A branch of the abdominal aorta which supplies the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters.
Narrowing or occlusion of the RENAL ARTERY or arteries. It is due usually to ATHEROSCLEROSIS; FIBROMUSCULAR DYSPLASIA; THROMBOSIS; EMBOLISM, or external pressure. The reduced renal perfusion can lead to renovascular hypertension (HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR).
Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.
Short thick veins which return blood from the kidneys to the vena cava.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Persistent high BLOOD PRESSURE due to KIDNEY DISEASES, such as those involving the renal parenchyma, the renal vasculature, or tumors that secrete RENIN.
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the vessels of the KIDNEY.
Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates ANGIOTENSIN I from its precursor ANGIOTENSINOGEN, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate BLOOD PRESSURE and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM. The enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.4.99.19.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
Excision of kidney.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Arteries which arise from the abdominal aorta and distribute to most of the intestines.
Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.
The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.
A large vessel supplying the whole length of the small intestine except the superior part of the duodenum. It also supplies the cecum and the ascending part of the colon and about half the transverse part of the colon. It arises from the anterior surface of the aorta below the celiac artery at the level of the first lumbar vertebra.
Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.
Artery arising from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right side and from the arch of the aorta on the left side. It distributes to the neck, thoracic wall, spinal cord, brain, meninges, and upper limb.
The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.
Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.
Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.
A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.
A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.
Graphic tracing over a time period of radioactivity measured externally over the kidneys following intravenous injection of a radionuclide which is taken up and excreted by the kidneys.
The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.
The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
An iodine-containing compound used in pyelography as a radiopaque medium. If labeled with radioiodine, it can be used for studies of renal function.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.
Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.
Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.
Artery originating from the internal carotid artery and distributing to the eye, orbit and adjacent facial structures.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
A potent and specific inhibitor of PEPTIDYL-DIPEPTIDASE A. It blocks the conversion of ANGIOTENSIN I to ANGIOTENSIN II, a vasoconstrictor and important regulator of arterial blood pressure. Captopril acts to suppress the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM and inhibits pressure responses to exogenous angiotensin.
The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.
Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.
Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles, mammary gland and the axillary aspect of the chest wall.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
A technetium imaging agent used in renal scintigraphy, computed tomography, lung ventilation imaging, gastrointestinal scintigraphy, and many other procedures which employ radionuclide imaging agents.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
Left bronchial arteries arise from the thoracic aorta, the right from the first aortic intercostal or the upper left bronchial artery; they supply the bronchi and the lower trachea.
Drugs used to cause constriction of the blood vessels.
Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.
The larger of the two terminal branches of the brachial artery, beginning about one centimeter distal to the bend of the elbow. Like the RADIAL ARTERY, its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to their locations in the forearm, wrist, and hand.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
A branch arising from the internal iliac artery in females, that supplies blood to the uterus.
A chronic inflammatory process that affects the AORTA and its primary branches, such as the brachiocephalic artery (BRACHIOCEPHALIC TRUNK) and CAROTID ARTERIES. It results in progressive arterial stenosis, occlusion, and aneurysm formation. The pulse in the arm is hard to detect. Patients with aortitis syndrome often exhibit retinopathy.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The act of constricting.
Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the exterior of the head, the face, and the greater part of the neck.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the LEFT ATRIUM.
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Laboratory tests used to evaluate how well the kidneys are working through examination of blood and urine.
The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
Aneurysm caused by a tear in the TUNICA INTIMA of a blood vessel leading to interstitial HEMORRHAGE, and splitting (dissecting) of the vessel wall, often involving the AORTA. Dissection between the intima and media causes luminal occlusion. Dissection at the media, or between the media and the outer adventitia causes aneurismal dilation.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Formation of an infarct, which is NECROSIS in tissue due to local ISCHEMIA resulting from obstruction of BLOOD CIRCULATION, most commonly by a THROMBUS or EMBOLUS.
Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
The artery supplying nearly all the left half of the transverse colon, the whole of the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and the greater part of the rectum. It is smaller than the superior mesenteric artery (MESENTERIC ARTERY, SUPERIOR) and arises from the aorta above its bifurcation into the common iliac arteries.
The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The main trunk of the systemic arteries.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
Pain emanating from below the RIBS and above the ILIUM.
NECROSIS occurring in the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY distribution system which brings blood to the entire lateral aspects of each CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. Clinical signs include impaired cognition; APHASIA; AGRAPHIA; weak and numbness in the face and arms, contralaterally or bilaterally depending on the infarction.
A technetium diagnostic aid used in renal function determination.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of AORTA.
Pathological processes involving any part of the AORTA.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
An octapeptide that is a potent but labile vasoconstrictor. It is produced from angiotensin I after the removal of two amino acids at the C-terminal by ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME. The amino acid in position 5 varies in different species. To block VASOCONSTRICTION and HYPERTENSION effect of angiotensin II, patients are often treated with ACE INHIBITORS or with ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 RECEPTOR BLOCKERS.
The continuation of the subclavian artery; it distributes over the upper limb, axilla, chest and shoulder.
Surgical excision, performed under general anesthesia, of the atheromatous tunica intima of an artery. When reconstruction of an artery is performed as an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ATHERECTOMY.
Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
Sudden ISCHEMIA in the RETINA due to blocked blood flow through the CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY or its branches leading to sudden complete or partial loss of vision, respectively, in the eye.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
Unanticipated information discovered in the course of testing or medical care. Used in discussions of information that may have social or psychological consequences, such as when it is learned that a child's biological father is someone other than the putative father, or that a person tested for one disease or disorder has, or is at risk for, something else.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
Blood clot formation in any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES. This may produce CAROTID STENOSIS or occlusion of the vessel, leading to TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBRAL INFARCTION; or AMAUROSIS FUGAX.
Delivery of drugs into an artery.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
... where the renal artery enters the kidney and the renal vein and ureter leave. The kidney is surrounded by tough fibrous tissue ... Each renal artery branches into segmental arteries, dividing further into interlobar arteries, which penetrate the renal ... "kidney artery", other experts have advocated preserving the use of renal as appropriate including in "renal artery". The ... The kidneys receive blood from the renal arteries, left and right, which branch directly from the abdominal aorta. Despite ...
The kidneys have an extensive blood supply via the renal arteries which leave the kidneys via the renal vein. Each kidney ... The external iliac artery is usually the artery used to attach the renal artery to the recipient of a kidney transplant. Ilium ... Carotid artery, common - In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries (carotids) ) are arteries that supply the head ... Common carotid artery - In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries (carotids) ) are arteries that supply the head ...
Rarely, the celiac axis, internal mammary, subclavian, or renal artery may be involved. Intrapulmonary sequestration occurs ... Venous drainage is usually to the left atrium via pulmonary veins establishing a left to left shunt. Abnormal connections to ... or renal arteries.[citation needed] The intralobar variety accounts for 75 percent of all sequestrations. Usually presents in ... ELS has a male to female predominance of 3:1 to 4:1. Related to the left hemidiaphragm in 90% of cases. ELS may present as a ...
Nutcracker syndrome - Compression of the left renal vein between aorta and upper mesenteric artery. Butros SR, Liu R, Oliveira ... Specifically, the problem is due to left common iliac vein compression by the overlying right common iliac artery. This leads ... but the vast majority are on the left side. While this is the suspected cause of the syndrome, the left iliac vein is ... the left common iliac vein traverses diagonally from left to right to enter the inferior vena cava. Along this course, it goes ...
Recurrence of FPE is thought to be associated with hypertension and may signify renal artery stenosis. Prevention of recurrence ... The ventricular septal shift to the left causes a left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, which further increases pulmonary ... It is due to either failure of the left ventricle of the heart to remove blood adequately from the pulmonary circulation ( ... By convention cardiogenic refers to left ventricular causes. Congestive heart failure which is due to the heart's inability to ...
... most commonly the right front limb and the renal arteries.[citation needed] Clopidogrel is used to try to prevent left atrial ... The thrombus generally forms in the left atrium, most commonly the left auricle. The formation is thought to be primarily due ... Since the pacemaker activates the interventricular septum before the left ventricular free wall, the gradient across the left ... between the left ventricle and the aorta, with the left ventricular pressure higher than the aortic pressure. This gradient ...
The duodenojejunal flexure lies in front of the left psoas major muscle, the left renal artery, and the left renal vein. It is ... The ascending portion of the duodenum ascends on the left side of the aorta, as far as the level of the upper border of the ... covered in front, and partly at the sides, by peritoneum continuous with the left portion of the mesentery. The ligament of ...
The kidneys have an extensive blood supply via the renal arteries which leave the kidneys via the renal vein. Each kidney ... Left side with frontal section). 7. Adrenal gland. Vessels: 8. Renal artery and vein, 9. Inferior vena cava, 10. Abdominal ... followed by the major calyces that ultimately join the renal pelvis. From here, urine continues its flow from the renal pelvis ... The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra ...
... renal a. testicular or ovarian a. four lumbar arteries inferior mesenteric a. left colic a. sigmoid arteries (2 or 3) superior ... inferior phrenic a. celiac a. left gastric a. splenic a. short gastric arteries (6) splenic arteries (6) left gastroepiploic a ... sending the right renal artery travelling behind it. The IVC likewise sends its opposite side counterpart, the left renal vein ... inferior to the diaphragm but superior to the renal arteries. The Infrarenal segment, inferior to the renal arteries and ...
Compression of the left renal vein (marked by the arrow) between the superior mesenteric artery (above) and the aorta (below) ... Since the left gonadal vein drains via the left renal vein it can also result in left testicular pain in men or left lower ... "Left Renal Vein Entrapment Syndrome (Nutcracker Syndrome) treated with Left Renal Vein Transposition". Jnp J Vasc Surg. 10: 503 ... Thrombosis in the left renal vein associated with dilation. A nutcracker. The legs of this nutcracker, with some imagination, ...
... from the left subclavian to below the renal artery; Extent III, from the sixth intercostal space to below the renal artery; and ... extending from the left subclavian artery to just below the renal artery; Extent II, ... Disease of the aorta proximal to the left subclavian artery in the chest lies within the specialty of cardiac surgery, and is ... Because of collateral blood flow from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) via the marginal artery, the inferior mesenteric ...
Affected arteries develop endothelial dysfunction and impairment of normal vasodilation, which alter renal autoregulation. When ... As the left ventricle becomes unable to compensate for an acute rise in systemic vascular resistance, left ventricular failure ... and renal artery embolization in cases of anesthesia risk. It is also important that the blood pressure is lowered smoothly, ... People with hypertensive crises often have chest pain as a result of this mismatch and may suffer from left ventricular ...
... on invasive treatment methods of resistant hypertension by novel sympathetic denervation techniques of the renal arteries ( ... Assessment of left atrial pressure-area relation in humans by means of retrograde left atrial catheterization and ... He subsequently made studies on the elastic properties of aorta and the function of left atrium. A large part of his research ... "Editorial on Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: Renal Denervation in Resistant Hypertension: Radiofrequency Ablation and Chemical ...
Renal artery stenosis (RAS) may be associated with a localized abdominal bruit to the left or right of the midline (unilateral ... renal artery stenosis (from atherosclerosis or fibromuscular dysplasia), hyperparathyroidism, and pheochromocytoma. Other ... It may also show whether there is thickening of the heart muscle (left ventricular hypertrophy) or whether the heart has ... This condition is believed to be due to calcification of the arteries resulting in abnormally high blood pressure readings with ...
Rarely periptosis left inferior vena cava. Bumpy ekfysis the right subclavian artery and both carotids (1955). • Human Anatomy ... "Contribution to the study of human renal artery (after own observations)", so was acclaimed Doctor of Medicine from the ... Contribution to the study of human renal artery (after own observations) (doctoral thesis) (1939). • About the position of the ...
