Life Tables: Summarizing techniques used to describe the pattern of mortality and survival in populations. These methods can be applied to the study not only of death, but also of any defined endpoint such as the onset of disease or the occurrence of disease complications.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Vital Statistics: Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.Actuarial Analysis: The application of probability and statistical methods to calculate the risk of occurrence of any event, such as onset of illness, recurrent disease, hospitalization, disability, or death. It may include calculation of the anticipated money costs of such events and of the premiums necessary to provide for payment of such costs.Examination Tables: A raised flat surface on which a patient is placed during a PHYSICAL EXAMINATION.Life Cycle Stages: The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.Longevity: The normal length of time of an organism's life.Censuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)United StatesInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Life: The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Mortality, Premature: Deaths that occur before LIFE EXPECTANCY is reached within a given population.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Polytetrafluoroethylene: Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.TablesRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Quality-Adjusted Life Years: A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Graft Occlusion, Vascular: Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.Death Certificates: Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Ischemia: A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical: Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Limb Salvage: An alternative to amputation in patients with neoplasms, ischemia, fractures, and other limb-threatening conditions. Generally, sophisticated surgical procedures such as vascular surgery and reconstruction are used to salvage diseased limbs.Treatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.

Natural history of dysplasia of the uterine cervix. (1/1202)

BACKGROUND: A historical cohort of Toronto (Ontario, Canada) women whose Pap smear histories were recorded at a major cytopathology laboratory provided the opportunity to study progression and regression of cervical dysplasia in an era (1962-1980) during which cervical squamous lesions were managed conservatively. METHODS: Actuarial and Cox's survival analyses were used to estimate the rates and relative risks of progression and regression of mild (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 [CIN1]) and moderate (CIN2) dysplasias. In addition, more than 17,000 women with a history of Pap smears between 1970 and 1980 inclusive and who were diagnosed as having mild, moderate, or severe dysplasia were linked to the Ontario Cancer Registry for the outcome of any subsequent cervical cancers occurring through 1989. RESULTS: Both mild and moderate dysplasias were more likely to regress than to progress. The risk of progression from mild to severe dysplasia or worse was only 1% per year, but the risk of progression from moderate dysplasia was 16% within 2 years and 25% within 5 years. Most of the excess risk of cervical cancer for severe and moderate dysplasias occurred within 2 years of the initial dysplastic smear. After 2 years, in comparison with mild dysplasia, the relative risks for progression from severe or moderate dysplasia to cervical cancer in situ or worse was 4.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0-5.7) and 2.5 (95% CI = 2.2-3.0), respectively. CONCLUSION: The risk of progression for moderate dysplasia was intermediate between the risks for mild and severe dysplasia; thus, the moderate category may represent a clinically useful distinction. The majority of untreated mild dysplasias were recorded as regressing to yield a normal smear within 2 years.  (+info)

Isolated femoropopliteal bypass graft for limb salvage after failed tibial reconstruction: a viable alternative to amputation. (2/1202)

PURPOSE: Femoropopliteal bypass grafting procedures performed to isolated popliteal arteries after failure of a previous tibial reconstruction were studied. The results were compared with those of a study of primary isolated femoropopliteal bypass grafts (IFPBs). METHODS: IFPBs were only constructed if the uninvolved or patent popliteal segment measured at least 7 cm in length and had at least one major collateral supplying the calf. When IFPB was performed for ischemic lesions, these lesions were usually limited to the digits or small portions of the foot. Forty-seven polytetrafluoroethylene grafts and three autogenous reversed saphenous vein grafts were used. RESULTS: Ankle brachial pressure index (ABI) increased after bypass grafting by a mean of 0.46. Three-year primary life table patency and limb-salvage rates for primary IFPBs were 73% and 86%, respectively. All eight IFPBs performed after failed tibial bypass grafts remained patent for 2 to 44 months, with patients having viable, healed feet. CONCLUSION: In the presence of a suitable popliteal artery and limited tissue necrosis, IFPB can have acceptable patency and limb-salvage rates, even when a polytetrafluoroethylene graft is used. Secondary IFPB can be used to achieve limb salvage after failed tibial bypass grafting.  (+info)

