August 2017. " ... The saphenous nerve is numbed at the medial part of the lower thigh under the sartorius muscle. The lumbar plexus block is an ... "Upper Extremity Nerve Blocks" (PDF). NYSORA. Retrieved 4 August 2017. "Ultrasound-Guided Axillary Brachial Plexus Block". Upper ... Other complications include nerve injury which has an extremely low rate of 0.029-0.2%. Some research even suggests that ...
Back of left lower extremity. Semitendinosus muscle Semitendinosus muscle Semitendinosus muscle Muscles of thigh. Lateral view ... A lower motor neuron exits to the sacral plexus exiting through the spinal levels L5-S2. From the sacral plexus, the lower ... At its insertion it gives off from its lower border a prolongation to the deep fascia of the leg and lies behind the tendon of ... It arises from the lower and medial impression on the upper part of the tuberosity of the ischium, by a tendon common to it and ...
Extensive lower-extremity DVT can even reach into the inferior vena cava (in the abdomen). Upper extremity DVT most commonly ... The score is used in suspected first lower extremity DVT (without any PE symptoms) in primary care and outpatient settings, ... Abdul W, Hickey B, Wilson C (April 2016). "Lower extremity compartment syndrome in the setting of iliofemoral deep vein ... Those at a low-risk for recurrence might receive a four to six week course of anticoagulation, lower doses, or no ...
Nerves of the right lower extremity Posterior view. Back of left lower extremity. Biceps femoris This article incorporates text ... It has two heads of origin: the long head arises from the lower and inner impression on the posterior part of the tuberosity of ... This is a common tendon origin with the semitendinosus muscle, and from the lower part of the sacrotuberous ligament. the short ...
Back of left lower extremity. Fibularis brevis muscle Muscles of the sole of the foot. Dorsum of Foot, deep dissection. Muscles ... The fibularis brevis arises from the lower two-thirds of the lateral, or outward, surface of the fibula (inward in relation to ...
Back of left lower extremity. Posterior view. Agur, Anne M.; Ng-Thow-Hing, Victor; Ball, Kevin A.; Fiume, Eugene; McKee, Nanacy ... In humans and some other mammals, the soleus is a powerful muscle in the back part of the lower leg (the calf). It runs from ... The posterior aponeurosis and median septum join in the lower quarter of the muscle and then join with the anterior aponeuroses ...
"Lower Extremity Nerve Blocks" (PDF). NYSORA. Retrieved 4 August 2017. (Regional anesthesia). ...
Its lower extremity inclines a little forward, so as to be on a plane anterior to that of the upper end; it projects below the ... Lower extremity of right fibula. Medial aspect. Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Knee and tibiofibular joint. Deep dissection. ... In many animals, it still articulates with the posterior part of the lower extremity of the femur, but this feature is ... Ossification commences in the lower end in the second year, and in the upper about the fourth year. The lower epiphysis, the ...
Symptoms are lower extremity cramping. Resting from activity even in a standing position may help relieve the symptoms. Spinal ... of the spinal canal and compression of nerve roots and resultant lower extremity symptoms. Standing and extension of the spine ...
Shastri, Uma; Kwofie, Kwesi; Salviz, Emine Aysu; Xu, Daquan; Hadzic, Admir (2014). "54 - Lower Extremity Nerve Blocks". ... Lower Extremity Soft Tissue & Cutaneous Plastic Surgery (2nd ed.). Saunders. pp. 13-21. doi:10.1016/B978-0-7020-3136-6.00003-5 ... In human anatomy, the dorsalis pedis artery (dorsal artery of foot) is a blood vessel of the lower limb. It arises from the ... "Arteries of the lower extremity shown in association with major landmarks." Image at ...
Back of left lower extremity. Semimembranosus muscle Semimembranosus muscle Muscles of thigh. Lateral view. Muscles of thigh. ... and converge to another aponeurosis which covers the lower part of the posterior surface of the muscle and contracts into the ...
Rerucha, Caitlyn (2017). "Lower Extremity Abnormalities in Children". American Family Physician. 96 (4): 226-233. PMID 28925669 ... Signs and Symptoms C-shaped lateral border of foot Intoeing gait Pressure sites during shoe wear The tibia or lower leg ...
The marginal shield, which can be described as the rim around the shell, is yellow, As is the lower portion of the shell, the ... There are no patterns on the extremities. The turtle's diet includes anurans, tadpoles, invertebrates and carrion. During ... It is found in the Lower Colorado River Sonoran Desert scrub, Arizona Upland Sonoran Desert scrub, and Semidesert Grassland ...
