The larval form of the diphyllobothriid tapeworms of the genus DIPHYLLOBOTHRIUM and SPIROMETRA. Fish-eating mammals and man are the final hosts.
A genus of tapeworms of the family Diphyllobothriidae, which are parasites of fish-eating cats, dogs, and birds. Infection in man is caused by eating undercooked fish. The larval form is called SPARGANUM.
Infection of animals, including fish and man, with a developmental stage of Diphyllobothrium. This stage has recently been referred to as a plerocercoid but the name sparganum has persisted. Therefore, infection of fish or other animals with the plerocercoid larvae is sparganosis. Fish-eating mammals, including man, are the final hosts.
Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.
Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.
Limbless REPTILES of the suborder Serpentes.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
Proteins found in any species of helminth.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
A genus of tapeworm containing several species which occurs in the intestine of fish, birds, and mammals including man. Infection in humans is usually by eating uncooked fish. The larval stage is known as SPARGANUM.
Infection with tapeworms of the genus Diphyllobothrium.
An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.
A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.
The family Odobenidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA. It is represented by a single species of large, nearly hairless mammal found on Arctic shorelines, whose upper canines are modified into tusks.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)
The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.
The meaning ascribed to the BASE SEQUENCE with respect to how it is translated into AMINO ACID SEQUENCE. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (CODON).
Descriptive terms and identifying codes for reporting medical services and procedures performed by PHYSICIANS. It is produced by the AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION and used in insurance claim reporting for MEDICARE; MEDICAID; and private health insurance programs (From CPT 2002).
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
A species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East. The intermediate host is a snail. It occurs in man and other mammals.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE and order Rosales. This should not be confused with the genus RHODIOLA which is sometimes called roseroot.
Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma japonicum. It is endemic in the Far East and affects the bowel, liver, and spleen.
Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.
The only genus in the family Oryziinae, order BELONIFORMES. Oryzias are egg-layers; other fish of the same order are livebearers. Oryzias are used extensively in testing carcinogens.
Infections of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; or MENINGES caused by HELMINTHS (parasitic worms).
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.
Infections of the lungs with parasites, most commonly by parasitic worms (HELMINTHS).
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
The sparganum larvae are white, wrinkled, and ribbon-shaped. They range from a few millimeters in length to several centimeters ... In general, infestation by one or a few sparganum larvae is often best treated by surgical removal. DNA analysis of rare worms ... Diagnosis is typically not made until the sparganum larva has been surgically removed. Praziquantel is the drug of choice, ... Mueller J.F.; Coulston F. "Experimental human infection with the sparganum larva of Spirometra mansonoides". The American ...
The larvae penetrate the intestinal tract of the second intermediate host, where they develop into the plerocercoid larvae and ... To diagnose a Spirometra infection in humans, a serodiagnosis ELISA can be used to target anti-sparganum IgG antibodies within ... The larvae migrate to the subcutaneous tissues in humans; however, no further development takes place and the human is not ... Some imaging methods such as CT or MRI scans can be used to identify spargana larvae in other areas of the body, like the brain ...
... sparganum). The plerocercoid larvae are the infective stage for the definitive host (including humans). Because humans do not ... In this case, the sparganum can migrate to the musculature of the larger predator fish and mammals can acquire the disease by ... larvae are released from the crustacean and migrate into the fish's flesh where they develop into a plerocercoid larvae ( ... the coracidia develop into procercoid larvae. Following ingestion of the copepod by a suitable second intermediate host, ...
Some larvae escape from the lungs to cause cysts in other tissues. When a larva becomes established in tissue, it develops into ... Some members of the Eucestoda (such as Echinococcus, Sparganum, Taenia multiceps sp., and Mesocestoides sp.) can reproduce ... Here, the larvae are trapped and usually develop into hydatid cysts. While the liver is the first filter for trapping them, the ... At this point, larvae hatch when exposed to enzymes and penetrate the intestinal wall, travelling through the body through ...
Subconjunctival larva migrans caused by sparganum. Subconjunctival larva migrans caused by sparganum. ...
J.S. (1989). "Cestode Larva (Sparganum) in the anterior chamber of the eye". Tropicaland Geographical Medicine 41: 270-73. ...
