Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
The study of serum, especially of antigen-antibody reactions in vitro.
Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
Hospital facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Health care professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES in research or health care facilities.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative and clinical activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical laboratory services.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.
A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.
Serologic tests for syphilis.
A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.
Assessments aimed at determining agreement in diagnostic test results among laboratories. Identical survey samples are distributed to participating laboratories, with results stratified according to testing methodologies.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.
Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Serologic tests based on inactivation of complement by the antigen-antibody complex (stage 1). Binding of free complement can be visualized by addition of a second antigen-antibody system such as red cells and appropriate red cell antibody (hemolysin) requiring complement for its completion (stage 2). Failure of the red cells to lyse indicates that a specific antigen-antibody reaction has taken place in stage 1. If red cells lyse, free complement is present indicating no antigen-antibody reaction occurred in stage 1.
The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.
A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).
Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man.
Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Infection by round worms of the genus TOXOCARA, usually found in wild and domesticated cats and dogs and foxes, except for the larvae, which may produce visceral and ocular larva migrans in man.
The causative agent of venereal and non-venereal syphilis as well as yaws.
Tests that are dependent on the clumping of cells, microorganisms, or particles when mixed with specific antiserum. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Organized services provided by MEDICAL LABORATORY PERSONNEL for the purpose of carrying out CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES used for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A malabsorption syndrome that is precipitated by the ingestion of foods containing GLUTEN, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is characterized by INFLAMMATION of the SMALL INTESTINE, loss of MICROVILLI structure, failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION, and MALNUTRITION.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
A species of CHLAMYDOPHILA that causes acute respiratory infection, especially atypical pneumonia, in humans, horses, and koalas.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to PROTOZOAN ANTIGENS.
The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.
A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of viruses, and VIRUS DISEASES.
A genus of ascarid nematodes commonly parasitic in the intestines of cats and dogs.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.
Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.
A respiratory infection caused by BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS and characterized by paroxysmal coughing ending in a prolonged crowing intake of breath.
Sensitive tests to measure certain antigens, antibodies, or viruses, using their ability to agglutinate certain erythrocytes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY). This organism can also be a cause of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.
Infection caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA mainly involving the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. This condition is characterized by fever, weakness, malaise, and weight loss.
Transglutaminases catalyze cross-linking of proteins at a GLUTAMINE in one chain with LYSINE in another chain. They include keratinocyte transglutaminase (TGM1 or TGK), tissue transglutaminase (TGM2 or TGC), plasma transglutaminase involved with coagulation (FACTOR XIII and FACTOR XIIIa), hair follicle transglutaminase, and prostate transglutaminase. Although structures differ, they share an active site (YGQCW) and strict CALCIUM dependence.
A species of parasitic nematode found in the intestine of dogs. Lesions in the brain, liver, eye, kidney, and lung are caused by migrating larvae. In humans, these larvae do not follow normal patterns and may produce visceral larva migrans (LARVA MIGRANS, VISCERAL).
A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
An infection caused by the infestation of the larval form of tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. The liver, lungs, and kidney are the most common areas of infestation.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
A genus of aerobic, helical spirochetes, some species of which are pathogenic, others free-living or saprophytic.
Immunologic techniques involved in diagnosis.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).
Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of WHOOPING COUGH. Its cells are minute coccobacilli that are surrounded by a slime sheath.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A species of hydatid tapeworm (class CESTODA) in the family Taeniidae, whose adult form infects the DIGESTIVE TRACT of DOGS, other canines, and CATS. The larval form infects SHEEP; PIGS; HORSES; and may infect humans, where it migrates to various organs and forms permanent HYDATID CYSTS.
Infection with CYTOMEGALOVIRUS, characterized by enlarged cells bearing intranuclear inclusions. Infection may be in almost any organ, but the salivary glands are the most common site in children, as are the lungs in adults.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDOPHILA.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). Human infections are confined almost entirely to children. This parasite is commonly seen in dogs, other Canidae, and porcupines with humans considered only an accidental host. Transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies.
Any tests done on exhaled air.
Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).
A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.
An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.
A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
Subacute inflammation of the inguinal lymph glands caused by certain immunotypes of CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. It is a sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. but is more widespread in developing countries. It is distinguished from granuloma venereum (see GRANULOMA INGUINALE), which is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.
Laboratory tests demonstrating the presence of physiologically significant substances in the blood, urine, tissue, and body fluids with application to the diagnosis or therapy of disease.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS genus, HEPATITIS B VIRUS. It is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A form of fluorescent antibody technique utilizing a fluorochrome conjugated to an antibody, which is added directly to a tissue or cell suspension for the detection of a specific antigen. (Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily BETAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting the salivary glands, liver, spleen, lungs, eyes, and other organs, in which they produce characteristically enlarged cells with intranuclear inclusions. Infection with Cytomegalovirus is also seen as an opportunistic infection in AIDS.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
A species of SIMPLEXVIRUS associated with genital infections (HERPES GENITALIS). It is transmitted by sexual intercourse and close personal contact.
Infection of the genitals (GENITALIA) with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in either the males or the females.
Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.
Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic tapeworms of the genus ECHINOCOCCUS, such as Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis. Ingested Echinococcus ova burrow into the intestinal mucosa. The larval migration to the liver via the PORTAL VEIN leads to watery vesicles (HYDATID CYST).
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Chemicals necessary to perform experimental and/or investigative procedures and for the preparation of drugs and other chemicals.
The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.
A lesion on the surface of the skin or a mucous surface, produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
The type (and only) species of RUBIVIRUS causing acute infection in humans, primarily children and young adults. Humans are the only natural host. A live, attenuated vaccine is available for prophylaxis.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.
An acute infectious disease caused by the RUBELLA VIRUS. The virus enters the respiratory tract via airborne droplet and spreads to the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.
Simple protein, one of the prolamines, derived from the gluten of wheat, rye, etc. May be separated into 4 discrete electrophoretic fractions. It is the toxic factor associated with CELIAC DISEASE.
A genus of protozoa parasitic to birds and mammals. T. gondii is one of the most common infectious pathogenic animal parasites of man.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Antibodies, especially IGE, that bind to tissue of the same species so that ANTIGENS induce release of HISTAMINE and other vasoactive agents. HYPERSENSITIVITY is the clinical manifestation.
Minute infectious agents whose genomes are composed of DNA or RNA, but not both. They are characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and the inability to replicate outside living host cells.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Antibodies to the HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS, including antibodies to the surface (Australia) and core of the Dane particle and those to the "e" antigens.
A disease of the CARDIAC MUSCLE developed subsequent to the initial protozoan infection by TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI. After infection, less than 10% develop acute illness such as MYOCARDITIS (mostly in children). The disease then enters a latent phase without clinical symptoms until about 20 years later. Myocardial symptoms of advanced CHAGAS DISEASE include conduction defects (HEART BLOCK) and CARDIOMEGALY.
Controlled operations of analytic or diagnostic processes, or systems by mechanical or electronic devices.
Infections of the central nervous system caused by TREPONEMA PALLIDUM which present with a variety of clinical syndromes. The initial phase of infection usually causes a mild or asymptomatic meningeal reaction. The meningovascular form may present acutely as BRAIN INFARCTION. The infection may also remain subclinical for several years. Late syndromes include general paresis; TABES DORSALIS; meningeal syphilis; syphilitic OPTIC ATROPHY; and spinal syphilis. General paresis is characterized by progressive DEMENTIA; DYSARTHRIA; TREMOR; MYOCLONUS; SEIZURES; and Argyll-Robertson pupils. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp722-8)
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Provision of physical and biological barriers to the dissemination of potentially hazardous biologically active agents (bacteria, viruses, recombinant DNA, etc.). Physical containment involves the use of special equipment, facilities, and procedures to prevent the escape of the agent. Biological containment includes use of immune personnel and the selection of agents and hosts that will minimize the risk should the agent escape the containment facility.
