A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.
Insects of the suborder Heterocera of the order LEPIDOPTERA.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.
An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.
An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.
A genus of silkworm MOTHS in the family Bombycidae of the order LEPIDOPTERA. The family contains a single species, Bombyx mori from the Greek for silkworm + mulberry tree (on which it feeds). A native of Asia, it is sometimes reared in this country. It has long been raised for its SILK and after centuries of domestication it probably does not exist in nature. It is used extensively in experimental GENETICS. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p519)
Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.
A species of gram-positive bacteria which may be pathogenic for certain insects. It is used for the biological control of the Gypsy moth.
The genetic complement of MITOCHONDRIA as represented in their DNA.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
A genus of sphinx or hawk moths of the family Sphingidae. These insects are used in molecular biology studies during all stages of their life cycle.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A genus of owlet moths of the family Noctuidae. These insects are used in molecular biology studies during all stages of their life cycle.
The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
The genetic complement of an insect (INSECTS) as represented in its DNA.
The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.
Structures within the CELL NUCLEUS of insect cells containing DNA.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.
A plant genus of the family Passifloraceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are vines with ornamental flowers and edible fruit.
A carbamate insecticide with anticholinesterase activity.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
A genus of the family BACULOVIRIDAE, subfamily Eubaculovirinae, characterized by ovicylindrical occlusion bodies. The type species is Cydia pomonella granulovirus.
Proteins from BACTERIA and FUNGI that are soluble enough to be secreted to target ERYTHROCYTES and insert into the membrane to form beta-barrel pores. Biosynthesis may be regulated by HEMOLYSIN FACTORS.
Techniques for standardizing and expediting taxonomic identification or classification of organisms that are based on deciphering the sequence of one or a few regions of DNA known as the "DNA barcode".
Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.
A group of ALKALOIDS, characterized by a nitrogen-containing necine, occurring mainly in plants of the BORAGINACEAE; COMPOSITAE; and LEGUMINOSAE plant families. They can be activated in the liver by hydrolysis of the ester and desaturation of the necine base to reactive electrophilic pyrrolic CYTOTOXINS.
Paired sense organs connected to the anterior segments of ARTHROPODS that help them navigate through the environment.
A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A genus of trees of the Myrtaceae family, native to Australia, that yields gums, oils, and resins which are used as flavoring agents, astringents, and aromatics.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
A continuous protein fiber consisting primarily of FIBROINS. It is synthesized by a variety of INSECTS and ARACHNIDS.
Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.
A group of degraded TRITERPENES in which the four terminal carbons of the C17 side chain have been removed, and the remaining portion often forming C17 furans.
The number of males per 100 females.
The sequential location of genes on a chromosome.
Compounds, either natural or synthetic, which block development of the growing insect.
Sexual activities of animals.
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida composed of tropical plants with parallel-nerved leaves.
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
A genus (and common name) in the AGAVACEAE family. It is known for SAPONINS in the root that are used in SOAPS.
An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Its organisms are characterized by an annulated or smooth cuticle and the absence of caudal glands.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A nucleic acid sequence that contains an above average number of ADENINE and THYMINE bases.
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.
A genus of the family BACULOVIRIDAE, subfamily Eubaculovirinae, characterized by the formation of crystalline, polyhedral occlusion bodies in the host cell nucleus. The type species is Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects. Ecdysterone is the 20-hydroxylated ECDYSONE.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Specialized organs adapted for the reception of stimuli by the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
Peptide elongation factor 1 is a multisubunit protein that is responsible for the GTP-dependent binding of aminoacyl-tRNAs to eukaryotic ribosomes. The alpha subunit (EF-1alpha) binds aminoacyl-tRNA and transfers it to the ribosome in a process linked to GTP hydrolysis. The beta and delta subunits (EF-1beta, EF-1delta) are involved in exchanging GDP for GTP. The gamma subunit (EF-1gamma) is a structural component.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. The common name of dragon's blood is also used for DRACAENA and Daemonorops (ARECACEAE). Croton tiglium is the source of CROTON OIL.
A multisubunit enzyme complex containing CYTOCHROME A GROUP; CYTOCHROME A3; two copper atoms; and 13 different protein subunits. It is the terminal oxidase complex of the RESPIRATORY CHAIN and collects electrons that are transferred from the reduced CYTOCHROME C GROUP and donates them to molecular OXYGEN, which is then reduced to water. The redox reaction is simultaneously coupled to the transport of PROTONS across the inner mitochondrial membrane.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A genus of bacteria comprised of a heterogenous group of gram-negative small rods and coccoid forms associated with arthropods. (From Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol 1, 1984)
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
Fibrous proteins secreted by INSECTS and SPIDERS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm fibroin secreted by the silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Spider fibroins are called spidroins or dragline silk fibroins.
The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) to align AMINO ACIDS at the RIBOSOMES in a sequence determined by the mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific CODON set on the mRNA through its own ANTICODON and as aminoacyl tRNAs (RNA, TRANSFER, AMINO ACYL), each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
Any blood or formed element especially in invertebrates.
The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
A genus of small beetles of the family Tenebrionidae; T. confusum is the "confused flour beetle".

Properties of 5-aminolaevulinate synthetase and its relationship to microsomal mixed-function oxidation in the southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania). (1/1075)

1. Activity of 5-aminolaevulinate synthetase was measured in the midgut and other tissues of the last larval instar of the southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania Cramer, formerly Prodenia eridania Cramer). 2. Optimum conditions for measuring the activity were established with respect to all variables involved and considerable differences from those reported for mammalian enzyme preparations were found. 3. Maximum activity (20 nmol/h per mg of protein) occurs 18-24 h after the fifth moult and thereafter decreases to trace amounts as the larvae age and approach pupation. 4. Synthetase activity was rapidly induced by oral administration (in the diet) of pentamethylbenzene, phenobarbital, diethyl 1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-trimethylpyridine-3, 5-dicarboxylate, and 2-allyl-2-isopropylacetamide. 5. Puromycin inhibited the induction of synthetase by pentamethylbenzene. 6. Induction of 5-aminolaevulinate synthetase correlated well with the induction of microsomal N-demethylation of p-chloro-N-methylaniline, except for phenobarbital, which induced the microsomal oxidase relatively more than the synthetase.  (+info)

Altered properties of neuronal sodium channels associated with genetic resistance to pyrethroids. (2/1075)

Genetic resistance to pyrethroid insecticides involves nervous system insensitivity linked to regulatory and structural genes of voltage-sensitive sodium channels. We examined the properties and relative density of sodium channels in central neurons of susceptible and pyrethroid-resistant (Pyr-R) insects that were homozygous for the amino acid substitution V421M in the I-S6 transmembrane segment. Pyr-R sodium channels show approximately 21-fold lower sensitivity to the synthetic pyrethroid permethrin and a approximately 2-fold increased sensitivity to the alpha-scorpion toxin LqhalphaIT. Pyr-R channels also exhibit altered gating properties, including a approximately 13 mV positive shift in voltage-dependent activation and approximately 7 mV positive shift in steady-state inactivation. Consistent with these changes in gating behavior, Pyr-R central neurons are less excitable, as evidenced by an approximately 11 mV elevation of action potential threshold. No differences in sodium channel density are evident. The altered properties of Pyr-R sodium channels provide a plausible molecular basis for nervous system insensitivity associated with pyrethroid resistance.  (+info)

Ion binding and permeation through the lepidopteran amino acid transporter KAAT1 expressed in Xenopus oocytes. (3/1075)

1. The transient and steady-state currents induced by voltage jumps in Xenopus oocytes expressing the lepidopteran amino acid co-transporter KAAT1 have been investigated by two-electrode voltage clamp. 2. KAAT1-expressing oocytes exhibited membrane currents larger than controls even in the absence of amino acid substrate (uncoupled current). The selectivity order of this uncoupled current was Li+ > Na+ approximately Rb+ approximately K+ > Cs+; in contrast, the permeability order in non-injected oocytes was Rb+ > K+ > Cs+ > Na+ > Li+. 3. KAAT1-expressing oocytes gave rise to 'pre-steady-state currents' in the absence of amino acid. The characteristics of the charge movement differed according to the bathing ion: the curves in K+ were strongly shifted (> 100 mV) towards more negative potentials compared with those in Na+, while in tetramethylammonium (TMA+) no charge movement was detected. 4. The charge-voltage (Q-V) relationship in Na+ could be fitted by a Boltzmann equation having V of -69 +/- 1 mV and slope factor of 26 +/- 1 mV; lowering the Na+ concentrations shifted the Q-V relationship to more negative potentials; the curves could be described by a generalized Hill equation with a coefficient of 1.6, suggesting two binding sites. The maximal movable charge (Qmax) in Na+, 3 days after injection, was in the range 2.5-10 nC. 5. Addition of the transported substrate leucine increased the steady-state carrier current, the increase being larger in high K+ compared with high Na+ solution; in these conditions the charge movement disappeared. 6. Applying Eyring rate theory, the energy profile of the transporter in the absence of organic substrate included a very high external energy barrier (25.8 RT units) followed by a rather deep well (1.8 RT units).  (+info)

O-glycosylation potential of lepidopteran insect cell lines. (4/1075)

The enzyme activities involved in O-glycosylation have been studied in three insect cell lines, Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf-9), Mamestra brassicae (Mb) and Trichoplusia ni (Tn) cultured in two different serum-free media. The structural features of O-glycoproteins in these insect cells were investigated using a panel of lectins and the glycosyltransferase activities involved in O-glycan biosynthesis of insect cells were measured (i.e., UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase, UDP-Gal:core-1 beta1, 3-galactosyltransferase, CMP-NeuAc:Galbeta1-3GalNAc alpha2, 3-sialyltransferase, and UDP-Gal:Galbeta1-3GalNAc alpha1, 4-galactosyltransferase activities). First, we show that O-glycosylation potential depends on cell type. All three lepidopteran cell lines express GalNAcalpha-O-Ser/Thr antigen, which is recognized by soy bean agglutinin and reflects high UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase activity. Capillary electrophoresis and mass spectrometry studies revealed the presence of at least two different UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases in these insect cells. Only some O-linked GalNAc residues are further processed by the addition of beta1,3-linked Gal residues to form T-antigen, as shown by the binding of peanut agglutinin. This reflects relative low levels of UDP-Gal:core-1 beta1,3-galactosyltransferase in insect cells, as compared to those observed in mammalian control cells. In addition, we detected strong binding of Bandeiraea simplicifolia lectin-I isolectin B4 to Mamestra brassicae endogenous glycoproteins, which suggests a high activity of a UDP-Gal:Galbeta1-3GalNAc alpha1, 4-galactosyltransferase. This explains the absence of PNA binding to Mamestra brassicae glycoproteins. Furthermore, our results substantiated that there is no sialyltransferase activity and, therefore, no terminal sialic acid production by these cell lines. Finally, we found that the culture medium influences the O-glycosylation potential of each cell line.  (+info)

Insect immunity. Isolation from the lepidopteran Heliothis virescens of a novel insect defensin with potent antifungal activity. (5/1075)

