The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
The leveraging of collective wisdom within an organization as a catalyst to increase responsiveness and innovation.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The educational process of instructing.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Patient health knowledge related to medications including what is being used and why as well as instructions and precautions.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
The inspection of one's breasts, usually for signs of disease, especially neoplastic disease.
Individuals enrolled in a school of nursing or a formal educational program leading to a degree in nursing.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.
Use for general articles concerning nursing education.
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Use of an interactive computer system designed to assist the physician or other health professional in choosing between certain relationships or variables for the purpose of making a diagnostic or therapeutic decision.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.
Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.
Educational programs designed to inform nurses of recent advances in their fields.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
The interactions between physician and patient.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Sexual activities of humans.
Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Instructional materials used in teaching.
Educational institutions.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Investigations into the problems of integrating research findings into nursing curricula, developing problem solving skills, finding approaches to clinical teaching, determining the level of practice by graduates from different basic preparations, etc.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
Those persons legally qualified by education and training to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.

The basis of informed consent for BMT patients. (1/612)

During recent decades the doctrine of informed consent has become a standard part of medical care as an expression of patients' rights to self-determination. In situations when only one treatment alternative exists for a potential cure, the extent of a patient's self-determination is constrained. Our hypothesis is that for patients considering a life-saving procedure such as bone marrow transplant (BMT), informed consent has little meaning as a basis for their right to self-determination. A longitudinal study of BMT patients was undertaken with four self-administered questionnaires. Questions centered around expectations, knowledge, anxiety and factors contributing to their decision to undergo treatment. Although the informed consent process made patients more knowledgeable about the treatment, their decision to consent was largely based on positive outcome expectations and on trust in the physician. Informed consent relieved their anxieties and increased their hopes for survival. Our conclusion was that the greatest value of the informed consent process lay in meeting the patients' emotional rather than cognitive needs. When their survival is at stake and BMT represents their only option, the patient's vulnerability puts a moral responsibility on the physician to respect the principle of beneficence while not sacrificing the patient's right to self-determination.  (+info)

"What" and "how": evidence for the dissociation of object knowledge and mechanical problem-solving skills in the human brain. (2/612)

Patients with profound semantic deterioration resulting from temporal lobe atrophy have been reported to use many real objects appropriately. Does this preserved ability reflect (i) a separate component of the conceptual knowledge system ("action semantics") or (ii) the operation of a system that is independent of conceptual knowledge of specific objects, and rather is responsible for general mechanical problem-solving skills, triggered by object affordances? We contrast the performance of three patients-two with semantic dementia and focal temporal lobe atrophy and the third with corticobasal degeneration and biparietal atrophy-on tests of real object identification and usage, picture-based tests of functional semantic knowledge, and a task requiring selection and use of novel tools. The patient with corticobasal degeneration showed poor novel tool selection and impaired use of real objects, despite near normal semantic knowledge of the same objects' functions. The patients with semantic dementia had the expected deficit in object identification and functional semantics, but achieved flawless and effortless performance on the novel tool task. Their attempts to use this same mechanical problem-solving ability to deduce (sometimes successfully but often incorrectly) the use of the real objects provide no support for the hypothesis of a separate action-semantic system. Although the temporal lobe system clearly is necessary to identify "what" an object is, we suggest that sensory inputs to a parietal "how" system can trigger the use of objects without reference to object-specific conceptual knowledge.  (+info)

The functional neuroanatomy of comprehension and memory: the importance of prior knowledge. (3/612)

Stories are a common way in which humans convey and acquire new information. Their effectiveness and memorability require that they be understood which, in turn, depends on two factors-whether the story makes sense and the prior knowledge that the listener brings to bear. Comprehension requires the linking of related pieces of information, some provided within the story and some by the listener, in a process establishing coherence. In this study, we examined brain activations associated with story processing. During PET scanning, passages of prose were read twice to subjects during successive scans with the requirement to remember them. These were either standard stories that were readily comprehensible, or unusual stories for which the global theme was very difficult to extract without prior knowledge of the mental framework. This was manipulated by the provision of relevant, irrelevant or no visual cues shortly before the story. Ratings of comprehension provided by the subjects just after each scan confirmed that standard stories were more comprehensible than the unusual stories, as were unusual stories with a mental framework compared with those without. PET results showed activation of anterior and ventral parts of the medial parietal/posterior cingulate cortex in association with hearing unusual stories when subjects were given prior knowledge of what it might be about. Medial ventral orbitofrontal cortex and left temporal pole activations were found to be associated with more general aspects of comprehension. Medial parietal cortex (precuneus) and left prefrontal cortex were associated with story repetition. We suggest that while the temporal pole is involved in the linking of propositions to build a narrative, the anterior medial parietal/posterior cingulate cortex is concerned with linking this information with prior knowledge. All of this occurs in the context of a general memory processing/retrieval system that includes the posterior parietal (precuneus) and prefrontal cortex. Knowledge of how distinct brain regions contribute differentially to aspects of comprehension and memory has implications for understanding how these processes break down in conditions of brain injury or disease.  (+info)

Circular epidemiology. (4/612)

Circular epidemiology can be defined as the continuation of specific types of epidemiologic studies beyond the point of reasonable doubt of the true existence of an important association or the absence of such an association. Circular epidemiology is an extreme example of studies of the consistency of associations. A basic problem for epidemiology is the lack of a systematic approach to acquiring new knowledge to reach a goal of improving public health and preventive medicine. For epidemiologists, research support unfortunately is biased toward the continued study of already proven hypotheses. Circular epidemiology, however, freezes at one point in the evolution of epidemiologic studies, failing to move from descriptive to analytical case-control and longitudinal studies, for example, to experimental, clinical trials. Good epidemiology journals are filled with very well-conducted epidemiologic studies that primarily repeat the obvious or are variations on the theme.  (+info)

Information technology and knowledge exchange in health-care organizations. (5/612)

Despite the increasing global interest in information technology among health care institutions, little has been discussed about its importance for the effectiveness of knowledge management. In this study, economic theories are used to analyze and describe a theoretical framework for the use of information technology in the exchange of knowledge. The analyses show that health care institutions would benefit from developing global problem-solving collaboration, which allows practitioners to exchange knowledge unrestricted by time and geographical barriers. The use of information technology for vertical integration of health-care institutions would reduce knowledge transaction costs, i.e. decrease costs for negotiating and creating communication channels, and facilitating the determination of what, when, and how to produce knowledge. A global network would allow organizations to increase existing knowledge, and thus total productivity, while also supporting an environment where the generation of new ideas is unrestricted. Using all the intellectual potential of market actors and thereby releasing economic resources can reduce today's global budget conflicts in the public sector, i.e. the necessity to choose between health care services and, for instance, schools and support for the elderly. In conclusion, global collaboration and coordination would reduce the transaction costs inherent in knowledge administration and allow a more effective total use of scarce health-care resources.  (+info)

Topographical knowledge survives hippocampal damage. (6/612)

Study of a patient with damage to the hippocampus and surrounding neocortex reveals intact topographical knowledge of his childhood environment. New studies of spatial memory in animals are also giving insight into the process by which spatial memory becomes consolidated over time.  (+info)

Power and the teaching of medical ethics. (7/612)

This paper argues that ethics education needs to become more reflective about its social and political ethic as it participates in the construction and transmission of medical ethics. It argues for a critical approach to medical ethics and explores the political context in medical schools and some of the peculiar problems in medical ethics education.  (+info)

Splendours and miseries of the brain. (8/612)

In this speculative essay, I examine two evolutionary developments underlying the enormous success of the human brain: its capacity to acquire knowledge and its variability across individuals. A feature of an efficient knowledge-acquiring system is, I believe, its capacity to abstract and to formulate ideals. Both attributes carry with them a clash between experience of the particular and what the brain has developed from experience of the many. Both therefore can lead to much disappointment in our daily lives. This disappointment is heightened by the fact that both abstraction and ideals are subject to variability in time within an individual and between individuals. Variability, which is a cherished source for evolutionary selection, can also be an isolating and individualizing feature in society. Thus the very features of the human brain which underlie our enormous evolutionary success can also be a major source of our misery.  (+info)

