Kaolin: The most common mineral of a group of hydrated aluminum silicates, approximately H2Al2Si2O8-H2O. It is prepared for pharmaceutical and medicinal purposes by levigating with water to remove sand, etc. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) The name is derived from Kao-ling (Chinese: "high ridge"), the original site. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Pica: The persistent eating of nonnutritive substances for a period of at least one month. (DSM-IV)Juglans: A plant genus of the family JUGLANDACEAE that provides the familiar walnut.Factor XII: Stable blood coagulation factor activated by contact with the subendothelial surface of an injured vessel. Along with prekallikrein, it serves as the contact factor that initiates the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. Kallikrein activates factor XII to XIIa. Deficiency of factor XII, also called the Hageman trait, leads to increased incidence of thromboembolic disease. Mutations in the gene for factor XII that appear to increase factor XII amidolytic activity are associated with HEREDITARY ANGIOEDEMA TYPE III.Kininogens: Endogenous peptides present in most body fluids. Certain enzymes convert them to active KININS which are involved in inflammation, blood clotting, complement reactions, etc. Kininogens belong to the cystatin superfamily. They are cysteine proteinase inhibitors. HIGH-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT KININOGEN; (HMWK); is split by plasma kallikrein to produce BRADYKININ. LOW-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT KININOGEN; (LMWK); is split by tissue kallikrein to produce KALLIDIN.Diatomaceous Earth: A form of SILICON DIOXIDE composed of skeletons of prehistoric aquatic plants which is used for its ABSORPTION quality, taking up 1.5-4 times its weight in water. The microscopic sharp edges are useful for insect control but can also be an inhalation hazard. It has been used in baked goods and animal feed. Kieselguhr is German for flint + earthy sediment.Kallikreins: Proteolytic enzymes from the serine endopeptidase family found in normal blood and urine. Specifically, Kallikreins are potent vasodilators and hypotensives and increase vascular permeability and affect smooth muscle. They act as infertility agents in men. Three forms are recognized, PLASMA KALLIKREIN (EC, TISSUE KALLIKREIN (EC, and PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN (EC Agents that cause vomiting. They may act directly on the gastrointestinal tract, bringing about emesis through local irritant effects, or indirectly, through their effects on the chemoreceptor trigger zone in the postremal area near the medulla.Benzoylarginine Nitroanilide: A chromogenic substrate that permits direct measurement of peptide hydrolase activity, e.g., papain and trypsin, by colorimetry. The substrate liberates p-nitroaniline as a chromogenic product.Factor XI Deficiency: A hereditary deficiency of blood coagulation factor XI (also known as plasma thromboplastin antecedent or PTA or antihemophilic factor C) resulting in a systemic blood-clotting defect called hemophilia C or Rosenthal's syndrome, that may resemble classical hemophilia.Flocculation: The aggregation of suspended solids into larger clumps.Prunus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.Factor XIIa: Activated form of factor XII. In the initial event in the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation, kallikrein (with cofactor HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT KININOGEN) cleaves factor XII to XIIa. Factor XIIa is then further cleaved by kallikrein, plasmin, and trypsin to yield smaller factor XII fragments (Hageman-Factor fragments). These fragments increase the activity of prekallikrein to kallikrein but decrease the procoagulant activity of factor XII.Factor XI: Stable blood coagulation factor involved in the intrinsic pathway. The activated form XIa activates factor IX to IXa. Deficiency of factor XI is often called hemophilia C.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Investigational New Drug Application: An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Gene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.gamma-Cyclodextrins: Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of eight (8) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.Bibenzyls: Compounds with 1,2-diphenylethane. They are structurally like reduced STILBENES.Specific Gravity: The ratio of the density of a material to the density of some standard material, such as water or air, at a specified temperature.Pigments, Biological: Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.Pigment Epithelium of Eye: The layer of pigment-containing epithelial cells in the RETINA; the CILIARY BODY; and the IRIS in the eye.Porosity: Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.Aluminum Silicates: Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Medicare Assignment: Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.Magnesium Silicates: A generic term for a variety of compounds that contain silicon, oxygen, and magnesium, and may contain hydrogen. Examples include TALC and some kinds of ASBESTOS.Menstrual Hygiene Products: Personal care items used during MENSTRUATION.Beauty: Characteristics or attributes of persons or things which elicit pleasurable feelings.Silicates: The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)Metals, Alkaline Earth: Metals that constitute the group 2 (formerly group IIa) of the periodic table.Metals, Alkali: Metals that constitute group 1(formerly group Ia) of the periodic table. They are the most strongly electropositive of the metals. Note that HYDROGEN is not considered an alkali metal even though it falls under the group 1 heading in the periodic table.Metals, Rare Earth: A group of elements that include SCANDIUM; YTTRIUM; and the LANTHANOID SERIES ELEMENTS. Historically, the rare earth metals got their name from the fact that they were never found in their pure elemental form, but as an oxide. In addition they were very difficult to purify. They are not truly rare and comprise about 25% of the metals in the earth's crust.Carbonates: Salts or ions of the theoretical carbonic acid, containing the radical CO2(3-). Carbonates are readily decomposed by acids. The carbonates of the alkali metals are water-soluble; all others are insoluble. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

