The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.
A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from accessed 1/31/2003)
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
Laws and regulations concerning hospitals, which are proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
The contamination of indoor air.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
The killing of infants at birth or soon after.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of nursing, proposed for enactment by a legislative body.
Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
Programs in which participation is required.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Legal documents that are declarations of individuals' wishes regarding the disposal of their property or estate after death; esp: written instruments, legally executed, by which dispositions are made of estates. LIVING WILLS are written declarations regarding prolongation of life by extraordinary means.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.
Active euthanasia of a patient at the patient's request and/or with the patient's consent.
A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed)
The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman's husband.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
The application of current standards of morality to past actions, institutions, or persons.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
Insurance providing benefits to cover part or all of the psychiatric care.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.
Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.
Conception after the death of the male or female biological parent through techniques such as the use of gametes that have been stored during his or her lifetime or that were collected immediately after his or her death.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).
Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.
Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.
Women who allow themselves to be impregnated with the understanding that the offspring are to be given over to the parents who have commissioned the surrogate.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
An institutional policy of granting authority to health personnel to perform procedures on patients or to remove organs from cadavers for transplantation unless an objection is registered by family members or by the patient prior to death. This also includes emergency care of minors without prior parental consent.
International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
An oath, attributed to Hippocrates, that serves as an ethical guide for the medical profession.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.
Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
Tissue, organ, or gamete donation intended for a designated recipient.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Processes or methods of reimbursement for services rendered or equipment.
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
Works about books, articles or other publications on herbs or plants describing their medicinal value.
Guideline for determining when it is morally permissible to perform an action to pursue a good end with knowledge that the action will also bring about bad results. It generally states that, in cases where a contemplated action has such double effect, the action is permissible only if: it is not wrong in itself; the bad result is not intended; the good result is not a direct causal result of the bad result; and the good result is "proportionate to" the bad result. (from Solomon, "Double Effect," in Becker, The Encyclopedia of Ethics, 1992)
Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.
Financial support of research activities.
Laws and regulations pertaining to devices used in medicine, proposed for enactment, or enacted by a legislative body.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.
Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.
Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.
Centers for acquiring and storing semen.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
Individuals supplying living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.

Committee proposals and restrictive rules. (1/248)

I analyze a game-theoretic model of committee-legislature interaction in which a majority decision to adopt either an open or closed amendment rule occurs following the committee's proposal of a bill. I find that, in equilibrium, the closed rule is almost always chosen when the dimension of the policy space is >1. Furthermore, the difference between the equilibrium outcome and that which would have occurred under the open rule can be arbitrarily small.  (+info)

Can legislation prevent debauchery? Mother gin and public health in 18th-century England. (2/248)

The "gin epidemic" of 1720 to 1751 in England was the first time that government intervened in a systematic fashion to regulate and control sales of alcohol. The epidemic therefore provides an opportunity to gauge the effects of multiple legislative interventions over time. Toward that end, we employed time series analysis in conjunction with qualitative methodologies to test the interplay of multiple independent variables, including real wages and taxes, on the consumption of distilled spirits from 1700 through 1771. The results showed that each of the 3 major gin acts was successful in the short term only, consistent with the state's limited resources for enforcement at the local level, and that in each instance consumption actually increased shortly thereafter. This was true even of the Gin Act of 1751, which, contrary to the assumptions of contemporaries and many historians, succeeded by accident rather than by design. The results also suggest that the epidemic followed the inverse U-shaped trajectory of more recent drug scares and that consumption declined only after the more deleterious effects of distilled spirits had been experienced by large numbers of people.  (+info)

Does the liberalisation of abortion laws increase the number of abortions? The case study of Spain. (3/248)

BACKGROUND: Over the course of the 1980s a public debate on abortion took place in Spain culminating in a more permissive social climate and, in 1985, the partial decriminalisation of abortion. Before this, women were forced to abort illegally or abroad in countries which had decriminalised abortions. The aim of this study is to present jointly the evolution of abortions in Spanish women in England and Wales between 1974 and 1995, The Netherlands between 1980 and 1995 and Spain since the start of the register in 1987 through to 1995 and to compare trends both before and after the law in Spain. METHODS: Incidence rates were calculated in each of the countries studied and the slopes of the curves for 1974-1984 and 1987-1995 were compared. Data were obtained from reports published by the offices of abortion surveillance in England and Wales, The Netherlands and Spain. RESULTS: The rates increased constantly throughout the study period. From 1974 to 1985, a total of 204,736 Spanish women aborted in England and Wales and The Netherlands. After the law was passed, 34,895 Spanish women had abortions in those countries over the period 1986-1995. During 1987-1995, 340,214 Spanish women terminated their pregnancies in Spain. The regression coefficients before and after the passing of the law were beta = 0.3538 (0.307-0.400) and beta = 0.319 (0.243-0.394) respectively; no difference was observed. CONCLUSIONS: During the study period a significant proportion of reproductive-aged Spanish women had abortions in England and Wales and The Netherlands. Decriminalisation has had no observed effect on the trends in abortion, but rather it has benefited Spanish women by making abortion available locally and, therefore, reducing the inequalities implied by lack of access to proper health care services. These data demonstrate the impact of the liberalisation of abortion on the trends of procedures performed in other countries.  (+info)

