Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Programmed Instruction as Topic: Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).Computer Literacy: Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.ReadingEducation, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.United StatesEducation, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Education, Nursing, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform nurses of recent advances in their fields.Communication Barriers: Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Multimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Schools: Educational institutions.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Education of Intellectually Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.Reinforcement, Verbal: Use of word stimulus to strengthen a response during learning.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Awareness: The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.Generalization (Psychology): The phenomenon of an organism's responding to all situations similar to one in which it has been conditioned.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Sign Language: A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Pamphlets: Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Aptitude: The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Library Science: Study of the principles and practices of library administration and services.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Education, Nursing, Graduate: Those educational activities engaged in by holders of a bachelor's degree in nursing, which are primarily designed to prepare them for entrance into a specific field of nursing, and may lead to board certification or a more advanced degree.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)ManikinsAchievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.FloridaVideotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Programmed InstructionInformation Seeking Behavior: How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Librarians: Specialists in the management of a library or the services rendered by a library, bringing professional skills to administration, organization of material and personnel, interpretation of bibliothecal rules, the development and maintenance of the library's collection, and the provision of information services.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Mainstreaming (Education): Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Dyslexia: A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Libraries, MedicalPractice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Patient Participation: Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Medication Adherence: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate: A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Role Playing: The adopting or performing the role of another significant individual in order to gain insight into the behavior of that person.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Persons With Hearing Impairments: Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.CaliforniaPhonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.ArkansasCulture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.North CarolinaUrban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.VermontPsychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Medication Errors: Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Videodisc Recording: The storing of visual and usually sound signals on discs for later reproduction on a television screen or monitor.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.CD-ROM: An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.Computer User Training: Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Nurses' Instruction
... literacy program Outdoor education program, which provides a camp or outdoor activity each term A daily living skills program, ... and the instruction, provided by three full-time teachers and one part-time teacher's aide, is more individual. Burge, Darren ( ... covering topics like meal preparation and shopping within a budget Preparation for the workplace by way of writing job ... "Literacy and Numeracy Week Awards". National Literacy and Numeracy Week. NSW Dept of Education and Training. Retrieved 8 June ...
While currently education programs are available in most institutes of tertiary education, prospective teachers typically go to ... The official language of instruction. Mathematics: Mathematics education begins with the basics and reaches introductory ... The literacy rate in 2017 was 98.70%. There are currently five University alliances in Taiwan, intentionally modeled after ... Recent educational reforms intended to address these criticisms are a topic of intense debate in Taiwan. Although current law ...
Participants learn about various topics related to adult basic education, literacy, ESOL and family literacy. The Florida ... this program improves the health literacy level of Florida residents by supporting literacy programs with financial, ... This initiative combines ESOL instruction and health education in a multi-disciplinary approach that teaches English to adults ... Advocacy: FLC serves as an advocate for community-based literacy programs and quality literacy services statewide. WEDU, ...
The Village Readers Family Education program in Delray Beach provides literacy instruction for adults and their elementary ... The program motivates youth to read by addressing socially essential topics and presenting engaging activities that foster ... family literacy programs, adult literacy centers, schools, community organizations, afterschool programs and preschool centers ... Our Adult Education Program provides informational resources to the community for those seeking to improve their literacy ...
"ASL Proficiency and English Literacy within a Bilingual Deaf Education Model of Instruction". Topics in Language Disorders: 47- ... 36% to 40% of residential and day schools for deaf students in the US report using BiBi education programs. Famous examples of ... In BiBi education, sign language is the primary method of instruction. The bicultural aspect of BiBi education emphasizes Deaf ... Bilingual-Bicultural or BiBi deaf education programs use sign language as the native, or first, language of deaf children. In ...
For non-formal distance education, there are two country-wide programs: "The National Program of Non-Formal Education ... There are courses using classic fairy tales to teach literacy, and classes on math and current events. Non-formal education is ... The radio classes are conducted using booklets sent to the participants and video instruction at learning centers. They are ... designed to help adults learn about topics that they might find useful in everyday life. Subjects such as nutrition, first aid ...
