Jatropha: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. Members contain jatrophone and other diterpenes.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Manihot: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.MexicoGenetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.Castor Bean: Common name for Ricinus communis, a species in the family EUPHORBIACEAE. It is the source of CASTOR OIL.Posters as Topic: Single or multi-sheet notices made to attract attention to events, activities, causes, goods, or services. They are for display, usually in a public place and are chiefly pictorial.Fossil Fuels: Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)BooksBook SelectionBook Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.Rare BooksBook PricesBooks, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
  • In this context, the function of JcFT , an FT homolog in Jatropha , was analyzed to improve the understanding of the flowering mechanism in Jatropha , which will be critical for the genetic improvement of this species. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The oil content of Jatropha seeds and the kernels ranges from 30% to 50% and 45% to 60% by weight, respectively. (beds.ac.uk)
  • It is noteworthy that the female flowers open before the male flowers, favoring xenogamy, which may explain the high genetic variability reported in J. curcas for this region of the world. (peerj.com)
  • Because jatropha can be grown on semi-arid or waste land it can use land that is not suitable for growing food seeds This advantage is claimed to be being abused because the jatropha seeds bring in more cash than food seeds in some cases and land that formerly was used for growing food crops is already being used to grow jatropha. (typepad.com)
  • The goal of second-generation biofuel is to increase the biofuel supply with crops such as Jatropha , castor (Ricinus communis), and Camelina (Camelina sativa) . (ufl.edu)
  • Energy crop company SGB Inc. (SG Biofuels) has identified more than 2 million individual genetic markers (SNPs) in its Jatropha curcas germplasm collection, confirming the nonfood energy crop has a genetic density comparable to corn and other domesticated crops, and validating the ability to drive significant yield and performance gains through molecular breeding. (biodieselmagazine.com)
  • Jatropha curcas L. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. (ub.ac.id)
  • This book also deals with biodiesel, biofuel and petro crops : an alternative to conventional fuels, the potential of jatropha curcas in rural development and environment protection, prospects of expanding market for use of jatropha oil, jatropha: potential as insecticide/pesticide etc. (niir.org)
  • SGB recently validated that its germplasm collection contains more than 2 million individual genetic markers, confirming Jatropha has a genetic diversity comparable to corn and other domesticated crops. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • As a non-edible shrub that can be grown on marginal lands considered undesirable for food crops, SG Biofuels says Jatropha is a sensible alternative to diverting corn, sugar cane, and other food crops into alternative fuel production. (xconomy.com)
  • As for cultivation, why not replace the poppy fields in Afghanistan or the Coca crops in South America with Jatropha crops? (xconomy.com)
  • Section One explores the genetic improvement of bioenergy crops, ecological issues and biodiversity, feedstock logistics and enzymatic cell wall degradation to produce biofuels, and process technologies of liquid transportation fuels production. (routledge.com)
  • Genetic Engineering for Bioenergy Crops. (routledge.com)
  • Rust-related diseases can be destructive not only to Jatropha, but to mainstream crops as well. (marketwired.com)
  • But questions are now emerging as to whether widespread jatropha cultivation is really feasible or whether it will simply displace badly-needed food crops in the developing world. (zambian-economist.com)
  • Since jatropha could grow on arid, barren lands, cultivating it would avoid displacing food crops such as corn and soybeans - a major drawback of so-called first generation biofuels. (zambian-economist.com)
  • The lack of genetic optimization and research on cultural practices, harvesting, storage, and transport with would-be energy crops - miscanthus, sorghum, switchgrass, and others - means that there is significant potential for improvement. (grist.org)
  • The application of advanced breeding methods like genetic engineering and marker-assisted breeding, limiting water usage through drought resistant crops, and large-scale application of biotechnology (i.e., optimizing the process by which plants conduct photosynthesis, or reducing stress-based yield losses) will also contribute to increased yields with fewer inputs. (grist.org)