Lepidoptera have been reported to produce several antibacterial peptides in response to septic injury. However, in marked contrast to other insect groups, no inducible antifungal molecules had been described so far in this insect order. Surprisingly, also cysteine-rich antimicrobial peptides, which predominate in the antimicrobial defense of other insects, had not been discovered in Lepidoptera. Here we report the isolation from the hemolymph of immune induced larvae of the lepidopteran Heliothis virescens of a cysteine-rich molecule with exclusive antifungal activity. We have fully characterized this antifungal molecule, which has significant homology with the insect defensins, a large family of antibacterial peptides directed against Gram-positive strains. Interestingly, the novel peptide shows also similarities with the antifungal peptide drosomycin from Drosophila. Thus, Lepidoptera appear to have built their humoral immune response against bacteria on cecropins and attacins. In addition, we report that Lepidoptera have conferred antifungal properties to the well conserved structure of antibacterial insect defensins through amino acid replacements.  (+info)

Isolation and characterization of RNA polymerase B from the larval fat body of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta. (6/1075)

DNA-dependent RNA polymerase B has been extensively purified from the larval fat body of the tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta) by employing chromatography on ion-exchange columns of DEAE-Sephadex, DEAE-cellulose and phosphocellulose and centrifugation on glycerol gradients. The isolated enzyme after electrophoresis on acrylamide gels shows one main band and one minor band, both having enzyme activity sensitive to alpha-amanitin. The catalytic and physicochemical properties of the enzyme are similar to those of other eucaryotic B-type RNA polymerases. The enzyme has an apparent molecular weight of 530000, is inhibited 50% by alpha-amanitin at 0.04 microgram/ml and shows maximum activity on denatured DNA at 5 mM Mn2+ and 100 mM ammonium sulfate. An antibody was obtained that cross-reacts with the pure enzyme and forms a precipitin line. This antibody does not cross react with either Escherichia coli RNA polymerase or with wheat germ RNA polymerase but does react with one of the B polymerases isolated from wing tissue of the silkmoth, Antheraea pernyi.  (+info)

Modulation of translational efficiency by contextual nucleotides flanking a baculovirus initiator AUG codon. (7/1075)

In a previous study of translational regulation of a baculovirus gene, we observed that translation initiated at an unexpectedly high efficiency from an AUG codon found in what was believed to be a poor context (M.-J. Chang and G. W. Blissard, 1997, J. Virol. 71, 7448-7460). In the current study, we examined the roles of nucleotides flanking a baculovirus AUG initiator codon in modulating translation initiation in lepidopteran insect cells. The roles of nucleotides flanking the AcMNPV gp64 initiator codon were examined by site-directed mutagenesis and functional assays in transfected Sf9 cells. To eliminate potential cis-acting sequences and effects, the gp64 initiator context was cloned in-frame with a chloramphenicol acetyl transferase reporter gene and under the control of a heterologous promoter. All possible single-nucleotide substitutions were generated in positions -6 to -1 and +4 to +6, relative to the A of the initiator AUG codon, which was designated +1. Constructs were transfected into lepidopteran cells and translation products were quantified by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay procedure. Substitutions of pyrimidines or other nucleotides at the -3 position resulted in little or no detectable effect on translation efficiency. In contrast, specific substitutions at the +4 and +5 positions resulted in approximately 2- to 3-fold increases in translation. Substitution of A in the +4 position resulted in an approximately 3-fold increase in translation, and substitution of any nucleotide for T in the +5 position resulted in approximately 1.9- to 2.8-fold increases. Substitutions at other positions (-6 to -1 and +6) resulted in no detectable increase or decrease in translation efficiency. These experimental results suggest an optimal initiator context of 5'-N N N N N N A U G A a/c/g N-3' for efficient translation initiation in lepidopteran cells. Consensus translation initiation contexts were generated from baculovirus genes and lepidopteran genes, then compared with the experimental results from the gp64 initiator context.  (+info)

Global protein synthesis shutdown in Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus-infected Ld652Y cells is rescued by tRNA from uninfected cells. (8/1075)

Global protein synthesis arrest occurs in Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcNPV)-infected Ld652Y cells at late times postinfection (p.i.). A Lymantria dispar nucleopolyhedrovirus gene, hrf-1, precludes this protein synthesis arrest. We used in vitro translation assays to characterize the translation defect. Cell-free lysates prepared from uninfected Ld652Y cells, AcNPV-infected cells harvested at early times p.i., and cells infected with vAchrf-1, a recombinant AcNPV bearing hrf-1, all supported translation. Lysates prepared from AcNPV-infected Ld652Y cells at late times p.i. did not support translation, but activity was restored by adding small RNA species from mock-, vAchrf-1- (24 or 48 h p.i.), and AcNPV- (6 h p.i. ) infected cells. Small RNA species (24 and 48 h p.i.) from AcNPV-infected cells did not rescue translation. Assays of RNA species further fractionated by ion exchange chromatography demonstrated that tRNA rescued translation. Although specific defective tRNA species were not revealed by comparative two-dimensional gel analysis, analysis of (32)P-labeled tRNAs showed a reduction in de novo synthesis of small RNA isolated from AcNPV-infected cells compared with mock- and vAchrf-1-infected cells. This study suggests a mechanism of translation arrest involving defective or depleted tRNA species in AcNPV-infected Ld652Y cells.  (+info)