... refers to a family of programs which aim to teach literacy through the following methods: Teaching students ... ". "Curriculum, assessment and qualifications (2012)". UK Department of Education. "Phonics Instruction" (pdf). National ... "Findings and Determinations of the National Reading Panel by Topic Areas". "Ontario Early Reading Strategy 2003" (PDF). "The ... It suggests that instruction in phonemic awareness be followed up with "systematic and explicit instruction" on the ...
Mathematics education Science education Statistical literacy "Undergraduate major programs should include study of probability ... In 2007, the ASA endorsed the Guidelines for Assessment and Instruction in Statistics Education (GAISE), a two-dimensional ... Such courses require a good course in real analysis, covering the proofs of the theory of calculus and topics like the uniform ... and both aspects are considered in statistics education. Education in statistics has similar concerns as does education in ...
... who provide classes and workshops to participants in Free Geek's educational programs. In basic digital literacy classes, Free ... Current classes and workshops include such topics as "Anatomy of a Computer," programming with JavaScript and Python, web ... and offer both class instruction and written support materials in multiple languages, including English, Spanish, Kurdish, ... the Build Program and the Adoption Program. The Adoption Program allows volunteers to get to work immediately on relatively ...
The program, which was approved by the Indiana Department of Education, has a 4-6 grade program, and 7/8 grade program, and a 9 ... The program is youth-run, with adult mentoring. All participants receive instruction for free. The students have their own ... by Topics and several other Gannett Company newspapers[which?]. The group has been endorsed by or partnered with over 400 ... The FCC cited Net Literacy and its programs (Digital Literacy Corps, Community Connects, and Senior Connects) in the National ...
"For nearly 20 years, Guthrie and colleagues have been refining CORI, a program designed to promote a number of literacy goals ... CORI instruction can take place within the domain of any subject matter at any grade level. Lessons are developed for the ... Texts on a topic are made available to the students, and along with strategy instruction and motivational support, deep ... Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. Scammacca, N., Roberts, G ...
Training topics are based on priorities established by the Secretary of Education and announced in Federal Register notices ... The program also provides services to improve the financial and economic literacy of participants. An important objective of ... and academic instruction in the core subject areas. The primary goal of the program is to increase the rate at which ... Training Program for Federal TRiO Programs The purpose of the Training Program for Federal TRiO Programs (TRiO Staff Training) ...
... magazine articles on a variety of topics Daily preschool storytimes focus on the district's signature early literacy program, ... The Edge Community Technology Center in the Midtown Carnegie Branch offers free, instructor-led and tutorial classes in ... The Library also has dozens of online databases including a language learning system, sign language instruction, business ... Tween and teen activities encourage creative expression; and all ages are welcome to the annual Summer Reading Program, live ...
Instruction and Technology in Education and Coordinator of the Reading and Language Arts Graduate Program at Temple University ... chapters and books on topics such as the role of play in preschoolers' literacy learning, enhancing early literacy classroom ... early childhood literacy education and curriculum, family literacy, parent education, and education policy. She has been co- ... literacy as a cultural tool in play, family literacy, and parent education. In addition, Neuman worked with the William Penn ...
... the education of health literacy topics and training in the identification of low health literacy in patients may be able to ... Development of a health literacy program[edit]. A successful health literacy program will have many goals that all work ... Support and expand local efforts to provide adult education, English language instruction, and culturally and linguistically ... Health literacy is integrated in the program for both children and parents through the education given to the individuals. WIC ...
Journal of Literacy Research. D.A. Koppenhaver & D.E. Yoder (1993). Classroom literacy instruction for children with severe ... Using computer-assisted instruction to implement programs for individuals with ASD that target skills in decoding could be an ... Topics in Language Disorders. K.J. Whalon; S. Al Otaiba & M.E. Delano (2009). Evidence-based reading instruction for ... Special education teachers may supplement the classroom instruction in reading and writing skills based on the independent ...
