Capillary Leak Syndrome: A condition characterized by recurring episodes of fluid leaking from capillaries into extra-vascular compartments causing hematocrit to rise precipitously. If not treated, generalized vascular leak can lead to generalized EDEMA; SHOCK; cardiovascular collapse; and MULTIPLE ORGAN FAILURE.Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea: Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)Subdural Effusion: Leakage and accumulation of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID in the subdural space which may be associated with an infectious process; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; INTRACRANIAL HYPOTENSION; and other conditions.Intracranial Hypotension: Reduction of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID pressure characterized clinically by HEADACHE which is maximal in an upright posture and occasionally by an abducens nerve palsy (see ABDUCENS NERVE DISEASES), neck stiffness, hearing loss (see DEAFNESS); NAUSEA; and other symptoms. This condition may be spontaneous or secondary to SPINAL PUNCTURE; NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES; DEHYDRATION; UREMIA; trauma (see also CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA); and other processes. Chronic hypotension may be associated with subdural hematomas (see HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL) or hygromas. (From Semin Neurol 1996 Mar;16(1):5-10; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp637-8)Pneumothorax: An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Potassium Channels, Tandem Pore Domain: Potassium channels that contain two pores in tandem. They are responsible for baseline or leak currents and may be the most numerous of all K channels.Chest Tubes: Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.Capillary Permeability: The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Protons: Stable elementary particles having the smallest known positive charge, found in the nuclei of all elements. The proton mass is less than that of a neutron. A proton is the nucleus of the light hydrogen atom, i.e., the hydrogen ion.Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel: A tetrameric calcium release channel in the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM membrane of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, acting oppositely to SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES. It is important in skeletal and cardiac excitation-contraction coupling and studied by using RYANODINE. Abnormalities are implicated in CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS and MUSCULAR DISEASES.Masks: Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)Surgical Stapling: A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.Tissue Adhesives: Substances used to cause adherence of tissue to tissue or tissue to non-tissue surfaces, as for prostheses.Laryngeal Masks: A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.Myelography: X-ray visualization of the spinal cord following injection of contrast medium into the spinal arachnoid space.Sarcoplasmic Reticulum: A network of tubules and sacs in the cytoplasm of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that assist with muscle contraction and relaxation by releasing and storing calcium ions.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Heart Valve Prosthesis: A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.Suture Techniques: Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials: The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Pulmonary Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the lung.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Air: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases in any part of the ductal system of the BILIARY TRACT from the smallest BILE CANALICULI to the largest COMMON BILE DUCT.Trityl CompoundsAir Pressure: The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.Fistula: Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.Esophagectomy: Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)Barotrauma: Injury following pressure changes; includes injury to the eustachian tube, ear drum, lung and stomach.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.Equipment Failure: Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Fibrin Tissue Adhesive: An autologous or commercial tissue adhesive containing FIBRINOGEN and THROMBIN. The commercial product is a two component system from human plasma that contains more than fibrinogen and thrombin. The first component contains highly concentrated fibrinogen, FACTOR VIII, fibronectin, and traces of other plasma proteins. The second component contains thrombin, calcium chloride, and antifibrinolytic agents such as APROTININ. Mixing of the two components promotes BLOOD CLOTTING and the formation and cross-linking of fibrin. The tissue adhesive is used for tissue sealing, HEMOSTASIS, and WOUND HEALING.Membrane Potentials: The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).Sphenoid Sinus: One of the paired air spaces located in the body of the SPHENOID BONE behind the ETHMOID BONE in the middle of the skull. Sphenoid sinus communicates with the posterosuperior part of NASAL CAVITY on the same side.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.Ion Channels: Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.Septal Occluder Device: A CATHETER-delivered implant used for closing abnormal holes in the cardiovascular system, especially HEART SEPTAL DEFECTS; or passageways intentionally made during cardiovascular surgical procedures.Blood Patch, Epidural: The injection of autologous blood into the epidural space either as a prophylactic treatment immediately following an epidural puncture or for treatment of headache as a result of an epidural puncture.Cholangiography: An imaging test of the BILIARY TRACT in which a contrast dye (RADIOPAQUE MEDIA) is injected into the BILE DUCT and x-ray pictures are taken.Surgical Wound Dehiscence: Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.ManikinsCell Membrane Permeability: A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.Ventilators, Mechanical: Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.Surgical Staplers: Fastening devices composed of steel-tantalum alloys used to close operative wounds, especially of the skin, which minimizes infection by not introducing a foreign body that would connect external and internal regions of the body. (From Segen, Current Med Talk, 1995)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Mitochondrial Proteins: Proteins encoded by the mitochondrial genome or proteins encoded by the nuclear genome that are imported to and resident in the MITOCHONDRIA.Laryngeal Edema: Abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues of any part of the LARYNX, commonly associated with laryngeal injuries and allergic reactions.Ethmoid Bone: A light and spongy (pneumatized) bone that lies between the orbital part of FRONTAL BONE and the anterior of SPHENOID BONE. Ethmoid bone separates the ORBIT from the ETHMOID SINUS. It consists of a horizontal plate, a perpendicular plate, and two lateral labyrinths.Technetium Tc 99m Lidofenin: A nontoxic radiopharmaceutical that is used in RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING for the clinical evaluation of hepatobiliary disorders in humans.Potassium: An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Tacrolimus Binding Proteins: A family of immunophilin proteins that bind to the immunosuppressive drugs TACROLIMUS (also known as FK506) and SIROLIMUS. EC 5.2.1.-Pleurodesis: The production of adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura. The procedure is used in the treatment of bronchopleural fistulas, malignant pleural effusions, and pneumothorax and often involves instillation of chemicals or other agents into the pleural space causing, in effect, a pleuritis that seals the air leak. (From Fishman, Pulmonary Diseases, 2d ed, p2233 & Dorland, 27th ed)Pneumonectomy: The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.Intubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Cerebrospinal Fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced in the CHOROID PLEXUS and circulates around the surface of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and in the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.Oxidative Phosphorylation: Electron transfer through the cytochrome system liberating free energy which is transformed into high-energy phosphate bonds.Calcium Signaling: Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.Proton Pumps: Integral membrane proteins that transport protons across a membrane. This transport can be linked to the hydrolysis of ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. What is referred to as proton pump inhibitors frequently is about POTASSIUM HYDROGEN ATPASE.