The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.
The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.
The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.
The farthest or outermost projections of the body, such as the HAND and FOOT.
The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)
General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
The bones of the upper and lower LEG. They include the PELVIC BONES.
Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.
The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
An alternative to amputation in patients with neoplasms, ischemia, fractures, and other limb-threatening conditions. Generally, sophisticated surgical procedures such as vascular surgery and reconstruction are used to salvage diseased limbs.
Lack of perfusion in the EXTREMITIES resulting from atherosclerosis. It is characterized by INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION, and an ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX of 0.9 or less.
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.
The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.
A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.
A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The vein formed by the union of the anterior and posterior tibial veins; it courses through the popliteal space and becomes the femoral vein.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Manner or style of walking.
The anterior and posterior arteries created at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery. The anterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle and lies along the tibia at the distal part of the leg to surface superficially anterior to the ankle joint. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg, ankle, and foot. The posterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle, lies behind the tibia in the lower part of its course, and is found situated between the medial malleolus and the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg and foot.
Ulceration of the skin and underlying structures of the lower extremity. About 90% of the cases are due to venous insufficiency (VARICOSE ULCER), 5% to arterial disease, and the remaining 5% to other causes.
Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.
The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.
The formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) within a vein.
Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply.
Common foot problems in persons with DIABETES MELLITUS, caused by any combination of factors such as DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES; PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES; and INFECTION. With the loss of sensation and poor circulation, injuries and infections often lead to severe foot ulceration, GANGRENE and AMPUTATION.
General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.
The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
Endovascular procedure in which atheromatous plaque is excised by a cutting or rotating catheter. It differs from balloon and laser angioplasty procedures which enlarge vessels by dilation but frequently do not remove much plaque. If the plaque is removed by surgical excision under general anesthesia rather than by an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ENDARTERECTOMY.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Comparison of the BLOOD PRESSURE between the BRACHIAL ARTERY and the POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY. It is a predictor of PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE.
The bones of the upper and lower ARM. They include the CLAVICLE and SCAPULA.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.
The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the LOWER EXTREMITY.
Injuries to blood vessels caused by laceration, contusion, puncture, or crush and other types of injuries. Symptoms vary by site and mode of injuries and may include bleeding, bruising, swelling, pain, and numbness. It does not include injuries secondary to pathologic function or diseases such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
The vein which drains the foot and leg.
The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.
Edema due to obstruction of lymph vessels or disorders of the lymph nodes.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Impaired venous blood flow or venous return (venous stasis), usually caused by inadequate venous valves. Venous insufficiency often occurs in the legs, and is associated with EDEMA and sometimes with VENOUS STASIS ULCERS at the ankle.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Difficulty in walking from place to place.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A connective tissue neoplasm formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells; it is usually highly malignant.
Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot (THROMBUS).
Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
A syndrome characterized by retropatellar or peripatellar PAIN resulting from physical and biochemical changes in the patellofemoral joint. The pain is most prominent when ascending or descending stairs, squatting, or sitting with flexed knees. There is a lack of consensus on the etiology and treatment. The syndrome is often confused with (or accompanied by) CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE, the latter describing a pathological condition of the CARTILAGE and not a syndrome.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The position or attitude of the body.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
Mild to moderate loss of bilateral lower extremity motor function, which may be a manifestation of SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; MUSCULAR DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; parasagittal brain lesions; and other conditions.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.
A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material which has been transported from a distant vessel by the bloodstream. Removal of a clot at its original site is called THROMBECTOMY.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.
Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
Strips of elastic material used to apply pressure to body parts to control EDEMA and aid circulation.
A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.
Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS of an upper extremity vein (e.g., AXILLARY VEIN; SUBCLAVIAN VEIN; and JUGULAR VEINS). It is associated with mechanical factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Primary) secondary to other anatomic factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Secondary). Symptoms may include sudden onset of pain, warmth, redness, blueness, and swelling in the arm.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Breaks in bones.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Common occlusive arterial disease which is caused by ATHEROSCLEROSIS. It is characterized by lesions in the innermost layer (ARTERIAL INTIMA) of arteries including the AORTA and its branches to the extremities. Risk factors include smoking, HYPERLIPIDEMIA, and HYPERTENSION.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Radiographic study of the lymphatic system following injection of dye or contrast medium.
Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).
Enlarged and tortuous VEINS.
A congenital disorder that is characterized by a triad of capillary malformations (HEMANGIOMA), venous malformations (ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA), and soft tissue or bony hypertrophy of the limb. This syndrome is caused by mutations in the VG5Q gene which encodes a strong angiogenesis stimulator.
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
Lesion on the surface of the skin of the foot, usually accompanied by inflammation. The lesion may become infected or necrotic and is frequently associated with diabetes or leprosy.
Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.
Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)
An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.
A nonspecific term used to denote any cutaneous lesion or group of lesions, or eruptions of any type on the leg. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.
A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.
Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Walking aids generally having two handgrips and four legs.
A device that measures MUSCLE STRENGTH during muscle contraction, such as gripping, pushing, and pulling. It is used to evaluate the health status of muscle in sports medicine or physical therapy.
A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)
Mechanical devices inserted in the inferior vena cava that prevent the migration of blood clots from deep venous thrombosis of the leg.
To move about or walk on foot with the use of aids.
Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.
The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.
The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material from a blood vessel at the point of its formation. Removal of a clot arising from a distant site is called EMBOLECTOMY.
The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.
Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Gross hypo- or aplasia of one or more long bones of one or more limbs. The concept includes amelia, hemimelia, phocomelia, and sirenomelia.
A condition caused by one or more episodes of DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS, usually the blood clots are lodged in the legs. Clinical features include EDEMA; PAIN; aching; heaviness; and MUSCLE CRAMP in the leg. When severe leg swelling leads to skin breakdown, it is called venous STASIS ULCER.
Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The articulations extending from the ANKLE distally to the TOES. These include the ANKLE JOINT; TARSAL JOINTS; METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT; and TOE JOINT.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Diseases of the peripheral nerves external to the brain and spinal cord, which includes diseases of the nerve roots, ganglia, plexi, autonomic nerves, sensory nerves, and motor nerves.
Double-layered inflatable suits which, when inflated, exert pressure on the lower part of the wearer's body. The suits are used to improve or stabilize the circulatory state, i.e., to prevent hypotension, control hemorrhage, and regulate blood pressure. The suits are also used by pilots under positive acceleration.
Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
The tunnel in the lower anterior ABDOMINAL WALL through which the SPERMATIC CORD, in the male; ROUND LIGAMENT, in the female; nerves; and vessels pass. Its internal end is at the deep inguinal ring and its external end is at the superficial inguinal ring.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.
Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.
A specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders and injuries and anatomic defects of the foot.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Skin diseases affecting or involving the cutaneous blood vessels and generally manifested as inflammation, swelling, erythema, or necrosis in the affected area.
Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.
Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Instruments that generate intermittent forces, uniformed or graduated, to facilitate the emptying of VEINS. These devices are used to reduce limb EDEMA and prevent venous THROMBOEMBOLISM, such as deep vein thrombosis in the legs.
Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot occurring at or before birth.
The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.
Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.
A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
A malignant tumor derived from primitive or embryonal lipoblastic cells. It may be composed of well-differentiated fat cells or may be dedifferentiated: myxoid (LIPOSARCOMA, MYXOID), round-celled, or pleomorphic, usually in association with a rich network of capillaries. Recurrences are common and dedifferentiated liposarcomas metastasize to the lungs or serosal surfaces. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Gait abnormalities that are a manifestation of nervous system dysfunction. These conditions may be caused by a wide variety of disorders which affect motor control, sensory feedback, and muscle strength including: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or MUSCULAR DISEASES.

Normalization rates of compression ultrasonography in patients with a first episode of deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs: association with recurrence and new thrombosis. (1/1399)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Delayed thrombus regression after a first episode of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the inferior limbs has been implicated in the development of the post-thrombotic syndrome. Whether normalization of vein segments involved in the index DVT has prognostic significance with respect to the probability of DVT recurrence or new thrombosis is currently unknown. In this study, we prospectively monitored thrombus regression in consecutive patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic DVT. Factors affecting normalization rates and the relationship between previous normalization and DVT recurrence or new thrombosis were explored. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-nine patients with a first episode of symptomatic DVT of the lower limbs (38 with cancer) and 104 patients with DVT occurring after hip replacement surgery were serially monitored by real time B-mode compression ultrasonography (C-US) over a period of 12 months (months 1, 3, 6 and 12). C-US normalization of popliteal and femoral venous segments was arbitrarily assigned to be residual thrombus occupying, at maximum compressibility, less than 40% of the vein area in the absence of compression. RESULTS: In patients with no DVT recurrence or new thrombosis, C-US normalization was observed at 12 months in 100% of 99 patients with post-operative DVT, in 59% of 134 cancer-free symptomatic DVT outpatients and in 23.3% of 30 symptomatic DVT outpatients with cancer (p = 0.0001). Independent negative effects on the probability of C-US normalization were observed for younger age (p <0.05), for the outpatient presentation of the index DVT (p 0.017), for DVT involving the entire femoro-popliteal axis (p 0.05), and for the presence of cancer (p 0.05). DVT recurrence or new thrombosis was observed in 5 patients with post-operative DVT (4.8%), in 7 cancer-free patients with symptomatic DVT (5.0%) and in 8 patients with cancer (21.1%). Only 4 of these patients had shown normalization of their index DVT prior to the event. The presence of cancer was the only significant predictor of DVT recurrence and/or new thrombosis occurring within 3 months from the index DVT (OR = 4.90, p = 0.002). The absence of previous C-US normalization was the only predictor of recurrence or new thrombosis occurring after 3 and 6 months from the index DVT (OR 5.26, p 0.027). INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: Absence of C-US normalization after a first episode of DVT appears to be a factor favoring recurrence or new thrombosis and may be relevant to the optimal duration of oral anticoagulant treatment.  (+info)

Time course of skeletal muscle repair and gene expression following acute hind limb ischemia in mice. (2/1399)

DNA microarrays were used to measure the time course of gene expression during skeletal muscle damage and regeneration in mice following femoral artery ligation (FAL). We found 1,289 known sequences were differentially expressed between the FAL and control groups. Gene expression peaked on day 3, and the functional cluster "inflammation" contained the greatest number of genes. Muscle function was depressed for 3 days postligation, but returned to normal by day 7. Decreased muscle function was accompanied by reduced expression of genes involved in mitochondrial energy production, muscle contraction, and calcium handling. The induction of MyoD on day 1 denoted the beginning of muscle regeneration and was followed by the reemergence of the embryonic forms of muscle contractile proteins, which peaked at day 7. Transcriptional analysis indicated that the ischemic skeletal muscle may transition through a functional adaptation stage with recovery of contractile force prior to full regeneration. Several members of the insulin-like growth factor axis were coordinately induced in a time frame consistent with their playing a role in the regenerative process.  (+info)

Cardiac troponin I predicts short-term mortality in vascular surgery patients. (3/1399)

BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a highly sensitive and specific marker for myocardial injury that predicts outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who have undergone vascular surgery. However, postoperative surveillance with cardiac enzymes is not routinely performed in these patients. We evaluated the association between postoperative cTnI levels and 6-month mortality and perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) after vascular surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-nine patients having aortic or infrainguinal vascular surgery or lower extremity amputation were included in this study. Blood samples were analyzed for cTnI immediately after surgery and the mornings of postoperative days 1, 2, and 3. An elevated cTnI was defined as serum concentrations >1.5 ng/mL in any of the 4 samples. Twenty-eight patients (12%) had postoperative cTnI >1.5 ng/mL, which was associated with a 6-fold increased risk of 6-month mortality (adjusted OR, 5.9; 95% CI, 1.6 to 22.4) and a 27-fold increased risk of MI (OR, 27.1; 95% CI, 5.2 to 142.7). Furthermore, we observed a dose-response relation between cTnI concentration and mortality. Patients with cTnI >3.0 ng/mL had a significantly greater risk of death compared with patients with levels < or =0.35 ng/mL (OR, 4.9; 95% CI, 1.3 to 19.0). CONCLUSIONS: Routine postoperative surveillance for cTnI is useful for identifying patients who have undergone vascular surgery who have an increased risk for short-term mortality and perioperative MI. Further research is needed to determine whether intervention in these patients can improve outcome.  (+info)

