Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.
Complex petroleum hydrocarbons consisting mainly of residues from crude oil distillation. These liquid products include heating oils, stove oils, and furnace oils and are burned to generate energy.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
The extraction and recovery of usable or valuable material from scrap or other discarded materials. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
A greasy substance with a smoky odor and burned taste created by high temperature treatment of BEECH and other WOOD; COAL TAR; or resin of the CREOSOTE BUSH. It contains CRESOLS and POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS which are CARCINOGENS. It has been widely used as wood preservative and in PESTICIDES and had former use medicinally in DISINFECTANTS; LAXATIVES; and DERMATOLOGIC AGENTS.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
Acidic water usually pH 2.5 to 4.5, which poisons the ecosystem and adversely affects plants, fishes, and mammals. It is caused by industrial pollutants, mainly sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, emitted into the atmosphere and returning to earth in the form of acidic rain water.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
A species of mussel in the genus MYTILUS, family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA, known as the common mussel. It has a bluish-black shell and is highly edible.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A yellowish fossil resin, the gum of several species of coniferous trees, found in the alluvial deposits of northeastern Germany. It is used in molecular biology in the analysis of organic matter fossilized in amber.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.
Relating to the size of solids.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
... non-fossil fuels; levy; fuel stocks; consent to construct; overhead lines; amenity and fisheries Consumer protection - Sections ... to provide for the giving of financial assistance in connection with the storage and reprocessing of nuclear fuel, the ... and to create schemes for energy suppliers to give benefits to customers to reduce fuel poverty. Electricity Act 1947 ...
"Fossil fuel industry levy should pay for bushfire impact, climate action group report says". ABC News. 30 July 2020.. ... paid for by creating a levy for the fossil fuel industry, to pay for the impact of natural disasters. Official website The ... and the managed phase-out of all fossil fuels." Other key recommendations from the plan include: more large aerial firefighting ... the Federal Government to urgently introduce measures to address climate change such as limiting the burning of fossil fuels ...
The fee would be levied against all fossil fuels at their point of entry into the economy. The revenue that would be collected ... approach to pricing carbon pollution from fossil fuels, and simultaneously ending subsidies to fossil fuel companies. In the ... In addition, all existing subsidies of fossil fuels, including tax credits, would be phased out over the 5 years following ... Working in collaboration with the Climate Action Network Canada to encourage Canada's government to remove fossil fuel ...
Starting in 2007, the plant's share of the C$200 million carbon levy for industrial users of fossil fuels was evaluated at C$ ... Ten 200,000-barrel fuel storage tanks are located behind the plant and were supplied with fuel from the Montreal and Lévis ... "Wind Power and Other Sources of Energy: Fossil fuels". Understanding Electricity. Retrieved January 20, 2013. Paradis 1965, p. ... The Tracy Thermal Generating Station is a retired 660-megawatt heavy fuel oil-fueled thermal power station built from 1962 by ...
Sales of E85 fuel and E85 cars decreased sharply between 2014 and 2015 due to lower price of fossil fuel. The Swedish ... The energy tax and carbon dioxide tax are not levied on biofuels. The Swedish government has a policy, which aims at the ... The assumption is that the replacement of fossil fuels with fuels generated from biomass would have significant and positive ... this can be accomplished with a combination of improved efficiency electrification and fuel switching from fossil fuels to ...
By 1989, it seemed clear the climate issue would come to directly address fossil fuels. Levy & Rothenberg 1999: A senior GCC ... These industries stand to lose out if curbs are placed on fossil fuels Revkin 2009: The coalition was financed by fees from ... The GCC was formed to represent the interests of the major producers and users of fossil fuels, to oppose regulation to ... leading investor-owned fossil fuel corporations, including ExxonMobil, Shell, and British Petroleum, created the Global Climate ...
... "easier task replacing fossil fuels". In 2020 Agora Energiewende also declared a number of new fossil gas plants will be also ... The renewable energy levy to finance green power investment is added to Germans' electricity unit price. The surcharge (22.1% ... Another article claims that Germany could have already phased out fossil fuels if it had chosen to invest in nuclear instead of ... If the penalty for CO2 emissions increases to €100/tonne by 2030 and thereafter remains constant and fossil fuel prices ...
Fossil Fuel Levy, in the United Kingdom Foundation for Family and Life, a Catholic charismatic lay community Foundation for ...
... where benefits from reduced consumption of fossil fuels as well as gains from carbon allowances or reduced levies are shared ... A small freighter was outfitted with this system to evaluate its actual fuel gains with the result that it was estimated to ... Wind assisted propulsion is the practice of decreasing the fuel consumption of a merchant vessel through the use of sails or ... In 2010 a 10,000 dwt cargo ship was equipped with four Flettner Rotors to evaluate their role in increasing fuel efficiency. ...
This means that despite burning fossil fuels like coal and oil, the station is exempt from the Climate Change Levy, a tax which ... It operates separately from the fossil fuel power station. 80,000 tonnes of waste wood is supplied to the station each year ... Wilton Power Station is a 197 megawatt (MW) fossil fuel power station, which is currently in constant operation. Over the years ... It comprises a variety of generating sets, with units of different ages and various fuels. The station is currently mainly coal ...
Concerns over energy security (Ireland lacks fossil fuel resources, and has extensive wind resources), climate change ... currently levied at €72 per year per household. In the 2016/17 period, €308 million raised through this levy was planned to be ... "Fuel Mix Disclosure and CO2 Emissions 2015" (PDF). Commission for Energy Regulation. 26 August 2016. p. 10. Retrieved 21 ... "Public Service Obligation Levy 2015/2016" (PDF). Commission for Energy Regulation. "Electricity bills to rise as regulator ...
Concerns over energy security (Ireland lacks fossil fuel resources, and has extensive wind resources), climate change ... The PSO levy is charged to all electricity customers. As of April 2020, for residential consumers, the current PSO levy is € ... currently levied at €72 per year per household. In the 2016/17 period, €308 million raised through this levy was planned to be ... The PSO levy funds the government's main mechanisms to support the generation of electricity from sustainable, renewable and ...
To reduce the country's dependence on fossil fuels, it is building one of the world's largest floating solar farm at Tengeh ... Singapore is the first country in Southeast Asia to levy a carbon tax, at $5 per ton, applicable for its largest carbon- ... "Singapore Budget 2018: Carbon tax of $5 per tonne of greenhouse gas emissions to be levied". Straits Times. 19 February 2018. " ...
Biden's plan would eliminate fossil fuel subsidies; halt issuance of new permits for oil and gas extraction on public land and ... Levy, Steven (2001). Crypto: How the Code Rebels Beat the Government, Saving Privacy in the Digital Age. New York: Viking. p. ... The plan also won considerable support from the fossil fuel industry. During the Obama administration, Biden was the lead ... and ending subsidies for fossil fuels" would provide the revenue for the plan, making it deficit-neutral. A long-term rider and ...
To reduce the country's dependence on fossil fuels, it has ramped up deployment of solar panels on rooftops and vertical ... Singapore is the first country in Southeast Asia to levy a carbon tax on its largest carbon-emitting corporations producing ... and had enough fuel tanks to support the entire British navy for six months. The base was defended by heavy 15-inch naval guns ... 5 per tonne of greenhouse gas emissions to be levied". The Straits Times. Singapore. 19 February 2018. "One of world's largest ...
... mainly fossil fuels), namely energy tax, sulphur tax and CO 2 tax. Energy taxation has been used as a policy instrument ever ... This will be done by payment of a levy in proportion to certain fraction of their electricity during the year. For example, ... simultaneously with the introduction of a CO 2 tax on fossil fuels, with exceptions on ethanol, methanol, other biofuels, peat ... 2019). "Fossil CO2 and GHG emissions of all world countries - 2019 Report, EUR 29849 EN, Publications Office of the European ...
Certain fuels, such as marked gas and diesel used on farms, will be exempt from the levy. All revenue will be invested back ... The objectives of the tax are encourage individuals, businesses, industry, and others to use less fossil fuel and reduce their ... not on the mass of fuel itself. These include transportation and heating fuels such as diesel, gasoline, natural gas, and ... Not all carbon will be taxed, the price is based on the amount of carbon pollution released by the fuel when it is combusted, ...
The Electricity Act 1989 provided for the privatisation of the electricity industry, introducing the Fossil Fuel Levy to ... When the rest of the UK generating industry was privatised, the Government introduced the Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation, initially ... A 2015 model-based study compares renewables plus storage, nuclear, and fossil fuels with and without carbon capture and ... Pfenninger, Stefan; Keirstead, James (15 August 2015). "Renewables, nuclear, or fossil fuels? Scenarios for Great Britain's ...
Fossil Fuel Levy (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/641) Smoking, Health and Social Care (Scotland) Act 2005 ( ... 2) (Scotland) Order 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/548) Electricity from Non-Fossil Fuel Sources (Scotland) Saving Arrangements Order 2005 ( ... Levying) (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/126) Non-Domestic Rating (Valuation of Utilities) (Scotland) Order 2005 (S.S. ... Authorised Fuels) (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/614) Smoke Control Areas (Exempt Fireplaces) (Scotland) ...
7) Regulations 2001 SI 2001/3285 The Fossil Fuel Levy (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2001 SI 2001/3286 The Railway Safety ( ... Regulations 2001 SI 2001/1199 The Fossil Fuel Levy (Amendment) Regulations 2001 SI 2001/1200 The Financial Services and Markets ... Solid Fuel) Regulations 2001 SI 2001/1137 The Climate Change Levy (Use as Fuel) Regulations 2001 SI 2001/1138 The Climate ... Order 2001 SI 2001/3268 The Electricity from Non-Fossil Fuel Sources (Scotland) Saving Arrangements Order 2001 SI 2001/3269 The ...
Fossil Fuel Levy Regulations 1990 (S.I. 1990/266) Area Boards (Payments for Use of Tax Losses) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/267) Local ... Non-Fossil Fuel Sources) (England and Wales) (No. 2) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/1859) A516 Trunk Road (Etwall Bypass) Order 1990 (S. ... Non-Fossil Fuel Sources) (England and Wales) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/263) Electricity Act 1989 (Modifications of Section 32(5) to ... Non-Fossil Fuel Sources) (England and Wales) (Amendment) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/494) National Health Service (Optical Charges ...
