Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.Intra-Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Subcutaneous Fat, Abdominal: Fatty tissue under the SKIN in the region of the ABDOMEN.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Fats: The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Subcutaneous Fat: Fatty tissue under the SKIN through out the body.Body Fat Distribution: Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Superficial Back Muscles: The top layer of the back muscles whose function is to move the SCAPULA. This group of muscles consists of the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor and levator scapulae.Adiposity: The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Obesity, Abdominal: A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Ideal Body Weight: Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Waist-Hip Ratio: The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)Insulin Resistance: Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Human Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Fat Body: A nutritional reservoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Subcutaneous Tissue: Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.Lenses, Intraocular: Artificial implanted lenses.Body Constitution: The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.Viscera: Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Leptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Amyloidosis: A group of sporadic, familial and/or inherited, degenerative, and infectious disease processes, linked by the common theme of abnormal protein folding and deposition of AMYLOID. As the amyloid deposits enlarge they displace normal tissue structures, causing disruption of function. Various signs and symptoms depend on the location and size of the deposits.IndiaDiet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Thinness: A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.TriglyceridesOverweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Metabolic Diseases: Generic term for diseases caused by an abnormal metabolic process. It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality (METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ or failure of a metabolically important organ such as the liver. (Stedman, 26th ed)Lipodystrophy: A collection of heterogenous conditions resulting from defective LIPID METABOLISM and characterized by ADIPOSE TISSUE atrophy. Often there is redistribution of body fat resulting in peripheral fat wasting and central adiposity. They include generalized, localized, congenital, and acquired lipodystrophy.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Glucose Tolerance Test: A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).Embolism, Fat: Blocking of a blood vessel by fat deposits in the circulation. It is often seen after fractures of large bones or after administration of CORTICOSTEROIDS.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Anti-Obesity Agents: Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.Adiponectin: A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Whole Body Imaging: The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.Adipokines: Polypeptides produced by the ADIPOCYTES. They include LEPTIN; ADIPONECTIN; RESISTIN; and many cytokines of the immune system, such as TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA; INTERLEUKIN-6; and COMPLEMENT FACTOR D (also known as ADIPSIN). They have potent autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine functions.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Fatty Liver: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.BrazilDiet, Reducing: A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Obesity, Morbid: The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Adipocytes: Cells in the body that store FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. WHITE ADIPOCYTES are the predominant type and found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue. BROWN ADIPOCYTES are thermogenic cells that can be found in newborns of some species and hibernating mammals.Fats, Unsaturated: Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Dietary Fats, Unsaturated: Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Fat Necrosis: A condition in which the death of adipose tissue results in neutral fats being split into fatty acids and glycerol.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Lipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Acquired generalized lipodystrophy
Especially, intra-abdominal fat loss is variable. As subcutaneous fat is lost, affected areas show prominent structures of ... 250 mg/dl of triglyceride levels. The use of leptin levels should be carefully approached. While low leptin levels are helpful ... ectopic fat deposition, leptin deficiency, and severe metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance. Subcutaneous fat loss ... as indicated by decreased HbA1c and fasting glucose level, and reduced caloric intake as well as fasting triglyceride levels. ...
Inguinal hernia surgery
Incarceration occurs when intra-abdominal fat or small intestine becomes stuck within the canal and cannot slide back into the ... Surgery is offered to the majority of people who: have symptoms that interfere with their normal level of activity. have ... Once exposed, the hernia sac is returned to the abdominal cavity or excised and the abdominal wall is very often reinforced ... Inguinal hernia surgery is an operation to repair a weakness in the abdominal wall that abnormally allows abdominal contents to ...
... it possible to categorize mass of adipose tissue located at the abdominal level into intra-abdominal fat and subcutaneous fat. ... intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. Intra-abdominal or visceral fat ... Visceral fat, also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat, is located inside the peritoneal cavity, packed in between ... It is now generally believed that intra-abdominal fat is the depot that conveys the biggest health risk. Central obesity can be ...
Caloric restriction mimetic
... which reduces intra-abdominal fat. It improves lipid profile, glucose tolerance, and waist measurement. Therefore, it has ... reduced glucose levels, reduced body temperature, and other biochemical changes. It was reported to extend the lives of C. ... It enhances the sensitivity of insulin receptors on the surface of muscle and fat cells and activates genes that reduce the ... making fat cells more repsonsive to insulin by binding to their PPAR receptors Agents that modulate sirtuins (called STAC - ...
TFAs enhanced intra-abdominal deposition of fat, even in the absence of caloric excess, and were associated with insulin ... Trans fats levels can be reduced or eliminated using saturated fats such as lard, palm oil or fully hydrogenated fats, or by ... Trans fat behaves like saturated fat by raising the level of LDL, but, unlike saturated fat, it has the additional effect of ... Second, while both saturated and trans fats increase levels of LDL, trans fats also lower levels of HDL; thus increasing the ...
In addition, interstitial abdominal adiposity (also referred to as accumulated intra-abdominal fat) may be a factor in ... The fat-derived protein called angiopoietin-like protein 2 (Angptl2) elevates in fat tissues. Higher than normal Angptl2 level ... The body attacks fat like it does bacteria and fungi. When expanded fat cells leak or break open, macrophages mobilize to clean ... Vasodilation occurs first at the arteriole level, progressing to the capillary level, and brings about a net increase in the ...
TFAs enhanced intra-abdominal deposition of fat, even in the absence of caloric excess, and were associated with insulin ... Trans fats levels can be reduced or eliminated using saturated fats such as lard, palm oil, or fully hydrogenated fats, or by ... Trans fat behaves like saturated fat by raising the level of LDL, but, unlike saturated fat, it has the additional effect of ... Saturated fat. References. *^ a b c d e f g Trans Fat Task Force (June 2006). "TRANSforming the Food Supply". Retrieved 7 ...
Visceral fat. See also: Abdominal obesity. Visceral fat or abdominal fat (also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal ... Fat cells have an important physiological role in maintaining triglyceride and free fatty acid levels, as well as determining ... are specifically designed to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Excess visceral fat is also linked to type 2 diabetes, ... "Reduce Abdominal Fat". Estrogen causes fat to be stored around the pelvic region, hips, butt and thighs (pelvic region). ...
Classification of obesity
... intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. Intra-abdominal or visceral fat ... Levels in excess of 32% for women and 25% for men are generally considered to indicate obesity. However, accurate measurement ... February 1992). "Is abdominal body fat distribution a major explanation for the sex difference in the incidence of myocardial ... These measure a common form of obesity known as abdominal or central obesity, characterized by excess deposits of fat in the ...
Visceral fat or abdominal fat (also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat) is located inside the abdominal cavity, packed ... Fat cells have an important physiological role in maintaining triglyceride and free fatty acid levels, as well as determining ... a method to measure body fat percentage. Body Volume Index - a method to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Blubber - ... are specifically designed to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Excess visceral fat is also linked to type 2 diabetes ...
Intrathoracic hyperthermic perfused chemotherapy (ITH)
There are other intra-abdominal malignancies that may cross the diaphragm and cause disease in the chest that could be ... Low grade sarcomas: Sarcoma is a cancer of the bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive ... bathes the inside of the chest in concentrations that are very effective against the cancer cells but without the level of ... The mucus may come from ruptured ovarian cysts, the appendix, or from other abdominal tissues, and mucus-secreting cells may ...
The abdominal segments are numbered from T1 to T6 (T7 if male) starting from the abdominal segment closest to the thorax and ... Additionally, the hind legs of the females tend to be wider and fatter with a pollen basket often visible. Drones have thinner ... Importance of Nectar It is crucial for B. occidentalis to maintain high levels of nectar for their colony. Not only does the ... B. occidentalis suffer high rates of inter-specific and intra-specific usurpation. In addition, they also face invasion by the ...
CT scan is the best alternative for diagnosing intra-abdominal injury in children. For acute abdominal pain in adults, an ... is an anteroposterior abdominal projection that covers the levels of the urinary system, but does not necessarily include the ... whereas the black parts of the film represent lower-density tissues such as fat, skin, and internal organs, which could not ... Abdominal x-ray is therefore not recommended for adults presenting in the emergency department with acute abdominal pain. ...
Intrathoracic hyperthermic perfused chemotherapy (ITH)
There are other intra-abdominal malignancies that may cross the diaphragm and cause disease in the chest that could be ... fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Low-grade refers to cancerous and precancerous growths ... bathes the inside of the chest in concentrations that are very effective against the cancer cells but without the level of ... The mucus may come from ruptured ovarian cysts, the appendix, or from other abdominal tissues, and mucus-secreting cells may ...
As the abdominal organs are cooled in situ, the surrounding tissue is dissected so that they may be quickly extracted. In the ... Nevertheless, a positive reception to either procedure may reduce the level of PN required, if not negate its required use ... such as intraabdominal tumors that have not yet metastasized, extensive venous thrombosis or arterial ischemia of the mesentery ... followed by the absorptive capacity for fats. Once enteral nutrition is capable of providing all nutritional needs, PN can be ...
Severe inflammation can lead to intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome, further impairing renal and ... Other causes include high levels of blood fats, high blood calcium, some medications, and certain genetic disorders such as ... CT, MRI, abdominal ultrasound or endoscopic ultrasound can be used for diagnosis. Amylase and lipase are 2 enzymes produced by ... The drop in fluid levels can lead to a reduction in the volume of blood within the body, which is known as hypovolemic shock. ...
Epinephrine is not released, if at all, until the blood glucose level has dropped to even lower levels. Clinically, the result ... When using Dextrose 25% in a child it is safer to administer it through a central line or an intra-oseous line.[citation needed ... Starch is quickly digested to glucose, but adding fat or protein retards digestion. Composition of the treatment should be ... Symptoms of diabetic hypoglycemia, when they occur, are those of hypoglycemia: neuroglycopenic, adrenergic, and abdominal. ...
... and increased intra-abdominal pressure due to coughing. The thick mucus seen in the lungs has a counterpart in thickened ... Immunoreactive trypsinogen levels can be increased in individuals who have a single mutated copy of the CFTR gene (carriers) or ... Individuals with CF also have difficulties absorbing the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K. In addition to the pancreas ... In both cases, the low level of cystic fibrosis outside of Europe, in places where both cholera and typhoid fever are endemic, ...
... intra-abdominal or interstitial) fat reduction  and myofibrillar protein synthesis (hypertrophy). ... response to nutrient levels. • positive regulation of protein O-linked glycosylation. • positive regulation of interleukin-17 ... "Serum IL-15 and IL-15Rα levels are decreased in lean and obese physically active humans". Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & ...
Abdominal pain and cramping, bloatedness with abdominal distension (thought to be due to fermentative production of bowel gas ... low calcium levels, often due to decreased vitamin D levels). Thyroid function tests may be requested during blood tests to ... The changes in the bowel make it less able to absorb nutrients, minerals, and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K. ... Marsh stage 1: increased number of intra-epithelial lymphocytes (IELs), usually exceeding 20 per 100 enterocytes ...
The arm being measured should be supported on a flat surface at the level of the heart. Blood pressure measurement should be ... Renal artery stenosis (RAS) may be associated with a localized abdominal bruit to the left or right of the midline (unilateral ... For example, Cushing's syndrome frequently causes truncal obesity, glucose intolerance, moon face, a hump of fat behind the ... to calcification of the arteries resulting in abnormally high blood pressure readings with a blood pressure cuff while intra ...
