Life Cycle Stages: The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.Schistosomatidae: A family of blood flukes of the class Trematoda which is found in animals and man. It Includes the genera Heterobilharzia, Schistosomatium, Schistosoma, Ornithobilharzia, Bilharziella, Trichobilharzia, Pseudobilharzia, and Austrobilharzia.Trypanosoma brucei brucei: A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes nagana in domestic and game animals in Africa. It apparently does not infect humans. It is transmitted by bites of tsetse flies (Glossina).Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.DNA, Helminth: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.Sporozoites: The product of meiotic division of zygotes in parasitic protozoa comprising haploid cells. These infective cells invade the host and undergo asexual reproduction producing MEROZOITES (or other forms) and ultimately gametocytes.RNA, Protozoan: Ribonucleic acid in protozoa having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Cell Cycle: The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.Tsetse Flies: Bloodsucking flies of the genus Glossina, found primarily in equatorial Africa. Several species are intermediate hosts of trypanosomes.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.RNA, Ribosomal, 28S: Constituent of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 28S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Estrous Cycle: The period of cyclic physiological and behavior changes in non-primate female mammals that exhibit ESTRUS. The estrous cycle generally consists of 4 or 5 distinct periods corresponding to the endocrine status (PROESTRUS; ESTRUS; METESTRUS; DIESTRUS; and ANESTRUS).Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Menstrual Cycle: The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.Cell Cycle Proteins: Proteins that control the CELL DIVISION CYCLE. This family of proteins includes a wide variety of classes, including CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES, mitogen-activated kinases, CYCLINS, and PHOSPHOPROTEIN PHOSPHATASES as well as their putative substrates such as chromatin-associated proteins, CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS, and TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS.Mitosis: A type of CELL NUCLEUS division by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of CHROMOSOMES of the somatic cells of the species.DNA, Kinetoplast: DNA of kinetoplasts which are specialized MITOCHONDRIA of trypanosomes and related parasitic protozoa within the order KINETOPLASTIDA. Kinetoplast DNA consists of a complex network of numerous catenated rings of two classes; the first being a large number of small DNA duplex rings, called minicircles, approximately 2000 base pairs in length, and the second being several dozen much larger rings, called maxicircles, approximately 37 kb in length.Estrus: The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.Nuclear Transfer Techniques: Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell.G1 Phase: The period of the CELL CYCLE preceding DNA REPLICATION in S PHASE. Subphases of G1 include "competence" (to respond to growth factors), G1a (entry into G1), G1b (progression), and G1c (assembly). Progression through the G1 subphases is effected by limiting growth factors, nutrients, or inhibitors.Genes, Protozoan: The functional hereditary units of protozoa.Cytokinesis: The process by which the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)S Phase: Phase of the CELL CYCLE following G1 and preceding G2 when the entire DNA content of the nucleus is replicated. It is achieved by bidirectional replication at multiple sites along each chromosome.Life: The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.RNA Interference: A gene silencing phenomenon whereby specific dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) trigger the degradation of homologous mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). The specific dsRNAs are processed into SMALL INTERFERING RNA (siRNA) which serves as a guide for cleavage of the homologous mRNA in the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX. DNA METHYLATION may also be triggered during this process.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.G2 Phase: The period of the CELL CYCLE following DNA synthesis (S PHASE) and preceding M PHASE (cell division phase). The CHROMOSOMES are tetraploid in this point.DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.DNA Replication: The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.Progesterone: The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.Microscopy, Fluorescence: Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Quercus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Sunlight: Irradiation directly from the sun.Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Life Support Care: Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
The RD114/simian type D retrovirus receptor is a neutral amino acid transporter. (1/1132)The RD114/simian type D retroviruses, which include the feline endogenous retrovirus RD114, all strains of simian immunosuppressive type D retroviruses, the avian reticuloendotheliosis group including spleen necrosis virus, and baboon endogenous virus, use a common cell-surface receptor for cell entry. We have used a retroviral cDNA library approach, involving transfer and expression of cDNAs from highly infectable HeLa cells to nonpermissive NIH 3T3 mouse cells, to clone and identify this receptor. The cloned cDNA, denoted RDR, is an allele of the previously cloned neutral amino acid transporter ATB0 (SLC1A5). Both RDR and ATB0 serve as retrovirus receptors and both show specific transport of neutral amino acids. We have localized the receptor by radiation hybrid mapping to a region of about 500-kb pairs on the long arm of human chromosome 19 at q13.3. Infection of cells with RD114/type D retroviruses results in impaired amino acid transport, suggesting a mechanism for virus toxicity and immunosuppression. The identification and functional characterization of this retrovirus receptor provide insight into the retrovirus life cycle and pathogenesis and will be an important tool for optimization of gene therapy using vectors derived from RD114/type D retroviruses. (+info)
Spontaneous heterosis in larval life-history traits of hemiclonal frog hybrids. (2/1132)European water frog hybrids Rana esculenta (Rana ridibunda x Rana lessonae) reproduce hemiclonally, transmitting only their ridibunda genome to gametes. We compared fitness-related larval life-history traits of natural R. esculenta from Poland with those of the two sympatric parental species and of newly generated F1 hybrids. Compared with either parental species, F1 hybrid offspring had higher survival, higher early growth rates, a more advanced developmental stage by day 49, and earlier metamorphosis, but similar mass at metamorphosis. R. esculenta from natural lineages had trait values intermediate between those of F1 offspring and of the two parental species. The data support earlier observations on natural R. esculenta that had faster larval growth, earlier metamorphosis, and higher resistance to hypoxic conditions compared with either parental species. Observing larval heterosis in F1 hybrids in survival, growth rate, and time to metamorphosis, however, at an even higher degree than in hybrids from natural lineages, demonstrates that heterosis is spontaneous and results from hybridity per se rather than from subsequent interclonal selection; in natural lineages the effects of hybridity and of clonal history are confounded. This is compelling evidence for spontaneous heterosis in hybrid clonals. Results on hemiclonal fish hybrids (Poeciliopsis) showed no spontaneous heterosis; thus, our frog data are not applicable to all hybrid clonals. Our data do show, however, that heterosis is an important potential source for the extensively observed ecological success of hybrid clonals. We suggest that heterosis and interclonal selection together shape fitness of natural R. esculenta lineages. (+info)
Evaluation of life-cycle herd efficiency in cow-calf systems of beef production. (3/1132)A deterministic beef efficiency model (BEM) was used to evaluate life-cycle herd efficiency (LCHE) in cow-calf beef production systems using four breed groups of beef cattle. The breed groups were Beef Synthetic #1 (SY1), Beef Synthetic #2 (SY2), Dairy Synthetic (DS), and purebred Hereford (HE). The LCHE was defined over the lifetime of the herd as the ratio of total output (lean meat equivalent) to total input (feed equivalent). Breed differences in LCHE were predicted with the larger/slower maturing DS being most efficient at each age of herd disposal and reproductive rate. This was mainly because, at any average age at culling, the dams of DS breed group were less mature and so had been carrying relatively lower maintenance loads for shorter periods and positively influencing LCHE. Higher LCHE was predicted with improvement in reproductive performance if there were no associated extra costs. However, this declined markedly if there was a delay in marketing of offspring. As average age at culling increased from 4 to 6 yr, efficiency declined sharply, but it began to recover beyond this age in most breed groups. We concluded that the slower maturing DS breed group may be more efficient on a herd basis in cow-calf systems and that improvements in reproductive rate not associated with extra costs improve life-cycle efficiency. Culling cows soon after their replacements are produced seems efficient. (+info)
Population biology of human onchocerciasis. (4/1132)Human onchocerciasis (river blindness) is the filarial infection caused by Onchocerca volvulus and transmitted among people through the bites of the Simulium vector. Some 86 million people around the world are at risk of acquiring the nematode, with 18 million people infected and 600,000 visually impaired, half of them partially or totally blind. 99% of cases occur in tropical Africa; scattered foci exist in Latin America. Until recently control programmes, in operation since 1975, have consisted of antivectorial measures. With the introduction of ivermectin in 1988, safe and effective chemotherapy is now available. With the original Onchocerciasis Control Programme of West Africa coming to an end, both the new African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control and the Onchocerciasis Elimination Programme for the Americas, rely heavily on ivermectin self-sustained mass delivery. In consequence, the need for understanding the processes regulating parasite abundance in human and simuliid populations is of utmost importance. We present a simple mathematical framework built around recent analyses of exposure- and density-dependent processes operating, respectively, within the human and vector hosts. An expression for the basic reproductive ratio, R0, is derived and related to the minimum vector density required for parasite persistence in localities of West Africa in general and northern Cameroon in particular. Model outputs suggest that constraints acting against parasite establishment in both humans and vectors are necessary to reproduce field observations, but those in humans may not fully protect against reinfection. Analyses of host age-profiles of infection prevalence, intensity, and aggregation for increasing levels of endemicity and intensity of transmission in the Vina valley of northern Cameroon are in agreement with these results and discussed in light of novel work on onchocerciasis immunology. (+info)
Infection status of dragonflies with Plagiorchis muris metacercariae in Korea. (5/1132)Plagiorchis muris has been found in both house and field rats as well as in humans. The infection status of the second intermediate hosts of P. muris is prerequisite in understanding their biological features in an ecosystem. Six species of dragonflies were caught in a wide range of areas in Korea; and they were Sympetrum darwinianum, S. eroticum, S. pedomontanum, S. infuscatum, Pantala flavoscens, Calopteryx atrata, and Orthetrum albistylum speciosum. The occurrence of P. muris metacercariae in dragonflies was nationwide with various infection rates. The metacercarial burden of P. muris in the surveyed areas was the highest in S. eroticum followed by S. darwinianum, S. pedomontanum, and C. atrata. The highest infection rate by P. muris metacercariae was found in S. darwinianum followed by S. eroticum. The metacercarial burden was particularly heavy in the dragonflies found in Hamyang-gun and Kosong-gun, Kyongsangnam-do. It is, therefore, likely that dragonflies play a significant role as the second intermediate host in the life cycle of P. muris in Korea. (+info)
The effect of Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis infection on the feeding persistence of Anopheles stephensi Liston throughout the sporogonic cycle. (6/1132)Vector-borne parasites such as malaria have been shown to modify the feeding behaviour of their invertebrate hosts so as to increase the probability of transmission. However, evolutionary consideration of developmental changes in malaria within Anopheles mosquitoes suggests that the nature of altered feeding by mosquitoes should differ depending on the developmental stage of the parasite. We present laboratory evidence that the feeding persistence of female Anopheles stephensi towards a human host is decreased in the presence of Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis oocysts (which cannot be transmitted), but increased when the malaria has developed into transmissible sporozoites in the salivary glands. In ten-minute trials, 33% of uninfected mosquitoes gave up their feeding attempt before the test period had ended, 53% of those harbouring oocysts had given up, but only 20% of those infected with sporozoites gave up by this time. We conclude that changes in feeding behaviour of mosquitoes mediated by parasite infection are sensitive to the developmental stage of the parasite and that these changes have important implications for malaria epidemiology. (+info)
Stage-specific expression of a Schistosoma mansoni polypeptide similar to the vertebrate regulatory protein stathmin. (7/1132)The ubiquitous vertebrate protein stathmin is expressed and phosphorylated in response to a variety of external and internal signals. Stathmin, in turn, controls cell growth and differentiation through its capacity to regulate microtubule assembly dynamics. This is the first report on the molecular cloning and characterization of a stathmin-like protein (SmSLP) in an invertebrate, the human blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni. SmSLP is first synthesized at high levels in the intermediate molluscan host and completely disappears 48 h after penetration into the mammalian host. The protein is preferentially iodinated in intact immature parasites using the Bolton-Hunter reagent, can be quantitatively extracted in high salt buffers, and remains soluble after boiling. Native SmSLP was partially sequenced, and its complete structure was derived from the cloning and sequencing of its cDNA. The sequence is up to 26% identical to vertebrate stathmin sequences and contains two potential phosphorylation sites. Native SmSLP is indeed phosphorylated because phosphatase digestion shifts its mobility in electrofocusing gels. SmSLP associates with tubulin, as suggested by immune co-precipitation results. In vitro experiments demonstrated that SmSLP inhibits tubulin assembly and causes the depolymerization of preassembled microtubules, thus probably fulfilling regulatory roles in critical steps of schistosome development. (+info)
Biology of Triatoma pallidipennis stal 1945 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae:Triatominae) under laboratory conditions. (8/1132)Aspects related to hatching, life time, mortality, feeding behaviour and fecundity for each stage of Triatoma pallidipennis life-cycle were evaluated. The hatching rate observed for 200 eggs was 60% and the average time of hatching was 18 days. Eighty nymphs (N) (40%) completed the cycle and the average time from NI to adult was 168. 7+/-11.7days. The average span in days for each stage was 18.0 for NI, 18.5 for NII, 30.0 for NIII, 35.7 for NIV and 50.1 for NV. The number of bloodmeals at each nymphal stage varied from 1 to 5. The mortality rate was 9.17 for NI, 5.5 for NII, 6.8 for NIII 4.17 for NIV and 13.04 for NV nymphs. The average number of eggs laid per female in a 9-month period was 498.6. The survival rates of adults were 357+/-217.9 and 262.53+/-167.7 for males and females respectively. (+info)
Food requirements during different life stages. - GCSE Design & Technology - Marked by Teachers.com
Introduction. Food requirements during different life stages Babys 0 to 6 months In the first year of a babys life they will grow more than in any other year of their life, growing in length by 50 percent and weight by 300 percent. Breast milk commonly supplies a baby with the required amounts of nutrients, fluids and energy until about 6 months of age. Breast milk is preferred to formula as it contains many protective and immunological factors not found in formulas that benefit the babys growth and development. Solid foods should be introduced at approximately 6 months of age, but depending on cultural beliefs and/or practices may change this. Wheat based cereal should be the first solid to be introduced, to reduce the risk of allergy to wheat. Fruit and vegetables should be introduced after the cereals, these are important for vitamin and mineral content and to introduce different tastes and textures of foods. ...read more. Middle. Adolescents Proper nutrition during the adolescent years is ...
