Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Spectrophotometry, Atomic: Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.Conditioning, Classical: Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.Selenium: An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Manganese: A trace element with atomic symbol Mn, atomic number 25, and atomic weight 54.94. It is concentrated in cell mitochondria, mostly in the pituitary gland, liver, pancreas, kidney, and bone, influences the synthesis of mucopolysaccharides, stimulates hepatic synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids, and is a cofactor in many enzymes, including arginase and alkaline phosphatase in the liver. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1992, p2035)Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Association Learning: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Freezing Reaction, Cataleptic: An induced response to threatening stimuli characterized by the cessation of body movements, except for those that are involved with BREATHING, and the maintenance of an immobile POSTURE.Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission: The spectrometric analysis of fluorescent X-RAYS, i.e. X-rays emitted after bombarding matter with high energy particles such as PROTONS; ELECTRONS; or higher energy X-rays. Identification of ELEMENTS by this technique is based on the specific type of X-rays that are emitted which are characteristic of the specific elements in the material being analyzed. The characteristic X-rays are distinguished and/or quantified by either wavelength dispersive or energy dispersive methods.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Chromium: A trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism. It has the atomic symbol Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 52. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP85-002,1985), chromium and some of its compounds have been listed as known carcinogens.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Hair: A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Cadmium: An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.Nickel: A trace element with the atomic symbol Ni, atomic number 28, and atomic weight 58.69. It is a cofactor of the enzyme UREASE.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Mushroom Bodies: Prominent lobed neuropils found in ANNELIDA and all ARTHROPODS except crustaceans. They are thought to be involved in olfactory learning and memory.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Memory, Long-Term: Remembrance of information from 3 or more years previously.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Biogenic Amines: A group of naturally occurring amines derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of the natural amino acids. Many have powerful physiological effects (e.g., histamine, serotonin, epinephrine, tyramine). Those derived from aromatic amino acids, and also their synthetic analogs (e.g., amphetamine), are of use in pharmacology.Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.Cobalt: A trace element that is a component of vitamin B12. It has the atomic symbol Co, atomic number 27, and atomic weight 58.93. It is used in nuclear weapons, alloys, and pigments. Deficiency in animals leads to anemia; its excess in humans can lead to erythrocytosis.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Deficiency Diseases: A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)Nails: The thin, horny plates that cover the dorsal surfaces of the distal phalanges of the fingers and toes of primates.Neutron Activation Analysis: Activation analysis in which the specimen is bombarded with neutrons. Identification is made by measuring the resulting radioisotopes. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Aluminum: A metallic element that has the atomic number 13, atomic symbol Al, and atomic weight 26.98.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Metalloids: A class of nonmetals such as arsenic that have some of the chemical properties of a metal.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Bromates: Negative ions or salts derived from bromic acid, HBrO3.Mercury: A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.Nitric Acid: Nitric acid (HNO3). A colorless liquid that is used in the manufacture of inorganic and organic nitrates and nitro compounds for fertilizers, dye intermediates, explosives, and many different organic chemicals. Continued exposure to vapor may cause chronic bronchitis; chemical pneumonitis may occur. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.ArchivesReceptors, Biogenic Amine: Cell surface proteins that bind biogenic amines with high affinity and regulate intracellular signals which influence the behavior of cells. Biogenic amine is a chemically imprecise term which, by convention, includes the catecholamines epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine, the indoleamine serotonin, the imidazolamine histamine, and compounds closely related to each of these.Flow Injection Analysis: The analysis of a chemical substance by inserting a sample into a carrier stream of reagent using a sample injection valve that propels the sample downstream where mixing occurs in a coiled tube, then passes into a flow-through detector and a recorder or other data handling device.Indicators and Reagents: Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)Animal Shells: The hard rigid covering of animals including MOLLUSCS; TURTLES; INSECTS; and crustaceans.Limit of Detection: Concentration or quantity that is derived from the smallest measure that can be detected with reasonable certainty for a given analytical procedure.Electroshock: Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.Chemistry Techniques, Analytical: Methodologies used for the isolation, identification, detection, and quantitation of chemical substances.Microchemistry: The development and use of techniques and equipment to study or perform chemical reactions, with small quantities of materials, frequently less than a milligram or a milliliter.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Pentanones: 5-carbon straight-chain or branched-chain ketones.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Analytic Sample Preparation Methods: Use of various chemical separation and extraction methods, such as SOLID PHASE EXTRACTION; CHROMATOGRAPHY; and SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION; to prepare samples for analytical measurement of components.Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled: The largest family of cell surface receptors involved in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They share a common structure and signal through HETEROTRIMERIC G-PROTEINS.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Retention (Psychology): The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Odors: The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sulfur Oxides: Inorganic oxides of sulfur.Gases: The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Silica Gel: A non-crystalline form of silicon oxide that has absorptive properties. It is commonly used as a desiccating agent and as a stationary phase for CHROMATOGRAPHY. The fully hydrated form of silica gel has distinct properties and is referred to as SILICIC ACID.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Metals, Rare Earth: A group of elements that include SCANDIUM; YTTRIUM; and the LANTHANOID SERIES ELEMENTS. Historically, the rare earth metals got their name from the fact that they were never found in their pure elemental form, but as an oxide. In addition they were very difficult to purify. They are not truly rare and comprise about 25% of the metals in the earth's crust.Chromatography, Thin Layer: Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Animal Population Groups: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Phenethylamines: A group of compounds that are derivatives of beta- aminoethylbenzene which is structurally and pharmacologically related to amphetamine. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Air: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.Selenoproteins: Selenoproteins are proteins that specifically incorporate SELENOCYSTEINE into their amino acid chain. Most selenoproteins are enzymes with the selenocysteine residues being responsible for their catalytic functions.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Molybdenum: A metallic element with the atomic symbol Mo, atomic number 42, and atomic weight 95.94. It is an essential trace element, being a component of the enzymes xanthine oxidase, aldehyde oxidase, and nitrate reductase. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Smell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Trinitrotoluene: A 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, which is an explosive chemical that can cause skin irritation and other toxic consequences.Cerebellum: The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Trypanosoma lewisi: A trypanosome found in the blood of adult rats and transmitted by the rat flea. It is generally non-pathogenic in adult rats but can cause lethal infection in suckling rats.Avoidance Learning: A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Tissue Distribution: Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Waste Products: Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Olfactory Pathways: Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; OLFACTORY TRACT; OLFACTORY TUBERCLE; ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE; and OLFACTORY CORTEX.Methane: The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Chelating Agents: Chemicals that bind to and remove ions from solutions. Many chelating agents function through the formation of COORDINATION COMPLEXES with METALS.Tyramine: An indirect sympathomimetic. Tyramine does not directly activate adrenergic receptors, but it can serve as a substrate for adrenergic uptake systems and monoamine oxidase so it prolongs the actions of adrenergic transmitters. It also provokes transmitter release from adrenergic terminals. Tyramine may be a neurotransmitter in some invertebrate nervous systems.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Solid Phase Extraction: An extraction method that separates analytes using a solid phase and a liquid phase. It is used for preparative sample cleanup before analysis by CHROMATOGRAPHY and other analytical methods.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Humic Substances: Organic matter in a state of advanced decay, after passing through the stages of COMPOST and PEAT and before becoming lignite (COAL). It is composed of a heterogenous mixture of compounds including phenolic radicals and acids that polymerize and are not easily separated nor analyzed. (E.A. Ghabbour & G. Davies, eds. Humic Substances, 2001).Tin: A trace element that is required in bone formation. It has the atomic symbol Sn, atomic number 50, and atomic weight 118.71.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Coal: A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Solid Phase Microextraction: A solventless sample preparation method, invented in 1989, that uses a fused silica fiber which is coated with a stationary phase. It is used for sample cleanup before using other analytical methods.Electrochemistry: The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Environmental Pollutants: Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Nictitating Membrane: A fold of the mucous membrane of the CONJUNCTIVA in many animals. At rest, it is hidden in the medial canthus. It can extend to cover part or all of the cornea to help clean the CORNEA.Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Strontium: An element of the alkaline earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Sr, atomic number 38, and atomic weight 87.62.Elements: Substances that comprise all matter. Each element is made up of atoms that are identical in number of electrons and protons and in nuclear charge, but may differ in mass or number of neutrons.Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Ecological Parameter Monitoring: Ongoing collection, analysis, and interpretation of ecological data that is used to assess changes in the components, processes, and overall condition and functioning of an ECOSYSTEM.Ion-Selective Electrodes: Electrodes which can be used to measure the concentration of particular ions in cells, tissues, or solutions.Volatilization: A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Imprinting (Psychology): A particular kind of learning characterized by occurrence in very early life, rapidity of acquisition, and relative insusceptibility to forgetting or extinction. Imprinted behavior includes most (or all) behavior commonly called instinctive, but imprinting is used purely descriptively.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Chromatography, Paper: An analytical technique for resolution of a chemical mixture into its component compounds. Compounds are separated on an adsorbent paper (stationary phase) by their varied degree of solubility/mobility in the eluting solvent (mobile phase).Vanadium: A metallic element with the atomic symbol V, atomic number 23, and atomic weight 50.94. It is used in the manufacture of vanadium steel. Prolonged exposure can lead to chronic intoxication caused by absorption usually via the lungs.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Carbon Isotopes: Stable carbon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element carbon, but differ in atomic weight. C-13 is a stable carbon isotope.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Memory, Short-Term: Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.Spectrophotometry: The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.Muscimol: A neurotoxic isoxazole isolated from species of AMANITA. It is obtained by decarboxylation of IBOTENIC ACID. Muscimol is a potent agonist of GABA-A RECEPTORS and is used mainly as an experimental tool in animal and tissue studies.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Hexanes: Six-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives. Various polyneuropathies are caused by hexane poisoning.Yucca: A genus (and common name) in the AGAVACEAE family. It is known for SAPONINS in the root that are used in SOAPS.Anisomycin: An antibiotic isolated from various Streptomyces species. It interferes with protein and DNA synthesis by inhibiting peptidyl transferase or the 80S ribosome system.Thiram: A dithiocarbamate chemical, used commercially in the rubber processing industry and as a fungicide. In vivo studies indicate that it inactivates the enzyme GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE. It has mutagenic activity and may induce chromosomal aberrations.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Tungsten: Tungsten. A metallic element with the atomic symbol W, atomic number 74, and atomic weight 183.85. It is used in many manufacturing applications, including increasing the hardness, toughness, and tensile strength of steel; manufacture of filaments for incandescent light bulbs; and in contact points for automotive and electrical apparatus.Selenium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain selenium as an integral part of the molecule.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Selenocysteine: A naturally occurring amino acid in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms. It is found in tRNAs and in the catalytic site of some enzymes. The genes for glutathione peroxidase and formate dehydrogenase contain the TGA codon, which codes for this amino acid.Silver: Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Extinction, Psychological: The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Chromatography: Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.CeruloplasminPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Acetone: A colorless liquid used as a solvent and an antiseptic. It is one of the ketone bodies produced during ketoacidosis.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet: Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Bromine: A halogen with the atomic symbol Br, atomic number 36, and atomic weight 79.904. It is a volatile reddish-brown liquid that gives off suffocating vapors, is corrosive to the skin, and may cause severe gastroenteritis if ingested.Habituation, Psychophysiologic: The disappearance of responsiveness to a repeated stimulation. It does not include drug habituation.Carbon Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of carbon that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. C atoms with atomic weights 10, 11, and 14-16 are radioactive carbon isotopes.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Carbohydrates: The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Electrodes: Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
"Embraer Traces Crash Cause". Flight International. Sutton, UK: I.P.C. Transport Press. 123 (3846): 172. ISSN 0015-3710. Warwick ... "Brazil tests armed trainer". Flight International. Sutton, UK: I.P.C. Transport Press. 121 (3809): 1136. ISSN 0015-3710. ... On 6 December 1978, Embraer was officially awarded a contract to produce two prototypes and two airframes for fatigue tests. ... the type beyond its designed horizon to overcome its operational limits and role-playing as a real battlefield maturing test ...
