Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Hypothermia, Induced: Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.Hypothermia: Lower than normal body temperature, especially in warm-blooded animals.Body Temperature Regulation: The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Rewarming: Application of heat to correct hypothermia, accidental or induced.Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Thermometers: Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)Shivering: Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.Hibernation: The dormant state in which some warm-blooded animal species pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.Telemetry: Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain: A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.Thermography: Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.Heart Arrest: Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Sciuridae: A family of the order Rodentia which contains 49 genera. Some of the more common genera are MARMOTA, which includes the marmot and woodchuck; Sciurus, the gray squirrel, S. carolinensis, and the fox squirrel, S. niger; Tamias, the eastern and western chipmunk; and Tamiasciurus, the red squirrel. The flying squirrels, except the scaly-tailed Anomaluridae, also belong to this family.Heating: The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.Thermogenesis: The generation of heat in order to maintain body temperature. The uncoupled oxidation of fatty acids contained within brown adipose tissue and SHIVERING are examples of thermogenesis in MAMMALS.Sweating: The process of exocrine secretion of the SWEAT GLANDS, including the aqueous sweat from the ECCRINE GLANDS and the complex viscous fluids of the APOCRINE GLANDS.Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced: A technique to arrest the flow of blood by lowering BODY TEMPERATURE to about 20 degrees Centigrade, usually achieved by infusing chilled perfusate. The technique provides a bloodless surgical field for complex surgeries.Immersion: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.Thermometry: Measurement of the temperature of a material, or of the body or an organ by various temperature sensing devices which measure changes in properties of the material that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; or LUMINESCENCE.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Heat Stress Disorders: A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.Hyperthermia, Induced: Abnormally high temperature intentionally induced in living things regionally or whole body. It is most often induced by radiation (heat waves, infra-red), ultrasound, or drugs.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Antipyretics: Drugs that are used to reduce body temperature in fever.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Preoptic Area: Region of hypothalamus between the ANTERIOR COMMISSURE and OPTIC CHIASM.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Injections, Intraventricular: Injections into the cerebral ventricles.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Asphyxia Neonatorum: Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)Pyrogens: Substances capable of increasing BODY TEMPERATURE and cause FEVER and may be used for FEVER THERAPY. They may be of microbial origin, often POLYSACCHARIDES, and may contaminate distilled water.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Hypothalamus: Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.Thermosensing: The sensation of cold, heat, coolness, and warmth as detected by THERMORECEPTORS.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.Cerebral Ventricles: Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine: An N-substituted amphetamine analog. It is a widely abused drug classified as a hallucinogen and causes marked, long-lasting changes in brain serotonergic systems. It is commonly referred to as MDMA or ecstasy.Incubators, Infant: Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)Basal Metabolism: Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.Heat Stroke: A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.Brain Ischemia: Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.Adipose Tissue, Brown: A thermogenic form of adipose tissue composed of BROWN ADIPOCYTES. It is found in newborns of many species including humans, and in hibernating mammals. Brown fat is richly vascularized, innervated, and densely packed with MITOCHONDRIA which can generate heat directly from the stored lipids.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Coma: A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.Thermoreceptors: Cellular receptors which mediate the sense of temperature. Thermoreceptors in vertebrates are mostly located under the skin. In mammals there are separate types of thermoreceptors for cold and for warmth and NOCICEPTORS which detect cold or heat extreme enough to cause pain.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Infrared Rays: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.Brain Injuries: Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.Cold-Shock Response: A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive cold. In humans, a fall in skin temperature triggers gasping, hypertension, and hyperventilation.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Transition Temperature: The temperature at which a substance changes from one state or conformation of matter to another.Extracorporeal Circulation: Diversion of blood flow through a circuit located outside the body but continuous with the bodily circulation.Thermal Conductivity: The heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time, divided by the negative of the rate of change of temperature with distance in a direction perpendicular to the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.Heart Arrest, Induced: A procedure to stop the contraction of MYOCARDIUM during HEART SURGERY. It is usually achieved with the use of chemicals (CARDIOPLEGIC SOLUTIONS) or cold temperature (such as chilled perfusate).Asphyxia: A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.Clothing: Fabric or other material used to cover the body.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Beluga Whale: The species Delphinapterus leucas, in the family Monodontidae, found primarily in the Arctic Ocean and adjoining seas. They are small WHALES lacking a dorsal fin.Tympanic Membrane: An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Wakefulness: A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)LizardsAnesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Ear Canal: The narrow passage way that conducts the sound collected by the EAR AURICLE to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Environment, Controlled: A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Mytilus: A genus of marine mussels in the family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA. The species MYTILUS EDULIS is the highly edible common mussel.Dimensional Measurement Accuracy: The closeness of a determined value of a physical dimension to the actual value.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Alligators and Crocodiles: Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.Acetaminophen: Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.Comb and Wattles: Fleshy and reddish outgrowth of skin tissue found on top of the head, attached to the sides of the head, and hanging from the mandible of birds such as turkeys and chickens.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Pentobarbital: A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)Air: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.Injections: Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.Body Temperature Changes: Significant alterations in temperature of the human body, above or below 98.6 degrees F. or 37 degrees C. when taken orally.Water Loss, Insensible: Loss of water by diffusion through the skin and by evaporation from the respiratory tract.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Calorimetry, Differential Scanning: Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.Hypoxia, Brain: A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.Meperidine: A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.Melatonin: A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Mice, Inbred C57BLPhotoperiod: The time period of daily exposure that an organism receives from daylight or artificial light. It is believed that photoperiodic responses may affect the control of energy balance and thermoregulation.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Baths: The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.Sleep, REM: A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Hypothalamus, Anterior: The front portion of the HYPOTHALAMUS separated into the preoptic region and the supraoptic region. The preoptic region is made up of the periventricular GRAY MATTER of the rostral portion of the THIRD VENTRICLE and contains the preoptic ventricular nucleus and the medial preoptic nucleus. The supraoptic region contains the PARAVENTRICULAR HYPOTHALAMIC NUCLEUS, the SUPRAOPTIC NUCLEUS, the ANTERIOR HYPOTHALAMIC NUCLEUS, and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS.Resuscitation: The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)Serotonin: A biochemical messenger and regulator, synthesized from the essential amino acid L-TRYPTOPHAN. In humans it is found primarily in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and blood platelets. Serotonin mediates several important physiological functions including neurotransmission, gastrointestinal motility, hemostasis, and cardiovascular integrity. Multiple receptor families (RECEPTORS, SEROTONIN) explain the broad physiological actions and distribution of this biochemical mediator.Analgesics, Non-Narcotic: A subclass of analgesic agents that typically do not bind to OPIOID RECEPTORS and are not addictive. Many non-narcotic analgesics are offered as NONPRESCRIPTION DRUGS.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Isoflurane: A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Tranylcypromine: A propylamine formed from the cyclization of the side chain of amphetamine. This monoamine oxidase inhibitor is effective in the treatment of major depression, dysthymic disorder, and atypical depression. It also is useful in panic and phobic disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p311)Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Freezing: Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Nialamide: An MAO inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Norepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Dronabinol: A psychoactive compound extracted from the resin of Cannabis sativa (marihuana, hashish). The isomer delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is considered the most active form, producing characteristic mood and perceptual changes associated with this compound.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Whale, Killer: The species Orcinus orca, in the family Delphinidae, characterized by its black and white coloration, and huge triangular dorsal fin. It is the largest member of the DOLPHINS and derives its name from the fact that it is a fearsome predator.Heat-Shock Response: A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive heat. Responses include synthesis of new proteins and regulation of others.TailClimate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin: A serotonin 1A-receptor agonist that is used experimentally to test the effects of serotonin.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Neuroprotective Agents: Drugs intended to prevent damage to the brain or spinal cord from ischemia, stroke, convulsions, or trauma. Some must be administered before the event, but others may be effective for some time after. They act by a variety of mechanisms, but often directly or indirectly minimize the damage produced by endogenous excitatory amino acids.Injections, Intraperitoneal: Forceful administration into the peritoneal cavity of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the abdominal wall.Skin Physiological Phenomena: The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.Convection: Transmission of energy or mass by a medium involving movement of the medium itself. The circulatory movement that occurs in a fluid at a nonuniform temperature owing to the variation of its density and the action of gravity. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed; Webster, 10th ed)Arousal: Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Anesthesia, Inhalation: Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.Chlormethiazole: A sedative and anticonvulsant often used in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal. Chlormethiazole has also been proposed as a neuroprotective agent. The mechanism of its therapeutic activity is not entirely clear, but it does potentiate GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID receptors response and it may also affect glycine receptors.TRPV Cation Channels: A subgroup of TRP cation channels named after vanilloid receptor. They are very sensitive to TEMPERATURE and hot spicy food and CAPSAICIN. They have the TRP domain and ANKYRIN repeats. Selectivity for CALCIUM over SODIUM ranges from 3 to 100 fold.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Marsupialia: An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.Serotonin Agents: Drugs used for their effects on serotonergic systems. Among these are drugs that affect serotonin receptors, the life cycle of serotonin, and the survival of serotonergic neurons.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Constriction: The act of constricting.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Intracranial Pressure: Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.Anoxia: Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.Protective Clothing: Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.5-Hydroxytryptophan: The immediate precursor in the biosynthesis of SEROTONIN from tryptophan. It is used as an antiepileptic and antidepressant.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Hallucinogens: Drugs capable of inducing illusions, hallucinations, delusions, paranoid ideations, and other alterations of mood and thinking. Despite the name, the feature that distinguishes these agents from other classes of drugs is their capacity to induce states of altered perception, thought, and feeling that are not experienced otherwise.Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes.Hydrocortisone: The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.Eccrine Glands: Simple sweat glands that secrete sweat directly onto the SKIN.Antelopes: Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.Anesthetics: Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.Fenclonine: A selective and irreversible inhibitor of tryptophan hydroxylase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of serotonin (5-HYDROXYTRYPTAMINE). Fenclonine acts pharmacologically to deplete endogenous levels of serotonin.Hypotension: Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.Acrylamides: Colorless, odorless crystals that are used extensively in research laboratories for the preparation of polyacrylamide gels for electrophoresis and in organic synthesis, and polymerization. Some of its polymers are used in sewage and wastewater treatment, permanent press fabrics, and as soil conditioning agents.Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Calorimetry: The measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes, such as chemical reactions, changes of state, and formations of solutions, or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances. The fundamental unit of measurement is the joule or the calorie (4.184 joules). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Anesthetics, Inhalation: Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)Cannabinoids: Compounds having the cannabinoid structure. They were originally extracted from Cannabis sativa L. The most pharmacologically active constituents are TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL; CANNABINOL; and CANNABIDIOL.Enzyme Stability: The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.Buspirone: An anxiolytic agent and serotonin receptor agonist belonging to the azaspirodecanedione class of compounds. Its structure is unrelated to those of the BENZODIAZAPINES, but it has an efficacy comparable to DIAZEPAM.Acid-Base Equilibrium: The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.Brain Chemistry: Changes in the amounts of various chemicals (neurotransmitters, receptors, enzymes, and other metabolites) specific to the area of the central nervous system contained within the head. These are monitored over time, during sensory stimulation, or under different disease states.Ovulation Detection: Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Apnea: A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.Perfusion: Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Respiratory Rate: The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.Serotonin Receptor Agonists: Endogenous compounds and drugs that bind to and activate SEROTONIN RECEPTORS. Many serotonin receptor agonists are used as ANTIDEPRESSANTS; ANXIOLYTICS; and in the treatment of MIGRAINE DISORDERS.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Reserpine: An alkaloid found in the roots of Rauwolfia serpentina and R. vomitoria. Reserpine inhibits the uptake of norepinephrine into storage vesicles resulting in depletion of catecholamines and serotonin from central and peripheral axon terminals. It has been used as an antihypertensive and an antipsychotic as well as a research tool, but its adverse effects limit its clinical use.Echidna: An oviparous burrowing mammal of the order Monotremata native to Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. It has hair mingled with spines on the upper part of the body and is adapted for feeding on ants.Laser-Doppler Flowmetry: A method of non-invasive, continuous measurement of MICROCIRCULATION. The technique is based on the values of the DOPPLER EFFECT of low-power laser light scattered randomly by static structures and moving tissue particulates.