Superficial femoral eversion endarterectomy combined with a vein segment as a composite artery-vein bypass graft for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction. (3/1202)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the results of composite artery-vein bypass grafting for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective case series in two tertiary referral centers. Forty-eight of 51 patients underwent the procedure of interest for the treatment of ischemic skin lesions (n = 42), rest pain (n = 3), disabling claudication (n = 1), and infected prosthesis (n = 2). The intervention used was infrainguinal composite artery-vein bypass grafting to popliteal (n = 18) and infrapopliteal (n = 30) arteries, with an occluded segment of the superficial femoral artery prepared with eversion endarterectomy and an autogenous vein conduit harvested from greater saphenous veins (n = 43), arm veins (n = 3), and lesser saphenous veins (n = 2). The main outcome measures, primary graft patency rates, foot salvage rates, and patient survival rates, were described by means of the life-table method for a mean follow-up time of 15.5 months. RESULTS: The cumulative loss during the follow-up period was 6% and 24% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. The primary graft patency rates, the foot salvage rates, and the patient survival rates for patients with popliteal grafts were 60.0% +/- 9.07%, 75.7% +/- 9.18%, and 93.5% +/- 6.03%, respectively, at 1 month; 53.7% +/- 11.85%, 68.9% +/- 12.47%, and 85. 0% +/- 9.92% at 1 year; and 46.7% +/- 18.19%, 68.9% +/- 20.54%, and 53.1% +/- 17.15% at 5 years. For infrapopliteal grafts, the corresponding estimates were 72.4% +/- 7.06%, 72.9% +/- 6.99%, and 92.7% +/- 4.79% at 1 month; 55.6% +/- 10.70%, 55.4% +/- 10.07%, and 77.9% +/- 9.02% at 1 year; and 33.6% +/- 22.36%, 55.4% +/- 30.20%, and 20.8% +/- 9.89% at 5 years. CONCLUSION: The composite artery-vein bypass graft is a useful autogenous alternative for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction when a vein of the required quality is not available or when the procedure needs to be confined to the affected limb.  (+info)

Surgical transluminal iliac angioplasty with selective stenting: long-term results assessed by means of duplex scanning. (4/1202)

PURPOSE: The safety of iliac angioplasty and selective stenting performed in the operating room by vascular surgeons was evaluated, and the short- and long-term results were assessed by means of serial duplex scanning. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1996, 281 iliac stenotic or occlusive lesions in 235 consecutive patients with chronic limb ischemia were treated by means of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) alone (n = 214) or PTA with stent (n = 67, 23.8%). There were 260 primary lesions and 21 restenosis after a first PTA, which were analyzed separately. Stents were implanted in selected cases, either primarily in totally occluded arteries or after suboptimum results of PTA (ie, residual stenosis or a dissection). Data were collected prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. Results were reported in an intention-to-treat basis. Clinical results and patency were evaluated by means of symptom assessment, ankle brachial pressure index, and duplex scanning at discharge and 1, 3, 6, and every 12 months after angioplasty. To identify factors that may affect outcome, 12 clinical and radiological variables, including the four categories of lesions defined by the Standards of Practice Committee of the Society of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, were analyzed separately. The statistical significances of life-table analysis of patency were determined by means of the log-rank test. RESULTS: There were no postoperative deaths or amputations. Local, general, and vascular complications occurred in 2.1%, 1.3% and 4.7% of cases, respectively (total, 8.1%). The mean follow-up period was 29.6 months. The cumulative patency rates +/- SE of the 260 PTAs (including 55 PTAs plus stents) were 92.9% +/- 1.5% at 1 month, 86. 5% +/- 1.7% at 1 year, 81.2% +/- 2.3% at 2 years, 78.8% +/- 2.9% at 3 years, and 75.4% +/- 3.5% at 5 and 6 years. The two-year patency rate of 21 redo PTAs (including 11 PTAs plus stents) was 79.1% +/- 18.2%. Of 12 predictable variables studied in the first PTA group, only the category of the lesion was predictive of long-term patency. The two-year patency rate was 84% +/- 3% for 199 category 1 lesions and 69.7% +/- 6.5% for 61 category 2, 3, and 4 lesions together (P =. 02). There was no difference of patency in the stented and nonstented group. CONCLUSION: Iliac PTA alone or with the use of a stent (in cases of occlusion and/or suboptimal results of PTA) offers an excellent long-term patency rate. Categorization of lesions remains useful in predicting long-term outcome. PTA can be performed safely by vascular surgeons in the operating room and should be considered to be the primary treatment for localized iliac occlusive disease.  (+info)

