Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
The use of very large doses of vitamins or other naturally occurring substances normally present in the body, frequently for the treatment of mental disorders.
A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)
A psychological test consisting of nine geometric designs on cards. The subject is asked to redraw them from memory after each one is presented individually.
Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.
Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Any situation where an animal or human is trained to respond differentially to two stimuli (e.g., approach and avoidance) under reward and punishment conditions and subsequently trained under reversed reward values (i.e., the approach which was previously rewarded is punished and vice versa).
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.
Learning to make a series of responses in exact order.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.

Improvement by nefiracetam of beta-amyloid-(1-42)-induced learning and memory impairments in rats. (1/1034)

1. We have previously demonstrated that continuous i.c.v. infusion of amyloid beta-peptide (A beta), the major constituent of senile plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease, results in learning and memory deficits in rats. 2. In the present study, we investigated the effects of nefiracetam [N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl) acetamide, DM-9384] on A beta-(1-42)-induced learning and memory deficits in rats. 3. In the A beta-(1-42)-infused rats, spontaneous alternation behaviour in a Y-maze task, spatial reference and working memory in a water maze task, and retention of passive avoidance learning were significantly impaired as compared with A beta-(40-1)-infused control rats. 4. Nefiracetam, at a dose range of 1-10 mg kg(-1), improved learning and memory deficits in the A beta-(1-42)-infused rats when it was administered p.o. 1 h before the behavioural tests. 5. Nefiracetam at a dose of 3 mg kg(-1) p.o. increased the activity of choline acetyltransferase in the hippocampus of A beta-(1-42)-infused rats. 6. Nefiracetam increased dopamine turnover in the cerebral cortex and striatum of A beta-(1-42)-infused rats, but failed to affect the noradrenaline, serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid content. 7. These results suggest that nefiracetam may be useful for the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease.  (+info)

Generalised uridine diphosphate galactose-4-epimerase deficiency. (2/1034)

The generalised form of epimerase deficiency galactosaemia has been described in only two children from unrelated families. Their progress is reported and three other affected children from these families are described. The initial presentation was similar to classic galactosaemia. Despite treatment all have shown poor growth and moderate learning difficulties. Three have sensorineural deafness and four have pronounced dysmorphic features. The two older female patients have normal pubertal development.  (+info)

Assessing general practitioners' care of adult patients with learning disability: case-control study. (3/1034)

OBJECTIVE: To compare general practitioners' care of adult patients with learning disability with that of control patients in the same practice. DESIGN: Case-control study of patients and controls by a structured interview study of general practitioners. SETTING: Avon. PATIENTS: 78 adult patients with learning disability and 78 age and sex matched controls--cared for by 62 general practitioners. MAIN MEASURES: Number and content of consultations and opinions of the general practitioners. RESULTS: There were more consultations for diseases of the central nervous system and of the skin among the patients than the controls (15 v 3 for central nervous system disease and 15 v 4 skin disease). There were also significantly fewer recordings of blood pressure and cervical cytology tests (34 v 51 for blood pressure and 2 v 18 for cytology). Although more patients were taking drugs affecting the central nervous system (33 v 6), more controls were taking drugs for musculoskeletal complaints (17 v 7). CONCLUSION: Although adult patients with learning disability consult with their general practitioners at equivalent rates to other patients, they get less preventive care and consult for different types of problems than do other patients. The reasons for these differences in preventive care are not clear. Carers and general practitioners should be informed of these differences to ensure that appropriate care is given.  (+info)

Cognitive functioning in people with epilepsy plus severe learning disabilities: a systematic analysis of predictors of daytime arousal and attention. (4/1034)

In spite of the high prevalence of epilepsy and the importance of preserving cognitive function in people with learning disabilities, this population has received relatively little research attention. This study sets out systematically to investigate possible predictive factors of inter-ictal states of arousal and attention. The daytime function of 28 people with epilepsy and severe learning disabilities was assessed by performance on a two-choice reaction time vigilance task, behavioural analysis of time-sampled video recordings taken in naturalistic settings, and carer ratings on visual analogue scales. This methodology yielded eight discrete functional measures, from which two further index measures were derived after principal components analysis. A range of clinical and psychosocial assessments was completed and subjects had 36 hour ambulatory EEG and sleep EEG monitoring. Regression models identified significant predictors of cognitive function from a range of potential explanatory variables i.e. demographic, clinical, pharmacological, background EEG rhythms and sleep parameters. Results indicated that greater severity of learning disability, longer bedtime periods, poor sleep efficiency, frequent seizures and antiepileptic drug polytherapy were significant predictor variables. Explained variance (adjusted R2) was greater than 50% for six of 10 outcome variables (range up to 85%). Furthermore, significant regression equations (P < 0.05) were obtained for all but one variable. Thus, these results appear reasonably robust. Results support an interactional model of daytime arousal and attention in people with epilepsy plus severe learning disabilities. Inter-ictal cognitive function appears to be mediated by a combination of organic, circadian (sleep wake), clinical and pharmacological factors.  (+info)

School problems and the family physician. (5/1034)

Children with school problems pose a challenge for the family physician. A multidisciplinary team of professionals can most appropriately assess and manage complex learning problems, which are often the cause of poor school performance. The family physician's primary role in this process is to identify or exclude medical causes of learning difficulties. An understanding of the complicated nature of school problems, the methods used to assess, diagnose and treat them, and the resources available to support the child and family are essential to successful management. Various references and resources are helpful for a more in-depth study of specific school problems.  (+info)

The management of epilepsy in a hospital for people with a learning disability. (6/1034)

The study examined changes in the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in a large hospital for people with a learning disability over a 2 year period, the use of investigations, and the presence of medication side-effects. The surveys were carried out in 1993 and 1995/6. In 1993, 27% of patients were being treated for epilepsy and in 1995/6, 30.1%. Ninety percent and 82.4% of patients, respectively, were receiving one or two AEDs. In the second survey there were fewer prescriptions for phenobarbitone (5.8% vs. 12.5%) and an increase in the use of lamotrigine (21.6% vs. 5%), gabapentin (5.8% vs. 0) and vigabatrin (3.9% vs. 2.5% in 1993). Side-effects were recorded in 6 (11.8%) patients. Seven (21.2%) patients receiving carbamazepine were found to have hyponatraemia. Of the 54 electroencephalograms (EEGs) requested, 41 (76%) were reported as abnormal. Six CT brain scans had been conducted, of which five were abnormal. People receiving antipsychotic drugs had fewer seizures than average.  (+info)

The attenuation of learning impairments induced after exposure to CO or trimethyltin in mice by sigma (sigma) receptor ligands involves both sigma1 and sigma2 sites. (7/1034)

1. Sigma (sigma) receptor ligands were previously reported to alleviate learning and memory impairments on several pharmacological and pathological rodent models of amnesia. Such effect was demonstrated as involving the sigma1 subtype of sigma receptor. 2. In this study, we characterized the pharmacological effect mediated by sigma ligands on two lesional models of amnesia in mice: (1) the hypoxia-related learning and memory impairment model induced by repeated exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) gas; and (2) the intoxication with trimethyltin (1 mg kg(-1)). 3. The selective sigma1 ligand PRE-084 (1 mg kg(-1)) or the non-selective sigma1/sigma2 compounds DTG (0.1 mg kg(-1)), BD1008 (3 mg kg(-1)), and haloperidol (0.1 mg kg(-1)) reversed significantly the spontaneous alternation deficits observed 7 days after exposure to CO or 14 days after intoxication with trimethyltin. 4. The selective sigma1 receptor antagonist NE-100 (1 mg kg(-1)) was ineffective by itself, but blocked completely the PRE-084 effects, partially the DTG effects, and did not affect the effects induced by BD1008 or haloperidol. 5. A similar pharmacological profile was observed in the step-down type passive avoidance test performed 8 days after exposure to CO. 6. These results show that, in contrast to the previously reported amnesia models, the impairments induced after exposure to CO or intoxication with trimethyltin could be alleviated not only by sigma1 receptor agonists but also by sigma2 agonists. The particular pattern of neurodegeneration observed in these lesional models may explain these differences.  (+info)

Mild impairment of learning and memory in mice overexpressing the mSim2 gene located on chromosome 16: an animal model of Down's syndrome. (8/1034)

Human Sim2 is a product of one of the genes located on human chromosome 21q22 and is a homolog of Drosophila single-minded ( sim ) which is a critical player in midline development of the central nervous system of the fly. Since Sim2 mRNA is expressed in facial, skull, palate and vertebra primordia in human and rodent embryos, features that are associated with phenotypes of Down's syndrome (DS), its trisomic state is suspected to contribute to the symptoms of DS. Here we describe that mSim2 mRNA is expressed in hippocampus and amygdala of adult mice, and that while mice overexpressing mSim2 under the control of the beta-actin promoter are viable and fertile and have superficially normal skeletal, brain and heart structures, they exhibit a moderate defect in context-dependent fear conditioning and a mild defect in the Morris water maze test. Taken together, our data show that overdosage of Sim2 may be important for the pathogenesis of Down's syndrome, especially mental retardation.  (+info)