Hazards of outdoor recreation
Hypothermia is a potentially fatal drop in core body temperature. It occurs most easily in cold weather and when wet. Wet or ... Even if hypothermia does not kill the victim directly it causes confusion, irrationality and impaired judgment, increasing the ... If an emergency occurs, a group can pool its muscle power, brain power, and body heat. Another precaution is informing people ... Frostbite can occur when bare skin is exposed to very low temperatures. In very cold weather, clothing should be arranged to ...
Hypothermia is abnormally low body temperature caused by inadequate thermoregulation. As the metabolism slows down at night, ... Fans do lower body temperature by increasing the convection around a person's body so that heat flows into the air more easily ... which cools the body. But in extreme heat - when the blown air is warmer than the body's temperature - it will increase the ... bodies to lose water and [causes] hypothermia. If directly in contact with [air current from] a fan, this could lead to death ...
The liquid ventilator heats the PFC to body temperature. This is performed with an heat exchanger connected to the oxygenator ... Consequently, therapeutic hypothermia is an expected clinical application. For example, studies present that rapid cooling ... The liquid ventilator with advanced control temperature of PFC allows the rapid cooling of the body. ... 2011). "Ultrafast and whole-body cooling with total liquid ventilation induces favorable neurological and cardiac outcomes ...
Glossary of underwater diving terminology
hypothermia A lowering of deep body temperature due to heat loss. hypoxia Abnormally low tissue oxygen concentration: ... thermocline A thin but distinct layer in a large body of fluid, in which temperature changes more rapidly with depth than it ... developed pressure The pressure of the compressed gas in a cylinder at a temperature other than the nominal temperature at ... The body is and head are kept vertical and the mask and DV held against the face with one or both hands, elbows tucked in. The ...
... www.hypothermia.org. Retrieved 2016-01-17. Webb, P. (1986-02-01). "Afterdrop of body temperature during rewarming: an ... Afterdrop is a continued cooling of a patient's core temperature during the initial stages of rewarming from hypothermia. ... "Hypothermia And Other Cold-Related Emergencies: Pathophysiology". ebmedicine.net. Retrieved January 16, 2016. "Hypothermia, ... thus causing a further decrease of deep body temperature. However a second theory explains afterdrop as a side effect of ...
The brain will die after approximately six minutes without oxygen at normal body temperature, but hypothermia of the central ... Hypothermia which reduces brain temperature significantly can improve outcome. A reduction of brain temperature by 10 °C ... This is because cold water can have other lethal effects on the body, so hypothermia is not usually a reason for drowning or ... Low water temperature can cause ventricular fibrillation, but hypothermia during immersion can also slow the metabolism, ...
Physiology of underwater diving
Hypothermia is reduced body temperature that happens when a body dissipates more heat than it absorbs. Hypothermia is a major ... so water temperatures that would be quite reasonable as outdoor air temperatures can lead to hypothermia in inadequately ... The result of breathing increased partial pressures of oxygen is hyperoxia, an excess of oxygen in body tissues. The body is ... Sound travels about 4.5 times faster in water than in air, and at a similarly higher speed in body tissues, and therefore the ...
Elevated body temperature is called hyperthermia, and suppressed body temperature is called hypothermia. Slight hyperthermia ... Excessive hyperthermia and hypothermia will both result in death, as enzymes drive the body systems to cease normal function, ... body temperature; hypoxia; and pH balance. The catecholamines, epinephrine and norepinephrine, secreted by the adrenal medulla ... A large body of evidence indicates that the normal range is 50-90 beats per minute. This resting heart rate is often correlated ...
Delta sleep-inducing peptide
May have a direct or indirect effect on body temperature and alleviating hypothermia. Can normalize blood pressure and ... It has been suggested that in the body it complexes with carrier proteins to prevent degradation, or exists as a component of a ... tissues and body fluids. In the pituitary it co-localises with many peptide and non-peptide mediators such as corticotropin- ...
Normal body temperature is around 37 °C (99 °F), and hypothermia sets in when the core body temperature gets lower than 35 °C ( ... such as sun-bathing to increase body temperature, or seeking the cover of shade to lower body temperature. Vaporization: ... a short-term temporary drop in body temperature. Organisms when presented with the problem of regulating body temperature have ... that allow them to raise their body temperatures substantially. It has been theorised that low body temperature may increase ...
Intolerance to cold and frequent complaints of being cold; body temperature may lower (hypothermia) in an effort to conserve ... Constant exposure to media that presents body ideals may constitute a risk factor for body dissatisfaction and anorexia nervosa ... Body dissatisfaction and internalization of body ideals are risk factors for anorexia nervosa that threaten the health of both ... Body mass index (BMI) is used by the DSM-5 as an indicator of the level of severity of anorexia nervosa. The DSM-5 states these ...
Physiological response to water immersion
The duration of exposure to produce hypothermia varies with health, body mass and water temperature. It generally takes in the ... The unprotected human body responds to cold water immersion in a progression from a stress situation to hypothermia and death, ... at a rate depending on time and water temperature. Hypothermia is not the major problem in the early stages of exposure as ... Blood flow to the extremities is reduced by vasoconstriction as the body attempts to reduce heat loss from the vital organs of ...
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy
For anhidrosis: Monitoring body temperature helps to institute timely measures to prevent/manage hyperthermia or hypothermia. ... Newborns have absent or weak suck reflex, hypotonia and hypothermia. Delayed physical development, poor temperature and motor ... and difficulty maintaining body temperature. Older infants and young children with familial dysautonomia may hold their breath ... and the regulation of blood pressure and body temperature. It also affects the sensory nervous system, which controls ...
Hypothermia (reduced body temperature) is determined by using a rectal probe to measure the rectal temperature. Analgesia is ... The four behavioral components of the tetrad are spontaneous activity, catalepsy, hypothermia, and analgesia. Common assays for ... hypothermia, and analgesia in rodents. Accordingly, all true "tetrad effects" are not observed following treatment with ...
Sleep in non-human animals
In rats, sleep deprivation causes weight loss and reduced body temperature. Rats kept awake indefinitely develop skin lesions, ... hyperphagia, loss of body mass, hypothermia, and, eventually, fatal sepsis. Sleep deprivation also hinders the healing of burns ... Nocturnal animals have higher body temperatures, greater activity, rising serotonin, and diminishing cortisol during the night- ... loss of body mass, hypothermia, and eventually septicemia and death in rats (Everson, 1995; Rechtschaffen et al., 1983). ...
Altered body temperature: Fever , 38.0 °C (100.4 °F) or hypothermia , 36.0 °C (96.8 °F) ... It may be located in any part of the body, but most commonly in the lungs, brain, urinary tract, skin or abdominal organs. ... temperature, and white blood cell count. If sepsis worsens to the point of end-organ dysfunction (kidney failure, liver ... in which abnormal distribution of blood flow in the smallest blood vessels results in inadequate blood supply to the body ...
In colder temperatures, the swimwear is needed to conserve body heat and protect the body core from hypothermia. Competitive ... Swimsuits range from designs that almost completely cover the body to designs that expose almost all of the body. The choice of ... A recent innovation is the burqini, favored by some Muslim women, which covers the whole body and head (but not face) in a ... There is a very wide range of styles of modern swimsuits available, which vary as to body coverage and materials. The choice of ...
... more comatose patients survived after induced hypothermia than patients that remained at normal body temperature. For this ... body movements (if any), and of the patient's body habitus (physique); it should also include assessment of the brainstem and ... C less than normal body temperature. In 2002, Baldursdottir and her coworkers found that in the hospital, ... or inducing hypothermia. Inducing hypothermia on comatose patients provides one of the main treatments for patients after ...
The duration of exposure to produce hypothermia varies with health, body mass and water temperature. It generally takes in the ... The unprotected human body responds to cold water immersion in a progression from a stress situation to hypothermia and death, ... at a rate depending on time and water temperature. Hypothermia is not the major problem in the early stages of exposure as ... Carotid body chemoreceptors. During sustained breath-holding while submerged, blood oxygen levels decline while carbon ...
Wilfred Gordon Bigelow
In the 1950s, Bigelow developed the idea of using hypothermia as a medical procedure. This involves reducing a patient's body ... temperature prior to an operation in order to reduce the amount of oxygen needed, making heart operations safer. He wrote two ... Sealy, WC (May 1989). "Hypothermia: its possible role in cardiac surgery". The Annals of thoracic surgery. 47 (5): 788-91. PMID ... was a Canadian heart surgeon known for his role in developing the artificial pacemaker and the use of hypothermia in open heart ...
During the procedure, hypothermia may be maintained; body temperature is usually kept at 28 °C to 32 °C (82.4-89.6 °F). The ... CPB can be used for the induction of total body hypothermia, a state in which the body can be maintained for up to 45 minutes ... Other heart surgery factors related to mental damage may be events of hypoxia, high or low body temperature, abnormal blood ... If blood flow is stopped at normal body temperature, permanent brain damage normally occurs in three to four minutes - death ...
MS Silja Europa
Fulvous harvest mouse
Hypothermia is possible, as skin is essential for maintaining a person's body temperature, as it provides a person's natural ... critical loss of blood or other body fluids, hypothermia, or infections, and that the actual death is estimated to occur from a ... His body was then flayed, beheaded, and quartered. The Rawhide Valley in Wyoming is said to have acquired its name from a white ... The carvings show that the actual flaying process might begin at various places on the body, such as at the crus (lower leg), ...
