Infections caused by nematode larvae which never develop into the adult stage and migrate through various body tissues. They commonly infect the skin, eyes, and viscera in man. Ancylostoma brasiliensis causes cutaneous larva migrans. Toxocara causes visceral larva migrans.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
A family of nonbiting midges, in the order DIPTERA. Salivary glands of the genus Chironomus are used in studies of cellular genetics and biochemistry.
Insects of the suborder Heterocera of the order LEPIDOPTERA.
A superfamily of polymyarian nematode worms. An important characteristic of this group is the presence of three prominent lips around the mouth of the organism.
A genus of nematodes of the superfamily ASCARIDOIDEA. Its organisms are found in the stomachs of marine animals and birds. Human infection occurs by ingestion of raw fish that contain larvae.
Infection with roundworms of the genus ANISAKIS. Human infection results from the consumption of fish harboring roundworm larvae. The worms may cause acute NAUSEA; VOMITING; or penetrate into the wall of the DIGESTIVE TRACT where they give rise to EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMA in the STOMACH; INTESTINES; or the OMENTUM.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.
A genus of parasitic nematodes that causes TRICHINELLOSIS in man and other animal.
Proteins found in any species of insect.
A species of gram-positive bacteria which may be pathogenic for certain insects. It is used for the biological control of the Gypsy moth.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
A genus of parasitic nematodes that occurs in mammals including man. Infection in humans is either by larvae penetrating the skin or by ingestion of uncooked fish.
An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.
Infections with nematodes of the order ASCARIDIDA.
Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
Any blood or formed element especially in invertebrates.
A genus of silkworm MOTHS in the family Bombycidae of the order LEPIDOPTERA. The family contains a single species, Bombyx mori from the Greek for silkworm + mulberry tree (on which it feeds). A native of Asia, it is sometimes reared in this country. It has long been raised for its SILK and after centuries of domestication it probably does not exist in nature. It is used extensively in experimental GENETICS. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p519)
A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
A parasite of carnivorous mammals that causes TRICHINELLOSIS. It is especially common in rats and in swine fed uncooked garbage. Human infection is initiated by the consumption of raw or insufficiently cooked pork or other meat containing the encysted larvae.
Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
Infections with nematodes of the order SPIRURIDA.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A nutritional reservoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.
ANIMALS whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING, or their offspring.
A genus of parasitic nematodes of the superfamily METASTRONGYLOIDEA. Two species, ANGIOSTRONGYLUS CANTONENSIS and A. vasorum, infest the lungs of rats and dogs, respectively. A. cantonensis is transmissible to man where it causes frequently fatal infection of the central nervous system.
A genus of ascarid nematodes commonly parasitic in the intestines of cats and dogs.
The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.
A subphylum of chordates intermediate between the invertebrates and the true vertebrates. It includes the Ascidians.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
Periodic casting off FEATHERS; HAIR; or cuticle. Molting is a process of sloughing or desquamation, especially the shedding of an outer covering and the development of a new one. This phenomenon permits growth in ARTHROPODS, skin renewal in AMPHIBIANS and REPTILES, and the shedding of winter coats in BIRDS and MAMMALS.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Proteins from BACTERIA and FUNGI that are soluble enough to be secreted to target ERYTHROCYTES and insert into the membrane to form beta-barrel pores. Biosynthesis may be regulated by HEMOLYSIN FACTORS.
A superfamily of nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA. Characteristics include a fluid-filled outer layer of cuticle and a reduced mouth and bursa.
A genus of CRUSTACEA of the order ANOSTRACA, found in briny pools and lakes and often cultured for fish food. It has 168 chromosomes and differs from most crustaceans in that its blood contains hemoglobin.
Infection of horses with parasitic nematodes of the superfamily STRONGYLOIDEA. Characteristics include the development of hemorrhagic nodules on the abdominal peritoneum.
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
A superfamily of strongyles or roundworms which are parasites in the intestinal tract of equines, pigs, rodents, and primates (including man). It includes the genera Cyasthostomum, Ransomus, Globocephalus, OESOPHAGOSTOMUM, and STRONGYLUS.
A species of parasitic nematodes distributed throughout the Pacific islands that infests the lungs of domestic rats. Human infection, caused by consumption of raw slugs and land snails, results in eosinophilic meningitis.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.
A genus of owlet moths of the family Noctuidae. These insects are used in molecular biology studies during all stages of their life cycle.
Infection of humans or animals with hookworms of the genus ANCYLOSTOMA. Characteristics include anemia, dyspepsia, eosinophilia, and abdominal swelling.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.
BEETLES in the family Curculionidae and the largest family in the order COLEOPTERA. They have a markedly convex shape and many are considered pests.
Infections with nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.
Infection by roundworms of the superfamily TRICHOSTRONGYLOIDEA, including the genera TRICHOSTRONGYLUS; OSTERTAGIA; Cooperia, HAEMONCHUS; Nematodirus, Hyostrongylus, and DICTYOCAULUS.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.
Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects. Ecdysterone is the 20-hydroxylated ECDYSONE.
A genus of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING RODS in the family Paenibacillaceae.
Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.
A species of parasitic nematode usually found in domestic pigs and a few other animals. Human infection can also occur, presumably as result of handling pig manure, and can lead to intestinal obstruction.
A phylum of small sessile aquatic animals living as small tufted colonies. Some appear like hydroids or corals, but their internal structure is more advanced. Most bryozoans are matlike, forming thin encrustations on rocks, shells, or kelp. (Storer & Stebbins, General Zoology, 6th ed, p443)
A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.
Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.
A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.
The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder SPIRURINA. Its organisms possess a filiform body and a mouth surrounded by papillae.
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.
Compounds, either natural or synthetic, which block development of the growing insect.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
A class of marine annelids including sandworms, tube worms, clamworms, and fire worms. It includes also the genus Myxicola infundibulum.
A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Substances used in the treatment or control of nematode infestations. They are used also in veterinary practice.
A benzimidazole broad-spectrum anthelmintic structurally related to MEBENDAZOLE that is effective against many diseases. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p38)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Slender tubular or hairlike excretory structures found in insects. They emerge from the alimentary canal between the mesenteron (midgut) and the proctodeum (hindgut).
A species of fish in the cod family GADIDAE, known as the Atlantic cod. It is one of the most important commercial FISHES.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A freshwater fish used as an experimental organism and for food. This genus of the family Cichlidae (CICHLIDS) inhabits Central and South America (one species extends north into Texas), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India.
The physical measurements of a body.
Proteins found in any species of helminth.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Determination of parasite eggs in feces.
Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
A genus of parasitic nematodes found in the digestive tract of herbivorous animals. They cause incidental infections in humans from the following species: Trichostrongylus colubriformis, T. orientalis, T. axei, and T. probolurus.
Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
Animals that have no spinal column.
A phylum of the most familiar marine invertebrates. Its class Stelleroidea contains two subclasses, the Asteroidea (the STARFISH or sea stars) and the Ophiuroidea (the brittle stars, also called basket stars and serpent stars). There are 1500 described species of STARFISH found throughout the world. The second class, Echinoidea, contains about 950 species of SEA URCHINS, heart urchins, and sand dollars. A third class, Holothuroidea, comprises about 900 echinoderms known as SEA CUCUMBERS. Echinoderms are used extensively in biological research. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp773-826)
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.
