Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcohol Oxidoreductases: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).Benzyl Alcohols: Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.Benzyl Alcohol: A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Fatty Alcohols: Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Polyvinyl Alcohol: A polymer prepared from polyvinyl acetates by replacement of the acetate groups with hydroxyl groups. It is used as a pharmaceutic aid and ophthalmic lubricant as well as in the manufacture of surface coatings artificial sponges, cosmetics, and other products.Temperance: Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium: An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)Binge Drinking: Drinking an excessive amount of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES in a short period of time.Propanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of PROPANOL (C3H7OH).Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Amino Alcohols: Compounds possessing both a hydroxyl (-OH) and an amino group (-NH2).Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.1-Propanol: A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.tert-Butyl AlcoholUniversities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System: Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.Alcohol-Induced Disorders: Disorders stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Liver Diseases, Alcoholic: Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Butanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).Phenylethyl Alcohol: An antimicrobial, antiseptic, and disinfectant that is used also as an aromatic essence and preservative in pharmaceutics and perfumery.Aldehyde Dehydrogenase: An enzyme that oxidizes an aldehyde in the presence of NAD+ and water to an acid and NADH. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 22.214.171.124.United StatesPentanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of pentanol (C5H11OH).2-Propanol: An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.Hexanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of hexanol (C6H11OH).Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Sugar Alcohols: Polyhydric alcohols having no more than one hydroxy group attached to each carbon atom. They are formed by the reduction of the carbonyl group of a sugar to a hydroxyl group.(From Dorland, 28th ed)Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.RussiaNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Naltrexone: Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.Marijuana Abuse: The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic: FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.gamma-Glutamyltransferase: An enzyme, sometimes called GGT, with a key role in the synthesis and degradation of GLUTATHIONE; (GSH, a tripeptide that protects cells from many toxins). It catalyzes the transfer of the gamma-glutamyl moiety to an acceptor amino acid.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Marijuana Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic: Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).Methanol: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Energy Drinks: Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.Psychotherapy, Brief: Any form of psychotherapy designed to produce therapeutic change within a minimal amount of time, generally not more than 20 sessions.Street Drugs: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.Stereoisomerism: The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Psychoses, Alcoholic: A group of mental disorders associated with organic brain damage and caused by poisoning from alcohol.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Benzyl CompoundsPrenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Aldehydes: Organic compounds containing a carbonyl group in the form -CHO.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Drinking Behavior: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.Flushing: A transient reddening of the face that may be due to fever, certain drugs, exertion, stress, or a disease process.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Aldehyde Oxidoreductases: Oxidoreductases that are specific for ALDEHYDES.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Social Conformity: Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.1-Butanol: A four carbon linear hydrocarbon that has a hydroxy group at position 1.Alcoholics Anonymous: An organization of self-proclaimed alcoholics who meet frequently to reinforce their practice of abstinence.BenzaldehydesPsychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.NAD: A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage. It is found widely in nature and is involved in numerous enzymatic reactions in which it serves as an electron carrier by being alternately oxidized (NAD+) and reduced (NADH). (Dorland, 27th ed)Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.KetonesPancreatitis, Alcoholic: Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.EstersInterview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Narcotic Antagonists: Agents inhibiting the effect of narcotics on the central nervous system.Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1: An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse.Substance Abuse Detection: Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Pharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Social Control, Informal: Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.Cholestanols: Cholestanes substituted in any position with one or more hydroxy groups. They are found in feces and bile. In contrast to bile acids and salts, they are not reabsorbed.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Waxes: A plastic substance deposited by insects or obtained from plants. Waxes are esters of various fatty acids with higher, usually monohydric alcohols. The wax of pharmacy is principally yellow wax (beeswax), the material of which honeycomb is made. It consists chiefly of cerotic acid and myricin and is used in making ointments, cerates, etc. (Dorland, 27th ed)Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Disulfiram: A carbamate derivative used as an alcohol deterrent. It is a relatively nontoxic substance when administered alone, but markedly alters the intermediary metabolism of alcohol. When alcohol is ingested after administration of disulfiram, blood acetaldehyde concentrations are increased, followed by flushing, systemic vasodilation, respiratory difficulties, nausea, hypotension, and other symptoms (acetaldehyde syndrome). It acts by inhibiting aldehyde dehydrogenase.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)JapanMass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Republic of BelarusSubstrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.FinlandChi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.CaliforniaCocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Octanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of octanol (C8H17OH).Catalysis: The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Sugar Alcohol Dehydrogenases: Reversibly catalyzes the oxidation of a hydroxyl group of sugar alcohols to form a keto sugar, aldehyde or lactone. Any acceptor except molecular oxygen is permitted. Includes EC 1.1.1.; EC 1.1.2. and EC 1.1.99.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
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The politics and management of the city is dominated by the Workers' Party of Korea, as they are in the national level. The ... In 2018, there were many high quality restaurants in Pyongyang with Korean and international food, and imported alcoholic beverages ... compulsory literature and experimental data for state-level use in a digital format. ...
The addition of yeast to the bread explains the air pockets commonly found in bread. Owing to its high levels of gluten ( ... The yeast most commonly used for leavening bread is Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the same species used for brewing alcoholic beverages ... Hunter, Gary; Carey, Patrick; Tinton, Terry; Walpole, Steven (2007). Professional Chef: Level 2 Diploma. Cengage Learning EMEA ...
Level of Response to Alcohol and Brain Response during Visual Working Memory. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 692-700. Belcastro ... The results were that young people who report having needed more alcohol to feel the effects showed higher levels of brain ... This study looked at the neural correlated of the low level of response to alcohol using functional magnetic resonance imaging ... Another study conducted in 2004 examined the level of response to alcohol and brain response during visual working memory. ...
Has a weakness for alcohol. Swivel-eye Smith - a level-headed cowboy with crossed eyes. Crazy Mouth Nick Dury - a transplanted ...
p. 52: "... right-wing 'camp' on a comic strip level." And "... the planes enjoy a more active sex life than the humans ..." ... and a shot of a policeman consuming an alcoholic beverage in a café. Paramount president Adolph Zukor agreed to suppress the ...
Her blood alcohol level was 0.17. After pleading guilty, she was fined, and her driver's license was suspended for 90 days. ... White was arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol after she stopped at a toll booth and failed to proceed when the ...
Editing levels of ApoB mRNA have been shown to vary in response to changes in diet. exposure to alcohol and hormone levels. ... Mice overexpressing mApoB have increased levels of LDL "bad cholesterol" and decreased levels of HDL "good cholesterol". Mice ... High levels of ApoB are related to heart disease. Hypobetalipoproteinemia is a genetic disorder that can be caused by a ... It is well established that ApoB100 levels are associated with coronary heart disease, and are even a better predictor of it ...
His blood-alcohol level was 0.11. The legal limit in North Carolina is 0.08. Redick was released on a $1,000 bond shortly after ... On June 13, 2006, Redick was arrested and charged with driving under the influence of alcohol in Durham County, North Carolina ...
Toxicology reports have stated that Alm had a blood alcohol-level of .14, over the .10 legal limit. Lynch's blood-alcohol level ... According to the report by Joseph A. Jachimczyk, Chief Medical Examiner for Harris County, the barbiturate level was within ...
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He died of alcohol poisoning. Let It Scream (1991) Encino Man OST (1992) Takin' It To The Next Level (1993; unreleased) S'cool ...
Ator NA (2000). "Zaleplon and triazolam: drug discrimination, plasma levels, and self-administration in baboons". Drug Alcohol ... It should not be used while in pregnancy or lactation, and in patients with a history of alcohol or drug abuse, psychotic ... The combination of alcohol and zaleplon can result in fatal respiratory depression and asphyxiation from vomiting.[citation ... Neither zaleplon, nor any nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic class medication should be combined with alcohol, as both modulate GABAA ...
At the parish level a parish is called församling. A more archaic term for a parish in Swedish is socken, which was used ... alcoholic beverages are sold in Sweden by a government monopoly). This escalated to a point where its ministers even were ... Anders Wejryd, Archbishop (2012). 2011 Review and financial summary for the Church of Sweden, national level (First ed.). ...
This is what ecologists call the first trophic level. The modern forms of the major staple foods, such as hemp, teff, maize ... Most alcoholic beverages come from fermentation of carbohydrate-rich plant products such as barley (beer), rice (sake) and ... At each of these levels, a botanist may be concerned with the classification (taxonomy), phylogeny and evolution, structure ( ... Ozone depletion can expose plants to higher levels of ultraviolet radiation-B (UV-B), resulting in lower growth rates. ...
They also poured alcohol down her throat. Test results showed she had an almost fatal blood alcohol level. A local resident ... The prosecutor said in his opening statement that head trauma and her 0.35 blood alcohol level interfered with her memory of ... She stated she had never consumed alcohol previously, and that she did not drink from a bottle of brandy the men had with them ... who were drinking alcohol in a dark courtyard on campus. The female victim drank an undetermined amount of brandy by choice, ...
Alcohol is distilled at the household level. It is made out of fruits like grapes, apple, pear etc. grown locally and of barley ... Taking of alcoholic drinks in their day-to-day life and also on the ceremonial or festive occasions is quite common among them ...
... s of low alcohol levels are widely available, mostly brands imported from Sweden; carbonated soft drinks with no alcoholic ... alcoholic cider is an alcoholic fermentation of apple juice that does not contain more than 13% absolute alcohol by volume (ABV ... Malnick, Edward (29 March 2014). "Hidden levels of sugar in alcohol revealed". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 July 2014. ... The other type, alcoholic sidra, is a sparkling cider typically sold in Champagne-style bottles with an alcohol content ...
... may also lead to a rise of phenobarbitone blood levels. Alcohol must not be consumed during treatment. Vomiting, ... The addition of sulthiame to phenytoin therapy has shown to be followed by a rise in the serum levels of phenytoin. ... After discovering sultiame's ability to raise the blood levels of phenytoin, it was assumed that sultiame would only act in ...
