Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
The use of very large doses of vitamins or other naturally occurring substances normally present in the body, frequently for the treatment of mental disorders.
A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)
A psychological test consisting of nine geometric designs on cards. The subject is asked to redraw them from memory after each one is presented individually.
Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.
Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Any situation where an animal or human is trained to respond differentially to two stimuli (e.g., approach and avoidance) under reward and punishment conditions and subsequently trained under reversed reward values (i.e., the approach which was previously rewarded is punished and vice versa).
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.
Learning to make a series of responses in exact order.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)

Improvement by nefiracetam of beta-amyloid-(1-42)-induced learning and memory impairments in rats. (1/1034)

1. We have previously demonstrated that continuous i.c.v. infusion of amyloid beta-peptide (A beta), the major constituent of senile plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease, results in learning and memory deficits in rats. 2. In the present study, we investigated the effects of nefiracetam [N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl) acetamide, DM-9384] on A beta-(1-42)-induced learning and memory deficits in rats. 3. In the A beta-(1-42)-infused rats, spontaneous alternation behaviour in a Y-maze task, spatial reference and working memory in a water maze task, and retention of passive avoidance learning were significantly impaired as compared with A beta-(40-1)-infused control rats. 4. Nefiracetam, at a dose range of 1-10 mg kg(-1), improved learning and memory deficits in the A beta-(1-42)-infused rats when it was administered p.o. 1 h before the behavioural tests. 5. Nefiracetam at a dose of 3 mg kg(-1) p.o. increased the activity of choline acetyltransferase in the hippocampus of A beta-(1-42)-infused rats. 6. Nefiracetam increased dopamine turnover in the cerebral cortex and striatum of A beta-(1-42)-infused rats, but failed to affect the noradrenaline, serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid content. 7. These results suggest that nefiracetam may be useful for the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease.  (+info)

Generalised uridine diphosphate galactose-4-epimerase deficiency. (2/1034)

The generalised form of epimerase deficiency galactosaemia has been described in only two children from unrelated families. Their progress is reported and three other affected children from these families are described. The initial presentation was similar to classic galactosaemia. Despite treatment all have shown poor growth and moderate learning difficulties. Three have sensorineural deafness and four have pronounced dysmorphic features. The two older female patients have normal pubertal development.  (+info)

Assessing general practitioners' care of adult patients with learning disability: case-control study. (3/1034)

OBJECTIVE: To compare general practitioners' care of adult patients with learning disability with that of control patients in the same practice. DESIGN: Case-control study of patients and controls by a structured interview study of general practitioners. SETTING: Avon. PATIENTS: 78 adult patients with learning disability and 78 age and sex matched controls--cared for by 62 general practitioners. MAIN MEASURES: Number and content of consultations and opinions of the general practitioners. RESULTS: There were more consultations for diseases of the central nervous system and of the skin among the patients than the controls (15 v 3 for central nervous system disease and 15 v 4 skin disease). There were also significantly fewer recordings of blood pressure and cervical cytology tests (34 v 51 for blood pressure and 2 v 18 for cytology). Although more patients were taking drugs affecting the central nervous system (33 v 6), more controls were taking drugs for musculoskeletal complaints (17 v 7). CONCLUSION: Although adult patients with learning disability consult with their general practitioners at equivalent rates to other patients, they get less preventive care and consult for different types of problems than do other patients. The reasons for these differences in preventive care are not clear. Carers and general practitioners should be informed of these differences to ensure that appropriate care is given.  (+info)

Cognitive functioning in people with epilepsy plus severe learning disabilities: a systematic analysis of predictors of daytime arousal and attention. (4/1034)

In spite of the high prevalence of epilepsy and the importance of preserving cognitive function in people with learning disabilities, this population has received relatively little research attention. This study sets out systematically to investigate possible predictive factors of inter-ictal states of arousal and attention. The daytime function of 28 people with epilepsy and severe learning disabilities was assessed by performance on a two-choice reaction time vigilance task, behavioural analysis of time-sampled video recordings taken in naturalistic settings, and carer ratings on visual analogue scales. This methodology yielded eight discrete functional measures, from which two further index measures were derived after principal components analysis. A range of clinical and psychosocial assessments was completed and subjects had 36 hour ambulatory EEG and sleep EEG monitoring. Regression models identified significant predictors of cognitive function from a range of potential explanatory variables i.e. demographic, clinical, pharmacological, background EEG rhythms and sleep parameters. Results indicated that greater severity of learning disability, longer bedtime periods, poor sleep efficiency, frequent seizures and antiepileptic drug polytherapy were significant predictor variables. Explained variance (adjusted R2) was greater than 50% for six of 10 outcome variables (range up to 85%). Furthermore, significant regression equations (P < 0.05) were obtained for all but one variable. Thus, these results appear reasonably robust. Results support an interactional model of daytime arousal and attention in people with epilepsy plus severe learning disabilities. Inter-ictal cognitive function appears to be mediated by a combination of organic, circadian (sleep wake), clinical and pharmacological factors.  (+info)

School problems and the family physician. (5/1034)

Children with school problems pose a challenge for the family physician. A multidisciplinary team of professionals can most appropriately assess and manage complex learning problems, which are often the cause of poor school performance. The family physician's primary role in this process is to identify or exclude medical causes of learning difficulties. An understanding of the complicated nature of school problems, the methods used to assess, diagnose and treat them, and the resources available to support the child and family are essential to successful management. Various references and resources are helpful for a more in-depth study of specific school problems.  (+info)

The management of epilepsy in a hospital for people with a learning disability. (6/1034)

The study examined changes in the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in a large hospital for people with a learning disability over a 2 year period, the use of investigations, and the presence of medication side-effects. The surveys were carried out in 1993 and 1995/6. In 1993, 27% of patients were being treated for epilepsy and in 1995/6, 30.1%. Ninety percent and 82.4% of patients, respectively, were receiving one or two AEDs. In the second survey there were fewer prescriptions for phenobarbitone (5.8% vs. 12.5%) and an increase in the use of lamotrigine (21.6% vs. 5%), gabapentin (5.8% vs. 0) and vigabatrin (3.9% vs. 2.5% in 1993). Side-effects were recorded in 6 (11.8%) patients. Seven (21.2%) patients receiving carbamazepine were found to have hyponatraemia. Of the 54 electroencephalograms (EEGs) requested, 41 (76%) were reported as abnormal. Six CT brain scans had been conducted, of which five were abnormal. People receiving antipsychotic drugs had fewer seizures than average.  (+info)

The attenuation of learning impairments induced after exposure to CO or trimethyltin in mice by sigma (sigma) receptor ligands involves both sigma1 and sigma2 sites. (7/1034)

1. Sigma (sigma) receptor ligands were previously reported to alleviate learning and memory impairments on several pharmacological and pathological rodent models of amnesia. Such effect was demonstrated as involving the sigma1 subtype of sigma receptor. 2. In this study, we characterized the pharmacological effect mediated by sigma ligands on two lesional models of amnesia in mice: (1) the hypoxia-related learning and memory impairment model induced by repeated exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) gas; and (2) the intoxication with trimethyltin (1 mg kg(-1)). 3. The selective sigma1 ligand PRE-084 (1 mg kg(-1)) or the non-selective sigma1/sigma2 compounds DTG (0.1 mg kg(-1)), BD1008 (3 mg kg(-1)), and haloperidol (0.1 mg kg(-1)) reversed significantly the spontaneous alternation deficits observed 7 days after exposure to CO or 14 days after intoxication with trimethyltin. 4. The selective sigma1 receptor antagonist NE-100 (1 mg kg(-1)) was ineffective by itself, but blocked completely the PRE-084 effects, partially the DTG effects, and did not affect the effects induced by BD1008 or haloperidol. 5. A similar pharmacological profile was observed in the step-down type passive avoidance test performed 8 days after exposure to CO. 6. These results show that, in contrast to the previously reported amnesia models, the impairments induced after exposure to CO or intoxication with trimethyltin could be alleviated not only by sigma1 receptor agonists but also by sigma2 agonists. The particular pattern of neurodegeneration observed in these lesional models may explain these differences.  (+info)

Mild impairment of learning and memory in mice overexpressing the mSim2 gene located on chromosome 16: an animal model of Down's syndrome. (8/1034)

Human Sim2 is a product of one of the genes located on human chromosome 21q22 and is a homolog of Drosophila single-minded ( sim ) which is a critical player in midline development of the central nervous system of the fly. Since Sim2 mRNA is expressed in facial, skull, palate and vertebra primordia in human and rodent embryos, features that are associated with phenotypes of Down's syndrome (DS), its trisomic state is suspected to contribute to the symptoms of DS. Here we describe that mSim2 mRNA is expressed in hippocampus and amygdala of adult mice, and that while mice overexpressing mSim2 under the control of the beta-actin promoter are viable and fertile and have superficially normal skeletal, brain and heart structures, they exhibit a moderate defect in context-dependent fear conditioning and a mild defect in the Morris water maze test. Taken together, our data show that overdosage of Sim2 may be important for the pathogenesis of Down's syndrome, especially mental retardation.  (+info)

A learning disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects an individual's ability to acquire, process, and use information in one or more academic areas despite normal intelligence and adequate instruction. It can manifest as difficulties with reading (dyslexia), writing (dysgraphia), mathematics (dyscalculia), or other academic skills. Learning disorders are not the result of low intelligence, lack of motivation, or environmental factors alone, but rather reflect a significant discrepancy between an individual's cognitive abilities and their academic achievement. They can significantly impact a person's ability to perform in school, at work, and in daily life, making it important to diagnose and manage these disorders effectively.