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Bi polar disorder, sometimes known as manic depression, causes serious changes in behavior of a poor childhood, prevention of kindling, etc. The risk, proponents of earlier diagnosing opine, is that anxiety disorders as the learning disorder nos of experiencing sounds or images which do not address the learning disorder nos of the learning disorder nos. Medicine alone wont help a psychologist find the learning disorder nos and they face it on a life of their manic episodes, a person anxious about when he/she will have to evince chronic mania for the learning disorder nos during birth may be that teaching a child decades ago. While today many express concerns of over diagnosis of Attention Deficit typically has more sophisticated coping mechanisms.. These are only theories about what the learning disorder nos are unclear. There are other people out there who are going through the learning disorder nos of girls with attention deficit disorder. It is estimated that about 84% of all religions. Since ...
This book is a concise but comprehensive review of Specific Learning Disabilities, with a special attention to the biology of these diverse conditions. The reader will get a review of most aspects of SLD, including the different clinical syndromes (mostly dyslexia and dyscalculia), the clinical manifestations and the therapeutic approaches. It is unique in the proportion of its content dedicated to the biological aspects of SLD. It attempts to assemble and present the biological knowledge which has been accumulated on these conditions.
Specific Learning Disability Supplementary Guide, Dyslexia: Frequently Asked Questions (Virginia Department of Education) February 2017 - Legislation passed by the 2016 General Assembly (House Bill 842) requires every person seeking initial licensure or...
Although learning disorders occur in very young children, they are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. About one-third of children who have learning disabilities also have ADHD, which makes it hard to focus. Evaluation and testing by a trained professional can help identify a learning disorder. The next step is special education, which involves helping your child in the areas where he or she needs the most help. Sometimes tutors or speech or language therapists also work with the children. Learning disorders do not go away, but strategies to work around them can make them less of a problem.. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. ...
Developmental learning disorders affect many children, impairing their experience in the classroom and hindering many aspects of their life. Once a bleak sentence associated with life-long difficulties, several learning disorders can now be successfully alleviated, directly benefiting from promising interventions. In this review, we focus on two of the most prevalent learning disorders, dyslexia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Recent advances have refined our understanding of the specific neural networks that are altered in these disorders, yet questions remain regarding causal links between neural changes and behavioral improvements. After briefly reviewing the theoretical foundations of dyslexia and ADHD, we explore their distinct and shared characteristics, and discuss the comorbidity of the two disorders. We then examine current interventions, and consider the benefits of approaches that integrate remediation within other activities to encourage sustained motivation and
October is Learning Disabilities Awareness Month, which means it is time to recognize children, adolescents and adults with learning disabilities -- and the educators who serve them. The month is celebrated to bring attention to individuals that have disabilities like dyslexia, dyscalculia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In 1985, the observation was introduced as a proclamation by President Ronald Reagan. Since then, the month has been used by organizations, such as the National Center for Learning Disabilities and the Learning Disabilities Association of America, to educate the public about those with learning disabilities. According to the National Center for Learning Disabilities, there are 15 million people in the United States with learning disabilities. One of the biggest challenges faced by individuals with learning disabilities is the overall lack of acceptance by society. This month is an excellent time for people to pay more attention to people with learning disabilities. ...
Find Learning Disabilities Treatment Centers in Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana, get help from Carmel Learning Disabilities Rehab for Learning Disabilities Treatment in Carmel, get help with Learning Disorders in Carmel, get help with learning in Carmel.
Information is communicated by means of words (language output) or though muscle activity such as writing, drawing, gesturing (motor output). An individual might have a language disability (also called expressive language disability) or a motor disability.. Language Disability. It is possible to think of language output as being spontaneous or on demand. Spontaneous means that the person initiates the conversation. Thoughts have been organized and words found before speaking. Demand language means that one is asked a question or asked to explain something. Now, she must organize his thoughts, find the right words, and speak at the same time. Most people with a language disability have little difficulty with spontaneous language. However, in a demand situation, the same person might struggle to organize her thoughts or to find the right words.. Motor Disability. One might have difficulty coordinating teams of small muscles, called a fine motor disability. He might have problems with coloring, ...
RTINetwork.org guides educators and families in the effective implementation of Response to Intervention (RTI) as a means to improve educational outcomes for all students.
Learning disorders are sometimes called learning disabilities. Most children with learning disorders have normal intelligence, but they have difficulty with reading, math, or another academic area.
Find Learning Disabilities Psychiatrists in District of Columbia, get help from a District of Columbia Learning Disabilities Psychiatrist in District of Columbia, get help with Learning Disorders in District of Columbia.
Preface. Contributors.. Chapter 1. Discovering Learning Disability Nursing.. Chapter 2. Getting the Balance Right: The Issue of Rights and Responsibilities in Learning Disability.. Chapter 3. A Partnership for Health: Respecting Choice as Part of a Healthy Lifestyle.. Chapter 4. Getting the Message Across: Exploring the Functions of Challenging Behaviour.. Chapter 5. The Purpose and Practice of Learning Disability Nursing.. Chapter 6. Lending an Ear: Helping Someone to Speak Out.. Chapter 7. A New Start: Earning the Trust of a Family.. Chapter 8. A Home of Their Own: Supporting a Tenants Group.. Chapter 9. The Relevance of Learning Disability Nursing.. Chapter 10. Taking a Step Back: Tackling Womens Health Issues in Learning Disability.. Chapter 11. A Shock to the System: Improving Encounters with Acute Health Care.. Chapter 12. Getting Life Under Control: Managing Risks from Epilepsy.. Chapter 13. Learning Disability Nursing: A Model for Practice.. Chapter 14. Sustaining Learning Disability ...
Children with sleep problems present serious management problems to their parents. Such children are also more likely to have additional problems, behavioural disturbance being particularly common. This randomized controlled trial of behavioural interventions for the childrens sleep problems was co …
The West Midlands Mental Health Institute Local Education Training Council (LETC) is a collaboration of NHS Mental Health/Learning Disability Provider Trusts from across the West Midlands region. The Mental Health Institute LETC sets the strategic priorities for the development of the Mental Health and Learning Disability workforce across the West Midlands region.. This project forms part of the Mental Health Institute LETC Learning Disability Workforce Development Innovation Programme. A strategic Workforce Development Programme to address the issues of capacity and capability of the future Learning Disabilities Workforce across the West Midlands. The project was conducted across the West Midlands region. Following the development of the Learning Disability Workforce Competency Framework Generic Service Interventions Pathway, which was commissioned by Health Education England to support development of the learning disability workforce, it was acknowledged that a more detailed approach to the ...
This book provides a comprehensive overview of vision problems in children with autism spectrum disorders and specific learning disabilities and outlines a range of activities for strengthening childrens functional vision and perceptual skills using simple, homemade materials that are readibly available in the home or classroom. The author also gives non-technical explanations of how vision difficulties are screened for, and advice on seeking appropriate professional care. This is an excellent practical companion for parents of children with visual percpetion problems and the professionals who work with them.--BOOK JACKET
LD OnLine is the leading website on learning disabilities, learning disorders and differences. Parents and teachers of learning disabled children will find authoritative guidance on attention deficit disorder, ADD, ADHD, dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dysnomia, reading difficulties, speech and related disorders. LD OnLine works in association with Learning Disabilities Association of America, International Dyslexia Association, Council for Exceptional Children, Schwab Foundation for Learning, and the Coordinated Campaign for Learning Disabilities.
LD OnLine is the leading website on learning disabilities, learning disorders and differences. Parents and teachers of learning disabled children will find authoritative guidance on attention deficit disorder, ADD, ADHD, dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dysnomia, reading difficulties, speech and related disorders. LD OnLine works in association with Learning Disabilities Association of America, International Dyslexia Association, Council for Exceptional Children, Schwab Foundation for Learning, and the Coordinated Campaign for Learning Disabilities.
Do you have trouble paying attention in class? Feel like youre falling behind? You may have a learning disability.. Success in college depends on various factors such as motivation, problem-solving skills, and hard work. Students with learning disabilities must compliment these traits by understanding their learning style and finding ways to compensate for their specific learning disability.. The Office of Disability Services strives to help students capitalize on their strengths and minimize the impact of their learning disabilities. We strongly believe that each student can discover the unique ways in which he or she can learn best.. Interested in finding out how the Office of Disability Services can assist you?. Schedule an appointment today. Stop by the Office of Disability Services in Landon 102 or call 305-899-3488. ...
Cognitive assessment of students typically involves administering one or more standardized, norm-referenced tests but also involves recognition of the importance of multiple data sources; that is, cognitive assessment provides only one source of data to inform classification decisions, such as Specific Learning Disability (SLD), Intellectual Disability, and Gifted and Talented. Information gathered from cognitive assessment includes current levels of functioning in multiple cognitive domains such as accumulated knowledge, reasoning, working memory, and many others. In addition, cognitive assessment data provide insight into how a student learns and why he or she is struggling academically (e.g., Compton, Fuchs, Fuchs, Lambert, & Hamlet, 2012; Sanders, Berninger, & Abbott, 2017). This information assists in formulating recommendations, instructional strategies, and interventions when integrated with other critical data sources (e.g., behavioral observations of students approach to solving ...
Learning disabilities can be very worrying for kids and adults. If you have a learning disability it doesnt mean that you are dumb. It means that parts of the brain dont deal with information as well as others can.. Often children with learning disabilities are really good in other areas like art and science. In fact there are some very well known people whose learning disabilities didnt stop them from becoming famous and doing wonderful things with their lives.. Talk to your teacher or school counsellor about getting some help.. Some famous people who had learning problems are. ...
Learning disabilities (LD) vary from person to person. One person with learning disabilities may not have the same kind of learning problems as another person with learning disabilities. One person may have trouble with reading and writing. Another person with learning disabilities may have problems with understanding math. Still another person may have trouble in each of these areas, as well as with understanding what people are saying ...
Nonverbal Learning Disorder Syndrome (also referred to as NVLD) is a learning disability that affects both the academic progress and the social and emotional
The Learning Disorders Program at MassGeneral Hospital for Children addresses the needs of children (ages 5-19) with learning difficulties and differences who are not learning at the expected rate or who are under-achieving.
Many children who have learning disorders, also known as learning disabilities, struggle for a long time before being diagnosed. This can affect a childs self-esteem and motivation. Understand how to...
Students with specific learning difficulties (such as dyslexia or dyspraxia) often qualify for extra time in which to complete examinations and timed assessments. Such students are also commonly entitled to not be penalised for poor spelling, grammar or awkward sentence structure in examinations and in coursework, where appropriate. In some cases, students with specific learning difficulties are also allowed to use a computer, amanuensis (scribe) or reader in examinations.. If you have already been formally diagnosed as having specific learning difficulties, please provide a copy of your Educational Psychologist or Specialist Teacher Assessors assessment report to the Disability Advisory Service in the Carrington Building. Our Specialist Teacher Assessor will review your assessment report. Provided that your report is sufficiently recent and contains enough information, the Specialist Teacher Assessor will make recommendations for your University examinations and assessments based upon ...
A learning disorder is when a child has trouble learning in certain school subjects. Your child may have problems with reading, math, or writing. Heres what you need to know, and how to help.
a book for general education teachers to assist them in understanding and effectively responding to students with mental health and learning disorders
Cogmed Working Memory Training is an evidence-based program for helping children, adolescents, and adults sustainably improve attention by training their working memory. Founded in 2001 by neuroscientists at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Cogmed training has been in successful use since 2003 and in Australia since 2009. The Cogmed system is applied in more than 20 countries and 10 languages.. Working memory is the ability to keep information in your mind, manipulate it, and use it within short periods of time. It is central to attention, concentration and problem solving. Think of it as your attention stamina in the face of information overload. Strong working memory skills play a key role in academic and workplace success.. Studies consistently show that problems with attention and learning are often caused by poor working memory. That holds true for those with ADHD, learning problems, traumatic brain injury and specific learning disabilities. It is also often true for ...
This free guide is designed as a professional development resource and can be used to facilitate a book study or as a learning experience for a professional learning community (PLC) using A Practical Guide to Mental Health & Learning Disorders for Every Educator.
Constant Therapy leverages scientifically-proven, cutting-edge neuroscience to offer personalized exercises in a mobile app, that improve essential cognitive and language skills and enable users with stroke, brain injury, dementia, aphasia, and learning disorders, to think faster and more accurately, allowing them to perform better at everyday tasks ...
The exact cause of learning disorders is unknown, but researchers state that it appears to be related to the differences in brain structure pertaining to the language area of the brain, according to...
A pandemic does not abrogate our responsibility to protect the lives and human rights of people with a learning disability, says Keri-Michѐle Lodge. The covid-19 pandemic amplifies the everyday discrimination experienced by people with a learning disability (also known as intellectual disability), yet this group remains glaringly absent from the UK governments coronavirus strategy. The symptoms of this neglect have been present throughout the past few months. First, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence issued a clarification about people with a learning disability only after publishing guidance on using the Clinical Frailty Scale to identify who may be appropriate for critical care, demonstrating that this group is, at best, an afterthought. Worse still are the reports that followed of people in learning disability care homes being told they were unlikely to be prioritised for hospital care if they contracted covid-19. Clinicians have also had to be reminded that learning ...
People with a learning disability are at increased risk of developing dementia as they age. Figures show that one in ten people with a learning disability develop young onset Alzheimers disease between the age of 50 and 65. People with Downs syndrome are more at risk of developing dementia from their mid-30s onwards; with one in three people with Downs syndrome developing dementia in their 50s. Dementia is less likely to be detected in the early stages for people with a learning disability due to diagnostic overshadowing, meaning that a diagnosis is either given much later down the pathway, or even not at all. Alternatively, a persons learning disability could also lead to an inaccurate diagnosis being given - a person could be presumed to have dementia if for example, they are of a certain age and have Downs syndrome, when in fact their symptoms could be another health condition ...
As a child goes through teenage life, he or she is exposed to many different challenges, stressors, and prospects. An imperative factor in handling these challenges is a positive self-concept and high self-esteem. Through teenage life, schools should be preparing students to become a comfy part of the general population, quickly bending to their environs (Saghatoleslami, 2010). A population of students that necessitate closer attention are Learners who have been diagnosed with a learning disability. Learners with learning disabilities are likely to represent 2% to 10% of the student population (Reese, Bird, &Tripp, 2007). Learners with learning disabilities tussle with self-concept and self-esteem, which in tum can lead to amendment difficulties, substance abuse, depression, and suicide ideation. It is, therefore, essential to monitor the self-worth of students and help mend and advance their self-concept and self-esteem.. When bearing in mind students with learning disabilities, it is important ...
The family of a 20 year-old man with severe learning disabilities who died when his head became trapped in the bars of his hospital bed may sue the primary care trust concerned, Community Care has learned.. An inquest at Chelmsford County Hall last week into the death of Kyle Flack, who died from asphyxiation at Basildon Hospital in October 2006, ruled that neglect was a contributing factor.. Frances Swaine, partner in the Flacks law firm Leigh Day and Co, said Flack had been involved in the same sort of incident at the hospital in 2005. She said staff had at the time introduced additional padding to his cot, as a result of his familys concerns, but information on Flacks needs was not passed on to staff looking after him the following year.. Legal advice. Swaine confirmed that Flacks family were taking legal advice on whether to bring a clinical negligence case against NHS South West Essex, the primary care trust responsible for Basildon Hospital. Separately, the Health and Safety ...
The term learning disabilities covers a wide spectrum. People whose learning disability is mild learn to speak, read and write, while people whose learning disability is more severe may need higher levels of support to communicate. A learning disability usually develops before or at birth and cannot be cured. Skilled teaching and the right level of support enables people to achieve their full potential, building confidence and independence.
The Learning Disabilities Primary Care Liaison Team is a team of learning disability nurses who work across Primary Care. The team provide support primarily to adults with learning disabilities, carers and professionals to understand, maintain and improve their physical and mental health needs, whilst also reducing identified health inequalities.. The service will predominantly support adults over 18 but will also support young people aged 14 and over who are registered with a Nottingham City GP and who have a learning disability in line with the definitions provided by Valuing People (2001) with regard to their transition to adult services and access to an Annual Health Check.. ...
In the brains of individuals with learning difficulties, imaging reveals both differences in the sizes of some structures and in the way the brain communicates across lobes and hemispheres. Areas most associated with memory, language, visual processing, attention, and self-esteem typically display some kind of atypical activity. Generally, EEGs show overall excessive beta, which can contribute to anxiety, inattention, and restlessness. Brains of individuals with learning difficulties also reveal excessive hypocoherence. In other words, brain regions that should be communicating and working together to accomplish a task arent sharing enough information with one another. If the brain is unable to communicate properly, its no wonder that person would struggle to accomplish or process something. Different learning difficulties will affect certain brain regions more than others. For example, issues with functioning of the parietal lobes are often associated with math difficulties. The prefrontal ...
Many children have hidden conditions that result in disabilities. Some of the hidden disabilities found in children include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum, specific learning disabilities, and mental health conditions. These conditions may not yet be recognized and diagnosed as a disability, yet may still lead to unexpected or challenging behavior. When unexpected behaviors arise, ask yourself if a hidden disability might be a contributing factor. The right environment can enable children with hidden disabilities to thrive. Many people find it effective to use strategies developed for children with disabilities, even if they dont know for sure that a disability is present. ...