Infection with nematodes of the genus HAEMONCHUS, characterized by digestive abnormalities and anemia similar to that from hookworm infestation.
Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.
Infections with nematodes of the genus GNATHOSTOMA, superfamily THELAZIOIDEA. Gnathostomiasis is a food-borne zoonosis caused by eating undercooked or raw fish or meat.
Infestation with nematode worms of the genus TRICHOSTRONGYLUS. Man and animals become infected by swallowing larvae, usually with contaminated food or drink, although the larvae may penetrate human skin.
The immature stage in the life cycle of those orders of insects characterized by gradual metamorphosis, in which the young resemble the imago in general form of body, including compound eyes and external wings; also the 8-legged stage of mites and ticks that follows the first moult.
A family of the order DIPTERA with over 700 species. Important species that may be mechanical vectors of disease include Musca domesticus (HOUSEFLIES), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly), Haematobia irritans (horn fly) and Fannia spp.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.
A genus of mosquitoes in the family CULICIDAE. A large number of the species are found in the neotropical part of the Americas.
Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.
The only species of a cosmopolitan ascidian.
A genus of BACILLACEAE that are spore-forming, rod-shaped cells. Most species are saprophytic soil forms with only a few species being pathogenic.
Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.
The largest order of CRUSTACEA, comprising over 10,000 species. They are characterized by three pairs of thoracic appendages modified as maxillipeds, and five pairs of thoracic legs. The order includes the familiar shrimps, crayfish (ASTACOIDEA), true crabs (BRACHYURA), and lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE and PALINURIDAE), among others.
Proteins obtained from the ZEBRAFISH. Many of the proteins in this species have been the subject of studies involving basic embryological development (EMBRYOLOGY).
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
A huge subclass of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 14,000 species. The 10 orders comprise both planktonic and benthic organisms, and include both free-living and parasitic forms. Planktonic copepods form the principle link between PHYTOPLANKTON and the higher trophic levels of the marine food chains.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Infection of the intestinal tract with worms of the genus OESOPHAGOSTOMUM. This condition occurs mainly in animals other than man.
Juvenile hormone analog and insect growth regulator used to control insects by disrupting metamorphosis. Has been effective in controlling mosquito larvae.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Areas set apart as burial grounds.
Somewhat flattened, globular echinoderms, having thin, brittle shells of calcareous plates. They are useful models for studying FERTILIZATION and EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT.
A mitosporic fungal genus. Teleomorphs are found in the family Clavicipitaceae and include Cordyceps bassiana. The species Beauveria bassiana is a common pathogen of ARTHROPODS and is used in PEST CONTROL.
A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.
An organothiophosphate insecticide.
Infections of the lungs with parasites, most commonly by parasitic worms (HELMINTHS).
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Viruses infecting insects, the largest family being BACULOVIRIDAE.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
A large subphylum of mostly marine ARTHROPODS containing over 42,000 species. They include familiar arthropods such as lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE), crabs (BRACHYURA), shrimp (PENAEIDAE), and barnacles (THORACICA).
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.
Carnivores of the genus Procyon of the family PROCYONIDAE. Two subgenera and seven species are currently recognized. They range from southern Canada to Panama and are found in several of the Caribbean Islands.
A genus of oysters in the family OSTREIDAE, class BIVALVIA.
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
A mitosporic fungal genus in the family Clavicipitaceae. It has teleomorphs in the family Nectriaceae. Metarhizium anisopliae is used in PESTICIDES.
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria existing symbiotically with nematodes of the family Heterorhabditidae (see RHABDITOIDEA). These nematodes infect a variety of soil-dwelling insects. Upon entering an insect host, the nematode releases Photorhabdus from its intestinal tract and the bacterium establishes a lethal septicemia in the insect.
The family of true toads belonging to the order Anura. The genera include Bufo, Ansonia, Nectophrynoides, and Atelopus.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder CAMALLANINA. Its organisms possess a poorly developed buccal cavity and a rudimentary esophagus and intestine.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
A species of parasitic nematode found in rats.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
A genus of VIBRIONACEAE, made up of short, slightly curved, motile, gram-negative rods. Various species produce cholera and other gastrointestinal disorders as well as abortion in sheep and cattle.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
A genus of SEA URCHINS in the family Strongylocentrotidae with a hemicyclic apical disk and short spines.
An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Characteristics include an H-shaped excretory system with two subventral glands.
One of the largest orders of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 10,000 species. Like AMPHIPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Amphipoda, they possess abdominal pleopods (modified as gills) and their bodies are dorsoventrally flattened.
Aquatic vertebrate sensory system in fish and amphibians. It is composed of sense organs (canal organs and pit organs) containing neuromasts (MECHANORECEPTORS) that detect water displacement caused by moving objects.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
Proteins from the nematode species CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS. The proteins from this species are the subject of scientific interest in the area of multicellular organism MORPHOGENESIS.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
The functional hereditary units of HELMINTHS.
Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.
A species of parasitic nematode found in man and other mammals. It has been reported from Malaya and East Pakistan and may produce symptoms of tropical eosinophilia.
A phylum of radially symmetrical invertebrates characterized by possession of stinging cells called nematocysts. It includes the classes ANTHOZOA; CUBOZOA; HYDROZOA, and SCYPHOZOA. Members carry CNIDARIAN VENOMS.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A species of parasitic nematodes widely distributed throughout central Africa and also found in northern South America, southern Mexico, and Guatemala. Its intermediate host and vector is the blackfly or buffalo gnat.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
Larvae[edit]. The tadpole stage lasts roughly 3 months. Small pickerel tadpoles are yellowish to yellowish brown in color; as ... The pickerel frog's diet consists of ants, spiders, various bugs, beetles, sawfly larvae, and other invertebrates. In order to ...
Larvae[edit]. The drugstore beetle's larvae are small, white grubs, that can be distinguished from the grubs of the cigarette ... It is the larvae that are responsible for most of the damage that this species can cause. ...
Larvae[edit]. Larvae are not easily distinguished from the larvae of other tortricid leafrollers; only DNA testing is a certain ... Overwintering larvae are darker. First instar larvae are approximately 1.6 mm long, and final instar larvae range from 10-18 mm ... The parasitoid larva hatches and consumes the interior of the moth larva's body, killing the pest larva. Historically, the most ... The late stage larvae feed on all leaf tissue except main veins, and can often be found tunneling into berry fruits such as ...
The free-living larvae are normally fully aquatic, but the tadpoles of some species (such as Nannophrys ceylonensis) are semi- ... The eel-like larvae hatch out of the eggs and make their way to water. They have three pairs of external red feathery gills, a ... Up to nine larvae can develop in the oviduct at any one time. They are elongated and have paired sac-like gills, small eyes and ... Some members of the genera Ambystoma and Dicamptodon have larvae that never fully develop into the adult form, but this varies ...
Larvae and pupae[edit]. Larvae may be either aquatic or terrestrial. In regards to feeding, they may be saprophagous, ... The size of the mature larva is variable, depending on the species, from less than 1 cm in length up to 5 cm. The head is much ... The larvae of Stratiomyidae are characterized by a wide variety of behaviours and habitats. The diet is mainly scavenger, but ... Terrestrial larvae are found in organic substrates: in decomposing vegetable matter and animal excreta, in moist soils and ...