Orthomolecular therapy is not a widely accepted or recognized medical treatment, and it does not have an official medical definition. However, the term "orthomolecular" was coined by Linus Pauling and refers to the practice of using high doses of vitamins, minerals, amino acids, or other naturally occurring substances to prevent or treat various health conditions. The idea behind orthomolecular therapy is to provide the body with the right molecules in the right concentrations to help it achieve optimal health and functioning.

It's important to note that while some of the nutrients used in orthomolecular therapy may have health benefits when taken in appropriate doses, high doses can also be harmful and may interact with medications or other health conditions. Therefore, it is essential to consult with a qualified healthcare provider before starting any new supplement regimen.

Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs an individual's ability to read, write, and spell, despite having normal intelligence and adequate education. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and fluent word recognition, poor decoding and spelling abilities, and often accompanied by problems with reading comprehension and reduced reading experience. Dyslexia is not a result of low intelligence, lack of motivation, or poor instruction, but rather a specific learning disability that affects the way the brain processes written language. It is typically diagnosed in children, although it can go unnoticed until adulthood, and there are effective interventions and accommodations to help individuals with dyslexia overcome their challenges and achieve academic and professional success.

The Bender-Gestalt Test is a neuropsychological assessment tool used to evaluate an individual's visual-motor perception, perceptual-motor integration, and cognitive flexibility. It consists of a series of 9 geometric forms that the test taker is asked to reproduce as accurately as possible on paper, while following specific instructions given by the examiner. The test results are then compared to normative data based on age and other demographic factors to assess any potential neurological impairments or developmental delays. It is commonly used in clinical settings such as hospitals, schools, and mental health facilities to help diagnose various conditions including learning disabilities, brain injuries, and neurodevelopmental disorders.

Dyscalculia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty in understanding and processing numerical or arithmetic concepts. It is a specific math disability that affects a person's ability to learn number-related concepts and perform calculations, even when they have normal intelligence and adequate teaching. People with dyscalculia may struggle with basic mathematical skills such as counting, recognizing numbers, remembering mathematical facts, and understanding mathematical concepts. They may also have difficulty with estimation, time management, and spatial reasoning. The exact causes of dyscalculia are not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to genetic factors and differences in brain structure and function.

Psychomotor disorders are conditions that involve abnormalities in cognition, emotion, and behavior associated with impaired voluntary motor or movement functions. These disorders can be characterized by hypoactivity (decreased motor activity) or hyperactivity (increased motor activity). Examples of psychomotor disorders include Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Tourette syndrome, and catatonia. Psychomotor agitation, retardation, and stereotypies are also considered psychomotor disorders. These conditions can significantly impact a person's daily functioning and quality of life.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with hyperactivity is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. The condition is characterized by symptoms including:

1. Difficulty paying attention or staying focused on a single task
2. Impulsivity, or acting without thinking
3. Hyperactivity, or excessive fidgeting, restlessness, or talking

In order to be diagnosed with ADHD with hyperactivity, an individual must exhibit these symptoms to a degree that is developmentally inappropriate and interferes with their daily functioning. Additionally, the symptoms must have been present for at least six months and be present in multiple settings (e.g., at home, school, work).

It's important to note that ADHD can manifest differently in different people, and some individuals may experience predominantly inattentive or impulsive symptoms rather than hyperactive ones. However, when the hyperactive component is prominent, it is referred to as ADHD with hyperactivity.

Effective treatments for ADHD with hyperactivity include a combination of medication (such as stimulants) and behavioral therapy. With appropriate treatment, individuals with ADHD can learn to manage their symptoms and lead successful, fulfilling lives.

Maze learning is not a medical term per se, but it is a concept that is often used in the field of neuroscience and psychology. It refers to the process by which an animal or human learns to navigate through a complex environment, such as a maze, in order to find its way to a goal or target.

Maze learning involves several cognitive processes, including spatial memory, learning, and problem-solving. As animals or humans navigate through the maze, they encode information about the location of the goal and the various landmarks within the environment. This information is then used to form a cognitive map that allows them to navigate more efficiently in subsequent trials.

Maze learning has been widely used as a tool for studying learning and memory processes in both animals and humans. For example, researchers may use maze learning tasks to investigate the effects of brain damage or disease on cognitive function, or to evaluate the efficacy of various drugs or interventions for improving cognitive performance.

Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is not a medical term per se, but rather a teaching and learning approach that has been widely adopted in medical education. Here's a definition of PBL from the medical education perspective:

Problem-Based Learning is an educational method that utilizes clinical cases or real-world problems as a starting point for students to learn and apply concepts and principles from various disciplines. In this approach, students work in small groups to identify learning needs, gather relevant information, analyze and synthesize data, formulate hypotheses, develop solutions, and reflect on their learning process. The role of the instructor is that of a facilitator who guides the learners in their exploration of the problem and provides feedback on their performance. PBL aims to promote critical thinking, self-directed learning, collaborative skills, and clinical reasoning among medical students.

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts to mania or hypomania (a less severe form of mania), you may feel euphoric, full of energy, or unusually irritable. These mood swings can significantly affect your job, school, relationships, and overall quality of life.

Bipolar disorder is typically characterized by the presence of one or more manic or hypomanic episodes, often accompanied by depressive episodes. The episodes may be separated by periods of normal mood, but in some cases, a person may experience rapid cycling between mania and depression.

There are several types of bipolar disorder, including:

* Bipolar I Disorder: This type is characterized by the occurrence of at least one manic episode, which may be preceded or followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes.
* Bipolar II Disorder: This type involves the presence of at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but no manic episodes.
* Cyclothymic Disorder: This type is characterized by numerous periods of hypomania and depression that are not severe enough to meet the criteria for a full manic or depressive episode.
* Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders: These categories include bipolar disorders that do not fit the criteria for any of the other types.

The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but it appears to be related to a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurochemical factors. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle changes to help manage symptoms and prevent relapses.

Discrimination learning is a type of learning in which an individual learns to distinguish between two or more stimuli and respond differently to each. It involves the ability to recognize the differences between similar stimuli and to respond appropriately based on the specific characteristics of each stimulus. This type of learning is important for many aspects of cognition, including perception, language, and problem-solving.

In discrimination learning, an individual may be presented with two or more stimuli and reinforced for responding differently to each. For example, a person might be trained to press a button in response to the color red and to do nothing in response to the color green. Through this process of differential reinforcement, the individual learns to discriminate between the two colors and to respond appropriately to each.

Discrimination learning is often studied in animals as well as humans, and it is thought to involve a range of cognitive processes, including attention, memory, and perception. It is an important aspect of many forms of learning and plays a role in a wide variety of behaviors.

Avoidance learning is a type of conditioning in which an individual learns to act in a certain way to avoid experiencing an unpleasant or aversive stimulus. It is a form of learning that occurs when an organism changes its behavior to avoid a negative outcome or situation. This can be seen in both animals and humans, and it is often studied in the field of psychology and neuroscience.

In avoidance learning, the individual learns to associate a particular cue or stimulus with the unpleasant experience. Over time, they learn to perform an action to escape or avoid the cue, thereby preventing the negative outcome from occurring. For example, if a rat receives an electric shock every time it hears a certain tone, it may eventually learn to press a lever to turn off the tone and avoid the shock.

Avoidance learning can be adaptive in some situations, as it allows individuals to avoid dangerous or harmful stimuli. However, it can also become maladaptive if it leads to excessive fear or anxiety, or if it interferes with an individual's ability to function in daily life. For example, a person who has been attacked may develop a phobia of public places and avoid them altogether, even though this limits their ability to engage in social activities and live a normal life.

In summary, avoidance learning is a type of conditioning in which an individual learns to act in a certain way to avoid experiencing an unpleasant or aversive stimulus. It can be adaptive in some situations but can also become maladaptive if it leads to excessive fear or anxiety or interferes with daily functioning.

