Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.
Oil from soybean or soybean plant.
Complex petroleum hydrocarbons consisting mainly of residues from crude oil distillation. These liquid products include heating oils, stove oils, and furnace oils and are burned to generate energy.
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
Organic siloxanes which are polymerized to the oily stage. The oils have low surface tension and density less than 1. They are used in industrial applications and in the treatment of retinal detachment, complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The refined fixed oil obtained from the seed of one or more cultivated varieties of Sesamum indicum. It is used as a solvent and oleaginous vehicle for drugs and has been used internally as a laxative and externally as a skin softener. It is used also in the manufacture of margarine, soap, and cosmetics. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A preparation of oil that contains covalently bound IODINE. It is commonly used as a RADIOCONTRAST AGENT and as a suspension medium for CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENTS.
Oil obtained from seeds of Ricinus communis that is used as a cathartic and as a plasticizer.
Oils which are used in industrial or commercial applications.
Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
Essential oil extracted from Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree). It is used as a topical antimicrobial due to the presence of terpineol.
Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.
Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). It is a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy and causes skin cancer. It was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.
Oil obtained from fresh livers of the cod family, Gadidae. It is a source of VITAMIN A and VITAMIN D.
Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.
An oil from flower buds of SYZYGIUM trees which contains large amounts of EUGENOL.
Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).
The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.
An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.
Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.
A body of water located at the southeastern corner of North America. It is bordered by the states to the north of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas; by five Mexican states to the west: Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan; and by Cuba to the southeast.
C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
Oil obtained from the seeds of Gossypium herbaceum L., the cotton plant. It is used in dietary products such as oleomargarine and many cooking oils. Cottonseed oil is commonly used in soaps and cosmetics.
FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.
Addition of hydrogen to a compound, especially to an unsaturated fat or fatty acid. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that is the source of a familiar food seasoning.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
An omega-6 fatty acid produced in the body as the delta 6-desaturase metabolite of linoleic acid. It is converted to dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, a biosynthetic precursor of monoenoic prostaglandins such as PGE1. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Lippsidoquinone; TRITERPENES; SESQUITERPENES; and THYMOL have been found in this genus. Plant extracts have cytotoxic activity. It is sometimes called Mexican oregano but that confuses it with real oregano (ORIGANUM).
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that is the source of peppermint oil.
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
A phenol obtained from thyme oil or other volatile oils used as a stabilizer in pharmaceutical preparations, and as an antiseptic (antibacterial or antifungal) agent. It was formerly used as a vermifuge.
A class of compounds composed of repeating 5-carbon units of HEMITERPENES.
The fatty portion of milk, separated as a soft yellowish solid when milk or cream is churned. It is processed for cooking and table use. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins.
A plant genus of the LAMIACEAE family.
cis-13-Docosenoic Acids. 22-Carbon monounsaturated, monocarboxylic acids.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.
A genus of trees of the Myrtaceae family, native to Australia, that yields gums, oils, and resins which are used as flavoring agents, astringents, and aromatics.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE which is a source of citronella oil and lemongrass oil.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons which contain one or more double bonds in the ring. The cyclohexadienes are not aromatic, in contrast to BENZOQUINONES which are sometimes called 2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-diones.
A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.
Mentha is a genus of the mint family (LAMIACEAE). It is known for species having characteristic flavor and aroma.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE with strong-smelling foliage. It is a source of SANTONIN and other cytotoxic TERPENES.
A plant genus of the family MYRTACEAE. M. alternifolia foliage is a source of TEA TREE OIL. The common name of tea tree also refers to LEPTOSPERMUM or KUNZEA. M. vindifolia is a source of niaouli oil. M. cajuputi and M. leucadendra are sources of cajuput oil.
The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. Members contain jatrophone and other diterpenes.
A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Ethyl ester of iodinated fatty acid of poppyseed oil. It contains 37% organically bound iodine and has been used as a diagnostic aid (radiopaque medium) and as an antineoplastic agent when part of the iodine is 131-I. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.
The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used in SPICES.
FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.
Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE used to flavor food.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The leaves are the source of cilantro and the seeds are the source of coriander, both of which are used in SPICES.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A cinnamate derivative of the shikamate pathway found in CLOVE OIL and other PLANTS.
Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.
Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
A genus in the family Myrtaceae sometimes known as "stoppers" in FOLK MEDICINE. Many species of the genus SYZYGIUM have synonymous names that begin with the Eugenia genus name.
A plant species of the genus OCIMUM, family LAMIACEAE. It is a condiment with carminative properties.
A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.
SESQUITERPENES cyclized to one 10-carbon ring.
A plant genus of the LAMIACEAE family. It is known as a spice and medicinal plant.
A plant genus of the family Oleaceae. The olive fruit is the source of olive oil.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.
The generic name for the group of aliphatic hydrocarbons Cn-H2n+2. They are denoted by the suffix -ane. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.
A plant genus of the family MYRTACEAE. The common name of tea tree is also used for MELALEUCA and KUNZEA.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Residue generated from combustion of coal or petroleum.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Resinous substances which most commonly originate from trees. In addition to resins, they contain oils, cinnamic acid and BENZOIC ACID.
A carrier or inert medium used as a solvent (or diluent) in which the medicinally active agent is formulated and or administered. (Dictionary of Pharmacy, 1986)
A mixture of solid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It has a wide range of uses including as a stiffening agent in ointments, as a lubricant, and as a topical anti-inflammatory. It is also commonly used as an embedding material in histology.
A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).
SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS that induce a dispersion of undissolved material throughout a liquid.
An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.
Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain three double bonds.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.
A bicyclic monoterpene ketone found widely in plants, especially CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA. It is used topically as a skin antipruritic and as an anti-infective agent.
A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.
A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The bark of the trees is used in FOLK MEDICINE and FLAVORING AGENTS.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A group of fatty acids that contain 18 carbon atoms and a double bond at the omega 9 carbon.
Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
An enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the reaction of triacylglycerol and water to yield diacylglycerol and a fatty acid anion. It is produced by glands on the tongue and by the pancreas and initiates the digestion of dietary fats. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.
A CHROMATOGRAPHY method using supercritical fluid, usually carbon dioxide under very high pressure (around 73 atmospheres or 1070 psi at room temperature) as the mobile phase. Other solvents are sometimes added as modifiers. This is used both for analytical (SFC) and extraction (SFE) purposes.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The mahogany plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A plant genus of the family ACORACEAE, order Arales, subclass Arecidae most notable for Acorus calamus L. root which contains asarone and has been used in TRADITIONAL MEDICINE.
The myrtle plant family of the order Myrtales. It includes several aromatic medicinal plants such as EUCALYPTUS.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The consumption of edible substances.
A genus in the mint family (LAMIACEAE).
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.
A collective name for a group of closely related lipids that contain substitutions on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus and a long hydrocarbon chain of isoprenoid units. They are antioxidants by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen. Tocopherols react with the most reactive form of oxygen and protect unsaturated fatty acids from oxidation.
A plant genus of the family LAURACEAE. Members contain laurotetanine and other APORPHINES.
A plant genus of the family PIPERACEAE that includes species used for spicy and stimulating qualities.

Tumour ablation and hepatic decompensation rates in multi-agent chemoembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma. (1/150)

Thirty-seven cirrhotic patients with 62 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) foci--most Child-Pugh class B or C and/or with large, inoperable tumours--underwent 148 sessions of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) using lipiodol, doxorubicin and cisplatin. Treatment efficacy was assessed by serial hepatic arteriography in 34/37 (91.9%) patients and abdominal CT scanning in 3/37 (8.1%) patients. Child-Pugh status was determined prior to each treatment session. Varying degrees of control of tumour neovascularity occurred for a median 390 days (range 90 to > 1680 days) in 33/34 (97.1%) patients in whom progress hepatic arteriography was performed. Ablation of tumour neovascularity occurred in 6/6 (100%), 4/12 (33.3%) and 6/16 (37.5%) patients with HCC diameters < 4 cm, 4-7 cm and > 8 cm, respectively (p < 0.02). Significantly more sessions were required for ablation of larger tumours (p < 0.05). Recurrent HCC was detected in 50% of patients after a median 240 days (range 60-1120 days). Deterioration in Child-Pugh status followed a session of TACE on 19/148 (12.8%) occasions but resulted in unscheduled hospitalization on only 4/148 (2.7%) occasions, the highest incidence (8.3%) in Child-Pugh C patients. Actuarial survival was 27/36 (75.0%) at 6 months, 17/34 (50.0%) at 12 months, 14/34 (41.2%) at 18 months, 9/31 (29.0%) at 24 months and 4/27 (14.8%) at 36 months. Multi-agent TACE with lipiodol, doxorubicin and cisplatin provides a useful anti-tumour effect, even in cirrhotic patients with large HCCs. The incidence of clinically significant deterioration in hepatic function due to ischaemia of non-tumorous liver is acceptably low, even in Child-Pugh C patients.  (+info)

In vitro assessment of Lipiodol-targeted radiotherapy for liver and colorectal cancer cell lines. (2/150)

Intra-arterial Lipiodol has been used to deliver targeted therapies to primary, and some metastatic, liver cancers. Targeted radiotherapy has been used by substituting the iodine in Lipiodol with 131Iodine (131I). Early clinical results are encouraging, but the variable response may partly depend on local pharmacokinetics. This study evaluated the in vitro cytotoxic effects of 131I-Lipiodol on human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep-G2), human colorectal metastatic cancer (SW620), human colorectal hepatic cancer (LoVo) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) cell lines. The cell cultures were exposed to 131I-Lipiodol for 48 h, following which cell counts and viability were assessed by haemocytometer, S-Rhodamine uptake and radioactivity assay. The effect of exposure to control Lipiodol, 131I-Lipiodol and 131I alone was evaluated. 131I-Lipiodol was cytotoxic against all the cancer cell lines but not against the non-malignant (HUVEC) cell line. The cytotoxicity effects were very similar in all the cancer cell lines. There were no cytotoxic effects following exposure to plain 131I in any of the cell lines (malignant and non-malignant). A similar trend was seen with radioactivity counts using a gamma counter. The cytotoxic effect of 131I-Lipiodol had a graded effect with an increase in cytotoxicity following the increase in the radioactive dose. This study showed that there was a marked cytotoxic effect by 131I-Lipiodol on all the cancer cell lines. There was no difference between the controls and the 131Iodine. This suggests that effective 131I-Lipiodol targeted therapy is dependent on the uptake and retention of Lipiodol by malignant cells.  (+info)