During this time she became a victim of extreme hypothermia and her body temperature decreased to 13.7 °C (56.7 °F), one of the ... Her body temperature at the time was 13.7 °C (56.7 °F), the lowest survived body temperature ever recorded in a human with ... lowest survived body temperatures ever recorded in a human with accidental hypothermia. Bågenholm was able to find an air ... Bågenholm's first heart beat was recorded at 22:15, and her body temperature had risen to 36.4 °C (97.5 °F) at 0:49. ...
... this can result in a significant drop in core body temperature. Hypothermia is associated with many problems including bleeding ... These factors are aggravated by hypothermia (if fluids are administered without being warmed first it will cause body ... When a person starts to bleed (big or small) the body starts a natural coagulation process that eventually stops the bleed. ... issue with aggressive fluid resuscitation is the potential for hypothermia if fluids that are stored at room temperature are ...
... although the regulation of body temperature by mice experiencing hypothermia is more sensitive to whether they are in a bright ... it has been shown that mice in darkened conditions and experiencing hypothermia maintain a stable internal body temperature, ... body temperature, immune function, and digestive activity. The SCN coordinates these rhythms across the entire body, and ... In light conditions, mice showed a drop in body temperature under the same fasting and hypothermic conditions. Through ...
Arctic Sun medical device
Therapeutic hypothermia, which lowers the patient's body temperature to levels between 32-34 °C (90-93 °F), is used to help ... Using varying water temperatures and a sophisticated computer algorithm, a patient's body temperature can be controlled to the ... One of the most common practices of targeted temperature management is to reduce body temperature to a "mild hypothermic state ... Intentional manipulation of body temperature has been studied as a treatment strategy for head injuries since the 1900s. In the ...
The human body is at risk of accidentally induced hypothermia when large amounts of cold fluids are infused. Rapid temperature ... It is possible to leave the ports in the patient's body for years; if this is done, the port must be accessed monthly and ... Infection, and a foreign body embolus are the two threats to the patient. ... Phlebitis is inflammation of a vein that may be caused by infection, the mere presence of a foreign body (the IV catheter) or ...
... in excess of that required for regulation of body temperature. Although primarily a physical burden, hyperhidrosis can ... Episodic with hypothermia (Hines and Bannick syndrome). *Episodic without hypothermia. *Olfactory. *Associated with systemic ... Hyperhidrosis can either be generalized, or localized to specific parts of the body. Hands, feet, armpits, groin, and the ... Excessive sweating involving the whole body is termed generalized hyperhidrosis or secondary hyperhidrosis. It is usually the ...
... the temperature of the device, and the body temperature of the subject, depending on specificity of the readings and how they ... To ensure that variables such as fever and hypothermia could not be pointed out to influence the results in a way that was ... The human body is 37 degrees Celsius on average. Breath leaves the mouth at a temperature of 34 degrees Celsius. Alcohol in the ... though body type does not affect one's breath or BAC, but their BAC in relation to the amount of alcohol consumed. Likely, ...
Core body temperature is, for instance, regulated by a homeostatic mechanism with temperature sensors in, amongst others, the ... followed by shivering thermogenesis if the earlier reactions are insufficient to correct the hypothermia. ... core body temperature in humans varies during the course of the day (i.e. has a circadian rhythm), with the lowest temperatures ... Circadian variation in body temperature, ranging from about 7002310650000000000♠37.5 °C from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., and falling to ...
The drug is rapidly absorbed after oral administration and is widely distributed throughout the body. Biotransformation is low ... higher than normal temperature without infection), formal thought disorder, psychosis, mania, mood disturbances, restlessness, ... hypothermia, bradycardia, hypertension, hyporeflexia, coma, and death. ...
... the boiling point of water becomes less than normal body temperature. This measure of altitude is known as the Armstrong ... Frostbite or hypothermia from exposure to freezing cold air at high altitude. ... Exposure to a vacuum causes the body to explodeEdit. See also: Effect of spaceflight on the human body ... Fictional accounts of bodies exploding due to exposure from a vacuum include among others several incidents in the movie ...
Temperature. Elevated. Hyperthermia. Heat syncope. Reduced. Hypothermia. Immersion foot syndromes Trench foot. Tropical ... In humans, hypoxia is detected by the peripheral chemoreceptors in the carotid body and aortic body, with the carotid body ... Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level. ... Hypoxia may be classified as either generalized, affecting the whole body, or local, affecting a region of the body. Although ...
Endospores can be introduced into the body through a puncture wound (penetrating trauma). Due to C. tetani being an anaerobic ... The autonomic effects of tetanus can be difficult to manage (alternating hyper- and hypotension hyperpyrexia/hypothermia) and ... Other symptoms include elevated temperature, sweating, elevated blood pressure, and episodic rapid heart rate. Spasms may occur ... Full recovery takes 4 to 6 weeks because the body must regenerate destroyed nerve axon terminals. ...
SIRS is the presence of two or more of the following: abnormal body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, or blood gas, ... In addition to symptoms related to the actual cause, people with sepsis may have a fever, low body temperature, rapid breathing ... and the body temperature may be low or normal instead of having a fever. Severe sepsis causes poor organ function or blood ... Predicted body weight is calculated based on sex and height, and tools for this are available. Recruitment maneuvers may be ...
The human body produces diverse surfactants. Pulmonary surfactant is produced in lungs in order to facilitate breathing by ... Hydrogen bonding decreases with increasing temperature, and the water solubility of non-ionic surfactants therefore decreases ... pH-responsive head group with the presence of stabilizing and temperature responsive ethyleneoxide units. ... Hypothermia. *Immersion diuresis. *Instinctive drowning response. *Laryngospasm. *Salt water aspiration syndrome. *Swimming- ...
Because sex determination is temperature-dependent in crocodilians, slight aberrations in temperature may result in all-male or ... The nostrils, eyes, and ears are situated on the top of its head, so the rest of the body can be concealed underwater for ... an American crocodile in that environment would lose consciousness and drown due to hypothermia. American crocodiles, ... Body size is more important than age in determining reproductive capabilities, and females reach sexual maturity at a length of ...
... core body temperature, cortisol) to earlier (advance phase shift) or later (delay phase shift) times.. ... it can cause reduced blood flow and hypothermia.[needs update] In autoimmune disorders, evidence is conflicting whether ... Meltz ML, Reiter RJ, Herman TS, Kumar KS (March 1999). "Melatonin and protection from whole-body irradiation: survival studies ... Exogenous melatonin has acute sleepiness-inducing and temperature-lowering effects during 'biological daytime', and when ...
Temperature. Elevated. Hyperthermia. Heat syncope. Reduced. Hypothermia. Immersion foot syndromes Trench foot. Tropical ... also referred to as body scissors and in budō referred to as do-jime; 胴絞, "trunk strangle" or "body triangle") where a ... Asphyxia or asphyxiation is a condition of deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing. An ... Condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body caused by abnormal breathing ...
Sometimes these body movements can cause false hope for family members. A brain-dead individual has no clinical evidence of ... hypothermia, hypoglycemia, coma, and chronic vegetative states. Some comatose patients can recover to pre-coma or near pre-coma ... The patient should have a normal temperature and be free of drugs that can suppress brain activity if the diagnosis is to be ... When mechanical ventilation is used to support the body of a brain dead organ donor pending a transplant into an organ ...
However, bryozoan and crinoid meadows can persist over time and produce compositionally distinct bodies of sediment with ... Cyanobacteria can encourage the precipitation or accumulation of calcium carbonate to produce distinct sediment bodies in ... Temperature. *Torricellian chamber. *Underwater acoustics *Modulated ultrasound. *Underwater vision *Snell's law. *Underwater ... Hypothermia. *Immersion diuresis. *Instinctive drowning response. *Laryngospasm. *Salt water aspiration syndrome. *Swimming- ...
Temperature. Elevated. Hyperthermia. Heat syncope. Reduced. Hypothermia. Immersion foot syndromes Trench foot. Tropical ... Barotrauma is physical damage to body tissues caused by a difference in pressure between a gas space inside, or in contact with ... The difference in pressure between internal organs and the outer surface of the body causes injuries to internal organs that ... is a condition caused by over-expansion of the lungs by mechanical ventilation used when the body is unable to breathe for ...
Air Florida Flight 90
Even though the temperature was freezing and it was snowing, the crew did not activate the engine anti-ice system. This ... He only traveled a few yards and came back, ice sticking to his body. We asked him to not try again, but he insisted. Someone ... fearing that the remaining survivors had only a few minutes before succumbing to hypothermia. Williams, still strapped into the ... As the plane was readied for departure from DCA, a moderate snowfall continued and the air temperature was 24 °F (−4 °C).:2 ...
Tsouyopoulos N (1988). "The mind-body problem in medicine (the crisis of medical anthropology and its historical preconditions ... Temperature. heat:. *Fever *Fever of unknown origin. *Drug-induced fever. *Postoperative fever ... taking into account the current state of a patient's body), indicate the past existence of a certain disease or condition.: ... allows the medical practitioner to see if there is evidence in the patient's body to support their hypotheses about the disease ...
However, barbiturate coma, metabolic dysfunction (e.g. hepatic encephalopathy), severe hypothermia (temperature , 18°C), and ... Body. Stages. Pallor mortis. Algor mortis. Rigor mortis. Livor mortis. Putrefaction. Decomposition. Skeletonization. ... Body donation. Cadaveric spasm. Coffin birth. Death erection. Dissection. Gibbeting. Postmortem caloricity. Post-mortem ... identify bodies when their identities are unknown. Manner of death is usually classified as natural, accidental, homicide, ...
June 1962 Alcatraz escape attempt
... but then surely succumbed to hypothermia, their bodies swept to sea by the rapid currents of the San Francisco Bay.[17 ... it being unlikely that they made it the 1.25 miles to shore with the strong ocean currents and the cold seawater temperatures ... but I thought we'd find a body. We didn't find a body". As U.S. Marshal Michael Dyke told the news, the bodies of two out of ... He was found there by teenagers, suffering from hypothermia and exhaustion. After recovering in Letterman General ...
Nazi human experimentation
Water temperature Body temperature when removed from the water Body temperature at death Time in water Time of death ... The freezing/hypothermia experiments were conducted for the Nazi high command to simulate the conditions the armies suffered on ... An SS doctor was quoted saying that "Jews were the festering appendix in the body of Europe." He then went on to argue he was ... Berger, Robert L. (May 1990). "Nazi Science - the Dachau Hypothermia Experiments". New England Journal of Medicine. 322 (20): ...
Demam Bahasa Melayu, ensiklopedia bebas
Rhoades, R. and Pflanzer, R. Human physiology, third edition, chapter 27 Regulation of body temperature, p. 820 Clinical focus ... Karakitsos D, Karabinis A (2008). "Hypothermia therapy after traumatic brain injury in children". N. Engl. J. Med. 359 (11): ... Sund-Levander M, Forsberg C, Wahren LK (2002). "Normal oral, rectal, tympanic and axillary body temperature in adult men and ... Axelrod YK, Diringer MN (2008). "Temperature management in acute neurologic disorders". Neurol Clin. 26 (2): 585-603, xi. doi: ...
