Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.United StatesRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Patient Discharge: The administrative process of discharging the patient, alive or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.Patient Readmission: Subsequent admissions of a patient to a hospital or other health care institution for treatment.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Hospital Costs: The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Patient Admission: The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.Child, Hospitalized: Child hospitalized for short term care.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Pneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.Inpatients: Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Hospital Mortality: A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Hospital Charges: The prices a hospital sets for its services. HOSPITAL COSTS (the direct and indirect expenses incurred by the hospital in providing the services) are one factor in the determination of hospital charges. Other factors may include, for example, profits, competition, and the necessity of recouping the costs of uncompensated care.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Hospitals, Psychiatric: Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Rotavirus Infections: Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Insurance, Hospitalization: Health insurance providing benefits to cover or partly cover hospital expenses.DenmarkAcute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections: Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Rotavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with ROTAVIRUS.Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)New YorkSex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.BrazilCaliforniaAsthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Utilization Review: An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.IsraelMyocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Health Services Misuse: Excessive, under or unnecessary utilization of health services by patients or physicians.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Community-Acquired Infections: Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Insurance Claim Review: Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.TennesseeHealth Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Hospitals, Public: Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Skilled Nursing Facilities: Extended care facilities which provide skilled nursing care or rehabilitation services for inpatients on a daily basis.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Infection: Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Poisoning: A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.Home Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Direct Service Costs: Costs which are directly identifiable with a particular service.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Outpatients: Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.ItalyCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Bronchiolitis, Viral: An acute inflammatory disease of the lower RESPIRATORY TRACT, caused by paramyxoviruses, occurring primarily in infants and young children; the viruses most commonly implicated are PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE 3; RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS, HUMAN; and METAPNEUMOVIRUS.Diagnosis-Related Groups: A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.WashingtonIntensive Care Units: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.Respiratory Tract DiseasesDouble-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Pneumonia, Viral: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.Hospitals, Urban: Hospitals located in metropolitan areas.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Hospital Records: Compilations of data on hospital activities and programs; excludes patient medical records.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)SwedenHeart Failure, Systolic: Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.MassachusettsAftercare: The care and treatment of a convalescent patient, especially that of a patient after surgery.Homes for the Aged: Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Western Australia: A state in western Australia. Its capital is Perth. It was first visited by the Dutch in 1616 but the English took possession in 1791 and permanent colonization began in 1829. It was a penal settlement 1850-1888, became part of the colonial government in 1886, and was granted self government in 1890. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1329)Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions: Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.Chickenpox: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Saskatchewan: A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Alberta and Manitoba. Its capital is Regina. It is entirely a plains region with prairie in the south and wooded country with many lakes and swamps in the north. The name was taken from the Saskatchewan River from the Cree name Kisiskatchewani Sipi, meaning rapid-flowing river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1083 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p486)Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Hospitals, University: Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.Medical Records: Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.TaiwanManitoba: A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)PennsylvaniaQuality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Communicable DiseasesQuebec: A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)Disease Management: A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)Episode of Care: An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.Continuity of Patient Care: Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Pneumonia, Bacterial: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Adrenergic beta-Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.Empyema: Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Diarrhea, Infantile: DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.RomePatient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.AlaskaDiabetes Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.MaineLinear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Acute Coronary Syndrome: An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode that ultimately may lead to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Fee-for-Service Plans: Method of charging whereby a physician or other practitioner bills for each encounter or service rendered. In addition to physicians, other health care professionals are reimbursed via this mechanism. Fee-for-service plans contrast with salary, per capita, and prepayment systems, where the payment does not change with the number of services actually used or if none are used. (From Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Frail Elderly: Older adults or aged individuals who are lacking in general strength and are unusually susceptible to disease or to other infirmity.Patient Transfer: Interfacility or intrahospital transfer of patients. Intrahospital transfer is usually to obtain a specific kind of care and interfacility transfer is usually for economic reasons as well as for the type of care provided.Atrial Fibrillation: Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.GermanyInjury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)ColoradoUrban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Pneumonia, Pneumococcal: A febrile disease caused by STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Databases as Topic: Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Anti-Asthmatic Agents: Drugs that are used to treat asthma.Bacteremia: The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.