Magnetic resonance angiography
By using the 'water images' for MRA scans, virtually no body fat is seen so that no subtraction masks are needed for high ... The imaging of venous blood with SWI is a blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) technique which is why it was (and is sometimes ... MRA is often used to evaluate the arteries of the neck and brain, the thoracic and abdominal aorta, the renal arteries, and the ... intra-voxel dephasing phenomenon) and cause a loss of signal. This phenomenon may result in the overestimation of arterial ...
Abdominal pain and cramping, bloatedness with abdominal distension (thought to be due to fermentative production of bowel gas ... and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K. The inability to absorb carbohydrates and fats may cause weight loss (or failure ... low calcium levels, often due to decreased vitamin D levels). Thyroid function tests may be requested during blood tests to ... increased number of intra-epithelial lymphocytes (IELs), usually exceeding 20 per 100 enterocytes Marsh stage 2: proliferation ...
... is associated with intra-abdominal cancers such as gastric cancer. Other cutaneous manifestations of gastric cancer include ... Studies hypothesize that increased dietary fat leading to increased pressure on the stomach and the lower esophageal sphincter ... as their levels correlate to extent of metastasis, especially to the liver, and the cure rate. Staging may not be complete ... Abdominal discomfort and loss of appetite, especially for meat, can occur. Gastric cancers that have enlarged and invaded ...
These reproductives differ from their worker sisters by having increased levels of fat stores and cryoprotectant carbohydrate ... I. Karsai & Z. Penzes (1996). "Intra-specific variation in the comb structure of Polistes dominulus: parameters, maturation, ... with the queen often suppressing the aggressive behavior of subordinates through lateral abdominal vibrations and stroking. In ... and trehalose which lead to different cryoprotectant levels. This alters their survivability in different temperatures, ...
Gastric bypass surgery
Any of these may later begin bleeding, either into the abdomen (intra-abdominal hemorrhage), or into the bowel itself ( ... The patient's blood test revealed iron levels of 2.3 mmol/L and hemoglobin level of 5.83 mmol/L. Normal iron blood levels of ... primarily of fats and starches, but also of various minerals and the fat-soluble vitamins. The unabsorbed fats and starches ... The risk of abdominal-wall hernia is markedly decreased in laparoscopic surgery. Abdominal surgery always results in some ...
Type III: intra-dural; these are either congenital or caused by trauma; they are rarely associated with other abnormalities and ... The risks of CSF leakage are higher on patients that have bilateral cysts on the same spinal level or clusters of cysts along ... The cysts may be found anterior to the sacral area and have been known to extend into the abdominal cavity. These cysts, though ... Unenhanced CT scans may show sacral erosion, asymmetric epidural fat distribution, and cystic masses that have the same density ...
Stuart McGill adds that the mechanism of building "high levels of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP)...produced by breath holding ... they train to maximize their muscular size and develop extremely low levels of body fat. In contrast, many weight trainers ... Good stabilizers maintain the critical symmetrical muscle stiffness...Poor stabilizers allow abdominal contraction levels to ... which are meant to brace the core through intra-abdominal pressure. Controversy exists regarding the safety of these devices ...
... abdominal and post-thoracic) differ in that the right abdominal air sac is relatively small, lying to the right of the ... This level of expenditure is better known as the basal metabolic rate (BMR), and can be calculated by measuring the amount of ... The differing degrees of water retention are thought to be a result of varying body fat mass. In comparison to smaller ... Together, the ventrobronchi and dorsobronchi are connected by intra-pulmonary airways, the parabronchi, which form an arcade ...
Caused by impaired venous return, straining associated with constipation, or increased intra-abdominal pressure in later ... Levels of progesterone and oestrogens rise continually throughout pregnancy, suppressing the hypothalamic axis and therefore ... and fat and protein stores. Most needed weight gain occurs later in pregnancy. ... Qasim SM, Callan C, Choe JK (1996). "The predictive value of an initial serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin level for ...
A high-level connectome, at the level of brain compartments and interconnecting tracts of neurons, exists for the full fly ... One such group in the abdominal nerve cord allows the female fly to pause her body movements to copulate. Activation of ... Bateman AJ (December 1948). "Intra-sexual selection in Drosophila". Heredity. 2 (Pt. 3): 349-68. doi:10.1038/hdy.1948.21. PMID ... Other than the fat body, hemocytes, the blood cells in Drosophila, are analogous to mammalian monocyte/macrophages, possessing ...
The difference in distribution of fat among men (more central) and women (more peripheral) may explain the increased risk in ... esophagus lined with gastric mucous membrane and not intra-thoracic stomach as Barrett mistakenly believed.″ Philip ... Assessment of relationship to submucosal glands and transitional-type epithelium with examination of multiple levels through ...
Caused by impaired venous return, straining associated with constipation, or increased intra-abdominal pressure in later ... The increased levels of progesterone and estrogen during pregnancy make gingivitis more likely; the gums become edematous, red ... and fat and protein stores. Most needed weight gain occurs later in pregnancy. ... Levels of progesterone and estrogens rise continually throughout pregnancy, suppressing the hypothalamic axis and therefore ...
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy
Stern and his colleagues found high levels of the protein tau in Duerson's brain. These elevated levels, which were abnormally ... Professional level athletes are the largest group with CTE, due to frequent concussions and sub-concussive impacts from play in ... Intra-axial *Intraparenchymal hemorrhage. *Intraventricular hemorrhage. *Extra-axial *Subdural hematoma. *Epidural hematoma ...
Intra-axial bleeding. Main article: cerebral hemorrhage. Intra-axial hemorrhage is bleeding within the brain itself, or ... Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is the most widely used scoring system used to assess the level of severity of a brain injury. This ... In children with uncomplicated minor head injuries the risk of intra cranial bleeding over the next year is rare at 2 cases per ... Types of intracranial hemorrhage are roughly grouped into intra-axial and extra-axial. The hemorrhage is considered a focal ...
... penicillin in combination with a high-fat diet increased fasting insulin levels in mice. However, it is unclear whether or ... approved include ceftazidime-avibactam and ceftolozane-avibactam for complicated urinary tract infection and intra-abdominal ... Gastrointestinal disorders or interpatient variability in oral contraceptive absorption affecting ethinylestradiol serum levels ... around birth and throughout the weaning process had an increased body mass and fat mass, accelerated growth, and increased ...
Abdominal muscles being weak and the rectus femoris of the quadriceps being tight are signs that improper muscles are being ... Because the L4-L5 and L5-S1 levels are most commonly involved in fusion procedures, or arthrodesis, and contribute to normal ... Local intra-articular hip pain has been shown to inhibit gluteal contraction potential, meaning that hip pain could be a ... excessive visceral fat, and pregnancy. Rickets, a vitamin D deficiency in children, can cause lumbar hyperlordosis. ...
... is associated with intra-abdominal cancers such as gastric cancer. Other cutaneous manifestations of gastric cancer include ... Studies hypothesize that increased dietary fat leading to increased pressure on the stomach and the lower esophageal sphincter ... as their levels correlate to extent of metastasis, especially to the liver, and the cure rate. ... Early: Heartburn, upper abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite.. Later: Weight loss, yellowing of the skin and whites of ...
Intra-country variation also occurs, with frequent high gaps between regional undernutrition rates. Gender inequality in ... In China, consumption of high-fat foods has increased while consumption of rice and other goods has decreased. ... Researchers from the Centre for World Food Studies in 2003 found that the gap between levels of undernutrition in men and women ... Abdominal obesity or weight loss coupled with sarcopenia lead to immobility, skeletal disorders, insulin resistance, ...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
... high triglyceride levels, high levels of low-density cholesterol, and hypertension). ... Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) can be caused by BPH. Symptoms are abdominal pain, a continuous feeling of a full bladder ... C. High-grade prostatic intra-epithelial neoplasia (PIN). D. Prostatic adeno-carcinoma (PCA). ... but not fat intake. There is also epidemiological evidence linking BPH with metabolic syndrome (concurrent obesity, ...
In female high-level athletes, effort incontinence occurs in all sports involving abrupt repeated increases in intra-abdominal ... Blood and fat have been used with limited success. The most widely used substance, gluteraldehyde crosslinked collagen (GAX ... exercising or other movements that increase intra-abdominal pressure and thus increase pressure on the bladder. The urethra is ... If this support is insufficient, the urethra can move downward at times of increased abdominal pressure, allowing urine to pass ...
Ultrasonography of chronic venous insufficiency of the legs
Valsalva maneuver - when the patient performs this maneuver, he or she, increases intra-abdominal venous pressure. If the great ... In summary, three probes are needed together with a top level scanner. Also, the proper use of the scanner calls for a high ... Interface is the plane between two tissues with a different density, for instance skin-fat-aponevrosis-muscle Echogenic is the ... The use of ultrasonography has allowed a number of variations to be shown at this level; when no contact is made with the ...
Diets that include higher levels of fiber and fruit are associated with reduced risk, while diets rich in total fats, ... They are also useful for looking for intra-abdominal complications of Crohn's disease, such as abscesses, small bowel ... Abdominal pain may be the initial symptom of Crohn's disease usually in the lower right area. It is often accompanied by ... Abdominal pain is often most severe in areas of the bowel with stenoses. Persistent vomiting and nausea may indicate stenosis ...
Do obese but metabolically normal women differ in intra-abdominal fat and physical activity levels from those with the expected...
Lower levels of intra-abdominal fat, less insulin resistance and higher levels of physical activity are all associated with ... The subcutaneous fat volume was determined by subtracting the intra-abdominal fat volume from the total fat volume. A measure ... Subcutaneous abdominal fat, thigh fat and total abdominal fat were not associated with MHO status. Controlling for the effect ... Do obese but metabolically normal women differ in intra-abdominal fat and physical activity levels from those with the expected ...
JCI - Selective parasympathetic innervation of subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat - functional implications
Since the level of PRV labeling progresses with time (15), we denote the first neurons in the CNS that were shown to contain ... and intra-abdominal fat, is an important factor in the pathogenesis of prevalent diseases related to intra-abdominal obesity. ... subcutaneous or intra-abdominal). PRV (stained green) was injected into the intra-abdominal fat compartment after sympathetic ... subcutaneous or intra-abdominal). Two strains of PRV were injected simultaneously into the intra-abdominal fat compartment ( ...
hich is larger, the H1s orbital or the Li is orbital? | bartleby
Change in Intra-Abdominal Fat Predicts the Risk of Hypertension in Japanese AmericansNovelty and Significance | Hypertension
... of the abdomen at the level of the umbilicus to measure the cross-sectional abdominal subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat ... Mid-thigh subcutaneous fat area, abdominal subcutaneous fat area, and intra-abdominal fat area were directly measured by ... In this model, a 5-year change in intra-abdominal fat (adjusted for age, sex, BMI, baseline intra-abdominal fat, alcohol intake ... Table 3 lists the adjusted OR for a 5-year change in fat depots. Change in intra-abdominal fat area was significantly ...
VISCERAL FAT, PHYSICAL FITNESS AND BIOCHEMICAL MARKERS OF BRAZILIAN MILITARY PERSONNEL
Level of Evidence I; Diagnostic studies - Investigation of a diagnostic test.. Keywords: Intra-abdominal fat; Metabolic ... High levels of physical activity are associated with lower total and visceral body fat levels. Military physical training is of ... Can you be large and not obese? The distinction between body weight, body fat, and abdominal fat in occupational standards. ... individuals with high levels of physical activity usually have lower levels of total body fat and VF.13 Regular physical ...
Association between Ala54Thr substitution of the fatty acid-binding protein 2 gene with insulin resistance and intra-abdominal...