Her body temperature does not decrease during this period as it would for a typical mammal in hibernation. ... oil spills put bears at risk of dying from hypothermia. Polar bears exposed to oil spill conditions have been observed to ... with many body characteristics adapted for cold temperatures, for moving across snow, ice and open water, and for hunting seals ... 2002). "Postnatal growth in body length and mass of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) at Svalbard". Journal of Zoology. 256 (3): ...
One effect of administering the thyronamines is a severe drop in body temperature. ... Thyronamines have no medical usages yet, though their use has been proposed for controlled induction of hypothermia, which ... The thyroid hormones act on nearly every cell in the body. They act to increase the basal metabolic rate, affect protein ... The thyroid hormones are essential to proper development and differentiation of all cells of the human body. These hormones ...
The temperature of a correctly made snow cave will hover around freezing, which relative to outside temperatures can be very ... High winds can speed the onset of hypothermia, as well as damage equipment such as tents used for shelter. Under ... By this point the sport of mountaineering had largely reached its modern form, with a large body of professional guides, ... Common symptoms of altitude sickness include severe headache, sleep problems, nausea, lack of appetite, lethargy and body ache ...
Hypothermia: A fall in body temperature below... - Chicago Tribune
A fall in body temperature below the usual level, occurring when the body fails to maintain adequate production of heat during ... This leads to progressive slowing of body functions. ... Hypothermia: A fall in body temperature below.... CHICAGO ... Hypothermia: A fall in body temperature below the usual level, occurring when the body fails to maintain adequate production of ...
Body temperature and metabolic rate during natural hypothermia in endotherms
This reduction is commonly explained by temperature effects on biochemical reactions, as described by Q10 effects or Arrhenius ... Body temperature and metabolic rate during natural hypothermia in endotherms J Comp Physiol B. 1992;162(8):696-706. doi: ... This reduction is commonly explained by temperature effects on biochemical reactions, as described by Q10 effects or Arrhenius ... This study shows that the degree of metabolic suppression during hypothermia can alternatively be explained by active ...
A Proposed Methodology to Control Body Temperature in Patients at Risk of Hypothermia by means of Active Rewarming Systems
... ... S. M. Frank, K. M. Tran, L. A. Fleisher, and H. K. Elrahmany, "Clinical importance of body temperature in the surgical patient ... C. Huizenga, H. Zhang, E. Arens, and D. Wang, "Skin and core temperature response to partial- and whole-body heating and ... Y. Houdas and E. F. J. Ring, Human Body Temperature, Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 1982. ...
A Proposed Methodology to Control Body Temperature in Patients at Risk of Hypothermia by means of Active Rewarming Systems
... the equation of temperature course for the whole body as function of time can be written in the following way: Equation (7), ... is forearm temperature, and is calf temperature.. Comparisons made among Tran and others study lead to an evaluation of : ... the desired body temperature , starting from a given state of hypothermia . If one applies this procedure to a large number of ... the desired body temperature starting from a given state of hypothermia.. 1. Introduction. Hypothermia in patients subject to ...
5 Signs of Hypothermia (Low Body Temperature) | Healthhype.com
Home » ABCD - First Aid: Injuries, Poisoning » 5 Signs of Hypothermia (Low Body Temperature). 5 Signs of Hypothermia (Low Body ... Mild hypothermia is a temperature between 35ºC (95ºF) and 32ºC (89.6ºF). Severe hypothermia is a body temperature below 32ºC ( ... Read more on hypothermia.. How To Spot Hypothermia. Hypothermia can affect every organ and system in the body. The signs and ... When you body temperature falls below 35ºC (95ºF) then this is considered to be hypothermia. It can be classified as mild or ...
Hypothermia (low body temperature) - Eating Disorders Glossary
Hypothermia (low body temperature) Hypothermia: Refers to lowered body temperature, a common symptom of malnutrition. Results ... Keywords: define Hypothermia, definition Hypothermia, definition of Hypothermia, meaning Hypothermia, dictionary Hypothermia, ... what is Hypothermia, Hypothermia eating disorder If you came to the F.E.A.S.T. Eating Disorders Glossary from a page on the F.E ... wearing more layers of clothing than typical for the weather/season/temperature in attempts to keep warm. ...
Human body temperature - Wikipedia
Hypothermia. Main article: Hypothermia. In hypothermia, body temperature drops below that required for normal metabolism ... Basal body temperature. Main article: Basal body temperature. Basal body temperature is the lowest temperature attained ... "Body temperature variability (Part 2): masking influences of body temperature variability and a review of body temperature ... Core temperature. Core temperature, also called core body temperature, is the operating temperature of an organism, ...
Low body temperature (Hypothermia) - Diseases & Conditions
Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia (hi-poe-THUR-me-uh) occurs as your body temperature passes below ... Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously ... Definition of Low body temperature (Hypothermia). Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat ... Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia (hi-poe-THUR-me-uh) occurs as your body temperature passes below ...
Hypothermia in Dogs | PetMD
Hypothermia in dogs can be potentially life-threatening so here is what to look for when outside during the winter time with ... When exposed to extreme temperatures for long periods of time, dogs can start to succumb to serious medical problems. ... Hypothermia in Dogs. Extreme low temperatures can cause a dogs body temperature to fall, leading to hypothermia. ... In those situations, hypothermia is unlikely to be so severe as to cause a problem for your pet, but this low body temperature ...
Regulating Body Temperature in a Burns Patient
Temperature regulating water-mattresses would aid in better body temperature regulation in burns patients than conventional ... Therapeutic Hypothermia. Therapeutic hypothermia involves the lowering of the body temperature to 350C or less to limit brain ... Temperature regulating water-mattresses would aid in better regulation of body temperature in burns patients than conventional ... There are three main tactics used to improve the body temperature in a hypothermia patient. The first method is by passive ...
What are the causes of sudden drop in body temperature?
Numerous factors can alter a persons body temperature, such as the weather, gender and age, medication and health. According ... a persons body temperature usually falls between 36.5 to 37.2 degrees C, which is equivalent to 36.5 to 37. ... dropping your body temperature below 35 degrees C.. Hypothermia Symptoms. Hypothermia symptoms include shivering, slurred ... Body temperatures vary from person to person. Numerous factors can alter a persons body temperature, such as the weather, ...
Hypothermia News, Research
The result is hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature. Body temperature that is too low affects the brain, making the ... Hypothermia News and Research. RSS When exposed to cold temperatures, your body begins to lose heat faster than it can be ... Hypothermia is most likely at very cold temperatures, but it can occur even at cool temperatures (above 40°F) if a person ... Clinical trial explores effect of whole-body cooling in comatose patients after cardiac arrest While body temperature cooling ...
Low Body Temperature in Dogs | petMD
Hypothermia is a medical condition that is characterized by an abnormally low body temperature. It has three phases: mild, ... Hypothermia in Dogs. Hypothermia is a medical condition that is characterized by an abnormally low body temperature. It has ... Mild hypothermia is classified as a body temperature of 90 - 99°F (or 32 - 35°C), moderate hypothermia at 82 - 90°F (28 - 32°C ... Hypothermia usually occurs in cold temperatures, although newborns may suffer hypothermia in normal environmental temperatures ...
What Is the Normal Body Temperature: Babies, Kids, Adults, and More
... your normal body temperature might be slightly higher or lower. Heres what you need to know. ... Although the average body temperature is 98.6°F (37°C), ... For babies, hypothermia can occur when their body temperature ... Hypothermia is a serious condition that occurs when you lose too much body heat. For adults, a body temperature that dips below ... Your body temperature may be slightly higher or lower.. A body temperature reading thats above or below the average doesnt ...
Neonatal Hypoglycemia: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention
Hypothermia or low body temperature. 4. Blood Transfusion with blood that has low glucose content and the baby is not given ... Galactosemia (rare inherited condition in which the body is unable to metabolize galactose) and other associated metabolic ... Ongoing skin-to-skin contact to control the temperature of the baby and promote frequent breastfeeds. ...
The body is very good at keeping its temperature within a safe range, even when temperatures outside the body change a lot. ... Body temperature is a measure of your bodys ability to make and get rid of heat. ... Low body temperature (hypothermia). If a low body temperature is your only symptom, it is not something to worry about. If a ... Body Temperature. Test Overview. Body temperature is a measure of your bodys ability to make and get rid of heat. The body is ...
Therapeutic Hypothermia to Improve Survival After Cardiac Arrest in Pediatric Patients-THAPCA-OH [Out of Hospital] Trial - Full...
... and will remain at this temperature for 2 days. Their body temperature will then be slowly increased to the normal temperature ... Therapeutic hypothermia is a therapy that involves a controlled lowering of the body temperature and then maintenance of this ... Therapeutic hypothermia, in which the bodys temperature is lowered and maintained several degrees below normal for a period of ... Participants receiving therapeutic hypothermia will have their body temperature reduced to between 32 to 34° Celsius (C) ...
Hypothermia in the Trauma Patient - When do Trauma Patients Get Cold? - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The purpose of this study is to analyze changes in core body- and skin temperature during pre-hospital and early in-hospital ... Hypothermia is a common finding in severely traumatized patients. Decreases in core temperature during the course of initial ... Hypothermia in the Trauma Patient - Temperature Changes During Transport and Initial Treatment in Hospital. ... Hypothermia in the Trauma Patient - When do Trauma Patients Get Cold?. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ...
Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest - Effects on Myocardial Function and Inflammatory Response. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials...
Hypothermia. Pathologic Processes. Heart Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Body Temperature Changes. Signs and Symptoms. ... Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Inflammatory Response Ischemia Reperfusion Injury Hypothermia Procedure: Targeted temperature ... Experimental: Targeted temperature management at 33°C Cooling and temperature control at 33°C, according to the study protocol ... If temperature 37,8 °C or above use of device for temperature control. ...
CDC - The Emergency Response Safety and Health Database: Glossary - NIOSH
Hypothermia. Abnormally low body temperature.. Hypovolemia. A decrease in the volume of circulating blood.. ... Affecting the body generally; not localized.. Systemic agent. A substance with whole-body (systemic) or multi-organ-system ... Lowest temperature at which a liquid or solid gives off vapor in such a concentration that, when the vapor combines with air ... A minute body found in the blood of mammals that functions to promote blood clotting; also called thrombocyte.. ...
How extreme cold can damage your body - The Washington Post
Take care to note that exposure to cold can lead to either hypothermia or frostbite. ... A drop in body temperature below 95 degrees. A severe case would be 86 degrees ... How extreme cold can damage your body. Planning an outdoor adventure in the oncoming storm? Take care to note that exposure to ... Weak bodies cant fight off cold as well as healthy ones. Diabetics may not feel the ...