The induction of macrophage spreading: role of coagulation factors and the complement system. (1/176)

Unstimulated mouse peritoneal macrophages, attached to either glass or plastic substrates, responded to factors generated in serum and plasma by spreading and increasing their apparent surface area up to eightfold. Two distinct and dissociable systems were involved. The first appears related to the distinct and dissociable systems were involved. The first appears related to the contact phase of blood coagulation. It is activated by glass and not plastic surfaces, depleted by kaolin adsorption, and inhibited by soybean trypsin inhibitor. In contrast, a separate complement-dependent system can be generated in kaolin-adsorbed plasma. Activation of the complement system can occur either by the alternate or classical pathways and generates a relatively small effector molecule which is dialyzable. These factors presumably influencing the surface membrane and underlying structures may explain the rapid spreading of activated macrophages observed after both infections and chemical peritoneal inflammatory agents.  (+info)

Biological effects of naturally occurring and man-made fibres: in vitro cytotoxicity and mutagenesis in mammalian cells. (2/176)

Cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of tremolite, erionite and the man-made ceramic (RCF-1) fibre were studied using the human-hamster hybrid A(L) cells. Results from these fibres were compared with those of UICC Rhodesian chrysotile fibres. The A(L) cell mutation assay, based on the S1 gene marker located on human chromosome 11, the only human chromosome contained in the hybrid cell, has been shown to be more sensitive than conventional assays in detecting deletion mutations. Tremolite, erionite and RCF-1 fibres were significantly less cytotoxic to A(L) cells than chrysotile. Mutagenesis studies at the HPRT locus revealed no significant mutant yield with any of these fibres. In contrast, both erionite and tremolite induced dose-dependent S1- mutations in fibre-exposed cells, with the former inducing a significantly higher mutant yield than the latter fibre type. On the other hand, RCF-1 fibres were largely non-mutagenic. At equitoxic doses (cell survival at approximately 0.7), erionite was found to be the most potent mutagen among the three fibres tested and at a level comparable to that of chrysotile fibres. These results indicate that RCF-1 fibres are non-genotoxic under the conditions used in the studies and suggest that the high mesothelioma incidence previously observed in hamster may either be a result of selective sensitivity of hamster pleura to fibre-induced chronic irritation or as a result of prolonged fibre treatment. Furthermore, the relatively high mutagenic potential for erionite is consistent with its documented carcinogenicity.  (+info)

Spinal blockade of opioid receptors prevents the analgesia produced by TENS in arthritic rats. (3/176)