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic: Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases: Calcium-transporting ATPases that catalyze the active transport of CALCIUM into the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM vesicles from the CYTOPLASM. They are primarily found in MUSCLE CELLS and play a role in the relaxation of MUSCLES.Tetracaine: A potent local anesthetic of the ester type used for surface and spinal anesthesia.Otologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the external, middle, or internal ear.Mitochondria, Liver: Mitochondria in hepatocytes. As in all mitochondria, there are an outer membrane and an inner membrane, together creating two separate mitochondrial compartments: the internal matrix space and a much narrower intermembrane space. In the liver mitochondrion, an estimated 67% of the total mitochondrial proteins is located in the matrix. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p343-4)Respiratory Protective Devices: Respirators to protect individuals from breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Skull Base: The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Radiology, Interventional: Subspecialty of radiology that combines organ system radiography, catheter techniques and sectional imaging.Respiratory Tract Fistula: An abnormal passage communicating between any component of the respiratory tract or between any part of the respiratory system and surrounding organs.Chlorofluorocarbons, Methane: A group of methane-based halogenated hydrocarbons containing one or more fluorine and chlorine atoms.Cyclamates: Salts and esters of cyclamic acid.Myocytes, Cardiac: Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC).Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures: Any surgical procedure performed on the biliary tract.Echocardiography, Transesophageal: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.Permeability: Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.Esophageal Diseases: Pathological processes in the ESOPHAGUS.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Cholecystectomy: Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.ThiazepinesExcitation Contraction Coupling: A process fundamental to muscle physiology whereby an electrical stimulus or action potential triggers a myocyte to depolarize and contract. This mechanical muscle contraction response is regulated by entry of calcium ions into the cell.Erythrocyte Deformability: Ability of ERYTHROCYTES to change shape as they pass through narrow spaces, such as the microvasculature.Chyle: An opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system.Surgical Fixation Devices: Devices used to hold tissue structures together for repair, reconstruction or to close wounds. They may consist of adsorbable or non-adsorbable, natural or synthetic materials. They include tissue adhesives, skin tape, sutures, buttons, staples, clips, screws, etc., each designed to conform to various tissue geometries.Tidal Volume: The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Lung Injury: Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.Positive-Pressure Respiration: A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.Spinal Puncture: Tapping fluid from the subarachnoid space in the lumbar region, usually between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae.Disposable Equipment: Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Bronchial Fistula: An abnormal passage or communication between a bronchus and another part of the body.Mitral Valve: The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart.Ocular Hypotension: Abnormally low intraocular pressure often related to chronic inflammation (uveitis).Lymphangiomyoma: A tumorlike condition characterized by SMOOTH MUSCLE and ENDOTHELIUM proliferation of LYMPHATIC VESSELS and LYMPH NODES in the MEDIASTINUM and retroperitoneum, also in the lung. It may be manifested by chylous PLEURAL EFFUSION and ASCITES.Pulmonary Edema: Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.Sphenoid Bone: An irregular unpaired bone situated at the SKULL BASE and wedged between the frontal, temporal, and occipital bones (FRONTAL BONE; TEMPORAL BONE; OCCIPITAL BONE). Sphenoid bone consists of a median body and three pairs of processes resembling a bat with spread wings. The body is hollowed out in its inferior to form two large cavities (SPHENOID SINUS).Wound Closure Techniques: Methods to repair breaks in tissue caused by trauma or to close surgical incisions.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Gas, Natural: A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Lymphocele: Cystic mass containing lymph from diseased lymphatic channels or following surgical trauma or other injury.Mitochondria: Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Dura Mater: The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2: A multifunctional calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase subtype that occurs as an oligomeric protein comprised of twelve subunits. It differs from other enzyme subtypes in that it lacks a phosphorylatable activation domain that can respond to CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE KINASE.Urethra: A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Meningocele: A congenital or acquired protrusion of the meninges, unaccompanied by neural tissue, through a bony defect in the skull or vertebral column.Ion Transport: The movement of ions across energy-transducing cell membranes. Transport can be active, passive or facilitated. Ions may travel by themselves (uniport), or as a group of two or more ions in the same (symport) or opposite (antiport) directions.Pancreaticoduodenectomy: The excision of the head of the pancreas and the encircling loop of the duodenum to which it is connected.Esophageal Perforation: An opening or hole in the ESOPHAGUS that is caused by TRAUMA, injury, or pathological process.Jejunostomy: Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Bile: An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.Membrane Transport Proteins: Membrane proteins whose primary function is to facilitate the transport of molecules across a biological membrane. Included in this broad category are proteins involved in active transport (BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT, ACTIVE), facilitated transport and ION CHANNELS.Esophageal Stenosis: A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.Patch-Clamp Techniques: An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.Mitral Valve Insufficiency: Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hepatic Duct, Common: Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Noninvasive Ventilation: Techniques for administering artificial respiration without the need for INTRATRACHEAL INTUBATION.Cell Respiration: The metabolic process of all living cells (animal and plant) in which oxygen is used to provide a source of energy for the cell.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Thoracoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.Oligomycins: A closely related group of toxic substances elaborated by various strains of Streptomyces. They are 26-membered macrolides with lactone moieties and double bonds and inhibit various ATPases, causing uncoupling of phosphorylation from mitochondrial respiration. Used as tools in cytochemistry. Some specific oligomycins are RUTAMYCIN, peliomycin, and botrycidin (formerly venturicidin X).Heart Valve Diseases: Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).Thapsigargin: A sesquiterpene lactone found in roots of THAPSIA. It inhibits CA(2+)-TRANSPORTING ATPASE mediated uptake of CALCIUM into SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM.Encephalocele: Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.Sella Turcica: A bony prominence situated on the upper surface of the body of the sphenoid bone. It houses the PITUITARY GLAND.Gastrectomy: Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)Benzylamines: Toluenes in which one hydrogen of the methyl group is substituted by an amino group. Permitted are any substituents on the benzene ring or the amino group.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Uncoupling Agents: Chemical agents that uncouple oxidation from phosphorylation in the metabolic cycle so that ATP synthesis does not occur. Included here are those IONOPHORES that disrupt electron transfer by short-circuiting the proton gradient across mitochondrial membranes.