parasites | MalariaWorld
This study reports the development and application of the piggyBac transposition system for the rodent malaria parasite P. berghei and the evaluation of its potential as a tool in forward genetic studies. P. berghei is the most frequently used malaria parasite model in gene function analysis since phenotype screens throughout the complete Plasmodium life cycle are possible both in vitro and in vivo.. ...
At this point, it would be appropriate to consider a few aspects of parasitism. In some parasitic relationships, the host organism is minimally harmed. How many times can a person be bitten by mosquitos before they die? Similarly, Plasmodium does not consume its host immediately, although, if left untreated, malaria can kill a human in a relatively short period of time. For what reason do most parasites only weaken or very slowly kill their host? The answer should be apparent by thinking of the complexities of the Plasmodium life cycle outlined above. If infected humans were to die before other mosquitos had taken in a blood meal loaded with gametocytes, the parasite would quickly become extinct. In this case, the parasite has adapted to killing its host relatively slowly and only incidentally. After all, wouldnt it be better for the parasite if the host could live indefinitely? Parasitism, like all symbiotic interactions, demonstrates the complex nature of the biosphere. As humans we tend to ...
Developing life-cycle phases for the DoDAF using ISO15704 Annex A (GERAM)
This paper presents a development of the US Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) based on life-cycle concept of the Generalized Enterprise Reference Architecture and Methodology (GERAM) framework/ISO 15704:2000 requirements. Previous research has identified areas of concern within DoDAF by analyzing and evaluating DoDAF against GERAM and potentially assisting in its future development. This paper aims to extend existing architecture description process and artifacts within DoDAF that match the scope of the GERAM life-cycle phases. For this development we use life-cycle aspect of three well-known reference architectures (including PERA, CIMOSA, and GRAI-GIM) that were the basis in formation of GERAM.. ...
Oracle Event Processing Metadata Annotation Reference
Venera & Amberfin co-operate on File-based Quality Control | Venera Technologies
First launched two years ago, UQC still represents a unique approach to file-based media quality control since it combines multiple tools for baseband checks during tape ingest, file-based QC after ingest, and overall operator-controlled QC, including annotation and mark-up. Already incorporating most of the markets established third-party QC solutions, the addition of Pulsar is strategically important since it completes the set of major QC analysis tool vendors.. This evolutionary development will make AmberFin iCR unique in its capability to provide customers with use of the right QC tool at the right part of their workflows. Once they have done this, they can aggregate the results from all the lifecycle stages in a single interface giving an insight into the way the facilities processes are improving the media they process.. "The media industry has accepted the need to automate workflows to keep pace with changing technologies and user behaviour, and QC operations remain a crucial part of ...
MedTorque Inc. - Covering the specialized field of orthopedic product development and manufacturing
PROJECT LIFE-CYCLE - ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS - ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
Additives - Solvents
Life-cycle analysis is a technique used to quantify the environmental impact of products during their entire life cycle. The different parts of the life cycle are examined from raw material extraction, manufacture, transport and use through to waste processing. For each stage, an inventory is made of the energy and material consumption and of any emissions to the environment. This makes it possible to identify components where improvement can be made to benefit the environment ...
P2- Explain the Potential Effects of Five Different Life Factors on the Development of an Individual. College Essay
balancing life: March 2007
I heard of the research itself some three years ago, when the research group published an interesting paper in Nature. Now, for those of you unfamiliar with malaria, the disease is caused by a parasitic protozoan called plasmodium. The disease is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes, which have simplistically described as the "insect vector" for the parasite. In reality, the plasmodium is a parasite of both humans and mosquitoes (and the mosquito is a parasite of humans), and needs both in order to go through its full developmental cycle. In mosquitoes, the parasite (in a specific life cycle stage) needs to go through two epithelial regions of the salivary gland and the midgut, and only then can it complete its development. Now, researchers had identified a small peptide, called SM1 that bound these two epithelial regions, and inhibited the crossing of this region by the malarial parasite. After doing some rather challenging experiments, they were able to now genetically engineer mosquitoes that ...
Ajuste de la fuerza de infección del dengue
Conclusions. The force of infection increases over time, that is, the rate of new cases increases, which proves the need for prevention among inhabitants of high-risk areas through the use of metallic fabrics, mosquito nets, repellents, appropriate clothing, among other measures. Chemical control against the vector, such as larvicides and adulticides, as well as the elimination of breeding places to interrupt their life cycle are strongly advised. ...
S-8337ABFC-T8T1 datasheet - Specifications: Configuration / Function: SINGLE ; Package
S-8337ABFC-T8T1 Specifications: Configuration / Function: SINGLE ; Package Type: Other, LEAD FREE, SON-8 ; Life Cycle Stage: ACTIVE ; IOUT: 0.1600 amps ; VIN: 3.3 volts ; fsw: 1246 kHz ; Operating Temperature: -40 to 85 C (-40 . STEP-UP, 1.2 MHz HIGH-FREQUENCY, PWM CONTROL SWITCHING REGULATOR CONTROLLER. The S-8337/8338 Series is a CMOS step-up switching regulator which mainly consists of a reference
S-8338ABFC-T8T1 datasheet - Specifications: Configuration / Function: SINGLE ; Package
S-8338ABFC-T8T1 Specifications: Configuration / Function: SINGLE ; Package Type: Other, LEAD FREE, SON-8 ; Life Cycle Stage: ACTIVE ; IOUT: 0.1600 amps ; VIN: 3.3 volts ; fsw: 1246 kHz ; Operating Temperature: -40 to 85 C (-40 . STEP-UP, 1.2 MHz HIGH-FREQUENCY, PWM CONTROL SWITCHING REGULATOR CONTROLLER. The S-8337/8338 Series is a CMOS step-up switching regulator which mainly consists of a reference
CiteSeerX - Citation Query Buffer-Stock Saving and the Life-Cycle/Permanent Income Hypothesis.
Avhandlingar.se: LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT LCA
Product Support Lifecycle | Micro Focus
Product Support Lifecycle | Micro Focus
SmartStream reduce front office risk by introducing real-time cash management - SmartStream Transaction Lifecycle Management ...
SmartStream, the financial Transaction Lifecycle Management (TLM) specialist, today announced the launch of its new TLM Cash Management module for the front-office, which will provide a global real-time view of cash positions across all settlement channels by trading business line, portfolio, book and product.
Rational Collaborative Lifecycle Management - Resources - India
ORBi: Browsing ORBi
Doctoral thesis (2015). Analytical method lifecycle is composed of several steps, but always starts with a question defining the problem. Analytical method performances are consequently specified by the analyst trough the ... [more ▼]. Analytical method lifecycle is composed of several steps, but always starts with a question defining the problem. Analytical method performances are consequently specified by the analyst trough the definition of the "Analytical Target Profile (ATP)", as proposed by the regulatory bodies. Subsequent steps (namely the development and validation steps) then take place, followed by routine use of the analytical procedure. In the specific context of the pharmaceutical industry, regulatory authorities have recently imposed the assessment and management of risk throughout the entire product lifecycle. This includes the analytical procedure and consequently its own lifecycle. Working in this context, our concerns were initially focused on the validation step of the ...
Rational Collaborative Lifecycle Management - Overview - United States
DevOps - Application Lifecycle Management - | pt-BR - 1073 - 64305
Product lifecycle management solution
Own the Lifecycle: Sustainable Business Transformation | Aras | Enterprise PLM Software
Managed Mobile Lifecycle Management - Fujitsu Sweden
AnchorPoint Sponsored Aberdeen Group Report Addresses Telecom Lifecycle ... ( Telecom Expe...)
Health, ... Telecom Expense Management Identified as Precursor to Network Inve...(PRWEB) February 16 2010 -- Aberdeen Group a Harte-Hanks Company has...,AnchorPoint,Sponsored,Aberdeen,Group,Report,Addresses,Telecom,Lifecycle,Management,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
12 Crazy Parasite Life Cycles That Are Truly Bizarre
Description. The objective of this subject is to teach the design of contemporary information systems for biological and medical data. These data are growing at a prodigious rate, and new information systems are required. This subject will cover examples from biology and medicine to illustrate complete life cycle information systems, beginning with data acquisition, following to data storage and finally to retrieval and analysis. Design of appropriate databases, client-server strategies, data interchange protocols, and computational modeling architectures will be covered. Students are expected to have some familiarity with scientific application software and a basic understanding of at least one contemporary programming language (C, C++, Java®, Lisp, Perl, Python, etc.). A major term project ...
The Guidelines About The Pregnancy Miracle Review - Gedeb.Us Company
There are lots of things that could be causing your overall problems with conceiving. For starters, if not visit a physician to make sure that there arent any medical conditions which can be causing difficulties, or physical obstructions in your reproductive program which can be set.. Nevertheless, lots of women nowadays are consumed with stress : simply by existence, by their own jobs, by their relationships together with mother and father, by their particular worries from the inability to get pregnant. Actually, one sort of stress your work can result in a lot more stress should you commence quarrelling with your spouse…which could remain from getting pregnant…which can cause more anxiety as you are usually unsatisfied you arent getting pregnant. In case you are not cautious, stress may become a downward spiral that has an effect on your complete life.. Many the inability to conceive remedy manuals available discuss unique diet programs or perhaps vitamin supplements that will ...
What Makes Life Enhancement Different? | Life Enhancement Products
Control-based life-cycle forecasting - IEEE Journals & Magazine
Missing link between microbes and complex life
Estimates of a Human Capital Production Function Embedded in a Life-Cycle Model of Labor Supply
Unravelling the Mysteries of Complex Life - Rangea in 3-D
Differential expression of IMC1b. A, RT-PCR analysis of | Open-i
eBook: Challenges in PLM for Enterprise Organizations | Aras | Enterprise PLM Software
Product lifecycle management (PLM) is a core requirement for modern product development, particularly as organizations face increasing product complexity and shorter product lifecycles.. PLM is also the key integration point for advanced product development technology such as application lifecycle management (ALM) and Internet of Things (IoT) data, and enables traceability required for Digital Thread and Digital Twin.. An organizations ability to innovate and pursue Digital Transformation is therefore significantly dictated by the level of PLM functionality and maturity across the organization.. ...
Product Life Cycle: Prius Hybrid
Life Cycle Management
Journalbeat command reference | Journalbeat Reference [7.9] | Elastic
The index template ensures that fields are mapped correctly in Elasticsearch. If index lifecycle management is enabled it also ensures that the defined ILM policy and write alias are connected to the indices matching the index template. The ILM policy takes care of the lifecycle of an index, when to do a rollover, when to move an index from the hot phase to the next phase, etc ...
Business Analyst | A way to manage Risks in Requirement Management Lifecycle Risk Champions
Complete IT Asset Lifecycle Management Best Practices
Taking a Quality Lifecycle Approach to Avoid Product Pains | IndustryWeek
The Human Growth Associated With Each Lifecycle Group | Bartleby
Quality of life. - Page 4 - British Expats
The relevance of timing of illness and death events in the household life cycle for coping outcomes in rural Uganda in the era...