929) The Fossil Fuel Levy Act 1998 (Commencement) Order 1998 (S.I. 1998 No. 930 (C.21)]) The Legal Services Ombudsman ( ... 1827) The Fossil Fuel Levy (Amendment) Regulations 1998 (S.I. 1998 No. 1828) The Local Government Pension Scheme(Management and ... 2347) The Electricity (Non-Fossil Fuel Sources) (England and Wales) Order 1998 (S.I. 1998 No. 2353) The District of West ... 784) The Value Added Tax (Increase of Consideration for Fuel) Order 1998 (S.I. 1998 No. 788) The Education (New Grant- ...
Fossil Fuel Levy (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2002 (S.S.I. 2002/94) Adults with Incapacity (Supervision of Welfare ... Levying) (Scotland) Regulations 2002 (S.S.I. 2002/91) Electricity from Non-Fossil Fuel Sources (Locational Flexibility) ( ... Scotland) Order 2002 (S.S.I. 2002/92) Electricity from Non-Fossil Fuel Sources (Scotland) Saving Arrangements (Modification) ... Authorised Fuels) (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2002 (S.S.I. 2002/527) Road Traffic (NHS Charges) Amendment (No. 2) ( ...
Fossil Fuel Levy (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2001 (S.S.I. 2001/335) Housing (Scotland) Act 2001 (Commencement No. 1, ... 4) Order 2001 (S.S.I. 2001/247) Control of Pollution (Silage, Slurry and Agricultural Fuel Oil) (Scotland) Amendment ... Slurry and Agricultural Fuel Oil) (Scotland) Regulations 2001 (S.S.I. 2001/206) Water Supply (Water Quality) (Scotland) ... Authorised Fuels) (Scotland) Regulations 2001 (S.S.I. 2001/433) The Food Protection (Emergency Prohibitions) (Amnesic Shellfish ...
1996/1308 Fossil Fuel Levy (Amendment) Regulations 1996 S.I. 1996/1309 Personal Pension Schemes (Tables of Rates of Annuities) ... 1996/285 Fossil Fuel Levy (Scotland) Regulations 1996 S.I. 1996/293 Mental Health (After-care under Supervision) Regulations ... 1996/1511 Fossil Fuel Levy (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 1996 S.I. 1996/1512 Health and Safety (Consultation with Employees ... 1996/101 Industrial Training Levy (Engineering Construction Board) Order 1996 S.I. 1996/102 Non-Domestic Rates (Levying) ( ...
... as practicable by Sinn include levying a withholding tax on the capital gains on the financial investments of fossil fuel ... not fuel)), thus making sure that on the demand side the independancy[clarification needed] for fossil fuels still pays off, ... A suggestion for a solution might also be to pay suppliers for the destruction of fossil fuels (or transform them into raw ... hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-0012-02FC-3. "Support to fossil fuels remains high and the time is ripe for change - OECD". www.oecd.org ...
This avoided 3.3 million tonnes of CO2 emissions and €346 million of fossil fuel imports. The average emissions of new cars ... currently levied at €72 per year per household. In the 2016/17 period, €308 million raised through this levy was planned to be ... Concerns over energy security (Ireland lacks fossil fuel resources, and has extensive wind resources), climate change ... "Solid Fuels , Solid Fuel Heating Ireland". Wood. Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources. 2015. Retrieved 25 ...
The Fossil Fuel Levy was imposed to fund the Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation. In England and Wales the Fossil Fuel Levy was ... policy of the United Kingdom Energy use and conservation in the United Kingdom Fossil Fuel Levy Act 1998 The Fossil Fuel Levy ( ... The Fossil Fuel Levy (FFL) is a levy paid by suppliers of electricity from non-renewable energy sources in the United Kingdom. ... In Scotland, the Fossil Fuel Levy was not imposed until 1996, as support for the nuclear industry in Scotland (the original ...
The fossil fuel industry faces risk completely separate from the impacts of climate change. Fossil fuels are a limited resource ... through perhaps public awareness campaigns or carbon levies. Amongst the key issues to consider in relation to the pace of the ... Former fossil fuels exporters are expected to lose power, while the positions of former fossil fuel importers and countries ... Howard, Emma (2015). "A Guide to Fossil Fuel Divestment" (PDF). The Guardian. "Divestment Commitments". Fossil Free: Divestment ...
Fossil fuels provide 19% of Canadian electric power, about half as coal (9% of the total) and the remainder a mix of natural ... It also places levies on natural gas, pump gas, propane, butane, and aviation fuel. Ontario Premier Doug Ford, Albertan Premier ... Even though fossil fuels will be phased out in "the medium term" Trudeau has stated that the Kinder Morgan Pipeline will be ... Canada's fossil fuel extraction industry has increased its greenhouse gas emissions by 21.6% since 1990. Canada is committed to ...
"Hemp 4 Fuel. Retrieved 2011-04-20.. *^ "Pollution: Petrol vs. Hemp". Hempcar.org. Archived from the original on 2006-07-20. ... In 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed in the United States, levying a tax on anyone who dealt commercially in ... Bradshaw, R. H. W.; Coxon, P.; Greig, J. R. A.; Hall, A. R. (1981). "New Fossil Evidence for the Past Cultivation and ... Biodiesel can be made from the oils in hemp seeds and stalks; this product is sometimes called "hempoline".[46] Alcohol fuel ( ...
On June 10, 2014, Jones announced that the Seminary would be joining the movement to divest from the fossil fuels industry in ... "The Vatican levies further penalties on Roger Haight, SJ - Commonweal Magazine". Retrieved December 18, 2016.. ... 108 million endowment will no longer include any fossil fuel investments. Although administratively independent from Columbia, ...
Power plants, even if they burn fossil fuels, are far cleaner than mobile sources such as locomotive engines. The power can ... together with the higher charges levied for electricity use, saw diesel-electric locomotives make inroads into the electrified ... Electric locomotives with on-board fueled prime movers, such as diesel engines or gas turbines, are classed as diesel-electric ... The feasibility of using hydrogen fuel-cell locomotives is also being studied.[40] ...
"If the outcomes observed in the spot market persist then it can be unequivocally concluded that both fossil fuel generators and ... Domestic aviation did not face the carbon price scheme, but was subject to an additional fuel excise levy of approximately 6 ... The carbon price was set at AUD$23 per tonne of emitted CO2-e on selected fossil fuels consumed by major industrial emitters ... Because the Australian carbon tax did not apply to all fossil fuels usage, it only had an effect on some of the emitters of ...
In fossil fuelsEdit. Main article: Suess effect. Many man-made chemicals are derived from fossil fuels (such as petroleum or ... Levy, Adam, "'Bomb Carbon' Has Been Found in Deep-Ocean Creatures", Scientific American, May 15, 2019 ... "The Basics: 14C and Fossil Fuels". NOAA ESRL GMD Education and Outreach. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. ... This makes 14C an ideal tracer of carbon dioxide coming from the combustion of fossil fuels. Scientists can use 14C ...
Fund report in May 2015, the world's governments indirectly subsidise fossil fuel companies with $5.3tn (£3.4tn) a year. Most ... In the October 2013 Fiscal Monitor publication, the IMF suggested that a capital levy capable of reducing Euro-area government ... Fossil fuels subsidised by $10m a minute, says IMF The Guardian 18 May 2015 ... to impose a one-time bank deposit levy on Bank of Cyprus uninsured deposits.[39][40] No insured deposit of €100k or less were ...
First of all, the law provided rung-by-rung growth of the taxes on fuel and fossil fuels and laid the foundation for the tax ... A carbon tax is a tax levied on the carbon content of fuels (transport and energy sector) and, like carbon emissions trading, ... The general fuel tax is collected on all hydrocarbon fuels. Fuels used as raw materials are not subject to the tax. Tax rates ... Fuel CO. 2 emissions[43]. (mass of CO. 2 produced) Tax. (per fuel unit) CO. 2 emissions[43]. (mass of CO. 2 produced) Tax per ...
... imports nearly all its generated electricity and fuel.[235] The vast majority of this energy comes from fossil fuels ... taxes levied in Hong Kong do not fund the central authority.[117][118] ...
Fossil Fuel Levy. *Low Carbon Building Programme. *National Industrial Symbiosis Programme. *Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation ... of low burn-up fuel. It was first used to reprocess fuel from the Windscale Piles, and was later repurposed to process fuel ... The plutonium can be used in the manufacture of mixed oxide fuel (MOX) for thermal reactors, or as fuel for fast breeder ... "1. Should oxide fuel from United Kingdom reactors be reprocessed in this country at all; whether at Windscale or elsewhere?. 2 ...
Placing higher taxes on fossil fuels makes petrol just as expensive as other fuels such as natural gas, biodiesel or electric ... The sale of fuels in the Netherlands is levied with an excise tax. As of 2015, petrol excise tax is EUR0.766 per litre and ... A fuel tax (also known as a petrol, gasoline or gas tax, or as a fuel duty) is an excise tax imposed on the sale of fuel. In ... For state-level fuel taxes, nineteen states and the District of Columbia levy variable-rate taxes of some kind.[24] The other ...
... that encompasses the vision of carbon neutrality and reduced fossil fuel dependence by 2015. Currently, the school rests in ... Moshe Levy, PhD '55, professor of chemistry, discoverer of living polymerization, and solar energy researcher ...
Ebidensiya mula sa fossil rekordBaguhin. May kaunting ebidensiya ng fossil para sa diberhensiya ng mga liping gorilya, ... Park, Min S.; Nguyen, Andrew D.; Aryan, Henry E.; U, Hoi Sang; Levy, Michael L.; Semendeferi, Katerina (2007). "Evolution of ... fuel) na mga teknolohiya at napabuting kalusugan na nagsanhi sa populasyon ng tao na tumaas ng eksponensiyal. Sa pagkalat sa ... Ang pinaka unang mga fossil na transisyonal sa pagitan ng H. ergaster/erectus at '' Archaic H. sapiens ay mula sa Aprika gaya ...