There was no clot in the pulmonary artery, but the right ventricle was full of dark clot. The left was firmly contracted as to ... because the length of renal artery attached to the kidney matched the missing length from Eddowes's body, and that the forensic ... The left arm was extended and there was a packet of cachous in the left hand. ... The right arm was over the belly; the back of ... From this it was evident that the haemorrhage was caused through the partial severance of the left carotid artery and a small ...
... coronary artery stenosis) Carotid artery stenosis which predispose to (strokes and transient ischaemic episodes) Renal artery ... of the left heart), therefore causing narrowing Tricuspid valve stenosis, which is the thickening of the tricuspid valve (of ... Examples of vascular stenotic lesions include: Intermittent claudication (peripheral artery stenosis) Angina ( ... Achalasia Prinzmetal angina Vaginal stenosis Meatal stenosis alcohol atherosclerosis causes stenotic lesions in arteries. birth ...
... admits the renal artery, vein, ureter, and nerves Splenic hilum, on the surface of the spleen, admits the splenic artery, vein ... a triangular depression where the structures which form the root of the lung enter and leave the viscus Hilum of lymph node, ...
... such as the renal artery. Fractures of the left lower ribs are associated with spleen lacerations in 20 percent of cases. The ... X-ray can help determine the path of a penetrating object and locate any foreign matter left in the wound, but may not be ...
Police surgeon Dr Brown said that the kidney had been trimmed up, and that the renal artery was entirely absent. Metropolitan ... The cause of death was haemorrhage from the left common carotid artery. The death was immediate and the mutilations were ... The peritoneal lining was cut through on the left side and the left kidney carefully taken out and removed. ... I believe the ... because the length of renal artery attached to the kidney matched the missing length from the body, and both the body and ...
The renal circulation supplies the blood to the kidneys via the renal arteries, left and right, which branch directly from the ... 1. Renal pyramid • 2. Interlobular artery • 3. Renal artery • 4. Renal vein 5. Renal hilum • 6. Renal pelvis • 7. Ureter • 8. ... Each renal artery branches into segmental arteries, dividing further into interlobar arteries, which penetrate the renal ... A recessed area on the concave border is the renal hilum, where the renal artery enters the kidney and the renal vein and ...
A dissection usually includes the region from the bifurcation of the aorta to the superior mesenteric artery or the renal veins ... The left paraaortic nodes form a chain on the left side of the abdominal aorta in front of the origin of the psoas major and on ... The right paraaortic nodes, are situated partly in front of the inferior vena cava near the termination of the renal vein, and ... the left crus of the diaphragm. The paraaortic and retroaortic nodes receive: (a) the efferents of the common iliac lymph nodes ...
The right is somewhat lower than the left; left artery lies behind the left renal vein, the body of the pancreas and the ... the right renal artery is normally longer than the left renal artery.[5][6] ... Renal artery stenosis, or narrowing of one or both renal arteries will lead to hypertension as the affected kidneys release ... It is located above the renal vein. Supernumerary renal arteries (two or more arteries to a single kidney) are the most common ...
Rather than the two iliac arteries present in fetuses with complete renal agenesis, fetuses with sirenomelia display no ... including a deformed left kidney and a very small right one located very low in her body. In addition, her digestive, urinary ... It may include absence of the lower spine, abnormalities of the pelvis, renal organs, and was previously thought to be a severe ... In 1927, Otto Kampmeier discovered the association between sirenomelia and single umbilical artery. Only a few individuals who ...
However, the decrease may be significant in conditions of decreased renal perfusion, such as renal artery stenosis, heart ... leaving AT2 receptor unblocked; the latter may have consequences needing further study. ... as scleroderma renal crisis). In those with stable coronary artery disease, but no heart failure, benefits are similar to other ... A decrease renal protein kinase C. With ACE inhibitor use, the production of ATII is decreased, which prevents aldosterone ...
The renal circulation supplies the blood to the kidneys via the renal arteries, left and right, which branch directly from the ... Each renal artery branches into segmental arteries, dividing further into interlobar arteries, which penetrate the renal ... The segmental arteries are branches of the renal arteries; there are five named segmental arteries: superior inferior anterior ... are between two renal lobes, also known as the renal column (cortex region between two pyramids). Note 1: The renal artery also ...
From anterior to posterior, the renal vein exits, the renal artery enters, and the renal pelvis exits the kidney. On the left ... renal artery and renal pelvis, respectively. Renal artery Renal vein Renal pyramids Renal medulla Hilum of kidney This article ... The superior, middle, and inferior vessels enter or leave the hilum of kidney: from anterior to posterior is renal vein, ... The renal hilum (Latin: hilum renale) or renal pedicle is the hilum of the kidney, that is, its recessed central fissure where ...
... the left behind the left colic and sigmoid arteries and the iliac colon. Each crosses obliquely over the ureter and the lower ... They are two slender vessels of considerable length, and arise from the front of the aorta a little below the renal arteries. ... The testicular artery (the male gonadal artery, also called the internal spermatic arteries in older texts) is a branch of the ... It is a paired artery, with one for each of the testes. It is the male equivalent of the ovarian artery. Because the testis is ...
They can extend and contract, twist to left or right, bend at any place in any direction or be held rigid.[27][28] ... Before reaching the branchial heart, each branch of the vena cava expands to form renal appendages which are in direct contact ... The blood vessels consist of arteries, capillaries and veins and are lined with a cellular endothelium which is quite unlike ... Before it leaves the funnel, the ink passes through glands which mix it with mucus, creating a thick, dark blob which allows ...
Ejerblad E, Fored CM, Lindblad P, Fryzek J, McLaughlin JK, Nyrén O. Obesity and risk for chronic renal failure. J. Am. Soc. ... Neovius K, Johansson K, Kark M, Neovius M. Obesity status and sick leave: a systematic review. Obes Rev (Review). 2009-01, 10 ( ... Association of bodyweight with total mortality and with cardiovascular events in coronary artery disease: A systematic review ...
Renal artery stenosis. *Renal ischemia. *Hypertensive nephropathy. *Renovascular hypertension. *Renal cortical necrosis ... As the disease progresses, the deposits will eventually be cleared, leaving cavities in the basement membrane. These cavities ... "Renal Pathology". Retrieved 2008-11-25.. *^ Obana M, Nakanishi K, Sako M, Yata N, Nozu K, Tanaka R, Iijima K, Yoshikawa N (July ... "Renal Pathology". Retrieved 2008-11-25.. *^ Ziakas PD, Giannouli S, Psimenou E, Nakopoulou L, Voulgarelis M (July 2004). " ...
This 'Grow Your Own Arteries' technique is helping patients survive coronary heart disease, renal failure and other life- ... In 1991, she left her position as the Principal Research Fellow (1987-91) at the Baker Medical Research Institute. Dr. Campbell ... thickening in arteries subjected to injury, rather than solely from cells of the artery wall. This showed that current ... Grow Your Own Arteries' Campbell, Julie. St. George Girls High School, An Academically Selective High School for girls. Notable ...
... coronary artery disease, heart arrhythmia and peripheral artery disease. Radiation-induced fibrosis, vascular cell damage and ... Renal cell cancer and melanoma are generally considered to be radioresistant but radiation therapy is still a palliative option ... It is used primarily for treating left-sided breast cancer. The technique involves a patient holding their breath during ... These treatments begin by guiding a catheter up through the femoral artery in the leg, navigating to the desired target site ...
The interatrial artery of the ostrich is small in size and exclusively supplies blood to only part of the left auricle and ... Though there have been no official detailed renal studies conducted[77] on the flow rate (Poiseuille's Law) and composition of ... The coronary arteries start in the right and left aortic sinus and provide blood to the heart muscle in a similar fashion to ... The morphology for heat exchange occurs via cerebral arteries and the ophthalmic rete, a network of arteries originating from ...
Ejerblad E, Fored CM, Lindblad P, Fryzek J, McLaughlin JK, Nyrén O (2006). "Obesity and risk for chronic renal failure". J. Am ... Neovius K; Johansson K; Kark M; Neovius M (januar 2009). "Obesity status and sick leave: a systematic review". Obes Rev. Vol. ... 2006). "Association of bodyweight with total mortality and with cardiovascular events in coronary artery disease: A systematic ... displaystyle ={\frac {{\text{masa}}({\text{kg}})}{\left({\text{višina}}({\text{m}})\right)^{2}}}}. ...
Oxygenated blood then flows from the lungs through the left atrium to the left ventricle where it is pumped out to the body. ... As a result, birds have more blood in their capillaries per unit of volume of lung than a mammal.[83] The arteries are composed ... The postcava receives blood from the limbs via the renal portal system. Unlike in mammals, the circulating red blood cells in ... This pericardial sac is filled with a serous fluid for lubrication.[82] The heart itself is divided into a right and left half ...
When the arterial blood pressure rises the arterioles are stimulated to dilate making it easier for blood to leave the arteries ... the renal tubular cells excrete hydrogen ions into the tubular fluid to leave the body via urine. Bicarbonate ions are ... The brain can regulate blood flow over a range of blood pressure values by vasoconstriction and vasodilation of the arteries.[ ... Renal compensation can help the bicarbonate buffer system. The sensor for the plasma bicarbonate concentration is not known for ...
Buttermilk, the liquid left over after producing butter from cream, often dried as livestock feed ... but calcium supplements are associated with a higher risk of coronary artery calcification.[8] ... This widely held belief stems from some people mistaking the thin coat of residue left behind after consuming milk or ice cream ... "Calcium intake from diet and supplements and the risk of coronary artery calcification and its progression among older adults ...
For example, in the upper-left of the four hemes shown, oxygen binds at the left of the iron atom shown in the upper-left of ... Padmanaban, P.; Toora, B. (2011). "Hemoglobin: Emerging marker in stable coronary artery disease". Chronicles of Young ... and the circulating hemoglobin can cause renal failure. ... Urobilinogen leaves the body in faeces, in a pigment called ... This means that the oxygen binding curve for fetal hemoglobin is left-shifted (i.e., a higher percentage of hemoglobin has ...
Diastolic dysfunction is also associated with AF, which increases left atrial pressure, left atrial volume, size, and left ... High blood pressure, valvular heart disease, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, COPD, obesity, ... "Atrial fibrillation and risks of cardiovascular disease, renal disease, and death: systematic review and meta-analysis" (PDF) ... Left atrial appendage occlusion[edit]. There is tentative evidence that left atrial appendage occlusion therapy may reduce the ...
However, the left ovary drains from the plexus to the left ovarian vein, and from there drains to the left renal vein before ... It acts as a countercurrent heat exchanger, cooling blood in adjacent arteries. An abnormal enlargement of the pampiniform ... and on the left side into the left renal vein, at a right angle.The pampiniform plexus forms the chief mass of the cord. ...
Left common carotid artery. Left subclavian artery. Descending aorta, thoracic part: Left bronchial arteries. esophageal ... Median sacral artery. Visceral branches:. Celiac trunk. Middle suprarenal arteries. Superior mesenteric artery. Renal arteries ... For example, the left vertebral artery may arise from the aorta, instead of the left common carotid artery.[9]:188 ... Major Aorta anatomy displaying Ascending Aorta, Brachiocephalic trunk, Left Common Carotid Artery, Left Subclavian Artery, ...
Acute renal failure. Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Acute liver failure. Respiratory failure. Multiple organ dysfunction ... Intermittent or continuous renal replacement therapy may be used if indicated. However, sodium bicarbonate is not recommended ... and renal replacement therapy.[6] Achieving partial or full enteral feeding (delivery of nutrients through a feeding tube) is ... hydroxyethyl starches in patients with sepsis is associated with an increased incidence of acute kidney injury and use of renal ...
