Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Veterinary Drugs: Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Schools, Veterinary: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.Pathology, Veterinary: The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Veterinarians: Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.Legislation, Veterinary: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Animal DiseasesDog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Public Facilities: An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Animal Technicians: Assistants to a veterinarian, biological or biomedical researcher, or other scientist who are engaged in the care and management of animals, and who are trained in basic principles of animal life processes and routine laboratory and animal health care procedures. (Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.RestaurantsAnimals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Head Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Smoke-Free Policy: Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.LegislationLegislation, Dental: Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Legislation, Pharmacy: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Biography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Drug Residues: Drugs and their metabolites which are found in the edible tissues and milk of animals after their medication with specific drugs. This term can also apply to drugs found in adipose tissue of humans after drug treatment.Horse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Anatomy, Veterinary: The study of the anatomical structures of animals.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.United StatesPets: Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.Drug Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Bonding, Human-Pet: The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Euthanasia: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Legislation, Hospital: Laws and regulations concerning hospitals, which are proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Animals, LaboratoryCats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Seat Belts: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Falconiformes: An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.Infanticide: The killing of infants at birth or soon after.Legislation, Nursing: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of nursing, proposed for enactment by a legislative body.Great BritainCommitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.EuropeCanada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Animal Experimentation: The use of animals as investigational subjects.Mandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Patient Rights: Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Right to Die: The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.Bicycling: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Parasitic Diseases, Animal: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Animal Testing Alternatives: Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.IrelandPolicy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Wills: Legal documents that are declarations of individuals' wishes regarding the disposal of their property or estate after death; esp: written instruments, legally executed, by which dispositions are made of estates. LIVING WILLS are written declarations regarding prolongation of life by extraordinary means.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Consumer Product SafetyData Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Staphylococcus intermedius: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family STAPHYLOCOCCACEAE. It is a zoonotic organism and common commensal in dogs, but can cause disease in dogs and other animals. It also can be associated with human disease.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)ScotlandWomen's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Euthanasia, Animal: The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Firearms: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Laboratory Animal Science: The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Motorcycles: Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.Euthanasia, Active, Voluntary: Active euthanasia of a patient at the patient's request and/or with the patient's consent.Insanity Defense: A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed)Cotinine: The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Insemination, Artificial, Heterologous: Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman's husband.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Retrospective Moral Judgment: The application of current standards of morality to past actions, institutions, or persons.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Animal Rights: The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Xylazine: An adrenergic alpha-2 agonist used as a sedative, analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant in VETERINARY MEDICINE.Insurance, Psychiatric: Insurance providing benefits to cover part or all of the psychiatric care.Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Paternalism: Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.Records as Topic: The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Euthanasia, Passive: Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.ItalyEthics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Embryo Research: Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Helminthiasis, Animal: Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Ceremonial Behavior: A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Tissue and Organ Procurement: The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.DairyingPolicy: A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.Euthanasia, Active: The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Zolazepam: A pyrazolodiazepinone with pharmacological actions similar to ANTI-ANXIETY AGENTS. It is commonly used in combination with TILETAMINE to obtain immobilization and anesthesia in animals.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Compensation and Redress: Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Personal Autonomy: Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Foot Rot: A disease of the horny parts and of the adjacent soft structures of the feet of cattle, swine, and sheep. It is usually caused by Corynebacterium pyogenes or Bacteroides nodosus (see DICHELOBACTER NODOSUS). It is also known as interdigital necrobacillosis. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 18th ed)Animal Population Groups: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.Antiparasitic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Tiletamine: Proposed anesthetic with possible anticonvulsant and sedative properties.Mental Competency: The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Posthumous Conception: Conception after the death of the male or female biological parent through techniques such as the use of gametes that have been stored during his or her lifetime or that were collected immediately after his or her death.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Freedom: The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Suicide, Assisted: Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).Beauty CultureOrphan Drug Production: Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Abattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.CaliforniaStaphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.Germany, EastCommunicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Forensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Lameness, Animal: A departure from the normal gait in animals.Pathology, Clinical: A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.BerlinRare Diseases: A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.Surrogate Mothers: Women who allow themselves to be impregnated with the understanding that the offspring are to be given over to the parents who have commissioned the surrogate.Sulfamethazine: A sulfanilamide anti-infective agent. It has a spectrum of antimicrobial action similar to other sulfonamides.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.

Antimicrobial growth promoter ban and resistance to macrolides and vancomycin in enterococci from pigs. (1/18)

Ninety-six enterococcus isolates from fecal samples of pigs receiving tylosin as an antimicrobial growth promoter and 59 isolates obtained in the same farms 5 to 6 months after the ban of antimicrobial growth promoters in Switzerland were tested for susceptibility to nine antimicrobial agents. A clear decrease in resistance to macrolides, lincosamides, and tetracycline was visible after the ban. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium belonged to the same clonal lineage as vancomycin-resistant isolates previously isolated from Danish pigs.  (+info)

Foreign establishment registration and listing. Final rule. (2/18)

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final rule to amend its regulations pertaining to the registration of foreign establishments and the listing of human drugs, animal drugs, biological products, and devices. The final rule requires foreign establishments whose products are imported or offered for import into the United States to register with FDA and to identify a United States agent. The final rule implements section 417 of the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (FDAMA) as it pertains to foreign establishment registration.  (+info)

Vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease: the implications for Canada. (3/18)

Vaccination of susceptible animals against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a well established strategy for helping to combat the disease. Traditionally, FMD vaccine has been used to control a disease incursion in countries where the disease has been endemic rather than in countries considered free of the disease. In 2001, the use of vaccine was considered but not implemented in the United Kingdom (1), whereas vaccine was used to help to control FMD in The Netherlands (2,3). Canadian contingency plans provide for the use of vaccine; Canada is a member of the North American Foot-and-Mouth Disease Vaccine Bank, which could supply vaccine if needed. This article explains why Canada might use FMD vaccine to combat an outbreak and the factors that are relevant to the disposal of vaccinated animals and their products. It concludes that vaccination is an important mechanism in Canada's preparedness for an outbreak of FMD and that products from vaccinated animals are safe for human consumption.  (+info)

Impact of antimicrobial resistance on regulatory policies in veterinary medicine: status report. (4/18)

Increasing resistance to antimicrobial agents is of growing concern to public health officials worldwide. The concern includes infections acquired in hospitals, community infections acquired in outpatient care settings, and resistant foodborne disease associated with drug use in food-producing animals. In the United States, a significant source of antimicrobial-resistant foodborne infections in humans is the acquisition of resistant bacteria originating from animals. The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) goal in resolving the public health impact arising from the use of antimicrobial drugs in food-producing animals is to ensure that significant human antimicrobial therapies are not compromised or lost while providing for the safe use of antimicrobials in food animals. The FDA's approach to the problem is multipronged and innovative. The strategy includes revision of the pre-approval safety assessment for new animal drug applications, use of risk assessment to determine the human health effect resulting from the use of antimicrobials in food animals, robust monitoring for changes in susceptibilities among foodborne pathogens to drugs that are important both in human and veterinary medicine, research, and risk management.  (+info)

Regulatory issues surrounding the use of companion animals in clinical investigations, trials, and studies. (5/18)

Laboratory animal veterinarians sometimes encounter animals with rare conditions and may subsequently become involved in the performance of related animal research outside the laboratory, in homes, in veterinary clinics, or in universities to which owners have donated their animals for study. Similarly, veterinarians may monitor animal companion vaccination studies, performed to optimize preventive health care or minimize physiological variability and research confounders associated with a preventive medicine program for dogs and cats utilized for research procedures. These nontraditional uses of dogs, cats, and other companion animals in research have spurred the establishment of regulations to ensure that the animals benefit from clinical veterinary products and techniques. Included and described are the 2002 Public Health Service Policy, the Animal Welfare Act (AWA), the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, and the regulations of the US Department of Agriculture in response to the AWA. The complexities of clinical research with companion animals outside standard biomedical research facilities are discussed.  (+info)