The new old epidemic of coronary heart disease. (5/1202)

OBJECTIVES: This study quantified the consequences for prevalence of increased survival of coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Netherlands from 1980 to 1993. METHODS: A multistage life table fitted observed mortality and registration rates from the nationwide hospital register. The outcome was prevalence by age, sex, period, and disease state. RESULTS: The prevalence of CHD from 1980 to 1993 was 4.4% (men, aged 25 to 84 years) and 1.4% (women, aged 25 to 84 years). Between 1980-1983 and 1990-1993, the incidence changed little, but age-adjusted prevalence increased by 19% (men) and 59% (women). CONCLUSIONS: Sharply decreasing mortality but near-constant attack rates of CHD caused distinct increases in prevalence, particularly among the elderly.  (+info)

Simultaneous alterations of retinoblastoma and p53 protein expression in astrocytic tumors. (6/1202)

The genetic alterations frequently involved in glial malignancies are in the tumor suppressor genes, Rb and p53. An altered Rb expression or p53 overexpression is thought to indicate defective tumor suppression and subsequently more aggressive tumors. Therefore, to assess the alterations in the conjoint expression of Rb and p53 proteins in formalin fixed paraffin embedded sections, 64 astrocytic tumors were studied (16 astrocytomas,7 gemistocytic astrocytomas, 19 anaplastic astrocytomas and 22 glioblastomas) using the avidin biotin immunoperoxidase technique. Fifty two cases (81.25%) were found to be positive for p53 protein. Seventeen of these showed aberrant heterogenous staining for pRb, of which 7 were glioblastomas. Only one case of astrocytoma showed aberrant expression of both p53 and Rb. Thus, of the 64 tumors, simultaneous aberrant expression of both p53 and Rb was seen in 21.9% of cases. This was more commonly observed among glioblastoma cases (7/22). No statistical difference was found between the survival rate of heterogenous pRb and p53 positivity in different grades of tumors. In glioblastomas, the survival rate appeared to be less in patients expressing heterogenous pRb, but this was not statistically significant. These results lead us to suspect that p53 and pRb pathways are inactivated, either through mutation or as part of the neoplastic process in astrocytic tumors.  (+info)

Primary endometrioid carcinoma of fallopian tube. Clinicomorphologic study. (7/1202)

Twenty cases of primary Fallopian tube endometrioid carcinoma (PFTEC) are presented in the paper. This accounts for 42.5% of all histologic forms of primary Fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC) found in our Department. The youngest patient was 38, and the oldest 68 years (mean: 56 years). Seven patients were nulliparas. Only two cases were bilateral. According to FIGO staging, 13 cases were evaluated as stage I, 4 as II, and 3 as stage III. Due to the histologic grading, 8 tumors were classified as well, 7 as moderately, and 5 as poorly differentiated. In the time of preparation of the manuscript, 12 women were still alive, 2 of them with recurrent disease. The follow-up of patients without recurrence ranged from 4 to 120 months (median: 63). Eight patients had died (survival time: from 4 to 65 months; median: 26). Metastases were found in 8 patients, especially to ovaries. In 14/20 cases of PFTEC various forms of tubal wall invasion were observed. Blood or lymphatic vessels involvement was found in 9 patients. Six of them had died and one is alive with the symptoms of disease. Immunohistochemical detection of the mutant form of p53 protein and oncogene product, c-erbB-2, was studied in 17 cases. Nine patients exhibited simultaneous p53 protein accumulation and c-erbB-2 expression. 2/9 of these patients are alive with recurrent tumors and 4/9 died. Endometrioid carcinoma of the Fallopian tube can be characterized by a tendency to superficial invasion of tubal wall and in a half of the cases by invasion of vessels. The majority of these tumors were diagnosed at an early stage tumors.  (+info)