However, ultrasound measurements of abdominal fat thickness revealed a greater accumulation of intra-abdominal fat in subjects ... subjects homozygous for the Thr54 allele had higher basal insulin levels. Analysis by homeostasis model assessment showed an ... We analysed the association of the Ala54Thr substitution with insulin sensitivity and abdominal fat thickness in 395 Japanese ... and that visceral fat accumulation might be involved in the impaired insulin action associated with the substitution. [ ...
Full text] Emerging perspectives on laminopathies | CHC
Lipodystrophy is generalized, except for intra-abdominal fat. Cardiovascular problems are extremely variable: stroke and ... This occurs through modulation of TGFβ2 levels, which in turn affects AKT1 activity required for lamin A degradation.20,21 A ... Both intra- and interfamilial variability has been reported, with cases showing a rapid and negative prognosis caused by sudden ... Progeria cells treated by rapamycin show lower levels of progerin and wild-type prelamin A, suggesting the drug can serve as a ...
Kaempferia parviflora and Its Methoxyflavones: Chemistry and Biological Activities
These lead to decrease of intra-abdominal fat accumulation, plasma triglyceride, and leptin levels [18, 19]. These data ... Decrease IL-1β, TNFα, and PGE2 levels, inhibit EP/cAMP/PKA signaling and β-catenin signaling, downregulate PERK-CHOP signaling ... Low down plasma glucose and elevate HDLC levels.. . 70% methanol extract was lyophilized to dried extract and was suspended ... But the body weight and the triglyceride levels at the 500 mg/kg dose rats group are lower, and the glucose and cholesterol ...
Figure P15.31 shows the electric held lines for two point charges separated by a small distance, (a) Determine the ratio q 1 /...
Plasma Adiponectin Is an Independent Predictor of Type 2 Diabetes in Asian Indians | Diabetes Care
16) in healthy subjects have shown evidence of such a relationship between intra-abdominal fat and adiponectin. ... OBJECTIVE-Adiponectin, secreted by fat cells, has regulatory functions on energy metabolism. Its low levels are predictive of ... the possibility that adiponectin is closely related to intra-abdominal fat and plays an important role in the relationship ... abdominal fat, and insulin sensitivity in healthy subjects (16).. In summary, we have observed that low adiponectin ...
Increased prevalence of insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Asian-Indian men | PNAS
Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes are independently associated with high intra-abdominal fat and liver span ... 4 levels in non-obese Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes correlate with fasting insulin and LDL-C levels, triceps skinfolds, ... Body Fat Patterning, Hepatic Fat and Pancreatic Volume of Non-Obese Asian Indians with Type 2 Diabetes in North India: A Case- ... total intra-abdominal adipose tissue volume and presence of diabetes: a case-control study ...
Low Testosterone Associated With Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome Contributes to Sexual Dysfunction and Cardiovascular...
Low serum total testosterone predicts the development of central obesity and accumulation of intra-abdominal fat (1-3). Also, ... Low testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin levels and high estradiol levels are independent predictors of type 2 ... Lowering serum T levels in older men with prostate cancer treated with androgen deprivation therapy increases body fat mass (4 ... Leptin levels correlate with body fat content and have been shown to decrease with testosterone replacement in type 2 diabetes ...
Plant Oil May Hold Key to Reducing Obesity-Related Medical Issues, MU Researcher Finds - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
Intra-abdominal fat is composed of "adipose" deposits. Unusually high adipose levels trigger health problems that may induce ... Belly fat, clinically known as intra-abdominal fat, is between internal organs and the torso. ... Perfield added sterculic oil to the feed of rats that are genetically disposed to have a high amount of abdominal fat. He ... "Reducing belly fat is a key to reducing the incidence of serious disease, and this oil could have a future as a nutritional ...
Search of: 'Addisons disease' - List Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
Amounts of intra-abdominal fat and total fat at the end of the treatment period for each cortisol dose. ... Fasting Lipid levels, fat mass by DEXA, post-heparin lipase activity, insulin sensitivity, and fat biopsy ... AUC Serum Cortisol - Levels of cortisol in serum during the first 2.6 hours after oral administration of cortisone acetate. ... Serum Cortisol levels at the end of time-series sampling (t=160min) ...
High-fat diet inhibits PGC-1α suppressive effect on NFκB signaling in hepatocytes | SpringerLink
The high-fat diet led to a state of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, associated with increased deposits of intra-abdominal fat, ... Mice liver also exhibited increased proinflammatory cytokines levels, decreased PGC-1α expression, and marked increase in p65 ... C57black/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet containing 30% fat for 10 weeks. After euthanasia, liver morphology was examined by HE ... High-fat diet induces liver inflammation by inhibiting PGC-1α expression and its suppressive effect in NFκB pathway. ...
Staff Profile - Institute of Health and Society - Newcastle University
Do obese but metabolically normal women differ in intra-abdominal fat and physical activity levels from those with the expected ... Hodgson S, Khaw F-M, Pearce MS, Pless-Mulloli T. Predicting black smoke levels from deposit gauge and SO2 data to estimate long ... TSH Levels in Relation to Gestation, Birth Weight and Sex. Hormone Research 2009, 72(2), 120-123. ... McNally RJQ, Dorak MT, Pearce MS, Parker L. Author Response: no sex difference observed in the association between intra- ...
Subcutaneous vs. visceral fat: Which matters most when battling the bulge? - ScienceBlog.com
... there appears to be a scarcity of information on the differences between subcutaneous fat and visceral fat-and the tenuous ... The aim of the article is to shed more light on both types of fat and perhaps, justify why it is important for the dieter to ... have a basic understanding of these two types of fat, as the dieter progresses on the path to weight loss. ... Wirth A, Steinmetz B. Gender differences in changes in subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat during weight reduction: an ...
Abdominal obesity - Wikipedia
... it possible to categorize mass of adipose tissue located at the abdominal level into intra-abdominal fat and subcutaneous fat.[ ... intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. Intra-abdominal or visceral ... Visceral fat, also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat, is located inside the peritoneal cavity, packed in between ... Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, occurs when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built ...
JCI - Contribution of adipogenesis to healthy adipose tissue expansion in obesity
Instead, intra-abdominal WAT depots accumulated smaller and more numerous fat cells and few proinflammatory macrophages, and ... FIPs activate mRNA levels of proinflammatory cytokines that are known to promote macrophage infiltration and activation (82). ... representing an intra-abdominal depot, expands in high-fat diet-fed (HFD-fed) adult male mice through both adipocyte ... The isolation of PDGFRβ+LY6C-CD9- cells from intra-abdominal WAT yields highly adipogenic cells that can be used in vitro or in ...
Eating Mostly Whole Grains, Few Refined Grains Linked to Lower Body Fat
... several servings of whole grains per day while limiting daily intake of refined grains appear to have less of a type of fat ... Visceral fat surrounds the intra-abdominal organs while subcutaneous fat is found just beneath the skin. "Prior research ... unhealthy cholesterol levels and insulin resistance that can develop into cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes," explains ... "Not surprisingly, when we compared the relationship of both visceral fat tissue and subcutaneous fat tissue to whole and ...
Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial
Regular exercise such as brisk walking results in reduced body weight and body fat among overweight and obese postmenopausal ... Objective: To examine the effects of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat overall and by level of exercise. ... intra-abdominal fat (-8.6 g/cm2; 95% CI, -17.8 to 0.9 g/cm2), and subcutaneous abdominal fat (-28.8 g/cm2); 95% CI, -47.5 to - ... intra-abdominal, and subcutaneous abdominal fat at 12 months. ... Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in ...
Monninkhof Evelyn EM - UMC Utrecht
In addition, the role of total body fat and intra-abdominal fat was explored. ... Physical activity levels of women with breast cancer during and after treatment, a comparison with the Dutch female population ... Effect of diet with or without exercise on abdominal fat in postmenopausal women - a randomised trial. van Gemert Willemijn A, ... The SHAPE-1 study examined the effects of a 1-year exercise programme on endogenous hormone levels (associated with breast ...
Obesity: what is it, how it's treated and obesity in children
Obesity is the heavy accumulation of fat in your body to such a degree that it can damage your health. ... Intra-abdominal (central) fat is more strongly linked to levels of inflammation in the body and more likely to cause ... By burning excess fat, you lose weight. Abdominal or central obesity (apple shapes) is particularly responsive to exercise. ... Fat inside the abdomen, wrapped around the internal organs such as the liver, is somewhat different to the fat that deposits ...
Diabetic? Research Shows Weight Loss Could Help
This increase has been linked to rising levels of obesity and the accumulation of intra-abdominal fat. ... coupled with inadequate levels of insulin secretion to compensate. There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, ... resulting from either low levels of the hormone insulin or from abnormal resistance to insulins effects, ...
Removal of Visceral Fat Prevents Insulin Resistance and Glucose Intolerance of Aging | Diabetes
Thus, selective intra-abdominal fat depots play a major role in modulating insulin action and glucose tolerance in these two ... Although postabsorptive plasma glucose and FFA levels were similar in all groups, plasma insulin levels were increased by ∼50% ... However, it has been difficult to discern whether a reduction in the size of intra-abdominal fat depots plays a causative role ... Here, we show that surgical removal of two intra-abdominal fat depots prevents the onset of age-dependent insulin resistance ...
Endocannabinoid System: An Overview of Its Potential in Current Medical Practice
Brain-Gut Interactions in Overweight and Normal Weight Patients With Chronic Abdominal Pain - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials...
Body mass and body fat analysis (plethysmography), intra-abdominal and liver ultrasound, and Fibroscan measures will also be ... symptoms and pathophysiology of chronic abdominal pain of unknown origin at the molecular level. This research will test the ... and intra-abdominal measurement. Patients will also be asked to put on the bathing suit and swim cap to have their body fat ... Abdominal Pain. Womens Health and Disease. Gut. Symptoms. Brain. Chronic Abdominal Pain. ...
WHO EMRO | Association between modifiable lifestyle factors and inflammatory markers in patients with metabolic syndrome |...
... of basal circulating IL-6 is produced by adipose tissue especially intra-abdominal fat. IL-6 is the main regulator of synthesis ... BMI (P , 0.05), fat mass (P , 0.01) and body fat (P , 0.001) were significantly associated with CRP level. There were also ... CRP level, but not IL-6 level, was statistically significantly associated with cigarette smoking (P ... The level of significance was defined at P , 0.05.. Results. The study population included 30.8% men and 69.2% women. Table 1 ...
PRIME PubMed | Pioglitazone decreases fasting and postprandial endogenous glucose production in proportion to decrease in...
Liver and muscle triglyceride levels were measured by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and intra-abdominal fat content was ... Liver and muscle triglyceride levels were measured by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and intra-abdominal fat content was ... Abdominal FatAdultBlood GlucoseBody WeightC-PeptideDiabetes Mellitus, Type 2FastingFatty Acids, NonesterifiedFemaleGlucagon ... Effect of pioglitazone on abdominal fat distribution and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic patients. ...
Articles - Diabetes In Control
Insulin Resistance Explained By Body Fat Accumulation Apr 10, 2002 Articles Accumulation of intra-abdominal fat is associated ... whereas accumulation of subcutaneous fat is associated with increased plasma leptin levels. ... Higher levels of Lipoprotein(a) in patients with type 2 diabetes increases risk for CAD ...
