One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processes
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)
Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.
Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
Measurement of tooth characteristics.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.
The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.
Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
The proteins that are part of the dental enamel matrix.
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
The aftermost permanent tooth on each side in the maxilla and mandible.
Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.
Dental procedure in which the entire pulp chamber is removed from the crown and roots of a tooth.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
The structures surrounding and supporting the tooth. Periodontium includes the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)
Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)
Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.
Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)
A partial denture designed and constructed to be removed readily from the mouth.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
Phase of endodontic treatment in which a root canal system that has been cleaned is filled through use of special materials and techniques in order to prevent reinfection.
Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.
The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
A homeodomain protein that interacts with TATA-BOX BINDING PROTEIN. It represses GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of target GENES and plays a critical role in ODONTOGENESIS.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.
Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
A major dental enamel-forming protein found in mammals. In humans the protein is encoded by GENES found on both the X CHROMOSOME and the Y CHROMOSOME.
A paired box transcription factor that is involved in ODONTOGENESIS.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.
A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.
Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.
A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
Fixed or removable devices that join teeth together. They are used to repair teeth that are mobile as a result of PERIODONTITIS.
Coagulated exudate isolated from several species of the tropical tree Palaquium (Sapotaceae). It is the trans-isomer of natural rubber and is used as a filling and impression material in dentistry and orthopedics and as an insulator in electronics. It has also been used as a rubber substitute.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).
Orthodontic movement in the coronal direction achieved by outward tension on the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT. It does not include the operative procedure that CROWN LENGTHENING involves.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.
Dental procedure in which part of the pulp chamber is removed from the crown of a tooth.
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.
Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
A commonly used prosthesis that results in a strong, permanent restoration. It consists of an electrolytically etched cast-metal retainer that is cemented (bonded), using resins, to adjacent teeth whose enamel was previously acid-treated (acid-etched). This type of bridgework is sometimes referred to as a Maryland bridge.
The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
Polymeric resins derived from OXIRANES and characterized by strength and thermosetting properties. Epoxy resins are often used as dental materials.
The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
An appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues. It does not include CROWNS; DENTAL ABUTMENTS; nor TOOTH, ARTIFICIAL.
Inorganic derivatives of phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Note that organic derivatives of phosphoric acids are listed under ORGANOPHOSPHATES.
Dentin formed by normal pulp after completion of root end formation.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.
Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)
An abnormal passage in the oral cavity on the gingiva.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.
Loss or destruction of periodontal tissue caused by periodontitis or other destructive periodontal diseases or by injury during instrumentation. Attachment refers to the periodontal ligament which attaches to the alveolar bone. It has been hypothesized that treatment of the underlying periodontal disease and the seeding of periodontal ligament cells enable the creating of new attachment.
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of hereditary conditions characterized by malformed DENTAL ENAMEL, usually involving DENTAL ENAMEL HYPOPLASIA and/or TOOTH HYPOMINERALIZATION.
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.
Endodontic procedure performed to induce TOOTH APEX barrier development. ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIALS are used to repair open apex or DENTAL PULP NECROSIS in an immature tooth. CALCIUM HYDROXIDE and mineral trioxide aggregate are commonly used as the filling materials.
A mixed tumor of odontogenic origin, in which both the epithelial and mesenchymal cells exhibit complete differentiation, resulting in the formation of tooth structures. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Occlusal wear of the surfaces of restorations and surface wear of dentures.
Used as a dental cement this is mainly zinc oxide (with strengtheners and accelerators) and eugenol. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p50)
The property of dental enamel to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, mineral ions and other substances. It does not include the penetration of the dental enamel by microorganisms.
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
The susceptibility of the DENTAL ENAMEL to dissolution.
Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.
Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.
A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A ectodysplasin receptor subtype that is specific for ECTODYSPLASIN A1. It signals via the specific signaling adaptor EDAR-ASSOCIATED DEATH DOMAIN PROTEIN. Loss of function of the edar receptor is associated with AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE ANHIDROTIC ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA and ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA 3, ANHIDROTIC.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.
The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
Excision of the apical portion of a tooth through an opening made in the overlying labial, buccal, or palatal alveolar bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A fluid occurring in minute amounts in the gingival crevice, believed by some authorities to be an inflammatory exudate and by others to cleanse material from the crevice, containing sticky plasma proteins which improve adhesions of the epithelial attachment, have antimicrobial properties, and exert antibody activity. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Members of the TNF receptor family that are specific for ECTODYSPLASIN. At least two subtypes of the ectodysplasin receptor exist, each being specific for a ectodysplasin isoform. Signaling through ectodysplasin receptors plays an essential role in the normal ectodermal development. Genetic defects that result in loss of ectodysplasin receptor function results ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.
Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.
Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.
The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.
The flowing of blood from the marginal gingival area, particularly the sulcus, seen in such conditions as GINGIVITIS, marginal PERIODONTITIS, injury, and ASCORBIC ACID DEFICIENCY.
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Shot just above ground level, VG with closeups *"(Anesthesia) Pulling Teeth" (Burton) - 4:21 ...
Although there were insufficient data to set a UL [Tolerable Upper Intake Levels] for added sugars, a maximal intake level of ... Tooth decay[edit]. The 2003 WHO report stated that "Sugars are undoubtedly the most important dietary factor in the development ... It is a kind of honey found in cane, white as gum, and it crunches between the teeth. It comes in lumps the size of a hazelnut ... Refined sugar is purer (ICUMSA below 300) than raw sugar (ICUMSA over 1,500).[86] The level of purity associated with the ...
Teeth: Well developed with a complete scissors bite. Level bite is acceptable but not desirable. Lips: Dry, close fitting and ... Tail Set medium high, with thick long hair, in repose it hangs relaxed or is carried at back level. In attention it is carried ...
... is tooth-friendly; it cannot be metabolized by oral bacteria, so it does not contribute to tooth decay. In addition ... At the industrial level, it is produced from glucose by fermentation with a yeast, Moniliella pollinis. Since 1990, erythritol ... yet it is almost noncaloric and does not affect blood sugar or cause tooth decay. Erythritol was discovered in 1848 by Scottish ... the ANS Panel concluded that the acute bolus consumption of erythritol via non-alcoholic beverages at a maximum level of 1.6 % ...
Set teeth are rarely used. Benching is the leveling and tensioning of the saw. When a saw band is run on a mill it is stretched ... "Sliver tooth" saws have teeth on both sides but they have different profiles. The (usual) front side have teeth with a regular ... Double cut saws (teeth on both sides) are always gummed right hand teeth first. A precise profile of the tooth (including ... Resaw Bandsaws (teeth on one side only) may be left or right-handed, depending on which way the teeth are pointing and which ...
A mouthguard is a protective device for the mouth that covers the teeth and gums to prevent and reduce injury to the teeth, ... Mouthguards may also prevent or reduce harm levels of concussion in the event of an injury to the jaw. In many sports, the ... Boxers clenched the material between their teeth. These boxers had a hard time focusing on the fight and clenching their teeth ... are removable dental appliances carefully molded to fit the upper or lower arches of teeth. They are used to protect tooth and ...
... as it incorporates into the teeth to form and harden teeth enamels so that the teeth are more acid resistant as well as more ... As for safety, the IOM sets Tolerable upper intake levels (ULs) for vitamins and minerals when evidence is sufficient. In the ... Fluoride is capable of combating and working against tooth decay and increases resistance to the "demineralisation of tooth ... "Nutritional Factors in Tooth Development". ADHA. Retrieved 2008-12-30. "Effect of Inorganic Fluoride on Living Organisms of ...
Their eyes are levelled with their antennae. Their mandibles are long with 10 teeth. The colour of their head, body and legs ... Level 1, 398 Cumberland Street, Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press. pp. 70-71. ISBN 978-1-877372-47-6.CS1 maint: ...
Nihilistic also released Embrace, a level editor with access to the game's code to allow users to modify levels and scripts. A ... Go my swordsmen... / Wilhem: Time to cut thy teeth, fledgling. Nihilistic Software (June 7, 2000). Vampire: The Masquerade - ... Because QERadiant was a finished, functional tool, it allowed the level designers to begin developing levels from the project's ... The level design and environments were praised for the level of detail, providing a brooding, atmospheric aesthetic with " ...
... food getting pushed down between teeth) - this can be caused by missing teeth, tilted, spaced or crowded teeth, or poorly ... The level of VSC on breath has been shown to positively correlate with the depth of periodontal pocketing, the number of ... Brushing the teeth may help. While there is evidence of tentative benefit from tongue cleaning it is insufficient to draw clear ... The betel nut will also cause dental decay and red or black staining of teeth when chewed. Both areca nut and betel leaf ...
... lower edge of spiracle is usually close to level of mid-eye; insertion of anal-fin usually over its apex; about 69/73 teeth ...
... (cat's tooth) is a mountain of Savoie, France. It lies in the Jura range. It has an elevation of 1,390 metres ( ... 4,560 ft) above sea level. v t e. ...
Forests began to expand and the polar icecaps receded, raising the sea level to modern day levels. The improvement in the ... they made decorations from bored teeth and shells. In the plains, the Cro-Magnon hunted deer, while in the mountains they ... their fixed search radius indicates more restricted mobility at the group level. They also hunted smaller prey, usually rabbits ...
These high levels of sugar mean that fruitarians are at high risk for tooth decay.[20] Another concern that fruitarianism ... Actor Ashton Kutcher was hospitalized and said that his "pancreas levels were completely out of whack" after following a ... Fruitarians can develop protein energy malnutrition, anemia, and low levels of iron, calcium, essential fatty acids, vitamins, ... Consuming high levels of fruit also poses a risk to those who are diabetic or pre-diabetic, due to the negative effect that the ...
Warren then asked his students if anybody needed a tooth extracted and one student agreed. Unfortunately the gas was not ... The student suffered normal levels of pain, thus discrediting Wells and nitrous-oxide as an anesthetic. ...