... and the procercoid larva migrates to the fish-host tissue and develops into a plerocercoid larva (also known as a sparganum). ... and the procercoid larva develops into a plerocercoid larva (sparganum). The definitive host becomes infected after eating ... Penetration of skin by L3 larvae. Skin. Clinical presentation. Angiostrongylus cantonensis Rats. Ingestion of L3 larvae in raw ... Detection of expelled larvae or larvae removed via endoscopy (histopathology, serology). Dirofilaria immitis Dogs, other ...
This was a case of sparganosis caused by the third-stage plerocercoid larva (sparganum) of a cestode in the genus, Spirometra. ...
With advances in molecular sequencing, the identification of sparganum larvae isolated from humans was made possible (5,6). In ... Diagnostic efficacy of a recombinant cysteine protease of Spirometra erinacei larvae for serodiagnosis of sparganosis. Korean J ... Serodiagnosis of experimental sparganum infections of mice and human sparganosis by ELISA using ES antigens of Spirometra ... After entry into humans, the plerocercoid larvae (spargana) migrate to different anatomic locations, where they cause space- ...
Symptoms depend on which tissues the larvae have migrated to.. Cutaneous sparganosis occurs when sparganum larvae invade ... Sparganum proliferum. The lifecycle of spargana tapeworm. The spargana tapeworm normally lives in the intestines of animals ... Spargana larvae penetrate the intestinal wall and migrate to other tissues.. Adult spirometra tapeworms are rarely seen in ... Applied frog or snake meat contaminated with the larvae over their eyes (Chinese medicine) or onto an open wound ...
Sparganosis is a parasitic infestation of human by plerocercoid larvae. Sparganum is usually reported to be found in the ...
1. When Sparganum mansonides is fed to mice, rats, rhesus monkeys, the ring tail monkey, and leopard frogs the head of the ... Possibly cases of sparganosis in man in the United States are overlooked because the larva is not familiar to physicians and ... 9. Sparganum infection in various hosts leads to a rise of from 15 to 35 per cent in the eosinophile leucocytes, which persists ... The erratic form of Sparganum proliferum is regarded as the result of internal, rather than external factors, related to its ...
... infection of humans with the sparganum occurs from active migration of the larva from freshly split infected frogs used as a ... it is also likely that humans may be infected with sparganum larvae from eating any vertebrate harboring these plerocercoids. ... a species of pseudophyllid tapeworms of wild and feral cats, the larval form of which (sparganum) may survive in human tissues ...
Infection is prevented by the peculiar route followed by the larva, which after penetrating the mucosa, travels some distance ... 2. In the mouse the sparganum completes perforation of the intestinal wall within 1 hour and 15 minutes after being fed. ... but does not revert to a sparganum, nor does it undergo any degeneration 4. The rhesus monkey is readily susceptible to oral ... and leopard frogs the head of the larva penetrates the intestinal wall and reëstablishes itself in the muscles, where it ...
Infection due to Sparganum (mansoni) (proliferum). *Infection due to Spirometra larva. *Larval diphyllobothriasis ... Visceral larva migrans. 2016 2017 2018 Billable/Specific Code Applicable To*Toxocariasis ...
The sparganum larvae are white, wrinkled, and ribbon-shaped. They range from a few millimeters in length to several centimeters ... In general, infestation by one or a few sparganum larvae is often best treated by surgical removal. DNA analysis of rare worms ... Diagnosis is typically not made until the sparganum larva has been surgically removed. Praziquantel is the drug of choice, ... Mueller J.F.; Coulston F. "Experimental human infection with the sparganum larva of Spirometra mansonoides". The American ...
SparganumPlerocercoid Spirometra erinacei Expressed sequence tags (ESTs)Database. Findings. Sparganum is the plerocercoid larva ... Sparganum (plerocercoid of Spirometra erinacei) is a parasite that possesses the remarkable ability to survive by successfully ... To obtain a comprehensive view of sparganum gene activity, we constructed a non-normalized cDNA library derived from parasites ... Further development of the database will involve updating the experimental records for verified sparganum (plerocercoid of ...