Early harvest and late transplantation as an effective therapeutic strategy in multiple myeloma. (8/1202)

Transplantation after high-dose chemotherapy prolongs survival in patients with multiple myeloma compared with standard therapy. It is unclear whether the optimal timing of transplantation is immediately after induction chemotherapy or whether stem cells may be cryopreserved for transplantation at subsequent progression or relapse. In this study, stem cells were collected within 6 months of diagnosis, followed by transplantation only at progression of myeloma. One hundred and eighteen patients with multiple myeloma had stem cells collected and cryopreserved. Eleven had transplants early in the disease after they demonstrated failure to respond to primary therapy. The remaining 107 were eligible for transplants when there was evidence of progressive disease. Of the 118 patients, 67 had transplants, nine died of progressive disease before transplantation, and 42 remain alive in plateau phase. The median survival of the group is 58.5 months; 67 are alive. Serum beta2-microglobulin, bone marrow labeling index (S phase), and hemoglobin level predicted overall survival (P < 0.006, P < 0.001, and P < 0.01, respectively). We conclude that early cryopreservation of blood stem cells followed by transplantation at progression is a feasible approach to therapy in patients with myeloma. The underlying biology of the disease has a greater impact on survival than the timing of transplantation. A prospective randomized trial is required to answer definitively the question of the optimal timing of blood cell transplantation.  (+info)