Verbal learning is a type of learning that involves the acquisition, processing, and retrieval of information presented in a verbal or written form. It is often assessed through tasks such as list learning, where an individual is asked to remember a list of words or sentences after a single presentation or multiple repetitions. Verbal learning is an important aspect of cognitive functioning and is commonly evaluated in neuropsychological assessments to help identify any memory or learning impairments.

A mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior. It's associated with distress and/or impaired functioning in social, occupational, or other important areas of life, often leading to a decrease in quality of life. These disorders are typically persistent and can be severe and disabling. They may be related to factors such as genetics, early childhood experiences, or trauma. Examples include depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and personality disorders. It's important to note that a diagnosis should be made by a qualified mental health professional.

Reversal learning is a neuropsychological concept that refers to the ability to adjust behavioral responses when reward contingencies are changed or reversed. In other words, it is the capacity to learn and adapt to new rules when the previous ones no longer apply or are no longer reinforced. This cognitive process is often studied in animal models and human subjects using various learning paradigms, such as classical or operant conditioning tasks.

In a typical reversal learning task, a subject is initially trained to associate a particular stimulus (e.g., visual cue, sound, or action) with a reward (e.g., food or water). Once the subject has learned this association and responds consistently to the stimulus, the reinforcement contingency is reversed, so that the previously reinforced stimulus is now unreinforced, and the previously unreinforced stimulus is now reinforced. The subject must then learn and adapt to this new reward contingency.

Reversal learning involves several cognitive processes, including attention, memory, motivation, and executive functions. It requires the ability to inhibit a previously learned response, update working memory with new information, and flexibly adjust behavior based on changing environmental demands. Deficits in reversal learning have been observed in various neurological and psychiatric conditions, such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, schizophrenia, and substance use disorders, suggesting that this cognitive process may be a useful marker of brain dysfunction in these conditions.

Anxiety disorders are a category of mental health disorders characterized by feelings of excessive and persistent worry, fear, or anxiety that interfere with daily activities. They include several different types of disorders, such as:

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): This is characterized by chronic and exaggerated worry and tension, even when there is little or nothing to provoke it.
2. Panic Disorder: This is characterized by recurring unexpected panic attacks and fear of experiencing more panic attacks.
3. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Also known as social phobia, this is characterized by excessive fear, anxiety, or avoidance of social situations due to feelings of embarrassment, self-consciousness, and concern about being judged or viewed negatively by others.
4. Phobias: These are intense, irrational fears of certain objects, places, or situations. When a person with a phobia encounters the object or situation they fear, they may experience panic attacks or other severe anxiety responses.
5. Agoraphobia: This is a fear of being in places where it may be difficult to escape or get help if one has a panic attack or other embarrassing or incapacitating symptoms.
6. Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD): This is characterized by excessive anxiety about separation from home or from people to whom the individual has a strong emotional attachment (such as a parent, sibling, or partner).
7. Selective Mutism: This is a disorder where a child becomes mute in certain situations, such as at school, but can speak normally at home or with close family members.

These disorders are treatable with a combination of medication and psychotherapy (cognitive-behavioral therapy, exposure therapy). It's important to seek professional help if you suspect that you or someone you know may have an anxiety disorder.

Mood disorders are a category of mental health disorders characterized by significant and persistent changes in mood, affect, and emotional state. These disorders can cause disturbances in normal functioning and significantly impair an individual's ability to carry out their daily activities. The two primary types of mood disorders are depressive disorders (such as major depressive disorder or persistent depressive disorder) and bipolar disorders (which include bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder).

Depressive disorders involve prolonged periods of low mood, sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest in activities. Individuals with these disorders may also experience changes in sleep patterns, appetite, energy levels, concentration, and self-esteem. In severe cases, they might have thoughts of death or suicide.

Bipolar disorders involve alternating episodes of mania (or hypomania) and depression. During a manic episode, individuals may feel extremely elated, energetic, or irritable, with racing thoughts, rapid speech, and impulsive behavior. They might engage in risky activities, have decreased sleep needs, and display poor judgment. In contrast, depressive episodes involve the same symptoms as depressive disorders.

Mood disorders can be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Proper diagnosis and treatment, which may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both, are essential for managing these conditions and improving quality of life.

Serial learning is a form of learning in which new information or skills are acquired and organized in a sequential manner, with each piece of information building on the previous one. In other words, it involves learning items or concepts one at a time, in a specific order, rather than all at once. This type of learning is often used in situations where the material to be learned has a clear sequence, such as learning the alphabet, numbers, or days of the week.

In a medical context, serial learning may be used to teach complex medical procedures or concepts that have multiple steps or components. For example, a medical student may learn how to perform a physical examination by first learning how to take a patient's vital signs, then moving on to inspecting various parts of the body in a specific order. Through repeated practice and reinforcement, the student gradually builds up a sequence of skills and knowledge that becomes integrated into their long-term memory.

It is worth noting that some individuals may find serial learning more challenging than other forms of learning, particularly if they have difficulty with sequential processing or working memory limitations. Therefore, individualized instruction and accommodations may be necessary to support learners who struggle with serial learning tasks.

In the context of medical and clinical neuroscience, memory is defined as the brain's ability to encode, store, retain, and recall information or experiences. Memory is a complex cognitive process that involves several interconnected regions of the brain and can be categorized into different types based on various factors such as duration and the nature of the information being remembered.

The major types of memory include:

1. Sensory memory: The shortest form of memory, responsible for holding incoming sensory information for a brief period (less than a second to several seconds) before it is either transferred to short-term memory or discarded.
2. Short-term memory (also called working memory): A temporary storage system that allows the brain to hold and manipulate information for approximately 20-30 seconds, although this duration can be extended through rehearsal strategies. Short-term memory has a limited capacity, typically thought to be around 7±2 items.
3. Long-term memory: The memory system responsible for storing large amounts of information over extended periods, ranging from minutes to a lifetime. Long-term memory has a much larger capacity compared to short-term memory and is divided into two main categories: explicit (declarative) memory and implicit (non-declarative) memory.

Explicit (declarative) memory can be further divided into episodic memory, which involves the recollection of specific events or episodes, including their temporal and spatial contexts, and semantic memory, which refers to the storage and retrieval of general knowledge, facts, concepts, and vocabulary, independent of personal experience or context.

Implicit (non-declarative) memory encompasses various forms of learning that do not require conscious awareness or intention, such as procedural memory (skills and habits), priming (facilitated processing of related stimuli), classical conditioning (associative learning), and habituation (reduced responsiveness to repeated stimuli).

Memory is a crucial aspect of human cognition and plays a significant role in various aspects of daily life, including learning, problem-solving, decision-making, social interactions, and personal identity. Memory dysfunction can result from various neurological and psychiatric conditions, such as dementia, Alzheimer's disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and depression.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a publication of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that provides diagnostic criteria for mental disorders. It is widely used by mental health professionals in the United States and around the world to diagnose and classify mental health conditions.

The DSM includes detailed descriptions of symptoms, clinical examples, and specific criteria for each disorder, which are intended to facilitate accurate diagnosis and improve communication among mental health professionals. The manual is regularly updated to reflect current research and clinical practice, with the most recent edition being the DSM-5, published in 2013.

It's important to note that while the DSM is a valuable tool for mental health professionals, it is not without controversy. Some critics argue that the manual medicalizes normal human experiences and that its categories may be too broad or overlapping. Nonetheless, it remains an essential resource for clinicians, researchers, and policymakers in the field of mental health.