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used for relief of pain. The literature on the clinical application of TENS is extensive. However, surprisingly few reports have addressed the neurophysiological basis for the actions of TENS. The gate control theory of pain is typically used to explain the actions of high-frequency TENS, whereas, low-frequency TENS is typically explained by release of endogenous opioids. The current study investigated the role of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors in antihyperalgesia produced by low- and high-frequency TENS by using an animal model of inflammation. Antagonists to mu (naloxone), delta (naltrinodole), or kappa (nor-binaltorphimine) opioid receptors were delivered to the spinal cord by microdialysis. Joint inflammation was induced by injection of kaolin and carrageenan into the knee-joint cavity. Withdrawal latency to heat was assessed before inflammation, during inflammation, after drug (or artificial cerebral spinal fluid as a control) administration, and after drug (or artificial cerebral spinal fluid) administration + TENS. Either high- (100 Hz) or low- frequency (4 Hz) TENS produced approximately 100% inhibition of hyperalgesia. Low doses of naloxone, selective for mu opioid receptors, blocked the antihyperalgesia produced by low-frequency TENS. High doses of naloxone, which also block delta and kappa opioid receptors, prevented the antihyperalgesia produced by high-frequency TENS. Spinal blockade of delta opioid receptors dose-dependently prevented the antihyperalgesia produced by high-frequency TENS. In contrast, blockade of kappa opioid receptors had no effect on the antihyperalgesia produced by either low- or high-frequency TENS. Thus, low-frequency TENS produces antihyperalgesia through mu opioid receptors and high-frequency TENS produces antihyperalgesia through delta opioid receptors in the spinal cord.  (+info)

Effects of omega-agatoxin IVA, a P-type calcium channel antagonist, on the development of spinal neuronal hyperexcitability caused by knee inflammation in rats. (4/176)

Both N- and P-type high-threshold calcium channels are located presynaptically in the CNS and are involved in the release of transmitters. To investigate the importance of P-type calcium channels in the generation of inflammation-evoked hyperexcitability of spinal cord neurons, electrophysiological recordings were made from wide-dynamic-range neurons with input from the knee joint in the anesthetized rat. The responses of each neuron to innocuous and noxious pressure onto the knee and the ankle were continuously assessed before and during the development of an inflammation in the knee joint induced by the injections of K/C into the joint cavity. The specific antagonist at P-type calcium channels omega-agatoxin was administered into a 30-microl trough on the spinal cord surface above the recorded neuron. In most neurons the application of omega-agatoxin before induction of inflammation slightly enhanced the responses to pressure onto the knee and ankle or left them unchanged. Two different protocols were then followed. In the control group (13 rats) only Tyrode was administered to the spinal cord during and after induction of inflammation. In these neurons the responses to mechanical stimuli applied to both the inflamed knee and to the noninflamed ankle showed a significant increase over 4 h. In the experimental group (12 rats) omega-agatoxin was applied during knee injection and in five 15-min periods up to 180 min after kaolin. This prevented the increase of the neuronal responses to innocuous pressure onto the knee and to innocuous and noxious pressure onto the ankle; only the responses to noxious pressure onto the knee were significantly enhanced during development of inflammation. Thus the development of inflammation-evoked hyperexcitability was attenuated by omega-agatoxin, and this suggests that P-type calcium channels in the spinal cord are involved in the generation of inflammation-evoked hyperexcitability of spinal cord neurons. Finally, when omega-agatoxin was administered to the spinal cord 4 h after the kaolin injection, i.e., when inflammation-evoked hyperexcitability was fully established, the responses to innocuous and noxious pressure onto the knee were reduced by 20-30% on average. The shift in the effect of omega-agatoxin, from slight facilitation or no change of the responses before inflammation to inhibition in the state of hyperexcitability, indicates that P-type calcium channels are important for excitatory synaptic transmission involved in the maintenance of inflammation-evoked hyperexcitability.  (+info)

Gabapentin attenuates nociceptive behaviors in an acute arthritis model in rats. (5/176)

In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of gabapentin (Neurontin), administered spinally with a microdialysis fiber, in reducing nociceptive behavioral responses induced by a knee joint inflammation model. This model is produced by injection of the knee joint with kaolin and carrageenan in rats. The resultant knee joint inflammation produces a secondary hyperalgesia to radiant heat applied to the hindpaw. Both pretreatment and post-treatment protocols were examined. Spinal administration of gabapentin (10 mg/ml) infused 1.5 h before induction of knee joint inflammation, although having no effect on the baseline, prevented the development of heat hyperalgesia. Gabapentin also prevented the development of other pain-related behaviors scored subjectively. Gabapentin had no effect, however, on the joint circumference increase typical in this model. In animals with fully developed knee joint inflammation, gabapentin produced a reversal of heat hyperalgesia. The paw withdrawal latency responses and subjective pain scores were no longer significantly different from baseline, but joint circumference increases remained. These data suggest that gabapentin is an effective antinociceptive agent when administered either before or after induction of knee joint inflammation acting through a central neurogenic mechanism.  (+info)

