Retina: The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.Autoanalysis: Method of analyzing chemicals using automation.Ferrozine: A ferroin compound that forms a stable magenta-colored solution with the ferrous ion. The complex has an absorption peak at 562 nm and is used as a reagent and indicator for iron.Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Iron-Dextran Complex: A complex of ferric oxyhydroxide with dextrans of 5000 to 7000 daltons in a viscous solution containing 50 mg/ml of iron. It is supplied as a parenteral preparation and is used as a hematinic. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1292)Chemistry, Clinical: The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 2: A fibroblast growth factor receptor that is found in two isoforms. One receptor isoform is found in the MESENCHYME and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 2. A second isoform of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 is found mainly in EPITHELIAL CELLS and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 7 and FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 10. Mutation of the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 can result in craniosynostotic syndromes (e.g., APERT SYNDROME; and CROUZON SYNDROME).Bilirubin: A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.Transcription Factors, TFIII: Factors that bind to RNA POLYMERASE III and aid in transcription. They include the assembly factors TFIIIA and TFIIIC and the initiation factor TFIIIB. All combine to form a preinitiation complex at the promotor that directs the binding of RNA POLYMERASE III.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Indicators and Reagents: Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)Citric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.Blood Chemical Analysis: An examination of chemicals in the blood.False Negative Reactions: Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor: Specific molecular sites or structures on cell membranes that react with FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTORS (both the basic and acidic forms), their analogs, or their antagonists to elicit or to inhibit the specific response of the cell to these factors. These receptors frequently possess tyrosine kinase activity.Retinal Ganglion Cells: Neurons of the innermost layer of the retina, the internal plexiform layer. They are of variable sizes and shapes, and their axons project via the OPTIC NERVE to the brain. A small subset of these cells act as photoreceptors with projections to the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS, the center for regulating CIRCADIAN RHYTHM.Photoreceptor Cells, Vertebrate: Specialized PHOTOTRANSDUCTION neurons in the vertebrates, such as the RETINAL ROD CELLS and the RETINAL CONE CELLS. Non-visual photoreceptor neurons have been reported in the deep brain, the PINEAL GLAND and organs of the circadian system.Photoreceptor Cells: Specialized cells that detect and transduce light. They are classified into two types based on their light reception structure, the ciliary photoreceptors and the rhabdomeric photoreceptors with MICROVILLI. Ciliary photoreceptor cells use OPSINS that activate a PHOSPHODIESTERASE phosphodiesterase cascade. Rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells use opsins that activate a PHOSPHOLIPASE C cascade.Retinal Degeneration: A retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging. Degeneration affecting predominantly the macula lutea of the retina is MACULAR DEGENERATION. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p304)Mucopolysaccharidosis III: Mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by heparitin sulfate in the urine, progressive mental retardation, mild dwarfism, and other skeletal disorders. There are four clinically indistinguishable but biochemically distinct forms, each due to a deficiency of a different enzyme.Retinal Vessels: The blood vessels which supply and drain the RETINA.Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells: Photosensitive afferent neurons located primarily within the FOVEA CENTRALIS of the MACULA LUTEA. There are three major types of cone cells (red, blue, and green) whose photopigments have different spectral sensitivity curves. Retinal cone cells operate in daylight vision (at photopic intensities) providing color recognition and central visual acuity.Electroretinography: Recording of electric potentials in the retina after stimulation by light.Eye ProteinsAmacrine Cells: INTERNEURONS of the vertebrate RETINA. They integrate, modulate, and interpose a temporal domain in the visual message presented to the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS, with which they synapse in the inner plexiform layer.Retinal DiseasesRetinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells: Photosensitive afferent neurons located in the peripheral retina, with their density increases radially away from the FOVEA CENTRALIS. Being much more sensitive to light than the RETINAL CONE CELLS, the rod cells are responsible for twilight vision (at scotopic intensities) as well as peripheral vision, but provide no color discrimination.Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3: A fibroblast growth factor receptor that regulates CHONDROCYTE growth and CELL DIFFERENTIATION. Mutations in the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 have been associated with ACHONDROPLASIA; THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA and NEOPLASTIC CELL TRANSFORMATION.Craniofacial Dysostosis: Autosomal dominant CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS with shallow ORBITS; EXOPHTHALMOS; and maxillary hypoplasia.Pigment Epithelium of Eye: The layer of pigment-containing epithelial cells in the RETINA; the CILIARY BODY; and the IRIS in the eye.Fibroblast Growth Factor 6: A fibroblast growth factor that was initially identified based on its sequence similarity to FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 4. It is found in MYOBLASTS and plays an important role in MUSCLE DEVELOPMENT.Dark Adaptation: Adjustment of the eyes under conditions of low light. The sensitivity of the eye to light is increased during dark adaptation.Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect: A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1: A fibroblast growth factor receptor with specificity for FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTORS; HEPARAN SULFATE PROTEOGLYCAN; and NEURONAL CELL ADHESION MOLECULES. Several variants of the receptor exist due to multiple ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of its mRNA. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 is a tyrosine kinase that transmits signals through the MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM.Acrocephalosyndactylia: Congenital craniostenosis with syndactyly.