The first class was "Studies of heads, extremities and the human form", the second was "Sculpture", and the third, "Life ... Mandiola, unlike Rosales and Monvoisin, preferred to portray peasants, children and homeless people, depicting the lower ...
i. Lower part of the intestine. m. Müllerian duct, the upper part of which remains as the hydatid of Morgagni; the lower part, ... The ostium of the fallopian tube remains from the anterior extremity of the original tubular invagination from the abdominal ... i. Lower part of the intestine. ls. Fold of integument from which the labia majora or scrotum are formed. m, m. Right and left ... i. Lower part of the intestine. l. Labium majus. n. Labium minus. o. The left ovary. po. Epoophoron. sc. Corpus cavernosum ...
site 454 Varicose veins of lower extremities 454.0 Varicose veins w/ ulcer 454.1 Varicose veins w/ inflammation 454.2 Varicose ... of capillaries 449 Septic arterial embolism 451 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis 451.1 Of deep vessels of lower extremities ... affecting dominant side 438.22 Hemiplegia affecting nondominant side 438.3 Monoplegia of upper limb 438.4 Monoplegia of lower ...
The last three whorls show a brown subsutural zone, interrupted by the lower extremities of the ribs, which remain white. The ...
... and paralyzing her lower extremities. She was first rushed to Vail Valley Medical Center and then was airlifted to Denver ... She was thrown over the handlebars and onto her head and then landed on her back, suffering massive and severe lower back ...
Palmer also observed that the paved road over the bridge ended abruptly at the latter's western extremity, and that the dirt ... geology study carried out for the construction of the bridge concluded that an arch bridge in the area would have a low level ... the paved road over the bridge ended abruptly at the latter's western extremity. The bridge spans the estuary of the Tono River ...
... is enclosed by the Banda Sea, the southern limit of which runs from the eastern extremity of Timor along its north ... The archipelago is the only interocean connection on earth at low latitudes, and the exchange of water between the two oceans ... In East Timor, involvement in fishing is low by comparison with other small island countries. Along the country's portion of ...
... health problems following acute Rocky Mountain spotted fever infection include partial paralysis of the lower extremities, ... Abnormal laboratory findings seen in patients with Rocky Mountain spotted fever may include a low platelet count, low blood ... Therefore, the risk of exposure to a tick carrying R. rickettsii is low.[citation needed] The disease is spread by the American ... The rash has a centripetal, or "inward" pattern of spread, meaning it begins at the extremities and courses towards the trunk. ...
... surmounting the low, ice-covered northeast extremity of Joerg Peninsula on the east coast of Graham Land. This distinctive ...
While the fall of Lae was clearly a victory for the Allies, and it was achieved more quickly and at lower cost than anticipated ... attacked the southern extremity of Japanese lines in the Mubo area, at features known to the Allies as "The Pimple" and "Green ...
... the heart are more dangerous than those limited to the extremities), shocks as low as one joule have been reported to cause ... The dielectric also needs to have as low a loss with frequency as possible. However, low value capacitors are available with a ... Values available range from very low (picofarad range; while arbitrarily low values are in principle possible, stray (parasitic ... Conversely, for very low frequencies, the reactance is high, so that a capacitor is nearly an open circuit in AC analysis - ...
The lower platform - which constitutes most of the surface of the Temple Mount - has at its southern end al-Aqsa Mosque, which ... at the southern extremity of the area, where is the Minbar and the great Mihrab. But in fact Aksa is the name of the whole area ... The lower platform also houses an ablution fountain (known as al-Kas), originally supplied with water via a long narrow ... It looked very much like the lowest masonry in the central section of the eastern wall of the Temple Mount, near the Golden ...
... which in turn causes the lower extremities to overstretch and contract; this puts stress on the Achilles tendon and will ... These involve repetitions of slowly lowering the body while standing on the affected leg, using the opposite arm and foot to ... Prevention of recurrence includes following appropriate exercise habits and wearing low-heeled shoes. In the case of incorrect ... "The effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave therapy in common lower limb conditions: a systematic review including ...
The UNC running attack was slowed due to a lower extremity injury to Ryan Houston who was sidelined for most of the second half ...
... and bent outward and upward at its lower extremity enclosing above it a patch of the ground-colour profusely stippled with pale ...
Comparative study oftwo surgical techniques in the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities: results after five ... doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009648 Hemodynamic classification and CHIVA treatment of varicose veins in lower extremities (VVLE) ...
Although much of the plateau is stony with areas of low and often stunted forms of vegetation, the remainder of the mountain ... In colonial times 'Ben Lomond' referred to both the southern extremity of the massif and the country around the southern ... the southernmost extremity of Ben Lomond) using convict labour. A Full survey of Ben Lomond was conducted from September 1905 ... artifacts such as stone tools are found about the low dunes at the eastern aspect of Lake Youl and in colonial times soldiers ...
... objects that are a great distance away have lower luminance contrast and lower color saturation. Due to this, images seem hazy ... Snakes, cyclostomes and other animals that lack extremities have relatively many IVP. Notably these animals have no limbs ( ... It appears lower than the mountain in front in the center of the picture. Measurements and calculations can be used to ... In addition, if an object moves from a position close the horizon to a position higher or lower than the horizon, it will ...
The HULC is a battery-powered, lower extremity exoskeleton. It carries up to 200 lb, distributed between the front and back of ... The HULC is a lower extremity, general purpose load carriage platform. It can be adapted for specific missions such as ... The flexibility of the system allows soldiers to run, walk, kneel, crawl, and even go into low squats. There is no joystick or ...