... for people age 6 to 14 Literacy rate of 90.1% for people age 15 to 17 Literacy rate of 94.6% of Brazil. The Brazilian education ... through the Ministry of Education, which defines the guiding principles for the organization of education programs. Local ... The instruction of the technical course usually lasts from one year and a half to two years. The secondary education is ... that must represent an original and relevant contribution to knowledge in the field of study of the dissertation topic. The ...
... curriculum-based programs; and student-based programs. In an effort to improve the faculty's data literacy, educators are ... or programs such as individualized education programs (Intervention). The effect of these intervention artifacts can be ... teachers communicate with parents and the community members on the topics ranging from test implementation to interpreting the ... A significant new growth in data-driven instruction is in having students shape their lessons using data about their own ...
Two other models of instruction include the push-in program and the pull-out program. The push-in program includes the English ... "TESOL/NCATE Standards for the Recognition of Initial TESOL Programs in P-12 ESL Teacher Education". Teachers of English to ... Also, the teacher might be frustrated that the child is being pulled out at important times such as at a test or literacy ... Connecting learning to prior knowledge In order to make learning more meaningful, connect a new topic to an experience or event ...
People with a degree in International Education design, implement, manage, and evaluate multiple education programs within ... Diversity is complex and can relate to many different topics. Teaching diversity though Global Education promotes a healthy and ... and Tools for infusing classroom with global knowledge and skills A New Approach to Language Instruction that includes ... and develop their global awareness with literacy elements. Literature introduced in the classroom can teach multiple skills ...
... except for the physical education and values classes. The preschool program focuses on literacy skills, numeric concepts, and ... Grade 9 students participate in the Interims program. For a week they get a hands-on experience on a variety of topics that may ... In nursery, instruction is given in small groups of 12 students, entirely in English, ... Other notable programs include: Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, Habits of Mind, and the 1to1 laptop program in Middle ...
... that integrated geography education into reading and writing instruction. In this case, their term "GeoLiteracy" referred to ... and programs to help build awareness of the importance of geo-literacy. According to Edelson, the 3 components of geo-literacy ... held a Module Author Meeting from May 16-18 on the topic. In 2002, Robert E. Nolan of the Education Resources Information ... "What is Geo-Literacy?" and "Why is Geo-Literacy Important?" Directions Magazine article "The Geo-Literacy Coalition Tackles ...
He has served on numerous Australian state and national advisory groups in the area of literacy education, and is senior ... Freebody, P., & Luke, A. (1990). Literacies programs: Debates and demands in cultural context. Prospect: Australian Journal of ... Luke has also stated that critical competence, far from being an upper level topic, can begin to be developed in year one of ... Further, the resources are not meant to indicate a sequence of instruction. Different resources should be present in ...
Vocational education and training (VET) VET programs delivered by TAFE Institutes and private RTOs are based on nationally ... and Advanced Diplomas in a wide range of vocational topics. They also sometimes offer Higher Education courses. Six TAFE ... The Department became the employer of school teachers, and was led by Victoria's first Minister of Public Instruction. State ... They include courses in communication, job search skills, returning to work skills and literacy and numeracy skills. In order ...
... for sixth grade students to participate in a hands-on outdoor education program focused on various environmental science topics ... These interventions include: teacher training, all-day kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math coaching ... programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before ... all school districts of the first class A, second class, third class and fourth class must adopt a preliminary budget proposal ...
"Medical Student Education Program: Curriculum Overview". Yale University website. Yale School of Medicine. Archived from the ... medical education in established medical schools in the US has generally not included alternative medicine as a teaching topic. ... There are several socio-cultural reasons for the interest in these treatments centered on the low level of scientific literacy ... since medical students increasingly seek and receive some instruction about complementary health practices, and some practices ...
Graduate Programs in Chicago on GradSchools.com the top site for accredited colleges. ... Other key topics in reading education and literacy PhD programs are:. *Analyze the changing curriculum to meet new requirements ... Understand the context of schools: design and deliver assessment-driven standards based curriculum, instruction, and training ... Chicago PhD in Reading & Literacy Education Programs. Earning a PhD in reading education and literacy teaches how to analyze ...