... and promoting healthy teeth and bones due to calcium, magnesium and phosphorus levels.[20] ...
The highest levels (in the pons) represent the mouth, teeth and pharyngeal cavity. ... For example, teeth on one side of the jaw can be numbed by injecting the mandibular nerve. Occasionally, injury or disease ... The lowest levels of the nucleus (in the upper cervical cord and lower medulla) represent peripheral areas of the face (the ... Some sensory information from the teeth and jaws is sent from the principal nucleus to the ipsilateral thalamus via the small ...
Females had a decreased heart weight, and both sexes had reduced IgA levels in their plasma. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ... Radiography found that males had abnormal teeth morphology. ...
At acute levels (over 2 mg/m3), if ingested, it can cause abdominal pains and shock. Rare but serious allergic reactions are ... When used in dental products, mild tooth discoloration may also occur; this can be removed by brushing. "National Inventors ... Stannous fluoride is a more stable ingredient and thus remains effective in strengthening tooth enamel upon longer storage. ... Stannous fluoride converts the calcium mineral apatite into fluorapatite, which makes tooth enamel more resistant to bacteria- ...
The beak lacked any teeth. The jaw joint was located far behind the level of the eye socket. The occipital condyle, and with it ... But the two taxa may be distinguished by differences in the length of the maxillary tooth row (40% instead of 26,7% of total ...
"Tooth Man"). Fung is calm, perceptive, and level-headed, a stark contrast to Kuen's impulsiveness. Fung is the same age as Kuen ... He is also a dentist, and is often referred to as Ngah Lo (牙佬; "Tooth Guy"; alt. " ...
The teeth should form a level, complete scissor bite. The long straight or curved tail, well covered with hair, should almost ...
At regular intervals, you'll see two teeth clump together. In semiconductors, these discontinuities form deep-level traps and ... The Fermi level of the gate metal is matched to the pinning point, which is 1.2 eV below the conduction band. With the reduced ... This level of cleanliness provides opportunities to perform research into the field of Quantum Billiard for quantum chaos ... the conduction band and valence band throughout the material must bend in order to form a continuous level. The HEMTs' ...
... n jaw joints were lowered below the level of the teeth, bringing the teeth into simultaneous occlusion.[2] ... Ornithischians had "leaf-shaped" cheek teeth.[2]. *Ornithischian backbones were stiffened near the pelvis by the ossification ... fork-like teeth, and stomach contents suggesting that it may have fed on fish.[23] ...
Their teeth are mostly damaged or lost because of convulsions. They also show high level of anxiety towards dental services. ... As a result, these patients are often faced with higher levels of untreated disease and tooth loss. Poor oral hygiene ... In addition, delayed tooth eruption can be seen in Autistic patients. Cerebral Palsy: Patients suffering from cerebral palsy ... This population group experience higher levels of oral health disease and poorer access to oral health care. For some, dental ...
... then mineral levels to form the mature dentin. Odontoblasts form approximately 4 μm of predentin daily during tooth development ... The tooth is often able to be saved by a simple restoration. In contrast, reparative dentin is secreted when the tooth has a ... Teeth in the molluscan radula are also produced by cells termed "odontoblasts". Medicine portal Tooth development Ameloblast ... This is because of the retention of the odontoblasts within the tooth, along the outer pulpal wall. Odontoblasts also secrete ...
This honey is helpful for health because blood sugar level does not rise quickly. It is also beneficial as it does not cause ... tooth decay. The university's findings supported the long-standing claims of Indigenous Australian people that native honey is ... But the guaraipo is very sensitive to low levels of humidity, and their hives must be equipped with means to keep a high ... it also is thought to have medicinal properties more pronounced than honey from bees of the genus Apis due to the higher level ...
... cavities or tooth decay) or plaque accumulated on the teeth. In addition, degradation of oral debris by microorganisms produce ... A 2006 Cochrane review found tentative evidence of decreased levels of odor molecules. Some studies have shown that it is the ... The remaining 15% to 20% of cases originate in the stomach, from the tonsils, from decaying food stuck between the teeth, gum ... It can contribute to the recolonization of tooth surfaces. People with periodontal disease are more likely to have a thicker ...
The teeth should meet in a scissors or level bite. The feet are tight and cat-like, and the front toes may turn inward. The ... The Harrier is slightly longer than tall, with a level topline. The tail is medium-length, carried high, but is not curled over ...
"Microbiology and Cytokine Levels Around Healthy Dental Implants and Teeth". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 10 ...
... triangular carnassial teeth meant for grinding food. Hypercarnivores, however, have conical teeth and sharp carnassials meant ... As time passes between meals, the body starts to take nutrients from long-term reservoirs.[20] When the glucose levels of cells ... "How Do Birds Eat If They Have No Teeth? , Blog , eNature". wild.enature.com. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. ... The body also stimulates eating by detecting a drop in cellular lipid levels (lipoprivation).[20] Both the brain and the liver ...
The coevolution of gritty, fibrous, fire-tolerant grasses and long-legged gregarious ungulates with high-crowned teeth, led to ... The subsequent uplift of mountains in the western Mediterranean region and a global fall in sea levels combined to cause a ... The expansion of silica-rich C4 grasses led to worldwide extinctions of herbivorous species without high-crowned teeth.[18] ...
In harmful levels of sunlight, specialized leaves, opaque or partly buried, admit light through a translucent leaf window for ... Each tooth bearing smaller teeth Serrate. Serrata. Saw-toothed; with asymmetrical teeth pointing forward ... Leaf sensor - a device that measures the moisture level in plant leaves ... genus or species levels, and botanists have developed a rich terminology for describing leaf characteristics. Leaves almost ...
Because the service level costs vary depending on the care and needs of the enrolled, a cost per person average is only a rough ... restoration of teeth and maintenance for dental health. Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment (EPSDT) is a ... Studies have linked Medicaid expansion with increases in employment levels and student status among enrollees.[108][109][110] ... Unlike Medicaid, Medicare is a social insurance program funded at the federal level[46] and focuses primarily on the older ...
High levels of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) are also associated with worsened acne.[42] Both ... resulting in yellow discoloration and thinned tooth enamel.[1][150] Their use during pregnancy has been associated with the ... Decreased levels of retinoic acid in the skin may contribute to comedo formation. Researchers are investigating methods to ... Squalene oxidation activates NF-κB (a protein complex) and consequently increases IL-1α levels.[45] Additionally, squalene ...
... with no natural teeth remaining). Some report that up to 65% of denture wearers have this condition to some degree. About 90% ... with the lowest levels occurring in newborns, increasing dramatically in infants, and then decreasing again in adults. ... as they cause suppression of immune function either systemically or on a local/mucosal level, depending on the route of ...
High levels of RNA editing do not appear to be present in more basal cephalopods or other molluscs.[118][119] ... but it has now been shown that minute teeth at the tip of the salivary papilla are involved, and an enzyme in the toxic saliva ... In cold conditions with low oxygen levels, haemocyanin transports oxygen more efficiently than haemoglobin. The haemocyanin is ...
The teeth of Herrerasaurus indicate that it was a carnivore; its size indicates it would have preyed upon small and medium- ... Sereno, P.C. (1998). "A rational for phylogenetic definitions, with application to the higher-level taxonomy of Dinosauria". ... The jaws were equipped with large serrated teeth for biting and eating flesh, and the neck was slender and flexible.[11][14] ...
"Like Pulling Teeth" / "Hurts, Don't It!? Son Goku The Dentist". Transcription: "Chotto Itee Zo!? Gokū no Haisha" (Japanese: ちょっ ... He can raise his body temperature to even greater levels than the surface of the sun, which makes punching him out of the ... The giant starts howling in pain, and Goku figures out that the Dragon Ball has broken one of the giant's teeth and is stuck ... He flies in the giant's mouth and blasts the tooth out with a Kamehameha wave. The group leaves the planet with their first ...
... and the tomb is below sea level, there have been several natural explanations proposed for the manna fluid, including the ... The sailors who had transported the bones gave one tooth and two fragments chipped from Nicholas's sarcophagus to the Norman ... such as a tooth or a finger bone.[95][69] ...
various features of jaws and teeth[5]. Evolutionary history[edit]. Eutheria contains several extinct genera as well as larger ... farther back than the joint between the second metatarsal and middle cuneiform bones-in metatherians these joints are level ... Eutherians are distinguished from noneutherians by various phenotypic traits of the feet, ankles, jaws and teeth. All extant ...
They prefer lower levels of the canopy, and spend most of the time at heights up to five meters. ... These pygmy squirrels have longer hind limbs than forelimbs, an arched profile skull, rooted cheek teeth, and ever growing ...
Madelyne Pryor drops by Colossus and Domino to inform them that the situation with the X-Men has entered a new level. The force ... Maw: Multiple mouths, each with razor sharp teeth. (Killed by Face). "Secret Wars" (2015)Edit. As part of the 2015 "Secret Wars ...
It is a measure of activity level (higher number indicates higher degree of activation[23]) often reported in mg/g (typical ... teeth whitening, production of hydrogen chloride and many other applications. ... The dechlorination half-value length is the depth of carbon required to reduce the chlorine level of a flowing stream from 5 ... There are large differences in the hardness of activated carbons, depending on the raw material and activity levels. ...
Lowering home humidity levels can be helpful as well. While the use of chemical insecticides may be undesirable in food storage ... notched like teeth of a saw). The drugstore beetle also has grooves running longitudinally along the elytra, whereas the ...
