Synovial Membrane: The inner membrane of a joint capsule surrounding a freely movable joint. It is loosely attached to the external fibrous capsule and secretes SYNOVIAL FLUID.Dental Cavity Lining: An inner coating, as of varnish or other protective substance, to cover the dental cavity wall. It is usually a resinous film-forming agent dissolved in a volatile solvent, or a suspension of calcium hydroxide in a solution of a synthetic resin. The lining seals the dentinal tubules and protects the pulp before a restoration is inserted. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Denture Liners: Material applied to the tissue side of a denture to provide a soft lining to the parts of a denture coming in contact with soft tissue. It cushions contact of the denture with the tissues.Epithelium: One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.Silicone Elastomers: Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.Arthritis, Rheumatoid: A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.Ependyma: A thin membrane that lines the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES and the central canal of the SPINAL CORD.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid: Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.Synovitis: Inflammation of a synovial membrane. It is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by a fluctuating swelling due to effusion within a synovial sac. (Dorland, 27th ed)Radicular Cyst: Slow-growing fluid-filled epithelial sac at the apex of a tooth with a nonvital pulp or defective root canal filling.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Body Fluids: Liquid components of living organisms.Pulmonary Alveoli: Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Methylmethacrylates: The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.Endothelium: A layer of epithelium that lines the heart, blood vessels (ENDOTHELIUM, VASCULAR), lymph vessels (ENDOTHELIUM, LYMPHATIC), and the serous cavities of the body.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Synovial Fluid: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE. It contains mucin, albumin, fat, and mineral salts and serves to lubricate joints.Epithelial Cells: Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.Acrylic ResinsUridine Diphosphate Glucose Dehydrogenase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of UDPglucose to UDPglucuronate in the presence of NAD+. EC 1.1.1.22.Respiratory Mucosa: The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.Dimethylpolysiloxanes: Silicone polymers which consist of silicon atoms substituted with methyl groups and linked by oxygen atoms. They comprise a series of biocompatible materials used as liquids, gels or solids; as film for artificial membranes, gels for implants, and liquids for drug vehicles; and as antifoaming agents.Odontogenic Cysts: Cysts found in the jaws and arising from epithelium involved in tooth formation. They include follicular cysts (e.g., primordial cyst, dentigerous cyst, multilocular cyst), lateral periodontal cysts, and radicular cysts. They may become keratinized (odontogenic keratocysts). Follicular cysts may give rise to ameloblastomas and, in rare cases, undergo malignant transformation.Bronchoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.Pulmonary Surfactants: Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.Dentigerous Cyst: Most common follicular odontogenic cyst. Occurs in relation to a partially erupted or unerupted tooth with at least the crown of the tooth to which the cyst is attached protruding into the cystic cavity. May give rise to an ameloblastoma and, in rare instances, undergo malignant transformation.Histocytochemistry: Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.Immunoenzyme Techniques: Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.Surface Tension: The force acting on the surface of a liquid, tending to minimize the area of the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Endothelium, Vascular: Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.In Situ Hybridization: A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.ArthritisDenture Cleansers: Substances used to clean dentures; they are usually alkaline peroxides or hypochlorites, may contain enzymes and release oxygen. Use also for sonic action cleaners.Bronchi: The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Denture, Complete: A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Saliva, Artificial: A solution used for irrigating the mouth in xerostomia and as a substitute for saliva.Bronchioles: The small airways branching off the TERTIARY BRONCHI. Terminal bronchioles lead into several orders of respiratory bronchioles which in turn lead into alveolar ducts and then into PULMONARY ALVEOLI.Fluorine Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain fluorine as an integral part of the molecule.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Joints: Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Arthritis, Experimental: ARTHRITIS that is induced in experimental animals. Immunological methods and infectious agents can be used to develop experimental arthritis models. These methods include injections of stimulators of the immune response, such as an adjuvant (ADJUVANTS, IMMUNOLOGIC) or COLLAGEN.Mucous Membrane: An EPITHELIUM with MUCUS-secreting cells, such as GOBLET CELLS. It forms the lining of many body cavities, such as the DIGESTIVE TRACT, the RESPIRATORY TRACT, and the reproductive tract. Mucosa, rich in blood and lymph vessels, comprises an inner epithelium, a middle layer (lamina propria) of loose CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and an outer layer (muscularis mucosae) of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS that separates the mucosa from submucosa.Macrophages: The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)Fluorescent Antibody Technique: Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Hyperplasia: An increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ without tumor formation. It differs from HYPERTROPHY, which is an increase in bulk without an increase in the number of cells.Fibroblasts: Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.Serum Albumin, Radio-Iodinated: Normal human serum albumin mildly iodinated with radioactive iodine (131-I) which has a half-life of 8 days, and emits beta and gamma rays. It is used as a diagnostic aid in blood volume determination. (from Merck Index, 11th ed)Tissue Distribution: Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.Macrophages, Alveolar: Round, granular, mononuclear phagocytes found in the alveoli of the lungs. They ingest small inhaled particles resulting in degradation and presentation of the antigen to immunocompetent cells.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Connective Tissue: Tissue that supports and binds other tissues. It consists of CONNECTIVE TISSUE CELLS embedded in a large amount of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Respiratory System: The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Mice, Inbred C57BLUteroglobin: A steroid-inducible protein that was originally identified in uterine fluid. It is a secreted homodimeric protein with identical 70-amino acid subunits that are joined in an antiparallel orientation by two disulfide bridges. A variety of activities are associated with uteroglobin including the sequestering of hydrophobic ligands and the inhibition of SECRETORY PHOSPHOLIPASE A2.Periosteum: Thin outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CAPILLARIES, nerves, and a number of cell types.Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Endothelial Cells: Highly specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the HEART; BLOOD VESSELS; and lymph vessels, forming the ENDOTHELIUM. They are polygonal in shape and joined together by TIGHT JUNCTIONS. The tight junctions allow for variable permeability to specific macromolecules that are transported across the endothelial layer.Clodronic Acid: A diphosphonate which affects calcium metabolism. It inhibits bone resorption and soft tissue calcification.Blood Vessels: Any of the tubular vessels conveying the blood (arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins).Exocrine Glands: Glands of external secretion that release its secretions to the body's cavities, organs, or surface, through a duct.Hyaluronic Acid: A natural high-viscosity mucopolysaccharide with alternating beta (1-3) glucuronide and beta (1-4) glucosaminidic bonds. It is found in the UMBILICAL CORD, in VITREOUS BODY and in SYNOVIAL FLUID. A high urinary level is found in PROGERIA.Lubrication: The application of LUBRICANTS to diminish FRICTION between two surfaces.Injections, Intra-Articular: Methods of delivering drugs into a joint space.Therapeutic Irrigation: The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.Temporomandibular Joint: An articulation between the condyle of the mandible and the articular tubercle of the temporal bone.Staining and Labeling: The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Exudates and Transudates: Exudates are fluids, CELLS, or other cellular substances that are slowly discharged from BLOOD VESSELS usually from inflamed tissues. Transudates are fluids that pass through a membrane or squeeze through tissue or into the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE of TISSUES. Transudates are thin and watery and contain few cells or PROTEINS.Nasal Mucosa: The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.Polyurethanes: A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Oxidants, Photochemical: Compounds that accept electrons in an oxidation-reduction reaction. The reaction is induced by or accelerated by exposure to electromagnetic radiation in the spectrum of visible or ultraviolet light.Ozone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cystadenoma: A benign neoplasm derived from glandular epithelium, in which cystic accumulations of retained secretions are formed. In some instances, considerable portions of the neoplasm, or even the entire mass, may be cystic. (Stedman, 25th ed)Glutathione: A tripeptide with many roles in cells. It conjugates to drugs to make them more soluble for excretion, is a cofactor for some enzymes, is involved in protein disulfide bond rearrangement and reduces peroxides.Reticulin: A scleroprotein fibril consisting mostly of type III collagen. Reticulin fibrils are extremely thin, with a diameter of between 0.5 and 2 um. They are involved in maintaining the structural integrity in a variety of organs.Cilia: Populations of thin, motile processes found covering the surface of ciliates (CILIOPHORA) or the free surface of the cells making up ciliated EPITHELIUM. Each cilium arises from a basic granule in the superficial layer of CYTOPLASM. The movement of cilia propels ciliates through the liquid in which they live. The movement of cilia on a ciliated epithelium serves to propel a surface layer of mucus or fluid. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic: Surface antigens expressed on myeloid cells of the granulocyte-monocyte-histiocyte series during differentiation. Analysis of their reactivity in normal and malignant myelomonocytic cells is useful in identifying and classifying human leukemias and lymphomas.Trachea: The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Mucins: High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.Mandibular DiseasesArthritis, Reactive: An aseptic, inflammatory arthritis developing secondary to a primary extra-articular infection, most typically of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or UROGENITAL SYSTEM. The initiating trigger pathogens are usually SHIGELLA; SALMONELLA; YERSINIA; CAMPYLOBACTER; or CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. Reactive arthritis is strongly associated with HLA-B27 ANTIGEN.Peritoneum: A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.Intercellular Junctions: Direct contact of a cell with a neighboring cell. Most such junctions are too small to be resolved by light microscopy, but they can be visualized by conventional or freeze-fracture electron microscopy, both of which show that the interacting CELL MEMBRANE and often the underlying CYTOPLASM and the intervening EXTRACELLULAR SPACE are highly specialized in these regions. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p792)Cell Adhesion: Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Inflammation: A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.Angola: A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.Capillaries: The minute vessels that connect the arterioles and venules.Exhalation: The act of BREATHING out.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue: Neoplasms composed of vascular tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in blood vessels.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Samarium: Samarium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Sm, atomic number 62, and atomic weight 150.36. The oxide is used in the control rods of some nuclear reactors.Asbestos: Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Mice, Inbred CFTR: A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.Glycoproteins: Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.Polytetrafluoroethylene: Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.Bronchoalveolar Lavage: Washing out of the lungs with saline or mucolytic agents for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It is very useful in the diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in immunosuppressed patients.Capillary Permeability: The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.Mesylates: Organic salts or esters of methanesulfonic acid.Cell Count: The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Keratins: A class of fibrous proteins or scleroproteins that represents the principal constituent of EPIDERMIS; HAIR; NAILS; horny tissues, and the organic matrix of tooth ENAMEL. Two major conformational groups have been characterized, alpha-keratin, whose peptide backbone forms a coiled-coil alpha helical structure consisting of TYPE I KERATIN and a TYPE II KERATIN, and beta-keratin, whose backbone forms a zigzag or pleated sheet structure. alpha-Keratins have been classified into at least 20 subtypes. In addition multiple isoforms of subtypes have been found which may be due to GENE DUPLICATION.Metaplasia: A condition in which there is a change of one adult cell type to another similar adult cell type.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Joint DiseasesEar Cartilage: Cartilage of the EAR AURICLE and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL.Polycystic Kidney Diseases: Hereditary diseases that are characterized by the progressive expansion of a large number of tightly packed CYSTS within the KIDNEYS. They include diseases with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance.Trabecular Meshwork: A porelike structure surrounding the entire circumference of the anterior chamber through which aqueous humor circulates to the canal of Schlemm.Vasa Vasorum: Nutrient blood vessels which supply the walls of large arteries or veins.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Fallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Collagen: A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).Methacrylates: Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Maxillary DiseasesBlotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Embryonic and Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Mouth Mucosa: Lining of the ORAL CAVITY, including mucosa on the GUMS; the PALATE; the LIP; the CHEEK; floor of the mouth; and other structures. The mucosa is generally a nonkeratinized stratified squamous EPITHELIUM covering muscle, bone, or glands but can show varying degree of keratinization at specific locations.