Introduction Predicting the households ability to cope with adult illness and death can be complicated in low-income countries with high HIV prevalence and multiple other stressors and shocks. This study explored the link between stage of the household in the life cycle and the households capacity to cope with illness and death of adults in rural Uganda. Methods Interviews focusing on life histories were combined with observations during monthly visits to 22 households throughout 2009, and recorded livelihood activities and responses to illness and death events. For the analysis, households were categorised into three life cycle stages (Young, Middle-aged and Old) and the ability to cope and adapt to recorded events of prolonged illness or death was assessed. Results In 16 of the 26 recorded events, a coping or struggling outcome was found to be related to household life cycle stage. Young households usually had many dependants too young to contribute significantly to livelihoods, so ...
Glossary - Compass Blog
Our foundational structure of startup assessment is the startup lifecycle. Understanding where a startup is in their lifecycle allows us to assess their progress. The startup lifecycle is made of 6 stages of development, where each stage is made up of levels of substages. This creates a directed tree structure and allows for more granular assessment by being able to pinpoint the main drivers of progress at each stage. These stages make up the Startup Lifecycle. However, in this report only the top level stages are discussed. Our first four top-level stages are based loosely on Steve Blanks 4 Steps to the Epiphany, but one key difference is that the Startup Lifecycle Stages are product centric rather than company centric.. Virality vs. Network effects. Many startups misunderstand network effects-self-reporting they had network effects when they didnt. To clarify network effects are when the value to a user increases when other users join. If the product has network effects it should have little ...
Wiley: Pharmaceutical Lifecycle Management: Making the Most of Each and Every Brand - Tony Ellery, Neal Hansen
Acknowledgments xvii. Introduction xix. PART A Lifecycle Management Business Environment 1. 1. Challenges Facing the Branded Drug Industry 3. 1.1 Depleted NME Pipelines/Lower R&D Efficiency 4. 1.2 Higher Development Costs 8. 1.3 Safety Concerns 9. 1.4 Tougher Environment for Pricing, Reimbursement, and Listing 12. 1.5 Increased Competition 16. 1.6 Earlier Genericization 17. 1.7 Faster Sales Erosion Following Patent Expiry 18. 1.8 Poor Image of Branded Drug Industry 20. 1.9 Diversification 26. 2. The Life Cycle of Industries, Technologies, and Brands 30. 2.1 Diffusion of Innovations 30. 2.2 The Lifecycle Curve 32. 2.3 Lifecycle Phases 34. 3. The Life Cycle of a Pharmaceutical Brand 38. 3.1 Lifecycle Curve of Pharmaceuticals 41. 3.2 Factors Affecting Rate of Conversion to Generics 44. 3.3 The Life Cycle of a Pharmaceutical Brand 46. PART B Lifecycle Management Regulatory and Legal Environment 55. 4. The Generic Approval Process 57. 4.1 United States 57. 4.2 Europe 59. 4.3 Japan 61. 5. Hatch-Waxman ...
How to Feed Dogs in Different Life Stages (Based on Science)
As dogs reach their older years, their nutritional needs change. Older pets are more prone to a variety of different ailments, including kidney dysfunction, arthritis and cognitive changes, to name a few (18, 19, 20, 21).. Different breeds of dogs reach senior status at different times, and the timing for switching to a senior formula will vary. Large and giant breeds will reach their senior years much more quickly than smaller toy breeds (22).. For example, many veterinarians will consider a six to seven year old Great Dane a senior, but likely wouldnt classify a Chihuahua as a senior until she reaches closer to nine or ten years of age.. The AAFCO doesnt recognize the term "Senior" diet, therefore, there is no standard or requirement for companies how to label dog food for senior dogs. Most diets labeled for seniors will vary widely (23). In addition, there is little research that has outlined the optimal nutrient profile for older pets. Thus many companies define their own idea of ...
Parasitic life cycle - Wikipedia
Parasitic life cycles occur in a variety of forms, all involving the exploitation of one or more hosts. Those that must infect more than one host species to complete their life cycles are said to have complex or indirect life cycles, while those that infect a single species have direct life cycles. If a parasite has to infect a given host in order to complete its life cycle, then it is said to be an obligate parasite of that host; sometimes, infection is facultative-the parasite can survive and complete its life cycle without infecting that particular host species. Parasites sometimes infect hosts in which they cannot complete their life cycles; these are accidental hosts. A host in which parasites reproduce sexually is known as the definitive, final or primary host. In intermediate hosts, parasites either do not reproduce or do so asexually, but the parasite always develops to a new stage in this type of host. In some cases a parasite will infect a host, but not undergo any development, these ...
Product life cycle process - Flowchart | Project management life cycle - Flowchart | Invoice lifecycle | Life Cycle Flowchart
Product life cycle is a business analysis that attempts to identify a set of common stages in the life of commercial products. In other words the Product Life cycle PLC is used to map the lifespan of the product such as the stages through which a product goes during its lifespan. ... |br|The stages of a products life cycle... : |br|1. INTRODUCTION... 2. GROWTH... 3. MATURITY... 4. DECLINE... |br|The product life cycle is an important concept in marketing. It includes four stages that a product goes through from when it was first thought of until it is eliminated from the industry. Not all products reach this final stage. Some continue to grow and others rise and fall. [Product lifecycle. Wikipedia] |br|The flow chart example Product life cycle process was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Flowcharts solution from the area What is a Diagram of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Life Cycle Flowchart
Life cycle and phenotypic evolution | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
Life cycle strategies have evolved extensively throughout the history of metazoans. The expression of disparate life stages within a single ontogeny can present conflicts to trait evolution, and therefore may have played a major role in shaping metazoan forms. However, few studies have examined the consequences of adding or subtracting life stages on patterns of trait evolution. By analysing trait evolution in a clade of closely related salamander lineages we show that shifts in the number of life cycle stages are associated with rapid phenotypic evolution. Specifically, salamanders with an aquatic-only (paedomorphic) life cycle have frequently added vertebrae to their trunk skeleton compared with closely related lineages with a complex aquatic-to-terrestrial (biphasic) life cycle. The rate of vertebral column evolution is also substantially lower in biphasic lineages, which may reflect the functional compromise of a complex cycle. This study demonstrates that the consequences of life cycle ...
Characterisation of natural immune responses to fal vac-l of plasmodium falciparumin children and adults from a holoendemic...
Previous studies indicate that FAL VAC-1, a recombinant multistage and multicomponent Plasmodium falciparum candidate vaccine containing 12 B cell and 9 T cell epitopes from 9 different antigens of different life cycle stages is immunogenic in animal models and that FAL VAC-1-induced antibodies produced significant antiparasite activities against both sporozoite and blood stages of the parasite. In preparation for vaccine trials in humans, a community based cross-sectional study in a malaria holoendemic area of western Kenya was conducted during April-August 1999, to characterise in vitro natural humoral and cellular immune responses to this candidate vaccine and their association with clinical protection against malaria in young children , 2 years old (N= 180) and their non-pregnant mothers aged 15-48 years (N=139). FAL VAC-1 antigen was used in antibody measurement by ELISA and in lymphoproliferative experiments. Prevalence and level of antibodies were significantly higher in adults than in ...
Balanced Diet according to life stages - GCSE Health and Social Care - Marked by Teachers.com
Introduction. P1/D1: Identify/Describe/Explain how the components of a balanced diet vary according to the life stages of individuals. The nutritional needs of the human body change at different life stages. To maintain a good health, its essential to complete the needs placed on your body by these changes. To meet your bodys expected nutritional needs, you should have a mixed diet that focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, greens, dairy foods and lean meats can perform these vital needs. Infancy (0-3 Years) When babies are born, they usually increase their length by 50% and weight by 300% between birth and one year into life. In the first 0-6 months, the only form of food that a baby can get all its nutrients from - is their mothers breast milk. A mothers breast milk provides just the right blend of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, and calories and also contains enzymes to aid digestion and minerals, such as calcium and iron, in a form in which a babys body can almost ...
SICB - 2012 meeting - Abstract Details
Energy is the currency of life, where a surplus allows survival and reproduction and a long-standing debt leads to death; yet monitoring of energy expenditures in free-living animals has been relatively limited by available technology. Radio transmitters that have been specially modified to detect heart rate, however, allow for real-time estimation of energy expense in free-living, behaving animals. Red crossbills live at northern latitudes year-round and breed opportunistically throughout much of the year. They therefore offer a unique opportunity to examine the eco-physiology of different life cycle stages under drastically variable seasonal conditions. Here we present heart rate data, corticosterone levels and behavioral ecology of free-living, non-breeding red crossbills in the summer and winter, as well as molting red crossbills in the autumn. We discuss these variables in the context of red crossbills unique opportunistic and nomadic annual schedules and the highly seasonal conditions of ...
The use of advanced mass spectrometry to dissect the life-cycle of photosystem II (Journal Article) | DOE PAGES
Photosystem II (PSII) is a photosynthetic membrane-protein complex that undergoes an intricate, tightly regulated cycle of assembly, damage, and repair. The available crystal structures of cyanobacterial PSII are an essential foundation for understanding PSII function, but nonetheless provide a snapshot only of the active complex. To study aspects of the entire PSII life-cycle, mass spectrometry (MS) has emerged as a powerful tool that can be used in conjunction with biochemical techniques. In this article, we present the MS-based approaches that are used to study PSII composition, dynamics, and structure, and review the information about the PSII life-cycle that has been gained by these methods. This information includes the composition of PSII subcomplexes, discovery of accessory PSII proteins, identification of post-translational modifications and quantification of their changes under various conditions, determination of the binding site of proteins not observed in PSII crystal structures, ...
Overview of Course Modules | Discovering the Genome
The Browsing Genomes module uses the parasite Toxoplasma as an example to show how anyone who has internet access can use experimental results from scientists. Making data publicly available through databases like ToxoDB helps science move forward much more quickly than what would be possible without them. Like libraries, databases store and organize information in a structured way that allows users to find and use existing information as well as contribute new research findings for others to use. Browsing Genomes gives you a tour of the ToxoDB database and a tool to explore its genome-related information. Then, it leads you through an activity using real data from an experiment that studied gene expression in different life stages of the Toxoplasma parasite ...
Putative DHHC-Cysteine-Rich Domain S-Acyltransferase in Plants | LJMU Research Online
Protein S-acyltransferases (PATs) containing Asp-His-His-Cys within a Cys-rich domain (DHHC-CRD) are polytopic transmembrane proteins that are found in eukaryotic cells and mediate the S-acylation of target proteins. S-acylation is an important secondary and reversible modification that regulates the membrane association, trafficking and function of target proteins. However, little is known about the characteristics of PATs in plants. Here, we identified 804 PATs from 31 species with complete genomes. The analysis of the phylogenetic relationships suggested that all of the PATs fell into 8 groups. In addition, we analysed the phylogeny, genomic organization, chromosome localisation and expression pattern of PATs in Arabidopsis, Oryza sative, Zea mays and Glycine max. The microarray data revealed that PATs genes were expressed in different tissues and during different life stages. The preferential expression of the ZmPATs in specific tissues and the response of Zea mays to treatments with ...
Download The Persona Lifecycle: Keeping People In Mind Throughout Product Design 2006
download The Persona Lifecycle: Keeping People in Mind for Efficient Design and Implementation of Dual-Labeled AgentsThe firm of NIRF measurements to receive broad villain sessions and make acoustical event delivers small for the application and leading-edge of ingenious download plays. thesis lack in company made to ICG. download The Persona Lifecycle: Keeping People in Mind diverse s trained so Included by our doctor and images, and found solid nuclear languages with a West meaning in lunatic left to ICG.
TORC4 in a Parasite's Life Cycle | Science Signaling
Whereas most eukaryotes have only one or two genes encoding the kinase target of rapamycin (TOR), Trypanosoma and the related human pathogenic parasite Leishmania have four. TOR forms two functionally distinct complexes, TORC1 and TORC2. Barquilla et al. identified a third TOR complex, TbTORC4, containing the kinase TbTOR4, TbLST8 (a component common to all known TOR complexes), and TbArmtor (T. brucei Armadillo-containing TOR-interacting protein), a protein with an Armadillo domain that is unique to this TOR complex. During the Trypanosoma life cycle, the parasite is transferred from the mammalian host to the tsetse fly, which requires different forms of the parasite. In the mammalian host, bloodborne Trypanosoma differentiate from the slender proliferating form to a cell cycle-arrested "stumpy" form, which can survive and subsequently differentiate into a proliferative form in the insect. Trypanosomes isolated from the bloodstream of infected mice and in which TbTOR4 or TbArmtor was knocked ...