AdiposityAmount of intra abdominal fatKnown as intra-abdominal fatDiabetesLeptin levelsLiverTriglyceridesDepotsWaistCardiovascularExcessAdipocytesTriglycerideSubcutaneous abdominalAbdomenVisceral adipose tissueHyperglycemiaAssociated with insulin resistancePostmenopausal womenCorrelateClinicallyMiceCholesterolOrgansOverweightInflammationMass of adipose tissueTissueHighInsulin sensitivityInflammatoryGlucoseDecreasePatientsMRNAMethodsMetabolic abnormalitiesDevelopment of central obesityBelly fatSignificantlyPredictsObese subjectsComputed tomographyPhysicalBody weightBlood lipidTotalMetabolismLipid levelsReducesIncreaseAccumulation of fatApple shapedThicknessFree fatty
- Most studies indicate that the regional distribution of body fat seems to be more important than excess adiposity per se. (scielo.br)
- Conversely, high BMI, central adiposity, and the metabolic syndrome are associated with and predict low serum total and to a lesser extent free testosterone and SHBG levels ( 1 - 3 , 5 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- Subcutaneous fat can be measured using body fat calipers, which provide a rough estimate of total body adiposity. (scienceblog.com)
- The effect of abdominal adiposity occurs not just in those who are obese, but also affects people who are non-obese and it also contributes to insulin sensitivity. (wikipedia.org)
- C-reactive protein level had a significant association with body mass index (r = 0.18), adiposity (r = 0.23), smoking (r = 0.20), carbohydrate intake (r = 0.19) and saturated fatty acid (r = 0.20). (who.int)
- CMR Short Reviews The Concept of CMR Historical background on global cardiometabolic risk, epidemiological aspects of obesity and type 2 diabetes, ABCs of cardiovascular disease risk factors, intra-abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome and contribution to cardiometabolic risk. (amazonaws.com)
- Most prominent hypothesis is that physical activity may protect against breast cancer through reduced lifetime exposure to endogenous hormones either direct, or indirect by preventing overweight and abdominal adiposity. (biomedcentral.com)
- Life-style measures achieving a substantial weight loss may increase testosterone levels, whereas clear data on whether exogenous testosterone treatment in obese men, without an established hypogonadic state, may improve body fat content, visceral adiposity and insulin resistance are still missing. (springer.com)
- Although it is reported that obesity is associated with profound alterations in testosterone production rate and metabolic clearance, it is also true that, by contrast, low testosterone levels in primary or secondary hypogonadic states may in turn lead to increase visceral adiposity and insulin resistance. (springer.com)
- Increased adiposity (obesity) raises serum resistin levels, which in turn directly correlate to insulin resistance. (wikipedia.org)
- Conversely, serum resistin levels have been found to decline with decreased adiposity following medical treatment. (wikipedia.org)
- Screening for increased waist circumference and hypertriglyceridemia (the hypertriglyceridemic-waist phenotype) has been proposed as an inexpensive approach to identify patients with excess intra-abdominal adiposity and associated metabolic abnormalities. (cmaj.ca)
- The systematic measurement of waist circumference has been proposed as a crude anthropometric correlate of intra-abdominal adiposity. (cmaj.ca)
- 8 However, because waist circumference cannot fully discriminate intra-abdominal from subcutaneous abdominal adiposity, we previously suggested that the presence of elevated triglyceride levels could be used as a marker of "dysfunctional" adipose tissue, intra-abdominal obesity and associated metabolic abnormalities in people with an increased waistline. (cmaj.ca)
- Epicardial fat thickness (EFT), an indicator of visceral adiposity, is a novel parameter for studying patients with OSA. (springermedizin.at)
- Findings from our systematic review suggest that early-life exposure to BPA may increase adiposity and circulating lipid levels in rodents. (nih.gov)
- Conversely, most studies evaluating the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH-Ags), creating an artificial menopause state, have found increased total adiposity and intra-abdominal fat (8). (deepdyve.com)
- In addition, studies have found that abdominal adiposity, or central abdominal obesity, is the "most important single factor" contributing to insulin sensitivity in old age. (bodyhealth.com)
Amount of intra abdominal fat1
Known as intra-abdominal fat2
- Belly fat, clinically known as intra-abdominal fat, is between internal organs and the torso. (healthcanal.com)
- Most studies verified visceral area fat (also known as intra-abdominal fat) is strongly associated with insulin resistance but seldom analyze the fat distribution in the abdomen. (biomedcentral.com)
- Its low levels are predictive of future development of diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Low adiponectin level was a strong predictor of future development of diabetes, and HbA 1c also showed a positive predictive association. (diabetesjournals.org)
- CONCLUSIONS -In Asian Indians, low plasma adiponectin level was predictive of future development of diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Asian Indians have a high risk of diabetes and have an obesity phenotype characterized by lean BMI, central obesity, and high body fat percentage. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Low total testosterone or SHBG levels are associated with type 2 diabetes, independent of age, race, obesity, and criteria for diagnosis of diabetes ( 6 , 7 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- In longitudinal studies, low serum total and free testosterone and SHBG levels were independent predictors of type 2 diabetes ( 6 , 8 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- In these studies, SHBG levels were stronger predictors of diabetes than total or free testosterone. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Because type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity, which suppresses SHBG and in turn total testosterone levels, both obesity and SHBG levels represent important confounding factors in the relationship between testosterone and type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
- He tested the rats over the course of 13 weeks and found that rats given a diet supplemented with sterulic oil had less abdominal fat and a decreased likelihood of developing diabetes. (healthcanal.com)
- Visceral and central abdominal fat and waist circumference show a strong association with type 2 diabetes . (wikipedia.org)
- Researchers first started to focus on abdominal obesity in the 1980s when they realized it had an important connection to cardiovascular disease , diabetes , and dyslipidemia . (wikipedia.org)
- Metabolic syndrome is associated with abdominal obesity, blood lipid disorders, inflammation, insulin resistance, full-blown diabetes, and increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)
- Newswise - People who consume several servings of whole grains per day while limiting daily intake of refined grains appear to have less of a type of fat tissue thought to play a key role in triggering cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, a new study suggests. (newswise.com)
- Prior research suggests visceral fat is more closely tied to the development of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of risk factors including hypertension, unhealthy cholesterol levels and insulin resistance that can develop into cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes," explains co-author Paul Jacques, DSc, director of the Nutritional Epidemiology Program at the USDA HNRCA and a professor at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts. (newswise.com)
- Obesity is the heavy accumulation of fat in your body to such a degree that it significantly increases your risk of diseases that can damage your health and knock years off your life, such as heart disease and diabetes . (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Intra-abdominal (central) fat is more strongly linked to levels of inflammation in the body and more likely to cause cardiovascular disease and diabetes. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- A ratio of 1.0 or more in men or 0.85 or more in women indicates that you have too much fat around your middle, putting you at increased risk of diseases that are linked to obesity, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- It is recommended that they follow levels of a BMI of 23 as an indication of overweight and 27.5 to indicate obesity (i.e. a high risk of complications such as Type 2 Diabetes). (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Diabetes is a syndrome characterised by disordered metabolism and inappropriately high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) resulting from either low levels of the hormone insulin or from abnormal resistance to insulin's effects, coupled with inadequate levels of insulin secretion to compensate. (mindfood.com)
- Age-dependent changes in insulin action and body fat distribution are risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
- To examine whether the accumulation of visceral fat (VF) could play a direct role in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, we monitored insulin action, glucose tolerance, and the expression of adipo-derived peptides after surgical removal of VF in aging (20-month-old) F344/Brown Norway (FBN) and in Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats. (diabetesjournals.org)
- When examined at the mechanistic level, removal of VF in ZDF rats prevented the progressive decrease in insulin action and delayed the onset of diabetes, but VF extraction did not alter plasma free fatty acid levels. (diabetesjournals.org)
- A large waist circumference is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease because of excess abdominal fat. (lmh.org)
- This entry was posted in Diabetes, Fat and Oil, Insulin Resistance, Saturated Fat on June 5, 2014 by Bix. (amazonaws.com)
- Given that abdominal obesity is one of the most prevalent forms of type 2 diabetes, therapeutic approaches should focus on reducing intra-abdominal adipose tissue. (amazonaws.com)
- In people with type 2 diabetes, four to six weeks of moderate intensity (40 to 50 percent of maximal) resistance training improved their insulin sensitivity by 48 percent without causing any significant changes in their body fat or muscle mass. (diabetesdaily.com)
- It appears that scientists may have jumped to the wrong conclusion when they decided to blame fat cells alone for everything that ails you, including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. (diabetesdaily.com)
- Low testosterone and SHBG levels predict the development of central obesity and are associated with an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes and higher mortality rate for cardiovascular disease. (springer.com)
- Public health guidelines condemn healthy fats from foods like butter and full-fat dairy and recommend whole grains and cereals - the opposite of what a person with diabetes, or any person really, needs to stay healthy. (mercola.com)
- Research, including a new study involving dolphins, again suggests that this movement away from traditional full-fat foods is contributing to the rising rates of diabetes and metabolic syndrome across the globe. (mercola.com)
- We hypothesize that widespread movement away from whole fat dairy products in human populations may have created unanticipated heptadecanoic acid deficiencies… and, in turn, this dietary deficiency may be playing a role in the global diabetes pandemic. (mercola.com)
- Those who ate eight portions of full-fat dairy products a day cut their risk of diabetes by nearly 25 percent compared to those who ate fewer portions. (mercola.com)
- Our observations may contribute to clarifying previous findings regarding dietary fats and their food sources in relation to type 2 diabetes. (mercola.com)
- In 2010, a study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine proposed that it's the palmitoleic acid, which occurs naturally in full-fat dairy products, that protects against insulin resistance and diabetes. (mercola.com)
- People who consumed full-fat dairy had higher levels of trans-palmitoleate in their blood, and this translated to a two-thirds lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to people with lower levels. (mercola.com)
- 3 , 4 Imaging studies using techniques such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging have shown that, among equally obese individuals, those with an excess of intra-abdominal or visceral adipose tissue have metabolic abnormalities and are at increased risk of coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes. (cmaj.ca)
- Increasing the level of human growth hormone in the blood could help a person manage the effects of diabetes. (selfgrowth.com)
- obesity in Australia was made a "national health priority" by the government in 2008, officially elevating awareness to the same level as other health risks like cancer , heart disease and diabetes ? (thefullwiki.org)
- mɨˈlaɪtəs/ or /ˈmɛlɨtəs/ )-often simply referred to as diabetes -is a condition in which a person has a high blood sugar (glucose) level as a result of the body either not producing enough insulin , or because body cells do not properly respond to the insulin that is produced. (thefullwiki.org)
- is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. (thefullwiki.org)
- It makes a difference, since we know that abdominal obesity is linked to diabetes and many other metabolic conditions, i.e., the metabolic syndrome. (innovations-report.com)
- Doctors have long recognized that people who are "apple-shaped" -- with their fat concentrated in the abdomen -- are much higher risk for diabetes and metabolic syndrome than those whose fat is mainly subcutaneous, i.e., distributed beneath the skin primarily in the buttocks and thighs. (innovations-report.com)
- While recent studies at Joslin and elsewhere have shed light on the role of appetite and energy expenditure (physical activity) in obesity, little has been known about the role of genes in fat distribution or the association of genes in metabolic disorders like type 2 diabetes. (innovations-report.com)