Persistence of goiter despite oral iodine supplementation in goitrous children with iron deficiency anemia in Cote d'Ivoire. (3/150)

BACKGROUND: In developing countries, many children are at high risk of goiter and iron deficiency anemia. Because iron deficiency can have adverse effects on thyroid metabolism, iron deficiency may influence the response to supplemental iodine in areas of endemic goiter. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether goitrous children with iron deficiency anemia would respond to oral iodine supplementation. DESIGN: A trial of oral iodine supplementation was carried out in an area of endemic goiter in western Cote d'Ivoire in goitrous children (n = 109) aged 6-12 y. Group 1 (n = 53) consisted of goitrous children who were not anemic. Group 2 (n = 56) consisted of goitrous children who had iron deficiency anemia. At baseline, thyroid gland volume and urinary iodine, thyrotropin, and thyroxine were measured by using ultrasound. Each child received 200 mg I orally and was observed for 30 wk, during which urinary iodine, thyrotropin, thyroxine, hemoglobin, and thyroid gland volume were measured. RESULTS: The prevalence of goiter at 30 wk was 12% in group 1 and 64% in group 2. The mean percentage change from baseline in thyroid volume 30 wk after administration of oral iodine was -45.1% in group 1 and -21.8% in group 2 (P < 0.001). Among the anemic children, there was a strong correlation between the percentage decrease in thyroid volume and hemoglobin concentration (r(2) = 0.65). CONCLUSION: The therapeutic response to oral iodine was impaired in goitrous children with iron deficiency anemia, suggesting that the presence of iron deficiency anemia in children limits the effectiveness of iodine intervention programs.  (+info)

Iron supplementation in goitrous, iron-deficient children improves their response to oral iodized oil. (4/150)

OBJECTIVE: In developing countries, many children are at high risk for both goiter and iron-deficiency anemia. Because iron deficiency may impair thyroid metabolism, the aim of this study was to determine if iron supplementation improves the response to oral iodine in goitrous, iron-deficient anemic children. DESIGN: A trial of oral iodized oil followed by oral iron supplementation in an area of endemic goiter in the western Ivory Coast. METHODS: Goitrous, iodine-deficient children (aged 6-12 years; n=109) were divided into two groups: Group 1 consisted of goitrous children who were not anemic; Group 2 consisted of goitrous children who were iron-deficient anemic. Both groups were given 200mg oral iodine as iodized oil. Thyroid gland volume using ultrasound, urinary iodine concentration (UI), serum thyroxine (T(4)) and whole blood TSH were measured at baseline, and at 1, 5, 10, 15 and 30 weeks post intervention. Beginning at 30 weeks, the anemic group was given 60mg oral iron as ferrous sulfate four times/week for 12 weeks. At 50 and 65 weeks after oral iodine (8 and 23 weeks after completing iron supplementation), UI, TSH, T(4) and thyroid volume were remeasured. RESULTS: The prevalence of goiter at 30 weeks after oral iodine in Groups 1 and 2 was 12% and 64% respectively. Mean percent change in thyroid volume compared with baseline at 30 weeks in Groups 1 and 2 was -45.1% and -21.8% respectively (P<0.001 between groups). After iron supplementation in Group 2, there was a further decrease in mean thyroid volume from baseline in the anemic children (-34.8% and -38.4% at 50 and 65 weeks) and goiter prevalence fell to 31% and 20% at 50 and 65 weeks. CONCLUSION: Iron supplementation may improve the efficacy of oral iodized oil in goitrous children with iron-deficiency anemia.  (+info)

Iodine and neuropsychological development. (5/150)

The establishment of the essential link among iodine deficiency, thyroid function and brain development has emerged from a fascinating combination of clinical, epidemiologic and experimental studies. The central human phenomenon that focuses this relationship is the condition of endemic cretinism, described from the Middle Ages and characterized in its fully developed form by severe brain damage, deaf mutism and a spastic state of the hands and feet. The demonstration of the prevention of cretinism in a double-blind controlled trial with injections of iodized oil in Papua New Guinea (1966-1970) established the causal role of iodine deficiency in cretinism by an effect on the developing fetal brain. Cretinism could not be prevented unless the iodized oil was given before pregnancy. Iodine deficiency is now regarded by the WHO as the most common preventable cause of brain damage in the world today, with at least 30 million suffering from this preventable condition. Since 1986 the international NGO, the International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders, has worked closely as an expert group with WHO and UNICEF in assisting countries with a program of universal salt iodization for the elimination of iodine deficiency as a cause of brain damage by the year 2000. In 1996, WHO reported that 56% of the population of 83 developing countries now had adequate access to iodized salt. This represents an increase of 750 million since 1990 with protection of 12 million children.  (+info)

Coverage and cost of iodized oil capsule distribution in Tanzania. (6/150)

Distribution of oral iodized oil capsules (IOC) is an important intervention in areas with iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) and low coverage of iodized salt. The mean reported coverage of 57 IOC distribution campaigns from 1986-1994 of people aged 1-45 years in 27 districts of Tanzania was 64% (range 20-96%). This declined over subsequent distribution rounds. However, due to delayed repeat distribution, only 43% of person-time was covered, based on the programme objective of giving two IOC (total 400 mg iodine) at 2-year intervals. Three different capsule distribution strategies used in 20 distribution rounds in 1992-1993 were analyzed in depth. Withdrawal of financial support for district distribution expenses under the 'district team' strategy, and the subsequent change to integrated 'primary health care' distribution, increased delays and capsule wastage. The third, more vertical strategy, 'national and district teams', accomplished rapid distribution of IOC about to expire and subsequently a return to the initial 'district team' allowance strategy was made. Annual cost of 'district team' distribution was 26 cents per person (400 mg iodine/2 years). Cost analysis revealed that the IOC itself accounts for more than 90% of total costs at the levels of coverage achieved. IOC will be important in the elimination of IDD in target areas of severe iodine deficiency and insufficient use of iodized salt, provided that high coverage can be achieved. Campaign distribution of medication with high item cost and long distribution intervals may be more cost-effectively performed if separated from regular PHC services at their present resource level. However, motivating health workers and community leaders to do adequate social mobilization remains crucial even if logistics are vertically organized. Insufficient support of distribution expenses and health education may lead to overall wastage of resources.  (+info)

Change of spontaneous reaction of glue and lipiodol mixture during embolization after the addition of tungsten powder: in vitro study. (7/150)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We have noted that glue-Lipiodol mixtures harden prematurely in the catheter during embolization of brain arteriovenous malformations. However, we observed that hardening of this embolic material does not occur when tungsten powder is added to the glue mixture. In order to clarify the effect of tungsten powder on the glue mixture, we evaluated the reaction time and hardness of the glue mixture in vitro after the addition of tungsten powder. We also measured the pH of the tungsten solution. METHODS: Six lots of Lipiodol and three lots of Histoacryl Blue were mixed in a 5-cc bottle with a 50% to 25% glue concentration (glue:Lipiodol = 1:1 to 1:3) and this mixture was observed for 2 weeks. The hardness of the polymerized glue mixture was categorized as liquid, gel, semi-solid, or solid. Various series of experiments were performed after the addition of tungsten powder (0.2 g) and blood (a drop) into the glue mixture. We also separately mixed tungsten and tantalum powder in tubes, each with 5 mL of distilled water, and then measured the pH of these three times. The mixed amounts of tungsten and tantalum ranged from 0.1 to 0.5 mg. RESULTS: In a 50% glue concentration, the glue mixture turned into a solid cast within 48 hours. In a 25% concentration, the glue mixture turned into gel within 24 hours. The casts became solid in the 50% and gelled in the 25% concentration, and solid or gel in 28% and 33% glue mixture concentrations. The addition of tungsten powder to 50% and 25% glue mixture concentrations caused the glue mixtures to remain in a liquid state for 2 weeks regardless of the Lipiodol products used. Measurement of acidity achieved using a pH meter in 5 cc of distilled water with tungsten powder (0.1 to 0.5 g) revealed a change of pH from 3.5 to 2.6 according to the amount of tungsten added. Tantalum revealed weak acidity, with a pH range from 6.4 to 5.7. The addition of blood immediately caused the mixture to become solid in 50% and semi-solid in 25% glue concentrations. CONCLUSION: The reaction time of the glue mixture differed according to the lot number of the Lipiodol. The addition of tungsten powder appeared to prevent premature cast formation by decreasing the pH with a mechanism similar to that of adding acetic acid.  (+info)

Cognitive and motor functions of iodine-deficient but euthyroid children in Bangladesh do not benefit from iodized poppy seed oil (Lipiodol). (8/150)

Iodine supplementation before pregnancy in iodine-deficient women prevents cretinism and neuromotor deficits in their offspring. It is unclear whether iodine supplementation benefits cognitive function in iodine-deficient school-aged children. We therefore conducted a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial of the effects of iodized poppy seed oil (Lipiodol) on cognitive and motor function and weight gain of iodine-deficient school children. The study was conducted with 305 children in grades 1 and 2 from 10 primary schools in two iodine-deficient areas in Bangladesh. The children were stratified by school and grade and randomly assigned to receive 400 mg of oral Lipiodol or a placebo. All children were given a battery of cognitive and motor function tests and had their weights, serum thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and urinary iodine levels measured before and 4 mo after the intervention. On enrollment, both groups were moderately iodine deficient (median urinary iodine values: placebo group = 3.3 micromol/L, n = 148; iodine group = 3.1 micromol/L, n = 152; goiter prevalence in both groups >95%). However, their T4 and TSH levels were within the normal range. After 4 mo, there was a significant treatment effect on urinary iodine levels (P < 0.0001), but the levels of the treated group were still below normal (median = 7.9 micromol/L). No significant differences were found in T4 and TSH levels, weight gain, cognitive or motor function. The findings suggest that Lipiodol supplementation in moderately iodine-deficient children with normal T4 levels is unlikely to benefit their cognitive function. However, it remains possible that other iodine preparations may have benefits.  (+info)