Eggs, larvae and pupae develop more quickly in milder conditions. Temperatures above 95°F can be lethal for larvae, and eggs ... Before pupation, larvae must consume milkweed to increase their mass. Larvae stop feeding and search for a pupation site. The ... The bacterium Micrococcus flacidifex danai also infects larvae. Just before pupation, the larvae migrate to a horizontal ... Fifth-instar larvae increase in weight 2000 times from first instars. Fifth-stage instar larva chew through the petiole or ...
Larvae[edit]. Main article: Crustacean larvae. Crustaceans exhibit a number of larval forms, of which the earliest and most ... It follows the nauplius stage and precedes the post-larva. Zoea larvae swim with their thoracic appendages, as opposed to ... In most decapods, the females retain the eggs until they hatch into free-swimming larvae.[19] ...
Larvae[edit]. Like most reef fish, coral trout have a larval stage where the eggs and larvae develop within the water column, ... Eventually, the yolk sac is completely absorbed and the larvae begin to see and catch their own prey. ... The newly hatched larvae are not very well developed and obtain nutrients from a yolk sac. As the develop, their spines, fins, ...
The larva of the cat flea has a grub-like appearance and is ~2 mm in length. The larvae are negatively phototaxic/ phototropic ... Fleas go through four life cycle stages of egg, larva, pupa, and imago (adult). Adult fleas must feed on blood before they can ... The larvae require adequate ambient moisture and warmth, and will die at temperatures near freezing.[5] While in this ... Flea larvae metamorphose through four stages before spinning a cocoon and entering the pupal stage. The cocoon is adhesive, and ...
Larvae develop through four stages, or instars, after which they metamorphose into pupae. At the end of each instar, the larvae ... The pupa is less active than the larva because it does not feed, whereas the larva feeds constantly.[25] ... the larvae of which prey on the larvae of other mosquitoes. These mosquito eaters have been used in the past as mosquito ... Their larvae only possess a pit-eye ocellus. The compound eyes of adults develop in a separate region of the head.[28] New ...
Once inside the digestive tract, a larva can grow into a very large adult tapeworm. Additionally, many tapeworm larvae cause ... Ingestion of larvae cysts[edit]. Tapeworm infection can also be caused by eating raw or undercooked meat from an animal that ... Once ingested, the larvae then develop into adult tapeworms in the intestines. Adult tapeworms can measure up to 55 feet (17 m ... Live tapeworm larvae grouped in cysts (coenuri)[1]are sometimes ingested by consuming undercooked meat. ...
Black soldier fly larvae[edit]. Main article: Hermetia illucens § Uses in composting or as food for animals ... "Faecal sludge management with the larvae of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) - From a hygiene aspect". Science of the ... Black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae are able to rapidly consume large amounts of organic material when kept at around ... fly larvae composting and anaerobic digestion". GCB Bioenergy: n/a-n/a. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12470. ISSN 1757-1707.. ...
Black soldier fly larvae[edit]. Main article: Hermetia illucens § Uses in composting or as food for animals ... Black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae are able to rapidly consume large amounts of organic material when kept at around ... Banks, Ian J.; Gibson, Walter T.; Cameron, Mary M. (1 January 2014). "Growth rates of black soldier fly larvae fed on fresh ... fly larvae composting and anaerobic digestion". GCB Bioenergy. 10 (2): 84-91. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12470. ISSN 1757-1707.. ...
Larva[edit]. The caterpillars of the glasswing butterfly have green bodies with bright purple and red stripes. They are found ... a b Dyer, L. A. (1995). Tasty generalists and nasty specialists? Antipredator mechanisms in tropical lepidopteran larvae, ... These properties make the larvae extremely reflective, which essentially causes them to be invisible to predators.[5] ... experimental studies have shown that when larvae use other host plants, they often die in the first instar stage or develop ...
Larva[edit]. The caterpillars are gregarious in the first few instars. Caterpillars are yellow brown with a black head and have ... It has bright colouration to indicate the fact that it is unpalatable due to toxins accumulated by the larvae from the host ... The larva is not very lively. When disturbed, it drops off the leaf by a silken thread. ... The larva has been recorded on Butea monosperma, Dendrophthoe falcata, Dendrophthoe glabrescens, Loranthus, Loranthus ...
It takes around 27 days for D. elpenor to move from the larva stage to the pupa stage.[11] When the larvae are fully grown, ... Young larvae are a yellowish white to green color. When they have finished growing, the larvae are a brown-gray color with ... Fully grown larvae can measure up to 3 inches (7.62 cm) in length.[8] They also weigh somewhere between 4 and 7.5 grams (0.14 ... Larvae have a backward curving spine or "horn" that is the same color as their body on the final abdominal segment. ...
When the larva is fully grown, hormones such as prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) are produced. At this point the larva stops ... Braconid and other parasitic wasps lay their eggs in lepidopteran eggs or larvae and the wasps' parasitoid larvae devour their ... Larvae of a few butterflies (e.g., harvesters) eat harmful insects, and a few are predators of ants, while others live as ... "Larva Legs. Chicago Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.. ...
Newly emerged larvae eat their own eggshells before feeding on fresh foliage. The larva is black with red tubercles and has a ... Larvae of this species feed on the shell from which they hatched and then start to extract nutrients from pipe vines of the ... This is believed to be a potent vertebrate poison and is accumulated by larvae during their development. ... most specimens are reared from larvae or pupae. ... Larva[edit]. Pararistolochia (some species were formerly ...
The larvae feed primarily on the leaves of trees in the families Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae, and Rutaceae. In particular ... The larvae of G. s. choredon, native to Australia, feed on many native Australian species of genera Cryptocarya and Litsea; and ... Larva[edit]. When young, is black or dark green, with numerous spines; when full grown, it is green with a short spines on each ... The larvae of the common bluebottle feed on trees of the laurel family, which includes the cinnamon tree, and have expanded ...
Post-larva[edit]. The post-larva is characterised by the use of abdominal appendages (pleopods) for propulsion. The post-larva ... The larvae of the Achelata (slipper lobsters and spiny lobsters) are unlike any other crustacean larvae. The larvae are known ... the larvae hatch as antizoea larvae, with five pairs of thoracic appendages, and develop into erichthus larvae, where the ... In the Squilloidea, a pseudozoea larva develops into an alima larva, while in Gonodactyloidea, a pseudozoea develops into an ...
Larva[edit]. "Of the usual Lycaenid shape .... the head small, black, shining, retractile. Colour of body pale green with ... W. O. Taylor reports that the larva feeds in Orissa on Dolichos catjang, Roxb. Dr. A. Forel identifies the ant in Calcutta as ... The larva is broader than high in its higher part, increasing in width to fourth segment, from thence to the flattened anal ...
Food plants of the larvae include Capparis zeylanica.[6] In Africa, the host plants are almost exclusively from the family ... Eggs are laid in batches of 20 or so, while the newly hatched larvae are gregarious. ...
After the eggs hatch, the new larvae eats the egg casings for food. Eventually, the larvae will transition either to consuming ... How much of the leaf and how deep into the layers the larva will eat depend on the type (i.e. thickness or thinness) of the ... In appearance, the larvae are dark orange with small black spines protruding outward from the body. The larval stages of gulf ... Throughout the first three instar stages, the larvae primarily consume the leaves and feed away from the leaf margins of the ...