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.GABA Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins: A family of plasma membrane neurotransmitter transporter proteins that regulates extracellular levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID. They differ from GABA RECEPTORS, which signal cellular responses to GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID. They control GABA reuptake into PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM through high-affinity sodium-dependent transport.Cations, Monovalent: Positively charged atoms, radicals or group of atoms with a valence of plus 1, which travel to the cathode or negative pole during electrolysis.Electric Conductivity: The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y: A Y-shaped surgical anastomosis of any part of the digestive system which includes the small intestine as the eventual drainage site.Surgical Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.Esophageal Atresia: Congenital abnormality characterized by the lack of full development of the ESOPHAGUS that commonly occurs with TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA. Symptoms include excessive SALIVATION; GAGGING; CYANOSIS; and DYSPNEA.Imino AcidsModels, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Liver Transplantation: The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.Radiography, Interventional: Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Esophagoplasty: A plastic operation on the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)Suction: The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.Gastric Bypass: Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.Carbonyl Cyanide p-Trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone: A proton ionophore that is commonly used as an uncoupling agent in biochemical studies.Calcium Channels: Voltage-dependent cell membrane glycoproteins selectively permeable to calcium ions. They are categorized as L-, T-, N-, P-, Q-, and R-types based on the activation and inactivation kinetics, ion specificity, and sensitivity to drugs and toxins. The L- and T-types are present throughout the cardiovascular and central nervous systems and the N-, P-, Q-, & R-types are located in neuronal tissue.Pleural DiseasesChylous Ascites: Presence of milky lymph (CHYLE) in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, with or without infection.Digestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Gene Knock-In Techniques: Techniques used to add in exogenous gene sequence such as mutated genes; REPORTER GENES, to study mechanisms of gene expression; or regulatory control sequences, to study effects of temporal changes to GENE EXPRESSION.Aortic Valve: The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.Trabeculectomy: Any surgical procedure for treatment of glaucoma by means of puncture or reshaping of the trabecular meshwork. It includes goniotomy, trabeculectomy, and laser perforation.MalonatesHeadache: The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.Respiratory Insufficiency: Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)Thoracotomy: Surgical incision into the chest wall.Colectomy: Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)Pancreatic Fistula: Abnormal passage communicating with the PANCREAS.Filtering Surgery: A surgical procedure used in treatment of glaucoma in which an opening is created through which aqueous fluid may pass from the anterior chamber into a sac created beneath the conjunctiva, thus lowering the pressure within the eye. (Hoffman, Pocket Glossary of Ophthalmologic Terminology, 1989)Talc: Finely powdered native hydrous magnesium silicate. It is used as a dusting powder, either alone or with starch or boric acid, for medicinal and toilet preparations. It is also an excipient and filler for pills, tablets, and for dusting tablet molds. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Pleura: The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.Mediastinal Emphysema: Presence of air in the mediastinal tissues due to leakage of air from the tracheobronchial tree, usually as a result of trauma.Onium Compounds: Ions with the suffix -onium, indicating cations with coordination number 4 of the type RxA+ which are analogous to QUATERNARY AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS (H4N+). Ions include phosphonium R4P+, oxonium R3O+, sulfonium R3S+, chloronium R2Cl+Colostomy: The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.Urodynamics: The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.Bromides: Salts of hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1- oxidation state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Sutures: Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure: Manometric pressure of the CEREBROSPINAL FLUID as measured by lumbar, cerebroventricular, or cisternal puncture. Within the cranial cavity it is called INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE.Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Ricin: A protein phytotoxin from the seeds of Ricinus communis, the castor oil plant. It agglutinates cells, is proteolytic, and causes lethal inflammation and hemorrhage if taken internally.Chemical Hazard Release: Uncontrolled release of a chemical from its containment that either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a chemical hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Calcium-Transporting ATPases: Cation-transporting proteins that utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis for the transport of CALCIUM. They differ from CALCIUM CHANNELS which allow calcium to pass through a membrane without the use of energy.Bioprosthesis: Prosthesis, usually heart valve, composed of biological material and whose durability depends upon the stability of the material after pretreatment, rather than regeneration by host cell ingrowth. Durability is achieved 1, mechanically by the interposition of a cloth, usually polytetrafluoroethylene, between the host and the graft, and 2, chemically by stabilization of the tissue by intermolecular linking, usually with glutaraldehyde, after removal of antigenic components, or the use of reconstituted and restructured biopolymers.Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Ion Channel Gating: The opening and closing of ion channels due to a stimulus. The stimulus can be a change in membrane potential (voltage-gated), drugs or chemical transmitters (ligand-gated), or a mechanical deformation. Gating is thought to involve conformational changes of the ion channel which alters selective permeability.Cellulose, Oxidized: A cellulose of varied carboxyl content retaining the fibrous structure. It is commonly used as a local hemostatic and as a matrix for normal blood coagulation.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted: Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.Blister: Visible accumulations of fluid within or beneath the epidermis.Cutaneous Fistula: An abnormal passage or communication leading from an internal organ to the surface of the body.
Additional leaks[edit]. In November 2006, El Mundo[citation needed] claimed that an anti-doping laboratory in Barcelona which ... As more names leaked to the press, T-Mobile Team asked riders to sign a statement that they had never worked with Fuentes,[12] ...
Leaks and media coverage[edit]. On 9 October 2018, extracts of the review were leaked to Fairfax Media, which reported that ... The full recommendations of the review were subsequently leaked to Fairfax and reported on 12 October 2018.[41] ... but stated that the media coverage of the leaked report was "confused".[35] Religious schools have held the right to ...
Even with pipeline leak volumes within SCADA detection limits, sometimes pipeline leaks are misinterpreted by pipeline ... Leak detection is monitored through a SCADA system that assesses pressure and volume flow every 5 seconds. A pinhole leak that ... Leak detection systems[edit]. Since oil and gas pipelines are an important asset of the economic development of almost any ... that provide extended functionality to perform leak detection, leak location, batch tracking (liquid lines), pig tracking, ...
2005 THORP plant leak[edit]. On 19 April 2005 83,000 litres of radioactive waste was discovered to have leaked in the THORP ... 2005 leak[edit]. *Board of Inquiry Report. Other[edit]. *"Britain's Pioneer Atomic Power Plants." Popular Mechanics, June 1954 ... letting contaminated water leak.[101] In 2014 photographs of the storage ponds were leaked to the media, showing they were in ... "Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant (THORP) leak investigation and consent to restart". Health and Safety Executive. Retrieved 9 ...
Leaks, publications and consultations[edit]. Stakeholders' consultation meeting on 21 April 2009 at the Charlemagne building in ... "ACTA Final Agreement Leaked". Nerd::NG. 16 November 2010. Archived from the original on 21 November 2010. Retrieved 16 November ... "New ACTA leak: 01/18 version of consolidated text". La Quadrature du Net. 23 March 2010 [text of 18 January 2010]. Retrieved 4 ... In March 2010, a leaked draft negotiation text showed that the European Commission had proposed language in ACTA to require ...
The leak[edit]. On November 4, 2010, video footage of the collisions taken by the Japan Coast Guard was leaked on YouTube, and ... Reactions to the leak and the video clips[edit]. The Japanese government views the leak as a breach of confidentiality and ... Coast guard probed over video leak. *^ "Looking less like a secret". The Japan Times. November 18, 2010. Retrieved November 24, ... "Senkaku collisions video leak riles China". The Japan Times. Retrieved March 8, 2011.. ...
a b Leaked U.S. video shows deaths of Reuters' Iraqi staffers Archived November 20, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Reuters. ... Leaked video footage[edit]. Early in 2010, the Internet whistleblower site WikiLeaks made a public request for assistance in ... "Leaked U.S. video shows deaths of Reuters' Iraqi staffers". The Washington Post. April 5, 2010.. ... "Leaked Video Depicts Civilian Deaths In Iraq". NPR. April 6, 2010. Archived from the original on September 18, 2018. Retrieved ...