Nearly half of all Americans have at least 3 of the risk factors listed above.[3]. Signs of a Heart Attack in Men-When to Get Help. While some heart attack symptoms occur suddenly, without warning, many start with mild discomfort that slowly builds throughout the day, or comes and goes intermittently. Individuals who have diabetes may experience heart attack symptoms very mildly as well, or may exhibit no symptoms during a heart attack at all. If youve had a heart attack previously, your symptoms may be different with subsequent heart attacks also. It is important to note that symptoms vary from person to person and not all signs may be present during a heart attack.. The American Heart Association recommends calling 9-1-1 immediately if you experience any of these heart attack warning signs.. Chest discomfort-This may include chest pressure, pain, tightness, fullness, or squeezing that lasts for more than a few minutes, or is intermittent.. Upper body discomfort-This includes pain/discomfort ...
Understanding how our knowledge about the world is organized can help us understand how we are able to access that knowledge to easily identify objects and communicate with others. One general view of object knowledge organization assumes that object knowledge is represented by how we perceive and interact with objects (for example features like the color or shape we see and touch) (i.e., feature view; e.g., Allport, 1985; Barsalou, 1999, 2008; Gallese & Lakoff, 2005; Tyler & Moss, 2001). In contrast, an alternative view hypothesizes that in addition to features from different modalities (e.g., visual, motor, and tactile), taxonomic (e.g., dog and rabbit are animal) and thematic category information (e.g., eating theme: a dog is chewing a bone) is also critical for representing object knowledge (i.e., feature-plus-category view; e.g., Crutch & Warrington, 2005, 2010; Patterson et al., 2007; Schwartz et al., 2011; Mirman & Graziano, 2012). In order to examine these two general views of object ...
By Jason Baehr. This ebook is the 1st systematic therapy of responsibilist or character-based advantage epistemology, an method of epistemology that specializes in highbrow personality virtues like open-mindedness, fair-mindedness, inquisitiveness, and highbrow braveness, rigor, and carefulness. Baehr distinguishes 4 major types of character-based advantage epistemology and develops a entire evaluation of every. for college students philosophers searching for an creation to this interesting new box, the booklet deals a quick heritage of advantage epistemology, an summary of latest learn within the box, and an advent to highbrow virtues that distinguishes them from highbrow abilities, temperaments, schools, and abilities. For experts in epistemology, it offers such a lot intensive exam so far of the function that the concept that of highbrow advantage may possibly play in a philosophical account of information. Baehr additionally argues for increasing the borders of epistemology right to ...
Why does the College Curriculum describe knowledge in terms of domains? First, its a necessary part of constructing COLL 200 courses, where you consider the ideas and methods central to one academic discipline while also looking outward to one or both of the other domains. Its also a useful way to describe the content of individual courses - regardless of their home academic departments or programs - for your three electives (one in each knowledge domain).. Here are the official descriptions of the three knowledge domains:. Arts, Letters, and Values (ALV). Courses in this domain examine the expression and evaluation of values and attitudes. Courses may develop the ability of students to express their own values and attitudes or to develop their own evaluations using literature, art, music, performance, or philosophy. Others may examine the expressions and evaluations themselves historically, cross-culturally, or via the social and cognitive processes that produce them.. Cultures, Societies, ...
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Not all people who have heart attacks experience the same symptoms or experience them to the same degree. Many heart attacks arent as dramatic as the ones youve seen on TV. Some people have no symptoms at all, while for others, the first sign may be sudden cardiac arrest. Still, the more signs and symptoms you have, the greater the likelihood that you may be having a heart attack. The severity of heart attack symptoms can vary too. Some people have mild pain, while others experience severe pain. ...
She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. Dr. It is important for you to know the most common symptoms of a heart attack and also remember these facts: Heart disease wasnt even on Jennifers radar. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Jennifer reminds us how heart disease takes too many of our moms, sisters, and friends from us every day. This video-presented by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health-discusses the warning symptoms of a heart attack. Balloon angioplasty of the coronary artery and stents (percutaneous coronary intervention, PCI) is a heart attack symptoms in men non-surgical procedure that relieves ...
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Heart attacks symptoms vary greatly for men and women. Learn the warning signs of a heart attack and know the symptoms that may require an immediate trip to the hospital.
Get tips on heart health with diet and lifestyle advice. Learn about heart attack symptoms, heart conditions, cholesterol treatment and more on heart disease.
Mild heart attack symptoms can be treated through proper medication, which has been recommended or prescribed by your physician. Prevention is critical.
Heart disease is a top killer of women, but heart attack symptoms could be different than in men. Here are the top signs to look for.
Conclusions in a Weltanschauung depend on argument and aesthetic appeal, but also important are the set of mental constructs that provide a frame in which to percieve the discussion. These frameworks layer on each other from domain-specific to general perception and eventually into the usually-unexamined foundations of a framework of knowledge. Practically, people with very different (or sparse) underpinnings can often still function similarly within the confines of a discipline - a particular lawyer, scientist, or historian might be realist or antirealist, morally objectivist or relativist and still function in that discipline even if they disagree with their colleagues on the deeper meaning of their work. This is the case because of the layered nature of epistemology - while a particular practical epistemology may be required (or useful) within a certain field, the divisions between layers can be bridged in ways that largely mask the difference.. Certainty is a major topic in epistemology - it ...
This book offers a view of the current state of play in epistemology in the form of twelve chapters by some of the philosophers who have most influenced the course of debates in recent years. Topics include epistemic justification, solipsism, scepticism, and modal, moral, naturalistic, and probabilistic epistemology. Such approaches as reliabilism, evidentialism, infinitism, and virtue epistemology are here developed further by the philosophers who pioneered them.
The purpose of this study is to examine relationships among pre-service science teachers conceptual knowledge of electric current, motivational beliefs, and self-regulation. One hundred and twenty-seven students (female = 107, male = 20) enrolled in the science education program of a public university in Ankara participated the study. A concept map technique was used to determine students conceptual knowledge level of electric current. To determine students motivational beliefs and self-regulation, a scale developed by Velayutham, Aldridge, and Fraser (2011) was first translated into Turkish and adapted to Turkish culture and then used as a measurement tool. Results showed that students motivational beliefs were positively associated with their self-regulation, and students task value, self-efficacy, and self-regulation were positively related with students conceptual knowledge of electric current. These results show that students motivational beliefs and self-regulation have
Defining Epistemology. Epistemology is the study of knowledge acquisition. It involves an awareness of certain aspects of reality, and it seeks to discover what is known and how it is known. Considered as a branch of philosophy, epistemology addresses cognitive sciences, cultural studies and the history of science. Moreover, epistemology explains why our minds relate to reality and how these relationships are either valid or invalid. It is needed in order to distinguish between the truth and falsehood as we obtain knowledge from the world around us.. Epistemology encompasses the construction of concepts, the nature of conditions and the validity of the senses. Because the study of epistemology enables us to think about the way we think, it is a useful method for evaluating the world around us. Accordingly, without epistemology, human beings would have no reason to believe in their thoughts and actions. Teachers would have no reason to give tests or assign class work because there would be no ...
Defining Epistemology. Epistemology is the study of knowledge acquisition. It involves an awareness of certain aspects of reality, and it seeks to discover what is known and how it is known. Considered as a branch of philosophy, epistemology addresses cognitive sciences, cultural studies and the history of science. Moreover, epistemology explains why our minds relate to reality and how these relationships are either valid or invalid. It is needed in order to distinguish between the truth and falsehood as we obtain knowledge from the world around us.. Epistemology encompasses the construction of concepts, the nature of conditions and the validity of the senses. Because the study of epistemology enables us to think about the way we think, it is a useful method for evaluating the world around us. Accordingly, without epistemology, human beings would have no reason to believe in their thoughts and actions. Teachers would have no reason to give tests or assign class work because there would be no ...
Rudolf Steiner Archive: Truth and Knowledge: vi. Epistemology Free of Assumptions and Fichtes Science of Knowledge - Truth and Knowledge: vi. Epistemology Free of Assumptions and Fichtes Science of Knowledge
If you have a question about this talk, please contact Agnes Bolinska.. Historians and philosophers of science have long recognised that the generation of scientific knowledge is a social endeavour, and that traditional epistemologies, which focus on individual scientists, are unable to capture its dynamics. Historians have provided rich accounts of research groups and institutions, although more recently, epistemological questions have received less attention. Philosophers of science, on the other hand, have developed formalised models that are difficult to match with actual historical episodes. In this paper, I argue that an integrated HPS perspective helps to better understand the social epistemologies of scientific collectives.. I flesh out this claim by presenting episodes from the history of photosynthesis research in the late 19th to mid-20th century. In this period, photosynthesis became a subject of great interest for researchers from many different disciplines, while the underlying ...
Rudolf Steiner Archive: Truth and Knowledge: iv. The Starting Point of Epistemology - Truth and Knowledge: iv. The Starting Point of Epistemology
Erin Beeghly is assistant professor of philosophy at the University of Utah,​ where her research focuses on the intersection of ethics, epistemology, political philosophy and moral philosophy. This year, as the Philip L. Quinn Fellow at the Center, she is working on Seeing Difference: The Ethics and Epistemology of Stereotyping, which examines the conditions under which judging people by group membership is wrong ...
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http://www.stanleykrippner.com/papers/shamanic_epistemology.html The Epistemology and Technologies of Shamanic States of Consciousness Stanley Krippner, Ph.D., Saybrook Graduate School ABSTRACT:
What are the symptoms of a heart attack in women? The American Heart Association explains how signs of a heart attack in women may be different than heart attack signs in men.
A method of treating coronary prone patients when heart attack symptoms occur before qualified direct contact personal care can be administered to the patient which comprises providing each of a multiplicity of coronary prone patients with (1) a plurality of separate medicaments in self-administering form and (2) a device operable when disposed in operative relation to a patient to provide auditory signals indicative of the existing heart beat conditions of the patient, establishing communication by telephone between the patients experiencing heart attack symptoms and a source capable of making a qualified response based upon the existing heart beat conditions of the patient as to the medicament which will be effective when administered, disposing the device in operative relation with the patient and communicating the signals to the qualified source by means of the communication, communicating by means of the communication a qualified response from the source an indicated medicament which should be
Heart attack symptoms vary widely. For instance, you may have only minor chest discomfort while someone else has excruciating pain. Some people may have a history of heart disease in their family while others will have none at all. In addition, the American Heart Association specifically points out that heart attack symptoms in women can differ from the more classic symptoms experienced by men. For example, women may experience only one or some of the following:. ...
Women: Did you know that insomnia, flu-like symptoms, or even jaw pain might be symptoms of heart attack? Heres what to be on the look-out for. From Caring.com.