When I tried to buy a backup bottle from London Drugs and Shoppers Drug Mart, it was sold out EVERYWHERE! I think I went to most of the store locations within my neighbouring cities, and everyone was backordered. Who knew it was the hottest thing ...
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (also called transarterial chemoembolization or TACE) is a minimally invasive procedure performed in interventional radiology to restrict a tumors blood supply. Small embolic particles coated with chemotherapeutic drugs are injected selectively through a catheter into an artery directly supplying the tumor. These particles both block the blood supply and induce cytotoxicity, attacking the tumor in several ways. The radiotherapeutic analogue (combining radiotherapy with embolization) is called radioembolization or selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT). TACE derives its beneficial effect by two primary mechanisms. Most tumors within the liver are supplied by the proper hepatic artery, so arterial embolization preferentially interrupts the tumors blood supply and stalls growth until neovascularization. Secondly, focused administration of chemotherapy allows for delivery of a higher dose to the tissue while simultaneously reducing systemic exposure, ...
Lipiodol (labeled Ethiodol in the USA), also known as ethiodized oil, is a poppyseed oil used by injection as a radio-opaque contrast agent that is used to outline structures in radiological investigations. It is used in chemoembolization applications as a contrast agent in follow-up imaging. Lipiodol is also used in lymphangiography, the imaging of the lymphatic system. It has an additional use in gastric variceal obliteration as a dilutant that does not affect polymerization of cyanoacrylate. Recently there has been an increasing interest in the use of Lipiodol as a therapeutic agent in the management of unexplained infertility, using a procedure called Lipiodol flushing. There have been a small number of studies that suggest that flushing the media through the tubes gives a short-term rise in fecundity in patients with unexplained infertility. A systematic review has suggested a significant increase in fertility, especially in those women who have endometriosis when using Lipiodol flushing. ...
PATIENTS. Ninety-two patients underwent extended right-sided hepatic resection for hepatobiliary malignancy during a 45-month period (January 2000 to September 2003). Among them, 15 (16%) underwent portal vein embolisation via a percutaneous ipsilateral approach (n=9) or through the ileocolic vein with a mini-laparotomy (n=6). The remaining 77 (84%) patients underwent hepatic resection without portal vein embolisation ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Efficacy of oral iodized peanut oil is greater than that of iodized poppy seed oil among Indonesian schoolchildren. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Arm E: Suspension is prepared before arterial infusion as follows: Epirubicin is dissolved with water-soluble, non-ionized contrast medium then mixed with Lipiodol by pumping. Then this suspension is administered by catheter as quick as possible, and gelatin is infused for arterial embolization. Maximum dose of EPI and Lipiodol are 60mg/m2 and 0.3mL/Kg, respectively ...
Clinical trial focusing on transarterial chemoembolization. Transarterial Chemoembolization With Doxorubicin With or Without Everolimus in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer
Chemoembolisation is a treatment used for cancer that starts in the liver, or cancer that has spread to the liver from somewhere else in the body.
Using palliative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) a reduction of malignant liver neoplasms and a prolongation of survival time can be achieved. During the course of therapy phosphorous magnetic resonance spectroscopy by means of chemical-shift-imaging was used for noninvasive examination of the cellular metabolism of energy and membranes. Differentiation between primary and secondary liver tumors was not feasible using 31P-spectra. After therapy patients had shown increased inorganic phosphate signal and reduction of the ß-NTP-signals, which normalized during six week intervall before next intervention. Response and non-response to therapy showed different courses of spectroscopic quotients during therapy cycle. Prominent reduction of volume as well as homogeneous and continous retention of lipiodol within the tumor are reliable combined with spectroscopic response to therapy. The first group of patients showed these signs at the examination immediately after embolization whereas patients ...
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Detailed dosage guidelines and administration information for Lipiodol (ethiodized oil). Includes dose adjustments, warnings and precautions.
TY - JOUR. T1 - A case of hepatocellular carcinoma with skin injury of the upper abdominal wall after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization. T2 - A case report. AU - Kanzaki, Hiromitsu. AU - Nouso, Kazuhiro. AU - Miyahara, Koji. AU - Kajikawa, Naoko. AU - Kobayashi, Sayo. AU - Sakakihara, Ichiro. AU - Iwadow, Shota. AU - Uematsu, Shuji. AU - Okamoto, Ryoichi. AU - Shiraga, Kunihiro. AU - Mizuno, Motowo. AU - Araki, Yasuyuki. PY - 2009/9/1. Y1 - 2009/9/1. N2 - Introduction: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization has been widely used to treat advanced hepatocellular carcinoma that cannot be treated by local ablation therapies or surgical resection. The effectiveness of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization in prolonging survival has been well established, and approximately one third of newly discovered hepatocellular carcinoma patients were repeatedly treated by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization in Japan. Various kinds of complications have been reported, and many of which are ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Tumor Response After Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization Using Gadobenate Dimeglumine-Enhanced Liver Magnetic Resonance. AU - Chu, Linda Chi Hang. AU - Pozzessere, Chiara. AU - Corona Villalobos, Celia. AU - Castaños, Sandra. AU - Rastegar, Neda. AU - Halappa, Vivek. AU - Bonekamp, Susanne. AU - Emurano, Emi. AU - Kamel, Ihab R. PY - 2016/9/27. Y1 - 2016/9/27. N2 - OBJECTIVE: Use of gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced liver magnetic resonance (MR) for evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma tumor response after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: Forty-five patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were imaged with multiphase gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced MR examination at baseline and 1-month follow-up after TACE. Nodule size, enhancement, and apparent diffusion coefficient were measured for both examinations by 2 reviewers. Changes in tumor nodule size, enhancement, and apparent diffusion coefficient were evaluated ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Novel therapy for liver cancer. T2 - Direct intraarterial injection of a potent inhibitor of ATP production. AU - Geschwind, Jean Francois H.. AU - Ko, Young H.. AU - Torbenson, Michael S.. AU - Magee, Carolyn. AU - Pedersen, Peter L.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2002/7/15. Y1 - 2002/7/15. N2 - Most types of cancer are difficult to eradicate and some, like liver carcinomas, are almost always fatal. Significantly, we report here that direct intraarterial delivery of 3-bromopyruvate (3-BrPA), a potent inhibitor of cell ATP production, to liver-implanted rabbit tumors, inflicts a rapid, lethal blow to most cancer cells therein. Moreover, systemic delivery of 3-BrPA suppresses metastatic tumors that arise in the lungs. In both cases, there is no apparent harm to other organs or to the animals. Thus, intraarterial delivery of agents like 3-BrPA directly to the site of the primary tumor, followed by systemic delivery only when necessary, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fabrication of radiopaque drug-eluting beads based on Lipiodol/biodegradable-polymer for image-guided transarterial chemoembolization of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. T2 - Fabrication of radiopaque DEBs by Lipiodol/biodegradable-polymer for TACE of HCC. AU - Okamoto, Yutaka. AU - Hasebe, Terumitsu. AU - Bito, Kenta. AU - Yano, Kosaku. AU - Matsumoto, Tomohiro. AU - Tomita, Kosuke. AU - Hotta, Atsushi. N1 - Funding Information: This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) (No. 19H00831 to A. H.), by Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Exploratory Research (No. 19K22067 to A. H.), by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) (No. 18H01726 to T. H.), and by a Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Research Fellow (No. 18J13148 to K. B.) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS: KAKENHI). It was also supported in part by AMED , Japan under Grant Number A306TS . Publisher Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. PY - 2020/5. Y1 - 2020/5. N2 - New ...
Application of poly-lactide-co-glycolide-microspheres in the transarterial chemoembolization in an animal model of hepatocellular carcinoma
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as liposomal doxorubicin, cisplatin, and mitomycin, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping the cells from dividing. Chemoembolization kills tumor cells by blocking the blood flow to the tumor and keeping chemotherapy drugs near the tumor. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can kill any tumor cells that are left after chemoembolization by blocking their ability to grow and spread.. PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying to see if chemoembolization followed by bevacizumab works better than chemoembolization alone in treating patients who have liver cancer that cannot be removed with surgery. ...
Number of Pages: 10 Iodized ethyl esters of poppy seed oil, ethyl esters of iodinated fatty acids of poppy seed oil. First published in the EFSA Journal: 7 March 2013 Adopted: 19 February 2013 Type: Statement Abstract: Following a request from the Eu .... ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Experimental Design: Thirty-two VX2 tumor-bearing New Zealand white rabbits underwent longitudinal imaging on clinical 3T-MRI and CT scanners before and up to 2 weeks after complete conventional transarterial chemoembolization (cTACE) using ethiodized oil (lipiodol) and doxorubicin. MR-spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) was employed for pHe mapping. Multiparametric MRI and CT were performed to quantify tumor enhancement, diffusion, and lipiodol coverage of the tumor posttherapy. In addition, incomplete cTACE with reduced chemoembolic doses was applied to mimic undertreatment and exploit pHe mapping to detect viable tumor residuals. Imaging findings were correlated with histopathologic markers indicative of metabolic state (HIF-1α, GLUT-1, and LAMP-2) and viability (proliferating cell nuclear antigen and terminal deoxynucleotidyl-transferase dUTP nick-end labeling). ...
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Angiographic imaging allows interventional radiologists during TACE therapy to selectively deliver anti-tumor substances through the arteries.