... particularly the discovery of global warming due to carbon dioxide emitted by the burning of fossil fuels, which are the ... Krigel, A; Berdugo, M; Picard, E; Levy-Boukris, R; Jaadane, I; Jonet, L; Dernigoghossian, M; Andrieu-Soler, C; Torriglia, A; ...
Critics allege its primary purpose was to permit fossil fuel holding companies to monopolize utility generation.[2] ... Levy, Marc (11 April 2017). "Nuclear plant owners expand search for rescue to more states". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved ... "Levy nuclear plant project shelved". World Nuclear News. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013.. ... 2013 by The Tampa Bay Times showed that a plant fueled by natural gas was nearly certain to be cheaper than a nuclear-fueled ...
... which includes the tax rate set by the local taxing bodies plus all voted levies. Real property is assessed on 100% of the fair ... energy fuel production, and medical facilities. ... Official state fossil. Brachiopod. undetermined. 1986. Official ...
Fee and dividend will make fossil fuels - coal, oil, and gas - less competitive as a fuel than other options. ... A fee is levied on fuels at their point of origin into the economy, such as the well, mine, or port of entry. The fee is based ... A universal fossil fuel fee would address all these sectors at once. Through a universal price on CO2-equivalent emissions, the ... The system imposes a fee on the sale of fossil fuels, and subsequently distributes the revenue of this fee over the entire ...
Using power tools which burn fossil fuel or electricity generated by burning fossil fuel;[1][4][12][13] ... Dyson, Keith; Thomson, A. M.; Mobbs, D. C.; Milne, R.; Skiba, U.; Clark, A.; Levy, P. E.; Jones, S. K.; Billett, M. F.; ... Heating and treating swimming pools by burning fossil fuel or electricity generated by burning fossil fuel;[2] ... Heating greenhouses by burning fossil fuel or electricity generated by burning fossil fuel;[4] ...
Steven Levy (January 2, 2001). Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-385-19195-2.. ... Rick DelVecchio Berkeley / Cal sees BP deal as landmark, Research could lead more quickly to making alternative fuel a reality ... The Museum of Paleontology, found in the lobby of the Valley Life Sciences Building, showcases a variety of dinosaur fossils ... "Dedication of new CITRIS headquarters marks new stage of innovation to help fuel economic growth". University of California, ...
Fossil fuel combustion is a primary contributor, but so are biofuels and even the burning of hydrogen. However, the rate that ... Levy, H.; Moxim, W. J.; Kasibhatla, P. S. (1996). "A global three-dimensional time-dependent lightning source of tropospheric ... Human activities such as fossil fuel combustion, use of artificial nitrogen fertilizers, and release of nitrogen in wastewater ...
Fossil Fuel Levy. *Low Carbon Building Programme. *National Industrial Symbiosis Programme. *Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation ...
Road transport contributes 45% of all emissions from the burning of fossil fuels in New Zealand.[65] New Zealanders tend to buy ... In 2003, the Government proposed an Agricultural emissions research levy to fund research into reducing ruminant emissions. The ... New Zealand has an emissions trading scheme and from 1 July 2010, the energy and liquid fossil fuel and some industry sectors ... As of 2018, the system applies to about 51% of New Zealand's gross emissions and covers almost all emissions from fossil fuels ...
The river valley is rich in mineral deposits and fossil fuels, and coal mining is important in places. The dams along its ... Some Zambian towns on roads leading to the river levy unofficial 'fish taxes' on people taking Zambezi fish to other parts of ...
Fossil Fuel Levy. *Low Carbon Building Programme. *National Industrial Symbiosis Programme. *Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation ... the Bill was only necessary because of a failure to devise a viable plan for other sources of energy to replace fossil fuels. ... to amend the provisions of the Energy Act 2004 about renewable transport fuel obligations; to make provision about carbon ...
... size and weight but also in the type of fuel used to power it to prevent environmental damage caused by the use of fossil fuels ... "green levy". ... 1 Reasons for bad fuel economy. *2 Means to decrease fuel ... Reasons for bad fuel economy[edit]. There are several reasons for bad fuel economy in cars, vans and trucks: *Heavy weight: A ... Fuel-efficient driving habits and vehicle maintenance are easy to change and can have a big impact on fuel consumption. Sudden ...
Combustion of available fossil fuel resources sufficient to eliminate the Antarctic Ice Sheet». 11. september 2015. doi:10.1126 ... Levy, Caren; Maslin, Mark; McCoy, David; McGuire, Bill; Montgomery, Hugh; Napier, David; Pagel, Christina; Patel, Jinesh; de ...
"Notice of Regulatory Determination on Wastes From the Combustion of Fossil Fuels". Federal Register Vol. 65, No. 99. p. 32214. ... A December 2008 Maryland court decision levied a $54 million penalty against Constellation Energy, which had performed a " ... It has been suggested that Pulverised fuel ash be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2017. ... Fly ash or flue ash, also known as "pulverised fuel ash" in the United Kingdom, is a coal combustion product that is composed ...
... increasing significantly upon exposure to volcanic activity or atmospheric pollution derived from burning fossil fuels or other ... Levy N. Total fluoride intake and implications for dietary fluoride supplementation. - PubMed - NCBI ...
What is now Ohio was probably first settled by Paleo-Indian people, who lived in the area as early as 13,000 B.C. A fossil ... "Ohio Fuel Cell Symposium 2010". GCBL.org. 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2017.. ... School districts formed, and by 1838 the first direct tax was levied allowing access to the school for all.[89] The first ... Ohio had become nicknamed the "fuel cell corridor"[159] in being a contributing anchor for the region now called the "Green ...
On June 10, 2014, Jones announced that the Seminary would be joining the movement to divest from the fossil fuels industry in ... "The Vatican levies further penalties on Roger Haight, SJ - Commonweal Magazine". Retrieved 18 December 2016.. ... 108 million endowment will no longer include any fossil fuel investments. Faculty[edit]. In 1930, Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a ...
The fee would be levied against all fossil fuels at their point of entry into the economy. The revenue that would be collected ... approach to pricing carbon pollution from fossil fuels, and simultaneously ending subsidies to fossil fuel companies.[4] In the ... In addition, all existing subsidies of fossil fuels, including tax credits, would be phased out over the 5 years following ... Working in collaboration with the Climate Action Network Canada to encourage Canada's government to remove fossil fuel ...
The Fossil Fuel Levy was imposed to fund the Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation. In England and Wales the Fossil Fuel Levy was ... policy of the United Kingdom Energy use and conservation in the United Kingdom Fossil Fuel Levy Act 1998 The Fossil Fuel Levy ( ... The Fossil Fuel Levy (FFL) is a levy paid by suppliers of electricity from non-renewable energy sources in the United Kingdom. ... In Scotland, the Fossil Fuel Levy was not imposed until 1996, as support for the nuclear industry in Scotland (the original ...
fossil fuel Blogs, Comments and Archive News on Economictimes.com ... fossil fuel Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special ... Govt may put Rs 12,000 levy on new cars to push e-vehicles. 19 Dec, 2018, 10.28 AM IST. NITI Aayog has proposed incentives of ... SEARCHED FOR:FOSSIL FUEL. An idea whose time has not come: Indias e-car drive has too many dead ends. Under current ... As fossil fuel loses lustre, RIL shifts focus to oil-to-chemicals conversion. 05 Jul, 2018, 02.36 PM IST. Ambani said the RIL- ...
Pema Levy * The Acting Attorney General Helped an Alleged Scam Company Hawk Bizarre Products Dan Friedman ... The Fossil Fuel Industry Is Bankrolling the Paris Climate Talks. Some of the events sponsors might be part of the problem, not ... But "I dont think the presence of fossil-fuel producing corporations at COP meetings has had much to do with their failure to ... "Of course [corporate sponsorship] is a conflict of interest, just as it is a conflict of interest to have fossil fuel producing ...
Northwest Tribes Step Up Battle Against Fossil Fuels. "We have to do everything we can to stop it.". * Stephen Quirke. Bio ... Over the past four years, tribal governments and their non-Native allies have managed to halt several fossil fuel projects ... While many activists in recent years have called attention to fossil fuels and climate change, tribal governments are ... Pema Levy. Sign up for our free newsletter Subscribe to the Mother Jones Daily to have our top stories delivered directly to ...
Forest Service today withdrew 31,169 acres of national forest lands in Texas from a Bureau of Land Management fossil fuel ... Ray Levy-Uyeda. How Formerly Incarcerated Firefighters Are Getting the Jobs and Pay They Deserve ... Feds Pull 31,000 Texas Acres From April Fossil Fuel Auction Due to Concerns Over Fracking Impacts to Land, Water, Climate. U.S ... Burning Fossil Fuels Made Coronavirus Death Rate Worse, and Kills 200K Americans Per Year, Not to Mention Global Heating ...
... affirm his close relationship with fossil fuel sector ... Ray Levy-Uyeda. How Formerly Incarcerated Firefighters Are ... It shows numerous meetings between Pruitt and fossil fuel industry heads.. The 35-page document was obtained by E&E News, and " ... Burning Fossil Fuels Made Coronavirus Death Rate Worse, and Kills 200K Americans Per Year, Not to Mention Global Heating ... New Docs Bolster Claims of EPA Head Scott Pruitt Being Fossil Fuel Puppet. Multiple meetings between EPA Administrator Pruitt ...
Fossil Fuel Companies Should Pay Pollution Levy: Greens. Adam Bandt 18 Dec 2019 Protecting our Environment ... Greens move to give climate victims the right to sue fossil fuel companies. Adam Bandt 24 Feb 2020 Climate Emergency ... Its time that the fossil fuel companies whose products are responsible for the climate crisis start footing some of the bill ... The Australian Governments push for liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a low-emissions fossil fuel has been exposed with a new ...
Reforming fossil fuel subsidies might seem to be an easy option - reduced fiscal outlays would help with debt problems while ... Counting thy numbers: Defining and measuring fossil fuel subsidies. Ronald Steenblik, Jehan Sauvage, Jagoda Egeland, 15 ... No comprehensive database of directly measured fossil-fuel subsidies exists at the international or the sub-national level, yet ... Calculations for 170 nations from 1980-2010 reveal that fossil-fuel price distortions are enormous, increasing, and often ...