Malnick, Edward (29 March 2014). "Hidden levels of sugar in alcohol revealed". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 July 2014. Thring, ... In March 2014, two lower-alcohol flavours were added: Bulmers Cider Five Fruit Harvest and Bulmers Cider Indian Summer, number- ...
These levels accommodate differences in fitness. An unfit individual may require a level 10 effort to walk briskly uphill, ... Limiting consumption of butter, cheese, mayonnaise, alcoholic beverages, and high fat salad dressings. ... Body for Life uses a "wave" pattern, periodically building up from level 5 to level 9 or 10 during an exercise session. This ... Weights for each set should be chosen so that the specified number of repetitions can be achieved at the specified level of ...
Poulos, C. X.; Le, A. D.; Parker, J. L. (1995). "Impulsivity predicts individual susceptibility to high levels of alcohol self ... in E. Gottheil, K. Druley, T. Skodola, H. Waxman (eds.),Etiology Aspects of Alcohol and Drug Abuse, Springfield, Ill.: Charles ... although some studies have reported that high-rate discounters are more likely to consume alcohol and cocaine than lower-rate ... Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 56 (1): 25-32. doi:10.1016/S0376-8716(99)00010-1. PMID 10462089. ...
Cowey, A., Dean, P., & Weiskrantz, L. (1998). Ettlinger at Bay: can visual agnosia be explained by low-level visual impairments ... with the one of people with damages resulting from alcohol abuse. George Ettlinger was one of the few who actively combined ... Alcohol and Alcoholism Supplement. 2: 281-9. PMID 8974348. Milner, A. D. (1998). Introduction: Comparative Neuropsychology. ...
Driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. 10 points. 10 points. Driving with a blood alcohol level beyond the set ...
Thiazides work best for renal leak hypercalciuria (high urine calcium levels), a condition in which high urinary calcium levels ... There are no conclusive data demonstrating a cause-and-effect relationship between alcoholic beverage consumption and kidney ... Serum uric acid level at or below 6 mg/100 ml) is often a therapeutic goal. Hyperuricemia is not necessary for the formation of ... The drug is also used in people with gout or hyperuricemia (high serum uric acid levels). Dosage is adjusted to maintain a ...
... refers to the bodily responses to the functional effects of ethanol in alcoholic beverages. This includes direct tolerance, speed of recovery from insobriety and resistance to the development of alcoholism. Alcohol tolerance is increased by regular drinking. This reduced sensitivity requires that higher quantities of alcohol be consumed in order to achieve the same effects as before tolerance was established. Alcohol tolerance may lead to (or be a sign of) alcohol dependency. Heavy alcohol consumption over a period of years can lead to "reverse tolerance". A liver can be damaged by chronic alcohol use, leading to a buildup of fat and scar tissue. The reduced ability of such a liver to metabolize or break down ...
Alcohol in pregnancy is the use of alcohol (also known formally as ethanol) during gestation. This also includes the time period between conception and awareness of the pregnancy. Alcohol use not only can result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), but it can result in one or many other disorders and conditions. Not all women who consume alcohol during pregnancy will have a baby with all of the features and characteristics of FASP. Alcohol use during pregnancy also can cause spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, low birthweight, and prematurity. Not all infants exposed to alcohol in utero will have defects related to the alcohol consumption. Alcohol use during pregnancy can also result in the inability to ...
... deals with the effects of the consumption of alcohol on sexual behavior. The effects of alcohol are balanced between its suppressive effects on sexual physiology, which will decrease sexual activity, and its suppression of psychological inhibitions, which may increase the desire for sex. Alcohol is a depressant. After consumption, alcohol causes the body's systems to slow down. Often, feelings of drunkenness are associated with elation and happiness but other feelings of anger or depression can arise. Balance, judgment, and coordination are also negatively affected. One of the most significant short term side effects of alcohol is reduced inhibition. Reduced inhibitions can lead to an increase in sexual behavior. Men's sexual behaviors can be affected dramatically by alcohol. Both chronic and acute ...
The short-term effects of alcohol (also known formally as ethanol) consumption-due to drinking beer, wine, distilled spirits or other alcoholic beverages-range from a decrease in anxiety and motor skills and euphoria at lower doses to intoxication (drunkenness), stupor, unconsciousness, anterograde amnesia (memory "blackouts"), and central nervous system depression at higher doses. Cell membranes are highly permeable to alcohol, so once alcohol is in the bloodstream it can diffuse into nearly every cell in the body. The concentration of alcohol in blood is measured via blood alcohol content (BAC). The amount and circumstances of consumption play a large part in determining the extent of intoxication; for example, eating a heavy meal before alcohol consumption causes ...
Wine, beer, distilled spirits and other alcoholic drinks contain ethyl alcohol and alcohol consumption has short-term psychological and physiological effects on the user. Different concentrations of alcohol in the human body have different effects on a person. The effects of alcohol depend on the amount an individual has drunk, the percentage of alcohol in the wine, beer or spirits and the timespan that the consumption took place, the amount of food eaten and whether an individual has taken other prescription, over-the-counter or street drugs, among other factors. Alcohol in carbonated drinks is absorbed faster than alcohol in non-carbonated drinks.. Drinking enough to cause a blood alcohol concentration ...
The alcohol laws of the United States regarding minimum age for purchase have changed over time. In colonial America, generally speaking, there were no drinking ages, and alcohol consumption by young teenagers was common, even in taverns. In post-Revolutionary America, such laxity gradually changed due to religious sentiments (as embodied in the temperance movement) and a growing recognition in the medical community about the dangers of alcohol. The more modern history is given in the table below. Unless otherwise noted, if different alcohol categories have different minimum purchase ages, the age listed below is set at the lowest age given (e.g. if the purchase age is 18 for beer and 21 for wine or spirits, as was the case in several states, the age in the table will read as "18", not "21"). In addition, the purchase age is not necessarily the same as the minimum age ...
There is no global consensus on recommended maximum intake (or safe limits) of the drug alcohol (also known formally as ethanol). The guidelines provided by health agencies of governments are varied and are shown below. These recommendations concerning maximum intake are distinct from any legal restrictions (e.g. driving after consuming alcohol) that may apply in those countries. The American Heart Association recommends that those who do not already consume alcoholic beverages should not start doing so because of the negative long-term effects of alcohol consumption. The recommended limits for daily or weekly consumption provided in the various countries' guidelines generally apply to the average healthy adult. However, many guidelines also set out numerous conditions under which alcohol intake should be further restricted or eliminated. ...
Finland has a history of more effective public health interventions than most countries have been able to achieve. The total annual alcohol consumption has risen from 7.6 litres (in 1985) to 10.0 litres of 100% alcohol equivalent per capita in 2010. There has been a small reduction in alcohol consumption in the recent years. Alcohol use is highest in the Northern Finland with 10,9 liters and lowest at the Åland Islands with 5,7 liters per person. Although the consumption is average to other western countries, binge drinking with especially teenagers and becoming intoxicated has remained as a characteristic of Finnish drinking habits. Finland has a national alcohol programme to reduce the long-term effects of alcohol. The World Health Organization has published a list of countries by ...
... " is the fourteenth episode of the second season of the television series Glee, and the thirty-sixth overall. The episode was written by Ian Brennan, directed by Eric Stoltz and first aired in the United States on Fox on February 22, 2011. This episode mainly centers on the issues of underage drinking, as the students of McKinley High School are coming drunk to school in increasing numbers. Principal Figgins (Iqbal Theba) plans an assembly to warn the students about the dangers on underage drinking, and asks glee club director Will Schuester (Matthew Morrison) to have his students perform a song that send positive messages about avoiding alcohol. Rachel Berry (Lea Michele) throws a party for the glee club students where almost everyone gets drunk; the partygoers wake up to hangovers, and must perform various songs about alcohol while still under the influence. The assembly ends abruptly when a song that seems to glorify ...
... , or heavy episodic drinking, is a modern epithet for drinking alcoholic beverages with an intention of becoming intoxicated by heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time. Binge drinking is a style of drinking that is popular in several countries worldwide, and overlaps somewhat with social drinking since it is often done in groups. The degree of intoxication, however, varies between and within various cultures that engage in this practice. A binge on alcohol can occur over hours, last up to several days, or in the event of extended abuse, even weeks. Due to the long-term effects of alcohol misuse, binge drinking is considered to be a major public health issue. Binge drinking is associated with a profound social harm, economic costs as well as increased disease burden. Binge drinking is more common in males, during adolescence and young adulthood. Heavy ...
In chemistry, alcohol is a general term which refers to many organic compounds used in industry and science as reagents, solvents, and fuels. Alcohols are carbohydrates which are made of an alkyl group with one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups bound to its carbon atoms. Alcohol is colorless, and also transparent. ...
... is a braid term fir proablems wae alcohol, an generally is uist tae mean compulsive an uncontrollable consumpt o alcoholic drink, mair awften than no tae the detriment o the drinker's ane weel bein, persoanl relationships, an social staundin. It is medically considert tae be an ailment, specifically an addictive illness, an in psychiatry sevral ither terms ir uised an aa, specifically "alcohol abuse" an "alcohol dependence," which differ in lik bi definition. In 1979 an expert Wurld Healt Organization committee discurit the uiss o "alcoholism" in medicine, preferrin the category o "alcohol dependence syndrome". In the 19t an early 20t centuries, alcohol dependence in general wis cawd dipsomania, but noo that term haes a mair specific meanin. Fouk ailin frae ...