In the 2005-2006 season, Vandenbussche startled the Belgian football competition when he failed a doping test. Traces of ... so they also took responsibility for Vandenbussche's positive doping test. After becoming a back-up player for Cercle, Bram ...
... trace(; static function test(){ var fb = new FooBar(); fb.anyFooBar(fb); fb.anyFooBar({foo:123,bar:"456"}); } } The Haxe ... class Test { static var km:Kilometer; static function main(){ var one100Miles = new Mile(100); km = one100Miles; trace(km); // ...
One of the more extreme examples of cache specialization is the trace cache (also known as execution trace cache) found in the ... In the common case of finding a hit in the first way tested, a pseudo-associative cache is as fast as a direct-mapped cache, ... by storing traces of instructions that have already been fetched and decoded. A trace cache stores instructions either after ... instructions are added to trace caches in groups representing either individual basic blocks or dynamic instruction traces. The ...
... almost no trace remains. It was probably part of the Dolon nuclear testing zone.. ...
"Recovery and detection of urea nitrate in traces". J. Forensic Sci. 52 (6): 1284-90. doi:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2007.00551.x. PMID ... Aaron Rowe (18 September 2007). "Chem Lab: Spray-On Test for Improvised ...
In March 1946, a visiting Bell Test pilot visited the Test establishment to oversee Laminar Flow experiments being conducted ... 601 Squadron." Traces of World War 2, 17 January 2008. Retrieved: 4 December 2011. Brown 2006, p. 145. Brown 2006, p. 149. ... Just for a laugh I asked him to test my old Bell Airacobra, which I had been using for so many hops around the country. He took ... AH574 was a Bell P-39 Airacobra used by the Royal Navy for test work during and after the Second World War AH574 was initially ...
... traces its roots back to 1780 when Paul Mack, a young entrepreneur, started building carriages and stagecoaches. The ... "Project X - Test Strecke (Legoland Deutschland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved June 12, 2012. Marden, Duane. "Ricochet ( ... "Trace Du Hourra (Parc Astérix)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved June 12, 2012. Marden, Duane. "Technic Coaster (Legoland ... "Lego Technic Test Track (Legoland Korea)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved June 12, 2012. Marden, Duane. "Dynamite ( ...
"A test of the gardening hypothesis for the trace fossil Zoophyco". doi:10.2110/pec.07.88.0079 (inactive 2017-01-18). McIlroy, ... An alternative is that it is simply a deposit feeding trace. The ichnogenus gives its name to an ichnofacies associated with ... "Trace Fossils from North America" (Web - photos). The Paleontology Portal. Retrieved 2008-08-19. "Zoophycos : Massalongo, 1855 ... Vinn, O.; Toom, U. (2015). "The trace fossil Zoophycos from the Silurian of Estonia" (PDF). Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences ...
"Test trace log"); log.trace("Calling trace method."); log.trace("Calling trace method."); log.trace("Calling trace method."); ... log.trace("Calling trace method."); log.trace("Calling trace method."); System.out.println(); System.out.println("Log test ... "Test info log");"Starting app!");"Quitting app!"); System.out.println(); System.out.println("Test debug log ... "Test fatal log"); try { String foo = null; int x = 0 / (new Integer(foo)).intValue(); } catch (Exception e) { log.fatal(e. ...
The first Test tries by full-backs in international matches came relatively early, in 1878 and 1880, but it was not until 1934 ... Trace, Marion (12 November 2003). "Campese says sorry to Gregan". Scotsman. Bills, Peter (17 July 2008). "Gerald Davies on the ... Danie Gerber played centre for South Africa during the apartheid era and even though he was only able to play 24 tests over 12 ... Gareth Rees of Canada played in all of the first four Rugby World Cups, and remains the country's all-time leading Test points ...
Following the bout it was reported that Slice had failed his pre-fight drug test. Lab results found traces of the anabolic ... Marrocco, Steven (May 2, 2016). "Bellator's 'Kimbo Slice' settles with Texas commission following failed steroid test". ...
Tests, traces, benchmarks are integral part of the engine. It also provides powerful type definition capabilities to handle ...
Disappointed, the psychopath contacts Kate once again, testing her, tempting her, pissing her off even more. The FBI traces the ...
The EU bans Chinese baby food with milk traces. Sales of White Rabbit Creamy Candy are halted after tests detect melamine. 26 ... Cadbury recalls products in Asia after tests find traces of melamine. Reports say 22 people have been arrested in Hebei ... Official test failures of the 2008 Chinese milk scandal 2007 Chinese export recalls Timeline of the 2007 pet food recalls ... Though the scandal came to attention in 2008, its roots can be traced back to events prior to 2008. December: According to the ...
No trace of them was found. Horace Lawson Hunley (died 1863, age 40), Confederate marine engineer and inventor of the first ... Henry Smolinski (died 1973) was killed during a test flight of the AVE Mizar, a flying car based on the Ford Pinto and the sole ... During a routine test of the submarine, which had already suffered one accident, Hunley took command. After failing to ... It was his first attempt with the parachute, and he had told the authorities he would first test it with a dummy. Aurel Vlaicu ...
... can be produced from haemoglobin by the so-called Teichmann test, when haemoglobin is heated with glacial acetic acid ( ... saturated with saline). This can be used to detect blood traces. Hematin is considered the "X factor" required for the growth ...
dead link] "Tests Find No Traces of Antibiotics in Catfish". Times Record. May 23, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-24. "Nutra Nuggets ... Cornell University and a New York state-based testing facility receive samples from Menu Foods for testing. On March 16, Menu ... The company conducts taste testing of its products quarterly, and the February testing was not a result of the received ... By April 10 Menu Foods had only confirmed 16 deaths outside of its test subjects, comprising 15 cats and one dog. This number ...