... it shows a dissection of the left internal carotid artery, dissection of both vertebral arteries in their V1 and V2 segments ... Vertebral artery dissection is one of the two types of dissection of the arteries in the neck. The other type, carotid artery ... Vertebral artery dissection is less common than carotid artery dissection (dissection of the large arteries in the front of the ... the arteries merge to form the basilar artery, which joins the circle of Willis. In total, three quarters of the artery are ...
Artery. Inferior vesical artery. Middle rectal artery. Internal pudendal artery. Vein. Inferior vesical vein. Middle rectal ... The urethra is the vessel through which urine passes after leaving the bladder. During urination, the smooth muscle lining the ... Renal tubule. *Proximal convoluted tubule. *Loop of Henle *Descending. *Thin ascending. *Thick ascending ...
a b Pubmed: "Does aspirin cause acute or chronic renal failure in experimental animals and in humans?", Am J Kidney Dis. 1996 ... A precursor to aspirin found in leaves from the willow tree has been used for its health effects for at least 2,400 years.[6][7 ... After percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), such as the placement of a coronary artery stent, a U.S. Agency for ... A 10- to 20-fold increase in renal clearance occurs when urine pH is increased from 5 to 8. The use of urinary alkalinization ...
Left heart → Aorta → Arteries → Arterioles → Capillaries → Venules → Veins → Vena cava → (Right heart) ... Large collecting vessels, such as the subclavian vein, the jugular vein, the renal vein and the iliac vein. ... ACA (anterior communicating, Recurrent artery of Heubner, Orbitofrontal artery). *MCA (anterolateral central, Prefrontal artery ... The arteries and veins have three layers. The middle layer is thicker in the arteries than it is in the veins: *The inner layer ...
right subclavian artery. left common carotid artery (directly from arch of aorta on left mostly)[edit]. internal carotid artery ... ileocolic artery. middle suprarenal[edit]. renal[edit]. Anterior and posterior[edit]. interlobar artery[edit]. *arcuate artery ... Left subclavian artery (directly from arch of aorta on left)[edit]. vertebral artery[edit]. *Meningeal branches of vertebral ... 2.1 brachiocephalic artery. *2.2 left common carotid artery (directly from arch of aorta on left mostly) *2.2.1 internal ...
Regional decreases in the left hypothalamus, left inferior parietal lobe, right lentiform nucleus and right caudate have also ... Sheridan AM, Bonventre JV (2000). "Cell biology and molecular mechanisms of injury in ischemic acute renal failure". Current ... superior mesenteric artery syndrome.[124] Delayed stomach emptying, or gastroparesis, often develops following food restriction ...
Specifically, it looks for calcium deposits in the coronary arteries that can narrow arteries and increase the risk of heart ... Left image is a sinogram which is a graphic representation of the raw data obtained from a CT scan. At right is an image sample ... Lower radiation doses are often used in many areas, such as in the investigation of renal colic.[12]Side effects from ... allowing radiologists to assess the extent of occlusion in the coronary arteries, usually in order to diagnose coronary artery ...
This results in conditions such as conjoined twins, and the resulting merged organism may die at birth when it must leave the ... Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) include renal parenchyma, kidneys, and urinary collecting system.[ ... These birth defects included neural tube defects, malformations of the cardiac septa, anomalies of arteries and veins, and ... pulmonary artery and heart valves.[42] The effects of carbon monoxide exposure are decreased later in fetal development during ...
Intravascular ultrasound image of a coronary artery (left), with color-coding on the right, delineating the lumen (yellow), ... and fast aid for decision-making in patients with renal symptoms and for guidance in renal intervention.[19] Renal ultrasound ( ... Using B-mode imaging, assessment of renal anatomy is easily performed, and US is often used as image guidance for renal ... The Prevalence Of Diastolic Dysfunction In Patients With Hypertension Referred For Echocardiographic Assessment of Left ...
Map of dietary energy availability per person per day in 1961 (left) and 2001-2003 (right) in kcal/person/day.[75] no data ... Obesity and risk for chronic renal failure". J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 17 (6): 1695-702. doi:10.1681/ASN.2005060638. PMID 16641153. ... Association of bodyweight with total mortality and with cardiovascular events in coronary artery disease: A systematic review ... Obesity status and sick leave: a systematic review". Obes Rev. 10 (1): 17-27. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00521.x. PMID ...
... of a branch of the left coronary artery (LCA, right coronary artery = RCA). ... "Renal function as a risk indicator for cardiovascular events in 3216 patients with manifest arterial disease". Atherosclerosis ... Keating G, Plosker G (2004). "Eplerenone: a review of its use in left ventricular systolic dysfunction and heart failure after ... Bosch X, Theroux P. (2005). "Left ventricular ejection fraction to predict early mortality in patients with non-ST-segment ...
Renal[edit]. In addition to increasing the risk of kidney cancer, smoking can also contribute to additional renal damage. ... Colgrove J, Bayer R, Bachynski KE (June 2011). "Nowhere left to hide? The banishment of smoking from public spaces". The New ... All these factors make smokers more at risk of developing various forms of arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). As the ... Lipworth L, Tarone RE, McLaughlin JK (December 2006). "The epidemiology of renal cell carcinoma". The Journal of Urology. 176 ( ...
Although, the initial use of radiofrequency-generated heat to ablate nerve endings in the renal arteries to aid in management ... boiling within tissue that can leave "a gaping hole", tears, or even charring. RFA, or rhizotomy, is sometimes used to treat ... 2014). "A Controlled Trial of Renal Denervation for Resistant Hypertension (SYMPLICITY HTN-3 Trial)". N Engl J Med. 370: 1393- ... Therefore, the introduction of non-surgical means of renal denervation with radiofrequency ablation catheter was ...
The left renal artery passes laterally from the abdominal aorta into the left kidney. It then divides into several smaller ... The left renal artery passes laterally from the abdominal aorta into the left kidney. It then divides into several smaller ... Home > Cardiovascular System > Cardiovascular System of the Lower Torso > Blood Supply to the Kidneys > Left Renal Artery ... Left Renal Artery * Left Renal Vein * Left Suprarenal Arteries * Left Suprarenal Vein ...
... erythema nodosum and uveitis developed complete occlusion of left renal artery. Although he had been suspicious of having ... stenosis of abdominal aorta just beneath the origin of the renal arteries as well as complete occlusion of left renal artery. ... erythema nodosum and uveitis developed complete occlusion of left renal artery. Although he had been suspicious of having an ... Renal Artery* / radiography. Takayasu Arteritis / complications*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National ...
ICD-10-PCS code 04LA0CZ for Occlusion of Left Renal Artery with Extraluminal Device, Open Approach is a medical classification ...
Percutaneous Endoscopic Approach is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Lower Arteries range. ... ICD-10-PCS code 047A47Z for Dilation of Left Renal Artery with Four or More Drug-eluting Intraluminal Devices, ... Includes: Inferior suprarenal artery , Renal segmental artery","3")>Renal Artery, Left. Definition: Entry, by puncture or ... Dilation of Left Renal Artery with Four or More Drug-eluting Intraluminal Devices, Percutaneous Endoscopic Approach 047A47Z. ...
1. The renal artery was constricted leaving the opposite kidney intact in ten conscious and seven anaesthetized dogs. ... Pathogenesis of Arterial Hypertension after the Constriction of the Renal Artery Leaving the opposite Kidney Intact Both in the ... Pathogenesis of Arterial Hypertension after the Constriction of the Renal Artery Leaving the opposite Kidney Intact Both in the ... Before and after renal artery constriction in the conscious dogs cardiac output, stroke volume, total peripheral resistance and ...
CURRENT CASE Occluded Stent in Left Renal Artery with Renal Infarcts Diagnosis Hidden ... 7,661 Clear Cell RCC Left Kidney Diagnosis Hidden 7,660 Extensive Vascular Disease Especially Involving the Renal Arteries ...
Unspecified injury of left renal artery, subsequent encounter. 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code POA Exempt *S35.402D ... Short description: Unspecified injury of left renal artery, subs encntr. *The 2019 edition of ICD-10-CM S35.402D became ...
Left renal artery aka Arteria renalis sinistra in the latin terminology and part of abdominal and pelvic parts of the ureters ... Left renal artery This feature is available to Premium subscribers only.. More Info data-html=true data-placement=bottom ... term/left-renal-artery-2/B2RYFh42FYhYm4yqXAkQ_A._renalis_sinister_02.png data-fullscreen-images=null data-html=true data- ... term/left-renal-artery/2VQS2vD9N6ibG1cKQp7qOw_A._renalis_sinistra_02.png data-fullscreen-images=null data-html=true data- ...
Siegelman SS, Sprayregen S, Strasberg Z, Attai LA, Robinson G. Aortic dissection and the left renal artery. RADIOLOGY. 1970 Apr ... Siegelman, S. S. ; Sprayregen, S. ; Strasberg, Z. ; Attai, L. A. ; Robinson, G. / Aortic dissection and the left renal artery. ... Aortic dissection and the left renal artery. / Siegelman, S. S.; Sprayregen, S.; Strasberg, Z.; Attai, L. A.; Robinson, G. ... Siegelman, SS, Sprayregen, S, Strasberg, Z, Attai, LA & Robinson, G 1970, Aortic dissection and the left renal artery., ...
... sinistra in the latin terminology and part of arteries of the small intestine with focus on the superior mesenteric artery. ... AnatomyAbdomen & PelvisSmall intestineArteries of the small intestineLeft renal artery ... Left renal artery This feature is available to Premium subscribers only.. More Info data-html=true data-placement=bottom ... term/left-renal-artery-2/B2RYFh42FYhYm4yqXAkQ_A._renalis_sinister_02.png data-fullscreen-images=null data-html=true data- ...
Keywords: Accessory renal artery; Renal vascular variations; Multiple renal arteries. Introduction. The paired renal arteries ... The main renal artery on the left was larger in diameter than the accessory renal artery. However, the accessory artery was ... Usually there is only one right renal artery and one left renal artery penetrating the hila of each kidney. The right renal ... Figure 1: Renal artery (white arrow) and accessory renal artery (black arrow). Also shown are the Superior Mesenteric Artery ( ...
... and renal artery stenosis. Journal of the American Society of Hypertension : JASH Elsevier 1878-7436 10.1016/J.JASH.2014.02.007 ...
Retrograde cannulation of the left renal artery with a 4 Fr JR catheter; injection of contrast medium through the catheter ... both renal arteries were found to be accidentally occluded.After three months, both renal arteries were patent and renal ... both renal arteries were found to be accidentally occluded.After three months, both renal arteries were patent and renal ... the right renal artery was catheterized and a chimney stent was deployed; however this was not possible for the left renal ...
... accessory left renal artery是什么意思,accessory ... 为您提供accessory left renal artery的在线翻译, ... 单词 accessory left renal artery 的词典定义。@海词词典-最好的学习型词典. ... accessory left renal artery的用法和样例:. 例句. *Keeping the aorta in view slide the transducer cranially until you find the left renal ... METHODS: Left renal artery stenosis in SD rats was established by inserting silver
... renal artery stenosis, renovascular hypertension, fibromuscular dysplasia, renal artery stenting, renal artery surgery ... renal artery stenosis, renovascular hypertension, fibromuscular dysplasia, renal artery stenting, renal artery surgery ... renal artery stenosis, renovascular hypertension, fibromuscular dysplasia, renal artery stenting, renal artery surgery ... renal artery stenosis, renovascular hypertension, fibromuscular dysplasia, renal artery stenting, renal artery surgery ...