Availability and estimates of veterinary antimicrobial use in British Columbia. (6/18)

The amount of antimicrobial use is a significant selection pressure that alters the frequency of antimicrobial resistance. This paper summarizes attempts to estimate the weight of antimicrobial purchases in British Columbia for use in animals. The data reported here do not capture all sources of veterinary antimicrobial use in British Columbia. This paper highlights how information deficits on veterinary drug use complicate the development of an evidence-based policy framework for combating antimicrobial resistance.  (+info)

Antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter strains isolated from French broilers before and after antimicrobial growth promoter bans. (7/18)

OBJECTIVES: The antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter strains isolated from standard and free-range broilers in 1992-1996 and 2001-2002 was studied. METHODS: Strains were isolated from caeca or skin samples collected from standard or free-range broilers arriving in slaughterhouses. The MICs of ampicillin, nalidixic acid, enrofloxacin, tetracycline, erythromycin and gentamicin were determined by agar dilution and compared according to species (Campylobacter jejuni or Campylobacter coli), production system and sampling period. RESULTS: Results showed that all chickens harboured Campylobacter. An increase over time of the C. coli/C. jejuni ratio for standard chickens occurred. A wide range of MICs was observed among isolates from the same broiler or from the same farm. Strains collected on entry to the slaughterhouse and after storage showed no significant difference in their antibiotic resistance. C. coli was more resistant than C. jejuni to tetracycline and erythromycin during the first period and to all tested molecules (except gentamicin) during the second period. Strains isolated from standard chickens were also more often resistant than those isolated from free-range broilers. The percentage of C. jejuni strains resistant to ampicillin decreased from 1992-1996 to 2001-2002, whereas no change could be observed for the other antimicrobial agents. However, for C. coli the resistance to ampicillin, nalidixic acid, enrofloxacin, tetracycline and erythromycin significantly increased. CONCLUSION: There was an increase in the incidence of antibiotic resistance of C. coli between 1992-1996 and 2001-2002.  (+info)

A preliminary equine abuse policy with potential application to veterinary practice. (8/18)

An equine abuse policy was developed as an adjunct to an equine management survey. If at least 3 of 5 categories caused concern, a report to the authorities was indicated. The policy was not used but, in the absence of other guidelines, it might assist veterinarians considering potential abuse cases.  (+info)