A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, occurs when one or more regions of the heart muscle experience a severe or prolonged lack of oxygen caused by blocked blood flow to the heart muscle.. The blockage is often a result of atherosclerosis-a buildup of plaque composed of fat deposits, cholesterol, and other substances. Plaque ruptures and eventually a blood clot forms. The actual cause of a heart attack is a blood clot that forms within the plaque-obstructed area.. If the blood and oxygen supply is cut off severely or for a long period of time, muscle cells of the heart suffer damage and die. The result is dysfunction of the muscle of the heart in the area affected by the lack of oxygen.. ...
A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, occurs when one or more regions of the heart muscle experience a severe or prolonged lack of oxygen caused by blocked blood flow to the heart muscle.. The blockage is often a result of atherosclerosis-a buildup of plaque composed of fat deposits, cholesterol, and other substances. Plaque ruptures and eventually a blood clot forms. The actual cause of a heart attack is a blood clot that forms within the plaque-obstructed area.. If the blood and oxygen supply is cut off severely or for a long period of time, muscle cells of the heart suffer damage and die. The result is dysfunction of the muscle of the heart in the area affected by the lack of oxygen.. ...
Possible symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain in the jaw or left shoulder. This eMedTV article discusses these symptoms in detail and provides a detailed list of signs that may indicate you are having a heart attack
Almost all heart attacks occur when a blood clot suddenly and completely blocks a coronary artery. This condition is called a coronary thrombosis, or simply a coronary. The part of the heart muscle nourished by the blocked artery becomes damaged by lack of oxygen.
Heart attack is a life-and-death emergency... every second counts. If you see or experience any of the symptoms listed below, immediately call 9-1-1.
List of 47 causes of Digestive symptoms and Heart attack, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
This suggests symptoms may be ignored or attributed to some other cause by both patients and physicians.. If you, or someone you know, is experiencing symptoms of a heart attack, do not delay! Acting fast can save a life and limit damage to the heart. Do not wait for more than a few minutes - 5 minutes at most - to call 9-1-1.. References. ...
Normally, the heart takes it easy during sleep, as blood pressure and heart rate drop to low and relaxed levels. However, having a heart attack during...
When every minute counts, its important to know the signs of a heart attack so you can act quickly. Would you recognise all these symptoms?
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Epistemology: (Gr. episteme, knowledge + logos, theory) The branch of philosophy which investigates the origin, structure, methods and validity of knowledge. The term epistemology appears to have been used for the first time by J. F. Ferrier, Institutes of Metaphysics (1854) who distinguished two branches of philosophy -- epistemology and ontology. The German equivalent of epistemology, Erkenntnistheorie, was used by the Kantian, K. L. Reinhold, Versuch einer Neuen Theorie des menschlichen Vorstellungsvermögens (1789); Das Fundament des philosophischen Wissens (1791), but the term did not gain currency until after its adoption by E. Zeller, Ueber Aufgabe und Bedeutung der Erkenntnisstheorie (1862). The term theory of knowledge is a common English equivalent of epistemology and translation of Erkenntnistheorie; the term Gnosiology has also been suggested but has gained few adherents. The scope of epistemology may be indicated by considering its relations to the allied disciplines: (a) ...
Despite the significance of knowledge transfer in IT service industry, our understanding of knowledge transfer between projects remains limited. Different from the existing studies mainly examining knowledge transfer at organizational level or at individual level within the same project team, this study examines the factors that influence cross-project knowledge transfer in IT service firms. Based on the process logic of knowledge transfer, we develop an integrated theoretical model that posits that cross-project knowledge transfer is influenced by knowledge, transfer activities, project teams transfer capabilities, project team context and project task context. We use the recipient IT project implementation performance to measure the effectiveness of cross-project knowledge transfer. Results of the preliminary test show that the designed questionnaires have scalability for the latent constructs, and the theoretical model has its rationality to some extent. To fully assess our proposed research model,
The primary uses of probability in epistemology are to measure degrees of belief and to formulate conditions for rational belief and rational change of belief. The degree of belief a person has in a proposition A is a measure of their willingness to act on A to obtain satisfaction of their preferences. According to probabilistic epistemology, sometimes called Bayesian epistemology, an ideally rational persons degrees of belief satisfy the axioms of probability. For example, their degrees of belief in A and -A must sum to 1. The most important condition on changing degrees of belief given new evidence is called conditionalization. According to this, upon acquiring evidence E a rational person will change their degree of belief assigned to A to the conditional probability of A given E. Roughly, this rule says that the change should be minimal while accommodating the new evidence. There are arguments, Dutch book arguments, that are claimed to demonstrate that failure to satisfy these ...
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Ikujiro Nonaka proposed a model (SECI, for Socialisation, Externalisation, Combination, Internalisation) which considers a spiraling interaction between explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge.[36] In this model, knowledge follows a cycle in which implicit knowledge is extracted to become explicit knowledge, and explicit knowledge is re-internalised into implicit knowledge.[36] Hayes and Walsham (2003) describe knowledge and knowledge management as two different perspectives.[37] The content perspective suggests that knowledge is easily stored; because it may be codified, while the relational perspective recognises the contextual and relational aspects of knowledge which can make knowledge difficult to share outside the specific context in which it is developed.[37] Early research suggested that KM needs to convert internalised tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge to share it, and the same effort must permit individuals to internalise and make personally meaningful any codified knowledge ...
Is It Gerd Or A Heart Attack This low-acid fruit can help those with acid reflux by coating an irritated esophageal lining and thereby helping to ... Like other high-fiber foods, oatmeal may help stave off acid reflux symptoms.
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In this article trends in the design of iconic elite life science buildings is discussed. Four main elite life science buildings of the new century are considered. The buildings reflect things going on in and around elite contemporary life science today, including changing ideas about the relation between the public and science, and about the relation of science to the market. Reading trends in the design of science buildings is a way to follow the evolving epistemology of the life sciences and changing demands of science policy.. ...
Author Information: Dave Beisecker, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, [email protected] Normative Functionalism and the Pittsburgh School: Table of Contents Beisecker, Dave. 2012. Normative Functionalism and its Pragmatist Roots. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 2 (1): 109-116. The PDF of the article gives specific page numbers. Shortlink: http://wp.me/p1Bfg0-CT Precis In what follows, I shall characterize…
Get free online Praxis II citizenship education: content knowledge practice test questions. Study for your Praxis II citizenship education: content knowledge test with our free Praxis II citizenship education: content knowledge practice questions.
A heart attack occurs if the blood flow that carries oxygen to the heart is reduced or cut off completely. This may happen if the coronary arteries that pump blood to the heart become narrow due to a build-up of fat or other substances.. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), a heart attack affects someone in the United States about every 40 seconds. Conversely, individuals who know how to identify heart attack symptoms may be able to mitigate the effects of a heart attack quickly.. Women are a little unique when it comes to recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack. The hallmark symptoms of chest pressure, shortness of breath, arm pain, neck pain, nausea and/or dizziness may occur, which is the standard watch-list for suspicions of cardiac injury. However, women generally experience other symptoms which may not be as easily recognized for being related to heart distress.. As in the case above where the elderly woman did not associate a toothache with her heart, frequently minor ...
Empty buckets seldom burst into flames. --Robert Pondiscio, Literacy is Knowledge. People who push curriculum as a solution are generally pushing content knowledge, and theyre pushing content knowledge as a means of improving reading comprehension. Most of these people are in some way associated with Core Knowledge, the primary organization pushing this approach. They arent…
It may be caused by cold weather in poor elasticity of blood vessels and vascular spasm. See paragraph Heart Attack Symptoms. Immediate hospitalization is crucial. The blockage of a blood vessel of the heart leads to atrophy and subsequent myocardial necrosis if a stand is not put or a more complex heart surgery is not performed within 3 to 6 hours ...
quiz for medical students about things like gonorrhea, birth control, heart attack symptoms in women, and diaper rash. Not mCAT study guide.
Have heart attack symptoms? Learn how cardiovascular surgeons provide cardiac services from Cleveland Clinic and Hillcrest Hospital for follow-up.
Science Assignment Help, Nature of scientific knowledge, Nature of scientific knowledge: Science, as we have seen, is inseparable from the rest of human endeavour. In the past few thousand years of human history, an immense fund of scientific knowledge has been built up, the most dramatic scientific
View reviews from patients and their medical experiences and knowledge with Transient Ischemic Attack(TIA, Mini-Stroke) - Symptoms. Share your comments to help others and address questions on symptoms, complications, treatments, and diagnosis from eMedicineHealths physicians.
One of the central questions in cognitive science concerns the role which general systems (e.g. attention, memory) play in the acquisition, storage, and retrieval of abstract and concrete representations. On one hand, this question refers to the issue of the activation exchange, overlap or higher-order universal representations available for different knowledge domains. On the other, this question concerns the role of control and access mechanisms in regulating the interplay between different knowledge representations. Our newly organized research group pursues these two questions in a research agenda focusing on the role of domain-general (e.g. attention) and domain-specific (perceptual, sensory-motor) systems in representing abstract and concrete knowledge. We incorporate various theoretical approaches and research methodologies in order to investigate the cognitive processes and the corresponding neuroanatomical networks involved in human communication. Our main focus is on the analysis of ...
Valerian is a soothing herb that has long been used for sleep disorders and anxiety, this can be taken at bedtime or at any time of the day when you are beginning to feel a little anxious. This herb has also been used for depression, headaches and irregular heartbeat. ...
When stomach pain persists, it could be a gallbladder attack or gallstones, a condition common in people ages 40-50 and can require surgery when left untreated.
CERN is a centre of excellence, performing world-class research in fundamental physics. By uniting engineers, technicians and scientists from all over the world, the laboratory develops pioneering technology and expertise with the potential of leading to applications in areas beyond particle physics. An integral part of CERNs knowledge transfer activities is to liaise with different innovation actors in industry, and collaborate to create concrete solutions in a wide range of fields, from medtech to aerospace, industry 4.0 and cultural heritage.. ...
Open Biomedical Ontology (OBO) is a socio-technical community that is comprised of individuals dispersed geographically, but function as a coherent unit through the use of cyber-infrastructure. This study explores dynamics of open source science in such virtual socio-technical networks. Innovation within a socio-technical network can be de ned as the approach to work that leads to the generation of novel and useful ideas and processes. Among the factors that influence innovation are structural properties such as centrality, den- sity, clustering coe cient, and average path length of socio-technical networks, as well as effectiveness in collaboration. Hence, we explore virtual scienti c communities from three main perspectives: network, collaboration, and activity. Structural network metrics measure the resilience of socio-technical networks. Collaboration analysis aims to discover interaction patterns among participants and between knowledge domains. Activity analysis facilitate discerning ...
Relativism about KnowledgeAbstract It is, in one sense, a truism that all knowledge is relative. At least, it is not wildly controversial...