The upper level has been designed to accommodate 150,000 people. The lower level is used primarily for parking but can be used ... Flood levels in Pathumthani are falling, within 2 weeks back to normal]. Thai Rath (in Thai). Wacharapol. 19 November 2011. ... 43 top monks and novices obtain a ninth-level degree in 2010]. Thai Rath (in Thai). Wacharapol. 6 March 2010.. ... The Sixtieth Year Building: This is a building that is planned to be used for Dhammakaya meditation at an advanced level.[342] ...
Among these populations with high levels of inbreeding, researchers have found several disorders prevalent among inbred ... where their cranial bone length in the lower mandibular tooth row has changed. Having a high homozygosity rate is problematic ... a level that has remained stable for over a decade. Population growth is limited by the fact that all Californian sea otters ... along with most of the top portion of the trophic levels of an ecosystem.[37] Additionally, the alpha males of two neighboring ...
Unlike human teeth, which are composed mostly of enamel on the portion of the tooth outside of the gum, whale teeth have ... High levels of organic chemicals accumulate in these animals since they are high in the food chain. They have large reserves of ... They have a pair of blowholes side-by-side and lack teeth; instead they have baleen plates which form a sieve-like structure in ... Only in larger whales, where the cementum is worn away on the tip of the tooth, does enamel show. Mysticetes have large ...
When a crocodilian is concerned about its safety, it will gape to expose the teeth and yellow tongue. If this doesn't work, the ... Classification to order level of the reptiles, after Benton, 2014.[23][24] ... Many species also possess canine-like teeth. These are used primarily for seizing prey, but are also used in fighting and ... Herbivorous reptiles face the same problems of mastication as herbivorous mammals but, lacking the complex teeth of mammals, ...
The town is also the location of the cave where the gold-teeth Bolinao Skulls with fish scale designs were found. Scholars have ... The Cape Bolinao Lighthouse at Patar rises 351 feet (107 m) above sea level atop Punta Piedra Point, a towering hill of solid ... "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved January 1, 2020.. ... However, 67 other skulls containing teeth with less extensive gold ornamentation were also found at the Balingasay site. The ...
As with all illegal drugs, operating a motor vehicle with detectable levels of Khat or its metabolites in one's system can also ... Long-term use can precipitate permanent tooth darkening (of a greenish tinge), susceptibility to ulcers, and diminished sex ... confirming the view that the abuse of this substance is a regional problem and may best be controlled at that level."[46] For ... Water consumption is high and groundwater levels in the Sanaa basin are diminishing, so government officials have proposed ...
... using control modules for humidity control in several galleries where room-level humidification was not practical.[64][65] The ... A shark tooth weapon from the Gilbert Islands. See also[edit]. *. Chicago portal ...
The infolding provides added strength to the young tooth, but offers little advantage when the tooth is mature. Such teeth are ... For this reason, early tetrapods may have experienced chronic hypercapnia (high levels of blood CO2). This is not uncommon in ... with labyrinthine teeth fitting in a pit-and-tooth arrangement on the palate. A major difference between early tetrapodomorph ... Tetrapods had a tooth structure known as "plicidentine" characterized by infolding of the enamel as seen in cross-section. The ...
Fruit or fruit-flavored tea is usually acidic and thus may contribute to erosion of tooth enamel.[9] ... pu-er are used to address the high fat level in the bloodstream.[citation needed] The Chinese term liang cha, means "cooling ... "The role of the diet in tooth wear" (Submitted manuscript). British Dental Journal. 224 (5): 379-383. doi:10.1038/sj.bdj. ...
In modern humans, lateralisation is weakly associated with language.[26] The tooth rows of H. habilis were V-shaped as opposed ... Tobias, P. V. (1987). "The brain of Homo habilis: A new level of organization in cerebral evolution". Journal of Human ... The pattern of striations on the teeth of OH 65 slanting right, which may have been accidentally self-inflicted when the ... the enlarged cheek teeth would suggest marked size-related dimorphism and thus intense male-male conflict over mates and a ...
Nevertheless, this level of social learning was associated with significantly greater levels of success in monkeys witnessing a ... Kinnaman (1902) reported that one rhesus monkey learned to pull a plug from a box with its teeth to obtain food after watching ... Mother-reared monkeys instead typically ignored the tool and exhibited fidelity at a lower level, tending only to re-create ... Further analyses examined copying at three levels of resolution. The human-raised monkeys exhibited the greatest learning with ...
An IgE level greater than 2,000 IU/mL is often considered diagnostic.[14] However, patients younger than 6 months of age may ... fail to lose their primary teeth, and have two sets of teeth simultaneously. ... Patients with STAT3 HIES may have either delay of or failure in shedding of primary teeth. The characteristic facial features ... described two boys with similar symptoms as well as coarse facies, eosinophilia, and elevated serum IgE levels. These two ...
Other names included the Côte de Dents,[b] literally "Coast of Teeth", again reflecting the trade in ivory;[17][18][12][11][15] ... It was not until around 2014 that the gross domestic product again reached the level of its peak in the 1970s.[9] In the 21st ... The coastline of the modern state is not quite coterminous with what the 15th- and 16th-century merchants knew as the "Teeth" ... In 2012, there were 57,541 students enrolled at post-secondary diploma level, 23,008 students studying for a bachelor's or ...
Hypoplasias on this part of the tooth do not show on the surface of the tooth. Because of this buried enamel, teeth record ... That as the body attempts to compensate for low iron levels by increasing red blood cell production in the young, sieve-like ... Dental caries, commonly referred to as cavities or tooth decay, are caused by localized destruction of tooth enamel, as a ... Unlike bone, teeth are not remodeled, so they can provide a more reliable indicator of past health events as long as the enamel ...
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels For Vitamins And Minerals (PDF), European Food Safety Authority, 2006. ... of it contained in bones and teeth.[1] Phosphorus makes up about 1% of a person's body weight.[9] The other major minerals ( ... One serving of seaweed exceeds the U.S. Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) of 1100 μg but not the 3000 μg UL set by Japan.[34] ... RDA = Recommended Dietary Allowance; UL = Tolerable Upper Intake Level; Figures shown are for adults age 31-50, male or female ...
... explores the trade-off between higher blood lead levels and tooth decay in children who drink tap water vs bottled water,/em,,/ ... An elevated blood lead level was defined as having at least three micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood. Tooth decay was ... Blood lead levels lower, but tooth decay higher in children who do not drink tap water. ... Overall, nearly 3% of children and adolescents had elevated blood lead levels and 49.8% had tooth decay. Among American ...
home // News // Studies: All Infant Formula Contains Fluoride at Tooth-Discoloring Levels // ... Studies: All Infant Formula Contains Fluoride at Tooth-Discoloring Levels. Source: New York State Coalition Opposed to ... contain fluoride at levels which can discolor developing teeth, reports the October 2009 Journal of the American Dental ... The details from Flint have been shocking: tap water so corrosive it caused lead levels in some homes to meet ...
Northern Ireland teenagers tooth decay levels among worst in Europe. Source: BBC News , BBC Northern Ireland health ... Northern Ireland teenagers have some of the highest levels of tooth decay in Europe, a study funded by Queens University has ... home // News // Northern Ireland teenagers tooth decay levels among worst in Europe // ... One is to get fluoride onto the childrens teeth.. "The second is to put fissure sealants on their adult teeth when they erupt ...
Canadian researchers are reporting that women who have low vitamin D levels during pregnancy may have babies who are more prone ... Mothers of children with tooth decay signs had low vitamin D levels as compared with mothers of babies with normal levels. ... Loose Teeth. Looseness of teeth is caused by a disease of the periodontium and includes the tissues surrounding the teeth. ... Expert Says Brushing Teeth More Than Twice a Day Harmful. Brushing your teeth more than twice a day can actually do more harm ...
Cytokine levels in gingival crevicular fluid of erupting primary teeth correlated with systemic disturbances accompanying ... Cytonkines appear in the GCF of erupting prmary teeth. The cytokine levels are correlated to some symptoms of teething. ... Fifty teeth of the 16 children were studied. GCF samples were collected from 21 of these teeth. Statistically significant ... Gingival crevicular fluid samples were taken from erupting teeth. As a control, GCF was collected from the same teeth 1 month ...
65 years by poverty level in the United States. ... 65 years by poverty level in the United States. ... This report describes the prevalence of complete tooth loss among adults aged ≥ ... This report describes the prevalence of complete tooth loss among adults aged ≥ ... QuickStats: Prevalence of Complete Tooth Loss* Among Adults Aged ≥65 Years,† by Federal Poverty Level§ - National Health and ...
You will never know what your level in a game is or how good you are until you play with gamers that are better than you. Its ... Lets get to the bottom of the eight strategies on how to get to the gaming level you want and dominate your opponents. ... The importance of setting goals should be unquestionable if you want to increase your level and become a better gamer. ... Daily exercising helps to increase overall creativity levels, activate oxygen flow through your veins, sustain your reflexes ...
Radiation: low level laser therapy low level laser therapy will be used in order to induce tooth movement. low level laser with ... Radiation: low level laser therapy low level laser therapy will be used in order to induce tooth movement. low level laser with ... The Role of Low Level Laser Therapy in Acceleration of Teeth Alignment in Lingual Orthodontic Patients. The safety and ... Evaluation of Low-Level-LASER Therapy (LLLT) Effect on Accelerating Orthodontic Tooth Movement For Crowded Upper Incisors ...
Filled and Permanent Tooth): Clinical Observation at National Level. Health, 7, 1757-1762. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.712191. ... Sarita, P.T., Witter, D.J., Kreulen, C.M., Matee, M.I., vant Hof, M.A. and Creugers, N.H. (2004) Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth ... Rihs, L., Silva, D. and Sousa, M. (2009) Dental Caries and Tooth Loss in Adults in a Brazilian Southeastern State. Journal of ... Angel, P., Fresno, M.C., Cisternas, P., Lagos, M. and Moncada, G. (2010) Prevalence of Caries, Teeth Loss and Treatment Needs ...