Infection with nematodes of the genus STRONGYLOIDES. The presence of larvae may produce pneumonitis and the presence of adult worms in the intestine could lead to moderate to severe diarrhea.
A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.
Helminth infection of the lung caused by Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Virus infections caused by the PARVOVIRIDAE.
Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Infection with CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI (formerly Chlamydia psittaci), transmitted to humans by inhalation of dust-borne contaminated nasal secretions or excreta of infected BIRDS. This infection results in a febrile illness characterized by PNEUMONITIS and systemic manifestations.
An examination of chemicals in the blood.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The type species of ERYTHROVIRUS and the etiological agent of ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM, a disease most commonly seen in school-age children.
Tests used in the analysis of the hemic system.
Serologic tests in which a known quantity of antigen is added to the serum prior to the addition of a red cell suspension. Reaction result is expressed as the smallest amount of antigen which causes complete inhibition of hemagglutination.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (BLOOD VESSELS). Whole blood includes PLASMA and BLOOD CELLS.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.
Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the stomach.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes BRUCELLOSIS. Its cells are nonmotile coccobacilli and are animal parasites and pathogens. The bacterium is transmissible to humans through contact with infected dairy products or tissue.
Assistants to a veterinarian, biological or biomedical researcher, or other scientist who are engaged in the care and management of animals, and who are trained in basic principles of animal life processes and routine laboratory and animal health care procedures. (Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
GASTRITIS with atrophy of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS, and the mucosal glands leading to ACHLORHYDRIA. Atrophic gastritis usually progresses from chronic gastritis.
A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that causes LEPROSY in man. Its organisms are generally arranged in clumps, rounded masses, or in groups of bacilli side by side.
Infection with human herpesvirus 4 (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN); which may facilitate the development of various lymphoproliferative disorders. These include BURKITT LYMPHOMA (African type), INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS, and oral hairy leukoplakia (LEUKOPLAKIA, HAIRY).
A serovar of the bacterial species LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS, whose primary hosts include CATTLE and SWINE.
Infections of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; or MENINGES caused by HELMINTHS (parasitic worms).
Impaired digestion, especially after eating.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Single or multiple areas of PUS due to infection by any ameboid protozoa (AMEBIASIS). A common form is caused by the ingestion of ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A genus of very small TAPEWORMS, in the family Taeniidae. The adult form is found in various CARNIVORA but not humans. The larval form is seen in humans under certain epidemiologic circumstances.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
A self-limiting bacterial infection of the regional lymph nodes caused by AFIPIA felis, a gram-negative bacterium recently identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and by BARTONELLA HENSELAE. It usually arises one or more weeks following a feline scratch, with raised inflammatory nodules at the site of the scratch being the primary symptom.
Species of tapeworm in the genus TAENIA, that infects swine. It is acquired by humans through the ingestion of cured or undercooked pork.
Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).
Techniques used in microbiology.
The procedure established to evaluate the health status and risk factors of the potential DONORS of biological materials. Donors are selected based on the principles that their health will not be compromised in the process, and the donated materials, such as TISSUES or organs, are safe for reuse in the recipients.
Those hepatitis B antigens found on the surface of the Dane particle and on the 20 nm spherical and tubular particles. Several subspecificities of the surface antigen are known. These were formerly called the Australia antigen.
A compound that, along with its isomer, Cleland's reagent (DITHIOTHREITOL), is used for the protection of sulfhydryl groups against oxidation to disulfides and for the reduction of disulfides to sulfhydryl groups.
The type species of LYMPHOCRYPTOVIRUS, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting B-cells in humans. It is thought to be the causative agent of INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS and is strongly associated with oral hairy leukoplakia (LEUKOPLAKIA, HAIRY;), BURKITT LYMPHOMA; and other malignancies.
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
ISBN 978-1-4767-3823-9. "Laboratory Tests For The Diagnosis Of Toxoplasmosis". Toxoplasma Serology Laboratory. Archived from ... In 1937 Sabin and Olitsky analyzed T. gondii in laboratory monkeys and mice. Sabin and Olitsky showed that T. gondii was an ... Montoya JG (2002). "Laboratory diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection and toxoplasmosis". The Journal of Infectious Diseases ... For pregnant women with negative antibody titers, indicating no previous exposure to T. gondii, serology testing as frequent as ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Pappagianis, Demosthenes; Coccidioidomycosis Serology Laboratory (2007). " ...
Pappagianis, Demosthenes; Coccidioidomycosis Serology Laboratory (September 2007). "Coccidioidomycosis in California State ... and laboratory results. The disease is commonly misdiagnosed as bacterial community-acquired pneumonia. The fungal infection ... Posadas established an infectious character of the disease after being able to transfer it in laboratory conditions to lab ...
Marsteller, TA; Fenwick B (1999). "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae disease and serology". Swine Health and Production. 7 (4): ... Gillaspy, A. "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae". Laboratory for Molecular Biology and Cytometry Research-University of Oklahoma ... Brownfield, B. "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in swine". Purdue University-Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory. Retrieved 20 ...
Retrieved 2 February 2018.[self-published source] Turgeon, Mary Louise (2014). Immunology & Serology in Laboratory Medicine ( ... 1978: Connaught Laboratories in Canada acquires the vaccine manufacturing facility (Merrell-National Laboratories) at ... In 2021, Sanofi Toronto announced it was seeking to start a new Biosafety level 3 laboratory. 1897: Marcel Mérieux creates the ... 1989: The Mérieux Institute acquires the Connaught Laboratories in Canada and its subsidiaries and becomes a world leader in ...
Pappagianis, Demosthenes, and the Coccidioidomycosis Serology Laboratory (2007). Coccidioidomycosis in California State ...
Blood tests (also called serology tests or serology immunoassays) can detect the presence of such antibodies. Antibody tests ... Test analysis is often performed in automated, high-throughput, medical laboratories by medical laboratory scientists. ... 19 samples to one of the 16 WHO reference laboratories for confirmatory testing. Out of the sixteen reference laboratories, ... They managed to convince the CDC to approve tests at state laboratories and the FDA to approve a test kit. As of 13 March the ...
He placed the parasite in alcohol and submitted it to a medical laboratory. These are all pictures from a single Gongylonema ... the filariasis serology was negative. No medical treatment was initiated. After 3 weeks of migration, the thread-like worm ...
Part 1" (PDF). Laboratory Medicine. American Society for Clinical Pathology and Oxford University Press. 9 (7): 23-33. doi: ... Serology. Albany, New York: Delmar Division of Thomson Learning. pp. 172-174. ISBN 978-0914826255. LCCN 2002280630. OCLC ... Part 2. Application and Interpretation of RID Assays" (PDF). Laboratory Medicine. American Society for Clinical Pathology and ... Stanley J (2002). "Chapter 12: Precipitation: Single Radial Immunodiffusion: Laboratory Technique 12-1: Radial Immunodiffusion ...
ISBN 978-0-323-29111-8. McPherson, RA; Pincus, MR (2017). Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods (23 ... "Questions and Answers on Proteolytic Enzymes Used in Blood Group Serology". Canadian Society for Transfusion Medicine. ... Blood compatibility testing is conducted in a medical laboratory to identify potential incompatibility between individuals' and ... "Introduction to Antibody Identification" (PDF). University of Utah, Medical Laboratory Sciences. Retrieved 18 December 2020.CS1 ...
"Questions and Answers on Proteolytic Enzymes Used in Blood Group Serology". Canadian Society for Transfusion Medicine. ... Laboratory Medicine. 48 (1): 24-28. doi:10.1093/labmed/lmw062. ISSN 0007-5027. Eric Ching. " ...
"Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis." Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory. Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Purdue University, ... LCMV is typically identified through serology. However, in an endemically infected colony, more practical methods include MAP ( ... recommend vigilant screening laboratory animals to be used in research facilities either through serum samples or cell line ... For laboratory purposes, immunohistochemistry staining of tissues and virus isolation are used for more accurate testing, but ...