Most states decided on the age 21 after prohibition, but the 26th amendment allowed individuals 18 and older to vote and serve in Vietnam, so several states lowered the drinking age as well. However, President Ronald Reagan, who was influenced by groups such as Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) and Remove Intoxicated Drivers (RID), decided to federally enforce a 21+ drinking age by signing the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984. He believed that doing so would decrease the number of accidents related to drunk driving, because he said that states with a drinking age of 21+ did not have as many drunk driving accidents. Reagan said that although he wished states would create their own legislation to increase the drinking age, a federal law had to be implemented to avoid blood borders, or teenagers driving to the nearest state with a lower drinking age.  Reagan threatened states with withholding 5% of federal funding for highways if they did not comply with increasing the drinking ...
The lifetime prevalence of other substance-induced psychoses in Finland is low,15 reflecting the low levels of illegal drug use ... Alcohol-induced psychotic syndrome in alcohol dependence. The lifetime prevalence of AIPS among participants who were alcohol- ... 11 In alcohol treatment settings, 2-7% of patients with alcohol dependence had alcohol hallucinosis,8,9 5-11% delirium tremens, ... Alcohol has a central role in substance use disorders,1 and alcohol use disorders are associated with a considerable burden in ...
CONCLUSIONS:CAPE has the effect of anti-hepatic fibrosis, which can be realized through adjusting the expression level of iNOS ... RESULTS:Compared with the model group, the expression of NO and iNOS was decreased obviously and the level of H2S and CSE was ... Phenylethyl Alcohol - chemistry, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley ... which can be realized through adjusting the expression level of ... RESULTS: Compared with the model group, the expression of NO and iNOS was decreased obviously and the level of H2S and CSE was ...
Definition of Alcoholic cardiomyopathy, symptoms of Alcoholic cardiomyopathy, treatment of Alcoholic cardiomyopathy, and ... prevention of Alcoholic cardiomyopathy. Exams and Tests Alcoholic cardiomyopathy. ... Eventually, nutritional problems involving thiamine, phosphorus, potassium, or magnesium levels may require treatment. ... Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a consequence of years of excessive alcohol use. Do not use alcohol in excess. If you drink heavily ...
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States should reduce the level of blood-alcohol qualifying as drunken driving to .05%, in an effort to reduce fatal crashes, ... Make DUI limit 0.05% blood-alcohol level, NTSB says. States should reduce the level of blood-alcohol qualifying as drunken ... Make DUI limit 0.05% blood-alcohol level, NTSB says States should reduce the level of blood-alcohol qualifying as drunken ... Make DUI limit 0.05% blood-alcohol level, NTSB says. Bart Jansen, USA TODAY Published 12:01 p.m. ET May 14, 2013 , Updated 1:48 ...
Level of excess drinking of alcohol is underes... Level of excess drinking of alcohol is underestimated. 27 February 2013 ...
Good hydrations: Is there a safe level of alcohol?. For many of us its an essential social and creative lubricant - yet its ... Booze is bad. But what about the steady trickle of findings that suggest, in moderate amounts, it may have some benefits? There ... Alcohol plays a central role in socialising in many cultures, especially at this time of year. In December, consumption is 41 ... Each year, alcohol-related crime costs the UK a whopping £11 billion, and the countrys National Health Service spends £3.5 ...
A study of alcohol use and its effects on health in 195 countries during 1990-2016 concludes that there is no safe level of ... A comprehensive worldwide study of alcohol use and its impact on health concludes that the safest level of consumption is zero. ... The Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 has calculated levels of alcohol use and its effects on health during 1990-2016 in 195 ... Alcohol may prime the brain for Alzheimers, but how?. A recent study reveals how alcohol may put the brain at risk by ...
The highest level offender is considered to have a blood alcohol level of .16 and higher. ... Ryan Dunns blood alcohol level was well over the legal limit, according to West Goshen, Pa., police who released the results ... Toxicology results to help determine the role alcohol might have played in the crash will not be released for 4 to 6 weeks, ... In 2003, the state lowered the limit from .10 to .08 and created three levels of DUI. ...
Hospital tests found a "highly elevated" blood alcohol level in the body of a Louisiana State University student whose death ... The lengthy report also digs deep into the scandal and gives a rare look at the inner workings of the highest level of ... Alexander said police are investigating allegations that alcohol was a factor in Gruvers death, and that he wasnt aware of ...
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 Jun 1;175:219-226. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.02.011. Epub 2017 Apr 13. ... Area-level disadvantage and alcohol use disorder in northern Mexico.. Orozco R1, Benjet C2, Ruiz Velasco-Acosta S3, Moreno ... Future studies of alcohol use in this geographic area should consider effects of contextual determinants such as disadvantage. ... Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 Jun 1;175:219-226. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.02.011. Epub 2017 Apr 13. ...
Use online BAC calculator to estimate your BAC level.The basic formula for estimating a persons blood alcohol concentration ... A persons blood-alcohol level is the result of a complex interaction of weight, gender, alcohol consumed, and time. ... However, many variables can affect how quickly alcohol enters your blood, raising your blood-alcohol level. One drink in a ... BAC Level. Effects from Alcohol. 0.02 - 0.03 BAC. No loss of coordination, slight euphoria and loss of shyness. Mildly relaxed ...
These resources provide information needed to estimate blood alcohol level, including variables like gender,weight, and amount ... Blood Alcohol Level and BAC Calculator Info. How Alcohol Works. The effects on the body of alcohol vary from person to person. ... Blood Alcohol Level Charts. Online Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) chart.. Online BAC Calculator and Information. A quick-and ... and extensive information concerning the effects of different levels of alcohol on the individual. ...
... old baby girl Sapphire died with an alcohol level in her tiny body which was more than six times the legal blood alcohol limit ... Pathologist Dr Simon Stables carried out a post-mortem examination which revealed the high level of alcohol in Sapphires heart ... He said the alcohol findings were difficult to explain as no alcohol was found in the stomach. ... However, she said: The main advice, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, is not to consume alcohol because alcohol passes ...
... Summary. The determination of blood ethanol concentration in a deceased pilot is an ... Comparison of levels of these three specimens is probably the ideal means of interpreting blood alcohol concentrations. If none ... The finding of an elevated blood alcohol level in such a case may have significant implications, both medico-legal and social. ... It is known that micro-organisms involved in the process of putrefaction after death can produce alcohol, usually a mixture of ...
Drinking a glass or two of alcohol daily raises peoples good blood cholesterol levels, but numerous medical organizations do ... Details of Alcohol/HDL Studies. The studies linking alcohol to better HDL cholesterol levels show that wine, beer and liquor ( ... Some studies show that alcohol increases HDL-2 and HDL-3 levels, but other studies show that only HDL-3 levels increase, ... Drinking a glass or two of alcohol daily raises peoples good blood cholesterol levels, but numerous medical organizations do ...
Its used to see if youve been drinking more than the legal alcohol limit. You may also be tested if youre suspected of ... A blood alcohol test measures the level of alcohol in your blood. ... What is a blood alcohol test?. A blood alcohol test measures the level of Alcohol in your blood. Most people are more familiar ... Have alcohol poisoning, a life-threatening condition that happens when your blood alcohol level gets very high. Alcohol ...
... "The liver is evil and we must punish it!" This is the motto these following ...
Does drinking alcohol affect the lithium levels? Im in no means an alcoholic because I have never even tried alcohol but I ... Does drinking alcohol affect the lithium levels? Im in no means an alcoholic because I have never even tried alcohol but I ... Does drinking alcohol affect the lithium levels? Im in no means an alcoholic because I have never even tried alcohol but I ... ALCOHOL IS A DEPRESSANT. ALCOHOL IS A BLOOD THINNER. ALCOHOL HAS MOOD ALTERING PROPERTIES. ALCOHOL WITHOUT PRESCRIPTIONS CAN BE ...
... a driver can test his blood alcohol level with new apps that not only give a reading but can call a cab. ... and can estimate when a users blood alcohol level will return to zero. Users can also share their blood alcohol levels through ... "Just checking blood alcohol levels can help you be more aware of your body. If you blow 0.02 percent or 0.04 percent you might ... TORONTO (Reuters) - Before getting behind the wheel after a night out, a driver can test his blood alcohol level with new apps ...
Elevated Blood Lead Levels Associated with Illicitly Distilled Alcohol -- Alabama, 1990-1991 The use of automobile radiators ... Occupational lead poisoning in the United States: clinical and biochemical findings related to blood lead levels. Br J Ind Med ... From March 5 through October 26, 1991, eight persons were diagnosed with elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) at a local hospital ... Reported by: T Dix, S Walker, MD, Crenshaw County Hospital, Luverne; D Cosby, Alabama Alcohol Beverage Control, Andalusia; CH ...
Vineyard practices and climate change have yielded wines with high alcohol levels that used to be seen only in New World ... In the rare case that a wine has enough fruit richness and fresh acidity to support such high levels of alcohol, I dont take ... Vineyard practices and climate change have yielded wines with high alcohol levels that used to be seen only in New World ... Growers have other options to cap alcohol levels, including managing the leaf canopy to protect grapes from the sun, reducing ...
Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000 Mar;24(3):259-64. Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt; Research Support, U.S. Govt, Non-P.H.S.; ... Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000 Mar;24(3):259-64.. Effect of chronic alcohol consumption on total plasma homocysteine level in rats. ... Alcohol-fed rats also had a significantly lower hepatic S-adenosylmethionine and higher hepatic S-adenosylhomocysteine levels. ... Chronic alcohol consumption produces hyperhomocysteinemia by a mechanism that is related to interference with one-carbon ...
A South Dakota woman who prosecutors say had a blood-alcohol level almost nine times the legal driving limit has pleaded guilty ... with a blood alcohol level at 0.708. The legal limit in South Dakota is 0.08. Officials have said Engles blood alcohol level ... Woman with .708 blood-alcohol level pleads guilty. Wednesday. Jan 20, 2010 at 12:01 AM Jan 20, 2010 at 2:00 PM ... STURGIS, S.D. (AP) -- A South Dakota woman who prosecutors say had a blood-alcohol level almost nine times the legal driving ...