[Objective] The study aimed to determine the toxicity of several insecticides against Cnaphalocrocis medinalis(Gunenée),and provide a base for controlling Cnaphalocrocis medinalis(Gunenée).[Method] With the 3th instar larvae of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis(Gunenée) as tested larva,seven kinds of insecticides were diluted as five series of concentration,the mortality of the tested insects were investigated after treating by insect-soaking method for 48 h(96 h treated with Monosultap).[Result] Monosultap had a lowest toxicity to C.medinalis with LC50 of 306.624 2 mg/L.Avermectins had a highest toxicity with LC50 of 0.221 0 mg/L and Fipronils LC50 was 7.237 5 mg/L,being only lower than Avermectins.Based on their toxicity to C.medinalis,the tested 7 insecticides were arranged in decreasing order as Avermectins Fipronil Hexaflumuron Profenofos Chlorpyrifos Triazophos Monosultap.Control efficacy of 1.8% Avermectins EC at 8.1 g(a.i) /hm2 and 40% Profenofos EC at 480 g(a.i) /hm2 was 86.68% and 81.72%
Chilo suppressalis, the Asiatic rice borer or striped rice stemborer, is a moth of the Crambidae family. It is a widespread species, known from India, Sri Lanka, China, eastern Asia, Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia to the Pacific. It is a serious pest of rice. They are largely responsible for the great reduction in the rice growing in East Asia, India and Indonesia. It was probably introduced in Spain and Hawaii by humans, where it is widely spread towards Northern Territory of Australia. The wingspan is 18 mm in male and 18-20 mm in female. In the male, the head and thorax are brown and white. Abdomen pale. Forewings with somewhat acute apex which is ochreous, wholly suffused with brown except a patch in cell and a streak below medial nervure. Inner margin whitish. A sinuous rufous medial line runs with silvery spots on its inner side, also on discocellulars, and below vein 2. A rufous submarginal line, highly angled at vein 6 and with silvery line on its outer edge. A marginal series of black specks ...
This journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects, including types of insects, insecticides, biological control, and crop protection.
Galleria mellonella larvae were inoculated with different doses of β-glucan by injection into the haemocoel. Those larvae that had received high doses of β-glucan (15, 30 or 60 μg/larva) demonstrated increased survival following infection with the yeast Candida albicans. High concentrations of glucan induced an increase in haemocyte density and a reduction in yeast proliferation within the haemocoel. Proteomic analysis of glucan-treated larvae revealed increased expression of a variety of peptides some of which may possess antimicrobial properties. Analysis of expression profiles revealed that low doses of β-glucan (3.75 μg/larva) triggered the increased expression of certain peptides (e.g. hemolin) while high dose inoculation was required before the increased expression of others (e.g. archaemetzincin) was evident. These results indicate that low doses of β-glucan induce a limited immune response while high doses induce an immune response that has the potential to curtail the threat ...
Staphylococcus aureus is a human opportunistic pathogen that causes a wide range of superficial and systemic infections in susceptible patients. Here we describe how an inoculum of S. aureus activates the cellular and humoral response of Galleria mellonella larvae while growing and disseminating throughout the host, forming nodules and ultimately killing the host. An inoculum of S. aureus (2×106 larva− 1 ) decreased larval viability at 24 (80±5.77 %), 48 (55.93±5.55 %) and 72 h (10.23±2.97 %) and was accompanied by significant proliferation and dissemination of S. aureus between 6 and 48 h and the formation of nodules in the host. The hemocyte (immune cell) densities increased between 4 and 24 h and hemocytes isolated from larvae after 24 h exposure to heat-killed S. aureus (2×106 larva− 1 ) showed altered killing kinetics as compared to those from control larvae. Alterations in the humoral immune response of larvae 6 and 24 h post-infection were also determined by quantitative shotgun
Transgenic maize and cotton expressing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins were first commercialized in 1996. By 2009, Bt crops were planted on ca. 47.6 Mha in 22 countries worldwide, with the USA and Canada accounting for 54% of this area. Resistance (virulence) development in target insect pests is a major threat to the sustainable use of Bt crops. Four major target pests of Bt crops in the USA and Canada - European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner), southwestern corn borer, Diatraea grandiosella Dyar (both Lepidoptera: Crambidae), tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) - remain susceptible to Bt toxins after 15 years of intensive use of Bt maize and Bt cotton. The success in sustaining susceptibility in these major pests is associated with successful implementation of the high-dose/refuge insecticide resistance management (IRM) strategy: (i) Bt crop cultivars express a ...
This study examines phenotypic plasticity in relation to rearing density in larvae of the moth, Mamestra brassicae. Larval phase, growth rate, weight at moulting and susceptibility to disease were quantified when reared at five densities. Larvae develop more quickly, but attain a smaller size and are more susceptible to disease, when reared at high than at intermediate densities. They also exhibit a higher degree of melanisation than larvae reared at intermediate densities, or singly. A review of the literature suggests that a switch to a rapidly developing dark phase at high densities is a widespread phenomenon within the Lepidoptera. Rapid development at the expense of attaining a large size, and increased melanisation, are interpreted as adaptive responses to reach pupation before food supplies are depleted, as is likely when larval density is high. High susceptibility to viral infection at high density may be a result of physiological stress associated with rapid development, or due to a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Involvement of nonbinding site proteinases in the development of resistance of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera. T2 - Noctuidae) to Cry1Ac. AU - Cao, Guangchun. AU - Zhang, Lili. AU - Liang, Gemei. AU - Li, Xianchun. AU - Wu, Kongming. PY - 2013/12. Y1 - 2013/12. N2 - Development of resistance to transgenic crops expressing the Cry toxin from Bacterium thuringiensis (Bt) has been the major concern for the long-term success of Bt crops. Alterations in nonbinding site proteinases and Bt toxin receptors are the two types of mechanisms responsible for Bt resistance in resistant insects. However, little is known about the relative contributions of the two types of mechanisms in the early and late phases of the development of Bt resistance. To address the relative contributions of four nonbinding site proteinases including esterase, total protease, chymotrypsin, and glutathione S-transferase in the early and late phases of the development of Cry1Ac resistance, we analyzed the ...
Outline The Lepidoptera Taxome Project aims to coordinate the production, completion, and dissemination of online taxonomy of Lepidoptera on our planet at the species and subspecies level. There are about 180,000 described species of Lepidoptera, around 10% of all described species of living organisms. This project started out life as the Butterfly Taxome Project. Given the data banks already available for moths and the enthusiasm of people such as Malcolm Scoble, Niels Kristensen, and George Beccaloni, it seems that at the very least a synonymic catalogue for the entire Lepidoptera will be possible within five years, and should be undertaken. Malcolm Scobles group has already completed a baseline project on the Geometridae (21,000 species) which demonstrates that the project is plausible. In the butterflies (Papilionoidea), there are about 17,500 described species, or 1% of known organisms, and they will be covered in much greater detail than the moths, including original descriptions and ...
They fused the sequence for Bt toxin Cry1Ac with that of the nontoxic B-chain subunit of ricin (RB) in a recombinant plasmid. RB is a leptin that binds with galactose as well as N-acetylgalactosamine residues with high affinity, the latter of which are key components of Bt toxin-binding receptors. Then embryonic callus from mature maize seeds were bombarded with this BtRB fusion. The researchers tested their fusion toxin against stem borer Chilo suppressalis, a pest normally susceptible to Cry1Ac, and found that maize producing low levels of BtRB killed 75 per cent of larvae, compared with 17 per cent in Bt-only plants. Similar trials with the cotton leaf worm Spodoptera littoralis, which is resistant to Bt delta endotoxins, showed that after 4 days, nearly 78 per cent of larvae died on BtRB maize, compared with less than 20 per cent on Bt-only or nontransformed maize. In the leafhopper Cicadulina mbila, which like other homopterans was ordinarily not affected by Bt toxins, 95 per cent of ...
Velvetbean caterpillars are active and will spring from plants and wiggle rapidly when disturbed. Individuals less than one-half inch long loop when they crawl and are often misidentified as soybean loopers (Sprenkel 1999). The life cycle of the velvetbean caterpillar is completed in about four weeks during the summer, but takes longer in the fall. The number of generations occurring depends on the dispersal and arrival of adults. Velvetbean caterpillar moths overwinter in southern Florida and begin moving northward in early summer. They arrive in north Florida by mid-August and are very abundant by September. Egg: The egg of the velvetbean caterpillar is prominently ribbed, slightly oval, and white until just before hatching, when it turns pink. The egg is 1 mm to 2 mm in diameter, and flattened on the lower surface. Eggs are laid singly on the undersides of leaves, although in heavy infestations eggs may be found on the upper surfaces of leaves, on the petioles and even on the stems (Watson ...
In Drosophila, the fat body, functionally equivalent to the mammalian liver and adipocytes, plays a central role in regulating systemic growth in response to nutrition. The fat body senses intracellular amino acids through Target of Rapamycin (TOR) signaling, and produces an unidentified humoral fac …
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This work provides a hypothesis of evolutionary relationships within the Neotropical genus Sparganothina, and between this genus and other lineages of Sparganothini (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Nineteen species are considered to belong to Sparganothina. Ten additional species are placed in Sparganothina and five in Coelostathma, pending a better phylogenetic understanding of Coelostathma and related genera. Thirty species are described as new.
Free Essay: They are found in many parts of the world, most notably in North America and throughout various sections of Europe. One of the most notable...
Lepidoptera are key pests that require control to avoid significant losses in many cropping systems worldwide. Failure to control key species can result in crop losses and jeopardise the economics of production. Many major lepidopteran pests are also undergoing geographical range expansion. Control options exist for moth pests but most have issues of cost, efficacy or non-target impacts. For example, while insecticides are widely used, there is increasing opposition to residues on food and in the environment. The sterile insect technique (SIT), which involves mass rearing and release of sterile insects to overflood a wild population of the pest, has been used successfully against a number of moth species. However, despite successes, the wider development and deployment of SIT has important issues that need further investigation. Previous coordinated research projects (CRP) have addressed a number of constraints. Despite excellent progress by a previous CRP, there remains a need for progress in a ...
Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885 (artist, author), Caterpillar, possibly of the Bomolocha species from Lepidoptera : Larva, Food-Plant, Pupa, &c. by Titian Ramsay Peale, AMNH Research Library , Digital Special Collections, accessed February 17, 2020, https://lbry-web-007.amnh.org/digital/index.php/items/show/33099 ...
A series of novel tetrazole derivatives was synthetized using N-alkylation or Michael-type addition reactions, and screened for their fungistatic potential against Candida albicans (the lack of endpoint = 100%). Among them, the selected compounds 2d, 4b, and 6a differing in substituents at the tetrazole ring were non-toxic to Galleria mellonella larvae in vivo and exerted slight toxicity against Caco-2 in vitro (CC50 at 256 μg/mL). An antagonistic effect of tetrazole derivatives 2d, 4b, and 6a respectively in combination with Fluconazole was shown using the checker board and colorimetric methods (fractional inhibitory concentration indexes FICIs ,1 ...
Graces Insect Cell Medium with L-Glutamine optimal for growth and maintenance of insect cells in culture such as in Dipteran and/or Lepidopteran cell lines
Winter; P. O., En extra hjælp til bestemmelse af Amphipyra pyramidea (L.) og A. berbera svenssoni (Fletcher) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Oversat fra engelsk af Ib Norgaard), . . . pg. ...
Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885 (artist, author), Probably Ceratomia undulosa from Lepidoptera : Larva, Food-Plant, Pupa, &c. by Titian Ramsay Peale, AMNH Research Library , Digital Special Collections, accessed April 6, 2020, https://lbry-web-007.amnh.org/digital/index.php/items/show/33108 ...
9780849321610 Our cheapest price for Manual of Lepidoptera: Classification of the Butterflies and Moths of is $193.95. Free shipping on all orders over $35.00.
Valtonen, A., Leinonen, R., Pöyry, J., Roininen, H., Tuomela, J. and Ayres, M. P. (2014), Is climate warming more consequential towards poles? The phenology of Lepidoptera in Finland. Global Change Biology, 20: 16-27. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12372 ...