Graduate Programs in North Dakota on GradSchools.com the top site for accredited colleges. ... Most MEd programs explore topics to help students learn to assess educational potential and create lesson plans and learning ... ECE-specific classes could explore play, emergent literacy, early childhood development and child psychology. Students in some ... Foundations of Reading Instruction. *Play Theory. *Curricular Foundations. MS students might also take courses to help them ...
... and setting policy in adult literacy education a sound basis for making decisions. NCSALL is also a leader in designing ... The National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) both informs and learns from practice. Its rigorous, ... innovative professional development programs and in building support for research use. ... improving practice in educational programs that serve adults with limited literacy and English language skills, and those ...
Mather Afterschool Program: A Project-Centered Approach to Literacy in Education. * Patterns of Thinking. ... Routines-whether they are for management, participation, discourse, instruction, learning, or thinking-help to minimize ... Topics*. *. By Subject Area. *Art, Design & Making. *Assessment, Evaluation & Documentation. *Civic Engagement ... 10 short videos by Melissa Rivard that track the development from start to finish of a Boston Public School preschool classs ...
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... literacy, math, STEM, social studies, the arts, and other curriculum and instruction topics with veteran Education Week ... Program By Erik W. Robelen May 14, 2010 at 12:52 PM. A Chicago museum and university are teaming up to offer a new teacher- ... Follow news on the common core, literacy, math, STEM, social studies, the arts, and other curriculum and instruction topics ... Protesters in Idaho Suggest IB Program Is Anti-American By Erik W. Robelen May 14, 2010 at 11:57 AM. Protesters in Idaho ...
Students in five Chicago schools saw an average increase of 13 percentile points on a standardized literacy test after a year- ... The RAND Corporation, which has studied the topic in depth, has found some evidence of small achievement gains in personalized ... Personalized Learning Pilot Program Reports Gains in Literacy Scores. By Sarah Schwartz on March 26, 2018 3:12 PM ... The other literacy program, myON, didnt have a statistically significant impact on scores because it was only piloted in one ...
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Topics include academic writing, online learning, information literacy, and advising and support services. It may be required ... Related Programs & Concentrations. *M.Ed. - K-12 Special Education (Licensure). *Ed.S. in Educational Leadership - Special ... Ed.D. - Special Education. School of Education The Doctor of Education in Special Education is an online degree that provides ... After you are admitted into the program, you will be provided instructions set up an online profile with Certified Background ...
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While currently education programs are available in most institutes of tertiary education, prospective teachers typically go to ... The official language of instruction. Mathematics: Mathematics education begins with the basics and reaches introductory ... The literacy rate in 2017 was 98.70%. There are currently five University alliances in Taiwan, intentionally modeled after ... Recent educational reforms intended to address these criticisms are a topic of intense debate in Taiwan. Although current law ...
Topics include academic writing, online learning, information literacy, and advising and support services. It may be required ... "The adult track of the TESOL program in Regents School of Education prepared me to work with students on a beginning English ... After you are admitted into the program, you will be provided instructions set up an online profile with Certified Background ... The Educational Specialist in Educational Leadership with a concentration in Special Education is an online program that ...
... is concerned with improving the educational process by encouraging scholarly inquiry related to education and evaluation and by ... Where is NELP Leading Preschool Literacy Instruction? Potential Positives and Pitfalls Jenkins, Jade Marcus - [email protected] ... Trending Topic Research File. Early education, including preschool, prekindergarten, and programs such as Head Start, is a ... A Meta-Analysis of Class Sizes and Ratios in Early Childhood Education Programs: Are Thresholds of Quality Associated With ...
Literacy as a measure of success: Between 1950 and 2000 the worldwide illiteracy rate dropped from approximately 44 percent to ... in 1950 to some 860 million in 2000 due to rapid population growth in less-developed countries with inadequate education ... health programs (including inoculations and birth control information), and literacy and adult education classes. ... Western content and languages of instruction are nonetheless employed in countries whose citizens would prefer their education ...