This can be voluntary or (if mental health legislation allows it) involuntary (called civil or involuntary commitment). Long- ... The Soteria model is alternative to inpatient hospitalization using full non professional care and a minimal medication ... Nobre, A. C.; Rao, A.; Owen, G. N. (2008). "L-theanine, a natural constituent in tea, and its effect on mental state". Asia ... Ross BM, Seguin J, Sieswerda LE (2007). "Omega-3 fatty acids as treatments for mental illness: which disorder and which fatty ...
1973 (editor). The Age of Madness: A History of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization Presented in Selected Texts. Doubleday ... 1997 (1970). The Manufacture of Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the Mental Health Movement. SUP. ... 1987 (1963). Law, Liberty, and Psychiatry: An Inquiry into the Social Uses of Mental Health Practices. SUP. ... 1974 (1961). The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct. Harper & Row. ...
The ethics of involuntary hospitalization and treatment of mentally ill persons. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. December ... Why the treatment of mental disorders is an important component of HIV prevention among people who inject drugs. Advances in ... Global Initiative on Psychiatry (GIP) is an international foundation for mental health reform which took part in the campaign ... In Robert van Voren's words, their idea is that "mental health services should be locally empowered, locally adapted, community ...
... involuntary (called civil or involuntary commitment). Long-term inpatient stays are now less common due to ... Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of ... Hospitalization may be required especially with the manic episodes present in bipolar I. This can be voluntary or (local ... Kurasaki, Karen S. (2002). Asian American Mental Health: Assessment Theories and Methods. pp. 14-15.. ...
Subsequent discussions revealed a history of involuntary hospitalizations and other brutal treatments, fueling Hinshaw's ... Regarding his 2007 book, The Mark of Shame, Stigma of Mental Illness and an Agenda for Change, the New England Journal of ... Hinshaw, S. P. (2017). Another kind of madness: A journey through the stigma and hope of mental illness. New York: St. Martin's ... Hinshaw, S. P. (2007). The mark of shame: Stigma of mental illness and an agenda for change. New York: Oxford University Press ...
... voluntary hospitalizations are outnumbered by involuntary commitments partly due to the fact that insurance tends not to pay ... Mental health professionals from a wide area of disciplines, including medicine, nursing, psychology, and social work in these ... Mental health professionals in these settings are expected to predict acts of violence patients may commit against themselves ( ... These mental health professionals will use any resources available to them to determine risk factors, make an overall ...
The Battle over Involuntary Psychiatric Care. JHU Press. ISBN 9781421420790. Publications, Harvard Health. "Involuntary ... Elizabeths Hospital for the treatment of serious and persistent mental illness in Washington, D.C. There, he frequently treated ... hospitalization, and violence toward self and others. Research and study into public policy and other issues related specific ... Advocacy for involuntary commitment laws and policies based on the belief that coercive treatment practices are both effective ...
1974 [1973]. ISBN 0-7100-7757-2. The Age of Madness: A History of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization Presented in Selected ... ISBN 0-06-055119-4. Szasz, Thomas (June 1, 1971). "American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization ... Vellucci, Mark (2004). Psychiatric Rights (rites?): A Treatise on Involuntary Mental Hospitalization and Thomas Szasz. ... enforced by psychiatrists and other mental health professionals, mental health laws, mental health courts, and mental health ...
... and the duty to protect to include the involuntary hospitalization of a dangerous individual. Tarasoff v. Regents of the ... 1983) is a landmark case in which the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals determined that a mental health professional's duty to ... The legal precedent set by this case extends the duty of the mental health professional to secure previous records when ... predict dangerousness includes consulting a patient's prior records, and that their duty to protect includes the involuntary ...
... called for reform of Illinois mental health laws providing for the hospitalization of people who do not break the law. There ... The standoff led to international attention and controversies over the cost of the operation as well as involuntary commitment ... Though the relatives have said they were concerned about her mental state, some have alleged that the motive was to gain ... After six weeks in a mental hospital, Allen was released when doctors said she posed no danger to herself or others. ...
Maine has two procedures for involuntary psychiatric hospitalization. Section 3863 provides for temporary hospitalization ... confirms their mental illness and waives any due process challenge. Such voluntary hospitalizations do not qualify as " ... Section 3863 hospitalizations are subject to strict time limits, so the hospital applied for longer-term involuntary commitment ... Section 3863 permits three-day involuntary hospitalizations (earlier it was five days) without any adversary proceeding and ...