Effect of cerebrospinal fluid shunting on experimental syringomyelia: magnetic resonance imaging and histological findings. (6/176)

The histological changes associated with syringomyelia after reduction of the syrinx size were investigated after cerebrospinal fluid shunting in experimental syringomyelia in the rabbit. Five weeks after syringomyelia was induced by the injection of kaolin into the cisterna magna in Japanese white rabbits, ventriculosubgaleal shunting or syringoepidural shunting were performed. After 1 week magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and histological examination were then carried out. Five of 11 shunted animals showed postoperative reduction of syrinx size on MR imaging. Grossly, some specimens showed cavity collapse and parenchymal healing, and others showed a small residual syrinx in the dorsal horn. The most dramatic histological changes occurred in the gray matter. Specimens with syrinx collapse showed rarefaction and tearing of the gray matter, with mild glial reaction. The edematous gray matter showed both degeneration and regeneration, with neuronal processes surrounded by edema fluid. Reactive astrocytes were observed mainly at the margin of the residual syrinx. Some astrocytic processes invested the extraaxonal space and gray matter lacked supportive tissue. Greater reduction of the syrinx after shunting operation was correlated with more regeneration and less degeneration, and the white matter was edematous and histological changes were milder. Syrinx shrinkage occurred after shunting in this experimental model of syringomyelia. The selective vulnerability of gray matter even after shunting may explain discrepancies between imaging findings and clinical features in this disease. The study supports the potential benefit from early treatment, considering the associated morphological findings of regeneration.  (+info)

The role of CNS glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) amide receptors in mediating the visceral illness effects of lithium chloride. (7/176)

Peripheral administration of large doses of lithium chloride (LiCl) to rats causes a spectrum of effects that are consistent with visceral illness. LiCl reduces food intake, decreases salt ingestion after sodium depletion, induces pica, and produces robust conditioned taste aversions. Because some of the effects of peripheral LiCl are mimicked by centrally administered glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) amide (GLP-1), we hypothesized that this peptide is involved in the neural pathways by which LiCl causes visceral illness. To test this hypothesis, we pretreated rats with a selective and potent GLP-1 receptor antagonist given directly into the third ventricle via an indwelling cannula before administration of peripheral LiCl. The GLP-1 receptor antagonist completely blocked the effect of LiCl to reduce food intake, induce pica, and produce a conditioned taste aversion. The same dose of GLP-1 receptor antagonist did not reverse the LiCl-induced reduction in NaCl intake. The data indicate a role for GLP-1 receptors in the CNS pathway that mediates some of the effects of visceral illness.  (+info)

Mechanisms for the involvement of high molecular weight kininogen in surface-dependent reactions of Hageman factor. (8/176)

The mechanisms by which human high molecular weight kininogen (HMKrK) contributes to the surface-dependent activation of the Hageman factor systems have been studied. The ability of various mixtures of purified human Hageman factor (coagulation factor XII), HMrK, prekallikrein, and kaolin to activate coagulation factor XI was determined with factor XIa (activated factor XI) clotting assays. Hageman factor, HMrK and prekallikrein were required for maximal rates of activation of factor XI. A certain optimal mixture of purified Hageman factor, HMrK, prekallikrein, and kaolin gave the same rapid initial rate of activation of purified factor XI as an equivalent aliquot of factor XI-deficient plasma. This suggests that potent, surface-mediated activation of factor XI in plasma is explicable in terms of Hageman factor, HMrK, and prekallikrein. By studying separately some of the surface-dependent reactions involving Hageman factor, it was found that HMrK accelerated by at least an order of magnitude the following reactions: (i) the activation of factor XI by activated Hageman factor; (ii) the activation of prekallikrein by activated Hageman factor; and (iii) the activation of Hageman factor by kallikrein. Stoichiometric rather than catalytic amounts of HMrK gave optimal activation of factor XI. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that HMrK and Hageman factor form a complex on kaolin which renders Hageman factor more susceptible to proteolytic activation by kallikrein and which facilitates the action of activated Hageman factor on its substrate proteins, factor XI and prekallikrein.  (+info)