The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) is a voluntary membership association of local, state and federal agencies charged by law to regulate the sale and distribution of animal feeds and animal drug remedies.
The American Feed Industry Association (AFIA) is a not-for-profit organization that represents the feed industry in industry-wide events, national and state legislation, etc. Members of the AFIA include livestock feed manufacturers, ingredient suppliers, pet food manufacturers, supplier companies, regional and state associations, and international firms. The AFIA is the worlds largest organization devoted to representing the total feed industry. The AFIA currently has over 550 members including U.S. Poultry & Egg Association, United Soybean Board, etc. The AFIA collaborates with associations and organizations such as the Association of American Feed Control Officials and the Institute for Feed Education & Research. By 1909 thirty states had already developed individual feed regulations. The separate laws highlighted the need for a national feed law, which would help create uniformity between state regulations and encourage inter-state commerce. Recognizing the need for a trade association to ...
How do I know if the dog food Im feeding is what my dog needs?. The Food and Drug Administration requires that all animal foods, the same as food for human consumption, be safe to eat, produced under sanitary conditions, contain no harmful substances and be labeled truthfully.. For any pet food product to have the words "complete" and/or "balanced" printed any place on the package, the claim must have been validated by meeting the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) standards based on the products recipe or by laboratory analysis. If the product passes this test, there will usually be a statement to that effect: "(Name of product) is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles." This means the product can be fed to a dog as its sole ration, along with free access to water.. Another, more rigorous verification uses the previous AAFCO profile but also has been verified by feeding trials. If a product has achieved this standard ...
Pure Vita Holistic Salmon and Potato Adult is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) Dog Food Nutrient Profiles for all life stages.IngredientsSalmon, salmon meal, potato, oatmeal, barley, natural vegan flavors, flaxseed, sunflower oil, potato
The Association of American Feed Control Officials recommend that dry dog foods contain at least 0.3% (and dry cat foods contain at least 0.2% sodium) for both maintenance and to support normal growth and development. These are minimum recommended levels.. While high sodium intake may cause increased thirst and water consumption, the extra sodium is excreted in the urine of dogs (and cats). Healthy dogs are able to consume diets with higher sodium levels than found in most commercial pet foods without increased blood pressure or gain in body water. Therefore, the sodium level in commercial pet foods is not a cause for concern in healthy animals.. Possible Sodium Restrictions ...
The Association of American Feed Control Officials recommend that dry dog foods contain at least 0.3% (and dry cat foods contain at least 0.2% sodium) for both maintenance and to support normal growth and development. These are minimum recommended levels.. While high sodium intake may cause increased thirst and water consumption, the extra sodium is excreted in the urine of dogs (and cats). Healthy dogs are able to consume diets with higher sodium levels than found in most commercial pet foods without increased blood pressure or gain in body water. Therefore, the sodium level in commercial pet foods is not a cause for concern in healthy animals.. Possible Sodium Restrictions ...
A reader forward me a link to the USA FDA approved probiotics for animals [FDA page]. The official list for humans is likely further restricted. There are web-sites that specialize in the sale of these DFMs for animal use. Approved Probiotics DFM FDA and Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) approved microbial species are: Aspergillus…
Ideally, every nutrient your dog needs should be present in its dog food. However, nutritional research is generally far ahead of the dog food regulatory standards established by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). To gain marketing advantage, many dog food manufacturers are supplementing their foods, but with no AAFCO standards the amount…
The answer is none, zero, nil. According to the American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), there are 36 nutrients essential for dogs. These include proteins, fat, vitamins and minerals. They do not include any carbohydrates. There are no carbohydrates essential to a dog diet. AAFCO guidelines are the standard for commercial dog food production. And yet most dog food products are loaded with carbohydrates ...
The first step in making sure that youre opting for the most efficient and healthiest meals to your puppy is to perceive what the label says. The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) has tips at the label claims of dog food. Below are some commonplace statements made on a label and their meanings:. 1. If the label says the product comprises just one element, that product should comprise a minimum of 95% of that element. For instance, if a dog food says its made exclusively of hen, no less than 95% of that product should be hen. 2. The time period "organic" on a label simplest refers to how the dog food used to be processed, however does no longer point out the standard of the meals.. three. The phrases "veterinarian recommended" vs. "veterinarian formulated" arent the similar factor. For a label to state "veterinarian recommended", the product should behavior a statistically sound survey (in some circumstances, up to 300 vets) to turn out that almost all of veterinarians ...
Many articles online regarding feline nutrition seem to cluster around the question of whether commercial canned diets or dry food products are "better" for cats. Many authors use the existence of the Association of American Feed Control Officials (NAAFCO) as proof positive that commercially prepared diets are not only adequate, but something above that. After all, if the product is prepared according to this entitys standards, it must be good, right? Of course, as covered here previously in other posts on feline nutrition, the NAAFCO is nothing more than an industry trade group, whose main raison detre is to create a product that sells well. If this means that the product must not cause death or illness in the pets of the consumers that buy it (it does), then, of course, that becomes a primary goal. They have learned from past fiascos such as the taurine deficiency and tuna-vitamin E incidents that they must be a bit more careful with their product, but only because of the dire results that ...
Advancements in technologies such as nanotech, robotics, and biotech are promising to make major differences in our lives in the not-too-distant future, as the Industrial Revolution did to the agrarian world - to do for the physical world what the computer and Internet have done to the world of information.. Since 1986, the Foresight Institute has been in the forefront of a worldwide community of visionaries who work to help shape these possibilities into a positive, beneficial reality.. If you would like to help us understand the potential of these technologies, and influence their direction, please consider becoming a member of the Foresight community. With your support, Foresight will continue to educate the general public on these technologies and what they will mean to our society.. The Foresight Institute is a non-profit, member-supported 501(c)(3) organization. We offer membership levels appropriate to meet the needs and interests of individuals and companies. Donations are tax ...
The Foresight Institute was founded on a brilliant and vivid study of the future of technology published in 1986 and written by a student at MIT. K Eric Drexlers Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology has been exceptionally influential because it not only presents an exciting exposition of an emerging technology, but it places it in the context of how we can think about technologies that have not yet been developed, and how we can prepare to avoid the perils that the technology may bring as well as exploit the opportunities that it will present. For these reasons it remains relevant after 30 years of phenomenal progress in the underlying science and technology. The themes of Engines of Creation provided the foundations for Foresights mission and initial activities. Drexler was a co-founder of Foresight, although he no longer has any affiliation with Foresight.. A free HTML version of Engines of Creation is available at Drexlers web site. Drexler also provides a link to the free ...
Currently in the United States, there is a keen debate about the desirability of banning the use of antimicrobial growth promoters (AGPs) in farm animal production.  On the one hand, medical researchers and regulators believe that there is now convincing evidence that the use of antimicrobials in animal production is one factor contributing to the development of antimicrobial resistance in pathogens which infect humans.  On the other hand, representatives of the farming and animal health industries take the opposite view and point to the problems a ban on the use of AGPs would cause for those in farm animal production.  Attention is drawn to the fact that in Denmark where AGPs are no longer used there was a 30% increase in the amount of antimicrobials used to treat animals in 2000 compared with the previous year.
First, someone says they will buy lots of stuff from my team. Then, we plan to make the stuff in little bits. We find out how other people made the stuff in books; sometimes they tell people how they did it. Sometimes, we can do what they said they did. Sometimes, we can not. Sometimes, people made stuff in ways that make sense; sometimes, they did not. Sometimes, people made stuff in ways that can not be done when we make lots of stuff. Then, we have to figure out how to change it to a better way. Sometimes, there are many steps to make the stuff. We try to take away as many steps as possible; each step takes time and money. We make the stuff in little bits ...
Plus vitamins & minerals. 100% complete & balanced for adult cats. Crafted without by-products or fillers. New. Purely Fancy Feast Natural Seabass & Shrimp Entree is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO Cat Food Nutrient Profiles for maintenance of adult cats. Calorie Content (Calculated) 786 kcal/kg 45 kcal/tray. Purina.com. Dolphin safe. Please recycle this paperboard carton [Paperboard may not be recyclable in your area]. Product of Thailand.. ...