Limb salvage and amputation in survivors of pediatric lower-extremity bone tumors: what are the long-term implications? (4/1399)

The past four decades have seen tremendous progress in the treatment of pediatric and adolescent cancers. As a consequence, there are increasing numbers of adult childhood cancer survivors. This has prompted investigation into the long-term consequences of cancer treatments. One group that merits special study is the survivors of lower-extremity bone tumors. Their function and quality of life may depend in part on both the surgery and the age at which it was performed. Comparisons between studies are difficult because small numbers of patients and the use of varying research designs and methods have limited research in this area. The purpose of this article is to review the major surgical approaches to lower-limb bone tumors and their impact on pediatric patients. The results show that survival is equivalent between amputation and limb salvage. Complications occur more frequently in limb salvage. The long-term outcomes of those undergoing amputation and limb salvage have not been found to be substantially different in regard to quality of life. In conclusion, prospective long-term follow-up of pediatric patients with lower-limb tumors is needed to (1) determine in a uniform manner the long-term complications, quality of life, and functionality of this population and describe differences within this patient population based on age at diagnosis and surgical procedure, (2) identify areas of concern that are amenable to intervention, and (3) provide clinicians and future patients a better understanding of the surgical options.  (+info)

Increased platelet aggregation and activation in peripheral arterial disease. (5/1399)

OBJECTIVES: patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have a threefold increase in cardiovascular mortality. Standard antiplatelet treatment may not confer uniform benefit in different patient groups. This study aimed to compare platelet function in patients with lower limb PAD, carotid disease and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with age- and sex-matched healthy controls. METHODS: patients with lower limb PAD (n = 20), carotid disease (n = 40), AAA (n = 13) and age/sex matched healthy controls (n= 20) were studied. Whole blood methods to detect spontaneous platelet aggregation (SPA), and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and collagen-induced aggregation were used. The detection of platelet P-selectin and the PAC-1 antigen by flow cytometry were also used as markers of platelet activation and aggregation. RESULTS: patients with lower limb PAD or AAA had higher baseline SPA compared to normal controls (p < 0.01). There was significantly higher collagen-induced aggregation in IC patients compared to normal controls (p < 0.01). However, there was no difference in ADP-induced aggregation between lower limb PAD and control patients. There was no difference in PAC-1 binding between control patients and the patients with lower limb PAD, carotid disease or AAA. Patients with carotid disease had a higher expression of P-selectin compared to normal controls (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: this study provides further evidence that platelet hyperactivity is present in patients with PAD despite the use of antiplatelet therapy. Further antiplatelet strategies may be indicated to protect these patients.  (+info)

Ultrasound contrast-agent improves imaging of lower limb occlusive disease. (6/1399)

OBJECTIVES: to evaluate if ultrasound contrast-agent infusion could improve duplex-ultrasound imaging of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and increase the agreement with digital subtraction arteriography (DSA). DESIGN: prospective and consecutive study. MATERIAL: of 60 consecutive PAD patients, 15 were found to have an inconclusive duplex-ultrasound scan of the trifurcation and were included in the study. All 15 patients (53% male) were scheduled for DSA, all being candidates for vascular surgery due to claudication (n = 3, 20%), rest pain (n = 5, 33%) and tissue loss (n = 7, 47%). METHODS: on the day before DSA, a duplex-ultrasound scan of the trifurcation was performed. If the duplex-ultrasound scan was found inconclusive, it was repeated during continuous ultrasound contrast-agent infusion. DSA was performed unaware of the duplex-ultrasound results and served as the gold standard. RESULTS: after contrast-agent administration, the number of inconclusively diagnosed segments was significantly reduced by 26 (70%), from 37 to 11(p < 0.001). In 19 segments (73%) contrast-agent infusion changed the diagnosis in accordance with the DSA (p < 0.05). Values of sensitivity and positive predictive value were improved from 0.20 (0.04-0.62) to 0.47 (0.26-0.69) and 0.50 (0.10-0.91) to 0.80 (0.49-0.93), respectively. Specificity and negative predictive value were unchanged. Agreement between duplex-ultrasound and DSA were improved from poor (kappa = 0.18 (95% CI: 0-0.82)) to moderate (kappa = 0.45 (0.17-0.74)) (p = 0.44). CONCLUSION: ultrasound contrast-agents improve the diagnostic ability of duplex-ultrasound when scanning difficult arterial segments in patients suffering from PAD.  (+info)

Microtibial embolectomy. (7/1399)

BACKGROUND: microtibial embolectomy is an important technique in cases of limb threatening acute arterial occlusion affecting native crural and pedal vessels. It is particularly useful when thrombolysis is contraindicated or ineffective as in "trash foot". METHODS: in order to evaluate the efficacy of this technique, a retrospective case note review was carried out for patients undergoing microtibial embolectomy from 1990 to 1999. Data collected included the causes and degree of ischaemia, additional procedures required, vessel patency, limb salvage and complications encountered. RESULTS: twenty-two limbs underwent exploration of the crural/pedal vessels with ankle level arteriotomies under local anaesthetic in 12 cases, general anaesthetic in nine and epidural in one. The causes of ischaemia were cardiac emboli (8), "trash foot" (7), emboli from aortic and popliteal aneurysms (3) and thrombotic occlusion of crural vessels (4). The vessel patency rate was 69% and limb salvage rate 62% (13/21) up to 5-years follow-up. Six of the seven cases with "trash foot" were salvaged while one required an amputation at 3-months post-operatively. The 30-day mortality was 22% (5/22). CONCLUSIONS: microtibial embolectomy is effective in acute occlusion of the crural/pedal arteries including cases of "trash foot", offering limb salvage to a worthwhile proportion of cases.  (+info)

Leg muscle strength is reduced in Parkinson's disease and relates to the ability to rise from a chair. (8/1399)

Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) have difficulties rising from a chair; however, factors contributing to this inability have never been investigated. We compared lower extremity strength between individuals with PD and healthy controls and quantified the relationships between strength and the ability to rise from a chair. Ten men with mild PD and 10 sex- and age-matched controls performed maximal concentric, isokinetic knee and hip extensor torque on an isokinetic dynamometer to quantify muscle strength. Subjects also rose from a chair at their comfortable pace without the use of their arms and the duration of this task provided a measure of sit-to-stand (STS) ability. Subjects with PD were tested in an on- and off-medication state on different days. Mean hip and knee extensor torques were lower in subjects with PD, with greater deficits found at the hip. Greater hip strength was related to better STS ability in subjects with PD while greater knee strength was related to better STS ability in controls. These results show that individuals with mild PD generate smaller extremity forces compared to controls. Reduced strength, particularly at the hip, may be one factor that contributes to the difficulty of persons with PD to rise from a chair.  (+info)