  • More importantly, different energy crops are likely to be optimal for different climates - jatropha makes sense on degraded Indian land, but not in the American Midwest. (grist.org)
  • Jatropha curcas shows a big promise towards sustainable and affordable biofuels. (europa.eu)
  • LIFE ) and Encinitas, CA-based SG Biofuels are announcing today that they have completely sequenced the genome of Jatropha curcas, a hardy Central American bush that produces walnut-size seeds laden with oil. (xconomy.com)
  • Editor's note, 8/27/10: I've been reminded that San Diego-based Synthetic Genomics, which is developing algae-based biofuels technology, among other things, announced they had sequenced the Jatropha genome in May, 2009. (xconomy.com)
  • While creating a definitive "reference genome" for Jatropha is a valuable tool for researchers, SG Biofuels CEO Kirk Haney says the value of the whole genome is "enhanced significantly" by having a diverse collection of Jatropha genetic material for comparison. (xconomy.com)
  • In California, SG Biofuels announced the launch of JMax 100, billed as the "world's first elite jatropha cultivar", optimized for production in Guatemala with yields, based on trialing of the cultivar on several thousand acres, of 350 gallons per acre and a production cost of $1.39 per gallon for jatropha oil. (geni.org)
  • JMax 100 and the JMax Jatropha Optimization Platform have been developed over the past three years by the SG Biofuels Genetic Resource Center (GRC) and a science team that includes three members of the National Academy of Sciences. (geni.org)
  • "The Jatropha Revival" was listed as #5 on the list of 10 Biofuels Predictions for 2010 in the Digest on January 1st. (geni.org)
  • The combination of multiple genetic engineering strategies for optimizing the biofuels production will surely be useful. (springer.com)
  • Today, most jatropha grown for biofuels is cultivated on plots of less than 12 acres and is primarily used locally. (zambian-economist.com)
  • A global biofuels market for jatropha is only just beginning to emerge. (zambian-economist.com)
  • One of the handful of companies involved in large-scale jatropha production is D1 Oils, a U.K.-based biofuels technology company that says it already has more than a half-million acres under cultivation, much of it in India. (zambian-economist.com)
  • We, Enhanced Biofuels & Technologies India (P) Ltd., feel proud to introduce ourselves as one of the pioneers in the field of Biofuel production using Non edible Sources of feed stock like Jatropha and Algae. (wordpress.com)
  • JMax is built on a base consisting of the SG technical team, the sequencing of the jatropha genome, the data we have from our cross breeding program, and our regional studies," said Haney. (geni.org)
  • Subsequently, he earned his Ph.D. at the University of California at Davis working on the implementation of genomics and Bayesian statistics in the genetic improvement of perennial fruits such as peach and almond. (osu.edu)
  • The department aims to produce genetic engineers who excel in the field of genomics and gene manipulation. (htcampus.com)
  • The collection of protocols equips users with the techniques they need in order to start a program on mutation breeding or functional genomics using both forward and reverse-genetic approaches. (doabooks.org)
  • Massive plantations of Jatropha were raised world-wide between 2003 and 2008. (springer.com)
  • In fact, no one yet seems to know for sure if the kind of large-scale jatropha plantations that would make a real dent in world fuel demand can actually be productive, while also avoiding the problems associated with growing corn, sugar cane, and soybeans for biofuel. (zambian-economist.com)
  • We are also looking for a practical type of cultivation that is compatible with the routines and possibilities of local farmers, so that the jatropha plantations can be profitable for the rural cultivators with a minimum input of men, money and materials. (orchidsasia.com)
  • The performance of SGB's hybrids has been tested and validated through the company's global network of 15 Jatropha hybrid trial and agronomic research sites, with local results validated at six centers located in India (three in Chhattisgarh, one in Uttar Pradesh, one in Andhra Pradesh and one in Odisha). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Before 1996, few systematic provenance trials had been conducted to exam morphological characteristic differences among various jatropha collections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Overexpression of JcFT in Arabidopsis and Jatropha using the constitutive promoter cauliflower mosaic virus 35S or the phloem-specific promoter Arabidopsis SUCROSE TRANSPORTER 2 promoter resulted in an extremely early flowering phenotype. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The CJP team's pongamia work is currently focused on genomic and genetic research. (biodieselmagazine.com)