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Rod Opsins: Photosensitive proteins expressed in the ROD PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. They are the protein components of rod photoreceptor pigments such as RHODOPSIN.Retinal Bipolar Cells: INTERNEURONS of the vertebrate RETINA containing two processes. They receive inputs from the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS and send outputs to the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS. The bipolar cells also make lateral connections in the retina with the RETINAL HORIZONTAL CELLS and with the AMACRINE CELLS.Alternative Splicing: A process whereby multiple RNA transcripts are generated from a single gene. Alternative splicing involves the splicing together of other possible sets of EXONS during the processing of some, but not all, transcripts of the gene. Thus a particular exon may be connected to any one of several alternative exons to form a mature RNA. The alternative forms of mature MESSENGER RNA produce PROTEIN ISOFORMS in which one part of the isoforms is common while the other parts are different.Retinal Neurons: Nerve cells of the RETINA in the pathway of transmitting light signals to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include the outer layer of PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS, the intermediate layer of RETINAL BIPOLAR CELLS and AMACRINE CELLS, and the internal layer of RETINAL GANGLION CELLS.Eye: The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.Choroid: The thin, highly vascular membrane covering most of the posterior of the eye between the RETINA and SCLERA.Transcription Factor TFIIIB: One of several general transcription factors that are specific for RNA POLYMERASE III. TFIIIB recruits and positions pol III over the initiation site and remains stably bound to the DNA through multiple rounds of re-initiation by RNA POLYMERASE III.Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases: A class of cellular receptors that have an intrinsic PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE activity.Vitreous Body: The transparent, semigelatinous substance that fills the cavity behind the CRYSTALLINE LENS of the EYE and in front of the RETINA. It is contained in a thin hyaloid membrane and forms about four fifths of the optic globe.RNA Polymerase III: A DNA-dependent RNA polymerase present in bacterial, plant, and animal cells. It functions in the nucleoplasmic structure where it transcribes DNA into RNA. It has specific requirements for cations and salt and has shown an intermediate sensitivity to alpha-amanitin in comparison to RNA polymerase I and II. EC 126.96.36.199.Craniosynostoses: Premature closure of one or more CRANIAL SUTURES. It often results in plagiocephaly. Craniosynostoses that involve multiple sutures are sometimes associated with congenital syndromes such as ACROCEPHALOSYNDACTYLIA; and CRANIOFACIAL DYSOSTOSIS.Exons: The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.Protein Isoforms: Different forms of a protein that may be produced from different GENES, or from the same gene by ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Vision, Ocular: The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.Retinal Horizontal Cells: NEURONS in the inner nuclear layer of the RETINA that synapse with both the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS and the RETINAL BIPOLAR CELLS, as well as other horizontal cells. The horizontal cells modulate the sensory signal.Retinal Pigment Epithelium: The single layer of pigment-containing epithelial cells in the RETINA, situated closely to the tips (outer segments) of the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. These epithelial cells are macroglia that perform essential functions for the photoreceptor cells, such as in nutrient transport, phagocytosis of the shed photoreceptor membranes, and ensuring retinal attachment.Goldfish: Common name for Carassius auratus, a type of carp (CARPS).Rhodopsin: A purplish-red, light-sensitive pigment found in RETINAL ROD CELLS of most vertebrates. It is a complex consisting of a molecule of ROD OPSIN and a molecule of 11-cis retinal (RETINALDEHYDE). Rhodopsin exhibits peak absorption wavelength at about 500 nm.Retinal Pigments: Photosensitive protein complexes of varied light absorption properties which are expressed in the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. They are OPSINS conjugated with VITAMIN A-based chromophores. Chromophores capture photons of light, leading to the activation of opsins and a biochemical cascade that ultimately excites the photoreceptor cells.Neuroglia: The non-neuronal cells of the nervous system. They not only provide physical support, but also respond to injury, regulate the ionic and chemical composition of the extracellular milieu, participate in the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER and BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER, form the myelin insulation of nervous pathways, guide neuronal migration during development, and exchange metabolites with neurons. Neuroglia have high-affinity transmitter uptake systems, voltage-dependent and transmitter-gated ion channels, and can release transmitters, but their role in signaling (as in many other functions) is unclear.Retinal Detachment: Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Retinal Neovascularization: Formation of new blood vessels originating from the retinal veins and extending along the inner (vitreal) surface of the retina.Opsins: Photosensitive proteins in the membranes of PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS such as the rods and the cones. Opsins have varied light absorption properties and are members of the G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS family. Their ligands are VITAMIN A-based chromophores.Diabetic Retinopathy: Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.Adaptation, Ocular: The adjustment of the eye to variations in the intensity of light. Light adaptation is the adjustment of the eye when the light threshold is increased; DARK ADAPTATION when the light is greatly reduced. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Visual Pathways: Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Fibroblast Growth Factor 4: A HEPARIN binding fibroblast growth factor that may play a role in LIMB BUDS development.Rod Cell Outer Segment: The portion of a retinal rod cell situated between the ROD INNER SEGMENT and the RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM. It contains a stack of photosensitive disk membranes laden with RHODOPSIN.Fibroblast Growth Factor 9: A fibroblast growth factor that was originally identified as a mitogen for GLIAL CELLS. It is expressed primarily in NEURONS.Blood-Retinal Barrier: A specialized transport barrier, in the EYE, formed by the retinal pigment EPITHELIUM, and the ENDOTHELIUM of the BLOOD VESSELS of the RETINA. TIGHT JUNCTIONS joining adjacent cells keep the barrier between cells continuous.RNA, Ribosomal, 5S: Constituent of the 50S subunit of prokaryotic ribosomes containing about 120 nucleotides and 34 proteins. It is also a constituent of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 5S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Mice, Inbred C57BLFractures, Open: Fractures in which there is an external wound communicating with the break of the bone.Ovarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Chick Embryo: The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.In Situ Hybridization: A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.Retinitis Pigmentosa: Hereditary, progressive degeneration of the neuroepithelium of the retina characterized by night blindness and progressive contraction of the visual field.Ambystoma: A genus of the Ambystomatidae family. The best known species are the axolotl AMBYSTOMA MEXICANUM and the closely related tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum. They may retain gills and remain aquatic without developing all of the adult characteristics. However, under proper changes in the environment they metamorphose.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Fundus Oculi: The concave interior of the eye, consisting of the retina, the choroid, the sclera, the optic disk, and blood vessels, seen by means of the ophthalmoscope. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Retinitis: Inflammation of the RETINA. It is rarely limited to the retina, but is commonly associated with diseases of the choroid (CHORIORETINITIS) and of the OPTIC DISK (neuroretinitis).Fibroblast Growth Factor 2: A single-chain polypeptide growth factor that plays a significant role in the process of WOUND HEALING and is a potent inducer of PHYSIOLOGIC ANGIOGENESIS. Several different forms of the human protein exist ranging from 18-24 kDa in size due to the use of alternative start sites within the fgf-2 gene. It has a 55 percent amino acid residue identity to FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 1 and has potent heparin-binding activity. The growth factor is an extremely potent inducer of DNA synthesis in a variety of cell types from mesoderm and neuroectoderm lineages. It was originally named basic fibroblast growth factor based upon its chemical properties and to distinguish it from acidic fibroblast growth factor (FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 1).Urodela: An order of the Amphibia class which includes salamanders and newts. They are characterized by usually having slim bodies and tails, four limbs of about equal size (except in Sirenidae), and a reduction in skull bones.Darkness: The absence of light.Skull Base: The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.Fibroblast Growth Factor 1: A 17-kDa single-chain polypeptide growth factor that plays a significant role in the process of WOUND HEALING and is a potent inducer of PHYSIOLOGIC ANGIOGENESIS. It binds to HEPARIN, which potentiates its biological activity and protects it from proteolysis. The growth factor is an extremely potent inducer of DNA synthesis in a variety of cell types from mesoderm and neuroectoderm lineages, and also has chemotactic and mitogenic activities. It was originally named acidic fibroblast growth factor based upon its chemical properties and to distinguish it from basic fibroblast growth factor (FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 2).Fluorescein Angiography: Visualization of a vascular system after intravenous injection of a fluorescein solution. The images may be photographed or televised. It is used especially in studying the retinal and uveal vasculature.Cell Count: The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.Ophthalmoscopy: Examination of the interior of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein: An intermediate filament protein found only in glial cells or cells of glial origin. MW 51,000.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Radiation Injuries, Experimental: Experimentally produced harmful effects of ionizing or non-ionizing RADIATION in CHORDATA animals.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Zebrafish: An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.Injections: Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Uveal Diseases: Diseases of the uvea.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Microscopy, Confocal: A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Transcription Factor TFIIIA: One of several general transcription factors that are specific for RNA POLYMERASE III. It is a zinc finger (ZINC FINGERS) protein and is required for transcription of 5S ribosomal genes.Light Signal Transduction: The conversion of absorbed light energy into molecular signals.Immunoenzyme Techniques: Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.Superior Colliculi: The anterior pair of the quadrigeminal bodies which coordinate the general behavioral orienting responses to visual stimuli, such as whole-body turning, and reaching.Recoverin: A neuronal calcium-sensor protein that is found in ROD PHOTORECEPTORS and CONE PHOTORECEPTORS. It interacts with G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTOR KINASE 1 in a Ca2+ dependent manner and plays an important role in PHOTOTRANSDUCTION.Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Macula Lutea: An oval area in the retina, 3 to 5 mm in diameter, usually located temporal to the posterior pole of the eye and slightly below the level of the optic disk. It is characterized by the presence of a yellow pigment diffusely permeating the inner layers, contains the fovea centralis in its center, and provides the best phototropic visual acuity. It is devoid of retinal blood vessels, except in its periphery, and receives nourishment from the choriocapillaris of the choroid. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Retinopathy of Prematurity: A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)Acetyltransferases: Enzymes catalyzing the transfer of an acetyl group, usually from acetyl coenzyme A, to another compound. EC 2.3.1.In Situ Nick-End Labeling: An in situ method for detecting areas of DNA which are nicked during APOPTOSIS. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase is used to add labeled dUTP, in a template-independent manner, to the 3 prime OH ends of either single- or double-stranded DNA. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase nick end labeling, or TUNEL, assay labels apoptosis on a single-cell level, making it more sensitive than agarose gel electrophoresis for analysis of DNA FRAGMENTATION.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Nerve Tissue ProteinsFovea Centralis: An area approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer. It includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery. In its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Ciliary Body: A ring of tissue extending from the scleral spur to the ora serrata of the RETINA. It consists of the uveal portion and the epithelial portion. The ciliary muscle is in the uveal portion and the ciliary processes are in the epithelial portion.Arrestin: A 48-Kd protein of the outer segment of the retinal rods and a component of the phototransduction cascade. Arrestin quenches G-protein activation by binding to phosphorylated photolyzed rhodopsin. Arrestin causes experimental autoimmune uveitis when injected into laboratory animals.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Aminobutyrates: Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID that contain one or more amino groups attached to the aliphatic structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobutryrate structure.Rats, Mutant Strains: Rats bearing mutant genes which are phenotypically expressed in the animals.Retinal Photoreceptor Cell Outer Segment: The light sensitive outer portion of a retinal rod or a cone photoreceptor cell. The outer segment contains a stack of disk membranes laden with photoreceptive pigments (RETINAL PIGMENTS). The outer segment is connected to the inner segment by a PHOTORECEPTOR CONNECTING CILIUM.Macular Degeneration: Degenerative changes in the RETINA usually of older adults which results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the MACULA LUTEA) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in dry and wet forms.Ion-Selective Electrodes: Electrodes which can be used to measure the concentration of particular ions in cells, tissues, or solutions.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Perches: A common name for fish of the family Percidae, belonging to the suborder Percoidei, order PERCIFORMES.Axons: Nerve fibers that are capable of rapidly conducting impulses away from the neuron cell body.Macaca fascicularis: A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.Glaucoma: An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)S100 Calcium Binding Protein G: A calbindin protein found in many mammalian tissues, including the UTERUS, PLACENTA, BONE, PITUITARY GLAND, and KIDNEYS. In intestinal ENTEROCYTES it mediates intracellular calcium transport from apical to basolateral membranes via calcium binding at two EF-HAND MOTIFS. Expression is regulated in some tissues by VITAMIN D.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Lens, Crystalline: A transparent, biconvex structure of the EYE, enclosed in a capsule and situated behind the IRIS and in front of the vitreous humor (VITREOUS BODY). It is slightly overlapped at its margin by the ciliary processes. Adaptation by the CILIARY BODY is crucial for OCULAR ACCOMMODATION.Retinal Dysplasia: Congenital, often bilateral, retinal abnormality characterized by the arrangement of outer nuclear retinal cells in a palisading or radiating pattern surrounding a central ocular space. This disorder is sometimes hereditary.Tomography, Optical Coherence: An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.Injections, Intraocular: The administration of substances into the eye with a hypodermic syringe.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)TurtlesCone Opsins: Photosensitive proteins expressed in the CONE PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. They are the protein components of cone photopigments. Cone opsins are classified by their peak absorption wavelengths.Albinism: General term for a number of inherited defects of amino acid metabolism in which there is a deficiency or absence of pigment in the eyes, skin, or hair.Receptors, GABA: Cell-surface proteins that bind GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID with high affinity and trigger changes that influence the behavior of cells. GABA-A receptors control chloride channels formed by the receptor complex itself. They are blocked by bicuculline and usually have modulatory sites sensitive to benzodiazepines and barbiturates. GABA-B receptors act through G-proteins on several effector systems, are insensitive to bicuculline, and have a high affinity for L-baclofen.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Rats, Inbred BNReal-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction: Methods used for detecting the amplified DNA products from the polymerase chain reaction as they accumulate instead of at the end of the reaction.Visual Fields: The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.Dendrites: Extensions of the nerve cell body. They are short and branched and receive stimuli from other NEURONS.Optic Disk: The portion of the optic nerve seen in the fundus with the ophthalmoscope. It is formed by the meeting of all the retinal ganglion cell axons as they enter the optic nerve.cis-trans-Isomerases: Enzymes that catalyze the rearrangement of geometry about double bonds. EC 5.2.Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Pineal Gland: A light-sensitive neuroendocrine organ attached to the roof of the THIRD VENTRICLE of the brain. The pineal gland secretes MELATONIN, other BIOGENIC AMINES and NEUROPEPTIDES.Intravitreal Injections: The administration of substances into the VITREOUS BODY of the eye with a hypodermic syringe.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Kodak Retina IIIC Outfit, 1957
Kodak Retina IIIC Ausrüstung, 1957 Kodak AG, Stuttgart. 1) Retina IIIC, Type 028, Nr. 51707, Top-Modell, Retina-Xenon C 2,0/50 ... 1957 Kodak AG, Stuttgart. 1) Retina IIIC, Type 028, no. 51707, top model, Retina-Xenon C 2,0/50 mm. With case. - 2) Retina- ... 8) Kodak Tischstativ für Retina I und II, mit Karton. - 9) Retina Stereovorsatz, mit Karton, Anleitung und Etui. - 10) Retina ... 8) Kodak table-top tripod for Retina I and II, with box. - 9) Retina stereo attachment with box, instructions and case. - 10) ...
Kodak Retina IIIC - Jantiques.com
KODAK RETINA IIIC MANUAL PDF
... - If you find this manual useful, how about a donation of $3 to: M. Butkus, 29 Lake Ave., High ... Kodak Retina IIIC instruction manual (zip file). A Kodak Retina IIIc (type Ausf I), a 35mm folding rangefinder camera in Chris ... Kodak Retina IIIc user manual, free instruction manual. Grip the rewind knob with two fingers and turn the inner serrated ring ... Kodak Retina IIIc. Reflected light readings are taken from the camera position towards the subject as described an p. Even when ...