- Research shows that resistance training reduces visceral or intra-abdominal fat, which has been linked to heart disease and diabetes," says Wayne Wescott PhD, professor of exercise science at Quincy College. (curves.com)
- Reducing intra-abdominal, or visceral, fat is important because in addition to increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, among other conditions, such fat can raise insulin levels, which promotes the growth of cancer cells. (fredhutch.org)
- Although it is known that so-called 'apple-shaped' people who store their fat around the stomach are at higher risk for conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and stroke than 'pear-shaped' people who store their fat in their buttocks and thighs, visceral obesity is not necessarily correlated with body shape, McTiernan said. (fredhutch.org)
- These intra-abdominal fat cells are metabolically active, and release at least 80 different chemicals and hormones that promote diabetes, inflammation and lipid changes. (clevelandclinic.org)
- It gives you an idea of your abdominal fat - the one that increases your risk of having diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, and that's very important," Dr. Burguera says. (clevelandclinic.org)
- ED is a common symptom in patients with type 2 diabetes who also have low testosterone levels. (nature.com)
- In evaluating the Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III data (the largest database that connects together health indices and nutrition status of the population), it was found that there was no direct correlation-I want to emphasize, NO direct correlation-between type 2 diabetes and obesity in the absence of elevated normal levels of GGTP in the serology. (jeffreybland.com)
- The epididymal fat pad was evaluated as a site of islet transplantation in a syngeneic murine model of diabetes by comparing the transplant outcomes to that of islets transplanted intraportal. (ovid.com)
- As your weight and volume of intra-abdominal fat increase, so do your risks for developing type 2 diabetes and hypertension, with a body mass index (BMI) above 21 linked to 58% of diabetes cases and 21% of ischemic heart disease cases. (bodyhealth.com)
- First, it tells us that diabetes cannot be primarily caused by genetics, and secondly, it literally screams that something we're doing, consistently and en masse, is horribly wrong, and we need to address it. (healthimpactnews.com)
- The reality is that diabetes is a disease rooted in insulin resistance and perhaps more importantly, a malfunction of leptin signaling, caused by chronically elevated insulin and leptin levels . (healthimpactnews.com)
- Abdominal obesity is associated with greater risk for hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease, due to increased release of free fatty acids from visceral fat to the liver. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
- As a bonus, magnesium can lower levels of dangerous inflammation, a rogue reaction by the immune system that is implicated in heart disease, cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. (bodyrock.tv)
- Typically, tendinopathy is the result of overuse or repetitive movements, but in people with type 2 diabetes chronically elevated blood sugar levels may increase the risk. (mercola.com)
- Accumulation of intra-abdominal fat is associated with insulin resistance, whereas accumulation of subcutaneous fat is associated with increased plasma leptin levels. (diabetesincontrol.com)
- Compared with controls, GHR-/- mice had increased food intake, leptin levels, and total and intra-abdominal fat mass per body weight and deceased lean mass. (gu.se)
- Long-term GHR deficiency in mice is associated with high plasma leptin levels, obesity, and increased food intake but a marked decrease in all lipoprotein fractions. (gu.se)
- Circulating plasma leptin levels reflect the amount of energy storage in adipose tissue and increase exponentially with increasing fat mass. 6 Plasma leptin levels also respond to short term energy imbalance, increasing during periods of overfeeding and decreasing with fasting. (bmj.com)
- 12 Increasing leptin levels activate the thyroid hormone, gonadal, and growth hormone axes and suppress the pituitary-adrenal axis. (bmj.com)
- 14 Indeed, circulating leptin levels are typically higher than normal in human obesity, indicating that it is a leptin resistant state. (bmj.com)
- Similarly, the observed increase in serum leptin levels 4-7 hours after meals is probably related to increased circulating insulin in concert with the permissive effects of cortisol. (bmj.com)
- Fasting results in decreased serum leptin levels-probably through falling insulin levels and the ability of catecholamines to decrease leptin expression (isoproterenol and β 3 adrenergic receptor agonists reduce leptin production by adipocytes). (bmj.com)
- Women have been noted to have higher serum leptin levels than men, and this could relate to a difference in body fat composition between the sexes or the permissive effects of oestrogen and progesterone on leptin production. (bmj.com)
- in addition to a small circadian influence, sleep is associated with an increase in plasma leptin levels in normal subjects. (bmj.com)
- Leptin levels did not change significantly from baseline after 2 days of CPAP treatment, but were higher than in the control group. (ersjournals.com)
- After 8 weeks, leptin levels decreased significantly, although the BMI of the patients showed no change. (ersjournals.com)
- Recently, a number of authors have speculated that changes in serum leptin levels or leptin-receptor insensitivity may be involved in the pathogenesis of progressive obesity in patients with OSA 4 . (ersjournals.com)
- In recent studies, fasting leptin levels in patients with OSA decreased after initiation of continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) treatment 7 , 8 . (ersjournals.com)
- However, those leptin measurements were performed on awake individuals in the morning, when the respiratory situation was normalised, so that any linkage between leptin levels and respiratory effects is difficult in this setting. (ersjournals.com)
- Furthermore, leptin levels are influenced by a multitude of factors, such as sex, body weight 9 , 10 , the presence of hypertension, or specific medications impacting on leptin levels. (ersjournals.com)
- Diurnal and ultradian variations in serum leptin levels are further factors complicating profound insights concerning significant respiratory effects 11 - 13 . (ersjournals.com)
- Against this background, the authors decided to measure the plasma ghrelin and leptin levels of patients with OSA before and during CPAP treatment in comparison with equally obese controls without OSA, and to investigate whether those hormones are influenced by a normalisation of sleep and nocturnal respiration during CPAP treatment. (ersjournals.com)
- Hemizygous males exhibit significant reductions in adipose tissue mass, overall body weight, intra-abdominal (visceral) fat mass, and fasting serum leptin levels, as well as significantly increased bone mineral mass. (jax.org)
- Its role in liver steatosis is well established, since mice with liver-specific deletion of PGC-1α exhibit lipid accumulation and high-fat diet reduces hepatic PGC-1α expression in mice. (springer.com)
- Mice liver also exhibited increased proinflammatory cytokines' levels, decreased PGC-1α expression, and marked increase in p65 NFκB nuclear translocation. (springer.com)
- High-fat diet induces liver inflammation by inhibiting PGC-1α expression and its suppressive effect in NFκB pathway. (springer.com)
- Once dyslipidemia becomes a severe problem, an individual's abdominal cavity would generate elevated free fatty acid flux to the liver. (wikipedia.org)
- Fat inside the abdomen, wrapped around the internal organs such as the liver, is somewhat different to the fat that deposits under the skin on the legs or bottom. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Liver and muscle triglyceride levels were measured by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and intra-abdominal fat content was measured by magnetic resonance imaging. (unboundmedicine.com)
- In AGL patients, adipose tissues are insufficient and leads to fat deposition in non-adipose tissues, such as muscle or liver, resulting in hypertriglyceridemia. (wikipedia.org)
- Doctors think this was called by IGF-1 another substance produced by the liver when the level of HGH in the blood is high. (selfgrowth.com)
- Tissue incorporation of the supplemented omega-3 fatty acids was evaluated by determining the fatty acid profiles of intra-abdominal fat and the liver with gas chromatography. (scielo.br)
- Our aim was to evaluate the role of the liver in the metabolism of leptin by comparing the serum leptin level in the portal vein with th. (tu-dortmund.de)
- In this cohort of patients with CKD, Sankar D. Navaneethan et al studied whether different obesity measures such as intra-abdominal fat, liver fat, and subcutaneous fat (obtained using an MRI scan) were associated with known cardiometabolic risk factors. (brightsurf.com)
- SAA1/2 mRNA expression in the liver and SAA3 mRNA expression in intra-abdominal fat were significantly higher in obese than thin mice, but they were not affected by hyperlipidemia in Apoe -/- mice. (scialert.net)
- In the past, we talked about the extraordinary emerging idea that there seems to be a correlation between marginally elevated gamma glutamyl transpeptidase levels (GGTP levels) in serology (this would be in the upper quintile of even the normal range of this liver enzyme), and the association with overall chronic disease. (jeffreybland.com)
- This power-packed program, which includes PerfectAmino , Complete Multi + Liver Detox , Intestinal Cleanse and Healthy-Thin , helps keep nutrition at optimal levels while supporting our body-weight goals. (bodyhealth.com)
- As your insulin resistance progresses, your liver makes too much sugar and fat, and your skeletal muscles are less able to burn them and make glycogen, which is how glucose is stored in your muscles and liver. (healthimpactnews.com)
- Visceral obesity might also be a marker of defective fat portioning between the adipose tissue, the skeletal muscle, the liver and the heart. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
- However, this increase in compliance makes them less effective at energy dissipation and, therefore, less effective at protecting the upper abdominal structures (eg, the spleen and the liver). (medscape.com)
- 6 Specifically, they had decreases in fat in the abdomen, liver and around the heart, all of which are associated with an increased risk of heart disease. (mercola.com)
- The biochemical analysis included fasting glycemia, triglycerides (TG) and HDL-C levels. (scielo.br)
- Several studies have linked visceral fat to elevated triglycerides levels (Wirth et al, 1996). (scienceblog.com)
- Moreover, serum levels of triglycerides, LDL and HDL cholesterol, and apoB, as well as glucose and insulin levels were lower in the GHR-/- mice. (gu.se)
- We reported that such treatment reduces plasma endocannabinoid levels also in overweight and obese human individuals, in whom high triglycerides may correlate with high circulating endocannabinoid levels. (biomedcentral.com)
- We submitted 11 obese men (average BMI of 32.3 kg/m 2 , age of 42.6 years and plasma triglycerides of 192.5 ± 96.3 mg/dl) to a 24 week dietary supplementation with krill powder (4 g/day per os ) and measured anthropometric and metabolic parameters, as well as blood endocannabinoid (anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol) and esterified DHA and EPA levels. (biomedcentral.com)
- Weight loss in intra-abdominally obese men is accompanied by reduced AEA and 2-AG levels, and the decrease of the latter correlates with weight loss-induced amelioration of high triglycerides, insulin resistance and HDL-cholesterol levels [ 7 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- A systematic review with meta-analyses of experimental rodent studies was conducted to answer the following question: does early-life exposure to BPA affect the obesity-related outcomes body weight, fat (pad) weight, and circulating and tissue levels of triglycerides, free fatty acids (FFA), and leptin? (nih.gov)
- Several studies have shown that regular resistance training helps lower resting blood pressure, raise levels of HDL (good) cholesterol, reduce levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol and lower blood triglycerides. (curves.com)
- With weight loss, the levels of triglycerides can be expected to improve. (vitadidonna.it)
- Having 3 or more of a group of symptoms caused by insulin (and now we also know leptin) resistance - high triglycerides, low HDL, higher blood glucose and blood pressure, and increased belly fat-is referred to as metabolic syndrome (in the past it was called Syndrome X). (healthimpactnews.com)
- MetS is characterized by the coincidence of hypertension, abdominal obesity, impaired lipid metabolism (blood triglycerides, cholesterol) and/or impaired blood glucose regulation. (biomedcentral.com)
- We sought to determine whether a change in specific fat depots predicts the development of hypertension. (ahajournals.org)
- Visceral fat is composed of several adipose depots which may contribute insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, dyslipidemia, hypertension and coronary artery disease (NIH). (scienceblog.com)
- Visceral fat is composed of several adipose depots including mesenteric , epididymal white adipose tissue (EWAT) and perirenal fat . (wikipedia.org)
- Among various body fat depots, the amount of visceral fat (VF) best correlates with insulin sensitivity in animal models and in humans. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Theorizing that fat distribution patterns -- and perhaps obesity itself -- may originate in the genes involved in control of development, the researchers found that as many as 12 developmental genes may play a role in different fat depots and that at least three of these seemed to be especially important in obesity. (innovations-report.com)