According to the United States Food and Drug Administration, test results have shown that traces of cyanuric acid have been ... Domestic Infant Formula Testing Results". Enfamil Official Website FDA , Exempt Infant Formulas Marketed in the ... "FDA finds more traces of melamine in formula -". ... United States By Manufacturer and Category Mead Johnson Nutrition , Brands FDA , Domestic Infant Formula Testing Results. ...
"Early Tests Find Traces of Mustard Gas in ISIS Mortars". Arutz Sheva. 21 August 2015. "US military ordering troops in Iraq to ... "Early Tests Find Traces of Mustard Gas in ISIS Mortars". Fox News. 4 September 2015. "Kurdish forces fighting ... In February 2016, a source at the OPCW confirmed that the samples tested positive for mustard gas. Use of chemical weapons in ...
It was also used after the end of the war for testing new weapons. No trace of the pen has survived. 54°10′38″N 7°53′37″E /  ... Post-war, it was briefly used as a test site for British and American bombs (most of the damage done to the bunker was ... electrical equipment and radio testing facilities. Storage space for spares, explosives, ammunition and oil was also required. ...
Trace elements, strontium and yttrium, were detected. The amount of potassium was 5 times lower than the average for the ... The tested soil contained abundant silicon and iron, along with significant amounts of magnesium, aluminum, sulfur, calcium, ... the identical chlorine compounds discovered by both Viking landers when they performed the same tests on Mars. Because ...
Trace elements, strontium and yttrium, were detected. The amount of potassium was one fifth of the average for the Earth's ... The tested soil contained abundant silicon and iron, along with significant amounts of magnesium, aluminum, sulfur, calcium, ...
Bruno Trouble The Louis Vuitton Cup:25 Years p.193 "Yachting; Liberty Cup as a Testing Ground". The New York Times. 30 June ... "Sailing: Britain's credibility sinking without trace: Rudderless". 13 July 1993. Retrieved 27 July 2017. http://www.americas- ...
Researchers tested simvastatin, later sold by Merck as Zocor, on 4,444 patients with high cholesterol and heart disease. After ... The modern pharmaceutical industry traces its roots to two sources. The first of these were local apothecaries that expanded ... This work, also based in the testing of compounds available from the German dye industry, led to the development of Prontosil, ... Following the successful completion of phase III testing, a New Drug Application is submitted to the FDA. The FDA review the ...
The early historical roots of the field can be traced to the work of people such as Louis Lapicque, Hodgkin & Huxley, Hubel & ... With the emergence of two-photon microscopy and calcium imaging, we now have powerful experimental methods with which to test ... Furthermore, these computational models frame hypotheses that can be directly tested by biological or psychological experiments ...
... trace amine associated receptor 6) for IHC-P. Anti-Trace Amine receptor 4 pAb (GTX70805) is tested in Human samples. 100% Ab- ... 319100, Q96RI8, TA4, RP11295F4.3, Trace Amine receptor4, TAAR6, 603175, Trace Amine receptor 4, TRAR4, RP11-295F4.3, TAR4, TAR6 ... trace amine associated receptor 6. Background. TA4 is classified as an Orphan-A GPCR because the ligand has not been identified ... Storage Conditions: Trace Amine receptor 4 antibody. Storage Buffer. Phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4 containing 0.01% sodium ...
... data from rats treated with 50 mg of nicotine over a 21-d period tested the hypothesis that nicotine induced altered trace ... Tissue trace element concentrations were also not markedly affected by nicotine; however, trace element ratios in liver, kidney ... Tissue trace element concentrations were also not markedly affected by nicotine; however, trace element ratios in liver, kidney ... Tissue trace element concentrations were also not markedly affected by nicotine; however, trace element ratios in liver, kidney ...
The Trace Metal Detection Test (TMDT) or Technique was developed during the Vietnam War in the 1960s to identify people who may ... Ultraviolet Detection of Metal Traces - Trace Metal Detection Technique - Final Report;J.O.Rhoads; Minnesota Dept of Public ... Trace Metal Detection Technique (TMDT) - A Report Outlining a Procedure for Photographing Results in Color, and Some Factors ... 496-503 Study of the Use of 2-Nitroso-1-Naphthol as a Trace Metal Detection Reagent, C W Kokocinski; D J Brundage; J D Nicol; ...
Englands Test and Trace program launched nationally at the end of May, and there is still no sign of the data privacy ... Test and Trace program skipped GDPR privacy assessment. Englands Test and Trace program launched nationally at the end of May ... But when the Test and Trace program started, reports soon emerged that the assessment had not been duly carried out by the ... "NHS Test and Trace is committed to the highest ethical and data governance standards - collecting, using, and retaining data to ...
... test and trace, by continuing to support his adviser Dominic Cummings. ... The PM came under fire from MPs ahead of the launch of test and trace, by continuing to support his adviser Dominic Cummings. ...
Clean-Trace™ Hygiene Monitoring and Management System - now reengineered for improved stability and consistency. ... How 3M™ Clean-Trace™ utilizes ATP testing technology * Microbes and product residue contain Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), an ... Unlike other methods, ATP testing is rapid, sensitive, quantitative and simple.. To measure ATP using the 3M™ Clean-Trace™ ... When implementing hygiene monitoring test point selection for ATP testing in your facility, its important to analyze risk with ...
Sample solutions were tested employing both stirring and non-stirring, as well as aeration and deaeration procedures. ... Disclosed are a method and apparatus for trace metal testing using mercury-coated screen printed electrodes. Both voltammetric ... A requirement for decentralized testing of trace metals has evolved. Field or on-site trace metal testing further suggests a ... Apparatus for heavy metal trace testing comprising:. a) means for providing a plurality of electrodes upon a plastic substrate; ...
... Nikolay Sivov nsivov at Thu Nov 4 11:14:04 CDT 2010 * ... TRACE((%p)-,(v%d)\n, This, V_VT(&value)); return E_FAIL; } diff --git a/dlls/msxml3/domdoc.c b/dlls/msxml3/domdoc.c index ... TRACE((%p)-,(v%d)\n, This, V_VT(&value)); return E_FAIL; } diff --git a/dlls/msxml3/element.c b/dlls/msxml3/element.c index ... TRACE((%p)-,(v%d)\n, This, V_VT(&value)); return E_FAIL; } diff --git a/dlls/msxml3/entityref.c b/dlls/msxml3/entityref.c ...
