Knee Prosthesis: Replacement for a knee joint.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee: Replacement of the knee joint.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)Knee: A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.Prosthesis-Related Infections: Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. The infections may be acquired from intraoperative contamination (early) or hematogenously acquired from other sites (late).Hip Prosthesis: Replacement for a hip joint.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Knee Injuries: Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.Penile Prosthesis: Rigid, semi-rigid, or inflatable cylindric hydraulic devices, with either combined or separate reservoir and pumping systems, implanted for the surgical treatment of organic ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.Cementation: The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Heart Valve Prosthesis: A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.Patella: The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.Polyethylenes: Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Artificial Limbs: Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.Visual Prosthesis: Artificial device such as an externally-worn camera attached to a stimulator on the RETINA, OPTIC NERVE, or VISUAL CORTEX, intended to restore or amplify vision.Polyethylene: A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.Posterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the anterolateral surface of the medial condyle of the femur, passes posteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of a prosthesis.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Bone Cements: Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.Prosthesis Fitting: The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Neural Prostheses: Medical devices which substitute for a nervous system function by electrically stimulating the nerves directly and monitoring the response to the electrical stimulation.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Osteoarthritis: A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.Debridement: The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Ossicular Prosthesis: An implant used to replace one or more of the ear ossicles. They are usually made of plastic, Gelfoam, ceramic, or stainless steel.Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported: A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.AmputeesRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Arthritis, Rheumatoid: A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.Maxillofacial Prosthesis: A prosthetic appliance for the replacement of areas of the maxilla, mandible, and face, missing as a result of deformity, disease, injury, or surgery. When the prosthesis replaces portions of the mandible only, it is referred to as MANDIBULAR PROSTHESIS.Larynx, Artificial: A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.Arthroplasty, Replacement: Partial or total replacement of a joint.Eye, Artificial: A ready-made or custom-made prosthesis of glass or plastic shaped and colored to resemble the anterior portion of a normal eye and used for cosmetic reasons. It is attached to the anterior portion of an orbital implant (ORBITAL IMPLANTS) which is placed in the socket of an enucleated or eviscerated eye. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Penile Implantation: Surgical insertion of cylindric hydraulic devices for the treatment of organic ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Prosthesis Coloring: Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip: Replacement of the hip joint.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Knee Dislocation: Slippage of the FEMUR off the TIBIA.Staphylococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Bioprosthesis: Prosthesis, usually heart valve, composed of biological material and whose durability depends upon the stability of the material after pretreatment, rather than regeneration by host cell ingrowth. Durability is achieved 1, mechanically by the interposition of a cloth, usually polytetrafluoroethylene, between the host and the graft, and 2, chemically by stabilization of the tissue by intermolecular linking, usually with glutaraldehyde, after removal of antigenic components, or the use of reconstituted and restructured biopolymers.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.Prosthesis Retention: Holding a PROSTHESIS in place.Silicone Elastomers: Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.Polyethylene Terephthalates: Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.Dental Prosthesis Retention: Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.Aortic Valve: The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.Amputation Stumps: The part of a limb or tail following amputation that is proximal to the amputated section.Bone Malalignment: Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.Arthralgia: Pain in the joint.Menisci, Tibial: The interarticular fibrocartilages of the superior surface of the tibia.Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee: The ligament that travels from the medial epicondyle of the FEMUR to the medial margin and medial surface of the TIBIA. The medial meniscus is attached to its deep surface.Arthroplasty: Surgical reconstruction of a joint to relieve pain or restore motion.Denture, Partial, Fixed: A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.Gait: Manner or style of walking.Cartilage, Articular: A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Maxillofacial Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of an appliance for the replacement of areas of the maxilla, mandible, and face. When only portions of the mandible are replaced, it is referred to as MANDIBULAR PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION.Chromium Alloys: Specific alloys not less than 85% chromium and nickel or cobalt, with traces of either nickel or cobalt, molybdenum, and other substances. They are used in partial dentures, orthopedic implants, etc.Palatal Obturators: Appliances that close a cleft or fissure of the palate.Amputation: The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Arthroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy and surgery of the joint.Joint DiseasesFemoral NeoplasmsOsseointegration: The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.