Accidental leak[edit]. During January and February 2020, the Institute was subject to concerns that it was the source of the ...
... fire detection only worked if the leak ignited at the leak site; it gave no protection against a major leak with delayed ... Reactor 5 leaks and is bypassed[edit]. Two months prior to the explosion, the number 5 reactor was discovered to be leaking. ... the reactors had to be depressurised and allowed to cool in order to deal with leaks elsewhere. The leaks having been dealt ... A leak had developed on the air feed to the reactor, and a water spray had been put on it as a prudent precaution against hot ...
Leaked memos[edit]. In September 2003, a large number of internal Diebold memos, dating back to 1999, were posted to the ...
2015 steam leak shutdown[edit]. On May 9, 2015, a steam leak in the turbine building caused FirstEnergy operators to declare an ... 2008 discovery of tritium leak[edit]. The NRC and Ohio EPA were notified of a tritium leak accidentally discovered during an ... Davis-Besse radioactive leak is fixed. *^ "8 more nozzles at Davis-Besse found to be flawed". The Blade. Toledo, OH. 2010-05-04 ... 2012 reactor coolant pump seal pinhole leak[edit]. On June 6, 2012, an approximately 0.1 gpm pinhole spray leakage was ...
Cutting Up The Present Leaks Out The Future[edit]. The third studio album Cutting Up The Present Leaks Out The Future was ... Cutting Up The Present Leaks Out The Future (UK). CD / Download / Vinyl. Ogenesis Records. ... The third album "Cutting Up The Present Leaks Out The Future" was released on Ogenisis in Feb 2014 with Q saying 'it's a ...
8 November 2010). "Leaks". The Talk of the Town. Comment. The New Yorker. 86 (35): 27-28. Retrieved 21 November 2011. - (April ...
"WOMEN'S RIGHTS PROGRAM" (PDF). DC Leaks. Retrieved 12 February 2017. "George Soros rises again". Politico. Retrieved 31 August ...
On the tape, Raitt made comments on the radio isotope issue, describing it as "sexy ... Radioactive leaks. Cancer." and hard to ...
Uri Blau, Daniel Dolev (7 April 2016). "Israeli Diamond Tycoons Listed in Leaked Panama Papers". Haaretz. Retrieved 9 May 2016 ... DRC Report (Report). Congo Leaks. November 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2013. Frik Els (August 22, 2012). "Meet the Israeli ...
In a leaked cable titled PROSPECTS FOR REFORM DOMINATE DISCUSSIONS IN MALDIVES the followings were noted: "Home Affairs ... US Embassy Colombo (21 October 2005). "PROSPECTS FOR REFORM DOMINATE DISCUSSIONS IN MALDIVES". WIKI LEAKS. Retrieved 24 ...
A copy of the private key used to sign official Yahoo browser extensions for Google Chrome was accidentally leaked in the first ... Chirgwin, Richard (24 May 2012). "Yahoo leaks! private! key! in! Axis! Chrome! debut!". The Register. Retrieved 25 May 2012. ...
"Album Leaks". MusicBay. Retrieved 2015-05-08. ...
"CIP LEAKS". Retrieved 2 April 2017. "The Phoenix - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 2 April ...
"The 1990 Constitution" (PDF). Fiji Leaks. Retrieved 29 September 2015. Elek, Andrew L.; Hill, Hal; Tabor, Steven R. (May 1993 ...
A similar leak situation was seen during the first launch attempt of STS-119. NASA managers met on 14 June 2009 and 15 June ... The test was declared a success with no leaks detected on the GUCP. The mission was announced to be targeting an 11 July 2009 ... The launch countdown began 10 June 2009, but on 13 June 2009, as tanking was underway, a gaseous hydrogen leak on a vent line ... The second launch attempt on 17 June 2009 was also scrubbed due to hydrogen leak issues seen from the Ground Umbilical Carrier ...
This file was fabricated and then "leaked" to the media (as "proof" of his betrayal of Solidarity) in an attempt to prevent ... Poland Leaks. Retrieved September 21, 2012. Check date values in: ,date= (help) Editorial (February 20, 2012). "Czempiński u ...
No leaks. This is how we know we're a real family here." On July 5, after FBI Director James Comey advocated against pressing ...
DRC Report (Report). Congo Leaks. November 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2013. James Wood; Craig McKune; Steffaans, Brummer (17 ...
Systemic capillary leak syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent flares of massive leakage of plasma and other ... The systemic capillary leak syndrome: A case series of 28 patients from a European registry. Annals of Internal Medicine 2011; ... Systemic capillary leak syndrome may be triggered by an upper respiratory tract infection. Signs and symptoms of systemic ... Idiopathic systemic capillary leak syndrome (Clarksons disease): The Mayo Clinic Experience. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2010;85: ...
Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome * * Kawabe Shotetsu KAWABE Shotetsu * the Department of Internal Medicine, Nagaoka Red Cross ... Systemic capillary leak syndrome and monoclonal IgG gammopathy; studies in a sixth patient and a review of the literature ... Systemic capillary leak syndrome with monoclonal IgG and complement alterations. A case report on an episodic syndrome LOFDAHL ... Capillary leak syndrome associated with elevated IL-2 serum levels after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation FUNKE I. ...
... Ruri CHIHARA1), Hidetomo NAKAMOTO1), Hiroshi ARIMA1), Kenshi MORIWAKI1), Yoshihiko KANNO1), ... Systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is characterized by recurrent hypovolemic shock attributable to increased systemic ...
The systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) can be a dramatic, perplexing, and terrifying disease to treat, particularly in its ... The Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome Bert A. Govig, MD; Sepehr Javaheri, MD ... Govig BA, Javaheri S. The Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 2010;153:764. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-153-11- ...
The Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 2010;153:764. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-153-11-201012070-00015 ...
What is Capillary Leak Syndrome? Meaning of Capillary Leak Syndrome medical term. What does Capillary Leak Syndrome mean? ... Looking for online definition of Capillary Leak Syndrome in the Medical Dictionary? Capillary Leak Syndrome explanation free. ... Systemic capillary leak syndrome presenting as recurrent shock.. Systemic capillary leak syndrome associated with pleural ... Marrow engraftment and clinical manifestations of capillary leak syndrome.. Systemic capillary leak syndrome associated with ...
Systemic capillary leak syndrome,, Aged, Capillary Leak Syndrome, Female, Humans, Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse, 1101 Medical ... suggestive of systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS). Further investigations led to a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell ... Systemic capillary leak syndrome, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, PATIENT, DISEASE, SERUM, SHOCK, ...
Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Presenting as Chronic Rhinitis. In: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In ... Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Presenting as Chronic Rhinitis. Lina Marenco-Hillembrand, Salvador Alvarez-Elcoro, ... Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Presenting as Chronic Rhinitis. / Marenco-Hillembrand, Lina; Alvarez-Elcoro, Salvador; ... title = "Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Presenting as Chronic Rhinitis",. author = "Lina Marenco-Hillembrand and Salvador ...
Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) is a rare disorder characterized by increased capillary hyperpermeability leading to ... Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) is a rare disorder characterized by unexplained, often recurrent, non sepsis-related ... Takabatake T: Systemic capillary leak syndrome. Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan). 2002, 41 (11): 909-910.View ArticleGoogle ... Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) is a rare disorder characterized by increased capillary hyperpermeability leading to ...
A microfabricated flow system for TPD with an integrated capillary leak to a mass spectrometer is presented. The use of an ... Microsystem with integrated capillary leak to mass spectrometer for high sensitivity temperature programmed desorption. * ... integrated capillary leak minimizes dead volumes in the system, resulting in increased sensitivity and reduced response time. ...
A spinal fluid leak from the intracranial space to the nasal respiratory tract is potentially very serious because of the risk ... CSF leak most commonly occurs following trauma and the majority of cases presenting within the first three months. CSF ... In the presence of a skull base fracture on computed tomography and a clinical CSF leak, there is no need for a further ... A greater proportion of the CSF leaks in the patients resolved spontaneously. CSF fistulae persisting for , 7 days had a ...
Further, MRI cisternography/myelography for CSF leak localisation can be added with ease. Currently, the medical practice in ... 2. Schievink WI, Gordon OK, Tourje J. Connective tissue disorders with spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks and ... Spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks: a review. Neurosurg Focus 2000;9:e8. CrossRef ... which aims at sealing off the spinal leak3 but appears to be useful in those without a definite dural defect.6 The treatment ...
These include spills during transport of chemicals and flowback water, leaks of a well casing (Kovats et al. 2014), leaks ...
The main part of the strategy looks at how to prevent leaks from natural gas wells and pipelines. Part of the strategy is to ... which will require oil and gas companies to regularly monitor and repair fugitive leaks of gases, including methane. This ...
Lotus Excel - leaks and water ingress. Excels are not supposed to have water in the cabin, but over the years poor maintenance ... Water pools in the recess and can leak through - also causing corrosion in, and seizure of, the wiper wheelbox eventually. Take ... and lack of attention can result in leaks. Here are some of the most common symptoms, their causes and some cures:. *Water in ...
Im having memory leaks issues with ImageMagick-7.0.7-5.. Any call to any ImageMagick methods will generate memory leaks.. For ... No memory leaks are detected. Dirk has more experience with WIndows, perhaps he will comment about your detected leaks under ... Those are the leaks that dont report a file name. The other ones are from your program. We have tested if we could reproduce ... Since the IM DLLs havent unloaded already, it thinks there is a memory leak.. This is pure and simple a bug in the MFC ...
... and how to identify high volume leaks. ● Dr. Regina LaRocque, Mass General Hospital, addressing the impact of gas leaks on ... Please use this form to register for the Wellesley Gas Leaks Forum. Tuesday, March 21. 7:00 to 8:30 pm. Wellesley Free Library ... Sue Fleck, National Grid, discussing the gas companys plans for leak repair in Wellesley. Co-sponsored by the Wellesley Board ... Nathan Phillips, Boston University, speaking on the extent of the gas leaks and the environmental impact. ● Audrey Schulman, ...
Officials at Bostons Logan International Airport say crews have contained a fuel leak from an outbound Japan Airlines flight ... Officials say crews have contained a fuel leak from the outbound Japan Airlines flight to Tokyo in the second incident ... BOSTON (AP) - Officials at Bostons Logan International Airport say crews have contained a fuel leak from an outbound Japan ...
"Football Leaks: €1.1m for a photo shoot". Retrieved 11 May 2016. Lea, Greg (4 April 2016). "Football Leaks: James ... "Football Leaks anuncia interrupção". Diário de Notícias (in Portuguese). 27 April 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016. "Football Leaks ... Football Leaks at Wordpress (official website) Football Leaks at European Investigative Collaborations (EIC). ... Some of the information was collected by Football Leaks. The leaks include "about 18.6 million documents , including contracts ...
"Texas Football Legend Roosevelt Leaks Retires" (PDF). Roosevelt Leaks at the College Football Hall of Fame University of Texas ... As well as Leaks did in 1972, he was even better in 1973 as a junior. He was again the teams leading rusher, and set a school ... Leaks was again named All-SWC, as well as a consensus All-American. He finished third in the Heisman balloting, which made him ... Leaks carried the ball 96 times for 409 yards and 4 touchdowns. Texas was 8-3 in the regular season, but were runner-up to ...
"If [a leak] doesnt pan out, are people going to trust the source the next time? When I leak a product, I leak it with ... Leaks can encourage competition between manufacturers. "If I leak an Apple part that is very important to their next product ... Companies will always fight leaks, but they will never win. Leaks are just a fact of life in our digital age, so consumers may ... While most people hate spoilers, they seem to love leaks.. Leaks are a rule, not the exception, in our increasingly connected ...
And it is a threat that lives in the details, in pages upon pages of leaked documents, still being parsed by legal experts and ... The most recent leak suggests all countries will have to abide by the same minimum term. In previous leaks of the document, ... Every few years, more information is leaked, and with every leak, open Internet activists and free speech advocates become more ... And it is a threat that lives in the details, in pages upon pages of leaked documents, still being parsed by legal experts and ...
The Aliso Canyon gas leak (also called Porter Ranch gas leak[1] and Porter Ranch gas blowout[2]) was a massive natural gas leak ... Porter Ranch gas leak lingers Los Angeles Times, Jan. 18, 2016 *^ Caforio Chastises Knight Over Porter Ranch Gas Leak: Caforio ... Discovery of leak[edit]. Southern California Gas Company said the leak in well SS-25 was discovered "on October 23 during one ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aliso Canyon gas leak.. * official Alison Canyon Natural Gas Leak website - ...
More than often the cause of these leaks are when you use expando properties or form closures around events. I am solving these ... Would I gain anything from deleteing the expando properties?) Under what other circumstances are leaks likely to crop up? ... leaks are generally caused by circular references between the Javascript interpreter and the DOM. ... Memory leaks Hi Guys,. As far as I am aware, leaks are generally caused by circular references between the Javascript ...
The operator of Japans crippled Fukushima nuclear complex says it has succeeded in plugging a leak that had allowed ... The operator of Japans crippled Fukushima nuclear complex says it has succeeded in plugging a leak that had allowed ... Officials have cautioned, however, that while this leak has been plugged, engineers have not ruled out that radioactive water ... near a crack where large volumes of highly radioactive water had been leaking.. The crack is linked to the Fukushima plants ...