There is a person I know (not well) who has a very odd condition, a small brain tumor that is inoperable and causes extreme emotional agitation (much like bi-polar disorder x 1000). He is on a lot of meds just so he can function. Is it even prudent to recommend therapeudic iodine supplementation to someone who is taking so many medications (I can only imagine the kind of detox he will experience). Also, I doubt he will be able to stop the meds until the tumor has quit putting so much pressure on the brain so there is sort of a catch-22 going on. ...
Thyroid conditions, such as hypothyroidism, are a common complication of pregnancy, which has prompted scientific teams around the world to study iodine supplementation as a possible way to mitigate such risks.
Selection of 124 Messages Posted by breastcancerchoices.org from the forum Iodine Supplementation Support by VWT Team , Sorted by Date
Poppy has been one of the most important medicinal plant in humans until now. It and its products can not be manufactured synthetically. This study was conducted to determine the effects of poppy seed oil (PSO) supplementation ...
Care guide for Chemoembolization Cancer Therapy (Precare). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
Updated 3 Dec 2013 Im in Frankfurt on a business trip and thanks to Peter, managed to steal some time to visit a German cancer clinic. The clinic is PraxisKlinik Siebenhuner and is on the outskirts of Frankfurt. Peter uses it for hyperthermia after a trans-arterial chemoembolisation session with Vogl. Its about a 30-minute taxi journey…
I am not allergic to iodine, I tested it on my skin plus my mother used to stick it on my skin a lot when I was young. I had/have undiagnosed pyroluria. This means B6 and zinc is bound up in heme and lost through urine and magnesium is not pushed into the cells efficiently, I would have had it all my life but I was coping with it. The extra demands with iodine pushed me over the top = severe palpitations = inability to access magnesium, Chronic detox = inability to break down B6 and therefore utilize zinc, extreme anxiety = pyroluria manifestation. I am willing to bet that most people ...
Objective The efficacy of combination transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) with subsequent percutaneous microwave coagulation therapy (PMCT)was assessed.Methods Eighteen patients with 28 tumors under TACE followed within 1~2 days by ultrasound guided PMCT,which were diagnosed by liver biopsy.Results Ninteen tumors measuring 5 cm in greatest dimension showed complete necrosis,5 of 9 tumors measuring ≥5 cm in greatest dimension showed complete necrosis.Conclusions Combination therapy with TACE and PMCT for liver tumor is effective.
2016 SIR Purpose To measure transarterial chemoembolization utilization and survival benefit among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) patient population. Materials and Methods A retrospective study identified 37,832 patients with HCC diagnosed between 1991 and 2011. Survival was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test. Propensity-score matching was used to address an imbalance of covariates. Results More than 75% of patients with HCC did not receive any HCC-directed treatment. Transarterial chemoembolization was the most common initial therapy (15.9%). Factors associated with the use of chemoembolization included younger age, more HCC risk factors, more comorbidities, higher socioeconomic status, intrahepatic tumor, unifocal tumor, vascular invasion, and smaller tumor size (all P < .001). Median survival was improved in patients treated with chemoembolization compared with those not treated with ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Multimodality therapy for cerebral vasospasm after SAH. T2 - Importance of intensive care and intraarterial injection of fasudil hydrochloride. AU - Ono, Shigeki. AU - Arimitsu, S.. AU - Ogawa, T.. AU - Onoda, K.. AU - Tokunaga, K.. AU - Sugiu, Kenji. AU - Date, Isao. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. N2 - Until now, no absolute therapy for cerebral vasospasm (VS) after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) has been established. Here we examine the efficacy of intensive multimodality therapy, contrasting with the treatment in the non-multimodality period in our institute. For 10 years, a total of 108 patients who suffered subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) were divided into two groups. Group A patients are from a period of time when there was no particular standardized protocol for treating SAH, i.e. 1996-2000. Group B patients include the intensive care group for treating SAH, and we employed multimodality therapy on Group B by using intraventricular urokinase (UK) injection, lumbar (LD) or cisternal ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Parametric response mapping of dynamic CT as an imaging biomarker to distinguish viability of hepatocellular carcinoma treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization. AU - Choi, Seung Joon. AU - Kim, Jonghoon. AU - Seo, Jongbum. AU - Kim, Hyung Sik. AU - Lee, Jong Min. AU - Park, Hyunjin. PY - 2014/6. Y1 - 2014/6. N2 - Purpose: Accurate assessment of viability of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is important for therapy planning. The purpose of this study is to determine the diagnostic value of a novel image analysis method called parametric response mapping (PRM) in predicting viability of tumor in HCC treated with TACE for dynamic CT images. Methods: 35 patients who had 35 iodized-oil defect areas (IODAs) in HCCs treated with TACE were included in our study. These patients were divided into two groups, one group with viable tumors (n = 22) and the other group with non-viable tumors (n = 13) in the IODA. All patients ...
Validation and evaluation of clinical prediction systems for first and repeated transarterial chemoembolization in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma: A Chinese multicenter retrospective study
This study is investigating the efficacy and safety of sorafenib alone versus in combination with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) (doxorubicin +
Cripto-1 may act as an independent predictor for prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the function of Cripto-1 in HCC cells and its response to postoperative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in HCC patients remains unclearly. Up-regulated Cripto-1 expression boosted the ability of cell proliferation, migration and invasion in HCC cells in vitro. While opposite results were observed in HCC cells with down-regulated Cripto-1 expression. Cripto-1 expression was correlated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) relevant biomarkers. Furthermore, in high Cripto-1 expression patients, those with adjuvant TACE had favorable TTR and OS times. On contrary, adjuvant TACE may promote tumor recurrence but had no influence on OS time in patients with low Cripto-1 expression. In different subgroups of vascular invasion, larger tumor size or liver cirrhosis, patients with adjuvant TACE had longer TTR and OS times than those without TACE in patients with high Cripto-1 expression,
AbstractWe aim to investigate the effects of postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) on survival and recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after radical resection. A total of 320 HCC patients underwent radical resection between January 2010 and January 2014 in Q
PURPOSE: Transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) using irinotecan-eluting beads is an additional treatment option for colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) patients that are not eligible for curative treatment approaches. This interim analysis focuses on feasibility of the planned statistical analysis regarding data distribution and completeness, treatment intention, safety and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of the first 50 patients prospectively enrolled in the CIrse REgistry for LifePearl™ microspheres (CIREL), an observational multicentre study conducted across Europe.. METHODS: In total, 50 patients ≥ 18 years diagnosed with CRLM and decided to be treated with irinotecan-eluting LifePearl™ microspheres TACE (LP-irinotecan TACE) by a multidisciplinary tumour board. There were no further inclusion or exclusion criteria. The primary endpoint is the categorisation of treatment intention, and secondary endpoints presented in this interim analysis are safety, treatment ...
To determine the frequency and factors associated with the presence of intratumoral gas-containing areas in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on computed tomography (CT) scans obtained 4-6 weeks after transarterial chemoembolization. From June 2010 to December 2011, 201 patients underwent 286 chemoe...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Regression of Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Right Atrial Extension After Sorafenib and Transarterial Chemoembolization. AU - Subramanian, Madhu. AU - Singal, Amit G.. AU - Yopp, Adam C.. PY - 2012/10/1. Y1 - 2012/10/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866445106&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866445106&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/j.cgh.2012.06.031. DO - 10.1016/j.cgh.2012.06.031. M3 - Article. C2 - 22813441. AN - SCOPUS:84866445106. VL - 10. SP - e83-e84. JO - Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. JF - Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. SN - 1542-3565. IS - 10. ER - ...
Transarterial chemoembolization may be offered as a main treatment for liver cancer or for people waiting for a transplant. Learn about TACE for liver cancer.
OP56 - A matched case-control study for the treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC): trans-arterial radioembolization (TARE) with 90Y glass microspheres plus sorafenib versus TARE ...
October 4, 2017-Guerbet, a company specializing in contrast products and solutions for medical imaging, recently announced that it has obtained European CE Mark approval for Vectorio, the companys conventional transarterial chemoembolization (cTACE) mixing and injection system.. According to Guerbet, Vectorio is a set of Lipiodol-resistant medical devices including syringes, stopcocks, and sampling devices. Vectorio is designed for mixing and delivering Lipiodol ultra fluid and anticancer drugs during cTACE procedures in adults with known, intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma.. Designed and manufactured in France, the Vectorio device is being launched commercially this fall in European countries, where Lipiodol ultra fluid is registered for cTACE. Vectorio provides 24 hours of Lipiodol resistance. In addition, a three-way stopcock with four connections offers the possibility of on-table mixing, allowing interventional radiologists to remix without disconnection from the microcatheter, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - An overview of loco-regional treatments in patients and mouse models for hepatocellular carcinoma. AU - Bimonte, Sabrina. AU - Barbieri, Antonio. AU - Palaia, Raffaele. AU - Leongito, Maddalena. AU - Albino, Vittorio. AU - Piccirillo, Mauro. AU - Arra, Claudio. AU - Izzo, Francesco. PY - 2015/3/9. Y1 - 2015/3/9. N2 - Hepatocellular carcinoma is a highly aggressive malignancy and is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although surgery is currently considered the most effective curative treatment for this type of cancer, it is note that most of patients have a poor prognosis due to chemioresistence and tumor recurrence. Loco-regional therapies, including radiofrequency ablation, surgical resection and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization play a major role in the clinical management of hepatocellular carcinoma. In order to improve the treatment outcome of patients diagnosed with this disease, several in vivo studies by using different techniques on cancer ...