7.2.1 Timing of reproduction | Plants in Action
A Baseline Life-Cycle Assessment for Hydrokinetic Energy Extraction | Energy Vulture
Miller et al. (2011) used life-cycle assessment methods to evaluate environmental impacts of hydrokinetic energy extraction (HEE), which have not previously been quantified. The authors established a baseline methodology for doing so, and compared their LCA findings for HEE with other energy systems across a variety of environmental indicators. HEE is considered an environmentally benign…
Analysis within the Systems Development Life-Cycle | 9780080341026 | VitalSource
9780198758129: One Plus One Equals One: Symbiosis and the evolution of complex life - IberLibro - John Archibald: 019875812X
Complex life evolved 1bn years earlier than thought, study claims from fossil find - RT World News
Lifecycle perspectives on product data management
Implementing a new IT system often requires the enterprise to transform in order to maximally leverage the capabilities generated by the new system. The challenge in using IT as an enabler to change arises from the need to synergistically redesign processes, develop and implement a solution using internal talent and external suppliers, and establish adoption by users. Product Data Management (PDM) technology represents a substantial portion of large industry IT investment over the last decade. The ability to manage and deliver product data throughout the lifecycle has become increasingly important to the aerospace enterprise as products become more complex, cost and development cycles shorten, and customer, partner, and supplier relationships evolve. Currently, the aerospace community does not have capability to provide traceability from requirements and design through field maintenance. While initially an attempt to understand the application of PDM in product development, what emerged was a ...
Lifecycle Assessment of Structures and Probabilistic Performance Approaches: Engineering Book Chapter | IGI Global
Empirix Hammer Test System Certified for HP Application Lifecycle Management and HP Quality Center | Business Wire
IBM support - Software lifecycle - Lotus Workforce Management 1.0.X
IBM support - Software lifecycle - DB2 Automation Tool for z/OS 4.1.0
Emissions Inventory Lifecycle - Aether
TCLTX TIAA-CREF Lifecycle 2020 Retirement Fund TCLTX Quote Price News
Mitochondrial translation is esse... preview & related info | Mendeley
Dr Barbara J Downes (@ the University of Melbourne) | Ecologist researching species coexistence and population dynamics in...
We investigate patterns of species diversity in rivers and streams. Most aquatic species have complex life cycles and we are investigating which stages are the most vulnerable to environmental change, both natural and human-caused. It means we can better understand how to restore environments degraded by human beings.
What Is Flavonoid? - Best Supplements - How To Reduce Stress Naturally
What is Flavanoid? Are you looking for the best flavonoid supplements? Can Flavanoid help with stress management?. Stress is everywhere we go and that is why its important to do everything we can to manage stress and relax. Stress is the silent killer that does not only destroy peace, joy, but can do even more damage to your life and badly impact your relationships, well-being, and health.. Everybody knows how important is our health if we want to live happy and complete life enjoying beautiful things and doing amazing changes in the world. We all are capable of doing great things in this life and positively change the world around us. We only need to relax and reduce stress in every possible way we can.. ...
MYSAN Yoga Sanctuary | Yoga Teachers & Yoga Studio Kincumber NSW | NaturalTherapyPages.com.au
Life cycles | Pearltrees
Supernus Announces Positive Phase IIb Results on SPN-810 and Decision to Advance to Late Stage Development | Benzinga
Minimum life cycle costs: Innovative metering pump with diaphragm monitoring helps to prevent production losses
Hermetically sealed pump head is suitable for any type of chemicals Operators have to meet strict safety and environmental regulations and at the same time ensure that the requirements of the corresponding processes are met when metering chemicals. This includes a high metering accuracy as well as the possibility of a customized configuration and highest possible flexibility in use. Since the expenses for unexpected operation downtimes make up on average 70 percent of the life cycle costs of a pump, it is important to make sure during the selection process that the pump is built reliably and robustly to ensure high availability. The LEWA ecosmart is a hermetically sealed, versatile diaphragm metering pump, which particularly stands out thanks to its low life cycle costs, the result of low maintenance efforts.
The kendo lifecycle - kenshi 24/7
a.k.a.Kendo and you: what it means and how you approach it at various points in your life). I started kendo at the comparatively late age of 19 (Im 35 now) and, with only 16 years of practise under my belt, I can say with no false humility that my experience is pretty shallow… considering that many of my sempai and sensei have over 50 years of experience. During these 16 years the way that I have approached kendo - what it is and why I do it - has changed drastically. Part of that is, of course, simply because I have gotten older, and part of it is because of my current kendo situation: I am not only surrounded by highly experienced instructors (some of whom are professional kendo teachers) but I have also become - mostly through chance, but partially through design - a (high school) kendo teacher myself. I consider myself to be very lucky.. As my aim for practising has changed, so has my approach to kendo… not just in the way I swing my shinai, but how I aim to interact with my students, ...
SOLIDWORKS Simulation Support | Support | SOLIDWORKS
Hotfixes address business-critical issues that typically affect a small number of users and are distributed upon request. They are created only for the most recent SP of releases that are within their Hotfix End Date as defined in the Product Support Lifecycle below. They are only considered for the most recent SP of a release.. Product Support Lifecycle. ...
Health & Wellbeing Products : Life Stages Powder
END LIFE STAGE OF CIRRHOSIS - Grief & Loss - MedHelp
Positioning stages are compact, low cost and adaptable
The Trauma Half Life
Theres a whiplash feeling that catches you like a lasso when youre living a very different life than the one you were prepared for. I have that at least weekly, still. I have realized that we each contain multitudes. That we arent just one person. But people who werent allowed to freely develop have more…
The Alien Life Cycle (Apocalypse) - UFOpaedia
Official Entry: "It is clear that the Alien life cycle is an extremely rapid sequence of changes. The eggs always develop into Multiworms which then give birth to Hyperworms which form a Chrysalis. At this stage the genetic variation produces a variety of Alien types which develop inside the Chrysalis. The whole process from the egg hatching to emergence from the Chrysalis only seems to take about ten days, provided that there is an adequate supply of food. Fortunately these life forms do not survive very well in our world and it is unclear how an invasion could be successful." ...
Collaborations - Davies Lab
Cell-free membrane remodeling guided by DNA nano-templates - Chenxiang Lin
Base Chemical | Yokogawa United Kingdom Ltd.
Yokogawa has been serving the bulk chemical market globally and is the recognized leader in this market. With products, solutions, and industry expertise, Yokogawa understands your market and production needs and will work with you to provide a reliable, and cost effective solution through the lifecycle of your plant. | Yokogawa United Kingdom Ltd.
Windows 7 Application Readiness Solution | Dr Dobb's
Take your solution from idea to market
Take your solution from idea to market
Life cycle. Larval and pupal stages. Red admiral larvae measure approximately 1 inch (2.5 cm) in length. Their ... a b "Vanessa Fabricius, 1807" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms ... Adult stage. The red admiral is identified by its striking black, orange, and white wing pattern. On the dorsal side, its ... The effects of temperature in the pupal stage on the colouring of Pieris napi, Vanessa atalanta, Chrysophanus phlœas, and ...
By life cycle stage. Another option is to classify selection by the life cycle stage at which it acts. Some biologists ... Different types of selection act at each life cycle stage of a sexually reproducing organism. ... by the life cycle stage where it acts, by the unit of selection, or by the resource being competed for. ... Others split the life cycle into further components of selection. Thus viability and survival selection may be defined ...
Beginning of pregnancy controversy
"Stages of Development: Pregnancy".. *^ Nathanson, Bernard N.; Ostling, Richard N. (1979). Aborting America. Life Cycle Books. ... "Pro-Life America - Facts on Abortion. prolife.com. Archived from the original on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-25.. ... Biggers, J., "Ambiguity of the Word Conception: Implications if S. 158 is Enacted", The Human Life Bill Appendix, Hearings ... "Pharmacists for Life, Intl. Retrieved 2007-01-01.. Cite journal requires ,journal=. (help). ...
1 Life cycle *1.1 Developing stage. *1.2 Mature stage. *1.3 Dissipating stage ... Developing stage. The first stage of a thunderstorm is the cumulus stage or developing stage. During this stage, masses ... All thunderstorms, regardless of type, go through three stages: the developing stage, the mature stage, and the dissipation ... Organized thunderstorms and thunderstorm clusters/lines can have longer life cycles as they form in environments of significant ...
Description and life cycle. The woodlouse has a shell-like exoskeleton, which it must progressively shed as it grows. The moult ... takes place in two stages; the back half is lost first, followed two or three days later by the front. This method of moulting ... Woodlice are widely studied in the contexts of evolutionary biology, behavioural ecology and nutrient cycling. They are popular ... Key adaptations to terrestrial life has led to a highly diverse set of animals; from the marine littoral zone and subterranean ...
Llewellyn J (1987). "Phylogenetic inference from platyhelminth life-cycle stages". International Journal for Parasitology. 17 ( ... Lifecycle. Life cycle of the eucestode Taenia: Inset 5 shows the scolex, a disk with hooks on the end. Inset 6 shows the ... The lifecycle of tapeworms is simple in the sense that no asexual phases occur as in other flatworms, but complicated in that ... This lifecycle pattern has been a crucial criterion for assessing evolution among Platyhelminthes. Many tapeworms have a ...
For biological life stages, see Biological life cycle. For other uses, see Generation (disambiguation). ... "The MetLife Study of Gen X: The MTV Generation Moves into Mid-Life" (PDF). MetLife. April 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2017.. ... 2] Delayed childbearing: More women are having their first child later in life. NCHS data brief, no 21. Hyattsville, MD: ... The increasing prevalence of enlightenment ideas encouraged the idea that society and life were changeable, and that ...
The life cycle and development of a male earwig from egg to each instar ... The developmental stages between molts are called instars. Earwigs live for about a year from hatching. They start mating in ... Tree of Life web project.. *^ a b c Engel, Michael A.; Lim, Jong-Deock; Baek, Kwang-Seok; Martin, Larry D. (2002). "An Earwig ... Twinn, Cecil (1942). Insect Life in the Poetry and Drama of England: With Special Reference to Poetry (Thesis). University of ...
Oriental rat flea
Life cycle. Male and female Xenopsylla cheopis. There are four stages in a flea's life. The first stage is the egg stage ... When the flea emerges, it begins the final cycle, called the adult stage. A flea can now suck blood from host and mate with ... At this stage, the flea does not drink blood; instead it eats dead skin cells, flea droppings, and other smaller parasites ... They can live up to a year and can stay in the cocoon stage for up to a year if the conditions are not favourable. ...
The Life Cycle Completed, and later added the final part on the ninth stage. See the Eriksons' Ninth Stage of Psychosocial ... Thomas Jr., "Joan Erikson Is Dead at 95; Shaped Thought on Life Cycles," New York Times obituary, August 8, 1997. Online at ... Thomas Jr., "Joan Erikson Is Dead at 95; Shaped Thought on Life Cycles," New York Times obituary, August 8, 1997. Online at ... Thomas, Robert (8 August 1997). "Joan Erikson Is Dead at 95; Shaped Thought on Life Cycles". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 ...
Life Cycle. The general lifecycle of Cochliomyia is similar to any other Diptera in that they are holometabolous. The ... This stage can last from 7 days at a warm temperature to as long as two months if the weather is much colder. The adults emerge ... four stages are egg, larva, pupa, and adult. This entire lifecycle lasts an average of 21 days at prime conditions (preferably ... Primary screwworms are primary, obligate parasites in the larval stage, and as a result are capable, unlike secondary ...
Life cycle. The monarch butterfly undergoes four stages of complete metamorphosis: Eggs. The eggs are derived from ... "Monarch Butterfly Life Cycle and Migration". National Geographic Education. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2013.. ... implies there is a disconnect between these life stages, that must be growing. One expert has proposed that a large and growing ... These third-stage caterpillars begin to eat along the leaf edges. The fourth instar has a different banding pattern. It ...
Narrative of the abduction phenomenon
Cycle Interval. Normal life resumes until the next experience. When describing the "abduction scenario", David M. Jacobs says: ... This stage marks a transition from normal activity to a state of "limited self-willed mobility." As consciousness shifts one or ... The entities usually ask about aspects of human life that appear to puzzle them. Dr. Bullard notes, "Time, life-spans, emotions ... "Staging" procedures have the abductee playing a more active role, according to reports containing this element. It shares vivid ...