  • In February 2014, the state of Colorado approved new, targeted regulation, which will require oil and gas companies to regularly monitor and repair fugitive leaks of gases, including methane. (
  • Williams and Hoshide ventured out to the port side of the International Space Station's truss to configure the 2B solar array power channel's photovoltaic thermal control system (PVTCS) to support ground-based troubleshooting of an ammonia leak. (
  • An ammonia leak at a Davie ice-making factory forced the evacuation Friday night of several workers, a fire official said. (
  • If you smell ammonia but don't hear an alarm, you can use either litmus paper or a sulfur stick to detect an ammonia leak. (
  • This color change indicates an ammonia leak. (
  • Pass the stick over and around the area where you suspect the ammonia leak. (
  • The Russian cosmonaut commanded Expedition 24 in 2010, which experienced a similar ammonia leak to the one that was just repaired a few months ago. (
  • The crew of the International Space Station (ISS) is preparing for an emergency spacewalk as early as tomorrow to fix an ammonia leak from the cooling system. (
  • Mapping urban pipeline leaks: Methane leaks across Boston, Environmental Pollution (2012), (
  • They mapped the gas leaks under Boston using a new, high-precision methane analyzer installed in a GPS-equipped car. (
  • Sensors strapped to the top of the cars have mapped hundreds of methane leaks around Boston, New York's Staten Island and Indianapolis. (
  • A study last year found that US methane emissions are 1.5 to 1.7 times higher than current estimates, a discrepancy that has been attributed to hard-to-detect leaks. (
  • The three cities were chosen as each exhibit characteristics that make them susceptible to methane leaks. (
  • Starting today, maps of the methane leaks will be available to the public online. (
  • Deveau-Henderson confirmed the emissions are methane but added workers are trained to deal with that type of leak and said they are a normal part of the exploration process. (
  • The stemming of methane emissions could also be attributed to improved leak detection and maintenance. (
  • For the first time, scientists have confirmed that methane leaking is from Antarctica's sea bed. (
  • But the ecosystem around the Antarctica leak has been slow to produce the methane-eating microbes, making for an inadequate methane biofilter beneath the vast West Antarctic Ice Sheet. (
  • Tepco said it is taking various measures to prevent contaminated water from leaking into the bay near the plant. (
  • TEPCO is as of yet uncertain what caused one of its seven tanks to leak, though it plans to pump the remaining 13,000 cubic meters of water into other tanks within the next two weeks. (
  • NASA postpones its trip to the International Space Station by at least four days as the space agency seeks answers to a leak in the launch pad venting system. (
  • It's the second such leak in three months to delay NASA shuttle launches. (
  • The seven-person crew of the space shuttle Endeavour never even suited up before NASA scrubbed a June 13 launch to the International Space Station due to a potentially dangerous hydrogen gas leak. (
  • After calling off the launch, NASA began draining Endeavour's external fuel tank to begin an investigation of the leak. (
  • NASA patched that leak at a vent line, but the space agency still hasn't determined the exact source of the leak. (
  • AFP - The launch of the US space shuttle Discovery was postponed Wednesday just hours before liftoff after NASA engineers found a gas leak in the filling system for its external tank. (
  • NASA spokesman Allard Beutel said the shuttle's mission towards the International Space Station, with a Japanese astronaut among its seven crew, was delayed for at least 24 hours after the leak of highly flammable hydrogen gas was discovered. (
  • NASA engineers discovered the leak soon after they began filling the Discovery's external tank at noon (1600 GMT), and the hitch came just hours before the planned 9:20 pm (0120 Thursday GMT) launch at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. (
  • The new measures went a long way to helping astronauts stay safe if another helmet water leak happens, but at the same time, NASA is eager to find the cause so they know how it happened and how to prevent it. (
  • The cause of the leak is still under investigation, and NASA is holding off on more spacewalks with American suits until they figure out what happened. (
  • In the wake of a spacesuit water leak that sent two astronauts back to the airlock early during a spacewalk last week, NASA has convened a board to look at "lessons learned" from the mishap. (
  • The ammonia loop is the same one that spacewalkers already tried to fix during an outing last November, although NASA doesn't know if the leak is from the same spot in the complex system. (
  • Officials say crews have contained a fuel leak from the outbound Japan Airlines flight to Tokyo in the second incident involving the airline at Logan in two days. (
  • BOSTON (AP) - Officials at Boston's Logan International Airport say crews have contained a fuel leak from an outbound Japan Airlines flight to Tokyo, marking the second time in two days that JAL planes at Logan reported problems. (
  • On February 18, 2016, state officials announced that the leak was permanently plugged. (
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A U.S. intelligence contractor has been charged with leaking to a news organization classified National Security Agency material about Russian interference in the 2016 American presidential election, the Justice Department and officials said. (
  • Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan describes the leaking of a recording of top security officials discussing possible military operations in Syria as 'villainous. (
  • An audio recording leaked on YouTube appears to reveal that top Turkey officials were plotting to fake an attack against their own country as an excuse to wage war on Turkey. (
  • The report comes the day after the government's nuclear officials doubled the estimate of how much radiation leaked from the plant. (
  • WILMINGTON -- Officials blocked off roads and evacuated eight houses after a Wednesday afternoon gas leak. (
  • Officials are investigating two possible causes of the leak. (
  • Nearly half of the dispensers made by the Maryland-based company are leaking, but similar equipment made by other companies is not faulty, according to air board officials. (
  • B razilian oil company Petroleo Brasileiro officials announced today the company located and contained a small gas leak on one of its offshore drilling rigs. (
  • It is not surprising that many people in Japan are deeply worried about the potential health threat from the radiation leak at the Fukushima nuclear plant. (
  • Vista Memory Leak? (
  • I'm wondering if anyone else has seen anything that looks like a memory leak in Vista? (
  • So, before I break out the more serious tools, does anyone know about Vista itself, or any of the standard system processes, having a memory leak? (
  • Garbage collection might make Java programs immune to memory leaks, at least for a sufficiently narrow definition of "memory leak," but that doesn't mean we can totally ignore the issue of object lifetime in Java programs. (
  • Memory leaks in Java programs usually arise when we pay insufficient attention to object lifecycle or subvert the standard mechanisms for managing object lifecycle. (
  • There are other idioms that can similarly ignore or subvert object lifecycle management and can also lead to memory leaks. (
  • This class has plenty of problems, but let's focus on the memory leak. (
  • This article discusses what memory leaks are and lists some possible causes of memory leaks. (
  • Additionally, this article discusses the perceived memory leak and how it can be misinterpreted as a true memory leak. (
  • Memory leaks can cause an application to run out of resources and can cause an application to crash. (
  • It is important to identify memory leaks. (