Table 3: Comparison of Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization-Radiofrequency Ablation and Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization Alone for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Macrovascular Invasion Using Propensity Score Analysis: A Retrospective Cohort Study
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of posttreatment responseof hepatocellular carcinoma: comparisonof ultrasonography with second-generationultrasound contrast agent and multidetector CT. AU - Caruso, Giuseppe. AU - Meloni, Maria Franca. AU - Campisi, Antonella. AU - Salvaggio, Giuseppe. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - We evaluated the ability of one-month follow-up contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with second-generationcontrast agent in monitoring radio frequencyablation (RFA) and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) treatments of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). One-hundred forty-eight HCCs were studiedusing CEUS: 110 nodules were treated with RFA [41/110RFA were performed using a pretreatment and animmediate postablation evaluation using CEUS (group1); 69/110 using only US guidance (group 2)] and 38nodules treated with TACE. For statistical analysis,McNemar test was used. Overall complete response wasobserved in 107/148 nodules (92/110 treated with RFAand 15/38 with TACE). A better rate of ...
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) offers a survival benefit to patients with intermediate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A widely accepted TACE regimen includes administration of doxoru
I m coming into this thread rather late, and I see you have a lot of good advice from many people with a lot of experience. I just want to tell you that we (husband and I) have been on Magnascent for about 3 months now. My husband did not experience the achy thyroid at all, but I did. Some people like to dive into the iodine supplementation, and it seems to work well for them. After my thyroid started aching, I decided to treat that as a signal from my body to take it slower. I took a week off from iodine supplementation, then started back slowly, with 2 drops a day the first week. T ...
In this study, the mean OS for all patients was 80.7 ± 5.6 months, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year median OS rates were 88.1%, 64.8%, and 49.9%, respectively. Recent studies in which patients with early HCC or HCC , 4 cm received TACE as the initial treatment modality have shown that the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 89% to 100%, 63% to 81%, and 43% to 52%, respectively [33-37]. The results of our study are in line with those of these studies. Another study investigated the long-term survival of patients with HCC who met the Milan criteria and underwent RFA (n = 315) or TACE (n = 215) as an initial treatment. The two groups did not show any significant differences in terms of long-term survival rates (the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 85%, 60%, and 41% for RFA, and 86%, 55%, and 36% for TACE, respectively) [33]. Recently, Kim et al. [7] reported that TACE can be a viable alternative treatment modality for small HCCs (, 2 cm) when RFA is not indicated, although RFA showed better ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Irinotecan Bead in the neoadjuvant treatment (i.e. the Irinotecan Bead is administ
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THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A 100-year-old medical treatment could help infertile women get pregnant without undergoing pricey in vitro fertilization (IVF), a new study suggests.. The method was first used in 1917 and involves flushing a womans fallopian tubes with an iodized poppy seed oil.. Over the past century, pregnancy rates among infertile women reportedly increased after their tubes had been flushed with either water or oil during a dye test of the fallopian tubes under X-ray, explained study lead researcher Ben Mol. Hes with the University of Adelaide in Australia.. Until now, it has been unclear whether the type of solution used in the procedure was influencing the change in fertility, Mol said in a university news release.. Our results have been even more exciting than we could have predicted, helping to confirm that an age-old medical technique still has an important place in modern medicine, he added.. This study included more than 1,100 women being treated ...
title: Complete response at first chemoembolization is still the most robust predictor for favorable outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma, doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2015.01.022, category: Article
Iodine Global Network is a non-profit, non-government organization for the sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency worldwide.
Vascular Interventional Physicians is an outpatient-style clinic offering convenience and choice to physicians, and to patients who refer themselves.
요측전완유리피판의 결손 부위를 재건하는 국내 보고로는 Tae 등[13]이 자측(ulnar) 전진 피판으로 전완 결손 부위를 재건하였고, Jeong 등[14]은 전층 피부 이식술이 부분층 피부 이식술보다 공여부의 합병증이 적고 미용적으로 더 좋다고 하였다. 국외에서는 그동안 많은 연구들이 있었는데, 최근 Pabst 등[3]은 1982년부터 2017년까지 1056개의 논문을 검색하여 메타분석을 시행하였으며, 그 결과는 아래에 기술하였다.. 부분층 이식술은 가장 흔한 방법으로서, 주로 앞쪽 대퇴부에서 0.2~0.5 mm의 두께로 얻는다. 간단하고, 신뢰할 만하며, 얻을 수 있는 부위도 대부분 제한이 없어, 연장된 요측전완 결손 부위에 사용될 수 있다는 장점이 있다. 반면 단점으로는 기능상 혹은 미용상 결과가 좋지 않다는 것인데, 특히 전완부 결손의 부피가 큰 경우에 두드러진다. 때로 피부 ...
Visualization of the Pelvic Viscera Iodized Oil and Pneumoperitoneum Combined in Gynecology, Radiology v t e. ...
With Jacques Forestier (1890-1978), he introduced lipiodol (radio-opaque iodized poppyseed oil) for use in radiological ... Lipide (iodised oil) first used in radiology. Positive contrast myelography with iodised oil (lipiodol). Traitement des varices ...
Over time, these oils can oxidize and turn rancid, causing the pipe to give a sour or bitter smoke. A purported countermeasure ... It is important to not use iodized salt, as the iodine and other additives may impart an unpleasant flavor. Regularly wiping ... Forming the pipe involved making them in moulds with the bore created by pushing an oiled wire inside the stem. The preferred ... When tobacco is burned, oils from adjoining not yet ignited particles vaporize and condense into the existing cake on the walls ...
His team first suggested the injection of iodized oil (see poppyseed oil) to goiter patients, a treatment later advocated by ... and it was there that Campos conducted testing on the use of iodized oil for the treatment of goiter. Campos also founded a ...
Maggi chicken bouillon cubes are manufactured from iodized salt, hydrogenated palm oil, wheat flour, flavor enhancers ( ...
Cooking Oil UFC Gravy Sa Sarap Ready-To-Use Gravy UFC Spices Chili Powder Curry Powder Ground Pepper Whole Pepper Iodized Salt ...
Headed by Bhim Udas, the WFP in Burma provides food supplies consisting of rice, pulses and, iodized salt, and oil, ...
... and thiocyanate in endemic goiter and worked on the use of iodized oil in iodine deficiency disorders prevention. Delange also ...
... corn oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.263 - cottonseed oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.315 - croton oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.550 - iodized oil ... corn oil MeSH D20.666.750.263 - cottonseed oil MeSH D20.666.750.315 - croton oil MeSH D20.666.750.550 - iodized oil MeSH ... safflower oil MeSH D20.666.750.865 - sesame oil MeSH D20.666.750.880 - soybean oil MeSH D20.666.750.940 - tea tree oil MeSH ... sesame oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.880 - soybean oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.940 - Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca Oil) MeSH D20.215.894 - ...
VVD Coconut oil mill, AVM oil mill, Ramesh flowers, Agsar Paints, and KSPS Salts are some of the small scale and large scale ... First manufacturer of iodized salt in South-India), PSS Krishnamurthi Exports P Ltd, Madura Coats and Mills, Dhrangadhra ...
... in Tibet around 2010 found no new cases of cretinism in children under 5 years old as a result of an iodized oil and iodized ... A 2008 study published in 2013 found that only 46% of salt in Sarawak has been iodized and while rural children had a lower ... As a result of this study, legislation made it mandatory to use iodized salt in all bread made in Australia, (excluding " ... While Eastman agrees that the addition of iodized salt to bread has helped the situation he remains very concerned about the ...
During the 1990s, around 25% of Tanzania's population were provided access to iodized oil aimed to target iodine deficiency ... Super Cereal, Vegetable Oil, Pulses and Salt are supplied as part of the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation to meet the ... "OIL and GAS EXPLORATION.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015. " ...
Perilla oil, which causes yellow tinting even more than linseed, is even more durable than linseed. Iodized poppyseed oil (oil ... higher than soybean oil and peanut oil, lower than safflower oil, sesame oil, wheat germ oil, corn oil, and rice bran oil. ... Poppyseed oil (also poppy seed oil, poppy oil, and oleum papaveris seminis) is an edible oil from poppy seeds (seeds of Papaver ... Poppyseed oil is a drying oil. In oil painting, it is a popular oil for binding pigment, thinning paint, and varnishing ...
"Efficacy of oral iodized peanut oil is greater than that of iodized poppy seed oil among Indonesian schoolchildren". The ... 3,0 3,1 Alfred Thomas (2002). "Fats and Fatty Oils". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. DOI: ...
The Meat and Fish group was expanded to include cheese and eggs, and a recommendation was added to use iodized salt. In 1949, ... Instead of the cod-liver oil of days gone by, Canadians over 50 years of age were invited to consume vitamin D dietary ... Vitamin D supplements, available from sources such as cod liver oil, were recommended for the first time. In 1961, the ... an engineered spread which was by that date manufactured from vegetable oils due to wartime shortages of tallow and lard. ...
Niépce's letters to Daguerre dated 29 January and 3 March 1832 show that the use of iodized silver plates was due to Daguerre ... The plate was washed with a mixture of oil of lavender and turpentine leaving a relief image. Later, Daguerre's and Niépce's ... Noticing this, Daguerre supposedly wrote to Niépce on 21 May 1831 suggesting the use of iodized silver plates as a means of ... This was the daguerreotype process that used iodized silvered plates and was developed with mercury fumes. To exploit the ...
A home-made saline solution made from non-iodized sea salt and hot distilled or filtered water is a common way to heal a lip ... Using peroxide, iodine, teatree oil, conventional antibacterial soap, or dish soap can damage or kill the skin in and around ...