What happened to long-term care in the health reform debate of 1993-1994? Lessons for the future. (4/248)

During 1993 and 1994, the United States debated but did not enact major health care reform. Although the reform efforts focused on providing health coverage for the uninsured and controlling acute care costs, many proposals included substantial long-term care initiatives. President Clinton proposed creating a large home-care program for severely disabled people of all ages and all income groups, among several other initiatives. By stressing non-means-tested public programs, the president's plan was a major departure from the Medicaid-dominated financing system for long-term care. In designing the long-term care component, the Clinton administration addressed many of the basic policy choices that must be decided in all reform efforts, including whether initiatives should be limited to older people or cover people of any age, how to balance institutional and noninstitutional care, whether to rely on government programs or on the private sector, and how to control costs. Analyzing the political and intellectual history of long-term care during the health reform debate provides lessons for future reform.  (+info)

Access to dental care: a historical review of medicaid eligibility growth and dental productivity decline. (5/248)

The present dilemma in providing dental services to the indigent and Medicaid recipients throughout this nation has generated considerable controversy as to the evolution of the problem. Most states recognize that there are deficiencies in the provision of dental services to these populations and are seeking resolutions. While state licensing board practices and dental professional society politics have been the object of criticism as contributing to if not causing of this problem, other rational and statistically valid explanations for the current difficulty exist. As an explanation for access to care issues, this paper explores the decline in the national numbers of dental practitioners and concomitant dental productivity. Furthermore, it relates those parameters to the dramatic rise in the utilization and demand for dental services resulting from a robust economy, population growth trends, and changes in state and federal Medicaid legislation that increase numbers of Medicaid-eligible recipients. While these general trends are national in scope and application, the state of North Carolina and its experience will be used to fully explore the impact of these trends at the state and local level.  (+info)

Guidelines of the Council on Environmental Quality for the preparation of environmental impact statements. (6/248)

Definitions and the seven principles of ecology are listed. NEPA expresses or implies all seven. Section 101 is quoted in illustration. CEQ Guidelines implement Sec. 102(2)(C). The reasons for initial delays in implementation are reviewed; these are now largely resolved. The policy involves action through integrating engineering, economics and ecology. Alternative actions must be considered, and short-term effects weighed against the long-term goals. Twelve modes of approach are advocated.  (+info)

Paternalism versus autonomy: medical opinion and ethical questions in the treatment of defective neonates.(7/248)


Annual report of Council, 1982-1983: medical ethics.(8/248)