CRITICAL CRITTERS: With Beastly Sneers and Callous Observations by Ceri Levy & Ralph Steadman ... The value of fossil fuels is falling. Helm believes its the endgame, with a renewable revolution like weve never seen before ... Its optimistic reading for anyone outside the fossil fuel industry, with a confidence that the growth in small scale renewable ... Click here to purchase Burn Out: The Endgame for Fossil Fuels by Dieter Helm ...
FOSSIL FUEL LEVY. FUEL GAS. FUEL OIL. FUMED SILICA. FURNACE OIL. FUSTI PALLET. G. GAS OIL. GLASS BOTTLE. GLUE. GLYCERINE. ... HEAVY FUEL OIL. HEAVY OIL Nr 2. HEPTANE. HETEROCYCLIC NITROGEN COMPOUND. HEXABROMOCYCLODODECANE. HEXANE. HEXYLENE GLYCOL. HOODS ...
The investment industry veteran takes over from Sheldon Levy. *By: James Langton ... Its also important to recognize that divesting from fossil fuel companies does not affect the consumption of fossil fuels. ... produces about one-third of the carbon emissions of the MSCI ACWI ex fossil fuels index, which simply excludes fossil fuel ... Home In Depth Special Reports Refresher on Responsible Investing Making sense of the debate on fossil fuel divestment ...
Making the Moral Case for Fossil Fuels. By Janet Levy, American Thinker, Feb 28, 2015 ... Yet world leaders are embarking on costly policies that have no capacity to replace fossil fuels but enrich crony capitalists ... are so committed to the reduction of CO2 and the deadly effects of its existence and production through the use of fossil fuels ... Many important hominid-bearing fossil localities in East Africa are in regions that are extremely hot and dry. Although humans ...
A carbon tax places a levy on every purchase of fossil fuel. In a cap-and-trade model, the government limits how much carbon a ... B.C., which imposes a $30 levy on each tonne of carbon emissions (this works out, for instance, to seven cents on a litre of ... Since then, B.C. has implemented a carbon tax that has helped slash fuel use by 16 per cent. Quebec and California, meanwhile, ... The state also has rules to make fuels more environmentally friendly and laws that require 15 per cent of new vehicles sold by ...
a levy on fossil fuel plants that arent fitted with CCS technology; ... Oxyfuel combustion burns fossil fuels in 95% pure oxygen instead of air. This results in a flue gas with high CO2 ... The gasification of a fossil fuel produces a "synthesis gas" (syn gas), which is primarily a mixture of carbon monoxide, ... "while CCS for fossil fuel-based utilities may not be ready for 10-15 years, and that even then use of the technology is ...
Weve the latest report out trying to convince us that fossil fuel companies, those exploring for coal, oil and natural gas, ... fuel duty and excise taxes on petrol and derv plus VAT, and then the Climate Change Levy. None of these taxes applies to ... fossil fuel companies, those exploring for coal, oil and natural gas, are subsidised by some vast amount by the rich countries ... OK, so, are there taxes which fossil fuel companies do pay but which renewables do not? This is something I considered here:. ...
Macron wants to use fuel levies to wean French consumers from fossil fuels. The great energy regulatory pact, after all, is ... With the Christmas shopping season now beginning, the economic pain caused by the war on fossil fuels inevitably triggers anger ... This means heavier taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel and tax breaks for buyers of electric cars. ... taxes on both gasoline and diesel fuel are sending the price of gasoline past $7 a gallon. ...
The fee would be levied against all fossil fuels at their point of entry into the economy. The revenue that would be collected ... approach to pricing carbon pollution from fossil fuels, and simultaneously ending subsidies to fossil fuel companies.[4] In the ... In addition, all existing subsidies of fossil fuels, including tax credits, would be phased out over the 5 years following ... Working in collaboration with the Climate Action Network Canada to encourage Canadas government to remove fossil fuel ...
... the Fossil Fuel Levy is paid by suppliers of electricity from non-renewable energy sources as part of the Non-Fossil Fuels ... Further funds that become available in the Scottish Fossil Fuel Levy fund will be split equally between the two governments. ... The Scottish Fossil Fuel Levy currently holds a surplus of around £200m. ... Together, these processes produce a surplus that is held in the Scottish Fossil Fuel Levy fund. ...
... non-fossil fuels; levy; fuel stocks; consent to construct; overhead lines; amenity and fisheries Consumer protection - Sections ... to provide for the giving of financial assistance in connection with the storage and reprocessing of nuclear fuel, the ... and to create schemes for energy suppliers to give benefits to customers to reduce fuel poverty. Electricity Act 1947 ...
... the wider environmental implications of fossil fuels or inefficiently burned biomass completes a glum accounting. ... The use of polluting energy sources in closed spaces levies an additional charge against the health of the poor; ... The high, and rising cost of fuel - kerosene, paraffin, charcoal, firewood - takes an enormous bite out of the income of poor ...
So far, the only thing that has lead any country to reduce fossil fuel use is an economic collapse (Russia, 1990s). The problem ... Cmon there has to be another source of gas for soda drink production!! Indeed a hefty carbon tax should be levied on Coca-cola ... The actual atmospheric cost of drinking a soda is not the release of dissolved gases, but rather the fossil fuels used in ... Corn-to-ethanol plants have been the most rapidly growing source of feed gas for CO2 recovery." So therefore fossil fuel ...
Almost all OECD countries levy taxes on fossil fuels (oil, coal, and natural gas), and electricity. In non-OECD countries, the ... with the subsidies for the three fossil fuels totaling $557 billion.[i] For 2009, the IEA estimated fossil fuel consumption ... which include subsidies to fossil fuels used in final consumption and to fossil fuels used as input to the electric generating ... subsidies for fossil fuels by country of origin and found that 37 countries represent 95 percent of total global fossil fuel ...
Ewart: Fossil fuels forecast to provide 75 per cent of global energy supply in 2040. The historic commitment to address ... Premier Jim Prentice draws fire for linking carbon levy to low oil prices. A drop in oil prices is no excuse for a lack of ... The Tory government must make a decision this December on its $15 per tonne levy on large emitters of CO2 but Premier Jim ... which saw prices for West Texas Intermediate hit a three-year low this week could forestall any move to raise the levy. ...
Add not well publicised 2016 emissions levy against fossil fuel power station generators. ... I can see ALL of the reasons why we should ignore all this money as it could extend the life of fossil fuels a few hundred ... The ALP since Krudd 2007 have inexorably promoted REs and want to rid Oz of "fossil fuel energy generation" ASAP. The IPCCs " ... The end result is that storage solutions rely on the continuity of reliable fossil fuel based power sources. Since those ...
Stephen Leonard calls for a levy on fossil-fuel extraction to support climate-change adaptation. ... But while the link between burning fossil fuels and deadly weather has been strengthening for years, policymakers have not ...
The CO2 levy for fossil thermal fuels is an important instrument for achieving international and national emissions targets. ... It is generated primarily when fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas (thermal fuels) or petrol and diesel (motor fuels) are ... The CO2 levy rate is raised when degree-day-adjusted CO2 emissions from thermal fuels exceed the stipulated threshold values. ... based on CO2 statistics listed here include all CO2 emissions from motor fuels and from thermal fuels subject to the CO2 levy ...
Fossil fuel levy - this was effectively replaced by the climate change levy. Fossil fuel levy rates, controlled by OFGEM, have ... Notes for Fuel use. *Other fuels include fuel oil, gas oil, aviation fuel and other fuels (anthracite, blast furnace gas, coke ... For more detailed fuel use data see the Fuel use by type (130.5 Kb Excel sheet) and Fuel use by industry, source and fuel type ... Other fuels includes mainly fuel oil, gas oil, aviation fuel, as well as more minor fuels (anthracite, blast furnace gas, coke ...
Most controversial was the magnitude of the carbon dioxide tax, which should function as a deterrent to fossil fuel use. The ... administration wants to start pricing carbon at $11 a ton in 2021 and have the levy climb to $38 per ton by 2025. In stark ... Several European parties and think tanks have devised schemes that place punitive taxes on fossil fuel use but then ... Renewable energy is now cheaper than fossil fuels, and experts predict a tsunami of investment on five continents. On other ...
A carbon tax places a levy on fossil fuels where they are extracted or imported. Although the tax is nominally paid by fossil- ... of fossil fuels.. Our Proposal. In a report out today from Peoples Policy Project, we ask what a reasonable policy response ... governments on a whole range of climate issues while strengthening the hand of activists fighting to block new fossil-fuel ... We cannot rapidly reduce carbon emissions without aggressively taxing the dirty fuels that produce them. ...
