Hearing Loss: A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.Hearing: The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.Hearing Aids: Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)Hearing Tests: Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.Hearing Loss, Sensorineural: Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.Hearing Disorders: Conditions that impair the transmission of auditory impulses and information from the level of the ear to the temporal cortices, including the sensorineural pathways.Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced: Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.Hearing Loss, Bilateral: Partial hearing loss in both ears.Persons With Hearing Impairments: Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.Audiometry: The testing of the acuity of the sense of hearing to determine the thresholds of the lowest intensity levels at which an individual can hear a set of tones. The frequencies between 125 and 8000 Hz are used to test air conduction thresholds and the frequencies between 250 and 4000 Hz are used to test bone conduction thresholds.Hearing Loss, Conductive: Hearing loss due to interference with the mechanical reception or amplification of sound to the COCHLEA. The interference is in the outer or middle ear involving the EAR CANAL; TYMPANIC MEMBRANE; or EAR OSSICLES.Hearing Loss, High-Frequency: Hearing loss in frequencies above 1000 hertz.Audiometry, Pure-Tone: Measurement of hearing based on the use of pure tones of various frequencies and intensities as auditory stimuli.Correction of Hearing Impairment: Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.Auditory Threshold: The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.Deafness: A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.Hearing Loss, Sudden: Sensorineural hearing loss which develops suddenly over a period of hours or a few days. It varies in severity from mild to total deafness. Sudden deafness can be due to head trauma, vascular diseases, infections, or can appear without obvious cause or warning.Hearing Loss, Unilateral: Partial or complete hearing loss in one ear.Noise, Occupational: Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.Ear Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem: Electrical waves in the CEREBRAL CORTEX generated by BRAIN STEM structures in response to auditory click stimuli. These are found to be abnormal in many patients with CEREBELLOPONTINE ANGLE lesions, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, or other DEMYELINATING DISEASES.Presbycusis: Gradual bilateral hearing loss associated with aging that is due to progressive degeneration of cochlear structures and central auditory pathways. Hearing loss usually begins with the high frequencies then progresses to sounds of middle and low frequencies.Cochlea: The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.Noise: Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous: Self-generated faint acoustic signals from the inner ear (COCHLEA) without external stimulation. These faint signals can be recorded in the EAR CANAL and are indications of active OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS. Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are found in all classes of land vertebrates.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Hearing Loss, Central: Hearing loss due to disease of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS (in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) which originate in the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the PONS and then ascend bilaterally to the MIDBRAIN, the THALAMUS, and then the AUDITORY CORTEX in the TEMPORAL LOBE. Bilateral lesions of the auditory pathways are usually required to cause central hearing loss. Cortical deafness refers to loss of hearing due to bilateral auditory cortex lesions. Unilateral BRAIN STEM lesions involving the cochlear nuclei may result in unilateral hearing loss.Audiometry, Evoked Response: A form of electrophysiologic audiometry in which an analog computer is included in the circuit to average out ongoing or spontaneous brain wave activity. A characteristic pattern of response to a sound stimulus may then become evident. Evoked response audiometry is known also as electric response audiometry.Audiology: The study of hearing and hearing impairment.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Acoustic Impedance Tests: Objective tests of middle ear function based on the difficulty (impedance) or ease (admittance) of sound flow through the middle ear. These include static impedance and dynamic impedance (i.e., tympanometry and impedance tests in conjunction with intra-aural muscle reflex elicitation). This term is used also for various components of impedance and admittance (e.g., compliance, conductance, reactance, resistance, susceptance).Cochlear Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.Neonatal Screening: The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Ear, Inner: The essential part of the hearing organ consists of two labyrinthine compartments: the bony labyrinthine and the membranous labyrinth. The bony labyrinth is a complex of three interconnecting cavities or spaces (COCHLEA; VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH; and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS) in the TEMPORAL BONE. Within the bony labyrinth lies the membranous labyrinth which is a complex of sacs and tubules (COCHLEAR DUCT; SACCULE AND UTRICLE; and SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS) forming a continuous space enclosed by EPITHELIUM and connective tissue. These spaces are filled with LABYRINTHINE FLUIDS of various compositions.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Hearing Loss, Functional: Hearing loss without a physical basis. Often observed in patients with psychological or behavioral disorders.Hair Cells, Auditory: Sensory cells in the organ of Corti, characterized by their apical stereocilia (hair-like projections). The inner and outer hair cells, as defined by their proximity to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), change morphologically along the COCHLEA. Towards the cochlear apex, the length of hair cell bodies and their apical STEREOCILIA increase, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.Audiometry, Speech: Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.Bone Conduction: Transmission of sound waves through vibration of bones in the SKULL to the inner ear (COCHLEA). By using bone conduction stimulation and by bypassing any OUTER EAR or MIDDLE EAR abnormalities, hearing thresholds of the cochlea can be determined. Bone conduction hearing differs from normal hearing which is based on air conduction stimulation via the EAR CANAL and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.Sign Language: A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Speech Intelligibility: Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.Ear, Middle: The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.Auditory Perception: The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.Speech Reception Threshold Test: A test to determine the lowest sound intensity level at which fifty percent or more of the spondaic test words (words of two syllables having equal stress) are repeated correctly.Organ of Corti: The spiral EPITHELIUM containing sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and supporting cells in the cochlea. Organ of Corti, situated on the BASILAR MEMBRANE and overlaid by a gelatinous TECTORIAL MEMBRANE, converts sound-induced mechanical waves to neural impulses to the brain.Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Cochlear Nerve: The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.Spiral Ganglion: The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer: Sensory cells of organ of Corti. In mammals, they are usually arranged in three or four rows, and away from the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), lateral to the INNER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and other supporting structures. Their cell bodies and STEREOCILIA increase in length from the cochlear base toward the apex and laterally across the rows, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.Neuroma, Acoustic: A benign SCHWANNOMA of the eighth cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE), mostly arising from the vestibular branch (VESTIBULAR NERVE) during the fifth or sixth decade of life. Clinical manifestations include HEARING LOSS; HEADACHE; VERTIGO; TINNITUS; and FACIAL PAIN. Bilateral acoustic neuromas are associated with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p673)Evoked Potentials, Auditory: The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.Prosthesis Fitting: The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)Tympanic Membrane: An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.Hair Cells, Auditory, Inner: Auditory sensory cells of organ of Corti, usually placed in one row medially to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus). Inner hair cells are in fewer numbers than the OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS, and their STEREOCILIA are approximately twice as thick as those of the outer hair cells.Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.Speech Discrimination Tests: Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.Hearing Loss, Mixed Conductive-Sensorineural: Hearing loss due to damage or impairment of both the conductive elements (HEARING LOSS, CONDUCTIVE) and the sensorineural elements (HEARING LOSS, SENSORINEURAL) of the ear.Sound Spectrography: The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.Perceptual Masking: The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.Temporal Bone: Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).Sound Localization: Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.Labyrinth Diseases: Pathological processes of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which contains the essential apparatus of hearing (COCHLEA) and balance (SEMICIRCULAR CANALS).Otoscopy: Examination of the EAR CANAL and eardrum with an OTOSCOPE.Sound: A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.Auditory Pathways: NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.Hyperacusis: An abnormally disproportionate increase in the sensation of loudness in response to auditory stimuli of normal volume. COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; FACIAL NERVE DISEASES; STAPES SURGERY; and other disorders may be associated with this condition.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Psychoacoustics: The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.Vestibular Aqueduct: A small bony canal linking the vestibule of the inner ear to the posterior part of the internal surface of the petrous TEMPORAL BONE. It transmits the endolymphatic duct and two small blood vessels.Otologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the external, middle, or internal ear.Cochlear Diseases: Pathological processes of the snail-like structure (COCHLEA) of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which can involve its nervous tissue, blood vessels, or fluid (ENDOLYMPH).Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Connexins: A group of homologous proteins which form the intermembrane channels of GAP JUNCTIONS. The connexins are the products of an identified gene family which has both highly conserved and highly divergent regions. The variety contributes to the wide range of functional properties of gap junctions.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.MP3-Player: Portable electronics device for storing and playing audio and or media files. MP3 for MPEG-1 audio layer 3, is a digital coding format.Stria Vascularis: A layer of stratified EPITHELIUM forming the endolymphatic border of the cochlear duct at the lateral wall of the cochlea. Stria vascularis contains primarily three cell types (marginal, intermediate, and basal), and capillaries. The marginal cells directly facing the ENDOLYMPH are important in producing ion gradients and endochoclear potential.Loudness Perception: The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.Round Window, Ear: Fenestra of the cochlea, an opening in the basal wall between the MIDDLE EAR and the INNER EAR, leading to the cochlea. It is closed by a secondary tympanic membrane.Meniere Disease: A disease of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is characterized by fluctuating SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; TINNITUS; episodic VERTIGO; and aural fullness. It is the most common form of endolymphatic hydrops.Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases: Pathological processes of the VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE, including the branches of COCHLEAR NERVE and VESTIBULAR NERVE. Common examples are VESTIBULAR NEURITIS, cochlear neuritis, and ACOUSTIC NEUROMA. Clinical signs are varying degree of HEARING LOSS; VERTIGO; and TINNITUS.Ear Diseases: Pathological processes of the ear, the hearing, and the equilibrium system of the body.Lipreading: The process by which an observer comprehends speech by watching the movements of the speaker's lips without hearing the speaker's voice.Pitch Perception: A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.Speech Acoustics: The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Cochlear Microphonic Potentials: The electric response of the cochlear hair cells to acoustic stimulation.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Auditory Cortex: The region of the cerebral cortex that receives the auditory radiation from the MEDIAL GENICULATE BODY.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Genes, Recessive: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE only in the homozygous state.Auditory Fatigue: Loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold. The temporary threshold shift, TTS, is expressed in decibels.Vestibular Diseases: Pathological processes of the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH which contains part of the balancing apparatus. Patients with vestibular diseases show instability and are at risk of frequent falls.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Recognition (Psychology): The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Tympanoplasty: Surgical reconstruction of the hearing mechanism of the middle ear, with restoration of the drum membrane to protect the round window from sound pressure, and establishment of ossicular continuity between the tympanic membrane and the oval window. (Dorland, 28th ed.)Echolocation: An auditory orientation mechanism involving the emission of high frequency sounds which are reflected back to the emitter (animal).Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Ear Ossicles: A mobile chain of three small bones (INCUS; MALLEUS; STAPES) in the TYMPANIC CAVITY between the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and the oval window on the wall of INNER EAR. Sound waves are converted to vibration by the tympanic membrane then transmitted via these ear ossicles to the inner ear.Stapes: One of the three ossicles of the middle ear. It transmits sound vibrations from the INCUS to the internal ear (Ear, Internal see LABYRINTH).United StatesOtitis Media with Effusion: Inflammation of the middle ear with a clear pale yellow-colored transudate.Cerumen: The yellow or brown waxy secretions produced by vestigial apocrine sweat glands in the external ear canal.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Acoustics: The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.Pitch Discrimination: The ability to differentiate tones.Sickness Impact Profile: A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)Vestibule, Labyrinth: An oval, bony chamber of the inner ear, part of the bony labyrinth. It is continuous with bony COCHLEA anteriorly, and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS posteriorly. The vestibule contains two communicating sacs (utricle and saccule) of the balancing apparatus. The oval window on its lateral wall is occupied by the base of the STAPES of the MIDDLE EAR.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Vertigo: An illusion of movement, either of the external world revolving around the individual or of the individual revolving in space. Vertigo may be associated with disorders of the inner ear (EAR, INNER); VESTIBULAR NERVE; BRAINSTEM; or CEREBRAL CORTEX. Lesions in the TEMPORAL LOBE and PARIETAL LOBE may be associated with FOCAL SEIZURES that may feature vertigo as an ictal manifestation. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp300-1)Usher Syndromes: Autosomal recessive hereditary disorders characterized by congenital SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS and RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA. Genetically and symptomatically heterogeneous, clinical classes include type I, type II, and type III. Their severity, age of onset of retinitis pigmentosa and the degree of vestibular dysfunction are variable.Labyrinthitis: Inflammation of the inner ear (LABYRINTH).United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration: An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.Tympanic Membrane Perforation: A temporary or persistent opening in the eardrum (TYMPANIC MEMBRANE). Clinical signs depend on the size, location, and associated pathological condition.Stereocilia: Mechanosensing organelles of hair cells which respond to fluid motion or fluid pressure changes. They have various functions in many different animals, but are primarily used in hearing.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Consanguinity: The magnitude of INBREEDING in humans.Speech Production Measurement: Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Saccule and Utricle: Two membranous sacs within the vestibular labyrinth of the INNER EAR. The saccule communicates with COCHLEAR DUCT through the ductus reuniens, and communicates with utricle through the utriculosaccular duct from which the ENDOLYMPHATIC DUCT arises. The utricle and saccule have sensory areas (acoustic maculae) which are innervated by the VESTIBULAR NERVE.Cochlear Duct: A spiral tube that is firmly suspended in the bony shell-shaped part of the cochlea. This ENDOLYMPH-filled cochlear duct begins at the vestibule and makes 2.5 turns around a core of spongy bone (the modiolus) thus dividing the PERILYMPH-filled spiral canal into two channels, the SCALA VESTIBULI and the SCALA TYMPANI.Language Arts: Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Threshold Limit Values: Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Vestibular Function Tests: A number of tests used to determine if the brain or balance portion of the inner ear are causing dizziness.Translations: Products resulting from the conversion of one language to another.Otolaryngology: A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Endolymph: The lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Labyrinth Supporting Cells: Cells forming a framework supporting the sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS in the organ of Corti. Lateral to the medial inner hair cells, there are inner pillar cells, outer pillar cells, Deiters cells, Hensens cells, Claudius cells, Boettchers cells, and others.Mainstreaming (Education): Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Chinchilla: A genus of the family Chinchillidae which consists of three species: C. brevicaudata, C. lanigera, and C. villidera. They are used extensively in biomedical research.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Vestibulocochlear Nerve: The 8th cranial nerve. The vestibulocochlear nerve has a cochlear part (COCHLEAR NERVE) which is concerned with hearing and a vestibular part (VESTIBULAR NERVE) which mediates the sense of balance and head position. The fibers of the cochlear nerve originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS). The fibers of the vestibular nerve arise from neurons of Scarpa's ganglion and project to the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.DNA Mutational Analysis: Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Tectorial Membrane: A membrane, attached to the bony SPIRAL LAMINA, overlying and coupling with the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI in the inner ear. It is a glycoprotein-rich keratin-like layer containing fibrils embedded in a dense amorphous substance.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Memory, Short-Term: Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.Amplifiers, Electronic: Electronic devices that increase the magnitude of a signal's power level or current.Auditory Perceptual Disorders: Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.Dolphins: Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)Translating: Conversion from one language to another language.ReadingTreatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Basilar Membrane: A basement membrane in the cochlea that supports the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, consisting keratin-like fibrils. It stretches from the SPIRAL LAMINA to the basilar crest. The movement of fluid in the cochlea, induced by sound, causes displacement of the basilar membrane and subsequent stimulation of the attached hair cells which transform the mechanical signal into neural activity.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Cochlear Nucleus: The brain stem nucleus that receives the central input from the cochlear nerve. The cochlear nucleus is located lateral and dorsolateral to the inferior cerebellar peduncles and is functionally divided into dorsal and ventral parts. It is tonotopically organized, performs the first stage of central auditory processing, and projects (directly or indirectly) to higher auditory areas including the superior olivary nuclei, the medial geniculi, the inferior colliculi, and the auditory cortex.Otitis Media, Suppurative: Inflammation of the middle ear with purulent discharge.Spiral Ligament of Cochlea: A spiral thickening of the fibrous lining of the cochlear wall. Spiral ligament secures the membranous COCHLEAR DUCT to the bony spiral canal of the COCHLEA. Its spiral ligament fibrocytes function in conjunction with the STRIA VASCULARIS to mediate cochlear ion homeostasis.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Genes, Dominant: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.BrazilHealth Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials: Recorded electrical responses from muscles, especially the neck muscles or muscles around the eyes, following stimulation of the EAR VESTIBULE.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Perilymph: The fluid separating the membranous labyrinth from the osseous labyrinth of the ear. It is entirely separate from the ENDOLYMPH which is contained in the membranous labyrinth. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1396, 642)Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Endolymphatic Sac: The blind pouch at the end of the endolymphatic duct. It is a storage reservoir for excess ENDOLYMPH, formed by the blood vessels in the membranous labyrinth.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Auditory Diseases, Central: Disorders of hearing or auditory perception due to pathological processes of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. These include CENTRAL HEARING LOSS and AUDITORY PERCEPTUAL DISORDERS.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Transcription Factor Brn-3C: A POU domain factor that activates neuronal cell GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of GENES encoding NEUROFILAMENT PROTEINS, alpha internexin, and SYNAPTOSOMAL-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 25. Mutations in the Brn-3c gene have been associated with DEAFNESS.Early Diagnosis: Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.Neurofibromatosis 2: An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a high incidence of bilateral acoustic neuromas as well as schwannomas (NEURILEMMOMA) of other cranial and peripheral nerves, and other benign intracranial tumors including meningiomas, ependymomas, spinal neurofibromas, and gliomas. The disease has been linked to mutations of the NF2 gene (GENES, NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2) on chromosome 22 (22q12) and usually presents clinically in the first or second decade of life.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Gerbillinae: A subfamily of the Muridae consisting of several genera including Gerbillus, Rhombomys, Tatera, Meriones, and Psammomys.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
The National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM) was founded in 1990 at Utah State University in Logan, Utah. From 1988-1993, NCHAM conducted the first large-scale clinical trial of universal newborn hearing screening known as the Rhode Island Hearing Assessment Project. Results of this trial were focused on a variety of subjects that were included in the 1993 decision of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that all newborns should be screened for hearing loss. From 1993-1996, NCHAM directed a National Consortium for Newborn Hearing Screening that resulted in over 100 hospitals in 10 states implementing newborn hearing screening programs. From 1996-2000, NCHAM staff worked with newborn hearing screening programs in 35 states and provided direct assistance to over 200 hospitals in establishing Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs. ...