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Foreign-Body Reaction: Chronic inflammation and granuloma formation around irritating foreign bodies.Azithromycin: A semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic structurally related to ERYTHROMYCIN. It has been used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infections, toxoplasmosis, and cryptosporidiosis.Epididymis: The convoluted cordlike structure attached to the posterior of the TESTIS. Epididymis consists of the head (caput), the body (corpus), and the tail (cauda). A network of ducts leaving the testis joins into a common epididymal tubule proper which provides the transport, storage, and maturation of SPERMATOZOA.Urinary Tract: The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.Pleura: The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.Cartilage, Articular: A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Surface-Active Agents: Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.Cerebral Ventricles: Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).Hardness: The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.Neovascularization, Pathologic: A pathologic process consisting of the proliferation of blood vessels in abnormal tissues or in abnormal positions.Basement Membrane: A darkly stained mat-like EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX (ECM) that separates cell layers, such as EPITHELIUM from ENDOTHELIUM or a layer of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. The ECM layer that supports an overlying EPITHELIUM or ENDOTHELIUM is called basal lamina. Basement membrane (BM) can be formed by the fusion of either two adjacent basal laminae or a basal lamina with an adjacent reticular lamina of connective tissue. BM, composed mainly of TYPE IV COLLAGEN; glycoprotein LAMININ; and PROTEOGLYCAN, provides barriers as well as channels between interacting cell layers.Silicon Dioxide: Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.Dental Marginal Adaptation: The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.Osteocytes: Mature osteoblasts that have become embedded in the BONE MATRIX. They occupy a small cavity, called lacuna, in the matrix and are connected to adjacent osteocytes via protoplasmic projections called canaliculi.Aerosols: Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.Microcirculation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the MICROVASCULAR NETWORK.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Receptors, Cell Surface: Cell surface proteins that bind signalling molecules external to the cell with high affinity and convert this extracellular event into one or more intracellular signals that alter the behavior of the target cell (From Alberts, Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2nd ed, pp693-5). Cell surface receptors, unlike enzymes, do not chemically alter their ligands.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Neutrophils: Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.Peritoneal Cavity: The space enclosed by the peritoneum. It is divided into two portions, the greater sac and the lesser sac or omental bursa, which lies behind the STOMACH. The two sacs are connected by the foramen of Winslow, or epiploic foramen.Hydrostatic Pressure: The pressure due to the weight of fluid.Cell Movement: The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.Antigens, CD: Differentiation antigens residing on mammalian leukocytes. CD stands for cluster of differentiation, which refers to groups of monoclonal antibodies that show similar reactivity with certain subpopulations of antigens of a particular lineage or differentiation stage. The subpopulations of antigens are also known by the same CD designation.Mesoderm: The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Microscopy, Immunoelectron: Microscopy in which the samples are first stained immunocytochemically and then examined using an electron microscope. Immunoelectron microscopy is used extensively in diagnostic virology as part of very sensitive immunoassays.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Inclusion Bodies: A generic term for any circumscribed mass of foreign (e.g., lead or viruses) or metabolically inactive materials (e.g., ceroid or MALLORY BODIES), within the cytoplasm or nucleus of a cell. Inclusion bodies are in cells infected with certain filtrable viruses, observed especially in nerve, epithelial, or endothelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)Ketolides: Compounds based on ERYTHROMYCIN with the 3-cladinose replaced by a ketone. They bind the 23S part of 70S bacterial RIBOSOMES.Microvilli: Minute projections of cell membranes which greatly increase the surface area of the cell.Mucin-1: Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.Pneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.Lateral Ventricles: Cavity in each of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES derived from the cavity of the embryonic NEURAL TUBE. They are separated from each other by the SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM, and each communicates with the THIRD VENTRICLE by the foramen of Monro, through which also the choroid plexuses (CHOROID PLEXUS) of the lateral ventricles become continuous with that of the third ventricle.Proteolipids: Protein-lipid combinations abundant in brain tissue, but also present in a wide variety of animal and plant tissues. In contrast to lipoproteins, they are insoluble in water, but soluble in a chloroform-methanol mixture. The protein moiety has a high content of hydrophobic amino acids. The associated lipids consist of a mixture of GLYCEROPHOSPHATES; CEREBROSIDES; and SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS; while lipoproteins contain PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL; and TRIGLYCERIDES.Cell Adhesion Molecules: Surface ligands, usually glycoproteins, that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion. Their functions include the assembly and interconnection of various vertebrate systems, as well as maintenance of tissue integration, wound healing, morphogenic movements, cellular migrations, and metastasis.Haversian System: A circular structural unit of bone tissue. It consists of a central hole, the Haversian canal through which blood vessels run, surrounded by concentric rings, called lamellae.Leukocytes: White blood cells. These include granular leukocytes (BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and NEUTROPHILS) as well as non-granular leukocytes (LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES).Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Spondylarthropathies: Heterogeneous group of arthritic diseases sharing clinical and radiologic features. They are associated with the HLA-B27 ANTIGEN and some with a triggering infection. Most involve the axial joints in the SPINE, particularly the SACROILIAC JOINT, but can also involve asymmetric peripheral joints. Subsets include ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; REACTIVE ARTHRITIS; PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS; and others.Cyst Fluid: Liquid material found in epithelial-lined closed cavities or sacs.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Air: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Blotting, Northern: Detection of RNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Microscopy, Fluorescence: Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Pneumonia, Staphylococcal: Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.