  • Most drug interaction studies of kaolin have involved administration of kaolin pectin. (buenavista.co.za)
  • Kaolin pectin can form insoluble complexes with a number of drugs and should be avoided in patients receiving drugs that may chelate with aluminum salts (eg, digoxin28, 29, 30 clindamycin31 lincomycin32 and penicillamine33. (buenavista.co.za)
  • Until more information is available, interactions that occur with kaolin pectin should be considered to occur with kaolin alone. (buenavista.co.za)
  • Pet Pectillin ® Diarrhea Medication contains pectin and kaolin to quickly help relieve diarrhea or loose stools in dogs and cats. (revivalanimal.com)
  • Chemical, Mineralogical, and Refractory Characterization of Kaolin in the Regions of Huayacocotla-Alumbres, Mexico. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • S.v. Chemical, Mineralogical, and Refractory Characterization of Kaolin in the Regions of Huayacocotla-Alumbres, Mexico. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • This study aims to assess the chemical, mineralogical, and refractory characteristics of kaolin from the Huayacocotla-Alumbres region in order to determine the material quality and propose possible application for it. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Kaolin is often bleached to remove any coloring that additional minerals may have added. (mapleholistics.com)
  • 20171212xsm machinery manufacture kaolin in malaysia in mineral processing aspects widely used, many customers get more benefits, xsm product also mainly for minerals, rock crusher, mineral grinding, sand stone and mineral processing and other fields.we p. (missionprag.de)
  • Kaolin production line company kaolin ore production line machine supplier ceramsite production line abroad our company designs a modern high performance crusher hj series high efficiency kaolin refining production line antifoulingspecialistnl kaolin production line ball mill kaolin is an adsorbent kaolin is a hydrated aluminum. (fugelnocht.nl)
  • There was a significant positive correlation between CSF outflow resistance and ventricular volume.Conclusions: The data suggest that the impediment to lymphatic CSF absorption in a kaolin-induced model of communicating hydrocephalus has a significant impact on global CSF absorption. (elsevier.com)
  • When added to shampoo, for instance, kaolin can draw out excess oil from your roots, as well as dirt, dead skin, and other impurities. (mapleholistics.com)
  • Production of ROS in CHO AA8, HEKn and FJ cells by 1 h's treatment with kaolin micro- and nano-particles. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although kaolin is found throughout the world, deposits with suitable whiteness, viscosity and other favorable characteristics are rare. (ima-na.org)
  • During the antibacterial activity assays the ZnO/kaoline composites exhibited antibacterial activity, where differences in an onset of the antibacterial activity and activity against bacterial strains were observed. (eurekamag.com)
  • Kaolin Uses, Benefits &Dosage Drugs Herbal DatabaseKaolin has traditionally been used internally to control diarrhea. (buenavista.co.za)
  • Background: We recently reported a lymphatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) absorption deficit in a kaolin model of communicating hydrocephalus in rats with ventricular expansion correlating negatively with the magnitude of the impediment to lymphatic function. (elsevier.com)
  • In the 7th and 8th centuries, the Chinese were the first to use kaolin to make porcelain. (ima-na.org)
  • In a second group at about 3.5 weeks after kaolin injection, intraventricular pressure was measured continuously during infusion of saline into the spinal subarachnoid space at various flow rates (n = 9). (elsevier.com)
  • Kaolin has a variety of other uses in products including paint, rubber, cable insulation, specialty films and fertilizers. (ima-na.org)
  • The kaolin exploitation has acquired great economic importance in recent years because its consumption has been increased in the manufacturing of products, such as paper, paints, inks, and plastics . (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Because kaolincontaining preparations are not systemically absorbed and do not cross the placenta, kaolin is listed as Pregnancy Category C. However, there is a possible association between kaolin ingestion and the development of iron deficiency anemia and hypokalemia, especially during pregnancy.25, 26In a small study of female rats, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cell levels were reduced in the groups of rats that ingested a kaolincontaining diet. (buenavista.co.za)