A prelingual deaf individual is someone who was born with a hearing loss, or whose hearing loss occurred before they began to speak. Infants usually start saying their first words around one year. Therefore a prelingually deaf typically was either born deaf or lost their hearing before the age of one (the age when most hearing loss in children occurs). Congenital (present at birth) hearing loss is also considered prelingually, since a newborn infant has not acquired speech and language. Each year in the United States, approximately 12,000 babies are born with hearing loss. Profound hearing loss occurs in somewhere between 4 to 11 per every 10,000 children. Prelingual hearing loss can be either acquired, meaning it occurred after birth due to illness or injury, or it can be congenital, meaning it was present at birth. Congenital hearing loss can be caused by ...
... (also spelled presbyacusis, from Greek presbys "old" + akousis "hearing"), or age-related hearing loss, is the cumulative effect of aging on hearing. It is a progressive and irreversible bilateral symmetrical age-related sensorineural hearing loss resulting from degeneration of the cochlea or associated structures of the inner ear or auditory nerves. The hearing loss is most marked at higher frequencies. Hearing loss that accumulates with age but is caused by factors other than normal aging (nosocusis and sociocusis) is not presbycusis, although differentiating the individual effects of distinct causes of hearing loss can be difficult. The cause of presbycusis is a combination of genetics, cumulative environmental exposures and pathophysiological changes related to aging. At present there are no preventative measures known; treatment is by hearing aid or surgical ...
An audiologist, according to the American Academy of Audiology, "is a person who, by virtue of academic degree, clinical training, and license to practice and/or professional credential, is uniquely qualified to provide a comprehensive array of professional services related to the prevention of hearing loss and the audiologic identification, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of persons with impairment of auditory and vestibular function, and to the prevention of impairments associated with them." According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 250 million people worldwide have a disabling hearing impairment (i.e., moderate or worse hearing loss in the better ear). Of these 250 million people, two-thirds live in developing countries. Therefore, it is not surprising that "adult-onset hearing loss ranks 15th amongst the leading causes of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD)." In order to learn more about a specific country, ...
... is the property of being toxic to the ear (oto-), specifically the cochlea or auditory nerve and sometimes the vestibular system, for example, as a side effect of a drug. The effects of ototoxicity can be reversible and temporary, or irreversible and permanent. It has been recognized since the 19th century. There are many well-known ototoxic drugs used in clinical situations, and they are prescribed, despite the risk of hearing disorders, to very serious health conditions. Ototoxic drugs include antibiotics such as gentamicin, loop diuretics such as furosemide and platinum-based chemotherapy agents such as cisplatin. A number of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) have also been shown to be ototoxic.[citation needed] This can result in sensorineural hearing loss, dysequilibrium, or both. Some environmental and occupational chemicals have also been shown to affect the auditory system and interact with noise. Symptoms of ototoxicity include partial or profound ...
Founded in 1940, Beltone is a hearing aid company headquartered in Glenview, Illinois. Beltone products are sold in the United States, Canada, and over 40 countries across the globe. In North America, Beltone has over 1500 independently owned "hearing care centers". Beltone provides hearing screenings, hearing aid fittings and follow-up care. In addition, Beltone offers an aftercare program which covers Beltone hearing aids in several ways for as long as their patients own them. The Beltone Hearing Care Foundation, a 501(c)(3) charitable organization, was established in 2014 with the intent to donate hearing instruments to those in need of hearing help who may otherwise be unable to access it. Both individuals and organizations are eligible to receive assistance from the Foundation through direct nominations by Beltone staff or network members. Beltone ...
Like all aminoglycosides, tobramycin does not pass the gastro-intestinal tract, so for systemic use it can only be given intravenously or by injection into a muscle. Ophthalmic (tobramycin only, Tobrex, or combined with dexamethasone, sold as TobraDex) and nebulised formulations both have low systemic absorption. The formulation for injection is branded Nebcin. The nebulised formulation (brand name Tobi) is indicated in the treatment of exacerbations of chronic infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. A proprietary formulation of micronized, nebulized tobramycin has been tested as a treatment for bacterial sinusitis.[3] Tobrex is a 0.3% tobramycin sterile ophthalmic solution is produced by Bausch & Lomb Pharmaceuticals. Benzalkonium chloride 0.01% is added as a preservative. It is available by prescription only in the United States and Canada. In certain countries, it is available over the counter. Tobrex and TobraDex are indicated in the treatment of ...
Approximately four hundred mutations of the GJB1 gene have been identified in people with X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX).[14] CMTX is predominantly classified with symptoms related to muscle weakness and sensory problems, especially in the outer extremities of the limbs.[8] CMTX is the second most common type of CMT (about 10% of all patients) and is transmitted as an x-linked dominant trait.[7] It is categorised by the lack of male-to-male transmission of the mutated GJB1 gene and the differences in severity between heterozygous women and hemizygous men, with the later being more severely affected.[11]. Most of the mutations of the GJB1 gene switch or change a single amino acid in the gap junction (connexin-32) protein, although some may result in a protein of irregular size.[7][11][13][14] Some of these mutations also cause hearing loss in patients with CMTX.[14] Currently it is unknown how the mutations of the GJB1 gene lead to these specific features of Charcot-Marie-Tooth ...
The absolute threshold of hearing (ATH) is the minimum loudness of a pure tone that an average ear with normal hearing can hear with no other sound present. The absolute threshold relates to the sound that can just be heard by the organism. This is also known as the auditory threshold. The threshold of hearing in humans is 20 µPa (micropascals) = 2×10−5 pascal (Pa). The tympanic membrane of the ear operates as a sound pressure sensor, as does a microphone ...