Renal Artery Stenosis Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Procedure: stenting angioplasty plus medical therapy Drug: Medical therapy ... The Stenting of Renal Artery Stenosis in Coronary Artery Disease (RASCAD) study was planned to test whether renal artery ... Renal Artery Stenosis in Coronary Artery Disease: Medical Therapy Versus Medical Therapy Plus Renal Artery Stenting in ... Stenting of Renal Artery Stenosis in Coronary Artery Disease Study (RASCAD). The safety and scientific validity of this study ...
Its somewhat lower than the left one. Left artery lies behind the left renal vein, the body of the pancreas and the splenic ... Renal artery Renal artery Renal artery Renal artery Listmann, Mishan; Tubbs, R. Shane (2020-01-01), Tubbs, R. Shane; Iwanaga, ... the right renal artery is normally longer than the left renal artery. The right passes behind the inferior vena cava, the right ... Renal artery stenosis, or narrowing of one or both renal arteries will lead to hypertension as the affected kidneys release ...
The pathogenetic mechanisms that lead to PVD are similar to those of coronary artery disease (CAD). ... Preangioplasty left superficial femoral artery angiogram in a middle-aged woman with severe left leg claudication and an ankle- ... Renal Artery Stenoses. Atherosclerotic disease that causes stenosis of more than 50% in at least 1 renal artery is encountered ... renal artery disease is bilateral. About 11% of renal arteries with stenoses of greater than 60% progress to total occlusion ...
He developed non-oliguric acute renal failure secondary to extrinsic compression of the left renal artery by enlarged lymph ... A case of acute renal failure caused by extrinsic compression of the left renal artery in lymphoma / 대한내과학회지 ... A case of acute renal failure caused by extrinsic compression of the left renal artery in ... showed the complete absence of perfusion of the left kidney due to extrinsic compression of the left renal artery by a huge ...
Variant left testicular artery from the superior polar artery and triple right renal arteries: A case report. European Journal ... Variant left testicular artery from the superior polar artery and triple right renal arteries : A case report. / Rai, ... title = "Variant left testicular artery from the superior polar artery and triple right renal arteries: A case report", ... Variant left testicular artery from the superior polar artery and triple right renal arteries: A case report. ...
... the renal artery was blocked selectively to protect renal function. Thirdly, after clamping the target artery, the renal ... After entering the retroperitoneal space and dissociating the renal artery and renal vein, the target artery was clamped beyond ... After entering the retroperitoneal space and dissociating the renal artery and renal vein, the target artery was clamped beyond ... Retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with segmental renal artery clamping for cancer of the left upper calyx: a ...
Aberrant left testicular artery along with three left renal arteries Aberrant left testicular artery along with three left ...
Initial imaging indicated left renal artery stenosis, and the patient was referred to our department. For patients with ... Once renal artery stenosis is suspected, renal angiography is highly recommended because the technique is able to accurately ... Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty is the treatment of choice for renal artery stenosis in patients with renovascular ... We report a case of a 46-year-old Asian woman with stenosis of two branches of renal artery bifurcation treated by percutaneous ...
Left ventricular ejection fraction ,50%. *GFR ≤ 40 ml/min/1.73m² as calculated the abbreviated MDRD formula ... Coronary Artery Disease. Myocardial Ischemia. Coronary Disease. Renal Insufficiency. Cardio-Renal Syndrome. Heart Diseases. ... Calcium, Phosphate, Renal Impairment and Coronary Artery Disease in the Cardio-renal Syndrome, The CAPRICORN-CRS Study. ... Calcium, Phosphate, Renal Impairment and Coronary Artery Disease in the Cardio-renal Syndrome, The CAPRICORN-CRS Study ( ...
Known renal artery stenosis. *Serum creatinine , 1.8 mval/l. *Relevant hepatic or pulmonary disorders ... Left ventricular ejection fraction , 40%. *Diastolic blood pressure , 110mm Hg at rest ...
Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Renal Cell Cancer in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes 1000s of ... Left kidney. Right renal artery. Left Ureter. Abdominal aorta. Segmental artery. ©1994-2020 SmartDraw, LLC ... Renal Cell Cancer Cancer that starts in the ureters or the renal pelvis (the part of the kidney that collects urine and drains ... Renal Cell Cancer. Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Renal Cell Cancer in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw ...
... left IIA was perfusedvia antegradeflow from theleft CFA; preoperative planning included hepatic-renal artery bypass.. Complex ... In the 9th case of the woman with the dissecting AAA and the right renal and right CIA malperfusion (Figure 8), right renal ... umbilical artery catheterization, or surgical aortotomy causing the stenosis.. Abnormally dilated arteries in an asymptomatic ... OUTCOMES OF OFF-PUMP VERSUS ON-PUMP CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING FOR ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE IN PATIENTS OVER SEVENTY YEARS ...
The left ventricle-right atrium (LV-RA) shunt of a congenital etiology was first reported by Gerbode et al. [ 1 ] in 1958 and ... nächster Artikel A curable cause of hypertension: renal artery p... Tipp. Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen ... Acquired left ventricular-right atrial communication: Gerbode-type defect. Echocardiography. 2002;19(1):67-72. CrossRefPubMed ... Left ventricular-right atrial fistula complicating redo mitral valve replacement. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001;71(1):343-5. CrossRef ...
Avulsed left renal artery with thrombosis. * CT scan of abdomen and pelvis showing a urinoma. ... Renal artery pseudoaneurysm secondary to blunt trauma treated with microcoil embolization. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Nov. 40(11):e65 ... Renal artery and vein injury following blunt trauma. Ann Surg. 1975 Dec. 182(6):696-8. [Medline]. ... Grade IV renal trauma management. A revision of the AAST renal injury grading scale is mandatory. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2016 ...
  • The left renal artery passes laterally from the abdominal aorta into the left kidney. (innerbody.com)
  • 1. The renal artery was constricted leaving the opposite kidney intact in ten conscious and seven anaesthetized dogs. (portlandpress.com)
  • Comparing the changes of these variables with the ones previously obtained with renal artery constriction to the lone remaining kidney, for a given increase of plasma renin concentration the rise of blood pressure was lower when the contralateral kidney was untouched. (portlandpress.com)
  • Variations include accessory renal arteries that enter the hilum of the kidney and aberrant renal arteries that enter the capsule of the kidney. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Routine dissection of the abdomen of an 87-year-old female cadaver revealed a left renal accessory artery penetrating the hilum of the kidney. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Renal vascular variants are very important to be aware especially for surgical procedures such as kidney transplants or repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms, as well as various diagnostic imaging procedures to ensure patient safety and proper patient diagnosis. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Usually there is only one right renal artery and one left renal artery penetrating the hila of each kidney. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • The renal arteries typically divide into anterior and posterior divisions just prior to entering the hilum of each kidney. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Variations of the renal arterial supply usually are described in the literature as "aberrant", whereby the additional artery enters the kidney directly through the capsule and not the hilum, or the other variation described as "accessory" whereby it branches from the abdominal aorta either superior or inferior to the main renal artery and then enters the hilum as usual [3]. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • The left main renal artery branched from the abdominal aorta below the superior mesenteric artery traveling posterior to the left renal vein as it entered the hilum of the left kidney (Figure 1). (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • The accessory renal artery was seen traveling anterior to the left renal vein and ureter upon entering the hilum of the left kidney. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • METHODS: Left renal artery stenosis in SD rats was established by inserting silver clip with the inner diameter of 0.2 mm or 0.25 mm, while the right renal artery was not received, so as to establish two-kidney one-clip (2K-1C) renal hypertensive models. (dict.cn)
  • The arterial supply of the kidneys is variable and there may be one or more renal arteries supplying each kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supernumerary renal arteries (two or more arteries to a single kidney) are the most common renovascular anomaly, occurrence ranging from 25% to 40% of kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Atherosclerosis can also affect the renal arteries and can lead to poor perfusion of the kidneys leading to reduced kidney function and, possibly, renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed the complete absence of perfusion of the left kidney due to extrinsic compression of the left renal artery by a huge diffuse large B cell lymphoma (stage IVa, International Prognostic Index score 3). (bvsalud.org)
  • Preoperative ureteroscopy revealed a papillary neoplasm with a pedicle in the upper calyx of the left kidney. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with segmental renal artery clamping of the kidney provides a feasible treatment modality for noninvasive tumors that are limited to the calyx. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cancer that starts in the ureters or the renal pelvis (the part of the kidney that collects urine and drains it to the ureters) is different from renal cell cancer. (smartdraw.com)
  • Renal cell cancer (also called kidney cancer or renal adenocarcinoma) is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the lining of tubules (very small tubes) in the kidney. (smartdraw.com)
  • Blood flows to the kidney through the renal artery. (answers.com)
  • Once in the kidney the blood flows through a series of smaller and smaller arteries until it gets to the glomerulus. (answers.com)
  • These preliminary findings suggest a physiological and potential pathophysiological role for P2X 7 in controlling renal and/or systemic vascular function, which could in turn affect susceptibility to hypertension-related kidney damage. (frontiersin.org)
  • Genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors determine susceptibility to renal injury and the development of chronic kidney disease. (frontiersin.org)
  • Sympathetic overdrive is also associated with target-organ damage related to chronic hypertension and has been detected in patients with heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and end-stage renal disease ( 2 ). (onlinejacc.org)
  • This renal model considers the kidney to consist of four pathways through which the tracer flows equally. (wikibooks.org)
  • The kidney is 11.2 cm long and surrounded by the bright rim of renal capsule (yellow arrow) around the parenchyma. (asnjournals.org)
  • The midline longitudinal image of the right kidney (A) and left kidney (B) demonstrate hyperechoic (bright) medulla (yellow arrow) in a 35-year-old woman with medullary calcinosis. (asnjournals.org)
  • Grayscale longitudinal ultrasonographic image of the right kidney demonstrates abnormal bright renal parenchyma in a 39-year-old woman with multiple myeloma and AKI. (asnjournals.org)
  • Kidney size is small (8.78 cm) and renal parenchyma is thin. (asnjournals.org)
  • The renal capsule consists of thin fibrous tissue, which is next to fat, and thus the kidney often appears to be surrounded by a very bright rim on ultrasonography when there is a difference of acoustic impedance relative to the adjacent tissues. (asnjournals.org)
  • The renal sinus in the center of the kidney contains fibro-fatty tissue and thus appears very bright relative to the kidney parenchyma. (asnjournals.org)
  • The left renal artery was stenotic with signs of atherosclerosis, with an atrophic left kidney. (bmj.com)
  • Renal (kidney) and mesenteric (intestinal) artery disease are conditions that develop when the arteries in the abdomen that supply either the kidneys or the intestines become narrowed, or blocked, by an accumulation of a fatty substance called plaque. (nyp.org)
  • In renal artery disease, the narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to the kidneys, causing progressive kidney failure or difficult-to-control high blood pressure in a significant number of patients. (nyp.org)
  • Less commonly, injuries to the kidney can result in scarring, which can block the arteries to the kidney. (nyp.org)
  • With renal artery disease, patients can develop high blood pressure that is very difficult to control, and in extreme cases kidney failure. (nyp.org)
  • There is typically some variation between the left and right kidney. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Renal artery stenosis is associated with increased risk for kidney failure and is an independent predictor of mortality (1,2) . (onlinejacc.org)
  • Balloon angioplasty with or without stent placement has been used as a treatment modality for renovascular hypertension and preservation of kidney function in patients with renal artery stenosis. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Low and behold there appeared a smoothly rounded 7-cm mass extending from the lower pole of the left kidney. (acr.org)
  • However, the urologist rather sheepishly told me that he had operated and removed the left kidney on his assumption that he was doing proper cancer surgery. (acr.org)
  • The first one (MRA) stated on first page the mass was in the right kidney with a cyst on the Left. (cancer.org)
  • In the next page he states the mass is in the left kidney. (cancer.org)