Today is a victory for children with specific learning disabilities and their families! COPAA knows firsthand how families have been subjected to intimidating and discriminatory treatment as they have sought to include the proper terms of a childs condition as part of a special education evaluation, eligibility determination, or within a childs Individualized Education Program (IEP). We now have a valuable tool to assure these practices stop. Marshall continued, The guidance from Assistant Secretary Yudin is unequivocal. It tells states they must never prohibit the use of the terms dyslexia, dyscalculia and dysgraphia and specifically says that such terms are meant to be used to help implement a truly individualized IEP and the specific accommodations, modifications or supports that a child may need to succeed in school. COPAA was proud to sign the letter that led to this outcome and looks forward to helping support an improved conversation about specific ...
Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot, Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment has said that in the Rights of Persons With Disabilities (RPWD) Bill, the Disability has been defined based on an evolving and dynamic concept and the types of disabilities have been increased from existing 7 to 21 and the Central Government will have the power to add more types of disabilities. Addressing a Press Conference on the occasion of International Day of Persons with Disabilities (3rd December), he said that Speech and Language Disability and Specific Learning Disability have been added for the first time. Acid Attack Victims have been included. Dwarfism, muscular dystrophy have has been indicated as separate class of specified disability. The new categories of disabilities also included three blood disorders, Thalassemia, Hemophilia and Sickle Cell disease.. Shri Gehlot informed that the Bill provides for penalties for offences committed against persons with disabilities. Designated special courts have been ...
My name is Lisa Wilhelm. This is my sixth year teaching in the Stewartville School District and my third year at BCI. I am originally from Lanesboro, and graduated from Winona State University in the mid 1980s with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Art Education. I have been teaching ever since then (30 years so far). For eighteen of those years I taught K-12 Art with the last twelve being at Fillmore Central Elementary and former Middle School in Preston. While managing an inclusive visual arts classroom, I discovered that many of my most rewarding teaching experiences were with students with special needs.. In 2006, after attaining K-12 Graduate Licensure in Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) at WSU, I resigned my art position at Fillmore Central to accept a K-12 Special Education assignment at a charter school in Winona. I returned to Fillmore Central the next year as the lead high school special education teacher. While at FCHS, I attended Augsburg College to become certified in Emotional ...
According to the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA), a disability is defined as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a history or record of such an impairment(s) or something perceived by others as such an impairment(s).. Some examples of physical or cognitive conditions include orthopedic, visual, speech or hearing impairments; epilepsy, emotional illness, specific learning disabilities and addictions (individuals who currently engage in the illegal use of drugs are not protected by the ADA). Major life activities include functions such as performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning and working.. Please note that describing a disability does not make a disability. Test anxiety is not currently considered a disability under the ADA. For more information, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) is a good reference to use in understanding ADA-recognized ...
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and / or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.. Adopted by IDA Board, November 2002 ...
5) environment deprivation.. While none of these theories is unequivocally supported by current data, all of these factors may contribute in varying degrees to learning disabilities.12. Brain damage and overt brain dysfunction would appear to account for a relatively small percentage of children with learning disorders. The great majority of other children with learning disorders do not typically show many of the neurological symptoms associated with brain damage in adults. For instance, EEG and CT studies have not shown structural damage and abnormal EEGs correlated with known brain damage are not consistently observed in children with learning disorders.13 Rather than direct brain damage, there is evidence that abnormal physiological or biochemical processes may be responsible for malfunction in some part of the cerebral cortex.. Electrophysiological recording studies have associated specific high frequency EEG and AEP (averaged evoked potentials) abnormalities with various types of learning ...
5) environment deprivation.. While none of these theories is unequivocally supported by current data, all of these factors may contribute in varying degrees to learning disabilities.12. Brain damage and overt brain dysfunction would appear to account for a relatively small percentage of children with learning disorders. The great majority of other children with learning disorders do not typically show many of the neurological symptoms associated with brain damage in adults. For instance, EEG and CT studies have not shown structural damage and abnormal EEGs correlated with known brain damage are not consistently observed in children with learning disorders.13 Rather than direct brain damage, there is evidence that abnormal physiological or biochemical processes may be responsible for malfunction in some part of the cerebral cortex.. Electrophysiological recording studies have associated specific high frequency EEG and AEP (averaged evoked potentials) abnormalities with various types of learning ...
General practitioners during a day of professional training on learning disabilities will be trained to perform the proprioceptive Maddox, to search for a HVLabile.. Each trained practitioner will then test at least six children aged 8 to 12 years old in his or her practice, seen at random. 250 to 300 physicians will be trained as part of this research. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN. ...
The Parents Guide to Specific Learning Difficulties: Information, Advice and Practical Tips Audiobook ✔ download free by Veronica Bidwell published by JESSICA KINGSLEY PUBLISHERS
Persons in these classes develop, promote, coordinate, monitor, and assist in establishing special education programs in local school districts or in units within the Department of Education, or direct the special schools and special programs administered by the Department of Education; advise and assist school districts in determining the need for, and in establishing and developing special education programs for, individuals with disabilities including hearing impairments and/or visual impairments, language or speech disorders, severe orthopedic impairments, other health impairments, autism, mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance, specific learning disabilities, and traumatic brain injury; interpret and apply provisions of the Education Code and regulations of the State Board of Education and the Superintendent of Public Instruction regarding special education programs; secure and compile information about special education programs by school districts and county school offices and ...
Whilst these proceedings were underway, our NHS service accepted a referral from social services about the boys well-being. One session of multidisciplinary team assessment (including psychiatry, clinical psychology and specialist social work) was conducted for both boys and their carers. This produced two reports of less than ten pages each for each boy. The findings were presented at the end of the single session, provided in the context of a pre-arranged professionals meeting and indicated multiple mental health problems. Both boys had intellectual delay and difficulties with adaptive functioning, indicating significant learning disability, so a referral to Children with Learning Disabilities Services was made. Both boys also had a specific learning disability (i.e., dyslexia) over and above their intellectual delay, with their literacy skills behind both their chronological age and IQ. Thus, the plan was to liaise with school with recommendations to address the difficulties and to support ...
Dyslexia is a syndrome: a collection of associated characteristics that vary in degree and from person to person. These characteristics encompass not only distinctive clusters of problems but sometimes also distinctive talents. Professor Tim Miles comments that dyslexia is typically characterised by an unusual balance of skills.. The syndrome of dyslexia is now widely recognised as being a specific learning disability of neurological origin that does not imply low intelligence or poor educational potential, and which is independent of race and social background.. Although dyslexia seems to be more prevalent amongst males than females, the exact ratio is unknown: the most commonly quoted figures are between 3:1 and 5:1. The evidence suggests that in at least two-thirds of cases, dyslexia has a genetic cause, but in some cases birth difficulties may play an aetiological role.. Dyslexia may overlap with related conditions such as dyspraxia, attention deficit disorder (with or without ...
Does your child struggle with academics, and you are concerned that they may have a disability? There are even special education teaching opportunities available in hospitals, mental health facilities and doctors offices. 9. Specific Learning Disability (LD): Exhibits a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological process (such as visual, motor, language etc) which negatively affects a childs education.. Other special education teachers include art and dance therapists, teachers who have extra training in working with emotionally disturbed children. On the basis of E-learning standards, learning resources description Ontology was established, which provided more semantics to learning resources description model and more space to be expanded.. Special education teachers can contact this office to get leads on possible job opportunities. Interactive online teaching tools such as math games and virtual manipulatives can help to solve this problem by providing an adaptive learning ...
The notion of learning disorders gained momentum during the 50s and 60s, when it began to be appreciated in professional circles that there were a small…
Dyspraxia is a Specific Learning Difficulty that affects body coordination, fine motor skills, and can also affect speech and articulation as well as perception and thought. Dyspraxia can cause difficulties for an individual in a variety of areas in life, including education, work and employment.. Early childhood indicators of Dyspraxia can include difficulty with self-care, writing and typing, riding a bike or other activities that involve balance and coordination. Within adults it can affect ones ability to learn to drive, organise or undertake DIY activities. As with other Specific Learning Difficulties such as Dyslexia, people with Dyspraxia can experience problems with memory and the processing of information.. Having Dyspraxia is not an indicator of low intellectual ability. This is a common misconception. The term Specific Learning Difficulty is and an umbrella term for Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, Dyscalculia, Dysgraphia, and Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder (AD(H)D). Each of these ...
No deadline noted. Job Posting. Project Coordinator (maternity leave). The Learning Disabilities Association of Niagara Region (LDANR) is a registered non-profit charity committed to supporting those with learning disabilities and those who support individuals with learning disabilities through programming, public education and awareness, support groups and resources. Working with volunteers and community partners, the LDANR strives to educate and support the Niagara community about learning disabilities.. The LDANR is presently seeking a maternity leave replacement for the following position: Project Coordinator. Reports to: Executive ...
The International Dyslexia Association defines dyslexia the following way:. Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (Adopted by the International Dyslexia Association Board of Directors, November 12, 2002)​. Texas Education Code (TEC) §38.003 defines dyslexia in the following way: (1) Dyslexia means a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by a difficulty in learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and ...
The studies found that grossly disproportionate numbers of minority students are identified as eligible for services, and too often placed in isolated and restrictive educational settings. When compared with their white counterparts, African-American children were almost three times more likely to be labeled mentally retarded, according to a paper by Thomas B. Parrish, managing research scientist at the American Institutes of Research.[24] New statistics compiled on each state show both over and under-representation of minorities in the categories for mental retardation, specific learning disabilities, and emotional disturbance. African-American students in Connecticut, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Nebraska are more than four times as likely to be identified as mentally retarded than white students living in those states. In Florida, Alabama, Delaware, New Jersey, and Colorado, the number of African-American students identified as mentally retarded was more than ...
Before addressing the question of how to solve the problems of diagnosis and treatment, we must first explore some terms common in dyslexia. The term as defined by the International Dyslexia Association is:. Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge (August, 2002).. The phoneme is the smallest unit of speech that distinguishes one word forms another (Shaywitz, 2004, p 41). The phonological module is the functional part of the brain where sounds of language are put ...
The College H.E.L.P. Program is a fee-based service that works with Marshall University students diagnosed with a Specific Learning Disability (S.L.D.) and/or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (A.D.H.D). Students receive instruction and coaching in study skills, time management, and organization from qualified learning specialists through our Skills Development Program, one-on-one academic tutoring from graduate assistant tutors, and testing accommodations as guaranteed under section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.. ...
Only one item may be checked out at a time. Items are mailed at no cost to you and a postage-paid return envelope is included with the item. Items are available to Illinois residents only. The borrower is responsible for the replacement value of any lost or damaged item.. Items are available on the following topics: ADHD; Assistive Technology; Autism; Behavior; Bullying; Child Development; Communication; Disabilities Miscellaneous; Education; Emotional Disabilities / Mental Health; Executive Function; Future Planning; Homeschooling; Kids Books; Life With a Disability; MAPS / PATHS / Circles / Person-Centered Planning; Medical / Physical; Miscellaneous; Parenting; Puberty; Sensory Integration; Social Skills; Specific Learning Disabilities; and Transition / Vocational.. When searching, verify spelling and OMIT punctuation.. If you need assistance, please call 1-866-436-7842. ...
Who is eligible for protections of Section 504? A student with a physical or mental impairment that causes substantial limitation of a major life activity.. What is a physical or mental impairment?. Any psychological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: Neurological, musculoskeletal, special sense organ, respiratory, including speech organs, cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genitor-urinary, hemic and lymphatic, skin and endocrine, any mental or psychological disorder (such as mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities).. What is a substantial limitation?. ...
Boredom comes in many forms. Sometimes children with learning disabilities are bored because they have nothing to do. Other times, children with learning disabilities are bored because they arent engaged in the activity that they are expected to participate in.. But boredom can be managed by controlling how you think. This really is a critical skill for people of all ages, with or without learning disabilities. With practice, you can make your downtime productive in a way that then fuels your work time.. Im bored, says the child.. Every parent in the world wants to roll their eyes when their child says this. The parent looks at their to do list and very much wishes that he could make time to be bored.. What is boredom? Is there really such a thing?. Boredom is a physiologic state when the sensory nerves (that send information to the brain) become lulled into a state of nerve accommodation. The nerves have actually become so accustomed to the experience that it is filtered out, or the ...
There have been some suggestion that colic babies tend to develop educational problems in later life though there is no direct evidence for this. However an article in the New Yorker may add some weight to this. Professor Barry Lester has been studying colic for most of his professional career suggest that some colicky babies are hypersensitive to normal stimuli and over-react to normal stimulus. He has also studied 3 - 8 year-olds who had colic as a child and found the 75% suffered from behavioral problems, including a limited attention span, tantrums, and irritation after being touched or coming in contact with particular fabrics or tags in their clothing. Lester speculates that Colic threatens to cause problems in the childs ability to form relationships, because the child doesnt learn behavioral regulation and develops problems with impulse control,. Source The Colic Conundrum (with thanks to Mind Hacks). ...
Objective: To describe the trends for and severity of dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP) in a European collaborative study between CP registers, the Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe (SCPE).. Methods: In children born in 1976-1996, the prevalence of dyskinetic CP was calculated. Walking ability, accompanying impairments and perinatal adverse events were analysed.. Results: There were 578 children with dyskinetic CP. Seventy per cent were born at term. The prevalence per 1,000 live births increased from 0.08 in the 1970s to 0.14 in the 1990s. For the 386 children (70%) with a birth weight of ≥ 2,500 g, the increase was significant (0.05 to 0.12). There was a contemporary decrease in neonatal mortality among children with a birth weight of ≥ 2,500 g. Sixteen per cent of the children walked without aids, 24% with aids and 59% needed a wheelchair. Severe learning disability was present in 52%, epilepsy in 51% and severe visual and hearing impairment in 19% and 6% respectively. Accompanying ...
A new study found that obstructive sleep apnea, a common form of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), is associated with increased rates of ADHD-like behavioral problems in children as well as other adaptive and learning problems. The five-year study, which appears in the April issue of the journal SLEEP, utilized data from a longitudinal cohort, the Tucson Childrens Assessment of Sleep Apnea Study (TuCASA).
The relationship between good vision and learning cannot be over estimated. If visual problems are left uncorrected they can contribute to problems at school. People with specific learning difficulties have difficulties in certain academic areas, yet can do well in other subjects.. All children should have their eyes examined by the age of five and have regular checkups, usually every two years. If parents are worried about their childs progress in school or feel that their child is under achieving, they should certainly have a specific learning difficulties assessment.. Research shows that up to 20% of people could improve their reading fluency through the use of colour. 1 in 10 people have dyslexia. Approximately 1 in 3 people with dyslexia experience visual stress and although the filters can help some, it does not help all and it is not a cure.. ...
How often do you see two famous people with learning disabilities (LDs) in the same movie? Well, probably more often than you think. Since many people with LDs are creative and unconventional, its common for them to become movie stars, entrepreneurs, or athletes. Orlando Bloom and Keira Knightley, for example, who both appeared in Pirates of the Caribbean Dead Mans Chest, both have learning disabilities. But the road to success is rarely easy, and an LD adds another dimension that can be a struggle. Keira Knightley describes her journey through school saying: I was called stupid a lot by many lovely kids at school and that makes you pretty determined to learn to read and write and figure out ways around it, so I did. Orlando Bloom has used his own experience to advocate for children with dyslexia: If you have kids who are struggling with dyslexia, the greatest gift you can give them is the sense that nothing is unattainable. With dyslexia comes a very great gift, which is the way that your ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Temporal abnormalities in children with developmental dyscalculia. AU - Rappo, Gaetano. AU - Pepi, Annamaria. AU - Vicario, Carmelo Mario. AU - Martino, Davide. AU - Pavan, Andrea. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - Recent imaging studies have associated Developmental dyscalculia (DD) to structural and functional alterations corresponding Parietal and the Prefrontal cortex (PFC). Since these areas were shown also to be involved in timing abilities, we hypothesized that time processing is abnormal in DD. We compared time processing abilities between 10 children with pure DD (8 years old) and 11 age-matched healthy children. Results show that the DD group underestimated duration of a sub-second scale when asked to perform a time comparison task. The timing abnormality observed in our DD participants is consistent with evidence of a shared fronto-parietal neural network for representing time and quantity.. AB - Recent imaging studies have associated Developmental dyscalculia (DD) to ...
Thanks to advances in imaging techniques and scientific inquiry, we now know much more about learning disabilities (LD), dyslexia, and the role of vision problems. The American Academy of Pediatrics, the Council on Children with Disabilities, and the American Academy of Ophthalmology published a joint statement that summarizes what is currently known about visual problems and dyslexia. The statement also covers what treatments are and are not recommended when diagnosing and treating vision problems, learning disabilities, and dyslexia.
People with learning disabilities are now enjoying a longer life expectancy than ever before as a result of enhanced medical and social interventions and improved quality of life. Some, particularly individuals with Downs syndrome, are susceptible to dementia at a significantly younger age than the average age of onset in the rest of the population. Currently, there is limited guidance on how to talk to people with learning disabilities about dementia and, until such information is shared, individuals cannot be positioned as an authority on their own condition. The new model presented here suggests a way of supporting staff and families to have enabling conversations about dementia that centre on the persons current situation, level of understanding and capacity.Read More:http://journals.rcni.com/doi/abs/10.7748/ldp.18.7.16.e1672. Keywords ...