On 13 June 2020, the bill seeking to give legal status to the new map was unanimously approved by the lower house in the Nepal ... "The reference point defining the right extremity of Bhot Pradesh is another mountain pass, the famous Lipu Lekh, which was the ... Ghimire, Binod (13 June 2020). "Constitution amendment bill to update Nepal map endorsed unanimously at the Lower House". ...
Lower extremities and the ears are most commonly involved. Nasal and labial lesions have rarely been reported. Aquarium ...
Legs are short, and the hind tibia broad at the extremity. Male has shiny head with few scattered punctures. Male also bears a ... Antenna and mouthparts yellowish where the upper and lower surfaces with minute pale setae. Head short and broad, with slightly ...
The Pinner South ward was recorded as having the lowest crime rate out of all wards of Greater London in 2014/15. The London ... It is located near the northwestern extremity of the modern-day network, with 4 lines serving the area. The Bakerloo and ... Crime figures are generally lower compared to the Greater London average; the borough had 2,618 notifiable offences in April ... Robin De Peyer (23 June 2018). "Revealed: The boroughs with the highest (and lowest) murder rates in London , London Evening ...
It is characterised by recurrent crops of large, sharply demarcated, ulcerative lesions, affecting mainly the lower extremities ...
From the east, it is Blackburn Road, which, at its westernmost extremity, also links up with Church Street, closer to the ... top level is to illuminate the looms this may not be the case as the weaving would probably have been carried out in the lowest ...
... the number of species is lower in its western extremity than in the eastern part. A variety of seabirds can be seen close to ... It was lower than the French result, 30,266 euros, below the European one, 30,900 euros. The GDP of the Loire-Atlantique ... The audience of far-right parties is lower in Brittany than in the rest of France. Brittany is the largest French peninsula. It ... In Lower Brittany, the medieval style never totally disappeared. However, local innovations permitted some changes and the ...
Cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity, anterior and posterior views. Cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity, ... Injury to the common fibular nerve is the most common isolated mononeuropathy of the lower extremity and produces sensory ... Nerves of the lower limb and lower torso). ... Lower limb, abdomen, and pelvis (Fifth ed.). India: CBS ... The deep fibular nerve is also subject to injury resulting from lower motor neuron disease, diabetes, ischemia, and infectious ...
Surgery may become necessary if there is significant compression of the brainstem, spinal cord, the lower cranial nerves or ... The condyles are oval or reniform (kidney-shaped) in shape, and their anterior extremities, directed forward and medialward, ... and possibly lower cranial nerve (IX, X, XI, XII) deficits, tetraparesis or abnormal breathing. Among these, cranial nerve ... are closer together than their posterior, and encroach on the basilar portion of the bone; the posterior extremities extend ...
Assessing the Lower Extremities in the Geriatric Patient * Effect of External Sequential Compression Devices on Femoral Venous ... lower-extremity amputations (LEAs) are 10 times more common in people with diabetes than in persons who do not have diabetes. ... it was estimated that those with diabetes and lower-extremity wounds in the U.S. Medicare program accounted for $41 billion in ... Healthy Habits Lower T2D Microvascular Risks: Cohort Study * Advancing the Science: MIND Diet, Lifestyle, and Multiple ...
Lower Extremity Amputations Among Persons with Diabetes Mellitus -- Washington, 1988 Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of ... Lower extremity amputation in people with diabetes: epidemiology and prevention. Diabetes Care 1989;12:24-31. ... Most RS, Sinnock P. The epidemiology of lower extremity amputations in diabetic individuals. Diabetes Care 1983;6:87-91. ... lower extremity amputations (LEAs) in the United States, accounting for approximately 50% of all nontraumatic LEAs (1). To ...
... in the lower limbs, most severely affecting the thigh muscles (quadriceps). Explore symptoms, inheritance, genetics of this ... Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance (SMA-LED) is characterized by muscle weakness and wasting (atrophy) ... SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY, LOWER EXTREMITY-PREDOMINANT, 1, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT. *SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY, LOWER EXTREMITY- ... Learn more about the genes associated with Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance. *BICD2 ...
The Lower Extremity Disease Examination data will be used to determine the prevalence of lower extremity disease in the U.S. ... Lower Extremity Disease - Peripheral Neuropathy (LEXPN) Data File: LEXPN.xpt First Published: June 2002. Last Revised: NA ... Participants 40 years of age and older are asked to participate in the PN Section of the Lower Extremity Disease examination. ... The Ankle Brachial Blood Pressure Index (ABPI) section of the Lower Extremity Disease component collects data on peripheral ...
Lower-extremity amputation is one of the oldest known surgically performed procedures. The original surgical principles as ... Lower Extremity Assessment Project (LEAP)--the best available evidence on limb-threatening lower extremity trauma. Orthop Clin ... encoded search term (Lower-Extremity Amputations) and Lower-Extremity Amputations What to Read Next on Medscape ... Lower-Extremity Amputations. Updated: Apr 29, 2021 * Author: Janos P Ertl, MD; Chief Editor: Vinod K Panchbhavi, MD, FACS, FAOA ...
Experiences and needs of patients with lower limb amputation in Saudi Arabia: a qualitative study  ...