Radiolucent lines and component stability in knee arthroplasty. Standard versus fluoroscopically-assisted radiographs. (1/937)

The radiolucent lines and the stability of the components of 66 knee arthroplasties were assessed by six orthopaedic surgeons on conventional anteroposterior and lateral radiographs and on fluoroscopic views which had been taken on the same day. The examiners were blinded as to the patients and clinical results. The interpretation of the radiographs was repeated after five months. On fluoroscopically-assisted radiographs four of the six examiners identified significantly more radiolucent lines for the femoral component (p < 0.05) and one significantly more for the tibial implant. Five examiners rated more femoral components as radiologically loose on fluoroscopically-assisted radiographs (p = 0.0008 to 0.0154), but none did so for the tibial components. The mean intra- and interobserver kappa values were higher for fluoroscopically-assisted radiographs for both components. We have shown that fluoroscopically-assisted radiographs allow more reproducible, and therefore reliable, detection of radiolucent lines in total knee arthroplasty. Assessment of the stability of the components is significantly influenced by the radiological technique used. Conventional radiographs are not adequate for evaluation of the stability of total knee arthroplasty and should be replaced by fluoroscopically-assisted films.  (+info)

Manipulation of total knee replacements. Is the flexion gained retained? (2/937)

As part of a prospective study of 476 total knee replacements (TKR), we evaluated the use of manipulation under anaesthesia in 47 knees. Manipulation was considered when intensive physiotherapy failed to increase flexion to more than 80 degrees. The mean time from arthroplasty to manipulation was 11.3 weeks (median 9, range 2 to 41). The mean active flexion before manipulation was 62 degrees (35 to 80). One year later the mean gain was 33 degrees (Wilcoxon signed-rank test, range -5 to 70, 95% CI 28.5 to 38.5). Definite sustained gains in flexion were achieved even when manipulation was performed four or more months after arthroplasty (paired t-test, p < 0.01, CI 8.4 to 31.4). A further 21 patients who met our criteria for manipulation declined the procedure. Despite continued physiotherapy, there was no significant increase in flexion in their knees. Six weeks to one year after TKR, the mean change was 3.1 degrees (paired t-test, p = 0.23, CI -8.1 to +2).  (+info)

The tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty. A prospective, randomised study. (3/937)

We assessed the influence of the use of a tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty in a prospective, randomised study. After satisfying exclusion criteria, we divided 77 patients into two groups, one to undergo surgery with a tourniquet and one without. Both groups were well matched. The mean change in knee flexion in the group that had surgery without a tourniquet was significantly better at one week (p = 0.03) than in the other group, but movement was similar at six weeks and at four months. There was no significant difference in the surgical time, postoperative pain, need for analgesia, the volume collected in the drains, postoperative swelling, and the incidence of wound complications or of deep-venous thrombosis. We conclude that the use of a tourniquet is safe and that current practice can be continued.  (+info)

Primary hip and knee replacement surgery: Ontario criteria for case selection and surgical priority. (4/937)

OBJECTIVES: To develop, from simple clinical factors, criteria to identify appropriate patients for referral to a surgeon for consideration for arthroplasty, and to rank them in the queue once surgery is agreed. DESIGN: Delphi process, with a panel including orthopaedic surgeons, rheumatologists, general practitioners, epidemiologists, and physiotherapists, who rated 120 case scenarios for appropriateness and 42 for waiting list priority. Scenarios incorporated combinations of relevant clinical factors. It was assumed that queues should be organised not simply by chronology but by clinical and social impact of delayed surgery. The panel focused on information obtained from clinical histories, to ensure the utility of the guidelines in practice. Relevant high quality research evidence was limited. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. MAIN MEASURES: Appropriateness ratings on a 7-point scale, and urgency rankings on a 4-point scale keyed to specific waiting times. RESULTS: Despite incomplete evidence panellists agreed on ratings in 92.5% of appropriateness and 73.8% of urgency scenarios versus 15% and 18% agreement expected by chance, respectively. Statistically validated algorithms in decision tree form, which should permit rapid estimation of urgency or appropriateness in practice, were compiled by recursive partitioning. Rating patterns and algorithms were also used to make brief written guidelines on how clinical factors affect appropriateness and urgency of surgery. A summary score was provided for each case scenario; scenarios could then be matched to chart audit results, with scoring for quality management. CONCLUSIONS: These algorithms and criteria can be used by managers or practitioners to assess appropriateness of referral for hip or knee replacement and relative rankings of patients in the queue for surgery.  (+info)

Limb salvage surgery in bone tumour with modular endoprosthesis. (5/937)

Thirty-three patients with bone tumours were treated by resection of the growth and reconstruction with a Kotz modular endoprosthesis. The average follow-up was for 50 months, ranging from 14 to 79 months. At the last review, 12 patients (36%) had died due to the tumour and 9 others (27%) had metastases. All 4 patients with proximal tibial reconstruction had poor functional results, due to an extension lag or to knee stiffness. Four of the six tumours of the proximal femur were complicated by local recurrence or dislocation of the hip, and had poor or fair functional results. Of the patients with distal femoral reconstruction, 17 out of 22 had excellent or good functional results. Reconstruction with a modular prosthesis after resection of a tumour gives excellent or good functional results in more than three-fourths of the cases of distal femur reconstruction, but it should be used with caution in the proximal tibia and proximal femur.  (+info)