- Catalano KJ, Stefanovski D, Bergman RN, 2010 Critical role of the mesenteric depot versus other intra-abdominal adipose depots in the development of insulin resistance in young rats. (springer.com)
- So, it's also recommended that abdominal waist measurements are done to assess overweight. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Use a tape measure to measure your waist (usually at belly button level) and your hips (the widest part of your pelvis). (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Researchers will measure patients blood pressure and heart rate, height, weight, waist/hip circumference, and intra-abdominal measurement. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Waist circumference is an indirect indicator of intra-abdominal fat tissue, often called visceral fat. (lmh.org)
- Elevated waist circumference, a crude anthropometric index of the absolute amount of intra-abdominal adipose tissue, better predicts the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome and related disorders than BMI. (amazonaws.com)
- There was also a significant decrease in waist/hip ratio and visceral fat/skeletal muscle mass ratio at 24 weeks, but no change in body weight. (biomedcentral.com)
- The hypertriglyceridemic-waist phenotype was defined as a waist circumference of 90 cm or more and a triglyceride level of 2.0 mmol/L or more in men, and a waist circumference of 85 cm or more and a triglyceride level of 1.5 mmol/L or more in women. (cmaj.ca)
- Compared with participants who had a waist circumference and triglyceride level below the threshold, those with the hypertriglyceridemic-waist phenotype had higher blood pressure indices, higher levels of apolipoprotein B and C-reactive protein, lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I, and smaller low-density lipoprotein particles. (cmaj.ca)
- The differences we found in gene expression were so distinct," said Dr. Gesta, "that we could identify the body mass index (level of obesity) and the waist/hip ratio (whether the fat is in the abdomen or under the skin) in the overweight population by the expression level of these genes. (innovations-report.com)
- 001), with no sex difference with regard to this or with respect to changes of total abdominal fat volumes or waist circumferences. (diva-portal.org)
- A simple way to evaluate abdominal obesity in the clinic is to measure waist circumference. (clevelandclinic.org)
- The Journal of the American Medical Association published the study, Trends in Mean Waist Circumference and Abdominal Obesity Among U.S. Adults, 1999-2012 . (clevelandclinic.org)
- Anthropometric measurements, such as the waist circumference and percentage of body fat, are used in the newly released obesity algorithm to risk stratify patients. (jaoa.org)
- the body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were calculated, and omental and mesenteric fat deposits were weighed. (ahajournals.org)
- Angiographic studies have revealed a positive association between clinically significant coronary narrowings and abdominal obesity in both sexes, 1 2 3 4 and our previous study of ante mortem healthy female forensic autopsy cases indicates that both coronary lesions are more advanced as the numerical value for waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) increases. (ahajournals.org)
- Adipocyte volume (fat accumulation) in different parts of the body may play different roles in the metabolism and in the appearance of cardiovascular risk factors. (scielo.br)
- Abdominal obesity was more closely related with metabolic dysfunctions connected with cardiovascular disease than was general obesity. (wikipedia.org)
- Exercise training results in cardiovascular and metabolic adaptations that may be beneficial in menopausal women by reducing blood pressure, insulin resistance, and cholesterol level. (biomedsearch.com)
- Our findings suggest that it is not different lifestyles and/or behaviors that underlie the fact that men have a higher cardiovascular risk at the same level of percentage of body fat than women. (diva-portal.org)
- Levels of inflammatory mediators in people with rheumatoid arthritis or cardiovascular disease. (rsu.lv)
- It is important to emphasize that excess of central fat, and specifically of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in humans, is associated with insulin resistance and high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, which are risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (9). (deepdyve.com)
- Sex differences in visceral fat lipolysis are responsible for more cardiovascular complications in men than in women. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
- To test the hypothesis that younger women with an android type of body fat distribution would probably have a greater risk of a future cardiovascular event, we designed a prospective autopsy study in which a detailed examination of coronary lesions was carried out. (ahajournals.org)
- A disproportionate accumulation of abdominal fat is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
- An excess of visceral fat is known as central obesity, the "pot belly" or "beer belly" effect, in which the abdomen protrudes excessively. (wikipedia.org)
- 2 Excess body weight has been hypothesised to predispose to OSA in numerous ways, including reduction in upper airway lumen due to fat deposition, reduction of lung volume due to increased abdominal fat and instability of breathing associated with leptin resistance. (bmj.com)
- Although obesity is a health hazard, not every obese person has the expected metabolic abnormalities associated with excess body fat. (cmaj.ca)
- Therefore, inadequate magnesium intake seems to prompt a vicious cycle of low magnesium levels, elevated insulin and glucose levels, and excess magnesium excretion. (mercola.com)
- The degree of risk is influenced for example, by the relative amount of excess body weight, the location of the body fat, the extent of weight gain during adulthood and amount of physical activity. (vitadidonna.it)
- Causes of visceral fat accumulation include glucocorticoid excess or decreased estrogen/androgen ratio either in plasma or within adipose tissue. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
- Normally, adipose tissues contain adipocytes to store fat for energy during fasting period and release leptin to regulate homeostasis of energy and sensitize insulin. (wikipedia.org)
- Regarding anti-obesity effects, the OVX induced rats treated with 60 and 120 mg/kg of the RC:PCP 2:1 mixture showed a decrease in total fat pad thickness, the mean diameters of adipocytes and the body weights gain compared with OVX induced control rats. (mdpi.com)
- The aim of this research project is to examine the molecular interactions between fat cells (adipocytes) and tumour cells in the context of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. (tcd.ie)
- malignant fat) develops into beige adipocytes remains obscure, largely because there is a lack of a good animal model for the induction of beige adipocytes from aWAT. (sciencemag.org)
- Recent studies reported that brown-like (beige) adipocytes could be a distinct type of thermogenic fat cell and are induced from WAT by exposure to cold and other stimuli ( 2 ). (sciencemag.org)
- Muscle triglyceride, subcutaneous fat, and visceral fat content were not related to EGP. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Continuous elevation in triglyceride levels further contributes to metabolic problems including insulin resistance. (wikipedia.org)
- The treatment produced, after 12 and 24 weeks, a significant increase in DHA and EPA in total plasma, a 59 and 84% decrease in anandamide plasma levels, and a 22.5 and 20.6% decrease in triglyceride levels, respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
- 1 It turned out that the saturated fat heptadecanoic acid was most beneficial for metabolism, and dolphins with the highest levels in their blood had lower insulin and triglyceride levels. (mercola.com)
- In turn, there is an increase in sugar and fats in your bloodstream which leads to high triglyceride levels and increased body fat-especially abdominal fat, and higher blood pressure. (healthimpactnews.com)
- Abdominal obesity , also known as central obesity , occurs when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health. (wikipedia.org)
- The fat may be equally distributed around the body or concentrated around the abdomen or midriff (apple-shaped) or the hips and thighs (pear-shaped). (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Together with Joslin post-doctoral fellow Stephane Gesta, Ph.D., and colleagues at the University of Leipzig in Germany, the researchers for the first time used gene chips as a tool to understand what genes might control the development of fat inside the abdomen versus fat under the skin. (innovations-report.com)
- Exercise reduces fat deep in the abdomen ("intra-abdominal" fat), a hidden risk factor because it can raise insulin levels, which promote the growth of cancer cells as well as cholesterol levels. (pakobserver.net)
- People with high levels of intra-abdominal fat may not even know it, McTiernan said, because it is hidden, deposited around the internal organs within the abdomen. (fredhutch.org)
- The bladder extends to the level of the umbilicus at birth and therefore is more exposed to a direct impact to the lower abdomen. (medscape.com)
- The abdominal fat includes subcutaneous (SC) fat of abdomen, intraperidonial (IP) fat and retroperidonial (RP) fat. (biomedcentral.com)
- On account of different ethnicity may have different distribution of abdominal fat, in this study, we investigate regional fat deposition of abdomen, homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and chronic inflammation factors in healthy non-diabetic Taiwanese adults with large population. (biomedcentral.com)
Visceral adipose tissue2
- Besides, the researchers found that NCOA3 deficient mice redistributed fat between visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) under high-fat diet (HFD), and that NCOA3 ablation led to a significantly higher VAT/SCAT weight ratio under HFD versus normal diet - providing an evidence of the role in redistributing fat distribution for NCOA3 [ 17 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Papadakis, Georgios E;Hans, Didier;Rodriguez, Elena Gonzalez;Vollenweider, Peter;Waeber, Gerard;Marques-Vidal, Pedro;Lamy, Olivier 2018-03-27 00:00:00 Abstract Context After menopause, fat mass (FM) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) increase and nonbone lean body mass (LBM) decreases. (deepdyve.com)
- The high-fat diet led to a state of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, associated with increased deposits of intra-abdominal fat, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. (springer.com)
- We have previously shown that treatment of Zucker rats and mice with diet-induced obesity with dietary docosahexaenoic (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acids in the form of krill oil reduces peripheral levels of endocannabinoids, ectopic fat formation and hyperglycemia. (biomedcentral.com)
- Mouse islets engrafted on the intra-abdominal epididymal fat pad ameliorated streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia with similar efficacy as grafts implanted intraportally. (ovid.com)
- Prompt recurrent hyperglycemia occurred in all mice after removal of the epididymal fat pad bearing the islet graft. (ovid.com)
Associated with insulin resistance2
- The oil contains unique fatty acids known to suppress a bodily enzyme associated with insulin resistance, which could indirectly help with reducing belly fat. (healthcanal.com)
- These include dyslipidaemia, glucose intolerance associated with insulin resistance, as well as changes in the normal distribution of body fat resulting in loss of peripheral fat (lipoatrophy) and accumulation of 'central' fat. (natap.org)
- 33% body fat), postmenopausal women aged 50 to 75 years who were living in the Seattle, Wash, area. (nih.gov)
- Regular exercise such as brisk walking results in reduced body weight and body fat among overweight and obese postmenopausal women. (nih.gov)
- The SHAPE-1 study examined the effects of a 1-year exercise programme on endogenous hormone levels (associated with breast cancer among 189 sedentary postmenopausal women. (umcutrecht.nl)
- Purpose of SHAPE study is to examine the effects of a 1-year moderate-to-vigorous intensity exercise programme on endogenous hormone levels associated with breast cancer among sedentary postmenopausal women and whether the amount of total body fat or abdominal fat mediates the effects. (biomedcentral.com)
- In postmenopausal women, increased levels of estrogens due to peripheral conversion (mainly in fat cells) from androgens result from increased body fat, particularly intra-abdominal fat mass. (biomedcentral.com)
- The results support and build upon findings of a previous study in postmenopausal women, reported by McTiernan and colleagues in 2003, which indicated regular exercise effectively reduced intra-abdominal fat. (fredhutch.org)
- We used data from a randomized clinical trial investigating the effect of a yearlong moderate intensity exercise program versus control on serum levels of endogenous sex hormones in postmenopausal women ( 7 ). (aacrjournals.org)
- Briefly, the study investigated the effect of a yearlong moderate intensity exercise intervention in postmenopausal women on serum levels of endogenous sex hormones and, secondarily, changes in weight, body mass index, percentage body fat, and immune function. (aacrjournals.org)
- CRP levels can effectively predict the development of clinically relevant pancreatic fistulas. (hindawi.com)
- The abnormal distribution of body fat, which in most cases only becomes noticable clinically during the second year of treatment, by itself may well provide a mechanism which reinforces and sustains the dyslipidaemia and insulin resistance initially triggered by PI-containing treatment. (natap.org)
- Most people don't know about intra-abdominal fat, but they should, since it is the most clinically significant type of fat. (fredhutch.org)