the Lab Non-Textual Materials focuses on developing innovative solutions to problems in the areas of collecting, indexing, providing and (digitally) archiving non-textual materials. In future, it should be possible for such material to be published, located, cited and made available on a permanent basis as easily as textual documents. To achieve this, infrastructures, tools and services are being developed to actively support users in the scientific work process. In addition to seeking solutions for specific users needs and other object types, the adaptation to new knowledge domains is also taken into account. To ensure research approaches are transferred to digital library practice quickly and successfully, the developments are systematically flanked by user-centred software design, ensuring the optimum usability of the portals and tools. ...
A world undergoing radical change and ongoing technological revolution needs critical thinkers who. can work with a range of cognitive skills and from across multiple knowledge domains to find. solutions to todays highly complex problems.. In response to this reality the Faculty of Humanities is offering an exciting new interdisciplinary and. highly customisable degree offering.. Now you can register for a BA in which you can choose your own preferred combinations of. Humanities subjects. In other words, you can create your own BA from the 17 Humanities subjects. that are available at UJ. In addition to this flexibility, you will even be able to combine them with. subjects selected from other faculties.. HERE ARE VIDEOS THAT EXPLAIN EACH MAJOR WITHIN THE NEW BA:. ...
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Much research in educational technology has focused mainly on how the technology supports student learning. Research on what teachers need to know in order to appropriately incorporate technology into their teaching has been limited because of the lack of theoretical grounding for understanding teachers cognitive process of technology integration into teaching and learning. With the technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) framework, components that influence teachers decisions about using technology to support student learning can be explicitly examined. The purpose of this study is to investigate how to prepare teachers to take into account the pedagogical uses of technology as well as the knowledge of students to inform the designing of tasks for science learning. Both the learning-by-design (LBD) and the experiencing-model-based-inquiry (EMBI) approaches support the cognitive processing necessary for planning to use technology to teach conceptual content in science.
In attempting to account for what effects liberating insight and what makes up the awakened mind, Abhidharma inquiries extended into the field of epistemology. We have seen that the Abhidharmas analysis of sentient experience reveals that what we perceive as a temporally extended, uninterrupted flow of phenomena is, in fact, a rapidly occurring sequence of causally connected consciousness moments or cittas (i.e., assemblages of citta and caitta/cetasika), each with its particular object. The mature Abhidharma thus assimilates the analysis of phenomena-in-time-as-constituted-by-consciousness with a highly complex description of the consciousness process, dissolving the causal relations between ordered successions of consciousness moments into the activity of perception. As previously noted in section 2, for the Abhidharma, as in Buddhist epistemology in general, sensory perception is the paradigm of perceptual, sentient experience. Like every instance of consciousness, sensory perception is ...
I do not believe in justification. This is just one of my main points: I dont think that our task is to justify - our task is to propose conjectures, and then to be very critical of our own theories. The best of these theories we may publish and then they may be criticized by others. We learn from this mutual criticism, from our mistakes, from seeing new possibilities. But we dont justify anything. It is a mistaken view to believe that either science or history exists for justification. We like to have all the evidence we can; but even the best evidence will not as a rule justify our more interesting theories. We can never build upon rock. This doesnt mean that we should believe, or accept, every theory. We should be critical, very critical; and the value of our work will be roughly proportional to the amount of criticism we have put into it before we published it.. But there are some who would like to justify their knowledge, by logic reason and empirical facts. Anyway i am sure there is ...
If this conveys the central idea, one wonders how reasonable it is. Aristotle says in Nicomachean Ethics, I.3, that Our discussion will be adequate if it has as much clearness as the subject-matter admits of; for precision is not to be sought for alike in all discussions, any more than in all the products of the crafts (Barnes, The Complete Works of Aristotle, Princeton : Princeton University Press, 1984, 2, p.1730.). Aristotle clearly recognises that one cannot reasonably expect or require the same rigorous standard of proof from an orator as one can from a mathematician. Equally he himself cannot offer the same degree of rigour in discussing ethical topics as he uses in setting out his logical theory : the subject-matter does not allow it. Precision and rigour have to be relativised, indexed, to subject-matter. If this is so then the requirement of epistemic parity does not appear reasonable. But you mainly wanted to know what epistemic parity is. This I hope I have indicated clearly. As ...
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When writing my last review of the prequel to this latest book by Steve Fuller, Post-Truth: Knowledge as a Power Game (2018), I was on the Greek Island of…
Yesterday I finished leading three weeks of adult Sunday school based on the film The God Delusion Debate, a dialogue/debate between Richard Dawkins and John Lennox. Overall it was an engaging dialogue and Lennox made some good points. He also had what was undoubtedly the best line of the event. After the moderator quoted Dawkins appealing to John Lennon (Imagine theres no heaven…) Lennox responded that rather than listen to John Lennon he should now listen to John Lennox. (The second best line also belonged to Lennox when he asked Dawkins if he had faith in his wife.). But Lennox stumbled at a few points, though I doubt many people in the room would have noticed. The two main quibbles I had with him concerned his comments on epistemology and cosmology.. Epistemology. The first problem came when Lennox responded to Dawkins anti-faith rhetoric by insisting that faith is based on evidence. This implies a type of evidentialism in which every proposition one rationally believes requires some ...
This paper has two purposes. The first is to help bridge some of the old divides that separate our various epistemologies and disciplines, and which therefore interfere with our understanding of life in general and consumer behavior in particular. The second is to encourage research into a topic that, despite its ubiquity, has received relatively little attention from scholarsCthe social meanings of money. As we all learned in graduate school, our preferred ways of knowing, our epistemologies, vary on a continuum from empiricist to rationalist, in which the former is characterized by more objective, quantitative methods, e.g., Galton s and Thurstone s, the latter by more subjective and qualitative ones, e.g., Spinoza s and Freud s. Recently critical has been added to the lexicon, to describe methods and values still further from the empiricist tradition.. The empiricist/rationalist dialectic occurs not only across disciplines (engineering versus the humanities, for example), but within ...
The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and ...
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Failure to understand our own biases has helped to create a crisis of confidence about the reproducibility of published results, says statistician John Ioannidis, co-director of the Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. The issue goes well beyond cases of fraud. Earlier this year, a large project that attempted to replicate 100 psychology studies managed to reproduce only slightly more than one-third. In 2012, researchers at biotechnology firm Amgen in Thousand Oaks, California, reported that they could replicate only 6 out of 53 landmark studies in oncology and haematology. And in 2009, Ioannidis and his colleagues described how they had been able to fully reproduce only 2 out of 18 microarray-based gene-expression studies. ...
1 hour ago, New Buddha said: If, as you climb the stairs, you begin to feel winded, this feeling is different than e-motions (changes in b...
This study presents the first evidence that TMR during sleep facilitates the emergence of explicit knowledge. Explicit recall of a sequence cued during sleep was significantly greater than recall of an un-cued sequence. Response speed was also influenced by TMR during sleep, with significantly more overnight RT improvement for the cued than uncued sequence. This bias was predicted by fast spindles at motor regions in the learning hemisphere.. Explicit awareness of implicitly learned SRTT sequences can emerge spontaneously after nocturnal sleep (Fischer et al., 2006). The gradual transition between implicit and explicit knowledge facilitates adaptation to a changing environment, and our data suggest that TMR can bias this otherwise spontaneous process. This result suggests that memory reactivation may underpin the emergence of explicit memory during offline consolidation and lends strong support to the active systems consolidation model (Diekelmann and Born, 2010), which proposes that memories ...
If you cannot see the player above follow this link: Remonstrance Minisode 28. In this minisode we examine what Arminius wrote concerning the knowledge of God with a specific focus on foreknowledge. To do this we will be reading through Private Disputation 17: On The Understanding of God. This episode will be the first in a three podcast series that will culminate in a full analysis of whether or not Open Theism could truly be called Arminian. It should be pretty clear after listening through this minisode that it shouldnt be. Arminius has a very strong doctrine of Omniscience that is presented in this disputation. He also touches on the doctrine of Middle Knowledge and we get some help from Keith Stanglin and Thomas McCall from their book Jacob Arminius: Theologian of Grace.. Link to Disputation 17:. http://wesley.nnu.edu/?id=4788. ...
That Gods greatest work is-the Master of Trinity. Thus wrote Sir Francis Doyle on Whewells book, The Plurality of Worlds.. No generalisation is applicable to Whewell. Leslie Stephen, who described him as a critic rather than an original investigator in science, was forced at once to qualify this statement by noting that his work on the theory of the tides was original investigation of a high order. The whole cast of Whewells mind was philosophical, and indeed the promotion of interest in philosophy was one of the permanent marks heleft on Cambridge. He revelled in ethical speculation and in the classification of facts and ideas; and he was concerned in the invention of scientific nomenclature in the fields of both geology and electricity. In a sense his History of the Inductive Sciences, 1837, the fruit of his exceptional powers of assimilating information on a universal scale, with its bias towards the recording of the evolution and dissemination of theories, was a by-product of his later ...
Salvēte omnēs! Welcome back to Latin for Wikiversity. Here you can peruse a new lesson in Latin, in a simple format. If you would like to catch up, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at the links on the right. This week we continue with the parts of the body, introducing new vocabulary. These medical words and others like them are proof that Latin is, indeed, used in every language. Since Latin and Greek were the languages used in scientific nomenclature, wherever medicine and modern science are practiced by those educated in these disciplines, Latin and Greek loanwords exist in the languages. Yet another powerful argument for having a Latin course: it helps enormously with developing the specialized vocabulary needed for scientific professions! ...
OJEDA, Jaime et al. Biocultural interactions of the yaghan people with seaweeds and mollusks: Field environmental philosophy approach. Magallania [online]. 2018, vol.46, n.1, pp.155-181. ISSN 0718-2244. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442018000100155.. The coastal areas of the Magellan ecoregion host considerable diversity of macroalgae and mollusks. Indigenous peoples, such as the Yaghan, have developed biocultural interactions with austral coastal ecosystems. This study is an interdisciplinary ecological, ethnoecological and philosophical analysis. It applies the conceptual framework of biocultural ethics to characterize the intertidal habitat within the biocultural context of the Yaghan people. This is done through the composition of inhabitants, such as macroalgae and mollusks, linked to seasonal habits of abundance. Based on this account, we suggest methods and activities of biocultural conservations. We applied the Field Environmental Philosophy approach, which was carried out in Róbalo ...
What would really make a difference to your organisation? A better product, an improved process, a new technology? A Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) is a tried-and-tested government programme which brings an ambitious graduate, supported by a university specialist, into your company to lead a project and make that difference And a smaller organisation pays just one third of the cost!
When we try to understand life and the world using knowledge gained from our very own observations and experience, we become coherent, less conflicted and less frustrated and everything begins to make more sense. Here are posts on scientific knowledge, theories and discoveries.
When we try to understand life and the world using knowledge gained from our very own observations and experience, we become coherent, less conflicted and less frustrated and everything begins to make more sense. Here are posts on scientific knowledge, theories and discoveries.