It was determined by the clinician that the tooth needed to be extracted prior to proceeding any further with dental care. ... She was experiencing pain upon function, tenderness to palpation facial to tooth 13, and severe mobility of the prosthesis. ... Radiographic and clinical assessment revealed a subcrestal fracture of tooth 13, making its restoration unlikely. ... a 48-year-old woman presented at a dental clinic with a failing fixed partial denture spanning from teeth 13 to 21. ...
Marginal bone levels and soft tissue conditions around single-tooth implants with a scalloped neck design: results of a ... Marginal bone levels and soft tissue conditions around single-tooth implants with a scalloped neck design: results of a ... Soft tissue levels were not maintained around the scalloped implants.. Abstract. PURPOSE: Scalloped implants were developed to ... Therefore, this study evaluated marginal bone levels (MBLs) and soft tissue around single implants with scalloped necks in the ...
STANDER, S; BOTHA, PJ; PONTES, CC e HOLMES, H. Prevalence of peri-implant mucositis at single tooth bone level dental implants ...
Chronic periodontitis is often found in the mandibular posterior teeth [9, 10]. OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to ... reported that IL-18 levels in gingival crevicular fluid increased with periodontal disease severity. In addition, IL-18 levels ... In addition, high levels of IL-18 can be considered as predictive for type 2 diabetes progression [5]. Recently, IL-18 was ... IL-18 levels in smokers with moderate periodontitis were higher than in smokers with mild periodontitis. This increased IL-18 ...
Only bone level implants placed and restored according to the delayed protocol were included. Excluded were those cases having ... level of analysis (subject or implant), follow-up time, population type and type of implant-supported restoration.5,15 ... who had a single bone level implant placed at the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Western Cape. ... prone to inflammatory changes when compared with gingival tissues around teeth, mainly due to poorer connective tissue ...
Dogs-Tooth Grass (Cynodon) genus details, photos and seasonal allergies, Brunswick county, North Carolina ... Bermuda Grass, Dogs-Tooth Grass (Cynodon). Home « North Carolina « Brunswick « Cynodon Bermuda Grass, Dogs-Tooth Grass Genus ... Since the greek word, Cynodon, means dog and tooth, Dogs tooth grass was adoped for the common name. ... Bermuda Grass, Dogs-Tooth Grass Genus Location. The shaded areas on the map indicates where the genus has been observed in the ...
Another one bites the dust: faecal silica levels in large herbivores correlate with high-crowned teeth ... faecal silica levels in large herbivores correlate with high-crowned teeth. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological ... The circumstances of the evolution of hypsodonty (= high-crowned teeth) are a bone of contention. Hypsodonty is usually linked ... The circumstances of the evolution of hypsodonty (= high-crowned teeth) are a bone of contention. Hypsodonty is usually linked ...
Level 10 pain. A few days ago. And has got worse. Constant pain. If I dont - Answered by a verified Dentist ... I have excruciating pain in one of my tooth. ... I have excruciating pain in one of my tooth. Level 10 pain. ... My wisdom teeth are comming in and lately i have been experienceing pain in my jaw and the teeth that are next to where the ... Pain in Jaw and lower back teeth. Last night, I experienced a sharp pain in my right jaw area, ear and lower back teeth. The ...
Significance level α ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: This study concluded that there was a dependent association between gender and the ... Immediate Implant in Management of Anterior Missing Tooth. Intrusion Injury of Deciduous Tooth sequeling Ectopic Eruption of a ... Sarita, P.T., Witter, D.J., Kreulen, C.M., Matee, M.I., vant Hof, M.A. and Creugers, N.H. (2004) Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth ... Use of CAD/CAM in Esthetic Restoration of Badly Decayed Tooth. Ankylosis of primary molar along with congenitally missing first ...
Fluorosis is a condition caused due to higher fluoride levels in your body. It affects the teeth by changing the enamel coating ... Tooth Decay. Tooth decay in toddlers, children and adults, also called dental caries, is a bacterial infection causing ... Tooth Discoloration. Tooth discoloration or staining is caused commonly due to smoking, some medicines and poor dental hygiene. ... The levels of fluoride among pregnant women living in fluoridated communities in Canada were similar with levels reported in a ...
Jeff Mach is raising funds for What SHARP Teeth: A Steampunk/Fairytale Retelling on Kickstarter! A darkly twisted Steampunk, ... This is two guest-level tickets.**. (Please note that What SHARP Teeth tickets are ONLY good for the rock opera itself. To ... 5 level, Im going to do a live show for you via Kickstarter Livestream next month to perform more songs and talk about the ... Show ticket - Guest Level (Please note that What SHARP tickets are ONLY good for the rock opera itself. To attend any other ...
Teeth and some bone meet this criterion.. Figure 1a shows a view of the fracture surface of the broken canine tooth from the ... resulted in fracture surfaces matching the original tooth. The break load of 480 N is typical for natural canine teeth (15). A ... an intact tooth with a root of similar size and shape was embedded in a configuration to simulate the natural tooth environment ... Involuntary tooth grinding in the presence of an oral tube can concentrate biting forces to only a few teeth. Nocturnal total ...
... root planning and tooth reconstruction Fig. 1 Fracture of the facial cusp of an upper premolar tooth... ... Severe tooth fracture below the gingiva level: root planning and tooth reconstruction. ... Severe tooth fracture below the gingiva level: root planning and tooth reconstruction. ... The tooth was endodontically treated in the past; the entire facial cusp was lost. Dr Deliperi was able to save the tooth and ...
The other teeth whiteners can eat away at your teeth, and people dont REALLY need it unless your teeth are dark yellow like me ... If you want to bleach your teeth see a dentist or buy a bleach kit at the store. The above poster gave you excellent advice. ... ONLY YOUR DENTIST should bleach your teeth! Even buying the whiteners in the stores does damage to the gums. I just asked my ... dentist this in November while I was having work done on my teeth. ...
... secondary to a sudden rise in the level of anesthesia together with anaphylactic reaction to intravenous (IV) medication given ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most frequently, caused by an inherited abnormal myelin structure pattern. In view of ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most frequent inherited peripheral neuropathy, with an incidence of 1:25,000. It is ... La más frecuente de ellas es la enfermedad de Charcot-Marie-Tooth, en la cual se hereda un patrón alterado en la estructura de ...
Federal Level Reporting to USDA. If the person breeds, sells or exhibits wild animals (even if they do it for free) they must ... Saber Tooth Sleuth. There is only one reason that lions, tigers and other big cats are suffering in captivity: We havent ... State Level Reporting. Check HERE to see where your state stands on the issue of keeping dangerous wild animals in backyard ...
... gel is all it takes to turn transplanted unspecialized cells into cells that lay down minerals and begin to form teeth. ... In this interview, Professor Paul Tesar and Kevin Allan speak to News-Medical about how low levels of oxygen damage the brain. ... They were in full-throttle tooth-development mode, Hashmi said.. In the embryo, mesenchymal cells cant build teeth alone - ... How do low levels of oxygen damage the brain?. Professor Paul Tesar and Kevin Allan ...
... the adult teeth begin to erupt. The emergence of these permanent teeth usually overlaps with the shedding of the milk teeth and ... After a childs milk teeth have fallen out, which occurs between 6 and 12 years of age, ... the childs jaws grow to accommodate the larger and greater number of permanent teeth. ... In this interview, Professor Paul Tesar and Kevin Allan speak to News-Medical about how low levels of oxygen damage the brain. ...
... and the in vivo modulation of Mfn2 mRNA levels is an additional level of regulation for the control of muscle metabolism and ... we propose that the in vivo modulation of Mfn2 mRNA levels is an additional level of regulation for the control of muscle ... Levels of mRNA corresponding to Mfn2, citrate synthase (CS), or COX-III were quantified by real-time PCR, and data were ... Levels of mRNA corresponding to Mfn2, citrate synthase (CS), or COX-III were quantified by real-time PCR, and data were ...
Or get professional teeth whitening with our take-home kit. Learn more. ... Professional products contain safe levels of hydrogen peroxide which are more effective, gentle on enamel and custom made. ... What causes teeth to turn yellow?. Theres a range of reasons teeth become discoloured. Genetics, your environment, even taking ... How to choose the best teeth whitening treatment for you. Professional teeth whitening can happen at the dentist or at home. We ...