Differences of Legal Regulations Concerning Involuntary Psychiatric Hospitalization in Twelve European Countries: Implications ... Mental health in China has traditionally had no oversight body or national mental health law. The new Mental Health Care Act ... However a Draft Mental Health Care Bill (2012) looks to set up a national Mental Health Review Commission and state Mental ... The Mental Health Review Tribunal for Northern Ireland was set up under the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986. Mental ...
In regard to psychiatric patients, empirical studies verify that, for individuals with severe mental illnesses, lack of ... One study of voluntary and involuntary inpatients confirmed that committed patients require coercive treatment because they ... awareness of illness is significantly associated with both medication non-compliance and re-hospitalization.[22] Fifteen ... They do not seem to recognize that they have a mental illness. There is evidence that 'anosognosia' related to schizophrenia ...
However, the act also made involuntary hospitalizations significantly easier. In 2017, the Mental Health Act was amended to ... The Mental Health Act expanded the number of national mental hospitals and community mental health centers with the goal of ... Mental health issues are prevalent in South Korea, with the highest suicide rate and the highest rate of hospitalizations for ... Public spending on mental healthcare remains low, at 3%, most of which goes to inpatient mental hospitals despite the fact that ...
Placements can include involuntary in-patient hospitalization, voluntary in-patient hospitalization, or discharge to home with ... mental health counseling, or counseling psychology). The clinician performs the evaluation based on standard models of mental ... Mobile Crisis, or Mobile Crisis Rapid Response Team (MCRRT), is a mental health service in the United States and Canada ( ... An assessment may be requested for situations involving alcohol and drugs (where there is not a mental health component), or " ...
Mental health laws vary significantly among jurisdictions, but in many cases, involuntary psychiatric treatment is permitted ... If hospitalization is required, the average hospital stay is around one to two weeks, with only a small number receiving long- ... "Information about Mental Illness and the Brain (Page 3 of 3)". The Science of Mental Illness. National Institute of Mental ... "Neuroimaging and Mental Illness: A Window Into the Brain". National Institute of Mental Health. U.S. Department of Health and ...
The American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization (AAAIMH) was an organization founded in 1970 ... and especially involuntary mental hospitalization, have been regarded as morally and professionally legitimate procedures. No ... "American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization". American Journal of Psychiatry. American ... In the Platform Statement of the association, one can read: Throughout the entire history of psychiatry, involuntary ...
To qualify for the program, the person must have a serious mental illness plus a recent history of psychiatric hospitalizations ... Compulsory community and involuntary outpatient treatment for people with severe mental disorders by Steve R Kisely, Leslie ... As stated above, the patient must have a serious mental illness plus a recent history of psychiatric hospitalizations, jailings ... When the California Department of Mental Health (DMH) released its draft plan requirements for county mental health ...
Supporters of involuntary treatment include organizations such as the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), the American ... In 1975, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in O'Connor v. Donaldson that involuntary hospitalization and/or treatment violates an ... All states in the U.S. allow for some form of involuntary treatment for mental illness for short periods of time under ... This ruling has severely limited involuntary treatment and hospitalization in the United States. The statutes vary somewhat ...
Addington had a long history of mental and emotional problems and past psychiatric hospitalizations. The state trial court ... opinion touched on the issue of an involuntary commitment as primarily medical in nature and needing the expertise of mental ... Addington v. Texas, 441 U.S. 418 (1979), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that set the standard for involuntary ... Meyer, Robert G.; Weaver, Christopher M. (2005). Law and Mental Health: A Case-Based Approach. Guilford Press. p. 135. ISBN 1- ...
The American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization (AAAIMH) was an organization founded in 1970 ... "American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization". American Journal of Psychiatry. American ... Involuntary commitment or civil commitment is a legal process through which an individual with symptoms of severe mental ... Involuntary commitment requires three criteria: 1) severe mental illness with impaired insight; 2) that a lack of treatment ...
Weak evidence suggests that compulsory community or involuntary outpatient treatment for people who have severe mental illness ... 77% fewer experienced psychiatric hospitalization. 56% reduction in length of hospitalization. 83% fewer experienced arrest. 87 ... This form of involuntary treatment is distinct from involuntary commitment in that the individual subject to the court order ... "Compulsory community and involuntary outpatient treatment for people with severe mental disorders". The Cochrane Database of ...