Downloadable! The quest to measure knowledge effectively will in no doubt lead to better knowledge policies of governments around the world in both developing and developed countries. This paper endeavours to seta sound theoretical base for measuring knowledge and does this by demonstrating that existing tools used by economists for measuring knowledge are largely self contradictory, they contradict existing theory. Knowledge to be measured effectively we must give knowledge its own units like weight and length have their own units, only then can we say how much knowledge one needs to carry out a particular task.
Some knowledge is easy to codify, but most of our important knowledge is not. Explicit knowledge is easier to codify and more suitable for enterprise-wide initiatives, while implicit knowledge requires personal interpretation and engagement to make sense of it. The organization can help this knowledge to flow. Three related knowledge management (KM) processes are required - PKM, Team KM, and Org KM.. PKM focuses on individual sense-making, but within a social context and in various networks. It is a self-directed way to develop our expertise, especially through loose relationships in our social networks and stronger ones in our communities of practice. The organization needs to support, not direct, these connections.. Team KM is based on narrating our work - often using enterprise social networks - so that everyone on a team knows what is going on and why. Decisions, and why they were made, are shared. New processes and methods are co-developed to create emergent practices. This method of work ...
Learn about scientific thinking and the ways observation and testing add to the body of scientific knowledge. Includes history on the development of scientific thought.
Knowledge. p. 75. ISBN 86-83565-01-7. Fine, John V. A.; Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical ...
Hacking, Ian (1986-12-18). "Knowledge". London Review of Books. 08 (22). ISSN 0260-9592. Retrieved 2021-03-20. Kearl, Michael C ...
Shermer, Michael (1990). "Darwin, Freud, and the Myth of the Hero in Science". Knowledge. SAGE Publications. 11 (3): 280-301. ...
Ćirković, Sima; Mihaljčić, Rade (1999). Лексикон српског средњег века (in Serbian). Knowledge. ISBN 9788683233014. CS1 maint: ...
"ACT-E Update". Knowledge. US Army Safety Center. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013. CAA ... CRM training encompasses a wide range of knowledge, skills, and attitudes including communications, situational awareness, ... not so much with the technical knowledge and skills required to operate equipment. In this context, cognitive skills are ...
". "Knowledge". "Offsite Awards". Archived from the original on 28 August 2016. "Surface Design Awards finalists announced" ( ...
Knowledge. ISBN 9788683233014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Dinić, Mihailo; Ćirković, Sima (1978). Српске земље у ... Knowledge. ISBN 86-83565-01-7. Mihaljčić, Rade (1976). "Ставилац" [Stavilac]. Istorijski časopis. ХХIII: 5-21. CS1 maint: ...
Knowledge. Mihaljčić, Rade; Ćirković, Sima, eds. (1997). Енциклопедија српске историографије. Belgrade. Mile Bjelajac; Gordana ... ISBN 88-8492-401-4. Dimić, Ljubodrag (2000). "From Assertions to Knowledge: Yugoslav Historiography Concerning the War of 1941- ...
Knowledge. p. 73. ВЕЛИКИ ЖУПАН - 1. Титула српског владара у XI и XII веку. Гласила је велнм жупднк и била превођена ... Society for promoting Christian knowledge. αρχων Σερβλίας Cedrenus, ed. Bonn, II, p. 526 Scylitzes, 408-9 "Jean-Claude Cheynet ...
Knowledge. p. 645. Retrieved 23 March 2013. Посебни санџак-бегови управљали су санџаци- ма који нису представљали територијалне ...
Ćirković, Sima; Mihaljčić, Rade (1999). Раде Михальчић (ed.). Лексикон српског средњег века (in Serbian). Knowledge. ISBN ...
His exploits were also described in Knowledge and the (English) Journal of Botany. The invention of a "miniature twin elliptic ... 60-1. ISBN 978-1-4419-1222-0. See, for example, Benham, Charles E. (1906). "Miniature harmonographs". Knowledge. 3: 452-454. ... by faithful observation and original mind he was able to make some notable contributions to knowledge." Most significantly, ...
... knowledge." However, she decides that "it would be a sin against Charity to hide the knowledge that God has given me, which may ... Meurdrac wrote in her introduction about her methods that "I have been very careful not to go beyond my knowledge, and I can ... so as not to lose memory of the knowledge that I had acquired by means of long toil, and by divers experiments repeated several ...
Knowledge. v. 1-40; Nov. 1881-Dec. 1917. 23. London: Wyman [etc.] Littmann, Mark; Espenak, Fred (2017-04-14). Totality - The ... London, "Knowledge" office. "1893JBAA....3..286. Page 286". articles.adsabs.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2020-05-16. "Solar Eclipse ...
Ćirković, Sima; Mihaljčić, Rade (1999). Лексикон српског средњег века (in Serbian). Knowledge. p. 266. ISBN 9788683233014. ...
Knowledge. ISBN 86-83565-01-7. Radonić, Jovan (1911). Гроф Ђорђе Бранковић и његово време (in Serbian). Belgrade: Serbian Royal ...
Лексикон српског средњег века (in Serbian). Knowledge, 1999. p. 738. Dragoslav Janković; Vinodol (1961). Istorija države i ... Knowledge. ISBN 9788683233014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Dinić, Mihailo; Ćirković, Sima (1978). Српске земље у ...
It was titled "Usefulness • Beauty • Health • Truth • Knowledge. This contest was conducted by the Art Alliance of America, an ...
Knowledge. Vol. 26. Wyman & Sons. London. Editor. (15 May 1912). W. Watson & Son equipment used electricity to grow plants. The ... In 1903, a section in the journal Knowledge lists an assortment of equipment available from the company: microscopes, ...
Knowledge. p. 73. ISBN 9788683233014. ВЕЛИКИ ЖУПАН - 1. Титула српског владара у XI и XII веку. Гласила је велнм жупднк и била ... Knowledge. ISBN 86-83565-01-7. Veselinović, Andrija (2006) [1995]. Држава српских деспота [State of the Serbian Despots]. ...
Belgrade: Srpska školska knjiga; Knowledge. ISBN 86-83565-01-7. Pavlov, Plamen (2006). Търновските царици. В.Т.:ДАР-РХ. ...
Knowledge. ISBN 86-83565-01-7. Miklosich, Franz (1858). Monumenta Serbica spectantia historiam Serbiae, Bosnae, Ragusii (in ...
Knowledge. The District Court ruled that the "law does not require knowledge of 'specific acts of infringement'" and rejected ... In order to prove contributory infringement, a plaintiff must show that a defendant had knowledge of infringement (here, that ... of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., "the Betamax case", because of Napster's "actual, specific knowledge of direct ... The Ninth Circuit upheld this analysis, accepting that Napster had "knowledge, both actual and constructive, of direct ...
Maunder, E. W. (August 1, 1894). "A prolonged sunspot minimum". Knowledge. 17: 173-176. Spörer, Gustav (1887). "Über die ...
Knowledge; Confirmation of the Epistle (Confirmation of the Prophetic Mission); Refutation of Those Upholding the Attributes; ...
Knowledge". Clayton Utz. Retrieved 6 February 2020. http://www.lakemac.com.au/services/cemeteries/morisset http://www.lakemac. ...
"University of St.Gallen , Knowledge , Martin Killias awarded the Beccaria Medal". University of St.Gallen. Retrieved 2017-11-12 ...
Ravetz, Jerome R (2016). "Usable Knowledge, Usable Ignorance". Knowledge. 9: 87-116. doi:10.1177/107554708700900104. S2CID ... QST is also sensitive to power and knowledge asymmetries (Boden and Epstein, 2006; Strassheim and Kettunen, 2014), as interest ... Rayner, Steve (2012). "Uncomfortable knowledge: The social construction of ignorance in science and environmental policy ... uncomfortable knowledge' is subtracted from the policy discourse with the objective to ease tractability or to advance a given ...
Knowledge. p. 73. ВЕЛИКИ ЖУПАН - 1. Титула српског владара у XI и XII веку. Гласила је велнм жупднк и била превођена ...
... "lack of knowledge" due to various impediments to his knowledge. Judge Patel distinguished Napster from the BBS: "Napster is not ... "general knowledge" that third parties performed copyrighted works satisfied the knowledge element of contributory infringement ... In that case, a judge, after finding that further discovery was needed to determine whether a BBS operator had knowledge that ... She also cited Sega I, where plaintiffs established knowledge "even though electronic bulletin board company did not know ...
Knowledge Unlatched brings together libraries from all over the world via a crowdfunding platform where they can support Open ... Knowledge Unlatched and Peter Lang reach agreement on publication of IT-Law program in Gold Open Access. September 19, 2018 1. ... OA2020-DE and Knowledge Unlatched planning large-scale conversion of journals to Open Access. October 9, 2018 1. 0 ... Knowledge Unlatched and IntechOpen collaborate to support Open Access books in engineering. September 14, 2018 0. 0 ...
Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. References. *^ "knowledge: definition of knowledge in Oxford dictionary ( ... Haraway on situated knowledge. "Situated knowledges" redirects here. For the Donna Haraway essay, see Situated Knowledges. ... "Knowledge". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.. *. Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). "The Value of Knowledge". Stanford Encyclopedia of ... knowledge as nothing but perception, knowledge as true judgment, and, finally, knowledge as a true judgment with an account. ...
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Your feedback is essential for helping us improve the Bazaarvoice knowledge base. Thank you!. Note: This form is for submitting ...
Hello! We are busy creating something useful for the future. If youre curious you might want go to Google for some useful information or follow the links below ...
Building Global Knowledge Webs. Knowledge Representation for the Web. Panel Session at the Fouth International Conference on ... Knowledge is information that you can use. Knowledge representation allows computers to reconfigure and reuse information that ... Knowledge Systems Laboratory. Stanford University Position Statement. *Kenneth W. Haase. Machine Understanding Group. Media ... The Web accesses a number of resources relevant for Knowledge Representation and Distributed Object systems. * ANSA Distributed ...
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Oahspe refers to itself as the book of knowledge (in the Book of Judgement XVII:3). However, The Book of Knowledge here ... As thou wouldst from corporeal knowledge foretell an eclipse, so from es knowledge shalt thou fore-tell and past-tell the ... What is The Book of Knowledge? It appears that Gods Book of Ben is either a part of it, or a revision and abridgement. There ... combine the wisdom of earth knowledge with the wisdom of spirit knowledge; the light of the hermit and recluse with the light ...
Knowledge Bowl will be having its first practice Wednesday 11/28 at 3:00pm in Mr. Hommerdings room (322). If youre curious, ... Knowledge Bowl begins after Thanksgiving Break. If interested, pick up an information packet from Mr. Hommerding (Rm. 322) this ... Knowledge Bowl practice will be on Wednesday, 12/5 at 3:00pm in Mr. Hommerdings room. All are welcome. ... Knowledge Bowl practice is Wednesday, 2/6 at 3:00pm in Mr. Hommerdings room. All are welcome. ...
If the knowledge seeker decides to purchase the knowledge, the sum of the knowledge price, plus a shipping and handling fee, is ... Knowledge Evaluation and Training. Over time, old knowledge can become a burden to the organization. Too much knowledge might ... Knowledge value. In most organizations, 20 percent of the knowledge workers generate 80 percent of the knowledge. Those who ... When a "knowledge provider" registers information in the system, he sets the price of that knowledge. A "knowledge seeker" then ...
Knowledge Deficit. September 21, 2005. Starting a discussion of the supply curve or price elasticity of demand can be a good ... True, but I suspect the reason for that lack of knowledge is that theres little or no demand for it. The average citizen ... and whether and how that knowledge gap might hurt. ...
Existence Assumptions in Knowledge Representation. Hard Problems for Simple DefaultLogics. The Effect of Knowledge on Belief: ... This collection of extended versions of 12 papers from the First InternationalConference on Principles of Knowledge ... Existence Assumptions in Knowledge Representation. Hard Problems for Simple DefaultLogics. The Effect of Knowledge on Belief: ... Knowledge Representation. A Bradford book. Artificial intelligence, ISSN 0004-3702. Research Monographs in Parallel and ...
Improving the productivity of knowledge workersWhat are the opportunities?Workshop at Durham Business School 17th Sept 0830- ... 4. Knowledge economy - knowledge work,br /,the unique contribution of management in the 20th century was the 50 fold ... 6. What do knowledge workers do?,br /, * 7. What do knowledge workers do?,br /,Attend / lead meetings,br /,Travel - to ... Knowledge worker productivity * 1. Improving the productivity of knowledge workers,br /,What are the opportunities?,br /, ...
Knowledge comes with learning. To make the learning process a source of joy, teachers need to believe that ...
... the term knowledge basket is a metaphor for working in a holistic way, valuing ethical resp... ... For IUCNs work on knowledge baskets and flagship products, ... Te kete Aronui (knowledge before us) the basket of knowledge of ... Knowledge Baskets. Learn more about IUCNs first two social science flagship knowledge products: the Natural Resource ... For IUCNs work on knowledge baskets and flagship products, the term knowledge basket is a metaphor for working in a holistic ...
The site, which is free, captures relevant knowledge generated at Wharton and beyond ... Knowledge@Wharton is the online business analysis journal of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. ... Knowledge@Wharton is the online business analysis journal of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. The site, ... which is free, captures relevant knowledge generated at Wharton and beyond by offering articles and videos based… ...