... "disorders of nonverbal learning" was a category encompassing non-linguistic learning problems. "Nonverbal learning disabilities ... Johnson, Doris J.; Myklebust, Helmer R. (1967). "Nonverbal Disorders of Learning". Learning disabilities: educational ... disorder Gerstmann syndrome There is diagnostic overlap between nonverbal learning disorder and autism spectrum disorder, and ... autism spectrum disorders, especially high-functioning autism bipolar disorder developmental coordination disorder (dyspraxia) ...
The Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental and Learning Disorders (ICDL) is a nonprofit organization founded by Stanley ... and treatment of developmental and learning disorders. Official website v t e (Articles with short description, Short ... Learning disabilities, Medical and health organizations based in Maryland, All stub articles, Non-profit organization stubs). ...
... which is a disorder where one has difficulties in being able to learn and use academic skills. Specific learning disorder has ... Other conduct disorders (F91.9) Conduct disorder, unspecified (F92.0) Depressive conduct disorder (F92.8) Other mixed disorders ... Sibling rivalry disorder (F93.8) Other childhood emotional disorders Identity disorder Overanxious disorder (F93.9) Childhood ... "Learning Disorders". Boston Children's Hospital. 26 March 2013. "What are the treatments for learning disabilities?". nichd.nih ...
Neurological disorders, Occupational therapy, Perception, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Learning disabilities, ... sensory modulation disorder, sensory-based motor disorders and sensory discrimination disorders (as defined in the Diagnostic ... resulting in postural disorder, or developmental coordination disorder. The SBMD subtypes are: Dyspraxia Postural disorder ... Ayres AJ (1972). Sensory integration and learning disorders. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. ISBN 978-0-87424-303- ...
The prevalence of disorder of written expression is estimated to be of a similar frequency to other learning disorders, between ... "Disorder of Written Expression". Psych Central. Retrieved 2 April 2012. "Written Expression Learning Disorder (Overview)". ... "Written Expression Learning Disorder (Presentation)". Medscape Reference. WebMD LLC. Retrieved 2 April 2012. "Disorder of ... as well as disorders related to behavior. Since it is so often associated with other learning disorders and mental problems, it ...
Learning Disorders. (2007). Dir/floortime model Archived 2008-02-25 at the Wayback Machine. "Attachment Disorders & Reactive ... Reactive attachment disorder Disinhibited social engagement disorder Adult Attachment Disorder Complex post-traumatic stress ... Anxiety disorders, Mental disorders diagnosed in childhood, Stress-related disorders, Human development, Adoption, fostering, ... Attachment disorder is a broad term intended to describe disorders of mood, behavior, and social relationships arising from ...
Nonverbal learning disorder (NLD or NVLD), a neurodevelopmental disorder thought to be linked to white matter in the right ... or language disorders, expressive language disorder, fluency disorder, social (pragmatic) communication disorder, and speech ... Motor disorders including developmental coordination disorder, stereotypic movement disorder, and tic disorders (such as ... While Nonverbal learning disorder is not categorized in the ICD or DSM as an discrete classification, "the majority of ...
ISBN 1-59385-171-5 "Dir/floortime model". Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental & Learning Disorders. 2007. Archived from ... Several other disorders, such as conduct disorders, oppositional defiant disorder, anxiety disorders, post traumatic stress ... Conduct disorders, oppositional defiant disorder, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and social phobia share ... Borderline personality disorder, Mental disorders diagnosed in childhood, Human development, Stress-related disorders). ...
Learning, and Behavior Disorders: Developmental, Biological, and Clinical Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. pp. 418-435 ... Developmental language disorder is a subset of language disorder, which is itself a subset of the broader category of speech, ... Speech sound disorder (SSD) is any problem with speech production arising from any cause. Speech sound disorders of unknown ... Although speech disorders can be distinguished from language disorders, they can also co-occur. When a child fails to produce ...
Many people experience problems with learning and day-to-day tasks with difficulties over time. Individuals with this disorder ... Validation data was acquired from subjects with language-learning or auditory processing disorders who were either self- ... Dawes P, Bishop D (2009). "Auditory processing disorder in relation to developmental disorders of language, communication and ... Draft of New Zealand APD Guidelines on Auditory Processing Disorder (2018) Published by the Auditory Processing Disorders ...
Improved Protein Intrinsic Disorder Prediction by Ensembled Deep Learning". Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics. 17 (6): 645- ... "Accurate predictor of disorder in proteins by fusion of disorder probabilities, content and profiles". Intrinsically Disordered ... Computational methods exploit the sequence signatures of disorder to predict whether a protein is disordered, given its amino ... shows the main features of software for disorder prediction. Note that different software use different definitions of disorder ...
... with variable learning disabilities and behavior disorders; 300491; SYN1 Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 1; 308350; ... CTDP1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ia; 212065; PMM2 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ic; 603147; ALG6 ... ALG3 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ie; 608799; DPM1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type If; 609180; MPDU1 ... ALG12 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ih; 608104; ALG8 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ii; 607906; ALG2 ...
It is often described as a disorder in skill acquisition or motor learning, where the learning and execution of coordinated ... Nonverbal learning disorder. Sensory processing disorder. Visual perception deficits. However, a person with DCD is unlikely to ... "A Comparison of Working Memory Profiles and Learning in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder and Moderate Learning ... as a motor disorder, in the category of neurodevelopmental disorders. The exact proportion of people with the disorder is ...
... have oppositional defiant disorder, and 44% to 55% of adolescents have conduct disorder. Learning disorders are found in 20% to ... "Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Controversy - mental disorder or state of mind?". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived ... Coles, Gerald (1989). The Learning Mystique: A Critical Look at "Learning Disabilities". Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0449903513 ... "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder ...
... also called phonetic disorders) and phonemic disorders. Articulation disorders are characterized by difficulty learning to ... Phonemic disorders are characterized by difficulty in learning the sound distinctions of a language, so that one sound may be ... Speech skills are vital to social relationships and learning, and delays or disorders that relate to developing these skills ... Speech disorders refer to problems in producing the sounds of speech or with the quality of voice, where language disorders are ...
Wikiversity has learning resources about Mood Disorder Questionnaire Johnson, Sheri L.; Fulford, Daniel (n.d.). "Psychological ... Bipolar disorder Bipolar disorder research Bipolar disorder in children Other rating scales assessing similar symptoms include ... The Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) is a self-report questionnaire designed to help detect bipolar disorder. It focuses on ... "Mood Disorder Questionnaire" (PDF). Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance. 21 April 2006. "Bipolar Disorder". Effective Child ...
Instead they were reclassified as communication disorders, learning disorders, and motor skills disorders. Developmental ... Specific developmental disorders (SDD) was a classification of disorders characterized by delayed development in one specific ... Specific developmental disorders were contrasted to pervasive developmental disorders which were characterized by delays in the ... 1999 "Medical Definition of Specific developmental disorder". "Pervasive Developmental Disorders Information Page: National ...
... such as stereotypic movement disorder and Tourette's disorder), in addition to specific learning disorder, intellectual ... anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, bipolar disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, substance use disorder, ... Learning disabilities can include developmental speech and language disorders, and academic skills disorders. ADHD, however, is ... and learning and language disorders. Other conditions that should be considered are other neurodevelopmental disorders, tics, ...
Mental disorders are generally classified separately to neurological disorders, learning disabilities or mental retardation. ... The five axes were: Axis I: Clinical Disorders (all mental disorders except Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation) Axis ... "NIMH · Mental Disorders as Brain Disorders: Thomas Insel at TEDxCaltech". Archived from the original on 2013-05-07. Retrieved ... The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder was later created. Mental disorders were first included in the sixth revision ...
... features learning disorders and their early therapy. 2 October 1966: "Afraid of School" - concerns a six-year-old boy who ... The Disordered Mind is a Canadian medical documentary television miniseries which aired sporadically on CBC Television in 1960 ... "The Disordered Mind: Paranoid Schizophrenia". Retrieved 14 February 2023. "Today's TV Previews". Montreal Gazette ... 11 May 1960: "Anti-Social Personality Disorders: A Psychopath" - a thief who lacks conscience. Wednesdays 10:30 p.m. (Eastern ...
In those with schizophrenia, sleep disorders contribute to cognitive deficits in learning and memory. Sleep disturbances often ... a disorder of circadian rhythms. Other such disorders are advanced sleep phase disorder (ASPD), non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder ... A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of an individual's sleep patterns. Some sleep disorders are severe ... Circadian rhythm sleep disorders Delayed sleep phase disorder Advanced sleep phase disorder Non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder ...
These disorders comprise developmental language disorder, learning disorders, motor disorders, and autism spectrum disorders. ... Learning disabilities, such as Dysgraphia Communication disorders and Auditory processing disorder Developmental coordination ... Most learning disabilities are found under the age of 9. Young children with communication disorders may not speak at all, or ... Autism spectrum disorder is a disorder of the many parts of the brain. Structural changes are observed in the cortex, which ...
"Borderline Personality Disorder Medications - Learn More About Borderline Personality Disorder Medications". ... Comorbid disorders, particularly substance use disorders, can complicate attempts to achieve remission. Psychotherapies and ... DBT can be based on a biosocial theory of personality functioning in which BPD is seen as a biological disorder of emotional ... Mood stabilizers (used primarily to treat Bipolar disorder) such as lithium or lamotrigine may be of some use to help depressed ...