Aging, even in healthy older adults, is accompanied by a reduction in muscle mass and muscle strength (Gallagher et al., 1997). The gradual loss of muscle strength (below a certain threshold) results in functional impairment. This may result in the need for assistance in the performance of daily activities and an increased risk of falling and non-vertebral fractures (Goodpaster et al., 2006). Therefore, the preservation of muscle strength in older adults is of major importance. Lower extremity function is the use of lower limbs and is imperative for mobility, lower extremity function can be assessed using various practical tests with the patient and is most commonly evaluated via a lower extremity functional scale. A practical non-invasive and cost-effective solution to keeping good lower extremity function is through a basic exercise program (Marsh et al., 2009). Mobility is the key to leading a high quality of life with independence, thus a diminished lower extremity function may result in the ...
,Does a standardization tool to direct invasive therapy for symptomatic lower extremity peripheral arterial disease improve outcomes?
The Lower Extremity Alignment Clinic is available to otherwise healthy children under the age of 10 with concerns for flat feet, bow legs, knock knees, in-toeing, and out-toeing.. Under the direction of our orthopedic surgery specialists, trained pediatric orthopedic nurse practitioners and physician assistants (Raquel Sanchez, P.A.-C., Mary Lou Scott, P.N.P., Kathryn Abare, P.N.P., and Erynn Meier, P.A.-C.) provide a comprehensive orthopedic evaluation of each child, including the spine, hips and legs. An X-ray exam of the lower extremities or hips may be recommended during the visit. After a comprehensive evaluation, families may be directed to follow up with one of our orthopedic surgeons. Patients with complex medical conditions, developmental delay, neuromuscular disorders and congenital abnormalities are not seen in this clinic.. The Lower Extremity Alignment Clinic is offered weekly at our Main Campus and Escondido locations by appointment only. To schedule an appointment, call ...
In this nested case-control study, we found a strong inverse association between total adiponectin and risk of lower extremity PAD in otherwise healthy men. This association was apparent over the entire range of adiponectin concentrations and persisted even after controlling for traditional biochemical risk factors, such as HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, CRP, and other established PAD risk factors, including cumulative lifelong smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus. No interactions were observed between adiponectin and lipids, and markers of glycemic control, inflammation, or kidney function.. To our knowledge, only 1 prospective study has investigated the effect of adiponectin on risk of incident PAD.18 Similar to our findings in men, data from the Womens Health Study showed a strong inverse association between total and high molecular weight adiponectin with risk of symptomatic PAD (defined as intermittent claudication or PAD revascularization) among 110 women ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reliability of lower extremity functional performance tests. AU - Bolgla, Lori Ann. AU - Keskula, Douglas R.. PY - 1997/1/1. Y1 - 1997/1/1. N2 - Clinicians routinely have used functional performance tests as an evaluation tool in deciding when an athlete can safely return to unrestricted sporting activities. These practitioners assumed that these tests provide a reliable measure of lower extremity performance; however, little research has been reported on the reliability of these measures. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the reliability of lower extremity functional performance tests. Five male and 15 female volunteers were evaluated using the single hop for distance, triple hop for distance, 6-m timed hop, and cross-over hop for distance as described by Noyes (10). One clinician measured each subjects performance using a standardized protocol and retested subjects in the same manner approximately 48 hours later. The order of testing was randomly determined. ...
Purpose/Background: Functional tests have been used primarily to assess an athletes fitness or readiness to return to sport. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine the ability of the standing long jump (SLJ) test, the single‐leg hop (SLH) for distance test, and the lower extremity functional test (LEFT) as preseason screening tools to identify collegiate athletes who may be at increased risk for a time‐loss sports‐related low back or lower extremity injury. Methods: A total of 193 Division III athletes from 15 university teams (110 females, age 19.1 ± 1.1 y; 83 males, age 19.5 ± 1.3 y) were tested prior to their sports seasons. Athletes performed the functional tests in the following sequence: SLJ, SLH, LEFT. The athletes were then prospectively followed during their sports season for occurrence of low back or LE injury. Results: Female athletes who completed the LEFT in $118 s were 6 times more likely (OR=6.4, 95% CI: 1.3, 31.7) to sustain a thigh or knee injury. ...
National frameworks such as SIGN and NICE have recognised the benefits of foot screening programmes to be invaluable in preventing foot related complications within other high-risk groups, such as Diabetes, however this has not included the CKD population. This systematic review would recommend all patients presenting with CKD should be screened for lower extremity vascular and neurological impairment. Furthermore, National guidelines should be developed to highlight the profound effect these risk factors can have on the lower extremity in CKD and encourage the Health Care Professional to undertake simple non-invasive tests to detect and prevent the development of these potentially serious complications. ...
This lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) calculator determines functional status in patients suffering from lower extremity disorders and disabilities.
Purpose The presence of kinesiophobia was identified in patients with foot problems. There was no finding of foot functionality according to the level of kinesiophobia in lower extremity problems. The aim of this study was to compare the lower extremity functional status in foot problems with a low or high level of kinesiophobia. Materials and methods Evaluated herein were 37 patients with foot problems (plantar fasciitis, hallux valgus, flat foot). Physical and demographic characteristics were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups based on if they had a high or low level of kinesiophobia using the Tampa kinesiophobia scale. Ankle plantar flexor and knee flexor muscles tightness were recorded. The foot posture was evaluated using the Foot Posture Index. Foot-related pain was measured using the Visual Analog Scale Foot & Ankle. The Foot Function Index and the American Orthopaedics Foot and Ankle Foundation Ankle-Hindfoot Scale and Hallux Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal Scale were ...
The purpose of this study was to formulate a predictive equation to discriminate males from females using static and dynamic lower extremity (LE) alignments. Twenty-four healthy adults volunteered to participate. Three-dimensional motion analysis was used to assess the kinematics of the right hip and knee during two functional tasks. Six measures of static LE alignment were also performed. Statistical comparisons were made between males and females for all variables. Static and dynamic variables that were significantly different by sex were entered into separate discriminant analyses for each task. The resulting equations were each able to correctly predict 87% of the subjects by sex. Fifty-eight percent and 55% of the variance was explained by sex for the vertical jump and plant & jump, respectively. The frontal plane hip angle was the best predictor of sex for both tasks. While there were statistically significant differences between the sexes for static measures of LE alignment, kinematic ...
Change from Baseline in total Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) Score to week 25; SPPB is a series of six activities involving three domains of physical function - balance, usual walking speed and rising from a chair , is commonly used globally to assess and quantify (score 0-12) lower extremity function and has been shown to predict future adverse health events. A decline of one or more points in the SPPB total score is predictive of a decrease in lower extremity function and future adverse clinical outcomes in older adults, including falls, hospitalizations, institutionalization, incident disability and ...
Lower extremity injuries and pathologies are amongst the most common issues recreational athletes face. Fatigue is a factor that may impact how the lower extremity performs on a neuromuscular level. Neuromuscular control is a vital aspect of athletic performance and everyday life, that when hindered, may produce pathological results. The research is contradictory on whether or not fatigue produces a significant impact during neuromuscular performance. The purpose of this study is to assess neuromuscular control following a lower extremity fatigue protocol. This study was a randomized a controlled trial. Twenty-one recreationally active subjects, 10 males and 11 females, between the ages of 18 and 24 underwent two study sessions separated by a two-week break period. All subjects completed a pre and post Y Balance Test with the experimental group receiving a strenuous lateral step-down fatigue protocol and the control group receiving a 5 minute rest period. The effects of the fatigue protocol on all three
Thromboembolic events have been reported in hospitalized patient since beginning of the covid 19 pandemic. This study reports an ICU admitted patient with lower extremity arterial thrombosis diagnosed with covid 19.
Purpose: To identify the risk factors of major adverse cardiac event (MACE) in patients with chronic atherosclerotic lower extremity ischemia (CALEI) undergoing revascularization without noninvasive stress testing (NIST). Methods: From January 2007 to January 2012, patients with CALEI who underwent revascularization were retrospectively reviewed. Emergent operations, revision procedures for previous surgery, or patients with active cardiac conditions were excluded. NIST was not performed for patients without active cardiac conditions. Cardiac risk was categorized into low, intermediate and high risk, according to the Lees revised cardiac risk index. MACE was defined as acute myocardial infarction or any cardiac death within 30 days after surgery. Results: A total of 459 patients underwent elective lower extremity revascularization procedures (240 open surgeries, 128 endovascular procedures, and 91 hybrid surgeries). The treated lesions comprised of 18% aorto-iliac, 58% infrainguinal, and 24% ...
Background-Treatment for symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) includes lower extremity bypass surgery (LEB) and/or peripheral endovascular interventions (PVI); however, limited comparative effectiveness data exists between the two therapies. We assessed the safety and effectiveness of LEB and PVI in patients with symptomatic claudication and critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods and Results-In a community-based clinical registry at two large integrated healthcare delivery systems, we compared 883 patients undergoing PVI and 975 patients undergoing LEB between January 1st, 2005 and December 31st, 2011. Rates of Target Lesion Revascularization (TLR) were greater for PVI compared to LEB in patients presenting with claudication (12.3% ± 2.7% and 19.0% ± 3.5% at 1 and 3 years versus 5.2% ± 2.4% and 8.3% ± 3.1%, log-rank p,0.001) and CLI (19.1% ± 4.8% and 31.6% ± 6.3% and 1 and 3 years versus 10.8% ± 2.5% and 16.0% ± 3.2%, log-rank p,0.001). However, compared to PVI, LEB was associated ...
Role of Sex in Determining Treatment Type for Patients Undergoing Endovascular Lower Extremity Revascularization Academic Article ...
SCVS 2018 Abstracts: Wound location is independently associated with adverse outcomes following first-time lower extremity revascularization for tissue loss
Purposes: This study was conducted to develop the understanding of the influence variability in the coordination between the lower extremity joints in the support leg have on the consistency of the step characteristics in the early accelerating phase of sprint running. Methods: Five well-trained male sprinters performed eight maximal effort sprints over 10 meters. The kinematic data for the first three steps of the sprint where captured using automatic motion analysis system CODA CX1. Step velocity, step length and step frequency where found for each subject. The coefficient of variation in step velocity, step length and step frequency was found for each subject. The variability in the continuous joint angle profile differences in the lower extremity where found to show the joint coupling and plotted against the variability in the step characteristics using a linear correlation and regression graphs to test for a linear relationship. Results: The variability in the coupling of the ankle - knee ...
Demonstrate an increased repertoire of evaluation and management strategies to addresses the patients primary impairments interfering with efficient lower extremity function in a variety of activities. Instructor: Karen Guha, PT, B Sc PT, NDTA™ Coordinator/Instructor Karen is a Physiotherapist at Grand River Hospital and Back Works Spinal and Sports Rehabilitation. She received her Physical Therapy degree from the University of Toronto in 1996 and became NDT trained in 1999. Karen became a NDTA™ PT Instructor in 2007, a NDTA™ Coordinator Instructor in 2011 and a NDTA™ Advanced Course Instructor in 2014. She has over 18 years experience working with adults with neurological impairments in acute, rehabilitation and outpatient settings. Karen has taught NDT courses throughout North America and internationally.. Course Format: Course format will include lectures and patient demonstration by the instructor. A major portion of the course will involve laboratory practice sessions. During lab ...
政大學術集成(NCCU Academic Hub)是以機構為主體、作者為視角的學術產出典藏及分析平台,由政治大學原有的機構典藏轉 型而成。
Similar to the Lutonix 035-the first drug-coated balloon approved in the USA-the Lutonix 014 is an angioplasty balloon that is coated with a low dose of the drug paclitaxel, and also utilises standard mechanical dilatation of the vessel to restore blood flow for patients with peripheral artery disease. The Lutonix 035 is also the only drug-coated balloon being evaluated in an IDE trial for the treatment of dysfunctional arteriovenous fistulae located in the upper extremity, a Bard press release notes.. Below-the-knee peripheral artery disease is a challenging disease in a patient group that is currently under served. Patients often have to undergo frequent reinterventions following initial treatment. Regular balloon angioplasty is the primary catheter-based treatment option available today said Michael R Jaff, medical director of VasCore, the vascular ultrasound core laboratory used in the Lutonix BTK trial.. A significant number of patients with below-the-knee disease are at risk of limb ...