Current: Knowledge Examination. Knowledge Examination. If you are an Indiana resident and apply for a drivers license, you ... Passed knowledge examination results are valid for 180 days.. Want to download the BMVs practice knowledge exam?. You may now ... The knowledge examination is based on information contained in the Indiana Drivers Manual. To pass the knowledge examination, ... Foreign Language Knowledge Examination. The BMV Operator Knowledge Examination is now available in 13 different foreign ...
... The World Banks knowledge work spans multiple themes and regions, allowing the institution to ... Many of the World Banks knowledge works are supported by trust funds, a good example of which is the Knowledge for Change ... Generating ideas and filling knowledge gaps: Trust fund support. Trust funds are often used to promote global public goods and ... Expanding the Worlds Development Knowledge. The World Bank produces innovative and evidence-based research to help its client ...
I agree. I guess some misunderstandings came from that double sens. I do use logic as a branch of math. To be sure I dont believe that logic is a special branch capable to provide foundation for the other part of math. This is the philosophical logicist thesis which has been abandonned since Godels result. Quite the contrary, big part of math are used in logic. Having said all this, I must say that I believe logic can have important application in biology, psychology, theology, philosophy, artificial intelligence, computer science, etc. Bruno ...
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... Education and research are the fundamental building blocks of the knowledge ... For further information on Copyright for Knowledge, please email Copyright for Knowledge. ... Copyright for Knowledge is a cross-sectoral body which aims to work with government at both a UK and European level to achieve ... reworking and preservation are fundamental to the advancement of knowledge and the further development of learning. ...
We believe that asking questions improves the world. Dropping Knowledge is one of those projects that could be really ... Dropping Knowledge. We believe that asking questions improves the world. Dropping Knowledge is one of those projects that ... But what does the phrase "dropping knowledge" mean, you ask?. dropping knowledge is a way of asking and answering questions ... Sustainability is a pillar of the dropping knowledge philosophy.. After a broad spectrum of knowledge has been collected and ...
We classify the types of product that can contribute to knowledge management solutions as those that are used to store, send, ... structure, share or synthesize knowledge or solve problems. ... classify the types of product that can contribute to knowledge ... management solutions as those that are used to store, send, structure, share or synthesize knowledge or solve problems. ...
Our goal is to facilitate the aquisition and exploration of knowledge that is essential to understanding our world and to ... Our goal is to facilitate the aquisition and exploration of knowledge that is essential to understanding our world and to ...
... is one of the most reputed and reliable business professional school in India that can boost your ... Skyline Knowledge Centre * 1. Since 1996 * 2. KNOWLEDGE CENTRE CORPORATE TRAINING TALENT SOURCING MANAGEMENT CONSULTING TOURISM ... Skyline Knowledge Centre is one of the most reputed and reliable business professional school in India that can boost your ... Executives Knowledge Process Outsourcing Talent Sourcing contd… * 12. Backend remote research services for overseas clients ...
This is knowledge. - Kung-fu Tzu.. Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find ... QUOTES ON KNOWLEDGE. And this grey spirit yearning in desire, To follow knowledge like a sinking star, beyond the utmost bound ... Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge? Where is the knowledge we have lost in information? - TS Eliot, "Choruses from ... If knowledge is a measure of the grasp an individual has of a given subject, wisdom is a measure of his grip. Does he hold his ...
... One of the attributes of God (Isa. 46:9-10; Acts 15:18; 2 Ne. 9:20). Knowledge of divine and spiritual things is ... and one progresses only as fast as he gains knowledge (HC 4:588), it follows that the person who gains knowledge will have "the ... 10:14). Knowledge is not obtained all at once, even by revelation, but line upon line, precept upon precept (Isa. 28:9-10). The ... Other references showing the importance of gaining knowledge are Prov. 1:20-33; 3:13-26; 4:1-13; 8; 15:14; 24:3-4; John 17:3; ...
... make sense of use knowledge inform policymaking across Europe. ... Knowledge for policy - We mobilise people and resources to ...
General Knowledge App with dynamic data updated time to time as you read. It covers: Geography, Capitals, First in the World, ... General Knowledge App with dynamic data updated time to time as you read. It covers: Geography, Capitals, First in the World, ... Discoveries, Inventions and much more... The App boost the general knowledge and awareness covering the basic information about ... Discoveries, Inventions and much more... The App boost the general knowledge and awareness covering the basic information about ...
  • The Knowledge Graph Search Widget is a JavaScript module that helps you add topics to input boxes on your site. (google.com)
  • Users start typing text and the widget finds relevant matches as they type, using the Knowledge Graph Search API. (google.com)
  • Why use the Knowledge Graph Search Widget? (google.com)
  • To add the Knowledge Graph Search Widget to a page, include the following code in your website source. (google.com)
  • Make sure that you enable Knowledge Graph Search API for the project associated with the API key. (google.com)
  • The Knowledge Graph Search Widget accepts an optional configuration parameter. (google.com)
  • The following table describes the configuration options that you can pass to the Knowledge Graph Search Widget. (google.com)
  • federated search crawls and returns content where it resides thereby delivering results quickly by leveraging existing knowledge stores and investments. (oracle.com)
  • Google's no longer in the "search" business - it's now in the "knowledge" business. (searchengineland.com)
  • There are apparently a number of related shifts and reporting changes that occurred along with the substitution of "knowledge" for "search. (searchengineland.com)
  • Reporting to him are Amit Singhal, apparently now in charge of search quality, and former lead search engineer Udi Manber, now in charge of cultivating products that are adjacent to core search and that help develop and improve the quality of content - and knowledge - available through Google. (searchengineland.com)
  • Because they are involved with the design of mechanical or logical products using informational systems, they are expected to take in knowledge, process it and disseminate it to other members of the organization. (shrm.org)
  • For an organization to remain dynamic, successful management of this knowledge is key. (shrm.org)
  • Moreover, their interactions with other humans is a mechanism for knowledge transfer, so when they leave an organization (voluntarily or involuntarily), they take their knowledge-both professional and social-with them. (shrm.org)
  • HR management is central to knowledge management in an organization. (shrm.org)
  • Those who generate and disseminate knowledge do so for the benefit of everyone in the organization, yet they are only rewarded if the knowledge is used. (shrm.org)
  • Moreover, unless knowledge contribution incentives are in place, people may hoard such knowledge and use it as a source of power within or against the organization. (shrm.org)
  • In the middle of all this commotion, employees may decide to withhold their knowledge and take such insights when they leave-at the expense of the organization. (shrm.org)
  • The International Federation of Accountants (IFAC), the global organization for the accountancy profession, today announced the launch of the Global Knowledge Gateway , a platform designed to bring together news, views, resources, and thought leadership for the worldwide accountancy profession. (prweb.com)
  • Any company or organization that can offer professional-quality knowledge in a specialized field can become a Knowledge Partner. (yahoo.com)
  • As a Knowledge Partner, an organization can expose its professional experience, specialized knowledge and core brand values to millions of Answers users. (yahoo.com)
  • SKOS-Simple Knowledge Organization System-provides a model for expressing the basic structure and content of concept schemes such as thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading lists, taxonomies, folksonomies, and other similar types of controlled vocabulary. (w3.org)
  • This is a companion document to the SKOS Simple Knowledge Organization System Reference W3C Candidate Recommendation dated 17 March 2009. (w3.org)
  • The Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) is an RDF vocabulary for representing semi-formal knowledge organization systems (KOSs), such as thesauri, taxonomies, classification schemes and subject heading lists. (w3.org)
  • TechCrunch cites sources who say that Larry Page's emerging vision goes beyond the organization of information to "understanding and facilitating the creation of knowledge. (searchengineland.com)
  • To quantify this effect, we analyze the earnings and organization of U.S. lawyers and use the equilibrium model of knowledge hierarchies in Garicano and Rossi-Hansberg (2006) to assess how much lawyers' productivity and the distribution of earnings across lawyers reflects lawyers' ability to organize problem-solving hierarchically. (nber.org)
  • How might knowledge-guided applications assist in the location, management, and use of information, for example, in the area of electronic commerce? (w3.org)
  • A human resource management system (HRMS), if properly realigned, can play a vital role in contributing to the management of organizational knowledge. (shrm.org)
  • Knowledge management includes all activities involved with the generation, dissemination and maintenance of knowledge to meet organizational goals. (shrm.org)
  • Conducting small redesigns to HRMSs will alleviate the traditional hurdles in knowledge management. (shrm.org)
  • We classify the types of product that can contribute to knowledge management solutions as those that are used to store, send, structure, share or synthesize knowledge or solve problems. (gartner.com)
  • Personal knowledge capital focuses on the knowledge worker, knowledge creation, and third generation knowledge management. (oreilly.com)
  • As such this forms part of a synthesis of mind versus body thinking in relation to knowledge creation theory within knowledge management. (oreilly.com)
  • Effective knowledge management helps achieve this objective. (iaea.org)
  • Appropriate knowledge management methods and supporting technology are needed to establish and manage nuclear knowledge, competencies, information and records, work processes, data interpretation, and analysis and verification techniques. (iaea.org)
  • Nuclear knowledge management has become an increasingly important element of the nuclear sector management in recent years. (iaea.org)
  • Recognizing the importance of nuclear knowledge management, the IAEA develops methodologies and guidance documents for planning, designing and implementing nuclear knowledge management programmes and facilitates nuclear education, providing support, networking opportunities and experience exchange. (iaea.org)
  • The IAEA assists Member States by providing products and services for maintaining and preserving nuclear knowledge and by promoting the use of state-of-the-art knowledge management technologies. (iaea.org)
  • Provides technological services and knowledge management tools that help clients achieve mission-critical goals and integrate people, processes and technology. (inc.com)
  • You just viewed Knowledge Management . (merlot.org)
  • If you know the author of Knowledge Management , please help us out by filling out the form below and clicking Send. (merlot.org)
  • These advanced information systems use various paradigms including artificial intelligence, knowledge management, and neural science as well as conventional information processing paradigms. (springer.com)
  • The aim of this series is to publish books on new designs and applications of advanced information and knowledge processing paradigms in areas including but not limited to aviation, business, security, education, engineering, health, management, and science. (springer.com)
  • By enabling searches across a wide variety of sources, Oracle knowledge management products offer simple and convenient ways for users to access knowledge that was once hidden in the myriad systems, applications, and databases used to store enterprise content. (oracle.com)
  • Oracle's products for knowledge management help users find useful knowledge contained in corporate information stores. (oracle.com)
  • Easy management of what knowledge is created and who can see it. (oracle.com)
  • The Kaieteur Institute for Knowledge Management has developed an interesting model that might be the start of a solid taxonomy for knowledge management. (fastcompany.com)
  • Not only is the taxonomy a useful tool when considering your own personal and organizational approach to knowledge management, the roundup is a good source of place to go for answers and ideas. (fastcompany.com)
  • This series is introduced by the International Association for Knowledge Management (www.IAKM.net) with an aim to offer advanced peer-reviewed reference books to researchers, practitioners and students in the field of knowledge management in organizations. (springer.com)
  • Surveys of new practical methods that can inspire practitioners and researchers in their applications of knowledge management methods in companies and public services. (springer.com)