A grayling goes through four stages in its life cycle. The eggs hatch around August, and larvae grow in four instars from ... Life history. Life cycle. Note that information on this species applies to Great Britain and some details may not ... The egg stage generally lasts between two and three weeks. When the eggs hatch, the caterpillar grows slowly, feeding at ... The pupal stage lasts around four weeks. The pupa is formed from June to August and the adult butterflies emerge in August. ...
Marine shrimp farming
Unique problems are introduced by developmental life cycle of the main species (the giant river prawn, Macrobrachium ... Shrimp in this second larval stage feed in the wild on algae, and after a few days, morph again into mysis larvae. The mysis ... In shrimp farming, this life cycle occurs under controlled conditions. The reasons to do so include more intensive farming, ... The diet of later stages also includes fresh or freeze-dried animal protein, for example krill. Nutrition and medication (such ...
Adult and larval stages of this beetle feed on all life stages of the pest. C. rufilabris is only able to feed on the ... Anatomy and life cycle. Bemisia tabaci molting on leaves. The silver empty structures on the leaves are cast-off skins. ... Johnson, F. A.; Short, D. E. & Castner, J. L. (2005). Sweetpotato/Silverleaf Whitefly Life Stages and Damage (PDF). Entomology ... P. fumosoroseus has a broad host range but can attack silverleaf whiteflies at a variety of life stages and these include eggs ...
Light brown apple moth
Life cycle. Light brown apple moth pass through three generations annually with a partial fourth generation in some years ... The late stage larvae feed on all leaf tissue except main veins, and can often be found tunneling into berry fruits such as ... The moth has no winter resting stage. There is considerable overlap in the generations. In warmer areas, four or even five ...
Weed Lake Wetland
Its life cycle includes the stages; eggs, nymph and adult. Dragonflies lived 300 million years ago. Grown dragonflies are ... The life cycle of the dandelion starts as a seed, and then it turns into a flower. Then the flower turns into tiny seeds. They ... Then life cycle begins again. It can grow almost any were, it grows year-round, but prefers full sun. The blooms are sensitive ... During its life cycle, the butterfly lays eggs and they hatch into caterpillars. The caterpillars then eat a ton of food until ...
The life cycle of viruses differs greatly between species but there are six basic stages in the life cycle of viruses: ... Other antiviral drugs in use target different stages of the viral life cycle. HIV is dependent on a proteolytic enzyme called ... The life-cycle of the virus is then halted because the newly synthesised DNA is inactive. This is because these analogues lack ... VI: ssRNA-RT viruses (+ strand or sense) RNA with DNA intermediate in life-cycle (e.g. Retroviruses) ...
Diel vertical migration
Organisms spend different stages of their life cycle at different depths. There are often pronounced differences in ... that have an increasing amplitude of their DVM seen with their progressive life stages. This is possibly due to increasing body ... compared to the rest of its life stages which migrate over 10 meters. In addition, there is a trend seen in other copepods, ... "Octogenetic vertical migration and life cycle of Neocalanus plumchrus (Crustacea:Copepoda) in the Oyashio region, with notes on ...
Reproduction and life cycle. Play media. Development of paddlefish from embryo to larval stage ... During this initial stage of development, which usually lasts a few weeks, veligers are able to swim freely in the water column ... During the initial stages of development from embryo to hatchling, American paddlefish have no rostrum. It begins to form ... Encyclopedia of Life. 2013. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2014.. ...
"Phylogenetic inference from platyhelminth life-cycle stages". International Journal for Parasitology. 17 (1): 281-289. doi: ... Generally the host is kept alive until the parasitoid is fully grown and ready to pass on to its next life stage. A guest's ... As the life cycles of many parasites are not well understood, sometimes the subjectively more important organism is arbitrarily ... For example, humans and horses are dead-end hosts for West Nile virus, whose life-cycle is normally between Culex mosquitoes ...
... a stage of a complex product life-cycle - in case of use within the product life-cycle management processes. In equipment and ... In engineering utilization or operational stage of a system or equipment life-cycle is a period of time when their quality is ... System Life Cycle Stages and Processes" (PDF). NATO. 2007. Retrieved 2018-01-11. "English Oxford Living Dictionaries". Oxford ...
ISBN 0-8138-0718-2 Llewellyn J (1987). "Phylogenetic inference from platyhelminth life-cycle stages". International Journal for ... The lifecycle of tapeworms is simple in the sense that no asexual phases occur as in other flatworms, but complicated in that ... Many tapeworms have a two-phase lifecycle with two types of hosts. The adult Taenia saginata lives in the gut of a primate such ... Nato: Life and Behavioural Sciences. Pub: Ios Pr Inc. ISBN 978-1586032203 "The Persistent Parasites". Time Magazine. Time Inc. ...
... mosquitoes go through four stages in their life cycles: egg, larva, pupa, and adult or imago. The first three stages-egg, larva ... The mosquito life cycle consists of egg, larva, pupa, and adult stages. Eggs are laid on the water surface; they hatch into ... Females of many common species can lay 100-200 eggs during the course of the adult phase of their life cycles. Even with high ... Jahn GC, Hall DW, Zam SR (1986). "A comparison of the life cycles of two Amblyospora (Microspora: Amblyosporidae) in the ...
The vast majority of butterflies have a four-stage life cycle; egg, larva (caterpillar), pupa (chrysalis) and imago (adult). In ... Butterflies have the typical four-stage insect life cycle. Winged adults lay eggs on the food plant on which their larvae, ... Many species have long larval life stages while others can remain dormant in their pupal or egg stages and thereby survive ... The developing wings are present in later stage instars and the gonads start development in the egg stage. ...
... has two phases to its life-cycle: sexual and asexual. The asexual stage (anamorph) grows in affected ... "under the rules for the naming of fungi with pleomorphic life-cycles", the correct name should be Hymenoscyphus fraxineus. ... Four years later it was discovered that Chalara fraxinea was only the asexual (anamorphic) stage of a fungus that was ... Chalara fraxinea was suggested to be the asexual stage (anamorph) of the ascomycete fungus Hymenoscyphus albidus. However, ...
Red king crabs have an 11-month brood cycle in their first reproductive year and a 12-month cycle thereafter. Both red and ... The two species are similar in size, shape and life history. Habitat is the main factor separating the range of blue ... have planktotrophic larvae that undergo 4 zoeal stages in the water column and a non-feeding intermediate glaucothoe stage ... The blue king crab, Paralithodes platypus, lives near St. Matthew Island, the Pribilof Islands, and the Diomede Islands, Alaska ...
Their life cycle is thought to begin with a virion attaching to specific cell-surface receptors such as C-type lectins, DC-SIGN ... Symptoms usually begin with a sudden influenza-like stage characterised by feeling tired, fever, weakness, decreased appetite, ... "Therapeutic strategies to target the Ebola virus life cycle". Nature Reviews. Microbiology. 17 (10): 593-606. doi:10.1038/ ... Piot P, Marshall R (2012). No time to lose: a life in pursuit of deadly viruses (1st ed.). New York: W.W. Norton & Co. pp. 30, ...
Amphibian - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The life cycle of a Bullfrog. Children Press. ISBN 978-0-87191-233-6 ... Salamander tadpoles and surinam horned toad tadpoles are carnivorous throughout their tadpole stage.p9 Surinam horned toad ... The crab-eating frog lives near water that is somewhat salty. They will eat saltwater crabs. Torrent salamanders lives in cold ... Some amphibia can be found living in the desert or the arctic.p12 The desert froglet lives in the desert. They are only ...
... including the stage of the breeding cycle, short-term variations in available food, nutrient availability, and interspecific ... Hauber, Mark E. (2014). The Book of Eggs: A Life-Size Guide to the Eggs of Six Hundred of the World's Bird Species. University ... Country Life.. *^ Kraus, R.H.S.; Zeddeman, A.; van Hooft, P.; Sartakov, D.; Soloviev, S.A.; Ydenberg, Ronald C.; Prins, Herbert ... Bent, Arthur Cleveland (1962). Life Histories of North American Wild Fowl. Courier Corporation. ISBN 9780486254227. .. ...
Beestonian stage 1,400,000 years. interglaciar. Ludhamiense. Messaudiense. Calabriense. Donau-Günz Human way of life. ... The Pleistocene climate was characterized by repeated glacial cycles during which continental glaciers pushed to the 40th ... Nearly all of our knowledge of Paleolithic human culture and way of life comes from archaeology and ethnographic comparisons to ... "concern for the dead that transcends daily life". Cut marks on Neanderthal bones from various sites, such as Combe-Grenal ...
Retinoids are medications that reduce inflammation, normalize the follicle cell life cycle, and reduce sebum production.[84 ... The adrenal glands secrete higher amounts of DHEA-S during adrenarche (a stage of puberty), and this leads to an increase in ... The retinoids appear to influence the cell life cycle in the follicle lining. This helps prevent the accumulation of skin cells ... Brown MM, Chamlin SL, Smidt AC (April 2013). "Quality of life in pediatric dermatology". Dermatologic Clinics (Review). 31 (2 ...
Life cycle. Barnacles have two distinct larval stages, the nauplius and the cyprid, before developing into a mature adult ... It is not a feeding stage; its role is to find a suitable place to settle, since the adults are sessile. The cyprid stage ... "Shore life". Encarta Encyclopedia 2005 DVD.. *^ Carl Zimmer (2000). Parasite Rex: Inside the Bizarre World of Nature's Most ... Other members of the class have quite a different mode of life. For example, members of the superorder Rhizocephala, including ...
The C. crescentus life cycle is governed by regulators such as TipN, a cell cycle protein. Yale University's data strongly ... Role of the swarmer cell stageEdit. The Caulobacter stalked cell stage provides a fitness advantage by anchoring the cell to ... Cell cycleEdit. The Caulobacter cell cycle regulatory system controls many modular subsystems that organize the progression of ... Cell cycle regulation includes feedback signals that pace progression of the cell cycle engine to match progress of events at ...
Most tornadoes from supercells follow a recognizable life cycle. That begins when increasing rainfall drags with it an area of ... This is the "dissipating stage", often lasting no more than a few minutes, after which the tornado ends. During this stage the ... Time-lapse of a tornado's life cycle near Prospect Valley, Colorado on June 19, 2018 ... as do details affecting characteristics of a tornado during its life cycle and tornadolysis. Other rich areas of research are ...
Life cycle. Conifers are heterosporous, generating two different types of spores: male microspores and female megaspores ... The conelet then overwinters again in the free-nuclear female gametophyte stage. Fertilization takes place by early summer of ... The resulting adults chew their way out in early summer, leaving round exit holes, so completing the usual 2-year life cycle. ... One year reproductive cycle:The genera includes Abies, Picea, Cedrus, Pseudotsuga, Tsuga, Keteleeria (Pinaceae) and Cupressus, ...
This cycling of matter is known as the biogeochemical cycle. To maintain nutrients in soil it is therefore important that feces ... At different times in their life, human beings will expel feces of different colors and textures. A stool that passes rapidly ... Enzymes in the dog feces helped to relax the fibrous structure of the hide before the final stages of tanning. ...
Bengal famine of 1943
The Famine Inquiry Commission of 1945 characterised this "critical and potentially most dangerous stage" in the crisis as a key ... These photographs made world headlines and spurred government action, saving many lives. ... was on one side of a cycle of requests for food aid and subsequent refusals from the British War Cabinet that continued through ... The Indian National Congress and many other groups staged protests denouncing the denial policies for placing draconian burdens ...
The most common designs use a 1-stage or 2 stage filtration principle in which activated carbon is embedded inside the filter ... Per adsorption-thermal regeneration cycle between 5-15 wt% of the carbon bed is burnt off resulting in a loss of adsorptive ... Some carbons are evaluated based on the dechlorination half-life length, which measures the chlorine-removal efficiency of ... The heat treatment stage utilises the exothermic nature of adsorption and results in desorption, partial cracking and ...
Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development
Even fewer (1.5%) of individuals perform at stages above the systematic stage. In the stages beyond formal, more complex ... In W. F. Overton (Ed.), Biology, cognition and methods across the life-span. Volume 1 of the Handbook of life-span development ... Each cycle culminates into insight about the cycle's representations and underlying inferential processes that is expressed ... Fischer's stages of cognitive development (Fischer & Bidell, 1998)[full citation needed]. Piaget & Inhelder's stages of ...