... monitoring and testing) articles on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace and information ... A Trace of Arsenic The cans of baby formula invaded Brian Jacksons Dartmouth College lab late in 2010. His team picked up an ... Analysis of Trace Elements in Water by EPA Method 200.8 using ICP Mass Spectrometry This application note describes the ... Analyze Trace Amounts of Solvents in Water Using Packed Column GC Glass or stainless steel columns containing 80/120 Carbopack ...
Advantec and other leading brands for monitoring and testing. Compare and contact a supplier near you ... Results for trace metals monitoring equipment from AppliTrace, PlasmaPure, ... SmartBlock - Model 125 - Trace Metals Disgestion Block. The SmartBlock 125 is a trace metals disgestion block which can digest ... Trace metals monitoring in soil for contaminated site remediation. *Trace metals monitoring in water for drinking water intake ...
An investigation has found that the touchscreens used to order food in McDonalds restaurants contain traces of human poo, ... An investigation has found that the touchscreens used to order food in McDonalds restaurants contain traces of human poo, ... In an investigation by The Metro, every swab taken from touchscreens at McDonalds restaurants contained traces of gut and ...
Surface Protein Plus Test Swab PRO100 is a simple, quick, and reliable method of checking for the removal of protein residues ... 3M™ Clean-Trace™ Surface Protein Plus Test Swab PRO100, 100 per case. Part Number PRO100, Catalog Number PRO100, 3M ID ... 3M™ Clean-Trace™ Surface Protein Plus Test Swab PRO100 is a simple, quick, and reliable method of checking for the removal of ... The 3M™ Clean-Trace™ Surface Protein Plus Test Swab PRO100 can be integrated into any Hygiene Management Program where risk ...
18 Standard Test Method for Trace Chloride in Liquid Aromatic Hydrocarbons , aromatic hydrocarbons, chloride, cyclohexane, ... Standard Test Method for Trace Chloride in Liquid Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Active Standard ASTM D5194 , Developed by Subcommittee ... ASTM D5194-18, Standard Test Method for Trace Chloride in Liquid Aromatic Hydrocarbons, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, ... 1.1 This test method covers the determination of total chloride (organic and inorganic) in liquid aromatic hydrocarbons and ...
... our advanced male specific Y-DNA tests allow you to discover more about your paternal ancestry and migrations. ... Which test should I buy?. If you are looking to begin Y-DNA testing, the Y-37 Marker test will allow you to become familiar ... With the worlds largest Y-DNA database, our advanced male-specific Y-DNA tests can be used to trace your direct and distant ... A marker is what we test in our basic Y-DNA tests. These markers are also referred to as STRs (Short Tandem Repeats) which are ...
WP Proficiency Testing Material; find Supelco-PE3053 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products ... Trace Metals 2 - Whole Volume - WP Proficiency Testing Material * NACRES NA.24 ... Proficiency testing samples are presented as single blind. No values for the samples are released until the testing period ... Proficiency Testing Schedule (2020-2021). Wastewater. WP20-1 January 15 - February 28, 2020. WP20-2 March 25 - May 8, 2020. ...
... the government put in place the NHS test and trace service, but an alert has now been issued of a test and trace-related scam. ... the government put in place the NHS test and trace service, but an alert has now been issued of a test and trace-related scam. ... The NHS test and trace service ensures anyone who develops symptoms of coronavirus can be quickly tested to find out if they ... If you have tested positive for coronavirus, you will either receive a call, text or email from NHS test and trace with ...
17a Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Carbonyl Compounds with 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine , aldehydes, carbonyl, 2,4- ... Note 1: Other test methods for the determination of traces of carbonyl compounds are given in Test Methods D1089, D1612, D2119 ... 4.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of trace amounts of aldehydes and ketones in aqueous solutions and a ... Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Carbonyl Compounds with 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine. Active Standard ASTM E411 , ...
The government is running a Test and Trace programme to inform anyone who has been in ... ️ Test & Trace Scam alert ⚠️. Fraudsters are pretending to be NHS Test & Trace staff and calling people asking for their bank ... The Test and Trace figures also show that 3% of people (418) who tested positive for Covid-19 during the two-week period could ... During the first two weeks of Test and Trace, 87,639 people who had been identified as close contacts of people who had tested ...
Dozens of common breakfast cereals and snack bars have trace amounts of a controversial herbicide found in the weed killer ... Dozens more breakfast foods test positive for trace amounts of weed killer, report says. Posted 4:18 pm, October 25, 2018, by ... Dozens more breakfast foods test positive for trace amounts of weed killer, report says. ... "Most crops grown in fields use some form of pesticides and trace amounts are found in the majority of food we all eat," said ...
Urine Challenge Test for Heavy Metals Using DMSA. The results look similar to Joes test results. They test for 20 different ... Hes measured the levels for people who have severe C677T polymorphisms and found almost no traces of mercury in their test ... Though DMSA is not the more accurate test for heavy metals I did a test a few weeks ago and forgot to post my results so here ... Ambient measurements: Hair samples test for methyl mercury only. Blood tests for both. Urine is good for measuring inorganic ...
home // News // Little impact for most Australian coal from new China trace elements tests: market sources // ... Little impact for most Australian coal from new China trace elements tests: market sources. Source: , February 3rd, ... Removal of the test for fluorine will actually benefit three coal mines in Australia, including ones that produce thermal coal ... Lower acceptable levels after July 1 for trace chemicals in thermal coal imported to China such as chlorine and phosphorus will ...
Application of the test for detecting traces of organohalogen compounds to mixture analysis in a combined system: gas ... The programme was shown to be useful for detecting and identifying traces of organochlorine pollutants even when these traces ...
NHS Test and Trace has hit the rocks once more. Now the service plans to axe 6,000 of its contact tracers so the work can be ... and even more testing in those hotspots). Test and trace, if used properly, would lead to a more precise and less disruptive ... NHS Test and Trace deals with non-complex cases, contacting people via text, email or phone to ask about the recent places they ... For months, test-and-trace staff have complained that they are essentially being paid to sit around and watch Netflix, while ...