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the lymphatic absorption deficit on global CSF absorption (CSF outflow resistance).Methods: Kaolin was injected into the basal cisterns of Sprague Dawley rats. (elsevier.com)
  • The common ancillary / impurity minerals occurring with kaolin include parent rocks like feldspar and mica, quartz, ferruginous, titanoferrous and carbonaceous materials. (scirp.org)
  • The most deleterious impurities in kaolin are iron minerals which imparts colour to the white kaolin. (scirp.org)
  • S. Ramaswamy and P. Raghavan, "Significance of Impurity Mineral Identification in the Value Addition of Kaolin - A Case Study with Reference to an Acidic Kaolin from India," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering , Vol. 10 No. 11, 2011, pp. 1007-1025. (scirp.org)
  • Basics in Minerals Processing Handbook as pdf fileBasics in Minerals Processing Handbook as pdf file Mining and Processing Kaolin. (blaszyk-jarosinski.pl)
  • Kaolin is often bleached to remove any coloring that additional minerals may have added. (mapleholistics.com)
  • 2.tantalum, base metals (like copper, lead and Zinc), industrial minerals (like phosphate, iron ore),Kaolin, quartz and feldspar are also being mined from the Adola belt in southern. (sportsphilanthropyproject.com)
  • SERINA TRADING is a global trader in kaolin (also know as china clay) and other industrial minerals and related products. (wineandcompany.co.za)
  • About 1% of these are kaolin, 1% are other non-metallic minerals & products. (hotel-saintjacques.fr)
  • It is often necessary to bleach the clay chemically to remove the iron pigment and to wash it with water to extract the other minerals in order to make kaolin ready for commercial use. (geminatrade.com)
  • Two different types of APS minerals are described for the first time from the Desa Toraget kaolin deposit (Sulawesi, Indonesia). (hummullus.nl)
  • The classic paper of ross and kerr 1930 revealed the applicability of the x-ray diffraction technique to the study of the kaolin minerals and discussed many aspects of their characterization and. (indieszerokopojete.pl)
  • Kaolin or china clay is a versatile industrial mineral with wide technological applications and is abundantly available in India. (scirp.org)
  • china clay products,for some of which the kaolin has to meet stringent particle shape and size respond to mineral processing. (thedevondeli.co.uk)
  • The one advantage that kaolin has over bentonite clay is that it can create makeup products, such as eyeshadow or mineral blush. (mapleholistics.com)
  • As a nonmetallic mineral, kaolin mainly consists of clay and clay rock. (aafm.in)
  • May 01, 2000· Read "Particle characteristics and their influence on dewatering of kaolin, calcite and quartz suspensions, International Journal of Mineral Processing" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. (osandigital.co.za)
  • Kaolin is an important mineral for industries such as paper manufacture, paints and ceramic manufacture. (fugelnocht.nl)
  • Nusa Keramika Abadi is a kaolin clay mining and mineral company in Indonesia. (hotel-saintjacques.fr)
  • Kaolin - white clay, has a fairly saturated mineral composition. (euro-plus.ua)
  • Kaolin is a hydrated aluminum silicate (approximately H2Al2Si2O8-H2O) obtained by mining naturally occurring a layered silicate mineral deposits. (geminatrade.com)
  • Kaolin is a layered silicate mineral. (resourceplus.co.in)
  • Permanent magnetic rotary drum for kaolin hot sales mineral gold ore magnetic separator production line for export iron and steel mills in the eastern united states were running short of cheap, magnetic ore separation plant, edison now ogdensburg, new jersey, cthe rock must be comminuted to enable efficient magnetic separation. (winkelcentrumvaartbroek.nl)
  • Kaolin soil, rock and ore from the mineral to the magmatic, sedimentary and metamorphic environments.Author links open.It addresses all possible cases for clay- and silt-sized rocks from the bedded clay mud up to the very-low.Particularly classification of the host- and parent rocks of kaolin but rapidly reaches its limits due to the. (indieszerokopojete.pl)