Kodak Retina IIIc Archives - 35mmc
Kodak Retina IIIc
Kodak is generally not known for high-quality cameras - their strategy seemed to be to get low-quality, low-priced, mass- ... Kodak Retina IIIc To see images shot with this camera, click the category link at right. This is a great little 35mm folding ... Kodak Retina IIIc Review. Kodak Retina IIIc. To see images shot with this camera, click the category link at right. ... www.butkus.org/chinon/kodak/kodak_retina_iiic/kodak_retina_iiic.htm ...
Our favorite gear, rewarded: DPReview Awards 2017: Digital Photography Review
Well, my Kodak Retina IIIc rangefinder from 1954 already had built-in zero blackout in its viewfinder. Leicas, Contaxes, Canons ... I have a 1954 Kodak Retina IIIc with a still quite precisely working photocell. ... I use Canon, Sony, Panasonic, Kodak, ..., equipment, but never used any Nikon products (aside from some filters), so I cant ...
The Online Photographer: The Best (and Worst) Cameras for Street Photography
Retina IIIc no. EK562075 | Christie's
Kodak retina 111c manual think, that
Kodak Rangefinder. 99. 99. From Japan. Kodak Manual Kodak Retina IIIC Film Cameras. Kodak Kodak Retina IIIC Film Cameras. ... Kodak Retina IIIc PDF MANUAL. CLICK HERE TO CONTINUE TO GERMAN LANGUAGE PDF Find great deals on eBay for kodak retina 111c. ... Kodak retina 111c manual. This was the early Kodak Retina series that was first released in 1934. That was until the ... THE KODAK RETINA IIIc is a perfected miniature camera to meet the highest demands. It has interchangeable lenses, a coupled ...
Kodak Retina and Ektra Rangefinders [Archive] - Rangefinderforum.com
Archive] This forum is for 35mm Kodak Retinas and Ektras rangefinders. The Retinas are known for their German engineering, ... Retina IIIc vs Retina IIIs. *Retina IIIS and Retina Reflex parts compatibility ... Rangefinderforum.com , Cameras / Gear / Photography , Classic Film RangeFinders & Other Classics , Kodak Retina and Ektra ... What folding cameras did Kodak manufacture in the fifties aside from the Retina? ...
Kodak Retina Reflex IV : Down the Road
Unlike earlier Retinas (IIc, IIC, IIIc, IIIC and Retina Reflex) the entire lens was replaceable on the Reflex II, IV, S and ... Kodak Retina Reflex IV. 18 October 2013. Jim Grey35mm, Kodak Retina Reflex IV, Kodak Tri-X 400, SLRs 27 Comments Quirky. Thats ... If you like Kodak Retinas, by the way, also see my reviews of the Retina Ia (here), Retina IIa (here), Retina IIc (here), ... www.butkus.org/chinon/kodak/kodak_retina_reflex_iv/kodak_retina_reflex_iv.htm ...
Kodak Retina Reflex IV | Down the Road
Thats how Id best describe the Kodak Retina Reflex IV. Fortunately, its quirky in an endearing way. Appearing near the end ... Unlike earlier Retinas (IIc, IIC, IIIc, IIIC and Retina Reflex) the entire lens was replaceable on the Reflex II, IV, S and ... Kodak Retina Reflex IV. 18 October 2013. Jim Grey35mm, Kodak Retina Reflex IV, Kodak Tri-X 400, SLRs 27 Comments Hi and welcome ... www.butkus.org/chinon/kodak/kodak_retina_reflex_iv/kodak_retina_reflex_iv.htm ...
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Cameras Downunder Gallery - Retina & Retina Reflex Cameras
Made by Kodak Germany ca.1936 Retina Ia. Camera, Germany.299 viewsRetina Ia.(type 015) B.No.626810. 35mm Camera, film advance ... Retina Ground Glass Focusing Device. photo 1.345 viewsThe Ground Glass Focusing Adapter provides the IIc and the IIIc Retina ... but Not maketed by Kodak in the USA. Retina 1a. Germany453 viewsRetina Ia.(type 126) 35mm Camera B.No.53579K.(in door) Satin ... Retina Ground Glass Focusing Device. photo.2284 viewsThe Ground Glass Focusing Adapter provides the IIc and the IIIc Retina ...
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Mice Lacking α/β Subunits of GlcNAc-1-Phosphotransferase Exhibit Growth Retardation, Retinal Degeneration, and Secretory Cell...
5C) . One month later, severe photoreceptor degeneration was observed in the GNPTAB −/− retina (Fig. 5D) . At 3 months of age ... Molecular basis of variant pseudo-Hurler polydystrophy (mucolipidosis IIIC). J Clin Invest. 2000;105:673-681. [CrossRef] [ ... Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, NY) for 3 to 6 days. Slides were developed according to standard protocols 19 and dehydrated ... In situ hybridization revealed expression of GNPTAB mRNA throughout the entire neural retina in wild-type animals (Fig. 4C) . ...