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Sandra Zarazua, a student in Joliet Junior Colleges Department of Adult Education & Literacy program is one of the greatest ... Instruction is learner-focused with materials provided.. For more information about the Adult Volunteer Literacy Program, ... The topics cover Math, Science, Language Arts and Social Studies." She also explained that the classes are co-taught, which ... program provided through the Department of Adult Education and Literacy. During that time, she simultaneously took classes to ...
I am pleased to be here to discuss financial literacy and financial education. My remarks will ... The Workplace Financial Education Program encourages employers to offer financial education classes to employees. The program ... Essay topics are chosen with an eye toward engaging a broad range of students, not just students in economics classes. Topics ... This study also found that the main sources of knowledge were bad experiences, school instruction, and other education8. ...
The Curriculum and Instruction program, leading either to a Master of Education (M.Ed.) or a Specialist in Education (Ed.S.) ... Overview of the effective components of literacy tutoring. Six modules cover the important aspects of literacy instruction as ... Explores these topics via lecture, investigations (problem-based learning projects and scientific inquiry), lab, and field ... The Master of Education (M.Ed.) and Specialist in Education degree (Ed.S.) in Curriculum and Instruction programs at MTSU are ...
We focus on the results from high-quality research to answer the question "What works in education?" Topics include: Literacy, ... Students who are accepted into the program audit two to three VCU classes per semester. In the programs first... ... English Language Learners Extended School Year Services Funding and Grants Health Guidance IEP Inclusion Resources Instruction ... Department of Educations Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). The Center is designed to increase the capacity of ...
The latest news about ESSA-the latest revision of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act-including articles, Commentaries, ... In this Spotlight, learn what ESSAs implementation will mean for teacher evaluation, early-childhood programs, literacy, and ... EDUCATION WEEK EXPERTS. Subject-matter experts featured for this topic include: * Alyson Klein ... Complete Differentiated Instruction: Continuum for Administrators 10 Ways to Help K12 Students Master Academic Language ...
Learn early childhood care and education and earn an associate degree - check out the classes. ... Early Childhood Care and Education Associate Degree Program - ... literacy acquisition birth to five years of age, literacy ... Topics include assessment and curriculum, instructional techniques, and methods for instruction in a learning environment. ... You are here: Home / Academics / Programs / Early Childhood Care and Education / Early Childhood Care and Education Associate ...
For that reason, StudySync (www.studysync.com), the leading-edge standards-based literacy curriculum from BookheadEd Learning, ... The third annual recognition program honors outstanding tools, trendsetters and leaders in the education and technology sector. ... A few topics on the 2013 schedule included Syria entering its third year of war, the true purpose of Valentines Day, and why ... "At StudySync, our goal is to provide a highly engaging, fully integrated set of easy-to-use features for literacy instruction ...
Environmental Literacy into the lesson by having the students read articles of oppposing views on an environmental topic such ... Advisory lessons are created by Signature Facilitators to be implemented school wide. In most cases, advisory topics relate ... Home Instruction. *Magnet Programs. *Signature Programs. *Service Learning. *STEM Pre-K to Grade 12 ... An AP Government class at Broadneck High School is learning about Media Literacy. The teacher incorporates ...