... the larva matures into the plerocercoid larva (sparganum). Generally, humans do not eat small freshwater fish. Bigger predator ... In Cyclops, the coracidium develops into a larva (procercoid larva). When the procercoid larva-containing Cyclops are ingested ... The larva is not affected by pickling or smoking. Hence, infection occurs not only with eating raw or undercooked fish, but ... When these larger fish are eaten by humans after insufficient cooking, the larva matures into the adult form in the human body ...
The larvae penetrate the intestinal tract of the second intermediate host, where they develop into the plerocercoid larvae and ... To diagnose a Spirometra infection in humans, a serodiagnosis ELISA can be used to target anti-sparganum IgG antibodies within ... The larvae migrate to the subcutaneous tissues in humans; however, no further development takes place and the human is not ... Some imaging methods such as CT or MRI scans can be used to identify spargana larvae in other areas of the body, like the brain ...
The final diagnosis was confirmed by the markedly positive reaction against sparganum antigen in both serum and pleural fluid ... especially when histological examination is unable to detect the larvae in the thoracic cavity. ... LESSONS: Clinicians need to be aware the possibility of sparganum infection in cases of eosinophilic pleuritis. The specific ... Pulmonary and pleural involvement due to sparganum has been rarely reported previously. PATIENT CONCERNS: We herein described a ...
... a plerocercoid larva of the genus Spirometra tapeworm. The first sparganosis case was described by Patick Mansonin China in ... Sparganosis is an infection of sparganum, a plerocercoid larva of the genus Spirometra tapeworm. ... Sparganum is a parasite of carnivores, found usually in amphibians (second intermediate hosts) or reptiles (paratenic hosts). ... Cui J, Li N, Wang ZQ, Jiang P, Lin XM (2011) Serodiagnosis of experimental sparganum infections of mice and human sparganosis ...
MalaCards based summary : Sparganosis, also known as infection by sparganum, is related to diphyllobothriasis and lymphoma. An ... Wikipedia : 76 Sparganosis is a parasitic infection caused by the Diphyllobothrium or the plerocercoid larvae of the... more... ... A painful nodule develops after the plerocercoid larvae migrate to the brain causing cerebral sparganosis. Subcutaneous tissue ... Recurred sparganosis 1 year after surgical removal of a sparganum in a Korean woman. ( 24623886 ) ...
Fifteen cases were caused by Sparganum mansoni, and four by Sparganum proliferum. We present cutaneous sparganosis in a 64-year ... Sparganosis is an infection caused by plerocercoid larvae of Diphyllobothriidae tapeworms. There have been 19 cases reported in ...
Bronchoscopy identified sparganum larvae. Bronchial sparganosis mansoni accompanied by abnormal hyperplasia was diagnosed by ...
Photo 2. Sparganum mansoni.. The sparganum larvae proliferate, often in the subcutaneous tissues, where they may become ... They are the larvae of tapeworms of the genus Spirometra that are common in various canines and felines. The first stage larvae ... Ingestion of these larvae produces sparganosis in man, since the larvae cannot mature in this abnormal host. ... Sparganum occur in a variety of amphibious animals including frogs, and these also may be infective to man if ingested. ...
among diseases due to cerebral parasitism, that caused by sparganum mansoni, the larva of spirometra mansoni, is very rare. we ... infestation of the central nervous system with sparganum, the larva of spirometra mansoni, is rare. only 27 cases have been ... both lesions contained characteristic plerocercoid larva (sparganum) of spirometra sp., presumably spirometra mansoni. ... spirometra mansoni plerocercoid (sparganum) was incubated in saline at 4 degrees c or 37 degrees c up to 100 hours. protein ...
Sparganosis is the human infection by plerocercoid, the larvae of sparganum. Clinically, subjective symptoms do not occur in ... Eosinophilic pleuritis due to sparganum: a case report. Oh, Youngmin; Kim, Jeong-Tae; Kim, Mi-Kyeong; Chang, You-Jin; Eom, ... Disseminated infection caused by Sparganum proliferum in an AIDS patient. Meric, Romain; Ilie, Marius I; Hofman, Véronique; ... We present a case of eosinophilia secondary to Sparganum mansoni infection showing multifocal FDG uptake in the axial bones ...