Induction of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase after cortical contusion injury during hypothermia
To determine the effect of hypothermia on superoxide injury after cerebral contusion, the induction of Cu,Zn-superoxide ... Body Temperature Regulation / physiology* * Brain Concussion / enzymology* * Enzyme Induction * Gene Expression * Male ... Induction of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase after cortical contusion injury during hypothermia Brain Res. 1994 Sep 19;657(1-2):333- ... To determine the effect of hypothermia on superoxide injury after cerebral contusion, the induction of Cu,Zn-superoxide ...
Lethal threats of marathon running | Daily Mail Online
Here, leading sports physician Dr Tom Crisp describes what happens to the average runner's body during a marathon - and ... Body temperature, which starts at around 37C, will also climb to around 40C. The hotter the weather, the hotter the runner will ... In cold weather, a runner should make sure they quickly put on something warm, or they could suffer from hypothermia, when the ... The heart rate may have crept up and the body temperature could be hovering at 41C, which is as high as you can safely go ...
Nursing Care Plan, Diagnosis, Interventions Hypothermia, Low Body Temperature, Inability to Regulate Body Temperature.
Hypothermia, Low Body Temperature, Inability to Regulate Body Temperature. Free nursing care plan. ... Nursing Care Plan for: Hypothermia, Low Body Temperature, Inability to Regulate Body Temperature.. If you want to view a video ... Nursing Care Plan, Diagnosis, Interventions Hypothermia, Low Body Temperature, Inability to Regulate Body Temperature.. This ... Low Body Temperature, Inablility to Regulate Body Temperature.. What are nursing care plans? How do you develop a nursing care ...
Extreme Body-Core Temperatures | Military.com
... you will see the effects of body core temperature in both extremes (high and low body core temperatures) and how science is ... Hypothermia. Hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature, resulting from excessive heat loss due to cold exposure. ... you will see the effects of body core temperature in both extremes (high and low body core temperatures) and how science is ... Hyperthermia is abnormally high body temperature. It can be due to exposure to extreme temperatures, high humidity, and heavy ...
SIMI VALLEY : Homeless Man Dies of Hypothermia - LA Times
A 38-year-old homeless man has died of hypothermia, the apparent victim of 40-degree weather that swept through the area over ... His body temperature was measured at 83 degrees, about 15 degrees below normal, the deputy coroner said. Willenbacher died ... A 38-year-old homeless man has died of hypothermia, the apparent victim of 40-degree weather that swept through the area over ...
Andrej Romanovsky's FeverLab studies body temperature regulation, fever, hypothermia, behavioral thermoregulation, TRP channels...
It studies body temperature regulation, fever and hypothermia in systemic inflammation, behavioral thermoregulation, TRP ... The TRPM8-antagonist-induced hypothermia is the first example of a change in the deep body temperature of an animal occurring ... At tail skin temperatures , 23°C, the magnitude of the M8-B-induced decrease in body temperature was inversely related to skin ... proposes a different approach: modulating deep body temperature by blocking temperature signals that drive thermoeffector ...
Andrej Romanovsky's FeverLab studies body temperature regulation, fever, hypothermia, behavioral thermoregulation, TRP channels...
It studies body temperature regulation, fever and hypothermia in systemic inflammation, behavioral thermoregulation, TRP ... The TRPM8-antagonist-induced hypothermia is the first example of a change in the deep body temperature of an animal occurring ... Research focus 3: Body temperature control: Thermoregulation concepts Romanovsky AA. Skin temperature: its role in ... At tail skin temperatures , 23°C, the magnitude of the M8-B-induced decrease in body temperature was inversely related to skin ...
Frostbite and hypothermiaMildAbnormallyCause hypothermiaOccurSymptoms of hypothermia includeModerateShiveringHelp prevent hypothermiaDrops belowLead to hypothermiaDecreasesDegrees of hypothermiaProfound HypothermiaColdNormal human bodyDrop in body temperatureSuffering from hypothermia and frostbite2018Signs and symptomsWarmSusceptibleChances of getting hypBelow 35Warning signs for hypothermiaRisks associated with hypothermiaManaging hypothermia and frostbiteConfusionExhaustionPerson's bodyIncludeCore temperature dropsComplications2016Person with hypothermiaStages of hypothermiaRiskOccurs when body temperatureRegulateSign of hypothermiaProne to hypothermiaCases of hypothermiaImpact of hypothermiaDegree of hypothermiaVictim of hypothermiaInduction of hypothermiaTreatmentDangerously low body temperAffects
Frostbite and hypothermia7
- Cold stress covers conditions ranging in seriousness, and includes chilblains, frostbite and hypothermia. (mirror.co.uk)
- Paying attention to very cold wind chill or "feels like" numbers can help you plan your time outside to avoid the risk of frostbite and hypothermia. (lifehacker.com.au)
- Frostbite and hypothermia can occur at the same time. (medlineplus.gov)
- There's a lot of common sense things you can do to prevent frostbite and hypothermia 1 . (nbc-med.org)
- Covering your skin, dressing in layers, staying dry, and limiting your time outside are all ways to help prevent frostbite and hypothermia. (healthvermont.gov)
- This includes dressing warmly to avoid frostbite and hypothermia, and making informed decisions based on accurate wind chill information, such as whether it is safe for children to play outdoors. (gc.ca)
- Because frostbite and hypothermia both result from exposure, first determine whether the victim also shows signs of hypothermia, as described previously. (google.com)
- Mild hypothermia is a temperature between 35ºC (95ºF) and 32ºC (89.6ºF). (healthhype.com)
- Even with mild hypothermia victims are still able to walk and talk. (osu.edu)
- For today's discussion I will define stage 1 hypothermia as 95 to 98 F. People with this mild drop in body temperature will feel cold and begin to shiver, although they are able to stop shivering if they try. (wickedlocal.com)
- Mild Hypothermia - In this state you will shiver and be completely preoccupied (as you should be) with rewarming yourself. (uaf.edu)
- Treatment of mild Hypothermia - rewarm as soon as possible by any convenient means (eat, drink, put on more clothes, run around)! (uaf.edu)
- An older person may develop mild hypothermia after prolonged exposure to indoor temperatures that would generally be fine for a younger or healthier adult. (pharmacypedia.org)
- In this study ten consecutive burned patients with more than 20% total burned surface area and a core temperature of less than 36 C or mild hypothermia were studied in a comparative and randomized evaluation. (medindia.net)
- With even mild hypothermia, your brain and body DO NOT work as well. (medlineplus.gov)
- In mild hypothermia there is shivering and mental confusion. (wikipedia.org)
- The treatment of mild hypothermia involves warm drinks, warm clothing, and physical activity. (wikipedia.org)
- Symptoms of mild hypothermia may be vague, with sympathetic nervous system excitation (shivering, high blood pressure, fast heart rate, fast respiratory rate, and contraction of blood vessels). (wikipedia.org)
- Very mild hypothermia is typical and seen very often, in the form of shivering and vasoconstriction (when your fingernail beds turn blue). (scientificamerican.com)
- I myself have suffered many a bout of mild hypothermia (and a few cases of moderate hypothermia) in my life as a distance runner. (scientificamerican.com)
- Mild hypothermia may exhibit normal shivering, goose bumps or loss of finger dexterity. (bellaonline.com)
- For mild hypothermia you want to stop heat loss by adding additional layers of warm, dry coverings. (bellaonline.com)
- For mild hypothermia the body's core temp is 89 to 95 degrees. (nbc-med.org)
- For mild hypothermia, warming up may be enough. (umm.edu)
- The result is hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature. (news-medical.net)
- Abnormally low body temperature. (yourdictionary.com)
- The commonest problem that burns patients face is the development of an abnormally low body temperature known as " Hypothermia" which is in turn responsible for many complications such as infections or even sometimes death .The core temperature or the innermost temperature of the body is controlled by the hypothalamus in the brain and is usually between 36.5-37.5 C (97.7 0 F - 99.5 0 F) in healthy individuals. (medindia.net)
- Signs of shock include shallow breathing, abnormally low body temperature ( hypothermia ), pale or gray gums, and a weak but rapid pulse. (petmd.com)
- That can cause hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature. (medlineplus.gov)
- Hypothermia occurs when you have abnormally low body temperature. (medbroadcast.com)
- Hypothermia is an abnormally low body temperature brought on by staying in cold temperatures for a long period of time. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Hypothermia happens when your body temperature is abnormally low. (healthvermont.gov)
- Exercising in cold weather increases the risk of hypothermia (abnormally low body temperature). (harvard.edu)
- Hyperthermia is abnormally high body temperature. (military.com)
- Hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature, resulting from excessive heat loss due to cold exposure. (military.com)
- If you are exposed to extremely cold weather or you are submerged in cold water, these commonly cause hypothermia, dropping your body temperature below 35 degrees C. (ehow.co.uk)
- Exposure to colder-than-normal temperatures can also cause hypothermia. (healthline.com)
- TRPV1 antagonists that cause hypothermia, instead of hyperthermia, in rodents: Compounds' pharmacological profiles, in vivo targets, thermoeffectors recruited and implications for drug development. (feverlab.net)
- Actually, the air temperature doesn't have to be particularly low to cause hypothermia - just getting wet and chilled can do the same thing. (environmental-expert.com)
- A host of muscle disturbances occur with hypothermia. (healthhype.com)
- Hypothermia is most likely at very cold temperatures, but it can occur even at cool temperatures (above 40°F) if a person becomes chilled from rain, sweat, or submersion in cold water. (news-medical.net)
- Although failure to produce enough body heat due to certain medical conditions (such as very low thyroid levels) can occur, by far the most common cause of hypothermia is excess heat loss. (wickedlocal.com)
- Frostbite can occur in just a few minutes if conditions are cold enough with a high wind-chill factor on unprotected body parts, for example, the ears. (ehstoday.com)
- As the body temperature decreases, so does the rate at which chemical reactions occur. (mcgill.ca)
- Though hypothermia occurs more often in northern climes during winter months, it may also occur during the summer months, especially among those engaging in water activities. (deseretnews.com)
- As a result, a fever in the early morning might occur at a lower temperature than a fever that appears later on in the day. (healthline.com)
- But hypothermia can occur indoors, too. (healthline.com)
- For babies, hypothermia can occur when their body temperature is 97°F (36.1°C) or lower. (healthline.com)
- Hypothermia can occur in a number of situations, most often where extremely cold weather is a factor. (medbroadcast.com)
- Losses occur through convection (transfer of heat to the air), conduction (transfer of heat from the animal to a surface that is cooler), evaporation (heat dissipated by evaporation of moisture from wet skin or the respiratory tract) and radiation (exchange of heat between the body and objects in the environment). (vin.com)
- often no response is mounted until body temperature has dropped by 2.5°C. Vasoconstriction can occur in anesthetized patients and although it may slow down the rate of heat loss it has a negative effect on tissue perfusion and is usually a late response. (vin.com)
- Changes in cardiac rhythm may also be noted and at temperatures approaching 32.2°C asystole or fibrillation may spontaneously occur. (vin.com)
- Hypothermia can occur due to exposure to the cold air, or being immersed in cold water. (nbc-med.org)
- A low body temperature may occur with an infection. (rexhealth.com)