KGF Prevents Oxygen-Mediated Damage in ARPE-19 Cells | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Kodak BioMax Light; Eastman Kodak, New Haven, CT). The resultant film was quantified by scanning densitometry using ImageJ ( ... The retina, formed out of the embryonic brain, is no exception, hence, resulting in the formation of the blood-retinal barrier. ... The IIIb exon contains a single AvaI restriction site, whereas the IIIc exon contains two HincII sites, allowing for the ... Accumulation of mitochondrial DNA deletions in human retina during aging. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1996;37:384-391. [PubMed] ...
Chemically Modified Antisense Oligonucleotide Against ARL4C Inhibits Primary and Metastatic Liver Tumor Growth | Molecular...
In this study, 24.5% of the 102 stage 0 to IIIC patient with colorectal cancer tumors were ARL4C-positive (i.e., ,20% of the ... Quantification of the tumor burden in the liver was performed using IVIS/Kodak software (right). The data are presented as the ... At present, some ASO therapies against cytomegalovirus retinitis, age-related macular degeneration of the retina, homozygous ... The colorectal cancer cases included stage 0 to IIIC (102 cases) and stages IVA and IVB (13 cases). Tumors were staged ...
Matrix Gla Protein Binds to Fibronectin and Enhances Cell Attachment and Spreading on Fibronectin
The membrane is exposed to Kodak Biomax MS film in a Kodak Biomax Transcreen-HE Intensifying Screen and developed on an ... IIIC, +2ME, and +DSP lane). No additional higher molecular weight bands are present for IIIC in the absence of DSP crosslinker ... "Microarray analysis of changes in mRNA levels in the rat retina after experimental elevation of intraocular pressure," ... The electrophoretic gels were processed by wrapping in plastic film and exposure to Kodak Biomax MS film with HE enhancing ...
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Results of previous studies suggest that the c.2443-2A,G mutation affects the formation of nasal tSayıs and the neural retina ... Gustilo type IIIC open tibia fractures with vascular repair: minimum 2-year follow-up ... using the equal-density area tool of Kodak Dental Imaging software. The equivalent thickness of aluminum for each material was ...
Head of the Lake (Retina IIIC / expired Astrum FN-64) - a photo on Flickriver
Kodak Retina IIIC 80mm more » 35mm f/4 Schneider-Kreuznach 135 rangefinder folding camera classic camera vintage camera antique ... Kodak Retina IIIC, Schneider-Kreuznach 80mm f/4. Astrum FN-64 @ EI 50 (from expired, frozen stock). HC-110 (B) 1+31, 7 30 @ ... Sets appears in: • Misc film stocks • Self Developed more » • Kodak Retina • Ägerital • Caught on Film • Switzerland • Black ... Head of the Lake (Retina IIIC / expired Astrum FN-64) Zoom in for detail.. Aegerisee, Kanton Zug, Switzerland, with a look to ...
Used Kodak Film Cameras - Buy & Sell Online at KEH Camera
Buy and sell used Kodak film cameras at KEH Camera. Save up to 40% off retail price and get a 180-day warranty! Financing ... Kodak Retina IIIC (Type 028), 35mm Camera 228714. Add to Wish List Add to Compare ... Kodak Retina IIA (Type 016 - Lever Wind) 35mm Camera, With 50mm f/2 Xenon Lens, Synchro-Compur Shutter $57.34 ... Kodak Retina IIC (Type 029) With 50mm F/2.8 Xenon C Synchro Compur Shutter, 35mm Camera 228709 ...
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Flashback by Junk Cellar
Leica IIIc with Summitar 5cm f2. SOLD. Out of stock Kodak Retina 111S. SOLD ... www.ebay.fr/itm/KODAK-1896-Red-Pebble-grained-Leather-Model-Pocket-Kodak-Box-Camera-SZ104-/123033365838 ... Pocket Kodak 1885 - 1900. See similar item on eBay. https:// ... Kodak Model 40 with Angénieux 100mm f3.5 lens. Sticky slow ...
Lens review: the 7artisans 35mm f/2 Leica M-mount lens - first production batch exclusive | EMULSIVE
Hmmm, dont have one, but my Kodak Retina IIIc works a treat.. Made in Germany, before all this flash-in-the-pan Japanese stuff ... The Retina IIIc has interchangeable lenses… 35/4, 35/5.6, and 80/4. ... Tags 7artisans, 7artisans 35mm f/2, 7artisans 50mm f/1.1, Fujifilm FUJICOLOR C200, Kodak T-MAX 3200 (New TMZ), Leica, Leica M6 ... A note on this gallery: the strange light leaks you see are a result of me trying to load my first roll of Kodak T-MAX 3200 ...
Ricoh - Camera Legend
Kodak Retina IIIC with 50mm f/2 Schneider Xenon lens, T-Max 400 developed in D76. Zayda was around two or three months in this ... Ricoh GR1, Kodak Gold 400. An example of using the GR1s 28mm wide angle for portraits. Dad relaxing with a smoke while sitting ... Ricoh GR1, Kodak Gold 400. I loved the light shining down on that afternoon in Riverside Park, NYC. I originally titled this " ... It uses a geared focusing system much like the Kodak Reflex of 1946. ...