  • These data show that a 50-mg infusion of nicotine over 21 d does not produce in rats the serum trace element abnormalities observed in cigaret smokers. (
  • In parallel studies, data from rats treated with 50 mg of nicotine over a 21-d period tested the hypothesis that nicotine induced altered trace element metabolism observed in smokers. (
  • abstract = "Both altered trace element metabolism and cigaret smoking have been proposed to be risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). (
  • However, nicotine did affect the trace element relationships between tissues as well as components of the free radical defense system. (
  • The NHS test and trace service ensures anyone who develops symptoms of coronavirus can be quickly tested to find out if they have the virus, and helps trace close recent contacts of anyone who tests positive. (
  • But people are being urged to be on their guard against criminals trying to con people out of money by pretending to be from the NHS test and trace service, in a new coronavirus-related scam. (
  • The test and trace service aims to reduce the spread of coronavirus by quickly testing people with symptoms and either phoning, texting or emailing whoever they have had close contact with to tell them to self-isolate for 14 days. (
  • In the scam, a message or phone call claiming to be from the NHS test and trace service is sent or made to householders informing them that they have been in contact with somebody who has tested positive for coronavirus and that they need to self-isolate and take a test. (
  • SCIENTISTS believe they have found 40 mutations of coronavirus - and say seven cases can be traced back to a single football match in England. (
  • The health authorities there, along with genetics firm DeCode Genetics, tested 9,768 people for coronavirus, according to Information . (
  • BANGKOK: Thailand is racing ahead with contact tracing after detecting its first domestic coronavirus infection in over three months, health officials said on Friday (Sep 4), with tests conducted on nearly 200 people with possible exposure to the new case. (
  • Thailand reported its first non-imported case in after over 100 days on Thursday, after a prisoner a day earlier had tested positive for the coronavirus during a mandatory test for new inmates. (
  • In Sweden, employers are able to test all employees for coronavirus as they enter the workplace, while in Spain the government has still not provided guidance. (
  • If you have had close contact (defined by Public Health England as being within 2 metres) with an individual with suspected coronavirus in a way that you consider may have put you at risk of exposure, you should return home and self-isolate for 7 days or until a negative test result is confirmed for the person with whom you have had contact. (
  • To measure ATP using the 3M™ Clean-Trace™ System, a collected sample is mixed with luciferase, an enzyme from fireflies, which catalyzes a reaction. (
  • 3M™ Clean-Trace™ Surface Protein Plus Test Swab PRO100 is a simple, quick, and reliable method of checking for the removal of protein residues after cleaning and quickly identifies contamination. (
  • The 3M™ Clean-Trace™ Surface Protein Plus Test Swab PRO100 can be integrated into any Hygiene Management Program where risk areas can be effectively monitored for cleaning effectiveness. (
  • With the 3M™ Clean-Trace™ Surface Protein Plus Test Swab PRO100, monitoring for contamination on surfaces and in hard to reach areas is simple with results in 10 minutes. (
  • 3M ™ Clean-Trace™ Surface ATP UXL100 is a single-use test device that contains a swab for the collection of a sample from a surface. (
  • Pos tentang 3M Clean Trace ATP yang ditulis oleh Wahana Hilab Indonesia. (
  • LWATP10 3M ™ Clean-TraceWater Positive Control, 3ng ATP w/ 10mL water 10. (
  • UBT50 3M ™ Clean-Trace™ Beverage Test Kit, filterable 50. (
  • In an investigation by The Metro, every swab taken from touchscreens at McDonald's restaurants contained traces of gut and faecal germs, as well as other highly contagious and harmful forms of bacteria. (
  • 1.1 This test method covers the determination of total chloride (organic and inorganic) in liquid aromatic hydrocarbons and cyclohexane. (
  • 1.1 This test method covers the determination of total carbonyl in the range from 0.5 to 50 μg calculated as CO. (
  • The evaluation scheme and criteria can avoid market chaos and make the gene testing products clearer to the public. (
  • England's track and trace scheme has been strongly criticised by some public health experts for being uncoordinated and ineffective with the decision to outsource its operation to Serco coming under particular scrutiny. (
  • Each die in the wafer thus has its own interconnect scheme, although each die is functionally equivalent, and yields are much higher than with conventional testing at the completed circuit level. (
  • While helpful, they are not critical to the topic at hand and you may skip ahead to "Measuring Trace Width and Copper Thickness: Past and Present" below. (
  • AncestryDNA is a cutting edge DNA testing service that utilizes some of the latest autosomal testing technology, our patented Genetic Communities™ technology, and the largest consumer DNA database to revolutionize the way you discover your family history. (
  • From your origins in over 1000 regions to the most connections to living relatives, no other DNA test delivers such a unique, interactive experience. (
  • To reduce the burden on the NHS, and to lift lockdown restrictions as soon as possible, Test and Trace had to start at unprecedented speed and scale. (
  • Widespread testing was once mooted as an alternative to lockdown. (
  • The implementation of standardised track and trace measures across different European countries would also reduce the risk for employees moving between different international offices as the lockdown eases. (
  • In comparison tests with existing methods, the chemical trap, a complex molecular construction reminiscent of an octopus, captured exponentially more glycoproteins, especially more of those trace glycoproteins. (
  • Frank Ahearn and Eileen Horan provide field-tested methods for maintaining privacy, as well as tactics and strategies for protecting personal information and preventing identity theft. (
  • Male ancestors carried their Y-DNA line along their migrations, allowing you to trace your paternal ancestry by using our advanced Y-DNA tests and the world's largest Y-DNA database. (
  • To practitioners in the genetic testing sector, an ancestry test is likely to give the answers to that. (
  • The ancestry test has become one of main categories of the Direct-to-Customer (DTC) genetic testing service. (
  • On Wednesday, the Beijing-based Somur Innovative Genetech (Somur) and Chinese National Geography jointly launched ancestry plus health-related genetic tests, unfolding their grand gene mapping of Chinese surnames. (
  • Compared with genetic tests for medical and scientific purposes, tests for common consumers provide data mainly concerning nutrition, health, athletic ability, inherited diseases, ancestry and other personal aspects, and the cost can be as low as several hundred yuan. (