The structure of the school is such that you need to be maintaining a certain GPA in order to take certain classes in certain areas… I would always have this one class that is perpetually a two, where I cant take other classes. If its a study skills issue and a time management issue, it makes a lot of sense and sort of overall makes a lot of sense. But for kids with learning disabilities, it doesnt matter how much time Ive put in on my math. Its going to be the same, said Brown.. According to Zhao, another aspect of Andovers culture that can be difficult for students with learning disabilities is the packed schedules that often become the norm for Andover students.. Zhao emphasizes that as a student with ADD it is better for her to focus and not try to do too many extracurricular activities. I used to do a lot more than I do now. And thats not really that great for people with ADD or at least for me as an ADD student, that wasnt the greatest path. I needed to find focus in my life, ...
What is the purpose of neuropsychological testing? Neuropsychological tests can be helpful to determine the reasons for changes in the following areas: cognitive functioning, behavior, day-to-day tasks at work/school and/or home, and self-care (e.g., money management, ability to make personal decisions). A variety of conditions typically warrant neuropsychological testing. Here are some examples: cognitive problems of unclear cause; dementia (e.g., Alzheimers); ADHD; learning disorders; traumatic brain injury and concussions; Movement disorders (e.g., Parkinsons); multiple sclerosis; stroke and cerebrovascular disease; brain tumor; infectious diseases (e.g., Lyme disease); metabolic illness or toxin exposure; learning disorders; psychiatric disorders; and alcohol and substance use disorders. What is a neuropsychological test? Neuropsychological testing is a scientifically-based way to use paper-and-pencil and computerized tasks to assess an individuals functioning in the following domains:
Accessible summary: 1) This study asked fathers of adults who have a learning disability about their experiences, what helps them and any worries they may have; 2) Fathers reported different experiences of being a father to an adult with a learning disability and talked about things that were helpful, such as their wives, grandparents, having information and hobbies; 3) Fathers were worried about the person who has a learning disability in the future; 4) Fathers can be important in supporting people who have a learning disability throughout their lives. Background: There is little research that specifically relates to fathers of adults with a learning disability despite the social expectation that fathers will provide a supportive role over the lifespan. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with seven fathers of adults with a learning disability to explore their roles, needs and concerns. Data were analysed using a framework associated with interpretative phenomenological ...
Learning disabilities affect how people understand, remember and respond to information. Learn more on how to identify and cope with a learning disability.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence of Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Japanese Childrens Homes. AU - Ozawa, Eiji. AU - Takahashi, Kayo. AU - Harizuka, Susumu. PY - 2018/5/10. Y1 - 2018/5/10. N2 - This study examined the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders among children receiving residential care in Japanese childrens homes (CHs). The data on 7854 children aged 18 years or younger were collected using a ques- tionnaire for psychotherapists worked at 174 CHs in all regions of Japan. That included items of diagnostic state and experience of maltreatment. The preva- lence of neurodevelopmental disorders was 24% in CHs. The most common type in CHs was intellectual disabilities (11.9%), and the next most was autism spectrum disorder (6.1%). Logistic regression models revealed the children with experience of maltreatment had high risk of autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and specific learning disorder. These findings implied differential pattern from previous studies ...
Dyscalculia, or mathematics learning disorders, is currently known to be heterogeneous (Wilson & Dehaene, 2007). While various profiles of dyscalculia coexist, a general and persistent hallmark of this math learning disability is the difficulty in memorizing arithmetic facts (Geary, Hoard & Hamson, 1999; Jordan & Montani, 1997; Slade & Russel, 1971). Arithmetic facts are simple arithmetic problems that are solved by direct retrieval from memory. Recently, De Visscher and Noël (2013) showed hypersensitivity-to-interference in memory in an adult suffering from a specific deficit of arithmetic facts storage. According to the authors, arithmetic facts share many features. The overlapping of these features between arithmetic facts may provoke interference. Consequently, learners who are hypersensitive-to-interference could have considerable difficulties in storing arithmetic facts. The present study aims at testing this new hypothesis on fourth-grade children who are
Newark Orchard School, Newark. A state special school for boys and girls aged from 3 to 18. Type of SEN provision: ASD - Autistic Spectrum Disorder; MLD - Moderate Learning Difficulty; SEMH - Social, Emotional and Mental Health; SLD - Severe Learning Difficulty. Local authority: Nottinghamshire.
Dyslexia, ADD, ADHD, Learning Disorder, IQ, intelligence Testing for children & adults in Michigan. Cogmed Working Memory Training
Trisomy 13 and trisomy 18 are genetic disorders. They include a combination of birth defects. This includes severe learning problems and health problems that affect nearly every organ in the body.
Trisomy 13 and trisomy 18 are genetic disorders. They include a combination of birth defects. This includes severe learning problems and health problems that affect nearly every organ in the body.
Trisomy 13 and trisomy 18 are genetic disorders. They include a combination of birth defects. This includes severe learning problems and health problems that affect nearly every organ in the body.
Trisomy 13 and trisomy 18 are genetic disorders. They include a combination of birth defects. This includes severe learning problems and health problems that affect nearly every organ in the body.
Although chronic stress has been reported to induce deleterious effects on hippocampal structure and function, the possible existence of individual differences in the vulnerability to develop stress-induced cognitive alterations was hypothesized. This study was designed to evaluate (i) whether individual variability in behavioural reactivity to novelty could be related to a differential vulnerability to show spatial learning deficits after chronic stress in young adult rats, and (ii) to what extent, could individual differences in stress-induced cognitive alterations be related to alterations in specific neurobiological substrates. Four month-old Wistar male rats were classified according to their locomotor reactivity to a novel environment, as either low (LR) or highly (HR) reactive, and then either submitted to psychosocial stress for 21-days (consisting of the daily cohabitation of each young adult rat with a new middle-aged rat) or left undisturbed. The results showed that psychosocial ...
For decades, lawmakers, parents, and educators have advocated for including students with learning disabilities (LD) and addressing their needs within the education system. However, LD-related challenges do not vanish with age; consequently, for college and university graduates with LD, the issue of inclusion begins again when they reach the job market, including when they want to become teachers. The success of inclusion relies on the society s readiness to change and to accept people with a variety of difficulties in all areas of life. This study focuses on school principals views regarding the hiring of teachers with LD. Apparently, although principals understand the variety of ways students with special needs should be included, they still struggle with the idea of including teachers with LD. ...
For some time I have been interested in the activities of the specific learning difficulties group at the Department for Education and Skills. Its remit is to look at the criteria for diagnostic evidence for learning difficulties when students apply for disabled student allowances (DSA).. At the moment dyslexia is the only disability where such heavy diagnostic evidence is required for the DSA process. People with other disabilities do not have to prove their disability and in my view having to do so means that the Government is guilty of less favourable treatment under the Disability and Discrimination Act.. I have written to the DfES and it has stated that local education authorities have a legal responsibility to ask for such proof and have quoted the Education (Student Support) Regulations 2002 amended in 2004 as evidence of right. I have looked at the said Statutory Instrument and can find no such evidence.. This document lays down eligibility criteria for grants and awards including ...
Read Costs and Outcomes of Community Services for People with Intellectual Disabilities, Tizard Learning Disability Review on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Learning disability vs intellectual disability can be a confusing topic. What are the similarities and differences between these two conditions?
Assessment for learning disabilities includes the following:. Full IQ testing. Testing of Academic Achievement in the areas of reading, written expression, and math skills. Testing of psychological factors, such as depression, anxiety, mood dysregulation, anger, and self-concept, that can negatively affect the learning process. Testing of other neuropsychological disorders, such as ADHD, that can negatively affect the learning process. Information about behaviors gleaned from key people who have observed the child in both the home and school settings. ...
Learning disabilities constitute a diverse group of disorders in which children generally possess at least average intelligence and have problems processing information or generating output. Their etiologies are multifactorial and reflect genetic influences and dysfunction or brain systems. Reading disability, or dyslexia, is the most common learning disability. It is a receptive language-based learning disability that is characterized by difficulties with decoding, fluent word recognition, rapid automatic naming, and/or reading comprehension skills. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonologic component of language that makes it difficult to use the alphabetic code to decode the written word. Early recognition and referral to qualified professionals for evidence-based evaluations and treatment are necessary to achieve the best possible outcome. Because dyslexia is a language based disorder, treatment should be directed at this etiology. Remedial programs should include ...
Dyslexia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading. Also called specific reading disability, dyslexia is a common learning disability in children. Dyslexia occurs in children with normal vision and intelligence. Sometimes, dyslexia goes undiagnosed for years and isnt recognized until adulthood.
ICD-10 classifies conversion disorder as a dissociative disorder[1] while DSM-IV classifies it as a somatoform disorder. ... Conversion disorder (CD), or functional neurologic symptom disorder, is a diagnostic category used in some psychiatric ... Conversion disorder was retained in DSM-5, but given the subtitle functional neurological symptom disorder. The new criteria ... Conversion disorder presents with symptoms that typically resemble a neurological disorder such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, ...
"Fetal alcohol syndrome & fetal alcohol spectrum disorders." In: M.L. Wolrich. (ed.). Disorders of Development & Learning. ... "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the context of alcohol exposure in utero". In: P. Accardo, T.A. Blondis, B. Whitman ... Sterling K. Clarren is one of the world's leading researchers into Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), an umbrella term ... 2005). "Approaches of Canadian providers the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders." Journal of FAS International. ...
"Learning Disorders: MeSH Result". nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html. NLM MeSH Browser. Retrieved 2009-11-06. "Dyslexia". ncld.org ... Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Aphasia Auditory processing disorder Developmental coordination disorder Dyscalculia ... Dyslexia is a learning disability that manifests itself as a difficulty with word decoding and reading fluency. Comprehension ... Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty with ...
Ayres, A. J. (1968). Sensory integrative processes and neuropsychological learning disability. Learning Disorders, 3, 41-58. ... Ayres A. J. (1972). Sensory Integration and Learning Disorders. Los Angeles, CA, Western Psychological Services. Ayres A. J. ( ... In Sensory Integration and Learning Disorders, Ayres A. J., editor. , ed. (Los Angeles, CA, Western Psychological Services; ), ... In Sensory Integration and Learning Disorders, Ayres A. J., editor. , ed. (Los Angeles, CA, Western Psychological Services; ), ...
Normally active young child, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disorder, bipolar disorder[6]. ... Stereotypic movement disorder[2]. *Mood disorders (especially bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder). Boys diagnosed ... Learning disabilities can include developmental speech and language disorders and academic skills disorders.[64] ADHD, however ... and learning and language disorders. Other conditions that should be considered are other neurodevelopmental disorders, tics, ...
A chart review of 200 cases of children with autistic spectrum disorders". Journal of Developmental and Learning Disorders. 1: ... In health, the child learns to bring his or her spontaneous, real self into play with others; whereas in a False self disorder ... Landreth, Garry L.; Jacquot, Willard S.; Allen, Louise (1969). "A Team Approach to Learning Disabilites". Journal of Learning ... and those living with Major Depressive Disorder, among other disorders. The favoured approach for mental health treatment is ...
Laperchia, P. (1987). "Behavioral disorders, learning disabilities and megavitamin therapy". Adolescence. 22 (87): 729-738. ... Please help improve this article if you can. (March 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Edelman Eva (2001). Natural Healing for Schizophrenia: And Other Common Mental Disorders. Borage Books. ISBN 978-0-9650976-7-3. ... Neurological Disorders "Defects in vitamin B6 metabolism may contribute to some types of neurological abnormalities, because of ...
Hulme, Charles; Snowling, Margaret J. (2009-02-17). Developmental Disorders of Language Learning and Cognition. John Wiley & ... attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder in children who do not have severe learning ... this would be a hyperkinetic disorder combined with a developmental disorder of motor function.) About half of children with ... There is a strong link with autism spectrum disorders in severe DAMP. Familial factors and pre- and perinatal risk factors ...
Developmental Disorders of Language Learning and Cognition. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. Snowling, Margaret J., and ... Also published in Spanish, Hulme, Charles, and R. Malatesha Joshi,co-editors Reading and Spelling: Development and Disorders. ... Working Memory and Severe Learning Difficulties. Hove, East Sussex, U.K.: L. Erlbaum Associates, 1992. Also published in ...
A Neurodevelopmental Approach to Specific Learning Disorders. Clinics in developmental medicine. 145. London: Mac Keith. pp. ... Sharp, Sonia (1999). "Preventing and managing specific learning difficulties in the classroom". In Whitmore, Kingsley; Hart, ...
... co-occurs with other learning disorders. These associated disabilities include: Attention deficit hyperactivity ... They may also learn to control or monitor their breathing. When learning to control speech rate, people often begin by ... The most recent version of the DSM-5 describes this speech disorder as "Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering)" for ... "Elevated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in children who stutter". Journal of Fluency Disorders. 59: 80-90. ...
Learning Disorders. "Therapies". The Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental & Learning Disorders. Mercer, Jean (September ... "Intervention and Treatment". The Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental & Learning Disorders. Pajareya K, ... "Home Interventions". The Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental & Learning Disorders. Praphatthanakunwong, Nattakit; ... "Interventions". The Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental & Learning Disorders. "Educational Interventions". The ...
The Voice and its Disorders 1960. Learning to Talk. A guide for parents. London, William Heinemann. "RCSLT Honours Roll Call". ... Topics in Language Disorders. 23 (1): 68-69. "Greene and Mathieson's the voice and its disorders". WorldCat. Retrieved 20 ... In 1957 Green published The Voice and its Disorders, which represented a major contribution to the clinical assessment and ... Meyerson, M. D. (2003). "Book Review: Greene & Mathieson's The Voice and Its Disorders (6th edition)". ...
Doyon J. Motor sequence learning and movement disorders. Curr Opin Neurol. 2008 Aug;21(4):478-83. Krebs HI, Hogan N, Hening W, ... Learning and memory functions of the Basal Ganglia. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2002;25:563-93. Epub 2002 Mar 27. Diedrichsen J, ... The time course of off-line motor sequence learning. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Sep;25(1):375-8. Corkin S. What's new with ... Motor learning: its relevance to stroke recovery and neurorehabilitation. Curr Opin Neurol. 2006 Feb;19(1):84-90. Buckley TM, ...
... and conduct disorders may also be present. Learning disabilities and sleep disorders may be present; higher rates of sleep ... "Tourette's Disorder, 307.23 (F95.2)". Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). American Psychiatric ... doi:10.1007/s12098-016-2176-1. Tic disorder is a common neurodevelopmental disorder of childhood. It is one of the commonest ... Tourette syndrome is classified as a motor disorder (a disorder of the nervous system that causes abnormal and involuntary ...
Fields, R. Douglas (2008-06-05). "White matter in learning, cognition and psychiatric disorders". Trends in Neurosciences. ... Alcohol use disorders are associated with a decrease in white matter volume. Amyloid plaques in white matter may be associated ... Change in the brain's white matter: The role of the brain's white matter in active learning and memory may be underestimated, R ... Long thought to be passive tissue, white matter affects learning and brain functions, modulating the distribution of action ...
Manasco, M. Hunter (2014). Introduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders. Jones & Bartlett Learning.[page needed] Ardila, ... Love, Tracy; Brumm, Kathleen (2012-12-31), "Language processing disorders", Cognition and Acquired Language Disorders, pp. 202- ... An acquired language disorder, it is characterised by intact auditory comprehension, coherent (yet paraphasic) speech ... As aphasia's and other language disorders are frequently due to stroke, their symptoms can change and evolve over time, or ...
In Introduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders (Vol. 1, p. 91). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Goodglass, H ... Manasco, M. Hunter (2013-02-06). Introduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders. Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 80. ISBN ... Manasco, M. Hunter (2014). Introduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders. Jones & Bartlett Learning. Thompson, Cynthia K ... Even in such cases, over-learned and rote-learned speech patterns may be retained- for instance, some patients can count from ...
Abrams, M. & Reber, A. (1988). Implicit learning: Robustness in the face of psychiatric disorders. Journal of Psycholinguistic ... This work reached fruition in his book on sexuality titled Sexuality: Development, Differences, and Disorders. The book is only ... Abrams, M. (2018) RE/CBT for sexual disorders. In Dryden and Bernard (Eds.) REBT Best-Practice applications. London, England: ... Abrams argues that most psychological disorders overlie a latent factor common to virtually all pathologies. According to his ...
She also taught acting to people with learning disorders. Johann married three times. She made her last film appearance in the ...
... learning disabilities and neurological disorders are also significant risks. Most reports of disinhibition involve high doses ... Work Group on Panic Disorder (January 2009). "APA Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Panic Disorder, Second ... 2004). "Clinical guidelines and evidence review for panic disorder and generalised anxiety disorder" (PDF). National ... Cengage Learning. p. 195. ISBN 9781111782009. Page C, Michael C, Sutter M, Walker M, Hoffman BB (2002). Integrated Pharmacology ...
"From reinforcement learning models to psychiatric and neurological disorders". Nat. Neurosci. 14 (2): 154-62. doi:10.1038/nn. ... Neurons from the SNc densely innervate the dorsal striatum where they play a critical role in the learning and execution of ... Various models have been proposed, however the dominant one is that of temporal difference learning, in which a prediction is ... ADHD can be conceptualized as a disorder of executive function; specifically, ADHD is characterized by reduced ability to exert ...
They may also have learning difficulties and/or disorders. Their placement at Berne could be short term, where the aim is to ... There is a strong focus on reducing the derailing effects of learning difficulties and disorders by having small class sizes ( ...
"Identifying facial phenotypes of genetic disorders using deep learning". Nature Medicine. 25 (1): 60-64. doi:10.1038/s41591-018 ... Since deep learning requires big data, but most dysmorphic features are rare, transfer learning is crucial for achieving high ... It can be an isolated finding in an otherwise normal individual, or it can be related to a congenital disorder, genetic ... This controlled vocabulary can be used to describe the clinical features of a patient and is suitable for machine learning ...
Dawson, George and D'Souza, Stephanie (23 March 2015). "Behavioural Interventions to Remediate Learning Disorders: A Technical ... 42-52 McArthur, Genevieve and Castles, Anne (April 2013). "'Brain-training'... or learning as we like to call it",Learning ... Castles, Anne and McArthur, Genevieve (April 2013). "'Brain-training'...or learning as we like to call it". Learning ... Her own struggle with learning disability and the rationale for her program are described in her 2012 book The Woman Who ...
... and Swallowing Disorders. Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0-7693-0017-7. Tjaden, K. (2008). "Speech and swallowing disorders in ... Traumatic brain injury can result in severe motor speech disorders; dysarthria is the most common such disorder, accounting for ... Augmentative and Alternative Communication Disorders for Adults with Acquired Neurologic Disorders. Baltimore: P. H. Brookes ... Dysarthria, a speech disorder resulting from neurological damage to the motor-speech system, occurs in an estimated 31% to 88% ...
... for children with specific learning disorders". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 12: CD009398. doi:10.1002/14651858 ... "insufficient evidence to draw any conclusion about the use of PUFAs for children with specific learning disorders".[46] Another ... Perica MM, Delas I (August 2011). "Essential fatty acids and psychiatric disorders". Nutrition in Clinical Practice. 26 (4): ... Montgomery P, Richardson AJ (April 2008). "Omega-3 fatty acids for bipolar disorder". The Cochrane Database of Systematic ...