Parasitical Worms.com Diagnosis is determined by seeing sparganum larvae from the wound. Clinical and prehistoric images of ... Is The Disease Caused By The Anisakinae Larvae Dangerous?. Parasitical Worms.com Some diseases caused by larvae of the ... number of larvae and tissue responses. Diagnosis is often difficult and the most ... ...
Parasitical Worms.com Diagnosis is determined by seeing sparganum larvae from the wound. Clinical and prehistoric images of ... Is The Disease Caused By The Anisakinae Larvae Dangerous?. Parasitical Worms.com Some diseases caused by larvae of the ... number of larvae and tissue responses. Diagnosis is often difficult and the most ... ...
Sparganosis is a zoonosis of Spirometra mansoni sparganum larvae, caused by parasitic disease. Sparganum invivo migration, and ... Sparganum through skin or mucosal invasion, or ingestion of sparganum is the main way of human infection of sparganum. Specific ... Sparganum mainly by surgical excision, only the body especially the head removed, can be cured. There is also a certain effect ... If the frog meat in sparganum can be wound or the normal skin and mucous membrane invades the human body. 2. Eat raw or ...
Diesing in 1853 recognized this larva as a sparganum and named it Sparganum erinaceieuropaei. Molin in 1895 renamed it as ... Humans can be infected by procercoid larvae in cyclops (the first intermediate host) and plerocercoid larvae in reptiles or ... Plerocercoid larvae of S. decipiens were collected from Rhabdophis tigrinus tigrinus, which were donated by the Association of ... Plerocercoid larvae of S. erinaceieuropaei were collected from a 58-year-old woman, and then used to infect a dog in May 2009. ...
Sparganosis is a rare parasitic disease caused by migrating plerocercoid tapeworm larva of the genus Spirometra [1]. Although ... 1) [4]. Thus, the organism was identified as a sparganum. Following that, we identified another 33-cm long sparganum through ... which can be used for identification of sparganum infection. Therefore, in our case, the diagnosis of the sparganum was made ... Eosinophilic Pleuritis due to Sparganum: A Case Report Youngmin Oh, Jeong-Tae Kim, Mi-Kyeong Kim, You-Jin Chang, Keeseon Eom, ...
Background: The present study describes the morphology of sparganum (larva) of the Malaysian Spirometra spp. collected from ... Fulltext The morphological characteristics of the sparganum stage of the Malaysian Spirometra species ...
... from sparganum-infected mice. Specific IgG in serum from mice infected with 300 larvae of other Trichinella species were also ... Comparative proteomic analysis of surface proteins of Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae and intestinal infective larvae. Acta ... Wang L, Wang ZQ, Cui J. Protein changes in Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae in vitro induced by bovine bile. Vet Parasitol. ... Dynamics of serum Trichinella-specific IgG, IgM and IgE in mice infected with 200 larvae. At 10 dpi, anti-Trichinella IgG was ...