Elizabeth's Hospital, she supervised serology and bacteriology laboratories until her retirement in 1949. During those 28 years ... From 1914 to 1916 she worked in laboratories at Rush Medical College and Illinois Central Hospital in Chicago. She then took up ...
Where doubt exists, the diagnosis may be confirmed by a laboratory test such as serology. Again, this is often unavailable in ... The vaccine was produced at Wellcome's laboratory at Ely Grange, Frant, Sussex. An attempt to verify the efficacy of the ... The choice of laboratory test is not straightforward, and all currently available tests have their limitations. The cheapest ...
This means that laboratory tests may be less likely to confirm the presence of Neisseria meningitidis as the antibiotics will ... Finally, serology determines the subgroup of the N. meningitidis, which is important for epidemiological surveillance purposes ... A small amount of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is sent to the laboratory as soon as possible for analysis. The diagnosis is ... The microscopic identification takes around 1-2 hours after specimen arrival in the laboratory. The gold standard of diagnosis ...
The MAYV infection can be confirmed by laboratory testing such as virus isolation, RT-PCR, and serology. The virus isolation in ... Serology tests detect antibodies like IgM and the most common assay is IgM-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbant assays (ELISA). ... Smith GC, Francy DB (1991). "Laboratory studies of a Brazilian strain of Aedes albopictus as a potential vector of Mayaro and ...
The serology lab at the Massachusetts Department of Public Health's Laboratory Institute Building was named for him. In 1960, ... passing a bill to rename the state laboratory the "Dr. William A. Hinton Laboratory." In 2019, Hinton's portrait was placed in ... He also started a school for laboratory technicians open only to women, the first of its kind, and saw its graduates get hired ... In 1915 he was awarded the dual appointments of Director of the Laboratory Department of the Boston Dispensary and Chief of the ...
The Laboratory was upgraded to a full-fledged Directorate in March, 2015 which is in par with the guidelines of National Human ... Chemistry, Questioned Document, Ballistics & Toolmarks, Fingerprint, Photography, DNA/Serology and Toxicology, and headed by ... Forensic Science Laboratory, Mizoram started functioning initially with only one division i.e. chemistry, Mizoram FSL now have ... Government of Mizoram established Forensic Science Laboratory under the administrative control of Police Department Vide ...
Cross reactivity with Brucella can confuse interpretation of the results, so diagnosis should not rely only on serology. ... Molecular methods such as PCR are available in reference laboratories.[citation needed] There are no safe, available, approved ... but also to ensure that safety precautions are taken to avoid contamination of laboratory personnel.Serological tests ( ...
Gouriet F, Drancourt M, Raoult D (October 2006). "Multiplexed serology in atypical bacterial pneumonia". Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. ... Hindiyeh M, Carroll KC (June 2000). "Laboratory diagnosis of atypical pneumonia". Semin Respir Infect. 15 (2): 101-13. doi: ...
U.S. Hygienic Laboratory Bulletin No. 51. (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, U.S. Gov't. ... Meyers, Thomas C. (2006). "Chapter 21: Serology". In Wecht, Cyril H.; Rago, John T. (eds.). Forensic Science and Law: ... Hygienic Laboratory Bulletin No. 31. (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, U.S. Gov't. Printing ... ISBN 0-8493-1970-6. Culliford, Bryan J., The Examination and Typing of Bloodstains in the Crime Laboratory, Washington, D.C.: U ...
In the 1960s and 1970s, Maple was head of a bacteriology and serology laboratory in Philadelphia and New York. She later wrote ...
... with the traditional diagnosis based on serology. However, newer laboratory techniques such as real-time PCR and ... Laboratory techniques such as real-time PCR and microimmunofluorescence can be used to identify Rickettsia down to the species ... The laboratory tests available for the diagnosis of Rickettsial species includes: shell vial assay, PCR-based detection, ... Traditionally, the diagnosis of Rickettsia was based on serology However, serologic tests take about 15 days after the onset of ...
These laboratory tests are only of diagnostic value during the acute phase of the illness with the exception of serology. Tests ... The earliest change detectable on laboratory investigations is a low white blood cell count, which may then be followed by low ... The tourniquet test, which is particularly useful in settings where no laboratory investigations are readily available, ... serology). Virus isolation and nucleic acid detection are more accurate than antigen detection, but these tests are not widely ...
The Abbott AxSYM is an immunochemical automated analyzer made by Abbott Laboratories. It is used for serology tests and ... This instrument is used in medical laboratories by trained medical personnel. It can process about 100 samples an hour. Lamers ... "Abbott AxSYM random and continuous access immunoassay system for improved workflow in the clinical laboratory". Clinical ...
While at Allerton he conducted research on the serology of trypanasomias, which he later continued at the Onderstepoort ... he was placed in charge of the Allerton Veterinary Laboratory, Pietermaritzburg where he stayed until 1922. ...
Farr A (1 April 1979). "Blood group serology--the first four decades (1900-1939)". Med Hist. 23 (2): 215-26. doi:10.1017/ ... Laboratory Medicine. 41 (1): 53-55. doi:10.1309/LM0MICLH4GG3QNDC. ISSN 0007-5027. Von Decastello, A.; Sturli, A. (1902). " ... Farr AD (April 1979). "Blood group serology-the first four decades (1900-1939)". Medical History. 23 (2): 215-26. doi:10.1017/ ...
... virus isolation and serology. Even if adenovirus is found to be present, it may not be the cause of any symptoms. Some ... In the laboratory, adenovirus can be identified with antigen detection, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), ...
A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are done on biological specimens in order to get ... serology, histology, cytology, cytogenetics, or virology. In many countries, there are two main types of labs that process the ... Hospital laboratories are attached to a hospital, and perform tests on these patients. Private or community laboratories ... Such laboratories may be divided into categorical departments such as microbiology, hematology, clinical biochemistry, ...
A number of laboratory tests can confirm the diagnosis but treatment should be begun based on symptoms. It is within a group ... Serology testing and skin biopsy are considered to be the best methods of diagnosis. Although immunofluorescent antibody assays ... Hygienic Laboratory Bulletin. 154. Washington: U.S. G.P.O. OCLC 16141346. de Kruif, Paul (1932). "Ch. 4 Spencer: In the Happy ... Abnormal laboratory findings seen in patients with Rocky Mountain spotted fever may include a low platelet count, low blood ...
Laboratory testing[edit]. Tests for antibodies in the blood by ELISA and Western blot is the most widely used method for Lyme ... Brown SL, Hansen SL, Langone JJ (July 1999). "Role of serology in the diagnosis of Lyme disease". JAMA. 282 (1): 62-6. doi: ... "Two-step Laboratory Testing Process". cdc.gov. 15 November 2011. Archived from the original on 12 March 2015. Retrieved 2 March ... In the absence of an EM rash or history of tick exposure, Lyme diagnosis depends on laboratory confirmation.[54][106] The ...
Many bacteria, however, even well-known species, do not grow well under laboratory conditions. FISH can be used to detect ... are stored in various laboratories around the world. The artificial chromosomes (BAC) can be grown, extracted, and labeled, in ... and only specialized laboratories use the technique routinely. [Reference needed] ...
... is a fluorophore commonly used in microscopy, in a type of dye laser as the gain medium, in forensics and serology ... Fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis, a biochemistry laboratory test. *Other dyes: *Methylene blue. *Laser dyes ...
Blood Transfusion Division, United States Army Medical Research Laboratory (1971). Selected contributions to the literature of ... "Blood group serology--the first four decades (1900--1939)". Med Hist 23 (2): 215-26. பப்மெட்:381816. பப்மெட் சென்ட்ரல்:1082436 ... United States Army Medical Research Laboratory, Fort Knox, Kentucky. http://books.google.com/books?id=ALilcA7Acd0C. "... In ...