  • The kaolin mining operation and beneficiation plant in Western Australia will provide low cost feedstock for the company's High Purity Alumina Project in Malaysia. (proactiveinvestors.com.au)
  • Altech Chemicals ( ASX:ATC ) has commenced permitting for its proposed aluminous clay (kaolin) mining operation and beneficiation plant at Meckering, Western Australia. (proactiveinvestors.com.au)
  • The DER has confirmed its acceptance of Altech's project application for its proposed aluminous clay (kaolin) mine and associated beneficiation plant, at Meckering. (proactiveinvestors.com.au)
  • Stockpiled kaolin will be fed to the Meckering beneficiation plant at a rate of approximately 48,000 tonnes per annum. (proactiveinvestors.com.au)
  • Hsm ore dressing separator spiral classifier for gold gravity separator machine spiral chute for ore concentrator chrome wash plant 5 latest technology magnetic iron oxide ore beneficiation plant machinery with super high hsm best price lifetime warranty,Gold kaolin sand separator machine best sell from china. (winkelcentrumvaartbroek.nl)
  • Flux calcined kaolin clay especially useful as a pigment for low sheen paints is obtained by mixing hydrous kaolin with an aqueous solution of alkaline flux, spray drying, pulverizing, calcining and repulverizing. (patentgenius.com)
  • Flocculation, as a result of the interaction between nonionic polyacrylamide polymer (PAMN) and kaolin surface in aqueous suspension, has been discussed both in the absence and in the presence of surfactants namely, cationic cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), anionic sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and nonionic TX 100. (osandigital.co.za)
  • 8. A method in accordance with claim 7 wherein calcium carbonate is used in an amount of about 1.5 to 4% by weight of the kaolin. (google.es)
  • The U.S. Kaolin Market size valued at USD 1.29 billion in 2016, is anticipated to be driven by the growing consumption of cement, fiberglass, plastics, paints, and adhesives in numerous end-use sectors including construction and automobile. (slideboom.com)
  • U.S. kaolin market movement, by application, 2016 & 2025 3.2. (slideboom.com)
  • EPK Kaolin is a unique, high quality, water washed, ceramic kaolin which offers very white fired color, unusually good forming characteristics and high green strength. (sheffield-pottery.com)
  • It has been developed for processing kaolin, to increase the brightness or whiteness whether it is for paper or ceramic applications. (willowcreeksa.co.za)
  • Pioneer Kaolin was a local ceramic quality model clay with zeta potential of −22 mV as that for MFT in the same water (Angle et al. (osandigital.co.za)
  • Produces kaolin clay for use in building products and beauty products and in the manufacturing of ceramic tile, refractory tile and brick. (hummullus.nl)
  • Higher brightness, medium particle size, calcined kaolin. (matweb.com)
  • 4. A method in accordance with claim 1 wherein said kaolin has a particle size distribution such that from about 70 to 100% by weight thereof is of less than 2 micrometers E.S.D. (google.es)
  • 1. A low sheen paint composition comprising flux calcined kaolin clay that is 75 to 95% by weight finer than 10 microns, 55-85% by weight finer than 5 microns, 45-70% by weight finerthan 2 microns, 30-50% by weight finer than 1 micron and 2-15% by weight finer than 0.5 micron, and has an average particle size in the range 1.0 to 2.5 microns. (patentgenius.com)
  • In a thesis, "The Kaolin to Mullite Reaction Series," Wilfred Anthony Martinez, Rutgers University, 1979, various "mineralizers" were added to both a fine particle size kaolin anda relatively coarse particle size hydrous kaolin, primarily to explore the effect on the crystallinity. (patentgenius.com)
  • High pure kaolin clay from Jashipur, Orissa, India containing particle size with d 50 of μm and BET specific surface area of m 2 /g has been used in this study. (osandigital.co.za)
  • Kaolin plays an important role in ink, organic plastics, some cosmetics, and many other products due to having very fine particle size, whiteness, chemical inertness, and absorption properties. (geminatrade.com)
  • 5. A method in accordance with claim 1 wherein said kaolin is the product of air classifying a kaolin crude clay to at least as fine as 88% less than 2 micrometers E.S.D. (google.es)
  • Jul 31, 2003· The present invention provides an improved method of beneficiating and dewatering kaolin clays. (tommtf.eu)