  • Between FY16 and 17, fossil-fuel subsidies declined by Rs 12,270 c. (indiatimes.com)
  • No comprehensive database of directly measured fossil-fuel subsidies exists at the international or the sub-national level, yet subsidies may be crucial drivers of global carbon emissions. (voxeu.org)
  • Reforming fossil fuel subsidies might seem to be an easy option - reduced fiscal outlays would help with debt problems while also helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. (voxeu.org)
  • This column argues that, despite growing interest in reforming them, there still exists much confusion over the concept and magnitude of fossil fuel subsidies - and this needs to change first. (voxeu.org)
  • We should first note though that there are very substantial subsidies paid to fossil fuels. (forbes.com)
  • However, this is direct subsidies and almost all of it is taking place either in poor countries or in fossil fuel producers. (forbes.com)
  • The most detailed breakdown yet of global fossil fuel subsidies has found that the US government provided companies with $5.2bn for fossil fuel exploration in 2013, Australia spent $3.5bn, Russia $2.4bn and the UK $1.2bn. (forbes.com)
  • Their goal is to cut greenhouse gas emissions and promote a transition to a renewable energy economy through a market -based approach: a revenue neutral ' carbon fee and dividend ' approach to pricing carbon pollution from fossil fuels, and simultaneously ending subsidies to fossil fuel companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Energy Agency (IEA) of the Organization of Cooperation and Development (OECD) estimated subsidies for fossil fuels by country of origin and found that 37 countries represent 95 percent of total global fossil fuel subsidies used in final consumption and as input to the generating sector, but the United States is not one of those countries. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • That is, at least 37 countries have higher fossil fuel subsidies than we do. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • Of the fossil fuels, oil had the highest level of subsidies estimated at $312 billion in 2008, natural gas was second at $204 billion, and coal was third at $40 billion, with the subsidies for the three fossil fuels totaling $557 billion. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • [i] For 2009, the IEA estimated fossil fuel consumption subsidies worldwide to be 44 percent lower at $312 billion, with the majority of those subsidies in non-OECD countries. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • While worldwide subsidies for renewable energy are not estimated to equal the level of fossil fuel subsidies, on a production basis, they far exceed those of fossil fuels. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • [iii] Putting fossil fuel and renewable subsidies on an output basis, however, results in subsidies for renewable energy to be over 6 times more than for fossil fuels. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • Using this methodology, the IEA estimated that total global subsidies to consumers for the three fossil fuels in 2008 were $557 billion, which include subsidies to fossil fuels used in final consumption and to fossil fuels used as input to the electric generating sector. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • Other subsidies of this nature are grants to farmers to help cover higher fuel prices or employers' providing cars and fuel for transportation in lieu of higher salaries. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • Subsidies for renewable fuels have accelerated recently due to interest in developing alternative forms of energy to fossil fuels. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • Other renewable subsidies cover the generation sector for solar, wind and other non-fossil technologies that include tax credits, favorable tax accounting, feed-in tariffs, and research and development. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • Tehran is having to slash the fuel subsidies that are crucial to its power base. (politico.eu)
  • Ending fossil fuel subsidies by 2020 would decrease greenhouse gas emissions by 4.7 percent. (worldwatch.org)
  • However, unlike the Occupy movement in the United States, Occupy Nigeria was spurred on by one issue: the government's decision to reduce fossil fuel subsidies. (worldwatch.org)
  • Globally, advocates of renewable energy have called for the reduction of fossil fuel subsidies in order to make alternative technologies more competitive. (worldwatch.org)
  • If fossil fuel consumption subsidies were phased out by 2020, energy demand would be reduced by 4.1 percent and greenhouse gas emissions by 4.7 percent due to increased energy conservation and development of renewable resources. (worldwatch.org)
  • In 2009, the G-20, recognizing their negative environmental impacts, pledged to eliminate or rationalize all inefficient fossil fuel subsidies. (worldwatch.org)
  • According to the 2011 International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook , 80 percent of global consumption subsidies since 2007 have been implemented by countries that are net exporters of fossil fuels. (worldwatch.org)
  • Fossil fuel subsidies in Iran, Iraq, and Uzbekistan all equal roughly 10 percent of the nations' GDPs and almost 20 percent in Turkmenistan. (worldwatch.org)
  • However, many of the protestors have little faith in the government, and some believe that fuel traders profited the most from subsidies . (worldwatch.org)
  • Antenucci M. and Governatori M. (2015) Subsidies to fossil energy consumption in Italy: assessment and interaction with the electricity market. (francoangeli.it)
  • Under it, a substantial fee would be levied on all fossil fuels at the well head, mine shaft, or point of entry, and subsidies to the fossil fuel industry would be eliminated. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • Over the past four years, tribal governments and their non-Native allies have managed to halt several fossil fuel projects planned for the region, including the Gateway Pacific coal terminal in May 2016, the Coyote Island coal terminal in 2014, three oil terminals in Quinault territory beginning in 2016, and the country's largest oil-by-rail terminal, just defeated in January at the Port of Vancouver. (motherjones.com)
  • Greens Leader Adam Bandt has introduced a Bill into the House of Representatives - Liability for Climate Change Damage (Make the Polluters Pay) Bill 2020 - which will make fossil fuel companies liable for damage from the climate crisis, granting climate victims such as recent bushfire survivors or tourism businesses affected by fires or reef bleaching the right to sue thermal coal, oil and gas companies for damages. (greensmps.org.au)
  • The Australian Government's push for liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a low-emissions fossil fuel has been exposed with a new report finding no evidence LNG is any 'cleaner' than coal. (greensmps.org.au)
  • Although coal may already be regarded as a sunset industry due to weakened demand, oil and gas companies will remain important market participants as long as their products continue to fuel the economy, regardless of who owns their stocks. (investmentexecutive.com)
  • We've the latest report out trying to convince us that fossil fuel companies, those exploring for coal, oil and natural gas, are subsidised by some vast amount by the rich countries. (forbes.com)
  • Rich countries are subsidising oil, gas and coal companies by about $88bn (£55.4bn) a year to explore for new reserves, despite evidence that most fossil fuels must be left in the ground if the world is to avoid dangerous climate change. (forbes.com)
  • The claim is that if the World Bank lends money to open a coal mine in some poor country then that's a subsidy from the rich countries (who subsidise the World Bank) to fossil fuels. (forbes.com)
  • Fuel costs for nuclear plants are a minor proportion of total generating costs, though capital costs are greater than those for coal-fired plants and much greater than those for gas-fired plants. (world-nuclear.org)
  • A carbon tax would raise the price of fossil fuels, with more taxes collected on fuels that generate more emissions, like coal. (nytimes.com)
  • There are also large overseas investment in manufacturing of coal fuel and refined petroleum products, although they have been decreasing since 2014 due to lower oil prices. (euractiv.com)
  • Carbon tax also makes alternative energy more cost-competitive with cheaper, polluting fuels like coal, natural gas and oil. (howstuffworks.com)
  • A tax on a plentiful and inexpensive fuel like coal raises its per British Thermal Unit (Btu) price to one comparable with cleaner forms of power. (howstuffworks.com)
  • If all fuel types were taxed equally by weight or volume, there would be no incentive to use cleaner sources like natural gas over dirtier, cheaper ones like coal. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The latter also rely primarily on coal and other solid fuel while most developed countries rely on crude oil and natural gas. (un.org)
  • A carbon tax, imposed on each ton of greenhouse gases produced by fuels like oil and coal, is meant to make businesses and consumers pay a price for their role in worsening climate change - and offer an economic incentive for switching to cleaner energy sources. (politico.com)
  • The world did not hear many announcements on enhanced targets or phase out of polluting fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas. (climatenetwork.org)
  • They should start now by stopping coal and other fossil fuels, and investing in a just transition to renewable energy and climate resilience. (climatenetwork.org)
  • The use of coal as a fuel has now surpassed oil and developing countries now emit more greenhouse gases than developed countries - with a quarter of their growth in emissions accounted for by increased trade with the West. (innovations-report.com)
  • Emissions from coal are now the dominant fossil fuel emission source, surpassing 40 years of oil emission prevalence. (innovations-report.com)
  • Nitrogen oxides come from burning gasoline, coal, or other fossil fuels. (infoplease.com)
  • Britain was home to the world's first coal-fuelled power plant in the 1880s, and coal was its dominant electric source and a major economic driver for the next century. (reuters.com)
  • Low power prices amid weak industrial demand due to measures to contain the novel coronavirus, and levies on carbon emissions, have made it increasingly unprofitable to run coal plants. (reuters.com)
  • and, that to prevent calamitous climate change we must somehow limit our use of fossil fuels, with most fingers pointing at Coal as the CO2-emitting culprit-in-chief. (wvcoal.com)
  • A carbon tax is a fee imposed on the burning of carbon-based fuels (coal, oil, gas). (carbontax.org)
  • Natural gas, with a high ratio of hydrogen to carbon, is the least carbon-intensive fuel, while coal is the most. (carbontax.org)
  • The carbon content of every fossil fuel, from anthracite or lignite coal to heating oil and natural gas, is precisely known. (carbontax.org)
  • Several fossil fuel producers are now sponsoring efforts like the Climate Leadership Council , or CLC, and its carbon tax plan, which would kneecap the government's ability to regulate carbon dioxide directly while levying a modest fee on emissions - high enough to continue disincentivizing coal, but too low to pose a threat to oil and gas. (ohiocitizen.org)
  • whose state relies heavily on oil, gas and coal production, and Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-R.I.), who has spoken almost weekly on the Senate floor about the urgency of climate change and the danger of burning fossil fuels. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The Act primarily concerns fossil heating and motor fuels, but also includes other important greenhouse gases in addition to CO2. (admin.ch)
  • It is generated primarily when fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas (thermal fuels) or petrol and diesel (motor fuels) are burnt. (admin.ch)
  • Regarding the emissions from motor fuels, they still amount to 102.9% of 1990 emission levels, despite a slight decrease since 2008. (admin.ch)
  • The energy-related CO 2 emissions based on CO 2 statistics listed here include all CO 2 emissions from motor fuels and from thermal fuels subject to the CO 2 levy and are corrected for weather conditions. (admin.ch)
  • That would help Big Oil meet California regulations requiring lower amounts of carbon in motor fuels. (washingtonpost.com)
  • China approved its five-year goals on Thursday (11 March), but the world's biggest polluter shows little ambition of moving away from fossil fuels, leaving much to be decided. (euractiv.com)