  • Many knowledge management experts point to the events of Sept. 11, 2001, as the ultimate reason that information-sharing systems are necessary. (shrm.org)
  • It is a dramatic example of the failure of knowledge management. (shrm.org)
  • Since knowledge management became all the rage in the high-flying 1990s, companies have poured tremendous resources into knowledge management technology that has failed miserably or shown little results. (shrm.org)
  • The federal government will boost knowledge management spending from $820 million in 2003 to $1.3 billion by 2008, largely for homeland security requirements, according to INPUT, a Reston, Va., market research company. (shrm.org)
  • Knowledge management is change management, and, if you don't understand people's perspective, all the strategy and technology in the world means very little," says Carol Kinsey Goman, president of Kinsey Consulting Services, a human capital consulting firm in Berkeley, Calif. (shrm.org)
  • HR can provide the balance needed during knowledge management implementation that ultimately can make a system work, says Marc J. Rosenberg, author of E-Learning: Strategies for Delivering Knowledge in the Digital Age (McGraw-Hill, 2000) and a knowledge management and e-learning consultant in Hillsborough, N.J. (shrm.org)
  • Everyone seems to agree that knowledge management should deliver top-line growth, improve operations and increase profit margins. (shrm.org)
  • Yet many knowledge management systems fail to deliver on this promise-at least to the extent that they could. (shrm.org)
  • When you ask in order to understand, when you answer in order to share, you are already practicing dropping knowledge. (treehugger.com)
  • We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. (worldbank.org)
  • Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. (worldbank.org)
  • The Knowledge Partner program is a way for organizations to share their professional knowledge with the Yahoo Answers community. (yahoo.com)
  • These multi-stakeholder workshops share knowledge, build understanding and foster coordination within and between countries. (wipo.int)
  • Practical workshops allow stakeholders to share knowledge, build understanding and foster coordination within and between countries. (wipo.int)
  • The knowledge of entrepreneurs, and their freedom to share and use that knowledge, are the sparks that light up the economy and set its gears in motion. (cato.org)
  • The main purpose of these sessions is to share knowledge and best practices with other developers. (meetup.com)
  • Fortune 500 companies lose at least $31.5 billion a year by failing to share knowledge, according to International Data Corp. (IDC), a Framingham, Mass.-based market intelligence and advisory firm in the IT and telecommunications industries. (shrm.org)
  • F our Seasons Hotel Vancouver welcomes guests of the 2017 Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference with a special group rate. (fourseasons.com)
  • Hence the transfer of the symbolic representation can be viewed as one ascription process whereby knowledge can be transferred. (wikipedia.org)
  • The panel will explore how the contemporary theory and practice of knowledge representation can guide evolution of World Wide Web applications and protocols to make networked information more accessible, flexible, and useful. (w3.org)
  • Knowledge representation allows computers to reconfigure and reuse information that they store in ways not narrowly prespecified in advance. (w3.org)
  • The Web accesses a number of resources relevant for Knowledge Representation and Distributed Object systems. (w3.org)
  • This site provides a library of papers, email discussion archives, and examples of knowledge sharing based on agreements about ontology and knowledge representation. (w3.org)
  • Loom, developed under ARPA sponsorship and distributed world-wide, is a general-purpose knowledge representation system that promotes the use of explicit, declarative domain models in constructing intelligent systems and applications. (w3.org)
  • This collection of extended versions of 12 papers from the First InternationalConference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning provides a snapshot of the bestcurrent work in AI on formal methods and principles of representation and reasoning. (google.com)
  • Existence Assumptions in Knowledge Representation. (google.com)
  • The resulting knowledge model can only be computer interpretable when it is expressed in some knowledge representation language or data structure that enables the knowledge to be interpreted by software and to be stored in a database or data exchange file. (wikipedia.org)
  • Usually the knowledge representation language only allows to represent knowledge (about kinds of things), whereas another language or data structure is required to represent and store the information models about individual things. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the knowledge representation language enables to express both, then the knowledge model and the information model can be expressed in the same language (or data structure). (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to make such knowledge computer interpretable it needs to be expressed in a formal knowledge representation language and thus transformed into a computer interpretable form. (wikipedia.org)
  • The other extreme is that the content of each sentence in a documents is converted in the formal knowledge representation language and thus the objects that are mentioned in those sentences become an integral part of the computer interpretable knowledge model. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be expressed in a knowledge representation language (using the relation type ⟨is specified in⟩ as follows: compressor ⟨is specified in⟩ API 617 A higher level of explicitation means that paragraphs or sentences in natural language are related to components in the knowledge model. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the Knowledge Centre you'll discover articles that answer our most pressing questions, provoking debate and offering insight into academic life here at Warwick. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • The Center for People and Buildings is a centre of expertise that focuses on the relationship between people, work and working environment so as to promote research, product development and the transfer of knowledge in this area. (tudelft.nl)
  • Knowledge Unlatched (KU) offers free access to scholarly content for every reader across the world. (knowledgeunlatched.org)
  • Knowledge Unlatched (KU) makes scholarly content freely available to everyone. (knowledgeunlatched.org)
  • Knowledge Unlatched is pleased to partner with several initiatives who have teamed up with us to make even more Open Access content available to users around the world! (knowledgeunlatched.org)
  • All content donated to or generated by dropping knowledge is freely available to all for all time. (treehugger.com)
  • Called the "Community Solutions Content Program for Microsoft Knowledge Base," the inaugural program allows the company's certified MVPs to add content to the company's database of technical and how-to articles that fuels its online customer support system. (internetnews.com)
  • The new communication channels and participation in writing Knowledge Base content will remain open only to MVPs, he pointed out. (internetnews.com)
  • The inner path focuses on tacit knowledge in knowledge creation, and highlights the importance of inner value, resulting in a model for personal knowledge awareness. (oreilly.com)
  • Much as the industrial revolution changed the nature of work and had far-reaching implications for how we manage human resources in organizations, the current knowledge revolution has far-reaching implications for how we manage knowledge workers. (shrm.org)
  • In most organizations, 20 percent of the knowledge workers generate 80 percent of the knowledge. (shrm.org)
  • To properly encourage knowledge contributions, organizations must realign incentive schemes to accurately account for these vital contributions. (shrm.org)
  • They get lost in their knowledge and get stuck on research but don't integrate it and use it as needed to move themselves and organizations forward. (fastcompany.com)
  • The ability of organizations that operate or utilize nuclear technology to take safe decisions and actions can be affected by knowledge gaps or knowledge loss. (iaea.org)
  • The book is the result of joint efforts from many contributors who took part in the Knowledge-practices Laboratory (KP-Lab) project (2006-2011) supported by EU FP6. (springer.com)
  • Knowledge, know-how, practices and skills that are developed, sustained and passed on within a community. (wipo.int)
  • Knowledge Machines draws upon a range of social theories of research and a set of key case studies in order to give a clear understanding of the ongoing transformations of research practices through Internet technologies. (mit.edu)
  • In Knowledge Machines , Eric Meyer and Ralph Schroeder argue that digital technologies have fundamentally changed research practices in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. (mit.edu)
  • Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts , information , descriptions , or skills , which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving , discovering , or learning . (wikipedia.org)
  • Our goal is to facilitate the aquisition and exploration of knowledge that is essential to understanding our world and to foster dialogue and action based on increased awareness and global understanding. (idealist.org)
  • The App boost the general knowledge and awareness covering the basic information about the globe. (microsoft.com)
  • Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts (descriptive knowledge), skills (procedural knowledge), or objects (acquaintance knowledge). (wikipedia.org)
  • David Hume famously expressed skepticism about whether we could ever have self-knowledge over and above our immediate awareness of a "bundle of perceptions", which was part of his broader skepticism about personal identity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The SANS Security Awareness Knowledge Assessment measures your learners' cyber security knowledge. (sans.org)
  • The SANS Security Awareness Knowledge Assessment identifies gaps in your organization's security awareness understanding in 8 core human risk areas. (sans.org)
  • Assign the Knowledge Assessment, conduct your security awareness program, and assign the Knowledge Assessment again. (sans.org)
  • It includes the latest ontologies in the ontology library, developed by academic and industrial users around the world, and available in several knowledge representations and hypertext formats. (w3.org)
  • Hierarchies allow individuals to leverage their knowledge through others' time. (nber.org)
  • the philosopher Plato famously defined knowledge as " justified true belief ", though this definition is now thought by some analytic philosophers [ citation needed ] to be problematic because of the Gettier problems , while others defend the platonic definition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Richard Kirkham suggests that our definition of knowledge requires that the evidence for the belief necessitates its truth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Effect of Knowledge on Belief: Conditioning, Specificity and the Lottery Paradox inDefault Reasoning. (google.com)
  • There are a number of alternative definitions which have been proposed, including Robert Nozick's proposal that all instances of knowledge must 'track the truth' and Simon Blackburn's proposal that those who have a justified true belief 'through a defect, flaw, or failure' fail to have knowledge. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is generally assumed that knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meno then wonders why knowledge is valued more than true belief and why knowledge and true belief are different. (wikipedia.org)
  • Socrates responds that knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief because it is tethered or justified. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers wanted to know whether doctors' knowledge of a previous adverse event affected their subsequent prescribing. (bmj.com)
  • The target audiences for this book are researchers, teachers and Human Resource developers interested in new perspectives on collaborative learning, technology-mediated knowledge creation, and applications of this in their own settings, for higher education, teacher training and workplace learning. (springer.com)
  • It has in-house expertise to support researchers, starting from the initial phase of knowledge protection. (utwente.nl)
  • Beliefs about nature of knowledge and learning, or epistemological beliefs have been an interest of educational researchers and psychologists for the past several years. (springer.com)
  • One of the benefits of working at ORNL is gaining access to the vast repository of collective knowledge held by the researchers at the lab. (ornl.gov)
  • The definition of knowledge is a matter of ongoing debate among philosophers in the field of epistemology . (wikipedia.org)
  • The philosophical study of knowledge is called epistemology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Richard Rorty, Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature Knowledge is the primary subject of the field of epistemology, which studies what we know, how we come to know it, and what it means to know something. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, the design of a particular process implies the creation of a process model, which design activity can be guided by the knowledge that is contained in a knowledge model about such a kind of process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, a knowledge model of a process is basically a specification of the sequence of process stages. (wikipedia.org)