- It is caused by being in cold temperatures for an extended period of time, but can occur at milder temperatures if you are wet. (healthvermont.gov)
- Most deaths from hypothermia occur between 30 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit," says William Forgey, MD, former president of the Wilderness Medical Society in Colorado Springs. (webmd.com)
- It's very much like being drunk," says Forgey, who notes that most U.S. deaths due to hypothermia occur among the homeless. (webmd.com)
- Very little thiamine is stored in the body and depletion can occur within 14 days. (mayoclinic.org)
- This can occur during surgery for several reasons including uncovered skin, the action of anesthesia drugs and administering cold fluids either intravenously or to flush body parts. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- Hypothermia-a dangerous drop in core body temperature-can occur when it is cold inside or outside and the body is unable to produce the heat it needs to function. (nih.gov)
Symptoms of hypothermia include1
- Animals were subjected to hypoxia alone, IAI and hypoxia, IAI and hypoxia before induction of moderate hypothermia (33 degrees C), IAI and hypoxia induced during hypothermic intervention, and IAI and hypoxia initiated after hypothermia. (biomedsearch.com)
- In moderate hypothermia shivering stops and confusion increases. (wikipedia.org)
- In those with moderate hypothermia, heating blankets and warmed intravenous fluids are recommended. (wikipedia.org)
- Moderate hypothermia is 82 to 89 degrees. (nbc-med.org)
- Just be cautious: Failing to heed good sense or to prepare properly can put life and limb at risk -- even at moderate temperatures. (webmd.com)
- Hypothermia can lead to various complications such as shivering, longer postoperative wakeup times, compromised coagulation, ischemic heart events, and lowered immune defenses against surgical wound infections [ 4 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
- However, shivering stops as stage 3 hypothermia sets in. (healthhype.com)
- The first sign of low body temperature, known as hypothermia in dogs, is paleness of the skin and strong shivering. (petmd.com)
- People with this pronounced a drop in body temperature will usually be shivering violently and will not have control over their shivering. (wickedlocal.com)
- Once body temperature drops this low the patient's shivering response stops. (wickedlocal.com)
- Shivering is likely the first thing you'll notice as the temperature starts to drop because it's your body's automatic defense against cold temperature - an attempt to warm itself. (pharmacypedia.org)
- When your body is cold, you try to protect yourself by shivering. (medbroadcast.com)
- When hypothermia sets in, the shivering stops as your body is now trying to conserve energy. (medbroadcast.com)
- Efforts to increase body temperature involve shivering, increased voluntary activity, and putting on warmer clothing. (wikipedia.org)
- Low body temperature results in shivering becoming more violent. (wikipedia.org)
- Shivering is the first sign of hypothermia. (webmd.com)
- As soon as body core temperature drops below 36.0°C, patients are covered by a warming blanket to avoid shivering. (biomedcentral.com)
- If body temperature dips below 88 degrees, the situation becomes deadly-shivering may stop, and the patient may slip into a coma if emergency treatment is not given. (active.com)
- On the another segment of the Fight Science show, after 60 minutes in 45 degree water, I was amazed at how quickly I quit shivering and my body temperature increased back to normal. (military.com)
Help prevent hypothermia3
- Layers of clothing help prevent hypothermia. (deseretnews.com)
- You should also regulate air conditioning to help prevent hypothermia at home. (healthline.com)
- Animal studies suggest that some herbs may affect body temperature and may help prevent hypothermia if used before, or just after, exposure to cold. (umm.edu)
- When the body's core temperature drops below 95 F/35 C, it is defined as hypothermia, which along with frostbite is one of the more extreme dangers of prolonged work in cold environments. (ehstoday.com)
- Hypothermia is a condition that occurs when your body temperature drops below 95°F. Major complications can result from this drop in temperature, including death. (healthline.com)
- Hypothermia is a condition that exists when body temperature drops below 95 degrees. (foremost.com)
- Hypothermia is when your body temperature drops below the normal standard needed for your body to function correctly. (ehow.co.uk)
- Hypothermia hits when a person's body temperature drops below 95 degrees. (webmd.com)
- Hypothermia happens when someone's body temperature drops below 35°C (95°F). Normal body temperature is around 37°C (98. (sja.org.uk)
Lead to hypothermia3
- But prolonged exposure to any environment colder than your body can lead to hypothermia if you aren't dressed appropriately or can't control the conditions. (pharmacypedia.org)
- Illness and disease can also cause the body not to be able to regulate its temperature, which can also lead to hypothermia. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Set your thermostat to at least 68 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (F). Even mildly cool homes with temperatures from 60 to 65 degrees F can lead to hypothermia in older adults. (nih.gov)
- These signs and symptoms develop gradually depending on the rate at which the core temperature decreases. (healthhype.com)
- Decreases in core temperature during the course of initial evaluation and resuscitation are common, and can contribute to poor outcomes in multi-traumatized patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- A woman's basal body temperature rises sharply after ovulation, as estrogen production decreases and progesterone increases. (wikipedia.org)
- This is because our ability to regulate body temperature decreases with age. (healthline.com)
- Pharmacological blockade of the cold receptor TRPM8 attenuates autonomic and behavioral cold defenses and decreases deep body temperature. (feverlab.net)
- In the study entitled 'Pharmacological blockade of the cold receptor TRPM8 attenuates autonomic and behavioral cold defenses and decreases deep body temperature' (J Neurosci 32: 2086-2099, 2012), we used M8-B, a selective and potent antagonist of the transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8) channel. (feverlab.net)
Degrees of hypothermia1
- Hypothermia: A fall in body temperature below the usual level, occurring when the body fails to maintain adequate production of heat during conditions of extreme cold and very rapid heat loss. (chicagotribune.com)
- This may be reflected by the skin temperature which feels cold. (healthhype.com)
- These are treated differently from dog hypothermia that is due to cold exposure. (petmd.com)
- When exposed to cold temperatures, your body begins to lose heat faster than it can be produced. (news-medical.net)
- Patient may frequently complain of being cold, wearing more layers of clothing than typical for the weather/season/temperature in attempts to keep warm. (feast-ed.org)
- Hypothermia in the Trauma Patient - When do Trauma Patients Get Cold? (clinicaltrials.gov)
- As temperatures decrease and wind speeds increase, heat more readily leaves the body and can lead to cold-stress and even more serious health problems. (osu.edu)
- Cold and wet conditions can lead to health risks associated with hypothermia and frostbite. (osu.edu)
- They therefore had excess heat loss from radiation (it was cold), evaporation (of their sweat and the water in their wet clothes), convection (it was windy) and conduction (it was raining so hard the water would carry some of their body heat away as it dripped off of them). (wickedlocal.com)
- About 1000 Americans die of hypothermia every year, most often due to immersion in cold water or prolonged exposure to extreme cold (such as winter hikers who get lost and have prolonged exposure to the elements). (wickedlocal.com)
- Hypothermia isn't always the result of exposure to extremely cold outdoor temperatures. (pharmacypedia.org)
- If you're in direct contact with something very cold, such as cold water or the cold ground, heat is conducted away from your body. (pharmacypedia.org)
- Because water is very good at transferring heat from your body, body heat is lost much faster in cold water than in cold air. (pharmacypedia.org)
- In cold temperatures, stay active to produce body heat and store energy. (familydoctor.org)
- Scientists have just made a surprising discovery involving fat and special immune cells that live within it -- it turns out that 'gd T cells' are the key cogs in the biological wheel that regulates our body heat and protects us against cold shock. (news-medical.net)
- Working in cold temperatures? (mirror.co.uk)
- Fairfield J (1948) Effects of cold on infant rats: body temperatures, oxygen consumption, electrocardiograms. (springer.com)
- When working in cold temperatures, the best defense is common sense. (ehstoday.com)
- Cold temperatures have hazardous effects on humans and their ability to work well. (ehstoday.com)
- Training for all employees in the dangers of cold temperatures is essential. (ehstoday.com)
- The body's ability to regulate temperature and to sense cold may lessen with age. (mayoclinic.org)
- Record cold temperatures are hitting much of the US this week. (lifehacker.com.au)
- If you're concerned about frostbite, the wind chill takes temperature and wind speed into account for a more accurate picture of how cold the winter air will feel on your skin. (lifehacker.com.au)
- Normally our bodies generate heat to keep our core temperature constant, but if you're in the cold for too long, you might lose more heat than you can produce. (lifehacker.com.au)
- You should never disregard a low body temperature as just being cold. (ehow.co.uk)
- Hypothermia provoked by alcohol poisoning should be treated the same way as hypothermia brought on by cold weather or cold water. (ehow.co.uk)
- In cold weather, the human body may lose heat faster than it can produce it. (conservapedia.com)
- Anyone who spends much time outdoors in cold weather can get hypothermia. (conservapedia.com)
- Because human beings are best adapted to warm weather and ill-adapted to cold weather, hypothermia is a common occurrence. (deseretnews.com)
- If you work or play outside during the winter, you need to know how cold affects your body. (medlineplus.gov)
- Being active in the cold can put you at risk for problems such as hypothermia and frostbite . (medlineplus.gov)
- Cold temperatures, wind, rain, and even sweat cool your skin and pull heat away from your body. (medlineplus.gov)
- If you skimp on either, you increase your risk for cold weather injuries such as hypothermia and frostbite. (medlineplus.gov)
- These are signs that cold is affecting your body and brain. (medlineplus.gov)
- Cold weather is the primary cause of hypothermia. (healthline.com)
- When your body experiences extremely cold temperatures, it loses heat more quickly than it can produce it. (healthline.com)
- For example, if you step into an extremely cold, air-conditioned room immediately after being outside, you risk losing too much body heat in a short period. (healthline.com)
- They also may not realize they're cold and may stay outside in cold temperatures for too long. (healthline.com)
- Certain medical conditions can affect the body's ability to maintain an adequate temperature or to feel cold. (healthline.com)
- Where you live can also affect your risk of cold bodily temperatures. (healthline.com)
- Living in areas that frequently experience very low temperatures increases your risk of exposure to extreme cold. (healthline.com)
- The body temperature also changes when a person is hungry, sleepy, sick, or cold. (wikipedia.org)
- Most people associate hypothermia with being outside in cold weather for long periods of time. (healthline.com)
- Doctors have known for centuries that extreme cold can put the body into almost a state of hibernation. (gainesvilletimes.com)
- Cold weather can affect your body in different ways. (medlineplus.gov)
- When the body becomes very cold, all physiological systems begin to slow down - eventually to the point that threatens survival. (medbroadcast.com)
- For both hypothermia and frostbite, a diagnosis is made based on the signs and symptoms described above and a history of cold exposure. (medbroadcast.com)
- Infants with hypothermia may feel cold when touched, with bright red skin and an unusual lack of energy. (wikipedia.org)
- Temperature sensors exist centrally (hypothalamus, spinal cord, brain stem, abdominal organs and skeletal muscles) and peripherally (warm and cold receptors in the skin). (vin.com)