  • Renal function was assessed by timed collection of urine from each kidney and arterial blood under constant infusion of inulin. (ahajournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS These data identify grem1 as a potential modifier of renal injury in the context of diabetic kidney disease. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Mice homozygous for deletion of grem1 die of complete renal agenesis shortly after birth, supporting a primary role for grem1 in the developing kidney ( 10 , 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The left kidney demonstrates heterogeneous enhancement with areas of hypoattenuation, likely ischaemic - arterial injury not excluded. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Towards the centre of the kidney there are triangle-shaped areas called renal pyramids. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • At the centre of the kidney in an area called the renal pelvis where urine collects. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • The renal artery carries blood into the kidney. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Blood leaves the kidney through a large vessel called the renal vein or (vena cava). (macmillan.org.uk)
  • The left kidney was mobilized, renal artery, vein and ureter were clipped endoscopically, and then dissected. (sages.org)
  • Short right renal vein 1000 kidney: Reconstruction pelvic flap pyeloplasty (culp-deweerd) use the segment and exteriorized. (buffalo.edu)
  • By the use of the microscope, Dr Openshaw was able to determine that the kidney had been taken from a full-grown human being, and that the portion before him was PART OF THE LEFT KIDNEY. (casebook.org)
  • It at once occurred to the Vigilance Committee that at the inquest on the body of the woman Eddowes who was murdered at Mitre-square, Aldgate, it was stated that the left kidney was missing, and in view of this circumstance, it was deemed advisable to at once communicate with the police. (casebook.org)
  • These data demonstrated that increased RSNA activity, via microinjection of Ang II into the PVN, exaggerated renal IR injury by inducing oxidative stress in the kidney. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Renal physiology is the study of kidney function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urology addresses diseases of kidney (and urinary tract) anatomy: these include cancer, renal cysts, kidney stones and ureteral stones, and urinary tract obstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity, caused by the position of the liver, typically results in the right kidney being slightly lower and smaller than the left, and being placed slightly more to the middle than the left kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • The left kidney is approximately at the vertebral level T12 to L3, and the right is slightly lower. (wikipedia.org)
  • The left kidney sits below the diaphragm and posterior to the spleen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each kidney, with its adrenal gland is surrounded by two layers of fat: the perirenal fat present between renal fascia and renal capsule and pararenal fat superior to the renal fascia. (wikipedia.org)
  • A recessed area on the concave border is the renal hilum, where the renal artery enters the kidney and the renal vein and ureter leave. (wikipedia.org)
  • The kidney is surrounded by tough fibrous tissue, the renal capsule, which is itself surrounded by perirenal fat, renal fascia, and pararenal fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the left kidney, it is next to the spleen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The functional substance, or parenchyma, of the kidney is divided into two major structures: the outer renal cortex and the inner renal medulla. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is suggested that these results are compatible with the 'autoregulation theory' of renal hypertension. (portlandpress.com)
  • Renal artery stenosis, or narrowing of one or both renal arteries will lead to hypertension as the affected kidneys release renin to increase blood pressure to preserve perfusion to the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Renal artery stenosis is one of the common causes of secondary hypertension. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Atherosclerosis and fibromuscular dysplasia are the commonest types of stenosis associated with renal vascular hypertension, with the former accounting for 70-80% of all cases and the latter accounting for 10% of the incidence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We report a case of a 46-year-old Asian woman with stenosis of two branches of renal artery bifurcation treated by percutaneous balloon dilatation and stenting of both branches after referral to our department for a renal angiogram following 8 months of uncontrolled hypertension despite receiving medications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For patients with uncontrolled hypertension despite receiving medications, renal Doppler ultrasound should be included in the diagnostic workup for secondary hypertension. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty is the treatment of choice for renal artery stenosis in patients with renovascular hypertension or renal dysfunction. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Atherosclerosis and fibromuscular dysplasia are the commonest types of stenosis associated with renal vascular hypertension (RVH). (biomedcentral.com)
  • We have shown previously that the Fischer (F344) rat has lower GFR than the Lewis rat, and is more susceptible to renal injury induced by hypertension. (frontiersin.org)
  • National High Blood Pressure Educational Programme Working Group (1996) Update of working group reports on chronic renal failure and renovascular hypertension. (springer.com)
  • 2001) Diagnostic tests for renal artery stenosis in patients suspected of having renovascular hypertension: a meta analysis. (springer.com)
  • Harrison EG Jr, Hunt JC, Bernatz PE (1967) Morphology of fibromuscular dysplasia of the renal arteryin renovascular hypertension. (springer.com)
  • Catheter-based Renal Denervation as a Treatment for Pulmonary Hypertension: Hope or Hype? (revespcardiol.org)
  • We hypothesized that renal denervation decreases renin-angiotensin-aldosterone activity and inhibits the progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension. (revespcardiol.org)
  • The dogs' pulmonary dynamics were measured before and 8 weeks after injection of 0.1 mL/kg dimethylformamide (control dogs) or 2 mg/kg dehydromonocrotaline (pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary arterial hypertension + renal denervation dogs). (revespcardiol.org)
  • BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) may lead to left ventricular hypertrophy and vascular dysfunction, which are independent factors for adverse cardiovascular outcomes. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Objectives The aim of this prospective randomized study was to assess the impact of renal artery denervation in patients with a history of refractory atrial fibrillation (AF) and drug-resistant hypertension who were referred for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). (onlinejacc.org)
  • Treating drug-resistant hypertension with renal denervation has been reported to control blood pressure, but any effect on AF is unknown. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Conclusions Renal artery denervation reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with drug-resistant hypertension and reduces AF recurrences when combined with PVI. (onlinejacc.org)
  • The cause of the hypertension was presumed to be aortic dissection with compromised renal blood flow, but the erythrocyte sedimentation rate provided the clue to the final diagnosis. (bmj.com)
  • Renal hypoperfusion results in renovascular hypertension , renal failure, and, if complete occlusion occurs, renal infarction and necrosis. (merckmanuals.com)
  • We present a 63 year old healthy man with hypertension, who was evaluated for hematuria, at which time a 2.8 cm renal artery aneurysm (RAA) was identified by CT angiography. (sages.org)
  • Objective A clinical trial (REQUIRE) was started to investigate the use of an ultrasound renal denervation system in the treatment of resistant hypertension (RHT). (go.jp)
  • Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is a rare and serious event that can result in renal parenchymal injury and severe hypertension. (hindawi.com)
  • The high rate of coincident hypertension has led to the hypothesis that renal ischemia caused by turbulence, segmental compression, or dis?tal microemboli may be the underlying etiology for raised blood pressure. (hcplive.com)
  • Nakata is diabetic and anemic and suffers from hypertension, coronary artery disease and renal failure. (go.com)
  • 50%, Vmax ≥4 m/s, regurgitant valvular disease, hypertension, anaemia and end-stage renal disease. (bmj.com)
  • Doppler examination of the renal arteries was arranged because of poorly controlled hypertension. (bmj.com)
  • Hypertension caused by renal artery stenosis is usually hard to control in spite of two or more anti-hypertension drugs. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Arteries of the small intestine with focus on the superior mesenteric artery. (kenhub.com)
  • This article describes the superior mesenteric artery, including its branches, functions and relevant clinical conditions. (kenhub.com)
  • The paired renal arteries typically originate from the anterolateral aspect of the abdominal aorta at approximately the level of the L1 and L2 vertebral bodies just below the origin of the superior mesenteric artery crossing the corresponding crus of the diaphragm [1,2]. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Also shown are the Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) and the Inferior Mesenteric Artery (IMA). (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • The renal arteries normally arise at a 90° angle off of the left interior side of the abdominal aorta, immediately below the superior mesenteric artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The renal arteries normally arise off the left interior side of the abdominal aorta , immediately below the superior mesenteric artery , and supply the kidneys with blood . (wikipedia.org)
  • The coeliac trunk and superior mesenteric artery originated from the false lumen, which ended at the level of the right renal artery. (bmj.com)
  • Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare cause of gastrointestinal obstruction, caused by external compression of the third part of the duodenum by the SMA. (hindawi.com)
  • The CT scan revealed a grossly distended stomach, dilated proximal duodenum, and a narrowing of the third part of the duodenum (D3) between the angle of the superior mesenteric artery and abdominal aorta. (hindawi.com)
  • There was also narrowing of the left renal vein underlying the superior mesenteric artery. (hindawi.com)
  • Bianchi C., Ballard J.L. (2006) Transaortic Celiac and Superior Mesenteric Artery Endarterectomy. (springer.com)
  • Finally, an angiography disclosed stenosis of abdominal aorta just beneath the origin of the renal arteries as well as complete occlusion of left renal artery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • During routine dissection of the posterior abdominal wall of an 87-year old Caucasian female cadaver for the nursing program at Firelands Regional Medical Center in Sandusky, Ohio, it was observed that there was one accessory renal artery branching from the abdominal aorta just below the main renal artery on the left (Figure 1). (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • The venous drainage pattern of the kidneys was normal, however there was a small abdominal aortic aneurysm found just superior to the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta into the right and left common iliac arteries. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Testicular arteries are the branches of the abdominal aorta below the level of origin of renal arteries. (elsevier.com)
  • The present report is about the origin of the left testicular artery from the superior polar artery, which is a branch directly from the abdominal aorta above the renal artery. (elsevier.com)
  • 5) abdominal aorta at the level of the renal arteries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In a 78-year-old patient I would not prefer thoracophernolaparotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass when there is an easier alternative such as abdominal de-branching (implantation of the both renal arteries, celiac and superior mesenteric arteries with the use of a self made quadrifurcated ringed PTFE graft to the distal infra-renal abdominal aorta) and endovascular stent grafting. (ctsnet.org)
  • Awareness and clinical knowledge about these renal vascular variations is very important for proper surgical management during procedures such as abdominal aneurysm repair and renal transplants. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • The purpose of this paper is to report a salvage maneuver for accidental coverage of both renal arteries during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). (nih.gov)
  • Angiography revealed abdominal aortic dissecting aneurysm with involvement of left renal artery, which was considered to be contraindication for surgical intervention. (dict.cn)
  • page needed] Renal Artery Aneurysm at eMedicine Aytac, Suat K. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other causes of acute occlusion include aortic dissection and rupture of a renal artery aneurysm . (merckmanuals.com)
  • The option of nephrectomy as means of treating the aneurysm was discussed with the patient, however he opted for renal salvage. (sages.org)
  • The complex back-table reconstruction included arterial reconstruction by excising the mouth of the aneurysm and anastomosing the transected superior pole artery into the main renal artery, thus maintaining blood flow to all renal artery branches. (sages.org)
  • The authors report the case of a ruptured renal artery aneurysm in a 66-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain and coffee-ground emesis. (hcplive.com)
  • We report the case of a ruptured renal artery aneurysm in a patient presenting with a massive perirenal he?matoma and discuss the management of such aneurysms. (hcplive.com)
  • The radiology report suggested that the probable underlying pathology was a renal neoplasm or ruptured renal artery aneurysm. (hcplive.com)
  • Further explora?tion confirmed a ruptured right renal artery aneurysm. (hcplive.com)
  • CT showed blood in the left sylvian fissure, and a cerebral angiogram revealed bilateral middle cerebral arterial (MCA) aneurysms and a wide-neck right carotid ophthalmic aneurysm. (ajnr.org)
  • The patient was considered for endovascular therapy, and we performed a successful embolization of the left MCA (probably the aneurysm that hemorrhaged) and the right carotid ophthalmic aneurysm with appropriately sized GDCs ( Fig 1 ). (ajnr.org)