  • 16. From the perspective of complexity theory, emergence arises from complex systems that create new properties from "autonomous unities coming together into larger, more powerful unities" Augmenting Human Capabilities Complex Systems Shared Stories Collaboration in a Knowledge Garden Img: Olen Gunnlaugson (2011). (slideshare.net)
  • A Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) is a three-way collaboration between a company, a UK university, and a graduate, designed to realise a transformative business opportunity. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Knowledge workers are specialists ranging from HR and marketing professionals to software engineers, project managers and business analysts. (shrm.org)
  • [email protected] is the online business analysis journal of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. (idealist.org)
  • If you fail a knowledge examination you must wait until the next business day before taking another knowledge examination. (in.gov)
  • The outer path explores how to effectively communicate and exploit knowledge in a modern business world, both online and offline. (oreilly.com)
  • MESA+ works closely together with the University of Twente business development team to implement the knowledge transfer process. (utwente.nl)
  • This team gives assistance in protecting an invention, developing a business case and transferring knowledge to a company. (utwente.nl)
  • Information systems and intelligent knowledge processing are playing an increasing role in business, science and technology. (springer.com)
  • Considering digital knowledge exchanges and their knowledge business models, the institute has compiled a list of knowledge markets - organized based on their characteristics. (fastcompany.com)
  • At its' 82nd meeting, the IUCN Council recognized the data underlying IUCN's flagship knowledge products as global goods and also recognised that these same knowledge products are supported by standards, processes, relationships, capacity building and tools in baskets of knowledge mobilised through IUCN 2 . (iucn.org)
  • Knowledge-based engineering or knowledge-aided design is a process of computer-aided usage of such knowledge models for the design of products, facilities or processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Slade Knowledge Base is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , 2018. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Your feedback is essential for helping us improve the Bazaarvoice knowledge base. (google.com)
  • I found a bug on the knowledge base. (google.com)
  • For over 40 years, Knowledge Transfer Partnerships have been helping companies to innovate for growth by accessing the UK's world-leading knowledge base. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Read the Knowledge Base FAQ (coming soon! (phpbb.com)
  • Power and non-power applications of nuclear technologies require a stable or even growing base of nuclear knowledge and trained human resources, be it in the areas of energy production, cancer treatment or food and agriculture. (iaea.org)
  • announced a pilot program Wednesday that will let partners add to its official Knowledge Base for the first time. (internetnews.com)
  • Want to download the BMV's practice knowledge exam? (in.gov)
  • You may now download the BMV's practice knowledge exam to your smart phone. (in.gov)
  • C houdry and colleagues' paper in this issue (p 141) is a brave attempt to quantify the under-recognised notion of personal knowledge in clinical practice. (bmj.com)
  • For IUCN's work on knowledge baskets and flagship products, the term knowledge basket is a metaphor for working in a holistic way, valuing ethical respectful and reciprocal relationships as well as investing in the human social and cultural dimensions of environmental knowledge. (iucn.org)
  • This book presents perspectives on the knowledge creation metaphor of learning, and elaborates the trialogical approach to learning. (springer.com)
  • The knowledge creation metaphor differs from both the acquisition and the participation metaphors. (springer.com)
  • Education and research are the fundamental building blocks of the knowledge economy, and are based upon the broad availability and dissemination of knowledge goods across borders. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Knowledge is the key component of their work, so they consume and generate it on a daily basis, but they detest arbitrary schedules. (shrm.org)
  • The term knowledge baskets now has currency across IUCN as well as being the approach to the work of CEESP on the NRGF and PiN. (iucn.org)
  • Use of the term 'knowledge basket' marks an important milestone in IUCN, as it involves not only incorporating a traditional knowledge concept into IUCN's policy framework but also provides greater scope for people throughout the global indigenous conservation community to contribute to IUCN's important scientific work. (iucn.org)
  • The World Bank's knowledge work spans multiple themes and regions, allowing the institution to harness multisectoral, integrated research that reflects the strategic priorities of countries, the Bank, and the wider development community. (worldbank.org)
  • The Bank pursues its data and research work through Advisory Services and Analytics, flagship reports and publications, and through extensive knowledge work. (worldbank.org)
  • Knowledge transfer is achieved by the University of Bath employing one or more graduate, or 'Associate', to work on a strategic project based at the company, varying in length from 2 to 3 years. (bath.ac.uk)
  • The Knowledge for Development Community or KDCs are schools, policy and research institutions in the Philippines that work in partnership with the World Bank to promote knowledge sharing and citizen engagement about development issues. (worldbank.org)
  • While her work makes up "a very narrow sliver" of the research done at REDC, Hogle said, she is always expanding her knowledge and training in new areas outside the traditional realm of her expertise. (ornl.gov)
  • A number of questions regarding self-knowledge have been the subject of extensive debates in philosophy, including whether self-knowledge differs from other types of knowledge, whether we have privileged self-knowledge compared to knowledge of other minds, and the nature of our acquaintance with ourselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • This collection of extended versions of 12 papers from the First InternationalConference on Principles of Knowledge. (google.com)
  • Here are the Dropping Knowledge Principles. (treehugger.com)
  • The spectacular explosion of the World-Wide Web experiment into a global information infrastructure over the past two years is creating a foundation for global knowledge systems. (w3.org)
  • CORBA , ILU ) provide a low-latency and high-availability infrastructure to support this global knowledge web? (w3.org)
  • They are based on our commitment to creating an inter-connected and inclusive knowledge-sharing IP infrastructure to support innovation worldwide. (wipo.int)
  • Learn more about IUCN's first two social science flagship knowledge products: the 'Natural Resource Governance Framework' (NRGF) and 'People in Nature' (PiN). (iucn.org)
  • At the same workshop IUCN was cautioned about seeing and valuing knowledge in a broader context than as products 1 . (iucn.org)
  • The products ranged from reports on key economic and social issues to knowledge-sharing workshops, policy notes, and implementation action plans. (worldbank.org)
  • A Knowledge Partner may mention its products or services, where relevant, in an answer. (yahoo.com)
  • But he advises against hiring a college student for the task because he or she does not have the owner's same intimate knowledge, or passion, to sell their services or products. (americanexpress.com)
  • The design of products or facilities then uses the knowledge model to guide the creation of the facility or product that need to be designed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Improving the livelihoods of the rural poor requires combining indigenous knowledge and local innovation with formal agricultural research and development and support from governments and other institutions. (fao.org)
  • This brief outlines how formal and informal knowledge and innovation can be linked to accelerate sustainable agricultural development. (fao.org)
  • It identifies such necessary steps as scaling up investments in agricultural science, technology, research, extension, and training - and in ways that will spread advances in knowledge and innovation as widely as possible. (fao.org)
  • It is widely agreed that a firm's competitive advantage is determined by how well it leverages its organizational knowledge. (shrm.org)
  • One of the central challenges that all managers face is how to manage organizational knowledge. (shrm.org)
  • The Sanskrit Knowledge-Systems Project investigates the structure and social context of Sanskrit science and knowledge from 1550 to 1750. (columbia.edu)
  • Digital technologies for research are reshaping how knowledge advances in disciplines that range from physics to literary analysis. (mit.edu)
  • Please note that the Indigenous communities have given specific permission for their information to be included on the Indigenous Weather Knowledge Website. (bom.gov.au)
  • Knowledge Machines examines the nature and implications of these transformations for scholarly research. (mit.edu)
  • The power of government to regulate, stifle, manipulate, subsidize or suppress knowledge and ideas is the inertia that slows those gears down, or keeps them from turning at all. (cato.org)
  • Structures used to store knowledge in a manner that relates items of knowledge to one another, and that permits an inference engine to manipulate the knowledge and its relationships. (gartner.com)
  • While many would agree that one of the most universal and significant tools for the transfer of knowledge is writing and reading (of many kinds), argument over the usefulness of the written word exists nonetheless, with some scholars skeptical of its impact on societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The swelling flood of readily-accessible information demands for knowledge-level tools to aid consumers and producers alike in locating and managing information. (w3.org)
  • 8. What tools do knowledge workers use? (slideshare.net)
  • Knowledge facilitators which providing training on the use of the World Bank's Open Development data, tools, and platform. (worldbank.org)
  • The authors in this collection introduce key concepts and techniques, explain tools designed and developed to support knowledge creation, and report results from case studies in specific contexts. (springer.com)
  • The book chapters integrate theoretical, methodological, empirical and technological research, to elaborate the empirical findings and to explain the design of the knowledge creation tools. (springer.com)
  • Meyer and Schroeder show that digital tools and data, used collectively and in distributed mode-which they term e-research -have transformed not just the consumption of knowledge but also the production of knowledge. (mit.edu)
  • Creative outputs from education and research, and subsequently their reuse, sharing, reworking and preservation are fundamental to the advancement of knowledge and the further development of learning. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • We get to the heart of these questions and we encourage our inquiring minds in the pursuit of knowledge to the highest research standards. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Philosophers of language and semioticians construct and analyze theories of knowledge transfer or communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Knowledge Transfer Partnerships (KTP) is a UK wide programme which enables companies to access knowledge, skills and technology from UK Universities. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Inhibits internal knowledge transfer? (slideshare.net)
  • TRANSPARENCY dropping knowledge commits to full transparency and disclosure, informing its community of the way it spends its donated resources. (treehugger.com)
  • WIPO's Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC) is negotiating international legal instrument(s) on intellectual property (IP) and GRs, TK and TCEs. (wipo.int)
  • We organize both seminars and practical workshops on IP and genetic resources, traditional knowledge, and traditional cultural expressions. (wipo.int)
  • Repository of resources on regional, national, local and community experiences on intellectual property and genetic resources, traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions. (wipo.int)
  • Just as humans must create knowledge, they also consume it. (shrm.org)
  • Unsubscribe from Collectiva Knowledge Academy? (youtube.com)
  • [3] while knowledge is also said to be related to the capacity of acknowledgement in human beings. (wikipedia.org)
  • And this grey spirit yearning in desire, To follow knowledge like a sinking star, beyond the utmost bound of human thought. (eircom.net)
  • The important event here is the gaining of human knowledge, not what state an unobserved coin is in. (newscientist.com)
  • This means that the text is only human interpretable, but is nevertheless related to the objects in the knowledge model. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to that, Knowledge Unlatched offers a market place for all those Open Access initiatives that are looking for funding. (knowledgeunlatched.org)
  • SUSTAINABILITY dropping knowledge will expand the reach and access of the Living Library and other activities, and foster solution-driven change by inspiring new initiatives and partnerships among individuals, NGOs and corporations. (treehugger.com)
  • You'll need to use an API key so the widget can access the Google Knowledge Graph API. (google.com)
  • How do we protect and preserve knowledge? (shrm.org)
  • The IAEA helps Member States maintain and preserve nuclear knowledge. (iaea.org)
  • Without sufficient incentives over time, knowledge providers have less reason to generate knowledge. (shrm.org)
  • knowledge engineering The branch of artificial intelligence that is concerned with building expert systems . (encyclopedia.com)