- Heat can also be conducted from your body through contact with cold surfaces such as snow, or in this case extremely cold metal. (howstuffworks.com)
- Her body temperature was so cold it would not have registered on a standard thermometer. (cqc.org.uk)
- Cold Weather and Hypothermia Ever done one or more of these activities in the winter- canoeing, kayaking, down hill and cross country skiing, climbing, hiking, back packing, or hunting. (bellaonline.com)
- Cold blood from the limbs can actually reduce the core temperature during warming. (bellaonline.com)
- And the body can cool down 25 times faster in cold water than air. (foremost.com)
- When boating in cold water, it is a good idea to wear a wet suit or some type of neoprene undergarment to hold in body heat. (foremost.com)
- Every boater and personal watercraft operator should know the signs of hypothermia, prepare against cold water immersion and know how to respond in the event that it does happen. (foremost.com)
- Low body temperature usually happens from being out in cold weather. (rexhealth.com)
- A walk down a cold, windy street can send a shivery tingle up and down your body, but so can some health conditions, like the flu , kidney stones , or an underactive thyroid . (webmd.com)
- While hypothermia happens most often in very cold temperatures, even cool temperatures (above 40°F or 4°C) can be dangerous to a person who has become chilled from rain, sweat, or being in cold water for an extended period of time. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- However, even young, seemingly strong people, are affected by hypothermia when exposed to the cold for long periods of time. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- All pets can get hypothermia in cold weather but short haired, young/old, skinny and diabetic dogs are more susceptible. (doggeek.com)
- BURLINGTON - With possibly record cold temperatures forecast for Vermont this week, health officials encourage all Vermonters to take steps to protect against hypothermia, and to keep in mind that older adults are particularly vulnerable to the health risks that can come with cold temperatures. (healthvermont.gov)
- When you are in cold temperatures, your body begins to lose heat faster than it's produced. (healthvermont.gov)
- Anytime it's cold, especially this cold, it's very important that people take care to protect against hypothermia," said Health Commissioner Mark Levine, MD. "Lengthy exposure to the cold can affect the brain, making it hard to think clearly or move well. (healthvermont.gov)
- It is based on research using human volunteers and advanced computer technology, combined with recent medical advances in the understanding of how the body loses heat when exposed to cold. (gc.ca)
- For example, if the wind chill is -20 while the outside temperature is only -10ºC, it means that your face will feel as cold as if it was a calm day (no wind) with a temperature of -20ºC. (gc.ca)
- Each year in Canada, more than 80 people die from over-exposure to the cold, and many more suffer injuries resulting from hypothermia and frostbite. (gc.ca)
- Your body type also determines how quickly you lose heat: people with a tall, slim build become cold much faster than those who are shorter and heavier. (gc.ca)
- Over time, our bodies can also adapt to the cold. (gc.ca)
- However, you would still feel cold from the outside temperature alone. (gc.ca)
- Hypothermia often happens gradually, but it can happen within minutes, such as if someone falls through the ice into cold water. (umm.edu)
- Hypothermia may develop over hours or days if your body cannot regulate heat as it should, if you cannot sense how cold it is, or if you live in a cold environment in the winter. (umm.edu)
- Hypothermia is usually caused by being in a cold environment for a long time. (sja.org.uk)
- During transition months when temperatures can change dramatically, a runner may be sweaty and unprepared with warm clothing for suddenly cold temperatures. (active.com)
- In cold weather or situations in which the temperature may fall, precautions should be taken. (active.com)
- It is important for everyone to monitor their local weather reports and take steps now to stay safe during times of extreme cold temperatures. (google.com)
- You can find more information and tips on being ready for winter weather and extreme cold temperatures at www.ready.gov/winter . (google.com)
- Pets that are exposed to extreme cold are at a greater risk of developing hypothermia. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Even though insulating and heating technologies have become more sophisticated, the overall approach used by modern humans to defend body temperature against cold - insulating and heating themselves - is no different from the one used by the caveman. (feverlab.net)
- Tuesday's bitter cold temperatures follow Monday's weather that brought 2-4 inches of fresh snow, which was whipped by winds gusting to 40 mph. (kwwl.com)
- St. Luke's Emergency Department in Cedar Rapids tells KWWL it has not seen any cases of hypothermia or frostbite so far on Tuesday -- however doctors are reminding Eastern Iowans of the dangers associated with cold weather health hazards such as hypothermia and frostbite. (kwwl.com)
- Older adults are especially vulnerable to hypothermia because their bodies' response to cold can be diminished by chronic medical conditions and by use of some medicines, including over-the-counter cold remedies. (nih.gov)
- When going outside in the cold, wear a hat, scarf, and gloves or mittens to prevent loss of body heat through your head and hands. (nih.gov)
- The NIA has free information about hypothermia in a brochure " Stay Safe in Cold Weather ," and a fact sheet in Spanish " La hipotermia: un peligro del clima frío . (nih.gov)
- Winter presents several obstacles to survival: scarce food, deep snow, and cold temperatures are all common at Craters of the Moon. (nps.gov)
- Many animals adapt to cold temperatures by growing a thicker layer of fur. (nps.gov)
- However, when exposed to cold temperatures or to a cool, damp environment for prolonged periods, your body's control mechanisms may fail to keep your body temperature normal. (sagliksifa.com)
- Wet or inadequate clothing, falling into cold water, and even having an uncovered head during cold weather can all increase your chances of hypothermia. (sagliksifa.com)
- Other people at higher risk of hypothermia include those whose judgment may be impaired by mental illness or Alzheimer's disease and people who are intoxicated, homeless or caught in cold weather because their vehicles have broken down. (sagliksifa.com)
- If going indoors isn't possible, protect the person from the wind, cover his or her head, and insulate his or her body from the cold ground. (sagliksifa.com)
- Heat applied to the arms and legs forces cold blood back toward the heart, lungs and brain, causing the core body temperature to drop. (sagliksifa.com)
- This includes removing the patient from the cold environment, careful removal of wet or cold clothing, insulation, warming the body, securing the airway, monitoring breathing and circulation, and maintaining circulation using warm intravenous fluids. (bmj.com)
Normal human body3
- Normal human body temperature , also known as normothermia or euthermia , is the typical temperature range found in humans . (wikipedia.org)
- Normal human body temperature varies slightly from person to person and by the time of day. (wikipedia.org)
- The normal human body temperature is often stated as 36.5-37.5 °C (97.7-99.5 °F). In adults a review of the literature has found a wider range of 33.2-38.2 °C (91.8-100.8 °F) for normal temperatures, depending on the gender and location measured. (wikipedia.org)
Drop in body temperature5
- What are the causes of sudden drop in body temperature? (ehow.co.uk)
- A sudden drop in body temperature is more commonly referred to as hypothermia, and numerous triggers can cause it. (ehow.co.uk)
- Hypothermia is defined as a drop in body temperature below 35°C (95°F). Young babies (because they have a greater surface area to body weight ratio) and seniors are the most vulnerable to developing hypothermia. (medbroadcast.com)
- A drop in body temperature below 95 degrees. (washingtonpost.com)
- Older adults can lose body heat quickly, and changes in the body as we age can make it harder to recognize a drop in body temperature. (nih.gov)
Suffering from hypothermia and frostbite1
Signs and symptoms2
- When the body temperature drops too low then the hypothalamus has to find ways too warm the body. (healthhype.com)
- Offer warm beverages to help increase body temperature. (osu.edu)
- You may also warm the affected area with body heat by placing the affected area under clothing or next to warmer body parts, such as an armpit. (osu.edu)
- Rewarm the affected area gently by putting it next to a warm body part or breathing on it. (osu.edu)
- Advanced medical rewarming techniques include infusing warmed fluids directly into the victim's blood vessels, body cavity (stomach, bladder or other) lavage with warm fluids, as well as use of special warming blankets and pre-warmed air/oxygen. (wickedlocal.com)
- Primary treatments for hypothermia are methods to warm the body back to a normal temperature. (pharmacypedia.org)
- Wind removes body heat by carrying away the thin layer of warm air at the surface of your skin. (pharmacypedia.org)
- When your temperature drops, your body uses stored energy to stay warm. (familydoctor.org)
- Victims must be taken somewhere warm and dry, have wet clothing removed, and be warmed from the central body first - chest, neck, head and groin. (mirror.co.uk)
- Hypothermia, a body temperature below 99 degrees Fahrenheit, can lead to many harmful consequences for your warm-blooded patient under sedation or anesthesia. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
- When you become aware that you are pouring IV fluids at room temperature (let's say 70 degrees Fahrenheit) into a patient with a body temperature hopefully above 100 degrees, you understand this is simply not a good way to keep a patient warm. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
- 7. Place warm fluid bags (strictly reserved for this purpose) against the body or near major blood vessels like arm pits and inner thighs. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
- This temperature is necessary for biochemical processes necessary for life which explains why man is warm blooded in nature! (medindia.net)
- The third procedure is by active core heating of the internal body surfaces by intravenous infusion of warm fluids, body-cavity lavage and airway rewarming. (medindia.net)
- But one way or another, you need to slowly and carefully warm up the affected body parts. (lifehacker.com.au)
- Then, use warm (not hot) water, or other gentle warmth such as putting your frotstbitten fingers under your arms to warm them with body heat. (lifehacker.com.au)
- You need both food and fluids to fuel your body and keep you warm. (medlineplus.gov)
- Move your body to help warm your core. (medlineplus.gov)
- If blankets aren't available, use your body heat to warm them. (healthline.com)
- If they're conscious, try to give them warm beverages or soup, which can help to increase body temperature. (healthline.com)
- Make sure your pet is always warm and have a thermometer at hand at all times to be able to detect hypothermia or fever. (vetinfo.com)
- Prevention: Just like with hypothermia, you want to limit the amount of time spent outside during the winter months, protect your animal's paws with booties, and consider a sweater or jacket to help keep them warm. (progressive.com)
- The researchers pointed out that our bodies tend to warm throughout the day. (healthline.com)
- Surface blood vessels contract further as the body focuses its remaining resources on keeping the vital organs warm. (wikipedia.org)
- Snuggle up to the St. Bernard for his body heat, but refuse the whiskey around his neck--alcoholic beverages do not warm you. (runnersworld.com)
- Warm food or liquids that can help the body generate heat are needed. (bellaonline.com)
- It makes a hormone that helps your body stay warm and keeps your organs working like they should. (webmd.com)