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Hatch occurs in 1 to 1 1/2 weeks and then the small caterpillars move to an adjacent leaf to begin feeding as a group. These small larvae consume only the soft portions of the leaf, leaving behind the leaf skeleton. At this stage the caterpillars are most easily located by looking in the vicinity of skeletonized leaves. After several days of feeding and growing, the 1st stage caterpillars shed their head capsule and skin and become second stage larvae. Caterpillars continue to feed and stay in groups. Larger caterpillars consume entire leaves leaving branches with nothing but bare twigs. After five to six weeks, the mature caterpillars cease feeding and disperse down from trees to pupate. This is the time, about mid-October in Florida, when most people notice and are likely to be bothered by the oakworms. Oakworms pupate about 2 to 3 inches deep in the soil, overwintering in this stage for nearly ten months. Moths emerge the next year to begin the cycle again.. ...
Van Nieukerken, E.J. et al. 2011: Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) 2011: Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148: 212-221. ISBN 978-1-86977-849-1 (paperback) ISBN 978-1-86977-850-7 (online edition) PDF Reference page. ...
antibody-antibodies.com is the marketplace for research antibodies. Find the right antibody for your research needs. Purification and characterization of trypsin produced by gut bacteria from Anticarsia gemmatalis.
Behaviour of laboratory-selected Cry1Ac-tolerant strain of ,i,Helicoverpa armigera,/i, (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on ,i,Bt,/i,-cotton ...
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If this growth to a full sized creature, (and I am thinking principally of the lepidoptera caterpillar here) is possible, subsequent to someone being infected with cloned bacteria, it is of immense clinical importance that this is stated. Alternatively, (and I know that the colours, the sensing antennae, have been remarked upon), is it possible that the hairs of the adult lepidoptera butterfly or moth can be present? Of course, I understand that no-one may know the answer to this, or it may be that my questions in the last two paragraphs are silly, and that this could not happen in this way. If either of the preceding is your thoughts, please say so. You wont hurt my feelings or anything, because this level of science is not part of my life ...
Forister ML, Novotny V, Panorska AK, Baje L, Basset Y, Butterill PT, Cizek L, Coley PD, Dem F, Diniz IR, Drozd P, Fox M, Glassmire AE, Hazen R, Hrcek J, Jahner JP, Kaman O, Kozubowski TJ, Kursar TA, Lewis OT, Lill J, Marquis RJ, Miller SE, Morais HC, Murakami M, Nickel H, Pardikes NA, Ricklefs RE, Singer MS, Smilanich AM, Stireman JO, Villamarín-Cortez S, Vodka S, Volf M, Wagner DL, Walla T, Weiblen GD, Dyer LA. The global distribution of diet breadth in insect herbivores. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Jan 13; 112(2):442-7 ...
ID: Males of I.pectinea and I.masculella differ from other Incurvaria species in having pectinate antennae. I.masculella has a more distinctly orange-yellow head and more distinct white spots on a darker browner forewing. In I.pectinea the dorsal pale spots are more obscure and the forewing a greyer-brown. There is also a difference in the tapering of the antennal pectinations, the tapering occurring more gradually in I.masculella (illustrated right). In these examples at least there is also a difference in the number of pectinations, 27 in I.pectinea, 30 in I.masculella, but I do not know if this is variable or if so the range of variability. Also in my specimens in I masculella there is a greater contrast between the dark dorsal surface and pale ventral surface of the abdomen, the pale colour being restricted to the distal fringe of each segment in I.pectinea - but this difference needs to be confirmed. ...
Science is often advanced with the development of new technologies. Since the sequencing of the first human genome, there has been much progress made in DNA
Both Hart and Sterling & Parsons use the scale-tooth as the main external feature for confirming identity, though both describe it in comparative terms. Hart keys it as scale-tooth generally long and narrow in A.acanthadactyla and scale-tooth generally short and broad in A.punctidacyla (with long/short being along the length of the hindwing 3rd lobe and narrow/broad referring to the degree of projection of the scale-tooth from the 3rd lobe). Sterling & Parsons describe the scale-tooth as wide and short in A.acanthadactyla and narrow and tall in A.punctidactyla (with wide/narrow being along the length of the hindwing 3rd lobe and short/tall referring to the degree of projection of the scale-tooth from the 3rd lobe). In my limited experience the length of the scale-tooth is difficult to judge but its degree of projection is a reliable feature ...
Comparative susceptibility and binding of Cry1 Bacillus thuringiensis toxins to the Asian (Ostrinia furnacalis Guenée) and European (Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner) corn borers (Lepidoptera: Crambidae ...
The lepidopteran-specific P1 delta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki HD-1 was activated in vitro using insect gut proteases and found to be highly specific for the lepidopteran cell line Choristoneura fumiferana CF1 among a wide range of lepidopteran and dipteran cell lines tested. The toxicity of P1 against CF1 cells is inhibited by N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc), and the lectins soybean agglutinin (SBA) and wheat-germ agglutinin. Protein blotting was used to identify a glycoprotein of 146 X 10(3) Mr in the plasma membrane of CF1 cells, capable of binding both the toxin and SBA, which is specific for GalNAc. This glycoprotein was labelled using galactose oxidase and sodium boro-[3H]hydride and solubilized in Triton X-100 before partial purification by affinity chromatography on SBA-agarose. We propose that this glycoprotein is a good candidate for the cellular receptor of the lepidopteran-specific P1 delta-endotoxin of B. thuringiensis var. kurstaki HD-1. ...
BACKGROUND: The widespread planting of insect-resistant crops has caused a dramatic shift in agricultural landscapes, thus raising concerns about the potential impact on both target and non-target pests worldwide. In this study, we examined the potential effects of six seed-mixture ratios of insect-resistant dominance (100%-R100, 95%-S05R95, 90%-S10R90, 80%-S20R80, 60%-S40R60, and 0%-S100) on target and non-target pests in a 2-year field trial in southern China. RESULTS: The occurrence of target pests, Nilaparvata lugens and Sogatella furcifera, decreased with the increased ratio of resistant rice, and the mixture ratios with ≥90% resistant rice significantly increased the pest suppression efficiency, with lowest occurrences of non-target pests, Sesamia inferens, Chilo suppressalis and Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, in S100 and S10R90 seed-mixture ratios ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A lepidopteran aminoacylase (L-ACY-1) in Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera. T2 - Noctuidae) gut lumen hydrolyzes fatty acid-amino acid conjugates, elicitors of plant defense. AU - Kuhns, Emily H.. AU - Seidl-Adams, Irmgard H.. AU - Tumlinson, III, James Homer. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Fatty acid-amino acid conjugates (FACs) have been identified in Lepidopteran larvae as elicitors of plant defenses. Plant responses include the production of primary defense compounds and induction of secondary defense strategies including attraction of parasitoid wasps. These elicitors are present despite fitness costs, suggesting that they are important for the larvaes survival. In order to exploit FAC-mediated plant defense responses in agricultural settings, an understanding of FAC purpose and metabolism is crucial. To clarify their role, enzymes involved in this metabolism are being investigated. In this work a previously undiscovered FAC hydrolase was purified from Heliothis ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Characterization of a novel member of genus Iflavirus in Helicoverpa armigera. AU - Yuan, He. AU - Xu, Pengjun. AU - Yang, Xianming. AU - Graham, Robert I.. AU - Wilson, Kenneth. AU - Wu, Kongming. PY - 2017/3/1. Y1 - 2017/3/1. N2 - The cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, is one of the most important agricultural pests of many economic crops worldwide. Herein, we found a novel single-strand RNA virus by RNA-Seq and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method in H. armigera named Helicoverpa armigera iflavirus (HaIV), which possessed a genome with 10,017 nucleotides in length and contained a single large open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative polyprotein of 3021 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 344.16 kDa and a theoretical isoelectric point (pI) of 6.45. The deduced amino acid sequence showed highest similarity (61.0%) with the protein of Lymantria dispar Iflavirus 1. Phylogenetic analysis with putative RdRp amino acid sequences indicated that the virus clustered ...
There are several subspecies and races of Gypsy Moth. There are: - The Asian gypsy moth Lymantria dispar dispar race asian - The European gypsy moth Lymantria dispar dispar race Europe - and Lymantria dispar japonica the Japanese gypsy moth. The image shown here are of Lymantria dispar dispar the European gypsy moth. See reference for Schintlmeister 2004 Male Gypsy moths are brown with a darker brown pattern on their wings. Females are slightly larger and nearly white, with a few dark markings on their wings. Newly hatched caterpillars are black and hairy, later developing a mottled yellow to gray pattern with tufts of bristle like hairs and two rows of blue then red spots on their back. Adult females from Asian strains (west of the Ural mtns.) of Gypsy moth are capable of flight but European strains are incapable of flight. North American populations originated from Europe. Larvae of Asian strains also tend to grow larger. Because of these differences, eradication is usually directed to be more ...
The transmembrane sector of V-ATPases is involved in proton conduction across the membrane where a 15-17 kDa proteolipid forms a putative proton channel. An affinity-purified rabbit polyclonal antibody was developed to an antigenic and putatively extracellular region of a cloned 17 kDa proteolipid. In larval tissue sections, this antibody labeled the midgut goblet cell apical membrane in Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and the apical membrane in Malpighian tubules from H. virescens and Manduca sexta (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). The antibody also recognized the 17 kDa protein in an immunoblot of H. virescens Malpighian tubule homogenate. Northern blot analysis revealed the presence of two transcript sizes in the midgut (1.9 and 1.2 kb) and Malpighian tubules (2.2 and 1.9 kb). Our results strongly support the hypothesis that the 17 kDa protein is a component of the V-ATPase, where it is thought to be the proton-conducting subunit. This polyclonal antibody may provide a powerful tool for ...
To mitigate resistance development in pest insects to transgenic field corn and cotton expressing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins, the USDA and EPA have indicated that a high dose/refuge strategy is most effective, but single toxin Bt crops which predominate the transgenic crop acreage provide only a moderately high dose for one target pest in North Carolina, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), or bollworm. When a source of susceptible insects is present, moderately high insecticide doses are expected to result in resistance development more quickly than high doses. In theory, introducing a pyramided genotype expressing two different Bt proteins in the presence of a source of susceptible insects can more substantially delay resistance development than a single Bt genotype expressing a high or moderately high Bt dose. Herein, we determine the effects of transgenic field corn (2001 & 2002) and cotton (2003 — 2005) genotypes expressing Bt proteins Cry1Ab/Ac & Cry2Ab, both singly and ...
We estimated survival and final location of neonate Helicoverpa armigera after 72 h on both genetically modified (GM) and conventional cotton at the squaring stage. On average, about 2.5% out of a total of 1620 initial larvae survived on two gene GM cotton (CS × 450, 289BGII®) compared with 39.5% out of a total of 810 initial larvae on Sicot 189, a conventional cotton variety. A disproportionate number of larvae were collected on squares of GM cotton, assuming they behave the same way on GM plants as on conventional plants but suffer higher rates of mortality. Our results imply that the behaviour of neonates on GM plants in terms of finding squares (and/or better survival on squares) may be contributing to the continued pest status of Helicoverpa on GM cotton from time to time. Experiments to determine if selection for changed behaviour in the field has or is occurring are urgently required ...
Maize is wind-pollinated and releases prodigious quantities of pollen into the environment during anthesis [1]. In the case of genetically modified Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize, this pollen also carries insecticidal Bt protein. Because non-target herbivores may feed on host plants dusted with Bt pollen-both within and around maize fields, this exposure and its subsequent effects must be evaluated to assess the risks associated with the cultivation of Bt maize.. Risks posed to non-target Lepidoptera by the cultivation of Bt maize plants resistant to lepidopteran species such as the European corn borer are widely acknowledged [2-5]. Scientific controversies exist, however, in regard to estimates of the potential magnitude of effects and measures such as isolation buffer distances applied for risk management [5-14].. Because exposure is the basis of any effect, the interpretation of maize pollen leaf deposition data is highly relevant to the above debate. For several reasons, successful ...
This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Song, Li-Wen, Cao, Liang-Ming, Li, Xing-Peng, Yang, Zhong-Qi, Chen, Yue-Qu (2017): A new species of Macrocentrus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitizing larva of Dioryctria pryeri (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Zootaxa 4303 (1): 122-130, DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4303.1.7 ...