  • Enevoldsen continually updates the table, adding Nihonium, Moscovium, Tennessine, and Oganesson when they were officially named the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in 2016. (mymodernmet.com)
  • Healthcare costs of a synthetic life table cohort, expressed as life time expected costs. (bmj.com)
  • 6 The expected costs represent the total costs of the life table cohort during their lifetime. (bmj.com)
  • These costs are divided by the initial size of the life table cohort-that is, the population at birth-to yield the life time expected costs for an individual (see Appendix 1). (bmj.com)
  • The imaginary life table cohort was subjected to the unchanging costs of 1988 and the unchanging death rates of 1986-90 until extinction. (bmj.com)
  • A cohort life table, often referred to as a generation life table, is used to represent the overall mortality rates of a certain population's entire lifetime. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cohort life table is more frequently used because it is able to make a prediction of any expected changes in mortality rates of a population in the future. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two types of life tables: Period or static life tables show the current probability of death (for people of different ages, in the current year) Cohort life tables show the probability of death of people from a given cohort (especially birth year) over the course of their lifetime. (wikipedia.org)
  • Static life tables" and "cohort life tables" will be identical if population is in equilibrium and environment does not change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Life table" primarily refers to period life tables, as cohort life tables can only be constructed using data up to the current point, and distant projections for future mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • For these reasons, the older ages represented in a life table may have a greater chance of not being representative of what lives at these ages may experience in future, as it is predicated on current advances in medicine, public health, and safety standards that did not exist in the early years of this cohort. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, we are constructing an artificial cohort of 100,000 and overlaying current mortality experience on them in order to work out life expectancies. (statsdirect.com)
  • StatsDirect simply multiplies Ti (the total number of years lived by those individuals from the artificial cohort attaining the age that starts the interval) by the given ith utility weight, then divides as usual by li (the number out of the artificial cohort alive at the start of the interval) in order to compute adjusted life expectancy. (statsdirect.com)
  • The information presented will be based on analyses conducted within the population of the Framingham Heart Study and the Rotterdam Study with a particular emphasis to the use and applications of multi state life tables in cohort studies. (ki.se)
  • Some Demographic Consequences of Revising the Definition of 'Old' to Reflect Future Changes in Life Table Probabilities ," Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population Research Reports 352, McMaster University. (repec.org)
  • Some Demographic Consequences of Revising the Definition of 'Old' to Reflect Future Changes in Life Table Probabilities ," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 22, McMaster University. (repec.org)
  • If a population were to have a constant number of people each year, it would mean that the probabilities of death from the life table were completely accurate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other life tables in historical demography may be based on historical records, although these often undercount infants and understate infant mortality, on comparison with other regions with better records, and on mathematical adjustments for varying mortality levels and life expectancies at birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health expectancies such as disability-adjusted life year and Healthy Life Years are the remaining number of years a person can expect to live in a specific health state, such as free of disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • The countries that have been most successful at reducing premature mortality enjoy the highest life expectancies and the greatest equality in individuals' lifespans. (bmj.com)
  • For $1.99/month (less than the price of one cappuccino, one movie rental or a pack of gum…) or $18/year or more you'll receive unlimited access to all Improvised Life content and its vast archive. (improvisedlife.com)
  • Development rate, age and stage-specific life tables were compared for a laboratory strain (HS) and field strain (ECL-05) of bed bug Cimex lectularius L. (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) reared on two blood regimens: human or rabbit blood. (mdpi.com)
  • In demography, the effects of eliminating diseases are studied by cause elimination life tables. (bmj.com)
  • VH1's brand new celebrity news show, 'The Gossip Table,' featuring HollywoodLife.com, will premiere Sept. 30 at 9:30 A.M. and we kicked off the party with a glamorous celebration! (hollywoodlife.com)
  • The Gossip Table is officially back and we had to kick it off with the ultimate premiere party! (hollywoodlife.com)
  • In case you need a refresher, The Gossip Table, is the brainchild of Executive Producer Shane Farley 's Cypress E Productions. (hollywoodlife.com)
  • Tune into VH1 every single morning at 9:30 A.M. to watch The Gossip Table and then at 10 A.M., Big Morning Buzz Live With Carrie Keagan ! (hollywoodlife.com)