Larva The term scrub itch tick is used in Queensland to describe the larvae of Ixodes holocyclus, which often infest humans and ... Larva[edit]. Larvae, also known as 'seed ticks' and sometimes 'grass ticks', emerge from the eggs and move towards lateral ... Larva The term shower tick presumably refers to how humans can become seemingly showered by hundreds of larvae at a time - this ... Allergic reactions to larvae[edit]. Attachment of a few larvae to a non-sensitised host provokes little or no response, even ...
Salmon larvae hatching Featured picture[edit]. An image created by you has been promoted to featured picture status. Your image ... Salmon larvae hatching Picture of the day[edit]. This is to let you know the Featured Picture you uploaded and/or nominated ... Transparent larvae of Atlantic Herring length 38 mm, visible are the otoliths, the gut, the silvery swimbladder and the heart.[ ... Transparent leptocephalus larvae of an eel - visible is the brain, the myomers. The gut is only at the ventral side a thin line ...
Larva/caterpillar stage[edit]. Female Phengaris lay eggs on specific plants such as thyme.[25] After about three weeks, larvae ... Laboratory studies have shown that large blue butterfly larvae first consume the largest ant larvae.[32] This evolved tactic ... the caterpillar will either become a predator of the ant larvae, or beg for food by acting like an ant larva in what is known ... Once in the nest, the caterpillar will use acoustic mimicry in order hide its true identity.[28] The large blue larvae using ...
The larva is nocturnal. There are four moults. The larva hibernates while in the third instar, breaking diapause to feed on ...
Description of egg, larva and pupa[edit]. The egg, laid on a blade of grass as shown (Plate 85), is upright and ribbed; the top ...
... larva často obýva iného hostiteľa ako dospelé jedince. Larva nemusí byť ani nutne menšia ako dospelý jedinec. Napríklad larva ... Larva alebo larválne štádium je nedospelé vývinové štádium živočíchov, ktoré sa buď postupným zvliekaním (nedokonalá premena) ... Larva nemusí obývať rovnaké životné prostredie ako dospelé štádium (napríklad larvy podeniek žijú vo vodnom prostredí a dýchajú ... Patrí medzi ne napríklad larva škľabiek - glochídium. Premena larvy na dospelého jedinca sa môže uskutočniť viacerými spôsobmi ...
All the groups have second and third stage larvae. The larvae grow, and are carried away from their parents. ... Echinoderm larvae[change , change source]. Most of the adults have radial symmetry. If they are not sessile or attached, they ... Their larvae are planktonic. Many echinoderms have remarkable powers of regeneration. A starfish arm cut off will regenerate. A ... p119 Echinoderm larvae are ciliated free-swimming organisms that have a bilaterally symmetry rather like embryonic chordates. ...
Culling mozzie larvae. From David Lowry John Balfour is concerned that rainwater storage tanks will breed mosquitoes (25 March ... We moved to a house with a 5000-litre corrugated iron tank but I was discouraged by the presence of lively mosquito larvae in a ...
Larva (id); Larva (sk); Larva (tr); larva (pt); لارو (fa); Lárva (hu); личинка (ru); Lerva (lt); Ličinka (sl); Larba (tl); ... Larvas, Fase larvar (pt); Larwy (pl); Kāpuri (lv); Гъсеница (bg); Lervos (lt); Ličinke, Larva, Nimfa (sl); Larvae, Larva (tl); ... Larva (es); Велигер (kk-kz); Lirfa (is); Larva (ms); Larva (en-gb); Ларва (bg); Larvă (ro); لاروا (ur); larv (sv); Личинка (uk ... Larva (sr-el); इल्ली (hi); 幼蟲 (zh-hk); toukka (fi); Kāpurs (lv); Larva (en-ca); Лічынка (be-tarask); குடம்பி (ta); larva (it); ...
... the larva of the eel is interesting because it is flat and transparent. The tadpole, the familiar larva of the amphibian , ... larva: Vertebrate Larvae. Among vertebrates a number of fishes pass through larval stages; the larva of the eel is interesting ... The tadpole, the familiar larva of the amphibian , develops to a considerable size in the relatively hospitable aquatic ...
Post-larva[edit]. The post-larva is characterised by the use of abdominal appendages (pleopods) for propulsion. The post-larva ... The larvae of the Achelata (slipper lobsters and spiny lobsters) are unlike any other crustacean larvae. The larvae are known ... the larvae hatch as antizoea larvae, with five pairs of thoracic appendages, and develop into erichthus larvae, where the ... In the Squilloidea, a pseudozoea larva develops into an alima larva, while in Gonodactyloidea, a pseudozoea develops into an ...
Beetle larvae, or grubs, typically have three pairs of legs, one on each segment of their thorax, behind a distinct head. The ... Carpet beetles larvae are 1/8 inch long, with tufts of hair. These and clothes moths are common around textiles in the home. ... Fly larvae, or maggots, are smooth, worm-like, legless creatures. Moth caterpillars have legs and often extra fleshy appendages ... University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: How to Distinguish Insect Larvae ...
I did not see any adults, only the larvae. I am unsure if it is Furniture Carpet Beetle (Anthremus flavipes) (LeConte) or ... Re: [pestlist] Carpet Beetle larvae Voron, Joel Tue, 24 Oct 2017 09:21:40 -0700 ...
Our great-to-the-nth-grandmother was a hungry sponge larva. Put that on your family … ...
... John W. H. Trueman and Richard J. Rowe All odonate larvae possess a labial mask. Other ... Near-mature larva of an aeshnid dragonfly (USA). Photo: Larry J. Friesen. Copyright 1997 Larry Jon Friesen, Santa Barbara City ... Young larva of a damselfly, Austrolestes colensonis (New Zealand). Photo: R. J. Rowe Copyright 1997 R. J. Rowe ... However, the vast majority of aquatic insect larvae with abdominal lateral gills or gill tufts are mayflies (Ephemeroptera) or ...
Larva (2005) R , 1h 36min , Horror, Sci-Fi , TV Movie 22 January 2005 ... Referenced in Creating Larva (2005) See more » Soundtracks. Waterin Hole Blues Written and Performed by Carl Rutherford ... then you do need a copy of Larva, if only for a look at Rod Stewarts old girlfriend. ...
The mind of an abyssal larva is a warped and tangled mass of chaos. As a result, abyssal larvae are immune to all mind- ... Abyssal larvae are believed to be the final form of an evil soul deemed too weak to become a demon and too weak to become the ... Abyssal Larva (3pp) This creature looks like a puffy and bloated human-sized whitish-yellow maggot with purplish veins ... An abyssal larvas natural weapons, as well as any weapon it wields, is treated as chaotic-aligned and evil-aligned for the ...
"Clean" larvae. Credit: Graham Hickling/University of Tennessee, Knoxville Blacklegged tick larvae are born uninfected with Lyme ... Larvae abound. Credit: Graham Hickling/University of Tennessee, Knoxville Blacklegged tick larvae contract Lyme disease when ... Blacklegged tick larvae are born uninfected with Lyme disease, and contract it when they feed on animal infected with Borrelia ... Once blacklegged tick larvae consume a blood meal from a host infected with Lyme, they retain the bacteria when they molt and ...