The study, published Wednesday in Advances of Pediatric Research, found that the risk of damage to a fetus from alcohol isnt ... A new study by University of Washington Medicine found there is no safe level of alcohol consumption by women who are pregnant ... SEATTLE -- A new study by University of Washington Medicine found there is no safe level of alcohol consumption by women who ... "Given that, the only safe level of alcohol consumption for a mother during pregnancy is none at all.". ...
HepaticResearchersReducing alcohol consumptionChronic alcoholDrinking2017Consumption of alcoholMultiancestry Genome-WideCholesterol LevelsEstimateDrinkLegal limitAssociated with alcohol consumptionLight to moderateAmounts of alcoholBloodstreamAcute alcohol intoBreathalyzerHeavy alcoholExcessive alcohol consumptionMETHODSDrunkLiverPredictorsEffectsModerate alcohol consumptionPeople'sDrankAmountDetectsEffectWinesHand sanitizerCoronerAffectsReactsInfluence of alcoholAssociation between alcoholIncreasesModerationBreath alcoholFindingsHigh levels of alcoholSafe levels of alcoholIllicit
- Researchers looked at 48 pairs of twins, over a 26-year period who were exposed to the same amount of alcohol during pregnancy. (komonews.com)
- The researchers developed the Alcohol Policy Scale (APS) in 2014, consulting with experts who nominated and rated the efficacy of 29 state-level alcohol policies with enough consistent data for study. (news-medical.net)
- In their paper, the researchers provide examples for how Utah could strengthen its alcohol policy environment, including increasing its beer tax and its state-owned liquor store prices, and increasing the number of police officers assigned to alcohol enforcement. (news-medical.net)
- Alcohol is associated with 2.8 million deaths worldwide each year, the researchers found in the study, which is published in the journal The Lancet . (cbsnews.com)
- The researchers note that previous studies looking at the health benefits of alcohol have numerous limitations. (cbsnews.com)
- However, researchers in the past have obtained mixed results and it is only now becoming clear that the effect of alcohol on insulin may depend on the presence or absence of food. (eurekalert.org)
- If alcohol does indeed activate the glyoxylate cycle in the human liver, then this could offer an explanation for alcohol-related fatty liver, thiamine deficiency, alteration in energy metabolism under fasting conditions, and lack of appetite for carbohydrates [that are] found in alcoholics, the reasons for which have baffled researchers for years. (eurekalert.org)
- In an analysis of the epigenomes of people and mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and the National Institutes of Health report that drinking alcohol may induce changes to a cholesterol-regulating gene. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- In a report on the study, published Aug. 29 in Molecular Psychiatry , the researchers caution that their analysis looked at and found only associations between alcohol consumption and epigenetic changes, not cause-and-effect, and that more studies are needed to demonstrate any direct link. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- For their study, the researchers sought to measure how environment, in this case alcohol use, might lead to changes in which genes are expressed - turned on or off - when alcohol is consumed. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- The researchers then looked at DNA from blood samples from a different NIAAA study, which enrolled people seeking treatment for alcohol dependence, and measured their PCSK9 levels. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- The researchers found the higher the methylation at the PCSK9 gene, the higher the PCSK9 level in blood. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- In another set of experiments, the researchers fed mice alcohol in their diets for 10 days along with a single-binge feeding - which is similar to what we see in people with alcohol use disorder - and compared their epigenetic profiles to mice not fed alcohol. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- When they studied the brains of animals exposed to high levels of alcohol over a long period of time, the researchers observed high levels of a molecular marker for inflammation, particularly in cells called astrocytes which are key regulators of the glymphatic system. (eurekalert.org)
- Researchers examined how acute alcohol ingestion affected testosterone levels after resistance exercise. (anabolicminds.com)
- Hold on, though, before you head to the nearest bar afer working out: Researchers suspect that alcohol actually destroys receptors that testosterone can attach itself to, which is why the concentration of testosterone in the blood rises. (anabolicminds.com)
- Researchers are interested in finding ways to make alcohol and petroleum diesel mix. (breakfornews.com)
- Now, UC San Diego researchers have developed an alcohol sensor that's wearable, portable and could accurately monitor alcohol level in sweat within 15 minutes. (ucsd.edu)
- The sensor might help scientists develop drugs to treat alcohol addiction, the researchers say. (acs.org)
- Just before [Pre], just after [IP] and up to 300 minutes after finishing the workout the researchers measured the testosterone level of their subjects and saw that they rose more after they had given the subjects alcohol. (ergo-log.com)
- According to researchers, the findings can be attributed to how alcohol affects two types of memory. (promises.com)
- But now researchers at the University of California in San Diego have developed a tattoo that analyses your sweat to determine the amount of alcohol in your bloodstream. (technetics.com.au)
- In what could pave the way for new pharmaceutical drugs and therapeutic options that reverse the alterations produced by alcohol, researchers have identified, for the first time, the damages caused by chronic excessive abuse of alcohol to the brain at a molecular level. (jagran.com)
- During the study, researchers from the University of the Basque Country in Spain and University of Nottingham in Britain analyzed the postmortem brains of 20 people diagnosed with alcohol abuse/dependence, alongside brains of 20 non-alcoholics. (jagran.com)
- Some researchers have found an association between blood alcohol concentration and increased serum cortisol concentration [ 10 - 12 ], although others have not [ 13 ]. (omicsonline.org)
- In these, researchers plot all the results from a study on a graph - in this case for women drinking a certain amount of alcohol (dose), what proportion developed breast cancer (risk) - and find an equation that best describes how the two things are related. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Using mice, researchers found low levels of alcohol consumption is associated with less brain inflammation and a more effective glymphatic system. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Led by Amy Lasek, assistant professor of psychiatry in the UIC College of Medicine, researchers found that neurons in a region of the brain called the ventral tegmental area, or VTA (also known as the "reward center"), fired most rapidly in response to alcohol when their estrogen levels were high. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Most researchers now believe that the most important ingredient is the alcohol itself. (wikipedia.org)
- Effect of chronic alcohol consumption on total plasma homocysteine level in rats. (nih.gov)
- Chronic alcohol consumption produces hyperhomocysteinemia by a mechanism that is related to interference with one-carbon metabolism, and not through vitamin depletion. (nih.gov)
- Small amounts of alcohol are well known to be seemingly protective against heart disease in some studies, whereas heavy, chronic alcohol use can have detrimental effects on the liver as well as on the cardiovascular system," says Zachary Kaminsky, Ph.D., assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- The new study, which was conducted in mice, looked at the impact of both acute and chronic alcohol exposure. (eurekalert.org)
- Marked strain dependent differences in basic levels of somatostatin and genotypic variations in reactivity of this neuropeptide to aging processes and chronic alcohol exposure were demonstrated. (springer.com)
- Moreover, only the Balb/c strain reacts to chronic alcohol exposure, showing a significant increase in somatostatin levels in those structures affected by the aging process. (springer.com)
- The consequences of chronic alcohol abuse on gait and balance are well known, but the effects of moderate consumption on gait parameters still received little attention. (hindawi.com)
- Heavy chronic alcohol use can result in a down-regulation of ɤ-aminobutyric (GABA) receptor activity, dysregulation of glutamatergic neurotransmission and disinhibition of the reward pathway. (frontiersin.org)
- A new study finds that drinking no alcohol at all is best for health. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- She and her colleagues conclude that the "safest level of drinking is none. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Average levels of drinking were revealed to be the highest in Romania for men (8.2 drinks per day) and in Ukraine for women (4.2 drinks per day). (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The calculator makes certain assumptions, such as drinking alcohol on an empty stomach. (insure.com)
- However one of the possibilities for such high levels was due to Sapphire drinking breast milk. (northernstar.com.au)
- Drinking a glass or two of alcohol daily raises people's good blood cholesterol levels, but numerous medical organizations do not recommend consuming liquor because it can lead to heavy drinking, which can ultimately have a negative impact on health. (livestrong.com)
- Controlling Cholesterol" reports that studies by Harvard (Mass.) Medical School, the Veterans Administration, Albany (N.Y.) Medical College and health-related groups in England and New Zealand show that drinking a moderate amount of alcohol every day increases the level of protective HDL cholesterol. (livestrong.com)
- Moderate drinking is considered one or two drinks daily for men, only one for women because their bodies produce less gastric alcohol dehydrogenase, an enzyme that breaks down alcohol. (livestrong.com)
- According to "Dr. Dean Ornish's Program for Reversing Heart Disease," moderate drinking has a "toxic effect on the muscle of heart" and causes an irregular heartbeat condition called alcohol cardiomyopathy. (livestrong.com)
- If you are drinking faster than your liver can process the alcohol, you may feel the effects of drunkenness, also called intoxication. (medlineplus.gov)
- The effects of alcohol can vary from person to person, depending on a variety of factors such as age, weight, gender, and how much food you ate before drinking. (medlineplus.gov)
- The legal alcohol limit for drinking in public varies from state to state. (medlineplus.gov)
- Teens and young adults are at higher risk for binge drinking, which can cause alcohol poisoning. (medlineplus.gov)
- Binge drinking is a pattern of drinking that raises the blood alcohol level within a short period of time. (medlineplus.gov)
- Young children may get alcohol poisoning from drinking household products that contain alcohol, such as mouthwash, hand sanitizer, and certain cold medicines. (medlineplus.gov)
- Does drinking alcohol affect the lithium levels? (medhelp.org)
- The app also tracks a user's drinking habits in a graph, and can estimate when a user's blood alcohol level will return to zero. (reuters.com)
- When it comes to cholesterol, drinking alcohol is a matter of balance. (livestrong.com)