  • The right MCA aneurysm could not be treated by endovascular therapy after a first attempt, because coils protruded into the parent artery. (ajnr.org)
  • Left ICA angiogram shows MCA aneurysm before ( A ) and after ( B ) embolization with GDC. (ajnr.org)
  • In June 1995, the control angiogram showed that the left MCA aneurysm remained fully occluded. (ajnr.org)
  • Sections through the left MCA and right carotid ophthalmic aneurysm were made, the coils were exposed, and the clip of the right MCA aneurysmal was also removed. (ajnr.org)
  • AIM: Few echocardiographic studies have focused on regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with renal artery stenosis after revascularization, with inconsistent results. (elsevier.com)
  • RESULTS: A total of 726 hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis (mean age 61 years, 64% men, 98% treated, 10% with fibromuscular dysplasia) were included in 13 studies. (elsevier.com)
  • Patients with renal artery stenosis (RAS) have high frequency of alterations of left ventricular mass and function. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • For a study, investigators conducted a meta-analysis of trials published from 1966 to 2013 comparing optimal medical therapy alone with optimal medical therapy plus renal artery stenting in patients with renal artery stenosis. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Among patients with renal artery stenosis, revascularization with stents appears to decrease the risk of clinical events and antihypertensive medication needs when compared with optimal medical therapy alone. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • The right renal artery tends to be longer than the left due to the location of the aorta positioned more to the left of the vertebral column and the right renal artery usually passes posterior to the inferior vena cava [1,2]. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • A suspected reason for aberrant or accessory arteries could be attributed to embryological development of the lateral mesonephric branches of the dorsal aorta [6,7]. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Keeping the aorta in view slide the transducer cranially until you find the left renal artery. (dict.cn)
  • Due to the anatomical position of the aorta, the inferior vena cava, and the kidneys, the right renal artery is normally longer than the left renal artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • One or two accessory renal arteries are frequently found, especially on the left side since they usually arise from the aorta, and may come off above (more common) or below the main artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accessory renal artery arising from infrarenal aorta, exposed during linphadenectomy due to cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. The curved portion of the aorta between the ascending and descending portions that gives rise to the brachiocephalic trunk, the left carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The large blood vessel running from top to bottom is the aorta, the main artery of the body. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The two renal arteries, which serve the kidneys, branch from the aorta (upper centre). (sciencephoto.com)
  • Subsequent magnetic resonance arteriography confirmed a segmental coarctation of the thoracic aorta immediately distal to the takeoff of the left subclavian artery (right, lower panel, arrow points to coarctation). (bmj.com)
  • The aorta was mobilized at the level of the left inferior pulmonary ligament and below the renal arteries. (ctsnet.org)
  • The aorta was cross-clamped distally a few centimeters below the left renal artery. (ctsnet.org)
  • A 22 mm graft with three previously constructed branches corresponding to the celiac, SMA, and right renal arteries was anastomosed to the descending thoracic aorta in a continuous fashion. (ctsnet.org)
  • Disclosed is a method and apparatus for treating bifurcations of the vascular system, such as abdominal aneurysms at the bifurcation of the aorta and iliac arteries. (google.es)
  • Stanford Type B lesions involve the thoracic aorta distal to the left subclavian artery. (radiologyassistant.nl)
  • A chronic inflammatory process that affects the AORTA and its primary branches, such as the brachiocephalic artery (BRACHIOCEPHALIC TRUNK) and CAROTID ARTERIES. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The greatest incidence atherosclerosis is in men over the age of 40 years, mostly affecting the proximal part of the renal arteries, whereas fibromuscular dysplasia affects women ranging in age from 30 to 50 years. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty is an accepted treatment for selected cases of renal artery stenosis caused by fibromuscular dysplasia [ 3 ], and stenting is the primary endovascular means for the treatment of ARAS, with technical success rates for renal artery stent placement approaching 95% [ 6 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Renal artery disease can also develop as a result of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). (nyp.org)
  • Cerebral angiography showed irregularities of the V3 segment of the left vertebral artery compatible with fibromuscular dysplasia. (ahajournals.org)
  • Angiography showed extensive signs of fibromuscular dysplasia involving carotid, vertebral, renal, iliac, and mesenteric arteries as well as a dissection of the left renal artery. (ahajournals.org)
  • The death certificate and autopsy, completed by the chief medical examiner, listed the immediate cause of death as "intramural coronary artery disease with severe fibromuscular dysplasia of the artery to the AV node of the heart following a volunteer fire training session. (cdc.gov)
  • Anatomical variations of the renal vasculature (arterial supply and venous drainage) are commonly seen in routine dissection. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Impaired renal function secondary to renal arterial compression by a tumor mass has not been reported. (bvsalud.org)
  • In six dogs, ARP was performed in the left renal artery to normalize mean renal arterial pressure followed by administration of IR papaverine (2 mg/min). (aspetjournals.org)
  • Decreased arterial pressure leads to baroceptor-mediated increase in sympathetic activity and activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system by the juxtaglomerular apparatus leading to increased peripheral and renal vascular resistance. (aspetjournals.org)
  • As a result, renal blood flow declines due to both decreased arterial pressure and increased renal vascular resistance. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Since the two principal mechanisms contributing to renal dysfunction in AHF are renal arterial vasoconstriction and arterial hypotension, we reasoned that a locally delivered pharmacologic vasodilator (with minimal, potentially harmful systemic vasodilating effects) and direct active renal artery perfusion (ARP) could be two potentially complimentary approaches to address this problem. (aspetjournals.org)
  • 2. One of a series of paired arteries in a vertebrate embryo that connects the ventral arterial system to the dorsal arterial system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Blood (0.5 to 1 mL) was collected from the caval vein for the assessment of lipid profile, and the arterial tree was perfused with 0.9% NaCl (3 minutes) and 10% phosphate-buffered formalin (pH 7.4, 3 minutes), both containing 20% nitroglycerin, through a catheter into the left ventricular apex. (ahajournals.org)
  • If renal or mesenteric artery disease is very advanced, or if blockages develop in an artery that is difficult to reach with a catheter, arterial bypass surgery may be necessary to restore blood flow. (nyp.org)
  • At the major arteries, the arterial branches are listed separately following the designation branches . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This appears largely arterial with a prominent pseudoaneurysm, however a component of renal vein / IVC injury is also suspected given a small discrete blush of contrast closer to this area. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Left subclavian artery stenosis. (medscape.com)
  • either in a right aortic arch with an aberrant left subclavian artery or a left aortic arch with an aberrant right subclavian artery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Now with pseudoaneursyn of 8 cm distal to left subclavian. (brainscape.com)
  • Entry point distal to left subclavian artery. (radiologyassistant.nl)
  • the greater number of these (anterior branches) lie between the renal vein and ureter, the vein being in front, the ureter behind, but one or more branches (posterior branches) are usually situated behind the ureter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aortic dissection and the left renal artery. (elsevier.com)
  • Accidental Coverage of Both Renal Arteries during Infrarenal Aortic Stent-Graft Implantation: Cause and Treatment. (nih.gov)
  • Right CCA usually takes its origin at the level of sternoclavicular joint, however its origin may be at a superior level in 12% of the cases, or it may originate as a separate artery from the aortic arch (Vitek & Reaves, 1973). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 0 cm mass posterior to the aortic arch in the left paravertebral location. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 12 showed that parecoxib attenuates renal function impairment during porcine suprarenal aortic cross-clamping. (scielo.br)
  • Objective To elucidate the factors associated with high left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and to test the hypothesis that high LVMI is associated with worse outcome in severe aortic stenosis (AS). (bmj.com)
  • This technique allows for selective visceral and renal perfusion as well as distal aortic perfusion in patients with extensive Type V thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. (ctsnet.org)
  • LEFT: Type A dissection with clear intimaflap seen within the aortic arch.RIGHT: Type B dissection. (radiologyassistant.nl)
  • Catheters were inserted into bladder and the proximal cut end of left ureter. (ahajournals.org)
  • Connected to the renal pelvis is a tube called the ureter. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • From here, urine continues its flow from the renal pelvis into the ureter, transporting urine into the urinary bladder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients will be treated by standard medical therapy + stenting angioplasty of renal artery. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of superficial femoral artery stenosis, performed with a long balloon via a contralateral femoral approach. (medscape.com)
  • Currently, possible treatments are medical treatment using blood pressure-lowering drugs, balloon angioplasty with or without stent insertion, and surgery to reconstruct the artery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The angioplasty technique for this procedure in the management of stenosis of both branches of renal artery bifurcation is also discussed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We decided to write this case report because our patient was different from previously reported patients in that there were no cardinal features of atherosclerotic or fibromuscular renal artery stenosis apart from bifurcated stenosis, but the patient did not respond to usual balloon angioplasty despite repeated application of balloon angioplasty, hence making our case report of interest so that other clinicians can learn from it. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We hypothesized that decreased blood pressure by percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) would improve the function and architecture of coronary microvessels, in association with decreased inflammation and fibrosis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Thrombosis may occur in a renal artery spontaneously or after trauma, surgery, angiography, or angioplasty. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Treatment is with either balloon angioplasty or a stent to re-open the artery. (sciencephoto.com)
  • In recent studies, the efficacy of catheter-based percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stent placement has been called into question. (onlinejacc.org)
  • It is conceivable that, like the coronary circulation, functional measurements may better predict therapeutic efficacy of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stent placement. (onlinejacc.org)
  • However, recent large randomized studies such as the ASTRAL (Angioplasty and Stent for Renal Artery Lesions) and CORAL (Cardiovascular Outcomes in Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions) trials failed to show a beneficial effect of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stent placement (PTRAS) over medical therapy alone regarding blood pressure reduction, prevention of renal function deterioration, or cardiovascular outcome (3,4) . (onlinejacc.org)
  • This was confirmed in a recent meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials comparing revascularization and medical therapy for renal artery stenosis demonstrating that angioplasty with or without stenting was not superior to medical therapy across a wide range of clinical endpoints (5) . (onlinejacc.org)
  • Renal angioplasty. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Currently, the standard treatment for renal pelvis carcinoma is radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To describe the feasibility of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with segmental renal artery clamping for cancer of renal pelvis, we report this special case for the first time. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This urine then flows through a series of progressively bigger tubules and ducts until it gets to the renal pelvis. (answers.com)
  • Renal pelvis 7. (wikibooks.org)
  • Transparenchymally 2, 6Fr catheters were introduced into the left renal pelvis for pressure measurements and perfusion, respectively. (tripdatabase.com)
  • In the 5 group 1 pigs the pelvic pressure increase was examined at increasing perfusion rates of the renal pelvis (2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 15 ml per minute) in response to endoluminal administration of increasing concentrations of norepinephrine (0, 5, 50 and 100 microg/ml) in saline. (tripdatabase.com)
  • FMD can also affect the carotid arteries and arteries in the pelvis. (nyp.org)
  • Renal pelvis , 4. (wikipedia.org)