The thyroxin hormones are essential for human health, hence the usefulness of iodized salt. Six mg of iodide a day can be used ... In 1956, for example, after testing hydraulic oils containing PCBs, the U.S. Navy found that skin contact caused fatal liver ... Common uses for halocarbons have been as solvents, pesticides, refrigerants, fire-resistant oils, ingredients of elastomers, ...
... such as olive oil or flaxseed oil). Trans fats are very rare in nature, and have been shown to be highly detrimental to human ... For example, in the Philippines, improved production and market availability of iodized salt increased household consumption. ... In 1922, McCollum destroyed the vitamin A in cod liver oil, but found that it still cured rickets. Also in 1922, H.M. Evans and ... Unsaturated fats (e. g., vegetable oil) are considered healthier, while trans fats are to be avoided. Saturated and some trans ...
Non-iodized salts like those used for canning and pickling foods and sea salt are the preferred types of salt to use for curing ... As early as 3,000 BC in Mesopotamia, cooked meats and fish were preserved in sesame oil and dried salted meat and fish were ... Doing this requires a concentration of salt of nearly 20%. Iodized table salt may be used, but the iodine generally causes a ...
Plant oils, nuts, and fish are the best choices. Limit consumption of saturated fats, and avoid foods with trans fat. Choose a ... sodium from all sources and ensure that salt is iodized. Less than 5 grams of salt per day can reduce the risk of ... The recommendations note that tomato cooked with oil, allium vegetables like garlic, and cruciferous vegetables like ... which includes limiting consumption of red meat and using olive oil in cooking, has also been shown to improve cardiovascular ...
It was discovered in 1821 that goiters could be treated by the use of iodized salts. However, it was not until 1916 that the ... Their results showed that sunlight exposure and cod liver oil were the cure. It was not until the 1930s that vitamin D was ... Foods that it is commonly added to are margarine, vegetable oils and dairy products. During the late 1800s, after the discovery ... Salt, The (13 July 2013). "Iodized Salt". Salt Institute. Archived from the original on 14 February 2013. Retrieved 2016-03-30 ...
... a Malaysian oil and gas services company. The table below illustrates the shareholding in the stock of Sufini Holdings Limited ... operate and maintain a chemical plant that will turn 2,500 tonnes of un-iodized salt (Sodium chloride), into chlorine and lye ( ...
Oils should be of good quality and cold-pressed. Some choices are olive oil, sesame oil and flax oil. Most oils should only be ... Salt is good in strict moderation, but only unrefined salts, like Himalayan salt or unbleached sea salt, not iodized salt. ... Mustard oil and curcuma (turmeric). Ayurveda Diet in Hinduism Jain (Satvika) Lacto vegetarianism List of diets Kosher Halal ... A sattvic diet is a regimen that places emphasis on seasonal foods, fruits if one has no sugar problems, nuts, seeds, oils, ...
... each of which are an omega-3 fatty acid contained in fish oil and algae oil, but not in flaxseed oil), vitamin B12, folic acid ... For example, in the Philippines, improved production and market availability of iodized salt increased household consumption.[1 ... because he could cure it in dogs with cod-liver oil.[102] In 1922 McCollum destroyed the vitamin A in cod liver oil but found ... One example is the "Formula for Oil" relief program in Iraq, which resulted in the replacement of breastfeeding for formula, ...
Gutter oil is a term used in China to describe illicit cooking oil that has already been used and is then processed by cleaning ... Since industrial salt is not iodized, consuming it leads to an iodine deficiency as well as nervous system damage. The police ... The sources of this oil are restaurant fryers, sewers and leftover or used oil that is sold by restaurants. A newer version of ... In July 2017, some journalists uncovered an oil refinery that was making oil from rotting pig carcasses. The stench that the ...
Iodine supplementation may be necessary for vegans in countries where salt is not typically iodized, where it is iodized at low ... It is present in salmon, tuna, mackerel and cod liver oil, with small amounts in cheese, egg yolks, and beef liver, and in some ... Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), an omega-3 fatty acid, is found in walnuts, seeds, and vegetable oils, such as canola and flaxseed ... Iodine may also require supplementation, such as using iodized salt. Vitamin B12 is a bacterial product needed for cell ...
... oil, algae oil, hempseeds and hempseed oil, olive oil, and avocado. Diets without seafood are lower in non-essential long-chain ... Iodine supplementation may be necessary for vegans in countries where salt is not typically iodized, where it is iodized at low ... Iodine may also require supplementation, such as using iodized salt. Vitamin B12 is not made by plants or animals, but by ... Major vegan sources of the essential omega-3 fatty acid ALA include walnuts, flaxseeds and flaxseed oil, canola (rapeseed) ...
US iodized salt contains 46-77 ppm (parts per million), whereas in the UK the iodine content of iodized salt is recommended to ... It can be useful for brining, bread or pretzel making and as a scrubbing agent when combined with oil. Pickling salt is made of ... Iodized salt has been used to correct these conditions since 1924 and consists of table salt mixed with a minute amount of ... Iodized salt, containing potassium iodide, is widely available. Some people put a desiccant, such as a few grains of uncooked ...
... gyet (ငါးပိချက်, cooked ngapi) - ngapi cooked with oil and depending on the seasonal availability of fruits and ... may possibly be beneficial for those inland consumers whose diet may be iodine-deficient and who do not have access to iodized ... the ngapi is baked or roasted in a frying pan without oil. Depending on the region and family preference, the ngapi is put in a ...
Seaweed (kelp or kombu)*, grains, eggs, iodized salt[26] iodine deficiency iodism Hyperthyroidism[27] ... iodized salt fortified with iodine). Dietary supplements can be formulated to contain several different chemical elements (as ...
... hempseeds and hempseed oil, walnuts, flaxseeds and flaxseed oil, olive oil, canola oil, avocado, and chia seeds. ... is usually supplied by iodized salt and other sources in first world countries. Other significant vegetarian sources of iodine ...
... such as olive oil or flaxseed oil). Trans fats are very rare in nature, and have been shown to be highly detrimental to human ... the most famous is likely iodine in iodized salt which prevents goiter. ... In 1816, François Magendie discovered that dogs fed only carbohydrates (sugar), fat (olive oil), and water died evidently of ... High calorie food ingredients such as vegetable oils, sugar and alcohol are referred to as "empty calories" because they ...
Common oils and fats become rancid relatively quickly if not refrigerated; replacing them with hydrogenated oils delays the ... Limit salt / sodium from all sources and ensure that salt is iodized. Less than 5 grams of salt per day can reduce the risk of ... Oilseeds are often pressed to produce rich oils - sunflower, flaxseed, rapeseed (including canola oil), sesame, et cetera.[8] ... Salt may be iodized, meaning iodine has been added to it, a necessary nutrient that promotes thyroid function. Some canned ...
Olive oil is a staple cooking oil of the region and has been since the days of Junípero Serra; today the mission olive is a ... Starting with iodized salt in 1924, commercially distributed food began to be fortified with vitamins and minerals. In 1932, ... Fats and oils made from animals served to cook many colonial foods. Many homes had a sack made of deerskin filled with bear oil ... A number of fats and oils made from animals served to cook much of the colonial foods. Prior to the American Revolution, New ...
Consequently, on his return to Europe, he proposed the use of this iodized salt to combat goiter, although his proposal was not ... Asphaltene - Heavy organic molecular substances that are found in crude oil Boussingaultia - A genus of the family Basellaceae ...
Common oils and fats become rancid relatively quickly if not refrigerated; replacing them with hydrogenated oils delays the ... Salt may be iodized, meaning iodine has been added to it, a necessary nutrient that promotes thyroid function. Some canned ... Oilseeds are often pressed to produce rich oils - sunflower, flaxseed, rapeseed (including canola oil), sesame, et cetera. ... Ovens may be wood-fired, coal-fired, gas, electric, or oil-fired. Various types of cook-tops are used as well. They carry the ...
The search for oil in the late 19th and early 20th centuries used the technology and methods pioneered by salt miners, even to ... Today, salt is almost universally accessible, relatively cheap, and often iodized. Salt comes from two main sources: sea water ... the degree that they looked for oil where salt domes were located. On an industrial scale, salt is produced in one of two ...
... corn oil MeSH D10.627.700.263 - cottonseed oil MeSH D10.627.700.315 - croton oil MeSH D10.627.700.550 - iodized oil MeSH ... sesame oil MeSH D10.627.700.880 - soybean oil MeSH D10.627.700.940 - Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca Oil) The list continues at List of ... castor oil MeSH D10.212.507.325 - cod liver oil MeSH D10.212.507.340 - corn oil MeSH D10.212.507.350 - cottonseed oil MeSH ... linseed oil MeSH D10.212.507.750 - safflower oil MeSH D10.212.507.775 - sesame oil MeSH D10.212.507.800 - soybean oil MeSH ...
Except for some lignite deposits, Nepal has no known oil, gas or coal deposits. All commercial fossil fuels (mainly oil, LPG ... 95% of children have access to iodized salt, and 86% of children aged 6 - 59 months receive Vitamin A prophylaxis. Stunting, ... India is Nepal's largest trading partner, which it depends upon for all of its oil and gas, and a number of essential goods. ...
Study of the Effect of Iodized Oil Supplementation During Infancy. Official Title ICMJE Iodized Oil Supplementation During ... Dietary Supplement: Iodized oil 400 mg of iodine vs 100 mg of iodine as iodized oil ... Active Comparator: Iodized oil to infant 100 mg of iodine as iodized oil to infant ... Experimental: Iodized oil to mother 400 mg iodine as iodized oil to breastfeeding mother ...
Intramuscular injection of iodized oil has been used for tackling goitre and cre ... Define prevention of idd by Iodized Oil? The other approach employed as a specific measure for women and children in hyper- ... Define prevention of idd by iodized oil Discussions Write discussion on Define prevention of idd by iodized oil. Your posts are ... Define prevention of idd by iodized oil, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Define prevention of idd by iodized oil, Get Answer, ...
When retained iodized oil around the tumor after TACE hampers the targeting of the viable tumor for RFA, biplane fluoroscopy ... Radiofrequency Ablation for Viable Hepatocellular Carcinoma around Retained Iodized Oil af Radiofrequency Ablation for Viable ... For patients with viable HCC around retained iodized oil after TACE, biplane fluoroscopy plus US-guided RFA was performed. We ... around retained iodized oil after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). MATERIALS AND METHODS:. Our prospective ...