  • The problem of memory leaks has plagued developers in C and C++ for years. (
  • In Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 or in Microsoft Visual Studio .NET, a comprehensive garbage collection package and managed memory can stop memory leaks, but, under some circumstances, a program may appear to be leaking memory. (
  • A memory leak occurs when memory is allocated in a program and is never returned to the operating system, even though the program does not use the memory any longer. (
  • Because of the garbage collection package that is implemented in the Microsoft .NET Framework, it is not possible to have a memory leak in managed code. (
  • This suggests two questions: How then can a memory leak occur? (
  • Why does it appear that you have a memory leak? (
  • A memory leak can occur in a .NET Framework application when you use unmanaged code as part of the application. (
  • This unmanaged code can leak memory, and the .NET Framework runtime cannot address that problem. (
  • Additionally, a project may only appear to have a memory leak. (
  • This appears to be a leak, but actually it is just a symptom of the way that memory is being allocated in the program. (
  • This is not a memory leak, but instead it is a problem in managing the memory. (
  • When you watch the program on a performance monitor, this appears to be a memory leak, but it is not. (
  • I'm using valgrind to check for memory leak and it shows so many errors, I don't know may be I made any mistake or not. (
  • implementation could leak data past the end of an array, allowing for the potential exposure of memory or private data to malicious servers. (
  • There is a small memory leak in in the 7.0.2 source download which is still present in the git repo. (
  • Hello, In VC++ , I'm getting ""Detected Memory leak"" while running a program by starting debug. (
  • Hello Pradeep, Leaked memory is memory that is allocated but never freed, and for which no pointers are accessible. (
  • Because leaked memory blocks are typically scattered throughout the heap, the address space becomes fragmented. (
  • The memory leaks gradually affect the performance of the program, and can eventually cause the program to fail from lack of memory. (
  • So one should always remove memory leaks in code. (
  • This not actually a JavaScript problem, or really a memory leak. (
  • Description: ------------ with php version : 5.0.5, 4.4.2, 4.3.10, 4.3.3, 4.2.3 , they are no problem, but with 5.1.1 and 5.1.2 they are un memory leak. (
  • PHP Memory leaks are php bugs, not pear. (
  • If Pear developers think it is OK to leak memory this way I would appreciate if there is information outwhere on how to run long running programms with PEAR so they do not leak. (
  • At this point I've been seen similar effects with different PEAR modules - it seems like it is common approach just no to care to free memory, assuming it is used for web page creation and so you can't leak too much anyway. (
  • If rerouting the ammonia through the spare radiator stops the leak, mission managers will evaluate whether to leave the fix as-is or replace the photovoltaic radiator on a future spacewalk. (
  • It was an eventful mission, with Parmitano facing down a scary water leak during a spacewalk, using the Canadarm to berth and let go of a cargo spacecraft, and then delighting the Internet with enthusiastic fist pumps just minutes after he landed . (
  • Japan has doubled its estimate for the amount of radiation leaked at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant in the days after the tsunami on 11 March. (
  • In January, a 70-year-old man who lived across the street from the plant died after being overcome by ammonia fumes that leaked from the plant. (
  • The EPA started to require that leaking gasoline fumes be reduced to virtually zero, and the EVAP system on every current car is controlled largely by-you guessed it-engine vacuum. (
  • About 2,000 gasoline dispensers at California service stations are gradually being repaired after a discovery that they have been leaking large volumes of smog-causing fumes into the air, probably for several years. (
  • Some of the leaks, however, are so severe that people can smell fumes. (
  • Drinking more fluids, especially drinks with caffeine, can help slow or stop the leak and may help with headache pain. (
  • Rachel Maddow reports on a weeks-long natural gas leak from a storage facility in Porter Ranch, California that is sickening residents, forcing evacuations and threatening the environment as repeated attempts to stop the leak fail and a final solution potentially months away. (
  • Trump has dismissed the allegations as "fake news" and sought to focus attention on leaks of information to the media. (
  • The official Xinhua News Agency said on Saturday a crude oil pipeline run by the state-owned China National Petroleum Corp. had a leak that tainted the source water feeding a local water plant in the northwestern city of Lanzhou. (
  • Remember a few months ago all the news that was made over the very obvious fact that movies were often leaked by Hollywood insiders ? (
  • The legal action follows disclosures last year that the world's biggest maker of personal computers and printers had hired private investigators to determine who on the board had leaked information about sensitive boardroom discussions to news outlets including online technology newsletter CNET Network Inc. and The Wall Street Journal. (
  • Rather, all of these now-familiar details in a case that has obsessed a voracious national television audience are the result of carefully selected leaks by authorities to the news media. (
  • A judge in Minnesota ruled last month that Wells Fargo wasn't negligent in a recent data leak when a contractors' laptop was stolen -- not because they took adequate precautions to prevent the leak, but rather because the thieves never used any of the data . (
  • The most recent leak suggests all countries will have to abide by the same minimum term. (
  • This recent leak comes at a time when offshore drilling in Brazil is under increased scrutiny following a leak at one of Chevron's platforms. (
  • The radiation leak in Japan is minute by comparison. (
  • One of the main health effects of the Japanese radiation leak maybe the psychological impact. (
  • Among its provisions: an amendment that seeks to rein in those who would leak national secrets to reporters. (
  • NAYLOR: Harman was referring to testimony by Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff, Lewis Libby, that he was told to leak previously classified intelligence on Iraq's alleged weapons of mass destruction to reporters to rebut an administration critic. (
  • The President has been on a tear as he attacks the people who are leaking information to reporters. (
  • Several reporters and their family members have sued Hewlett-Packard Co and some of its officers, their lawyer said in a statement, alleging the technology giant violated their privacy in a hunt for the source of boardroom leaks. (
  • Let me just say something about leaks in Washington," Bush told reporters in September 2003. (
  • Leaks arrived at UT in 1971, only one year after the Longhorns football team had their first black letterman. (
  • The most famous leak of all came in 1971: the Pentagon Papers. (
  • The report from an employee from the Office of Environment and Heritage, who visited the plant and surrounding area between midday and 3.45pm on Tuesday, August 9, the day after the leak, has been made public as part of an upper house inquiry into the incident. (
  • Yesterday, two days after the chemical company announced it was ready to restart the section of the plant responsible for the August leak, it confirmed there would be a delay due to a mechanical fault. (
  • Southern California Gas Company said the leak in well SS-25 was discovered "on October 23 during one of its twice-daily well observations. (
  • Eric Norman, a nuclear engineering professor at the University of California, Berkeley, said the latest leak was not a concern. (