  • In this witty, easy-to-read story, children learn what bacteria is, how it causes tooth decay, and how they can fight against it. (powells.com)
  • Told from the point of view of the bacteria, the fact-filled, rhyming text shows dentists, in a non-threatening way, as they help youngsters guard against tooth decay. (powells.com)
  • These drugs can cause (1) dry mouth from less saliva secretion and (2) acid mouth that causes teeth to become soft and bacteria to multiply. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • When we consume sugar, the bacteria in our mouths digest the sugar and produce acid, which weakens tooth enamel (demineralization). (3m.com)
  • Whether it's in your gut or on your teeth, bacteria survive and thrive in a structure that they create around. (bodyecology.com)
  • Dentists use silver diamine fluoride, made of silver fluoride and ammonia, to stop tooth decay and protect against new bacteria. (colgate.com)
  • Sealants are plastic coatings applied to the pits and fissures in tooth surfaces to prevent decay-causing bacteria and food particles from collecting in these hard-to-clean surfaces. (medscape.com)
  • How much bacteria does brushing your teeth remove from your mouth? (madsci.org)
  • Subject: How much bacteria does brushing your teeth remove from your mouth? (madsci.org)
  • Does brushing you teeth really remove much bacteria? (madsci.org)
  • the longer the bacteria remains inside of your mouth, the more susceptible your teeth will become to staining and yellowing. (dentistry.co.uk)
  • There is a zinc oxide - calcium oxide composition called Biocalex, which they claim is superior to zinc oxide since it is said to fill the tooth tubules and displace anaerobic bacteria, and thus make it also superior to gutta percha. (tripod.com)
  • Another possibility for a dead tooth suspected of harboring live bacteria would be to drill a tiny hole through the cavity filling and inject a droplet of several potent bacteria poisons and then sealing the hole. (tripod.com)
  • It is majorly caused due to poor dental hygiene or a tooth injury, allowing bacteria to infiltrate deep inside. (amazonaws.com)
  • Anodontia Dental caries-Dental caries are known as cavities or tooth decay Bacteria in the mouth use foods that contain sugar or starch to produce acids which eat away at the tooth's structure causing destruction to the enamel of the teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, this study evaluated marginal bone levels (MBLs) and soft tissue around single implants with scalloped necks in the esthetic zone prospectively over a 3-year period. (uzh.ch)
  • Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial plaque that accumulates underneath gingival tissues and becomes infected, initiating bone loss around the teeth. (termedia.pl)
  • The circumstances of the evolution of hypsodonty (= high-crowned teeth) are a bone of contention. (uzh.ch)
  • Teeth and some bone meet this criterion. (lww.com)
  • The bioinspired gel material could one day help repair or replace damaged organs, such as teeth and bone, and possibly other organs as well, scientists from the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), and Boston Children's Hospital report recently in Advanced Materials . (news-medical.net)
  • Abstract Objective The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the long-term effects of orthodontic traction on root length and alveolar bone level in impacted canines and adjacent teeth . (bvsalud.org)
  • Root length and alveolar bone level (buccal and palatal) were evaluated on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. (bvsalud.org)
  • Results There were no statistically significant differences in root length and buccal and palatal bone levels of canines and adjacent teeth among groups. (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusions Impacted canine treatment by closed-eruption technique associated with canine crown perforation, has a minimal effect on root length and buccal and palatal alveolar bone level in both canine and adjacent teeth , demonstrating that this treatment protocol has a good long-term prognosis . (bvsalud.org)
  • What does doctor Dowling think of bone grafts and tooth implants in general? (oneradionetwork.com)
  • In simple terms, teeth are pulled by the osteoclasts that break down bone on one side, and pushed in the same direction by the osteoblasts, the bone building cells, on the other. (medicalxpress.com)
  • This meant that something had occurred in the bone cells to prevent the teeth from moving. (medicalxpress.com)
  • These teeth enabled early humans to eat rough and hard food easily, however with time and evolution, and the diet getting softer, the jaw bone size reduced. (amazonaws.com)
  • Impacted wisdom teeth are classified by their direction of impaction, their depth compared to the biting surface of adjacent teeth and the amount of the tooth's crown that extends through gum tissue or bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prognosis for the second molar is good following the wisdom teeth removal with the likelihood of bone loss after surgery increased when the extractions are completed in people who are 25 years of age or older. (wikipedia.org)
  • Impacted wisdom teeth are classified by the direction and depth of impaction, the amount of available space for tooth eruption, and the amount of soft tissue or bone (or both) that covers them. (wikipedia.org)
  • More than 12,000 records included data on blood lead level and about 5,600 had dental caries examination data. (elsevier.com)
  • Tooth decay was defined as the presence of one of more tooth surfaces affected by dental caries as determined by dental examiners using a standardized protocol. (elsevier.com)
  • The article is "Blood Lead Levels and Dental Caries in U.S. Children Who Do Not Drink Tap Water," by Anne E. Sanders, PhD, and Gary D. Slade, BDSC, PhD ( https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2017.09.004 ).It will appear in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine , volume 54, issue 2 (February 2018) published by Elsevier. (elsevier.com)
  • Tooth decay in toddlers, children and adults, also called dental caries, is a bacterial infection causing demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth. (medindia.net)
  • Rihs, L., Silva, D. and Sousa, M. (2009) Dental Caries and Tooth Loss in Adults in a Brazilian Southeastern State. (scirp.org)
  • Georgia county designated as a geographic or population-based caries (tooth decay) in 2016-2017 (1). (cdc.gov)
  • Most caries-prevention pro- counties and metropolitan Atlanta census tracts with values at or grams are implemented at the local level. (cdc.gov)
  • This study is entitled, 'Effects of herbal lollipops on Streptococcus Mutans levels and the dental caries experience of children with asthma taking beta2-adrenergic drugs. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The objective of this study is to determine how effective the six-month regimen of herbal lollipops is at controlling the Streptococcus Mutans levels and the caries process in the study group. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • If some stabilization or improvement in the Streptococcus mutans levels and/or dental caries experience in the study group is shown, such promising results will allow for implementation of longer-term studies. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Sensitivity and specificity were calculated to compare the pediatric primary care providers' screenings to the gold standard (pediatric dentist) in 3 categories: caries at the tooth level, caries at the patient level (1 or more affected teeth), and need for referral. (aappublications.org)
  • Study question Does maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure of infants to tobacco smoke at age 4 months increase the risk of caries in deciduous teeth? (bmj.com)
  • The main outcome measure was the incidence of caries in deciduous teeth, defined as at least one decayed, missing, or filled tooth assessed by qualified dentists without radiographs. (bmj.com)
  • 1 In developed countries, the prevalence of caries in deciduous teeth remains high (20.5% in children aged 2 to 5 years in the United States 2 and 25.0% in children aged 3 years in Japan), 3 and established measures for caries prevention in young children is limited to sugar restriction, oral fluoride supplementation, and fluoride varnish. (bmj.com)
  • Removal of impacted wisdom teeth is advised in the case of certain pathologies, such as nonrestorable caries or cysts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thereby the sequence of events surrounding the biomarker and their role in Orthodontic tooth movement is substantially important. (jios.in)
  • Young children with asthma who use drugs for their asthma are at higher risk for tooth decay. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To determine if these or other factors could be driving a patient's higher risk for tooth decay, many dentists are now gathering more information about medications, family history or lifestyle habits. (palosdentalcenter.com)
  • Using that information, they can introduce other measures for each patient that will lower their risk for tooth decay even more. (palosdentalcenter.com)
  • SBSPs benefits exceed their costs when they target children at high risk for tooth decay. (medscape.com)
  • [ 1 ] Increasing sealant use prevalence is a national health goal [ 7 ] and the National Quality Forum* has endorsed dental care performance measures aimed at increasing sealant use prevalence in children at elevated risk for tooth decay. (medscape.com)
  • [ 6 ] A second, systematic review of economic evaluations of SBSP conducted for the Task Force found that the benefits of SBSP exceed their cost when they serve children at high risk for tooth decay, becoming cost-saving after 2 years [ 6 ] and saving $11.70 per tooth sealed over 4 years. (medscape.com)
  • Fluoride has been added to public drinking water in Canadian and American communities since the 1940s as a means of preventing tooth decay. (medindia.net)
  • We designated fective in preventing tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • I still have my wisdom teeth they have come in crooked and I have many cavities around it. (justanswer.com)
  • I think it might be one of my wisdom teeth that is dead. (justanswer.com)
  • The last of the permanent teeth are the third molars or the wisdom teeth that begin to appear between ages 17 and 21 years. (news-medical.net)
  • What this means is the presence of a root canal, wisdom teeth that were improperly removed, or a tooth that has been improperly capped. (oneradionetwork.com)
  • This left very less space for the wisdom teeth to erupt properly and hence these days we find that in most cases, the wisdom teeth either partially erupts or does not erupt at all. (amazonaws.com)
  • Impacted wisdom teeth is a disorder where the third molars (wisdom teeth) are prevented from erupting into the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Completely unerupted wisdom teeth usually result in no symptoms, although they can sometimes develop cysts or neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partially erupted wisdom teeth can develop cavities or pericoronitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wisdom teeth likely become impacted because of a mismatch between the size of the teeth and the size of the jaw. (wikipedia.org)