Quality Certified Iodized Oil Soft Gel Capsules - Healthcare Supplement Iodized Supplement Soft Gel Capsules to Boost Immune ...
Perilla oil, which causes yellow tinting even more than linseed, is even more durable than linseed. Iodized poppyseed oil (oil ... higher than soybean oil and peanut oil, lower than safflower oil, sesame oil, wheat germ oil, corn oil, and rice bran oil. ... Poppyseed oil (also poppy seed oil, poppy oil, and oleum papaveris seminis) is an edible oil from poppy seeds (seeds of Papaver ... Poppyseed oil is a drying oil. In oil painting, it is a popular oil for binding pigment, thinning paint, and varnishing ...
The prevalence of goiter was 29% before the administration of iodized oil and 9% 1 year later. Thyroid function tests and ... thyroglobulin and thyroid autoantibodies before and up to 2 years after the oral administration of 200 mg iodine in iodized oil ... To evaluate the long-term efficacy and possible side effects of low doses of iodized oil on iodine nutrition and thyroid ... Iodized Oil as a Complement to Iodized Salt in Schoolchildren in Endemic Goiter in Romania. Author(s): M. Simescu a , M. Varciu ...
Iodized Oil. Incompatible. 20%/20 mL. 40%/10 mL. DECONGESTANTS. Phenylephrine HCl2 ...
Why iodized salt is ineffective for maintaining good iodine levels. -When we started losing ground with iodine. -Mixing Lugols ... with coconut oil and rub it on the breasts for great absorption and better breast health. -Whats the difference between low ...
Fats like canola oil turn into trans fats. … I use Himalayan pink salt as the sodium. I never use iodized salt. ... Ill use raw olive oil, but I never cook with olive oil. I only cook with coconut oil. ... I add garlic, toasted in coconut oil. And then some toasted almonds, or this cashew sauce with lime curry, lemongrass, and a ...
Vegetable oil * Isopropyl alcohol (70% or 91%) * Non-iodized or kosher salt ... The alcohol stays separate and ends up as its own layer on top of the column because it has a lower density than oil. ... Pour equal parts of water, vegetable oil, and alcohol into the bottle. If youre using 70% isopropyl alcohol, pour in a little ...
Fine Iodized Salt 0.5 0.5. Fish Oil (200 D) 0.5 1.0. Manganese Sulphate (see below). ... Fish Oils (cod liver oil, pilchard oil, etc.) are used in chick rations, in winter laying rations and in rations for producing ... Standard fish oils for poultry should contain 1,250 units or more of Vitamin A, and 200 A.O.A.C. units or more of Vitamin D, ... Linseed oil cake meal may also be used. By-products of grain (such as wheat middlings, shorts, bran, barley meal, oat flour, ...
cup coconut oil, melted. ▪ 1 pinch of iodized sea salt. ▪ 60 or so whole almonds ... 2. Grease an 8 x 8 inch glass baking dish with coconut oil. Press the mixture into the dish. Tip: Wet your hands or place ...
Cyst ablation using a mixture of NBCA and iodized oil was performed in 99 cysts from 21 patients who had such symptoms as ... We wanted to assess the long-term results of cyst ablation with using N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) and iodized oil in patients ... Ablation using a mixture of NBCA and iodized oil may be an effective, safe method for obtaining symptom relief in patients with ... Adult , Aged , Enbucrilate/administration & dosage , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Iodized Oil/administration & dosage ...
Efficacy of oral iodized peanut oil is greater than that of iodized poppy seed oil among Indonesian schoolchildren. ... Efficacy of oral iodized peanut oil is greater than that of iodized poppy seed oil among Indonesian schoolchildren. Together ...
... especially iodised oil, is an effective means of decreasing goitre rates and improving iodine status in children. Indications ... Iodized Oil / administration & dosage * Myxedema / prevention & control * Potassium Compounds / administration & dosage * ... Most studies used iodised oil as a supplement, but other supplements were also used. The intervention groups were compared to a ... Insufficient evidence was available on non-oil supplements. High quality controlled studies investigating relevant long term ...
Iodized Oil. Incompatible. 20%/20 mL. 40%/10 mL. DECONGESTANTS Phenylephrine HCl 2 ...
Iodized Oil. Incompatible. 20%/20 mL. 40%/10 mL. DECONGESTANTS Phenylephrine HCl2 ...
Iodized Oil. gemcitabine [Substance Name]. oxaliplatin [Substance Name]. gemcitabine-oxaliplatin regimen [Substance Name]. ... Drug Information available for: Lipiodol Ethiodized oil Cisplatin Oxaliplatin Gemcitabine Gemcitabine hydrochloride ... Ethiodized Oil. Antineoplastic Agents. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic. Antimetabolites. Molecular Mechanisms of ...
Madhava Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil found at Hannaford Supermarket. Add to online shopping list or grocery cart for ...
Fats and oils must be used in moderation. • Iodated/iodized salt must be used in moderation. • Learners must drink at least 8 ... 1 Tablespoon of oil 5 tablespoons of oil 1 bag of soya mince (500g bag) 5 bags of soya mince (500g) 8 cups water (hot water ... Fats and oils Oils, fats or margarine Good source of fats Provide energy added to food or used for cooking Sugars and Sugar, ... TOOL Imana (Soya Mince) and vegetables 1 onion chopped 1 Spoon of oil 1 bag of soya mince ( 500g bag) 8 cups water (hot water ...
Iodized ethyl esters of poppy seed oil as a source of iodine added for nutritional purposes to foodstuffs. Following a request ... "iodized ethyl esters of poppy seed oil" (ethyl esters of iodinated fatty acids of popp ... ...
Iodized ethyl esters of poppy seed oil as a source of iodine added for nutritional purposes to foodstuffs. Following a request ... "iodized ethyl esters of poppy seed oil" (ethyl esters of iodinated fatty acids of popp ... ...
Heat oil in a Teflon pan over medium heat. Fry flour-coated meat until browned. Remove from oil and set aside. ... Iodized salt, to taste *Crushed red pepper flakes, to taste *¾ cup of crumbled herbed feta cheese ... Heat oil in a Teflon pan over medium heat. Cook pork chops for 10 minutes, or until brown. Transfer chops to clean platter. Set ... Heat olive oil in non-stick pot over medium heat. Sauté the onion. Stir in bay leaves, cumin, oregano, and salt. Cook until ...
½ teaspoon salt, iodized. *2 cups oil, preferably olive oil. *1 teaspoon organic food color, red or orange ... But this one, I am recommending olive oil so its very healthy. However, you can also use other cholesterol-free oil. And the ... Heat the oil over medium heat and then, drop the eggs one by one, avoiding close contact. When cooked, put them on the paper ... its normal to avoid fried stuff especially if we are using unhealthy frying oil. ...
Iodized Oil * Liver / diagnostic imaging * Liver / pathology* * Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis* * Liver Neoplasms / diagnostic ...
2 tablespoons neutral oil such as sunflower or coconut 1/2 teaspoon of fine flake salt (not kosher or iodized) ... Nuts and oil content: Each type of nut or seed will result in a rather different butter: Macadamia nuts are full of oil, and ... I sometimes add a tablespoon of a neutral oil (such as coconut or sunflower oil) to ease things along. ... whereas pistachios have the lowest oil content and require an extra bit of oil to soothe its granular nature. ...
1½ tablespoons (25.5 g) of non-iodized (cheese) salt. * Coconut oil (for banding) ... Coat the cheese with coconut oil. Then, wrap the rectangular piece around the circumference of the cheese, adding more oil to ... Dip your hands in the coconut oil and use them to secure and smooth out the cheesecloth.[23] X Research source *You can use ...
... the progress made in combating it and the results of a nationwide campaign to raise awareness of the need to consume iodized ... production and distribution of iodized salt and injectable iodized oil).. Design and manufacture of an iodine sprayer line for ... Use of iodized oil injections in hyperendemic rural areas.. One-day seminars in the provinces to increase the knowledge of ... In rural areas, out of 71.3% of women who were aware of iodized salt, only 41.6% said they always used iodized salt (Table 2). ...
  • Designing Ministry of Health permits in the form of a serial number or code, printed on the salt packets, was an effective step in motivating these producers to compete with one another in producing iodized salt of a better quality. (who.int)
  • These units were capable of producing iodized salt to meet the needs of the whole population. (who.int)
  • To assess the technical feasibility and local efficacy of biplane fluoroscopy plus US-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for viable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) around retained iodized oil after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). (bvsalud.org)
  • High-dose iodized oil transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for patients with large hepatocellular carcinoma. (wjgnet.com)
  • Publications] Ohiahi H,et al: 'Hepatocellular carcinoma detected by iodized oil : use of anticancer agents. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] Chikazumi Kuroda: 'Limitation of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization using iodized oil for small hepatocellular carcinoma. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Poppyseed oil (also poppy seed oil, poppy oil, and oleum papaveris seminis) is an edible oil from poppy seeds (seeds of Papaver somniferum, the opium poppy). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 19th century poppy seed oil was used as cooking oil, lamp oil, and varnish, and was used to make paints and soaps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently, 68% of households from areas of the world with previous iodine deficiency have access to iodized salt, compared to less than 10% a decade ago. (scienceopen.com)
  • In high-risk communities that are unlikely to have access to iodized salt, iodized oil is recommended. (who.int)
  • Fats like canola oil turn into trans fats. (boston.com)
  • No canola oil. (fathead-movie.com)
  • canola oil rapeseed oil , specifically that prepared from rapeseed plants bred to be low in erucic acid . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 1. In a large, shallow, heavy-bottomed pot at medium heat, sweat (cook without browning) garlic, onion, and jalapeños in the canola oil. (philly.com)
  • Consume foods that are naturally rich in the omega-3 fatty acid ALA such as ground flaxseed, walnuts, canola oil, soy products and hemp seed-based beverages. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Myth or Fact: Is Canola Oil Healthy or Bad? (jonbarron.org)
  • Canola Oil: there are myths and facts about Canola oil all over the net, but that doesn't make it true. (jonbarron.org)
  • Prevention of iodine deficiency by the introduction of iodized salt has virtually eliminated iodine deficiency and the so-called "goiter belt" in these areas. (thyroid.org)
  • In some regions where iodized salt is not available, iodized poppyseed oil is the standard for preventing iodine deficiency and its complications including goiter. (wikipedia.org)