LER is brought to you by the same team that brought you BioMechanics magazine. When CMP Medica abruptly shut down BioMechanics in February 2009, a void was immediately created. Our research showed that there was a need for a multi-disciplinary publication focused and targeted on the lower extremity. Healthcare reform and the continuum of care has opened the door for the delivery of accurate, practical and relevant information for the various specialists involved in treating the lower extremity. Podiatrists, physical therapists, orthopedic surgeons, orthotists, prosthetists, and pedorthists are all connected in this process, and LER bridges the information gap between the various specialists as well as between practitioners and manufacturers of products used to treat lower extremity injuries.. With the ever changing healthcare delivery system and shifts in reimbursement, it is even more important to find ways to run your practice more efficiently and improve outcomes for your patients. LER ...
As the population continues to grow in average age, chronic lower extremity ischemia is becoming more prevalent. It is estimated that up to 10% of persons over 70 years of age have claudication, as...
Book DescriptionWatch world-renowned experts apply the latest techniques to effectively treat injuries and ailments to the lower extremity. Comprehensive Manual Therapy for the Lower Extremity Video establishes a foundation for learning by detailing the
Study Flashcards On Lower Extremity at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
CPT codes 37220-37235 are reported for interventions of the lower extremities for treatment of occlusive disease and include angioplasty, atherectomy and stent placements. There are three vascular territories for coding purposes in the lower extremities.
PERI-LOC* Periarticular Locked Plating Lower Extremity treats lower extremity fractures including: lateral distal femur, proximal femur, distal femur, proximal tibia, anterolateral distal tibia, medial distal tibia plate.
Paolo Bianchi et al.: Occlusive Shrinkage of Ovation Endograft™ Presenting as Acute Lower Limbs Ischemia: Effective Endovascular Management The Ovation Endograft™is a graft prosthesis that can be inserted e.g. through the vessels of the groin into the aorta, the bodys main artery, to cover a dilated segment, namely an aneurysm. The special feature of this graft system is that it is equipped with sealing rings that are filled with a substance after deployement in order to avoid any blood flow along the graft into the aneurysm sac. Bianchi et al. report a case of a patient in whom this endograft was used and in whom the filled sealing rings started to shrink considerably after implantation. Subsequently, the blood flow to the patients legs through the graft was severely impaired. In order to reopen the narrowing of the prosthesis, another stent graft was inserted in the narrowed segment. The patient recovered without any further complications. The Ovation Endograft™was designed to ...
RESULTS: No differences existed in kinematics between sexes or with cycling position and power level. Subtle, qualitative differences were observed in all muscle activations between cycling positions within the pedal revolution. Average muscle activity across a whole pedal revolution was significantly increased in the SOL at 60 and 90 W and the GAS at all power levels and decreased in the GMX at 120 W in the RCP compared to the UCP. Non-linear increases existed in TA and GAS activity compared to more uniform increases of the other muscles as power increased regardless of position. Between sexes, the only significant difference was increased RF activity in the RCP of the men ...
Eesti Teadusinfosüsteem koondab informatsiooni teadus- ja arendusasutuste, teadlaste, teadusprojektide ning erinevate teadustegevuste tulemuste kohta.
By Mark Brancel, M.D. 2021, 25th Annual Edition • © Annually 1997-2021 Mark Brancel, M.D. Go to Table of Contents or Index. This web-based guideline is updated on an ongoing basis, and therefore the latest editions are obtained by simply refreshing your browser connection or simply signing into this website afresh! Internet... Continue reading → ...
Author: Perry Nickelston. Title: The Lateral Subsystem and Lower Extremity Pain. Summary: Human locomotion is an incredible demonstration of muscle activation, timing, sequencing and patterning. The very idea that we can stand upright...
For over 10 years Performance Orthotics has implemented its Lower Extremity Care Program in more than 45 clinics throughout Canada and the United States. Our experienced clinicians provide our patients with the opportunity to relieve lower extremity discomfort by correcting the underlying cause, using our state-of-the-art computerized gait analysis technology.
The knee has various pathologic appearances in patients with congenital longitudinal deformities of the lower extremities. Radiographs from 39 patients with unilateral longitudinal congenital deficiencies of the lower extremities were analyzed to des
The lower extremity refers to the part of the body from the hip to the toes. The lower extremity includes the hip knee and ankle joints and the bones ...
Premier Radiology offers CT of the Lower Extremities, which is a noninvasive medical scan that uses special equipment to obtain multiple images of the lower extremities (hip, knee, ankle, & foot).
In lower extremity healthcare, as in politics, it hasnt been easy for women to succeed in traditionally male-dominated roles. The gender demographics have
60yo male, progressive bilateral lower extremity oedema for the past month…: 60yo male, progressive bilateral lower extremity oedema for the past month.
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Lower Extremities | Stealth Products, LLC. - Burnet, TX - Stealth Products offers an array of positioning products for the Lower Extremities of the body. Using standard or customized Foot Boxes, Calf Panels/straps, shoe holders and more.
This graph shows the total number of publications written about Lower Extremity by people in this website by year, and whether Lower Extremity was a major or minor topic of these publications ...
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an important cause of morbidity that affects up to 10 million people in the United States. It is caused by the restriction of blood flow to the arms, legs, or internal organs due to partial or total occlusion of the blood vessels. There are two types of PAD; organic and functional. Organic PAD, which is the more common form, is due to inflammation and tissue damage in the blood vessels caused by fatty build-up in arteries that blocks normal circulation. Functional PAD is related to abnormal contractions of the blood vessels due to a disease condition (for example, Raynauds disease). This condition may be triggered by smoking, cold temperatures, emotional stress, or working with vibrating machinery. PAD affects three major arterial segments of the lower extremity: (1) aorto-iliac arteries, (2) femoro-popliteal (FP) arteries, and (3) infra-popliteal (primarily tibial) arteries. The disease is usually classified based on claudication (a condition characterized by ...
Like all surgical procedures, leg bypass surgery carries significant risks including heart attacks, blood clots, infections, and even death in 2 to 3 percent of patients. Patients with advanced PAD have a high frequency of significant heart disease, so a thorough evaluation for cardiac problems and a careful review of medical therapies is required prior to surgery.. The use of medications such as aspirin, blood pressure, and cholesterol-lowering drugs is critical before and after the operation. The other major complications are related to the leg itself, and include the risk of failure of the bypass and wound healing problems. Overall, bypass surgery is immediately successful in 90 to 95 percent of cases. The short and long-term success of the procedure is most closely linked to two factors: 1) the material employed for the bypass graft itself and 2) the quality of the arteries in the lower leg to which the graft is attached. ...
Heron E. Rodriguez, M.D.s clinical activities focus on arterial and venous surgery and percutaneous interventions. Areas of special interest include lower extremity revascularization and arterial aneurysms. He has active research interests in minimally invasive treatment of aneurysms and lower extremity occlusive disease. He has participated in several multi-institutional clinical trials evaluating devices and therapies for the treatment of lower extremity occlusive disease ...
Obese children with lower extremity (LE) pain have worse physical function and poorer psychosocial health compared to those without LE pain.
DATE : April 18 & 19, 2015. COURSE : Lower Extremity. INSTRUCTOR : Dr. Kevin Hearon, DC, CCEP. LOCATION : Georgia- Marietta @ Life University. 1415 Barclay Circle.. Marietta, GA 30060. United States. Click on the Life University Link for more information on how to register. ...
Date: July 23 & 24, 2016. Course: Advanced Principles of Lower Extremity. Instructor: Keith Rau, DC, CCEP. Location: 1269 Barclay Circle Marietta, GA 30060 ...
Rashid Rasheed-Molecular Perfusion Imaging with 99mTc-MIBI Lower Limb Muscle SPECT: In Diagnosis and Follow up of Peripheral Arterial Diseases (PAD)
Which aortic or lower extremity vascular surgery surgeons in Wisconsin get the best outcomes? Find/compare surgeons plus their death and complication rates.
ICD-10-PCS code List for Lymphatic, Right Lower Extremity is medical classification list by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
15 May 1996). "Lower extremity bursitis". Am Fam Physician. 53 (7): 2317-24. PMID 8638508. Hennrikus, WL; et al. (September ... a threshold significantly lower than that of septic arthritis (50,000 cells per microliter). A tuberculosis infection can be ...
Butcher JD, Salzman KL, Lillegard WA (1996). "Lower extremity bursitis". Am Fam Physician. 53 (7): 2317-24. PMID 8638508. ... When lowering from full abduction there is often a painful "catch" at midrange. If the patient can achieve adequate muscle ... ISBN 978-1-56053-133-3.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Lo IK, Boorman R, Marchuk L, Hollinshead R, Hart DA, Frank CB ... Irritation or entrapment of the lower subscapular nerve, which innervates the subscapularis and teres major muscles, will ...
Delzell, Emily (April 2014). "Ottobock moves operations to Louisville". Lower Extremity Review. p. 66. Retrieved 11 October ... However, Max and Maria Näder, Bock's son-in-law and daughter, had established an office in Duderstadt in Lower Saxony, ... and has become the most high-tech company in upper extremities. Ottobock has been a partner to the Paralympic Games since 1988 ...
Lower Extremity Review Magazine. Publishing, Harvard Health. "Hammertoe". Harvard Health. Mailler, EA; Adams, BB (August 2004 ... a toe cap which is low enough to press on the top of the toe may also cause bruising under the nail, especially if the toe cap ...
In the lower extremity; The castle village of Maisaour; According to the legend, there is a cross erected on the territory of ...
Glass GE, Staruch RM, Simmons J, Lawton G, Nanchahal J, Jain A, Hettiaratchy SP (August 2016). "Managing missed lower extremity ... Wanich T, Hodgkins C, Columbier JA, Muraski E, Kennedy JG (December 2007). "Cycling injuries of the lower extremity". The ... Cone J, Inaba K (2017-09-14). "Lower extremity compartment syndrome". Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open. 2 (1): e000094. doi: ... The lower legs and the forearms are the most frequent sites affected by compartment syndrome. Other areas of the body such as ...
April 1978). "Mycetoma of lower extremity". J Postgrad Med. 24 (2): 113-116. PMID 722604. Chugh KS; Singhal PC; Yadav RV; ...
Shah, Selina (April 2010). "Pointe shoes complicate biomechanics of ballet". Lower Extremity Review Magazine. "Onycholysis". ...
"Lower Extremity Trauma - Board Review". OrthoConsult. Retrieved 26 January 2017. Orthobullets v t e. ...
Souza, Thomas (2007). Lower Extremity: Technique and Management. Palmer College of Chiropractic.[verification needed][page ... Both T1 and T2 imaging of the MRI shows bone marrow oedema, subchondral low signal, subchondral crescent linear focus, and ...
"Lower Extremity Nerve Blocks" (PDF). NYSORA. Retrieved 4 August 2017. "Lumbar Plexus Block". NYSORA. Retrieved 5 August 2017. " ... The saphenous nerve is numbed at the medial part of the lower thigh under the sartorius muscle. The lumbar plexus block is an ... "Upper Extremity Nerve Blocks" (PDF). NYSORA. Retrieved 4 August 2017. "Ultrasound-Guided Axillary Brachial Plexus Block". Upper ... Other complications include nerve injury which has an extremely low rate of 0.029-0.2%. Some research even suggests that ...
Back of left lower extremity. Semitendinosus muscle Semitendinosus muscle Semitendinosus muscle Muscles of thigh. Lateral view ... A lower motor neuron exits to the sacral plexus exiting through the spinal levels L5-S2. From the sacral plexus, the lower ... At its insertion it gives off from its lower border a prolongation to the deep fascia of the leg and lies behind the tendon of ... It arises from the lower and medial impression on the upper part of the tuberosity of the ischium, by a tendon common to it and ...
Nerves of the right lower extremity Posterior view. Back of left lower extremity. Biceps femoris This article incorporates text ... It has two heads of origin: the long head arises from the lower and inner impression on the posterior part of the tuberosity of ... This is a common tendon origin with the semitendinosus muscle, and from the lower part of the sacrotuberous ligament. the short ...
Back of left lower extremity. Fibularis brevis muscle Muscles of the sole of the foot. Dorsum of Foot. Deep dissection. Musclea ... It arises from the lower two-thirds of the lateral surface of the body of the fibula, medial to the peroneus longus, and from ...
Back of left lower extremity. Posterior view. Agur, Anne M.; Ng-Thow-Hing, Victor; Ball, Kevin A.; Fiume, Eugene; McKee, Nanacy ... In humans and some other mammals, the soleus is a powerful muscle in the back part of the lower leg (the calf). It runs from ... The posterior aponeurosis and median septum join in the lower quarter of the muscle and then join with the anterior aponeuroses ...
"Lower Extremity Nerve Blocks" (PDF). NYSORA. Retrieved 4 August 2017.. ...
Its lower extremity inclines a little forward, so as to be on a plane anterior to that of the upper end; it projects below the ... Lower extremity of right fibula. Medial aspect. Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Knee and tibiofibular joint. Deep dissection. ... In many animals, it still articulates with the posterior part of the lower extremity of the femur, but this feature is ... Ossification commences in the lower end in the second year, and in the upper about the fourth year. The lower epiphysis, the ...
Symptoms are lower extremity cramping. Resting from activity even in a standing position may help relieve the symptoms. Spinal ... of the spinal canal and compression of nerve roots and resultant lower extremity symptoms. Standing and extension of the spine ...
Back of left lower extremity. Semimembranosus muscle Semimembranosus muscle Muscles of thigh. Lateral view. Muscles of thigh. ... and converge to another aponeurosis which covers the lower part of the posterior surface of the muscle and contracts into the ...
Limb prostheses include both upper- and lower-extremity prostheses. Upper-extremity prostheses are used at varying levels of ... Lower extremity prosthetics describes artificially replaced limbs located at the hip level or lower. In the prosthetics ... Lower-extremity prosthetics describes artificially replaced limbs located at the hip level or lower. Concerning all ages ... Lower extremity prostheses are often categorized by the level of amputation or after the name of a surgeon:[11][12] ...
Gray, Henry (1918). "7. Articulations of the Lower Extremity. a. Coxal Articulation or Hip-joint". Anatomy of the Human Body. ... The circular fibers, the zona orbicularis, are most abundant at the lower and back part of the capsule where they form a sling ...
Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. pp. 3-15. doi:10.1385/1592598978. ISBN 978-1-58829-269-8. ... Glycolysis has a lower ATP yield than oxidative phosphorylation and generates acidic byproducts that decrease the pH of the ...
"Lower Extremity Venous Duplex Evaluation" (PDF). Society for Vascular Ultrasound. 2011.[permanent dead link] Pierik, E.G.J.M.; ... Veins are a draining system similar to a low pressure hydraulic system, with a laminar flow and a low velocity. This low ... 1968). "A Doppler Ultrasound method for diagnosing lower extremity venous disease". Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics (127): 339 ... "Definition of venous reflux in lower-extremity veins". Journal of Vascular Surgery. 38 (4): 793-8. doi:10.1016/S0741-5214(03) ...
Kerr, D., Brunnstrom, S., & Sloan Dean, C. (1957). Training of the Lower Extremity Amputee. AJN, American Journal of Nursing, ... Movement Therapy in Hemiplegia : A neurophysiological approach, 1970 Training of the Lower Extremity Amputee (co-authored with ...
Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Guidelines Committee (2014). "The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity ... He founded the Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research (CLEAR), which rapidly became the most productive podiatric ... Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research. 30 September 2007. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 12 ... The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds. 13 (4): 371-7. doi:10.1177/1534734614545874. PMID 25143315. S2CID 33727521 ...
Nerves of the right lower extremity. Front view. Gracilis muscle Gracilis muscle Gracilis muscle Gracilis muscle Gracilis ... A few of the fibers of the lower part of the tendon are prolonged into the deep fascia of the leg. By its inner or superficial ... It arises by a thin aponeurosis from the anterior margins of the lower half of the symphysis pubis and the upper half of the ... For this reason, the muscle is a lower limb adductor. At its insertion the tendon is situated immediately above that of the ...
Patient's left lower extremity is straightened. Patient's right lower extremity is flexed at the hip, and the leg is flexed at ... It is performed by having the person lie on their left side, left hip and lower extremity straight, and right hip and knee bent ...
Nerves of the right lower extremity. Posterior view. Sciatic nerve. Sciatic nerve. Sciatic nerve. Lesser sciatic notch Greater ... The sciatic nerve supplies sensation to the skin of the foot, as well as the entire lower leg (except for its inner side). ... Pain caused by a compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve by a problem in the lower back is called sciatica. Common ... Sensation to skin to the sole of the foot is provided by the tibial nerve, and the lower leg and upper surface of the foot via ...
ISBN 1-55642-671-2 Carroll, K. (2006). Lower Extremity Socket Design and Suspension. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ...
Lower extremity superficial phlebitis is associated with conditions that increase the risk of thrombosis, including ... Fernandez L, Scovell S, Eidt JF, Mills JL, Collins KA (2011). "Superficial thrombophlebitis of the lower extremity". UpToDate. ... Karwowski JK (November 2007). "How to manage thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: why this malady warrants close ... Treatment with compression stockings should be offered to patients with lower extremity superficial phlebitis, if not ...
2003). "FDG-PET imaging of lower extremity muscular activity during level walking". J Orthop Sci. 8 (1): 55-61. doi:10.1007/ ... The result is that structures deep in the body are reconstructed as having falsely low tracer uptake. Contemporary scanners can ... Although the quality of gamma-camera PET is considerably lower and acquisition is slower, this method allows institutions with ... This algorithm has the advantage of being simple while having a low requirement for computing resources. Disadvantages are that ...
Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, hip and lower ... Musculoskeletal (including spine and extremities). *Neurological (consciousness, awareness, brain, vision, cranial nerves, ... In low-income countries, modern healthcare is often too expensive for the average person. International healthcare policy ... Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical & surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, ...
... low or very low evidence supporting SM for chronic lumbar spine-related extremity symptoms and cervical spine-related extremity ... Low back pain. A 2013 Cochrane review found very low to moderate evidence that SMT was no more effective than inert ... "Manipulative Therapy for Lower Extremity Conditions: Update of a Literature Review". Journal of Manipulative and Physiological ... Spinal manipulation may be cost-effective for sub-acute or chronic low back pain but the results for acute low back pain were ...
labeled the combination of high levels of demands, low levels of control, and low levels of coworker support "iso-strain." The ... Population-based estimates from the Connecticut Upper-extremity Surveillance Project (CUSP). Journal of Occupational Health ... low control, and low support to clinical depression.[112] A meta-analysis that pooled the results of 11 well-designed ... Arnetz, B. (2009). Low-intensity stress in high-stress professionals. Newsletter of the Society for Occupational Health ...
... when atmospheric oxygen levels were too low to sustain wildfires.[81] During this time, fish inhabiting anoxic waters (very low ... These include the structure of the jaw and teeth for feeding on land, limb girdles and extremities for land locomotion, lungs ... The tongue is anchored to the hyoid bone, which was once the lower half of a pair of gill bars (the second pair after the ones ... In the jaw were moderate-sized palatal and vomerine (upper) and coronoid (lower) fangs, as well rows of smaller teeth. This was ...
Its lower or ampullated end opens into the lower and back part of the vestibule, its upper into the crus commune. ... Its lateral extremity is ampullated, and opens into the upper part of the vestibule; the opposite end joins with the upper part ...
Note that, in these expressions, the term "end" is meant as "extremity", not as "last part"; and that (the extremity with) big ... We put the low-byte [first] and then the high-byte. This has since been dubbed "Little Endian" format and it's sort of contrary ... is at the lowest address. The other bytes follow in decreasing order of significance. This is akin to left-to-right reading in ... is at the lowest address. The other bytes follow in increasing order of significance. This is akin to right-to-left reading in ...
Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance (SMALED) *SMALED1. *SMALED2A. *SMALED2B. *SMA-PCH ...
Overweight and health problems of the lower extremities: osteoarthritis, pain and disability. Public Health Nutr (Research ... Persons successful at long-term weight loss and maintenance continue to consume a low-energy, low-fat diet. J Am Diet Assoc. ... Efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets: A systematic review. JAMA. 2003-04, 289 (14): 1837-50. PMID 12684364. doi: ... Naude, CE; Schoonees, A; Senekal, M; Young, T; Garner, P; Volmink, J. Low carbohydrate versus isoenergetic balanced diets for ...
The following signs are general signs of atherosclerosis of the lower extremity arteries: *cyanosis ... The most common symptom is muscle pain in the lower limbs on exercise-intermittent claudication.[7] ...
... (IVRA) or Bier's block anesthesia is an anesthetic technique on the body's extremities where a ... where there is a risk of massive hemolysis due to low oxygen tension or hemolytic crisis due to restricted blood flow).[1][4][7 ... The technique usually involves exsanguination of the target region, which forces blood out of the extremity, followed by the ... Protocols vary depending on local standard procedures and the extremity being operated on. A vast majority of practitioners ...
Extremities (hands and feet) - solid, wide joints. Nails - Well shaped, solid and smooth, whose color ranges from amber to ... The breed region is circumscribed almost exclusively to the Southern Portuguese Region of Alentejo, in both, High and Low ...
In APS patients, the most common venous event is deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities, and the most common arterial ... Anticoagulation appears to prevent miscarriage in pregnant women.[14] In pregnancy, low molecular weight heparin and low-dose ... A low platelet count and positivity for antibodies against β2-glycoprotein 1 or phosphatidylserine may also be observed in a ... Other common findings, although not part of the APS classification criteria, are low platelet count, heart valve disease, and ...
Dermatomes of the Upper and Lower Limbs (Modified, after Keegan, J. J., and Garrett, F. D.) ... Diagram of segmental distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the right upper extremity. ...
... suffering spinal injuries and paralysis of the lower extremities.[8] On 7 December 1886, a labourer named John Van Rampan fell ...
Similarly, in the lower leg, structures near the tibia (shinbone) are tibial and structures near the fibula are fibular (or ... Terminal (from Latin terminus 'boundary or end') at the extremity of a usually projecting structure.[52] For example, "...an ... The ventral (from Latin venter 'belly') surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.[38] ... Axial (from Latin axis 'axle'): around the central axis of the organism or the extremity. Two related terms, "abaxial" and " ...
Hindwings orange, with a large black lunule beyond lower angle of cell. There is a marginal black band with cilia pale spots ... Palpi with third joint long and spatulate at extremity. Forewings with non-crenulate cilia in male, crenulate in female. Head ...
The chief advantage of a PICC over other types of central lines is that it is safer to insert with a relatively low risk of ... An arm board is recommended for immobilizing the extremity for cannulation of the hand, the foot or the antecubital fossa in ... Ports cause less inconvenience and have a lower risk of infection than PICCs, and are therefore commonly used for patients on ... When administering a secondary IV medication, the primary bag is held lower than the secondary bag so that the secondary ...
Lower extremity. *Hip resurfacing. *Hip replacement. *Rotationplasty. *Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. *Knee ... Early revision rates are significantly higher in low-volume centres.[11]. Clinical ankle scores, such as the American ... patients with primary or posttraumatic osteoarthritis with relatively low functional demand;. *patients with severe ankle ... Conversely, congruent designs produce large contact areas with low contact stresses but transmit undesirable constraint forces ...
These lesions are usually observed on the lower extremities, however, can also develop on the upper extremities, such as, the ... Keratinization in Kyrle disease form at the basilar layer that is lower than the normal proliferation region in the epidermis. ...
The pyramidalis muscle is present in 80% of human population.This muscle may be absent on one or both sides; the lower end of ... and ends by a pointed extremity which is inserted into the linea alba, midway between the umbilicus and pubis. The pyramidalis ...
Lower extremity anomalies are frequent in these cases, which often presents with clubbed feet and/or bowing of the legs. ... The ears are slightly low and pressed against the head making them appear large. The adrenal glands often appear as small oval ...
The muscles of the lower extremities are often affected first followed by upper extremities and sometime the muscles of ... Vorinostat is a second generation inhibitor that is fairly non-toxic and found to be effective in cell culture at low ... Quisinostat is effective at low doses resulting in some improved neuromuscular function in mouse model of SMA, but survival was ... General symptoms include overall muscle weakness and poor muscle tone including extremities and respiratory muscles leading to ...
radius: upper extremity (head, tuberosity) · body · lower extremity (ulnar notch, styloid process). ulna: upper extremity ( ... lower extremity: capitulum · trochlea · epicondyles (lateral, medial) · supracondylar ridges (lateral, medial) · fossae (radial ... tuberosity, olecranon, coronoid process, radial notch, trochlear notch) · body · lower extremity (head, styloid process) ... upper extremity: necks (anatomical, surgical) · tubercles (greater, lesser) · intertubercular sulcus body: radial sulcus · ...
In the abdomens of people with low body fat, these muscle bellies can be viewed externally. They can appear in sets of as few ... usually has some fibers of insertion into the anterior extremity of the rib itself. ... Finally, numerous small segmental contributions come from the lower six intercostal arteries as well. ... and serve the lower part of the muscle. Second, the superior epigastric artery, a terminal branch of the internal thoracic ...
Another study showed that infant swimming lessons may improve motor skills, but the number of study subjects was too low to be ... and reduced blood circulation to the extremities such as fingers and toes (peripheral vasoconstriction). During the diving ...
... low frequency (,100 Hz) mechanical excitation at one location on the skull (via a piezo-tranducer or an impact hammer) and ... having sharply bent over the extremity of the septum, attaches to the manubrium of the malleus (hammer); its contraction pulls ... and outward of normal or low ICP. The direction and magnitude of TMD, however, depend not only on the initial position of ...
Tukker A; Visscher T; Picavet H (april 2008). "Overweight and health problems of the lower extremities: osteoarthritis, pain ... "Persons successful at long-term weight loss and maintenance continue to consume a low-energy, low-fat diet". J Am Diet Assoc. ...
In this extremity, in July Charles seized silver bullion worth £130,000 held in trust at the mint in the Tower of London, ... by Rubens and paintings by other artists from the Low Countries such as van Honthorst, Mytens, and van Dyck.[309] His close ... his public profile remained low in contrast to that of his physically stronger and taller[b] elder brother, Henry Frederick, ...
The first steamboat to travel the full length of the Lower Mississippi from the Ohio River to New Orleans was the New Orleans ... In effect, the U.S. ceded the northwestern extremity of the Mississippi basin to the British in exchange for the southern ... On the lower Mississippi, from Baton Rouge to the mouth of the Mississippi, the navigation depth is 45 feet (14 m), allowing ... When it opened on May 12, 1892, it was the first crossing of the Lower Mississippi and the longest span in the U.S. Listed as a ...
The lower extremity of the humerus is flattened from before backward, and curved slightly forward; it ends below in a broad, ... The articular surface extends a little lower than the epicondyles, and is curved slightly forward; its medial extremity ... lower, and posterior parts of the extremity. The lateral border separates it from the groove which articulates with the margin ... and is limited to the front and lower part of the bone. On the medial side of this eminence is a shallow groove, in which is ...