Soft tissue cover for the exposed knee prosthesis. (6/937)

This study assess the use of muscle flaps to cover exposed knee prostheses and emphasises the need for early plastic surgery consultation. In five of the six patients studied the wound was successfully covered and the knee prosthesis salvaged with a reasonable functional outcome.  (+info)

Survivorship analysis of the "Performance" total knee replacement--7-year follow-up. (7/937)

We present the results of a prospective study in which 32 "Performance" total knee replacements were implanted with a mean follow-up period of 6.5 years. Survival analysis showed 89% survival at 7 years. Of those knees that survived to follow-up 80% were pain free or had mild pain when climbing stairs and only 1 knee was unable to flex beyond 100 degrees. Eighty-six percent of patients were able to walk unlimited distances and all knees had a statistically significant improvement in the knee evaluation scores at follow-up. There was no evidence of loosening or migration in the surviving knees.  (+info)

The results at ten years of the Insall-Burstein II total knee replacement. Clinical, radiological and survivorship studies. (8/937)

We reviewed the outcome of 146 Insall-Burstein II total knee replacements carried out in 121 patients over a period of nearly four years in a general orthopaedic unit. At a mean follow-up of ten years, 94 knees in 78 patients were available for review. Six patients (7 knees) were lost to follow-up and 37 (45 knees) had died. The clinical outcome using the scoring system of the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) was excellent or good in 79% of patients, fair in 14% and poor in 7%. The mean preoperative HSS score was 31, improving to 79 at the latest review. Using the newer rating system of the Knee Society, the mean score at ten years was 87 and the mean functional score 56. The arc of flexion improved from a mean preoperative value of 88 degrees to 100 degrees. The 18 patients who had had a previous high tibial osteotomy were analysed separately and were found to have benefited equally from the operation. Nine prostheses were revised, giving a cumulative survival rate of 92.3% at ten years. Radiological evaluation of 104 radiographs showed radiolucent lines around ten tibial components, none of which required revision. Anterior knee pain was a significant problem.  (+info)