The presence of termite larvae in particular may indicate if the building is infested or not. Termite larvae can be identified ... How to Identify Termite Larvae. Termites can pose a serious risk to the structure and foundation of your home. ... Compare ants and termite larvae. As adults, termites and ants can be easily confused. That said, the larvae of the two species ... Termite larvae tend to look extremely similar to worker and nymph termites, except for their size. Larvae are much smaller than ...
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Larva of certain species of owlet moths (family Noctuidae). The cutworm (not a true worm) is a serious insect pest of tobacco ... larva. Larva. , stage in the development of many animals, occurring after birth or hatching and before the adult form is ... Cutworm, Larva of certain species of owlet moths (family Noctuidae). The cutworm (not a true worm) is a serious insect pest of ... Larvae of other species may eat foliage or fruits, whereas others (e.g., the glossy cutworm [. Crymodes devastator. ]) live ...
... free-swimming larva characteristic of marine annelids and most groups of mollusks. Trochophores are spherical or pear-shaped ... the trochophore larva develops into a veliger larva. In these generally planktotrophic larvae, the girdle of ciliated cells ... into a free-swimming form (trochophore larva). Upon the expansion of the ciliary girdle of the trochophore larva into large, ... larva typical of certain mollusks such as marine snails and bivalves and a few freshwater bivalves. The veliger develops from ...
Larva, which has been in use and continuous development for almost a decade, has been extended in several ways and used in a ... In this paper we give an overview of Larva and give an overview of its extensions and uses.. Keyphrases: case studies, runtime ... Runtime Verification using LARVA. 9 pages•Published: December 14, 2017. Christian Colombo and Gordon Pace ... inproceedings{RV-CuBES2017:Runtime_Verification_using_LARVA, author = {Christian Colombo and Gordon Pace}, title = {Runtime ...
Source for information on echinopluteus larva: A Dictionary of Zoology dictionary. ... echinopluteus larva In Echinodermata, a planktonic and feeding larval form that possesses limb-like outgrowths bearing ciliated ... echinopluteus larva A Dictionary of Zoology © A Dictionary of Zoology 1999, originally published by Oxford University Press ... echinopluteus larva In Echinodermata, a planktonic and feeding larval form that possesses limb-like outgrowths bearing ciliated ...
Doctors find tapeworm larva in California mans brain. 11/05/2015 11:59:55 AM PST · by Gamecock · 23 replies Click On Detroit ^ ... and was told a tapeworm larva had been living in his brain when he woke up. The surgery and the aftermath have greatly impacted ...
Larvae Lamp. Let them see the light.. (+9, -1) [vote for,. against] ... A lava lamp that has the base set up in such a way that maggot larvae may thrive and multiply as if they were in their very own ... Larvae Lamp https://www.cartoon...ry/f/fly_larvae.asp. [whatrock, May 22 2016] Green Tambourine ... their little larvae lives.. All the while a background of groovy colors morph ever so gradually. Yes you want one. Listen close ...
The Eggs and Larvae database aims to store, and make available, data collected by ichthyoplankton surveys for use by ICES and ... Fish egg and fish larvae data have been collected in the ICES area for a long time for use in stock assessments and fisheries ... Gulf of Riga Larvae survey (GORL, 2004-2013). Dataset provided to ICES by the Estonian Marine Institute with ichthyoplankton ... Rügen Herring Larvae Survey (RHLS, 1992-2014). Dataset with abundance and growth data of the western Baltic spring spawning ...
What to Expect When Youre Expecting Larvae: A Guide for Insect Parents (and Curious Kids) (Expecting Animal Babies) by Heos, ... Larvae of Insects An Introduction to Nearctic Species Part I Lepidoptera and Plant Infesting Hymenoptera Peterson, Alvah ... Larvae of Insects:lepidoptera and Hymenoptera Part 1 (lepidoptera and plant infesting hymenoptera, part 1) Alvah Peterson ... LARVAE OF INSECTS. PART I. LEPIDOPTERA AND PLANT INFESTING HYMENOPTERA. Peterson, A. 1948 (1967 Sixth Edition ...
Lyrics to Out Of Sanity by Psilocybe Larvae: Im living Im dying / In damned world / Jesus, Satan / Theyre tearing my soul / ...
B. Pickman Mann, "Notes on Luminous Larvae of Elateridae," Psyche, vol. 1, no. 16, pp. 89-93, 1875. ...
Psyche is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of basic entomology. Psyche is the official publication of the Cambridge Entomological Club, which founded the journal in 1874.
Electronic Music Vinyl like the Song For Swinging Larvae at Musicians Friend. Get a low price and free shipping on thousands ... Alliance Song For Swinging Larvae. Skip to main content Skip to footer #preHeaderPromoBar { background-color: #007ba9; display ... "pageName":"[mf] pdp: alliance song for swinging larvae","reportSuiteIds":"musiciansfriendprod","prop2":"[mf] shop: books sheet ... ", "addToCartUrl":"/books-sheet-music-media/alliance-song-for-swinging-larvae", "hasFeatures":"0", "isAccessory":"0", "message ...
Tiny fly larvae have Dutch firm Protix thinking big as it looks to produce enough fish food to generate 100 million servings of ... Protix produces larvae of the Black Soldier Fly, known for its rapid growth, on a base of plant waste under artificial light. ... Co-founders of Protix Tarique Arsiwalla and Kees Aarts, pose next to Dutch King Willem-Alexander as they hold larvae of insects ... BERGEN OP ZOOM, Netherlands (Reuters) - Tiny fly larvae have Dutch firm Protix thinking big as it looks to produce enough fish ...
... is a rare inflammatory condition of the eye caused by local reactions to the larva of Toxocara species. ... Ocular larva migrans is a rare inflammatory condition of the eye caused by local reactions to the larva of Toxocara species. ... Ocular larva migrans is a disease caused by the final migration of these larvae and affects mostly the young, with an average ... When they reach the eye and settle in it, the condition is called ocular larva migrans. Only a small number of larvae are ...
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lepidoptera, moth larvae. click on image to enlarge. © Copyright Amy Stander, 2009 Email full-size image and text title. ... IM/I_AST/0005/320/lepidoptera,_moth_larvae,I_AST555.jpg. width=320 x height=240 pixels; size=43432 bytes Discover Life , Top ...