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Intermittent claudication is the hallmark of atherosclerotic lower extremity PAD, but only about 10% of patients with PAD ... Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 12% to 20% of Americans 60 years and older. The most significant risk ... The primary treatment strategies for lower extremity PAD include the following:. Lifestyle modifications. C. 9, 24-31 Based on ... Vascular examination should include palpation of lower extremity pulses and auscultation for femoral bruits.. C. 9 Based on ...
There are 2 articulations that make up the talocrural joint. 1) formed by the distal end of the tibia and talus. 2) formed when the lateral malleolus of the fibula meets the talus. ...
The Lower Extremity Disease examination data will be used to determine the prevalence of lower extremity disease in the U.S. ... Lower Extremity Disease - Ankle Brachial Blood Pressure Index (LEXAB_C) Data File: LEXAB_C.xpt First Published: December 2005. ... Participants 40 years of age and older are asked to participate in the ABPI Section of the Lower Extremity Disease examination ... For the procedures relevant to this component, please go to the Lower Extremity Disease Procedures Manual on the NHANES website ...
Faculty chairing lower extremity courses in 2022-2023 are asked to utilize the available material for course planning and ... Any feedback on the framework and material is highly valued and can be shared with the AO Trauma Lower Extremity Education ... Following approval by the AO Trauma Education Commission this year, the AO Trauma Lower Extremity Education Taskforce of ... Besides the comprehensive 3-day AO Trauma Masters Course-Lower Extremity Trauma (With Anatomical Specimens), three more ...
Currently, lower limb amputation is indicated most frequently for lower extremity compromise due to severe peripheral vascular ... Somatotopic Configuration of Distal Residual Limb Tissues in Lower Extremity Amputations. The safety and scientific validity of ... Lower extremity amputation is among the oldest known surgical procedures in medical history. Despite the passage of over two ... Somatotopic Configuration of Distal Residual Limb Tissues in Lower Extremity Amputations. Actual Study Start Date :. September ...
... are at risk for lower extremity ischemia. Effective monitoring is needed to identify complications quickly and allow timely ... Two patients had lower extremity complications in the leg with the arterial cannula. The patients with complications had lower ... tissue oxygenation in the lower extremities in patients on ECMO may allow early identification of patients with lower extremity ... We present its use in monitoring lower extremity perfusion in patients on ECMO. Five patients on ECMO had near-infrared ...
Palpable Structures of the Lower Extremities. Can you name the Palpable Structures of the Lower Extremities. ...
... and/or lower extremity and provide compression and stabilization through the use of a combined internal fixation device, ... external fixation device and a lower extremity stabilizing device. The various embodiments of the system are capable of ... The present devices, systems and processes can simultaneously reduce a malady of the foot, ankle, and/or lower extremity and ... The external fixation device and/or lower extremity stabilizer can be removed after a certain period of time, leaving the ...
Trunk and lower body surgery is performed by the Dominican Medical Group plastic and reconstructive surgeons. ... Trunk and lower body surgery performed by the Dominican Medical Group plastic and reconstructive surgeons include:. *Leg wounds ... Lower body reconstructive surgery following trauma, cancer, serious infection or extreme weight loss, involves multiple human ...
The aim of this work was to study the incidence over time of lower extremity amputations and determine variables associated ... HbA1c and Lower Extremity Amputation Risk in Patients With Diabetes:A Meta-Analysis. Int J Low Extrem Wounds 14(2):168-177. ... Hallström, S., Svensson, AM., Pivodic, A. et al. Risk factors and incidence over time for lower extremity amputations in people ... Barg FK, Cronholm PF, Easley EE et al (2017) A qualitative study of the experience of lower extremity wounds and amputations ...
LOW_BACK/Expenditures_and_Health_Care_Utilization.shtml ... Among Adults With Newly Diagnosed Low Back and Lower Extremity ... with Newly Diagnosed Low Back and Lower Extremity Pain This section is compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.. Send all comments or ... Up to 80% of the US population will experience low back pain (LBP) or lower extremity pain (LEP) at least once in their ... Importance: Low back pain (LBP) with or without lower extremity pain (LEP) is one of the most common reasons for seeking ...
Cost of inpatient care for lower extremity fractures. A total of 433 soldiers received inpatient care for lower extremity ... Cost of inpatient and outpatient care for lower extremity fractures. Table 4 shows that 5,287 soldiers received care for lower ... Cost of outpatient care for lower extremity fractures. Table 3 shows that 5,247 soldiers received outpatient care for lower ... experienced fractures to the lower leg and ankle (n=1,962); all other anatomical sites for the lower extremity accounted for ...
While lower extremity diagnoses are commonly referred for aquatic interventions, are the properties of water applied to ... Aquatic Interventions for the Lower Extremity: Justifications & Applications Assessment: 20 questions Unlimited retakes on fail ... Aquatic Interventions for the Lower Extremity: Justifications & Applications Justifications and Applications Presentation: 2.75 ... Aquatic Interventions for the Lower Extremity: Justifications & Applications Justifications and Applications Certificate: 0/3 ...