  • These collecting ducts then join together to form the minor calyces, followed by the major calyces that ultimately join the renal pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urothelium covers most of the urinary system, including the renal pelvis, ureters, and bladder. (wikipedia.org)
  • The addition of an extra renal artery or two is one of the most frequent vascular variations within the renal system vasculature [4,5]. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • We hypothesized that poor renal hemodynamic function and vulnerability to vascular injury are causally linked and genetically determined. (frontiersin.org)
  • In Lewis rats, BBG had no effect on blood pressure, but increased renal vascular resistance, consistent with inhibition of some basal vasodilatory tone. (frontiersin.org)
  • In F344 rats BBG caused a significant reduction in blood pressure and a decrease in renal vascular resistance, suggesting that P2X 7 receptor activation may enhance vasoconstrictor tone in this rat strain. (frontiersin.org)
  • 2002) Interob-server agreement on captopril renography for assessing renal vascular disease. (springer.com)
  • Incidental patients affected by ischemic heart disease,undergoing cardiac catheterization at a single institution, are also evaluated for the presence of RAS by renal angiography at the end of coronarography. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Angiogram obtained after percutaneous transluminal angiography for superficial femoral artery stenosis. (medscape.com)
  • Once renal artery stenosis is suspected, renal angiography is highly recommended because the technique is able to accurately diagnose stenosis in the branch arteries, unlike computed tomographic angiography and magnetic resonance angiography. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The angiography showed that there was an abnormal spillage of the contrast in the left ventricular cavity in the apical region in diastole. (scirp.org)
  • Smith PA, Fishman EK (1998) Three-dimensional CT angiography: renal applications. (springer.com)
  • 2003) Aortoiliac and renal arteries: prospective intraindividual comparison of contrast-enhanced 3D MR angiography and multi-detector row CT. (springer.com)
  • Computed tomography (CT) angiography was used to make final diagnosis which demonstrated intimal flap in main renal artery with renal infarction. (hindawi.com)
  • Next to differences in clinical characteristics, the selection of renal arteries suitable for intervention is currently on the basis of anatomic grading of the stenosis by angiography rather than functional assessment under hyperemia. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Giant nonfunctioning carcinoma of the adrenal cortex mimicking renal cell carcinoma: a diagnostic dilemma. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare, highly malignant neoplasm that originates in the adrenal cortex and is difficult to differentiate from renal cell carcinoma, especially if it is gigantic and nonfunctional. (tripdatabase.com)
  • and was highly suggestive of renal cell carcinoma. (tripdatabase.com)
  • He had past history of radical left nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma three years back. (hindawi.com)
  • A well-known personality in the Los Angeles area was sent to us for a work-up of a somewhat painful left-flank mass previously "diagnosed" as a renal cell carcinoma by IVP in an L.A. hospital and sent to us by his urologist from L.A. I started with a non-contrast abdominal CT followed by a scan using IV contrast. (acr.org)
  • The urologist became quite belligerent and told me to do an angiogram to prove that it was a renal cell carcinoma and not the foolish thing I was purporting. (acr.org)
  • 10) In this patient s/p partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma the best diagnosis is? (ctisus.com)
  • Nephrectomy is frequently used to cure renal cell carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Renal revascularization was associated with a 40% lower risk of LVH. (elsevier.com)
  • CONCLUSION: The present meta-analysis suggests that renal artery revascularization added to antihypertensive therapy promotes a favourable effect on LV structure, as reflected by a significant decrease in absolute and indexed LV mass index as well by a lower risk of LVH. (elsevier.com)
  • Whether renal revascularization can improve cardiac function and structure in patients with RAS is not known. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The Stenting of Renal Artery Stenosis in Coronary Artery Disease (RASCAD) study was planned to test whether renal artery revascularization, compared with medical therapy, affects left ventricular hypertrophy progression and clinical outcomes in a high-risk population such as patients with evidence of coronary artery disease and RAS. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The right renal artery typically passes behind the inferior vena cava while the left passes posterior to the left renal vein [1,2]. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • The right passes behind the inferior vena cava, the right renal vein, the head of the pancreas, and the descending part of the duodenum. (wikipedia.org)
  • We report a case of a patient with stenosis of stenosis of two branches of left two branches of renal artery bifurcation treated by percutaneous balloon dilatation and stenting of both renal artery branches. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Renal artery stenosis is a decrease in blood flow through one or both of the main renal arteries or their branches. (merckmanuals.com)
  • The branches were then anastomosed to the corresponding arteries. (ctsnet.org)
  • In the current case, considering the fact that the patient had bilateral renal insufficiency and the tumor was localized, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) with segmental renal artery clamping was eventually performed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • He had 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th cranial nerve involvement on both sides due to bilateral internal carotid artery dissections and pseudoaneurysms. (ahajournals.org)
  • 4,6,7 Although most renal artery aneurysms are solitary and unilateral, as many as 30% are multiple and 20% are bilateral. (hcplive.com)
  • A 49 year old man was referred to our interventionist for percutaneous revascularisation for suspected bilateral renal artery stenosis. (bmj.com)
  • L.RA, left renal artery) suggestive of significant bilateral renal arteries stenosis. (bmj.com)
  • Bilateral renal arteries were normal. (bmj.com)
  • Subsequently, the patient underwent LPN with segmental renal artery clamping. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Note: RI was determined in the renal artery near the segmental branch. (asnjournals.org)
  • Relationship of left ventricular hypertrophy, age, and renal artery stenosis. (wizdom.ai)
  • The Stenting of Renal Artery Stenosis in Coronary Artery Disease (RASCAD) study is a randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the effect of renal artery stenting+medical therapy versus medical therapy alone on left ventricular mass progression and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients affected by coronary artery disease and renal artery stenosis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Gerbode F, Hultgren H, Melrose D, Osborn J. Syndrome of left ventricular-right atrial shunt: successful surgical repair of defect in five cases with observation of bradycardia on closure. (springermedizin.at)
  • Left ventricular-right atrial communication. (springermedizin.at)
  • Sun X, Yang C, Zhou G, Wang C. Acquired left ventricular-right atrial communication following mitral valve replacement. (springermedizin.at)
  • Amirghofran AA, Emaminia A. Left ventricular-right atrial communication (Gerbode-type defect) following mitral valve replacement. (springermedizin.at)
  • Aoyagi S, Arinaga K, Oda T, Hori H. Left ventricular-right atrial communication following tricuspid annuloplasty. (springermedizin.at)
  • Benisty J, Roller M, Sahar G, Paz R, Vidne B, Sagie A. Iatrogenic left ventricular-right atrial fistula following mitral valve replacement and tricuspid annuloplasty: diagnosis by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. (springermedizin.at)
  • We present a rare case of coronary cameral fistula arising from left circumflex artery (LCx) draining in to left ventricular (LV) apex and presenting as unstable angina. (scirp.org)
  • The Electrocardiogram (ECG) done in the emergency department revealed mild concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and minimal ST segment depression in lateral leads. (scirp.org)
  • Transthoracic echocardiography was done in the intensive care unit which showed left ventricular hypertrophy and a small abnormal channel just at the left ventricular apex. (scirp.org)
  • The further study confirmed the presence of a channel communicating between left circumflex artery and the left ventricle and the diagnosis of a coronary cameral fistula arising from left circumflex draining into left ventricular apex (see Figure 1 ) was confirmed. (scirp.org)
  • The arrows in both the figures that the left ventricular cavity was opacified with the contrast in diastole. (scirp.org)
  • In our patient there was no acquired cause for the development of the fistula from left circumflex to left ventricular apex i.e. trauma or previous coronary catheterization. (scirp.org)
  • So the diagnosis of coronary cameral fistula from left circumflex artery to left ventricular (LV) apex of congenital origin was confirmed. (scirp.org)
  • RESULTS: PTRA successfully decreased blood pressure and left ventricular hypertrophy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The position of the left and right ventricular outlets during septation. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a common finding in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and having CVD risk factors. (bmj.com)
  • Increased mechanical stress and contractility characterizes normal left ventricular (LV) subendocardium (Endo) but whether Endo mitochondrial respiratory chain complex activities is reduced as compared to subepicardium (Epi) and whether pressure overload-induced LV hypertrophy (LVH) might modulate transmural gradients through increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is unknown. (frontiersin.org)
  • Chronic pressure overload (PO) is a frequent clinical occurrence that leads to left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). (frontiersin.org)
  • During controlled cuff deflation, a Doppler probe is placed over the dorsalis pedis artery or posterior tibial artery to detect the onset of flow. (medscape.com)
  • 1996) Value of Doppler parameters in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis. (springer.com)
  • A) Grayscale ultrasonographic image demonstrates normal renal length (11.7 cm), mild increased parenchymal echogenicity, and increased parenchymal thickness, and (B) Doppler imaging demonstrates very high RI (0.95) in a 21-year-old woman with severe ischemic acute tubular necrosis who required hemodialysis for 3 weeks. (asnjournals.org)
  • As judged by the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria, renal Doppler ultrasonography is the most appropriate imaging test in the evaluation of AKI and has the highest level of recommendation. (asnjournals.org)
  • Unraveling the RV Ejection Doppler Envelope: Insight Into Pulmonary Artery Hemodynamics and Disease Severity. (mayo.edu)
  • Ultrasound and Colour Doppler examination is not sensitive enough to detect the dissection or renal infarction. (hindawi.com)
  • Renal failure is common in heart failure due to renovascular constriction and hypotension. (aspetjournals.org)
  • After 6 weeks of renovascular HTN, induced by placing a local-irritant coil in the renal artery, pigs underwent PTRA or sham. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Left artery lies behind the left renal vein, the body of the pancreas and the splenic vein, and is crossed by the inferior mesenteric vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The right renal vein drains straight into the inferior vena cava. (innerbody.com)
  • Blushes of contrast just posterior and inferior to the left renal vein are suspicious for lumbar venous injury. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Nutcracker phenomenon is characterized by impeded outflow from the left renal vein into the inferior vena cava because of extrinsic left renal vein compression. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Upon completing an angiogram, both renal arteries were found to be accidentally occluded.After three months, both renal arteries were patent and renal function was not different from the baseline.Both endovascular with percutaneous access via the brachial artery and open retroperitoneal approaches with retrograde catheterization are feasible rescue techniques to recanalize the accidentally occluded renal arteries during EVAR. (nih.gov)
  • Upon completing an angiogram, both renal arteries were found to be accidentally occluded. (nih.gov)
  • Completion angiogram after retrograde bare metal stent placement confirming patency of the renal artery (b). (nih.gov)
  • Completion angiogram confirmed patency of both renal arteries stents. (nih.gov)
  • Coloured frontal angiogram of the abdomen of a 48-year-old patient with stenosis (narrowing) of the left renal artery. (sciencephoto.com)
  • What can cause renal artery narrowing seen on an angiogram disappear several months later? (clevelandclinic.org)
  • So, I got the patient's consent, prepped and did a left-lower renal artery angiogram injection. (acr.org)
  • I called the urologist again and told him that the angiogram had confirmed my conclusion that we were dealing with an angiomyolipoma rather than a renal cell cancer. (acr.org)
  • Left ICA angiogram done 1year after GDC treatment of left MCA. (ajnr.org)
  • In this article we will discuss the anatomy and clinical relevance of the common iliac artery. (kenhub.com)
  • The tip of the guide catheter is taken beyond the aortobifemoral junction and positioned into the right iliac artery. (medscape.com)
  • The right renal vein was anastomosed to the right iliac vein similar to standard renal transplantation technique in the right iliac fossa, and the reconstructed artery was anastomosed to the right external iliac artery in a fashion similar to an IVC patch. (sages.org)
  • We tested whether selective pharmacological renal artery vasodilation and active renal artery perfusion (ARP) could improve renal function without adverse effects on systemic blood pressure in a canine model of acute heart failure (AHF). (aspetjournals.org)
  • We hypothesized that restoration of renal perfusion, independent of increased total cardiac output or increased systemic blood pressure, could restore renal function and induce a natriuresis and diuresis. (aspetjournals.org)