Repeal definition, definition of repeal, Anagrams of repeal, words that start with Repeal, and words that can be created from repeal
The Clean Air Act is an environmental law but it is a law nonetheless. Breaking it will subject the violator to punishment by the courts. Yesterday, a West Des Moines, Iowa resident was sentenced by a US District Judge to 41 months of prison, followed by two years of supervised release, 300 hours of community service, a $12,500 fine, and an addition $200 fine for each victim of his crime. The charge against him was conspiracy to violate Clean Air Act asbestos work practice standards during the renovation over 10-story building in Des Moines.. !ADVERTISEMENT!. The defendant, Bobby Joe Knapp was the former owner and operator of the Equitable Building in downtown Des Moines. The renovations took place between 2005 and 2008. The judge ruled that Knapps actions put workers and the public in danger from asbestos exposure. Asbestos, a once widely used building material, is known to adversely affect the respiratory system and cause cancer.. Ignoring the safeguards put into place to protect workers and ...
A food refrigeration corporation violated the Federal Clean Air Act after an inspection revealed that its Honolulu warehouse failed to meet several health and safety regulations, again.
ABSTRACT. INTRODUCTION: The Allied Health Professionals (AHPs) form an integral part of the occupational healthcare system in South Africa and can improve the health and safety of employees and promote productivity. An analysis of the occupation health and safety knowledge of employees will assist in the development and implementation of effective training programmes by identifying gaps in existing health and safety practice and demonstrate the need for more AHPs to be involved in the occupational health specialty. The purpose of this study was to determine how much beverage employees at a South African beverage manufacturer know about occupational health and safety regulations ...
ABSTRACT. INTRODUCTION: The Allied Health Professionals (AHPs) form an integral part of the occupational healthcare system in South Africa and can improve the health and safety of employees and promote productivity. An analysis of the occupation health and safety knowledge of employees will assist in the development and implementation of effective training programmes by identifying gaps in existing health and safety practice and demonstrate the need for more AHPs to be involved in the occupational health specialty. The purpose of this study was to determine how much beverage employees at a South African beverage manufacturer know about occupational health and safety regulations ...
Early this morning, years of advocacy by ASCRS, the Alliance of Specialty Medicine, and the medical community have paid off in the form of IPAB repeal and much-needed technical changes to MACRA.. Shortly after a second government shutdown had begun, Congress passed a bill that includes a Continuing Resolution (CR) that will fund the government through March 23, a two-year budget deal, and the healthcare extenders package including ASCRS-requested technical corrections to the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) and repeal of the Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB), another top ASCRS legislative priority and one for which we have advocated for several years. After the Senate passed its version by a vote of 71-28, the House voted 240-186 to approve the package.. Also included in the final bill, as part of the offsets for Medicare and other healthcare extenders-and in lieu of the extension of the misvalued code provision included earlier this week in the House-passed version ...
Contact: Paul Schiffer, 216-276-8257; CANTON, Ohio, Dec. 18 /Christian Newswire/ -- Paul Schiffer, Republican candidate for Congress in Ohios 16th Congressional District, has already written legislation to repeal last Mondays decision by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency calling carbon dioxide a pollutant. Paul Schiffer pledged to introduce and fight for this repeal in January 2011 after being elected in November 2010. Schiffers legislation wou
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Transportations Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has ordered Salem, Mass.-based passenger carrier DBoston Transportation, LLC, USDOT No. 2456132, to immediately cease all passenger transportation services due to widespread and serious noncompliance with federal safety regulations that has endangered the lives of its drivers, passengers and the motoring public. A closely related company, DFamily Transportation, LLC, USDOT No. 2332595, ordered out-of-service in Dec. 2013, was also cited in todays federal shut-down order.
jones_supa writes Apple has been forced to remove the Mac Pro from sale in the European Union after an amendment to a safety regulation left the machines non-compliant. The updated electronics safety standard IEC 60950-1 increases requirements around electrical port protection (PDF) and the fan gua...
Take a deep breath, and say Happy Birthday. The Clean Air Act -- our nations strongest law for cleaning up toxic air pollution -- just turned 19 years old.
Text of H.R. 1736 (114th): To amend the Clean Air ... as of Apr 13, 2015 (Introduced version). H.R. 1736 (114th): To amend the Clean Air Act with respect to the ethanol waiver for the Reid vapor pressure limitations under such Act.
Text of H.R. 1736 (114th): To amend the Clean Air ... as of Apr 13, 2015 (Introduced version). H.R. 1736 (114th): To amend the Clean Air Act with respect to the ethanol waiver for the Reid vapor pressure limitations under such Act.
Republicans in both the Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives are using the budget reconciliation process in their efforts to repeal and replace the ACA. This means that the proposed bills can only address ACA provisions that directly relate to budgetary issues-specifically, federal spending and taxation. As a result, these proposals cannot fully repeal the ACA. Budget reconciliation legislation can be passed by both houses with a simple majority vote. However, a full repeal of the ACA must be introduced as a separate bill that would require 60 votes in the Senate to pass.. On May 4, 2017, the House voted 217-213 to pass the American Health Care Act (AHCA), which is their proposal to repeal and replace the ACA. As a result, the AHCA moved on to the Senate for consideration. In response, the Senate drafted the BCRA as their own ACA repeal and replacement bill, followed by an amended version of the BCRA on July 13, 2017.. The Senates new proposal is mirrored after ACA repeal legislation ...