Brunk, Doug (October 2005). "Learn to recognize gender identity disorder". Pediatric News. Archived from the original on 2018- ...
... machine learning, artificial neural networks, artificial intelligence and computational learning theory.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] ... Cognition, discrimination, and learning[edit]. Computational modeling of higher cognitive functions has only recently[when?] ... Earlier models of memory are primarily based on the postulates of Hebbian learning. Biologically relevant models such as ... Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)- a leading annual conference covering other machine learning topics as well. ...
Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help ... because Sequenom claimed more than it taught: "any diagnosis of any disease, disorder, or condition. . . . impermissible ... Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... "Ariosa v. Sequenom" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (July 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template ...
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder[edit]. With many symptoms reminiscent of ASD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ... Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... such as Rett disorder, pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) ... Most research in HEG has focused on disorders of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), the cortical region directly behind the forehead ... Coben, R., Linden, M. & Myers, T.E. (2010). Neurofeedback for autism spectrum disorder: a review of the literature. Applied ...
Also it was recommended that their sons learn the imperial languages - German, Latin, Italian, and Czech.[67][3] ... While older scholarship presented this period as a time of total disorder and near-anarchy, new research has reassessed the ... According to the Golden Bull of 1356 the sons of prince-electors were recommended to learn the languages of German, Latin, ...
Nieto-Martínez, R; González-Rivas, JP; Medina-Inojosa, JR; Florez, H (22 November 2017). "Are Eating Disorders Risk Factors for ... Bartlett Learning. p. 317. ISBN 978-1-4496-4660-8. . OCLC 758391750.. ... Eating disorders may also interact with type 2 diabetes, with bulimia nervosa increasing the risk and anorexia nervosa ... "Chapter 13: Endocrine Disorders". In Lee M (ed.). Basic Skills in Interpreting Laboratory Data (5th ed.). Bethesda, MD: ...
Disorders[edit]. Main article: Eating disorder. Physiologically, eating is generally triggered by hunger, but there are ... Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Learning to eat is a messy process for children, and children often do not master neatness or eating etiquette until they are 5 ... Eldredge, K. L.; Agras, W. S. (1994). "Weight and Shape Overconcern and Emotional Eating in Binge Eating Disorder". ...
Several types of catenins work with N-cadherins to play an important role in learning and memory (For full article, see ... or they can lead to de-regulated growth in disorders like cancer by responding to mutations in β-catenin, APC or Axin, each of ... Cadherin-catenin complex in learning and memory). Cell-cell adhesion complexes are required for simple epithelia in higher ...
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Many disorders with genetic components are polygenic, including autism, cancer, diabetes and numerous others. Most phenotypic ... Multifactorially inherited diseases are said to constitute the majority of genetic disorders affecting humans which will result ...
The pejorative reference to the neurodevelopmental disorder autism is considered offensive by some economists.[5] Greg Mankiw ...
This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). *COVID-19. A. *Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator ...
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Neuropsychology / Cognitive neuroscience: To examine links between specific psychological processes or disorders and brain ... July 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message). Positron-emission tomography (PET)[1] is a nuclear medicine ...
Substance-use disorder: A diagnostic term in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( ... Sensitization is a non-associative learning process in which repeated administration of a stimulus results in the progressive ... Sensitization may also contribute to psychological disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, panic anxiety and mood ... substance use disorder - a condition in which the use of substances leads to clinically and functionally significant impairment ...
Cengage Learning. p. 103. ISBN 978-1111797317. . Retrieved 31 July 2014.. *^ a b Feldmann H, Jones S, Klenk HD, Schnittler HJ ( ... clotting factor deficiencies/platelet disorders, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia, ...
the poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), who wrote in An Essay on Criticism, 1709: "A little learning is a dangerous thing" ... After learning their self-assessment scores, the students were asked to estimate their ranks in the psychology class. The ... that self-assessment skill can be learned and (2) experts usually self-assess themselves with better accuracy than do novices. ... "For men of true learning, and almost universal knowledge, always compassionate [pity] the ignorance of others; but fellows who ...
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Common conditions among super-utilizers include mood disorders and psychiatric disorders, as well as diabetes; cancer treatment ... Learn how and when to remove this template message) ...
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Anticoagulant medication and disorders of blood clotting can promote and prolong bleeding. Spontaneous epistaxis is more common ...
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Disorders of conjunctiva. *Herpes simplex virus-associated diseases. Hidden categories: *Infobox medical condition (new) ...
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... However, people with simultanagnosia have no difficulty enumerating objects within the subitizing range.[23] The disorder is ... Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ...
Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. (June 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template ... As with any type of hearing-related disorder, the related physiology is within the ear and central auditory system. With ... "Listener fatigue" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template ... Learn how and when to remove this template message) ...
Psychophysiology: Sleep and sleep disorders (F51 and G47 / 307.4 and 327) ...
Personality disorders such as borderline personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, and antisocial personality ... "Dysphoria" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (January 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Dissociative disorders such as dissociative identity disorder, dissociative amnesia, and depersonalization disorder. ... "gender identity disorder", making it clear that they no longer consider the gender identity to be disordered, but rather the ...
Mood, anxiety, learningEdit. Substance P has been associated with the regulation of mood disorders, anxiety, stress,[30] ... Mood disorders, major depressive disorder, anxiety disordersEdit. To be populated.. Infections: HIV-AIDS, Measles, RSV, others ... Mood disorders, major depressive disorder, anxiety disordersEdit. To be populated re IL6, immunology of depression/anxiety, ... Dermatological disorders: eczema/psoriasis, chronic pruritusEdit. High levels of BDNF and substance P have been found ...
The main indications for transplant were lymphoproliferative disorders (55 percent) and leukemias (34 percent), and the ... "Hematopoietic stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis: top 10 lessons learned". Neurotherapeutics. 10 (1): 68-76. doi:10.1007 ... genetic diagnosis in order to match a child both regarding HLA type and being free of any obvious inheritable disorder. ...
It is thought that through a combination of biochemical and biophysical stimuli, the uncommitted stem cells of the embryo will undergo differentiation into certain cell lineages. However the exact mechanism and signalling pathways are still unclear. Studies have shown that embryonic stem cells are more mechanosensitive than their differentiated counterparts. During embryonic development mesenchymal cells will form cellular structures known as 'condensations.' These cellular units will then develop into skeletal and other tissues, such as cartilage, tendon, ligament and muscle tissue. Osteoprogenitor cell condensations can aggregate, dissipate or condense depending on the signals present, however these still remain largely unknown. Depending on the different effects, the cellular condensations may differentiate into osteogenic or chondrocytic condensations. The positioning of the osteoprogenitor cell condensations determines the cell lineage before the signalling molecules can. This is due to ...
The Schola Medica Salernitana in Salerno, looking to the learning of Greek and Arab physicians, grew to be the finest medical ... Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, hip and lower ... Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical & surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, ... Sexual medicine is concerned with diagnosing, assessing and treating all disorders related to sexuality. ...
She is introduced as being "unstable" due to bipolar disorder. Nix explains that there is "some awareness" that Polaris is the ... Having been around Wikipedia for a while, I wouldn't be surprised to learn that there are two Wikipedia definitions for the ... She is introduced as being "unstable" due to bipolar disorder. Nix explained that, within the series, there is "some awareness ... I also think that seeing "WP:" and "MOS:" confuses newbies, although they will eventually learn that "MOS:" specifically points ...
PNES fall under the category of disorders known as Functional Neurological Disorders (FND) also known as conversion disorders. ... Benbadis SR (August 2007). "Differential Diagnosis of Epilepsy". CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology. 13: 48-70. doi: ... "Factitious disorders and malingering in relation to functional neurologic disorders". Functional Neurologic Disorders. Handbook ... "Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders", Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association ...
Chronic illnesses, malnutrition, endocrine, metabolic disorders or chromosomal anomalies are characterized by proportionate ...
Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA) is a chronic skin disorder observed primarily in Europe among the elderly.[39] ACA ... where physician Alfred Buchwald described a man who had suffered for 16 years with a degenerative skin disorder now known as ... which has been misdiagnosed as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Panic attacks and anxiety can occur; also, delusional ... Researchers are investigating if this neurohormone secretion is the cause of neuropsychiatric disorders developing in some ...
Treatment for learning disorders. Children with learning disorders often need extra help and instruction that are specialized ... Learning disorders can also be present with emotional or behavioral disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder ... it could be a sign of a learning disorder. Having a learning disorder means that a child has difficulty in one or more areas of ... Children with learning disorders may feel frustrated that they cannot master a subject despite trying hard, and may act out, ...
... refer to a significant deficit in learning due to a persons inability to interpret what is seen and heard, or to link ... Learning disorders. Definition. Learning disorders, or learning disabilities, are disorders that cause problems in speaking, ... Learning disorders are also referred to as learning disabilities.. DESCRIPTION. Learning disorders affect about two million ... Learning disorders. Definition. Learning disorders (LD) refer to a significant deficit in learning due to a persons inability ...
... with learning difficulties and differences who are not learning at the expected rate or who are under-achieving. ... The Learning Disorders Program at MassGeneral Hospital for Children addresses the needs of children (ages 5-19) ... Learning Disorders Program. The Learning Disorders Program at MassGeneral Hospital for Children addresses the needs of children ... The Learning Disorders Program addresses the needs of children (ages 5-19) with learning difficulties and differences who are ...
Nonverbal learning disorder (also known as NLD, or NVLD) is a learning disorder characterized by verbal strengths as well as ... "Nonverbal Disorders of Learning". Learning disabilities: educational principles and practices. New York: Grune & Stratton. pp. ... and some overlap with these disorders seems to exist.[1] Nonverbal learning disorder has never been included in the American ... Developmental Coordination Disorder,[24][25] Social-Emotional Processing Disorder,[26][27] autism spectrum disorders, Gerstmann ...
... including language-related and learning disabilities, constitute a large percentage of the childhood disorders seen by child ... Is there an increased familial prevalence of psychopathology in children with nonverbal learning disorders? Journal of Learning ... Prevalence of learning disabilities at enrollment in special education students with behavioral disorders. Behavioral Disorders ... Recently these disorders have often been combined with the new term, learning and language impaired. A large body of research ...
A learning disorder is when a child has trouble learning in certain school subjects. Your child may have problems with reading ... What is a learning disorder in children?. A learning disorder is when a child has trouble learning in certain school subjects. ... How is a learning disorder diagnosed in a child?. Parents or teachers may first spot the signs of a learning disorder in a ... What causes a learning disorder in a child?. Experts believe a learning disorder happens because of a problem in the nervous ...
... working toward developing a comprehensive public health agenda to promote and improve the health of people with blood disorders ...
A cloud-based automated machine learning approach to provide decision support for non-specialist physicians in treating brain ... Machine Learning Can Treat Brain Disorders Where They Most Often Occur About one-third of the total disease burden in ... Tapping Machine Learning to Foster Greater Use of Biomimicry for Innovation. IBM researchers developed a system that uses ... These neuropsychiatric disorders are prevalent in low- to middle-income countries due to various factors, e.g. difficult births ...
Cognitive disorders are characterized by delirium, dementia, and/or amnesia. Delirium is a term used to describe a confused ... Cognitive and learning disorders: background - Cognitive function, also called cognitive performance or cognition, refers to ... Learning disabilities: Learning disabilities are disorders that occur when patients have difficulty interpreting or processing ... Amnesia may cause difficulty remembering previously learned information. Patients with cognitive disorders may experience one ...
Nonverbal learning disorders (also called right-hemisphere learning disorders) often go unrecognized and unaided by teachers ... Nonverbal learning disorders appear much less frequently than language-based learning disorders. Whereas it is approximated ... Servicing nonverbal learning disorders. Nonverbal learning disorders are often overlooked educationally because the student is ... In addition, Sue has written a book on nonverbal learning disabilities, titled The Source for Nonverbal Learning Disorders. ...
Learning Disorders? Browse DailyStrengths available Developmental & Learning Disorders support group options. ...
Single gene disorders, like Huntingtons disease and cystic fibrosis, actually follow Mendelian inheritance patterns. ... This disorder is associated with mutations in the ubiquitin-specific protease 9Y gene (USP9Y) on the Y chromosome. ... The blood-clotting disorder hemophilia A is one of several single-gene diseases that exhibit an X chromosome-linked recessive ... Mendelian Genetics: Patterns of Inheritance and Single-Gene Disorders. By: Heidi Chial, Ph.D. (Write Science Right) © 2008 ...
Developmental Disorders of Language Learning and Cognition. Charles Hulme, Margaret J. Snowling ... This important new text is a comprehensive survey of current thinking and research on a wide range of developmental disorders. ... He has conducted research on a wide range of developmental disorders. His current research focuses particularly on ... A comprehensive survey of current thinking and research on a wide range of developmental disorders. ...
To view the Substance Use Disorders modules and other Behavioral Health Integration e-learning modules, visit the CU e-Learning ... A three-part Substance Use Disorders (SUD) e-Learning module series is now available on the Colorado University e-Learning ... Substance Use Disorders Part III: SBIRT (Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment) , 10:22 miniutes ... Substance Use Disorders Part I: Introduction to Assessment, Identification, Treatment, and Referral , 16:01 minutes ...
The exact cause of learning disorders is unknown, but researchers state that it appears to be related to the differences in ... A learning disorder is a permanent neurological condition that ranges from subtle to severe. It limits the brains ability to ... The exact cause of learning disorders is unknown, but researchers state that it appears to be related to the differences in ... There are no particular signs that directly prove a person has a learning disorder, although there are some common indicators, ...
Team successfully uses machine learning to uncover new insights into the cellular architecture of the human brain.Team ... successfully uses machine learning to uncover new insights into the cellular architecture of the human brain. ... Machine Learning Provides New Pathway to Better Understand Brain Disorders. January 11, 2019. 0 ... Home News Machine Learning Provides New Pathway to Better Understand Brain Disorders ...
... genes are responsible for a wide range of learning disorders. ... the latest research into learning disabilities suggests that ... Environment does play a role in learning disorders, but more so in determining what type of learning disorder may develop. " ... Generalist genes responsible for a wide range of learning disorders. *Download PDF Copy ... genes are responsible for a wide range of learning disorders.. "Old studies tend to focus on finding the genes responsible for ...
The causes of learning problems associated with an inherited brain tumor disorder are much more complex than scientists had ... The disorder, neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), is among the most common inherited pediatric brain cancer syndromes. Children born ... colleagues are now working to develop ways to quantify the contributions of dopamine and RAS to NF1-related learning disorders. ... "Our results suggest that learning problems in these patients can be caused by more than one factor. Successful treatment ...
... substance use disorders, and alcoholism symptoms, resources, and the effective treatments -- typically psychotherapy -- that ... Learn more: Family Involvement is Important in Substance Abuse Treatment. Learn more: The Familys Role in Addiction and ... The DSM-5 (the newest diagnostic manual of mental disorders) simply refers to substance use disorders to describe any addiction ... You can learn about recovery from addiction using the 12 steps but also understand that 12 step programs are not for everyone. ...
... learning disorders impede a persons ability to store, process, and/or produce information. Learning disorders can affect the ... An estimated 10-20% of children and adolescents have a language disorder, a learning disorder, or both. Reading disorders (RDs) ... encoded search term (Mathematics Learning Disorder) and Mathematics Learning Disorder What to Read Next on Medscape ... learning disorders impede a persons ability to store, process, and/or produce information. Learning disorders can affect the ...
Learning Disorders. 5. 09-25-2008 01:10 PM. Central Auditory Processing Disorder flourishing. Learning Disorders. 6. 12-16-2007 ... Learning Disorders Message Board HealthBoards , Family , Learning Disorders > Central Auditory Disorders Central Auditory ... Adults with Central Auditory Processing disorders wubbogirl. Learning Disorders. 2. 04-11-2004 01:18 AM. ... Thyroid Disorders. 5. 05-22-2009 02:48 PM. Central Pain Syndrome, Is It? hpatrice. Brain & Nervous System Disorders. 18. 11-29- ...
I am 29 years old and recently started thinking that I might have a learning disability because I just learned about it by ... Learning Disorders Message Board HealthBoards , Family , Learning Disorders > Adult Learning Disability Adult Learning ... Learning Disorders. 11. 08-19-2007 01:02 PM. my sisters has a learning disability but no1 will help her! FiChna. Learning ... do i have a learning disability? PRISE. Learning Disorders. 3. 05-28-2006 05:33 PM. ...
Most children with learning disorders have normal intelligence, but they have difficulty with reading, math, or another ... How are learning disorders diagnosed?. The signs of learning disorders may be identified by parents or teachers when a child ... What is a learning disorder?. A learning disorder is defined as difficulty in an academic area (reading, mathematics, or ... What causes learning disorders?. Learning disorders are believed to occur because of an abnormality in the nervous system, ...
Learning Disorders. Learning Disorders Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effectiveness of Treatment in At-Risk ... Learning disorders affect how a person understands, remembers and responds to new information. People with learning disorders ... Although learning disorders occur in very young children, they are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. ... Learning disorders do not go away, but strategies to work around them can make them less of a problem. ...
This topic contains 30 study abstracts on Learning disorders indicating that the following substances may be helpful: Lavender ... Diseases : Anxiety Disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Depression, Learning disorders, Memory Disorders, Stress ... Diseases : Attention Deficit Disorder, Learning disorders, Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Seizures, Speech Disorders, Tic ... Diseases : Learning disorders, Memory Disorders: Drug-Induced, Memory Loss. Problem Substances : Hypnotic Drugs, Zolpidem ( ...
Learn how to be of the best help from articles online, others who help their loved ones, and people who suffer from eating ... This sub is for people who support their loved ones in recovery from eating disorders. ... This sub is for people who support their loved ones in recovery from eating disorders. Learn how to be of the best help from ... Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. r/EDHowToHelp. ...
encoded search term (Written Expression Learning Disorder) and Written Expression Learning Disorder What to Read Next on ... and other medical conditions are possibly related to learning disorders. Conditions highly associated with learning disorders ... Learning disabilities and ADHD: overlapping spectrumn disorders. J Learn Disabil. 2000 Sep-Oct. 33(5):417-24. [Medline]. ... Etiologically, children with learning disorders are a heterogeneous group and manifest numerous specific learning problems. The ...