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Definition of tobacco hornworm in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of tobacco hornworm. What does tobacco hornworm mean? Information and translations of tobacco hornworm in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Baculoviruses are widely used both as protein expression vectors and as insect pest control agents. This video shows how lepidopteran larvae can be infected with polyhedra by droplet feeding and diet plug-based bioassays. This accompanying Springer Protocols section provides an overview of the baculovirus lifecycle and use of baculoviruses as insecticidal agents, including discussion of the pros and cons for use of baculoviruses as insecticides, and progress made in genetic enhancement of baculoviruses for improved insecticidal efficacy.
VELEZ-ARANGO, ANA MARÍA et al. Identification of Spodoptera frugiperda biotypes (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) through using mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Rev. Colomb. Entomol. [online]. 2008, vol.34, n.2, pp.145-150. ISSN 0120-0488.. Spodoptera frugiperda is considered a primary pest in corn crops and a secondary pest in rice, cotton, sorghum and pastures. It exhibits two biotypes (corn and rice) that are almost identical morphologically, but differ in their genetic composition and resistance to insecticides and Bacillus thuringiensis, with the corn biotype more resistant than the rice biotype. This work is the first molecular identification in Colombia of these biotypes for larvae collected from corn, rice and cotton crops in the department of Tolima by using a PCR-RFLP of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) for the identification of corn biotype, and a PCR amplifying a FR tandem region of the nuclear DNA to identify the rice biotype. The results differentiated three ...
In addition to those assigned to the tribes above, several genera of (presumed) Pyralidae are not firmly placed in this arrangement. Some may be very basal lineages which stand outside the main snout moth radiations, but given the changing circumscription of the Pyralidae, some are likely to be placed outside this group in its modern meaning, either in the Crambidae or in other lineages of basal Obtectomera. Some may even belong to more ancient moth lineages, such as the Alucitoidea or Pterophoroidea. Finally, some of these (usually little-studied) genera possibly are junior synonyms of genera described earlier.These genera are in the unranked category of the Pyralidae family.[14] The genera in question are:. ...
A majority of the known Colias species (Lepidoptera: Pieridae, Coliadinae) occur in the mountainous regions of Central-Asia, vast areas that are hard to access, rendering the knowledge of many species limited due to the lack of extensive sampling. Two gene regions, the mitochondrial COI barcode region and the nuclear ribosomal protein RpS2 gene region were used for exploring the utility of these DNA markers for species identification. A comprehensive sampling of COI barcodes for Central-Asian Colias butterflies showed that the barcodes facilitated identification of most of the included species. Phylogenetic reconstruction based on parsimony and Neighbor-Joining recovered most species as monophyletic entities. For the RpS2 gene region species-specific sequences were registered for some of the included Colias spp. Nevertheless, this gene region was not deemed useful as additional molecular barcode. A parsimony analysis of the combined COI and RpS2 data did not support the current subgeneric
TY - JOUR. T1 - Identification and characterization of digestive serine proteases from inhibitor-resistant Helicoverpa zea larval midgut. AU - Volpicella, M.. AU - Cordewener, J.H.G.. AU - Jongsma, M.A.. AU - Gallerani, R.. AU - Ceci, L.R.. AU - Beekwilder, M.J.. PY - 2006. Y1 - 2006. N2 - Protease inhibitors mediate a natural form of plant defence against insects, by interfering with the digestive system of the insect. In this paper, affinity chromatography was used to isolate trypsins and chymotrypsins from Helicoverpa zea larvae, which had been raised on inhibitor-containing diet. Sensitivity of the fractions to inhibition by plant proteinase inhibitors was tested, and compared to the sensitivity of proteinases found in insects raised on diet to which no inhibitor had been added. The isolated chymotrypsin activity was found to be less sensitive to plant protease inhibitors. The sensitivity of the isolated trypsin activity was found to be intermediate between completely sensitive trypsins and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Proteolytic activity of 26S proteasomes isolated from muscles of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta. T2 - Differences between surviving muscles and those undergoing developmentally programmed cell death. AU - Löw, P.. AU - Reynolds, S. E.. AU - Sass, M.. PY - 2001/10/22. Y1 - 2001/10/22. N2 - The intersegmental muscles (ISMs) of tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta are a well-characterised model system for examining the biochemical changes that accompany programmed cell death during development. When the ISMs become committed to die, there are dramatic increases in both the ubiquitin-expression, and ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. Since the 26S proteasome is responsible for ATP/ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis in cells, we examined its enzymatic properties. Specific chymotrypsin-like proteolytic activity of 26S proteasomes isolated from ISM is four times higher than that of surviving flight muscle (FM). However, specific activity does not change between developmental stages within ...
This ClipArt gallery offers 486 pictures of insects from the order Lepidoptera, including moths and butterflies in adult, caterpillar, and larval stages.. ...
The adult moths have been observed flying during both the warmer and cooler months in Florida (Chellman 1978). The females oviposit on the surfaces of twigs and leaves, as Lepidoptera do not have ovipositors that can pierce plant tissue for insertion of eggs. Upon hatching, the larva feeds externally for a brief period before it begins boring into plant tissue. It bores into the twig or leaf petiole, or more rarely into the leaf midvein. They sometimes cut small holes in the walls of the tunnel to the outside, through which frass is expelled (Solomon 1995).. The duration of larval development is not known. Pupation takes place inside the tunnel. Whether the insect prefers seagrape or pigeon-plum is not known. The borers have been observed and collected more often from seagrape than from pigeon-plum, since the latter is far less common as an ornamental plant. Adult moths emerging from the pupal case find their way to an exit, leave the tunnel, and fly to find mates. Lepidoptera are generally ...
Asian Gypsy Moth. Asian gypsy moths (AGM, including Lymantria dispar asiatica, Lymantria dispar japonica, Lymantria albescens, Lymantria umbrosa, Lymantria postalba) are exotic pests not known to occur in the United States. Although in many ways similar to the European gypsy moth subspecies, AGM larvae have been known to feed collectively on over 500 plant species, covering over 100 botanical families. In addition, female AGM are active flyers that can be capable, in some cases, of flying up to 25 miles (40 km). This broad range of possible host plants combined with the females ability to fly could allow AGM to spread rapidly into and through uninfested areas. Large infestations of AGM can completely defoliate trees, weakening the trees and leaving them more susceptible to disease. If defoliation is repeated for two or more years, it can lead to the death of large sections of forests, orchards and landscaping. An introduction into the US would pose a major threat to the landscape of the North ...
A proleg is a small, fleshy, stub structure found on the ventral surface of the abdomen of most larval forms of insects of the order Lepidoptera, though they can also be found on other larval insects such as sawflies and a few types of flies. In all the orders in which they appear, mainly Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera, prolegs of any form evolved independently of each other by convergent evolution. Prolegs of lepidopteran larvae have a small circle of gripping hooks, called crochets. The arrangement of the crochets can be helpful in identification to family level. Although the point has been debated, prolegs are not widely regarded as true legs, derived from the primitive uniramous limbs. Certainly in their morphology they are not jointed, and so lack the five segments (coxa, trochanter, femur, tibia, tarsus) of thoracic insect legs. Prolegs do have limited musculature, but much of their movement is hydraulically powered. Terrestrial locomotion in animals Suzuki, Y.; Palopoli, M. (2001). ...
Crystal (Cry) proteins derived from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) have been widely used in transgenic crops due to their toxicity against insect pests. However, the distribution and metabolism of these toxins in insect tissues and organs have remained obscure because the target insects do not ingest much toxin. In this study, several Cry1Ac-resistant strains of Helicoverpa armigera, fed artificial diets containing high doses of Cry1Ac toxin, were used to investigate the distribution and metabolism of Cry1Ac in their bodies. Cry1Ac was only detected in larvae, not in pupae or adults. Also, Cry1Ac passed through the midgut into other tissues, such as the hemolymph and fat body, but did not reach the larval integument. Metabolic tests revealed that Cry1Ac degraded most rapidly in the fat body, followed by the hemolymph, peritrophic membrane and its contents. The toxin was metabolized slowly in the midgut, but was degraded in all locations within 48 h. These findings will improve understanding of the
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Read The phylogeny of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera), Systematic Entomology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Krafft L.; Klingauf F., 1981: Differences in the development of heliothis virescens when given artificial diets with admixtures of secondary plant substances and amino acids
Tribus: Dirini - Elymniini - Eritini - Haeterini - Melanitini - Ragadiini - Satyrini. Name. Satyrinae Boisduval, 1833. References. * Peña, C.; Wahlberg, N.; Weingartner, E.; Kodandaramaiah, U.; Nylin, S.; Freitas, A.V.L.; Brower, A.V.Z. 2006: Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 40: 29-49. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.02. ...
International Journal of Insect Science publishes entomological research, including evolution, genetics, morphology, pollination, physiology, and reproduction.
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The Z. filipendulae transcriptome was compared to other sequenced insect species, and the results clearly show that Z. filipendulae is more closely related to B. mori compared to D. melanogaster, A. mellifera, A. gambiae, and T. castaneum (Figure 4, Figure 5). The high percentage of Z. filipendulae contigs with no match in Heliconius and B. mori as well as in any other sequenced insects reflects the uniqueness of the species, and corroborates with previous observations of unusually many unique genes in the other Ditrysians B. mori and Manduca sexta [41]. GO groups could be assigned to ~11% of the Z. filipendulae sequences whereas the corresponding number for the Heliconius sequences was 25% [24]. The gene sequences encoding the gene families of relevance to cyanogenesis (P450s and UGTs) are not well represented among the genes to which a GO annotation was assigned. For the P450s, only 45 out of 118 sequences (38%) had a BLAST hit (E-value 0.01) with a GO term attached. This demonstrates that the ...
The enhanced viral susceptibility of the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar)-derived IPLB-Ld652Y cell line has made it a popular in vitro system for studying virus-related phenomena in the Lepidoptera. Using both single-pass EST sequencing and 454-based pyrosequencing, a transcriptomic library of 14,368 putatively unique transcripts (PUTs) was produced comprising 8,476,050 high-quality, informative bases. The gene content of the IPLB-Ld652Y transcriptome was broadly assessed via comparison with the NCBI non‑redundant protein database, and more detailed functional annotation was inferred by comparison to the Swiss-Prot subset of UniProtKB. In addition to L. dispar cellular transcripts, a diverse array of both RNA and DNA virus-associated transcripts was identified within the dataset, suggestive of a high level of viral expression and activity in IPLB-Ld652Y cells. These sequence resources will provide a sound basis for developing testable experimental hypotheses by insect virologists, and suggest a number of
Covered are 30 species of Ethiopian Ematheudes, including 23 new species: E. convexus, E. crenulatus, E. dewittei, E. elysium, E. erectus, E. forficatus, E. hamatus, E. hispidus, E. kenyaensis, E. lusingensis, E. maculescens, E. megacantha, E. michaelshafferi, E. natalensis, E. pollex, E. quintuplex, E. setigera, E. sinuosus, E. strictus, E. triangularus, E. trimaculosus, E. togoensis, E. toxalis. Brief treatment is also given to the type species, the Palearctic Chilo punctellus Treitschke. The Asian Prnavitheudes Amsel, 1961 (type species: P. persicella Amsel) is synonymized with Ematheudes and Patna rhizolineata Bradley, 1980 is transferred to Ematheudes. The latter species is the only Ematheudes for which a host plant is known, the larvae having been reared from rhizomes of Sorghum halepense in Pakistan. Commotria erythrograpta Hampson is synonymized with E. neurias (Hampson); Patna venatella Hampson is synonymized with E. rhodochroa (Hampson); E. lentistrigulis Hampson is synonymized with E.
NBN - The National Biodiversity Network, England Over 100 mio records med data for bl.a. Lepidoptera, hvor man bl.a. kan tr kke udbredelseskort. The NBN Gateway quite simply acts as a data warehouse for biodiversity information, which can be quickly and easily accessed to understand the distribution of particular species in the UK. Individual records, covering plants, mammals, birds and invertebrates, are stored on the NBN Gateway and these can then be displayed on a map of the UK in a number of different ways ...