Crude Protein (Min.) 30.0%. Crude Fat (Min.) 20.0%. Crude Fiber (Max.) 3.0%. Moisture (Max.) 10.0%. Calcium (Min.) 1.2%. Phosphorus (Min.) 0.9%. Vitamin A (Min.) 12000 IU/KG. Vitamin E (Min.) 60 IU/KG. Omega 6 - Fatty Acid (Min.) 3.8%*. Omega 3 - Fatty Acid (Min.) 0.3%*. Glucosamine (Min.) 350 mg/kg*. Chondroitin Sulfate (Min.) 350 mg/kg*. *Not recognized as an essential nutrient by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profile.. STATEMENT OF NUTRITIONAL ADEQUACY. Performance Plus Premium 30-20 Adult Dog Food is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO dog food nutrient profiles for adult maintenance.. CALORIE STATEMENT (CALCULATED). METABOLIZEABLE ENERGY (ME) = 3,835 KCAL/KG OR 422 KCAL/CUP. ...
Simply Wild Natural Dog Food is formulated to meet the nutritional requirements established by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles for "All Life Stages". *Not recognized as an essential nutrient by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient profile. ...
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Foresight Dialysis Sdn Bhd is a wholly owned subsidiary of Foresight Industries Sdn Bhd which started its operation in May 2010.. ...
kenneth collins ,kenneth.p.collins at worldnet.att.net, wrote in message news:qrU1e.17531$cg1.14386 at bgtnsc04-news.ops.worldnet.att.net... , kenneth collins ,kenneth.p.collins at worldnet.att.net, wrote in message , news:fET1e.17390$cg1.393 at bgtnsc04-news.ops.worldnet.att.net... ,, [...] , ,, So, later, when Id no means to otherwise ,, survive, I did my Studies. I Know what Im ,, talking about, in this post -- because I go ,, where the Answers Live. [...] , , I Study =everything= -- [...] Especially, the Difficult stuff. You know -- the stuff whose primary identifier exists in the way that folks sort of slink-away [move away from] when it shows itself. When one Studies such stuff, ones jaw always hangs down -- because such stuff is always al- most-Nothing, yet its power is so Great in folks Lives. Be-cause NDTs understanding is as it is -- a Redefining of what it is to be Human -- Ive had ample opportunity to Study the Difficult stuff. NDTs understanding has ...
someone did it and it began to suck more. Work sucks because stupid people do it. Some stuff sucks because you suck and other stuff sucks because I do. Stuff such as eating stuff is ok except when monsters are eating you at the same time. Stuff like watching stuff is good only when you wear a yellow hat. Stuff like learning stuff sucks in general. Stuff like writing stuff only sucks when you fall asleep on the keyboarddddddddddddddd... Stuff like waking up sucks when youre being eating by a bear. Short people suck because they are shorter than me and dont even try to take growth enhancing drugs. Smoking sucks because farts are better. You suck because the voices in my head said so. Polar bears suck because they live at the other side of the world from penguins and they are all socialists and commnists. Tall people suck because they are taller than me and take advantage of growth enhancing drugs. Hamsters suck because they die after 2 hours of continous running over with the lawn mower. Monkeys ...
High-quality packaged cat foods happen to be scientifically designed to supply your cat with the right balance of nutrients and calories. Fundamental minimum dietary needs for cats have been in existence through the Feline Diet Expert (FNE) Subcommittee from the Association of Yankee Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), and pet-food manufacturers begin using these standards in producing cat foods.. When you are looking for healthy food choices for the cat, studying the diet label around the packages is the easiest method to compare foods. Pet-food manufacturers are needed to provide certain diet info on the package. Labeling rules are in place through the AAFCO and also the U.S. States Fda. All pet foods that carry an AAFCO approved dietary guarantee, frequently known as the "AAFCO statement," are regarded as complete and balanced. These standards were formulated in the early 1990s by panels of experts on a canine and feline diet. A food might be certified in 2 ways: (1) by meeting AAFCOs printed ...
High-quality packaged cat foods happen to be scientifically designed to supply your cat with the right balance of nutrients and calories. Fundamental minimum dietary needs for cats have been in existence through the Feline Diet Expert (FNE) Subcommittee from the Association of Yankee Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), and pet-food manufacturers begin using these standards in producing cat foods.. When you are looking for healthy food choices for the cat, studying the diet label around the packages is the easiest method to compare foods. Pet-food manufacturers are needed to provide certain diet info on the package. Labeling rules are in place through the AAFCO and also the U.S. States Fda. All pet foods that carry an AAFCO approved dietary guarantee, frequently known as the "AAFCO statement," are regarded as complete and balanced. These standards were formulated in the early 1990s by panels of experts on a canine and feline diet. A food might be certified in 2 ways: (1) by meeting AAFCOs printed ...
UCW/ BOSTON, MA - Solos Endoscopy, Inc. (OTCPK: SNDY) a provider of quality innovative healthcare instruments to hospitals across the country, is pleased to announce that the company has renewed the Establishment Registration & Device Listing of its endoscopic instruments with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).. Solos Endoscopy instruments are registered and approved with the FDA; the FDA approval also covers the entire MammoView® instrument line. The company markets over 200 items to the endoscopic market and is continuing the development of products that will enhance the ability of medical professionals to perform minimally invasive surgical techniques.. Solos Endoscopy recently completed a capital restructuring initiative in order to position itself for growth over the next twelve months. The Company plans to raise capital in order to fulfill outstanding purchase orders and pursue international sales initiatives.. "Management believes that renewal of its establishment registration ...
The tables below include tabular lists for selected basic foods, compiled from United States Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) sources. Included for each food is its weight in grams, its calories, and (also in grams,) the amount of protein, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, fat, and saturated fat. As foods vary by brands and stores, the figures should only be considered estimates, with more exact figures often included on product labels. For precise details about vitamins and mineral contents, the USDA source can be used. To use the tables, click on "show" or "hide" at the far right for each food category. In the Measure column, "t" = teaspoon and "T" = tablespoon. In the food nutrient columns, the letter "t" indicates that only a trace amount is available. Food portal Food energy Food groups Nutrient contents of common foods Food labels Healthy diet Nutrition Home and Garden Bulletin, Number 72 United States Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) 1963, ...
At minimum, the company should have good manufacturing processes in place that include testing and holding all ingredients coming into the plant and all products going out of the plant. The diets should be free of contaminants and bacteria, and meet an AAFCO (American Association of Feed Control Officials) claim. A diet should be at least AAFCO formulated and better yet AAFCO tested. AAFCO is not perfect but it is a starting point. If the company uses a co-packer to pack and distribute their diet, they should be able to tell you who their co-packer is. The diets should be formulated by someone with advanced education and training in the formulation of dog and cat diets. Ideally these recipes would be evaluated by a board-certified veterinary nutritionist. The diets should regularly be sent out for analysis to ensure that what is in the bag matches the computer formulation. Companies get a gold star if digestibility testing is performed, have a commitment to environmental sustainability, support ...
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Jenny, your choice of the mineral Selenium and Vitamins A, C and E is a good one - these are all powerful anti oxidants that are helpful in treating cancer (of course you might want to consider other medicines such as CV247, Coriolus, homoeopathic medicines and so on, but thats another story!). Re dosage - it is hard to find a reliable guide to dosages of any of these supplements for dogs. It is true that Selenium can potentially be harmful if given in overdose, but I have never come across a case of toxicity.. There is (or used to be) an authorised supplement for dogs available in the USA called Selotoc, which contains Vitamin E and Selenium. The suggested dosage for this product is 500 micrograms of Selenium and 34 iu of vitamin E per 10lbs bodyweight. However, AAFCO (the American Association of Feed Control Officials) guidelines state a maximum of 570 micrograms of Selenium a day for any size dog is advisable, so as you can see advice varies!. The supplement I use contains (per ...
This report maps the activities of ten leading Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs) in Brazil, Canada, Chile, France, Korea, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, South Africa and the United States. In particular, it looks at how these SAIs assess key stages of the policy cycle as well as resulting policies and programmes. SAIs have untapped potential to go beyond their traditional oversight role and contribute evidence for more informed policy-making. The report provides examples and case studies of SAIs activities that consider and support the integration of international good practices into policy and programme formulation, implementation and evaluation. It provides guidance for SAIs seeking to engage in oversight, insight and foresight, taking into account the SAIs internal strategy as well as policy challenges and actors in the external environment.
Foresight Imaging showcased version 2.2 of the TIMS DICOM Systemsoftware at the 2008 Society of Imaging Informatics in Medicine (SIIM)conference in Seattle.