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Kodak Retina Ib - Type 018 (1954)
Type 018 camera built by Kodak AG, the German subsidiary of the Eastman Kodak Company between the years of 1954 and 1957... ... It was the successor to the earlier Retina Ia - Type 015 and was sold simultaneously with the Retinas IIc and IIIc as the entry ... This is a Kodak Retina Ib - Type 018 camera built by Kodak AG, the German subsidiary of the Eastman Kodak Company between the ... The Kodak Retina Ib, like every Retina ever made, is a fine example of German precision and workmanship. The overall design of ...
Aperture.Lens.Shutter | A Still Life...A Life Still
KODAK RETINA II TYPE 142
KODAK RETINA IIIc TYPE 021. *KODAK RETINA IIIC TYPE 028. *KODAK RETINA IIIS (TYPE 027) ... KODAK - KODAK RETINA II TYPE 142 Country :. Germany. Year :. 1937. Type :. 35 MM RANGEFINDER. Format :. 24 X 36 MM. Serial ... RETINA-XENON 2/50. Lens number :. 1170847. Shutter :. COMPUR RAPID 1/500. Shutter number :. Support :. FILM 35 MM. ... KODAK RETINA 1B (type 019 II). *KODAK RETINA AUTO I TYPE 038 ... KODAK RETINA REFLEX III TYPE 041. *KODAK RETINA REFLEX IV TYPE ...
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KODAK RETINA IIIc TYPE 021. *KODAK RETINA IIIC TYPE 028. *KODAK RETINA IIIS (TYPE 027) ... KODAK - KODAK 35 Pays :. USA. Année :. 1940-51. Type :. 35 MM TELEMETRIQUE. Format :. 24 X 36 MM. Numéro de série :. 32535. ... KODAK ANSTIGMAT SPECIAL 3.5/50. Numéro dobjectif :. EC 21919. Obturateur :. 1/200. Numéro dobturateur :. Support :. FILM 35 ... KODAK RETINA 1B (type 019 II). *KODAK RETINA AUTO I TYPE 038 ... KODAK RETINA REFLEX III TYPE 041. *KODAK RETINA REFLEX IV TYPE ...
KODAK RETINA IIIc TYPE 021. *KODAK RETINA IIIC TYPE 028. *KODAK RETINA IIIS (TYPE 027) ... KODAK - KODAK PETITE Country :. USA. Year :. 1929. Type :. FOLDING. Format :. 4 X 6,5 CM. Serial Number :. Lens :. MENISQUE. ... KODAK RETINA 1B (type 019 II). *KODAK RETINA AUTO I TYPE 038 ... KODAK RETINA REFLEX III TYPE 041. *KODAK RETINA REFLEX IV TYPE ... KODAK RETINA II TYPE 142. *KODAK RETINA IIc TYPE 020. * ... KODAK N° 1A POCKET KODAK SPECIAL. *KODAK N° 1A POCKET SERIE II ...
KODAK INSTAMATIC 56 X
KODAK RETINA IIIc TYPE 021. *KODAK RETINA IIIC TYPE 028. *KODAK RETINA IIIS (TYPE 027) ... KODAK - KODAK INSTAMATIC 56 X Pays :. Allemagne. Année :. 1972. Type :. INSTAMATIC. Format :. 28 X 28 mm. Numéro de série :. - ... KODAK RETINA 1B (type 019 II). *KODAK RETINA AUTO I TYPE 038 ... KODAK RETINA REFLEX III TYPE 041. *KODAK RETINA REFLEX IV TYPE ... KODAK RETINA IIc TYPE 020. *KODAK RETINA IIC TYPE 029. * ... KODAK N° 1A POCKET KODAK SPECIAL. *KODAK N° 1A POCKET SERIE II ...
The Online Photographer: Collectibility
Vintage Minolta SRT-101 Product Instruction and 46 similar items
Universal (3) For Canon (2) For Kodak (1) For Leica (1) For Nikon (1) For Polaroid (1) For Bronica (1) For GAF (1) For Minolta ... Ikoflex II A Retina IIIC & Linhof Optical Viewfinder Instruction Booklet... * * $17.82 * *Add to Wish List ... Vintage 1983 KODAK Kodacolor VR 35mm Color Film Advert Booklet Guide Pam... ... Vintage Kodak Booklet Better 35mm Pictures New Kodacolor VR Films 70 Pag... ...