  • As a result it may become necessary to implant surgically a knee prosthesis in a patient in order to improve his or her mobility, to relieve pain, to correct deformity or all three. (justia.com)
  • To ensure the continued success of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs), we must employ ever-evolving modifications to our techniques and implant designs. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Primary: To compare the 10 year implant survival of the Triathlon PS total knee system when X3 polyethylene components are used to the same knee system when N2Vac components are used. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • One of the most important things you will want to discuss with your selected Knee Surgeon is to Choose of the Right Knee Implant. (eliteorthoindia.com)
  • On March 12, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a notice for a Class II recall for all lots and sizes of the Zimmer Persona® Trabecular Metal™ Tibial Plate Knee Implant (prosthesis). (njatty.com)
  • In Re: Zimmer Durom Hip Cup Products Liability Litigation , MDL No. 2158) and Illinois ( In Re: Zimmer NexGen Knee Implant Products Liability Litigation , MDL No. 2272). (njatty.com)
  • For additional information regarding the Zimmer Persona® Trabecular Metal™ Tibial Plate knee implant, click here . (njatty.com)
  • NJ Knee Implant Recall Lawyer Disclaimer: The legal information presented at this site should not be construed to be formal legal advice, nor the formation of a lawyer or attorney client relationship. (njatty.com)
  • All rights reserved 0045.7949/95 $9.50 + 0.00 MICROMOTION ANALYSIS OF THE FIXATION OF TOTAL KNEE TIBIAL COMPONENT M. Tissakht, H. Eskandari and A. M. Ahmed Department of Mechanical Engineering, McGill University, 817 Sherbrooke PQ, Canada H3A 2K6 Street West, Montreal, Abstract-Immediate post-operative stability is critical for the long-term success of biological implant fixations. (booksc.org)
  • As per the GOI circular on price capping of Orthopaedic Knee implant by NPPA(National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority), new prices of knee implants have been implemented effective 16th August 2017. (fortisbangalore.com)
  • For details on knee implant pricing across our hospitals. (fortisbangalore.com)
  • The tibial component has an arcuate groove to receive the lateral condyle and to permit, in flexion of the knee after implantation, limited anterior/posterior movement of the lateral side of the tibia relative to the femur. (justia.com)
  • In this way anterior/posterior movement of the lateral side of the tibia relative to the femur is hindered in the straightened condition of the knee. (justia.com)
  • The natural knee joint is complemented by two collateral ligaments, one on the lateral side of the joint and the other on the medial side thereof, each attached both to the tibia and to the femur. (justia.com)
  • The points of attachment of the collateral ligaments to the femur are approximately on the axis of the arc along which the other end of the tibia moves and the knee flexes. (justia.com)
  • During knee joint distraction (KJD) treatment, using an external fixation-frame, pin-tract infections frequently occur. (peertechz.com)
  • The subject's bone stock is compromised by disease or infection and cannot provide adequate support and/or fixation to the prosthesis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Excessive motion at the bone-prosthesis interface is known to inhibit bone ingrowth and thereby cause failure of the fixation. (booksc.org)
  • In the present study, relative displacements between the host bone and the tibia1 component of total knee implants were evaluated, and the effect of the method on the immediate post-operative fixation was assessed using a three-dimensional friction-contact finite element model of the tibia-prosthesis unit and ADINA. (booksc.org)
  • However, regardless of the nature of the initial fixation, when load is transferred across an interface between materials with very dissimilar moduli, as is the case in a bone-metal prosthesis interface, relative displacement necessarily occurs at the interface. (booksc.org)
  • Often, surgical revision is required to address the significant health issues associated with defects in knee and other joint prostheses. (njatty.com)
  • Zimmer Inc. has had a number of issues with other of its joint prostheses, precipitating multiple other recalls including those for hip replacements (metal on metal prostheses), the Durom® Cup (2008), and a recall for the NexGen® MIS™ Tibial Components (2010). (njatty.com)
  • A knee prosthesis comprises (i) a femoral component having a medial condyle and a lateral condyle and (ii) a tibial component. (justia.com)
  • We simulated wear on a medial fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee prosthesis (Univation) in vitro with a customised, four-station, and servohydraulic knee wear simulator, which exactly reproduced the walking cycle (International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) 14243-1: 2002(E)). The medial prostheses were inserted with 3 different posterior tibial slopes: 0 degrees, 4 degrees, and 8 degrees (n = 3 in each group). (uni-muenchen.de)
  • The posterior cruciate ligament may also be removed depending on the prosthesis used. (hirslanden.ch)
  • In flexion of the knee the posterior part of the rolling surface of the lateral condyle is received in this arcuate groove but, as the knee straightens and approaches its straightened condition, the anterior part of this rolling surface bears on the anterior end of the groove and thereby forces the lateral side of the tibial component to move anteriorly relative to the lateral condyle by a camming action. (justia.com)
  • The Rotating Platform device configuration is indicated for use in knees whose anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments are absent or are in such condition as to justify their sacrifice. (depuysynthes.com)
  • The total knee surgery is turned into something akin to an instrumented landing of an aircraft. (orthoped.org)
  • In practice, the computer systems used just now in total knee surgery are more simple. (orthoped.org)
  • The porous coated Keeled and Non Keeled M.B.T. (Mobile Bearing Tibial) Tray configurations of the LCS Total Knee System are indicated for noncemented use in skeletally mature individuals undergoing primary surgery for reconstructing knees damaged as a result of noninflammatory degenerative joint disease (NIDJD) or either of its composite diagnoses of osteoarthritis and post-traumatic arthritis pathologies. (depuysynthes.com)
  • Despite that definition of a Class II recall, those affected by the deficiencies inherent in these products can sustain significant permanent injuries, especially in light of the risk of loosening of the prostheses' tibial component. (njatty.com)
  • Hopefully after a few of these I'll be more familiar with knee surgeries! (aapc.com)
  • The LCS ® COMPLETE Knee System is based upon the original LCS® Mobile-Bearing Knee System, featuring the same low contact stress articular geometry. (depuysynthes.com)
  • During your hospital stay, the fit of the prosthesis is checked again using x-ray images and you will be instructed about exercises to regain mobility. (hirslanden.ch)
  • The prototype black metal knee joint may look like some kind of automobile part, but the biomedical engineer hopes the simple device will give the gift of mobility to untold numbers of people in developing countries who have lost a leg to amputation. (reddeeradvocate.com)
  • Knee arthritis refers to damage of the joint surface leading to progressive loss of normal joint function leading to pain, stiffness and limitation of mobility. (eliteorthoindia.com)
  • In this operation, the surgeon removes only the damaged surfaces of the knee joint and then covers them with surface shells made of metal and polyethylene. (orthoped.org)
  • Haiti is one glaring example of a country desperate for affordable, functional prostheses to help the tens of thousands of amputees who suffered traumatic injuries in the 2010 earthquake. (reddeeradvocate.com)
  • The Knee Society Score (KSS), University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) activity scale, and Short Form-36 (SF-36) mental and physical component scores were used to evaluate clinical and patient-reported outcomes. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The choice of prosthesis may not be left entirely to the patient, but it is still very important to understand which prosthesis. (eliteorthoindia.com)