"Fetal alcohol syndrome & fetal alcohol spectrum disorders." In: M.L. Wolrich. (ed.). Disorders of Development & Learning. ... "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the context of alcohol exposure in utero". In: P. Accardo, T.A. Blondis, B. Whitman ... Sterling K. Clarren is one of the world's leading researchers into fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), an umbrella term ... 2005). "Approaches of Canadian providers the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders." Journal of FAS International. ...
"Learning Disorders: MeSH Result". NLM MeSH Browser. Retrieved 2009-11-06. "Dyslexia". ... Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Aphasia Auditory processing disorder Developmental coordination disorder Dyscalculia ... Learning disabilities, Learning to read, Reading (process), Special education, Educational psychology). ... "Hyperlexia in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders". Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 37 (4): 760-774. doi: ...
In general, mental disorders are classified separately from neurological disorders, learning disabilities or intellectual ... In the United States the frequency of disorder is: anxiety disorder (28.8%), mood disorder (20.8%), impulse-control disorder ( ... social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Other ... Many disorders have been described, with signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific disorders. Such disorders may be ...
There are medical trials taking place to learn more about these disorders. Most infants that are diagnosed do not live past 6 ... Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare disorders that create the same disease process. The subdivisions of this ... "Zellweger Spectrum Disorder". Johns Hopkins Medicine. Retrieved 20 February 2018. "Zellweger Spectrum Disorders". U.S National ... "Zellweger Spectrum Disorders". University of Michigan. Retrieved 20 February 2018. "Zellweger Spectrum Disorder". National ...
Ayres, A. J. (1968). Sensory integrative processes and neuropsychological learning disability. Learning Disorders, 3, 41-58. ... Ayres A. J. (1972). Sensory Integration and Learning Disorders. Los Angeles, CA, Western Psychological Services. Ayres A. J. ( ... In Sensory Integration and Learning Disorders, Ayres A. J., editor. , ed. (Los Angeles, CA, Western Psychological Services; ), ... In Sensory Integration and Learning Disorders, Ayres A. J., editor. , ed. (Los Angeles, CA, Western Psychological Services; ), ...
A chart review of 200 cases of children with autistic spectrum disorders". Journal of Developmental and Learning Disorders. 1: ... In health, the child learns to bring his or her spontaneous, real self into play with others; whereas in a False self disorder ... and those living with Major depressive disorder, among other disorders. The favoured approach for mental health treatment is ... "Learning from Life." Lecture presented in Seattle, WA 4 June 2011. Winnicott, D. W. (1973). The Child, the Family, and the ...
"Searching for roots of learning disorders". CNN. 11 July 2010. "New method for Autism diagnosis". Good Morning America. 20 May ... She has appeared in the media to discuss developmental disorders in children, including on CNN, ABC News, the Times of India, ... Aditi Shankardass at TED A second opinion on developmental disorders, a TED talk (TEDIndia 2009) (Webarchive template wayback ... an organisation devoted to raising global awareness of neurological and psychiatric disorders. She has been a consultant for ...
Recent machine learning algorithms can diagnose musculoskeletal disorder from gait patterns captured from 3D motion capture ... 8.9 million working days were lost due to work-related musculoskeletal disorders and 480,000 workers have these disorders. Most ... Musculoskeletal disorders Single Entry Point, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (OSHA) Good Practices to prevent ... "Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) - Risk Factors : OSH Answers". Retrieved 2016-03-25.{{cite web}}: ...
Treatment for learning disorders. Children with learning disorders often need extra help and instruction that are specialized ... Learning disorders can also be present with emotional or behavioral disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder ... it could be a sign of a learning disorder. Having a learning disorder means that a child has difficulty in one or more areas of ... Children with learning disorders may feel frustrated that they cannot master a subject despite trying hard, and may act out, ...
encoded search term (Reading Learning Disorder) and Reading Learning Disorder What to Read Next on Medscape ... Learning disabilities are primarily language-based disorders; vision problems do not cause primary dyslexia or learning ... specific learning disorder (SLD) is the umbrella term for mathematics, reading, and written expression disorders. It is now a ... Comorbidity of learning and attention disorders. Separate but equal. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1999 Oct. 46(5):885-97, vi. [QxMD ...
... "disorders of nonverbal learning" was a category encompassing non-linguistic learning problems. "Nonverbal learning disabilities ... Johnson, Doris J.; Myklebust, Helmer R. (1967). "Nonverbal Disorders of Learning". Learning disabilities: educational ... disorder Gerstmann syndrome There is diagnostic overlap between nonverbal learning disorder and autism spectrum disorder, and ... autism spectrum disorders, especially high-functioning autism bipolar disorder developmental coordination disorder (dyspraxia) ...
Learning Disorders School Psychology Orientation Theories and Techniques for Rehabilitation Assessment, Support and ... Alcoholism, Drugs, Addictions Anorexia, Bulimia Disorders and Childhood Diseases Menopause Medicine and Prevention Homeopathy ... Learning Disorders. Books about Learning Disorders. The search has found 42 titles ...
Order Versus Disorder. When we build order into our lives, we begin to manage the seemingly overwhelming tasks. ... My Jewish Learning is a not-for-profit and relies on your help ... For better or worse, children learn how to be in the world from ...
... as well as sleep disorders, by use of state-of-the-art digital equipment to record electrical patterns which result in valuable ... METC NDT trainees learn about brain disorders & care METC NDT trainees learn about brain disorders & care ... "I enjoy being able to specialize and be able to learn about various brain disorders and how to diagnose them," Smith said. "I ... Students also learn how to perform other tests that detect and record magnetic fields in the brain, track brain and nerve ...
Popular methods for unsupervised learning and discrete representation of the data in terms of clusters of characteristic ... Subsequently, we applied a more general, nonlinear similarity learning, where dimension reduction was explicitly trained to ... Here, we demonstrate application of similarity learning for resolving the structure of tunneling spectroscopy data, ... as prospective comparison of experimental measurements with theoretical calculations with explicit consideration of disorder. ...
Children who were precocious as toddlers-but who become more anxious as they age-may be showing symptoms of nonverbal learning ... Learning Disabilities What Does Nonverbal Learning Disorder Look Like in Children? Nonverbal learning disorder will change in ... nonverbal learning disorder, related conditions, treating kids More Articles Recommended For You What Is Nonverbal Learning ... The symptoms of nonverbal learning disorder are seldom apparent early in life. Toddlers with NLD are often charming and chatty ...
A machine learning model can effectively predict a patients risk for a sleep disorder using demographic and lifestyle data, ... Machine learning methods may be effective in screening patients for sleep disorder risk. *Download PDF Copy ... A machine learning model can effectively predict a patients risk for a sleep disorder using demographic and lifestyle data, ... The greatest predictors for a sleep disorder, based on the machine learning model, were depression, weight, age and waist ...
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Joint pain and disorders are primarily caused by osteoarthritis, which affects over 20 million people in the United States ... CME Learning Center. Joint Disorders. * Current Evidence on the Use of Acetaminophen and NSAIDs for the Treatment of ... About Joint Disorders. Joint pain and disorders are primarily caused by osteoarthritis, which affects over 20 million people in ... Advancing Recognition and Management of Hypophosphatemic Disorders in Rheumatology and Primary Care CME / ABIM MOC Dr Insogna, ...
Home » For Our Community » All posts » News & Updates » Learning About Swallowing Disorders ... Learning About Swallowing Disorders. Information from NMCs Speech Language Pathologist Charley Harvell ... Compensation Strategies: You may also need to learn how to position your body or how to put food in your mouth to be able to ...
Know what to look for and how to take care of yourself if seasonal affective disorder affects you. ... Learn About Seasonal Affective Disorder Know what to look for and how to take care of yourself if seasonal affective disorder ... Seasonal affective disorder goes beyond simply feeling a little bit down and out of sorts. Its a persistent disorder, and ... so if you have a relative with this disorder, you might be at greater risk." ...
Would you like to learn about how your school can provide a range of strategies to promote an inclusive school setting to ... Autism Spectrum Disorder: Targeted Supports will help you to understand the strategies and adjustments you can integrate into ... Autism Spectrum Disorder: Intensive Supports will help you undertake a comprehensive process to determine the impact and ... Autism Spectrum Disorder: Universal Supports addresses the social communication, social interaction, patterns of behaviour and ...
Altogether, we present a novel data-driven method, based on machine learning that can be used to gain new and unambiguous ... In the present study, we try to address these issues and investigate the usefulness of a multivariate machine learning ... Sleep has been proposed to indicate preserved residual brain functioning in patients suffering from disorders of consciousness ...
Like many learning challenges, the symptoms of anxiety disorders can resemble other concerns identifies the ... Types of anxiety disorders in children include:. *Generalized or worry about a number of different things. Perfectionism is ... Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can result after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic or upsetting event. Nightmares, ... Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or constant preoccupation caused by unwanted thoughts and feelings. ...
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The answer is, a learning disorder couldnt-if it were only a learning disorder. But thats just our point, and its the key ... Isnt dyslexia a learning disorder? How could a learning disorder make people good at anything?" ... From this perspective they appear to have a learning disorder; and with respect to these tasks, they clearly do. Now look at ... Dyslexia, or the dyslexic processing style, isnt just a barrier to learning how to read and spell; its also a reflection of ...