  • We moved to a house with a 5000-litre corrugated iron tank but I was discouraged by the presence of lively mosquito larvae in a typical jug of water. (
  • The fungi, M. anisopliae and B. bassiana, cause muscardine disease in mosquito larvae, leading to their death before they can pupate and develop into the adult form. (
  • The same is true for other larvae like caterpillars that eat garden plants, grubs that destroy lawns and mosquito larvae that infest standing water. (
  • Use non-chemical methods to kill caterpillars, grubs or mosquito larvae because of the potential to pollute water or damage plants. (
  • Pour garlic oil into water to kill mosquito larvae. (
  • Alternatively, put goldfish into your pond to kill the mosquito larvae. (
  • The embryos hatch when the rainy season begins and feed on the mosquito larvae, which hatch around the same time. (
  • Once established in a particular depression, the fish will continue to come back year after year to feed on the mosquito larvae,' says Shandala Msangi, the lead investigator of the programme at TPRI. (
  • What about mosquito larvae? (
  • Also, the less algae and bacteria growing in your waterers (which is anohter good reason to swipe and slosh them out every few days at *least*) the slower the mosquito larvae will grow. (
  • Fish egg and fish larvae data have been collected in the ICES area for a long time for use in stock assessments and fisheries management. (
  • Pyatkina G.A. (1992) Olfactory Receptors in Acipenseridae Fish Larvae. (
  • Scientists writing in the journal PLOS ONE say that if fish larvae were lost, they could just sniff their way back home. (
  • The study establishes that reef fish larvae can smell the presence of coral reefs from as far away as several miles offshore. (
  • This establishes for the first time that reef fish larvae discriminate odor in situ. (
  • Ocean currents do not appear to influence the orientation of fish larvae," Dr. Claire Paris , Professor at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science, said in a press release. (
  • Instead, we find that fish larvae navigate by detecting turbulent odor signals transported kilometers away from the reef. (
  • This is the first study to find that fish larvae are able to use odor cues to navigate. (
  • Fish larvae that looked utterly drab as specimens have turned out to have brilliantly colored markings and fantastic structures," says Ai Nonaka, a larval fish expert at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. (
  • Unlike their swimming parents, fish larvae drift on currents, and their strange body parts - adaptations for a drifting lifestyle - make larvae look nothing like adults. (
  • Ocular larva migrans is a rare inflammatory condition of the eye caused by local reactions to the larva of Toxocara species. (
  • When they reach the eye and settle in it, the condition is called ocular larva migrans. (
  • Ocular larva migrans is a disease caused by the final migration of these larvae and affects mostly the young, with an average age group of 3-11 years. (
  • In the presence of ocular larva migrans, treatment is directed towards suppressing intraocular inflammation by glucocorticoid therapy. (
  • Retrieved on February 22, 2020 from (
  • Ocular larva migrans (OLM) is a rare but potentially disabling condition. (
  • Children with toxocarial ocular larva migrans rarely have any other signs or symptoms of the infestation. (
  • In the majority of cases (90%), ocular larva migrans affects only one eye. (
  • Most children with ocular larva migrans are in the age group of 3-11 years, though recently the incidence among young teenagers has been reported to be higher. (
  • Retrieved on July 30, 2021 from (
  • Only a small number of larvae are required to precipitate this eye disorder, and therefore the anti-Toxocara antibody level is lower or indiscernible, in contrast with visceral larva migrans. (
  • In a few cases, they may have the clinical features of covert toxocariasis or visceral larva migrans. (
  • Visceral larva migrans is an infection caused by certain parasites found in the intestines of dogs and cats . (
  • Visceral larva migrans is caused by worms (parasites) that infect the intestines of dogs and cats . (
  • If you have visceral larva migrans, you may have a higher-than-normal level of white blood cells. (
  • Visceral larva migrans involving the eyes, primarily of older children, and marked by decreased visual acuity and strabismus. (
  • Cutaneous larva migrans is a condition that occurs when dog or cat hookworm larvae migrate through the skin. (
  • Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a cutaneous lesion produced by percutaneous penetration and migration of larvae of various nematode parasites, characterized by erythematous, serpiginous, papular, or vesicular linear lesions corresponding to the movements of the larvae beneath the skin. (
  • Cutaneous larva migrans often presents itself as skin dermatitis. (
  • The hook worm is the most common species of cutaneous larva migrans, and is often found in the stool of dogs and cats , unlike the round worm, which is found in the stool of raccoons, more commonly in the Midwest. (
  • Join the ' Cutaneous Larva Migrans ' group to help and get support from people like you. (
  • Our support group for Cutaneous Larva Migrans has 2 questions and 7 members. (
  • Cutaneous Larva Migrans - this larva will past to my wife.we slepp in the same bed? (
  • Psilocybe Larvae is a Russian death-doom metal band based in Saint Petersburg. (
  • Co-founders of Protix Tarique Arsiwalla and Kees Aarts, pose next to Dutch King Willem-Alexander as they hold larvae of insects in the first farm capable of large scale production of insects for use in animal feed that opened in Bergen-op-Zoom, Netherlands June 11, 2019. (
  • Larvae of insects are seen at Protix, the first farm capable of large scale production of insects for use in animal feed that opened in Bergen-op-Zoom, Netherlands June 11, 2019. (
  • Larvae will metamorphose into insects that are also considered pests, such as flies from maggots and beetles from grubs. (
  • Linnaeus also coined the modern use of the word 'larva' to denote the caterpillar stage in the life cycle of insects. (
  • Like many other insects, fruit flies pass through egg, larva and pupa stages before emerging as sexually mature adults. (
  • Paenibacillus larvae is a species of bacterium, found worldwide, which causes American foulbrood, a fatal disease of the larvae of honeybees (Apis mellifera). (
  • The two species were combined into a single species: Paenibacillus larvae in 1996, remaining differentiated as two subspecies: P. larvae ssp. (
  • Strains I and II correspond to the former species of Bacillus larvae, and strains III and IV correspond to the former species of B. pulvifaciens. (
  • Many crustacean larvae were not immediately recognised as larvae when they were discovered, and were described as new genera and species. (
  • Cutworm , Larva of certain species of owlet moths (family Noctuidae). (
  • These worms turned out to be larvae of a species of fungus gnat (Order: Diptera, Family: Sciaridae). (
  • In many eusocial Hymenoptera species, the larvae are fed by female workers. (
  • Larval cloning is a rare event in the life history of nonparasitic planktonic invertebrate larvae, but is reported for a number of species of asteroid echinoderms (Bosch et al. (
  • For each juvenile that survives to settlement, an additional larva is produced that not only increases the number of individuals of a given genetic lineage, but also enhances the dispersal potential of the species. (
  • If this hypothesis is correct, the removal of local populations should result in a dramatic change in the flux, and possibly species composition, of settling larvae. (
  • We detected a striking change in species composition of larvae and colonists after the eruption, most notably the appearance of the gastropod Ctenopelta porifera , an immigrant from possibly more than 300 km away, and the disappearance of a suite of species that formerly had been prominent. (
  • Although larvae of some vent species have the potential to disperse long distances ( 13 , 14 ), larval patchiness in the field ( 15 , 16 ), enhanced larval supply directly downstream of source populations ( 17 ), and hydrodynamic analyses ( 18 ) suggest that larval retention may occur near natal sites. (
  • The results indicate a synergistic negative effect of thermal stress and altered food resources on larvae of a keystone marine species. (
  • The Monarch Larva Monitoring Project (MLMP) began in 1997 at the University of Minnesota. (
  • The Monarch Larva Monitoring Project (MLMP) is a citizen science project involving volunteers from across the United States and Canada in monarch research. (