1. Third Occipital Nerve and Cervical Medial Branch Nerve ...
UNDERSTANDING AND INTERPRETING SPECTRAL WAVEFORMS IN THE UPPER AND LOWER EXTREMITIES, PART 2 ... Understanding and Interpreting Spectral Waveforms in the Upper and Lower Extremities, Part 1 ... Case Series in Lower Extremity Venous Doppler, Part I * Case Series in Lower Extremity Venous Doppler, Part II ...
8, Bones of the Lower Extremity. /shop/oeli-008-lizars-pl-8-bones-of-the-lower-extremity-5464 * Framed Option * Available After ... 8, Bones of the Lower Extremity. Oppenheimer Editions Print. 18" x 10 7/8". Limited edition of 200. Published 2016. Blind ...
Lower extremity anatomy extensor hallucis longus muscle,image of the extensor hallucis longus muscle, anatomy of the foot, ...
Upper and Lower Extremity Reconstruction Gallery. Learn More About Our Plastic Surgery Services ...
In lower extremity wounds, the etiology-venous, arterial, neuropathic, or mixed-must determined before a care plan is created. ... As mentioned, lower extremity wounds can often be refractory or slow healing. These wounds require an interprofessional ... 1. McNichol L, Ratliff C, Yates S. Differential assessment of lower extremity wounds. In: McNichol LL, Ratliff CR, Yates SS, ... and vascular and sensorimotor assessment are some key factors used to determine the primary etiology of lower extremity ulcers. ...
Course is designed to increase knowledge and competence in order to better perform and/or interpret upper and lower extremity ... Introduction to Musculoskeletal Ultrasound: Lower Extremities. *12 months UNLIMITED access from your computer, tablet or phone ... Introduction to MSK Ultrasound: Lower Extremities Online Course is designed to increase knowledge and competence in order to ... better perform and/or interpret lower extremity musculoskeletal ultrasound. This course is made up of six (6) modules, which ...
This One-Pager reviews the effects of mild-compression diabetic socks on lower extremity edema in patients with diabetes. It is ... This One-Pager reviews the effects of mild-compression diabetic socks on lower extremity edema in patients with diabetes. It is ... Mild-compression diabetic socks safely reduce lower extremity edema in patients with diabetes ... Mild-compression diabetic socks safely reduce lower extremity edema in patients with diabetes ...
Develop a plan of care for patients with upper- and lower-extremity disorders and injuries ... Develop a plan of care for patients with upper- and lower-extremity disorders and injuries ... Differentiate between and order appropriate imaging in orthopedic extremity evaluation. *Review diagnostic imaging results and ... Differentiate between and order appropriate imaging in orthopedic extremity evaluation. *Review diagnostic imaging results and ...
Miller, RH; Caldwell, GE; Van Emmerik, REA; Umberger, BR; and Hamill, J, "Ground Reaction Forces and Lower Extremity Kinematics ... Ground Reaction Forces and Lower Extremity Kinematics When Running With Suppressed Arm Swing ...
  • Objective The goal of the study was to determine whether complications of diabetes well-known to be associated with death such as cardiovascular disease and renal failure fully explain the higher rate of death in those who have undergone a lower-extremity amputation (LEA). (
  • The Lower Extremity Disease Examination data will be used to determine the prevalence of lower extremity disease in the U.S. population (diagnosed and undiagnosed), including those at high risk for the late complications of the disease (i.e., ulceration and amputation). (
  • Lower-extremity amputation is one of the oldest known surgically performed procedures, dating back to prehistoric times. (
  • Whatever the reason for performing an extremity amputation, it should not be viewed as a failure of treatment. (
  • Amputation is the treatment of choice for diseased limbs and devastating lower-extremity injuries for which attempts at salvage and reconstruction may be lengthy, have high emotional and financial costs, and yield a less-than-satisfactory result. (
  • Lower extremity amputation is among the oldest known surgical procedures in medical history. (
  • Currently, lower limb amputation is indicated most frequently for lower extremity compromise due to severe peripheral vascular disease, followed in short order by trauma, tumors, infections and congenital limb deficiencies. (
  • However, the standard operative approach to lower limb amputation at either the below knee (BKA) or above knee (AKA) level obliterates many of the dynamic relationships characteristic of the uninjured lower extremity. (
  • Major Lower Extremity Amputation after Multiple Revascularizations: Was It Worth It? (
  • Dive into the research topics of 'Major Lower Extremity Amputation after Multiple Revascularizations: Was It Worth It? (
  • 1 insensate area), foot ulcers, or lower-extremity amputation. (
  • Stonestown, suffering amputation of her left lower leg below the knee. (
  • This type of injury commonly results in a traumatic amputation of at least one lower extremity between the period of June 2009 and August of 2011 there were 77 combat-related IFI cases and this ended up representing a very substantial amount--6.8 percent of trauma admissions to the regional military hospital in Germany. (
  • Life after lower extremity amputation in diabetics. (
  • Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of lower extremity amputations (LEAs) in the United States, accounting for approximately 50% of all nontraumatic LEAs (1). (
  • The aim of this work was to study the incidence over time of lower extremity amputations and determine variables associated with increased risk of amputations in people with type 1 diabetes. (
  • [ 4 ] In 2012, it was estimated that those with diabetes and lower-extremity wounds in the U.S. Medicare program accounted for $41 billion in cost, which is ~1.6% of all Medicare health care spending. (
  • As mentioned, lower extremity wounds can often be refractory or slow healing. (