- On the one hand, drinking moderate amounts of alcohol have been shown to improve 'good' cholesterol levels and have been linked with reduced incidence of heart disease. (livestrong.com)
- On the other hand, drinking too much alcohol can have a negative effect on blood lipid profiles and ultimately, on heart health. (livestrong.com)
- Based on current evidence, it is suspected that if moderate alcohol drinking raises HDL, then it may decrease the risk of a heart attack. (livestrong.com)
- One scientific study published in 2001 in the 'American Journal of Clinical Nutrition' explained that drinking may lower LDL, but that genetic factors may also contribute to the way that alcohol consumption affects LDL levels. (livestrong.com)
- Does Drinking Alcohol Slow Your Metabolism? (livestrong.com)
- While some medical studies - and a great deal of media attention - have focused on possible health benefits of drinking alcohol in moderation, a large new report warns that the harms of alcohol greatly outweigh any potential beneficial effects. (cbsnews.com)
- Regular alcohol consumption can have negative impacts on the body's organs and tissues, while binge drinking can lead to injuries or alcohol poisoning. (cbsnews.com)
- For the study, the authors reviewed data from 694 studies to estimate how common drinking alcohol is worldwide. (cbsnews.com)
- Among the many findings, the research showed that drinking alcohol was the seventh leading risk factor for premature death and disease in 2016. (cbsnews.com)
- The new study aims to correct these limitations by combining alcohol sales data with the prevalence of alcohol drinking and abstinence, self-reported data on the amount of alcohol consumed, tourism data to estimate the number of alcohol-drinking visitors to an area, and estimates of illicit trade and home brewing. (cbsnews.com)
- New research shows that drinking a moderate amount of white wine on its own after a meal can cause levels of insulin to drop almost immediately. (eurekalert.org)
- We know that drinking alcohol can affect the body's production of insulin," said Kokavec. (eurekalert.org)
- Our results showed that drinking a moderate amount of white wine on its own after a meal can cause the level of insulin to drop almost immediately," said Kokavec. (eurekalert.org)
- While excessive consumption of alcohol is a well-documented health hazard, many studies have linked lower levels of drinking with a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases as well as a number of cancers. (eurekalert.org)
- As a development in this understanding may prove useful for global health organizations aiming to tackle the problems associated with excessive drinking, our aim was to investigate the association between encultured alcohol consumption and Cultural Value Orientations. (frontiersin.org)
- What's more, you can also track your own drinking pattern and estimate your blood alcohol level on the app. (androidheadlines.com)
- Strength training cannot delay the breakdown of androgen receptors that occurs as a result of drinking alcohol. (ergo-log.com)
- In contrast hazardous drinking was associated with markedly raised ApoA1 and HDL cholesterol levels, but had little impact on levels of ApoB and LDL cholesterol. (springer.com)
- These findings suggest that the association of heavy drinking with increased risk of cardiovascular disease may be partly due to alcohol-induced non-atherosclerotic damage to the myocardium. (springer.com)
- Drinking alcohol will affect blood sugars. (healthtap.com)
- Does drinking alcohol affect your blood pressure? (healthtap.com)
- Much policy debate and media coverage is concerned with a culture that normalises extreme levels of consumption, drunkenness and the negative effect of excessive binge drinking on future health. (genre.com)
- The focus on "sensible" levels assumes that comprehension of the amounts will reduce irresponsible consumption, yet there seems little evidence that such population-wide interventions actually work to reduce harmful levels of drinking. (genre.com)
- Underwriters encounter subtle difficulties identifying at-risk individuals who remain secretive about their uncontrolled drinking or consumption of alcohol in excess of recommended levels. (genre.com)
- Such factors that need to be accounted for include the hours of sleep an indiviudual has had the night before, whether they are on any medications, if they are ill or suffer from certain ailments, if a person ate, and if so, how much and how long ago, and whether the person was drinking other fluids in addition to the alcohol. (avvo.com)
- The equasion for estimating an individual's rate of alcohol elimination and burn off (Alcohol Metabolism Rate) is as follows: BAL (at xx minutes after drinking) = BAL - Alcohol destroyed after xx minutes). (avvo.com)
- Our data provide preliminary evidence that the effect of baclofen may be mediated by increased parietal concentrations of the antioxidant GSH and NAA in recently drinking alcohol dependent patients. (frontiersin.org)
- GSH/Cr levels were also predictive of improved drinking outcomes in the trial and suggests a role for neural oxidative stress in alcohol use disorder. (frontiersin.org)
- But there's still been a question about the size of the risk for women drinking smaller amounts of alcohol - and different studies have given slightly different answers. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- If we multiply this figure by 5 per cent (the increase due to low level drinking), we get 11.7 per cent . (cancerresearchuk.org)
- The atypical genotypes of low K m aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) have higher blood concentrations of free acetaldehyde after drinking alcohol. (aacrjournals.org)
- We measured levels of acetaldehyde reversibly bound to hemoglobin (HbAA) after drinking 0.4 ml/kg ethanol using fluorigenic high performance liquid chromatography method in volunteers with the two major ALDH2 genotypes. (aacrjournals.org)
- In summary, we demonstrated for the first time a significant difference in the increase of HbAA levels after drinking alcohol, depending on the ALDH2 genotype. (aacrjournals.org)
- 5. Drinking time: The longer you take to consume each drink, and the longer you wait between drinks, the less effect they will have, because your body begins to metabolize the alcohol. (preventdisease.com)
- Consumption of food while drinking alcohol has been suggested to play important roles in alleviating the physiological and pharmacological influences of alcohol. (scirp.org)
- In a randomized, controlled, crossover study with12 Japanese healthy men aged between 24 and 56 years, drinking tomato juice containing 5% (v/v) alcohol (TJAlc) significantly attenuated the elevation of blood ethanol level and subsequently increased the level of acetate compared with a water-based alcoholic beverage with an equal dose of alcohol (0.4 g/kg body weight). (scirp.org)
- Additionally, a biphasic alcohol effects scale method showed that subjective feelings for alcohol-induced stimulant effects were significantly enhanced by drinking TJAlc. (scirp.org)
- Despite of a lack of scientific evidence on the beneficial effects of food consumption with alcohol, certain foods have traditionally been consumed while drinking alcohol, a practice that can be observed in many cultures throughout the world. (scirp.org)
- Tomato is believed to contribute to human health because of its various nutrients and phytochemicals such as vitamins, minerals, fibers, and the carotenoid lycopene - , but the reason why tomato has been preferably consumed while drinking alcohol remains unclear. (scirp.org)
- As I'm writing this I'm drinking a Pinot Noir from California (Jamie Kutch's Signal Ridge Vineyard, Mendocino Ridge), that's just 12% alcohol, and tastes beautifully ripe. (wineanorak.com)
- Don't forget: breath alcohol levels continue to rise after you stop drinking! (sciblogs.co.nz)
- 1. Drinking alcohol after eating slows down alcohol absorption. (sciblogs.co.nz)
- It is all well and good to say that a person had a meal when they were drinking - but if they drank any alcohol at all prior to eating (and assuming they hadn't eaten in the few hours beforehand) then that alcohol consumed on an empty stomach will absorb quicker than the alcohol consumed after the meal is started. (sciblogs.co.nz)
- Net result: the person will feel the effects of those pre-dinner drinks quicker than if they had waited until after they had started eating before they started drinking alcohol. (sciblogs.co.nz)
- 2. As with many of these media demonstrations of alcohol consumption and breath testing, the Campbell Live demonstration showed people drinking and then testing themselves within minutes. (sciblogs.co.nz)
- What that means in real life is that a person's blood and breath alcohol levels continue to rise in the time after they stopped drinking - which may be the time they are driving. (sciblogs.co.nz)
- Strength training can not delay the breakdown of androgen receptors that occurs as a result of drinking alcohol. (ironmagazineforums.com)
- Dr Tony Rao, lead author from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London said: "As the Baby Boomer generation become seniors, they represent an ever increasing population of older people drinking at levels that pose a risk to their health. (rehacare.com)
- The median alcohol consumption was 6 units per week for all over-65s who reported drinking. (rehacare.com)
- People of White ethnicity were 59 percent of the study population, but were 68% of those who reported drinking alcohol and 80 percent of the unsafe drinkers. (rehacare.com)
- Therefore, some physicians have suggested that patients be informed of the potential health benefits of drinking alcohol in moderation, especially if they abstain and alcohol is not contraindicated. (wikipedia.org)
- A report on the inquest into the baby's death on January 2, 2017, in Ahipara in New Zeland, has been released today with Coroner Debra Bell stressing the importance that breastfeeding mothers should not consume alcohol at any stage. (northernstar.com.au)
- The D02.J Ballot passed all levels of ASTM technical scrutiny: ASTM D02.J subcommittee (8 November 2017), ASTM D02 Main committee on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants (18 March 2018) and ASTM General Society Review (1 April 2018). (greencarcongress.com)
- Further restricting the moderate consumption of alcohol by responsible adults prior to driving does nothing to stop hard-core drunk drivers from getting behind the wheel. (usatoday.com)
- Ms Tua accepts the alcohol in Sapphire's blood must have come from her consumption of alcohol. (northernstar.com.au)
- It appears that low consumption of alcohol rather than something intrinsic in alcohol or other drugs is related to low levels of total cholesterol in persons consuming a high cholesterol-containing diet. (jaoa.org)
- But, consumption of alcohol also causes drunkenness and this practice is Socially condemned. (topperlearning.com)
- The risk of cardiovascular disease increases when total cholesterol and bad (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol levels increase and good (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol levels decrease, according to "Controlling Cholesterol. (livestrong.com)
- The studies linking alcohol to better HDL cholesterol levels show that wine, beer and liquor (gin, rum, vodka and whiskey) all have the same effect. (livestrong.com)
- In the Veterans Administration study, 630 calories of alcohol daily increased HDL cholesterol levels from an average of 34.8 mg per dL to 40.2 mg per dL. (livestrong.com)
- The impact of raising HDL cholesterol levels is uncertain, according to "Controlling Cholesterol" and "The 8-Week Cholesterol Cure. (livestrong.com)
- Does Alcohol Raise Cholesterol Levels? (livestrong.com)