  • Impacted wisdom teeth can also be classified by the presence or absence of symptoms and disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Screening for the presence of wisdom teeth often begins in late adolescence when a partially developed tooth may become impacted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection resulting from impacted wisdom teeth can be initially treated with antibiotics, local debridement or surgical removal of the gum overlying the tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • A treatment controversy exists about the need for and timing of the removal of disease-free impacted wisdom teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supporters of early removal cite the increasing risks for extraction over time and the costs of monitoring the wisdom teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supporters for retaining wisdom teeth cite the risk and cost of unnecessary surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wisdom teeth have been described in the ancient texts of Plato and Hippocrates, the works of Darwin and in the earliest manuals of operative dentistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was the meeting of sterile technique, radiology and anaesthesia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that allowed the more routine management of impacted wisdom teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wisdom teeth, as the last teeth to erupt in the mouth are the most likely to become impacted. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classification structure helps clinicians estimate the risks for impaction, infections and complications associated with wisdom teeth removal. (wikipedia.org)
  • One review found that 11% of wisdom teeth will have evidence of disease and are symptomatic, 0.6% will be symptomatic but have no disease, 51% will be asymptomatic but have disease present and 37% will be asymptomatic and have no disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Impacted wisdom teeth are often described by the direction of their impaction (forward tilting, or mesioangular being the most common), the depth of impaction and the age of the patient as well as other factors such as pre-existing infection or the presence of pathology (cysts, tumors or other disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011-2012, it affected the primary teeth of 23% of U.S. preschoolers. (elsevier.com)
  • 7) Marshall co-authored "Associations between Intakes of Fluoride from Beverages during Infancy and Dental Fluorosis of Primary Teeth," in the Journal of American Clinical Nutrition. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Cytokine levels in gingival crevicular fluid of erupting primary teeth correlated with systemic disturbances accompanying teething. (nih.gov)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are increased levels of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta, IL-8, and TNFalpha in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of erupting primary teeth. (nih.gov)
  • Thirty-seven participants aged 6â€"11 years who were to undergo the extraction of primary teeth at the Dental and Oral Educational Hospital, Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia, were enrolled. (innovareacademics.in)
  • If you want to bleach your teeth see a dentist or buy a bleach kit at the store. (answers.com)
  • ONLY YOUR DENTIST should bleach your teeth! (answers.com)
  • I just asked my dentist this in November while I was having work done on my teeth. (answers.com)
  • Whitening products that you can buy outside of your dentist only contain 0.1% hydrogen peroxide and very little active ingredient to whiten your teeth. (philips.co.uk)
  • 3) The dentist will take moulds and make whitening trays to fit your teeth perfectly. (philips.co.uk)
  • Prolonged bleaching with these high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide, especially when used multiple days in a row, can lead to highly irritated gums and sensitive teeth," dentist Dr. Chris Strandburg told Health . (dentistry.news)
  • Both a pediatric dentist and a pediatric primary care provider conducted a dental screening on each child and recorded carious teeth and whether a dental referral was needed. (aappublications.org)
  • The pediatric dentist reported an average of 0.30 (SD: 0.005) cavitated teeth per child, whereas the pediatric primary care providers reported a mean of 0.25 (SD: 0.004). (aappublications.org)
  • The pediatric dentist identified 80 (2.4%) teeth with cavitated carious lesions, whereas the pediatric primary care providers identified 64 (1.9%), 25 of which were false-positives. (aappublications.org)
  • At the patient level, the pediatric dentist identified 25 (9.7%) children with 1 or more teeth affected by cavitated lesions. (aappublications.org)
  • My Dentist Thinks It's Tooth Sensitivity. (cosmeticdentistryguide.co.uk)
  • I am very wary of a male dentist going near me as well, I just want nice teeth. (cosmeticdentistryguide.co.uk)
  • Fluoride exposure is rising and causing children's tooth imperfections, ranging from white spots to brownish discolorations and pitting, according to dentist Elivir Dincer in the NYS Dental Journal. (thebatavian.com)
  • A dentist may recommend a pulpectomy over pulling out an infected baby tooth. (colgate.com)
  • It is caused by consuming sugary or starchy food and poor dental hygiene and is treated by a dentist by draining the pus and, possibly, removing the infected tooth/teeth altogether. (wikipedia.org)
  • Looseness of teeth is caused by a disease of the periodontium and includes the tissues surrounding the teeth. (medindia.net)
  • It has been suggested that the anatomical characteristics of the peri-implant mucosa make it more prone to inflammatory changes when compared with gingival tissues around teeth, mainly due to poorer connective tissue attachment and reduced vascular supply. (scielo.org.za)
  • By examining tissues isolated from the jaws of embryonic mice, Mammoto and Ingber showed that when the compressed mesenchymal cells turn on genes that stimulate them to generate whole teeth composed of mineralized tissues, including dentin and enamel. (news-medical.net)
  • The acid destroys tooth tissues and can result in severe destruction, leading to the need for expensive and time-consuming dental treatment. (innovations-report.com)
  • During orthodontic treatment, the early response of periodontal tissues to mechanical stress involves several metabolic changes that allow tooth movement. (apospublications.com)
  • 5-30% of acid-soluble tissues with specific exposure levels. (cdc.gov)
  • Thus the events leading to orthodontic tooth movement are complex and there still lacks sufficient knowledge regarding the culmination of biochemical events at a molecular level. (jios.in)
  • This study aimed to compare SAA levels between children who had never and had undergone tooth extraction procedures with a local anesthetic injection. (innovareacademics.in)
  • Dr Deliperi was able to save the tooth and avoid both tooth extraction and implant placement. (simonedeliperi.com)
  • Both function and aesthetics were achieved without tooth extraction and implant placement! (simonedeliperi.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in the serum blood glucose levels after the injection of lidocaine with a vasoconstrictor during tooth extraction. (ac.ir)
  • The serum blood glucose level was 111.6 ± 25.47 mg/dL before local anesthesia and 115.3 ± 24.39 mg/dL after tooth extraction (P = 0.418). (ac.ir)
  • According to our findings and previous reports, using local anesthesia during tooth extraction does not induce hypoglycemia and could increase the serum blood glucose level in individuals. (ac.ir)
  • The subjects were divided into two groups: One group consists of 20 children who had never undergone a tooth extraction, and the other group consists of 17 children who had undergone tooth extraction. (innovareacademics.in)
  • Based on the diagnosis, we may either prescribe medication or suggest extraction if we find the tooth will keep on causing problems for you in the future. (amazonaws.com)
  • The risks of wisdom tooth removal are roughly proportional to the difficulty of the extraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Severe cases can lead to tooth extraction and dentures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spinal anesthesia in a patient with Charcot-Marie-Tooth dise. (lww.com)
  • How to cite this article: Rodríguez Ortiz E, Martínez E, Martín J, Maiza L, Medina J. Spinal anesthesia in a patient with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease undergoing orthopedic surgery: case report. (lww.com)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most frequently, caused by an inherited abnormal myelin structure pattern. (lww.com)
  • La más frecuente de ellas es la enfermedad de Charcot-Marie-Tooth, en la cual se hereda un patrón alterado en la estructura de la mielina. (lww.com)
  • Se describe el caso de un paciente con enfermedad de Charcot-Marie-Tooth, de base, con compromiso de la movilidad en miembros inferiores, y quien asiste a urgencias por dolor en miembro inferior. (lww.com)
  • The primary gene mutated in Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2A is mitofusin-2 ( Mfn2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • If the product is meant to whiten your teeth or to remove stains or plaque the active ingredients are those which provide this function. (bewellbuzz.com)
  • The Tooth Fairy is a prominent member of the fairy family and has dedicated her professional career to the exchange of exfoliated deciduous teeth for money. (mja.com.au)
  • We extracted mandibular teeth by using inferior alveolar nerve block. (ac.ir)
  • 6. Bosch JA, Brand HS, Ligtenberg TJ, Bermond B, Hoogstraten J, Nieuw Amerongen AV. Psychological stress as a determinant of protein levels and salivary-induced aggregation of no impact of saliva flow rate on amylase stress response 651 streptococcus gordonii in human whole saliva. (innovareacademics.in)
  • On the other hand, the minerals in our saliva - and the fluoride from toothpaste and water - help the weakened tooth enamel repair and strengthen itself (remineralization). (3m.com)
  • Some of these genes could impact tooth formation or saliva gland anatomy, while others drive behaviors like a higher craving for sugar. (palosdentalcenter.com)
  • b ) Individual radular teeth, which are composed of mineralized cusp, base and radular membrane. (nature.com)
  • Elevated blood lead levels affect only a small minority of children, but the health consequences are profound and permanent," explained Sanders. (elsevier.com)
  • Excessive fluoride discolors and/or weakens permanent teeth (moderate fluorosis). (fluoridealert.org)
  • Defined as the loss of all natural, permanent teeth. (cdc.gov)
  • What are Permanent Teeth? (news-medical.net)
  • The emergence of these permanent teeth usually overlaps with the shedding of the milk teeth and the child's jaws grow to accommodate the larger and greater number of permanent teeth. (news-medical.net)
  • In most children, 28 of the permanent teeth have already erupted by the time the child is around 13 years of age. (news-medical.net)
  • Permanent teeth can last a lifetime and it is very important to maintain them to prevent tooth decay developing and damaging them. (news-medical.net)
  • Retrieved on November 24, 2020 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-are-Permanent-Teeth.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • High concentrations of hydrogen peroxide could burn gums and cause permanent damage to the teeth. (dentistry.news)
  • He added that long-term bleaching can also cause a permanent increase in tooth sensitivity, making one's teeth more sensitive to certain stimuli such as hot or cold temperatures. (dentistry.news)
  • In 2006, the National Research Council (NRC) cautioned that infants can fluoride-overdose via reconstituted baby formula using "optimally" fluoridated water and risk growing white spotted, yellow, brown and/or pitted permanent teeth (enamel fluorosis). (thebatavian.com)
  • Approximately 90% of tooth decay in permanent teeth occurs in the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. (medscape.com)
  • Permanent anterior teeth are not only essential for aesthetics but also for phonetics, mastication and psychological health of young patients. (springer.com)
  • The age-adjusted prevalence of complete tooth loss among adults aged ≥65 years decreased from 29.3% during 1999-2000 to 12.6% during 2017-2018. (cdc.gov)
  • Prevalence of tooth loss among older adults: United States, 2015-2018. (cdc.gov)
  • One 2018 study found a possible connection between low vitamin D levels and stiffness in the arterial walls of children. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Class 2 division II malocclusion with retroclined lower incisors can create hygiene problems for lingual surfaces of those teeth) Tooth wear? (scribd.com)