... Carol Flexer, PhD ... A child is going to have to learn to listen to and process fast speech and distorted speech, but they learn to do that from a ... Maximizing Outcomes for Children with Auditory Disorders: Auditory Brain Development - Listening for Learning. ... Speech is going to drift out into the room from each table, so a child at one table whos trying to learn about states in the U ...
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AAIDD Online Learning Course:. Ways to Support People with Autism Spectrum Disorder. People diagnosed with autism spectrum ... AAIDD Online Learning: Ways to Support People with Autism Spectrum Disorder 24 May, 2017, 2 PM-3 PM. ... Most importantly, you will learn how to have fun together doing the things that you need to do.. New To Our Online Learning ... In this course you will learn more about what is going on with people who have ASD and how to help the person you support to be ...
CHOP Researchers Use Deep Learning to Find Genetic Causes of Mental Health Disorders in Frequently Understudied African ... CHOP Researchers Use Deep Learning to Find Genetic Causes of Mental Health Disorders in Frequently Understudied African ... shows that a deep learning model has promising accuracy when helping to diagnose a variety of common mental health disorders in ... Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD). CHADD does not endorse products, services, ...
with verbal and nonverbal learning disorders. We believe in connecting families to the necessary resources in order to help ... To learn more about specialized residential programs for adolescents needing professional help, please call the toll free ... Aspergers In Girls: Girls Are Less Likely to Be Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder ... Aspergers In Girls: Girls Are Less Likely to Be Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder ...
Yet, for many people with eating disorders, those things dont bring joy. They bring mental distress. I have struggled with an ... Learning how to cope with an eating disorder over the holidays. Jolie Asuncion, Opinion and Multimedia Editor,November 15, 2022 ... No matter how healthy I am, my eating disorder will always linger in the back of my mind. An eating disorder is more than an ... My eating disorder was a secret to most of the people in my life. The second you fall down the path of restrictive eating, the ...
... Feb 1, 2003 , Magazine: Actas ... There are very few studies on the treatment of youths with bipolar disorder. The strongest evidence of antimanic action in this ... However, there is less literature available on new treatments for bipolar disorder in children and adolescents, but many youths ... valproate and carbamazepine in the treatment of bipolar disorder in children, adolescents and adults, focusing on the potential ...
Evidence Linking Chemicals and Learning Disorders Has Reached a Tipping Point. Kara Holsopple. July 22, 2016. ... Children with learning and developmental disabilities are also more likely to end up in the juvenile justice system; and more ... MS: Well, one in six American children has a learning or developmental disability. So thats a lot of children, and we have ... The Allegheny Front: So the kinds of disorders were talking about are really complicated. Theyre thought to have multiple ...
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Click to learn about female orgasmic disorder, possible causes and supportive solutions. ... Learning How To Cope With Female Orgasmic Disorder. Medically reviewed by Andrea Brant, LMHC. Updated September 20, 2023by ... Read on to learn about female orgasmic disorder, possible diagnostic and treatment options and tips to live with this medical ... What Is Female Orgasmic Disorder?. Female orgasmic disorder (FOD), or anorgasmia, is generally defined by ones difficulty in ...
  • The U.S. Department of Education issued a 'Dear Colleague' letter providing clarification to both parents and practitioners about ensuring a high-quality education for children with specific learning disabilities, including children with dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia. (
  • Healthcare providers can play an important part in collaborating with schools to help a child with learning disorders or other disabilities get the special services they need. (
  • Learning disabilities, which include reading disabilities, are frequently diagnosed in children. (
  • Learning disabilities can occur for a variety of reasons and often require a multidisciplinary approach to address some of the more complex problems that can surround the diagnosis. (
  • vision problems do not cause primary dyslexia or learning disabilities. (
  • Although there are some vision problems that can interfere with the development of vision, the neurodevelopmental issues surrounding learning disabilities generally involve other areas of neural processing. (
  • Learning Disabilities & Behavior Disorders Special Education Ph.D. (
  • The doctoral program in Special Education with a concentration in Learning Disabilities & Behavior Disorders focuses on competence, excellence and leadership. (
  • As you progress through the program, you can enroll in specialized coursework focusing on autism intervention, emotional/behavioral disorders or mild/moderate disabilities. (
  • What Can You do With a Learning Disabilities & Behavior Disorders Special Education Ph.D. (
  • Analysis of the theoretical and empirical issues associated with the cognitive, social, neuropsychological, emotional and mental health associated with learning disabilities (LD) and emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD). (
  • Although the total number of children in the US with learning disorders is unknown, in the 2019-2020 school year, 7.3 million students (or 14% of all public school students) ages 3 to 21 in the US received special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) . (
  • The Brain Balance Program is a non-medical and drug-free approach to overcoming the challenges of ADHD, learning disabilities, processing disorders, Asperger's syndrome, and a host of other related childhood learning and developmental issues. (
  • About 2.9 million US children in public schools are classified as having specific learning disabilities and receive some kind of special education support. (
  • Learning disorders are sometimes called learning disabilities, or specific learning disabilities. (
  • Public expenditure on services for people with learning disabilities / Christopher Jones, Ken Wright. (
  • Programme budgeting revisited : special reference to people with learning disabilities / Christopher Jones, Ken Wright. (
  • Therefore this refers any person whose learning disability is a result of genetically caused disabilities, accident, disease or environment before or shortly after birth. (
  • Learning disabilities are caused by problems with the way the brain processes information and have little or nothing to do with intelligence. (
  • What are the different types of learning disabilities? (
  • Attention deficit disorder, which interferes with a child's ability to focus and pay attention, and dyspraxia, which affects coordination, are two other types of neural processing problems included in the broad category of learning disabilities. (
  • When do learning disabilities arise? (
  • How are learning disabilities diagnosed? (
  • What makes Yale Medicine's approach to assessing learning disabilities unique? (
  • Specific Learning Disability, Other Health Impairment, and Emotional Disturbance, etc.) and giftedness, as outlined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), in addition to providing a psychological diagnosis. (
  • Learning disorders can also be present with emotional or behavioral disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD ), or anxiety . (
  • NVLD's symptoms can overlap with symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), bipolar disorder, and ADHD. (
  • These overlapping conditions include, among others: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) autism spectrum disorders, especially high-functioning autism bipolar disorder developmental coordination disorder (dyspraxia) dyscalculia social communication disorder right hemisphere brain damage and developmental right hemisphere syndrome social-emotional processing disorder Gerstmann syndrome There is diagnostic overlap between nonverbal learning disorder and autism spectrum disorder, and some clinicians and researchers consider them to be the same condition. (
  • Start by understanding what NLD looks like - and how it changes as your child grows - so you can rule out a lookalike condition like ADHD or autism spectrum disorder. (
  • Objective: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is extremely subjective in both diagnosis and treatment. (
  • Clinical Features: A case history is presented of an 8-year-old child with many learning and behavioral disorders that are as- sociated with ADHD and temporally related to a fall incurred 18 months prior to being seen at this office. (
  • There are relatively few studies on learning and delayed memory with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (
  • The study indicates that learning and delayed memory processes are impaired in both combined and inattentive subtypes of ADHD and that the deficits are not merely an artifact of IQ. (
  • Has a doctor or health professional ever told you that (sample child) had attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or attention deficit disorder (ADD)? (
  • Often, children with nonverbal learning disorders to bolster in the preserved verbal skills to, by compensatory way, deal with the difficulties inherent to the condition. (
  • Considered to be neurologically based, nonverbal learning disorder is characterized by: impairments in visuospatial processing discrepancy between average to superior verbal abilities and impaired nonverbal abilities such as: visuoconstruction fine motor coordination mathematical reasoning visuospatial memory socioemotional skills People with NVLD may have trouble understanding charts, reading maps, assembling jigsaw puzzles, and using an analog clock to tell time. (
  • Learning disorders involve impairments or difficulties in concentration or attention, language development, or visual and aural information processing. (
  • Overall, 2,302 patients in the study had a physician diagnosis of a sleep disorder. (
  • XGBoost could predict the risk of sleep disorder diagnosis with a strong accuracy (AUROC=0.87, sensitivity=0.74, specificity=0.77), using 64 of the total variables included in the full dataset. (
  • However, the diagnosis is essentially clinical, identified by the presence of a number of criteria, marked by the discrepancy of verbal skills and non-verbal, with deficits primary, secondary and tertiary of order, that affect the domains of cognition and interfere with learning. (
  • This book explores: Descriptions of personality disorders Diagnosis and assessment Epidemiology and course Aetiology Treatment strategies. (
  • In particular, the research team looked at the proportions of people who met the diagnostic criteria for anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, psychological distress, insomnia, substance abuse, loneliness, and suicidal ideation, comparing the differences between the baseline in 2020 and the last follow-up in 2021. (
  • For posttraumatic stress disorder, the pooled prevalence was 17.5. (
  • Nonverbal learning disability (NVLD) is proposed category of neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by core deficits in visual-spatial processing and a significant discrepancy between verbal and nonverbal intelligence (where verbal intelligence is higher). (
  • Learning disorders are considered a type of neurodevelopmental disorder. (