  • Sparganosis is a parasitic infection caused by the plerocercoid larvae of the genus Spirometra including S. mansoni, S. ranarum, S. mansonoides and S. erinacei. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cui J, Li N, Wang ZQ, Jiang P, Lin XM (2011) Serodiagnosis of experimental sparganum infections of mice and human sparganosis by ELISA using ES antigens of Spirometra mansoni spargana. (springer.com)
  • Fifteen cases were caused by Sparganum mansoni, and four by Sparganum proliferum. (dermatol-sinica.com)
  • Sparganum mansoni. (medical-photographs.com)
  • spirometra mansoni plerocercoid (sparganum) was incubated in saline at 4 degrees c or 37 degrees c up to 100 hours. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • in the present study we succeeded in the quantitative separation of calcareous corpuscles in plerocercoids of spirometra mansoni (sparganum) using ficoll. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • after collecting calcareous corpuscles from plerocercoid of spirometra mansoni (sparganum), we evaluated the antigenic values of calcareous corpuscles binding proteins obtained from the cyst fluid of taenia solium metacestodes. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • modification of carbohydrate compositions of 31/36 kda proteins of plerocercoids (sparganum) of spirometra mansoni grown in different intermediate hosts. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • enzymatic n-glycan analysis of 31 kda molecule in plerocercoid of spirometra mansoni (sparganum) and its antigenicity after chemical oxidation. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • a highly specific antigenic protein of 31 kda from plerocercoid of spirometra mansoni (sparganum) was obtained by gelatin affinity and mono q anion-exchange column chromatography. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • BACKGROUND: Sparganosis mansoni is a parasitic disease caused by infection with the larvae of Spirometra spp. (bvsalud.org)
  • The diagnosis was confirmed by the patient's history of eating inadequately cooked snake, significant elevated eosinophils in the peripheral blood and pericardial effusion, and marked positive reactions against Sparganum mansoni antigen in the serum. (bvsalud.org)
  • Sparganosis is a zoonosis of Spirometra mansoni sparganum larvae, caused by parasitic disease. (scleritis.net)
  • Residual from the cestode Sparganum mansoni or nematode Gnathostoma hispidum? (blogspot.com)
  • Clinical presentation of sparganosis most often occurs after the larvae have migrated to a subcutaneous location. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was a case of sparganosis caused by the third-stage plerocercoid larva (sparganum) of a cestode in the genus, Spirometra . (cdc.gov)
  • Sparganosis may arise when individuals drink water contaminated with copepods infected with spargana larvae, or when they consume improperly cooked meat. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Cutaneous sparganosis occurs when sparganum larvae invade subcutaneous connective tissue and superficial muscles. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Definitive diagnosis of sparganosis is based on the larvae being found in tissue samples. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Possibly cases of sparganosis in man in the United States are overlooked because the larva is not familiar to physicians and because its location in the body is such that it would not ordinarily be discovered at autopsy. (ajtmh.org)
  • Sparganosis is an infection of sparganum , a plerocercoid larva of the genus Spirometra tapeworm. (springer.com)
  • A painful nodule develops after the plerocercoid larvae migrate to the brain causing cerebral sparganosis. (malacards.org)
  • Sparganosis, also known as infection by sparganum , is related to diphyllobothriasis and lymphoma . (malacards.org)
  • 76 Sparganosis is a parasitic infection caused by the Diphyllobothrium or the plerocercoid larvae of the. (malacards.org)
  • Sparganosis is an infection caused by plerocercoid larvae of Diphyllobothriidae tapeworms. (dermatol-sinica.com)
  • Ingestion of these larvae produces sparganosis in man, since the larvae cannot mature in this abnormal host. (medical-photographs.com)
  • this result implies that antigenic glycoproteins of sparganum from snakes might be modified in mammalian sparganosis with respect to their carbohydrate composition. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Sparganosis is a rare parasitic disease caused by migrating plerocercoid tapeworm larva of the genus Spirometra . (parasitol.kr)
  • Sparganosis is a debilitating and potentially lethal disease caused by the larvae of the genus Spirometra, which occurs throughout much of the (sub)tropics and is caused by the consumption of raw snakes and frogs, and drinking water contaminated by infected copepods. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Sparganosis, caused by the plerocercoid larvae of members of the genus Spirometra , can cause significant public health problem and considerable economic losses. (ijbs.com)
  • Human sparganosis is a neglected parasitic disease caused by the plerocercoid larvae (spargana) of members of the genus Spirometra [ 2 ]. (ijbs.com)
  • Sparganum is the plerocercoid larva of the genus Spirometra erinacei of pseudophyllidean tapeworms. (biomedcentral.com)
  • They are the larvae of tapeworms of the genus Spirometra that are common in various canines and felines. (medical-photographs.com)