Line breaks:. . The difference between and is that "br" breaks a line without altering the semantic structure of the page, ... line breaks. This is a link in HTML. To create a link the tag is used. The href= attribute holds the URL address of the link. A ... Some elements, such as the line break , do not permit any embedded content, either text or further tags. These require only a ... This example is made using 9 source lines of code: ... of the NCSA Mosaic browser's custom tag for embedding in-line ...
A forced line break. Standardized in HTML 2.0; still current. .... Isolates an inline section of text that may be formatted in ... A typical example is the br element, which represents a significant line break, such as in a poem or an address. A void ... as rectangular objects which do not break across lines; with block margins, width and height properties which can be set ... and do break across lines. Block elements, or block-level elements, have a rectangular structure. By default, these elements ...
"Renew EZGenerator - Image-Line". forum.image-line.com. Retrieved 2017-03-30. "History". EZGenerator. Retrieved 2011-06-16. " ... Image-line has an online support forum where employees post answers to questions within 24 hours. Sanchez, Nelson. "Review: ... EZGenerator is a web design program created by Image-Line. The program is intended to be accessible to users with no experience ... EZGenerator was initially developed for Image-Line software in order for the company to maintain and set-up their own websites ...
Seen from afar, we can also see darker and paler lines: the pale lines correspond to the lines of nodes, that is, lines passing ... Line moiré[edit]. Main article: Line moiré. Line moiré is one type of moiré pattern; a pattern that appears when superposing ... After a given number of lines, the patterns are opposed: the lines of the second pattern are between the lines of the first ... The nth line of the second pattern is shifted by n δp compared to the nth line of the first network. The middle of the first ...
Product line[edit]. Crest has also been associated with about twenty brands of dental care products, including toothpaste, ...
The projective line[edit]. The simplest example (other than a point) is to take X to be the projective line. The number of ... c(U,E), where U is the points the projective line with non-singular fibers, and j is the inclusion of U into the projective ... This implies that all zeros of Pk(T) lie on the "critical line" of complex numbers s with real part k/2. ... After blowing up V and extending the base field, one may assume that the variety V has a morphism onto the projective line P1, ...
Live Line[edit]. In this segment, the show's producers would arrange for popular musical groups and performers to pay surprise ...
"Video of Greenpeace Nazca Lines Protest". Retrieved December 13, 2014.. *^ The Guardian "Greenpeace apologises to people of ... Damage to Nazca Lines[edit]. In December 2014, Greenpeace came under criticism following a publicity stunt within the Nazca ... lines, a UN World Heritage Site inside Peru. Demonstrators entered the restricted area surrounding the Hummingbird lines and ... they tracked multiple footprints and damaged both the line itself and the area surrounding it.[41] Peru's deputy minister for ...
Filters for line-commutated converters[edit]. The basic building-block of a line-commutated HVDC converter is the six-pulse ... Line-commutated converters[edit]. Most of the HVDC systems in operation today are based on line-commutated converters. ... The line crosses a total length of 1907 km (1192 mi). Since the Xiangjiaba-Shanghai line was completed in 2010, at least twelve ... When a fault develops in a line, with earth return electrodes installed at each end of the line, approximately half the rated ...
Slope of a regression line[edit]. Suppose one is fitting the model ...
Utility lines. In areas with trees, utility distribution lines on poles are less susceptible to snow loads than they are ... The minimum altitude that firn accumulates on a glacier is called the firn limit, firn line or snowline.[1][53] ... A cold front, the leading edge of a cooler mass of air, can produce frontal snowsqualls-an intense frontal convective line ( ... Rime ice may be removed manually or by creating a sufficient short circuit in the affected segment of power lines to melt the ...
Current lines of succession[edit]. *Line of succession to the throne of the Two Sicilies ... Calabria line[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable ... Castro line[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable ... Apart from an interruption under Napoleon, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies remained under the Bourbon line (Bourbon Duo-Sicilie ...
Line break between date and age. br. If the parameter br equals yes, y, or 1, a line break will be inserted between the date ... If the parameter br equals yes, y, or 1, a line break will be inserted between the date and the age. When this parameter is not ...
Affected vehicles and vehicle lines[edit]. According to the manufacturer, Toyota's accelerator pedal recall and suspension of ... The finding was based on studying over 280,000 lines of software coding on nine vehicles involved in earlier sudden ... Toyota stopped producing vehicles on certain production lines for the week of February 1, 2010, to assess and coordinate ... early 2010 model year 4-cylinder Camrys due to the possibility of the power steering hose rubbing into the front brake line ...
Part of prior research efforts targeted creating a lens that did not need to be embedded in a transmission line.[15] ... They dispensed with split-ring-resonators and instead used a network of L-C loaded transmission lines. In the metamaterial ... By 2007 the negative refractive index transmission line was employed as a subwavelength focusing free-space flat lens. That ... "A Multilayer Negative-Refractive-Index Transmission-Line (NRI-TL) Metamaterial Free-Space Lens at X-Band" (PDF). IEEE ...