The retrospective study was designed and developed over a six year period, and received extensive outside peer review. This outside peer review, conducted on an ongoing basis throughout the full six-year period of study design and implementation, was provided by the EPA Science Advisory Board (SAB) Council on Clean Air Act Compliance Analysis (Council), an independent panel of distinguished economists, scientists and public health experts chaired by Dr. Richard Schmalensee of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In a July 8, 1997 letter to EPA concluding its review of the retrospective study, the SAB Council summarized its findings as follows: The Council finds that the Retrospective Study Report to Congress by the Agency is a serious, careful study and employs sound methods along with the best data available. While we do not necessarily endorse all details of this studys findings, we believe that as a general matter that they are consistent with the weight of available evidence ...
economist letter shown below the fold. It opposes the repeal of health reform. It also rebuts the job-killing charge Republicans are making about the Affordable Care Act. We got more than 270 signatures, and counting. With a tiny number of exceptions, we confined the letter to health, labor, and public finance economists. Had we included other public health and health policy experts and clinicians, we could have easily gotten huge numbers. It makes an interesting contrast to a similar Republican effort here. I hope that readers look at both letters. Consider the tone and the quality of the arguments. To take an obvious example, The Republican letter criticizes ACA as A crushing debt burden, and writes the weasel words could potentially [ialics mine] raise the federal deficit by more than $500 billion during the first ten years and by nearly $1.5 trillion in the following decade. They do not acknowledge that the Congressional Budget Office scores the repeal legislation as raising the ...
Another NM Immigrant Licenses Repeal Effort Begins - The Associated Press Two New Mexico lawmakers have launched a new effort to repeal a state law that
Most parents comply with Victorian child restraint laws however compliance & awareness of the law appeared to diminish as children become older.
Republic Act No. 8749 PHILIPPINE CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1999 Chapter I General Provisions Article One Basic Air Quality Policies SECTION 1. Short Title. - This Act shall be known as the
There is growing evidence that adverse infant health can have lasting effects on human capital formation and economic outcomes in adulthood. Among others, the poor environmental conditions have been linked to increased infant mortality and poor health. This column looks at the long-run effects of early-life pollution exposure. Using the Clean Air Act enacted in 1970 as a policy experiment, the study finds an association between reduced pollution and labour-market outcomes 30 years later. Reduced-pollution increases labour-force participation rate for affected individuals, which translates into a 1% increase in annual earning for an average individual in a cohort.
Over the years, the Clean Air Act has carved out loopholes involving upset emissions from industry - leaving residents at risk.
The Clean Air Act, introduced 60 years ago, still does not prevent the death of thousands of people in Scotland. In a decisive and successful response to t
To amend title 38, United States Code, to repeal the authority for agent or attorney representation in veterans benefits cases before the Department of Veterans Affairs. 3/5/2007--Introduced. Veterans Benefits Protection Act - Repeals the authority ...
Modern Healthcare: Healthcare Creates 13,500 Jobs In March As ACA Repeal Scare Slowed Growth APRIL 7, 2017 - As plans to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act took center stage last month, job growth in the healthcare sector slowed significantly. The industry produced 13,500 new jobs in March, which is much less than the…
Cook County commissioners leading the charge to repeal the much-maligned sweetened beverage tax are grappling with how to make up the money, with one suggesting legalizing and collecting fees from recreational marijuana instead. The repeal was sent to Wednesdays full county board on a 15-1 vote.
Eventbrite - Amnesty International Cambridge City Group presents Repeal! Putting womens health and autonomy at the centre of abortion law - Thursday, 8 March 2018 at Friends Meeting House. Find event and ticket information.
AUSTRALIA - Central Queensland farmers are calling for better roads and rail infrastructure, and sensible land use laws to unlock the region’s full agricultural potential as State Cabinet met in Rockhampton yesterday.
Reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by any amendments to that enactment. Section 18 of the Legislation Act 2012 provides that this reprint, published in electronic form, has the status of an official version under section 17 of that Act. A printed version of the reprint produced directly from this official electronic version also has official status. ...
Mercedes has always been one of the pioneers in the field of automobile safety. In the 1920s, they were the first manufacturer to put brakes on all four wheels of a car and they have kept with that
The Clean Air Act, like many federal environmental statutes, relies upon the cooperation of state environmental agencies for its execution and enforcement. If states do not cooperate, the Clean Air Act obligates the federal government to regulate in their stead as well as to impose potentially draconian sanctions. Specifically, the Act calls for the revocation of federal highway funds in noncooperative states. There are reasons to suspect that the Clean Air Acts sanction regime is unconstitutional, particularly in the wake of National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, which enforced a limit on the federal governments ability to induce states to cooperate with federal programs.. ...
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE December 21, 2017 CONTACT: Kyle Taylor [email protected] | 202-434-7134 Congress Passes Tax and Partial ACA Repeal Bill, with Devastating Consequences for HIV and Hepatitis Health Care Access Washington, D.C. - On December 20, 2017, both chambers of Congress passed a sweeping tax and healthcare bill, voting to add a staggering $1.5 trillion to the
Artists rallies around the repeal of Irish constitutional amendment blocking lawful abortions. It has led to neglect and mismanagement of womens care.
The problem is that you cant just cherrypick the parts of the health care reform that you want to support and junk the rest, as both the National Reviews Ramesh Ponnuru and Chait acknowledge. If you prohibit discrimination based on pre-existing conditions, then you have to find ways to compel both healthy and sick people to get coverage, otherwise costs will skyrocket if only sick people are insured. This is part of the reason why the Affordable Care Act contains an individual mandate to purchase insurance-one of the provisions thats a frequent conservative target-as well as other ways to expand insurance coverage.. Republicans, as a result, have had to call for an all-out repeal of the bill, with the assumption that theyd pass another health care bill afterwards. This unpalatable option split the GOP from the very moment that health care reform passed. And it appears that even anti-reform Americans arent buying it.. Even in the places where health-care reform is overwhelmingly unpopular, ...