Of the 405 injured occupants, 141 received their lower extremity injuries against the instrument panel.The occupants most ... Lower Extremity Injuries of Front Seat Occupants 680483. A study was made of 290 collisions containing 464 front seat car ... Citation: Nahum, A., Siegel, A., Hight, P., and Brooks, S., "Lower Extremity Injuries of Front Seat Occupants," SAE Technical ... It is significant that the number of lower extremity injuries drops steeply for vehicles from 1957 through 1967. ...
Lower extremity definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up ... lower extremity in Medicine Expand. lower extremity n. The hip, thigh, leg, ankle, or foot. Also called inferior limb, pelvic ... Perforations of the lower extremity of the bone were very common. Surgical Experiences in South Africa, 1899-1900 George Henry ... At the lower extremity the river widens to about a mile, and here there are a certain number of houses. ...
A lower extremity prosthetic device is provided which includes a modular foot with a heel section and an elongate midfoot ... A lower extremity prosthetic device is provided which includes a modular foot with a heel section and an elongate midfoot ... A lower extremity prosthetic device is provided which includes a modular foot with a heel section and an elongate midfoot ... 7. A lower extremity prosthetic device comprising:. a foot member including a rearward heel section and a midfoot section which ...
The page you are requesting for this event is no longer available. For information about upcoming events, please visit the ART website at activerelease.com or contact the seminar department by emailing [email protected] or calling 888-396-2727. Thank you.. ...
... in the lower limbs, most severely affecting the thigh muscles (quadriceps). (In SMA-LED, the D stands for dominant, which ... leads to atrophy of the muscles in the lower limbs. Explore symptoms, inheritance, genetics of this condition. ... Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance (SMA-LED) is characterized by muscle weakness and wasting (atrophy) ... SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY, LOWER EXTREMITY-PREDOMINANT, 1, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT. *SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY, LOWER EXTREMITY- ...
Purchase Lower Extremity Soft Tissue & Cutaneous Plastic Surgery - 2nd Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780702031366, ... Since publication of the first edition, Lower Extremity Soft Tissue & Cutaneous Plastic Surgery has attracted wide acclaim for ... Negative pressure wound threapy in lower extremity reconstruction - Neal M Blitz, John S Steinberg ... Emphasis is placed on plastic surgery techniques that are applicable on the foot, ankle and lower leg whenever possible. ...
... in the lower limbs, most severely affecting the thigh muscles (quadriceps). Explore symptoms, inheritance, genetics of this ... Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance (SMA-LED) is characterized by muscle weakness and wasting (atrophy) ... SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY, LOWER EXTREMITY-PREDOMINANT, 1, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT. *SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY, LOWER EXTREMITY- ... Learn more about the genes associated with Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance. *BICD2 ...
Lower extremity chronic venous disorders encompass an entire spectrum of morphologic and functional abnormalities of the venous ... Diagnostic evaluation of lower extremity chronic venous insufficiency. *Overview and management of lower extremity chronic ... Classification of lower extremity chronic venous disorders. Author. Greg Moneta, MD. Greg Moneta, MD ... Lower extremity chronic venous disorders encompass an entire spectrum of morphologic and functional abnormalities of the venous ...
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Active Release Techniques® Lower Extremity Level 2 is designed to provide instruction in anatomy, palpation, and treatment of ... Lower Extremity Level 2 manual and USB flash drive will be shipped upon receipt of payment. ... Certification in Lower Extremity Level 1 is a prerequisite for this course. ...
The new lower extremity, known as Thor-Lx, consists of the femur, tibia, ankle joints, foot, a representation of the Achilles ... A new lower extremity has been developed to be used with Thor, the NHTSA Advanced Frontal Dummy. ... Development and Design of Thor-Lx: The Thor Lower Extremity 99SC09. A new lower extremity has been developed to be used with ... The new lower extremity, known as Thor-Lx, consists of the femur, tibia, ankle joints, foot, a representation of the Achilles ...
Case of Scleroderma Affecting the Left Lower Extremity Br Med J 1884; 1 :1089 ... Case of Scleroderma Affecting the Left Lower Extremity. Br Med J 1884; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.1223.1089 ( ...
Lower extremity bracing, also known as orthoses, helps support a childs legs and feet so they can walk and stand more easily. ... Lower Extremity Orthoses A variety of medical conditions can contribute to trouble with walking or standing. There are often ... Sometimes lower extremity bracing, also known as orthoses, can help support your childs legs and feet so that standing and ... in which lower extremity bracing can help. ... Lower extremity bracing is available at all outpatient ...
See Overview and management of lower extremity chronic venous disease.). ●(See Laser and light therapy of lower extremity ... Medical management of lower extremity chronic venous disease. *Overview and management of lower extremity chronic venous ... Open surgical techniques for lower extremity vein ablation. Author. John F Eidt, MD. John F Eidt, MD ... Correction of lower extremity deep venous incompetence by ablation of superficial venous reflux. Ann Vasc Surg 1996; 10:186. ...
Complete Global Service Data for Orthopaedic Surgery: Lower extremity and nervous system. Volume 2 of Complete Global Service ... Complete Global Service Data for Orthopaedic Surgery: Lower extremity and .... Snippet view - 2005. ... Complete Global Service Data for Orthopaedic Surgery: Lower extremity and nervous system. ...
The major negative aspect of running is the high rat of injuries to the lower extremities. Several well-designed population- ... Predicting lower extremity injuries among habitual runners. Archives of Internal Medicine 149: 2565-2568, 1989b ... Overuse injuries of the lower extremities associated with marching, jogging and running: a review. Military Medicine 148 (10): ... Macera, C.A. Lower Extremity Injuries in Runners. Sports Medicine 13, 50-57 (1992). https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199213010- ...
The Berkeley Lower Extremity Exoskeleton (BLEEX) is a robotic device that attaches to the lower body. Its purpose is to ... Dollar, Aaron M.; Herr, Hugh (February 2008). "Lower Extremity Exoskeletons and Active Orthoses: Challenges and State-of-the- ... complement the users strength by adding extra force to the users lower extremity bodily movements. The BLEEX was funded by ...
The lower extremity of femur (or distal extremity) is the lower end of the femur (thigh bone) in human and other animals, ... projects to a lower level. When, however, the femur is in its natural oblique position the lower surfaces of the two condyles ... The posterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint is attached to the lower and front part of the medial wall of the fossa and ... The lower and posterior parts of the articular surface constitute the tibial surfaces for articulation with the corresponding ...
... The Lower Extremity Alignment Clinic is available to otherwise healthy children under the age ... The Lower Extremity Alignment Clinic is offered weekly at our Main Campus and Escondido locations by appointment only. To ... An X-ray exam of the lower extremities or hips may be recommended during the visit. After a comprehensive evaluation, families ...
Pennsylvania Hospital, the nations first hospital, is a 515-bed acute care facility that provides a full range Pennsylvania Hospitalof diagnostic and therapeutic medical services and functions as a major teaching and clinical research institution. The hospital has over 29,000 inpatient admissions and 115,000 outpatient visits each year, including over 5,200 births. Pennsylvania Hospital is part of the University of Pennsylvania Health System and is located at 8th and Spruce Streets in the historic Society Hill district of Philadelphia.. Penn Medicine Woodbury Heights is a 37,500-square-foot outpatient medical building located in Woodbury Heights, New Jersey. Penn Medicine Woodbury Heights houses primary care and specialty care physicians, on-site laboratory services, radiology and physical therapy.. Penn Medicine Cherry Hill is a state-of-the-art outpatient medical facility providing expert primary and specialty health care, plus a full range of medical services serving Cherry Hill, New Jersey. ...
... from lower extremity medial and lateral rotator muscle groups and the torsional moment about the longitudinal axis of the lower ... During snow skiing, torsion of the lower extremity resulted from the normal skiing process. Analyses of the laboratory tests ... thus masking contributions to MREMG from lower extremity torsion. ... Torsion of the Lower Extremity and Surface Electromyogram ... skiing trauma, skiing safety, snow skiing, skiing injuries, electromyogram (EMG), telemetry, knee injuries, muscles, lower ...
Lower extremity muscle activity during deep-water running on self-determined pace. *Kaneda K ... The present study investigated lower extremity muscle activity and during DWR compared to that during land walking (LW) and ... The %MVC of the rectus femoris was higher during WW and DWR than during LW; that of the vastus lateralis was lower during WW ... Results show that the percentages of maximal voluntary contraction (%MVC) of the soleus and medial gastrocnemius were lower ...
Summary: Principles of the Surgical Correction of Posttraumatic Deformities of the Lower Extremities ...
The Penn Lower Extremity Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Fellowship provides a very active and broad based program with ... ankle and lower extremity with combined integration of training by Plastic Surgeons that uphold a prestigious international ...
... 751159. This paper presents the results of direct impact tests and ... Citation: Melvin, J., Stalnaker, R., Alem, N., Benson, J. et al., "Impact Response and Tolerance of the Lower Extremities," SAE ... The test results indicate that the unembalmed skeletal system of the lower extremities is capable of carrying significantly ... Biomechanics of Impact Injury and Injury Tolerances of the Extremities-PT-56 ...
Tessa E. Busch-Westbroek, Kamiel Delpeut, Ron Balm, Sicco A. Bus, Tim Schepers, Edgar J. Peters, Frank F. Smithuis, Mario Maas, Max Nieuwdorp ...
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... to investigate how the risk for lower extremity amputation has developed in Sweden during the last 10 years. to investigate the ... to investigate how the risk for lower extremity amputation has developed in Sweden during the last 10 years. ... to compare the mortality risk between people who have or have not gone through lower extremity amputation. ... to investigate the risk of lower extremity amputation in relation to socioeconomic status and diabetes. ...
Lower Extremity Orthoses If your child needs extra support for his feet, ankles or legs, a brace may help. Our pediatric ...
  • Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease is common among nursing home residents, a substantial number of whom also are at risk for critical limb ischemia. (eurekalert.org)
  • Peripheral arterial disease, or PAD, is a lifelong, progressive disorder that affects primarily the lower extremities. (lww.com)
  • See 'Liquid, foam, and glue sclerotherapy techniques for the treatment of lower extremity veins' . (uptodate.com)
  • With an abundance of case studies from Jackson Memorial Hospital, this reference provides expert guidance on the evaluation and treatment of lower extremity orthopedic injuries. (foyles.co.uk)
  • to investigate how the risk for lower extremity amputation has developed in Sweden during the last 10 years. (oru.se)
  • to investigate the risk of lower extremity amputation in relation to socioeconomic status and diabetes. (oru.se)
  • to compare the mortality risk between people who have or have not gone through lower extremity amputation. (oru.se)
  • to investigate risk factors for lower extremity amputation among people with diabetes. (oru.se)
  • The Lower Extremity Disease Examination data will be used to determine the prevalence of lower extremity disease in the U.S. population (diagnosed and undiagnosed), including those at high risk for the late complications of the disease (i.e., ulceration and amputation). (cdc.gov)
  • Data reflect age- and sex- standardized, hospital admission-based diabetes lower extremity amputation rates for adults aged 15 years and older. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Among the treatment options, nonoperative symptom management, local wound care, primary amputation and lower extremity revascularization are associated with different risks, benefits and expected outcomes," Finlayson said. (eurekalert.org)
  • successful relief of pain, healing of wounds and avoidance of major amputation may benefit some of the patients who underwent lower extremity revascularization in the short term. (eurekalert.org)
  • Given the prevalence of diabetes in the United States, the fact that the disease is the number one cause of lower extremity amputation is an extremely serious matter. (mcknights.com)
  • According to the World Health Organization, lower-extremity amputations are 10 times more common in people with diabetes than in those who don't have the disease and represent half of all amputations in the U.S. In addition to being physically and emotionally devastating to patients, diabetes-related amputations cost our healthcare system some $3 billion dollars per year ($38,077 per amputation). (mcknights.com)
  • It is also important to consider that lower extremity amputation does not represent a traditional medical complication of diabetes like myocardial infarction, kidney failure or retinopathy. (mcknights.com)
  • Since most of such lower limb amputations are performed on older adults, staffs of assisted living facilities and nursing homes must be especially vigilant in monitoring their charges - especially those with diabetes. (mcknights.com)
  • diabetes mellitus is also the leading cause of non-traumatic lower extremity amputations, with over 68,000 non-traumatic lower extremity amputations performed on patients with diabetes in 2009, the most recent year for which data are available (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2012a). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Diabetic foot ulcers are the most common cause of lowerextremity amputations. (experts.com)
  • The Berkeley Lower Extremity Exoskeleton (BLEEX) is a robotic device that attaches to the lower body. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3 Pain at rest is referred to as critical limb ischemia and is typically experienced by patients with more progressive disease as a result of insufficient blood supply to the extremity. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Catheter-directed intra-arterial thrombolysis (CDT) is a rational treatment method in patients with acute/subacute and even some chronic occlusions of lower extremity arteries and bypass grafts having salvageable limb ischemia. (nih.gov)
  • Lower extremity wounds , such as leg and foot sores, can be caused by one or a combination of problems including poor circulation, critical limb ischemia, diabetes and other medical problems . (clevelandclinic.org)