In sensorineural hearing loss the ability to sense the tuning fork by both bone and air conduction is equally diminished, implying they will hear the tuning fork by air conduction after they can no longer hear it through bone conduction. This pattern is the same to what is found in people with normal hearing, but patients with sensorineural hearing loss will indicate that the sound has stopped much earlier. This can be revealed by the person administering the test (with normal hearing) placing the fork close to their own ear after the patient indicates that the sound has subsided, noting that the sound from the fork is still noticeable to a normal ear ...
Whirlin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DFNB31 gene. In rat brain, WHRN interacts with a calmodulin-dependent serine kinase, CASK, and may be involved in the formation of scaffolding protein complexes that facilitate synaptic transmission in the central nervous system (CNS). Mutations in this gene, also known as WHRN, cause autosomal recessive deafness. Model organisms have been used in the study of WHRN function. A conditional knockout mouse line, called Whrntm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi was generated as part of the International Knockout Mouse Consortium program - a high-throughput mutagenesis project to generate and distribute animal models of disease to interested scientists. Male and female animals underwent a standardized phenotypic screen to determine the effects of deletion. Twenty tests were carried out on mutant mice and two significant abnormalities were observed. Whrntm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi homozygote mice show a moderate to severe hearing loss at 14 weeks. Female homozygous mutant ...
... (MD) is a disorder of the inner ear that is characterized by episodes of feeling like the world is spinning (vertigo), ringing in the ears (tinnitus), hearing loss, and a fullness in the ear.[3][4] Typically, only one ear is affected initially; however, over time both ears may become involved.[3] Episodes generally last from 20 minutes to a few hours.[5] The time between episodes varies.[3] The hearing loss and ringing in the ears can become constant over time.[4] The cause of Ménière's disease is unclear but likely involves both genetic and environmental factors.[1][3] A number of theories exist for why it occurs including constrictions in blood vessels, viral infections, and autoimmune reactions.[3] About 10% of cases run in families.[4] Symptoms are believed to occur as the result of increased fluid build up in the labyrinth of the inner ear.[3] Diagnosis is based on the symptoms and, frequently, a hearing test.[3] Other conditions that may produce ...
In August 2017, reports began surfacing that Americans posted at the embassy had been subjected to health-related incidents, dating back to late 2016.[18][19] Two dozen employees of the State Department reported experiencing what were referred to as "health attacks".[19] The State Department determined that the health problems may have been the result of an attack or else exposure to an as-yet-unknown device,[20] and did not believe the Cuban government is responsible.[21] Affected individuals described mild brain damage similar to a concussion and symptoms such as temporary or permanent hearing loss, memory loss, and nausea.[20] Speculation has centered around a sonic or ultrasonic weapon,[22] however the scientific consensus is that the use of a sonic weapon is implausible.[23][24] Dr. Timothy Leighton has said "If you're talking about a ray-gun rifle knocking out someone with ultrasound they can't hear at a hundred meters - that's not going to happen".[25] The United States expelled two ...
The Pearl River County Board of Supervisors is accepting comments on the request and acknowledged that a public hearing to ...
About this Item. Title [President Gerald Ford appearing at the House Judiciary Subcommittee hearing on pardoning former ... Legislative hearings--Washington (D.C.)--1970-1980 Headings Film negatives--1970-1980. Notes - Title devised by Library staff. ... Cite This Item. Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or ... Yes, the item is digitized. Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be viewed at ...
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John Watkins] -- The book provides a detailed description of a wide variety of voice hearing experiences, an overview of the ... Your list has reached the maximum number of items. Please create a new list with a new name; move some items to a new or ... Your list has reached the maximum number of items. Please create a new list with a new name; move some items to a new or ... User lists with this item (2) *NDE(13 items) by tooks40 updated 2012-01-27 ...
House Homeland Security Hearing on Christmas Day 2009 Bombing Attempt :: Audio and Video Clips :: The Investigative Project on ... Reader comments on this item. State Department failures on Visa Violators. Submitted by Tim Pitchford, Jan 28, 2010 16:26 ... House Homeland Security Hearing on Christmas Day 2009 Bombing Attempt. January 28, 2010 ... https://www.investigativeproject.org/1759/house-homeland-security-hearing-on-christmas-day ...
Hearing Verifies Reports on Times Square Bomb Plotter. IPT News. May 19, 2010 ... Comment on this item. Name: (optional). Email Address: Title of Comments:. Comments:. ... During the 10-minute hearing at the federal courthouse in Manhattan, prosecutors confirmed what has already been widely ... https://www.investigativeproject.org/1964/hearing-verifies-reports-on-times-square-bomb ...
News Item. CourtTV featured Haub Law Professor Alexander Greenawalt in "Senate Hearing For Nominee Amy Coney Barrett". 10/20/ ... News Item. CourtTV featured Haub Law Professor Alexander Greenawalt in "Senate Hearing For Nominee Amy Coney Barrett" ... Alexander Greenawalt discusses the U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearings for nominee. You know its an interesting hearing ... News Item. IBM News featured a team of developers that met at Pace University in "Call for Code Names Winner of 2020 Global ...
Item Actions. Export. You can export this page using these formats. RDF+XML. BibTeX. RIOXX2 XML. RDF+N-Triples. JSON. Dublin ... Hearing aid classification based on audiology data.. In: Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning - ICANN 2013, Lecture ... The two main questions which the models aim to address are: 1) What type of hearing aid (ITE/BTE) should be prescribed to the ... aids for people with hearing difficulties. The models are developed/trained and evaluated on a large set of patient records ...
Last week the Natural Resources Board approved spring hearings questions from the department and the Wisconsin Conservation ... item.published_at , unix_to_date }} {{ tag , uppercase}}, {{ item.title }}. {{ item.description , truncate(200) }} ... Fish Like a Girl: An easier way to contribute to the spring hearings available again this year January 31, 2020 by Beckie ... In a few counties, the number of people who attend the spring hearings and vote on the questions does not even hit the double ...