  • The 2015 Daytime Emmy nominations were announced on March 31 and I'm very disappointed that VH1's morning talk show, 'The Gossip Table,' was overlooked for the second year in a row! (hollywoodlife.com)
  • I know what you're thinking, I'm totally biased because I'm one of the co-hosts of VH1's morning TV show The Gossip Table but I really believe our show should have been nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award in the Outstanding Entertainment News Program category. (hollywoodlife.com)
  • Even though The Gossip Table has only been around for a little under two years, we deserve to be nominated in that category alongside those top-rated programs because we have something that they do not. (hollywoodlife.com)
  • I just wish the Daytime Emmys would be willing to give an innovative show like The Gossip Table a nod . (hollywoodlife.com)
  • These tables are updated using revised intercensal population estimates and a new methodology implemented with the final 2008 life tables. (cdc.gov)
  • In further analysis we assessed whether adding information on time to death in both the regression models and the life table estimates would lead to substantive changes in the results. (nih.gov)
  • Although employing information on the relation of disability with time to death improves the precision of Sullivan life table estimates, the relative importance of risk factors remained unchanged. (nih.gov)
  • This report presents the latest methodology used to estimate the U.S. life tables. (cdc.gov)
  • Typically papers deal with individual data in several domains (for example physical or mental health, education, housing, employment) as they change over time, and set in their life course and policy context. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The beneficiaries of life annuities were typically members of the decedent's household, which meant slaves or ex-slaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • End and side tables are typically placed beside sofas, armchairs or beds. (mainecottage.com)
  • I'd like to invite anyone to join us for the first PABL Round Table Discussion. (gspn.tv)
  • New York Life leads million dollar round table for the 63rd consecutive year. (newyorklife.com)
  • Founded in 1927, the Million Dollar Round Table (MDRT), The Premier Association of Financial Professionals®, is an international, independent association of nearly 62,636 of the world's leading life insurance and financial services professionals from more than 503 companies in 55 countries. (newyorklife.com)
  • Days of Our Lives Round Table: Claire Stops the Wedding! (tvfanatic.com)
  • Round Table. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • Come sit at The Round Table along with Spiritual Coach, Reader and Author, CinnamonMoon. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • The Round Table this evening will include: Jana Mason, Amy Toy along with Kathie Lipinski. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • Amazon Recruiter Ben Johnson is joining the Round Table this Friday (5/6) to talk about life at Amazon and how you can fit in. (shorelineareanews.com)
  • pdf icon [PDF - 1.6 MB] All annual life tables have been revised for the years 2000-2004. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2007, the potential years of life lost by malignant neoplasms is the longest at age 0, followed by heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, and pneumonia for both sexes. (go.jp)
  • Potential years of life lost by the three leading causes of death are 8.25 years for male and 7.12 years for female at age 0, 6.64 years for male and 5.86 years for female at age 65, 5.10 years for male and 4.97 years for female at age 75, 2.32 years for male and 2.77 years for female at age 90. (go.jp)
  • Life tables in this spreadsheet are complete life tables-they contain data by single years of age. (abs.gov.au)
  • He's now two years old thanks, in part, to his big cousin who said the pair have a special bond after the "life-changing" incident. (independent.ie)
  • In countries with low mortality, elimination of fatal diseases by successful prevention increases healthcare spending because of the medical expenses during added life years. (bmj.com)
  • Property described in asset class 00.12 which is qualified technological equipment as defined in section 168(i)(2) is assigned a recovery period of 5 years notwithstanding its class life. (thomsonreuters.com)
  • Life style interventions may help to reduce the years lived with one or more disabilities, but it is not fully understood which life style factor has the largest potential for such reductions. (nih.gov)
  • Life expectancy at age 55 differed by 1.4 years among groups defined in terms of BMI, 4.0 years by smoking status, and 3.0 years by alcohol consumption. (nih.gov)
  • Compared with smoking and drinking alcohol, obesity is most strongly associated with an increased risk of spending many years of life with disability. (nih.gov)
  • After childhood, the two figures are quite close, but childhood mortality causes the figures for the first years of life to diverge. (wikipedia.org)
  • The figures given are too high to represent the predicted market value of the annuity at a conservative rate of return on capital (on the calculation in the table, a person with a lifespan of sixty years would only have twenty-three years worth of annuity at death). (wikipedia.org)
  • For 175 years, people have worked with New York Life to protect their families and futures. (newyorklife.com)