- These results indicate that the severity of clinically silent coronary lesions in younger female individuals is associated with increased WHR and increased amounts of intraperitoneal fat. (ahajournals.org)
- C57black/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet containing 30% fat for 10 weeks. (springer.com)
- GHR-/- mice were also analyzed with respect to serum levels of lipoproteins, apolipoprotein (apo)B, leptin, glucose, and insulin as well as body composition. (gu.se)
- Mice that were fed a high-fat diet and that became obese were protected against insulin resistance and the high glucose and insulin levels of their counterparts when they were bred to have more GLUT4. (amazonaws.com)
- We here report that mice deficient in the muscle isoform PFK-M have greatly reduced fat stores. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- In mice, genetic deletion of the enzymes catalyzing endocannabinoid hydrolysis, i.e. fatty acid amide hydrolase and monoacylglycerol lipase, is followed by elevation of AEA and 2-AG levels, respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
- These HSA-IL2SP-IL15 transgenic mice may be useful in studying diet-induced obesity, insulin resistance, and fat/lean body composition, as well as the control of IL-15 secretion and muscle-derived humoral factors (myokines). (jax.org)
- To investigate this question the researchers examined the genetic makeup of fat samples from around internal organs and under the skin of both mice and almost 200 human subjects ranging from normal to very obese, and including people with mostly abdominal obesity and people with subcutaneous and intra-abdominal obesity. (innovations-report.com)
- Genetically obese ( ob/ob ) mice, but not hyperlipidemic mice deficient in apolipoprotein E ( Apoe -/- ), had significantly higher circulating levels of SAA than their littermate controls. (scialert.net)
- Mice that received as few as 50 islets, either intraportal or in the epididymal fat pad, displayed similar glucose tolerance curves. (ovid.com)
- 4. Presence of reflexes, response to a group of antibiotics and antihypertensives may be continued in full doses of 17 mcg/ml, its metabolism substantial amount of nutrients, fat, aminos and cholesterol by de novo overactive bladder (chapter 20). (bigsurlandtrust.org)
- Early research suggests that drinking tea containing yerba mate three times daily for 40 days can lower total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad") cholesterol in people with high levels of lipids (fats) in the blood. (webmd.com)
- Objective- This study was undertaken to determine if insulin resistance without and with obesity influences LDL response to dietary cholesterol and saturated fat. (ahajournals.org)
- A 10 kg weight loss can produce a 15% decrease in LDL cholesterol levels and an 8% increase in HDL cholesterol . (vitadidonna.it)
- With regular, effective aerobic activity , your heart will work more efficiently, which will help you better control high levels of cholesterol in the blood and improve your body's ability to process blood sugars. (bodyhealth.com)
- A: Early signs and symptoms include: decrease in muscle mass, increase in body fat, increase in cholesterol level, reduced energy, emotional instability, poor memory and concentration. (drlam.com)
- In other words, visceral fat is located between the organs and contributes to belly fat. (scienceblog.com)
- Visceral fat , also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat , is located inside the peritoneal cavity , packed in between internal organs and torso, as opposed to subcutaneous fat , which is found underneath the skin , and intramuscular fat , which is found interspersed in skeletal muscle . (wikipedia.org)
- Visceral fat surrounds the intra-abdominal organs while subcutaneous fat is found just beneath the skin. (newswise.com)
- Deep abdominal fat encircling organs is correlated with insulin resistance and poor health. (sott.net)
- A person may have a normal BMI or be relatively thin, and still have deadly fat accumulated in visceral organs. (sott.net)
- An overweight person may have little to no fat accumulated in visceral organs, therefore at little risk for poor health . (sott.net)
- The really icky fat stuff tucked in and around your internal organs that has been linked to higher rates of heart disease and cancer. (bodyrock.tv)
- A lower fat content and more elastic attachments are typical of the intra-abdominal organs in children. (medscape.com)
- The child's spleen has a thicker capsule than that of the adult, yet the spleen is among the most commonly injured solid organs in blunt abdominal trauma. (medscape.com)
- Furthermore, although overweight people tend to be more likely to have increased inflammation, it is not known whether there is a connection between increased body weight and chronic abdominal pain. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- This study will examine the relationship between symptoms of chronic abdominal pain and intestinal inflammation by comparing the medical test results of normal weight and overweight patients who have a history of chronic abdominal pain. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- 1 , 2 Epidemiologic and metabolic studies have shown that the metabolic complications of overweight and obesity are more related to the localization rather than to the amount of total body fat. (cmaj.ca)
- A recent study showed that abdominal obesity rather than body mass index (BMI) or general overweight is associated with oesophageal adenocarcinoma. (tcd.ie)
- The researchers compared levels of activity for these three genes --Tbx15, Gpc4, and HoxA5 -- in intra-abdominal and subcutaneous fat taken from individuals of normal weight versus overweight or obese individuals. (innovations-report.com)
- In a young healthy athlete, BMI can overestimate body fat, especially if it is in the overweight range. (jaoa.org)
- One possible cause of chronic abdominal pain is an inflammation of the intestines, but it is not known whether the two are related. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Panniculitis is an inflammatory nodules of the subcutaneous fat, and in this type of AGL, adipose destruction originates locally at the infection or inflammation site and develops into generalized lipodystrophy. (wikipedia.org)
- This study was designed to examine the relation between insulin sensitivity, chronic inflammation and central fat distribution in non-diabetic volunteers in Taiwanese. (biomedcentral.com)
- IP fat is better predictors of IR and subclinical chronic inflammation in Taiwanese adults. (biomedcentral.com)
Mass of adipose tissue1
- Techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging made it possible to categorize mass of adipose tissue located at the abdominal level into intra-abdominal fat and subcutaneous fat. (wikipedia.org)
- In humans, obesity does not depend on t body weight, but the amount of body fat-specifically adipose tissue (Kershaw, 2004). (scienceblog.com)
- Here, we highlight recent human and rodent studies that support the notion that the ability to recruit new fat cells through adipogenesis is a critical determinant of healthy adipose tissue distribution and remodeling in obesity. (jci.org)
- Not surprisingly, when we compared the relationship of both visceral fat tissue and subcutaneous fat tissue to whole and refined grain intake, we saw a more striking association with visceral fat. (newswise.com)
- Phase III clinical trials showed the drug's ability to regulate intra-abdominal fat tissue levels, lipidemic, glycemic and inflammatory parameters. (nih.gov)
- As the level of leptin in the body is proportional to the amount of adipose tissue present, AGL patients also have a deficiency of leptin which contributes to excessive eating and worsens the metabolic syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
- Although the pharmacological arsenal to decrease body weight and intra-abdominal adipose tissue remains limited, a few pharmacological compounds have been shown to reduce atherogenic intra-abdominal fat. (amazonaws.com)
- And it is waistline adipose tissue (central obesity) which seems to be the foremost type of fat deposits contributing to rising levels of serum resistin. (wikipedia.org)
- Macrophage infiltration in adipose tissue in obesity contribute to the reported inflammatory profile in abdominal obesity. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
- If your carbohydrate intake is high, you'll end up storing both the fat and the carbohydrates in your body fat tissue thanks to the hormone insulin. (sott.net)
- However, how the regional distribution of abdominal adipose tissue affects this adipokines is still controversial in different race. (biomedcentral.com)
- Presence of brown adipose tissue, a metabolically highly active organ with increased thermogenic activity, in RP fat is always neglected. (biomedcentral.com)
- High levels of physical activity are associated with lower total and visceral body fat levels. (scielo.br)
- To study the compound, Perfield added sterculic oil to the feed of rats that are genetically disposed to have a high amount of abdominal fat. (healthcanal.com)
- Unusually high adipose levels trigger health problems that may induce insulin resistance, which causes the body to have difficulty maintaining blood sugar levels. (healthcanal.com)
- In this study, we investigated the role of PGC-1α in the inflammatory changes observed in steatohepatitis induced by high-fat diet. (springer.com)
- 2007) concluded that a high abdominal circumference is associated with great functional repercussion. (wikipedia.org)
- Metabolic complications include insulin resistance, high metabolic rate, and uncontrolled lipid levels such as hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL, and high LDL. (wikipedia.org)
- Rats fed a high (50% of calories) fat diet for 8 weeks showed 50% decreases in insulin-stimulated glucose transport. (amazonaws.com)
- High lipid (fat) levels in the blood. (webmd.com)
- For the last 50 years, Americans have been told to eat a high complex carbohydrate, low saturated fat diet. (mercola.com)
- Several dolphins with low heptadecanoic acid levels were then fed fish high in the saturated fat. (mercola.com)
- Also striking, elevated levels of ferritin (iron), which is a precursor to metabolic syndrome, were also lowered within three weeks of the high saturated fat diet. (mercola.com)
- Insulin resistance occurs when your body cannot use insulin properly, allowing your blood sugar levels to get too high. (mercola.com)
- When challenged with low-fat/low-energy or high-fat/high-energy diets, overexpression of circulating IL-15 leads to significantly decreased body fat in males and significantly increased lean body mass in females. (jax.org)
- Epidemiological studies have found a low incidence of colon cancer in Finland and in areas of the Mediterranean where the consumption of fats is high and the main sources of the omega-3 family are fish and PUFA-rich fish oils 6,7 . (scielo.br)
- High levels of stress hormones have been shown to raise blood glucose levels, promote overeating, lead to the accumulation of intra-abdominal fat, contribute to insulin resistance, and boost heart attack risk. (todaysdietitian.com)
- They also had high levels of the pituitary hormones FSH and LH, which are elevated at menopause. (monash.edu)
- Chapados N, Collin P, Imbeault P, Corriveau P, Lavoie JM, 2008 Exercise training decreases in vitro stimulated lipolysis in a visceral (mesenteric) but not in the retroperitoneal fat depot of high-fat-fed rats. (springer.com)
- This metabolic profile is most often seen in obese people with a high accumulation of intra-abdominal fat ("apples") and has consistently been related to an increased risk of CHD. (vitadidonna.it)
- Unfortunately, given the high amount of carbohydrate in the average diet, with the constantly spiking insulin levels, the body doesn't get back to burning that fat any time soon. (sott.net)
- High levels of insulin - "hyperinsulinemia" - leads to insulin resistance which in turn, leads to visceral fat accumulation which functions as a virtual factory for inflammatory signals. (sott.net)
- A: High intensity weight training has been shown to result in rapid and sustained increase in growth hormone levels in both men and women. (drlam.com)
- Back in 2008, I began writing about the effect of dietary fat on insulin sensitivity, and blood levels of glucose and insulin. (amazonaws.com)
- Over the years I learned that saturated fat decreased insulin sensitivity more than other fats, e.g. (amazonaws.com)
- One mechanism by which dietary fat decreases insulin sensitivity, raising blood glucose and insulin levels is through reduced action of the glucose transporter GLUT4. (amazonaws.com)
- RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -Baseline values of plasma adiponectin, results of anthropometry, fasting and 2-h plasma glucose levels, HbA 1c , results of lipid profile, and insulin resistance were analyzed in 91 subjects with IGT (53 men and 38 women) in a primary prevention study. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Abdominal fat is especially active hormonally, secreting a group of hormones called adipokines that may possibly impair glucose tolerance . (wikipedia.org)
- Pioglitazone treatment reduced mean plasma fasting glucose and mean peak postprandial glucose levels. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Bagdade JD, Bierman EL, Porte D Jr. The significance of basal insulin levels in the evaluation of the insulin response to glucose and non-diabetic subjects. (springer.com)
- While endurance training does not increase your muscle mass as much, it does enhance your muscular uptake of blood glucose without changes in body weight or abdominal fat. (diabetesdaily.com)
- In older adults (average of 72 years), all it took was low- to moderate-intensity "walking" on mini-trampolines for 20 to 40 minutes four days per week over a four-month period to enhance their glucose uptake without any additional insulin release or loss of abdominal fat. (diabetesdaily.com)
- Bioluminescence imaging and glucose measurement showed stable luminescence signals and blood glucose levels for over 5 months in both transplant sites using transgenic luciferase-positive islets. (ovid.com)