  • In addition, this ischemia, when manifested in the lower extremities, is often accompanied by lower extremity claudication, which can significantly impair functional mobility. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Acute lower extremity ischemia is a medical emergency. (springer.com)
  • Recommended standards for reports dealing with lower extremity ischemia: revised version. (springer.com)
  • Aurshina A., Hingorani A. (2019) Acute Lower Extremity Ischemia. (springer.com)
  • High-energy lower-extremity trauma (HELET) is common in modern warfare, often resulting in severe tissue damage, chronic pain, neurovascular injury and significant muscle loss, according to the new research presented today at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS). (redorbit.com)
  • Analyzing the function and interrelationships of the muscular and skeletal systems of the lower extremities, this source discloses key principles in trauma management, decision-making, soft tissue repair, tissue engineering, wound healing, and burn reconstruction. (foyles.co.uk)
  • Our multidisciplinary team is made up of pediatric orthopedic surgeons and other clinicians who specialize in surgical and non-surgical treatments for a range of lower limb conditions related to trauma, congenital conditions, and developmental issues. (childrenshospital.org)
  • The goal of this fellowship is to provide a one-year advanced comprehensive program in foot and ankle lower extremity reconstructive surgery, diabetic limb preservation, sports medicine and trauma. (acfas.org)
  • Use and perceived need of physical therapy following severe lower-extremity trauma. (cdc.gov)
  • Objective: To examine the utilization of physical therapy (PT), the level of perceived need for PT, and the proportion of patients with perceived need receiving no PT in a cohort of severe lower-extremity trauma patients treated at level I trauma centers. (cdc.gov)
  • Design: Longitudinal, observational study of severe lower-extremity trauma patients. (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusions: The results suggest a significant proportion of patients in the severe lower-extremity trauma population have perceived need for PT, yet receive no PT services. (cdc.gov)
  • The faculty from both courses consisted of expert extremity and trauma surgeons discussing a range of current topics in lesser toe surgery, deformity correction, arthroscopy setup, and foot and ankle arthroscopy. (smith-nephew.com)
  • its medial extremity occupies a lower level than the lateral. (wikipedia.org)
  • The relationship between mean rectified electromyogram signals (MREMG) from lower extremity medial and lateral rotator muscle groups and the torsional moment about the longitudinal axis of the lower leg was investigated in the laboratory and in snow skiing experiments. (astm.org)
  • The lateral condyle is the more prominent and is the broader both in its antero-posterior and transverse diameters, the medial condyle is the longer and, when the femur is held with its body perpendicular, projects to a lower level. (wikipedia.org)
  • The posterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint is attached to the lower and front part of the medial wall of the fossa and the anterior cruciate ligament to an impression on the upper and back part of its lateral wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the required area of anesthesia for the procedure, various points throughout the lower extremity can be used to block the lateral femoral cutaneous, common peroneal, saphenous, tibial, deep peroneal, superficial peroneal, and sural nerves. (aafp.org)
  • The nerve supplies the lower fibers of the transversus abdominis and the internal oblique muscle and divides into lateral and anterior cutaneous branches. (medscape.com)
  • 1. AP and lateral radiographs of a 35-year-old man who presented with extremity malrotation after femoral nailing are shown. (healio.com)
  • See 'Diagnostic evaluation of lower extremity chronic venous insufficiency' . (uptodate.com)
  • An overview of the clinical evaluation and management of lower extremity chronic venous disease is presented elsewhere. (uptodate.com)
  • See 'Overview and management of lower extremity chronic venous disease' . (uptodate.com)
  • Nurses and podiatrists, in particular, are frequently involved in the assessment and management of lower extremity wounds, often working in partnership. (wiley.com)
  • 163 Pages Report] Transparency Market Research (TMR), in its recent publication, offers an in-depth and unbiased analysis of the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market for the period of 2019-2027. (bccresearch.com)
  • The global Lower Extremities market is valued at xx million US$ in 2018 and will reach xx million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of xx% during 2019-2025. (webnewswire.com)
  • CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS OF THE LOWER EXTREMITY is a comprehensive text addressing the principles of anatomic and biomechanical development and the clinical application of these principles to disease/disorder management. (google.com)
  • Research Focus: Primary areas of interest include: diabetic complications of the lower extremity, biomechanics, motor learning & control, wound healing, and surgery. (rosalindfranklin.edu)
  • Our innovative surgical techniques and implants have been specifically designed by leading surgeons to help treat fractures of the lower extremity by restoring anatomical alignment and physiologic motion. (arthrex.com)
  • An overview of the Clinical-Etiology-Anatomy-Pathophysiology (CEAP) classification of lower extremity chronic venous disorders will be presented here. (uptodate.com)
  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in the Treatment of Ischemic Lower-Extremity Ulcers in Patients With Diabetes: Results of the DAMO 2 CLES Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Lower limb wounds are frequently observed in clinical practice and often present a real challenge for health care practitioners. (wiley.com)
  • All the surgical techniques have shown promising results with respect to the correction of the malalignment of the lower extremities and clinical outcomes. (hindawi.com)
  • For most clinical purposes, the lower leg, ankle, and foot can be considered to work as a dynamic unit. (chiro.org)
  • MOBILE OMT for the Lower Extremity is a powerful clinical reference and teaching tool for any student, clinician or educator involved in the practice or the teaching of manipulative/manual therapy for musculoskeletal disorders. (appbrain.com)
  • Summaries of the most recent clinical research involving manipulative therapy are provided for each region of the lower extremity (hip, knee, and foot/ankle) with links to PUBmed abstracts of relevant clinical studies. (appbrain.com)
  • found a significant gap between the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) management guideline for patients with lower extremity PAD and clinical practice for this patient population compared with patients with coronary artery disease. (lww.com)
  • clinical instruction with fellow to be proficient in all aspects of foot, ankle and lower extremity care at the completion of the fellowship. (acfas.org)
  • Program impact will include introducing new sensing modalities for lower leg prosthetic control and a path to clinical testing and commercialization for patient use. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • The journal emphasizes the science and practice of lower extremity wound care from major theoretical advances to tested clinical practice. (ovid.com)
  • An algorithm that includes a careful, structured clinical assessment--D-dimer, lower extremity ultrasound, and multiple detector-row computed tomography (CT) depending on risk status, and other testing as needed based on this initial assessment--provides a safe, and presumably cost-effective, evaluation for patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Mission: To make measurable improvements in the health and function of the lower extremities by using multidisciplinary approaches to: biomedical engineering, clinical & basic sciences, and health services. (rosalindfranklin.edu)
  • 2016 AHA/ACC guideline on the management of patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on clinical practice guidelines. (springer.com)
  • ICD-10-PCS code List for Lymphatic, Right Lower Extremity is medical classification list by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). (aapc.com)
  • The external tibial torsion of the right lower extremity was 53° compared with 34° on the left ( Figure 3 ). (healio.com)
  • The risk of diabetic patients developing lower extremity PAD is proportional to the severity and duration of diabetes in these patients. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Worldwide, a lower limb is lost to diabetes every 30 seconds and in the U.S. alone, some 2 million Americans are living with a lost lower limb. (mcknights.com)
  • Improper or incomplete care of the feet in people with diabetes can increase the prevalence of nonhealing lower-extremity ulcers that may, in turn, lead to serious sequelae. (experts.com)
  • The faculty of CLEAR is world renowned for their work in treating and preventing lower extremity complications associated with diabetes. (rosalindfranklin.edu)
  • 3 These syndromes include lower extremity PAD, renal arterial disease, mesenteric arterial disease, and various aneurysms. (uspharmacist.com)
  • diagnostic testing for claudication and lower extremity arterial disease using noninvasive and arteriographic techniques, and the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Despite medical and technical progress, therapy of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) remains limited by subsequent disease progression and ultimate limb ischaemia. (escardio.org)
  • Because of the increasing burden of arteriosclerotic vascular disease and the associated challenge to healthcare systems, the field of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) has recently gained momentum. (escardio.org)
  • Results 258 youth soccer players sustained long bone lower extremity fractures from 2001 to 2015 and the prevalence increased by more than 200% over the 15 year study period. (aappublications.org)
  • Given the increased prevalence of gout and how gout affects the lower extremity, the author discusses current concepts in diagnosis and treatment, and provides an illuminating case study. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • The lower extremity of femur (or distal extremity) is the lower end of the femur (thigh bone) in human and other animals, closer to the knee. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the treatment of knee pain, the limitation of the knee range of motion, and the malalignment of the lower extremity in the knee OA, many surgical procedures have been developed, including around knee osteotomies, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, and total knee arthroplasty. (hindawi.com)
  • These labeling exercises are to aid the viewer in learning the sectional anatomy of the structures of the lower extremities, to include the Hip, Knee, Ankle, and Foot. (merlot.org)
  • Arthrex provides a comprehensive array of implants and techniques to treat and repair lower extremity traumas of hip, knee, foot and ankle. (arthrex.com)
  • Knee deformity in congenital longitudinal deficiencies of the lower extremity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A smoker is two to three times more likely to develop lower extremity PAD than a person with coronary artery disease. (uspharmacist.com)
  • The major manifestations of lower extremity disease are peripheral vascular disease and peripheral neuropathy. (cdc.gov)
  • The Ankle Brachial Blood Pressure Index (ABPI) section of the Lower Extremity Disease component collects data on peripheral vascular disease and the Peripheral Neuropathy (LEXPN) section of the Lower Extremity Disease component collects data on peripheral neuropathy. (cdc.gov)
  • Participants 40 years of age and older are asked to participate in the PN Section of the Lower Extremity Disease examination. (cdc.gov)
  • Refer to Lower Extremity Disease Procedures Manual for further details. (cdc.gov)
  • Here, we describe a case of isolated recurrent lower extremity paralysis and an episode of seizure in an 83-year-old patient with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. (hindawi.com)
  • 1 PAD, which includes both upper and lower extremity disease, affects approximately 202 million people worldwide. (lww.com)
  • Conclusion: At least 50% of patients with PVI present with lower extremity venous disease. (pulsus.com)
  • The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds concentrates on in-depth multidisciplinary reviews of evidence-based diagnostic techniques and methods, disease and patient management, and surgical and medical therapeutics for lower extremity wounds such as burns, stomas, ulcers, fistulas, and traumatic wounds. (ovid.com)
  • Loss of use of one lower extremity and (a) residuals of organic brain disease/injury or (b) loss of use of one upper extremity, mandating use of braces, crutches, canes, or wheelchair. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Our findings suggest that lower extremity physical performance testing in chronic kidney disease patients may help identify those individuals who are more burdened by their chronic kidney disease," said Dr. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Penn Lower Extremity Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Fellowship provides a very active and broad based program with exceptional experience in basic and advanced reconstruction of the foot, ankle and lower extremity with combined integration of training by Plastic Surgeons that uphold a prestigious international reputation in reconstructivemicrosugery. (upenn.edu)
  • The fellowship will offer a true multidisciplinary approach to basic and advanced reconstruction of the lower extremities where the fellow will work collaboratively with all service lines throughout Penn Medicine Health System. (acfas.org)
  • Learn the basics of managing a practice encompassing lower extremity reconstruction. (acfas.org)
  • The world extremity reconstruction market is driven by increase in the number of joint disorders such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis coupled with increase in geriatric population and rapid rise in lifestyle-related disorders. (webnewswire.com)
  • Of the 405 injured occupants, 141 received their lower extremity injuries against the instrument panel. (sae.org)
  • It is significant that the number of lower extremity injuries drops steeply for vehicles from 1957 through 1967. (sae.org)
  • The major negative aspect of running is the high rat of injuries to the lower extremities. (springer.com)
  • Overuse injuries of the lower extremities associated with marching, jogging and running: a review. (springer.com)
  • Lower extremity injury risk actually increased for AIS 2+ injuries when seat belts were used and an air bag deployed. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Developed in conjunction with a health practitioner and professor of anatomy, Joints of the Lower Extremities Anatomical Chart is designed to provide anatomical layered views that allow practitioners to explain health conditions and injuries to their patients and clients. (abebooks.com)
  • Spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance (SMA-LED) is characterized by muscle weakness and wasting (atrophy) in the lower limbs, most severely affecting the thigh muscles (quadriceps). (medlineplus.gov)