- An uncontrolled, retrospective study of 58 consecutive patients admitted to a hospital substance abuse unit assessed the effects of alcohol consumption on cholesterol levels. (jaoa.org)
- The author also suggests that an unexplained relationship between low cholesterol levels and some gastrointestinal malignancies may be due to the effects of alcohol on the gastrointestinal tract. (jaoa.org)
- To estimate global alcohol consumption, they used data from 694 studies and then used another 592 studies covering 28 million people to examine impact on health. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Using BAC Calculator how can I estimate my Blood Alcohol Content? (insure.com)
- In an accompanying editorial, Dr. Robyn Burton of King's College London calls the research "the most comprehensive estimate of the global burden of alcohol use to date. (cbsnews.com)
- Objective To estimate the impact of achieving alternative average population alcohol consumption levels on chronic disease mortality in England. (bmj.com)
- Design A macro-simulation model was built to simultaneously estimate the number of deaths from coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertensive disease, diabetes, liver cirrhosis, epilepsy and five cancers that would be averted or delayed annually as a result of changes in alcohol consumption among English adults. (bmj.com)
- The average woman reaches 0.05% blood-alcohol content after one drink, according to the institute. (usatoday.com)
- The results revealed that 32.5 percent of people worldwide drink alcohol. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The study defines a standard alcoholic drink as one that contains 10 grams of "pure ethyl alcohol. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- These state that a standard drink has around " 14 grams of pure alcohol . (medicalnewstoday.com)
- At population level, this means that the number of individuals developing or experiencing 1 of the 23 problems over the course of a year is 918 out of every 100,000 for those who drink one alcoholic beverage per day, compared with 914 out of every 100,000 for those who don't drink. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Each drink in this calculation assumes a volume of .54 ounces of alcohol (one shot of distilled spirits, a glass of wine, or 12 ounces of beer). (insure.com)
- One drink in a small female makes for a higher BAC than in a large male, so it may take more drinks to equal the same BAC, but the metabolic rate to burn off the alcohol is the same for each. (insure.com)
- The body (regardless of gender or size) metabolizes alcohol at a rate of .016 blood alcohol content per hour - or about 1 standard drink per hour. (insure.com)
- Your blood alcohol level is affected by a number of factors including your age, weight, gender, time of day, physical condition, food consumed prior to taking a drink, other drugs or medication taken, and your tolerance level. (insure.com)
- If you eat while you drink, the alcohol is absorbed more slowly into your bloodstream. (insure.com)
- Unfortunately, her mother chose to drink a large quantity of alcohol and subsequently at a later stage chose to breastfeed her,' Bell said. (northernstar.com.au)
- It also increases breast cancer risks by 18 to 45 percent in women who drink three to six glasses of alcohol daily, reports the Mayo Clinic. (livestrong.com)
- A blood alcohol test is only accurate within 6-12 hours after your last drink. (medlineplus.gov)
- He added, "Although the health risks associated with alcohol starts off being small with one drink a day, they then rise rapidly as people drink more. (cbsnews.com)
- Across the globe, one in three people drink alcohol, equivalent to 2.4 billion people, according to the report. (cbsnews.com)
- The findings suggest that these changes to the gene, known as PCSK9, may explain at least some of the differences in how cholesterol is processed in people who drink alcohol, or may affect those taking a relatively new class of PCSK9 cholesterol-lowering drugs designed to reduce LDL cholesterol, commonly known as bad cholesterol. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Ten minutes after completing their last set, they were given either a placebo or 1.09g alcohol per kg of body weight that s about 10g (.35 oz) of alcohol per drink. (anabolicminds.com)
- Having an occasional drink isn t going to adversely affect you but long-term use of alcohol is clearly bad for muscle gains. (anabolicminds.com)
- One drink is the equivalent of .54 ounces of alcohol. (legalmatch.com)
- If you drink alcohol after doing strength training, your muscles recover less quickly . (ergo-log.com)
- To give you an idea: thats about 10 g alcohol per drink. (ergo-log.com)
- We now know that having a drink of alcohol inhibits the executive functions of our brains. (sunrisedetox.com)
- They hope the new technology will help individuals to better control their alcohol consumption, as well as empowering bartenders to refuse customers who have had enough to drink. (technetics.com.au)
- As alcohol also causes cortical brain damage, dual tasking might reveal subtle negative consequences of alcohol use in subjects who drink beyond recommended threshold, but who are not alcoholics. (hindawi.com)
- If you have high blood pressure, avoid alcohol or drink alcohol only in moderation. (healthtap.com)
- A" is the total number of ounces of alcohol ingested by the individual starting at the first drink. (avvo.com)
- This includes distribution of alcohol through the bloodstream, meaning how long it takes a drink to work its way through your body before the BAC reading will reach it's true mark. (avvo.com)
- The UK Government currently recommends that men should consume no more than three to four units per day (24-32 g/day of pure alcohol) and women should drink no more than two to three units per day (16-24 g/day). (bmj.com)
- Research has already established beyond doubt that breast cancer is more common in women who regularly drink alcohol. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- A very large study of adults aged 40-73 found evidence that alcohol's suggested benefit for cognition applies to a much lower level of alcohol consumption than previously claimed - only one drink a day. (memory-key.com)
- The study omitted people who didn't drink at all, because of the 'sick quitter' effect - it's been argued that the apparent connection between moderate alcohol consumption and better health and cognition is due to bias in the control group, with many people abstaining or quitting due to health issues, and this has been supported by some recent studies. (memory-key.com)
- By contrast, in the ALDH2*1/*2 genotype with low ALDH2 activity, HbAA increased considerably at 1-6 h after the drink, and the elevated levels persisted up to 48 h. (aacrjournals.org)
- Ireland is considering lowering the legal limit to .05% (California is set at .08% for DUI / Drunk Driving) alcohol in drivers blood who drink and drive. (topgundui.com)
- This is all as a result of the government's (good, in my opinion) idea to lower the drink drive level from 80 mg alcohol/100 ml blood to 50 (which is from 400 microlitres of alcohol per litre of breath down to 250). (sciblogs.co.nz)
- How easily one could think that it is beneficial to drink alcohol after working out if they didn't fully research the topic. (ironmagazineforums.com)
- One in five older people who drink alcohol are consuming it at unsafe levels - over 21 units of alcohol for men and 14 units for women each week - according to a study by King's College London. (rehacare.com)
- It is commonly called alcohol and is the active ingredient of alcoholic drink. (topperlearning.com)
- To overcome the inherent weaknesses of all epidemiological studies, even when properly conducted, he calls for a randomized trial in which some subjects are assigned to abstain while others are assigned to drink alcohol in moderation and the health of all is monitored for a period of years. (wikipedia.org)
- Ryan Dunn's blood alcohol level was well over the legal limit, according to West Goshen, Pa. (go.com)
- If you get pulled over and your blood-alcohol level is above the legal limit, you'll be arrested for drunken driving . (insure.com)
- She was arrested again in late December, with a blood alcohol level more than 3 1/2 times the legal limit. (dispatch.com)
- An Ossipee man has been charged with drunken driving three times in three months, and police said the last time, his blood alcohol level was almost four times the legal limit. (wmur.com)
- Lab director Bruce Houlihan says a calibration error in a blood-testing machine threw off the result by .003 percentage points - enough to change a blood-alcohol level that's just below the .08 legal limit. (scpr.org)
- NEW ORLEANS (AP) The man who allegedly plowed into a crowd enjoying a Mardi Gras parade in New Orleans had a blood alcohol level nearly three times the legal limit, police said Sunday. (columbiatribune.com)
- Police say a breath alcohol test determined that Rizzuto's alcohol level was nearly three times the legal limit. (columbiatribune.com)
- A motorist who bragged to Cambridge police officers that his blood-alcohol level would be three times the legal limit is facing multiple charges including operating a vehicle while under the influence. (daily-jeff.com)
- The actual blood-alcohol level was 0.316 - nearly four times the legal limit (0.08) in Ohio - when tested early Thursday morning. (daily-jeff.com)
- Am I Okay If My Blood Alcohol Level Is Less than the Legal Limit? (legalmatch.com)
- To assess whether Cultural Value Orientations are associated with alcohol consumption we calculated partial correlations and performed a ridge regression analysis. (frontiersin.org)
- A profile emerged in which values of autonomy and harmony were shown to be positively associated with alcohol consumption, and hierarchy and embeddedness negatively associated with alcohol consumption. (frontiersin.org)
- This research highlights that cultural values, and their interaction with gender, should be an important consideration for international public health organizations aiming to tackle the problems associated with alcohol consumption, but that future research is required to fully understand the link between cultural values and alcohol. (frontiersin.org)
- Substantial reductions in recommendations and in population alcohol consumption levels would be needed to minimise the chronic disease burden associated with alcohol consumption in England. (bmj.com)
- However, although light to moderate alcohol consumption is linked to improved HDL levels, excessive alcohol consumption, especially when alcohol is drunk with a fat-containing meal, raises levels of another blood lipid known as triglycerides. (livestrong.com)
- On the other hand, there is some evidence that light-to-moderate alcohol use has a protective effect against vascular diseases [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
- While several studies have suggested a U-shaped relationship between alcohol and cognition, with light to moderate consumption being beneficial to older adults, this has been quite controversial, with little consensus on how much is too much. (memory-key.com)
- Studies in the 'New England Journal of Medicine,' the journal 'Circulation' and in the journal 'Alcohol' documented that moderate amounts of alcohol can raise high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, otherwise known as 'good' cholesterol. (livestrong.com)
- To avoid tipping the alcohol scale too far in a harmful direction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that only moderate amounts of alcohol are consumed. (livestrong.com)