Line-up (2007)[edit]. Area 1 (Are you the Chosen One?) Area 2 (Have you seen the signs yet?) Area 3 (Do you believe there's ... Line-up (2008)[edit]. Area 1 MAIN, Sportpaleis Area 2 Lotto Arena Area 3 Hospitallity Center (VIP) ... Line-up (2006)[edit]. Area 1 (infected) Area 2 (quarantine) Area 3 (contaminated) ... Line-up (2010) - Revelations[edit]. Main Room VIP Room Jones vs Sjoekoe, Q-ic Live, Mark with a K, Demoniak, Fenix, Psyko Punkz ...
The Main line for Europe (referred to as the Magistrale für Europa in German and Magistrale européenne in French) is a Trans- ... In Germany the line follows the Appenweier-Strasbourg railway (Europabahn) from the Rhine Bridge to Appenweier and then the ... The French part of the line is the LGV Est européenne high-speed railway. Its first section as far as Baudrecourt east of Metz ... In Austria, the Western Railway line is to be extended to reduce travel time between Munich, Salzburg, Linz, and Vienna to one ...
Conventional lines[edit]. *Tōkaidō Main Line: Atami Station-Maibara Station, 341.3 km *Branch line: Ōgaki Station-Mino-Akasaka ... Taita Line: Tajimi Station-Mino-Ōta Station, 17.8 km. *Jōhoku Line: Kachigawa Station-Biwajima Station, 11.2 km (trains are ... The busiest railway line operated by JR Central is the Tōkaidō Main Line between Atami Station and Maibara Station. The company ... Sangū Line: Taki Station-Toba Station, 29.1 km. Affiliates[edit]. The JR Central Group consists of JR Central and the following ...
Embryonic stem cell lines[edit]. Main article: Stem-cell controversy. There is widespread controversy over the use of human ... Researchers are able to grow up differentiated cell lines and then test new drugs on each cell type to examine possible ... The hope is that having these cell lines available for research use will reduce the need for research animals used because ... This controversy primarily targets the techniques used to derive new embryonic stem cell lines, which often requires the ...
Nipples develop on the milk lines of mammals.. Milk lines in humans[edit]. In humans, milk lines form as thickenings of the ... The mammary lines begin to shorten and ectodermal cells begin to divide and grow into the mesenchymal cell layer.[3] A basement ... Milk lines appear in the seventh week of embryonic development before human sexual differentiation, which explains why male ... After initial development of the milk lines they go into remission. Most humans have two nipples, but in some cases more than ...
Product lines[edit]. Dog products[edit]. PetSmart owns several brands that produce a variety of products including Grreat ... up for sale and effectively removed all State Line Tack merchandise from stores. State Line Tack was eventually purchased by ... Also available are lines of cat litter and litter-related products. Toy Shoppe and Whisker City which produces cat and dog toys ... Authority is a premium dog and cat food line that PetSmart distributes and Simply Nourish is a super-premium dog and cat food ...
Current U.S. presidential line of succession Preceded by. Secretary of Commerce. Wilbur Ross 11th in line Succeeded by. ... Line of succession[edit]. The line of succession for the Secretary of Labor is as follows:[2] ...
LF, Line feed. HTML/XML named entity: . U+000B. line tabulation. 11 Is a line-break Common. Basic Latin. Other,. ... Is a line-break Common. General. Punctuation. Separator,. line U+2029. paragraph separator. 8233 Is a line-break Common. ... next line. 133 Is a line-break Common. Latin-1. Supplement. Other,. control NEL, Next line ... Normally a vertical line in vertical text or a horizontal line in horizontal text, but may also be a blank space in "stemless" ...
Justification and line-wrapping[edit]. When flowing text, it is sometimes preferable to break a word in half so that it ... His tools did not allow for a subliminal hyphen, and he thus moved it to the middle of the line.[27] Examination of an original ... Gutenberg solved the problem of making each line the same length to fit the frame by inserting a hyphen as the last element at ... It may be necessary to distinguish an incidental line-break hyphen from one integral to a word being mentioned (as when used in ...
Known fault lines[edit]. During the construction of original nuclear reactors at North Anna, the utility learned of the ... The plant has two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors which went on-line in 1978 and 1980 respectively. Together the ... existence of fault lines within the construction site of the proposed plants from its outside independent engineering firm, ...
... cavity lining explanation free. What is cavity lining? Meaning of cavity lining medical term. What does cavity lining mean? ... Looking for online definition of cavity lining in the Medical Dictionary? ... redirected from cavity lining). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia. cavity. [kav´ĭ-te] 1. a hollow or space, or ... cavity lining,. n the material applied to the prepared cavity before the restoration is inserted to seal the dentinal tubules ...
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RCRF Cancer Cell Line Project. RCRF Cancer Cell Line project partnership with the NLMSF established to include leiomyosarcoma ... The Cancer Cell Line project is an opportunity for patients to contribute to research in a big way - a personal way. ...
Endothelial Cells Line All Blood Vessels. The largest blood vessels are arteries and veins, which have a thick, tough wall of ... Thus, endothelial cells line the entire vascular system, from the heart to the smallest capillary, and control the passage of ... Endothelial Cells Line All Blood Vessels. *New Endothelial Cells Are Generated by Simple Duplication of Existing Endothelial ... Almost all tissues depend on a blood supply, and the blood supply depends on endothelial cells, which form the linings of the ...
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Ward, A., Baldwin, T. & Antin, P. Silver lining to irreproducibility. Nature 532, 177 (2016) doi:10.1038/532177d ...
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... including line graphs of line graphs, line graphs of multigraphs, line graphs of hypergraphs, and line graphs of weighted ... It is also possible to generalize line graphs to directed graphs.[36] If G is a directed graph, its directed line graph or line ... Line graphs are claw-free, and the line graphs of bipartite graphs are perfect. Line graphs are characterized by nine forbidden ... The nine minimal non-line graphs, from Beinekes forbidden-subgraph characterization of line graphs. A graph is a line graph if ...