  • The loss of nerve cells that control muscle movement (motor neurons) leads to atrophy of the muscles in the lower limbs. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It is unclear why this condition primarily affects the lower limbs. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The Lower Extremity Program at Boston Children's Hospital offers comprehensive assessment, diagnosis, and treatment for children of all ages with conditions affecting their lower limbs. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Emphasis is placed on plastic surgery techniques that are applicable on the foot, ankle and lower leg whenever possible. (elsevier.com)
  • The intended scope of training includes all areas pertaining to the diagnosis and training of patients with various basic and advanced pathology of the foot, ankle and lower leg management of acute and chronic complex foot and ankle pathology of adults and adolescents. (acfas.org)
  • Use of Ultrasound in Lower Extremity Blocks. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We have used ultrasound imaging to locate and asess the nerves of the lower extremities and to use it as a real-time guidance for performance of lower extremity blocks in patients undergoing orthopaedic procedures. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In this study we aim to compare these parambeters between standard and ultrasound techniques of lower extremity block, to show any advantage. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • When, however, the femur is in its natural oblique position the lower surfaces of the two condyles lie practically in the same horizontal plane. (wikipedia.org)
  • The articular surface of the lower end of the femur occupies the anterior, inferior, and posterior surfaces of the condyles. (wikipedia.org)
  • An average of 17 long bone lower extremity fracture occurred per year with 65% of long bone fractures involving the tibia and 34% involving the femur. (aappublications.org)
  • Our program is one of a small number of centers in the U.S. that specializes in lower limb deformities. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Epidemiological studies have shown that higher total cholesterol levels are found in lower extremity PAD patients with intermittent claudication. (uspharmacist.com)
  • An estimated 30% to 40% of patients with lower extremity PAD have elevated homocysteine levels. (uspharmacist.com)
  • RICHMOND, Va., Jan. 05, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Agent Medical, LLC ("Agent Medical"), an orthopaedic medical device company pioneering solutions for patients suffering lower extremity maladies, today announced the launch of two new products that have already received positive reviews from surgeons. (globenewswire.com)
  • According to J. Scott Munday, founder and president of Agent Medical and a 30-year veteran in the lower extremity medical market, the ArthroBridge™ and ArthroMate™ devices have been carefully designed and manufactured to overcome deficiencies in current products, assist physicians in minimizing operating room time and most importantly improving long-term results for patients. (globenewswire.com)
  • Bursitis is a common cause of lower extremity pain in patients presenting to primary care physicians. (nih.gov)
  • This includes access to immediate radiology services and consultation, casting and bracing with a pediatric orthotist for specialized braces, and weekly clinics dedicated to patients with lower extremity developmental conditions. (chw.org)
  • Only a few U.S. nursing home residents who undergo lower extremity revascularization procedures are alive and ambulatory a year after surgery, according to UCSF researchers, and most patients still alive gained little, if any, function. (eurekalert.org)
  • As a result, the researchers learned that in patients undergoing lower extremity revascularization, the outcomes in nursing home residents were substantially worse than has been reported in the general population of the same age. (eurekalert.org)
  • The purpose of this investigation was to determine the incidence of lower extremity CVD and the types and distribution of lower extremity veins involved in patients with a known diagnosis of PVI. (pulsus.com)
  • This accessory is exceptionally helpful for neurological patients in building lower leg strength while providing stability for weaker hips and knees. (philips.co.uk)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether Dysport® (abobotulinumtoxinA) injections for lower extremity spasticity showed a significant reduction of lower extremity spasticity after being injected with Dysport® (abobotulinumtoxinA) in patients with MS. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Using Dysport to treat lower extremity spasticty in patients diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Active Release Techniques® Lower Extremity Level 2 is designed to provide instruction in anatomy, palpation, and treatment of soft-tissue disorders and associated articulations. (cvent.com)
  • Sectional Anatomy of the structures of the Lower Extremities as viewed with CT and MR imaging. (merlot.org)
  • If you know the author of Sectional Anatomy - Labeling Exercises of the Lower Extremities , please help us out by filling out the form below and clicking Send. (merlot.org)
  • Developed in conjunction with a health practitioner and professor of anatomy, Joints of the Lower Extremities Anatomical Chart is designed to provide anatomical layered views that allow pr.Shipping may be from multiple locations in the US or from the UK, depending on stock availability. (abebooks.com)
  • Lower extremity chronic venous disorders encompass an entire spectrum of morphologic and functional abnormalities of the venous system. (uptodate.com)
  • Rotational and angular problems are two types of lower extremity abnormalities common in children. (aafp.org)
  • Lower extremity abnormalities frequently demonstrate a familial tendency. (aafp.org)
  • Written by our surgical team, the textbook provides an overview of a number of complex pediatric fracture surgeries, covering the lower extremities, spine, and upper extremities. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Splint an upper extremity or lower extremity injury that requires immobilization for transport. (regonline.com)
  • Learn the advanced protocol of AMCT that includes chiropractic theory, analysis and advanced adjustment methodology of the upper and lower extremities. (activator.com)
  • Through our online chiropractic seminar, get step-by-step instruction in the Basic Scan Protocol as well as the Advanced Upper and Lower Extremities of the Activator Method, the world's #1 instrument adjusting technique. (activator.com)
  • Musculoskeletal disorders and the workplace: low back and upper extremities. (cdc.gov)
  • Our physicians have been at the forefront of advancing many of the treatments used today for children and adolescents with lower extremity issues related to traumatic injury, congenital issues, or developmental problems. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Articular disorders of the lower extremities are quite common, both as primary and secondary disorders, and may have far-reaching effects. (chiro.org)
  • Introduction: Women with pelvic venous insufficiency (PVI) often present with lower extremity symptoms and manifestations of chronic venous disorders (CVD). (pulsus.com)
  • The lower and posterior parts of the articular surface constitute the tibial surfaces for articulation with the corresponding condyles of the tibia and menisci. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes lower extremity bracing, also known as orthoses, can help support your child's legs and feet so that standing and walking improve. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Lower Extremity Exoskeletons and Active Orthoses: Challenges and State-of-the-Art" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The emphasis of the book is on practical information applicable to the daily practice of lower extremity care. (google.com)
  • These images were compared to the operative extremity and rotation of the fracture was adjusted to match the fluoroscopic profile of the contralateral images. (healio.com)
  • An accurate diagnosis can be made with careful history and physical examination, which includes torsional profile (a four-component composite of measurements of the lower extremities). (aafp.org)
  • Are current measurements of lower extremity muscle architecture accurate? (nih.gov)
  • Lower extremity wound care requires a multidisciplinary approach involving a number of different health care professionals in order to achieve optimum patient care. (wiley.com)
  • Lower Extremity Wounds: A problem-based learning approach is the first wound care book that has been written as a joint venture by experienced nurses and podiatrists, all with expert knowledge in wound care. (wiley.com)
  • Aimed at both students and practitioners, this book is essential reading for anyone involved in lower extremity wound care. (wiley.com)
  • sup][1],[2] Lower extremity bursae are highly susceptible to injury during strenuous physical exercises, such as those involved in sports and military training. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • it is convex from before backward, concave from side to side, and occupies the anterior, lower, and posterior parts of the extremity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, the pelvis is known as the main regulator of a chain of correlation between the spine and the lower extremities. (hindawi.com)
  • The feet act as a fulcrum, connecting to the lower extremities, pelvis, and spine, and the head moves like a pendulum. (hindawi.com)
  • With this background, in this special issue, we would like to focus on the principle of abnormal posture as well as the management of the malalignment and optimal alignment of the spine and the lower extremities. (hindawi.com)
  • We began at the bottom of the feet and lower extremity and we have traveled up to the lumbar spine, following the wave of negative effects the excessively-pronated foot inflicts upon the body. (chiroeco.com)
  • The test results indicate that the unembalmed skeletal system of the lower extremities is capable of carrying significantly greater loads than those determined in tests with embalmed subjects (the only similar data reported in the present literature). (sae.org)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a condition in which compression of the popliteal neurovascular structures results in symptoms of lower extremity claudication by way of a constricting anatomic structure or a hypertrophied surrounding musculature. (healio.com)
  • This article, part II of a two-part series, focuses on nerve blocks of the lower extremity. (aafp.org)
  • Its objective is to compare results and complications between two techniques of nerve localisation for nerve blocks of the lower limb. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We have developed a real-time, image guided approach to nerve blocks of the lower extremities in three locations: the femoral nerve in the groin and the sciatic nerve in the buttock and/or popliteal fossa. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We disassembled 27 muscles from 21 human lower extremities to characterize muscle fiber length and physiologic cross-sectional area, which define the excursion and force-generating capacities of a muscle. (nih.gov)
  • These results suggest that manipulation of direction and stride length during elliptical trainer exercise may promote differential use of lower extremity muscles. (lww.com)
  • Orthopedic providers around the country rely on Boston Children's Orthopedic Center and the Lower Extremity Program for guidance on both surgical and non-surgical treatment options. (childrenshospital.org)
  • However, the target of the alignment in the lower extremities is different in each surgical procedure. (hindawi.com)
  • Nerve injury occurs most commonly as a complication of surgical procedures involving the lower abdomen. (medscape.com)
  • The report divulges compelling insights on various dynamics, including the drivers, restraints, trends, opportunities, and challenges influencing the growth prospects of the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market. (bccresearch.com)
  • TMR's study also traces the historical and current trends of the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market, to define their impact on its future development. (bccresearch.com)
  • Key indicators of the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market, including value and supply chain analysis, pricing analysis, historical value and volume analysis, and Y-o-Y growth trend analysis, have been provided in the report. (bccresearch.com)
  • Comprehensive information covered in the report can help readers anticipate both, the qualitative and quantitative growth prospects of the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market for the aforementioned timeframe. (bccresearch.com)
  • In addition to a detailed taxonomy of the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market, TMR's study covers an incisive outlook on the competitive landscape. (bccresearch.com)
  • The report highlights the profiles of several incumbent companies as well as new entrants in the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market, wherein, both, the organic and inorganic business strategies of these market players have been mentioned in the report. (bccresearch.com)
  • The report on the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market allows stakeholders to understand the key demand trends that end users may seek in the long run, and the appropriate sourcing strategy for the same. (bccresearch.com)
  • For companies involved in the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market, the report helps them understand the key end users contributing to demand, allowing them to strategically formulate steps to enhance their sales prospects. (bccresearch.com)
  • Comprehensive insights provided in the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market report answer several questions that help readers gain a deeper understanding and interpret the future growth prospects of the market. (bccresearch.com)
  • At what stage of development is the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market? (bccresearch.com)
  • What is the outlook for new entrants in the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market? (bccresearch.com)
  • What are the development risks and competitive threats faced by leading players in the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market? (bccresearch.com)
  • The lower extremity post-operative orthotics market report is a result of holistic research methodology, which includes a perfect combination of primary research, secondary research, and expert panel reviews. (bccresearch.com)
  • The data repository for the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market is updated on a continuous basis, with key stakeholders and their developments tracked at regular intervals. (bccresearch.com)
  • Primary research involves interviews and e-mail interactions with C-level executives, KOLs, and regional officers of companies operating in the market, for in-depth and unbiased reviews on the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market across different geographical divisions. (bccresearch.com)
  • Information obtained from secondary resources and verified by primary resources have contributed to the development of the lower extremity post-operative orthotics market report. (bccresearch.com)
  • During snow skiing, torsion of the lower extremity resulted from the normal skiing process. (astm.org)
  • Posture and body position control during skiing dominate the observed MREMG, thus masking contributions to MREMG from lower extremity torsion. (astm.org)