  • Once a human becomes infected, the plerocercoid larvae migrate to a subcutaneous location, where they typically develop into a painful nodule. (wikipedia.org)
  • After entry into humans, the plerocercoid larvae (spargana) migrate to different anatomic locations, where they cause space-occupying lesions as they develop into adults. (cdc.gov)
  • The larvae penetrate the intestinal tract of the second intermediate host, where they develop into the plerocercoid larvae and migrate and encyst into the subcutaneous tissues and muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spargana larvae penetrate the intestinal wall and migrate to other tissues. (dermnetnz.org)
  • In 2-3 weeks after infection, each fertilized female deposits about 1500 newborn larvae (NBL), which migrate, penetrate and encapsulate in the host's skeletal muscle (acute or muscle stage) [ 11 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • First, humans may acquire the infection by drinking water that is contaminated with copepods housing Spirometra larvae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coracidia are ingested my microscopic crustaceans (eg, copepods) and develop into a procercoid larva. (medscape.com)
  • In the copepods, the eggs develop into procercoid larvae that live in the body cavity of the copepod until the life cycle can continue. (wikipedia.org)
  • if the snakes or tadpoles are infected, the larvae may be transmitted to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • With advances in molecular sequencing, the identification of sparganum larvae isolated from humans was made possible ( 5 , 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Humans are accidental hosts in the cycle, becoming infected with the plerocercoid larvae by ingestion of the first or second intermediate hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • To diagnose a Spirometra infection in humans, a serodiagnosis ELISA can be used to target anti-sparganum IgG antibodies within the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • it is also likely that humans may be infected with sparganum larvae from eating any vertebrate harboring these plerocercoids. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • When these larger fish are eaten by humans after insufficient cooking, the larva matures into the adult form in the human body. (visualdx.com)
  • In humans, the parasite falls into a dead-end, or severe or severe illness depending on the place of parasite, number of larvae and tissue responses. (burravisitorcentre.com)
  • Humans can be infected by procercoid larvae in cyclops (the first intermediate host) and plerocercoid larvae in reptiles or amphibians (paratenic hosts). (parasitol.kr)
  • Humans can become infected by ingesting raw or semi-cooked meat containing Trichinella muscle larvae (ML) [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Human diphyllobothriasis is a parasitic disease caused by ingestion of larvae (plerocercoids) in raw or undercooked fish and commonly found in temperate areas. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Sparganum through skin or mucosal invasion, or ingestion of sparganum is the main way of human infection of sparganum. (scleritis.net)
  • material of Sparganum proliferum has been restudied. (ajtmh.org)
  • 12. The erratic form of Sparganum proliferum is regarded as the result of internal, rather than external factors, related to its structural degeneration and loss of symmetry. (ajtmh.org)
  • In Cyclops , the coracidium develops into a larva (procercoid larva). (visualdx.com)
  • When the procercoid larva-containing Cyclops are ingested by small freshwater fish such as minnows (second intermediate host), the larva matures into the plerocercoid larva (sparganum). (visualdx.com)
  • The first stage larvae are formed as procercoids in Cyclops. (medical-photographs.com)
  • Cats and dogs develop tapeworms when they eat the tapeworm larvae along with the smaller second intermediate hosts. (dermnetnz.org)
  • The plercoceroid larva (or sparganum) is not digested but remains in the small intestine where it develops to an adult tapeworm in about three to five weeks. (blogspot.com)
  • Muscle larvae of Trichinella isolates from two outbreaks in Korea were analyzed by a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and multiple-PCR. (koreamed.org)
  • All of the muscle larvae showed a. (koreamed.org)
  • Some imaging methods such as CT or MRI scans can be used to identify spargana larvae in other areas of the body, like the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infected crustaceans are eaten by small fish, and the procercoid larva migrates to the fish-host tissue and develops into a plerocercoid larva (also known as a sparganum). (medscape.com)
  • Eggs embryonate in the water and the first-stage larva ( coracidium ) is released into the water. (medscape.com)
  • Briefly, the eggs are passed from feces which then hatch into small ciliated coracidium larvae. (blogspot.com)
  • After this step in the life cycle, the second intermediate host can get eaten by a larger fish or animal, but the plerocercoid larvae will not develop to a further developmental stage and will just re-encysts into the subcutaneous tissues and muscles of this new host. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sparganum larvae proliferate, often in the subcutaneous tissues, where they may become encysted in large nodules from which they can be removed surgically. (medical-photographs.com)