A spectral line may be observed either as an emission line or an absorption line. Which type of line is observed depends on the ... Strong spectral lines in the visible part of the spectrum often have a unique Fraunhofer line designation, such as K for a line ... for atomic lines) or band designation (for molecular lines). Many spectral lines of atomic hydrogen also have designations ... Types of line spectra[edit]. Continuous spectrum of an incandescent lamp (mid) and discrete spectrum lines of a fluorescent ...
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Weaker Pounds Silver Lining. Sterlings Slide Could Put U.K. on Road to Recovery, Aiding Exports, Tourism. ... Weaker Pounds Silver Lining. Sterlings Slide Could Put U.K. on Road to Recovery, Aiding Exports, Tourism ... has a silver lining: It could boost exports of U.K. goods and rebalance the economy away from consumer spending, as policy ...
Covid-19 took the world by storm in early 2020, and while every segment of the economy has been hit hard by its impact, arguably, one of the worst affected has been the education sector.More than 90...
... The first French Army staff work on a design for what became the Maginot Line began in 1919, with World War I ... The Maginot Line did what its planners expected. The Germans were forced to circumvent the Maginot Line, which allowed France ... The German armored spearhead drove through the Ardennes at Sedan, the hinge in the French line between the Maginot Line and the ... The Maginot Line came to be not just a component of strategy, but a way of life. Alistair Horne noted, "Feeling secure behind ...
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Blood Lines (2014) Not Rated , 1h 25min , Crime, Drama, Romance , 10 March 2015 (USA) ... In the sticks of Kentucky, a demented family of inbreds begin the process of cleaning up their blood line. Their twisted family ... Blood Lines is about finding your heritage in urban Australia. Finding out where your blood runs. ...
Burkina Fasos Silver Lining. The maneuvers that triggered the military coup may actually have been good for democracy in ... The Midwives on the Front Lines. Despite rising violence, some of Afghanistans most vital workers are fighting stigma to ... The Midwives on the Front Lines. July 6, 2020, 4:10 PM. ... Argument: Burkina Fasos Silver Lining Burkina Fasos Silver ...
... of a brake to be evaluated by consideration of the geometry of the system and the coefficient of friction of the lining. This ... Methods of testing brake linings by sample machine have been evolved to a standard of consistency which enables the performance ... Machine Testing for Brake Lining Classification 710249. Methods of testing brake linings by sample machine have been evolved to ... This situation does, however, only hold if the way in which the lining is tested bears a close relationship to the duty cycle ...
Lyrics to Silver Lining by Rockfords: What about me / What about you / Are we on our own / I wont call you anymore / And Ill ... Will we find a silver lining. Will we find a silver lining. Will we find a silver lining. (fade) ... Silver Lining Lyrics Languages Arabic Deutsch Greek English Spanish French Italian Japanese Korean Netherlands Portuguese ... And Ill find a silver lining. Yes I will. Yes I will. So what about me. What about you. Are we on our own. So what about me. ...
spine line. I could find. Other Recently Built Subway or Light Rail Lines. * Laval Metro Extension, Montreal (2007).. Overview ... spine line. . *Spine Line Transit Plan Cut as Costly.. Post Gazette, Nov 2, 1977.. The first round of shutting down the idea. ... 1993 Spine Line Corridor Study.. A comprehensive study of the Spine Line. Suggests three alignments: *Along Center Ave to Soho ... Includes the quote: "Build the Spine Line for Godssakes". * Return of the Spine Line?,. Blog Post on Tales of the 91A, March 22 ...
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  • Methods of testing brake linings by sample machine have been evolved to a standard of consistency which enables the performance of a brake to be evaluated by consideration of the geometry of the system and the coefficient of friction of the lining. (sae.org)
  • Methods to authenticate nonhuman cell lines are lacking. (nist.gov)
  • Our efforts have focused on developing methods for authentication of important nonhuman cell lines to achieve measurement assurance of their use. (nist.gov)
  • It is important to introduce number lines in conjunction with other methods. (apple.com)
  • Methods for identifying non-human species have not been as straightforward since unique STR markers for distinguishing non-human cell lines have not been available. (nist.gov)
  • Such is the promise of embryonic stem cells - or was, until the Bush administration cut off federal funding for labs harvesting new cell lines in August, 2001. (motherjones.com)
  • Due to the success of STRs for human identification, this method has been applied to many human cell lines used in research (Masters 2001, Lorenzi 2009), and these results are now available in public access databases of authenticated DNA profiles. (nist.gov)
  • Since its opening on October 15, 2001, the Trillium Line hit the 1-millionth rider mark on May 29, 2002, the 5-millionth mark on January 21, 2005, and the 10-million in late 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Trillium Line, Ottawa's original O-Train, was introduced in 2001 as a pilot project to provide an alternative to the busways on which Ottawa had long depended exclusively for its high-grade transit service (see Ottawa Rapid Transit). (wikipedia.org)
  • The canvas's surface has been painted in a translucent wash of yellow oil paint that highlights the deep blue of the lines, and the contrast between these colours makes the image appear to vibrate. (tate.org.uk)
  • Typical symptoms will be brake chatter, where the pads vibrate as the lining grabs and releases the rotor's surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • We may limit the effects zentel of cialis order on line switzerland we share instead you also required by care. (sijhsaa.com)
  • Also beginning in 1899, the Batavier Line service between Rotterdam and London was offered daily except Sundays. (wikipedia.org)
  • China set a poverty line of 206 yuan in 1986, which was about $50 if calculated at the then exchange rate and was about half of a farmer's annual income. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Human cell lines can be identified by existing multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays that target short tandem repeat (STR) markers in DNA that are used as fingerprints for authentication. (nist.gov)
  • In addition, NIST is working on multiplex STR assays for Chinese hamster ovary and rat cell lines. (nist.gov)
  • At the beginning it will appear dark and thick, then it will get gradually thinner and finally disappear … A line must have a beginning and an end. (tate.org.uk)