  • For the past 18 years, New York Life has also been the leader of MDRT's two top-tier categories, with 385 members of "Court of the Table" and 139 members of "Top of the Table. (newyorklife.com)
  • New York Times bestselling author Adriana Trigiani shares a treasure trove of insight and guidance from her two grandmothers: time-tested, common sense advice on the most important aspects of a woman's life, from childhood to the golden years. (schulerbooks.com)
  • Results In 89 of the 170 years from 1840 to 2009, the country with the highest male life expectancy also had the lowest male life disparity. (bmj.com)
  • In all years, the top several life expectancy leaders were also the top life disparity leaders. (bmj.com)
  • The increase in life expectancy, from under 40 years in all areas of the world two centuries ago to over 80 years today in many developed countries, has fundamentally improved the human condition. (bmj.com)
  • Results The amount of TV viewed in Australia in 2008 reduced life expectancy at birth by 1.8 years (95% uncertainty interval (UI): 8.4 days to 3.7 years) for men and 1.5 years (95% UI: 6.8 days to 3.1 years) for women. (bmj.com)
  • Mortality rates for the Australian and state and territory life tables are based on death registrations and estimated resident population for the period 2010-2012. (abs.gov.au)
  • The period life table represents mortality rates during a specific time period of a certain population. (wikipedia.org)
  • This type of table also analyzes patterns in mortality rates that can be observed over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Life tables can be constructed using projections of future mortality rates, but more often they are a snapshot of age-specific mortality rates in the recent past, and do not necessarily purport to be projections. (wikipedia.org)
  • A life table is created by mortality rates and census figures from a certain population, ideally under a closed demographic system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Life tables are usually constructed separately for men and for women because of their substantially different mortality rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The picture the table presents is appalling: a society with one of the highest mortality rates on record, with a predicted life expectancy at birth of between 19 and 23. (wikipedia.org)
  • where s squared e hat alpha is the variance of the expectation of life at the age of the start of the interval alpha, and s squared q hat i is the variance of the probability of death for the ith interval. (statsdirect.com)
  • The Life Table tells us the probability of a customer purchasing in the next month, given that the customer did not previously purchase in the past "x" months. (minethatdata.com)
  • Everyone has particular things they like to have on their bedside table when going to bed for the night. (flickr.com)
  • This is just one of the possible bedside tables in my imagination! (flickr.com)
  • A quick glance of these paired photos on Emma's blog made us unconsciously splice the two ideas together: 'salvaged wood bedside or sofa side table', we thought…fine idea. (improvisedlife.com)
  • Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (LLCS) is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the needs of researchers studying the life course and using longitudinal methods at the interfaces of social, developmental and health sciences. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • As the journal of the Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (SLLS) it provides an opportunity for scholars at all stages of their careers to publish work crossing disciplinary boundaries which is often beyond the scope of more conventional, single-field journals. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The first team to complete their hand-built picnic table was the newly sanctioned Phi Sigma Nu American Indian Fraternity. (stgregorys.edu)
  • The winner of the "Best Table Design" was Zeta Xi Lambda Sorority, which also won them a second picnic table. (stgregorys.edu)
  • With a circular saw, a drill, and a bit of construction know-how, you can put together a picnic table in a weekend. (livingthecountrylife.com)
  • Methods The authors constructed a life table model that incorporates a previously reported mortality risk associated with TV time. (bmj.com)
  • The life tables in this spreadsheet are current or period life tables, based on death rates for a short period of time during which mortality has remained much the same. (abs.gov.au)
  • The life time expected healthcare costs for 1988 in the Netherlands were £56 600 for men and £80 900 for women. (bmj.com)
  • The interpretation of life time expected costs is analogous to the interpretation of life expectancy. (bmj.com)
  • If the painting celebrates the shocking transformation convulsing even the ephemera of life, however, it does so not without some pause: the formal arrangement slyly evokes the skull-and-crossbones motif, potentially mourning the passing of a messy, personal, interior space, and warning of a time when such outsized abstractions could flatten a world. (jhu.edu)
  • In Planets on Tables: Poetry, Still Life, and the Turning World , Bonnie Costello picks up the tale of still life explored through lyric poetry in the shadow of the Great Depression and World War II, leading it deftly through the Cold War and into our own time. (jhu.edu)
  • Egg to adult development time of HS on rabbit blood (~52 days) was significantly longer than ECL-05 (~37 days) in every instar, and HS total life span was significantly shorter compared to ECL-05. (mdpi.com)
  • The authors estimate the extent to which TV viewing time reduces life expectancy in Australia, 2008. (bmj.com)