  • However, despite this crop's importance, only moderate effort has been invested in studying its biochemical or physiological properties or in establishing genomic and genetic infrastructures. (plos.org)
  • It addresses the single-stage LSI theory by assuming that economic weights are fixed and known - or fixed, but unknown - to predict the net genetic merit in the phenotypic, marker and genomic context. (doabooks.org)
  • If you grow jatropha in marginal conditions, you can expect marginal yields," says Vincent Volckaert, the Africa regional director for D1. (zambian-economist.com)
  • To date, the molecular mechanisms underlying the responses to waterlogging in Jatropha remain elusive. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our findings unraveled the molecular responses to waterlogging in Jatropha and provided new perspectives for developing a waterlogging tolerant cultivar in the future. (frontiersin.org)
  • Despite these lines of evidence, the molecular mechanism underlying the waterlogging response in Jatropha remains unknown. (frontiersin.org)
  • A sequence related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) is a molecular technique, developed by G. Li and C. F. Quiros in 2001, for detecting genetic variation in the open reading frames (ORFs) of genomes of plants and related organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's equivalent to finding a gene involved in cancer or other genetic disorders," said the Canadian professor who has been doing research on poppy opium for about 20 years. (thaindian.com)
  • More particularly, the present invention relates to gene silencing of Sugar-dependent 1 (JcSDP1) in Jatropha curcas. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Genetic mapping of Theobroma cacao (Malvaceae) seedlings of the Parinari series, carriers of the lethal gene Luteus-Pa. (uesc.br)
  • SGB's first-generation hybrids have outperformed commercial Jatropha planting materials at 13 hybrid trial sites located across Brazil, India and Central America. (technologynetworks.com)
  • SGB Confirms Superior Performance of Its Elite Jatropha Hybrids in India. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The centers serve as outdoor classrooms where SGB agronomists and technical teams conduct training and field tours with customers and growers, and develop localized agronomic studies and recommendations while advancing the top performing Jatropha hybrids for commercial deployment. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • While Jatropha curcas starts yielding from 9-12 months time, the best yields are obtained only after 2-3 years time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jatropha yields a considerable amount of inedible oil that can be converted to biodiesel. (ufl.edu)
  • JMax 100 is the first elite cultivar developed through the company's JMax Jatropha Optimization Platform, and CEO Kirk Haney said that "The yields and profitability of JMax 100 and the JMax platform far exceed what is currently available through existing varieties of Jatropha. (geni.org)
  • Intercropping between jatropha and maize ( Zea mays L.) resulted in competition for resources both belowground and aboveground that reduced maize yields. (wur.nl)
  • The Jatropha plantation primarily focuses cultivated green biodiesel as an alternate source of fuels that can propel engines, generators and transportation as well as power generation in the future and replace existing sources. (niir.org)
  • The world's thirst for combustible fuels could be slaked, according to the buzz surrounding jatropha, with energy harvested from wastelands rather than from fertile fields. (zambian-economist.com)
  • If planted in hedges, the reported productivity of Jatropha is from 0.8 to 1.0 kg of seed per meter of live fence. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Guatemala now has a significant head-start, we anticipate continued advancements through the JMax platform that will further enhance the productivity and profitability of Jatropha for growers around the world. (geni.org)
  • Jatropha - maize intercropping has potential for long-term productivity provided management practices such as fertiliser, pruning, and planting density can be developed to minimise competition and enhance complementarity. (wur.nl)
  • A key issue surrounding jatropha is the productivity of the tree in the dry, degraded lands on which it is said to thrive. (zambian-economist.com)
  • The profitability of Jatropha was projected at$400 per acre - more than 300 percent above existing commercial varieties. (geni.org)