  • At any time, you can choose to download raw DNA data, have us delete your DNA test results as described in the Ancestry® Privacy Statement, or have us destroy your physical DNA saliva sample. (
  • The Fido® X2 from FLIR Systems is a handheld explosives trace detector featuring field-proven TrueTrace® technology enabling it to detect a broad range of homemade, commercial, and military explosives with best-in-class sensitivity. (
  • WASHINGTON - The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) released firearms trace data today for all U.S. states and territories for calendar year 2016. (
  • But in April 2017, the FDA allowed the company to release information about genes that increase its customers' risk for 10 diseases, making it the first company to sell FDA-approved DNA testing kits. (
  • In line with mandated state requirements (WSR 17-12-032), new I-502 testing requirements begin Friday, September 1, 2017. . (
  • Penn State quarterback Trace McSorley and Northwestern running back Justin Jackson both entered the Big Ten record books and share the final Uplifting Athletes Rare Performance of the Week for 2017. (
  • England's Test and Trace program launched nationally at the end of May, and there is still no sign of the data privacy assessment required by GDPR. (
  • Employers that introduce track and trace measures that breach local GDPR rules could face substantial fines, potentially up to 4% of that businesses' global turnover or €20m - whichever is greater. (
  • Parekh added: "Employees are increasingly aware of the rights they have under GDPR so employers will have to tread carefully and ensure any track and trace programme they introduce is fully compliant. (
  • The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) is a collaborative project between the European Space Agency (ESA) and Roscosmos that sent an atmospheric research orbiter and the Schiaparelli demonstration lander to Mars in 2016 as part of the European-led ExoMars programme. (
  • The Trace Gas Orbiter delivered the Schiaparelli lander on 16 October 2016, which crashed on the surface. (
  • ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter was born out of the nexus of ESA's Aurora programme ExoMars flagship and NASA's 2013 and 2016 Mars Science Orbiter (MSO) concepts. (
  • Instead of reducing the rover's mass, it was nearly doubled when the mission was combined with other projects to a multi-spacecraft programme divided over two Atlas V launches: the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) was merged into the project, carrying a meteorological lander planned for launch in 2016. (
  • The Trace Gas Orbiter and descent module Schiaparelli completed testing and were integrated to a Proton rocket at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in mid-January 2016. (
  • For calendar year 2016, the NTC traced more than 364,000 firearms. (
  • In 2016, 289,223 firearms were recovered and traced in the United States, of which 211,384 were traced to a final retail purchaser. (
  • For more information on ATF or to view the 2016 firearms trace data, please see our web site at . (
  • Disclosed are a method and apparatus for trace metal testing using mercury-coated screen printed electrodes. (
  • 1.4 Materials, such as styrene, that are polymerized by sodium biphenyl reagent cannot be analyzed by this test method. (
  • 1.2 This test method is intended to be general and does not include steps for sample preparation. (
  • All calls to `DDTrace\trace_function` or `DDTrace\trace_method` functions need to happen before the first invocation of the target e.g. (
  • 5. The method of claim 1, wherein the metal is deposited over the defective portion of said trace by an ion-beam. (
  • 6. The method of claim 1, wherein the integrated circuit structure is tested for defective traces at the integrated circuit logic unit level. (
  • 7. The method of claim 1, wherein the step of probing a trace location comprises locating said trace through the use of a database in which defect locations for the circuit are represented. (
  • 8. The method of claim 1, wherein a pattern of probe points is used to probe a trace location. (
  • This invention relates to a method of making and testing integrated circuits, and a device used to perform such testing. (
  • The government is running a Test and Trace programme to inform anyone who has been in contact with someone who has shown Covid-19 symptoms in an attempt to stop the spread. (
  • The success of the Test and Trace programme came under scrutiny today after it was revealed that a total of 14,045 people who tested positive for Covid-19 in England had their case transferred to the tracing system during the first two weeks of its operation, according to Department of Health and Social Care figures. (
  • The programme was shown to be useful for detecting and identifying traces of organochlorine pollutants even when these traces were overlapped with more abundant compounds because of insufficient separation on packed GC columns. (
  • The BBC Points West news programme visited the Bristol-based offices of Mass Spec and shot an interview piece with Dr. Richard Sleeman where he explained that virtually all bank notes in circulation have traces of illicit drugs, including cocaine, on them. (
  • During the first two weeks of Test and Trace, 87,639 people who had been identified as close contacts of people who had tested positive for Covid-19 were reached through the tracing system. (
  • In some weeks, the service has contacted less than half of the contacts of people with a positive Covid test. (
  • Pillar 1 cases reflect either a clinical need as a result of the virus, a person working in healthcare testing positive - these are the cases that should concern us since the virus has made these people ill. (
  • Some 5,000 volunteers who did not have any symptoms joined the study - 48 of whom actually tested positive. (
  • The recent story about a Bristol bus driver who was found to be unfairly dismissed after testing positive for cocaine during a random drugs tests caught the imagination of the press in the west of England and the UK national news as well. (
  • The situation is undoubtedly worse than suggested by the positive test results in the major population centers documented by the AP. (
  • The man's semen was tested and found to be positive 199 days after he first became ill with Ebola. (
  • Public Health England (PHE) has identified a very small number of recent outbreaks of COVID-19 in food production facilities (where there are two or more linked positive tests). (
  • I use the organic variety which they don't list in the table, but since two other kinds show fairly high levels of mercury (and lead) when tested, then I have to consider it a possibility. (
  • On the results of your test, since it was urine, the high mercury is not necessarily reflective that you have toxicity. (
  • The mercury requirement in the test is unaltered at 0.6 millionth of one gram, said market sources. (
  • NHS Test and Trace deals with non-complex cases, contacting people via text, email or phone to ask about the recent places they visited and people they came into contact with, who can then be contacted in turn and asked to self-isolate. (