- In a Sept. 14, 2016 text message exchange between the group's president Brendan Young and Vice President of Risk Management Michael Angelo Schiavone, Young ordered Schiavone to purchase large amounts of alcohol prior to one of their acceptance meetings. (nydailynews.com)
- Lastly, "H" is the period of time, in hours, that alcohol was eliminated from the body -- in other words, how quickly the alcohol finished going though the bloodstream and then was processed by the liver, thereby losing the potent affect of the alcohol itself. (avvo.com)
- The important thing to remember here is that it takes (on average) between 30 minutes and an hour (sometimes longer) for all alcohol consumed to be absorbed into the bloodstream. (sciblogs.co.nz)
- While Stables was uncertain about the cause of death, contributing factors included acute alcohol intoxication, dangerous sleeping environment, prematurity, possible septicaemia, and suffocation. (northernstar.com.au)
- Coroner Bell said while there were a number of significant conditions contributing to Sapphire's death as well as the acute alcohol intoxication the case also highlighted the risks of bed sharing. (northernstar.com.au)
- While a breathalyzer gives fast results, it is not as accurate as measuring alcohol in the blood. (medlineplus.gov)
- If you refuse to take a breathalyzer, or think the test wasn't accurate, you may ask for or be asked to take a blood alcohol test. (medlineplus.gov)
- A person could also fool a breathalyzer into detecting a lower alcohol level by using mouthwash. (ucsd.edu)
- Since alcohol breathalyzer testing is based upon exhaled portions of ethanol found within the blood stream, this method of testing would likely be negative as well. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- If you need more choices as far as breath analyzers are concerned, you can also go for a BACtrack Mobile Breathalyzer which costs $79 and lets you check you blood alcohol level with your smartphone. (androidheadlines.com)
- How accurate is the blood alcohol level blood test compared to the breathalyzer? (healthtap.com)
- In the USA women who were heavy alcohol consumers were 5.6 times more likely to be in the highest 10% of the population for blood lead than teetotallers [consumers of no alchohol] (Lee et al 2005). (lead.org.au)
- Early demand, with no regulation and strong encouragement, may have contributed to a heavy alcohol use. (wikipedia.org)
- All together, excessive alcohol consumption is the third leading preventable cause of death in the U.S., responsible for approximately 88,000 deaths annually. (news-medical.net)
- Although the reduced incidence of CVD disease associated with moderate alcohol consumption is well established, many physicians have been wary of promoting the use of alcohol for this benefit considering the many negative effects of excessive alcohol consumption. (wikipedia.org)
- We all know Cabernet needs a certain degree of ripeness to succeed-especially if the winemaker vows not to use intrusive alcohol reduction methods, such as the spinning cone. (steveheimoff.com)
- The widely held view of the health benefits of alcohol needs revising, particularly as improved methods and analyses continue to shed light on how much alcohol contributes to global death and disability," Griswold said. (cbsnews.com)
- though the range of methods by which it alters hepcidin levels is yet to be fully understood (Harrison-Findik 2009). (lead.org.au)
- The advocacy group Mothers Against Drunk Driving welcomed the board's recommendation, but rather than push for a lower blood-alcohol content level, the group is fighting to eliminate drunken-driving entirely. (usatoday.com)
- You may need a blood alcohol test if you are suspected of drunk driving and/or have symptoms of intoxication. (medlineplus.gov)
- Yim said his company's aim is to prevent drunk driving by raising awareness of alcohol levels and enabling drivers to make smarter decisions. (reuters.com)
- In all 50 U.S. states, a blood alcohol level above 0.08 percent is considered drunk driving. (reuters.com)
- The government wants to drop the blood alcohol limit for being legally drunk in order to avoid drunk driving fatalities. (time.com)
- In all 50 US states, a blood alcohol level above 0.08% is considered drunk driving. (health24.com)
- A new report calls for lowering legal blood alcohol levels to reduce drunk driving deaths. (ncadd.org)
- However, the law, if passed, could not be implemented until at least 2011 because the DUI / Drunk Driving breath testing machines used in Ireland are either outdated or not properly calibrated for the new proposed level. (topgundui.com)
- Pathologist Dr Simon Stables carried out a post-mortem examination which revealed the high level of alcohol in Sapphire's heart and a lesser amount in her liver. (northernstar.com.au)
- They took brain, blood and liver samples and analyzed the DNA for methyl groups on the PCSK9 gene and PCSK9 protein levels in liver. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- But the mice given alcohol had lower PCSK9 protein levels in the liver. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Secondly long-term use of alcohol stimulates enzymes in the liver which convert testosterone into estradiol and also inhibits the manufacture of androgen receptors. (ergo-log.com)
- Alcohol acutely will lower blood sugars by inhibiting glucose release from your liver and increasing inulin. (healthtap.com)
- The higher the iron storage levels within the body are, the more hepcidin is produced by the liver and the less iron can be absorbed (Harrison-Findik 2009). (lead.org.au)
- Administration of TS clearly increased the activity of NAD (H)-dependent enzymes such as lactate-(LDH), alcohol-, and aldehyde-dehydrogenase in rat liver cytosols. (scirp.org)
- Reducing alcohol misuse is important to prevent premature death and serious negative health effects, such as alcoholic liver disease, which are big burden on our health system. (rehacare.com)
- A survey of death certificates over a four-year period showed that deaths among Native Americans due to alcohol are about four times as common as in the general US population and are often due to traffic collisions and liver disease with homicide, suicide, and falls also contributing. (wikipedia.org)
- Since this article was first published, we have clarified the difference between the effects of alcohol on women and men. (newscientist.com)
- The Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 has calculated levels of alcohol use and its effects on health during 1990-2016 in 195 countries. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The effects on the body of alcohol vary from person to person. (duicentral.com)
- However, she said: 'The main advice, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, is not to consume alcohol because alcohol passes very freely into the baby and that has lifelong effects on brain development. (northernstar.com.au)
- In particular, the strong association between alcohol consumption and the risk of cancer, injuries, and infectious diseases offset the protective effects for ischemic heart disease in women in our study. (cbsnews.com)
- The data on the effects of alcohol on the glymphatic system seemingly matches the J-shaped model relating to the dose effects of alcohol on general health and mortality, whereby low doses of alcohol are beneficial, while excessive consumption is detrimental to overall health" said Nedergaard. (eurekalert.org)
- The level of and when the effects of alcohol can legally be deemed as "impairment," however, is not as cut and dry and is the center of DUI disputes in criminal courts every day. (legalmatch.com)
- The endocrinal effects of alcohol are exactly the opposite of what athletes strive for. (ergo-log.com)
- Estrogen level during pregnancy may be regulated by dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and mediate their effects on fetal growth. (nih.gov)
- Also, alcohol can interfere with the effectiveness and increase the side effects of some blood pressure medications. (healthtap.com)
- Our panel data allows us to control for state and time fixed effects, state level economic conditions and beer consumption. (umn.edu)
- The impacts of different ethanol doses and frequency of ethanol consumption (alcohol intakes), the relative effects on iron and lead absorption and even the confirmation that alcohol consumption leads to ethanol affecting the genes governing hepcidin, all need to be elucidated. (lead.org.au)
- Effects of alcohol use and other aspects of lifestyle on blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in a working population. (ahajournals.org)
- The effect of alcohol on systolic blood pressure was independent of the effects of age, obesity, cigarette smoking and physical activity. (ahajournals.org)
- The reward center of the brain is much more attuned to the pleasurable effects of alcohol when estrogen levels are elevated, an effect that may underlie the development of addiction in women, according to a study on mice at the University of Illinois at Chicago. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Women may be more vulnerable to the effects of alcohol or more likely to overindulge during certain stages of their cycle when estrogen levels are higher, or may be more likely to seek out alcohol during those stages. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Vegetables are believed to provide health benefits, but there is little evidence for their influence on the effects of alcohol consumption. (scirp.org)
- Moderate alcohol consumption may provide some health benefits such as reducing your risk of developing heart disease but for a bodybuilder getting ready for a show, it s strictly prohibited. (anabolicminds.com)
- Dr. Arthur Klatsky noted that the flaw pointed out by Fillmore existed in one of his early studies of alcohol consumption, but that his later studies illustrating a protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption did not contain this flaw. (wikipedia.org)
- Those who drank a large amount of alcohol before such events did not report an increase in the number of flashbacks. (promises.com)
- From these records, they identified 9,248 older people who had reported consuming alcohol and of these 1,980 people drank at unsafe levels. (rehacare.com)
- A logical possibility is that some of the alcohol abstainers in research studies previously drank excessively and had undermined their health, thus explaining their high levels of risk. (wikipedia.org)
- A toxicology report presented to the Coroner showed the amount of alcohol found in blood from Sapphire's heart was 308 milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood. (northernstar.com.au)
- Consumers are rightfully concerned about the amount of alcohol they put into their bodies, but they also want (or say they want) fruity wines. (steveheimoff.com)
- Previous studies have found a protective effect of alcohol on some conditions, but we found that the combined health risks associated with alcohol increase with any amount of alcohol," lead author Dr. Max Griswold, of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, said in a statement. (cbsnews.com)
- A small to moderate amount of alcohol is accepted and indeed often recommended as beneficial to one's cardiac health," said Anna Kokavec, a research psychologist affiliated with La Trobe University in Bundoora, Australia and first author of the study. (eurekalert.org)
- Given that biodiesel will never amount to more than a few percent of the demand for diesel fuel, this would maximize its use, while alcohol would provide the bulk of the energy. (breakfornews.com)
- While some physicians tell women a small amount of alcohol is OK during pregnancy, Ben Laufer vehemently disputes any such advice - and he has the research to back it up. (medicalxpress.com)