  • Twenty-seven years after all States committed to tackling the challenge of climate change through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the share of the world's energy provided by fossil fuels remains unchanged at 81 percent. (ohchr.org)
  • There is a small group of scientists that have proposed replacing 100% of the world's fossil fuel power plants with nuclear reactors as a way to solve climate change. (wind-works.org)
  • Despite the alarm of climate change, fossil fuel producers are still allowed to brazenly continue business as usual and generate profits at the expense of people's lives and livelihoods. (climatenetwork.org)
  • The environmental external costs of air emissions generated by Italian thermal power plants are compared to environmental taxes paid by the same plants (fuel excise duties, SO2/NOx tax, ETS and levy on energy producers). (francoangeli.it)
  • We have to dramatically improve the way we manage the land, which will require money and fossil fuel producers should be paying. (begadistrictnews.com.au)
  • Use of renewable power, such as wind and solar, has soared over the lockdown period, helped by lower running costs than fossil fuel producers and favourable weather conditions. (reuters.com)
  • many of the policymaking conversations around curbing greenhouse gas emissions revolve around how to incentivize fossil fuel producers to gradually wean off their bread and butter through pricing mechanisms, rather than the kind of breakneck regulatory phase-out that would pre-empt economic and environmental ruin. (ohiocitizen.org)
  • JP Morgan Chase extended $62.7 billion in fossil fuel financing in 2018, while the second-biggest lender, Wells Fargo, lent $61.4 billion. (forbes.com)
  • Largely because of the very success of the renewables deployment programme and the insistence by the Treasury of a cap on levies on electricity bills needed to pay for renewable energy, the UK's renewable energy programme is likely to be brought to an effective end by 2018, if not sooner. (theecologist.org)
  • And unlike the programs in Norway and Alaska, a carbon dividend would be funded by the conservation, rather than the extraction, of fossil fuels. (jacobinmag.com)
  • Hoping to be more attractive to energy companies, states levy dramatically different severance taxes for the extraction of fossil fuels. (stanford.edu)
  • The extraction, conversion and combustion of fossil and, to a lesser degree, land use changes and agriculture lead to increasing concentration of greenhouse gases that are altering the radiation balance of the atmosphere, which could possibly lead to climate change. (un.org)
  • There are, of course, a lot of problems associated with drilling, extraction, transport and so on, but the same is true of other fossil fuels, not to mention renewables like wind, which have attracted a fair bit of community opposition in some places. (crikey.com.au)
  • The Climate Justice Programme (CJP) and the Heinrich Böll Foundation are proposing a new and innovative source of finance: a fossil fuel extraction levy paid by those 90 entities responsible for two-thirds of global carbon emissions. (boell.org)
  • The Carbon Levy Project is working to introduce a global fossil fuel extraction levy to ensure that the people facing the worst impacts of climate change are compensated by those that caused the problem. (boell.org)
  • One way to do this is to shift away from fossil fuels towards renewable energy sources. (skepticalscience.com)
  • You'll probably hear a few legislators suggest a tax on carbon -- or sometimes more broadly, a tax on the emissions of fossil fuels. (howstuffworks.com)
  • To account for the cost of burning fossil fuels, we propose an initial fee of $15/ton on the CO2 equivalent emissions of fossil fuels, escalating $10/ton/year, imposed upstream at the mine, well or port of entry. (wemu.org)
  • The tax increases the cost of fossil fuels in order to reduce consumption, thus lowering Canada's carbon emissions. (globalnews.ca)
  • If the social, health and environmental costs of fossil fuels are also taken into account, the competitiveness of nuclear power is improved. (world-nuclear.org)
  • A nationwide study last year determined that halting new federal fossil fuel auctions on lands and offshore areas controlled by the U.S. government would keep up to 450 billion tons of greenhouse gases from polluting the atmosphere. (commondreams.org)
  • Does Libertarian Party presidential nominee Gary Johnson support a carbon tax, a specific levy on fossil fuels that produce greenhouse gases and contribute to climate change? (reason.com)
  • Concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased significantly since the beginning of the fossil fuel era. (un.org)
  • Future levels of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels are an important determinant of the severity and timing of global warming due to elevated levels of radiatively active (greenhouse) gases in the atmosphere. (iaee.org)
  • Their purpose is to create price incentives for consumers to conserve energy or switch to less carbon-intensive fuels. (globalnews.ca)
  • A carbon tax, levied on fossil fuels in proportion to the amount of carbon dioxide they produce during combustion, would stimulate firms and households to reduce fossil fuel use and shift the fuel mix toward less-carbon-intensive fuels, such as natural gas. (brookings.edu)
  • So when Rosneft spends money on drilling a new well, given that Rosneft is largely state owned (and most certainly closely state connected) then this is a government subsidy to fossil fuel exploration. (forbes.com)
  • Another type of subsidy that has not been quantified across countries are tax expenditures such as reduced or zero tax rates, tax exemptions for "clean" fuels, automatic tax cuts if fuel costs escalate, accelerated depreciation, and tax cuts for depletion of fuels, to name a few. (instituteforenergyresearch.org)
  • But green groups have criticised the deal for ditching flagship climate policy status for a fossil fuel subsidy. (euractiv.com)
  • Nigeria is a clear example of how fossil fuel subsidy reductions can cause massive protests. (worldwatch.org)
  • Former Chancellor George Osborne announced the rates of the levy until 2020-21 in the Budget in March, pledging at the time that the 'long-term direction' of the controversial tax on burning fossil fuels would be set out in the Autumn Statement. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • T he confirmation that the new Government will at least maintain the levy until 2020-21 as planned was however welcomed by SSE and others, following speculation that the Treasury could even have taken the radical step of scrapping it sooner. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The Tory government must make a decision this December on its $15 per tonne levy on large emitters of CO2 but Premier Jim Prentice recently suggested the oil price slide, which saw prices for West Texas Intermediate hit a three-year low this week could forestall any move to raise the levy. (calgaryherald.com)
  • The NDP's climate policy includes a broad-based carbon tax, a revamped levy on large emitters and a 100-megatonne cap on emissions from the oilsands. (calgarysun.com)
  • In order to stimulate the private sector's investment in renewables, governments can put a levy on fuels, which may be used to fund or subsidise new initiatives. (skepticalscience.com)
  • Investors who are concerned about the long-term sustainability of the planet - and their portfolios - are asking increasingly, "Should I divest from fossil fuel companies? (investmentexecutive.com)
  • The movement pressuring institutional investors to divest their holdings in fossil-fuel companies appears to be gaining momentum, posing new challenges for Alberta's energy industry and the provincial government. (calgarysun.com)
  • He pointed to the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec , which had been the subject of a campaign calling for it to divest its fossil-fuel holdings. (calgarysun.com)
  • Combustion of fossil fuels and unsustainable uses of biomass fuels cause extensive local and regional air pollution often resulting in acidification that damages entire ecosystems. (un.org)
  • Harvard School of Public Health Professor Jonathan Levy said: The combustion of fossil fuel from power plants and other sources generates particles smaller than 2.5 microns, or less than one-tenth the width of a human hair. (somd.com)
  • You might not expect fossil fuel companies to pay for a conference designed to shrink their industry. (motherjones.com)
  • At last year's COP in Peru, for example, a lobbying group representing a handful of fossil fuel companies-including Shell and Chevron- hosted more than a dozen events , including one featuring UN climate chief Christiana Figueres. (motherjones.com)
  • CAI also points out that the utility companies have participated in lobbying organizations that promote the use of fossil fuels. (motherjones.com)
  • It's time that the fossil fuel companies whose products are responsible for the climate crisis start footing some of the bill for cleaning it up. (greensmps.org.au)
  • A $1 levy per tonne of carbon pollution from the country's biggest polluters, proposed today by the Australia Institute, is the very least that these companies can do, said Leader of the Australian Greens Dr Richard Di Natale. (greensmps.org.au)
  • The idea of fossil fuel divestment gained traction a few years ago following a grassroots campaign led by 350.org , a New York-based non-profit organization, calling for investors to "take money out of the companies that are heating up the planet. (investmentexecutive.com)
  • But will selling shares of fossil fuel companies actually safeguard the climate? (investmentexecutive.com)
  • Excluding fossil fuel companies doesn't necessarily create a low-carbon portfolio. (investmentexecutive.com)
  • It's also important to recognize that divesting from fossil fuel companies does not affect the consumption of fossil fuels. (investmentexecutive.com)
  • A report from MSCI found that the MSCI ACWI low carbon target index, which uses a decarbonization strategy, produces about one-third of the carbon emissions of the MSCI ACWI ex fossil fuels index, which simply excludes fossil fuel companies. (investmentexecutive.com)
  • Although the tax is nominally paid by fossil-fuel companies , the cost is ultimately passed on to consumers in the form of price increases proportional to the goods' carbon content. (jacobinmag.com)
  • EU governments should level the playing field between companies in countries taking action on climate change and those in countries that are not, by levying special import fees," a T&E press release said. (euractiv.com)
  • Determined to set themselves apart on the issue of climate change, candidates for Los Angeles City Council are refusing to accept campaign contributions from fossil fuel companies and their executives - and criticizing rivals who won't make the same promise. (latimes.com)
  • Carbon taxes, which involves the imposition of levies on companies that burn fossil fuel, are criticized as being detrimental to economic growth, according to opponents. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • As insurance against that possibility, lenders are likely to demand higher interest rates from fossil fuel companies, thereby increasing the costs of raising capital and making renewable energy or low-carbon alternatives look more attractive. (forbes.com)
  • Some survivors of the Black Summer bushfires say fossil fuel companies should be made to shoulder some of the costs of disasters exacerbated by climate change. (begadistrictnews.com.au)
  • The fee, which would increase in predictable steps over time, would be paid by fossil fuel companies, and each month every legal resident would receive an equal share of the money collected, as a direct bank deposit or debit card. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • Oil companies can use the credits to pay for turning captured carbon dioxide into transportation fuels, essentially recycling the CO2. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Today, with the UK Government proposal of a Climate Change Levy on fossil fuels, many companies are becoming interested in CHP as a means of reducing the impact of this new levy and off-setting the company energy bill. (docme.ru)
  • Mr. Macron wants to use fuel levies to wean French consumers from fossil fuels. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The administration wants to start pricing carbon at $11 a ton in 2021 and have the levy climb to $38 per ton by 2025. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Environmentalists applauded the European Investment Bank's decision last week to phase out fossil fuel lending by the end of 2021. (forbes.com)