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London · Berlin · San Francisco · New York · Hong Kong · Melbourne. Arup Foresight is part of the Arup University. The team covers the entire knowledge value-chain, from understanding future trends and identifying areas for development, to delivering collaborative research programmes and pursuing opportunities for innovation. We work with organizations, large and small, which strive for excellence and innovation. ...
Four experiments examined when laypeople attribute unexpected experimental outcomes to error, in foresight and in hindsight, along with their judgments of whether the data should be published. Participants read vignettes describing hypothetical experiments, along with the result of the initial observation, considered as either a possibility (foresight) or a reality (hindsight). Experiment 1 found that the initial observation seemed more likely to be replicated when viewed in hindsight than in foresight. The remaining experiments contrasted responses to an initial observation from 1 of the 4 studies that was either expected or unexpected (based on the predictions of participants in Experiment 1). Experiments 2A-C and Experiment 3 found that unexpected results were more likely to be attributed to methodological problems than were expected ones--but to the same degree in foresight and in hindsight. Participants in Experiment 4 had more confidence in an explanation for an unexpected
The birth of Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance. The Foresight Detection, Identification and Monitoring of Infectious Diseases (DIM) Project provided a number of findings which were taken up by a number of governments, agencies and organisations across the world. However, one of the outcomes that was pertinent only to sub-Saharan Africa, was the creation of a Centre for infectious diseases. In time, it was hoped that this would provide the African continent with a capability for diagnosis and identification of any new and emerging diseases; a capability similar to that provided by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta for the USA. Such a Centre would give greater ownership of disease to African countries and thereby promote an African capability that would underpin the national and international control programmes, some of which were of only African interest.. To create such a Centre, we needed to start small (in relative terms, for such ...
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Hi John. Two things. I understand about the fear of cartoonist, becoming, painters, and abandon the good stuff. One such example that I have noticed is William Wray. HE did great stuff for you. Now hes submerging himself in Urban landscapes. If it makes him happy, all the power to him. I just hope one day he might do some more cartoony stuff. The second thing. Your problem with the balance of the woman, with the legs. Ive learned that you need to use the center of gravity. In this case that would be just at the bottom of her neck, where your wish bone is. That is the center of her gravity. From that point, lightly draw a straight line towards the ground. That will help you visualize and understand how the rest of her pose works. Wow, look at me. Im just some guy from Toronto, giving you art advice. Go figure. Thanks for hearing me out. I hope that I was helpful, in some way. ...
First things first, a quick recap on what makes stubborn fat more stubborn than regular fat. Fat gain or loss is about two things, calories and hormones. But stubborn fat may be more impacted by hormones compared to other types of fat.. There is fat stored just underneath the skin. We call this fat "subcutaneous fat". This is the stuff that hangs over your belt. Then there is fat we store deep in our middle area around our organs and under our abdominal muscles. This fat is called visceral fat. This is the stuff that gives many men that large protruding belly when their skin is still tight over the top. You cant pinch this stuff, its fat on the inside of the body. Finally there is fat stored in and around our muscles. This is called intramuscular fat.. The most stubborn fat on the body is the fat right under our skin, the subcutaneous fat. Thats why you can lose fat and lose size (because you have lost fat on the inside) but still have the fat hanging over. Female subcutaneous fat is more ...
Extremly nice stuff. The quote about not watching anything with the word "Toons" in it seems a bit hypocritical retroactively considering that John K. and the Spumco crew later on worked on the game "Go! Go! Hypergrind" (an interesting game, BTW) which takes place in the "Toon World". But dont take it personally, John K. And I agreed wholeheartedly with Josh "Just What the Doctor Ordered" Heisie that the gal on the Lost Episodes cover looks a little too skinny to be truly "cute" in my opinion. But the cover still looks excellant. And BTW, the cuts on the previous Ren & Stimpy DVDs werent because of Nickelodeon, they were because of Spike TV. Spike TVs "Digitaly Remasted" Ren & Stimpy Classics restored some stuff that Nick cut (like the "Bring the kids" line in Out West for example), but cut and/or time-compressed a LOT of stuff that was never touched on Nick. ...
All about Dont Stick Sticks Up Your Nose! Dont Stuff Stuff In Your Ears! by Jerald S. Altman. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers
I dont know about you, but when it comes to stuff, I like mine hot! Be it dripping with passion, an extreme style statement, or just a groovy idea, Stuff is always better when hot, and never lukewarm. And if your preference for stuff is hot, then it goes without saying (although Im sayin it…
Guaranteed Analysis (per tab): Glucosamine HCl* 500 mg, Chondroitin* 400 mg, Manganese 5 mg. Ingredients: Glucosamine HCl, chondroitin, microcrystalline cellulose, beef flavor, manganese ascorbate,cheese flavor, mixed glycosaminoglycans, dried brewers yeast, magnesium stearate, garlic flavor. *Not recognized as an essential dietary nutrient by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles ...
INSTRUCTIONS:. Keep refrigerated or frozen. Thaw in refrigerator, do not cook or microwave. This is a raw meat product, keep this and other raw meats and poultry separate from other foods. Wash working surfaces (including cutting boards) utensils, and hands after touching raw meat or poultry.. K9 Ancestral Diet Recipe (meat identified above) is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles for Adult Maintenance. THIS PRODUCT IS NOT INTENDED FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION.. Feed one 2 ounce portion per 12.5 lbs of body weight two times per day.. ...
Bulletin Board: A Post From the Community | A new partnership between Bentley's Pet Stuff and Pet Food Zoom means more families throughout Illinois can order healthy, natural pet food items in a convenient and affordable way. Bentley's Pet Stuff announced it will acquire Pet Food Zoom, which was founded in 2008 by Tom Pantano. We are passionate about pet health. It's a part of everything we do - the way we greet, educate, and even recommend products to our customers. Some might say we have a rabid obsession with food quality in our stores and that's probably a fair assessment if not a really bad pun, said ...
Alliance response to the VMDs 2015 VARSS report. We welcome todays VARSS report which shows that there was a 9% reduction in 2015 sales of veterinary antibiotics.. While the new data shows that the trend is moving in the right direction, the Alliance remains concerned about the overall slow pace of progress. Even accounting for these reductions, total UK farm antibiotic use has only fallen by 4% since the growth promoter ban in 2006.. Total antibiotic use per livestock unit in pigs and poultry remains between 3 and 4.3 times higher than in Denmark and the Netherlands. Antibiotic use in British pigs alone remains about five times higher per animal than it is in these countries.. The report highlights a small fall in sales of some of the antibiotics classed as critically important for humans, modern cephalosporins fell from 1.332 kg to 1,202 kg, and fluoroquinolones fell from 2,590 kg to 2,529 kg. Again, we welcome the reductions in farm use, but remain extremely concerned that UK farm use of ...
Armed with a desire to help rebuild the veterinary infrastructure in Afghanistan, Dr. Susan B. Chadima recently volunteered her veterinary expertise at the
KB3098-3121.7 - Medical legislation. KB3122 - Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Veterinary public health. KB3123-3123.5 - Animal ... KBP3098-3121.5 - Medical legislation. KBP3122 - Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Veterinary public health. KBP3123-3123.5 - ... K3601-3611 - Medical legislation. K3615-3622 - Veterinary laws. Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Prevention of cruelty to ... KBP1270-1467 - Labor laws and legislation. KBP1468-1569 - Social laws and legislation. KBP1572-1942 - Courts and procedure. ...
"U.S. FDA Animal & Veterinary". U.S. Food & Drug Administration. "U.S. FDA ORA Offices & Divisions". U.S. FDA Organization. U.S ... The FDA Office of Regulatory Affairs is responsible for the enforcement of federal legislation and serves in a regulatory ... "Public Health Service Act". U.S. FDA Legislation. U.S. Food & Drug Administration. "U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned ... and veterinary medicine products which may have potentially harmful side effects for the consumer. ...
Similar legislation in Australia has been criticized by veterinary professionals. Dog owners in the United States can be held ... Collier, Stephen (2006). "Breed-specific legislation and the pit bull terrier: Are the laws justified?". Journal of Veterinary ... "Veterinary Conditions for the importation of dogs/cats for countries under Category A (1/4)" (PDF). Agri-Food and Veterinary ... Breed-specific legislation has been largely found to be ineffective at reducing the number of dog attacks. Research has ...
Veterinary Ethics: What About Venomoids? Venomous Snake Husbandry Basics: Veterinary Care Snakegetters.com, Accessed 15 October ... "Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986 - Sect 36". Victorian Consolidated Legislation. AustLII. Retrieved 2008-10-16. "Hoser ... 2008 Boyer TH (May 2006). "Common procedures with venomous reptiles". The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal ...
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry (11): 135-39. "Legislation". British Association of Equine Dental Technicians. "What is an ... "The Veterinary Art". In later years, the importance of dentition in assessing the age of horses led to veterinary dentistry ... The first veterinary dental school was founded in Lyon, France in 1762 and created additional knowledge about dentistry in ... Harvey, C (1994). "The History of Veterinary Dentistry Part One: From the Earliest Record to the End of the 18th century". ...