Microbiological culture is the primary method used for isolating infectious disease for study in the laboratory. Tissue or ... Serological methods are highly sensitive, specific and often extremely rapid laboratory tests used to identify different types ... the state of the art in clinical laboratories depends on continual improvements in academic medicine and research laboratories ...
"Parasites and Health, DPDx - Laboratory Identification of Parasites of Public Health Concern. Centers for Disease Control & ... Serology is also useful for differentiating babesiosis from malaria in cases where people are at risk for both infections. ... Only specialized laboratories can adequately diagnose Babesia infection in humans, so Babesia infections are considered highly ... Other laboratory findings include decreased numbers of red blood cells and platelets on complete blood count. ...
A positive test usually is ,200 units/mL,[1] but normal ranges vary from laboratory to laboratory and by age.[2] ... Further information: serology. It is done by serological methods like latex agglutination or slide agglutination. ELISA may be ...
... despite extensive testing using state-of-the-art clinical laboratory methods. Metagenomics is currently being researched for ... as well as laboratory scientists, immunologists, bacteriologists and other specialists. ...
The experiment resulted in at least 83 deaths.[1] Serology studies continued through 1953 involving the same vulnerable ... an employee of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau who promoted and established serological research in Guatemalan laboratories. ...
... medical laboratory scientists (MLS), medical technologists (MT), medical laboratory technologists and medical laboratory ... serology, urinalysis, and miscellaneous body fluid analysis. Depending on location, educational level, and certifying body, ... Technicians work under the supervision of a laboratory technologist or laboratory manager.[56] ... "Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians : Occupational Outlook Handbook: : U.S. Bureau of Labor ...
Many people have only laboratory abnormalities as their initial presentation, as unexplained increase in transaminases and are ... "Autoimmune liver serology: Current diagnostic and clinical challenges". World J. Gastroenterol. 14 (21): 3374-3387. doi ... The diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis is best achieved with a combination of clinical, laboratory, and histological findings ... laboratory, and histological data that can be used to help determine if a patient has autoimmune hepatitis.[10] A calculator ...
"Why become an Accredited Laboratory?" (PDF). American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors / Laboratory Accreditation Board. ... Forensic serology is the study of the body fluids.[72]. *Forensic social work is the specialist study of social work theories ... "Forensic serology". Forensic-medecine.info. Archived from the original on 6 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-08.. ... "Job Description for Forensic Laboratory Scientists". Crime Scene Investigator EDU. Archived from the original on 6 September ...
a b Stanley, J. (2002). Essentials of Immunology & Serology by Jacqueline Stanley. Albany, NY: Delmar. ... As it refers to the product of an amplification reaction, amplicon is used interchangeably with common laboratory terms, such ...
Interactive tutorial on mass spectra National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. *Mass spectrometer simulation An interactive ... MS is now commonly used in analytical laboratories that study physical, chemical, or biological properties of a great variety ...
Types (classified by serology)[edit]. Types of HDN are classified by the type of antigens involved. The main types are ABO HDN ... transfusion reactions due to immune hemolysis may occur in patients who have no antibodies detectable by routine laboratory ...
Laboratory techniques. *Medical tests. Hidden categories: *Webarchive template wayback links. *Articles needing cleanup from ...
Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis. 21 (4): 227-231. doi:10.1002/jcla.20170. PMID 17621358.. ... "The serology of the Addison-Gull syndrome". Hepatology. 37 (1): 225-8. doi:10.1002/hep.510370134. PMID 12500211 ...
Another method would also be through the screening test and serology. Serology includes two types of antibody test: ... Balleste, R; Rodriguez, Garcia; Lopez, Buzzi (2013). "Laboratory Diagnosis of Neurosyphilis in Patients Co-Infected with Human ... PHLS Syphilis Serology Working Group". Commun Dis Public Health. 3 (3): 158-62. PMID 11014025.. ... The diagnosis of this stage is positive serology.[10] Because the bacteria remains inactive, the late latent syphilis does not ...
HCV Sequence and Immunology Databases at Los Alamos National Laboratory. *Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR ... "Serology-enabled discovery of genetically diverse hepaciviruses in a new host". J. Virol. 86 (11): 6171-8. doi:10.1128/JVI. ...
Blood Transfusion Division, United States Army Medical Research Laboratory (1971). Selected contributions to the literature of ... "Blood group serology-the first four decades (1900--1939)". Med Hist 23 (2): 215-226. முழு விவரம் PMC தளத்தில்: 1082436. ... United States Army Medical Research Laboratory, Fort Knox, Kentucky. http://books.google.com/books?id=ALilcA7Acd0C. "... In ...
Serology is used to detect the level of the antibody to the organism in the blood (this result is known as the titre). A ... An obligate intracellular parasite, E. cuniculi occurs in laboratory mice and rabbits, monkeys, dogs, rats, birds, guinea pigs ... By performing serology (with an interval of time in between) and comparing the results, it is possible to determine if the ... Antibodies to E. cuniculi can be detected through serology (a blood test). A rabbit who has been exposed to E. cuniculi will ...
In: Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science. Second Edition. Volume II: Animal Models, edited by Jann Hau & Gerald L. Van Hoosier ... Viral serology and detection. Baillière's Clinical Gastroenterology. 1995;9(4):689-721. doi:10.1016/0950-3528(95)90057-8. PMID ... Laboratory maintenance of Rickettsia rickettsii. Current Protocols in Microbiology. 2008;Chapter 3:Unit 3A.5. doi:10.1002/ ... Recent examples include work at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C., using Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) particles ...
Serology may be used for adults and adolescents who have already been infected for several weeks to determine whether antibody ... Methods used in laboratory diagnosis include culturing of nasopharyngeal swabs on a nutrient medium (Bordet-Gengou medium), ... B. pertussis was discovered in 1906 by Jules Bordet and Octave Gengou, who also developed the first serology and vaccine. ... but this is not confirmed by laboratory diagnosis, although whooping cough is known among wild gorillas.[27] Several zoos also ...
He was a leader in the fields of forensic medicine, serology, and immunogenetics. His pioneer work led to discovery of the Rh ... Since 1932 he had a medical practice and in 1935 he founded the Wiener Laboratories for clinical pathology and blood grouping. ...
Main articles: Medical laboratory and Biomedical research. A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where ... serology, histology, cytology, cytogenetics, or virology. In many countries, there are two main types of labs that process the ... Hospital laboratories are attached to a hospital, and perform tests on these patients. Private or community laboratories ... Such laboratories may be divided into categorical departments such as microbiology, hematology, clinical biochemistry, ...
Serology in Laboratory Medicine5 by Mary Louise Turgeon WorldCat Search (published works). ...
Clinical pathology is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of ... Paris: European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. p. 5. Retrieved 23 March 2020.. ... Sometimes the general term "laboratory medicine specialist" is used to refer to those working in clinical pathology, including ... Histochemistry refers to the science of using chemical reactions between laboratory chemicals and components within tissue. The ...
... (SPEP or SPE) is a laboratory test that examines specific proteins in the blood called globulins. ... Electrophoresis is a laboratory technique in which the blood serum (the fluid portion of the blood after the blood has clotted ... Serology. *Electrophoresis. Hidden categories: *Pages with URL errors. *All articles with unsourced statements ...
Provan D, Krentz A (2005). Oxford Handbook of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978- ... Serology (identification of antibodies to viruses) may be useful in viral meningitis.[20] If tuberculous meningitis is ... Rather, the relevant knowledge has mostly derived from laboratory studies in rabbits.[8] Tuberculous meningitis requires ...
Learn more about laboratory confirmation by IgM serology. ... Use of Serology to Aid in the Diagnosis of Mumps Infection. ... Q: What additional testing should be considered for sporadic cases that have negative laboratory results for mumps?. A: ... What additional testing should be considered for sporadic cases that have negative laboratory results for mumps? ... Parotitis has also been reported in persons with laboratory-confirmed influenza infections. ...