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leotax-f | Vintage Rangefinder Camera
- Exercise Caution: This was shot recently with my old faithful Nikon FM3A with 50mm ƒ/1.8 AI Nikkor, loaded with Kodak Gold 400. (typepad.com)
- chrome, with a Schneider Retina-Xenon f/2.0 50mm. (christies.com)
- Excellent Kodak Retina IIc Xenon C 50mm F2. (hawaiifracking.com)
- It makes me think the 50mm f/2.8 Schneider-Kreuznach Retina Xenar lens that came with my Reflex is just a little flare-prone. (jimgrey.net)
- Lens: Schneider-K. Retina-Xenar 3.5/50mm. (camerasdownunder.com)
- In 1954 the IIIc was introduced, which added a selenium light meter (all of the II models have rangefinders, and the III models have rangefinders and light-meters). (wordpress.com)
- I have a 1954 Kodak Retina IIIc with a still quite precisely working photocell. (dpreview.com)
- Introduced at Photokina Cologne in 1954, the Retina IIIc was the most expensive of the new range of Retina models. (hawaiifracking.com)
- made by Kodak in Germany ca.1954. (camerasdownunder.com)
- A Kodak Retina IIIC (type ) 35mm folding rangefinder film camera in Chris Sherlock's camera collection. (tauchen24.info)
- A Kodak Retina IIIc (type Ausf I), a 35mm folding rangefinder camera in Chris Sherlock's Retina IIIc instruction manual on Mike Butkus' excellent website. (tauchen24.info)
- In 1936 the Retina II was introduced with a rangefinder. (wordpress.com)
- It has interchangeable lenses, a coupled rangefinder combined with the new viewfinder with reflected line frame, a builtin exposure meter, the new SynchroCompur shutter with light value settings and selftimer a collapsible lens panel which locks open Kodak Retina IIIc (little c) Posted 87'05. (hawaiifracking.com)
- Kodak Rangefinder. (hawaiifracking.com)
- Compared to the earlier models (1951 Ia& IIa), it was a complete redesign the extending lens assembly now slides forward on the body and is thus much more rigid than earlier Nov 15, 2010 Hello, I just recently saw a old camera Kodak Retina IIIC. (hawaiifracking.com)
- Lens: Kodak Anastigmat Ektar 3.5/5cm. (camerasdownunder.com)
- Lens: Kodak Anastigmat f4.5/5cm. (camerasdownunder.com)
- Retina Copy Outfit. (camerasdownunder.com)
- 297 views Retina Copy Outfit, supports the camera at a fixed distance abouve the original to be copied, the outfit contains the camera platform, camera, and the screw-in legs, this unit will fit the Retina Ib,IIc,IIIc, made in Germany. (camerasdownunder.com)
- 286 views Retina Copy Outfit, table Stand supports the camera at a fixed distance above the original to be copied, the outfit contains the camera platform, camera, frame finder, and the table Stand, this unit fit the Retina Ia,IIa, and older models. (camerasdownunder.com)
- If you've found your way to this page you were probably looking for help solving a problem with your Retina or Retinette camera. (hawaiifracking.com)
- If you like Kodak Retinas, by the way, also see my reviews of the Retina Ia ( here ), Retina IIa ( here ), Retina IIc ( here ), Retina Auomatic III ( here ), and Retinette IA ( here ). (jimgrey.net)
- Germany 359 views Kodak Retinette. (camerasdownunder.com)
- Kodak AG, Stuttgart. (liveauctioneers.com)
- There are some exceptions even in the American-made Kodaks, but their real standout cameras were made in Germany after Kodak purchased the Stuttgart camera maker A. Nagel. (wordpress.com)
- the camera platform, column of table stand, three frames, a distance gauge, the frames are marked Kodak Stuttgart-Wangen US zone. (camerasdownunder.com)
- 9) Retina stereo attachment with box, instructions and case. (liveauctioneers.com)
- Retina close-up/copy Attachment 370 views Kodak close-up/copy Attachment, the field frames, and distance gauges, fit in a camera platform, with the Ia,IIa cameras, and the older model Retinas, for placing the older model camera at the correct distance to the subject and framing it. (camerasdownunder.com)
- This is not your typical mass-market Kodak camera. (wordpress.com)
- Both the new 135 film cartridge and the Retina camera were invented by Dr. August Nagel of the Kodak AG Dr. Nagel Werk company that had been purchased by Kodak in 1931. (wordpress.com)
- THE KODAK RETINA IIIc is a perfected miniature camera to meet the highest demands. (hawaiifracking.com)
- 345 views The Ground Glass Focusing Adapter provides the IIc and the IIIc Retina cameras with all the advantages of a large viewfinder camera. (camerasdownunder.com)
- Kodak is generally not known for high-quality cameras - their strategy seemed to be to get low-quality, low-priced, mass-produced cameras in the hands of millions of Americans, thus consuming a lot of Kodak film. (wordpress.com)
- One of Nagel's earlier standout cameras was the Kodak Duo Six-20, introduced before the Retina. (wordpress.com)
- Kodak Manual Kodak Retina IIIC Film Cameras. (hawaiifracking.com)
- This is a Kodak Retina Ib - Type 018 camera built by Kodak AG, the German subsidiary of the Eastman Kodak Company between the years of 1954 and 1957. (mikeeckman.com)
- It was the successor to the earlier Retina Ia - Type 015 and was sold simultaneously with the Retinas IIc and IIIc as the entry level camera in the Retina lineup. (mikeeckman.com)
- Despite it's stance as an entry level camera, the Retina Ib maintained the same level of excellent build quality and high quality Schneider lenses as the higher end models. (mikeeckman.com)
- Around Christmas a friend gave Noel her father's old cameras - a lovely leather-encased Kodak Retina IIIc - a 1955-era German-made marvel, and an early Canon A-1, a trusty SLR hyped at the time as "the first camera in the world in which all information, both input and output, is in pulse signals", i.e. digital. (alifestill.com)
- If you are interested in reading more about the Retina line (and you should), I cover the history thoroughly in my review for the Type 119 Retina I , but I would also recommend checking out the review for the Type 020 Retina IIc which was the step up model to the Ib and shares many of the same design and control elements. (mikeeckman.com)