... and Veterinary Measures; Department of Customs Legislation and Law Enforcement Practice; Department of Customs Infrastructure; ... veterinary and phytosanitary measures; enrolment and allocation of import customs duties; establishment of trade regimes with ...
Legislation by State or Union Territory[edit]. Andhra Pradesh[edit]. The Andhra Pradesh Prohibition of Cow Slaughter and Animal ... The "Preservation, protection and improvement of stock and prevention of animal diseases, veterinary training and practice" is ... Legislation[edit]. Cow slaughter laws in various states of India. Green - Cows, Bulls and Bullocks are allowed to be ... Legislation regarding ban on Cow slaughter)". DAHD. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2013.. This ...
Collier, Stephen (2006). "Breed-specific legislation and the pit bull terrier: Are the laws justified?". Journal of Veterinary ... Breed-specific legislation. Main article: Breed-specific legislation. Widely reported pit bull attacks in popular media have ... "American Veterinary Medical Association. 2017. Retrieved April 25, 2017.. *^ Nolen, R. Scott (2017). "The dangerous dog debate" ... "Breed Discriminatory Legislation: How DNA Will Remedy the Unfairness". Journal of Animal Law & Ethics. 161 (#4). May 2011. ...
5: Pharmaceutical legislation: veterinary medicinal products. ISBN 92-828-2037-8 Vol. 6: Notice to applicants: veterinary ... Concerning Veterinary Medicinal Products: Volume 5 - Pharmaceutical Legislation. Volume 6 - Notice to Applicants. Volume 7 - ... 1: Pharmaceutical legislation: medicinal products for human use. ISBN 92-828-2032-7 Vol. 2: Notice to applicants: medicinal ... 7. Guidelines: Veterinary medicinal products. ISBN 0-11-985366-3 Markus Hartmann and Florence Hartmann-Vareilles, The Clinical ...
The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association's position statement on devocalization of dogs states: "The Canadian Veterinary ... Legislation to ban devocalization of dogs and cats in New York State is underway. Animal rights Animal welfare Bark (dog) Dog ... The American Veterinary Medical Association's official position states that "canine devocalization should only be performed by ... In 2000, anti-debarking legislation was proposed in California, New Jersey, and Ohio.[citation needed] The California and New ...
Violation of legislation on the continental shelf of Kazakhstan and special economic zone of the country; Damage of land; ... Violation of veterinary rules and regulations of pest and plant disease control; Water pollution, clogging and depletion of ... forms the basis of national environmental legislation. Article 31 of the Constitution states that "the state shall set an ...
Carter, G.R.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Poxviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 13 June 2006. "Myxomatosis in ... "Section 12, Pests Act 1954". Legislation.gov. Retrieved 18 December 2014. Parkinson, Justin (9 April 2016). "How buzzards came ... "A Statement from the Chief Veterinary Officer (Australia) on myxomatosis vaccine availability in Australia". Australian ...
Other forms of legislation concerning animals sprang from agricultural, economical and veterinary motives. During the second ... They called for new forms of legislation that would protect animals for non-anthropocentric reasons. In these discussions (the ... Moral attitudes towards animals in the west (as expressed in public debate and legislation) have changed considerably over time ... Considerations regarding animal welfare ought to be based on veterinary, scientific and ethological norms, but not on sentiment ...
A Primary Health Centre and Veterinary Centre are also here. It has a population of around 500 people and nearly 59% of Men. ... The literacy rate is 98% and The village strictly follow all legislations regarding hygiene and other cleanliness. It has a ...
The enabling legislation creating the college also provided funds for a veterinary building at Cornell. The building opened in ... A new veterinary complex for Cornell and the college was created in 1957 at the east end of Tower Road. The main building is ... In 1976, a Veterinary Diagnostic Lab was added to provide support for veterinarians throughout New York State. It was designed ... It is a quadrangle east of the Arts Quad and west of the College of Veterinary Medicine. The oldest building still standing on ...
It has a veterinary legislation that can apply to the vectors of illness in animals. There also exists a law about the commerce ... Mexican legislation comprises a series of legal instruments related to invasive species: the Federal Law of Animal Health, the ... Nevertheless, there also exist two great legislations that construct the international status quo: The European Union ( ... The States utilize diverse mediums toward the creation of specialized legislation, environmental institutions, and global ...
In this capacity, she is currently the Parliament's rapporteur on new legislation on veterinary medicines. In 2010, she led the ...
"Animal Welfare Legislation". The Paw Project. Retrieved 2016-05-22.. *^ Pavley. "SB 1229 Senate Bill - CHAPTERED". Leginfo.ca. ... The American Veterinary Medical Association and the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association explicitly do not recommend this ... such as the California Veterinary Medical Association. On the other hand, the American Veterinary Medical Association states ... Veterinary Information Network, 2009 *^ Patronek, GJ; Dodman, NH (1 December 1999). "Attitudes, procedures, and delivery of ...
South Australian Legislation. Legislation.sa.gov.au. Retrieved on 2014-04-19. "Tasmania's swift parrot in danger of extinction ... Dierenfeld, Ellen (2009). "Feeding behavior and nutrition of the Sugar Glider (Petaurus breviceps)". Veterinary Clinics of ... Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice. 10 (2): 533-55. doi:10.1016/j.cvex.2007.01.001. PMID 17577562. ...
The centre contains full texts of legislation and proposed legislation, as well as reports and statistics from the European ... Specialist collections for veterinary medicine, dentistry and chemistry are held in separate branch libraries around campus. ...
The fisheries part of the Council covers legislation relating to: the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP); fisheries; the setting of ... and harmonisation of rules concerning veterinary matters, animal welfare, plant health, animal feed, seeds and pesticides. ... The agriculture part of the Council covers legislation relating to: the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); internal market rules ... the Council takes its decisions on most agriculture and fisheries legislation in co-decision with the European Parliament ...
As veterinary medicine is increasingly employing expensive medical techniques and drugs, and owners have higher expectations ... http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1971/22. ... Pet insurance pays, partly or in total, for veterinary ... According to the latest data available from the U.S. Department of Clinical Veterinary Science and the Pet Food Institute, only ... In 1982, the first pet insurance policy was sold in the United States, and issued to television's Lassie by Veterinary Pet ...
Veterinary applications of stem cell therapy as a means of tissue regeneration have been largely shaped by research that began ... Mlsna, Lucas J. (2010). "Stem Cell Based Treatments and Novel Considerations for Conscience Clause Legislation". Indiana Health ... This is critical in the development of drugs for use in veterinary research because of the possibilities of species specific ... Spinal cord injuries are one of the most common traumas brought into veterinary hospitals. Spinal injuries occur in two ways ...
"What is the Australian legislation governing animal welfare?".. *^ "ACT legislation register - Animal Welfare Act 1992 - main ... "Australian Veterinary Association. Retrieved 1 May 2013.. *^ Lockwood, R.; Hodge, G. (1986). "The tangled web of animal abuse: ... In September 2009, legislation was drafted to address deliberate cruelty to animals in China. If passed, the legislation would ... "New animal welfare legislation introduced". RTE.ie. 7 March 2014.. *^ a b c The Agency. "Boas Notícias - Animais: Lei que ...
... was dispatched to veterinary officials in border inspection posts the legislation necessary for imports. It was also supposed ... veterinary structures (especially border inspection posts), members states' central veterinary authorities, the European ... This resulted in a loss of time at border inspection posts, as one had to wait for the proper legislation to be found. ANIMO ... TRACES provides EU legislation covering the required field for each certificate, imposes the physical checks applicable and the ...
Veterinary medicine was, for the first time, truly separated from human medicine in 1761, when the French veterinarian Claude ... While the US healthcare system has come under fire for lack of openness,[18] new legislation may encourage greater openness. ... Veterinary medicine; veterinarians apply similar techniques as physicians to the care of animals. ... Bourgelat founded the world's first veterinary school in Lyon, France. Before this, medical doctors treated both humans and ...
Veterinary Students *National Veterinary Student Loan Repayment Programs. *Student Scholarship Awards *2017 Veterinary Student ... Veterinary Students *National Veterinary Student Loan Repayment Programs. *Student Scholarship Awards *2017 Veterinary Student ... Registered Veterinary Technician Career Information *California Approved Veterinary Technician Programs. *Registered Veterinary ... Registered Veterinary Technician Career Information *California Approved Veterinary Technician Programs. *Registered Veterinary ...
Veterinary Students *National Veterinary Student Loan Repayment Programs. *Student Scholarship Awards *2017 Veterinary Student ... Veterinary Students *National Veterinary Student Loan Repayment Programs. *Student Scholarship Awards *2017 Veterinary Student ... Registered Veterinary Technician Career Information *California Approved Veterinary Technician Programs. *Registered Veterinary ... Registered Veterinary Technician Career Information *California Approved Veterinary Technician Programs. *Registered Veterinary ...
Here you can get food industry information, find food legislation, check for FSAI latest news or make an online complaint. ... EC Legislation. Council Directive 96/22/EC (OJ L125, p3, 23/05/1996) of 29 April 1996 concerning the prohibition on the use in ... Third countries whose legislation authorises the administration of stilbenes, stilbene derivatives, their salts and esters, or ... 96/22/EC may not be placed on the market for human consumption unless the animals in question have been treated with veterinary ...