  • 1. McNichol L, Ratliff C, Yates S. Differential assessment of lower extremity wounds. (
  • Gunshot wounds to the lower extremity. (
  • The analyses focused on lower extremity fractures, in particular, because such injuries are considered by both the Army safety and health communities to be a high-visibility, high priority concern. (
  • In most of the sports, proprioceptive education programs are adapted to prevent lower extremity functional injuries. (
  • From foot to knee to hip, many injuries can affect athletes' lower bodies. (
  • In looking through his injury logs, Jim notices most of his employee injuries occurred to the lower extremities, not the trunk like the Bureau of Labor Statistics data indicate. (
  • He decides to contact an occupational safety and health consultant to help him determine why his plant is experiencing high rates of lower extremities injuries. (
  • The proportion of participants with injuries significantly differed across the school years: lower elementary school (4%), upper elementary school (21%), junior high school (35%), and high school (41%) [ 5 ]. (
  • Injuries caused by fish are common and considered a neglected health problem with high morbidity and low lethality. (
  • Relationship Between Concussion and Sex on Lower Extremity Biomechanics" by Warren O. Forbes, Jason M. Avedesian et al. (
  • Predominant pain pattern, ulcer location, ulcer appearance, type and amount of wound exudate, and vascular and sensorimotor assessment are some key factors used to determine the primary etiology of lower extremity ulcers. (
  • She required multiple surgical debridement procedures for necrotic skin ulcers on her lower extremities. (
  • Angular deformities are often seen in the lower extremity. (
  • Besides the comprehensive 3-day AO Trauma Masters Course-Lower Extremity Trauma (With Anatomical Specimens), three more specialized courses on the femur, the knee, and the tibia and fibula are envisaged, and templates for those are being developed. (
  • Lower CTS would predict greater hip adduction and knee valgus motion and reduced internal peak varus moments. (
  • Greater coronal and lateral tibial slope predicted greater hip internal rotation (femur relative to pelvis) at initial contact (R 2 = .504) and greater CTS and lower medial/lateral tibial slope ratio predicted greater knee internal rotation (tibia relative to femur) excursions (R 2 = .594, P = .001). (
  • Therefore, it is unknown how knee kinematics (flexion/extension, ab/adduction, and external/internal rotation) at low flexion angles are related to cartilage compression over time. (
  • The major manifestations of lower extremity disease are peripheral vascular disease and peripheral neuropathy. (
  • The Ankle Brachial Blood Pressure Index (ABPI) section of the Lower Extremity Disease component collects data on peripheral vascular disease and the Peripheral Neuropathy (LEXPN) section of the Lower Extremity Disease component collects data on peripheral neuropathy. (
  • Ground Reaction Forces and Lower Extremity Kinematics When Running Wit" by RH Miller, GE Caldwell et al. (
  • Altered lower-extremity muscle activity has been associated with lower-extremity kinematics in individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP). (
  • To compare the lower-extremity muscle activity, kinematics, pain level, and reach distance during the anterior reach of the star excursion balance test (SEBT) between participants with PFP and healthy individuals (control [CON] group). (
  • Lower extremity kinematics of cross-slope roof walking. (
  • The purpose of this study is to determine in what way traversing across a sloped/roof surface alters lower extremity kinematics of the upslope and downslope legs compared to level walking. (
  • College aged males negotiated across a pitched (26 degrees) roof segment during which lower extremity three-dimensional kinematics were calculated. (
  • The data suggest that roof pitch incite significant differences in crossslope walking of the kinematics in the lower extremity between the upslope and down slope limbs when compared to level surface walking. (
  • The goal of this project is to develop a set of subject specific statistical equations to compare kinematics and gap distance at low flexion angles over two hours of prolonged standing. (
  • [ 1 ] According to the World Health Organization, lower-extremity amputations (LEAs) are 10 times more common in people with diabetes than in persons who do not have diabetes. (
  • Background and purpose: Lower-extremity amputations (LEAs) in people with diabetes are associated with reduced quality of life and increased health care costs. (
  • A human lower-limb model, with six degrees of freedom, i.e., an 18-muscle model with the pelvis fixed, was used with ideal actuators to apply torques or forces to joints or soles. (
  • Following approval by the AO Trauma Education Commission this year, the AO Trauma Lower Extremity Education Taskforce of international program editors (IPEs) and regional program contributors (RPCs) have worked on finalizing the program and the support materials for lower extremity trauma courses for both practicing surgeons and experts for full global rollout. (
  • Any feedback on the framework and material is highly valued and can be shared with the AO Trauma Lower Extremity Education Taskforce via Barbara Niederee . (
  • Lower body reconstructive surgery following trauma, cancer, serious infection or extreme weight loss, involves multiple human anatomy structures, from bone and muscle to nerves and skin. (
  • This One-Pager reviews the effects of mild-compression diabetic socks on lower extremity edema in patients with diabetes. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: This assessment method together with the normative ratios and calculated thresholds may aid in rapid detection of lower extremity edema in patients and possibly as a way to quantitatively track changes in edema status with time or treatment. (