Ship in insulated container ensuring that Opti-Spot strip is protected from moisture. Once dry, place in a water-tight plastic bag containing the provided silica gel desiccant pack ...
Randox Laboratories 메일링 리스트 가입하기*. *. Randox Laboratories의 신제품 출시 및 업데이트, 시장동향등을 포함한 메일을 받고 싶습니다. ... Randox Laboratories promise never to sell your data and we will keep all your details safe and secure. Read more in our Privacy ... Randox Laboratories promise never to sell your data and we will keep all your details safe and secure. Read more in our Privacy ... Randox Laboratories promise never to sell your data and we will keep all your details safe and secure. Read more in our Privacy ...
The Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test for syphilis is classified as a(n). Flocculation reaction. ...
This study reports on practical laboratory aspects of pertussis diagnosis. PCR assays were applied to respiratory specimens ... Laboratory diagnosis of pertussis infections: the role of PCR and serology J Med Microbiol. 2004 Jun;53(Pt 6):519-525. doi: ... Serology and PCR results showed a high level of agreement (113/121) for infants and children. PCR demonstrated a significant ... This study reports on practical laboratory aspects of pertussis diagnosis. PCR assays were applied to respiratory specimens ...
... this text is the key to your success in todays modern laboratory environment. ... Immunology and Serology in Laboratory Medicine - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource, 7th Edition ... 5. Basic Safety in the Immunology-Serology Laboratory. 6. Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices. 7. Basic Serologic ... NEW! Stronger focus on molecular laboratory techniques.. *NEW! Ten chapters include COVID-19 related topics, including Primer ...
If youre looking to succeed in todays modern laboratory environment, then you need the insightful guidance found in ... Safety in the Immunology-Serology Laboratory 7. Quality Assurance and Quality Control 8. Basic Serologic Laboratory Techniques ... Serology in Laboratory Medicine, 6th Edition. Continuing to set the standard for comprehensive coverage of immunology, this ... Molecular Laboratory Techniques Part III: Immunologic Manifestations of Infectious Diseases 15. Infectious Diseases: ...
The South Dakota Department of Health Serology Laboratory performs serologic tests for chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, ... Medical Microbiology - Serology The Serology Laboratory uses Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA) methodology to detect ... The Serology Laboratory also offers the QuantiFERON-TB Gold Test. This is a whole blood test for use as an aid in the diagnosis ... For more information, please contact the Serology Laboratory at 605-773-3368. ...
... shipping specimens for the Toxoplasma Serology laboratory for Palo Alto Medical Foundation. ... 1The Toxoplasma Serology Laboratory will test specimens that deviate from these conditions. However, sensitivity might be ... Please contact our laboratory at (650) 853-4828 for any questions about testing specimens that do not conform to these ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Inter-laboratory comparison of 2 ELISA kits used for foot-and-mouth disease virus nonstructural protein serology. Browning, ... In a 5-site inter-laboratory study, we compared the performance of 2 commercial NSP ELISA kits (ID Screen FMD NSP ELISA single ...
Penn State » Ag Sciences » VBS » Animal Diagnostic Laboratory » Laboratory Services » Mammalian Serology ... Contact the serology section of the laboratory to which you are submitting specimens in advance when you need a group of ... Properly performed serology requires appropriate amounts of uncontaminated serum. Specimen collection technique and timely ... Allow 1-2 days for transport of samples between PADLS laboratory locations. ...
... to understand the essential principles of immunology and to master the serology techniques most commonly used in the laboratory ... Easy-to-read, student-friendly coverage focuses on the direct application of theory to clinical laboratory practice, preparing ... Clinical Immunology and Serology: A Laboratory Perspective. Clinical Immunology and Serology: A Laboratory Perspective. Editor/ ... Hereâ s the must-have information you need to understand the essential principles of immunology and to master the serology ...
Positive Lyme disease serology in patients with clinical and laboratory evidence of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis. Posted By ... www.prohealth.com/library/positive-lyme-disease-serology-in-patients-with-clinical-and-laboratory-evidence-of-human- ...
Insights from Patterns of SARS-CoV-2 Immunoglobulin G Serology Test Results from a National Clinical Laboratory, United States ... Insights from Patterns of SARS-CoV-2 Immunoglobulin G Serology Test Results from a National Clinical Laboratory, United States ... Insights from Patterns of SARS-CoV-2 Immunoglobulin G Serology Test Results from a National Clinical Laboratory, United States ... Insights from Patterns of SARS-CoV-2 Immunoglobulin G Serology Test Results from a National Clinical Laboratory, United States ...
Serological Monitoring After Laboratory Exposure. Serology for laboratory workers exposed to Brucella are drawn at 0, 6, 12, 18 ... Serology is not currently available to monitor persons for RB51 vaccine exposure or for Brucella canis exposure. ... For a diagnosis to be made using serology, two serum samples are required. The first serum sample should be taken when a person ... CDC recommends that Brucella serology testing only be performed using tests approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA ...
Author By Elitza S. Theel, PhD, Mayo Clinic Director, Infectious Diseases Serology Laboratory. Format Hardcover. ISBN ... Led by Elli Theel Director of the Infectious Diseases Serology Laboratory of Mayo Clinic, this issue includes authors from the ... Tickborne Borrelia Infections, An Issue of Clinics in Laboratory Medicine. $109.00 ... serology; Lyme disease diagnosis - alternatives to serology; Lyme disease co-infections; Relapsing fever borrelia (global ...
Services include rabies serology and the Herdcare Cattle Health Scheme. UK based. ... Biobest Laboratories Ltd. 6 Charles Darwin House. The Edinburgh Technopole. Milton Bridge,. Nr Penicuik, EH26 0PY ...
Make research projects and school reports about Serology easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Serology. Serology is the study of antigen-antibody reactions outside of a living organism (i.e., in vitro, in a laboratory ... Serology. Serology testing (assay) is largely used by forensic laboratories to analyze blood samples from suspects and ... serology The laboratory study of blood serum and its constituents, particularly antibodies and complement, which play a part in ...
These data suggest that VAR2CSA serology can provide a useful adjunct for the fine-scale estimation of the malaria burden among ... Laboratory Determinations. At recruitment, we assessed HIV serostatus by using rapid diagnostic tests according to national ... VAR2CSA Serology to Detect Plasmodium falciparum Transmission Patterns in Pregnancy On This Page ... VAR2CSA Serology to Detect Plasmodium falciparum Transmission Patterns in Pregnancy. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2019;25(10): ...
Biobest Laboratories Ltd Specialists in veterinary virology, serology and DNA diagnostics. www.biobest.co.uk tel: 01314 402628 ...
Laboratory methods.Blood samples were drawn at inclusion and after 6 months, and sera were kept frozen at −20°C until analysis ... Chlamydia pneumoniae Serology: Importance of Methodology in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease and Healthy Individuals. A. ... For Medac IgG serology, the differences between the groups were statistically significant at both IgG ≥ 100 and IgG ≥ 200, and ... Reproducibility.The CV values in our laboratory, based on the 25 samples analyzed twice, were 7% for both IgA and IgG by ...
Testing menu for Ontarios Public Health Laboratories is listed, along with submitter (physician) and patient information, the ... Toxoplasma serology (IgG, IgM) testing is performed daily Monday to Friday.. Turnaround time is up to 5 days from receipt by ... Toxoplasma IgG testing will be performed on all requests for Toxoplasma serology when immunity is requested or when there is no ...
Serology for brucellosis is a blood test to look for the presence of antibodies against brucella. These are the bacteria that ... Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different ... Serology for brucellosis is a blood test to look for the presence of antibodies against brucella. These are the bacteria that ... Henrys Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 58. ...
This page contains the laboratory case definition for alphavirus and flavivirus infections. ... The Public Health Laboratory Network have developed a standard case definition for the diagnosis of diseases which are ... Serology. Terms used in the serological criteria include: *Seroconversion: Change from IgG negative to IgG positive between ... Laboratory case definitions /. Alphavirus and Flavivirus Laboratory Case Definition (LCD). The Public Health Laboratory Network ...