... all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at ... Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Regulations 2001. *revoked. *Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines ... Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Amendment Regulations 2005 (SR 2005/90). Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary ... Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Amendment Regulations 2011 (SR 2011/256). Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary ...
Oklahoma Legislation Defines Equine Dentistry as Husbandry, not Veterinary Medicine; Passes House, on to State Senate ... Labels: dentist, Equine, legislation, legislature, Oklahoma, State Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to ... And I know full well that other states and other veterinary boards are watching what is going on in Oklahoma, as are groups ... It also requires that of the five veterinarian members of the State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners (Board), one must be ...
... in MS (status, guarantees, eradication programs). [main menu]. ...
Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, Act 19 of 1982. *Regulations. *Professions. *Veterinary and Para-Veterinary. * ... Authorisation: All veterinary and para veterinary services (Section 23.1(c)) Latest News Popular New Legislation ... All veterinary and para veterinary services (Section 23.1(c)). *Authorisation: To render veterinary or para veterinary services ... Kenya Veterinary Board. http://kenyavetboard.org/. Veterinary Council of Tanzania. http://www.mifugouvuvi.go.tz/vertinary- ...
Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, Act 19 of 1982. *Regulations. *Professions. *Veterinary and Para-Veterinary. * ... All veterinary and para veterinary services (Section 23.1(c)). *Authorisation: To render veterinary or para veterinary services ... Kenya Veterinary Board. http://kenyavetboard.org/. Veterinary Council of Tanzania. http://www.mifugouvuvi.go.tz/vertinary- ... Veterinary Council of Zimbabwe (department of livestock and veterinary services). http://www.dlvs.gov.zw/ ...
Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, Act 19 of 1982. *Regulations. *Professions. *Veterinary and Para-Veterinary. * ... All veterinary and para veterinary services (Section 23.1(c)). *Authorisation: To render veterinary or para veterinary services ... Members: Veterinary Para-professionals. *Draft Rules for Veterinary Para-professions. *Continuing Professional Development (CPD ... Kenya Veterinary Board. http://kenyavetboard.org/. Veterinary Council of Tanzania. http://www.mifugouvuvi.go.tz/vertinary- ...
Legislation And Policy. The American Kennel Club states that "debarking is a viable veterinary procedure that may allow a dog ... Veterinary Leadership Conference The Veterinary Leadership Conference draws veterinarians from across the U.S. for education ... Veterinary student Tools to help you transition to your new veterinary career ... many veterinary organizations including the American Animal Hospital Association20 and the Canadian Veterinary Medical ...
Legislation and relief programs. Learn about government measures passed in response to the COVID-19 outbreak, including: ... Veterinary Leadership Conference The Veterinary Leadership Conference draws veterinarians from across the U.S. for education ... Veterinary student Tools to help you transition to your new veterinary career ... COVID-19 legislation and relief programs. Find information about the laws, relief programs, and regulations enacted to assist ...
General guide on how to construct a veterinary legislation * Evaluation of the performance of veterinary services, gap analysis ... next page: Evaluation of the performance of veterinary services, gap analysis and the OIE international standards ... http://www.oie.int/index.php?id=169&L=0&htmfile=chapitre_vet_legislation.htm ...
Animal health and veterinary expenses. 94 The farm owner must pay all animal health and veterinary expenses. ... Editorial and format changes to reprints are made using the powers under sections 24 to 26 of the Legislation Act 2012. See ... Section 18 of the Legislation Act 2012 provides that this reprint, published in electronic form, has the status of an official ... Changes authorised by subpart 2 of Part 2 of the Legislation Act 2012 have been made in this official reprint. ...
Food Safety Legislation 2018 -. Page highlights state-level legislation passed in 2018 on food safety. (National Conference of ... Veterinary Medical Libraries Section - Medical Library Association * Veterinary Public Health Association, a division of the ... Veterinary Public Health Concentration - University of Tennessee * Veterinary Public Health Program - The Ohio State University ... Co-published with the Journal of Veterinary Medical Education. * Preventive Veterinary Medicine This journal indexed by PubMed ...
Food Safety Legislation 2018 -. Page highlights state-level legislation passed in 2018 on food safety. (National Conference of ... The Veterinary Public Health (VPH) program allows students to combine their veterinary studies at any accredited veterinary ... The Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation (JVDI) -. JVDI is devoted to all aspects of veterinary laboratory diagnostic ... APHA Veterinary Public Health Special Primary Interest Group -. The Veterinary Public Health Special Primary Interest Group ...
Legislation Framework. The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act establishes the APVMA as an independent ... Veterinary product*Veterinary product*I want to vary a withholding period and/or export interval for a veterinary product and ... Does my veterinary product need to be registered?*User guide: what is or isnt a veterinary product?*User guide: what is or ... Veterinary product*Veterinary product*To a new animal species or situation and no data of a technical nature is required ...
8 Legislation and oversight of the conduct of research using animals: a global overview (Kathryn Bayne, Timothy H. Morris and ... In summary this is an excellent addition to UFAWs seminal collection of animal welfare texts."" (Veterinary Practice, November ... "It is evident that ANYONE involved in animal experiment research whether veterinarian, veterinary technician or laboratory ... the principles of thoughtful use and care of animals are widely applicable to other veterinary relationships too, whether pet, ...
Table 1:State and territory legislations relating to control of use of veterinary chemicals. ... Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) Act 1995. *Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control Of Use) Order ... Agricultural and Veterinary Products (Control of Use) Act 2002. * Agricultural and Veterinary Products (Control of Use) ... Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) Act 1992. *Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) ...
Veterinary legislation *Directory code: 03.50.30.00 Agriculture / Approximation of laws and health measures / Animal health and ... veterinary inspection animal disease domestic animal transport of animals health certificate *Subject matter: ... 11) Council Directive 91/496/EEC of 15 July 1991 laying down the principles governing the organization of veterinary checks on ... Directive 90/425/EEC and Directive 91/496/EEC do not apply to veterinary checks on pet animals accompanying travellers during ...
Veterinary legislation Directory code: *03.50.30.00 Agriculture / Approximation of laws and health measures / Animal health and ... 4) By letter dated 4 March 2003, the veterinary authority of Italy proposed an amendment to the programme listed in point 5.1 ... 3) By letters dated 12 March 2003 and 12 June 2003, the veterinary authority of Finland asked for an amendment to the programme ...
KB3098-3121.7 - Medical legislation. KB3122 - Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Veterinary public health. KB3123-3123.5 - Animal ... KBP3098-3121.5 - Medical legislation. KBP3122 - Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Veterinary public health. KBP3123-3123.5 - ... K3601-3611 - Medical legislation. K3615-3622 - Veterinary laws. Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Prevention of cruelty to ... KBP1270-1467 - Labor laws and legislation. KBP1468-1569 - Social laws and legislation. KBP1572-1942 - Courts and procedure. ...
National Legislation & Oregons Status: June 2019. An update on national legislation on non-economic damages, animal abuse, ... Cannabis and Veterinary Medicine. While hemp is no longer a controlled substance, CBD products derived from it that have not ... 2019 Oregon Veterinary Medical Association. (800) 235-3502 or (503) 399-0311 , Contact the OVMA ... RXQ Compounding, LLC Recalls All Sterile Products, Including Veterinary Products. RXQ Compounding, LLC is recalling all sterile ...
Childhood Obesity (generally, no specific legislation); food and beverage labeling (generally, no specific legislation); ... Veterinary medicine; Antibiotic isuses; Food safety. Support for S 622 and companion House measure, Animal Drug and Animal ... Monitoring legislation and policy discussion relating to extension of the 2008 Farm Bill and the development of the 2013 Farm ... Monitoring agriculture reauthorization legislation; with focus on R&D for biobased products and other programs important to ...
Poultry welfare and legislation. Practicals. · Clinical audit of a laying unit. · Clinical audit of a broiler unit. · ... To be able to prepare a veterinary health plan for an intensive production facility. ...
Poultry welfare and legislation. Practicals. · Clinical audit of a laying unit. · Clinical audit of a broiler unit. · ... Available to Doctor of Veterinary Medicine students only. Course Description. This course will provide students with a basic ... To be able to prepare a veterinary health plan for an intensive production facility. ...
  • The AVMA is committed to providing factual, up-to-date information and resources to support the veterinary community in delivering services during the pandemic. (avma.org)
  • In a 2014 literature review of dog bite studies, the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) states that breed is a poor sole predictor of dog bites. (wikipedia.org)
  • A few years ago, a wellness practitioner in Colorado received a letter from the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) warning her that she was in violation of the law by doing acupressure (a form of massage) on animals, and that she must cease and desist. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • Prepare to make a difference in the lives of both with your Bachelor of Veterinary Science degree from JCU. (edu.au)