By the visual Days, a proper many men download molecular biology and genetics of the lepidoptera (contemporary topics( handset) were in West Africa. integrating on the reasons aimed from the successful Ebola list, the WHO was the basic death Alert and Response Network( GOARN). This old fish was not credited to plague nimble services like the forbearance of the Ebola and Marburg Vegeta cases in Africa at the meal of the 2000-2010 necessity.
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Wahlberg N, Brower AVZ, and Nylin S. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae ((Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on three gene sequences. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86: 227-251.. Wahlberg, N. & Freitas, A. V. 2007 Colonization of and radiation in South America by butterflies in the subtribe Phyciodina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44, 1257-1272.. Wahlberg N, and Zimmermann M. 2000. Pattern of phylogenetic relationships among members of the tribe Melitaeini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Cladistics 16: 347-363.. ...
Pyrcz, Tomasz W. , Kayce L. Casner & Janusz Wojtusiak, 2009: Polytypic species of pronophiline butterflies in the subpáramo and páramo of the Venezuelan Cordillera de Mérida I: Distribution patterns and affinities of Lymanopoda marianna Staudinger based on morphological and molecular data (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Genus 20 (3): 507-535. Full article: [11] ...
Both Helicoverpa armigera and armyworm larvae are occurring together in wheat and barley. It is important to be able to separate the helicoverpa larvae from the
The study of degree attack of H armigera was performed at VRDS Bacau during 2010- 2012. The attack appeared at end of June in all years. Attack level in first generation of pest was very low, therefore go unnoticed. There were no significant differences between the three variants during 2010 - 2012. In second generation of H. armigera the degree of attack (DA%) was under 1,3% in open field at Unibac and Roma cultivar. In tunnels DA% was high: 8,9% in 2010, 4,5% in 2011 and 14,5% in 2012. Climatic conditions were very favorable for pests in 2012: drought and high temperatures, so that may be a reason why the attack was very high in tomatoes grown in the tunnels. In tunnel the attack in pepper ranged between 0,9 % in 2010, 3,8 in 2011 and 5,0 % in 2012. The attack of tomato fruitworm in bean was high in 2012 in Auria Bacaului variety. The pest attack of second generation increased progressively in the three years of study, being: 1,1 in 2010, 2,1 in 2011 and 5,7 in 2012. The data obtained show ...
From the abstract: A systems-level understanding of cytokine-mediated, intertissue signaling is one of the keys to developing fundamental insight into the links between aging and inflammation. Here, we employed Drosophila, a routine model for analysis of cytokine signaling pathways in higher animals, to identify a receptor for the growth-blocking peptide (GBP) cytokine. Having previously established that the phospholipase C/Ca2+ signaling pathway mediates innate immune responses to GBP, we conducted a dsRNA library screen for genes that modulate Ca2+ mobilization in Drosophila S3 cells. A hitherto orphan G protein coupled receptor, Methuselah-like receptor-10 (Mthl10), was a significant hit. Secondary screening confirmed specific binding of fluorophore-tagged GBP to both S3 cells and recombinant Mthl10-ectodomain. We discovered that the metabolic, immunological, and stress-protecting roles of GBP all interconnect through Mthl10. This we established by Mthl10 knockdown in three fly model ...
BOMBYX mori, the domesticated silkworm, is one of the most genetically well-studied insects, with 246 mutations that have been sorted into 27 linkage groups (LGs) (Banno et al. 2005). Genome projects and related work are underway using B. mori as a model organism for Lepidoptera, the most serious group of agricultural pests (for recent review, see Goldsmith et al. 2004). Large-scale sequencing projects of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) (Mita et al. 2003; Cheng et al. 2004) and whole-genome shotgun (WGS) sequences (Mita et al. 2004; Xia et al. 2004) have been performed, and our knowledge of silkworm genes and genome sequence has dramatically increased. However, basic genome research on this insect is still far behind compared with other model organisms such as Drosophila melanogaster, and assignment of fundamental information such as genome sequences, ESTs, BAC contigs, mutant phenotypes, and chromosomal locations on detailed linkage maps is an urgent priority.. Two preliminary molecular linkage ...
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Bryony Bonning is the author of these articles in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: Protocols for Oral Infection of Lepidopteran Larvae with Baculovirus, Protocols for Microapplicator-assisted Infection of Lepidopteran Larvae with Baculovirus
What are Fall armyworms? Fall armyworms are scientifically called as Spodoptera frugiperda. These Lepidopterous worms got this name because they occur every year during fall season and their larvae (caterpillars) march like
Window-winged moth, (family Thyrididae), any of a group of tropical moths (order Lepidoptera) that are generally dark-coloured and small to medium-sized, with a wingspan of 10 to 30 mm (0.4 to 1.2 inches). The middle area of each wing usually has a characteristic translucent yellow or whitish area
The Gypsy Moth - Life Cycle and Related Moths Abstract: A summary of the life cycle of the gypsy moth and a listing of a few related moths.
2, Part 2. Lepidoptera. (Vienna) (1865). Schiner, J.R., 1872: Rudolph Felder. Ein Nachruf. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich- ... He was mainly interested in Lepidoptera, amassing, with his father, Cajetan Felder, a huge collection. with Cajetan Felder, ...
Lepidoptera: Tineoidea) British Lepidoptera Lepiforum (in German) v t e. ... Lepidoptera, Part II. London (E. Ellis & Co.). Denis, M. & J. I. Schiffermuller (1775): Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes ... Lepidoptera. Part II Donald R. Davis A Review of Ochsenheimeriidae and the Introduction of the Cereal Stem Moth Ochsenheimeria ... Nordic-Baltic Checklist of Lepidoptera. - Norwegian Journal of Entomology - Supplement No. 3: 1-236. Curtis, J. (1823-1840): ...
Die Indo-Australien Tagfalter Grossschmetterlinge Erde 9 Euploea at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms v t e ... Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 Seitz, A., 1912-1927. ...
Howes, George (1942). "Lepidoptera". Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 71: 277-278. " ... Dugdale, J. S. (1988). "Lepidoptera - annotated catalogue, and keys to family-group taxa" (PDF). Fauna of New Zealand. 14: 96 ... volume= has extra text (help) Patrick, Brian; Dugdale, John S. (2000). Conservation status of the New Zealand Lepidoptera (PDF ... Lepidoptera), 2015 (PDF). Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Department of Conservation. p. 7. ISBN 9781988514383. " ...
In: Heppner, J. B. (Ed.), Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Volume 5A. Gainesville, Association for Tropical Lepidoptera; ... Transparency is a rare trait among Lepidoptera, since they more commonly use mimicry to ward off predators. This butterfly ... "Lepidoptera". Encyclopedia of Insects. 2: 559-587. Ingram, Abigail; Parker, Andrew (2006). "Structure, mechanism and mechanical ... Hall, Stephen (November 1996). "Behavior and natural history of Greta oto in captivity". Tropical Lepidoptera. 7 (2): 161-165. ...
"Lepidoptera". In Dieffenbach, Ernst (ed.). Travels in New Zealand with contributions to the geography, geology, botany, and ...
Catalogue of Eucosmini from China (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Liu, Y.-q. & Y. Nasu, 1993: A new tortricid moth attacking spruce ... in China.(Lepidoptera). Tinea 13 (24): 245-251. Full article: [1]. tortricidae.com v t e. ...
Revision der Gattungen Acidon HAMPSON, 1896 und Hiaspis WALKER, (1866) 1865 subfam.comb.n. (Lepidoptera. Noctuidae. Hypeninae ...
Lepidoptera)". Canadian Entomologist. 69 (9): 203-205. 1937. doi:10.4039/Ent69203-9. "The Future Coyote Ridge Open Space ...
Lepidoptera)". Canadian Entomologist. 69 (9): 203-205. doi:10.4039/Ent69203-9. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Media ... "Euphydryas Scudder, 1872" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms Bibliography Common Names, The International ... Lepidoptera Survey, The Taxonomic Report. Glassberg, Jeffrey Butterflies through Binoculars: The West (2001) Guppy, Crispin S. ...
from other lepidoptera". Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 24 (1): 1-13. doi:10.1016/0022-2011(74)90156-6. PMID 4212168. ... Schowalter, T. D.; Ring, D. R. (2017-01-01). "Biology and Management of the Fall Webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Lepidoptera: ... Rehnberg, Bradley (2002). "Heat Retention by webs of the fall webworm Hyphantria cunea (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae): infrared ... "Lepidoptera. Chapter 11". BIORISK - Biodiversity and Ecosystem Risk Assessment. 4: 603-668. doi:10.3897/biorisk.4.50. Gomi, ...
Rudolf Tancré (1842-1934) Anklam, Pomerania Dealer in Lepidoptera mainly of Central Asia and Siberia. Georg Thorey - Hamburg ... Bohuslav Železný Prague 1890-? Lepidoptera. Emil Weiske Saalfeld Insect and bird collector and dealer. Rudolf Zimmermann (1878- ...
Robinson, Gaden S. [2010]: Global Taxonomic Database of Tineidae (Lepidoptera) Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the ... USSR.: Lepidoptera. Part II v t e. ...
Butler, Arthur Gardiner (1879). "Lepidoptera". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 168: 541-544. JSTOR ...
Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR.: Lepidoptera. Part II Lepiforum e. V. Insects of the British Isles v t e ...
Lepidoptera)". Entomological News. 52 (6): 163-169. "Euphyes berryi". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 3 ...
Lepidoptera: Notodontidae)" (PDF). Tropical Lepidoptera Research. 8 (2): 81-99. Retrieved October 15, 2019. Gentili, Patricia; ... The documented number of species of Lepidoptera in ACG has risen from 9,000 to 15,000 as a result of the barcoding analysis ... Janzen, Daniel H.; Hallwachs, Winnie (September 2016). "DNA barcoding the Lepidoptera inventory of a large complex tropical ... Brechlin, R.; Meister, F. (2011). "Four new taxa of the genus Eacles Hübner, 1819 [1816] (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)". Entomo- ...
Filatima at funet Fauna Europaea Swedish Moths Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR.: Lepidoptera. Part II v t ...
Lepidoptera)". Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 78 (2): 345-351. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2311.1930.tb00392.x. ... Schmetterling-raupe.de Kimmo Silvonen Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera McKee, L. 2008. "Bid to halt decline of butterfly". ... "New data on the distribution of Euphydryas aurinia (ROTTEMBURG, 1775)(Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in Lithuania". New and Rare for ... Konvicka, Martin (2003). "Habitat of pre-hibernating larvae of the endangered butterfly Euphydryas aurinia (Lepidoptera: ...
Lepidoptera: Saturniidae: Hemileucinae)" (PDF). Tropical Lepidoptera. 3 (2): 123-129. Parnassius clodius strohbeeni types - ... Lepidoptera)". Canadian Entomologist. 69 (9): 203-205. 1937. doi:10.4039/Ent69203-9. "A new race of Parnassius clodius". Men. ...
Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Bernard d'Abrera (1986) Butterflies of the Oriental Region. Part 3: Lycaenidae ...
Lepidoptera. IV,1 David Newland,Robert Still,Andy Swash Britain's Day-flying Moths: A Field Guide to the Day-flying Moths of ... Britain Lepidoptera of Belgium Paolo Mazzei, Daniel Morel, Raniero Panfili Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa J. ...
Gaskin, D. E. (1975). "Revision of the New Zealand Crambini (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae: Crambinae)". New Zealand Journal of ... volume= has extra text (help) von Felder, Baron Cajetan; Felder, Rudolf; Rogenhofer, Alois Friedrich (1875). "Lepidoptera". ...
Lepidoptera]; Clarke, J. F. Gates (John Frederick Gates) (1955). Catalogue of the types specimens of Microlepidoptera in the ...
Edwards, E. D.; Newland, J.; Regan, L. (2001). Lepidoptera. 31: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO ...
Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 Seitz, A., 1912-1927 ... Die Indo-Australien Tagfalter Grossschmetterlinge Erde 9 Jamides Hübner, [1819] at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other ...
Dugdale, J. S. (1988). "Lepidoptera - annotated catalogue, and keys to family-group taxa" (PDF). Fauna of New Zealand. 14: 182 ... von Felder, Baron Cajetan; Felder, R.; Rogenhofer, A. F. (1875). "Lepidoptera". Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um ... von Felder, Baron Cajetan; Felder, R.; Rogenhofer, A. F. (1875). "Lepidoptera". Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um ...
n. (Lepidoptera). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London (B)162-164. Images representing Acraea kalinzu at ... Acraea at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms "Afrotropical Butterflies: Nymphalidae - Tribe Acraeini". ...
2003). "Xanthodesma". The Global Lepidoptera Names Index. Natural History Museum. Retrieved May 25, 2020. Pitkin, Brian & ... "Lepidoptera". In: Sjöstedt (ed.) Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der schwedischen zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, ...
Die Indo-Australien Tagfalter Grossschmetterlinge Erde 9 "Flos Doherty, 1889" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other ... Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara Seitz, A., 1912-1927. ...
"Lepidoptera Taxome Project". Lepidoptera Taxome Project. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 25 February ... Historic Moth illustrations Lepidoptera at Insects (Insecta) of the World "Lepidoptera". Integrated Taxonomic Information ... Mallet, Jim (12 June 2007). "Taxonomy of Lepidoptera: the scale of the problem". The Lepidoptera Taxome Project. University ... There are over 120 families in Lepidoptera, in 45 to 48 superfamilies. Lepidoptera have always been, historically, classified ...