  • Patients on peripheral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are at risk for lower extremity ischemia. (
  • Additionally, compression should be used with extreme caution in those with questionable arterial and neuropathic processes because the patient may be unable to detect sensory changes in the setting of increasing ischemia in the extremities. (
  • The present devices, systems and processes can simultaneously reduce a malady of the foot, ankle, and/or lower extremity and provide compression and stabilization through the use of a combined internal fixation device, external fixation device and a lower extremity stabilizing device. (
  • The various embodiments of the system are capable of providing adequate compression in the medial, central and/or lateral columns and/or sides of the foot, ankle, and/or lower extremity, as well as treating Charcot neuroarthropathy, fractures, revisional foot and combination of ankle surgeries. (
  • Since late 2002, all patient demographic and epidemi- recently evaluated prevalence of MRSA at hospital admis- ologic data have been reviewed and recorded on a standard- sion and showed a low CA-MRSA prevalence, a reservoir ized form by a public health nurse ( 6 ). (
  • Results: F5 KP prevalence (19.7%) was associated with combined physical exposures, and with either high job strain or low social support, in separate models. (
  • Vascular examination should include palpation of lower extremity pulses and auscultation for femoral bruits. (
  • An independent international expert consensus document evaluating the appropriateness of IVUS during peripheral arterial and venous intervention for the lower extremity was recently developed to better understand how vascular experts feel about the role of IVUS in specific procedural scenarios. (
  • The preliminary results were presented at the recent Vascular InterVentional Advances (VIVA) conference in October 2021 as part of the "Smith Center Symposium on Intravascular Ultrasound for Lower Extremity Arterial and Venous Intervention," co-sponsored by Philips IGT Devices and Boston Scientific. (
  • Surveys were split by lower extremity arterial (iliac, femoropopliteal and tibial vascular beds) and venous (iliofemoral). (
  • The hypothesis of this research protocol is that we will be able to redesign the manner in which lower limb amputations are performed so as to include biological actuators that will enable the successful employment of next generation lower extremity prostheses. (
  • This study found that indirect medical costs (i.e., loss of return on personnel salary) cost the Army nearly 4 times the amount spent on direct medical care for soldiers' lower extremity fractures. (
  • The estimated cost to the Army for lower extremity fractures in 2017 was approximately $116 million. (
  • The finding that the majority of costs related to lower extremity fractures were due to estimated days of lost or limited duty and associated loss of productivity justifies the inclusion of indirect cost estimates as a part of overall injury cost calculations. (
  • This analysis is centered on acute fractures of the lower extremities. (
  • Our attorneys handled a pedestrian liability claim on behalf of a 30-year-old woman who sustained severe pelvic and lower extremity fractures as a result of being struck by an automobile. (
  • The objective of this investigation was to evaluate adverse short-term outcomes following open lower extremity bypass surgery in subjects with diabetes mellitus with a specific comparison performed based on subject height. (
  • The results of this investigation demonstrate no significant difference in short-term adverse outcomes following the performance of lower extremity bypass surgery based on patient height. (
  • These programs attempt to reduce the burden of diabetes by preventing blindness, lower-extremity amputations, cardiovascular disease, and adverse outcomes of pregnancy among persons with diabetes. (
  • 4) the subchondroplasty procedure, including its related radiographic findings and clinical outcomes in the lower extremity. (
  • BACKGROUND: Lower extremity edema occurs in many conditions including congestive heart failure, lymphedema, diabetes-related, kidney and liver disease, chronic venous insufficiency with venous hypertension. (
  • Describe deep, perforator, and superficial vein anatomy in the lower extremity. (
  • Overview These pelvic ligaments bind the ox coxae of the lower extremity to the axial skeleton. (
  • Participants 40 years of age and older are asked to participate in the PN Section of the Lower Extremity Disease examination. (
  • Refer to Lower Extremity Disease Procedures Manual for further details. (
  • Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 12% to 20% of Americans 60 years and older. (
  • Atherosclerotic lower extremity artery occlusive disease-commonly referred to as peripheral artery disease (PAD)-affects 12% to 20% of Americans 60 years and older, increasing to nearly 50% in those 85 years and older. (
  • Low socioeconomic status (SES), distance lived from hospital , and insurance status are well documented in the literature to increase the risk of post-operative morbidity and mortality for some disease processes however there is a paucity of data regarding how this association impacts patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). (
  • GNE myopathy , an ultra-rare disease, is a severe progressive myopathy that typically presents in early adulthood as weakness in the distal muscles of the lower extremities and progresses proximally, leading to a loss of muscle strength and function, and ultimately a wheelchair-bound state. (
  • In addition, of these patients who have a low or moderate bleeding risk, extend anticoagulation past 3 months and periodically reassess the bleeding risk. (
  • For primary upper-extremity DVT, treat with 3 months of anticoagulation. (
  • Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance (SMA-LED) is characterized by muscle weakness and wasting (atrophy) in the lower limbs, most severely affecting the thigh muscles (quadriceps). (
  • The advantages of IT opioids for analgesia, especially if spinal anesthesia is already planned, include its simplicity, lack of need for catheter care or pumps, low cost, and easy supplementation with low-dose patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) opioids as needed. (
  • American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) grade, sensory level (SL), lower extremity motor scores (LEMS), and FIM. (
  • Clinical findings in the upper extremity include cubitus valgus and elbow flexion contracture. (
  • The loss of nerve cells that control muscle movement (motor neurons) leads to atrophy of the muscles in the lower limbs. (
  • Normal function of the lower limb is enabled through the interplay of multiple muscle groups acting in concert. (
  • In their native state, the muscles of the lower extremity exist in a balanced agonist/antagonist milieu in which volitional activation of one muscle leads not only to its contracture, but also passive stretch of its opposite. (
  • Objective We aimed to determine the difference in balance between professional dancers and professional footballers and its relationship with lower extremity ROM, muscle strength (hip abductor- adductor, quadriceps, hamstring), H/Q ratio, hamstring tightness (Sit and reach, Straight Leg Raise (SLR) test), hypermobility test (Beighton score). (
  • Involving multiple muscle groups of the lower extremities may maximize the health benefits of training. (
  • Functional electrical stimulation-lower extremity cycling (FES-LEC) allows for the activation of 6 muscle groups, which is likely to evoke greater metabolic and cardiovascular adaptation. (
  • Lower extremity assistive devices (LEADs) have been developed in various fields, such as rehabilitation, military, and industry, in the form of exoskeleton robots or treadmills, and most of them are aimed at supporting muscle strength. (
  • This is the first controlled prospective study of IVRB with lidocaine and ketorolac for treatment of pain and edema in CRPS of the lower extremity in adults. (
  • The use of regional intravenous lidocaine (by applying a tourniquet on the affected extremity) has been well-documented in the literature with a successful decrease in pain symptoms, and a unique case of the use of systemic intravenous lashocaine will be presented. (
  • An adolescent patient with Becker muscular dystrophy who exhibited complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I) in both lower extremities that developed after instrumentation for scoliosis, together with bilateral achilloplasty is described. (
  • He did complain of intermittent bilateral lower leg pain. (
  • 1. If a child has both upper extremity and lower extremity pain, how does that change your differential diagnosis? (
  • Two patients had lower extremity complications in the leg with the arterial cannula. (
  • The patients with complications had lower stO2 in the cannulated leg at the time of ECMO insertion, larger differences in stO2 between the legs at the time of insertion, lower nadir stO2s, and larger peak differences in stO2 between the legs than patients without limb complications. (
  • The use of near-infrared spectroscopy for continuous monitoring of tissue oxygenation in the lower extremities in patients on ECMO may allow early identification of patients with lower extremity complications. (
  • Impact of socioeconomic disparities on major lower extremity revascularization complications. (
  • METHODS: Tissue dielectric constant (TDC) values, as indices of skin-to-fat tissue water, were measured on foot dorsum, lower medial leg and anterior forearm of 88 adults (44 female) with ages ranging from 19-77 years with BMI ranging from 18.3-40.6 kg/m2. (
  • Overall, results demonstrated overwhelming support for the role of IVUS during both lower extremity arterial and venous intervention. (
  • This estimate assumes that lost duty time was equivalent to the number of days hospitalized for a lower extremity fracture and limited duty was equal to 120 days at 50% productivity for each lower extremity fracture. (
  • In the setting of suspected lower limb superficial vein thrombosis, obtain a whole-leg sonogram to determine the extent of the thrombus and rule out asymptomatic DVT. (
  • We see vasoconstriction in the tips of the ears and tails first, but when it is severe enough, we also see vasoconstriction in the lower extremities. (
  • Possible edema threshold ratios were calculated as the mean lower-to-upper ratio to which was added two standard deviations of the overall ratio thereby providing initial thresholds for future testing. (
  • However, the suitability of these thresholds is subject to future validation in persons with clearly defined lower extremity edema for which this report's findings serve as an initial quantitative starting point. (
  • Ability to walk at 1 year was associated with low thoracic injury, higher initial LEMS, incomplete injury and increase in AIS grade. (
  • For patients with suspected upper-extremity DVT, use ultrasonography as the initial diagnostic modality. (
  • From these direct measurements lower-to-upper extremity TDC ratios (foot/arm and leg/arm) were determined for each gender. (
  • One foot was higher on the slope and one was lower for the duration of cross slope walking. (
  • Greater lateral tibial slope combined with lower medial/lateral tibial slope ratio would predict greater tibial internal rotation motion and moments. (
  • When officers arrived, they found a person with a gunshot wound that was not life-threatening to their "lower extremities. (
  • Five patients on ECMO had near-infrared spectroscopy monitors placed on the calf of both lower extremities. (
  • Identify key components of aquatic therapy that positively impact lower extremity(LE) diagnoses and logical progressions for the use of this intervention. (