  • This same species, (Spirometra decipiens) was also discovered when scientists fed dogs larvae from frogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. When Sparganum mansonides is fed to mice, rats, rhesus monkeys, the ring tail monkey, and leopard frogs the head of the larva penetrates the intestinal wall and reëstablishes itself in the muscles, where it continues growth. (ajtmh.org)
  • Sparganum occur in a variety of amphibious animals including frogs, and these also may be infective to man if ingested. (medical-photographs.com)
  • Sparganum (plerocercoid of Spirometra erinacei ) is a parasite that possesses the remarkable ability to survive by successfully modifying its physiology and morphology to suit various hosts and can be found in various tissues, even the nervous system. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thus, sparganum has become an important parasite for human health, and research into this organism will greatly contribute to the identification and characterization of genes and pathways involved in parasite development and function. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, the motivation for this project was to develop a database and tool that would provide parasite researchers with flexible access to parasite-specific information about sparganum that is relevant for studying the production of parasite proteins and identifying molecules involved in key biological pathways that might serve as targets for diagnostic markers and treatments for the control of sparganum. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sparganum is a parasite of carnivores, found usually in amphibians (second intermediate hosts) or reptiles (paratenic hosts). (springer.com)
  • Muscle biopsy or detection of specific IgG against Trichinella is the most commonly used definitive diagnostic method for human Trichinella infection, but examination of muscle biopsies for detection of the parasite is insufficiently sensitive to find Trichinella larvae in the early and mild stages of infection [ 14 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2. In the mouse the sparganum completes perforation of the intestinal wall within 1 hour and 15 minutes after being fed. (ajtmh.org)
  • Subconjunctival larva migrans caused by sparganum. (bvsalud.org)
  • 9. Sparganum infection in various hosts leads to a rise of from 15 to 35 per cent in the eosinophile leucocytes, which persists for a period of months. (ajtmh.org)
  • we purified specific 31/36 kda antigenic molecules from sparganum in different intermediate hosts (snakes and mice) and analyzed their monosaccharide compositions. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • The carbohydrate moieties of larval sparganum proteins in two different species, the snakes, Elaphe rufodorsata, the Balb/c mouse and those of the adult worm, Spirometra erinacei, were compared using five. (koreamed.org)
  • Diagnosis is typically not made until the sparganum larva has been surgically removed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms depend on which tissues the larvae have migrated to. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Sparganum invivo migration, and invasion of a variety of tissues and organs, produce symptoms than adult severe. (scleritis.net)
  • To obtain a comprehensive view of sparganum gene activity, we constructed a non-normalized cDNA library derived from parasites isolated from wild snakes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • component proteins and protease activities in excretory-secretory product of sparganum. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Praziquantel is the drug of choice, although its efficacy is unknown and surgical removal of the sparganum is generally the best treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical removal of the larvae is necessary. (medical-photographs.com)
  • Sparganum mainly by surgical excision, only the body especially the head removed, can be cured. (scleritis.net)
  • The larvae undergo continuous branching and budding to produce many progeny plerocoids. (dermnetnz.org)
  • If the poultice is infected with plerocercoid larvae, the human may become infected. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cycle is completed in nature when carnivores such as bears and seals eat the plerocercoid larva-harboring freshwater fish. (visualdx.com)
  • Acute gastric anisakiasis with multiple anisakid larvae infection is reported. (koreamed.org)
  • The natural definitive host becomes infected after eating fish containing plerocercoid larvae. (medscape.com)
  • Molin in 1895 renamed it as Sparganum lanceolatum , which is regarded as a synonym. (parasitol.kr)
  • If the frog meat in sparganum can be wound or the normal skin and mucous membrane invades the human body. (scleritis.net)
  • This diagnostic method is useful around 10-12 days post infection and is almost 100% effective at detecting the anti-sparganum antibodies in the 14-22 days post infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed, which revealed long worm-shaped material that was identified as a sparganum by DNA sequencing. (parasitol.kr)
  • The patient showed clinical improvement after drainage of the sparganum. (parasitol.kr)
  • Bigger predator fish such as trout, pike, or salmon eat them and harbor the plerocercoid larva. (visualdx.com)
  • The larvae invades and resides in the flesh of the fish. (blogspot.com)