- Likewise, if you're an older, type 2 diabetic woman, the combination of aerobic and resistance training may afford even greater improvements in your insulin action and a more significant decrease in your abdominal fat than aerobic training alone, with increased muscle mass to boot. (diabetesdaily.com)
- Patients with sarcopenic obesity have a relative increase in intra-abdominal fat that is greater than subcutaneous or total body fat and a relative decrease in peripheral fat that is greater than central fat-free mass resulting from the loss of skeletal muscle. (jaoa.org)
- 2007) examined whether abdominal circumference is a more reliable indicator than BMI of the presence of knee osteoarthritis in obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
- On the first visit, patients will provide a medical history, including information about current medications or natural remedies and tobacco and alcohol use, and will also fill out questionnaires to provide information about symptoms, current levels of gastrointestinal pain, and general quality of life. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- On the day of the visit, patients will fill out questionnaires to provide information about symptoms, current levels of gastrointestinal pain, and general quality of life. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Patients will also be asked to put on the bathing suit and swim cap to have their body fat measured using a machine called the BOD POD. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The clinical presentation is similar to people with congenital lipodystrophy: the only difference is that AGL patients are born with normal fat distribution and symptoms develop in childhood and adolescence years and rarely begins after 30 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
- Subcutaneous fat loss in AGL patients are visible in all parts of the body. (wikipedia.org)
- Serum leptin and ghrelin levels were investigated in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome before and during continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) treatment and compared with body mass index (BMI)-matched controls without OSA. (ersjournals.com)
- Baseline plasma ghrelin levels were significantly higher in OSA patients than in controls. (ersjournals.com)
- After 2 days of CPAP treatment, plasma ghrelin decreased in almost all OSA patients (n=9) to levels that were only slightly higher than those of controls (n=9). (ersjournals.com)
- Association of epicardial fat thickness with the severity of obstructive sleep apnea in obese patients. (springermedizin.at)
- Relationships between body fat distribution, epicardial fat and obstructive sleep apnea in obese patients with and without metabolic syndrome. (springermedizin.at)
- Effects of statins on the epicardial fat thickness in patients coronary artery stenosis underwent percutaneous coronary intervention: comparison of atorvastatin with simvastatine/ezetimibe. (springermedizin.at)
- Do obese but metabolically normal women differ in intra-abdominal fat and physical activity levels from those with the expected metabolic abnormalities? (biomedcentral.com)
- The hallmark characteristics are widespread loss of subcutaneous fat, ectopic fat deposition, leptin deficiency, and severe metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance. (wikipedia.org)
- Hayes L, Pearce MS, Firbank MJ, Walker M, Taylor R, Unwin NC, 2010 Do obese but metabolically normal women differ in intra-abdominal fat and physical activity levels from those with the expected metabolic abnormalities? (springer.com)
Development of central obesity1
- Reducing belly fat is a key to reducing the incidence of serious disease, and this oil could have a future as a nutritional supplement. (healthcanal.com)
- It is also now understood that there is a strong relationship between intra-abdominal fat ("belly fat") and your metabolism, which has greater effects on your overall health. (bodyhealth.com)
- Try eating these food to sleep better, lose more weight and melt that belly fat away! (bodyrock.tv)
- Milk may actually do a body good when it comes to belly fat! (bodyrock.tv)
- The estradiol and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase levels were significantly increased in OVX induced rats treated with the RC:PCP 2:1 mixture (120 mg/kg) compared with OVX induced control rats, also, the uterine atrophy was significantly inhibited in 60 and 120 mg/kg of the RC:PCP 2:1 mixture treatment compared with OVX control rats. (mdpi.com)
- When it comes to obesity, the location of body fat can significantly impact one's risk for developing serious chronic diseases. (innovations-report.com)
- Ovariectomy significantly augmented body weight (BW), left ventricle (LV) mass, and intra-abdominal fat pad weight and decreased the expression of oxytocin receptor (OTR), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A), in the right atrium (RA) and LV, indicating estrogenic control of these genes. (biomedsearch.com)
- A 2010 study conducted at the University of Alabama at Birmingham found that among a group of more than 100 premenopausal women, fat was significantly reduced in those who consumed the most calcium-rich foods. (bodyrock.tv)
- In Japanese Americans, intra-abdominal fat area measured by computed tomography is positively associated with the prevalence and incidence of hypertension. (ahajournals.org)
- Mid-thigh subcutaneous fat area, abdominal subcutaneous fat area, and intra-abdominal fat area were directly measured by computed tomography at baseline and 5 years. (ahajournals.org)
- Intra-abdominal fat (IAF) and subcutaneous fat (SQF) were measured in normal (n=4) and heart disease (n=4) dogs at the levels of lumbar 4 and 5, using computed tomography. (vin.com)
- The aim of this study was to determine to what extent differences in metabolic health in very obese women are explained by differences in body fat distribution, insulin resistance and level of physical activity. (biomedcentral.com)
- Intra-abdominal fat, insulin resistance and physical activity make independent contributions to metabolic status in very obese women, but explain only around a third of the variance. (biomedcentral.com)
- Differences in fat distribution, insulin resistance, and physical activity level are associated with metabolic differences in these women, but account only partially for these differences. (biomedcentral.com)
- Verify the relationship between visceral fat (VF), physical performance and biochemical markers of soldiers in the Brazilian Army. (scielo.br)
- The association persisted after we accounted for other lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol intake, fruit and vegetable intake, percentage of calories from fat and physical activity. (newswise.com)
- Physical activity may promote weight and body fat loss. (nih.gov)
- Data on nutritional intake, physical activity level and smoking habits were collected through a questionnaire. (who.int)
- Other study parameters include: amount of total and abdominal fat, weight, BMI, body fat distribution, physical fitness, blood pressure and lifestyle factors. (biomedcentral.com)
- But do you know that recent studies show that heart health is more accurately indicated by your level of regular physical activity than by your body mass, even factoring in obesity? (bodyhealth.com)
- Sedentary, insulin-resistant, middle-aged adults engaging in 30 minutes of moderate walking three to seven days per week for six months succeeded in reversing their prediabetic state-without changing their diets or losing any body weight (although their body proportions of fat and muscle likely changed). (diabetesdaily.com)
- In males, circulating testosterone blood levels have been shown to be influenced by body weight and composition. (springer.com)
- Also, low total and free testosterone and SHBG levels are associated with an increased risk of developing the metabolic syndrome, independent of age and obesity ( 1 - 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- To examine the effects of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat overall and by level of exercise. (nih.gov)
- In addition, the role of total body fat and intra-abdominal fat was explored. (umcutrecht.nl)
- As expected, peripheral and hepatic insulin action were markedly impaired in aging FBN rats, and extraction of VF (accounting for ∼18% of their total body fat) was sufficient to restore peripheral and hepatic insulin action to the levels of young rats. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Several epidemiological studies have established an inverse correlation between obesity and serum total and free testosterone levels in men of all ages [ 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ], however, although many underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have been proposed, many more need to be elucidated. (springer.com)
- The relationships among obesity, metabolic syndrome, ED, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and serum total and free testosterone levels are complex and often confusing to the physician. (nature.com)
- low serum SHBG levels in obesity contribute to the low serum total testosterone. (nature.com)
- Obesity is associated with low total testosterone levels that can be explained at least partially by lower sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in obese men. (nature.com)
- 7 In recent years, epidemiological studies have shown a negative correlation between BMI and total testosterone and to a lesser extent with free and bioavailable (biologically active) testosterone levels. (nature.com)
- Total body fat and abdominal fat were measured. (biomedcentral.com)
- 0.001), but not RP fat, SC fat or total body fat. (biomedcentral.com)
- OBJECTIVE -Adiponectin, secreted by fat cells, has regulatory functions on energy metabolism. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Obese men may present with abnormal levels of reproductive hormones due to changes in their secretion and metabolism, alterations in their transport and/or action at target tissues. (springer.com)
- Intra-adipose sex steroid metabolism is a determinant of gynoid versus androgen patterns of body fat. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
- The study cohort was similar to samples of the UK population in many characteristics, including anthropometry, blood pressure and lipid levels, but it had a lower proportion of smokers. (cmaj.ca)
- In summary, this study demonstrated that variation in NCOA3 might influence the risk of dyslipidemia and serum lipid levels in Chinese Han population. (biomedcentral.com)
- Whilst acute or chronic elevation of peripheral endocannabinoid levels is accompanied by, and may contribute to, metabolic disorders in obese animals and human subjects, counteraction of CB1 activity with selective inverse agonists or antagonists reduces obesity and several ensuing metabolic disorders and counteracts the dysmetabolic effects of a HFD in rodents [ 11 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- The reason: Exercise effectively reduces weight, overall body fat and intra-abdominal fat, a hidden risk factor for many chronic illnesses. (fredhutch.org)
- This increase has been linked to rising levels of obesity and the accumulation of intra-abdominal fat. (mindfood.com)
- Similarly, newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic men who did 16 weeks of "progressive" resistance training (the resistance lifted was increased over time) just twice a week gained muscle mass, lost body fat (particularly in the abdominal region), and greatly enhanced their insulin action-all despite a 15 percent increase in the amount of calories they consumed. (diabetesdaily.com)
- Human obesity is associated with decreased ghrelin levels that increase after weight reduction 17 . (ersjournals.com)
- The latter is particularly, but not solely, reflected in an increase of intra-abdominal fat. (natap.org)
- This is not surprising given that insulin resistance, intra-abdominal fat accumulation, and dyslipidaemia, in the absence of HIV infection, are all known to substantially increase the risk of CAD. (natap.org)
- Circulating SAA levels increase in obese humans, but the roles of adipose-derived SAA and hyperlipidemia in this process are unclear. (scialert.net)
- Several prospective studies have shown a greater increase of abdominal fat after menopause, leading to a shift from a gynoid to an android pattern of fat distribution (5-7). (deepdyve.com)
- Fat activists argue that anti-fat stigma and buy sibutramine tablets online uk aggressive diet promotion have led to an increase in psychological and physiological problems among fat people. (cursivenewyork.com)
- This age-related loss of muscle mass in addition to an increase in fat mass is called sarcopenic obesity and represents a redistribution of fat mass and fat-free mass. (jaoa.org)
- A: Growth hormone replacement has been shown to increase energy levels and improve memory. (drlam.com)
- Q: Can I increase my growth hormone levels without taking shots or pills? (drlam.com)
- Q: I have heard that doing weight training can increase my growth hormone level. (drlam.com)
Accumulation of fat2
- The accumulation of fat in the abdominal region is a well known independent risk factor for coronary heart disease in both men and women. (ahajournals.org)
- The purpose was to find out whether the actual degree of coronary pathology, evaluated in terms of the extent of intima involved, narrowing caused by the lesions, and the microscopic composition of the lesions, is associated with increased abdominal accumulation of fat. (ahajournals.org)
- This body type is also known as "apple shaped", as opposed to "pear shaped", in which fat is deposited on the hips and buttocks. (wikipedia.org)
- In recent years, physicians have become aware of the increased danger posed by abdominal fat - the fat that accumulates beneath the abdominal wall and gives you a pot belly or makes you apple-shaped . (clevelandclinic.org)
- Putative mechanisms responsible for the modulation of insulin action by VF include increased portal release of free fatty acids (FFAs) ( 8 , 9 ) and/or abnormal expression and secretion of fat-derived peptides, such as resistin ( 10 ), leptin, ACRP30, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) ( 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)