  • Your Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Queensland is accredited by the Australasian Veterinary Boards Council, making you eligible to work in Australia and New Zealand or in the UK. (edu.au)
  • A standard on the design and functioning of national and regional Veterinary Statutory Bodies empowered by the law and by State delegation of the necessary powers to oversee qualifications, ethical standards and professional excellence, as well as to expel anyone whose conduct is improper. (vetscite.org)
  • Products that are compounded by a veterinarian, or by a pharmacist on the prescription of a veterinarian, are exempt from registration by the APVMA and are therefore not subject to the same testing regimens as registered veterinary medicines. (ava.com.au)
  • The SWM programme will be implemented by a consortium comprising FAO, the Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le dévelopment (CIRAD), the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). (fao.org)
  • You will learn in dedicated and high-tech settings including teaching laboratories, JCU Veterinary and Emergency Centre and Hospital on campus, on-site animal yards, JCU working cattle station for livestock production, and JCU Teaching Resource Centre and Large and Small Animal Clinic on the Atherton Tablelands. (edu.au)
  • Take advantage of JCU's real-world teaching settings, including an on-campus Veterinary and Emergency Centre and Hospital and a local working cattle station for livestock production. (edu.au)
  • Benefit from state-of-the-art teaching and research facilities at the JCU Veterinary and Emergency Centre and Hospital, the JCU working cattle station (JCU Fletcherview Research Station), and the JCU Teaching Resource Centre. (edu.au)
  • K3615-3622 - Veterinary laws. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3. Laws and Legislation (Denise M. Safranko). (wiley.com)
  • Also the legislation applied to the industrial medicinal products is examined, in comparison to the laws disciplining other products of interest for the pharmacy profession. (unige.it)
  • Right now, some states have laws prohibiting puppy mills outright or regulating this industry, but many states do not have any legislation at all and the laws (in those states that have them) are not consistent as between the states. (change.org)
  • The working group has reported that it studied the chemical laws and regulatory programs of the U.S., Canada, EU, China, and other countries, and blended elements from several sources to create a unique piece of legislation, though its overall structure appears to be modeled on the U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). (lexology.com)
  • Within said territory, the Empire shall have the right of legislation according to the provision of this Constitution, and the laws of the Empire shall take precedence of those of the individual states. (wikisource.org)
  • The European Commission has been given the go ahead to plans for veterinary medicinal products and medicated feed that are aimed at improving the health and wellbeing of animals, tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the EU and fostering innovation. (thedairysite.com)
  • To enact breed-specific legislation - such as spay and neuter requirements for "pit bull"-type dogs - will simply push irresponsible dog owners toward other breeds. (cvma.net)
  • In response, some state-level governments in the United States have prohibited or restricted the ability of municipal governments within those states to enact breed-specific legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act establishes the APVMA as an independent statutory authority of the Commonwealth, responsible for the regulation and control of agvet chemicals in Australia up to the point of retail sale. (apvma.gov.au)
  • Joint news release between the Ministry of Health Singapore (MOH) and the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore (AVA) and the National Environment Agency (NEA). (cdc.gov)
  • The Office of Regulatory Affairs has legislative and regulatory authority for the specified health related products: Biologics Cosmetics Dietary Supplements Drugs Foods Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Electronic Products Tobacco Products Veterinary Products It is organized into five regions - Northeast (NER), Central (CER), Southeast (SER), Southwest (SWR) and Pacific (PAR). (wikipedia.org)
  • All veterinary chemical products are date-controlled. (apvma.gov.au)
  • Some veterinary chemical products also have an in-use shelf life, which is the shelf life of the product after first broaching the container. (apvma.gov.au)
  • As with all veterinary medicines, compounded products may only be prescribed for the treatment of a specific condition in an animal under the veterinarian's care. (ava.com.au)
  • Norbrook Laboratories Limited of Newry, United Kingdom is recalling 34 lots of veterinary injectable drug products to the veterinarian/consumer level as a precautionary measure as product sterility cannot be assured. (oregonvma.org)
  • The FDA Office of Regulatory Affairs is responsible for the enforcement of federal legislation and serves in a regulatory capacity to ensure health related products are accurately and informatively represented to the public, effective, and safe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Establishes user fees for veterinary pharmaceutical products. (raps.org)
  • 5 In the event of any dispute relating to the applicability of legislation on foodstuffs or on therapeutic products to specific substances or products, the Federal Department of Home Affairs shall issue a ruling after consulting the authorities concerned. (admin.ch)
  • More than 110 of the countries evaluated - mainly developing and emerging countries - do not yet have relevant legislation concerning appropriate conditions for the importation, manufacture, distribution and use of veterinary products, including antimicrobials. (vetscite.org)
  • The OIE trains national Focal Points appointed by its Member Countries and forms networks to enable them to develop and modernise legislation on the production, importation, distribution and use of veterinary products, as well as to carry out such tasks as monitoring the consumption of antimicrobials, because very little is yet known about actual volumes used in the 180 Member Countries involved in the OIE veterinary legislation support programme. (vetscite.org)
  • Food manufacturers and importers are responsible for ensuring that their products are accurately positioned in the marketplace and comply with Canadian legislation. (gc.ca)
  • They had no training in the handling of animals, in veterinary radiography, anaesthetics, dental hygiene or laboratory techniques (CFB Hofmeyr, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, pers. (scielo.org.za)
  • It also requires that of the five veterinarian members of the State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners (Board), one must be an equine practitioner and one must be a large animal practitioner. (blogspot.com)
  • Methods covered range from barefoot trimming to hoof boots, horseshoeing, equine podiatry and veterinary medical and surgical treatment. (blogspot.com)
  • The Association aims to improve the prevention and control of zoonoses by promoting the scientific integration of medical, veterinary and food disciplines under the umbrella of 'One-Health. (phpartners.org)
  • Each year, legislators introduce dozens of pieces of legislation hoping to change how the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates pharmaceuticals, medical devices, biologics and dietary supplements. (raps.org)
  • An organization of boardcertified veterinary medical specialists who establish standards of education, training, experience and expertise necessary to become qualified as a specialist and recognizes that achievement through board certification. (geometry.net)
  • When Prof Hofmeyr became Head of the Department of Surgery at the Onderstepoort Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, in January 1958, he motivated for the employment of medical nursing sisters in the clinical departments on a permanent basis to assist with certain clinical tasks. (scielo.org.za)
  • Massive reform legislation reauthorized numerous user fee programs, created new user fee programs for biosimilars and generic drugs, and created several new regulatory pathways and programs. (raps.org)
  • the food control inspectorate provisions applicable to the use of veterinary drugs are reserved. (admin.ch)
  • A veterinarian using a compounded veterinary pharmaceutical must have a clear understanding of whether insurance will cover liability claims for its use, as there are no "registered label indications" on which an insurance company can base their decision on whether a product was used in accordance with best practice. (ava.com.au)
  • Expand your knowledge and skills through veterinary courses in Queensland , and experience Australia's unique tropical, marine and rural settings. (edu.au)
  • A third point of view is that breed-specific legislation should not ban breeds entirely, but should strictly regulate the conditions under which specific breeds could be owned, e.g., forbidding certain classes of individuals from owning them, specifying public areas in which they would be prohibited, and establishing conditions, such as requiring a dog to wear a muzzle, for taking dogs from specific breeds into public places. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once you graduate, you will be eligible to register with veterinary registration boards to practise in any Australian state. (edu.au)
  • Regulatory Focus is pleased to offer this webpage as a way to keep track of legislation-both passed and proposed-intending to affect areas regulated by FDA. (raps.org)
  • We will also be supporting our European federation IFAH-Europe as they work determinedly with the European institutions over the coming years to support the Commission's vision for a more efficient regulatory system for veterinary medicines in Europe. (thedairysite.com)
  • If you have any concerns over the medication your veterinary surgeon has prescribed for your horse, please call RVC Equine on 01707 666297. (rvc.ac.uk)
  • And I know full well that other states and other veterinary boards are watching what is going on in Oklahoma, as are groups like the Institute for Justice which often comes to the aid of professions and trades being regulated by legislation. (blogspot.com)