President Donald Trump scolded his own partys Senate leader on Wednesday for the crash of the Republican drive to repeal and rewrite the Obama health care law, using Twitter to demand of...
Petition to REPEAL Immunity laws that protect crooked cops, prosecutors and judges, and shield corrupt CPS / ACS workers who remove children from their home without evidence of abuse or neglect
The CBOs recent report estimates that 13 million fewer Americans will have health insurance if Congress repeals the ACAs requirement that all individuals carry adequate coverage. Our organizations are deeply troubled that Congress is considering action that would result in coverage losses, particularly without considering corresponding ways to...
Senate Republicans signaled they would seek as part of their tax-overhaul package a repeal of the Affordable Care Act requirement that most Americans have insurance coverage.
An online campaign has been started to press Omar Abdullah-led Jammu and Kashmir government to stop detaining people under the Public Safety Act and repeal the law.
by Joyce Jackson, Northwest Kidney Centers president and CEO The effort to gut the Affordable Care Act (ACA), signed into law March 23, 2010, gained traction
The city council voted to repeal a moratorium this week that stopped some development from coming into the city and the vote was unanimous.
So far so good - Boehner and his gang kept their promise. Put out a repeal bill, put it on the net before the vote, vote on it. Its on the table...... ...
Coalition to Repeal the Eighth Amendment have today issued a statement calling on new Taoiseach Leo Varadkar to hold a referendum on repealing the 8th next year.
A new study Thursday by AARP found that the Republicans proposed healthcare repeal bill could hike costs substantially for older Americans.
Six-months after the Conservatives abolished what they called a wasteful and ineffective long gun registry, the federal government cant say exactly how much the registrys repeal will save taxpayers.
A plan to cleanly repeal the Affordable Care Act appears to have failed in the Senate after three GOP lawmakers said they would not vote to proceed with the latest attempt to reform the health care system.
Supporters of net neutrality are attacking the agencys repeal of the 2015 rules in other ways as well. On Tuesday, Sen. Chuck Schumer of New York, the Democratic leader, announced that he had enough support to force a vote on a congressional resolution to bring back the rules. He gained an important Republican supporter, Sen. Susan Collins of Maine, who said she would vote in favor of it. Such a measure is a long shot in the House, however, and would also need President Donald Trumps signature.. ...
The Danes -- an eminently hardy and practical people -- are showing America the way to food freedom. Denmark is planning to repeal its first in the world Fat Tax and cancel the implementation of the Chocolate Tax -- a tax on sugar. What makes this action so unusual, is that the reasons for s...
True leadership depends on having a plan of action, fulfilling the promises that you ran on to win, and that got you elected to higher office. .12/18/2017 18:40:59PM EST.
Or just legalize an alternative? Following a politically disastrous failure to repeal and replace Obamacare earlier this year, reports suggest that House…
PROCEDURES: A. Ensuring Regulatory Compliance. When an Occupational Safety Regulation is deemed applicable to the Universitys activities and/or conditions, the EH&S staff member shall examine the regulatory text, and generate a Compliance Program which consists of any/all policies and procedures that must be implemented at the University in order to comply with the regulation, and thereby protect University employees. [Note: Occupational Safety Regulations provide the minimum requirements toward this goal; the EH&S has the right and responsibility to add any reasonable requirements to the Compliance Program as deemed necessary. Each Compliance Program shall be described in a Compliance Program Guidance Manual (Manual), which is distributed to front-line supervisors, managers, etc., of any/all departments that are impacted by the regulation. EH&S shall also distribute updates to this Manual as often as necessary ...
Many medical conditions can be detected though routine eye examinations, which are obligatory for the vast majority of employees, under health and safety regulations. Investing in eyecare at work plans has benefits beyond meeting health and safety regulations.
Find selected actions of the U.S. Government regarding the regulation of tobacco sales, marketing, and use (excluding laws pertaining to agriculture or excise tax).
Workplace Safety and Health Topics * Safer Medical Device Implementation in Health Care Facilities ...
Jody Newman, owner of I Do Spas, works to change legislation in Maine regarding the rights of mobile spas to service parties in ... grassroots advocacy organizations that initiate and address legislation that affects the beauty and barber industry. At its ...
California Nail Salon Legislation Vetoed by Governor October 12, 2005 , News After passing both houses of the state legislature ... The state passed legislation increasing licensure hours from 200 to 300. In addition, the state banned MMA and also clarified ... legislation fungus allergic reactions Secret Ingredient state licensing The Nail Doctor ventilation charity ...
In November, ICMAD declared support of H.R. 4075 as legislation that increases consumer protections on cosmetics while allowing ...
You cannot post new topics in this forum. You cannot reply to topics in this forum. You cannot edit your posts in this forum. ... The article mentions the new legislation here, which means that an employer cannot deny union representation to a workforce if ... Without commenting on the validity of the new legislation, its interesting that the impresario Ramond Gubbay seems to be using ... the Kedulka agument - the legislation doesnt apply to the Arts. Whats the situation elsewhere and how would you like it to be ...
we have been taught and the legislation which forbids such actions. As legislation continues to grow more and more of these ... The need for a standard gives birth to legislation. The balance between HSE legislation and human factor lies in supervision ... The legislation. dwells a lot on criminal and civil liability on side of the employer and may be. if this was adjusted to make ... HSE Legislations are drafted by humans too. So. it can be subjective. They are meant to guide the way and manner activities are ...
You searched for: Topic Law and legislation Remove constraint Topic: Law and legislation Format Microfilm OR Map Remove ... Testimony from administration witnesses on pesticide legislation (S. 985, S. 1478, and S. 2050) : hearing before theC ... Testimony from administration witnesses on pesticide legislation (S. 985, S. 1478, and S. 2050) : hearing before the Committee ... and General Legislation of the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, United States Senate, One Hundred Third ...