  • To evaluate the long-term efficacy and possible side effects of low doses of iodized oil on iodine nutrition and thyroid function in endemic goiter in Romania. (scienceopen.com)
  • The prevalence of goiter was 29% before the administration of iodized oil and 9% 1 year later. (scienceopen.com)
  • McClure RD. Goiter prophylaxis with iodized salt. (medscape.com)
  • His team first suggested the injection of iodized oil (see poppyseed oil ) to goiter patients, a treatment later advocated by the WHO. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until its closure in 1989, it became the community laboratory of the UP College of Medicine, and it was there that Campos conducted testing on the use of iodized oil for the treatment of goiter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The striking scourge of great magnitude, which provides one of regression of goiter following iodized oil administra- the major challenges in international health today. (yudu.com)
  • I only cook with coconut oil. (boston.com)
  • Hmmm … no sugar, no white flour, no diary, no MSG, and the chef only cooks with coconut oil. (fathead-movie.com)
  • Now, science is proving that some of the good saturated fats found in coconut oil, butter, cream, avocados and organic nuts actually lower blood pressure. (naturalnews.com)
  • Even eggs and coconut oil have been thrown under the bus as causing heart disease and weight gain, and now real science is proving the polar opposite . (naturalnews.com)
  • Plus, coconut oil can contribute to weight loss and brain health . (naturalnews.com)
  • In fact, a Brazilian study published in 2009 in the journal Lipids found that women who ate just 30 milliliters of coconut oil daily (raw or as a supplement) lost weight, including reducing abdominal fat. (naturalnews.com)
  • Since iodine can cause acne, your skin might benefit if you exclude the following items from your diet: fast foods, iodized salt (use sea salt instead), egg yolks, kelp, seafood, spinach and onions. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • For iodine, use iodized salt, breads containing iodine, and seaweeds such as kelp (kombu). (emaxhealth.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that, in couples with unexplained infertility, tubal flushing with an oil-soluble media (lipiodol) would increase the pregnancy rate within 6 months compared with expectant management. (biomedsearch.com)
  • With Jacques Forestier (1890-1978), he introduced lipiodol (radio-opaque iodized poppyseed oil) for use in radiological investigations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Positive contrast myelography with iodised oil (lipiodol). (wikipedia.org)
  • Marcel Guerbet develops an iodized oil called Lipiodol. (guerbet.com)
  • Compared to other vegetable oils, poppyseed oil has a moderate amount of phytosterols: higher than soybean oil and peanut oil, lower than safflower oil, sesame oil, wheat germ oil, corn oil, and rice bran oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is more stable than safflower oil and linseed oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lite Safflower Mayonnaise is made with all-natural ingredients such as expeller pressed safflower oil, eggs, vinegar and more, to give you a superior flavor that is as delicious as it is nutritious. (evitamins.com)
  • Linoleic acid is found in flaxseed oil, safflower oil and other natural fats. (pioneerthinking.com)
  • The other approach employed as a specific measure for women and children in hyper-endemic areas is injection of iodized oil. (expertsmind.com)
  • Intramuscular injection of iodized oil has been used for tackling goitre and cretinism in hyper-endemic areas in many countries of the world. (expertsmind.com)
  • Iodine can also be effective when given by injection as an intramuscular depot of a slowly resorbable iodized oil. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 3 UNICEF Global Database on Iodized Salt Consumption, 2000-2003 (http://www.childinfo.org/eddb/idd/ database.htm). (who.int)
  • Individuals in the United States can maintain adequate iodine in their diet by using iodized table salt, by eating foods high in iodine, particularly dairy products, seafood, meat, some breads, and eggs, and by taking a multivitamin containing iodine (see below). (thyroid.org)
  • You need to avoid iodized salt and sea salt because they contain iodine, not because they contain sodium. (thyroid.ca)
  • Iodized poppyseed oil (oil with iodine added) has several kinds of pharmaceutical uses. (wikipedia.org)
  • I sometimes add a tablespoon of a neutral oil (such as coconut or sunflower oil) to ease things along. (sacbee.com)
  • In the intact control group, sunflower oil was administered intragastrically by gavage. (urotoday.com)
  • ISMP and finasteride (positive control), dissolved in sunflower oil, were administered to rats intragastrically daily at a dose of 200μg/kg and 5mg/kg, respectively, for 4 weeks starting immediately after castration. (urotoday.com)
  • A recent clinical trial in which iodized oil was given by mouth found that the amount of iodine taken up (see bioavailability) varied with the amount of oleic acid in the oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the amount of iodine allowed on this diet in a day is equal to the amount found in less than 1/8 teaspoon of iodized table salt. (thyroid.ca)
  • You mention that you don't like most vegetable oils for cooking. (jonbarron.org)
  • such oils consist of a mixture of fatty acids and their esters, and are classified as solid, semisolid, and liquid, or as drying, semidrying, and nondrying as a function of their tendency to solidify on exposure to air. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Induction of Lung Carcinoma By Intralobar Bronchial Inatillation of Iodized Oil in Rats. (springer.com)
  • This research studied the inhibitory effect of Iodized Serum Milk Protein (ISMP) on BPH in rats. (urotoday.com)
  • Rations vary but include basics like rice, beans, fortified cereals, oil and iodized salt ensuring essential nutrition to people living with HIV/AIDS. (wfp.org)
  • A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial on giving infants iodized poppyseed oil together with an oral polio vaccine had good results. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peanut oil and rapeseed oil have far more oleic acid and are less expensive, and may be superior to poppyseed oil for giving iodine by mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each participant received a family ration of food, which included 45kg of maize, 3kg of beans, 2.25kg of vegetable oil and 0.75kg of iodized salt, provided in installments. (wfp.org)
  • More than 1,300 people have received 230 metric tons of maize, beans, oil and iodized salt. (wfp.org)
  • Poppy seeds yield 45-50% oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like poppy seeds, poppyseed oil is highly palatable, high in vitamin E, and contains opium alkaloids such as morphine and codeine in quantities of up to 400 mg/L. Poppy seeds are notable for being especially high in tocopherols other than vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol). (wikipedia.org)
  • Do you consider the oil in flax seeds to be superior or inferior to fish oil? (jonbarron.org)
  • By May 1995, there were 40 iodized salt producing units in the Islamic Republic of Iran and their distribution throughout the country made this product accessible to all areas. (who.int)
  • We use a minimum of white flour in the menu, Iodized salt is employed where salt is indicated. (newspapers.com)
  • This study investigates the difficulties encountered, common factors behind the prevalence of iodine deficiency, the progress made in combating it and the results of a nationwide campaign to raise awareness of the need to consume iodized salt. (who.int)
  • Most studies used iodised oil as a supplement, but other supplements were also used. (nih.gov)
  • Human liver cancer cells and endothelial cells incorporate iodised oil. (springer.com)
  • Cyst ablation using a mixture of NBCA and iodized oil was performed in 99 cysts from 21 patients who had such symptoms as abdominal distension and pain . (bvsalud.org)
  • Ablation using a mixture of NBCA and iodized oil may be an effective, safe method for obtaining symptom relief in patients with ADPKD . (bvsalud.org)
  • 1) Vitamin A (from green feed, yellow corn and fish oils). (gov.mb.ca)
  • When oil shimmers, add ground chicken and onion. (culinary.net)
  • Cook onion and garlic in ½ cup of vegetable oil until fragrant. (feedthefuture.gov)
  • Your DIY Kit includes these carefully selected and tested supplies: -Instruction/recipe handbook and unlimited email support -Fine mesh, 100 percent cotton cheesecloth (also known as butter muslin) -Glass dairy thermometer (alcohol, not mercury) -Vegetarian rennet tablets -Yogurt starter cultures -Pure, non-iodized, non-GMO flake salt The ingredients allow you to make at least eight batches of feta and about 24 batches of yogurt treats. (motherearthnews.com)
  • 2) Vitamin D (in marine fish oils and synthetic products, or formed in body when exposed to ultra-violet rays of sun). (gov.mb.ca)
  • Sunshine contains the best and most efficiently absorbed vitamin D. A fair skinned person can make up to 20,000 IU's of Vitamin D in a half and hour with no risk of ever overdosing on vitamin D. Fatty fish and cod liver oil are the richest natural sources of vitamin d. (answers.com)
  • A 2006 survey of arthritis patients found that daily fish oil supplements reduced pain symptoms in 60% of the patients. (holtorfmed.com)
  • 90% in 28 countries compared to 19 five years ago.3 In most countries the use of iodized salt in processed foods is not mandatory or even regulated. (who.int)
  • It is less likely than some other oils to become rancid. (wikipedia.org)
  • and into drying and nondrying (fatty) oils, the former gradually thickening when exposed to the air and finally drying to a varnish, the latter not drying but liable to become rancid on exposure. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Its opacifying properties, discovered in 1918, make it the world's first iodized contrast agent. (guerbet.com)
  • Examples are fortified bread, vitamin D milk, and iodized salt. (answers.com)
  • Sterols in poppyseed oil consist almost entirely of campesterol, stigmasterol, sitosterol and delta 5-avenasterol. (wikipedia.org)
  • More than 100 countries now have a salt iodization programme compared with only a few in the 1990s, and iodized table salt is consumed by 67% of households worldwide. (who.int)
  • For instance, I buy fine-grain, non-iodized livestock salt in 50-pound bags from a farm supply store. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Pour equal parts of water, vegetable oil, and alcohol into the bottle. (exploratorium.edu)
  • The alcohol stays separate and ends up as its own layer on top of the column because it has a lower density than oil. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Poppyseed oil is a carrier oil, having little or no odor and a pleasant taste. (wikipedia.org)
  • such oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Correction of Iodine Deficiency Iodized oil is more expensive than iodized salt but is used especially for severe iodine deficiency in Iodized Salt remote areas. (yudu.com)
  • each child receives Mange juice and cod-liver oil. (newspapers.com)
  • The cod-liver oil dose is repented in the afternoon at 3:30. (newspapers.com)