  • The wall is lined by an exceedingly thin single sheet of endothelial cells, the endothelium, separated from the surrounding outer layers by a basal lamina. (nih.gov)
  • Spectral lines are the result of interaction between a quantum system (usually atoms , but sometimes molecules or atomic nuclei ) and a single photon . (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the exact physical interaction (with molecules, single particles, etc.), the frequency of the involved photons will vary widely, and lines can be observed across the electromagnetic spectrum , from radio waves to gamma rays . (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. Managing Product Line A group of related products manufactured by a single company is called product line. (slideshare.net)
  • Animate is Adobe's traditional animation app and enables fine-grained control down to a single line. (adobe.com)
  • In the meantime, since the stopped train is blocking 1 track, they start single tracking, but that takes coordination and in the time it takes for single tracking to begin, the trains back up, causing a ripple effect of delays throughout the line. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Art historian Joan Kee has linked Lee's creation of images such as From Line to his interest in munjado - a traditional Korean form of ideograph painting featuring a single Chinese character. (tate.org.uk)
  • Olson used line array concepts to develop the column speaker in which vertically aligned drivers in a single enclosure produced mid-range output in a wide horizontal and narrow vertical pattern. (wikipedia.org)
  • The service frequency of a train every fifteen minutes makes it possible to run the line with a fleet of only three trains (of which only two are in service at any given time) and a single track apart from passing sidings at Carleton station. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a regular feature, initially called 'Along the Color Line,' Du Bois culled news from correspondents and published more than 100 short news reports each month under headings that included education, industry, political, church, military, personal, social uplift, and music and art. (washington.edu)
  • The Crisis , August 1916-Juny 1917, edited by W.E.B. Du Bois: the collection of miscellaneous news initially titled Along the Color Line then renamed The Horizon . (washington.edu)
  • bad news is my uterine lining didnt grow any it's still only a 3. (medhelp.org)
  • This isn't to say that all the news has been bad for cruise-line companies. (kiplinger.com)
  • You can use any type of brush in Animate to create motion lines and can place those motion lines anywhere in the scene. (adobe.com)
  • Many other properties of line graphs follow by translating the properties of the underlying graph from vertices into edges, and by Whitney's theorem the same translation can also be done in the other direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The complete assembly (including lining and backing) is then often called a brake pad or brake shoe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Line graphs are claw-free , and the line graphs of bipartite graphs are perfect . (wikipedia.org)
  • In pass protection, the Redskins provided help for Heyer, an undrafted rookie free agent from Maryland, often lining up fullback Mike Sellers next to him. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Image-Line Remote (IL Remote) is a free Wi-Fi MIDI controller for FL STUDIO on desktop and laptop computers. (cnet.com)
  • Transfers from either line are free for up to two hours when using a TAP card. (metro.net)
  • A Car Line Diagram (CLD) is the line of route which displays information regarding step-free access and, on occasion, works and closures information. (tfl.gov.uk)
  • Pure line array theory is based on pure geometry and the thought experiment of the "free field" where sound is free to propagate free of environmental factors such as room reflections or temperature refraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a line source propagates sound equally in all directions in the free field, the sound propagates in the shape of a cylinder rather than a sphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Find the expert care you need and get connected to a Main Line Health physician. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • At Main Line Health we have physicians and staff across more than 150 specialties and services. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Main Line Health MyChart makes it easy for you to schedule appointments, request prescription refills, pay your bills, send messages to your doctor's office when you have non-urgent medical needs, and more-from any device. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • If you have not seen a Main Line Health provider yet, you can still create a MyChart account once we've verified your identity. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Virtual video visits with Main Line Health providers for virtual preventive care,diagnosis, and treatment. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Thus, endothelial cells line the entire vascular system, from the heart to the smallest capillary, and control the passage of materials-and the transit of white blood cells-into and out of the bloodstream. (nih.gov)
  • is a proposed transit line from Downtown Pittsburgh to the Oakland area of Pittsburgh and possibly beyond, with some proposals going as far as Monroeville. (cmu.edu)
  • Detailed Study that Considers transit in a much wider area than just the spine line. (cmu.edu)
  • The Trillium Line (French: Ligne Trillium) is a diesel light-rail transit (DLRT) service in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada operated by OC Transpo. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this period of uneven economic recovery, understanding the outlook for personal lines insurance markets at the state level is critical for insurers' planning purposes,' said Alan Dobbins , analyst at Conning. (prnewswire.com)
  • Such endoprostheses include grafts which are generally in the form of a tubular lining provided for delivery within a section of a body conduit to treat the complications of atherosclerosis, i.e. arterial occlusion or aneurysms. (google.es)
  • Since the NIC has responsibility for maintaining the official list, lt seems appropriate for them to maintain an on-line file, accessible to anyone, which Lists names and host addresses ( and certain other information which I will suggest in a moment) in an easily machine-readable form. (ietf.org)
  • At the nano level, the assembly line takes the form of a microfluid platform into which an aqueous solution is pumped. (eurekalert.org)
  • Based on the results and conclusions of an applied research project of process manufacturing operations directed by the author, Bottom-Line Automation presents an overview of more than 30 years of industry trends, pointing out the strengths and pitfalls of each. (google.com)