- Warm the center of the body first-the chest, neck, head, and groin-using an electric blanket, if it is available. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Warm beverages can also be helpful, but never give a victim of hypothermia any alcoholic beverage, and never try to give an unconscious person something to drink. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Once the body temperature begins to increase, keep the person dry and wrapped in warm blankets. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- If someone is experiencing hypothermia, get them to a warm room, remove any wet clothing, get them under dry layers of clothes and blankets, and seek medical attention. (healthvermont.gov)
- Drink warm fluids to maintain a healthy temperature. (healthvermont.gov)
- As warm-blooded animals, the human body can amazingly keep us at the correct temperature despite our surroundings. (ehow.co.uk)
- It takes energy for our bodies to warm up a new layer and, if each layer keeps getting blown away, our skin temperature will drop and we will feel colder. (gc.ca)
- If you or someone you care for has symptoms of hypothermia, give first aid to warm them up and call 911 immediately. (umm.edu)
- The most important thing you can do for someone who has hypothermia is get them to a warm, safe place. (umm.edu)
- There are no herbs or supplements that specifically treat hypothermia, but eating a healthy diet, including warm foods and soups may help lower your risk for hypothermia. (umm.edu)
- More dynamic forms of stretching that keep body parts moving can loosen your joints, get your blood flowing, and warm up muscles and tissues. (harvard.edu)
- Warm beverages can help increase the body temperature, but do NOT give alcoholic beverages. (google.com)
- After body temperature has increased, keep the person dry and wrapped in a warm blanket, including the head and neck. (google.com)
- Countercurrent heat exchange - Animals with exposed body parts, like a bird's skinny legs, risk heat loss as warm blood travels to these extremities. (nps.gov)
- The cooling machine will warm the water to bring the temperature back up to 92o F. (hackensackumc.org)
Chances of getting hyp1
Warning signs for hypothermia2
Risks associated with hypothermia1
Managing hypothermia and frostbite1
- If a low body temperature occurs with other symptoms, such as chills, shaking, breathing problems, or confusion, then this may be a sign of more serious illness. (rexhealth.com)
- Hypothermia related to surgery as evidence reduction of body temperature of 94.4 degrees, mental confusion, drowsiness, and decreased pulse and respirations. (registerednursern.com)
- Numerous factors can alter a person's body temperature, such as the weather, gender and age, medication and health. (ehow.co.uk)
- According to the American Medical Association, a person's body temperature usually falls between 36.5 to 37.2 degrees C, which is equivalent to 36.5 to 37.2 Celsius. (ehow.co.uk)
- When a person's body temperature exceeds or falls below normal, he faces certain medical risks. (ehow.co.uk)
- What's the average person's body temperature? (healthline.com)
- if a person's body skin suddenly turns hard and white or black, it's a good indicator that frostbite has kicked in. (nbc-med.org)
- Factors that increase a dog's risk for hypothermia include being very young or old, low body fat, heart disease, kidney disease and hypothyroidism . (petmd.com)
- The newer methods to regulate body temperature include the AllonTM2001 Thermowrap which is a temperature regulating water-mattress which works by fluid convection , and KanMed Warmcloud which is a temperature regulating air-mattress which works by air convection . (medindia.net)
- There are other methods to increase body temperature besides the three modalities studied here which include invasive techniques such as the use of intravascular thermal regulation catheters. (medindia.net)
- Lactic acid levels may be high and the levels of important salts in the body, known as electrolytes, which include sodium and potassium chloride, may be very low. (dailymail.co.uk)
Core temperature drops2
- If sustained, hypothermia in dogs may lead to several complications and can even become fatal. (petmd.com)
- This is believed to be the largest patient cohort of orthopedic patients studied for hypothermia and related complications. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- For their study, Dr. Silverton and researchers sought to evaluate the frequency of hypothermia during hip fracture surgery and the impact of hypothermia on post-surgery complications. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
Person with hypothermia2
Stages of hypothermia2
- Within a broader research upon the environmental conditions, pollution, heat stress, and hypothermia risk in operating theatres, the authors set up an experimental investigation by using a warming blanket chosen from several types on sale. (hindawi.com)
- Damage to underlying tissue raises the risk of subsequent infection in the affected body part. (osu.edu)
- Many left without power and heat will be at risk of hypothermia as the Nor'easter is scheduled to hit the New York City and New Jersey area," said Dr. Sharon Horesh Bergquist, assistant professor of medicine at the Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. (go.com)
- The elderly often have difficulty with thermoregulation and infants have a relatively larger body surface area thus are at increase heat loss risk," said Dr. Christopher Russi, emergency physician at the Mayo Clinic. (go.com)
- Victims with such low body temperature are at risk for heart arrhythmias, which can be fatal. (wickedlocal.com)
- They are at risk of getting hypothermia over time. (familydoctor.org)
- Alcohol acts as a depressant to your nervous system so if you consume alcohol faster than your body can get rid of it, you are at risk of alcohol poisoning. (ehow.co.uk)
- Simple precautions greatly reduce the risk of hypothermia. (deseretnews.com)
- What Are the Risk Factors for Hypothermia? (healthline.com)
- Age is a risk factor for hypothermia. (healthline.com)
- Infants and older adults have the highest risk of developing hypothermia. (healthline.com)
- Mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, put you at a greater risk for hypothermia. (healthline.com)
- Dementia, or memory loss that often occurs with communication and comprehension difficulties, can also increase the risk of hypothermia. (healthline.com)
- Hypothermia may be diagnosed based on either a person's symptoms in the presence of risk factors or by measuring a person's core temperature. (wikipedia.org)
- There is encouraging clinical evidence from a small phase II trial that combined treatment of hypothermia with recombinant erythropoietin further reduces risk of disability but definitive studies are still needed. (springer.com)
- Many people who use health and social care services may be at risk of developing hypothermia. (cqc.org.uk)
- Who is at risk for hypothermia? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Older adults and young children, people who spend a lot of time outdoors, and people with conditions that make it harder to regulate their body temperature are at highest risk. (healthvermont.gov)
- Ask your doctor if any prescription or over-the-counter medications you are taking increase your risk for hypothermia. (healthvermont.gov)
- Temperatures in the North East last Sunday reached 68F (20C), four degrees higher than the average, which meant runners were at greater risk of over-heating. (dailymail.co.uk)
- The heart rate may have crept up and the body temperature could be hovering at 41C, which is as high as you can safely go before the risk of heat stroke, which can be fatal. (dailymail.co.uk)
- Wearing wet clothes can raise your risk for hypothermia. (umm.edu)
- You want to avoid starting with static stretches, that is, not moving the body part while stretching, which can further increase your risk for injury," says Dr. Adam Tenforde of Harvard's Spaulding Rehabilitation Network. (harvard.edu)
- A Henry Ford Hospital finds that hypothermia, a relatively common but unintentional occurrence during surgery, is associated with an increased risk for infection in patients who undergo surgery to repair a hip fracture. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- Patients in the middle to late 70s and those with lower BMI were more at risk for hypothermia. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- Craig Silverton, MD, a Henry Ford Hospital orthopedic surgeon and the study's senior author, says the association between hypothermia, advancing age and BMI and post-surgery infections, despite the use of re-warming devices are new, sobering risk factors for which physicians need to be aware. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
Occurs when body temperature2
- This is due to a decreased ability to regulate their body temperature. (healthline.com)
- Some antidepressants, sedatives, and antipsychotic medications can affect your body's ability to regulate its temperature. (healthline.com)
- Your body's ability to regulate temperature changes as you get older. (healthline.com)
- This nursing care plan and diagnosis with nursing interventions is for the following conditions: Hypothermia, Low Body Temperature, Inablility to Regulate Body Temperature. (registerednursern.com)
- The PACU nurse states that the patient has been unable to regulate her own body temperature and her current temperature in 94.4 degrees. (registerednursern.com)
- What this study demonstrates is that orthopedic patients in their 70s and those with low body mass further compounds the body to regulate its temperature. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
Sign of hypothermia1
Prone to hypothermia2
Cases of hypothermia2
Impact of hypothermia1
Degree of hypothermia1
Victim of hypothermia1
Induction of hypothermia3
- Herein we demonstrate that global SUMOylation, a form of post-translational modification with the Small Ubiquitin-like MOdifer, participates in the multimodal molecular induction of hypothermia-induced ischemic tolerance. (frontiersin.org)
- The present invention relates to the induction of hypothermia in humans in a predictable and dose responsive fashion by use of a pharmaceutical composition comprising a neurotensin or a neurotensin analog or a synthetic neurotensin or a neurotensin receptor agonist, thereby inducing hypothermia, thus benefiting patients suffering from illnesses characterized by tissue anoxia. (google.com)
- The present invention relates to the use of compounds for the induction of hypothermia, such as for the prophylaxis and treatment of ischemia. (google.com)
- The purpose of this study is to analyze changes in core body- and skin temperature during pre-hospital and early in-hospital treatment of multi-traumatized patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Even with prompt medical treatment 20 percent or more of patients with body temperature under 90 F die. (wickedlocal.com)
- All patients were exposed to all the three methods of treatment in a random fashion and all the treatments given had the analysis of variance between groups to evaluate the temperature differences from the first to the last measurements. (medindia.net)
- What Are the Treatment Options for Hypothermia? (healthline.com)
- The goal of hypothermia treatment is to increase your body temperature to a normal range. (healthline.com)
- ER doctors induced hypothermia, and the treatment was continued in the intensive-care unit, for about 36 hours. (gainesvilletimes.com)
- Treatment of hypothermia needs to be done very carefully and under proper supervision because your body is very fragile in this state. (medbroadcast.com)
- Treatment of hypothermia is not always simple. (bellaonline.com)
- The extent of hypothermia and treatment vary. (foremost.com)
- Medical treatment may be needed to raise your body temperature back to normal levels. (webmd.com)
- Treatment will continue until the pet's body temperature reaches the normal range. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- People with hypothermia typically experience gradual loss of mental acuity and physical ability, so they may be unaware that they need emergency medical treatment. (sagliksifa.com)
Dangerously low body temper2
- Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. (pharmacypedia.org)
- For coma or hypothermia (dangerously low body temperature) of unknown origin, 100 milligrams of thiamine has been injected into the muscle or vein. (mayoclinic.org)
- Temperature control ( thermoregulation ) is part of a homeostatic mechanism that keeps the organism at optimum operating temperature , as the temperature affects the rate of chemical reactions . (wikipedia.org)
- Hypothermia is particularly dangerous because it affects your ability to think clearly. (healthline.com)
- Not only are these heat conditions potentially deadly, the increase of heat in the body also affects physical performance. (military.com)