  • Kaolin AD develops its capacity for extraction and processing of limestone, consistent with the outlook for energy sector development and growth potential in the production of electricity from power plants using coal. (kbt.co.za)
  • This scientific opinion of the EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavorings and Processing Aids (CEF) deals with the safety assessment of kaolin which is used in a combination with polyacrylic acid, sodium salt and is incorporated in a gas barrier layer of ethylene-vinyl alcohol (EVOH) copolymer. (europa.eu)
  • Feb 8, 2016Synthesis of zeolite A using kaolin from Ethiopia and its application inunfriendly phosphate based materials like sodium tripolyphosphate as. (sportsphilanthropyproject.com)
  • FDA Pregnancy: Category C. Kaolin does not cross the placenta. (drugs.com)
  • Because kaolincontaining preparations are not systemically absorbed and do not cross the placenta, kaolin is listed as Pregnancy Category C. However, there is a possible association between kaolin ingestion and the development of iron deficiency anemia and hypokalemia, especially during pregnancy.25, 26In a small study of female rats, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cell levels were reduced in the groups of rats that ingested a kaolincontaining diet. (buenavista.co.za)
  • Flocculation and dewatering of kaolin suspensions in the presence of polyacrylamide (PAM) and surfactants. (tommtf.eu)
  • Large amount of kaolin is used for filling rubber to improve its mechanical strength and resistance to abrasion. (geminatrade.com)
  • Mud and clay basics.There are two types of mud masks masks made from different muds and masks made from clay, usually bentonite or kaolin clay.For centuries people have bathed in mud as well as applying it to their faces and bodies in order to improve skin conditions and provide relief to aching joints. (indieszerokopojete.pl)
  • Magnetic separator for kaolin magnetic filtration of kaolin clay 911metallurgist magnetic separation in kaolin processing is a comparatively low cost and versatile technique by variation of retention time, it is possible to achieve differing degrees. (winkelcentrumvaartbroek.nl)
  • There was no detectable migration of aluminium or magnesium (inorganic constituents of kaolin) from a typical multi-layer plastic material, with detection limits of 0.07 mg/kg and up to 2.2 mg/kg, respectively. (europa.eu)
  • No. 3,853,573, Ferrigno, discloses pigmentarycompositions produced by combining a fluxing agent composed of one or a combination of metal oxides with calcined kaolin, with optional hydrous kaolin, and an inorganic binder. (patentgenius.com)
  • Second possible explanation of antibacterial activity of ZnO/kaoline could be the presence of biologically available forms of zinc. (eurekamag.com)
  • Aug 15, 2019· The processing of kaolin ore depends on the nature of the ore and the enduse of the product. (osandigital.co.za)
  • 2019-8-21Kaolin has plasticity, wet kaolin can be shaped to different type and wouldnt be crushed, and it can remain unchangeable for a long time. (pierette.nl)
  • for use as direct food additives (Calcium Silicate at up to 2% of weight of food) and that Kaolin is GRAS for use as an indirect food additive . (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • In the production of white cement, iron is a deleterious component which can be avoided by using kaolin, an alumina silicate with very low iron content. (royaltyminerals.in)
  • Fig.1.XRD patterns for kaolin clay as a green body and with thermalA pure kaolin from Georgia,USA (with reference kga 1b),acoustic lattice vibrations (Fig.In this work,simulation algorithms for contact drying of agitated particulate. (indianewstoday.co.in)
  • The name kaolin derives from the Chinese and means high ridge. (ima-na.org)
  • 1 Light kaolin is the preferred material for use in pharmaceutical preparations. (drugs.com)
  • When given orally, kaolin, especially light kaolin, adsorbs substances from the GI tract and increases the bulk of feces. (drugs.com)
  • The medicines below all contain the following active ingredient(s): light kaolin + magnesium carbonate + bicarbonate. (healthdirect.gov.au)
  • It is an environmentally benign aluminosilicate mineral4 that is insoluble in water.1 Light kaolin is the preferred material for use in pharmaceutical preparations. (buenavista.co.za)