Serology an Increasingly Important Indicator of Celiac Disease * A 37-Year-Old Man With Recurrent Diarrhea: Osmosis USMLE Study ... Laboratory Studies. Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, Down syndrome, or Turner syndrome have an increased incidence of ... Serology. The most sensitive and specific antibodies for the confirmation of celiac disease are tissue transglutaminase IgA ( ... Serology and endoscopy should be considered, especially in patients presenting with classical symptoms, evidence of ...
Laboratory investigation. Serology. Anti-HEV IgM and IgG were detected using HEV IgM ELISA 3.0 and HEV ELISA kits respectively ... Laboratory investigation. HEV RNA was detected in samples from ten of the 17 restaurant X cases; of the others, five with mild ... Common laboratory practice has been to test for HEV infection only in those with a history of overseas travel. Each year, 30 to ... Laboratories should test for HEV where indicated to prevent under-recognition of infection. Health departments must be aware of ...
Serology / Immunology. For further information regarding any of our serology / immunology tests select one of the options on ... NationWide Laboratories is a trading business of National Veterinary Services Ltd. Registered Office: Unit 4, Jamage Industrial ...
Hepatitis serology. Because differentiating viral hepatitis from extrahepatic obstructive causes may be difficult, include ... Laboratory Studies. Serum bilirubin level. Regardless of the cause of cholestasis, serum bilirubin values (especially direct) ... Laboratory assessment of renal disease: clearance, urinalysis, and renal biopsy. Brenner BM, ed. Brenner and Rectors The ... Clinical Laboratory Medicine. 6th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby-Year Book; 1995. 309-29. ...
The National Poliovirus Reference Laboratory produces an annual report on the results of the characterisation of poliovirus ... Polio serology Poliovirus serology is only performed for cases with a clinical suspicion of acute poliovirus infection. Sixty- ... The laboratory retained full accreditation status as a WHO Polio Regional Reference Laboratory for 2008 after an on-site review ... Dr Bruce R Thorley, Head, Poliovirus Reference Laboratory Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, ...
  • CDC recommends that Brucella serology testing only be performed using tests approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), or validated under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) and shown to reliably detect the presence of Brucella antibodies. (cdc.gov)
  • Although some investigations are based on direct immunofluorescence or PCR demonstrating C. pneumoniae in situ in the atherosclerotic plaque, most studies are based on serology, using different methods to detect human antibodies against the organism. (asm.org)
  • Serology for brucellosis is a blood test to look for the presence of antibodies against brucella. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The CMV serology test is used to check your blood for antibodies to the cytomegalovirus (CMV). (healthline.com)
  • Campylobacter serology test is a blood test to look for antibodies to bacteria called campylobacter. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Proficiency testing programs are available for laboratories performing nucleic acid amplification tests or antigen tests to detect the novel coronavirus and for laboratories performing serology testing to detect the presence of antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. (cap.org)
  • DBS absorbed on filter papers were analyzed with a commercially available ELISA test for S. stercoralis antibodies, as well as with standard serology. (frontiersin.org)
  • Serology was performed on blood samples from 11 of these cases: specific antibodies against CMV, Toxoplasma spp. (who.int)
  • The sample is sent to a laboratory where it is examined for francisella antibodies using a method called serology. (stlukes-stl.com)
  • Serology testing continues to be an indispensable tool for the management of several disease states, especially for the qualitative determination IgG antibodies to Herpes simplex virus Type 1 (HSV-1) or Herpes simplex virus Type 2 (HSV-2) in human serum. (labroots.com)
  • VIP Dx has available for purchase the WPI licensed serology test that detects antibodies to Human Gamma Retroviruses. (fightingfatigue.org)
  • The Quality Cross Check-SARS-CoV-2 Serology program allows the laboratory to monitor performance of up to three serology assays to identify potential issues before they affect patient results, and maintain compliance with the CMS directive regarding performing PT on multiple assays. (cap.org)
  • We anticipate that these peptide antigens will improve chlamydial serology by providing easily accessible assays to nonspecialist laboratories. (asm.org)
  • Duplicate precision and reproducibility from comparisons between assays within laboratories were 99.8% (99.2% to 100%) and 98.0% (93.3% to 100%), respectively. (cirnetwork.ca)
  • The Viral Encephalitis Laboratory offers molecular assays on human specimens for acute arboviral infections, to assist health care providers with early diagnosis and to assist public health with emergency vector control programs. (wadsworth.org)
  • Syphilis testing is usually done using laboratory based assays such as Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA), Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA), rapid plasma reagin (RPR), or enzyme Immunoassay (EIA). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Examine how serology assays may be indicated in certain clinical scenarios: in sexually active adults or expectant mothers to aid in the presumptive diagnosis of HSV-1 or HSV-2 type-specific infection. (labroots.com)
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  • This study reports on practical laboratory aspects of pertussis diagnosis. (nih.gov)
  • For a diagnosis to be made using serology, two serum samples are required. (cdc.gov)
  • The Public Health Laboratory Network have developed a standard case definition for the diagnosis of diseases which are notifiable in Australia. (health.gov.au)
  • False positive IgM reactions are a recognised problem in serological diagnosis, and laboratories should have ensured that their methods and protocols take this in to account. (health.gov.au)
  • Laboratory is a place where medical tests are conducted on clinical samples in order to get information about the health of a patient pertaining to the diagnosis, precautions, treatment, and prevention of disease. (tabeebak.qa)
  • The Microbiology, Parasitology & Serology Service provides results to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of infectious disease. (ufl.edu)
  • Laboratory testing is necessary for the definitive diagnosis of listeriosis because its clinical presentation is similar to that of many other infectious diseases. (arupconsult.com)
  • Because of the clinical similarity of listeriosis to other foodborne illnesses, laboratory testing is often required for definitive diagnosis. (arupconsult.com)
  • The Viral Encephalitis Laboratory offers a molecular test panel for health care providers to assist in the diagnosis of hospitalized viral encephalitis cases. (wadsworth.org)
  • For instance, for microbiology, some health facilities have a single laboratory for microbiology, while others have a separate lab for each unit, with nothing called a 'microbiology' lab. (tabeebak.qa)
  • The Diagnostics Sub-division comprises Clinical Microbiology and animal Reproduction, Pathology, Parasitology and Rabies, Serology and BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy), the Regional Laboratories in Ondangwa, Grootfontein and Gobabis as well as the Research/Experimental farm at Bergvlug. (fao.org)
  • Prior to his public health career working with every city, county and state public health laboratory in the US, Dr. Steece earned his PhD in Biology/Microbiology. (labroots.com)
  • Benson's Microbiological Applications Laboratory Manual has been a gold standard in microbiology laboratory manuals for over 35 years. (mheducation.com)
  • The Laboratory Serology and Virology Reporting Scheme collects laboratory reports on a set of communicable disease organisms in Australia. (health.gov.au)
  • Organic (plant or animal derived) samples are then collected for further serological analysis at the crime laboratory. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Owing to the extremely high congruence of results, all data-except for the serological data (which are based on results from one laboratory only)-are presented together. (nature.com)
  • ELISA is the main serological method used in our laboratory. (anlab.eu)
  • For questions on serology other than rabies please contact the Diagnostic Immunology Laboratory at (518) 486-3845. (wadsworth.org)
  • If syphilis serology was not performed during pregnancy, newborns should not be discharged from hospital until maternal serology has been drawn and follow-up of results has been arranged. (publichealthlab.ca)
  • For additional information refer to our Laboratory Test Directory regarding Zika Virus IgM Antibody Capture (MAC), by ELISA . (aruplab.com)
  • ARUP Laboratories now offers IgM antibody capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MAC-ELISA) detection for Zika virus infections. (aruplab.com)
  • Specialists in veterinary virology, serology and DNA diagnostics. (parrotmag.com)