  • In 1996, she and graduate student Michelle Prysby started a nationwide Citizen Science project called the Monarch Larva Monitoring Project, which continues to engage hundreds of volunteers throughout North America. (
  • Probably SHB, or possibly, wax moth larvae. (
  • thank you both for all the info they definately look like wax moth larvae however there arent any moths flying or around so who knows. (
  • At the San Francisco Street Cart Food Festival, customers eat wax moth larvae tacos and mealworm ice cream, and they pay to do so. (
  • I must say that the moth larvae tacos (pictured above) and mealworm ice cream food cart would not be the first one I'd run for at a street cart food festival. (
  • If you came across the Don Bugito cart on the street and people were munching down on moth larvae tacos, would you join in? (
  • Cutaneous larvae migrans (also called "creeping eruption" or "ground itch") is found in southeastern and Gulf states, and in tropical developing countries. (
  • The Eggs and Larvae database aims to store, and make available, data collected by ichthyoplankton surveys for use by ICES and the wider marine community. (
  • When soil contaminated with these larvae is ingested, whether deliberately, as in children with pica, or accidentally, the eggs are swallowed and hatch in the intestine of the human host. (
  • The hatched eggs produce second-stage larvae which cannot, however, mature in the accidental human host. (
  • Beetles lay eggs near young plants and larva attack plant roots. (
  • A parasitic wasp ( Leptopilina boulardi ) lays its eggs into larvae of the vinegar fly Drosophila melanogaster . (
  • After fruit fly eggs hatch, larvae begin to feed on the decaying materials within which they were laid. (
  • The larvae of crustaceans often bear little resemblance to the adult, and there are still cases where it is not known what larvae will grow into what adults. (
  • [1] Also, the Sacculina and other Rhizocephala have a distinctive nauplius larva with its complex body structure, but the adult form lacks many organs due to extreme adaptation to its parasitic life style. (
  • The post-larva is usually similar to the adult form, and so many names have been erected for the stage in different groups. (
  • The study in Michigan revealed that Lyme disease can be found in roughly 40 percent of the state's adult blacklegged ticks, and in about 25 percent of the nymphs - the life stage between larva and adult. (
  • An adult blacklegged tick that carries Lyme disease became infected as a larvae or as a nymph. (
  • 3 ). Adult raccoons become infected when they prey on Roundworm Larvae infected intermediate hosts ( 3 ). (
  • The ciliated epidermis is shed when the larva penetrates into a crayfish, and the tegument becomes the surface layer of the juvenile and adult (redrawn from Rohde and Georgi, 1983). (
  • Adult ladybirds are instantly recognisable - but what about their larvae? (
  • other parasite larvae live in intermediate hosts that are normally eaten by the final host, in which the adult parasites develop . (
  • The process whereby the larva changes into another stage, such as a pupa (chrysalis) or adult, is known as metamorphosis . (
  • For example, some larvae such as tadpoles live almost exclusively in aquatic environments, but can live outside water as adult frogs . (
  • By living in a distinct environment, larvae may be given shelter from predators and reduce competition for resources with the adult population. (
  • The larvae of some organisms (for example, some newts ) can become pubescent and do not develop further into the adult form. (
  • Oligopod larvae - have well developed head capsule and mouthparts are similar to the adult, but without compound eyes. (
  • However, both larvae and adult flies are able to sense and actively avoid the wasps' odor. (
  • Inside the pupal case, the larva changes to an adult. (
  • Fruit fly larvae will eventually use the last-stage larval skin to form a pupal case, or shell, in which to morph into an adult. (
  • One of the most fascinating glowing creatures is the fungus gnat larva. (
  • Fungus gnat larvae and shore fly larvae (shore flies can be a problem in greenhouses) have been shown to spread pathogenic root fungi. (
  • It is possible to control fungus gnat larvae with pesticides. (
  • The preferred substrate for fungus gnat larvae is wet, peaty soils with fungus and cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) growing on and in it. (
  • Fungus gnat larvae on a 1mm grid. (
  • Fungus gnat larva damage on a small Pinguicula cyclosecta plant. (
  • This is especially true of crustaceans which live as benthic adults (on the sea bed), more so than where the larvae are planktonic and therefore more easily caught. (
  • echinopluteus larva In Echinodermata , a planktonic and feeding larval form that possesses limb-like outgrowths bearing ciliated bands. (
  • Once per day, an abyssal larva can regurgitate and fire a stream of maggots at a single opponent within 10 feet. (
  • Maggots are fly larvae, and apart from being useful for fishing and cleaning wounds, they are an unwanted pest. (
  • Choose another method if the maggots are on a wretched object, such as a decomposing animal, or if you dislike the sight of the larvae, preventing you from getting close. (
  • (
  • How to Kill Maggots and Larvae" last modified May 13, 2017. (
  • The scientists learned it is the increased turbulence that signals the larvae to begin their search for a rock on which to rest. (
  • Once the larvae were put into the Taylor-Couette cell, the researchers exposed them to potassium which is known to act as a chemical signal responsible for triggering larvae to begin their search to settle. (
  • In most cases, the larvae migrate into the posterior segment of one eye through the choroidal and retinal blood vessels. (
  • This allows the larva to persist in the body for years, to migrate through the body and enter the eye. (
  • However, the vast majority of aquatic insect larvae with abdominal lateral gills or gill tufts are mayflies (Ephemeroptera) or stoneflies (Plecoptera). (
  • Ladybird larvae are useful inhabitants of our gardens and are frequently mistaken for other insect grubs. (
  • Protopod larvae - larva have many different forms and often unlike a normal insect form. (
  • Entomologist Dr. Art Evans and WCVE producer Steve Clark discuss a mostly unseen and certainly under appreciated element of our garden insect fauna--larvae. (
  • The warming ocean may cause the larvae of bottom-dwelling snails to hatch earlier in the spring, when waves are larger, potentially impacting their ability to survive and serve as food for other sea creatures. (
  • The larvae hatch out of egg rafts that float on the water. (
  • They look like small lumps of aquarium charcoal -- about 1/16" (2-3mm) thick and, if you keep them, you can hatch your own baby larvae. (
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at Title: A ladybug larva grows up Author: Katie Marsico Publisher: New York : Children's Press, 2007. (
  • We studied complete dose-response curves for 53 odorants in the third instar larvae of Drosophila melanogaster. (
  • E.g. first instar larvae of parasitic hymenoptera. (
  • Olfactory responses of Drosophila larvae. (
  • Cellular and genetic analysis of wound healing in Drosophila larvae. (
  • To establish a genetic system to study postembryonic wound healing, we characterized epidermal wound healing in Drosophila larvae. (
  • In nature, many Drosophila larvae are killed this way. (
  • Beetle larvae, or grubs, typically have three pairs of legs, one on each segment of their thorax, behind a distinct head. (
  • She co-edited the Royal Entomological Society identification handbook Coleoptera Larvae with Max Barclay in 2019, it details the morphology of beetle larvae in the British Isles and includes dichotomous keys to help identify the taxonomic family or subfamily of a larval specimen. (
  • The tadpole, the familiar larva of the amphibian , develops to a considerable size in the relatively hospitable aquatic environment before metamorphosis prepares it for an amphibious or terrestrial life as a frog or toad . (
  • Every other crustacean group with free larvae shows a metamorphosis , and this difference in the larvae is thought to reflect "a fundamental cleavage" of the crustaceans. (
  • With a command from the Overlords, Larvae will enter a pupal state and begin the metamorphosis into whichever strains the Hive requires. (
  • A larva / ˈ l ɑːr v ə / (plural larvae / ˈ l ɑːr v iː / ) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults . (
  • It is not known if the secondary larvae of asteroids are capable of settlement and metamorphosis or if continued cycles of asexual reproduction are possible. (