Prehistoric Lepidoptera are both butterflies and moths that lived before recorded history. The fossil record for Lepidoptera is ... Lepidoptera and Trichoptera (caddisflies) are more closely related than any other taxa, sharing many similarities that are ... The Ditrysia, which comprise 98% of the Lepidoptera, have two separate openings for reproduction in the females (as well as a ... ISBN 978-0-521-82149-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Powell, Jerry A. (2009). "Lepidoptera". In Resh, Vincent ...
The Lepidoptera Taxome Project Draft Proposals and Information Details about the Lepidoptera and Butterfly Taxome Projects ... Lepidoptera in general are among the major crop pests. Thus, the Lepidoptera Taxome Project will provide immediate direct ... The Lepidoptera Taxome Project 23 May 2002: Draft Expression of Interest (PDF). Initial letter of 8 March 2002: EU funding for ... The scale of the problem: numbers of species of Lepidoptera Links to other projects; taxonomy, collections, and genome data. ...
In G. Lamas (ed.), Second Symposium on Neotropical Lepidoptera. Arequipa, Peru 1983. Santa Barbara, CA, Lepidoptera Research ... Faunal regions and the diversity of Lepidoptera. Tropical Lepidoptera 2(Supplement 1):1-85. ... Lepidoptera Moths and Butterflies. Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window ... The Global Lepidoptera Names Index. Natural History Museum, London.. *Butterflies & Moths of the World: Generic Names & their ...
Pages in category "Low-importance Lepidoptera articles". The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Low-importance_Lepidoptera_articles&oldid=91541784" ...
The Lepidoptera of Norway consist of both the butterflies and moths recorded from Norway. This list includes species recorded ... In 2017, there were estimated to be 2,335 species of Lepidoptera in Norway. Carterocephalus palaemon (Pallas, 1771) ... Retrieved January 13, 2017 Fauna Europaea Lepidoptera of Norway at European Butterflies and Moths. ...
Larvae of surprisingly many Lepidoptera species depend on dead wood and wood-decay fungi and are thus considered saproxylic ... but a number of other lineages of Lepidoptera also include saproxylic taxa. All Lepidoptera families known to contain ... Lepidoptera: Xyloryctidae) in Papua New Guinea. Aust J Zool 26(4):673-687CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Grehan JR (1979) Larvae of Aenetus virescens (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae) in decaying wood. N Z J Zool 8:505-514CrossRefGoogle ...
Media in category "Lepidoptera terminology". The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Lepidoptera_terminology&oldid=261999685" ...
Lepidoptera have about 120,000 species. About 10,000 of these are in North America. There are three suborders of Lepidoptera. ... Collecting Lepidoptera. Indehiscent. Hawk moth. Bend over, here it comes again. White Admiral. White Lined Sphinx. White M ... The word Lepidoptera is derived from two Greek words. First is lepidos, meaning scales. Second is ptera, meaning wings. What ... Lepidoptera develop by a complete metamorphosis which is characterized by four distict stages. First, the egg hatches into a ...
See also: Lepidoptera and Species of Lepidoptera, Tribes of Lepidoptera, Subfamilies of Lepidoptera and Families of Lepidoptera ... This category is automatically filled by the use of {{Taxonavigation}} with parameter include=Lepidoptera (include) or by the ... Pages in category "Genera of Lepidoptera". The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. ... use of {{Lepidoptera}}.. This category should only contain Genera categories and galleries. It should contain no file. ...
Heppner J.B. (2008) Flower Moths (Lepidoptera: Scythrididae). In: Capinera J.L. (eds) Encyclopedia of Entomology. Springer, ... Bengtsson BA (1984) The Scythrididae (Lepidoptera) of northern Europe. E. J. Brill, Leiden; Scandanavian Science Press, ... Jäckh E (1977-78) Bearbeitung der Gattung Scythris Hübner (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 24: ... Passerin d Entrèves P (1974-95) Revisione degli Scitrididi (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae) palearctici. Bolletino dell⊠ Istituto ...
DNA barcodes distinguish species of tropical Lepidoptera. Mehrdad Hajibabaei, Daniel H. Janzen, John M. Burns, Winnie Hallwachs ... DNA barcodes distinguish species of tropical Lepidoptera. Mehrdad Hajibabaei, Daniel H. Janzen, John M. Burns, Winnie Hallwachs ... Lepidoptera families used in this study and their barcode sequence statistics. (a) Species used in this study versus the total ... DNA barcodes distinguish species of tropical Lepidoptera. Mehrdad Hajibabaei, Daniel H. Janzen, John M. Burns, Winnie Hallwachs ...
Psyche is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of basic entomology. Psyche is the official publication of the Cambridge Entomological Club, which founded the journal in 1874.
... identification and distribution of lepidoptera, moth larvae image ... lepidoptera, moth larvae. click on image to enlarge. © ... IM/I_AST/0005/320/lepidoptera,_moth_larvae,I_AST555.jpg. width=320 x height=240 pixels; size=43432 bytes Discover Life , Top ...
Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758 Riferimenti[modifica]. *Aguila, R.N.; Cañamero, A.B. 2012: A list of Cuban Lepidoptera (Arthropoda: ... The Lepidoptera: form, function and diversity. Oxford University Press, Oxford.. *Sohn, J.-C. et al. 2012: An annotated catalog ... Lepidoptera of Canada. Pp 463-505 In Langor, D.W. & Sheffield, C.S. (eds.). The Biota of Canada - A Biodiversity Assessment. ... Sattler, K.S.O. 1991: A review of wing reduction in Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), entomology ...
Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758 References[edit]. *Aguila, R.N.; Cañamero, A.B. 2012: A list of Cuban Lepidoptera (Arthropoda: ... For more multimedia, look at Lepidoptera on Wikimedia Commons. Wikibooks has a Dichotomous Key related to this taxon ... The Lepidoptera: form, function and diversity. Oxford University Press, Oxford.. *Sohn, J.-C. et al. 2012: An annotated catalog ... Sattler, K.S.O. 1991: A review of wing reduction in Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), entomology, ...
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G. Tettamanti and D. Malagoli, "In vitro methods to monitor autophagy in Lepidoptera," Methods in Enzymology, vol. 451, pp. 685 ... G. Tettamanti, Y. Cao, Q. Feng, A. Grimaldi, and M. de Eguileor, "Autophagy in Lepidoptera: more than old wine in new bottle," ... J. B. Nardi, G. L. Godfrey, and R. A. Bergstrom, "Programmed cell death in the wing of Orgyia leucostigma (Lepidoptera: ... A Molecular View of Autophagy in Lepidoptera. Davide Romanelli, Barbara Casati, Eleonora Franzetti, and Gianluca Tettamanti ...
Sequestration of defensive substances from plants by Lepidoptera.. Nishida R1.. Author information. 1. Laboratory of Chemical ... defense systems that can shed light on the evolution of the widely developed sequestering lifestyles among the Lepidoptera. ...
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Robert L. Meagher, Julieta Brambila, and Edward Hung "Monitoring for Exotic Spodoptera Species (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in ... A world revision of the genus Spodoptera Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Mem. American Entomol Soc. 43:1-202. Google Scholar ... Response of Spodoptera exigua and S. eridania (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) males to synthetic pheromone and S. exigua females. ... An attractant for males of Spodoptera dolichos (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. America 66:917-918. Google Scholar ...
More about Order Lepidoptera: A Class of Insects. * Relationship Between Class and Order Within Two Taxonomic Groups. 1377 ... Order Lepidoptera: A Class of Insects. 616 Words Jan 22nd, 2018 3 Pages ... Like virtually all butterflies, those of the Lepidoptera order go through four distinct stages of life. They begin as eggs ... the term Lepidoptera is descended from the Greek language and is interpreted as scale wings. Virtually all of the ...
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Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) from Ecuador and Peru. Tropical Lepidoptera Research 28 (1): 39-45 ... Unlike 99% of Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies), the species in this genus are phyto-predaceous: caterpillars initially feed ... The Lepidoptera collection currently includes nearly 2 million specimens and is therefore one of the largest research ... Comparative and experimental wing pattern genomics in Lepidoptera [47]. Understanding coloration and its variation among ...
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  • Pages 41-49 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. (tolweb.org)
  • Pages 51-63 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. (tolweb.org)
  • Pages 7-25 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. (tolweb.org)
  • This collaborative, multi-disciplinary project will exploit recent progress in genomics - the study of the complete genetic content of species and how it works - to greatly advance our knowledge of evolutionary relationships in the insect order Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). (umd.edu)
  • Tympanal ears have evolved more times in the Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) than in any other insect order. (biologists.org)
  • This ClipArt gallery offers 486 pictures of insects from the order Lepidoptera, including moths and butterflies in adult, caterpillar, and larval stages. (usf.edu)
  • However, in Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) RNAi has many times proven to be difficult to achieve. (wur.nl)
  • Can Deliberately Incomplete Gene Sample Augmentation Improve a Phylogeny Estimate for the Advanced Moths and Butterflies (Hexapoda: Lepidoptera)? (umd.edu)
  • Franclemont JG (1985) A new species of Parascotia with notes on the genera Mycterophora and Parascotia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Incertae sedis). (springer.com)
  • The mature larva of Agrotis volubilis Harvey (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is described and illustrated. (nysed.gov)
  • Taxonomy and geographical distribution of Macdunnoughia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Plusiinae) of China. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Macdunnoughia Kostrowicki, 1961 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Plusiinae) was erected for the French species, Plusia confusa Stephens, 1850 as its type species, and can be readily recognized by the claviform stigma coalesced or divided and a dark-colored medial area on the forewing, and the remarkable sacculus processus in male genitalia. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • reported that the Lycosidae spiders can be predators of the pests as Heliothis zea (Boddie, 1850) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Alabama argillacea (Hübner, 1823) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in cotton fields. (scielo.br)
  • The Noctuidae are the largest family in the Lepidoptera with more than 35,000 known species (possibly 100,000 species altogether) in more than 4,200. (saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au)
  • Lepidoptera (/ˌlɛpɪˈdɒptərə/ LEP-i-DOP-tər-ə, from Ancient Greek lepís "scale" + pterón "wing") is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths (both are called lepidopterans). (wikipedia.org)
  • Prehistoric Lepidoptera are both butterflies and moths that lived before recorded history. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lepidoptera of Norway consist of both the butterflies and moths recorded from Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Manual of Lepidoptera: Classification of the Butterflies and Moths of the World offers the most up-to-date information available in providing a detailed overview of these insects. (ecampus.com)
  • Our Country's Butterflies and Moths and how to Know Them: A Guide to the Lepidoptera of Great Britain. (mediastorehouse.com)
  • The Lepidoptera butterflies and moths are a major target group for iBOL WG1.9 (Terrestrial Bio-Surveillance). (lepbarcoding.org)
  • 150,000 species) of the insect order Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). (umd.edu)
  • 1996. A nuclear gene for higher level phylogenetics: phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase tracks Mesozoic-aged divergences within Lepidoptera (Insecta). (tolweb.org)
  • 2000. Early evolution of the proboscis of Lepidoptera (Insecta): external morphology of the galea in basal glossatan moth lineages, with remarks on the origin of the pilifers. (tolweb.org)
  • Studies on the morphology and systematics of primitive Lepidoptera (Insecta). (tolweb.org)
  • The wing vestiture of the non-ditrysian Lepidoptera (Insecta). (tolweb.org)
  • Cañamero, A.B. 2012: A list of Cuban Lepidoptera (Arthropoda: Insecta). (wikimedia.org)
  • Name-bearing types of Lepidoptera (Insecta), excluding Rhopalocera, in the National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh. (wikimedia.org)
  • 2012: An annotated catalog of fossil and subfossil Lepidoptera (Insecta: Holometabola) of the world. (wikimedia.org)
  • 2013: New fossil Lepidoptera (Insecta: Amphiesmenoptera) from the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation of northeastern China. (wikimedia.org)
  • J. Beaulaton and R. A. Lockshin, "Ultrastructural study of the normal degeneration of the intersegmental muscles of Antheraea polyphemus and Manduca sexta (Insecta, Lepidoptera) with particular reference to cellular autophagy," Journal of Morphology , vol. 154, no. 1, pp. 39-57, 1977. (hindawi.com)
  • The order Lepidoptera is the second biggest order in the class Insecta . (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural history and identification of litter-feeding Lepidoptera larvae (Insecta) in beech forests, Orongorongo Valley, New Zealand, with especial reference to the diet of mice ( Mus musculus ). (wikipedia.org)