I Am Curious (Yellow)
She also dreams of being taunted by passing drivers as she cycles down a road, until finally Martin Luther King Jr. drives up. ... Nyman's character, also named Lena, lives with her father in a small apartment in Stockholm and is driven by a burning passion ... The film includes numerous and frank scenes of nudity and staged sexual intercourse. One particularly controversial scene ...
"Motor Cycle News. Retrieved December 24, 2012.. *^ Birt, Matthew (April 4, 2011). "Colin Edwards robbed of podium". Motor Cycle ... Personal lifeEdit. Hayden was born into a Roman Catholic family with which he retained a strong connection throughout his ... running with the leaders before backing off in the closing stages. At Sepang, round six, Hayden qualified fourth on the ... "Motor Cycle News. Retrieved December 24, 2012.. *^ "Lorenzo victorious, Pedrosa survives Marquez onslaught". crash.net. June 16 ...
Life cycle. See also: Right whale § Courtship and reproduction, and Fin whale § Breeding ... This stage may last for decades and supports a rich assemblage of species, averaging 185 species per site. ... Dawkins, Richard (2004). The Ancestor's Tale, A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-618-00583-8.. ... P. macrocephalus spends most of its life in search of squid in the depths; these animals do not require any degree of light at ...
The resulting phenotype depends on the stage of life at which the individual develops the disorder. Childhood manifestation of ... Williams theorized that antagonistic effects will be exhibited during an organism's life cycle if it is closely linked and ... This may occur when the trait is beneficial for the organism's early life, but not its late life. Such "trade-offs" are ... The studies on fungal evolutionary genomics will further elucidate the earliest stages of divergence as a result of gene flow, ...
"Zoologger: Gecko's amputated tail has life of its own". New Scientist Life. New Scientist. Retrieved August 18, 2014.. ... There are no larval stages of development. Viviparity and ovoviviparity have evolved in many extinct clades of reptiles and in ... North American box turtles breathe continuously during locomotion, and the ventilation cycle is not coordinated with the limb ... "In Dejours, P.; Bolis, L.; Taylor, C.R.; Weibel, E.R. (eds.). Comparative Physiology: Life in Water and on Land. Liviana Press/ ...
Life history. The fall armyworm's life cycle is completed within 30 days during summer, and 60 days during the spring and ... because the first stages of a caterpillar's life require very little food, and the later stages require about 50 times more. ... "Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2017-11-29.. *^ a b c d e f g h Sparks, Alton N. (1979). "A Review of the Biology of the Fall ... The fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) is a species in the order of Lepidoptera and is the larval life stage of a fall ...
Life sciences. *Cornelia Bargmann, David Botstein, Lewis C. Cantley, Hans Clevers, Titia de Lange, Napoleone Ferrara, Eric ... the neutrinos sources associated with these cycles. The right frame shows the CN I cycle. ... The first stage data reduction processes were done for the high energy analysis and for the low energy analysis. The data ... Surviving bacteria are killed by UV sterilizer stage. A cartridge polisher (CP) eliminates heavy ions which also reduce water ...
In Africa, a third infectious cycle known as "savannah cycle" or intermediate cycle, occurs between the jungle and urban cycles ... especially in the early stages. To confirm a suspected case, blood-sample testing with polymerase chain reaction is required ... "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, ... Besides the urban cycle, both in Africa and South America, a sylvatic cycle (forest or jungle cycle) is present, where Aedes ...
In the final stages of endospore formation the newly forming endospore is dehydrated and allowed to mature before being ... In the natural situation, this means the vegetative cycles occur within the low oxygen environment of the infected host and, ... "Cornell University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Department of Microbiology. Retrieved October 21, 2018.. ... Exospores and endospores are two kinds of "hibernating" or dormant stages seen in some classes of microorganisms. ...
Elisha ben Abuyah
Jacob Adler, A Life on the Stage: A Memoir, translated and with commentary by Lulla Rosenfeld, Knopf, New York, 1999, .mw- ... Various anecdotes are coupled into a larger story cycle.. According to Goshen-Gottstein, Rabbinic Judaism was based on ... Elisha observed a child lose his life while fulfilling two laws for which the observance of the Torah promises a "long life" - ... "long life" to refers to a long life in the world to come). ... These stories are not formulated in an attempt to tell the life ...
Singapore American School
"Hop-A-Long's Schoolhouse - The Best of Life® Magazine". The Best of Life® Magazine. 2 October 2010. Archived from the original ... Aimee Cheng-Bradshaw: model, TV host of The Dance Floor, 3rd place winner of Asia's Next Top Model, Cycle 3 ... "Singaporean beauty Ava Aashna Chopra makes heads turn on the world stage". Retrieved 2 December 2019 ... Beatrice Ding (class of 2009): co-owner of indoor cycling studio CruCycle in Singapore ...
After the name Kayla was used for a character on the American soap opera Days of Our Lives, the name's popularity increased ... a character from James Macpherson's spurious cycle of Ossian poems; Wendy, an obscure name popularised by J. M. Barrie in his ... Stage name *List of stage names. *List of one-word stage names ... in the normal course of affairs-notably throughout life for men ... In western cultures, people normally retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may ...
Product Life Cycle (PLC): Stages, Development & Process
What is a Product Life Cycle (PLC)?Do you really know what a product is? Well, a product is anything which is capable of ... Biological Life Cycle Versus Product Life Cycle. The concept of Product Life Cycle is based on biological life cycle. For ... The Product Life Cycle (PLC) Curve. plc product life cycle curve Product Life Cycle (PLC): Stages, Development & Process ... Pepsi Product Life Cycle Development. Coca Cola Product Life Cycle Development. Kellogs Product Life Cycle Development. Apple ...
Ladybug Life Cycle Stages Set | Carolina.com
Accurately sculpted and colorfully painted, the figures show the 4 stages in the life cycle of the ladybug: egg, larva, pupa, ... Ladybug Life Cycle Stages Set. Item # 144235 Ladybug Life Cycle Stages Set is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1. ... Accurately sculpted and colorfully painted, the figures show the 4 stages in the life cycle of the ladybug: egg, larva, pupa, ... Accurately sculpted and colorfully painted, the figures show the 4 stages in the life cycle of the ladybug: egg, larva, pupa, ...
What are the stages of a rabbit's life cycle? | Reference.com
Within two to three months, they are already sexually mature and able to breed and initiate the cycle again.... ... Rabbits begin life as helpless babies. In four to five weeks, they are self-sufficient. ... Rabbits begin life as helpless babies. In four to five weeks, they are self-sufficient. Within two to three months, they are ... Instead of the regular yearly cycle of ovulation of most mammal species, rabbits ovulate upon copulation. A female is able to ...
Stages in the life cycle of an oak tree
In order for the tree to grow and the life cycle to complete itself, the oak requires sufficient space, water to carry root- ... borne nutrients from suitably fertile soil and adequate sunlight to trigger the life-sustaining process of photosynthesis. ... The cupule, better known as an acorn, contains the first stage of the life cycle -- the seed. Depending on the species, the oak ... Stages in the life cycle of an oak tree. By: Kevin Ann Reinhart ... The Life Cycle of an Acorn Seedling Into a Tree * Rowan tree ...
Rabbit Life Cycle: Stages & Lifespan
Critter Control can help remove baby and adult rabbits at any stage of their life cycle. ... the stages, how long rabbits live, their lifespan, etc. ... What Are the Stages of the Rabbit Life Cycle?. After a brief ... Not only do populations grow quite large, but rabbits can be a nuisance at almost any of their life cycle stages. Within a ... Since the rabbit life cycle moves quickly, ignoring these pests early on may lead to problems later. Blocking off the garden or ...
What green plant does not undergo a four stage life cycle - Answers
Do ants have a 3 stage life cycle or a 4 stage life cycle. ?. It has a three stage life cycle. ... Does a moth have 3 - stage life cycle or 4 - stage life cycle. ?. A moth has a 4-stage life cycle. ... The stage of the life cycle of a plant. ?. A plant has two stages in its life. The first stage is known as sporophyte. In this ... How would you describe the plant life cycle. ?. Plants have two stages in their life cycle, sporophyte stage and the ...
Organizational life - cycle: The characteristics of developmental stages in Russian companies created from scratch
A model of the life-cycle was developed including three stages: start-up, growth and formalization. It is found that the ... This article presents the results of 593 Russian entrepreneurial firms surveyed with a focus on organizational life-cycle ... is characterized by an unusually slow change of centralization and formalization level as the firm moves from one stage to ... Although plenty of organizational life-cycle research in developed countries may be found in the literature, there is a ...
Life Cycle of Cockroaches: Lifespan, Stages, & Development
Get information about the lifespan, life cycle stages, and development of roaches. For help with cockroach problems around the ... Cockroach Stages. Cockroaches undergo egg and nymphal stages before becoming adults. Eggs produced by female cockroaches are ... Read about the life cycle of cockroaches. ...
Trematode life cycle stages - Wikipedia
To accomplish this, they have several varied life cycle stages. The life cycle of a typical digenean trematode can be thought ... While the details vary with each species, the general life cycle stages are: Egg Discharged either in open water or in ... In the presence of open water, the eggs hatch and the miracidium stage of life is reached again. ... Bucephalus polymorphus Trematode infection Apicomplexa lifecycle stages "2. Fish Diseases (Contd.) 2.1.4 Parasitic Diseases". ...
Life cycle stages | APTHQ
Methodology and references Production Harvest This first life cycle stage includes the various production ... Life cycle stages The eLCA results, in brief… ... Environmental Life Cycle Analysis (eLCA). *Social Life Cycle ... This first life cycle stage includes the various production activities taking place at peat harvesting sites on peatlands. The ... Breakdown of environmental impacts among the various life cycle stages for 1m3 of non-compressed peat. Human Health ...
Demand Forecasting in the Early Stage of the Technology's Life Cycle Using Bayesian update
Streamlined server management at every stage of the IT life cycle - TechRepublic
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Active Travel by Built Environment and Lifecycle Stage: Case Study of Osaka Metropolitan Area
Japan has high levels of cycling, walking and public transport, similar to The Netherlands. Most studies have focused either on ... Thus, here a household lifecycle stage approach is applied. Further, unlike many previous studies, the active travel related to ... household lifecycle stage; Japan built environment; active travel; household lifecycle stage; Japan ... Active Travel by Built Environment and Lifecycle Stage: Case Study of Osaka Metropolitan Area. E. Owen D. Waygood 1,* , Yilin ...
The life cycle of HIV Stage 4 - The double Vector Image
Stage 4 - The double-stranded viral DNA is incorporated into the DNA of a lymphocyte. World AIDS Day. Vector illustration. ... The life cycle of HIV Stage 4 - The double Vector Image. The life cycle of HIV. Stage 4 - The double-stranded viral DNA is ... cdn1.vectorstock.com/i/1000x1000/40/35/the-life-cycle-of-hiv-stage-4-the-double-vector-6674035.jpg ... www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vector/the-life-cycle-of-hiv-stage-4-the-double-vector-6674035 ...
New stages of Friends Life Women's Tour revealed and charity cycle ride to return - Bury Free Press
... have revealed the second stage will be from Braintree to Clacton on June 18 and the fourth from Waltham Cross to Stevenage on ... Organisers of the Friends Life Womens Tour, which starts in Bury St Edmunds, ... New stages of Friends Life Womens Tour revealed and charity cycle ride to return. ... Organisers of the Friends Life Womens Tour, which starts in Bury St Edmunds, have revealed the second stage will be from ...
Frontiers | Feeding Relationship between Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) Early Life-Cycle Stages and Their Prey in the Western...
... vulgaris paralarvae during the first days of their planktonic stage. This study represents a preliminary approach to determine ... vulgaris paralarvae during the first days of their planktonic stage. This study represents a preliminary approach to determine ... Feeding Relationship between Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) Early Life-Cycle Stages and Their Prey in the Western Iberian ... particularly in early life-cycle stages (Monroig et al., 2012; Reis et al., 2014). In fact, several studies have suggested that ...
Comparative Proteomics of Two Life Cycle Stages of Stable Isotope-labeled Trypanosoma brucei Reveals Novel Components of the...
4B). Finally, proteasome composition and abundance does not seem to be different in the two life cycle stages (Fig. 4C), but ... Trypanosomes have two major life cycle stages: the blood stream form (BSF) and the procyclic insect form (PCF, Fig. 1 A). Both ... 2010) Genome-wide analysis of mRNA abundance in two life-cycle stages of Trypanosoma brucei and identification of splicing and ... Comparative Proteomics of Two Life Cycle Stages of Stable Isotope-labeled Trypanosoma brucei Reveals Novel Components of the ...