  • The EIB pledge to end support for fossil fuel investments by 2021 sets a path for other multilateral lenders. (politico.eu)
  • The scientists report a 29 per cent increase in global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel between 2000 and 2008 (the latest year for which figures are available), and that in spite of the global economic downturn emissions increased by 2 per cent during 2008. (innovations-report.com)
  • Among the factors examined in this paper, the burning of fossil fuels bears the greatest responsibility for global CO2 emissions. (iaee.org)
  • But if signs emerge that the EIB's fossil fuel phaseout has swayed any others, it would doubtless panic. (forbes.com)
  • Meanwhile, even the most liberal Democratic candidates this year gave carbon taxes scant if any mention in their climate platforms, focusing instead on proposals like a phaseout of fossil fuels and massive investments in wind and solar power. (politico.com)
  • This means heavier taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel and tax breaks for buyers of electric cars. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Thanks to the steadily rising tax bite, taxes on both gasoline and diesel fuel are sending the price of gasoline past $7 a gallon. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The annual activity rate captures the magnitude of an activity, which in this case is the annual consumption of a thermal fuel (e.g. heating oil, natural gas) or a motor fuel (e.g. diesel oil, gasoline, kerosene, aviation gasoline). (admin.ch)
  • When the price of gasoline increases, people are more likely to combine trips, take the bus or buy a more fuel-efficient vehicle. (globalnews.ca)
  • As Bill Gates, the billionaire philanthropist who has invested in low-carbon technology, told the Financial Times in September, addressing fossil fuel divestment campaigns: "It's not like you've capital-starved [the] people making steel and gasoline. (forbes.com)
  • The act, which only applies in Ontario, New Brunswick, Manitoba and Saskatchewan - four provinces Ottawa says don't meet national standards - imposes a levy on gasoline, other fossil fuels, and industry. (nationalpost.com)
  • The federal government maintains the levy in Ontario - currently four cents a litre on gasoline - is a regulatory charge designed to change behaviour in favour of lower greenhouse gas emissions. (nationalpost.com)
  • Raise fuel economy standards on the passenger vehicle fleet making gasoline-powered large pickups and SUVs problematic to produce and sell. (medium.com)
  • We cannot rapidly reduce carbon emissions without aggressively taxing the dirty fuels that produce them. (jacobinmag.com)
  • Because the tax makes using dirty fuels more- expensive, it encourages utilities, businesses and individuals to reduce consumption and increase energy efficiency. (howstuffworks.com)
  • We'd prefer to do it through technology, through renewable fuels," Ingram said during the discussion about carbon policy, adding: "This is effectively the industry's commitment that we are going to reduce the carbon that it takes to operate, until such a time when it takes much less carbon to do what we're doing. (greenbiz.com)
  • the wider environmental implications of fossil fuels or inefficiently burned biomass completes a glum accounting. (ipsnews.net)
  • The province's fossil fuel use fell after the tax was put in place, even as fuel consumption increased in the rest of Canada, and the economy of British Columbia has grown faster than that of the rest of the country. (nytimes.com)
  • The tax has had undeniably significant effects on the province's consumption of fossil fuels and, as a consequence, its carbon emissions. (washingtonmonthly.com)
  • While many activists in recent years have called attention to fossil fuels and climate change, tribal governments are continuing a decades-long struggle-invoking their sovereign right to protect and restore the land. (motherjones.com)
  • DALLAS - The U.S. Forest Service today withdrew 31,169 acres of national forest lands in Texas from a Bureau of Land Management fossil fuel auction slated for April 20 in Santa Fe, N.M. The move responds to concerns raised by environmental groups and local governments about fracking impacts, and comes one day before the Friday public protest deadline on the lease-sale plan. (commondreams.org)
  • The agreement reached between the UK and Scottish governments will enable the Scottish government to access and spend half of the Scottish Fossil Fuel Levy fund. (theengineer.co.uk)
  • Further funds that become available in the Scottish Fossil Fuel Levy fund will be split equally between the two governments. (theengineer.co.uk)
  • Pricing carbon emissions would change the calculations of businesses and local, state, and federal governments on a whole range of climate issues while strengthening the hand of activists fighting to block new fossil-fuel infrastructure, provide quality mass transportation, and invest in renewable energy. (jacobinmag.com)
  • But one advocate for divestment said measures such as Alberta's, while important, won't halt the push to get large institutional investors and governments to get rid of their fossil-fuel holdings. (calgarysun.com)
  • Although keynote speakers reaffirmed that our house is on fire with impacts becoming more intense and frequent across the world, country speeches which ensued showed that governments are still fueling the fire. (climatenetwork.org)
  • This investment inefficiency is too small to justify upfront car taxes to promote fuel efficient cars. (voxeu.org)
  • Once we take this targeting effect into account, fuel taxes turn out to be more effective. (voxeu.org)
  • Such increased costs give rise to concerns that change underwritten by taxes or levies will damage economic prospects, particularly in developing countries. (skepticalscience.com)
  • If approved, Initiative 732 (I-732) would levy a $25 per ton tax on carbon emissions from fossil fuel, which would in turn fund a one percent cut in sales taxes as well as rebates for lower-income households. (washingtonmonthly.com)
  • Even if the government had no need or use for revenue, it could make the economy function better by levying carbon taxes and rebating the money to taxpayers. (wvcoal.com)
  • CO 2 emissions from thermal fuels in 2016 sank to 74.9% of emissions in 1990. (admin.ch)
  • In 2019 the CO 2 emissions from combustible fuels were reduced to 70.1% of emissions in 1990. (admin.ch)
  • CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil fuels increased by two per cent from 2007 to 2008, by 29 per cent between 2008 and 2000, and by 41 per cent between 2008 and 1990 - the reference year of the Kyoto Protocol. (innovations-report.com)
  • Using a rich dataset for the European car markets, this column shows that consumers moderately undervalue future fuel costs. (voxeu.org)
  • A car tax results in a more fuel efficient vehicle fleet than a fuel tax, but fails to induce high-mileage consumers to substitute to more fuel efficient cars. (voxeu.org)
  • Tercek also argued that fuel efficiency standards should not be thrown out in favor of a carbon tax, asserting that over the next few years emission standards will "do more to reduce emissions in the transportation sector than a carbon tax," and because they save consumers money. (triplepundit.com)
  • Additionally, note that a carbon price on just the electric sector may even result in leakage if more consumers generate their own power using unpriced fossil fuel. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Accounting for the true cost of fossil fuel emissions not only creates a level-playing field for all sources of energy, but also informs consumers of the true cost-comparison of various fuels when making purchase decisions. (wemu.org)
  • GENEVA (17 September 2019) - UN human rights experts call for an end to society's addiction to fossil fuels ahead of the Climate Action Summit in New York on 23 September 2019. (ohchr.org)
  • A tax on FDI incomes from fossil fuels would acknowledge this contradiction and provide climate mitigation finance to developing countries who need it to grow in a less carbon-intensive way. (euractiv.com)
  • Conducted by Dr. Jonathan Levy, assistant professor of environmental health and risk assessment, Harvard School of Public Health, the study looks at the impact of particulate matter and gases that contribute to fine particle pollution from the following major electricity-generating facilities in the state: Chalk Point, Dickerson, Morgantown, C.P. Crane, Brandon Shores, and H.A. Wagner. (somd.com)
  • Introduced in 1996 in Scotland, the Fossil Fuel Levy is paid by suppliers of electricity from non-renewable energy sources as part of the Non-Fossil Fuels Obligation. (theengineer.co.uk)
  • The Fossil Fuel Levy (FFL) is a levy paid by suppliers of electricity from non-renewable energy sources in the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • In England and Wales the Fossil Fuel Levy was introduced under the Electricity Act 1989. (wikipedia.org)
  • Section 33 of this Act was briefly superseded by the Fossil Fuel Levy Act 1998 until its repeal (by the Utilities Act 2000), bringing the FFL back under the Electricity Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear power is cost competitive with other forms of electricity generation, except where there is direct access to low-cost fossil fuels. (world-nuclear.org)
  • In many places, nuclear energy is competitive with fossil fuels as a means of electricity generation. (world-nuclear.org)
  • Some critics of the carbon credit system argue that this method reduces personal responsibility for controlling greenhouse gas emissions, allowing purchasers to use excessive electricity at home or drive a fuel-intensive vehicle without guilt. (treehugger.com)
  • This problem is serious, as the use of CCS itself requires energy-applied to standard electricity generation, for example, it involves a substantial part of the energy content of the fossil fuels used. (springer.com)
  • In other words, more fossil fuels are required to run a fossil-based power plant equipped with CCS in order to produce the same net output of electricity as a conventional non-CCS plant. (springer.com)
  • Carbon monoxide is released when engines burn fossil fuels. (infoplease.com)
  • Washington isn't likely to levy a fee on crude oil and other fossil fuels to help fight climate change. (apnews.com)
  • It's a fair question to ask, especially as New York City recently announced plans to sell off $5 billion in fossil fuel investments in an effort to fight climate change. (investmentexecutive.com)
  • Earlier this week, New York City announced it would sell off $5 billion in fossil-fuel investments from its pension fund, in a move hailed by environmental activists. (calgarysun.com)
  • It is an incentive tax and has been imposed since 2008 on fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas. (admin.ch)
  • This tax would reduce demand for high-carbon emission fuels and increase demand for lower-emisson fuels like natural gas. (nytimes.com)
  • SACRAMENTO - A state investigation into the country's largest natural gas utility is steadily piecing together details of how the company may have cloaked its advocacy by recruiting local politicians and minority groups to promote fossil fuels at California ports, according to people familiar with the probe and documents obtained by POLITICO. (politico.com)
  • Three years ago, SoCalGas and Imprenta recruited Latino and Asian American politicians to support natural gas-fueled 'near-zero emission' trucks, rather than electric ones favored by environmentalists. (politico.com)
  • The company ultimately scored a win as port officials exempted natural gas trucks from a fee levied on other trucks this year. (politico.com)
  • The presence of oil, natural gas, and CO 2 trapped in geological formations demonstrates that reservoir seals exist that are able to contain fossil fuels and CO 2 underground over time scales of millions of years. (springer.com)
  • But it also sheds light on a newer trend in Pennsylvania fossil fuel development - specifically, the buildout of natural gas power plants in rural, lower-income, economically disadvantaged communities throughout the state. (globaljusticeecology.org)
  • Again, this technology is not new and CHP fired by fossil fuels, such as .natural gas and diesel, is widely used across UK and Europe. (docme.ru)
  • BC's fuel consumption has fallen by 17.4% per capita (and fallen by 18.8% relative to the rest of Canada). (skepticalscience.com)
  • In fact, BC's carbon tax - levied in 2008 - might be an ideal model for how a carbon tax could help to combat climate change without damaging economic growth. (washingtonmonthly.com)
  • Over time, if we look ahead five, 10, 20 years from now, in order to fight climate change we need to use less fossil fuels. (calgarysun.com)