Euthanasia - legislation & jurisprudence Euthanasia, Passive - legislation & jurisprudence Humans Malpractice - legislation & ... Hospital Records - legislation & jurisprudence Hospitals, Psychiatric Humans Infant Legislation, Medical - trends Male Mental ... Legislation, Medical - trends Male Mental Disorders - diagnosis Middle Aged Patient Advocacy - legislation & jurisprudence ... Confidentiality - legislation & jurisprudence Humans Medical Records - legislation & jurisprudence Moral Obligations Morals ...
Clinical Trials as Topic - legislation & jurisprudence 1 * Clinical Trials as Topic - legislation & jurisprudence - standards 1 ... Guidelines as Topic Humans Patient Rights - legislation & jurisprudence Physicians Role Practice Guidelines as Topic Abstract ... Guidelines as Topic Humans Informed Consent - legislation & jurisprudence Research Subjects - legislation & jurisprudence ... Clinical Trials as Topic - legislation & jurisprudence - standards Denmark Drug Approval - legislation & jurisprudence - ...
... ... ... SOPA and PIPA are BAD and overreaching pieces of legislation. (And such power in the hands of so few is REALLY bad.) But all ... While the White House came out and said that it wouldnt support the current drafts of the legislation, it did say that it ...
Civil union legislation creates many questions in GLBT community - Article Comments - View topic: Denver Post Community News, ... Civil union legislation creates many questions in GLBT community. Neighbors » Forums » General Discussion » Article Talk » ... The topic in the discussion was based on the presumption that throughout history couples joined to procreate. Marriage is ... Re: Article Discussion: Civil union legislation creates many que. by Pilgrim1620 on March 17th, 2013, 3:42 pm #2930798 ...
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific (Manila : WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2018) ...
Data published by CDC public health programs to help save lives and protect people from health, safety, and security threats.
Categories , Legislation Tags , age ,5 years Federated Domains , Clear All ...
Topics Topics. * Business and industry * Climate and environment * Consumers * Culture, sports and non-profit work ... Norway concerned about new legislation in Ukraine. Press release , Date: 17/01/2014 , Ministry of Foreign Affairs ... The legislation that was passed yesterday is therefore worrying. Under no circumstances should it be used as grounds for taking ... "I am concerned by the fact that the pro-government majority seems to have pushed through legislation that could restrict ...
Topics. Related. *Immigration Legislation. *Business. *Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 ...
Turkey must review legislation restricting freedom of expression. 4 March 2011, 00:00 UTC. ... "At least two of the journalists were detained under legislation that is implemented arbitrarily and mainly used to prosecute ...
Topic. Section. Summary. Eligibility and Enrollment for Criminal Justice Involved Youth. 1001. Prohibits state Medicaid ... Federal Legislation to Address the Opioid Crisis: Medicaid Provisions in the…. Federal Legislation to Address the Opioid Crisis ... The comprehensive, bipartisan legislation to address the opioid epidemic, which passed overwhelmingly in both the House and ... While very broad in scope, the final legislation contains a number of provisions related to Medicaids role in helping states ...
Major greenhouse gas legislation moving forward Published: April 1, 2009 at 10:09 a.m. ET By Steve Gelsi and. ... "This legislation will create millions of clean energy jobs, put America on the path to energy independence, and cut global ... Waxman unveiled new clean energy legislation in his role as chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Energy ... Even in) sectors that are not governed by the legislation. Sectors like agricultural methane, wastewater management, food waste ...
... but can legislation deal with the nuances of the relationships among breast density, screening, and cancer? ... An Appropriate Topic for Legislation? Medscape: Ive got a larger question here; its the idea about legislators getting ... I would hope that more data and more thought are put in up front, so that the legislation will be streamlined to do just what ... There are many questions around this topic, such as how to consistently and accurately assign breast density in the first place ...
Which topic are you interested in? * Security * Data Storage * Development * Networks/IoT ... The legislation is unusual for two reasons. First the proposed bill is brief and easy to understand and second because it ...
... including legislation from Ways and Means member Rep. Erik Paulsen that would expand health savings accounts... ... More on this Topic. Blog. Previewing a House GOP Leaders Health Plan, #8: Health Savings Accounts May 13, 2016 ... The House Ways and Means Committee is scheduled to consider several health bills tomorrow, including legislation from Ways and ...
What is already known on this topic. *. Despite growing evidence that secondhand smoke has a negative impact on pregnancy ... smoke-free legislation was implemented on 1 January 2010. These successive steps in legislation gave us the opportunity to ... As smoke-free legislation in Belgium was implemented in different phases, we were able to demonstrate a consistent pattern of ... Indeed, smoke-free legislation may stimulate smokers to establish total smoking bans in their homes47 and has resulted in ...
What is already known on this topic. Secondhand smoke has adverse effects on health, including respiratory health ... Legislation for smoke-free workplaces and health of bar workers in Ireland: before and after study BMJ 2005; 331 :1117 ... Legislation for smoke-free workplaces and health of bar workers in Ireland: before and after study ... Legislation for smoke-free workplaces and health of bar workers in Ireland: before and after study ...
Learn about this topic in these articles:. social legislation in United Kingdom. *. ... THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. Britannica does not currently have an article on this topic. ...
Learn about this topic in these articles:. establishment of Food and Drug Administration. * In Food and Drug Administration. … ... In these videos, Britannica explains a variety of topics and answers frequently asked questions. ...
Within which topic.... Choose a topic.... Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Arts & Culture Communications Correctional ... Proposed legislation for Housing Development Agency: invitation to submit written comments (Notice 1252 of 2007). → ...
  • Esmarie Iannucci 12th August 2020 Queensland-based mining personality Clive Palmer has threatened legal action against the Western Australian government should its Parliament pass extraordinary legislation that could prevent the miner from claiming damages related to the Balmoral South iron-ore project. (
  • PEPFAR's current authorizing legislation (The PEPFAR Extension Act, P.L. 115-305) became law on December 11, 2018, and extended these expiring provisions for an additional five years. (