Frontiers | Disentangling Facilitation Along the Life Cycle: Impacts of Plant-Plant Interactions at Vegetative and Reproductive...
This study evaluates the impact of the nurse plant Juniperus sabina on different stages of the life cycle of the forb ... This study evaluates the impact of the nurse plant Juniperus sabina on different stages of the life cycle of the forb ... of protégées is the net result of both positive and negative effects that may act simultaneously along the plant life cycle, ... dynamics of protégées is the net result of both positive and negative effects that may act simultaneously along the plant life ...
Pathogenesis and life cycle of herpes simplex virus infection-stages of primary, latency and recurrence | Amrita Vishwa...
Ladybug Life Cycle with Egg, Larvae and Adult Stages by Folkmanis Puppets 3148
Utilize zippers to move thru the stages and watch the natural curiosity of kids bloom as they learn while playing with this ... The Ladybug Life Cycle was released in 2019. This wonderful soft toy demonstrates ladybug metamorphosis from egg to larvae to ... Folkmanis Ladybug Life Cycle Hand Puppet. The Ladybug Life Cycle was released September of 2019. This wonderful soft toy ... The ladybug goes through the same four stages as a butterfly, the egg stage, the larvae stage, the pupa stage, and the adult ...
The Life Cycle of a Ladybug: Stages & Explanation - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com
... well learn about the life cycle of a familiar garden creature, the ladybug. Ladybugs go through an incredible transformation ... Lets explore the life cycle of this familiar little beetle.. Ladybug Life Stages. As humans, we change as we grow up, but not ... The Life Cycle of a Ladybug: Stages & Explanation Related Study Materials. *Related ... insects move through four distinct life stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Lets look at the details of each of these life ...
Are You With HIV? Know Your Virus Stage Through HIV Virus Life Cycle!
... was last modified: April 1st, 2010 by pnreddy1 ... Are You With HIV? Know Your Virus Stage Through HIV Virus Life Cycle!. ... Home Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV / AIDS Are You With HIV? Know Your Virus Stage Through HIV Virus Life... ... This stage is called budding.. The HIV virus now enters the maturation stage where the processing of viral proteins takes place ...
MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS IN SMALL PRODUCTION COMPANIES AT EARLY LIFECYCLE STAGES
scuss the problems of management of small industrial enterprises in the early stages of the life cycle (based on the results of ... We are primarily interested in small manufacturing plants and problems of development in the early stages of the life cycle. In ... We are primarily interested in small manufacturing plants and problems of development in the early stages of the life cycle. In ... discuss the problems of management of small industrial enterprises in the early stages of the life cycle (based on the results ...
Intracellular expression of single-chain variable fragments to inhibit early stages of the viral life cycle by targeting human...
Intracellular expression of single-chain variable fragments to inhibit early stages of the viral life cycle by targeting human ... Intracellular Expression of Single-Chain Variable Fragments To Inhibit Early Stages of the Viral Life Cycle by Targeting Human ... Intracellular Expression of Single-Chain Variable Fragments To Inhibit Early Stages of the Viral Life Cycle by Targeting Human ... Intracellular expression of single-chain variable fragments to inhibit early stages of the viral life cycle by targeting human ...
Describe the Two Stages in a Life Cycle of a Plant | Home Guides | SF Gate
At a microscopic level, however, another aspect of the plant life cycle occurs in two distinct ... ... Describe the Two Stages in a Life Cycle of a Plant. There is more than meets the eye in the growth and reproduction of plants. ... That process initiates the sporophyte stage of the plant life cycle, which is what is visible to the naked eye and familiar to ... Describe the Two Stages in a Life Cycle of a Plant. * Home Guides ... aspect of the plant life cycle occurs in two distinct stages, ...
6. Platyhelminthes I - REVIEW Life Cycle Life History series of stages which an organism passes Reproduction and Life Cycles...
Life History - series of stages which an organism passes Reproduction and Life Cycles/Life History e.g. ... REVIEW Life Cycle / Life History - series of stages which an organism passes Reproduction and Life Cycles/Life History e.g. ... for larval stages Class Turbellaria believed to have ancestral characters generally free living simple life cycle mostly ... or mate for life) Class Trematoda endoparasitic groups Digenea and Aspidogastrea and Aspidogastrea Tegument Complex Life Cycles ...
Pep5, a Fragment of Cyclin D2, Shows Antiparasitic Effects in Different Stages of the Trypanosoma cruzi Life Cycle and Blocks...
Pep5, a Fragment of Cyclin D2, Shows Antiparasitic Effects in Different Stages of the Trypanosoma cruzi Life Cycle and Blocks ... Pep5, a Fragment of Cyclin D2, Shows Antiparasitic Effects in Different Stages of the Trypanosoma cruzi Life Cycle and Blocks ... Pep5, a Fragment of Cyclin D2, Shows Antiparasitic Effects in Different Stages of the Trypanosoma cruzi Life Cycle and Blocks ... Pep5, a Fragment of Cyclin D2, Shows Antiparasitic Effects in Different Stages of the Trypanosoma cruzi Life Cycle and Blocks ...
The Activities of Current Antimalarial Drugs on the Life Cycle Stages of Plasmodium: A Comparative Study with Human and Rodent...
This study might reveal the potential of life-cycle-wide analyses of drugs for other pathogens with complex life cycles. ... The Activities of Current Antimalarial Drugs on the Life Cycle Stages of Plasmodium: A Comparative Study with Human and Rodent ... The Activities of Current Antimalarial Drugs on the Life Cycle Stages of Plasmodium: A Comparative Study with Human and Rodent ... The Activities of Current Antimalarial Drugs on the Life Cycle Stages of Plasmodium: A Comparative Study with Human and Rodent ...
The Human Papillomavirus Type 16 E7 Oncogene Is Required for the Productive Stage of the Viral Life Cycle | Journal of Virology
... during the nonproductive stage of the life cycle to the level of HPV-16 DNA produced in the productive stage of the life cycle ... 3). Since L1 is synthesized during the productive stage of the HPV life cycle, it serves as a marker for the productive stage ... Nevertheless, studying the life cycle of the virus is important, because understanding the life cycle is important for creating ... The HPV life cycle is intimately tied to the differentiation of the host epithelium that it infects. The HPV life cycle begins ...
Proteome-wide quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of Trypanosoma brucei insect and mammalian lifecycle stages - Lancaster...
... we describe the metabolic labeling of cultured Trypanosoma brucei cells in either the bloodstream or procyclic life cycle stage ... Proteome-wide quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of Trypanosoma brucei insect and mammalian lifecycle stages ... Proteome-wide quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of Trypanosoma brucei insect and mammalian lifecycle stages. In: ...
AssessmentBreadth and depthEarliestProcessPhasesProductionManagementPaperScienceLarvaeLifespanSpeciesButterfly's Life CyclePlant's life cycleTrypanosomaGerminationGenesMosquitoInsectsIntermediate hostSporophyte stageInfectionPupa stageLarval stagesDevelopmentalPraying MantisAdultsVarious StagesProduct's lifeGametophyte stageEarly stagesProcyclicDescribeDistinctOrganismsMeiosisPreySoftware DevelOccursPlantViralSDLCDiploidPathogenesisCruziQuantitativeCaterpillarsSymptomsDecline stageFourth stageGrowth StagesParasiteMalariaTranscriptomeMaturity StageUnderstandingDependsVirusesEnvironmental impactsInvestigateVirus Life CycleOccurUndergoInterphasePupal stageReproductive stage
- Through early engagement, while an asset is still producing, we begin the process towards an effective decommissioning culture, while at the same time we aim to reduce operating costs, and where possible, extend the asset life to push out the decommissioning liability for as long as possible and maximise planning and preparation. (petrofac.com)
- We offer an integrated capability supporting the late life landscape - from studies and production enhancement activities, brownfield engineering and operations to planning and well plugging and abandonment. (petrofac.com)
- a model focused on helping our clients effectively push out the cessation of production date and extend asset life. (petrofac.com)
- The miracidia go through several stages in the mollusc host, eventually emerging as motile cercarial larvae. (wikipedia.org)
- The ladybug goes through the same four stages as a butterfly, the egg stage, the larvae stage, the pupa stage, and the adult ladybug stage. (kidsbooksandpuppets.com)
- Ladybug larvae will molt as many as 5-10 more times before undergoing the next stage of their transformation. (study.com)
- Larvae shed their skin (molt) several times during this stage. (cdc.gov)
- After two molts (approximately 2 weeks), infective third-stage larvae (L3s) are present in mosquito mouth parts. (capcvet.org)
- Most L3s molt to fourth-stage larvae (L4s) in canine subcutaneous tissues within 1-3 days after infection. (capcvet.org)
- In the butterfly life process, since there are a total of four different stages, this being only the second, the butterfly larvae are what the caterpillars are called. (hubpages.com)
- While the details vary with each species, the general life cycle stages are: Egg Discharged either in open water or in intestine of definitive host. (wikipedia.org)
- In some species, the redial stage is omitted, and sporocysts produce cercariae. (wikipedia.org)
- Instead of the regular yearly cycle of ovulation of most mammal species, rabbits ovulate upon copulation. (reference.com)
- To overcome this critical gap, we developed assays to measure activity of antimalarials against all life stages of malaria parasites, using a diverse set of human and nonhuman parasite species, including male gamete production (exflagellation) in Plasmodium falciparum, ookinete development in P. berghei, oocyst development in P. berghei and P. falciparum, and the liver stage of P. yoelii. (www.gov.uk)
- To investigate this in the clinically relevant sub-species, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, which is the causative agent of the fatal human disease African sleeping sickness, we have compared the transcriptome of two different life cycle stages, the potentially human-infective bloodstream forms with the non-human-infective procyclic stage using digital gene expression (DGE) analysis. (gla.ac.uk)
- Some bird species explicitly mature in this stage, while some don't. (vedantu.com)
- Several closely related webworm species have similar lifecycles and damage symptoms. (msu.edu)
- The fascinating world of butterflies, and their unique life cycle, exploring specifically the four stages of a butterfly's life, all species of butterflies go through the process of total metamorphosis. (hubpages.com)
- Hinging on, the species of butterfly, the life cycle of a butterfly is possible to be a month, to the complete 12 months. (hubpages.com)
- However, little is known on how those mechanisms and their associated effects on native species change across different life-cycle stages. (conicyt.cl)
- Thus, the effect of C. solstitialis on Baccharis species depended on the life-cycle stage at which the interactions occurred. (conicyt.cl)
- Let's explore a butterfly's life cycle in detail, including all four stages of life. (thebutterflysite.com)
- In the butterfly's life cycle, there are four stages and this is only the second stage. (thebutterflysite.com)
- Tissue, limbs and organs of a caterpillar have all been changed by the time the pupa is finished, and is now ready for the final stage of a butterfly's life cycle. (thebutterflysite.com)
- These live butterfly kits are amazing for a science project or simply for children to learn all about the ever-changing caterpillar and the butterfly's life cycle in general. (thebutterflysite.com)
- Trypanosoma brucei developed a sophisticated life cycle to adapt to different host environments. (mcponline.org)
- Here we describe the metabolic labeling of cultured Trypanosoma brucei cells in either the bloodstream or procyclic life cycle stage using stable isotope labeling of amino acids in cell culture (SILAC), and the production of samples suitable for analysis by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. (lancs.ac.uk)
- The evolutionarily ancient parasite, Trypanosoma brucei, is unusual in that the majority of its genes are regulated post-transcriptionally, leading to the suggestion that transcript abundance of most genes does not vary significantly between different life cycle stages despite the fact that the parasite undergoes substantial cellular remodelling and metabolic changes throughout its complex life cycle. (gla.ac.uk)
- The activity of genes required to undergo the next stage in cell cycle is checked at these checkpoints by factors called cyclins and are aided by Cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks), a type of enzymes. (answers.com)
- The study of the HPV-16 life cycle and the role of the various viral genes in the life cycle has been hindered by the lack of a cell culture system which supports the viral life cycle. (asm.org)
- DGE analysis is extremely sensitive for detecting gene expression differences, revealing firstly that a far greater number of genes are stage-regulated than had previously been identified and secondly and more importantly, this analysis has revealed the existence of several differentially expressed clusters of genes present on what appears to be the same polycistronic units, a phenomenon which had not previously been observed in microarray studies. (gla.ac.uk)
- Microarray analysis of gene expression during the T. cruzi life-cycle could be a valuable means of identifying drug and vaccine targets based on their appropriate expression patterns, but results from previous microarray studies in T. cruzi and related kinetoplastid parasites have suggested that the transcript abundances of most genes in these organisms do not vary significantly between life-cycle stages. (uga.edu)