  • Representative JANE HARMAN (Democrat, California): If we are against leaks of classified information, we should be against leaks of classified information everywhere. (
  • They also point out that, if the roof does leak, the retarder may delay discovery of the roof leak until damage is widespread. (
  • The Discovery shuttle mission destined for the International Space Station has been delayed until Sunday due to a gas leak. (
  • The Electronic Frontiers Foundation describes leaked provisions as showing "a profound disconnect with the reality of the modern computer," and warns that, "As drafted, the related provision creates chilling effects not just on how we behave online, but also on the basic ability of people and companies to use and create on the Web. (
  • The City of Boston is riddled with more than 3,000 leaks from its aging natural-gas pipeline system, according to a new study by researchers at Boston University and Duke University. (
  • Like Boston, other cities with aging pipeline infrastructure may be prone to leaks. (
  • The researchers will continue to quantify the health, safety, environmental, and economic impacts of the leaks, which will be made available to policymakers and utilities as they work to replace and repair leaking natural gas pipeline infrastructure. (
  • The new study from Washington State University, released on Tuesday, involved direct measurements at 13 gas distribution centers around the country, including 230 underground pipeline leaks and 229 metering and regulating facilities. (
  • The leaks expose the failure of the European Commission and European governments to stick to commitments on transparency, said Greenpeace. (
  • iPad 3 leaks expose Retina Display, 8-megapixel camera? (
  • It's when light accidentally leaks into the camera causing an area of the film to over-expose. (
  • An inventor from Harrison, Ohio, has invented WATER ALERT, a water leak detection and control system that prevents damage resulting from leaks. (
  • According to -Zachary Parker, president of Redline Detection, which makes the Smoke Pro leak-detection system, "modern cars use engine vacuum to control an amazing number of things, and diagnosing leaks is a major issue for service technicians. (
  • Of course -Parker is in the business of selling leak--detection equipment, but don't feel bad if you get stumped and have to seek professional service. (
  • Excels are not supposed to have water in the cabin, but over the years poor maintenance and lack of attention can result in leaks. (
  • Its first leak was about third-party agreements between FC Twente and Doyen Sports, which led to the KNVB banning Twente from European football for three years. (
  • Leaks and his wife had been working in the real estate business for several years before his football career ended and he transitioned into it full-time. (
  • Leaks like this not only show up all the time, they've increased in number over the years -- and now that it's easy to start anonymous rumors without accountability, our inboxes will simply give up. (
  • Every few years, more information is leaked, and with every leak, open Internet activists and free speech advocates become more alarmed at the threat to civilian rights and public best-interest. (
  • He then examined how the world's temperatures would fare if that amount of gas leaked at rates of 1 percent every 10, 100, and 1,000 years. (
  • Stored gas leaking at 1 percent every 100 years would keep the temperature rise close to 2 degrees Celsius, Shaffer said. (
  • A 1 percent leak rate every 1,000 years would keep warming levels 'manageable,' Shaffer said. (
  • That statement was one of many Bush has made over the past three years condemning leaks of sensitive information. (
  • NEW YORK (Reuters) - A person at Goldman Sachs Group Inc, who has not been identified or charged in a broad U.S. insider-trading probe, was caught on a wiretap leaking secrets about Intel Corp and Apple Inc, a lawyer for accused former Goldman board member Rajat Gupta said in court on Friday. (
  • Join our Board of Selectmen and State Representative Alice Peisch to learn more about environmentally harmful, wasteful, and costly natural gas leaks in our town and what can be done about them. (
  • The Aliso Canyon gas leak (also called Porter Ranch gas leak and Porter Ranch gas blowout ) was a massive natural gas leak that was discovered by SoCalGas employees on October 23, 2015. (
  • It was widely reported to have been the worst single natural gas leak in U.S. history in terms of its environmental impact. (
  • The researchers report finding 3,356 separate natural gas leaks under the streets of Boston. (
  • Leaks in the United States contribute to $3 billion of lost and unaccounted for natural gas each year. (
  • Utilities are making progress in reducing leaks from their natural gas distribution networks, a new study has found, but the industry and regulators can do more. (
  • The Obama administration has promoted the use of natural gas as a power source, since it produces far less carbon dioxide than burning coal, but has also pressed for industry to measure and reduce leaks. (
  • Your pump will not warn you of leaks. (
  • In 2003, Folsom embarked on a 10-year, $20 million program to upgrade its pump stations, fix leaks and deal with an eight-year maintenance and repair backlog. (
  • Sean McDonnell walked into a room at the Flamingo South Tower in Miami Beach, Florida, where he encountered a huge water leak. (
  • These improper and viciously false leaks will not alter the fact that MLB exceeded its authority under the JDA (Joint Drug Agreement) and the 211 game (suspension) will not stand. (
  • Insulin leaks from your reservoir or infusion set are usually so small they are quite hard to detect. (
  • Even a tiny leak, as small as 0.020 of an inch, can degrade engine performance, compromise driveability and turn on your Check Engine light. (
  • The liquid form is flammable so only use a burning sulfur stick to detect small leaks of ammonia gas. (
  • Following months of small Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement leaks, the full consolidated ACTA text has now been posted online. (
  • TOXIC gases leaking up through coal seam gas fields could be having an effect on human health, doctors and anti-pollution groups say. (
  • Let's refine the results by filtering these cubes for those that have 4 or more reported leaks in that 6 month time period. (
  • Can a CSF Leak fix itself in time or does a blood patch have to be done. (
  • While most people hate spoilers -- try tweeting about the end of a Game of Thrones episode on a Sunday night, I dare you -- they seem to love leaks. (
  • While most people hate spoilers, they seem to love leaks. (
  • Xinhua says the leak has affected 2.4 million people. (
  • Beijing (AFP) - A leak of HIV carriers' identities in China was a violation of their "fundamental right", the World Health Organization said, after reports that hundreds of infected people were approached by telephone swindlers. (
  • The World Health Organization blasted the leak as an infringement of patients' rights and warned it could deter people from getting tested for HIV and from accessing treatment and prevention services. (
  • The leak of personal information of people living with HIV is a violation of this fundamental right to patient confidentiality. (
  • 60 Minutes" is reporting that people from Alex Rodriguez's "inner circle" leaked documents to Yahoo Sports! (
  • Charlotte City Council member Nancy Carter has said she thinks the current rash of leaks hints to a larger problem with the city's infrastructure. (
  • Beyond water loss, leaks can be the source of customer dissatisfaction, financial loss, and even further infrastructure issues and erosion. (
  • Pursuant to the Gas Leaks Act, each gas company also included a timeline to replace all aged infrastructure on an accelerated basis, specifying an annual replacement pace and a program end date. (
  • The researchers recommend coordinated gas-leaks mapping campaigns in cities where the infrastructure is deemed to be at risk. (