  • If you are contacted by the NHS Test and Trace team, you may be asked to isolate for 14 days. (
  • The Environmental Working Group (EWG) found that 26 of the 28 products it tested had levels of Roundup's main ingredient, glyphosate, that were "higher than what EWG scientists consider protective of children's health. (
  • LIMA, Peru -- Traces of the cancer-causing chemical dioxin were found in 128 tons of powdered milk imported from Belgium and destined for a food program feeding poor schoolchildren, said Peruvian health officials this week. (
  • Silicon Valley genetic testing firm 23andMe was once halted from providing health-related tests by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2013. (
  • If you suspect that you've come into contact with this DJ, you can come in for free tests," senior health official, Ritdej Chareonchai, said. (
  • Governments across Europe should work together - through the European Union or otherwise - to develop a more consistent and coordinated approach to the testing of employees and gathering of health data. (
  • Local, community-led testing and contact tracing must be built into an enhanced public health protection system. (
  • Public Health England, The Health and Safety Executive and Environmental Health) in the test and trace process. (
  • You have heard the expression 'couldn't organise a piss-up in a brewery' - well how about couldn't contain a virus at a track-and-trace centre? (
  • Last month, an outbreak of 14 Covid cases emerged in a Sitel-run track-and-trace centre in Lanarkshire and it had to be shut down. (
  • Meanwhile, there are 18,000 tracers working for NHS Track and Trace (soon to be 12,000). (
  • A more coordinated approach across Europe over what track and trace measures employers can use would allow businesses to return employees to work more safely and avoid the risks of a legal minefield, a leading law firm is arguing. (
  • Littler has argued that the risk of falling foul of complex data protection and employment laws across Europe is dissuading some employers from putting in place proper track and trace programmes. (
  • Multinational employers face a particular problem of dealing with a patchwork of radically different rules in each country in Europe about what tests employees can be required to take and how data from track and trace can be used. (
  • Did you do the DMSA provocation test, or was that a one-time urine sample? (
  • I did the DMSA provocation test -- it's harder to get ahold of DMSA than last time I did this because of the increased regulation against it, but I was able to get some through a compounding pharmacy. (
  • But the biggest problem making NHS Test and Trace so idle and pointless - for the time being at least - is the lack of virus. (
  • Chetelat says a complete scientific review of aluminum content in a given area would require intensive testing over a wide range of time. (
  • A saline trace test monitored via time-lapse surface electrical resistivity tomography. (
  • A saline trace test monitored via time-lapse su. (
  • Trace conditioning, a form of classical conditioning in which the presentation of the conditioned stimulus (CS) and the unconditioned stimulus (US) is separated in time by an interstimulus interval, requires an intact hippocampus. (
  • The defining difference between delay and trace classical conditioning is simple: in delay conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus (US) immediately follows or coterminates with the conditioned stimulus (CS), whereas in trace conditioning, the CS and US are separated in time by a "trace" interval. (
  • For example, some theories hold that the hippocampus is used to maintain a memory trace of the CS so that it can be associated with the US later in time. (
  • So I m wondering did I have an uti within the time frame of the test? (
  • 3. The microprocessor of claim 2 wherein the trace on indicator has the second value indicating that the program trace is not enabled after the program accesses both the initiate trace address and the terminate trace address at the same time. (
  • Trace your ancestors' journeys over time. (
  • It also is shedding light on the individual differences in the length of time that traces of Ebola can remain in survivors' semen. (
  • In addition to recovered and traced firearms per state, the report includes recovery location information, the average time from first purchaser to recovery in a crime, and the criminal offense associated with the firearm. (
  • Why would I take the AncestryDNA test? (
  • Give your loved ones AncestryDNA®-the most detailed DNA test for a deeper family story. (
  • AncestryDNA® traced Kelly's roots to sun-soaked Calabria on the Southern Italian coast. (
  • The AncestryDNA test may predict if you are at least partly Native American, which includes some tribes that are indigenous to North America, including the U.S., Canada and Mexico. (
  • AncestryDNA is a simple saliva test you can do in the comfort of your own home. (
  • At a court hearing yesterday, government chemist Raja Subramaniam said tests detected a chemical called VX or VX acid on Siti Aisyah's sleeveless shirt and on the T-shirt Vietnamese suspect Doan Thi Huong was wearing. (
  • We traced his movement back two weeks before he had symptoms on Aug 29," Sopon Iamsirithaworn, director of Bureau of General Communicable Diseases, told a news conference. (
  • Hi, Your test report definitely suggests Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). (
  • Employers can require employees to take a test if they are returning to work after having recently travelled abroad in a country with a high risk of infection. (
  • TRACE simulates transmission of the COVID-19 virus between individuals and the progression of the infection within individuals. (
  • This approach allows us to compare cumulative levels and timing of population infection rates across a number of different testing, contact tracing, and social distancing policy combinations. (
  • PlasmaPURE Plus acids are manufactured with trace metal levels less than 10 ppt (0.01ppb). (
  • Manufacturers say their products are safe, but the EWG report argues that the vast majority of foods tested - such as Honey Nut Cheerios and Quaker Simply Granola Oats - have glyphosate levels that might pose a cancer risk with long-term consumption. (
  • Lower acceptable levels after July 1 for trace chemicals in thermal coal imported to China such as chlorine and phosphorus will have a negligible impact on Australia's export thermal coal trade with China, said market sources Tuesday. (
  • Chinese authorities plan to drop portside tests for fluorine levels in imported coal cargoes from mid-year, currently capped at 200 millionths of a gram. (
  • Lower allowable levels for phosphorus of 0.1% could snag thermal coal exports from two Queensland coal mines which have the trace element present in their product at 0.1% and 0.12% respectively, said a market source. (
  • Trace element content depends very much on soil levels. (
  • Although rats with excitotoxic lesions of the hippocampus could not learn a standard trace fear-conditioning paradigm, lesioned rats trained on CTC showed significant conditioning, at levels similar to those with sham surgeries. (