  • In O. aculeata, asexually produced secondary larvae undergo metamorphosis, settle to the benthos, and initiate a tertiary larval generation. (
  • Any organs which are absent from the adults do not generally appear in the larvae, although there are a few exceptions, such as the vestige of the fourth pereiopod in the larvae of Lucifer , and some pleopods in certain Anomura and crabs . (
  • I did not see any adults, only the larvae. (
  • It was found that actively feeding Acipenseridae larvae have the same types of olfactory receptor cells as observed in adults (Pyatkina, 1976). (
  • Larvae are frequently adapted to environments separate from adults. (
  • In some organisms like polychaetes and barnacles , adults are immobile but their larvae are mobile, and use their mobile larval form to distribute themselves. (
  • Some larvae are dependent on adults to feed them. (
  • Larvae pupate in soil and emerge as adults usually in August. (
  • But considering how easy it is to hand feed plants there is no excuse for encouraging the adults because where you find adults, usually larvae follow. (
  • Through a series of moults, the young animal then passes through various zoea stages, followed by a megalopa or post-larva. (
  • Sit back and watch while they float weightlessly up to the top as they mature and progress through the stages of their little larvae lives. (
  • The surveys were focused on different stages of eel larvae. (
  • Larvae are typical of the invertebrates, some of which (for example, shrimps) have two or more distinct larval stages. (
  • Larvae are the small wormlike early stages of fruit flies. (
  • inproceedings{RV-CuBES2017:Runtime_Verification_using_LARVA, author = {Christian Colombo and Gordon Pace}, title = {Runtime Verification using LARVA}, booktitle = {RV-CuBES 2017. (
  • The larva reaches the posterior segment of the eye through the blood vessels of the retina and choroid, and occasionally through the optic nerve. (
  • Histopathologic examination of biopsy specimens may show the larvae. (
  • CBP agriculture specialists located at the Port of Houston inspected dunnage on the two vessels loaded with steel/metal products and discovered live wood-boring larvae specimens. (
  • Several days later, CBP agriculture specialists discovered more live larvae specimens in IPPC-marked dunnage aboard a vessel carrying cargo from Russia and the Ukraine. (
  • These larvae specimens were identified as Cerambycidae sp. (
  • Juvenile sawfly larvae can appear in several different forms, depending on the variety. (
  • In 1950, a bacteria isolated from bee larvae and associated with the rare disease "powdery scale" was named Bacillus pulvifaciens by Katznelson. (
  • Trochophore , also called trochosphere , small, translucent, free-swimming larva characteristic of marine annelids and most groups of mollusks. (
  • Rotifers and the larvae (sometimes considered trochophores) of such invertebrates as phoronids and bryozoans are trochophore-like in appearance. (
  • P. larvae is found worldwide. (
  • Escamoles are an edible ant larvae of the velvety tree ant, found anywhere from central Mexico up to Washington state in the U.S. In Mexico, escamoles have been consumed since the era of the Aztecs, but the unexpected food source is receiving renewed interest as a rare delicacy-among Mexicans and visitors alike. (
  • What they found was larvae that had been exposed to a turbulent environment responded earlier to this chemical signal than larvae that didn´t experience the turbulence. (
  • The larva often is found at the nodes and near the outer surface of the stalk. (
  • This live larvae specimen was found eating its way through wood packaging material. (
  • By contrast, Stephens 14 studied S. droebachiensis larvae generated from individuals collected at Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, USA, and found that larval development declined above a thermal threshold of ~10 °C. Similar to Stephens, Fagerli et al . (
  • In 1993, both B. larvae and B. pulvifaciens were transferred to a new genus, Paenibacillus. (
  • Scientists are developing a biological control method for malaria that uses larvae-eating fish to control mosquito populations in rain-fed pools. (
  • But in many high-risk areas malaria is seasonal, coming with the rains that create pools in which the larvae of malaria-carrying mosquitoes grow. (
  • Larvae remain viable in soil/sand for several weeks. (
  • The genus name Nauplius was published posthumously by Otto Friedrich Müller in 1785 for animals now known to be the larvae of copepods . (
  • The genus Zoea was initially described by Louis Augustin Guillaume Bosc in 1802 for an animal now known to be the larva of a crab . (
  • Some plants in the genus Cynanchum are also eaten by monarchs, but Cynanchum nigrum is toxic to the larvae . (
  • Keroplatidae larva, probably genus Keroplatus (or Cerotelion ? (
  • They then delicately separate ants from their larvae with large sieves, and must ensure that nests are covered again by the soil and plant that they removed. (
  • Once blacklegged tick larvae consume a blood meal from a host infected with Lyme, they retain the bacteria when they molt and become infected nymphs. (
  • Larvae consume as much food as possible in order to store energy and nutrients for the upcoming pupal stage. (
  • Fertilization and culturing of the embryos and larvae followed methods outlined by Strathmann (1987). (
  • Pyatkina, G.A., 1976, Receptor cells of different types and their quantative ratio in the olfactory organ of Acipenserida larvae and sexually matured ones, Cytologia , 18: 1444 (in Russian). (
  • Near-mature larva of an aeshnid dragonfly (USA). (
  • Fruit fly larvae collected from one of the four quarantined sites in Tasmania in January. (
  • These larvae prefer the wet fermenting areas near fruit or other sweet items. (
  • Larvae prefer fermenting items, and if the fruit or other source becomes too well-fermented, the larvae will no longer feed, as fungi and bacteria may become too prevalent. (
  • C. T. Brues.A Migrating Army of Sciarid Larvae in the Philippines.Psyche 58:73-76, 1951. (
  • Thus a sight-threatening response to the larvae depends also upon the release of the Toxocara excretory-secretory (TES) antigen and/or the host immune response. (
  • Carpet beetles larvae are 1/8 inch long, with tufts of hair. (
  • In 1906, G.F. White first described the bacteria which caused American foulbrood, and named it Bacillus larvae. (
  • Blacklegged tick larvae are born uninfected with Lyme disease, and contract it when they feed on animal infected with Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria, which causes the disease. (
  • The post-larva is characterised by the use of abdominal appendages (pleopods) for propulsion. (
  • Polypod larvae - also known as eruciform larvae , these larva have abdominal prolegs, in addition to usual thoracic legs. (
  • BERGEN OP ZOOM, Netherlands (Reuters) - Tiny fly larvae have Dutch firm Protix thinking big as it looks to produce enough fish food to generate 100 million servings of salmon a year. (
  • The larva weaves tiny strings of "web" from the ceiling and attaches little drops of mucus along each string. (
  • Are there other records of larval densities for these worm larvae? (
  • Larvae in stems are smooth yellowish worms about 1/2 inch long with two curved hooks at the posterior end of the body. (
  • If these larvae cannot get their 'wake up' cues to orient back toward the reef they may stay out at sea and become easy prey before finding home," said Paris. (
  • Our great-to-the- n th-grandmother was a hungry sponge larva. (
  • Larvae in young colonies only have access to a fraction of the DNA strains available to fully developed hives. (
  • To test how those sounds influence corals, Apprill and her colleagues first collected newly-spawned larvae from colonies of Porites astreoides , or the "mustard hill coral," a common variety on reefs near the Caribbean island of St. John, where the study was based. (
  • The most virulent strain of P. larvae is ERIC II, which can cause the death of all larvae in a hive within 7 days of infecting the colony. (
  • Each Larva contains within it the genetic makeup of every other Zerg strain available to the Hive. (
  • A young Hive will have only the genetic codes for the most basic of Zerg strains, such as the Drone, but as the Hive grows and develops new structures, the Larvae can expand its library of genetic strains. (
  • Hello, i just went to look at some old frames of a dead hive i had in the shop and there were some larvae of some sort crawling through the frames. (
  • There are four strains of P. larvae, named after their enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) sequences. (