  • An antibody test, otherwise known as a serology test, can detect if a person has had coronavirus before and has since recovered. (nonascientific.com)
  • Laboratory is classified as two sections that include: hematology test, diabetes and high cholesterol test, uric acid test, thyroid disease test , occupational health screening, drug and alcohol screening, liver and kidney test, diet and nutritional consulting and clinical pathology . (tabeebak.qa)
  • Aggressive CD20 positive Diffuse Large B-cell lymphoma confirmed by Laboratory of Pathology, NCI. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • What additional testing should be considered for sporadic cases that have negative laboratory results for mumps? (cdc.gov)
  • Serology and PCR results showed a high level of agreement (113/121) for infants and children. (nih.gov)
  • Specimen collection technique and timely submission significantly impact the quality of the laboratory results. (psu.edu)
  • More than 2.4 million SARS-CoV-2 IgG serology (initiated April 21, 2020) and 6.6 million nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) (initiated March 9, 2020) results on persons from across the United States as of July 10, 2020 were analyzed. (flutrackers.com)
  • Additional IgG serology results through August 11, 2020 were used for one household analysis. (flutrackers.com)
  • We also wanted to evaluate if antibody titers in CHD patients differed according to sampling time in relation to cardiac events compared to the variation pattern over time in healthy individuals, and, finally, we wanted to see if the stage of CHD influenced the serology results. (asm.org)
  • The National Poliovirus Reference Laboratory produces an annual report on the results of the characterisation of poliovirus isolates in Australia.This page contains the annual report for 2008. (health.gov.au)
  • these two laboratories confirmed each other's results in almost all of the individual samples. (nature.com)
  • The Laboratory Virology and Serology Reporting Scheme, the national surveillance scheme for virology and serology laboratory results has just undergone a detailed review. (health.gov.au)
  • Poor reproducibility of HAI results from one laboratory to another is widely cited, limiting comparisons between candidate vaccines in different clinical trials and posing challenges for licensing authorities. (cirnetwork.ca)
  • The results for 98.9% (95% to 100%) of the samples were within 2-fold of all-laboratory consensus titers, and the results for 94.3% (85% to 100%) of the samples were within 2-fold of our reference laboratory data. (cirnetwork.ca)
  • This study showed that with carefully chosen standardization processes, high reproducibility of HAI results between laboratories is indeed achievable. (cirnetwork.ca)
  • Sample collection technique and timely submission significantly impact laboratory results. (psu.edu)
  • In most cases, treatment with antibiotics should not be delayed for laboratory results. (arupconsult.com)
  • We sought to investigate the value of MAT results in predicting the infecting serogroup by comparing results across several laboratories and within individual dogs over time. (wiley.com)
  • To examine the variability in MAT results across different laboratories in dogs recently vaccinated against leptospirosis, and in dogs with clinical leptospirosis, and to investigate variability over time in MAT results in individual dogs with leptospirosis. (wiley.com)
  • MAT results were discordant across different laboratories in dogs recently vaccinated against leptospirosis and in dogs with clinical leptospirosis. (wiley.com)
  • Results were compared with syphilis, HSV-1 and HSV-2 serology. (bmj.com)
  • Thus, phylograms of B cell epitope regions predict the specificity of peptide antigens for rational use in the genus-, species-, or serovar-specific molecular serology of Chlamydia spp. (asm.org)
  • Among his multiple admirable roles driving public health initiatives, Dr. Steece has recently served as the National Chlamydia Laboratory Coordinator for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and as Science Advisor to the Association of Public Health Laboratories (APHL). (labroots.com)
  • To better understand the persistence of immune response and the proportion of the population who can develop one, the authors assessed patterns of immunoglobulin G (IgG) positivity over time in individuals tested for SARS-CoV-2 RNA or IgG at a large national reference laboratory. (flutrackers.com)
  • The Australian National Poliovirus Reference Laboratory (NPRL) is accredited by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the testing of stool specimens from cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), a major clinical presentation of poliovirus infection. (health.gov.au)
  • In Australia, the National Polio Reference Laboratory (NPRL) is located at the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory (VIDRL). (health.gov.au)
  • Classification of seroprotection (titer ≥ 40) was accurate in 93.6% or 89.5% of cases in comparison to the consensus or reference laboratory classification, respectively. (cirnetwork.ca)
  • The DBPL is a Reference Laboratory for the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and a Reference Centre for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (FAO). (usda.gov)
  • Most notable of these were the establishment of the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) in 1991, a simplification of LabVISE in 1995 and transfer of responsibility for the scheme to the National Public Health Laboratory Network in 1998. (health.gov.au)
  • Dr. Richard Steece is certified as the Public Health Laboratory Director at the State of Tennessee Department of Health. (labroots.com)
  • He came into this role with over 30 years of experience and is one of the nation's leading public health laboratory experts. (labroots.com)
  • There were 5,935 reports received by the Virology and Serology Laboratory Reporting Scheme (LabVISE) in the reporting period, 1 July to 30 September 2006 (Tables 4 and 5). (health.gov.au)
  • Properly performed serology requires appropriate amounts of uncontaminated serum. (psu.edu)
  • Avian serology testing requires appropriate amounts of uncontaminated, non-hemolyzed sera. (psu.edu)
  • The Serology Laboratory also offers the QuantiFERON-TB Gold Test. (sd.gov)
  • 1 The Toxoplasma Serology Laboratory will test specimens that deviate from these conditions. (pamf.org)
  • Testing menu for Ontario's Public Health Laboratories is listed, along with submitter (physician) and patient information, the tests requested and the reasons for test. (publichealthontario.ca)
  • Common laboratory practice has been to test for HEV infection only in those with a history of overseas travel. (mja.com.au)
  • The process for having the test is the same regardless of which technique the laboratory uses during serologic testing. (healthline.com)
  • First, you can visit our laboratory in Ocala, FL, for a walk-in test (no appointment needed). (nonascientific.com)
  • The private sector laboratories have been notable in their under-representation and overall, total test numbers have not been available. (health.gov.au)
  • Contact the laboratory to make special test arrangements for export or sale samples or when holidays interrupt the normal test schedule. (psu.edu)
  • Submission of a different specimen type will require an approved Non-permitted Laboratory Test Form . (wadsworth.org)
  • The Forensic Serology Unit has the capability to test for metabolic constituents of urine, such as creatinine, urea, and uric acid. (njsp.org)
  • Serology tests can also determine the presence of alcohol, illegal drugs, and poisons in the serum. (encyclopedia.com)
  • That is because it may vary between tests and laboratories. (health.gov.au)
  • For further information regarding any of our serology / immunology tests select one of the options on the left hand menu. (thehormonelab.com)
  • We offer in-house PCR and serology testing and are also familiar with a wide range of serologic tests offered all over the nation. (ufl.edu)
  • New research study "Clinical Lab Services Market (Growth Opportunities, Competitive Analysis and Competitor Profiles)" developed by Kalorama Information has been recently published by Market Publishers Ltd. The study indicates that approximately 80% of physician's diagnoses are a result of laboratory tests. (prweb.com)
  • An essential part of the health industry, it is estimated that approximately 80% of physician's diagnoses are a result of laboratory tests. (prweb.com)
  • A minimum of 1 ml CSF (frozen at -70°C, no preservatives), please consult the laboratory at (518) 474-4177 regarding tests on smaller volumes. (wadsworth.org)
  • These tests can only be carried out reliably in well-equipped laboratories by specifically trained staff, and are still mainly research tools. (fao.org)
  • 3 6 7 Primary HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections are clinically indistinguishable and require laboratory tests to differentiate. (bmj.com)
  • List the properties of C-reactive protein and the principles of the laboratory tests for its detection. (oakton.edu)
  • Summarize the clinical aspects of lupus and laboratory tests used to detect the disease. (oakton.edu)
  • Identify the clinical aspects of pregnancy as they relate to laboratory testing and laboratory tests to detect pregnancy. (oakton.edu)