PUBLIC HEARING ITEM:. The following will be considered by the Tigard Planning Commission on Monday May 23, 2016 at 7:00 PM at ... The public hearing on this matter will be held under Title 18 and the rules of procedure set forth in Section 18.390.050. The ...
Shop For CPR Items! Visit our new CPR Shop and get items such as face masks, shirts and hats. Proceeds from every purchase go ... The Kavanaugh Hearings: 6 Hot-Button Issues To Focus On. ​Kavanaugh was asked about the Roe v. Wade ruling by Democrat Dianne ... Day 1 Recap: Read More , Watch The Hearing. Republicans invoked Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg to make the case that ... Ginsburg said during her 1993 confirmation hearing that it would be wrong for her to "preview in this legislative chamber how I ...
Shop For CPR Items! Visit our new CPR Shop and get items such as face masks, shirts and hats. Proceeds from every purchase go ... During the hearing, many on Twitter observed that the effects of a drinking game hinging on the phrase "I cant answer that in ... As for the hearing, Sappington told Frank, "The big thing was like, lets hear it from the horses mouth. I mean hes under ... The hearing, on Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. election and Comeys dealings with President Trump, was projected on ...
Shop For CPR Items! Visit our new CPR Shop and get items such as face masks, shirts and hats. Proceeds from every purchase go ... I-70 Overhaul Public Hearings Start Monday. Heres What It Could Look Like. ...
Shop For CPR Items! Visit our new CPR Shop and get items such as face masks, shirts and hats. Proceeds from every purchase go ... The two days of hearings this week are part of a commitment Ryan made to the House GOP Conference at the start of this Congress ... The hearing on earmark spending comes in the middle of a week when a shutdown threat looms over Congress. ... More than a dozen lawmakers testified at the hearing. Rep. Mark Walker, R-N.C., who leads a conservative faction of lawmakers ...
Shop For CPR Items! Visit our new CPR Shop and get items such as face masks, shirts and hats. Proceeds from every purchase go ... Testimony in the Houses first public impeachment hearing ended Wednesday after 5 hours - with more hearings to come. ... Read More: In Impeachment Hearing, Taylor Says Trump Asked About Ukraine Investigations (via NPR.org) ... Video: Testimony In The 1st Open Hearing Of The Trump Impeachment Inquiry. ...
Shop For CPR Items! Visit our new CPR Shop and get items such as face masks, shirts and hats. Proceeds from every purchase go ... Robert "Bowe" Bergdahl will be in a military courtroom in Texas Thursday, for the start of a hearing that will determine if he ... The Army To Open A Hearing On Former Taliban Prisoner, An Accused Deserter. By NPR ...
But hearing loss can cause serious problems much earlier. ... routine hearing tests took place only when children entered ... Related Items. Diseases and Conditions. * Ear, Nose, and Throat Facts * Hearing Loss ... A newborn can pass a hearing test and still have hearing problems later in childhood. So even if your baby had normal hearing ... AHA News: Hearing Loss and the Connection to Alzheimers Disease, Dementia * Another Side Effect of COVID-19 -- Lasting Hearing ...
Hearing appears early as a baby develops in its mothers uterus. Hearing is needed for proper speech and language development. ... hearing, and speech are an important part of your childs life. When an infant is born, his or her eyesight is immature. The ... Related Items. Diseases and Conditions. * Birthmarks in Infants * Common Childhood Illnesses and Concerns ... Vision, Hearing, and Speech Overview. Vision, hearing, and speech are an important part of your childs life. When a baby is ...
EZ Turn and Lock Size 13 Hearing Aid Batteries at Kroger. Find quality electronics products to add to your Shopping List or ... Youll love hearing this: Energizer® has its longest-lasting hearing aid batteries ever and they know a thing or two about ears ... These batteries deliver consistent sound quality across their life span for a better hearing experience. The turn and lock ... Energizers® longest-lasting hearing aid battery ever provides long-lasting performance to your device ...
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Buy Members Mark Hearing Aid Batteries, Size 10A (40 ct.) : Hearing Aid Accessories at SamsClub.com ... Members Mark Hearing Aid Batteries, Size 10A (40 ct.). by Members Mark , Item # 980265192 ... Members Mark hearing aid batteries are made to last. Plus, the long tab makes inserting them a breeze. Our club pack of 40 ... Shop early this holiday to get your items delivered on time. For club and COVID safety info, click here. ...
Blog Item Finder. Diogenes Middle Finger, " Included on Amazons Most Searched Products List are Knee Pads. Must Be the ... Lawfare: Aaron Worthing Arrested After #BrettKimberlin Peace Order Hearing - UPDATED! This story is developing.. Robert Stacy ... That said, theres a first-hand account of the court hearing at Munseys Technosnarl, "When Your Honor, This Man Is a Convicted ... UPDATE: The Blaze is reporting on the story: "BLAZE CONFIRMS: CONSERVATIVE BLOGGER ARRESTED FOLLOWING COURT HEARING WITH ...
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There is 0 item in your bookbag. Start Price Comparison Please wait while is being added to your bookbag. has been added to ... Multi-Item Price Optimization™ saves up to 90%*, including coupons, promotions, and shipping. 35-45% cheaper textbooks than ... 3M WorkTunes Connect Hearing Protector with Bluetooth Technology, 24 dB NRR, Ear protection for Mowing, Snowblowing, ... 3M WorkTunes Connect Hearing Protector with Bluetooth Technology, 24 dB NRR, Ear protection for Mowing, Snowblowing, ...
  • Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Charles Grassley attempted to gavel in the second day of hearings on Wednesday when shouting protesters disrupted the hearings. (cpr.org)
  • MONTREAL - Protesters disrupted the second day of National Energy Board hearings in Montreal on Enbridge Inc.'s controversial Line 9 pipeline reversal project, prompting a warning from NEB panel chair Lyne Mercier that the board has the power to remove all non-scheduled participants if the disturbances continued. (financialpost.com)
  • The hearing, on Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. election and Comey's dealings with President Trump, was projected on walls and shown on TVs in sports bars, as the public looked for new details about a controversy that has dogged the Trump administration. (cpr.org)
  • The seven hearings, which happened between August 2014 and October 2016, were initiated by the Junta Central de Contadores. (goingconcern.com)
  • On the heels of the House Judiciary Committee launch of a hearing series on special counsel Robert Mueller's report, the House Intelligence Committee announced on Friday its own open hearing on the report's first volume, which focused on Russia's 2016 efforts. (talkingpointsmemo.com)
  • Ginsburg said during her 1993 confirmation hearing that it would be wrong for her to "preview in this legislative chamber how I would cast my vote on questions the Supreme Court may be called upon to decide. (cpr.org)
  • Richard Brodsky writes that while the Benghazi tragedy was appropriate for a hearing, the House GOP broke long standing rules governing such legislative hearings, which meant they were able to make little political headway against the former Secretary of State. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Presented is a comparative study of two machine learning models (MLP Neural Network and Bayesian Network) as part of a decision support system for prescribing ITE (in the ear) and BTE (behind the ear) aids for people with hearing difficulties. (open.ac.uk)
  • and 2) Which factors influence the choice of ITE as opposed to BTE hearing aids? (open.ac.uk)
  • The procedure, which is standard in many other provinces, would help medical authorities equip hearing-impaired newborns with hearing aids immediately upon detection of their condition. (ctvnews.ca)
  • Hearing aids are a necessary fact of life for many people above a certain age. (promotionalcodes.org.uk)
  • Hearing Direct, however, offers brand-name, quality hearing aids at up to 90% less. (promotionalcodes.org.uk)
  • In addition to standard hearing aids, the company offers tons of amplification devices for doorbells, mobile phones, clocks (sorry, the "didn't hear the alarm clock" excuse is about to die a sad death), assistive listening devices and more. (promotionalcodes.org.uk)
  • On the Hearing Direct homepage, you will find featured items and categories for a variety of hearing aids, products and accessories. (promotionalcodes.org.uk)
  • If you decide to add an item to your shopping basket, select specific details such as left or right ear or both for hearing aids, and the quantity you want. (promotionalcodes.org.uk)
  • Cd's Overstock And Surplus Amazon Echo, Nano Hearing Aids, Beard Clippers Ceiling Fans, Socks, Doorbell Camera, I Home Speaker Curling Irons, Blow Dryers, Make Up Marvel Legends Black panther Nespresso, Ninja Blender, Blue ray Movies A Lot Of Great Items For Everyone Don't Miss Out Stock photos for reference only. (farmauctionguide.com)
  • Vestibular Function Modulates the Benefit of Hearing Aids in. (lww.com)
  • Finally, somatosensory reliance significantly decreased for the HIVL participants using hearing aids compared to NH and HI. (lww.com)
  • Our results suggest that hearing aids benefit for postural control may be modulated by vestibular function. (lww.com)
  • Therefore, it is our vision that Deaf and Hard of Hearing individuals have access and opportunities to services, education and employment to those who can hear. (cpedv.org)
  • A 'must-have' for every professional studying or working with the families of deaf and hard-of-hearing infants and toddlers, Dr. Marilyn Sass-Lehrer provides readers with the evidence-based knowledge needed to implement interdisciplinary and collaborative early interventional programming for professionals and students. (bookdepository.com)
  • Featuring a collaborative team of expert contributors across a variety of backgrounds and disciplines - including educators, audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and health care providers - Early Intervention for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families presents students and specialists with the fundamental knowledge they need to effectively design and deliver care to this population. (bookdepository.com)
  • Having embraced newborn screening for hearing sensitivity across the country and in many countries across the world, the promise of early identification of children who are deaf or hard of hearing is fulfilled only if access to language stimulation and timely and effective medical, audiological, and family-centered intervention services are provided. (bookdepository.com)
  • #COASTGUARD - The Irish Coast Guard is among the services that can be contacted through a new emergency text scheme for the deaf, hard of hearing and speech impaired, The Irish Times reports. (afloat.ie)
  • According to the memo, he and ranking member Devin Nunes (R-CA) will be allowed to deliver opening statements at the beginning of the hearings, as will the witnesses. (talkingpointsmemo.com)
  • The committee has not announced specific witnesses yet, but said in a press release that, over the course of a series of hearings, it will hear from "fact witnesses, national security experts, and others connected to the Special Counsel's investigation to elucidate the issues and findings in the first volume of the report. (talkingpointsmemo.com)
  • Hearing is about the brain and the longer that the child is deprived of that auditory input and the sound that is all around us, the more that it shuts down that development. (ctvnews.ca)
  • Dr. Klyn is a postdoctoral research fellow in the Auditory Research Laboratory at Northwestern University (NU) with a research focus on hearing health care safety and accessibility. (lww.com)
  • The Pearl River County Board of Supervisors is accepting comments on the request and acknowledged that a public hearing to accept comments will be held on Feb. 19 at 10 a.m. (picayuneitem.com)
  • The public hearing on this matter will be held under Title 18 and the rules of procedure set forth in Section 18.390.050. (portlandtribune.com)
  • I-70 Overhaul Public Hearings Start Monday. (cpr.org)
  • The Applicants are advised to notify the shareholders of the domestic insurer within the time and in the manner prescribed under the provisions of Section 27-29-3 of the purpose, date and time of this public hearing, as well as any rights and obligations they may possess under the law. (aldoi.gov)
  • Proof of the contents of such notice and the manner in which such notice was given as well as any waivers of notice will be required to be introduced as evidence at the public hearing. (aldoi.gov)
  • The committee previously held a public hearing on Russia's use of oligarchs and money to influence politics, but that hearing occurred before the public Mueller report was released. (talkingpointsmemo.com)