  • Dyslexia is an alternative term used to refer to a pattern of learning difficulties characterized by problems with accurate or fluent word recognition, poor decoding, and poor spelling abilities. (
  • Dyslexia is traditionally defined as an unexpected difficulty learning to read despite adequate intelligence, motivation, and educational opportunities. (
  • Isn't dyslexia a learning disorder? (
  • Look first at individuals with dyslexia when they're reading or spelling or performing certain other language or learning tasks. (
  • There are four common learning disorders that the Brain Balance program can help with: Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia, and Dyspraxia. (
  • Dyslexia - Children have trouble reading, recognizing letters, learning letter sounds, and identifying rhyming words. (
  • A reading disorder is sometimes called dyslexia. (
  • We will examine the cognitive, academic, and behavioral/emotional strengths and weaknesses to determine whether your child meets criteria for a learning disorder (e.g., dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia) or another psychological disorder (e.g. (
  • Though sometimes identified in children in preschool, a child's learning difficulties more typically surface in kindergarten or grade school or even later, says Michele Goyette-Ewing, PhD , director of psychology training at the Yale Child Study Center and director of outpatient clinical services. (
  • Sometimes, your child's learning difficulties may mimic or co-exist with other disorders. (
  • At the beginning of their school careers, children with symptoms of NVLD struggle with tasks that require eye-hand coordination, such as coloring and using scissors, but often excel at memorizing verbal content, spelling, and reading once the shapes of the letters are learned. (
  • Nonverbal learning disorder will change in appearance as your child grows, and no two kids with NLD exhibit the same symptoms. (
  • The symptoms of nonverbal learning disorder are seldom apparent early in life. (
  • It's a persistent disorder, and according to psychiatrist Dr. David Buch, "most folks with seasonal symptoms develop them in late fall or early winter, and they fade with the longer days starting in spring. (
  • However, there is less literature available on new treatments for bipolar disorder in children and adolescents, but many youths with manic symptoms are treated with mood stabilizers. (
  • The following are the most common symptoms of learning disorders. (
  • Neurocysticercosis, central nervous system infection caused by the larval form of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium , manifests a broad range of neurologic symptoms, including seizure, headache, obstructive hydrocephalus, encephalitis, stroke, and cognitive disorders ( 1 ). (
  • This recommendation includes pregnant and postpartum women, in addition to any adult aged 19-64 years who does not have a diagnosed mental health disorder or who are not showing clearly visible signs and symptoms of anxiety. (
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders are neurologically based conditions that appear early in childhood, typically before school entry. (
  • Dyscalculia - Children have problems learning fundamentals that include one or more basic numerical skills. (
  • Face perception and learning in autism spectrum disorders. (
  • These disorders impair development of personal, social, academic, and/or occupational functioning and typically involve difficulties with the acquisition, retention, or application of specific skills or sets of information. (
  • Learning disorders can contribute to difficulties in academic performance, and they can cultivate low self-esteem and trouble developing interpersonal relationships. (
  • However, early detection and intervention can reduce the severity of academic difficulties and improve the quality of life experienced by children with learning disorders. (
  • Our goal was to review the current literature on alternatives to lithium, valproate and carbamazepine in the treatment of bipolar disorder in children, adolescents and adults, focusing on the potential uses of these drugs in youth. (
  • Interview with Lori Pbert, PhD, USPSTF member and coauthor of Screening for Eating Disorders in Adolescents and Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. (
  • Nonverbal learning disability (NVLD) is characterized by core deficits in visualspatial processing and social impairment. (
  • According to Mencap, there are approximately 193,707 children of school age in the UK who have a learning disability. (
  • Pupils with a learning disability or SEN tend to have fewer friends and participate in fewer social and recreational activities than their peers without a learning disability (Solish et al. (
  • The Mental Health Act 1983 refers to learning disability as either a mental impairment or a severe mental impairment. (
  • Appears to include all people with a learning disability as long as it is caused before the mind is completely developed. (
  • Though there may be several reasons why a child doesn't work to his or her potential, a learning disability may be at the root of the problem. (
  • Most people who have a learning disability are of average or above-average intelligence. (
  • Children with this learning disability may have trouble with spelling accuracy, grammar and punctuation accuracy, and clarity or organization of written expression. (
  • How do schools use learning disability assessments? (
  • The learning disability evaluation is used by a child's school to develop the child's individualized educational plan. (
  • and 'Has a representative from a school or a health professional ever told you that (sample child) had a learning disability? (
  • Pastor PN, Reuben CA. Diagnosed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disability: United States, 2004--2006. (
  • Disability induced by cognitive dysfunction is also a major issue in groups of patients not suffering from Alzheimer's disease or related disorders. (
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or constant preoccupation caused by unwanted thoughts and feelings. (
  • Our Brain Balance Program begins with a personal assessment that evaluates your child's learning strengths and weaknesses. (
  • Although 177 children were recruited for the study, 120 children without preinjury oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, or disruptive behavior disorder not otherwise specified (DBD NOS) returned for the 12-month assessment. (
  • Each assessment includes highly specific recommendations for support services (such as tutoring) and/or accommodations (such as untimed tests) that can improve the child's ability to access the learning environment and better demonstrate his or her abilities. (
  • What are the benefits of getting a thorough Learning Disorder assessment for my child? (
  • Minority populations have been historically under-represented in existing studies addressing how genetic variations may contribute to a variety of disorders. (
  • Genetic predisposition, problems during pregnancy, birth, or early infancy, as well as other general medical conditions may be associated with the cause of learning disorders. (
  • In a comprehensive computerized and manual literature search in Medline, we identified articles, abstracts and book chapters describing new treatments for bipolar disorder in children, adolescent, and adults. (
  • There are very few studies on the treatment of youths with bipolar disorder. (
  • Unlike the normal ups and downs that people encounter, these moods are severe in those that suffer from Bipolar disorder. (
  • Bipolar disorder can be treated however not everyone will respond to medications in the same way so different people require different combinations of medication. (
  • Medication to control bipolar disorder is often used in combination with various types of therapy including cognitive behavior therapy, psychoeducation, and interpersonal therapy. (
  • A Blood Test to Diagnose Bipolar Disorder? (
  • Participants were evaluated soon after injury (baseline) for preinjury characteristics, including psychiatric disorders, adaptive function, family function, psychosocial adversity, family psychiatric history, socioeconomic status, and injury severity, to develop a biopsychosocial predictive model for development of novel oppositional defiant disorder. (
  • Psychedelics for Treating Psychiatric Disorders: Are They Safe? (
  • The prevalence of diagnosed sleep disorders among American patients has significantly increased over the past decade. (
  • Globally, the changing aging pyramid results in increased prevalence of cognitive disorders, and the diversity of cultures influences the expression, manifestation and consequences of cognitive dysfunction. (
  • There are numerous psychological disorders that have been identified including mood disorders, psychotic disorders, and eating disorders. (
  • A comprehensive evaluation identifies whether a child has a learning disorder as well as learning strengths and weaknesses. (
  • Yet, for many people with eating disorders, those things don't bring joy. (
  • To avoid facing this fear, those with eating disorders tend to turn down dinner and party invitations. (
  • Eating disorders also come with guilt and punishment. (
  • A study from The National Library of Medicine found that 94% of college students supported the hypothesis that women with eating disorders experience more shame and guilt in relation to eating than those who don't. (
  • The thing about eating disorders is that they are so heavily romanticized, especially on social media. (
  • Of these 120 children, seven (5.8%) exhibited novel oppositional defiant disorder, and none developed conduct disorder or DBD NOS in the 6-12 months postinjury. (
  • Food is one of our most basic instinctual forms of reward, and the disordered mind doesn't recognize this. (
  • As stated by Maia Szalavitz, in his book Unbroken Brain, 'science has studied the connection between learning processes and addiction, managing to recognize which brain regions are related to addiction and in what way. (
  • You can help your teen by learning to recognize the signs of stress and teaching your child healthy ways to deal with it. (
  • Learn to recognize signs of stress in your teen. (
  • Instead, the training was adapted to include a video of a person living with a mental health disorder, explaining their lived experience of access to care and treatment, impact of stigma and discrimination on their daily life, and how to deal with and prevent discrimination. (
  • The nonverbal learning disorder is a specific change in the functioning of the nervous system, characterized by marked losses in mathematical reasoning, visospatial cognition, motor skills, sensory perception and social skills. (
  • Background: The challenges of today's society call for more knowledge about how to maintain all aspects of cognitive health, such as speed/attention, memory/learning, visuospatial ability, language, executive capacity and social cognition during the life course. (
  • Childhood learning, behavior, and the family / by Louise C. Taichert. (
  • Low-level exposure of lead has been associated with childhood learning disorders and poor performance on intelligence tests. (
  • In this latest edition, specific learning disorder (SLD) is the umbrella term for mathematics, reading, and written expression disorders. (
  • Rather than limiting learning disorders to diagnoses particular to reading, mathematics and written expression, the criteria describe shortcomings in general academic skills and provide detailed specifiers for the areas of reading, mathematics, and written expression. (