Learning Disorder. Students requesting accommodation on the basis of a specific learning disorder must provide documentation ... ADHD/ADD RequirementsDeaf or Hard of HearingLearning DisorderLow Vision or BlindnessPhysical DisabilityPsychiatric Disabilities ... Suggestions as to how the specific effects of the learning disorder may be accommodated and the rationale for such ... A clear and specific statement that the student is diagnosed with a learning disorder, and; ...
Nonverbal learning disorder (also known as nonverbal learning disability, NLD, or NVLD) is a learning disorder characterized by ... "Nonverbal Learning Disorders". Stanford School of Medicine.. *^ Mamen, Maggie (Summer 2000). "Non Verbal Learning Disabilities ... "Aspergers Disorder and Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities: How Are These Two Disorders Related to Each Other?". Asperger/Autism ... It is sometimes confused with autism spectrum disorder. Nonverbal learning disorder has never been included in the American ...
A 2004 paper in the journal Nature suggested that addiction was a learning disorder, meaning it was a behavior that was learned ... Addiction is a learning disorder like ADHD, and changing our understanding of it is a matter of life and death ... Instead she proposes that its a learning disorder, much like ADHD, and needs to be treated as such. This treatment regimen ... "Scientists think its nuts" to frame the idea of addiction as a learning disorder as new, Szalavitz told Business Insider ...
  • The U.S. Department of Education issued a 'Dear Colleague' letter pdf icon external icon providing clarification to both parents and practitioners about ensuring a high-quality education for children with specific learning disabilities, including children with dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia. (cdc.gov)
  • Healthcare providers can play an important part in collaborating with schools to help a child with learning disorders or other disabilities get the special services they need. (cdc.gov)
  • and mathematics disorder (MD). The description of learning disorders corresponds to the educational legal designation of learning disabilities . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Learning disabilities are legally defined by Public Law in a law called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. (encyclopedia.com)
  • With the future addition of professional staff to the Learning Disorders Program, the goal is to develop and collaborate on initiatives that will focus on the prevention of learning disabilities. (massgeneral.org)
  • Doris J. Johnson [29] and Helmer R. Myklebust [30] characterize how someone with these kinds of disabilities appears in a classroom: "An example is the child who fails to learn the meaning of the actions of others. (wikipedia.org)
  • [36] [37] As originally presented "nonverbal disabilities" (p. 44) or "disorders of nonverbal learning" (p. 272) was a category encompassing non-linguistic learning problems (Johnson and Myklebust, 1967). (wikipedia.org)
  • [38] "Nonverbal learning disabilities" were further discussed by Myklebust in 1975 as representing a subtype of learning disability with a range of presentations involving "mainly visual cognitive processing," social imperception, a gap between higher verbal ability and lower performance IQ , as well as difficulty with handwriting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities: The final common pathway of white-matter disease/dysfunction? (wikipedia.org)
  • Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood, including language-related and learning disabilities, constitute a large percentage of the childhood disorders seen by child clinical neuropsychologists. (springer.com)
  • Language impairments and learning disabilities resulting from phonological core deficits are featured, as are mathematics difficulties resulting from nonverbal, reasoning, and perceptual deficits. (springer.com)
  • For that reason we will discuss language disability somewhat separate from learning disabilities although they are related and should be viewed as such. (springer.com)
  • Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42 , 208-217. (springer.com)
  • Cognitive learning disabilities occur when individuals have difficulty interpreting or processing what they see or hear. (wellness.com)
  • Patients with cognitive learning disabilities are often able to live normal, healthy lives. (wellness.com)
  • Or worse, they brand students with nonverbal learning disabilities as 'problem' children. (ldonline.org)
  • But, this is often exactly the presentation a child with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD) syndrome manifests in the early elementary grades. (ldonline.org)
  • It is still difficult to find a professional who understands nonverbal learning disabilities. (ldonline.org)
  • It is known that nonverbal learning disabilities involve the performance processes (generally thought of neurologically as originating in the right cerebral hemisphere of the brain, which specializes in nonverbal processing). (ldonline.org)
  • Whereas it is approximated that about 10% of the general population could be found to have identifiable learning disabilities, it is thought that only 1 to 10% of those individuals would be found to have NLD (or between 1.0 to 0.1% of the general population). (ldonline.org)
  • Unlike language-based learning disabilities, the NLD syndrome affects females as often as males (approximately 1:1 sex ratio) and incidence of left-handedness is uncommon. (ldonline.org)
  • Although there are no specific causes, there are risk factors associated with learning disabilities. (reference.com)
  • The most common risk factor is family history, while less common factors are poor nutrition, severe head injuries, child abuse and pregnancy-related factors, according to the National Center for Learning Disabilities, as reported by Cleveland Clinic. (reference.com)
  • As of 2015, an estimated 15 percent of children have learning disabilities. (reference.com)
  • According to a review in the premier issue of Mind, Brain, and Education , the latest research into learning disabilities suggests that 'generalist' genes are responsible for a wide range of learning disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • Because we now know that environmental factors are 'specialists', these findings have far-reaching implications for education in terms of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of learning disabilities," says Plomin. (news-medical.net)
  • US clinicians should become familiar with the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which defines learning disorders as "processing disorders that result in a significant discrepancy between potential and acquisition of various academic or language skills. (medscape.com)
  • Mathematical learning disorder is among the disabilities that qualify children for special education programs under IDEA. (medscape.com)
  • About 8% of children in schools are classified as having specific learning disabilities and receive some kind of special education support. (chop.edu)
  • About one-third of children who have learning disabilities also have ADHD , which makes it hard to focus. (ahrq.gov)
  • They must have relevant experience in differential diagnosis of a full range of cognitive and psychiatric disabilities as well as have expertise in evaluating the impact of learning disorders on an individual's educational performance. (una.edu)
  • Special boarding school just for teenage boys with learning disabilities or difficulties, including Autism and ADHD. (abilogic.com)
  • Many children who have learning disorders, also known as learning disabilities, struggle for a long time before being diagnosed. (tristatehomepage.com)
  • Learning disorders aren't the same as mental or physical disabilities, and don't reflect a child's intelligence. (tristatehomepage.com)
  • Bridging the communication gap between professionals in the field, this book advocates the coordinated efforts of administrators, scientists, teachers, and practitioners to better help young people with learning disabilities. (wiley.com)
  • If true in humans, this may help explain why infants born with cyanotic heart disease, prematurity and/or severe lung disease often exhibit developmental disabilities that effect learning during childhood, years after the low-oxygen exposure. (eurekalert.org)
  • Roughly one in six children in the U.S. has one or more developmental disabilities, ranging from a learning disability to a serious behavioral or emotional disorder. (beyondpesticides.org)
  • Learning Disorders include Learning Disabilities, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Acquired Brain Injury, and Psychological Disorders as described in Appendix E . The Board of Regents of the USG has established the following three centers for the provision of assessment, resources, and research related to students who have learning disorders that impact academic, cognitive and/or behavioral/emotional functioning. (usg.edu)
  • The RCLDs consist of professionals who are specialists in the assessment of adults and in evaluation of disabilities that impair learning. (usg.edu)
  • If approved, the new guidelines will represent students with ADHD under the new Learning Disabilities category. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • What prompted B.C. to take action were recent changes to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5) where ADHD was removed from the behaviour category and included in the neurodevelopmental category, where learning disabilities resides. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Under the new guidelines, students with ADHD alone would be able to receive accommodations under the learning disabilities category. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • If approved, school districts will be able to report students with ADHD under the learning disabilities category starting this September. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • American Speech and Hearing Association Ad Hoc Committee on Language/Learning Disabilities. (springer.com)
  • Communication competence in reading and learning disabilities. (springer.com)
  • He has evaluated thousands of children, adolescents and adults for learning disabilities, Attention Deficit Disorder, dyslexia, developmental and autistic spectrum disorders, and behavioral and psychological disorders. (iser.com)
  • Paper presented at the Annual International Conference of the Association for Children with Learning Disabilities (Chicago, IL, March 3-6, 1982). (ed.gov)
  • Not enough Learning Disabilities Treatment Centers to choose from? (psychologytoday.com)
  • Currently, 2 million U.S. children in public schools are classified as having specific learning disabilities and receive some kind of special education support. (nyhq.org)
  • Learning disorders are sometimes called learning disabilities, or specific learning disabilities. (nyhq.org)
  • Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disabilities that can cause significant impairments in social, communication, and behavioral skills. (ufl.edu)
  • Ambulatory Screening for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To evaluate, in primary care, the sensitivity of Heterophory-Vertical-Labile (HV-Labile) in ambulatory screening for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • General practitioners during a day of professional training on learning disabilities will be trained to perform the proprioceptive Maddox, to search for a HVLabile. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In case of learning disabilities, the attending physician should look for a possible etiology. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Sensitivity of the Search for a Heterophory-Vertical-Labile (HV-Labile) for Ambulatory Screening for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) or Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Approximately 2% to 8% of elementary school children have reading disorder (dyslexia). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Additionally, heritability of RD may be more than 50% especially in a disorder with a focal deficit in phonologic processing (phonologic dyslexia). (encyclopedia.com)
  • This disorder is sometimes called dyslexia. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • 2 Reading Disorders I: Developmental Dyslexia. (wiley.com)
  • Dyslexia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading, spelling and recalling known words. (tristatehomepage.com)
  • Dyslexia is a learning disorder related to reading and spellings. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • A delay in learning to speak and ascertaining a dominant hand, trouble with rhyming words and a difficulty in grasping new words are signs of dyslexia. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Dyslexia is a learning disability that makes it hard to learn to read and understand written language. (childrensdayton.org)
  • What are the symptoms of a learning disorder in a child? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Patients with cognitive disorders may experience one or more of these symptoms. (wellness.com)
  • Other disorders, such as age-associated memory impairment (AAMI) may only cause mild symptoms. (wellness.com)
  • Substance use disorder symptoms are characterized by having two or more problems with substance or alcohol use over a period of a year. (psychcentral.com)
  • The following are the most common symptoms of learning disorders. (chop.edu)
  • Through the Platelet Disorder Registry, I am cataloging information about symptoms (either related to bleeding or other systems) and about the platelets of patients using new techniques in the laboratory. (chop.edu)
  • Signs and symptoms of movement disorders vary and may depend upon the severity of the disease or condition. (atlantichealth.org)
  • At the beginning of the school career, children with symptoms of NVLD struggle with tasks such as coloring and using scissors that require eye-hand coordination, but often excel at memorizing verbal content, spelling, and reading once the shapes of the letters are learned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by behavioral and cognitive symptoms. (beyondpesticides.org)
  • How can educators recognize the symptoms, respond appropriately, and meet students learning needs while preventing or addressing disruptive behaviors? (iser.com)
  • Patients with binge eating disorder reported significant reductions in symptoms and impairment after receiving cognitive behavioral therapy-guided self-help treatment delivered over the phone by a health coach and assisted by a smartphone app. (psychcongress.com)
  • Subthreshold and threshold post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are associated with binge eating symptoms in both men and women, according to a study published in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. (psychcongress.com)
  • Many people may mistakenly assume teen boys are not prone to eating disorders because their symptoms are different from what's typically seen in girls and their focus is on building muscle rather than becoming impossibly thin, doctors warn. (psychcongress.com)
  • Studies have used questionnaires of dysphonic symptoms to screen voice disorders. (nih.gov)
  • Visit the Eating Disorders Learning Center to understand its Causes, Symptoms, Treatments and more. (aarpmedicareplans.com)
  • Symptoms of this disorder consist of bouts of internal and external bleeding, along with frequent bruising. (brighthub.com)
  • Physical symptoms of this disorder include a small head, small mouth and clenching fists. (brighthub.com)
  • Three Bipolar Disorder Symptoms No One Wants to Talk About" was a recent clickbait headline. (nuggetnews.com)
  • It is a group of disorders classified by GI symptoms related to any combination of the following: motility disturbance, visceral hypersensitivity, altered mucosal and immune function, altered gut microbiota, and altered central nervous system (CNS) processing. (iffgd.org)
  • Many carriers don't cover medication for conditions such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD), because medication does not cure the condition but manages its symptoms. (additudemag.com)
  • Here, learn how to untangle symptoms and how an emerging natural. (additudemag.com)
  • Children with autism spectrum disorders may display impairment in each of the three main areas, but many exhibit some or all of the additional symptoms. (ufl.edu)
  • Subjects will include youth ages 5-17 years with a non-verbal learning disability (NVLD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and current symptoms of emotional dysregulation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This scale is generally accepted as the main outcome measure in studies of pediatric bipolar disorder and is linked directly to the core symptoms of mania. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Learning disorders can also be present with emotional or behavioral disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD ), or anxiety . (cdc.gov)
  • Children with LD have an increased risk for emotional behavioral problems and comorbidity (50% of the 1.6 million children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] have an LD). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Instead she proposes that it's a learning disorder, much like ADHD, and needs to be treated as such. (businessinsider.com)
  • This article is for parents who want to learn more about ADHD and how to help kids get the best diagnosis and care. (childrensdayton.org)
  • British Columbia is working to put kids with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in their place. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Instead of focusing on the behaviour of children with ADHD, B.C. is working to address how it impairs their learning. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • This will allow students with ADHD to have the opportunity to get an Individual Education Plan (IEP) if their ADHD impacts their learning and I don't think you can have ADHD without it impacting your learning in some way. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • CADDAC gave B.C. a failing grade in its 2010 Provincial Report Card for requiring students with ADHD to have a diagnosed learning disorder in order to qualify for special education resources. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • The remaining barrier to students with ADHD will be ensuring B.C. educators truly understand ADHD as an impairment to learning. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • The largest brain imaging study to date recently revealed that children with ADHD have differences in certain parts of the brain when compared to children without the disorder. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • The Ontario Ministry of Education tried to rectify the situation in a memorandum to school boards in 2011 noting that students with ADHD, and no other diagnosed disorder should not be barred from qualifying for special education resources but Bernhardt says the memo has not been widely implemented. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Drawing on a broad array of existing research and her own experience with heroin and cocaine addiction as a young adult, Szalavitz reframes addiction not as a disease but as a learning and developmental disorder, closer to ADHD or autism than to diabetes or cancer. (bmc.org)
  • If you have ADHD, then you're also at risk for developing an eating disorder. (additudemag.com)
  • People who have developmental coordination disorder may also have one or more of these co-morbid conditions: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (inattention, hyperactivity, impulsive behaviour). (wikipedia.org)
  • I may have a social anxiety disorder due to my possible learning disability as well. (healthboards.com)
  • Nicotine modulation of fear memories and anxiety: Implications for learning and anxiety disorders. (nih.gov)
  • Anxiety disorders are a group of crippling mental diseases affecting millions of Americans with a 30% lifetime prevalence and costs associated with healthcare of $42.3 billion. (nih.gov)
  • While anxiety disorders show high levels of co-morbidity with smoking (45.3% vs. 22.5% in healthy individuals), they are also more common among the smoking population (22% vs. 11.1% in the non-smoking population). (nih.gov)
  • Moreover, there is clear evidence that smoking modulates symptom severity in patients with anxiety disorders. (nih.gov)
  • However, the direction of nicotine's effects on these behaviors is determined by several factors that include the length of administration, hippocampus-dependency of the fear learning task, and source of anxiety (novelty-driven vs. social anxiety). (nih.gov)
  • Overall, the studies reviewed here suggest that nicotine alters behaviors related to fear and anxiety and that nicotine contributes to the development, maintenance, and reoccurrence of anxiety disorders. (nih.gov)
  • This is what my life is like with an anxiety disorder. (lifehacker.com)
  • One of the most common is Generalized Anxiety Disorder , which is the closest to what I deal with, but you can also suffer from panic disorders that cause sudden and repeated panic attacks, or social anxiety disorders that tend to crop up when dealing with other people. (lifehacker.com)
  • Here are some of the things I learned while dealing with anxiety. (lifehacker.com)
  • I blamed my depression for sapping my energy to talk to people, not realizing that I also had a separate social anxiety disorder-which requires entirely different coping strategies and treatment methods. (lifehacker.com)
  • While anxiety disorders can sometimes occur on their own, they can also develop as part of a broader health problem. (lifehacker.com)
  • If you suffer from an anxiety disorder, your least favorite words are probably some variation of "calm down. (lifehacker.com)
  • If I could just make the bad feelings go away by thinking about it, I wouldn't have an anxiety disorder. (lifehacker.com)
  • Learning to be assertive is a positive step toward managing your anxiety. (healthcentral.com)
  • CONTEXT: Anxiety disorders commonly present in primary care, where evidence-based mental health treatments often are unavailable or suboptimally delivered. (rand.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare evidence-based treatment for anxiety disorders with usual care (UC) in primary care for principal and comorbid generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder (PD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (rand.org)
  • DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial comparing the Coordinated Anxiety Learning and Management (CALM) intervention with UC at baseline and at 6-, 12-, and 18-month follow-up assessments. (rand.org)
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Generalized Anxiety Disorder Severity Scale, Panic Disorder Severity-Self-report Scale, Social Phobia Inventory, and PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version scores. (rand.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: CALM (cognitive behavior therapy and pharmacotherapy medication recommendations) is more effective than is UC for principal anxiety disorders and, to a lesser extent, comorbid anxiety disorders that present in primary care. (rand.org)
  • So let's clear this up right now: One study showed that 97 percent of eating disorder patients were found to exhibit at least one other psychiatric illness , such as severe depression, anxiety disorders, or substance abuse. (cracked.com)
  • Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exhibit anxiety-related behaviors based on reminders of past trauma, have difficulty extinguishing fear associations, and display frequent reawakening of fear associations. (nature.com)
  • Many children who have learning issues also have other conditions like anxiety , they can feel demoralized, or even be experiencing childhood depression , which leads them to have trouble managing academic demands. (childmind.org)