  • The bill is an expansion of bicameral legislation by Garamendi and Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., that was signed into law in 2019 to provide $10 million for community-based efforts to preserve the Delta's cultural heritage as well as its historical landmarks. (
  • Feb. 24, 2016) On December 28, 2015, Italy passed historic and wide-ranging legislation for the promotion of the "green economy. (
  • Part of the foodstuffs previously classified as foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses fell under other legislation as of 20 July 2016. (
  • Cross sectional surveys before and after similar legislation in Finland in 1995 showed a decline in self reported exposure to secondhand smoke in workers from several non-hospitality workplace settings. (
  • Lawmakers introduced similar legislation last year that didn't advance in the Republican-controlled Congress. (
  • Sen. Marco Rubio (R., Fla.) could sponsor similar legislation in the Senate, a congressional aide said. (
  • The passage of the legislation comes weeks after Arizona, Hawaii, Florida and Oklahoma have all announced plans to consider similar legislation in their respective states. (
  • The laws on equal rights between women and man were joined by new EU legislation in 2000 that prohibit discrimination on other grounds. (
  • The legislation would permit the FDA to decide whether generic makers can skip or abbreviate human clinical trials, and supporters say that the agency would make sure the copies are safe. (
  • The comprehensive, bipartisan legislation to address the opioid epidemic, which passed overwhelmingly in both the House and Senate, tackles many aspects of the epidemic, including treatment, prevention, recovery, and enforcement. (
  • Lawmakers in the US House and Senate introduced legislation that would for the first time routinely allow copies of medicines made using biotechnology. (
  • This fall, I plan to bring food safety legislation before the Senate so that we can strengthen our laws, better detect food borne pathogens, and better trace our food supply. (
  • On Tuesday, September 18th, the Senate passed legislation that provides funding for FY2019 for the Departments of Defense, Labor, Health and Human Services and Education. (
  • Also, in the Senate, Sen. Ted Cruz (R., Texas) introduced legislation May 22 that seeks greater U.S. government efforts to thwart Chinese espionage on American universities. (
  • The Tables indicate the status of legislation to Evira's knowledge as per 28th November 2017. (
  • In Texas, primary stroke center certification increased from 12 percent to 34 percent following passage of state stroke legislation in 2009. (
  • Passage of the legislation „may mean that these drugs come onto the market without the testing necessary to make sure they are safe and effective," said Paul Winters, a spokesman for the Biotechnology Industry Organization, or BIO, a Washington-based group that represents makers of brand-name biotech drugs. (
  • Matthew Shepard, the gay man brutally killed in Wyoming, has provided one of the rallying cries for passage of this legislation. (
  • The state passed legislation increasing licensure hours from 200 to 300. (
  • I feel that, even though health and safety regulations are continually becoming more and more advanced, and the legislation develops after most major incidents, a major factor aiding incidents occurring is the involvement of humans. (
  • Scotland's most recent anti-homelessness legislation is entitled The Housing Support Services (Homelessness)(Scotland) Regulations 2012, and it came into full effect on June 1, 2013. (
  • 8. Public support in England for comprehensive legislation including pubs and bars grew from 50% to 66% between May 2004 and December 2005. (
  • The House Ways and Means Committee is scheduled to consider several health bills tomorrow, including legislation from Ways and Means member Rep. Erik Paulsen that would expand health savings accounts (HSAs) by allowing high-income taxpayers to shelter much more of their income each year. (
  • Objectives To compare exposure to secondhand smoke and respiratory health in bar staff in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland before and after the introduction of legislation for smoke-free workplaces in the Republic. (
  • To date few studies have investigated whether legislation for smoke-free workplaces protects the health of workers. (
  • 7. Following a strong campaign by parliamentarians and the public health community and with growing public support, [5] the Government announced its intention to introduce smokefree legislation in November 2004. (
  • 12. Levels of exposure among barworkers (the group with the highest occupational exposure to secondhand smoke) reduced significantly and respiratory health improved after the legislation was implemented. (
  • This need for legislation has support from parents, teachers, administrators, front-office staff, and health professionals and organizations because there is a clear need for concise and consistent anaphylaxis preparedness for the staff in our schools. (
  • There are two main federal agencies in charge of enforcing asbestos abatement legislation: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). (
  • Despite saying for weeks that policy will trump the legislation backing My Health Record, Health Minister Greg Hunt announced on Tuesday night that the legislation will be brought into line with the policy of the Australian Digital Health Agency (ADHA). (
  • AAHD has joined a coalition, led by the National Council on Aging, requesting that Congress add four Medicare beneficiary protections in the end-of-year Congressional health "extenders" legislation. (
  • The legislation also amended the 2009 Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act's definition of "eligible professionals" who may qualify to earn monetary incentives for meaningful use of a certified EHR system. (
  • To examine health and social care professionals' understanding of the legislation governing research involving adults lacking mental capacity in England and Wales. (
  • The basic principles of health and safety legislation rely on an understanding of activities and practices which might cause harm (hazards), and what might happen (risk) if such activities and practices are not adequately controlled. (
  • For example, Congress has used appropriations legislation in certain years to change the amount of withholding required from the annual U.S. contribution to the Global Fund, pending certification of certain benchmarks by the Secretary of State. (
  • For further information on your rights and obligations under EU equality legislation, as well as information on where you can go to in your country for advice and more information, see the related links on this page. (
  • On 19 July, the employment minister Chris Grayling announced that the HSE will hold a public consultation and confirmed that the UK intends to fully implement Article 3 into domestic legislation by April 2012. (