  • Calculations for 170 nations from 1980-2010 reveal that fossil-fuel price distortions are enormous, increasing, and often hidden. (voxeu.org)
  • A carbon price (levelled at the point of entry, i.e. the wellhead, port or mine, and designed to help keep fossil fuels in the ground) could play a positive role if it was a subsidiary or secondary policy, which did not diminish an emergency public investment drive to transform the economy. (greenleft.org.au)
  • A carbon border tax adjustment (CBTA) would be based on the price of carbon - in existing carbon markets such as the EU emissions trading system - and should be levied on goods and services from countries which do not put an equivalent price on carbon," it said. (euractiv.com)
  • Proponents of a carbon tax believe that the price of fossil fuels should account for these societal costs. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The 'carbon price floor', introduced in 2013, charges fossil fuel power plants for their carbon emissions. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Second, low and no-carbon energy projects are most effective in avoiding emissions if a price for carbon is levied on fossil fuel energy suppliers. (brookings.edu)
  • However, a price levied on carbon dioxide emissions is likely to be a less costly way to achieve a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. (brookings.edu)
  • By raising the end-user price of fossil fuels to market prices, countries can discourage inefficient industry and promote renewable energy projects and green jobs. (worldwatch.org)
  • Gardner and Bennet: If it's jobs you want, price carbon at the point when fossil fuels come out of the ground, and give all the money back to the American people. (postindependent.com)
  • This would directly increase the price of fossil fuels as such, and indirectly increase prices for products and services that use fossil fuels, but Hansen calculates that the poorest 60% of the U.S population, who generally have small carbon footprints, would receive more in dividends than they would pay in increased fuel and other prices. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • However, I have shown that those reductions were primarily because of retirements and fuel switching to lower emitting fuels. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • It can be argued that those reductions would have happened anyway because retirements and fuel switching were lower cost options without even considering CO2 emissions. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • These regulations are the Climate Change (Liquid Fossil Fuels) Regulations 2008 [Draft for Consultation]. (environmental-expert.com)
  • A decision on the future of the UK's carbon tax that had been due in the Autumn Statement has been delayed, drawing criticism from both those who support the levy and those who want it scrapped. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • If state-sponsored lenders like the EIB are pulling out of fossil fuels, that makes investors think: will other state entities begin to withdraw their support from this sector, or, perhaps, levy new penalties against it? (forbes.com)
  • This month's fuel-tax riots in Paris and the defeat of a carbon-fee ballot measure in Washington state show the difficulty of getting people to support a levy on the energy sources that heat their homes and power their cars. (politico.com)
  • The European Investment Bank is likely to adopt new rules phasing out support for fossil fuel projects. (politico.eu)
  • The Treasury decided not to increase the 'carbon levy' on fossil fuel prices last year, thus meaning that its own budget for renewable energy incentives would not support so much renewable energy. (theecologist.org)
  • If CSG were part of a concrete transition program to a future free from fossil fuels and a political economy based on equity, justice and peace then I'd go all the way in support of it. (crikey.com.au)
  • To empower and protect vulnerable populations requires mobilizing at least $100 billion in annual adaptation funding to assist low-income countries, and establishing a new fund, financed by an air passenger travel levy, to support small island developing States and least developed countries in addressing loss and damage caused by climate change. (ohchr.org)
  • Big international conferences frequently have corporate sponsors, but given the basic aim of the Paris talks-to dramatically reduce man-made greenhouse gas emissions-some of the event's sponsors are drawing criticism for their close ties to the fossil fuel industry. (motherjones.com)
  • According to a new report from the advocacy group Corporate Accountability International, several of the Paris COP's corporate sponsors have direct ties to the fossil fuel industry, and, the group argues, a conflict of interest when it comes to the purported goals of the summit. (motherjones.com)
  • Environmental Protection Agency chief Scott Pruitt has been described as an " ally ," " puppet ," and " tool and minion " of the fossil fuel industry. (commondreams.org)
  • It shows numerous meetings between Pruitt and fossil fuel industry heads. (commondreams.org)
  • It's optimistic reading for anyone outside the fossil fuel industry, with a confidence that the growth in small scale renewable infrastructure and electric cars means that peak demand may soon be the solution to our climate crisis. (geographical.co.uk)
  • the time had come for Congress to discontinue subsidizing the fossil fuel industry . (wikipedia.org)
  • He's going to stand on the side of the fossil fuel industry because he's taking all their money, instead of standing with the people," said Aura Vasquez, a former city commissioner who is campaigning on her refusal to accept such donations. (latimes.com)
  • Fossil fuel interests have not historically been the biggest spenders in L.A. city campaigns, which have long been dominated by the real estate industry and public employee unions. (latimes.com)
  • The fossil fuel industry spent a record amount-over $32 million-to defeat the carbon fee. (democracynow.org)
  • I cover the energy industry, with a focus on fossil fuels. (forbes.com)
  • The former Syncrude Canada Ltd. chief executive officer says industry will continue to face effective opposition to new pipelines, as well as low-carbon fuel standards in key markets and even border measures from countries that have tougher climate rules. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • Former Liberal MP Lord Alton, now a crossbench peer who has raised the issue in the Lords, called for mesothelioma to be made a national research priority, backed by funds from an insurance industry levy. (hazardscampaign.org.uk)
  • To meet the 1.5°C target set by the Paris Agreement and limit the damage to human rights, urgent and effective actions must be implemented immediately to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 45 percent by 2030, phase out unabated fossil fuel burning by the middle of the century, and reverse deforestation. (ohchr.org)
  • In Paris, the Carbon Levy Declaration has been signed by many supporters from around the world, among them Barbara Unmüßig. (boell.org)
  • So something has to be used to create the lost energy at the electric plant - fossil fuel, hydro, or nuclear. (physicsforums.com)
  • All fossil fuel investments to go after two year student campaign. (jeremyleggett.net)
  • Los Angeles County Supervisor Mark Ridley-Thomas, who was elected to his seat in 2008, says fossil fuel donations make up only a tiny fraction of his campaign funds. (latimes.com)
  • Although Ekeland argues that the left should adopt the fee and dividend plan as the basis of a common strategic campaign to mobilize people for an exit from fossil fuel society, he is peculiarly ambivalent about one of its central features, the 100% direct dividend distribution. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • It's believed that the government is dissuading local councils from imposing their own levies on diesel cars, though, believing that it may become an issue among voters in the run up to the General Election. (autocar.co.uk)
  • Since the Volkswagen dieselgate emissions cheating scandal , numerous calls for tax hikes, charges and levies have been reported, and cities across Europe have planned to ban diesel or all fossil-fuelled cars in the future. (autocar.co.uk)
  • A dumbed down DECC, unable to spend its own budget wisely on analysis, energy efficiency and strategy, might overspend on levy-funded low carbon generation, driving up the cost of decarbonisation. (theecologist.org)
  • Replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy, energy storage and energy efficiency would create unprecedented economic opportunities. (ohchr.org)
  • If set high enough, it becomes a powerful monetary disincentive that motivates switches to clean energy across the economy, simply by making it more economically rewarding to move to non-carbon fuels and energy efficiency. (carbontax.org)
  • The Fossil Fuel Levy was imposed to fund the Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The calendar states: "Mr. Damiris would like to discuss the renewable fuel standard and point of obligation issue, as well as the broader EPA policies that impact the company. (commondreams.org)
  • It's simply unjust, and it's a key reason we've been fighting to ban fracking and fossil fuel infrastructure for nearly a decade. (globaljusticeecology.org)
  • Both fuel importers and operators of fossil-fuel power plants are required to compensate for CO2 emissions. (admin.ch)
  • Fine particles are formed when fuel is burned in automobiles and power plants. (infoplease.com)
  • At what point is the tax levied? (howstuffworks.com)
  • A gradually increasing carbon tax -- to be levied at the point " where fossil fuels enter the economy, meaning the mine, well or port. (triplepundit.com)
  • These include efficiency improvements, fuel switching, structural changes, control of large point sources, enhancement of greenhouse gas synch and adaptation to climate change. (un.org)
  • So it means at some point in time the value of fossil-fuel assets will diminish," said Karel Mayrand, the Quebec director general for the David Suzuki Foundation. (calgarysun.com)
  • Tuesday, Feb. 24, the Town of Carbondale passed, "A resolution urging the U.S. Congress to pass legislation that levies an annually increasing revenue-neutral fee on the carbon in fossil fuels at the point of production and importation. (postindependent.com)
  • Utilizing existing tax collection mechanisms, a carbon tax is paid "upstream," i.e., at the point where fuels are extracted from the Earth and put into the stream of commerce, or imported into the U.S. Fuel suppliers and processors are free to pass along the cost of the tax to the extent that market conditions allow. (carbontax.org)
  • The CCL's primary purpose is to help reduce Green House Gas ( GHG ) emissions by helping enact revenue neutral carbon fee and dividend legislation, where a fee on carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) or equivalent gases would be levied against all fossil fuels at their point of entry into the economy. (wemu.org)
  • So in order to reduce the fees, utilities, business and individuals attempt to use less energy derived from fossil fuels. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The levies, they say, would create market incentives for people to reduce their consumption of fossil fuels and, more. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • In fact, it's not unreasonable to expect that the effects of climate change will create greater economic instability worldwide.The solution is, of course, to reduce fossil fuel use. (skepticalscience.com)
  • It's too early to judge long-term economic performance of the early adopters, but Canada's province of British Columbia serves as a good example of how carbon pricing can reduce fuel use - in their case through a revenue-neutral scheme. (skepticalscience.com)
  • Scientists have already established that if we do nothing to reduce our burning of fossil fuel up to the year 2100, the planet will face sea level rise of 14-32 feet (4.3-9.9 meters), said lead author Ben Strauss, vice president for sea level and climate impacts at Climate Central. (physicsforums.com)
  • We need to take immediate and global action to reduce the drivers of climate change and these natural disasters and the biggest driver is fossil fuel emissions. (begadistrictnews.com.au)
  • I entirely agree that Hansen s proposals are an important contribution to building a global movement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by radically reducing the use of fossil fuels, and I fully endorse Foster s discussion of Hansen s program. (internationalviewpoint.org)