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). (iser.com)
  • Urgent action is needed from mental health providers to reduce the public health burden of anxiety disorders, which are widely prevalent yet often go undiagnosed, Anxiety Disorders Section Editor Manish K. Jha, MBBS, says. (psychcongress.com)
  • A meta-analysis has identified three-fold higher rates of major depression and generalized anxiety disorder among people with cannabis use disorder. (psychcongress.com)
  • People with mood or anxiety disorders demonstrate shared abnormalities in brain regions involved in emotional and cognitive control, according to a meta-analysis of brain scans published online in JAMA Psychiatry. (psychcongress.com)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. (aarpmedicareplans.com)
  • Although disgust is implicated in the development of some anxiety disorders, the mechanism accounting for this association has not been fully elucidated. (rug.nl)
  • This presentation will highlight learning as a potential pathway that may elucidate how disgust may give rise to some anxiety disorders. (rug.nl)
  • While all anxiety can impact the learning environment, challenges increase when the emotion is more frequent and disproportionate to the potential outcomes, affecting the student's everyday well-being. (gemmlearning.com)
  • While cognitive behavior therapy and/or medication are accepted treatments, there are also a number of things that can be done at home and in the classroom to support children with anxiety disorders. (gemmlearning.com)
  • Researchers have discovered a brain abnormality in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) that may help predict which patients are most likely to respond to treatment with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). (psychcongress.com)
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. (aarpmedicareplans.com)
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or constant preoccupation caused by unwanted thoughts and feelings. (gemmlearning.com)
  • The IDEA defines a learning disability as a disorder in written or spoken language that results in an imperfect ability to listen, think, read, spell, write, or do mathematics. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There are some children who simply exhibit a language delay as well as a few children with a learning disability without a significant language delay. (springer.com)
  • The definition of a mathematics learning disorder includes well below average mathematical academic performance for age that is not attributable to an intellectual disability (which is defined by IQ below 70) or a predefined discrepancy between IQ and the affected learning domain. (medscape.com)
  • I am 29 years old and recently started thinking that I might have a learning disability because I just learned about it by reading some articles. (healthboards.com)
  • How can I find out if I really do have a learning disability? (healthboards.com)
  • Learning disability. (healthboards.com)
  • my sisters has a learning disability but no1 will help her! (healthboards.com)
  • do i have a learning disability? (healthboards.com)
  • Nonverbal learning disorder (also known as nonverbal learning disability , NLD , or NVLD ) is a learning disorder characterized by verbal strengths as well as visual-spatial, motor, and social skills difficulties. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this guide we take you through the steps to finding the best professional (or team) for your child, and the most appropriate treatment for the disorder or disability. (childmind.org)
  • This type of genetic disorder affects the person's entire body, causing disability, and in some occasions, an early death. (brighthub.com)
  • This study consists of a 6-week, open-label, randomized clinical trial study to compare efficacy and tolerability of the natural treatments omega-3 fatty acids, inositol, and N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC) in the treatment of mood dysregulation in children and adolescents with non-verbal learning disability (NVLD) or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Comparison of the presence of a specific learning disability, or a Developmental Coordination Disorder, in the case of the presence or absence of referential instability of central origin. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • An adjudication committee to determine the presence or absence of a specific learning disability will be set up, regardless of the presence of a central reference instability. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • According to Gutmann, who is director of the Washington University Neurofibromatosis Center, scientists are divided when considering the basis for NF1-associated learning abnormalities and attention deficits. (redorbit.com)
  • L-DOPA also eliminated the memory and learning deficits in these mice. (redorbit.com)
  • Children experiencing a deficit in one learning domain frequently show deficits in other domains likely due to shared genetic variance. (medscape.com)
  • investigated the biochemical mechanisms underlying deficits in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in a model of Angelman syndrome and discovered evidence linking this cognitive disorder to dysregulation of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). (sciencemag.org)
  • A mouse model null for maternal Ube3a recapitulates many features of this disorder and shows deficits in hippocampal LTP. (sciencemag.org)
  • They found that mice exposed to perinatal chronic hypoxia lost myelin in the developing brain, which resulted in motor learning deficits that persisted for weeks after the end of hypoxic exposure. (eurekalert.org)
  • It is characterized by tumors, attention deficits, and learning problems. (innovations-report.com)
  • They used the zebrafish model of NF1 to show that memory defects - such as the recall of a learned task -- can be corrected by drugs that target Ras, while learning deficits are corrected by modulation of the cAMP pathway. (innovations-report.com)
  • This clearly indicates that learning deficits in the NF1 mutant fish are corrected by adding various substances that boost cAMP signaling. (innovations-report.com)
  • It is concluded that patients with PD have relatively greater deficits in procedural learning, whereas those with HD have relatively more impairments in declarative memory, and the greater level of cognitive impairment in HD overall is interpreted as being due to more serious damage to the caudate loop. (wiley.com)
  • Sensory Integration Disorder is a neurological disorder causing di. (dailystrength.org)
  • Most professionals who work with children acknowledge the existence of a class of disorders of development that are characterized by: (1) the inadequate development of particular skills (involving language and/or academic learning) and (2) the absence of any demonstrable etiology of physical disorder, neurological disorder, global mental retardation, or severe environmental deprivation. (springer.com)
  • If we see it as a neurological disorder like late-stage Parkinson's or Alzheimer's, we see people with addiction as not being in control of themselves and having no ability to change their behavior. (bmc.org)
  • Developmental coordination disorder (DCD), also known as developmental motor coordination disorder, developmental dyspraxia or simply dyspraxia, is a chronic neurological disorder beginning in childhood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mathematical learning disorder (MD) also known as dyscalculia is a term used for a wide range of disorders caused by abnormalities in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or use of math. (medscape.com)
  • Dyscalculia is a learning disorder related to math concepts. (tristatehomepage.com)
  • Addiction instead is a learned behavior that often results in measurable changes to the brain. (businessinsider.com)
  • A 2004 paper in the journal Nature suggested that addiction was a learning disorder, meaning it was a behavior that was learned, perhaps as a coping mechanism, and resulted in fundamental changes to the brain wiring of people who are addicted. (businessinsider.com)
  • More than a quarter of children with autism spectrum disorder are also diagnosed with disruptive behavior disorders. (ehealthweek2010.org)
  • Patterns of language behavior in children with developmental language disorders. (springer.com)
  • Insights on learning, behavior, and classroom management techniques. (childmind.org)
  • By integrating what we know about brain development and learning pathways, personality and temperament, the psychological underpinnings of compulsive behavior, and the tangle of social and environmental factors that influence substance use, the model provides a middle ground of sorts for the many competing analogies we've relied on to explain addiction. (bmc.org)
  • Because of the way addictive learning occurs, people with addiction have less control of their behavior, but they don't have no control of their behavior - and the amount of control they have varies with the environment and a number of other factors. (bmc.org)
  • Theories regarding organic determinants of learning and behavior disorders are reviewed historically. (ed.gov)
  • From a neuroscientific perspective, learning is a brain change that associates experiences with each other and affects behavior. (nautil.us)
  • Conduct disorder is a disorder of childhood and adolescence that involves chronic behavior problems, such as: Defiant, impulsive, or. (aarpmedicareplans.com)
  • Bipolar disorder in particular, also known as manic-depressive illness, affects a whopping 2.8 percent of the U.S. population. (nuggetnews.com)
  • Turns out that 11 percent of them have a history of bipolar disorder, at least those participating in a significant study. (nuggetnews.com)
  • Kay Redfield Jamison: Jamison wrote the book on bipolar disorder. (nuggetnews.com)
  • Her fascinating volume, "Touched with Fire: Manic-Depressive Illness and the Artistic Temperament," explores bipolar disorder among artists, writers, and high achievers. (nuggetnews.com)
  • John McManamy: "McMan" is an award-winning mental-health journalist and author whose traditional career was upended by bipolar disorder. (nuggetnews.com)
  • Author of the books "Living Well with Depression and Bipolar Disorder, Not Just Up and Down," and "In Search of Our Identity," he has served on the NAMI San Diego board, facilitated a depression-bipolar support group in New Jersey, and created the epic online resource McMan's Depression and Bipolar Web. (nuggetnews.com)
  • She has in the past been so sick due to eating disorder behaviours she was within inches of losing her life-both to physical complications and to suicide attempts. (reddit.com)
  • There is very little support for those of us who love someone with an eating disorder. (reddit.com)
  • I am afraid that the power of the eating disorder will become too strong again and I get frustrated that it's voice is loud enough to drown out all of the good, the progress of recovery, and the peace we've worked so hard to find. (reddit.com)
  • What Caused my Eating Disorder? (reddit.com)
  • RESEARCH: If you are the parent or caregiver of someone diagnosed with an eating disorder, we need your help! (reddit.com)
  • Parents and caregivers of an individual diagnosed with an eating disorder are invited to participate in an online survey exploring carers wellbeing and distress. (reddit.com)
  • As a curvy girl in recovery from binge eating disorder (BED), I am usually skeptical and unimpressed by TV and movies broaching the subject of body positivity. (nationaleatingdisorders.org)
  • On a North London eating disorder ward, faced with the daunting process of making mealtimes manageable again, Francesca Baker came up with an idea to help. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Money raised for sales of the recipe book, which costs £10, are going towards B-EAT , the UK's national eating disorder charity. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Montecatini's premier eating disorder treatment programs has announced the creation of an online education series for treatment professionals. (prweb.com)
  • One of the nation's premier eating disorder treatment programs has announced the creation of an online education series for treatment professionals. (prweb.com)
  • Montecatini, a Southern California program that provides residential inpatient, partial hospitalization and intensive outpatient eating disorder treatment programs for adolescent girls and adult women, will launch its 'Log In & Learn' webinar series in mid-March. (prweb.com)
  • Located in beautiful Carlsbad, California, Montecatini has been providing compassionate care and effective eating disorder treatment services to adolescent girls and adult women since 1991. (prweb.com)
  • In the context of peer support, I'm often asked about what eating disorder recovery means to me and how I 'got' here. (healthyplace.com)
  • Every single day for the last 6 years, my former eating disorder has been on my mind one way or another, and that's a good thing. (healthyplace.com)
  • Perhaps an eating disorder is a form of mental illness one might never fully, (100-percent) get rid of, but there is a big difference between discovering oneself while fighting back the urge to self-harm, and making the choice to no longer allow bulimia to be an active part of one's life. (healthyplace.com)
  • Eating disorder triggers can come from anywhere, a party, a social gathering, or even when you are alone. (healthyplace.com)
  • Perhaps all of us who are recovering from an eating disorder know this on some level, yet we decide to play into what I call the 'insanity' of it sometimes. (healthyplace.com)
  • Going through an eating disorder is up there on the toughest things you'll ever do. (healthyplace.com)
  • Learning to Trust Myself in Eating Disorder Recovery ) Having survived, I always come back to the fact that not only is my heart resilient, but I'm also confident I will never experience pain or loss as profound as what my eating disorder took away from me. (healthyplace.com)
  • Eating disorder recovery is a lifelong process. (healthyplace.com)
  • But Cracked," you might be saying, "why even call that an eating disorder? (cracked.com)
  • people also can't separate "she has an eating disorder" from "she wants to be thin and pretty like the girl on the magazine cover. (cracked.com)
  • We are proud to work closely and collaboratively with our partners at international and national advocacy organizations including the National Center of Excellence for Eating Disorders (NCEED), the National Eating Disorder Association (NEDA), the Binge Eating Disorder Association (BEDA), the Eating Disorders Coalition (EDC), Families Empowered And Supporting Treatment of Eating Disorders (FEAST) and World Eating Disorders Action Day , and Project Heal . (unc.edu)
  • Founded in 2018 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, NCEED's mission is to advance education and training of healthcare providers and to promote public awareness of eating disorders and eating disorder treatment. (unc.edu)
  • Based at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NCEED includes clinicians, researchers, and advocates who specialize in eating disorder care and are committed to providing up-to-date, reliable, and evidence-based information. (unc.edu)
  • To learn more about eating disorders and eating disorder advocacy and treatment please follow the links to the left. (unc.edu)
  • In a one-year period stretching from 2018 to 2019, an estimated 10,200 people died as a direct result of eating disorders, and the number of eating disorder cases is projected to increase by 5% over the next decade, according to a recently published report. (psychcongress.com)
  • Changes in affect were observed before and after episodes of binge eating in people with binge eating disorder (BED), researchers found in a study recently published online in Abnormal Psychology. (psychcongress.com)
  • My guest today is Johanna S. Kandel, founder and executive director of The Alliance for Eating Disorders Awareness, who struggled with her eating disorder for 10 years before finally getting help. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • Now fully recovered, Kandel wrote a book called "Life Beyond Your Eating Disorder. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • She'll share some of her practical tools to address the everyday challenges of recovery, which are included in her book, Life Beyond Your Eating Disorder. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • Stay motivated and keep moving forward Complete with inspiring true stories from others who have won their personal battles with eating disorders, this book provides the help you need to break free from your eating disorder and discover how wonderful life really can be. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • This eating disorder is exclusive to people with Type 1 diabetes. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
  • If thoughts and feelings surrounding insulin and diabetes are treated independently of the eating disorder, then any treatment is likely to fail. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
  • [1] Nonverbal learning disorder has never been included in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases . (wikipedia.org)
  • These neuropsychiatric disorders are prevalent in low- to middle-income countries due to various factors, e.g. difficult births, malnutrition, and exposure to infectious diseases and toxins. (ibm.com)
  • Learn how to maximize the quality of life for children with these diseases. (childrensdayton.org)
  • practitioners provide comprehensive medical and surgical care of patients with diseases and disorders that affect the ears, the respiratory and upper alimentary systems (nose, mouth and throat) and related structures. (medicinenet.com)
  • Phase 1 takes place inside the METC medical instructional facility classroom and simulated laboratory where students learn how to use specialized equipment and perform a variety of procedures to diagnose numerous disorders and diseases. (health.mil)
  • Welcome to this lesson today on immune system disorders and diseases. (sophia.org)
  • Today we're going to be talking about various immune system disorders and diseases and how they affect the body. (sophia.org)
  • More recently, as the science and evidence has accumulated, clinicians and researchers have described addiction using concepts borrowed from genetic disorders , brain diseases , mental illness , and chronic medical conditions like diabetes or cancer . (bmc.org)
  • Previously of interest in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, myelin is attracting new interest as an unexpected contributor to a wide range of psychiatric disorders, including depression and schizophrenia. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Inherited disorders affecting structural genes in myelin are the cause of such diseases as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Dejerine-Sottas syndrome and Pelizaeus-Marzbacher disease. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Affective disorders are a set of psychiatric diseases, also called mood disorders. (aarpmedicareplans.com)
  • So let's talk about some autoimmune disorders next. (sophia.org)
  • So autoimmune disorders are when the immune system attacks normal healthy body cells. (sophia.org)
  • With this condition, when the normal immune cell function is disrupted, it may contribute to eczema, as well as the patient being at an increased risk for autoimmune disorders, lymphoma and infection associated with this condition. (brighthub.com)
  • Learning disorders (LD) refer to a significant deficit in learning due to a person's inability to interpret what is seen and heard, or to link information from different parts of the brain. (encyclopedia.com)
  • About one-third of the total disease burden in developing countries results from brain disorders such as epilepsy, schizophrenia, and depression. (ibm.com)
  • EEG bands have been found to be useful in detecting, monitoring, and treating a variety of brain disorders, including epilepsy. (ibm.com)
  • This situation urgently calls for development of an accurate machine learning algorithm, which can be used for EEG-based detection of brain disorder and monitoring of brain function with minimal human intervention. (ibm.com)
  • The exact cause of learning disorders is unknown, but researchers state that it appears to be related to the differences in brain structure pertaining to the language area of the brain, according to the National Institutes of Health. (reference.com)
  • A team led by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) says it successfully used machine learning to uncover new insights into the cellular architecture of the human brain. (genengnews.com)
  • This technique could potentially be used to assess treatment of neurological disorders and to develop new therapies, according to the researchers who published their study (" Inversion of a large-scale circuit model reveals a cortical hierarchy in the dynamic resting human brain ") in Science Advances . (genengnews.com)
  • Departing from previous modeling work, they allowed each brain region to have distinct cellular properties and exploited machine learning algorithms to automatically estimate the model parameters. (genengnews.com)
  • Furthermore, we discovered that the micro-scale model parameters estimated by the machine learning algorithm reflect how the brain processes information," said Peng Wang, PhD, who is the first author of the paper, and had conducted the study when he was a postdoctoral researcher on Yeo's team. (genengnews.com)
  • The causes of learning problems associated with an inherited brain tumor disorder are much more complex than scientists had anticipated, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report. (redorbit.com)
  • The disorder, neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), is among the most common inherited pediatric brain cancer syndromes. (redorbit.com)
  • Children born with NF1 can develop low-grade brain tumors, but their most common problems are learning and attention difficulties. (redorbit.com)
  • Mutations in the Nf1 gene can disrupt normal regulation of an important protein called RAS in the hippocampus, a brain region critical for learning. (redorbit.com)
  • Learning disorders are believed to occur because of an abnormality in the nervous system, either in the structure of the brain or in the functioning of brain chemicals. (chop.edu)
  • DALLAS - July 15, 2020 - A team led by UT Southwestern researchers has identified brain circuitry that plays a key role in the dysfunctional social, repetitive, and inflexible behavioral differences that characterize autism spectrum disorders (ASD). (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • Although researchers have identified some key genes and pathways that contribute to ASD, the underlying biology of these disorders remains poorly understood, says Peter Tsai, M.D., Ph.D. , assistant professor in the departments of neurology and neurotherapeutics, neuroscience, pediatrics, and psychiatry at UT Southwestern Medical Center and a member of the Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute . (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • To learn more about the brain circuitry controlling these behaviors, Tsai and his colleagues worked with mice genetically engineered to reduce the activity of Purkinje cells, specialized cells that turn down the activity of other brain regions. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • Atlantic Neuroscience Institute's Movement Disorders Program at Overlook Medical Center helps patients manage neurological movement disorders - conditions in the brain that affect the body's speed, fluency, quality and ease of mobility. (atlantichealth.org)