  • The authors modelled impacts of changes in population average TV viewing time on life expectancy at birth. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions TV viewing time may be associated with a loss of life that is comparable to other major chronic disease risk factors such as physical inactivity and obesity. (bmj.com)
  • 9 , 10 However, the impact of TV viewing time on life expectancy has not been quantified. (bmj.com)
  • Because I have not been myself these last few weeks (if not more) and that is no way to kick off a time-of-my-life book tour . (lifeaftercollege.org)
  • Food on the Table Meal Planning Service is an easy meal planning service that combines sales at your local grocery stores with easy, healthy recipes that will save you time and money! (dealectiblemommies.com)
  • This is used, for example in the calculation of health adjusted life expectancy (HALE) by assuming that there is more health utility (sometimes defined by absence of disability) in some periods of life than in others. (statsdirect.com)
  • Seamlessly blending anecdote with life lesson, Don't Sing at the Table tells the two vibrant women's real-life stories--how they fell in love, nurtured their marriages, balanced raising children with being savvy businesswomen, and reinvented themselves with each new decade. (schulerbooks.com)
  • The table therefore most likely represents the rate at which the annual tax payment on the annuity was staggered: a 5% tax was paid on each annual payment received by the legatee until the tax office had received the figure produced by the table. (wikipedia.org)
  • On May 9th, 2009 I made a major announcement about the launch of a newly re-branded podcast called Pursuing A Balanced Life (PABL). (gspn.tv)
  • Although T. vassilievi made only a minor contribution to overall variance in total mortality, it had a significant effect on the number of newly molted adults, the life stage that is most damaging to cereal crops. (eurekamag.com)
  • The Georgia state House of Representatives tabled a state constitutional amendment this Wednesday that would define life as beginning at the moment of fertilization. (feminist.org)
  • These are not the ABS's official life tables and are only used as inputs to ABS population projections. (abs.gov.au)
  • By linking healthcare costs specific for a disease to the life table population, the consequences of having eliminated that disease as a cause of death, as well as of a source of costs, can be estimated. (bmj.com)
  • Both of these types of life tables are created based on an actual population from the present, as well as an educated prediction of the experience of a population in the near future. (wikipedia.org)
  • Static life tables sample individuals assuming a stationary population with overlapping generations. (wikipedia.org)
  • If Ulpian's table is empirical, it would reflect life expectancy of this population, to which it would have been applied. (wikipedia.org)
  • Life table studies of sunn pest were carried out in Varamin, Iran, from 1998-2001 in order to determine stage-specific mortalities and the impact of specific natural enemies on population dynamics. (eurekamag.com)
  • The 4 Times coffee table retails for about $1,611 from French design house Polit . (huffpost.com)
  • D.E. Sellers may save your butt in a bad situation … or at least make you think about when you might need an 'emergency' chair, or, per the follow-up design: table. (dornob.com)
  • Get your copy of our latest coffee table book and discover marvelous makeovers and latest design trends. (decoratingden.com)
  • Inspired by the English architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, this iconic coffee table is a design classic that will look great on any lawn or patio. (waltons.co.uk)
  • who say's you can't design your own table? (improvisedlife.com)
Drink, refreshment, coffee cup, table, still life, | EyeEm
Drink, refreshment, coffee cup, table, still life, | EyeEm (eyeem.com)
Indoors, still life, table, close-up, food and | EyeEm
Indoors, still life, table, close-up, food and | EyeEm (eyeem.com)
Indoors, still life, food and drink, table, food, | EyeEm
Indoors, still life, food and drink, table, food, | EyeEm (eyeem.com)
Indoors, table, still life, large group of objects, | EyeEm
Indoors, table, still life, large group of objects, | EyeEm (eyeem.com)
Table, indoors, still life, food and drink, food, | EyeEm
Table, indoors, still life, food and drink, food, | EyeEm (eyeem.com)
Tom Fairs, A.R.C.A., N.E.A.C. (1925-2007) 
, Still life on a round table 
 | Christie's
Tom Fairs, A.R.C.A., N.E.A.C. (1925-2007) , Still life on a round table | Christie's (christies.com)
Grandmothering life histories and human pair bonding | PNAS
Grandmothering life histories and human pair bonding | PNAS (pnas.org)
March 08, 1919 - Scientific American
March 08, 1919 - Scientific American (scientificamerican.com)
2 Magnitude and Dimensions of Disability in the United States | Disability in America: Toward a National Agenda for Prevention ...
2 Magnitude and Dimensions of Disability in the United States | Disability in America: Toward a National Agenda for Prevention ... (nap.edu)
SONOMA Goods for Life Living Room Tables, Furniture | Kohl's
SONOMA Goods for Life Living Room Tables, Furniture | Kohl's (kohls.com)
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Self-Esteem | Psychology Today South Africa (psychologytoday.com)
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Exposure Is The Key 06/29 by PXCity Radio | Music Podcasts (blogtalkradio.com)
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