  • A learning disorder is defined as difficulty in an academic area (reading, mathematics, or written expression). (
  • A mathematics disorder is present when a child has problems with skills related to numbers, such as counting, copying numbers correctly, adding and carrying numbers, learning multiplication tables, recognizing mathematical signs, and understanding mathematical operations. (
  • Learning disorders are believed to occur because of an abnormality in the nervous system, either in the structure of the brain or in the functioning of brain chemicals. (
  • A psychological disorder is an abnormality of the mind that results in behavior patterns that can affect everyday functioning. (
  • In the new work, the researchers used the machine learning model XGBoost to analyze publicly available data on 7,929 patients in the US who completed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. (
  • The authors conclude that machine learning methods may be effective first steps in screening patients for sleep disorder risk without relying on physician judgment or bias. (
  • A new study from researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) shows that a deep learning model has promising accuracy when helping to diagnose a variety of common mental health disorders in African American patients. (
  • Identify ways for clinicians to diagnose and treat obstructive sleep apnea in patients with substance use disorders. (
  • A Multitask Learning Approach to Assess the Dysarthria Severity in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease. (
  • Ultimately, as Damasio and LeDoux would argue, we tend better to learn and remember those things that have particular, added emotional emphases in our lives, and we have to work harder at recall to retrieve information that has no special meaning. (
  • I enjoy being able to specialize and be able to learn about various brain disorders and how to diagnose them," Smith said. (
  • You may also work with a neurologist who treats brain disorders, a neurosurgeon who performs surgery on the brain, or a specialist in another area of medicine. (
  • Most learning disorders are complex or mixed, with deficits in more than one system. (
  • No single cause has been defined, but neurologic deficits are presumed to be involved whether or not other neurologic manifestations (ie, apart from the learning disorder) are present. (
  • Having a learning disorder means that a child has difficulty in one or more areas of learning, even when overall intelligence or motivation is not affected. (
  • However, it could be a sign of female orgasmic disorder-a condition that may cause difficulty in reaching orgasm for some women. (
  • Female orgasmic disorder (FOD), or anorgasmia, is generally defined by one's difficulty in achieving orgasm following typical sexual arousal. (
  • Although fear can contribute to survival, difficulty regulating threat responses can interfere with goal-directed activities and is the hallmark of anxiety disorders. (
  • Children with a reading disorder read slow and have difficulty understanding what they read. (
  • A disorder of written expression is present when a child has difficulty with writing skills, such as understanding grammar and punctuation, spelling, paragraph organization, or composing written information. (
  • In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association released the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM5). (
  • Read on to learn about female orgasmic disorder, possible diagnostic and treatment options and tips to live with this medical condition. (
  • Although formal diagnoses may help some children get assistance, characterizing different capabilities as disorders risks medicalizing them as somehow pathological. (
  • It is a learning problem that changes the way the brain works, altering its connections through new mechanisms of reward, motivation and punishment. (
  • Clumsiness" is not unusual in people with NVLD, especially children, and it may take a child with NVLD longer than usual to learn how to tie shoelaces or to ride a bicycle. (
  • How could a learning disorder make people good at anything? (
  • People diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can have very different levels of functioning. (
  • Other people are more severely affected by this disorder. (
  • In this course you will learn more about what is going on with people who have ASD and how to help the person you support to be calmer more of the time and less frustrated. (
  • The important thing is to identify people who need different or additional help learning and provide access to the assistance they need. (
  • In these times of political polarization all over the world, over one third of all people experience anxiety disorders, in which circumstances frequently are taken to be more threatening than they actually are. (
  • These disorders affect as many as 1 in 5 people across the United States, and they can cause an individual to have academic and motor-skill challenges. (
  • People with borderline personality disorder can suffer from tumultuous social worlds in which other people seem unreliable or even threatening, and relational ruptures can be difficult to repair. (
  • In this webinar, I will discuss the details of social learning: What do we expect about new people we meet? (
  • In this way, fortunately, many people discover or learn many other experiences much more rewarding than the consumption of substances. (
  • We are talking about a disorder based on the functioning of the brain , that in addicted people works abnormally. (
  • In non-addicted people, the dopamine signal is used to update the value assigned to different actions, which causes a choice and learning. (
  • There are a number of different mental illnesses, or psychological disorders that affect people. (
  • Stigma and discrimination against people with mental health disorders is a significant public health issue in Tunisia. (
  • For people living with mental health disorders, it is a major barrier to seeking help, accessing quality care and treatment, and recovery. (
  • Therefore, implementing innovative solutions for health care providers to improve interactions between them and people living with mental health disorders and quality of care is crucial. (
  • To this regard, the group of psychiatrists (part of The INDIGO Network) adapted these interventions to the Tunisian context, creating the Tunisia READ training which aimed to improve the ability of future doctors, specifically fifth-year medical students at Tunis Medical School to overcome the stigma of mental health disorders and improve quality of care and life for people living with mental health disorders. (
  • Increase constructive responses to experienced and anticipated discrimination among people living with mental health disorders. (
  • Reduce behaviours which are or can be experienced as discriminatory by people with mental health disorders and carers. (
  • The Tunisia READ training adapted the original training, incorporating examples from the Tunisian culture and data from studies addressing stigma and discrimination in people living with mental health disorders in Tunisia. (
  • This trend is important to better understand and reverse since sleep disorders are a significant risk factor for diabetes, heart disease, obesity, and depression. (
  • The greatest predictors for a sleep disorder, based on the machine learning model, were depression, weight, age and waist circumference. (
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder: Universal Supports addresses the social communication, social interaction, patterns of behaviour and interests that you may observe when teaching a student with autism. (
  • Therefore, according to Descartes, the study of thought processes and learning were properly outside the field of medicine, and suitable only for philosophy courses. (
  • Using new mathematical and neuroimaging methods, I will explore how these social processes may go awry in borderline personality disorder. (
  • We have been using a general framework shown here on the right for describing these processes, with the understanding that this is likely to change as we learn more and that these groups are also not mutually exclusive. (
  • The data gathered from these tests can help diagnose conditions like epilepsy, other seizure disorders, strokes, degenerative brain disease, and traumatic brain injuries, among others. (
  • Our testing process gives you a deep understanding of your child's learning profile , including specific areas that need to be targeted through further intervention, as well as their unique strengths. (
  • A child with NVLD's Average or Superior verbal skills can be misattributed to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, defiant behavior, inattention, or lack of effort. (
  • Learning and delayed memory were assessed with the 'Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised' and the 'Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised', which have compatible methods of administration, test format, and score ranges. (
  • Learning disorders are conditions that cause a discrepancy between potential and actual levels of academic performance as predicted by the person's intellectual abilities. (
  • Properly diagnosing each disorder is crucial, so that the child can get the right kind of help for each. (
  • Having a learning disorder can qualify a child for special education services in school. (
  • Schools usually do their own testing for learning disorders to see if a child needs intervention. (
  • Early researchers in the syndrome of NVLD Johnson and Myklebust characterize how the children appear in a classroom: "An example is the child who fails to learn the meaning of the actions of others. (
  • The Brain Balance program in Palmdale and across the country has helped tens of thousands of children with learning and developmental issues through an integrated, whole-child approach for over a decade. (
  • Initial signs include trouble learning to spell and write after a child begins school. (
  • First, anticipate potential issues your child may experience with a middle school learning disorder , such as issues with more difficult coursework, organizational challenges and logistic issues. (
  • The following middle school tips for learning differences will help ease the transition as your child heads back to school. (
  • Not only can remembering a locker code be an issue, but for a child with a middle school learning disorder, it may be particularly challenging to navigate the hallways, keep track of the bell schedule and get to class on time. (
  • If your child struggles with learning or has been diagnosed with a Learning Disorder, contact us online or find a center near you to learn more about how the Brain Balance Program can help. (
  • The difference in the nervous system causes the child with a learning disorder to receive, process, or communicate information in a different way. (
  • A reading disorder is present when a child reads below the expected level given his/her age, grade in school, and intelligence. (
  • The Child Study Center offers comprehensive psychological evaluations, including for learning disorders. (
  • Learn more about how stroke is treated at the hospital from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (
  • Know what to look for and how to take care of yourself if seasonal affective disorder affects you. (
  • These results demonstrate that novel oppositional defiant disorder following TBI selectively and negatively affects an identifiable group of children. (
  • Anxiety is a normal response to everyday stress but those that suffer from anxiety disorders suffer from anxiety that affects their day to day lives. (