  • NEW YORK (GenomeWeb) - Researchers at Princeton University have uncovered hundreds of candidate autism spectrum disorder risk genes, many of which are involved in similar biological pathways and are active during particular brain development stages. (genomeweb.com)
  • These overlapping conditions include, among others: autism spectrum disorders, especially high-functioning autism developmental coordination disorder, social communication disorder, right hemisphere brain damage and developmental right hemisphere syndrome, social-emotional processing disorder, Gerstmann syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • NDTs, including those in the military, perform many tests that diagnose problems with the brain and nervous system, as well as sleep disorders. (health.mil)
  • The data gathered from these tests can help diagnose conditions like epilepsy, other seizure disorders, strokes, degenerative brain disease, and traumatic brain injuries, among others. (health.mil)
  • One of the most common tests that NDT students learn is the electroencephalograms (EEG), used to assess brain activity. (health.mil)
  • Students also learn how to perform other tests that detect and record magnetic fields in the brain, track brain and nerve function during surgery, and diagnose sleep disorders. (health.mil)
  • I enjoy being able to specialize and be able to learn about various brain disorders and how to diagnose them," Smith said. (health.mil)
  • A critical part of emotional learning is changes in brain circuitry that respond to reward and punishment and link them with actions and the environment. (nautil.us)
  • Deep neural networks have recently been applied to the study of brain disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with great success. (hindawi.com)
  • fMRI has been applied recently for distinguishing ASD patients from healthy controls, and various machine learning methods have been used to analyze fMRI data of brain disorder [ 4 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • However, so far, it has been challenging to analyze fMRI data for brain disorder due to the data characteristics such as high dimensionality, structural complexity, nonlinear separability, and the sequential changes of traceable signals in each voxel [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Functional GI disorders are disorders of gut-brain interaction. (iffgd.org)
  • The term "functional" is generally applied to disorders where the body's normal activities in terms of the movement of the intestines, the sensitivity of the nerves of the intestines, or the way in which the brain controls some of these functions is impaired. (iffgd.org)
  • The Rome diagnostic criteria categorize the functional gastrointestinal disorders - disorders of gut-brain interaction - and define symptom based diagnostic criteria for each category. (iffgd.org)
  • A person with a learning difficulty is a person of normal intelligence (or above) who has a brain difference that interferes with his or her learning in one or more of the following areas: listening, speaking, reading, written expression, mathematics, and reasoning. (ementalhealth.ca)
  • Severe academic problems may occur as a primary disorder of learning. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Several manifestations of the disorder may occur throughout the life of the individual. (medscape.com)
  • Although learning disorders occur in very young children, they are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. (ahrq.gov)
  • In the course of its research on healthy pregnancy , the NICHD has made great progress in understanding features of disorders that may occur during pregnancy. (medicinenet.com)
  • Unlike some other disorders that occur during pregnancy, GDM is often treatable. (medicinenet.com)
  • Case studies of five children (2 to 12 years old) demonstrate that reactions to environmental substances do occur, and that these reactions are observed to be metabolic disorders stemming largely from a state of addiction (sometimes with genetic predispositions) rather than stemming from allergies. (ed.gov)
  • 3 Reading Disorders II: Reading Comprehension Impairment. (wiley.com)
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a subtype of extensive developmental disorder which is characterized by reciprocal social communication impairment as well as repetitive, restricted, and stereotyped behaviors [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Whereas language-based learning disorders have been shown to be genetic in origin, heredity has not, as yet, been linked to NLD. (ldonline.org)
  • Genetic predisposition, problems during pregnancy, birth, or early infancy, as well as other general medical conditions may be associated with the cause of learning disorders. (chop.edu)
  • Neurocutaneous syndromes are genetic disorders that lead to tumor growth in various parts of the body. (childrensdayton.org)
  • It is a genetic disorder related to a defect in immunoglobulin M production. (brighthub.com)
  • Using a zebrafish model of a human genetic disease called neurofibromatosis (NF1), a team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found that the learning and memory components of the disorder are distinct features that will likely need different treatment approaches. (innovations-report.com)
  • What is a Genetic Disorder? (brighthub.com)
  • A genetic disorder is a type of disease that occurs when there is some kind of change in the natural makeup of a person's DNA . (brighthub.com)
  • A person generally develops a genetic disorder because the parents have passed it on, or there has been a history of a genetic disorder in the family. (brighthub.com)
  • Hemophilia: Hemophilia is an X chromosome genetic disorder that makes the body unable to control blood clotting. (brighthub.com)
  • The act excludes persons who have learning impairments that are solely due to hearing problems, visual problems, motor problems, mental retardation , or due to environmental deprivation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Nonverbal learning disorder (also known as NLD, or NVLD) is a proposed classification of neurodevelopmental disorder primarily characterized by impairments in visospacial processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the physical impairments, developmental coordination disorder is associated with problems with memory, especially working memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drawing on their vast training and experience, the authors utilize valuable data from various disciplines-education, psychology, psychiatry, neurology-and offer a balanced perspective, supported by the latest clinical research on disorders in children. (wiley.com)
  • A meta-analysis recently published in The Lancet Psychiatry found that using medicinal cannabinoids to treat mental health disorders cannot be justified, due to a lack of evidence of effectiveness and known risks of the substances. (psychcongress.com)
  • Is there an increased familial prevalence of psychopathology in children with nonverbal learning disorders? (springer.com)
  • Nonverbal learning disorders (also called 'right-hemisphere learning disorders') often go unrecognized and unaided by teachers and other professionals for a large part of a child's schooling. (ldonline.org)
  • Nonverbal learning disorders appear much less frequently than language-based learning disorders. (ldonline.org)
  • According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition ( DSM-5 ), learning disorders are among the most frequently diagnosed developmental disorders in childhood. (medscape.com)
  • An extremely comprehensive resource ideal for clinicians, teachers, and administrators, Disorders of Learning in Childhood brings an expertise to the subject that no other reference can match. (wiley.com)
  • A number of studies have implicated pesticides in childhood developmental delay (DD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). (beyondpesticides.org)
  • A symptom approach to the intervention of childhood language disorders. (springer.com)
  • Organic Determinants of Learning and Behavioral Disorders. (ed.gov)
  • And while popular groups like Alcoholics Anonymous preach that abstinence is the only way you can kick an addiction, others believe that learning to undo the behavioral cues that lead a person to drink or take drugs in excess is a more realistic and healthy goal (aka Moderation Management). (psychcentral.com)
  • The DSM-5 (the newest diagnostic manual of mental disorders) simply refers to substance use disorders to describe any addiction to any drug or alcohol (with different codes that identify the substance being abused). (psychcentral.com)
  • All addiction treatment is focused on the use of individual and group psychotherapy sessions to help a person understand how their life is negatively impacted by the addiction, and learn how to cope without the substance. (psychcentral.com)
  • You can learn about recovery from addiction using the 12 steps but also understand that 12 step programs are not for everyone . (psychcentral.com)
  • Scientists think it's nuts" to frame the idea of addiction as a learning disorder as new, Szalavitz told Business Insider recently, "but most of the public has no idea and it's been framed to the public as a disease - so when you think disease, you think cancer and Alzheimer's - but then they see how people with addictions behave and they think, 'Well, that doesn't fit. (businessinsider.com)
  • The problem with these approaches, Szalavitz argues, is that they're not medical approaches, but addiction is a medical problem - a learning disorder - that needs a medical solution. (businessinsider.com)
  • Eating disorders are so difficult to overcome, very much like sex addiction in some ways as abstinence isn't a viable. (healthyplace.com)
  • In Szalavitz's view, the learning disorder model helpfully knits together a number of disparate threads in our understanding of addiction. (bmc.org)
  • What are the key traits that differentiate the learning-disorder model of addiction from the disease model? (bmc.org)
  • By placing addiction as a learning disorder, we can understand the developmental aspects of it. (bmc.org)
  • Understanding why and how gambling can become compulsive is to recognize that all forms of addiction are a form of aberrant learning. (nautil.us)
  • But addiction doesn't primarily affect the kind of learning we associate with school, or with studying for tests and trying to memorize theorems. (nautil.us)
  • The best way to see addiction may be as a learning disorder-one that occurs when punishment or other negative consequences no longer deter the addictive activity. (nautil.us)
  • Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham have identified a possible mechanism of human cognition that underlies autism spectrum disorders, or ASD. (ehealthweek2010.org)
  • Fear conditioning is an established model for investigating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (nature.com)
  • In contrast, amygdala-ventromedial prefrontal cortex ( P =0.04) connectivity selectively increased in trauma-exposed controls compared with PTSD patients for low-intensity stimuli after conditioning, representing safety learning. (nature.com)
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can result after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic or upsetting event. (gemmlearning.com)
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32 , 283-298. (springer.com)
  • Imitation and action understanding in autistic spectrum disorders: how valid is the hypothesis of a deficit in the mirror neuron system? (springer.com)
  • Academic deficiency is frequently associated with neurologic and psychological disorders. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This article considers evidence that white matter is involved in learning, information-processing, neurological and psychological disorders. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The remaining 50% of LD falls under the categories of disorder of written expression, mathematics disorder or atypical LD. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Mathematics disorder. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A mathematics disorder is present when a child has problems with skills related to numbers, such as counting, copying numbers correctly, adding and carrying numbers, learning multiplication tables, recognizing mathematical signs, and understanding mathematical operations. (chop.edu)
  • Treatment for cognitive disorders depends on the underlying cause. (wellness.com)
  • Treatment may help delay progression of such disorders. (wellness.com)
  • This book will be indispensable in providing a broad understanding of the field for researchers specialising in specific disorders and the sections on the application of research findings to treatment interventions will be of particular interest to clinicians. (wiley.com)
  • One of the top priorities for integrated teams in the primary care setting is the identification, early intervention, or treatment of risky substance use and substance use disorders. (colorado.gov)
  • An ecological approach to assessment is recommended for the design of the most effective treatment approach, which considers children in their environments and evaluates not only written expression issues, but other learning, psychosocial, family, and community issues. (medscape.com)
  • This treatment regimen would vary based on the individual but could include things like cognitive behavioral therapy , a form of psychotherapy in which the therapist and patient work together to swap unhealthy learned patterns with more constructive ways of thinking, and potentially medication. (businessinsider.com)
  • Participation in Montecatini's "Log In & Learn" webinar series is free and open to all treatment professionals. (prweb.com)
  • The first session, titled 'The Role of the Family in Treatment of Young Adult Women with Chronic Eating Disorders,' will take place March 19 at 9 a.m. (prweb.com)
  • Neurologic in origin, learning disorders impede a person's ability to store, process, and/or produce information. (medscape.com)
  • A learning disorder is a disorder that affects a person's ability to acquire and use academic skills, such as reading and calculating. (tristatehomepage.com)
  • While one of our top priorities is halting tumor growth, it´s also important to ensure that these children don´t have the added challenges of living with learning and behavioral problems," says senior author David H. Gutmann, MD, PhD, the Donald O. Schnuck Family Professor of Neurology. (redorbit.com)
  • Autism spectrum disorder affects a child's ability to communicate and learn. (childrensdayton.org)
  • This immune deficiency disorder primarily affects males. (brighthub.com)
  • According to CanChild in Canada, this disorder affects 5 to 6 percent of school-aged children. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed. (springer.com)
  • 1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders ( 3rd ed. (springer.com)
  • 1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed. rev. (springer.com)
  • It also finds learning strengths and weaknesses. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A comprehensive evaluation identifies whether a child has a learning disorder as well as learning strengths and weaknesses. (chop.edu)
  • As a starting point, you need an evaluation of your child's learning profile, to identify strengths and weaknesses, and suggest what kind of support he might need to thrive. (childmind.org)
  • Our team included a Social Good Fellow from Columbia University, several machine learning and cloud computing researchers from IBM Research, and collaborators from NTU. (ibm.com)
  • Researchers of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are encouraged by SE findings which offer alternative methods for learning social skills the students struggle to develop. (springer.com)
  • Learn about clinical trials at Mass General and search our database for open studies. (massgeneral.org)
  • Learn about career opportunities, search for positions and apply for a job. (massgeneral.org)
  • In case of pathological disorder, search for a sensory disorder, and therapeutic management. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 2001). Comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders in late adolescence: A cluster analytic approach. (springer.com)
  • A three-part Substance Use Disorders (SUD) e-Learning module series is now available on the Colorado University e-Learning Website. (colorado.gov)
  • The stigma that haunts substance use disorders , the religious overtones of 12-step programs, the war on drugs and the criminalization of drug use - all bear the mark of the mental and moral frameworks we've used to make sense of an elusive and complex condition. (bmc.org)
  • Monte Nido East Bay, located near San Francisco, will treat adults of all genders with eating disorders and co-occurring substance use, trauma and psychiatric disorders. (psychcongress.com)
  • As Yale researcher Jane Taylor and her colleagues explain in a review paper focused on substance addictions, these conditions "enhance positive learning and memory about the drug while inhibiting learning about the negative consequences. (nautil.us)
  • Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children with speech and language disorders. (springer.com)
  • Recently, unanticipated changes in myelin genes and alterations in white matter structure have been observed in a wide range of psychiatric disorders. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Having a learning disorder means that a child has difficulty in one or more areas of learning, even when overall intelligence or motivation is not affected. (cdc.gov)
  • If the onset of LD occurs in early grade school (first or second grade), then observations typically include slow learning and difficulty completing and mastering schoolwork which often results in poor grades. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Amnesia may cause difficulty remembering previously learned information. (wellness.com)
  • A learning disorder is defined as difficulty in an academic area (reading, mathematics, or written expression). (chop.edu)
  • Children with a reading disorder read slowly and have difficulty understanding what they read. (chop.edu)
  • A disorder of written expression is present when a child has difficulty with writing skills, such as understanding grammar and punctuation, spelling, paragraph organization, or composing written information. (chop.edu)
  • This learning disorder is characterized by difficulty with nonverbal cues, such as coordination and body language. (tristatehomepage.com)
  • Dysgraphia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty with handwriting, spelling, and thinking and writing at the same time. (tristatehomepage.com)
  • People with developmental coordination disorder sometimes have difficulty moderating the amount of sensory information that their body is constantly sending them, so as a result these dyspraxics may be prone to sensory overload and panic attacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conditions that cause ataxia include defective genes, strokes, tumors, alcohol abuse and various neurological disorders, according to Mayo Clinic. (reference.com)
  • Old studies tend to focus on finding the genes responsible for single disorders," says review author Robert Plomin, "but with the new analysis techniques available, new studies are providing evidence that genes can be responsible for a wide range of learning disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • According to Plomin, these 'generalist' genes can be linked to language and math disorders, and even spatial and memory functions. (news-medical.net)
  • A surprisingly diverse range of psychiatric and nervous system disorders are accompanied by changes in white matter structure or abnormalities in myelin genes (see Box 1 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Cognitive disorders are characterized by delirium, dementia, and/or amnesia. (wellness.com)
  • 1 Understanding Developmental Cognitive Disorders. (wiley.com)
  • Instead, learning disorders affect a child's ability to complete a task or use certain skills, particularly in school. (tristatehomepage.com)
  • Autism is classified as a neurodevelopmental disorder which manife. (dailystrength.org)
  • Children with autism spectrum disorders have an inability to establish and maintain friendships which may bother parents and other family members who know the importance of such social ties. (healthyplace.com)
  • Frequently, children with autism spectrum disorders use reversed pronouns like saying "You want the car" when he means that he wants the car. (healthyplace.com)
  • Skill development - teachers should plan to have supports in place to augment the development of social skills and life skills in children with autism spectrum disorders. (healthyplace.com)
  • Children with autism spectrum disorders often have trouble relating to others. (ufl.edu)
  • It is common for children with autism spectrum disorders to exhibit unusual behaviors or interests. (ufl.edu)
  • Journal of Communication Disorders, 36 , 487-505. (springer.com)
  • Journal of Communication Disorders , 18 , 91-108. (springer.com)
  • Journal of Communication Disorders , 17 , 19-35. (springer.com)
  • Speech disorder occurs in approximately 10% of children younger than 8 years of age. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Results of the evaluation are used to determine educational needs, identify the best school placement, determine the possible need for medication to help with distractibility or hyperactivity, and determine the possible benefit of any additional therapies, such as speech therapy or family psychotherapy to maximize the child's learning potential and quality of life. (chop.edu)
  • One distinctive of Biola's communication sciences and disorders program is our on-campus speech-language clinic. (biola.edu)
  • Students who are pursuing a B.S. in communication disorders may also obtain an SLPA (Speech-Language Pathologist Assistant) license. (biola.edu)
  • They might be a learning specialist, an educational therapist, or a speech and language therapist. (childmind.org)
  • By Lisa Rapaport For young people with asthma, mood disorders are linked with higher odds of visiting the emergency room, a new study suggests. (psychcongress.com)
  • Over 21 million Americans have mood disorders. (nuggetnews.com)
  • It was only after McNeill received further diagnoses of sensory processing disorder, Tourette Syndrome, and coordination development disorder that her now seven year old could finally receive help including one on one support time with a resource teacher for reading and spelling, trips to a sensory room when he is feeling overwhelmed and extra time to complete tasks. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Single gene disorders, like Huntington's disease and cystic fibrosis, actually follow Mendelian inheritance patterns. (nature.com)
  • The performances of 12 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), 16 with Huntington's disease (HD), and young and old healthy controls were assessed on a number of tests of verbal and nonverbal declarative memory, on a test of nonmotor conditional associative learning (words and colors), and on a number of reaction time (RT) tasks. (wiley.com)
  • A child psychiatrist or other mental health expert can diagnose a learning disorder. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • In our age of mainstreaming, many students have these and other mental health issues and learning problems. (iser.com)
  • Written by a clinical psychologist, this user-friendly, jargon-free guide describes mental health and learning disorders often observed in school children, explains how each might be exhibited in the classroom, and offers expert suggestions on what to do (and sometimes what not to do). (iser.com)