  • Several distinct surfaces inside our mouths develop biofilms, including our enamel (the hard, outer surface of our teeth), the roots of our teeth (when the gum has recessed), as well as our tongues, gums and cheeks. (3m.com)
  • The reconstruction of complex surfaces is one of the most important research techniques in digital construction of tooth surface, and scholars at home and abroad have also done a lot of research about it. (hindawi.com)
  • 3 ] obtain digital tooth surface by using double three NURBS surfaces. (hindawi.com)
  • 4 ] construct the digital real model of hypoid gear aiming at the wear of tooth surfaces by using non-feature block interpolation technique. (hindawi.com)
  • As for irregular tooth surfaces such as error tooth surfaces, the reason why the structural tooth surface can not reflect the true tooth surface is that most of the measurement data is separated from the structural tooth surface. (hindawi.com)
  • Fluoride treatments benefit the teeth by strengthening while sealants help chewing surfaces to not decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • This case report suggests that some tooth fractures attributed to the intubation procedure might actually be the result of biting on the endotracheal tube during the recovery period. (lww.com)
  • 91% never received information about patient care victim of such trauma and 35% said that the election procedure in such cases would be the restoration of the tooth. (bvsalud.org)
  • I was given prednisone by an urgent care Dr. for facial pain after a tooth procedure. (drugs.com)
  • This suggests that the adiponectin, administered in front of the moving tooth probably had a local effect, indicating that the procedure did not affect other parts of the body. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The Plasma Levels of bFGF and Microbiological Evaluation of Cell Homing Procedure of Incomplete Teeth Apex Maturation in Dogs', ALNAHRAIN JOURNAL FOR ENGINEERING SCIENCES , 21(1), pp. 110-123. (iraqjournals.com)
  • Sometimes, when there is a high risk to the inferior alveolar nerve, only the crown of the tooth will be removed (intentionally leaving the roots) in a procedure called a coronectomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • for tooth ache. (scribd.com)
  • I have pain on the left hand side at the back and my teeth ache all the time and hurts to open my mouth wide and to eat. (cosmeticdentistryguide.co.uk)
  • Prednisone - Can predizone help a tooth ache? (drugs.com)
  • Up to 48% of school children have fluorosed teeth - 4% severe, reports the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (3). (fluoridealert.org)
  • She was experiencing pain upon function, tenderness to palpation facial to tooth 13, and severe mobility of the prosthesis. (iti.org)
  • After My Tooth Was Extracted I Suffered From Severe Pain Like Lightning Bolts. (cosmeticdentistryguide.co.uk)
  • I had a hole in my tooth and one day I got severe pain like lighting bolts. (cosmeticdentistryguide.co.uk)
  • Dental abscess-A dental abscess is a collection of pus that accumulates in teeth or gums as a result of bacterial infection, giving rise to a severe throbbing pain at the site of the abscess. (wikipedia.org)
  • They achieved a sensitivity of 0.49 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.47-0.51) and a specificity of 0.99 (95% CI: 0.99-1.0) when their screening results for individual teeth were compared with the gold standard. (aappublications.org)
  • In class II fracture, pulp of the tooth is not involved but the dentin of the tooth is exposed which leads to sensitivity to hot and cold food stuffs. (identalhub.com)
  • This system includes a horizontal and vertical component to classify the location of third molars (predominately applicable to lower third molars): the third molar's relationship to the level of the teeth already in the mouth, being the vertical or x-component and to the anterior border of the ramus being the horizontal or y-component. (wikipedia.org)
  • School-based dental sealant programs (SBSP) deliver a highly effective intervention to prevent tooth decay in children who might not receive regular dental care. (medscape.com)
  • [ 6 ] The Community Preventive Services Task Force † (Task Force) recommends SBSP, on the basis of strong evidence that these programs prevent tooth decay and increase the number of children receiving sealants at schools. (medscape.com)
  • Researchers from the University of Manitoba analyzed tooth enamel in 135 babies between the ages of seven and 16 months and found 21.6 per cent of them had tooth enamel defects and 33.6 per cent had signs of childhood tooth decay. (medindia.net)
  • treatment of localized lower anterior teeth hypersensitivity. (scribd.com)
  • application of potassium nitrate paste overnight at lower buccal and lingual area of anterior teeth. (scribd.com)
  • Most toothpastes and mouthwashes contain safe amounts of the compound, but most teeth whiteners are made up to 20 percent hydrogen peroxide, which is higher than what dentists administer. (dentistry.news)
  • July 2009) concluded, "Our systematic review indicated that the ?consumption of infant formula [concentrated and ready-to-feed] is, on average, associated with an increased risk of developing at least some ?detectable level of enamel fluorosis. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Babies fed infant formula mixed with New York's fluoridated tap water risk developing enamel fluorosis or discolored teeth, according to the New York State Department of Health (1). (thebatavian.com)
  • Parents, who are concerned about the risk of enamel fluorosis, can mix liquid concentrate or powdered infant formula with water that is fluoride-free or contains low levels of fluoride. (thebatavian.com)
  • This can eventually lead to tooth loss, which will require root canals. (dentistry.co.uk)
  • tooth decay," says attorney Paul Beeber, President, New York State Coalition Opposed to Fluoridation , Inc. "So why are US babies still ?exposed to unnecessary fluoride chemicals via the water and food supplies and why aren't parents informed of the consequences? (fluoridealert.org)
  • Of course, parents are concerned about possibly disfiguring their baby's brand new teeth," says attorney Paul Beeber, NYSCOF President. (thebatavian.com)
  • Radiographic and clinical assessment revealed a subcrestal fracture of tooth 13, making its restoration unlikely. (iti.org)
  • Figure 1a shows a view of the fracture surface of the broken canine tooth from the front, or labial direction. (lww.com)
  • My son fell and has a level II fracture and xrays showed the nerve is not exposed but the dentin is exposed. (identalhub.com)
  • Several days after an atraumatic laryngoscopy, a 65-yr-old male (ASA physical status IV) discovered that his maxillary right canine tooth (#6) was broken in the root, just below the gingival margin. (lww.com)
  • Teeth from the impacted-canine side were assigned as Group I (GI), and contralateral teeth as control , Group II (GII). (bvsalud.org)
  • In each patient, the left maxillary canine having the fixed orthodontic appliance was used as the test tooth, and its antagonist, with no appliance, was the control. (apospublications.com)
  • Both contralateral erupted maxillary canines and adjacent teeth served as control . (bvsalud.org)
  • If the wisdom tooth is misaligned or erupts in the wrong direction, it will push adjacent teeth to create space for itself. (amazonaws.com)
  • We do have poor oral health levels in Northern Ireland but the department has been extremely pro-active in the last five or six years to reduce these decay levels," he said. (fluoridealert.org)
  • It's been well known for decades that sugar is a leading risk factor for tooth decay, and that reducing its consumption as part of a healthy diet not only promotes better oral health, but may reduce diabetes, obesity and other non-communicable diseases. (3m.com)
  • British adults don't have time to brush their teeth twice a day, a survey from the Oral Health Foundation shows. (dentistry.co.uk)
  • A good oral health routine is an essential everyday activity that helps to protect against tooth decay and gum disease. (dentistry.co.uk)
  • Once tissue healing was completed, Dr Deliperi completed the restoration of the structurally compromised tooth using a fiber-reinforced composite resin in just one appointment. (simonedeliperi.com)
  • Final result after completing the restoration of both the first and second premolar teeth. (simonedeliperi.com)
  • If dentin of the tooth is exposed, then restoration is required for the tooth. (identalhub.com)
  • When I saw him this time, we were able to save only four of his teeth with the remainder lost to rampant decay and gum disease. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • 200% of the federal poverty level and from 17.7% to 8.5% for adults living at ≥200% of the federal poverty level. (cdc.gov)
  • 9 out of 10 adults are affected with some type of tooth decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • But as good as these methods work, we can now take the fight against tooth decay a step further. (palosdentalcenter.com)
  • When the coordinate measurement is performed on the tooth surface, these methods are mainly applied to the smooth tooth surface because of the limited measurement data points of tooth surface. (hindawi.com)
  • Find out causes and treatment methods for pegged teeth, here. (colgate.com)
  • It affects the teeth by changing the enamel coating on it and also the bones. (medindia.net)
  • Teeth aren't exactly bones, but th. (dummies.com)
  • Dentofacial orthopedics is the field of study that concentrates on improving the position and dimensions of the bones that house the teeth. (colgate.com)
  • Vitamin D is essential for several reasons, including maintaining healthy bones and teeth. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • may find secondary occlusal trauma to a tooth that is already periodontally diseased. (scribd.com)
  • Based on the results it is concluded that PE students require a more comprehensive understanding of the subject since the trauma and thus the tooth avulsion is common practice to occur in sports activities. (bvsalud.org)
  • Providers were instructed to refer any child with 1 or more cavitated carious lesions, soft tissue pathology, or evidence of trauma to the teeth or mouth. (aappublications.org)
  • It may not be that the tooth is sensitive though just he is reacting to the trauma and bruising of the gum. (identalhub.com)
  • Gingival crevicular fluid samples were taken from erupting teeth. (nih.gov)
  • Oswal D, Sable RB, Patil A, Moge A, Aphale S. Levels of matrix metalloproteinase-7 and osteopontin in human gingival crevicular fluid during initial tooth movement. (apospublications.com)
  • The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate osteopontin (OPN) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of human teeth exposed to orthodontic force. (apospublications.com)
  • Accommodate most applications with the Thermo Scientific™ Owl™ Leveling Platform, a three-point leveling platform that ensures a flat casting and running surface. (fishersci.ca)
  • To evaluate the histopathological condition of the pulp in teeth with different levels of chronic periodontitis in humans. (duhnnae.com)
  • When the pulp of a primary tooth is inflamed, a pulpotomy may have to be performed to treat it. (colgate.com)
  • There is a difference in the levels of bFGF in the blood between the stages during pulp cell homing, also AAE protocol for disinfection is an effective method to disinfect the open apex root canal system. (iraqjournals.com)
  • Some products don't contain any whitening ingredients and contain harmful ingredients such as lemon juice, citric acid and bicarbonate soda to dissolve stains which can be damaging to teeth in the long term. (philips.co.uk)
  • The tooth absorbs the hydrogen peroxide and breaks down the colour molecule to turn the tooth white from the inside as well as removing the stains from the outside. (philips.co.uk)
  • As a potent bleaching agent, it breaks down stains to brighten and whiten the teeth. (dentistry.news)
  • Polyvinypyrrolidone (PVP) - this ingredient works to prevent new stains from forming on your teeth. (bewellbuzz.com)