  • Chairman Shelby, Senator Sarbanes, and members of the Committee: I am pleased to be here to discuss financial literacy and financial education. (federalreserve.gov)
  • My remarks will emphasize the importance of financial literacy, both as a source of better decisionmaking by consumers and as a means of improving the functioning of financial markets. (federalreserve.gov)
  • I will also highlight various Federal Reserve System initiatives to promote financial education and address some of the opportunities and challenges that policymakers and financial educators face as they seek to improve financial literacy. (federalreserve.gov)
  • Gov. Scott Walker recently signed into law legislation authored by Kapenga and Rep. Scott Krug (R-Nekoosa) that requires public school boards in the state to adopt academic standards for financial literacy and incorporate instruction in personal finance into the curriculum from kindergarten through high school. (jsonline.com)
  • The Research on International Studies in Education (RISE) Webinar Series, organized by AIR, showcases research using data from international studies and promotes sharing and discussion about how data-based evidence can be used for improving educational outcomes. (air.org)
  • AHRQ has requested an update to the 2004 systematic review Literacy and Health Outcomes . (ahrq.gov)
  • The systematic review, published in 2004, analyzed the relationship between literacy and health outcomes and examined interventions that mitigate the health effects of low literacy. (ahrq.gov)
  • Lists of critical components have been generated based on experience, literature syntheses, descriptive retrospective analyses of program implementation, and data-based approaches. (adlit.org)
  • and the third sharing ideas for the possible synergism of these two approaches in the general education classroom. (ldonline.org)
  • They are not only dedicated educators, but also expert practitioners in the field of special education. (lasell.edu)
  • By integrating hands-on learning with your classroom studies, Lasell will help prepare you to become a change agent in the classroom and a leader in the field of special education. (lasell.edu)
  • The major code for Master of Arts - Childhood Special Education Studies (BiSPED) is MA-BILS-DU . (columbia.edu)
  • Degrees often vary widely by institution and by state, so please verify that any program aligns with your professional goals before you enroll. (gradschools.com)
  • More recently, both her niece, Ragan Greer, and her daughter, Amelia McFall Baer, have pursued additional degrees through cohorts that brought classes to them. (mtsu.edu)
  • A study of different models of bilingual education programs as well as different types of bilinguals. (uww.edu)
  • This course is an examination of various techniques and materials being used to teach content area subject matter in ESL/bilingual education programs. (uww.edu)
  • The following compendium of open-access articles are inclusive of all substantive AERA journal content regarding early education published since 2004. (aera.net)
  • Researchers performed a cross-study review across five diverse large-scale evaluations to identify common features that have characterized successful implementations of the 'strongest hope' model for improving instructional quality in large-scale public preschool programs. (aera.net)
  • The topic has been discussed in the legislature for years, but until now it wasn't mandatory for public schools to teach children about personal finance. (jsonline.com)
  • The results range from incorporating local data into activities featured in their Super Science Kits , which provide a collection of materials and lesson plans on a particular STEM topic for use both in the library and at outside programs that they organize, to partnering with the University of Pittsburgh on an IMLS grant about youth data literacy. (slj.com)
  • In most graduate schools, your transcript and diploma could look the same as for a student who graduated through a traditional, on-campus ECE masters program. (gradschools.com)
  • You should carefully read through program descriptions and speak with an advisor at the schools on your list. (gradschools.com)
  • Protesters in Idaho express concern that the IB program spreads anti-American ideas in U.S. schools. (edweek.org)
  • The LEAP program is selective: Both schools and ed-tech companies have to apply to be part of the experimental cohort. (edweek.org)
  • The public education system in Taiwan spans nursery schools through university. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001) report an increase in the percentage of elementary schools that require health education from 33 percent in kindergarten to 44 percent in grade 5. (nap.edu)
  • However, only 27 percent of schools require health education in grade 6, 20 percent in grade 8, 10 percent in grade 9, and 2 percent in grade 12. (nap.edu)
  • In this work, the IPEOC partners with Pacific University's College of Health Professions schools and interprofessional education program, Pacific University's interprofessional and disciplinary clinics, community health clinics/organizations, and public libraries. (pacificu.edu)
  • Other programs require that you complete a portfolio as a comprehensive record of your experiences and ongoing progress toward academic and professional goals near the end of your required courses as opposed to every year. (gradschools.com)
  • We welcome institutions involved with distance education to list courses with us and for individuals to submit course listings . (unige.ch)
  • The two-year Biomedical Sciences program includes two semesters per year, with a minimum of seventeen (17) weeks of courses and approximately one week for remediation. (sanjuanbautista.edu)
  • Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction. (psu.edu)
  • Freshmen in the Science and Technology program must complete the 29 to 30 credits of Basic Science courses listed below in their first year of studies. (mcgill.ca)