- This is from a mother who would have had a moderate amount of alcohol, roughly correlating to a mother that would have a beer every now and then or glass of wine on the weekend. (medicalxpress.com)
- Ethanol based hand sanitizers do not raise blood alcohol levels to a measurable amount. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- According to a recent Science Daily report, individuals who have consumed a moderate amount of alcohol before a traumatic event tend to report more flashbacks than those who have had no alcohol. (promises.com)
- When people have no memory of the traumatic event, as can happen if they consumed a large amount of alcohol beforehand, they are more likely to imagine a 'worse case scenario. (promises.com)
- As the frequency and amount of alcohol consumption has gradually increased, medical personnel at hospitals have had to become prepared for the corresponding increased workload. (omicsonline.org)
- To insurers this implies that anyone disclosing any amount of alcohol consumption is at risk. (genre.com)
- It is helpful, but not necesary to convert the amount of alcohol consumed (usually measured in ounces or descriptive terms like mug (8oz) or pint (16oz)) in mLs. (avvo.com)
- A UK study using data from 13,342 middle-aged and older adults (40-73) has found that having up to one standard unit of alcohol a day improved reaction time, but more than that amount harmed cognitive performance. (memory-key.com)
- An ethanol sensor embedded in the device detects alcohol on the breath and converts this into a signal, which the app processes. (reuters.com)
- The device consists of a temporary tattoo-which sticks to the skin, induces sweat and electrochemically detects the alcohol level-and a portable flexible electronic circuit board, which is connected to the tattoo by a magnet and can communicate the information to a mobile device via Bluetooth. (ucsd.edu)
- The case does, however, point to the need for much more research and clarity as to the effect of breastfeeding mothers consuming alcohol and any potential dangers to the baby,' he said. (northernstar.com.au)
- Diuretics affect these levels and alcohol has a diuretic effect. (medhelp.org)
- In their review, the authors found that the only protective effect of alcohol came with reducing the risk of ischemic heart disease. (cbsnews.com)
- In addition, given the possibility that alcohol may activate the glyoxylate cycle, an energy pathway that can be switched off by glucose, it may be important for scientists to specifically control for the presence of carbohydrates when investigating the effect of alcohol. (eurekalert.org)
- Finally, we demonstrate that latitude, and by extension its covariates such as climatic demands, partially accounted for the effect of harmony and affective autonomy on alcohol consumption. (frontiersin.org)
- Might this be because alcohol sabotages the effect of testosterone? (ergo-log.com)
- Further adjustment for class of hypertension resulted in only slight attenuation of the effect, suggesting that this effect was not secondary to the influence of alcohol on blood pressure. (springer.com)
- Even though moderate alcohol use might not cause gross alteration of usual gait, the effect of alcohol might become more obvious when stressors are added, such as walking under dual task condition. (hindawi.com)
- Low potassium does not have a direct, significant effect on blood sugar levels. (healthtap.com)
- We find higher ABV limits lead to a slight increase in alcohol consumption as well as a negative effect on alcohol-related fatality rate. (umn.edu)
- Systolic pressure increased progressively with increasing alcohol consumption, with no obvious threshold effect. (ahajournals.org)
- The linear correlation between alcohol consumption and systolic blood pressure and the lower blood pressures in exdrinkers suggest a cause-and-effect relationship. (ahajournals.org)
- 2. Medication: If you are taking any, it could increase the effect of alcohol. (preventdisease.com)
- 3. Fatigue: If you are tired, the effect of alcohol will be greater than if you are well rested. (preventdisease.com)
- The present study aimed to investigate the effect of a common vegetable, tomato, on alcohol metabolism. (scirp.org)
- Extensive epidemiological studies have demonstrated the cardioprotective effect of alcohol consumption. (wikipedia.org)
- Vineyard practices and climate change have yielded wines with high alcohol levels that used to be seen only in New World bottlings. (winemag.com)
- But the combination of these practices and climate change is increasing sugar levels in the grapes, which in turn yields wines with the high alcohol levels that used to be seen only in bottlings from the New World and in Amarone, a wine made with withered grapes. (winemag.com)
- My collection of empty bottles of wines that I've particularly enjoyed shows many Barolos, Barbarescos and Brunellos from the 1980s and '90s with 13.5% alcohol by volume. (winemag.com)
- Now, it is patently difficult to make low alcohol wines-let's say, the "12.5 to 13.5% [that] have…become popular," according to the WineLand article-in wine regions, like California, that are sunny and warm. (steveheimoff.com)
- My hunch is that this "pressure internationally applied to produce wines with lower alcohol" is a temporary phenomenon. (steveheimoff.com)
- We certainly have wineries with such equipment here in Australia but most of it is used in the lower price end of the market as well as those experimenting with producing low alcohol [7-10%] wines. (snooth.com)
- The three tiers of Mondavi are Napa Valley at entry level, District wines from specific vineyards (e.g. (palatepress.com)
- Lisa begins by saying that that the rise in alcohol levels in many wines is inexplicable. (wineanorak.com)
- It appears that, to achieve the same physiological ripeness and qualities of wines we have known and loved in the past, we're having to accept wines at higher and higher alcohol levels, seemingly with every vintage. (wineanorak.com)
- And yesterday I met with Francisco Baettig of Errazuriz who has brought alcohol levels down in their icon wines from close to 15% to bang on 14%, and the wines are better for it. (wineanorak.com)
- If we want our wines to have proper flavour, she asserts, we are therefore going to have to live with higher alcohol levels. (wineanorak.com)
- Lisa then proposes that one solution to these higher alcohol levels would be watering back wines, so that you can have ripe flavours and sensible alcohol levels. (wineanorak.com)
- BATON ROUGE, La. - Hospital tests found a "highly elevated" blood alcohol level in the body of a Louisiana State University student whose death police are investigating as a possible result of fraternity hazing, a coroner said Friday. (nationalpost.com)
- After receiving the post mortem report Coroner Bell asked police to get statements from Tua and Williams, seeking an explanation as to how Sapphire's blood alcohol levels could be so high. (northernstar.com.au)
- Alcohol affects everyone differently. (insure.com)
- Alcohol use affects the levels of a new cholesterol regulator. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Such "methylation" affects the level of gene expression. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Laufer expected affects from the alcohol consumption, but not as profound. (medicalxpress.com)
- Then, the sweat comes into contact with an electrode coated with alcohol oxidase, an enzyme that selectively reacts with alcohol to generate hydrogen peroxide, which is electrochemically detected. (ucsd.edu)
- Ethanol reverses the impact of iron storage levels on most of these genes, so the alcohol-influenced body reacts to adequate iron as if it were iron deficient reducing hepcidin production to increase iron absorption (Crist et al 2007). (lead.org.au)
- More than 1.2 million people were arrested in the United States in 2011 for driving under the influence of alcohol, according to Federal Bureau of Investigation data. (reuters.com)
- For the first time, this research gives us an idea of how being under the influence of alcohol might contribute to our wellbeing later on,' said James Bisby, in Science Daily. (promises.com)
- One could hypothesize that it could therefore balance the potential detrimental influence of alcohol on gait, by preventing damage to cerebral circulation. (hindawi.com)
- Some studies show that alcohol increases HDL-2 and HDL-3 levels, but other studies show that only HDL-3 levels increase, reports "Controlling Cholesterol. (livestrong.com)
- Two glasses of alcohol daily increases your risk of high blood pressure, heart muscle weakness and other heart and circulatory problems, according to the Mayo Clinic. (livestrong.com)
- Changes in cultural Harmony, Mastery, Autonomy and Egalitarianism were associated with increases in alcohol consumption in males, but not females, while changes in cultural Embeddedness and Hierarchy were associated with decreases in consumption in females, but no change in males. (frontiersin.org)
- The research also increases the overall strength of the evidence for a link between alcohol and breast cancer. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Thus the theoretical impact reflects real world observations, but it must be emphasised far more work is needed to confirm the mechanisms by which alcohol increases both iron and lead absorption. (lead.org.au)
- But on present data, it would seem that alcohol greatly increases lead absorption by damaging the body s ability to regulate the absorption of iron and a fair proportion of this impact is likely to be due to impacts at the cellular level on DNA and/or RNA. (lead.org.au)
- Many animal studies have shown that alcohol increases the firing of dopamine-sensitive neurons in the VTA, but little is known about exactly why this occurs. (neurosciencenews.com)
- E. It increases estrogen levels There is a lack of medical consensus about whether moderate consumption of beer, wine, or distilled spirits has a stronger association with heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
- He said the alcohol findings were difficult to explain as no alcohol was found in the stomach. (northernstar.com.au)
- Kokavec added that these findings also support their previously published theory that alcohol may activate a new energy system that was thought, until recently, to exist only in plants and other organisms that do not require oxygen. (eurekalert.org)
- Our findings suggest that a significant number of attendees at professional sporting events may have elevated BAC levels, particularly young adults and those who participated in tailgating activities. (wiley.com)
- Findings indicate that depression was not related to levels of circulating cytokines among patients in treatment, but that traumatized patients had higher levels of IL-1RA and TNF-α than patients without trauma experience. (springer.com)
- These findings suggest that aqueous compound(s) in tomato promote alcohol metabolism, probably through increasing pyruvate level, enhancing LDH activity, and improving the ratio of NAD to NADH. (scirp.org)
- The use of automobile radiators containing lead-soldered parts in the illicit distillation of alcohol (i.e., 'moonshine') is an important source of lead poisoning among persons in some rural Alabama counties. (cdc.gov)
- Much effort was expended in the 1990 s, tracking possible sources of lead contamination in alcohol, notably lead seals on wine bottles and illicit liquor. (lead.org.au)
- This study aims to compare and correlate the consumption estimates of pharmaceuticals, illicit drugs, alcohol, nicotine and caffeine from wastewater analysis and other sources of information. (biomedcentral.com)
- Published pharmaceutical sale, illicit drug seizure and alcohol, tobacco and caffeine use data were used for the comparison. (biomedcentral.com)