  • Further to Broadcasting Notices of Consultation 2018-106 and 2018-106-1 , the Commission has received a procedural request from Stingray Digital Group Inc. Having considered the request, the Commission announces that additional information has been added to the public record for item 1 only. (gc.ca)
  • Public Hearing on CB 118969: relating to civilian and community oversight of the police, adding to the Seattle Municipal Code. (seattlechannel.org)
  • Appointment of Andrew Myerberg as Director of the Office of Police Accountability and Public Hearing. (seattlechannel.org)
  • Agenda: CB 119600: An Ordinance relating to environmental review - Briefing and Public Hearing. (seattlechannel.org)
  • The complaint says that Vue also allegedly stole $1,638 worth of similar items from Anoka County's library system. (startribune.com)
  • From its inception, the audiogram has been used both as a record of a patient's hearing sensitivity and as a means for the tester to communicate the results to the patient. (lww.com)
  • If only black-and-white ('b&w') sources are listed and you desire a copy showing color or tint (assuming the original has any), you can generally purchase a quality copy of the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog record ('About This Item') with your request. (loc.gov)
  • Cite the Call Number listed above and include the catalog record ('About This Item') with your request. (loc.gov)
  • Catalog Record: Physician payments : hearing before the. (hathitrust.org)
  • One hundred twenty children consecutively referred to a large ORL outpatient service in Queensland, Australia, for middle ear and hearing concerns were prospectively allocated to either the ORL service or Advanced Audiology -led service. (lww.com)
  • And hearing problems affect language and speech development. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Vision, hearing, and speech are an important part of your child's life. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Hearing is needed for correct speech and language development. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Children develop speech, language, and hearing skills at different ages. (ahealthyme.com)
  • These hearings give the right of speech to a few dozen organizations that you, the NEB, considers qualified though it is the whole of Canada's population that is affected," another woman said before she was similarly taken out of the room by police. (financialpost.com)
  • Ioannis Dimitrakopoulos, Head of FRA's Equality and Citizens' Rights Department, provided evidence in a speech at the European Parliament's LIBE Committee hearing on 20 March saying that although the European Union has put in place a number of legal instruments to promote equal treatment and provide effective protection against discrimination, there is a need for more comprehensive protection for all grounds of discrimination. (europa.eu)
  • Items to be considered by the Board at the 12 March 2014 Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board Meeting, organized by agenda item number. (ca.gov)
  • Board Hearing - Thursday, January 16, 2014 - 5:00 p.m. (ca.gov)
  • NEB hearings on the project began Tuesday in Montreal with Enbridge's final arguments and continue to the end of the week. (financialpost.com)
  • Held over a conference call to maintain social distancing, Yang's legal team said in the Manhattan Federal Court hearing that the BOE committed an "illegal action" by unilaterally removing Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders from the primary ballot and canceling the June 23 election last week. (gopusa.com)
  • Open hearings begin this week with acting Ambassador to Ukraine Bill Taylor and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State George Kent on Wednesday. (talkingpointsmemo.com)
  • During the hearing, many on Twitter observed that the effects of a drinking game hinging on the phrase "I can't answer that in open session" - something Comey said repeatedly - would be devastating. (cpr.org)
  • Consequently, the deadline for the submission of interventions/comments/answers for item 1 only has been extended to 3 May 2018 , and the deadline for the applicant of item 1 only to submit replies has been extended to 10 May 2018 . (gc.ca)
  • The book provides a detailed description of a wide variety of voice hearing experiences, an overview of the theories accounting for how and why this happens, a range of practical techniques for coping with or stopping voices, guidelines for applying spiritual discernment to hearing voices and strategies for optimising the personal value of voice hearing experiences. (worldcat.org)
  • This research was funded by the Institut de Recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et sécurité au travail, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). (lww.com)
  • In a few counties, the number of people who attend the spring hearings and vote on the questions does not even hit the double digits. (lakelandtimes.com)
  • Grassley said 70 people were arrested during the first day of hearings the day before. (cpr.org)
  • In the first hour of the hearing, Merriam-Webster posted a list of the trending words that people were looking up, and which had just been used in the hearing: "contemporaneous, vindicate, salacious, exfiltrate, collusion. (cpr.org)
  • For the third time outside a hearing for Ibrahim Ali, people rallied to show support for the family of the 13-year-old who was killed in July 2017 in-or-near Central Park in Burnaby. (vancouversun.com)
  • Thirty-two participants received a hearing and a vestibular evaluation (vHIT, oVEMP, cVEMP) and then were separated in to three groups (NH, HI, HIVL). (lww.com)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/271668311 Title: Hearing voices : a common human experience Author: John Watkins Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. (worldcat.org)
  • You know it's an interesting hearing because on the one hand the consequences of Judge Barrett's likely appointment to the supreme court could not be more momentous in terms of solidifying the conservative majority on the court with all kinds of implications for the Law in this country in terms of abortion, affirmative action, healthcare, the environment, LGBT rights and so on. (pace.edu)
  • Robert "Bowe" Bergdahl will be in a military courtroom in Texas Thursday, for the start of a hearing that will determine if he will face a court-martial on desertion and other charges. (cpr.org)
  • That said, there's a first-hand account of the court hearing at Munsey's Technosnarl, " When Your Honor, This Man Is a Convicted Domestic Terrorist Is Not Enough . (blogspot.com)
  • outside a court hearing Tuesday for the man charged with the first-degree murder of Burnaby teen Marrisa Shen. (vancouversun.com)
  • Yang's attorneys got into a shouting match with a BOE lawyer on Monday during the first virtual court hearing on his legal effort to get New York's Democratic presidential primary back on track, prompting the presiding judge to tell the parties to stop interrupting each other. (gopusa.com)
  • The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) has accepted a court enforceable undertaking from Australian Hearing Services ABN 80 308 797 003 (Australian Hearing) in relation to false and misleading representations, and misleading and deceptive conduct. (accc.gov.au)
  • Don't compromise your safety by being unable to hear vital instructions or warnings due to poorly designed electronic hearing protection. (gunsafes.com)