  • It is widely accepted that this is one of our worst pieces of legislations and very difficult to implement fairly due to all the possibilities of misinterpretation. (
  • Lawmakers in the House plan to introduce legislation today that would require Chinese government-funded Confucius Institutes operating on American university campuses to register as foreign agents. (
  • While very broad in scope, the final legislation contains a number of provisions related to Medicaid's role in helping states provide coverage and services to people who need substance use disorder (SUD) treatment, particularly those needing opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment. (
  • Objective To investigate the incidence of preterm delivery in the Belgian population after implementation of smoke-free legislation in three phases (in public places and most workplaces January 2006, in restaurants January 2007, and in bars serving food January 2010). (
  • The vote set a precedent for treating future tobacco control legislation, such as the introduction of standardised packaging, as in effect a cross-Party issue. (
  • 14. The tobacco industry and its funded front groups claimed that the legislation would be widely flouted, that pubs and restaurants would be forced out of business, and that smoking in the home would become more common. (
  • February 2013 - The Suriname Parliament unanimously passed comprehensive tobacco control legislation on 7 February 2013. (
  • The bill was passed despite attempts by hospitality and tobacco industry lobbyists to modify the draft legislation in order to permit designated smoking areas, exempt casinos and allow tobacco promotion. (
  • Britannica does not currently have an article on this topic. (
  • The legislation would prohibit Americans convicted of misdemeanor hate crimes from obtaining guns. (
  • Even though security technology is improving, spyware legislation is still needed from Congress because many consumers don't use all the tech tools available to them, antispyware groups said Thursday. (
  • Antispyware groups including the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT) and called on Congress to pass antispyware legislation during the last days of the 2006 session. (
  • Congress has provided several spending directives to PEPFAR through its authorizing legislation, although these have generally been relaxed over time. (
  • This legislation will create millions of clean energy jobs, put America on the path to energy independence, and cut global warming pollution. (
  • Many states in America started introducing breed specific legislation and investigations started to be made in the UK. (
  • Scotland) Act 2003 was legislation passed by the Scottish Parliament that set the goal of providing permanent residence to those deemed unintentionally homeless. (
  • Don't expect the application of this legislation to be the rare and exceptional prosecution that Attorney General Holder promises in his testimony. (
  • Politics Beauty is an umbrella organization that consists of state-level, grassroots advocacy organizations that initiate and address legislation that affects the beauty and barber industry. (
  • Advocacy, Leadership and Legislation. (
  • I am concerned by the fact that the pro-government majority seems to have pushed through legislation that could restrict freedom of assembly and stigmatise civil society organisations. (
  • In November, ICMAD declared support of H.R. 4075 as legislation that increases consumer protections on cosmetics while allowing continued growth of small and entrepreneurial cosmetics enterprises in the U.S. (
  • In this study from 2009 to 2013, researchers found states with stroke legislation had greater increases in PSCs (16 percent) than states without stroke legislation (6 percent). (
  • Waxman unveiled new clean energy legislation in his role as chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce. (
  • The new piece of legislation will allow law enforcement to prosecute people carrying out acts of cruelty against animals. (
  • Design Comparisons before and after the legislation in intervention and control regions. (
  • After first setting the broad parameters for PEPFAR and creating its main structures in 2003, PEPFAR's subsequent authorizing legislation has made several key changes to the program, as the HIV response has evolved and as PEPFAR has moved from an emergency response to one supporting longer-term sustainability and epidemic control. (
  • We expect President Yanukovich to reject any amendments to legislation that contravene Ukraine's international obligations. (
  • At least two of the journalists were detained under legislation that is implemented arbitrarily and mainly used to prosecute minority dissenting opinions," said Nicola Duckworth, Europe and Central Asia Programme Director. (
  • Four key factors that play a role in the certification of primary stroke centers are stroke legislation, urbanization, state economic output and larger hospital size, researchers found. (
  • Most information on trafficking can be found in the Topic overview on trafficking . (
  • While the White House came out and said that it wouldn't support the current drafts of the legislation, it did say that it would support revised drafts. (
  • and Rep. Keith Ellison (D-Minn.) today introduced legislation to eliminate tax loopholes and subsidies that support the oil, gas and coal industries. (
  • Professor Cooper explains that sadly the introduction of breed specific legislation received support from both politicians and figures within the animal world. (
  • The article mentions the new legislation here, which means that an employer cannot deny union representation to a workforce if a majority seek that representation. (
  • The UK legislation currently focuses on the measurement of exposure to asbestos, without enough focus on how the material will be affected by the work itself. (
  • Topics include the emergence of culture, the spread of human populations throughout the world, the origins of agriculture, and the rise of civilizations. (
  • 4 - 6 Introduction of this legislation in the Republic but not in neighbouring Northern Ireland, with its comparable population, environment, and culture, was a form of "policy randomisation," 7 creating a natural experiment for identifying effects of the new law. (
  • Gail Heriot, a member of the United States Commission on Civil Rights (which came out 6-2 against this legislation), testified that when she consulted with Department of Justice attorneys in previous attempts to pass this legislation, they didn't seem fazed by this prospect. (
  • Other legislation granted name changes to eight people. (
  • Legislation is vital in the fight for equality but we know that we have to do more. (
  • This guide helps businesses comply with food hygiene legislation and gives advice on good practice. (
  • The decision taken by employers can be demonstrated by undertaking a risk assessment, taking into account other relevant legislation, approved codes of practice (ACOP) and guidance notes. (