  • Serology is not currently available to monitor persons for RB51 vaccine exposure or for Brucella canis exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Serology for laboratory workers exposed to Brucella are drawn at 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 weeks post exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Serology: Suitable specimens are individual human serum samples obtained by standard laboratory techniques. (publichealthlab.ca)
  • The serology was positive in 31/235 (13%) serum samples, and in 27/235 (11%) DBS: 4 samples resulted discordant (positive at standard serology). (frontiersin.org)
  • Common obstacles to the use of serology in surveys conducted in the field are due to storage (mostly lack of controlled systems that guarantee the maintenance of the samples within a given temperature range) and transport of the serum samples, particularly for studies in remote areas of the world. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this study, we standardized HAI assay materials, methods, and interpretive criteria across five geographically dispersed laboratories of a multidisciplinary influenza research network and then evaluated intralaboratory and interlaboratory variations in HAI titers by repeatedly testing standardized panels of human serum samples. (cirnetwork.ca)
  • Serum samples were submitted to up to 5 veterinary diagnostic laboratories for MAT titers from each dog on at least 1 occasion. (wiley.com)
  • As laboratories expand patient testing capabilities for detection of or exposure to the novel coronavirus (SARS‑CoV‑2), we have introduced new programs to support your efforts. (cap.org)
  • focus of serology portion of course is on detection of disease and pregnancy based on antigen-antibody reactions, using a variety of immunologic methods. (oakton.edu)
  • You will be required to spend 2h/fortnight for the online sessions till December 2020, independent work in the month of January 2021 and expected work will double during hands on laboratory activities in groups from February 2021. (ibms.org)
  • Full workup (no serology) - $400-500 (Histo and IHC , 3 bact , 3 mycoplasma, 2 pools PCR and fetal thoracic fluid MAT/PCR) testing can be staged to accommodate budgets. (uoguelph.ca)
  • The Central Veterinary Laboratory consists of three sub-divisions: Food Science, Diagnostic Services and Biotechnology/research. (fao.org)
  • Available number and qualifications of technical and support staff at Central Veterinary Laboratory. (fao.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) polio eradication program is based on maintaining high levels of polio vaccine coverage, clinical surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children less than 15 years of age and laboratory confirmation of poliovirus infection by testing stool specimens from AFP cases at a laboratory accredited by the WHO for the purpose. (health.gov.au)
  • People with laboratory-confirmed HEV infection in New South Wales between January 2013 and December 2014 were interviewed about potential risk factors for HEV infection. (mja.com.au)
  • The Polio Expert Committee (PEC) reviews the clinical and laboratory data from AFP cases in children less than 15 years of age, and suspected polio in persons of any age, to determine if the case is compatible with poliovirus infection. (health.gov.au)
  • For pregnant women with possible exposure to Zika virus and who have a fetus with prenatal ultrasound findings consistent with congenital Zika virus infection, IgM serology should be performed on maternal serum concurrently with NAT following the testing algorithm for symptomatic pregnant women. (aruplab.com)
  • Section A meets the 1-hour Florida specialty requirements in serology/immunology, clinical chemistry, and hematology. (andersonce.com)
  • For ASCP, it provides 8 hours in serology/immunology, 2 hours in clinical chemistry, and 2 in hematology. (andersonce.com)
  • Build A Solid Understanding Of Hematology In The Context Of Practical Laboratory Practice And Principles. (vanstockum.nl)
  • Prohealth Positive Lyme disease serology in patients with clinical and laboratory evidence of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis. (prohealth.com)
  • There are particular deficiencies in some jurisdictions where major reference laboratories have not contributed data regularly. (health.gov.au)
  • Serology testing (assay) is largely used by forensic laboratories to analyze blood samples from suspects and bloodstains collected at the crime scene, in order to identify blood types of victims and assailants. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Standardization of the hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assay for influenza serology is challenging. (cirnetwork.ca)
  • The aim of this study was to validate the performance of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis in comparison with both culture and serology. (nih.gov)
  • Serology is such a convenient diagnostic tool because the immune system produces specific molecular tags in the blood for practically each foreign substance or invading microorganism. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Designed to directly feed low volume clinical analyzers with up to 1.8 liters per minute of Clinical Laboratory Reagent Water standard grade water. (selectscience.net)
  • Designed to supply up to 16 liters per minute of Clinical Laboratory Reagent Water standard grade water to large automated or multiple clinical analyzers on a loop. (selectscience.net)
  • Insect and animal arbovirus testing is performed by the Arbovirus Laboratory -not the Viral Encephalitis Laboratory. (wadsworth.org)
  • Submit frozen serum with PCR specimen(s) to the Viral Encephalitis Laboratory. (wadsworth.org)
  • Serve as in-lab supervisor and lead technician for diagnostic team in the Serology laboratory at the Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (ADDL). (simplyhired.com)
  • In cases in which this initial diagnostic testing was done by other laboratories, the original samples were retrieved and retested under the rigorous quality standards of the present study. (nature.com)
  • To provide analytical and diagnostic services to the agricultural industry, and to ensure the production and/or import of quality and safe food products through adherence to ISO 17025 and Good Laboratory Practice. (fao.org)
  • Toxoplasma serology (IgG, IgM) testing is performed daily Monday to Friday. (publichealthontario.ca)
  • Some testing is performed only by laboratories in the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN). (usda.gov)
  • Toxoplasma IgG testing will be performed on all requests for Toxoplasma serology when immunity is requested or when there is no clinical information indicated on the requisition. (publichealthontario.ca)
  • Clinical Immunology and Serology: A Laboratory Perspective has been completely updated and revised to reflect the latest advances in science and clinical practice, including coverage of the external defenses and inflammation, human microbe relationships, bacterial virulence factors, the role of the B and T cells in the adaptive immune response, the immune mechanisms involved in humoral antibody production and cell-mediated immunity, and tumor markers and immune mechanisms. (andersonce.com)
  • Serology can determine whether an individual was exposed in the past or if he is presently infected with a variety of pathogens (disease-causing organisms), such as hepatitis, measles, anthrax , syphilis, or HIV . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Allow 1-2 days for transport of samples between PADLS laboratory locations. (psu.edu)
  • Refrigerate samples if delay in transporting to laboratory is anticipated. (sgh.com.sg)
  • Serology: Suitable specimens are individual samples (human sera or EDTA/heparinized/citrated plasma) obtained by standard laboratory techniques. (publichealthlab.ca)
  • Submit these samples to the laboratory as soon as possible, or pour the serum into a clean, sealed vial. (psu.edu)
  • Contact the Arbovirus Laboratory Director at (518) 485-6632 prior to sending samples. (wadsworth.org)
  • They will take samples collected at the scene and analyze them in a forensics laboratory. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Analysts in the Forensic Serology Unit document the physical evidence, screen the evidence for the presence of biological materials, and collect and preserve biological samples for further analysis. (njsp.org)
  • Contact the laboratory for cadaveric specimen instructions. (publichealthlab.ca)
  • The laboratory reserves the right to determine the suitability of a specimen for testing. (psu.edu)
  • It is the shipper's responsibility to ensure that appropriate shipping materials are used with regard to safety and transportation regulations, and to ensure that the specimen is still frozen on arrival at the laboratory. (wadsworth.org)
  • Packed with learning objectives, review questions, step-by-step procedures, and case studies, this text is the key to your success in today's modern laboratory environment. (elsevier.com)
  • In addition, the Quality Cross Check programs allows laboratories to monitor performance across multiple instruments while maintaining compliance with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) directive and CLIA regulations prohibiting PT on multiple instruments. (cap.org)
  • IgG serology testing can identify an immune response to SARS-CoV-2 that varies based on age, sex, and duration since exposure. (flutrackers.com)