  • However, administration of parecoxib may affect renal function in an unknown way, especially in situations of diminished renal perfusion such as dehydration, hemorrhage, heart failure, low-salt diets, and stroke 3 , 8 , 9 . (scielo.br)
  • Aberrant renal arteries may be present, and may complicate surgical procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the advent of novel surgical techniques, prior knowledge of rare variation in the testicular arteries becomes significantly important during surgery for renal transplant procedures, as well as for undescended testis or varicocele. (elsevier.com)
  • however, there have been case reports of severe atherosclerosis, umbilical artery catheterization, or surgical aortotomy causing the stenosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although considerable advances have been made in medical and surgical treatments of acute heart failure (AHF), renal dysfunction commonly occurs in this setting and contributes importantly to the morbidity and mortality associated with the management of these patients. (aspetjournals.org)
  • As atherosclerosis affects the whole body, people with renal or mesenteric artery narrowing often have other cardiovascular conditions such as carotid artery disease and heart disease. (nyp.org)
  • Carotid artery dissection with renal infarcts. (ahajournals.org)
  • Clinical features of carotid artery dissection include ipsilateral local signs, contralateral ischemic stroke, or both. (ahajournals.org)
  • A 57-year-old woman had painful Horner's syndrome caused by a right internal carotid artery dissection. (ahajournals.org)
  • CT showed infarction in the territory of the left internal carotid artery (ICA). (ajnr.org)
  • After obtaining informed consent, the serum samples were collected at the time of the diagnosis made by renal biopsy and used for this study immediately afterward. (asnjournals.org)
  • Consenting patients were randomized to PVI only or PVI with renal artery denervation. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Results Twenty-seven patients were enrolled, and 14 were randomized to PVI only, and 13 were randomized to PVI with renal artery denervation. (onlinejacc.org)
  • 0.001) were observed in patients treated with PVI with renal denervation without significant change in the PVI only group. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Nine of the 13 patients (69%) treated with PVI with renal denervation were AF-free at the 12-month post-ablation follow-up examination versus 4 (29%) of the 14 patients in the PVI-only group (p = 0.033). (onlinejacc.org)
  • To investigate the interrelationship of the two factors, we made renal clearance study during intravenous leptin infusion in male Sprague-Dawley rats pretreated with unilateral renal denervation. (ahajournals.org)
  • Efficacy and tolerability of losartan in hypertensive patients with renal impairment. (hdcn.com)
  • He developed non-oliguric acute renal failure secondary to extrinsic compression of the left renal artery by enlarged lymph nodes in the posterior wall of the pelvic cavity. (bvsalud.org)
  • The ______ passes posterior to the left main bronchus. (brainscape.com)
  • Before and after renal artery constriction in the conscious dogs cardiac output, stroke volume, total peripheral resistance and cardiac rate were also measured. (portlandpress.com)
  • These two end arteries carry nearly 25% of the cardiac output to the kidneys [1]. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • They receive approximately twenty-five percent of the cardiac output via two renal arteries [8]. (austinpublishinggroup.com)
  • Up to a third of total cardiac output can pass through the renal arteries to be filtered by the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • were inserted in the left renal medulla and cortex by micromanipulation to measure changes in regional intrarenal blood flow.Systemic pressures, cardiac output, renal, and intrarenal blood flows were measured continuously. (tripdatabase.com)
  • On follow up evaluation, he was pain free with normal serum creatinine and a renal duplex ultrasound confirming stenosis-free patency of the renal vessels and good flow to the renal parenchyma. (sages.org)
  • With the exception of the pulmonary and umbilical arteries, the arteries contain red or oxygenated blood. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • General autopsy revealed severe systemic atherosclerotic disease, pulmonary emphysema, and a sequel of previously documented thrombosis of the right renal artery. (ajnr.org)
  • I was turned down by the Proton Group at MD Anderson due to the metal hip, but they got me with the current Urology team which includes the Renal surgeon. (cancer.org)
  • To measure changes in medullary and cortical renal blood flow during experimental hyperdynamic sepsis and the effect of subsequent norepinephrine infusion on such flows. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Renal infarct due to renal artery dissection may occur together with cerebral artery dissection. (ahajournals.org)
  • Spontaneous renal artery dissection is a rare but important cause of flank pain. (hindawi.com)
  • We report a case of isolated spontaneous renal artery dissection in 56-year-old man complicated by renal infarction presented with flank pain. (hindawi.com)
  • Type A dissection extending into the brachiocephalic arteries.LEFT: not visible on left arm injection.RIGHT: Same patient with right arm injection. (radiologyassistant.nl)
  • However, when they originate from some other artery, they become surgically significant, since the ligature of the main artery giving rise to the testicular artery might lead to testicular atrophy. (elsevier.com)
  • The following variables were measured in all animals before and after renal artery constriction: plasma renin concentration, blood pressure, cumulative sodium balance, plasma volume, extracellular fluid volume and plasma non-protein nitrogen. (portlandpress.com)
  • 2. There was no significant difference between the regression of change in blood pressure on change in plasma renin concentration within 2 h from renal artery constriction in the conscious dogs and that observed during intravenous infusion of renin. (portlandpress.com)
  • The renal arteries are paired arteries that supply the kidneys with blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • The renal arteries carry a large portion of total blood flow to the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • After admission, the patient received aggressive perioperative treatment in order to improve her cardiac and renal function, and to control her blood sugar levels, so as to improve her tolerance to surgery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Calcification of the arteries is caused by deposits of calcium within the walls of the blood vessels. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Calcifications of the arteries may result in a loss of elasticity of the blood vessels. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 1) several blood tests, 2) pictures taken of your heart by echocardiogram and computed tomography (CT) scan, and 3) measurements of the elasticity of your arteries. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • What processes take place during the period after the blood enters the kidneys till the urine leaves the body? (answers.com)
  • In conclusion, ARP and selective renal vasodilation may effectively promote salt and water excretion in the setting of heart failure, particularly when systemic blood pressure is low. (aspetjournals.org)
  • renal artery to record blood flow. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Preliminary data indicate that, by specifically targeting efferent sympathetic and afferent sensory renal nerve signaling, selective renal sympathetic nerve ablation improves blood pressure control ( 5 ), at least in part by reducing central nervous system sympathetic output ( 6,7 ). (onlinejacc.org)
  • Risk factors for renal and mesenteric artery disease include smoking - the number one risk factor for all cardiovascular diseases - a family history of atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, advanced age, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. (nyp.org)
  • FMD is a condition in which abnormal cells cause narrowing throughout certain arteries, particularly those that supply the kidneys with blood. (nyp.org)
  • To perform these tests, doctors place a tiny, soft plastic tube called a catheter into the artery or vein, usually in the groin, and inject a dye that makes the blood vessels clearly visible on an x-ray image. (nyp.org)
  • The stent is left permanently in the artery to provide a reinforced channel through which blood can flow. (nyp.org)
  • To surgically correct the decreased blood flow through the artery, doctors place a bypass graft made of synthetic material or a natural vein taken from another part of the body. (nyp.org)
  • However, the detection of COX-2 in the kidneys under normal conditions or under conditions of impaired renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has attracted the attention of researchers to the role of these drugs in maintaining renal function 4 - 6 . (scielo.br)
  • Interventions targeting renal artery stenoses have been shown to lower blood pressure and preserve renal function. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Despite the lack of superiority of PTRAS in recent trials, a considerable range of smaller clinical studies have demonstrated that PTRAS was successful in improving blood pressure control and renal function (6-16) . (onlinejacc.org)
  • Once in place it is inflated to open the artery and restore normal blood flow (bottom left image). (sciencephoto.com)
  • [1] The kidneys have an extensive blood supply via the renal arteries which leave the kidneys via the renal vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • This invention relates to method and apparatus for forming a channel to allow communication of fluids from one portion of a patient's body to another, and more particularly, to a device that can communicate blood between the left ventricle and coronary arteries or veins. (google.ca)
  • blood exits into the paired renal veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • A nuclear renal scan (MAG3) confirmed equal right and left renal function. (sages.org)
  • The celiac, superior mesenteric, and right and left renal arteries were divided and cannulated. (ctsnet.org)
  • Avulsed left renal artery with thrombosis. (medscape.com)
  • During the postoperative period, the patient experienced thrombosis of the right renal artery. (ajnr.org)
  • Rapid, total occlusion of large renal arteries for 30 to 60 minutes results in infarction. (merckmanuals.com)
  • External examination of the brain revealed infarction of the left cerebral hemisphere with subfacial herniation. (ajnr.org)
  • A-16-year-old male adolescent with a 4-year history of protean clinical manifestations such as fever, abdominal pain, back pain, erythema nodosum and uveitis developed complete occlusion of left renal artery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Unfortunately, nephrologists are rarely specifically trained in ultrasonography technique and interpretation, and important clinical information obtained from renal ultrasonography may not be appreciated. (asnjournals.org)
  • Nutcracker phenomenon refers to compression of the left renal vein by the SMA, an isolated radiological finding, with potential clinical manifestations such as left flank pain, haematuria, and left-sided varicocele. (hindawi.com)
  • Clinical presentation ?Renal artery aneurysms are usually asymptomatic. (hcplive.com)
  • Renal Artery Stenosis in Coronary Artery Disease: Medical Therapy Versus Medical Therapy Plus Renal Artery Stenting in Preventing Cardiac and Renal Outcomes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The pathogenetic mechanisms that lead to PVD are similar to those of coronary artery disease (CAD). (medscape.com)
  • As there was no significant atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, the patient was advised medical management with calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors with aspirin and statin viz. (scirp.org)
  • It is a communication between any of the coronary artery with one of the cardiac chambers or a major vessel viz. (scirp.org)
  • Furthermore, Rubanyi and Vanhoutte 14 demonstrated that O 2 − inactivates endothelium-derived relaxing factor in coronary artery rings. (ahajournals.org)
  • A coil is screwed into the heart wall HW between the left ventricle and coronary artery, followed by forming of a channel with laser, plasma, electrical, or mechanical device therethrough. (google.ca)
  • 4. The method of claim 3 , wherein the coronary vessel is a coronary artery. (google.ca)
  • 10. The method of claim 9 , wherein the heart chamber is a left ventricle and the coronary vessel is a coronary artery. (google.ca)
  • Currently there exists a shunting concept that establishes a passage from the left ventricle directly to the coronary artery by the placement of a stent or hollow tube in a channel formed therethrough. (google.ca)
  • Malignant lymphomas can involve any organ, but rarely cause acute renal failure as an initial manifestation. (bvsalud.org)
  • Post- o?peratively, the patient developed acute tubular necrosis that progressed to acute renal failure. (hcplive.com)
  • The right renal vein, along with the left renal vein, makes up the renal veins that drain the kidneys. (innerbody.com)
  • These veins are behind the renal arteries. (innerbody.com)
  • This goes against most other relationships between veins and arteries in the abdomen. (innerbody.com)
  • Most veins are behind or with the arteries. (innerbody.com)
  • After entering the retroperitoneal space and dissociating the renal artery and renal vein, the target artery was clamped beyond the final bifurcation before entering the parenchyma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • After incision of the left renal parenchyma and exposure of the upper calyceal neck, the tumor was found confined to the upper calyx. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thereafter, the renal calyx and parenchyma were sutured successively after complete resection of the neoplasm. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Normal renal parenchyma is similar (isoechoic) or slightly darker (hypoechoic) compared with liver and includes the cortex and medulla. (asnjournals.org)
  • It may be associated with the Nutcracker phenomenon: external compression of the left renal vein. (hindawi.com)
  • Similarly, compression of the left renal vein can cause left renal-to-gonadal vein reflux, resulting in lower limb varices and varicoceles in males (9). (thefreelibrary.com)