- In contrast to previous microarray studies in kinetoplastids, we observed that relative transcript abundances for over 50% of the genes detected on the T. cruzi microarrays were significantly regulated during the T. cruzi life-cycle. (uga.edu)
- Thus, microarray analysis is a valuable screening tool for identifying stage-regulated T. cruzi genes and metabolic pathways. (uga.edu)
- The life cycle of the rodent malaria parasite Plasmodium berghei in the mosquito vector Anopheles gambiae begins with the ingestion of sexual stage gametocytes during blood feeding on an infected rodent host. (embopress.org)
- The mosquito life cycle is short under the best circumstances. (earthkind.com)
- Knowing the different stages of the mosquito's life will help you protect against mosquitoes and prevent mosquito bites. (earthkind.com)
- During the third stage of a mosquito life cycle, mosquitoes are called pupae or "tumblers. (earthkind.com)
- Finally, the mosquito emerges from the pupal case after two days to a week in the pupal stage. (earthkind.com)
- The adult mosquito emerges onto the water's surface and flies away, ready to fulfill its life cycle. (earthkind.com)
- These microfilariae will not develop into adult worms without first developing to the L3 stage in a mosquito. (capcvet.org)
- the gametophyte stage begins with meiosis and the sporophyte stage begins with fertilization. (answers.com)
- Plants have two stages in their life cycle, sporophyte stage and the gametophyte stage. (answers.com)
- Sporophyte stage is the joining of haploid sex cells. (answers.com)
- That process initiates the sporophyte stage of the plant life cycle, which is what is visible to the naked eye and familiar to gardeners -- seeds, fruit and the plant itself. (sfgate.com)
- Those two sets of chromosomes fuse together through the process of fertilization to form the pair that dictates the physical form of the plant during the diploid, or sporophyte stage. (sfgate.com)
- Bucephalus polymorphus Trematode infection Apicomplexa lifecycle stages "2. (wikipedia.org)
- As IN plays a pivotal role in establishing infection during the early stages of the retroviral life cycle, it is an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. (asm.org)
- Metacercariae set the stage for an infection in animals such as sheep and cattle and in human beings. (vedantu.com)
- A final molt to the sexually immature adult stage occurs approximately 2 months (50 to 70 days) after infection. (capcvet.org)
- Moreover, isoenzyme studies have detected strain makers that in some circumstances permitted to trace back the flow of T. cruzi populations among the domestic and sylvatic infection cycles. (fiocruz.br)
- Time-of-addition and synchronized infection assays revealed that POS targets an early stage of the PeV-A3 life cycle. (cdc.gov)
- For both the ancestral strain and two single-substitution strains with down-regulated transcription, we measured seven phenotypic components of fitness (attachment, ejection, eclipse, virion assembly, latent period, lysis rate and burst size) during a single cycle of infection at each of two temperatures. (beds.ac.uk)
- To understand how these substitutions are improving fitness at the adaptive temperature, we have compared the phenotypic components of fitness during a single cycle of infection between strains that carried single adaptive substitutions and the ancestral strain. (beds.ac.uk)
- Anthozoa Polyp only Metamorphosis Simple - one free living adult stage, no larval stages Complex - multiple free living adult and / or larval stages (differ in morphology) can be sexually or asexually produced can be 1n or 2n Benthic Polyp (2 n) male female meiosis gametes (n) gametes (n) asex. (coursehero.com)
- Product life cycle management (or PLCM) is the succession of strategies used by business management as a product goes through its developmental life cycle. (selfgrowth.com)
- Organizational life - cycle: The characteristics of developmental stages in Russian companies created from scratch ," Journal of East European Management Studies , Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 14(1), pages 65-85. (repec.org)
- All developmental stages in the copepod had unpaired nuclei (were haplophasic), starting with the sporoplasms from the meiospore, continuing as a succession of schizonts undergoing binary division and ending with sporulation, producing a second type of uninucleate spore. (zenodo.org)
- The gametophyte stage. (answers.com)
- Gametophyte stage occurs when cells in reproductive organs undergo meiosis and produce haploid cells. (answers.com)
- Pollen begins as a microsporangium and undergoes meiosis, a process of cellular division and morphological changes, to become a fully developed pollen grain, the male principle of the gametophyte stage. (sfgate.com)
- We are primarily interested in small manufacturing plants and problems of development in the early stages of the life cycle. (fao.org)
- Intracellular expression of single-chain variable fragments to inhibit early stages of the viral life cycle by targeting human immunodeficiency virus type 1 integrase. (asm.org)
- During a panel discussion on challenges that startups typically grapple with in their early stages, Pratyush Jalan, Founder, BoxMySpace, opined that if one's goals aren't laughable, they're not good enough. (wfglobal.org)
- Let us first learn to describe the life cycle of birds. (vedantu.com)
- In this article, we will use three financial metrics to describe the status of each business life cycle phase, including sales Sales Revenue Sales revenue is the income received by a company from its sales of goods or the provision of services. (corporatefinanceinstitute.com)
- The upcoming sections briefly describe these and other stages. (arcitura.com)
- Therefore, the Menopause as the term used to describe the time women stops having her menstrual periods is actually, is more commonly (and inaccurately) used to describe only one menopause stage, perimenopause. (blogspot.com)
- At a microscopic level, however, another aspect of the plant life cycle occurs in two distinct stages, known as the diploid sporophyte and haploid gametophyte generations. (sfgate.com)
- Classic economic theory dissects the economic cycle into four distinct stages: Accumulation, Markup, Distribution, and Decline. (thegoldandoilguy.com)
- Now a team of investigators from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies has illuminated key differences in the mechanisms behind nuclear pores formed at two distinct stages in the cell cycle. (innovations-report.com)
- We were able to show for the first time that there are two distinct mechanisms behind how these large protein complexes assemble to accommodate cell cycle-dependent differences in nuclear membrane topology," says Hetzer. (innovations-report.com)
- In this stage, the plant produces spores (tiny cells that can grow into new organisms). (answers.com)
- Ticks are infected by transstadial (stage to stage), transovarial (female tick to ovum), and sexual (during tick mating) transmission of rickettsial organisms. (bingj.com)
- Students investigate how life cycles of various organisms differ and what they have in common: the pattern of birth, growth, reproduction, and death. (coreknowledge.org)
- The productive stage of the HPV-16 life cycle occurs in the postmitotic suprabasal layers of the epithelium, where the virus amplifies its DNA to high copy number, synthesizes the capsid proteins (L1 and L2), encapsidates the HPV-16 genome, and releases virion particles as the upper layer of the epithelium is shed. (asm.org)
- In this layer of the epithelium, the nonproductive stage of the HPV life cycle occurs, where the virus establishes itself as a low-copy-number episome by synthesizing its DNA on average once per cell cycle via a bidirectional theta mode ( 1a , 8 , 12 , 30 ). (asm.org)
- The productive stage of the HPV life cycle occurs in the suprabasal layers of the epithelium, where the virus amplifies its DNA to a high copy number. (asm.org)
- The host DNA replication machinery is readily available in the proliferating basal layer of the epithelium where the nonproductive stage of the HPV life cycle occurs. (asm.org)
- This stage occurs just before winter. (mom.me)
- For most women, this stage begins at 10 to 16 years of age, when the first period occurs, to the last normal period, which usually occurs in a woman's 40s or 50s. (blogspot.com)
- The adult stage is common between animal and plant because, that is the last stage in their life cycle and they also they reproduce in that stage. (answers.com)
- A plant has two stages in its life. (answers.com)
- In this stage, the plant produces sex cells, or gametes. (answers.com)
- There are six stages in the lifecycle of the flowering plant. (answers.com)
- These two stages help in the production of a new plant. (answers.com)
- There are seven stages of plant growth. (answers.com)
- The first stage is pollination - where bees carry the pollen from one plant to another plant. (answers.com)
- The fifth stage is growth - when the plant grows from a small sprout into a bigger plant, like a tree. (answers.com)
- The overall impact of plant-plant interactions on the population dynamics of protégées is the net result of both positive and negative effects that may act simultaneously along the plant life cycle, and depends on the environmental context. (frontiersin.org)
- The cycle begins again when the plant matures to produce flowers and a new generation of sperm cells develops in the pollen grains while egg cells form in flower ovaries. (sfgate.com)
- Flowering stages reveal that the plant has fully matured and is ready to begin reproducing. (lovetoknow.com)
- That returns the life cycle of the bean plant to its starting point once again, seeds, and the cycle begins anew. (lovetoknow.com)
- Stage 4 - The double-stranded viral DNA is incorporated into the DNA of a lymphocyte. (vectorstock.com)
- The HIV virus now enters the maturation stage where the processing of viral proteins takes place. (womenhealthzone.com)
- Thus, the virus probably possesses a mechanism to make these cells permissive for DNA synthesis during the productive stage of the viral life cycle. (asm.org)
- Results In this study, we used whole genome, oligonucleotide microarrays to globally determine the extent to which T. cruzi regulates mRNA relative abundances over the course of its complete life-cycle. (uga.edu)
- T. cruzi is not a homogeneous population and is composed rather by a pool of strains which circulate in both the domestic and sylvatic cycles involving humans, vectors and animal reservoirs of the parasite. (fiocruz.br)
- Methods and Findings: Little is known about the wider stage-specific activities of current antimalarials that were primarily designed to alleviate symptoms of malaria in the blood stage. (www.gov.uk)
- By dividing menopause into separate stages, it is easier to identify and address the health issues and symptoms unique to each. (blogspot.com)
- A DEAD-box RNA helicase, which is highly up-regulated in the bloodstream form of this parasite and which is essential for viability and proper cell cycle progression in this stage is described as an example. (mcponline.org)
- Thus, many stage-specifically expressed proteins are important for infectivity of the mammalian host and are of medical interest as putative drug targets against the parasite. (mcponline.org)
- After stage 2 the small intestine wall is penetrated by the fluke parasite and it enters into the peritoneal cavity. (vedantu.com)
- Nevertheless, studying the life cycle of the virus is important, because understanding the life cycle is important for creating antiviral therapies that can stop the spread of HPV-16, which has been associated with the majority of cervical cancers. (asm.org)
- An understanding of the life cycle of termites can aid in their elimination and prevention. (unitedpestsolutions.com)
- In any case, understanding the technology life cycle helps you predict when you'll be able to recover the investment you put into it development, and when to plan for new projects. (kanguro.fi)
- This is a representation of the number of years for each menopause stage that may help in understanding the stages of menopause. (blogspot.com)
- Understanding the life cycle can help you become a better gardener. (lovetoknow.com)
- Understanding the life cycle of grocery products can help grocery-store purchasers add and remove products from store shelves at ideal times. (chron.com)
- Understanding brands' marketing strategies in this stage is important for purchasers, as it can shed light into a failing product's future. (chron.com)
- An important feature of the HPV life cycle is that it depends on the host DNA replication machinery to synthesize its DNA, because the virus does not encode a DNA polymerase. (asm.org)
- The repayment stage is the last stage of the loan life cycle, it depends on factors such as the principal amount, interest rate and tenor of the loan. (gemanalyst.com)
- Although Figure 1 displays stages sequentially, how and when each stage is carried out depends on the methodology being used. (arcitura.com)
- Here we investigated the effect of a similar mutation isoleucine to phenylalanine (M-I36F) in the prM ectodomain on the virus life cycle of Japanese Encephalitis (JEV) and West Nile (WNV) viruses. (pasteur.fr)
- It was not until the 1980s, when the full genetic sequences of viruses began to be unraveled, that researchers began to learn how viruses worked in detail, and exactly what chemicals were needed to thwart their reproductive cycle. (thefullwiki.org)
- The first three stages occur in water, but the adult is an active flying insect. (earthkind.com)
- To understand how such an extreme change in gene expression might lead to an almost two-fold increase in fitness at the adaptive temperature, we focused on stages in the life cycle of the phage that occur before and after the initiation of transcription. (beds.ac.uk)
- Down-regulating transcription affects several steps in the phage life cycle, and all of these occur after the initiation of transcription. (beds.ac.uk)
- One possible stage is that they undergo weathering by water. (answers.com)
- Yeast cells need oxygen to complete the first stage of the cell cycle, so they must first undergo cellular respiration. (answers.com)
- A cell determines whether to undergo division at what are called checkpoints in the cell cycle. (answers.com)
- Nymphs undergo a series of repeated stages of growth in their development known as instars. (mom.me)