  • Since the surface area of the curved surface of a cylinder = 2π r h, where r is the radius and h is the height, every doubling of the radius results in a doubling of the surface area, thus the sound intensity halves with each doubling of distance from the line source. (wikipedia.org)
  • All we ask is that cruise lines do not enter the San Marco basin. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The IMO (International Maritime Organisation) wants passenger and commercial ports to be kept separate and any blockage of the causeway between the port and Venice would have huge implications for cruise line passengers. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • More Friendly Waters for Cruise Lines? (kiplinger.com)
  • Instead, they focused their efforts in the booty-rich Caribbean, and today cruise lines concentrate their seagoing hotels in those warm waters for the same reason. (kiplinger.com)
  • When a product line's width and depth are expanded to an extent that is more than necessary, it becomes more difficult for the industrial marketer to manage the performance of the product line. (slideshare.net)
  • It not shows whether the information is covered by your cazul under following, tablet any onmogelijk samples and the pharmacological pharmacist on line on vendita cialis the belgium article. (hosean.org)
  • This article is dedicated to the memory of Hans-Otto Georgii, whose joint work with the first author on ancestral lines in multitype branching processes [ 7 , 26 ] laid foundations and provided motivation for the line of research reviewed here. (springer.com)
  • Unlike counters, which model counting, a number line also models measurement, which is why the number line begins with zero as you would see on a ruler. (apple.com)
  • Line fishing at sea is very popular, not only in traditional fisheries with small boats employing a limited number of hooks but also in industrial operations with large vessels or fleets using thousands of hooks. (britannica.com)
  • Make a difference for wildlife by properly disposing of fishing line, hooks, lures, weights, and all other trash. (ct.gov)
  • The following information has been prepared to address the concerns of Catholic parents, physicians and clergy regarding the use of aborted fetal cell lines in vaccines. (archive.org)
  • Many opposing viewpoints have been raised on the morality of using vaccines, which are cultivated on aborted fetal cell lines. (archive.org)
  • In 2013, Life Line Screening introduced a new line of business where they are able to provide Medicare related services such as Annual Wellness Visits, Advanced Care Planning and vaccines. (bbb.org)
  • The tablet circumstances will just be monitored for two aches to cialis order on line compare the son of celebrity in the two forms. (sijhsaa.com)
  • Doch kan links deze problematiek zien als patient bedreiging van de volksgezondheid en zouden naar de toekomst care meds de bevolking type research moeilijk uses. (sijhsaa.com)
  • The Cancer Cell Line project is an opportunity for patients to contribute to research in a big way - a personal way. (leiomyosarcoma.info)
  • Mice have been the most popular laboratory animal, widely used for genetic and basic research studies, resulting in mouse cell lines being the most numerous and important cell lines second to human cell lines. (nist.gov)
  • Bush capped government-backed stem cell research at 78 pre-existing lines. (motherjones.com)
  • Research studies and cell culture repositories have reported that 18-36 percent of all cell lines are contaminated, and the International Cell Line Authentication Committee (ICLAC) currently lists over 475 cross-contaminated or misidentified cell lines in its database. (nist.gov)
  • The development of these STR markers, and collaboration with companies that can develop commercial tests from them, will help to establish reliability of cell lines used in research. (nist.gov)
  • These series exist across atoms of all elements and the Rydberg-Ritz combination principle is a formula that predicts the pattern of lines to be found in all atoms of the elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predicts the cost of an underground line to Oakland would be $1.5Billion, or $2.5 Billion all the way to Wilkinsburg. (cmu.edu)
  • In order to detect cell line contaminants, primers for two human STR markers were incorporated into the multiplex assay to facilitate the detection of human and African green monkey DNA. (nist.gov)
  • We've also identified 11 STR markers specific to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines , which are instrumental in the manufacturing of recombinant protein therapeutics, and successfully used eleven of those markers in a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. (nist.gov)
  • We are currently developing a PCR-based multiplex assay for use in authenticating rat cell lines. (nist.gov)
  • Pe 25 iunie 2015, China Shipping Container Lines ?i Danube Logistics, investitorul general ?i operatorul Portului Interna?ional Liber Giurgiule?ti, au semnat un acord care ii va permite companiei China Shipping Container Lines sa i?i extinda serviciile de transport de containere pana in Moldova. (amazonaws.com)
  • In a paper published in the latest issue of the Royal Society of Chemistry's Lab on a Chip journal, the ETH researchers presented a molecular assembly line featuring all the elements of a conventional production line: a mobile assembly carrier, an assembly object, assembly components attached at various assembly stations and a motor (including fuel) for the assembly carrier to transport the object from one assembly station to the next. (eurekalert.org)
  • National was later purchased by the Atlantic Transport Line and operated freight services only in the later part of its life until it was liquidated in 1914. (wikipedia.org)
  • The author explains a strategy for measuring and improving automation system performance for the ultimate goal ‚--the bottom line, and provides case studies of how such a strategy was implemented in three process manufacturing organizations. (google.com)
  • The researchers can add the objects to the system through the lines that supply the assembly segments. (eurekalert.org)
  • Since the lining is the portion of the braking system which converts the vehicle's kinetic energy into heat, the lining must be capable of surviving high temperatures without excessive wear (leading to frequent replacement) or outgassing (which causes brake fade, a decrease in the stopping power of the brake). (wikipedia.org)
  • The line is part of Ottawa's O-Train light rail system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Documentatia googlebot routes receive end medium at the cialis order on line highest niet of coupons benefits for preferred feelings when they are obtained from minutes that are in the coventry health care national network. (sijhsaa.com)