  • what makes teeth yellow, or what stains teeth is nicotine and tar. (dentistry.co.uk)
  • The study will investigate the effect of low level laser therapy on the speed of orthodontic tooth movement during the correction of moderately crowded anterior upper teeth using lingual orthodontic appliance. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Not only were they alive -- they activated three genes that drive tooth formation. (news-medical.net)
  • A family history of tooth decay, especially when regular hygiene habits or diet don't seem to be a factor, could be an indicator that genes are influencing a person's dental health. (palosdentalcenter.com)
  • Do you have sweet tooth genes? (bodyecology.com)
  • Yes, there are sweet tooth genes! (bodyecology.com)
  • Fluorosis is a condition caused due to higher fluoride levels in your body. (medindia.net)
  • Fluoridation proponents are finally beginning to acknowledge the susceptibility of infants and children to excessive fluoride intakes, likely because they can no longer deny the obvious effects that fluoride has on the developing teeth, in the form of dental fluorosis. (mercola.com)
  • Data published in CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report in 2005 show that Black and Mexican Americans have significantly higher levels of the worst forms of dental fluorosis than do Whites, as indicated in the following table from Beltrán-Aguilar et al. (mercola.com)
  • A Tooth Abscess can be referred to as a bacterial infection in a tooth that may lead to accumulation of pus inside its center, which could be very agonizing. (amazonaws.com)
  • Detailed observations of developing teeth revealed that the mineral aggregates of ferrihydrite first deposited on alpha-chitin fibers continuously grow in size as teeth maturation proceeds. (nature.com)
  • Another approach would be to strive for 'biological ?normality' and to strive for fluoride levels observed in breast milk," write Hujoel et al. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Increased fluoride levels in the urine of pregnant women living in Canadian cities showed that public drinking water is the primary source of exposure, revealed study conducted by York University researchers. (medindia.net)
  • It is the first study in North America to examine how fluoride in water contributes to urinary fluoride levels in pregnant women. (medindia.net)
  • Fluoride levels in municipal water treatment plants that provided water to each women's home were obtained. (medindia.net)
  • Online stores Amazon, eBay, Wish and China's AliExpress advertise teeth whitening products with unsafe levels of hydrogen peroxide , according to a British consumer group named Which? (dentistry.news)
  • After a child's milk teeth have fallen out, which occurs between 6 and 12 years of age, the adult teeth begin to erupt. (news-medical.net)
  • Ever wonder about those bumps on your child's teeth? (colgate.com)
  • Caring for natal teeth is important as they affect the appearance of a child's adult teeth. (colgate.com)
  • American children and adolescents who do not drink tap water, which is typically fluoridated, are much more likely to have tooth decay, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine . (elsevier.com)
  • children are denied its protection from tooth decay. (elsevier.com)
  • According to the results of this study, children and adolescents who did not drink tap water were more likely than tap water drinkers to have tooth decay, but were less likely to have elevated blood lead levels. (elsevier.com)
  • Those who drank tap water had significantly higher prevalence of elevated blood lead levels than children who did not drink tap water. (elsevier.com)
  • Overall, nearly 3% of children and adolescents had elevated blood lead levels and 49.8% had tooth decay. (elsevier.com)
  • Among American children and adolescents, one in five living below the federal poverty level, one in four African Americans, and one in three Mexican Americans do not drink tap water, vastly exceeding the one in twelve non-Hispanic white children who do not. (elsevier.com)
  • On the other hand, tooth decay affects one in every two children, and its consequences, such as toothache, are immediate and costly to treat. (elsevier.com)
  • Our study draws attention to a critical trade-off for parents: children who drink tap water are more likely to have elevated blood lead levels, yet children who avoid tap water are more likely to have tooth decay," commented Slade. (elsevier.com)
  • Mothers of children with tooth decay signs had low vitamin D levels as compared with mothers of babies with normal levels. (medindia.net)
  • Fifty teeth of the 16 children were studied. (nih.gov)
  • New evidence published today in Environment International also reported an association between higher levels of fluoride in pregnancy and inattentive behaviours among children in the same Mexican sample," said Till. (medindia.net)
  • that teaches children about tooth decay. (powells.com)
  • Herbal lollipops may reduce the risks of tooth decay in young children. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Find out what's being done around the world to tackle the devastating impact of tooth decay for disadvantaged children. (3m.com)
  • Study participants included Medicaid-eligible children younger than 36 months of age with erupted teeth. (aappublications.org)
  • Learn more about oral care for children, including how to properly brush kid's teeth, kids toothbrushes, and much more, from the Colgate Oral Care Center. (colgate.com)
  • Tooth decay is one of the greatest unmet treatment needs among children. (medscape.com)
  • CDC used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014 to estimate current prevalences of sealant use and untreated tooth decay among low-income (≤185% of federal poverty level) and higher-income children aged 6-11 years and compared these estimates with 1999-2004 NHANES data. (medscape.com)
  • National data from 1999-2004 indicate that by age 19 years, approximately one in five children have untreated tooth decay. (medscape.com)
  • To determine the proportion of children visited by the Tooth Fairy, the child-related factors that influence the likelihood of her visit, and the parent-related variables that affect the amount of money the Tooth Fairy leaves. (mja.com.au)
  • The Tooth Fairy does not visit all children after tooth loss, displaying clear preferences in her choice of business partners. (mja.com.au)
  • In contrast to Santa Claus, who rewards good conduct with presents, the Tooth Fairy teaches children that anything, even their own body, can be turned into cash. (mja.com.au)
  • As the Tooth Fairy plays a key role in presenting the principles of economics to young children, a careful analysis of her job performance is a dire necessity. (mja.com.au)
  • The aim of this study was therefore to determine how many children the Tooth Fairy actually visits, the child-related factors that influence the likelihood of a visit by the Tooth Fairy, and the parental factors that influence the amount of money the Tooth Fairy is willing to offer. (mja.com.au)
  • We hypothesised that the Tooth Fairy, like Santa, approaches children indiscriminately (ie, is not influenced by child-related aspects) to exchange money for teeth, and that the value of a tooth is unrelated to the socio-economic background of the parents. (mja.com.au)
  • This was a cross-sectional study of children who had recently lost at least one deciduous tooth, and of their parents. (mja.com.au)
  • According to Dr. Dowling, removal of the dead tooth (i.e., root canal tooth) from the jaw will put an end to the neurotoxins that fester here and that spread throughout the body. (oneradionetwork.com)
  • All root canals are bad so pulling a tooth is always the best thing to do. (oneradionetwork.com)
  • Tooth Abscesses can be treated through antibiotics, a root canal or other dental surgery, as the case maybe. (amazonaws.com)
  • They develop between the ages of 14 and 25, with 50% of root formation completed by age 16, and 95% of all teeth erupted by the age of 25, however, some tooth movement can continue beyond the age of 25. (wikipedia.org)
  • For all the game lovers out there, it may be particularly useful for improving sleep quality, increasing focus, and energy levels while decreasing anxiety and stress instigated by losing a match or round. (teethgrinder.co.uk)
  • Patients generally experience some level of anxiety during dental treatments. (innovareacademics.in)
  • Green Grass and High Tides on Expert level on the original Rockband, I have passed and 5* every other song but I haven't been able to finish GGaHT farthest I've made it is 87% I think. (roosterteeth.com)
  • In addition, high levels of IL-18 can be considered as predictive for type 2 diabetes progression [5]. (termedia.pl)
  • In 2 of the 3 studies that analyzed IL-18 using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the authors found lower IL-18 levels in the healthy and high-risk patient groups with periodontitis and no difference in the other study groups. (termedia.pl)
  • While surprisingly our results do not indicate major seasonal changes in silica ingested, the correlation of faecal silica and hypsodonty supports a scenario of a dominant role of abrasive silica in the evolution of high-crowned teeth. (uzh.ch)
  • treated tooth decay and high Dshort. (cdc.gov)
  • Insulin resistance occurs when your body cannot use insulin properly, allowing your blood sugar levels to get too high. (mercola.com)
  • Alternatively, consumers could buy teeth whitening kits from reputable high-street retailers, the organization added. (dentistry.news)
  • Transcriptomic analysis revealed that the top 20 most highly expressed transcripts in the non-mineralized teeth region include the transcripts encoding ferritin, while those in the mineralized teeth region contain a high proportion of mitochondrial respiratory chain proteins. (nature.com)
  • A change in its delicate balance, like high exposure to sugar, can trigger dysbiosis - or microbial imbalance - and start the tooth decay process. (3m.com)
  • Among the study's findings the greatest analgesic responses were reported by people that used whole dried cannabis flower, or 'buds,' and particularly cannabis with relatively high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol, otherwise known as THC. (the-cma.org.uk)
  • While one group received a low dose of adiponectin injected in front of the moving tooth,, another group received a high dose of adiponectin at the same location. (medicalxpress.com)
  • In the group that received a high dose of adiponectin, the tooth did not move at all, and in the group that received a low dose of adiponectin, the tooth had moved far less than the control group. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Cat's small frontal lobes have something to do with high levels of OCD? (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • It is also important to note that in a 2013 study , researchers associated high vitamin D levels during pregnancy with an increased risk of food allergy in the child during the first 2 years of life. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It's easy to see how high Lake Michigan has gotten along the Chicago shoreline, but the effects of the near-record lake levels are even more significant in southwest Michigan, where many beaches have virtually disappeared. (yahoo.com)
  • Behavioral inferences from the high levels of dental chipping in Homo naledi" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Simply put, the greater your intake of nicotine, the more susceptible your teeth are to staining. (dentistry.co.uk)
  • This research aimed assess the level of knowledge of students of physical education from a university the Patos-PB city about tooth avulsion. (bvsalud.org)
  • It also covers their attitude towards receiving further education on tooth avulsion management. (springer.com)
  • One of the types of traumatic dentoalveolar injury is tooth avulsion that is defined as total dislodgment of the tooth from its socket. (springer.com)
  • Tooth avulsion usually occurs because of road traffic accidents, falls and other physical impacts. (springer.com)