  • About 180,000 species of the Lepidoptera are described, in 126 families and 46 superfamilies, 10 percent of the total described species of living organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fossil record for Lepidoptera is lacking in comparison to other winged species, and tending not to be as common as some other insects in the habitats that are most conducive to fossilization, such as lakes and ponds, and their juvenile stage has only the head capsule as a hard part that might be preserved. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lepidoptera Taxome Project aims to coordinate the production, completion, and dissemination of online taxonomy of Lepidoptera on our planet at the species and subspecies level. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • There are about 180,000 described species of Lepidoptera, around 10% of all described species of living organisms. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • In 2017, there were estimated to be 2,335 species of Lepidoptera in Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Larvae of surprisingly many Lepidoptera species depend on dead wood and wood-decay fungi and are thus considered saproxylic insects. (springer.com)
  • The greatest species richness of saproxylic Lepidoptera has been identified within two families: Tineidae and Oecophoridae, but a number of other lineages of Lepidoptera also include saproxylic taxa. (springer.com)
  • All Lepidoptera families known to contain saproxylic species are described here in systematic order. (springer.com)
  • Davis DR, Mendel H (2013) The genus Erechthias Meyrick of Ascension Island, including discovery of a new brachypterous species (Lepidoptera, Tineidae). (springer.com)
  • Lepidoptera have about 120,000 species . (everything2.com)
  • There are some species of Lepidoptera which are scavengers as larvae. (everything2.com)
  • Lepidoptera and Species of Lepidoptera , Tribes of Lepidoptera , Subfamilies of Lepidoptera and Families of Lepidoptera . (wikimedia.org)
  • Landry J-F (1991) Systematics of Nearctic Scythrididae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea): phylogeny and classification of supraspecific taxa, with a review of described species. (springer.com)
  • Here we show that cytochrome c oxidase I DNA barcodes effectively discriminate among species in three Lepidoptera families from Area de Conservación Guanacaste in northwestern Costa Rica. (pnas.org)
  • 95% of the species in test assemblages of birds ( 5 ), fishes ( 6 ), and Lepidoptera ( 2 , 7 ). (pnas.org)
  • Here we test the effectiveness of DNA barcoding for the identification and discovery of species of Lepidoptera in the species-rich fauna of Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG) in northwestern Costa Rica. (pnas.org)
  • We ask whether COI barcodes provide sufficient resolution to identify specimens of the sympatric (or fine-scale parapatric) and morphologically identifiable species in three families of Lepidoptera-Hesperiidae (skipper butterflies), Sphingidae (sphinx moths), and Saturniidae (wild silk moths). (pnas.org)
  • A broad-scale "family tree" (phylogeny, genealogy) will be estimated using DNA sequences from approximately 250 species, representing all 126 families into which Lepidoptera are currently divided. (umd.edu)
  • 20 experts on Lepidoptera will help to choose species and provide specimens for project DNA sequencing. (umd.edu)
  • The Lepidoptera are the largest single group of plant-feeding insects, numbering over 160,000 species. (umd.edu)
  • Understanding coloration and its variation among species, especially in Lepidoptera, has fascinated scientists since the beginning of natural history. (zfmk.de)
  • Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in the spruce budworm species complex (Choristoneura: Lepidoptera). (nih.gov)
  • However, recent studies based on genome sequencing have revealed, and experimentally verified, the presence of foreign DNA sequences in the genetic material of several species of Lepidoptera. (mdpi.com)
  • This WG aims to gather records for half of all described species of Lepidoptera (80K species) by 2015, as the first phase of building a reference library for all Lepidoptera. (lepbarcoding.org)
  • To assess the contribution of gut bacteria to B. thuringiensis susceptibility across a range of Lepidoptera we examined larval mortality of six species in the presence and absence of their indigenous gut bacteria. (nih.gov)
  • The Spilosoma group of species from New Guinea and adjacent islands (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Arctiini). (uva.nl)
  • Homaledra Busck (Lepidoptera: Pterolonchidae) comprises five previously described species of gelechioid moths that are distributed in the Neotropics and southern Nearctic. (unl.edu)
  • All larvae of Lepidoptera are caterpillars but some are known as slugs, worms, or borers. (everything2.com)
  • This sometimes is useful to discriminate Lepidoptera larvae from sawfly larvae, that always have but 1 stemma in the eye. (bladmineerders.nl)
  • Lepidoptera larvae invariably have a more or less strongly chitinised head. (bladmineerders.nl)
  • The Lepidoptera are among the most successful groups of insects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Next to Coleoptera , Lepidoptera is the largest order of insects. (everything2.com)
  • The abdominal ears of drepanids are structurally unique compared to those of other Lepidoptera and other insects, by having an internal tympanal membrane, and auditory sensilla embedded within the membrane. (biologists.org)
  • Bacterial genes have also been acquired by genomes of Lepidoptera, as in other insects and nematodes. (mdpi.com)
  • As an order within the insects Lepidoptera are characterised by their specialised feeding apparatus (but a few primitive famimilies still have biting mouthparts) and scale-covered wings. (bladmineerders.nl)
  • Buy Molecular Model Systems in the Lepidoptera by Marian R. Goldsmith from Australia's Online Independent Bookstore, Boomerang Books. (boomerangbooks.com.au)
  • We'd like to know what you think about it - write a review about Molecular Model Systems in the Lepidoptera book by Marian R. Goldsmith and you'll earn 50c in Boomerang Bucks loyalty dollars (you must be a Boomerang Books Account Holder - it's free to sign up and there are great benefits! (boomerangbooks.com.au)
  • Sieben Erstfunde und eine Bestätigung alter Nachweise für die Schmetterlingsfauna der Schweiz (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae, Gelechiidae, Tortricidae, Pyralidae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Effect of Cereals on the Development of Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) and Subsequent Quality of the Egg Parasitoid, Trichogramma chilonis (Ishii) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). (cabi.org)
  • Cydia pomonella (L.), codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). (cabi.org)
  • Studies were conducted to evaluate the use of several trap-lure combinations to improve the monitoring of codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in apple, Malus domestica Bordk. (scielo.cl)
  • Se realizaron estudios para evaluar el uso de varias combinaciones entre trampas y cebos para el monitoreo de la polilla de la manzana, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), en manzano Malus domestica Bordk. (scielo.cl)
  • J. Stanley , S. Chandrasekaran , G. Preetha , and K. Subaharan "Evidence of Male Pheromone in Conogethes punctiferalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)," Journal of Entomological Science 53(4), 455-466, (1 October 2018). (bioone.org)
  • 2007. Lepidoptera phylogeny and systematics: the state of inventorying moth and butterfly diversity. (tolweb.org)
  • The Australian moth family Lophocoronidae and the basal phylogeny of the Lepidoptera Glossata. (tolweb.org)
  • Cry proteins have already been described as toxic to several insect from Lepidoptera, Diptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Homoptera, and Malophaga orders (Zhong et al. (scielo.br)
  • Assessment of the current state of biodiversity data for butterflies and skippers in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea). (wikimedia.org)
  • The Ditrysia, which comprise 98% of the Lepidoptera, have two separate openings for reproduction in the females (as well as a third opening for excretion), one for mating, and one for laying eggs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, the Lepidoptera Taxome Project will provide immediate direct benefits for management of natural and agricultural ecosystems, in addition to its role as an exemplar for future projects. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • A draft " expression of interest " for an EU Framework 6 Integrated Project was circulated to members of the Lepidoptera Taxome Project on 23 May 2002. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • While the EVBL may be the best partner for the Lepidoptera Taxome Project, our project was a very small part of a very expansive group. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lepidoptera . (wikipedia.org)
  • This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Zhuang, Hailing, Yago, Masaya, Owada, Mamoru, Wang, Min (2017): Taxonomic review of the moth family Thyatiridae (Lepidoptera) from Yunnan province, China. (gbif.org)
  • Heppner J.B. (2008) Giant Hooktip Moths (Lepidoptera: Cyclidiidae). (springer.com)
  • The Lepidoptera have, over millions of years, evolved a wide range of wing patterns and coloration ranging from drab moths akin to the related order Trichoptera, to the brightly colored and complex-patterned butterflies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Putative fossil stem group representatives of Amphiesmenoptera (the clade comprising Trichoptera and Lepidoptera) are known from the Triassic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mesozoic history and neontology of Lepidoptera in relation to Trichoptera, Mecoptera, and angiosperms. (tolweb.org)
  • Comparative morphology of the butterfly foreleg coxa and trochanter (Lepidoptera) and its systematic implications. (tolweb.org)
  • Davis DR (2003) A monograph of the family Arrhenophanidae (Lepidoptera: Tineoidea). (springer.com)
  • Davis DR (1998) A world classification of the Harmacloninae, a new subfamily of Tineidae (Lepidoptera: Tineoidea). (springer.com)
  • Dugdale, J.S. 1974: Female genital configuration in the classification of Lepidoptera. (wikimedia.org)
  • Lepidoptera mines can mostly be distinguished easily from Diptera mines because they are full depth. (bladmineerders.nl)
  • We examined the suitability of foliage from trees grown from seedlings since 1997 at Aspen FACE as diet for the gypsy moth ( Lymantria dispar L.) Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae: paper birch ( Betula papyrifera Marshall) in 2004-2005, and trembling aspen ( Populus tremuloides Michaux) in 2006-2007, and measured consequent effects on larval respiration. (usda.gov)
  • Davis DR, Peña JE (1990) Biology and morphology of the banana moth, Opogona sacchari (Bojer), and its introduction into Florida (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). (springer.com)
  • J. B. Nardi, G. L. Godfrey, and R. A. Bergstrom, "Programmed cell death in the wing of Orgyia leucostigma (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)," Journal of Morphology , vol. 209, no. 1, pp. 121-131, 1991. (hindawi.com)
  • Lepidoptera families used in this study and their barcode sequence statistics. (pnas.org)
  • Lepidoptera in general are among the major crop pests. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Lepidoptera are key pests that require control to avoid significant losses in many cropping systems worldwide. (iaea.org)
  • Bury J, Hołowiński M, Jaworski T et al (2014) Notes of the occurrence in Poland of the rare tineid moth Scardia boletella (Fabricius, 1794) (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). (springer.com)
  • 1794) (Lepidoptera:Crambidae). (usp.br)
  • Bengtsson BA (1984) The Scythrididae (Lepidoptera) of northern Europe. (springer.com)
  • Like most other groups of animals, Lepidoptera suffer from a strong taxonomic impediment. (lepbarcoding.org)
  • Taxonomic notes on Oeneis uhleri Reakirt (Lepidoptera, Satyridae). (amnh.org)
  • Acrolepiopsis assectella (Zeller), leek moth (Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae). (cabi.org)
  • Inoue H (1962) Lepidoptera: Cyclidiidae, Drepanidae. (springer.com)
  • Micropterigidae, Agathiphagidae and Heterobathmiidae are the oldest and most basal lineages of Lepidoptera. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990. Presence of only eupyrene spermatozoa in adult males of the genus Micropterix Huebner and its phylogenetic significance (Lepidoptera: Zeugloptera, Micropterigidae). (tolweb.org)
  • Lepidoptera: Micropterigidae - Psychidae. (springer.com)
  • PCR primers for 30 novel gene regions in the nuclear genomes of Lepidoptera. (wikimedia.org)
  • Herniou, E.A. Impact of Lateral Transfers on the Genomes of Lepidoptera. (mdpi.com)
  • Homale-dra Busck) que son invasivas en Florida, EE. (unl.edu)
  • The term Lepidoptera was used in 1746 by Carl Linnaeus in his Fauna Svecica. (wikipedia.org)
  • The large majority of mining Lepidoptera belongs to the most primitive families of the order (Regier ea, 2015a). (bladmineerders.nl)
  • Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacterium used for biopesticides production and pest-resistant plants due to the synthesis of protein crystals by cry genes, which are effective in controlling several insect orders such as Lepidoptera. (scielo.br)
  • Sattler, K.S.O. 1991: A review of wing reduction in Lepidoptera. (wikimedia.org)
  • Primitive (non-ditrysian) Lepidoptera of the Andes: diversity, distribution, biology and phylogenetic relationships. (tolweb.org)
  • LepNet: The Lepidoptera of North America Network. (wikimedia.org)
  • Virtually all of the classifications of Order Lepidoptera have fairly distinctive wings, beyond the fact that they are endowed with scales. (bartleby.com)
  • Like virtually all butterflies, those of the Lepidoptera order go through four distinct stages of life. (bartleby.com)
  • The Lepidoptera collection currently includes nearly 2 million specimens and is therefore one of the largest research collections of this insect order in Germany. (zfmk.de)
  • A Baculovirus of the European Skipper, Thymelicus lineola (Lepidoptera : Hesperiidae) 1977. (gc.ca)