... of Slavery and Psychiatry Madness and Civilization American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization ... Californian mental health law 5150 (Involuntary psychiatric hold) Florida mental health law Florida Mental Health Act: the ... History of psychiatry Glossary of psychiatry Mental disorder Classification of mental disorders History of mental disorder ... Diminished responsibility in English law Mental Capacity Act 2005 Mental Health Act 1983 Mental Health Act 2007 Mental Health ...
We are letting you go, but you must think about your family." The decision of court about the involuntary hospitalization of ... At the same time he said that Arap "showed signs of mental instability" and that Arap admitted to being briefly hospitalized ... to investigate Arap's hospitalization. According to Yuri Savenko, the forceful hospitalization of Arap was completely ... The personnel of the facility refused to give her husband information regarding the reason for the hospitalization. That same ...
Szasz, Thomas (1 June 1971). "American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization". American Journal ... The American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalisation (AAAIMH) was an organisation founded in 1970 ... A brief history of specialist mental health services, S Lawton-Smith and A McCulloch, Mental Health Foundation, "Archived copy" ... Later reforms included the Mental Health Parity Act, which required health insurers to give mental health patients equal ...
New York: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing Company.. *^ a b Freud, Sigmund (1953). Three essays on the ... Usher and Neisser reported that some events, like the birth of a sibling and a planned hospitalization, can be readily ... Various findings have shown that events such as hospitalization and the birth of a sibling are correlated with an earlier ... is 2 years of age for hospitalization and sibling birth and 3 years of age for death or change in houses. Thus, some memories ...
The American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization (AAAIMH) was an organization founded in 1970 ... and especially involuntary mental hospitalization, have been regarded as morally and professionally legitimate procedures. No ... "American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization". American Journal of Psychiatry. American ... In the Platform Statement of the association, one can read: Throughout the entire history of psychiatry, involuntary ...
Mental Health Commitment Laws: Making the Case for U.S. Civil Commitment Reform Posted February 20, 2014 by Shaili Jain, MD in ... Earlier this month, I posted a blog titled, Understanding Lack of Access to Mental Healthcare in the US: 3 Lessons from the Gus ... critical appraisal depression disparity in mental health services Gotlib health house of cards hype Lancet Psychiatry MD mental ... Conflict of interest control group critical appraisal depression epidemiology evidence-supported happiness hype mental health ...
The most common victims of homicide among mental health workers are female case workers, new data show. ... had prior involuntary hospitalization.. Knable notes that homicides among mental health workers were rare. The most common ... Knable noted that 23% of the perpetrators had a history of involuntary hospitalization. ... which most often consisted of young men with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and/or a history of involuntary hospitalization. ...
9780205880973 Our cheapest price for Mental Health and Social Policy Beyond Managed Care is $63.24. Free shipping on all orders ... Chapter 11: Mental Illness, the Community, and the Law Involuntary Hospitalization Psychiatric Advance Directives ... Rocheforts previous publications on mental health include From Poorhouses to Homeless: Policy Analysis and Mental Health Care ... Criminalization of Persons with Mental Illness. A Note on Dangerousness and the Relationship between Mental Illness and ...
Mental Health; Mental Illness; Involuntary Hospitalization; Criteria. Description:. Amends the definitions of dangerous to ... SECTION 1. The legislature finds that Hawaiis current standard for involuntary hospitalization does not adequately prevent ... 2) Refuses to take medication or attend mental health treatment that is necessary to help prevent the person from committing or ... 3) Refused to take medication or attend mental health treatment that is necessary to help prevent the person from threatening ...
Hospitalization only in extreme cases. Involuntary as least restrictive alternative. howtofascinate.com. The Legacy of ... 1. Who Has Mental Disorders?. Introduction. 1. Who Has Mental Disorders?. 2. The Costs of Mental Illness. 3. Controlling Mental ... 1. Who Has Mental Disorders?. 2. The Costs of Mental Illness. 3. Controlling Mental Disorder. 4. The Deviance Dance. ... Transcript of 214.8 Chapter 8 - Mental Disorders. 214.8 Chapter 8 - Mental Disorders. 2. The Costs of Mental Illness. ...
Involuntary Hospitalization and Outpatient Services Laws. A basic guide to laws covering involuntary admission to psychiatric ... Rights and Legal Issues - Mental Health; DHHS Maine. DHHS information on the legal rights of individuals receiving mental ... The Consent Decree requires the State of Maine to establish and maintain a comprehensive mental health system. This is an ... Advance Directives for Planning Mental Health Care. Comprehensive guide from the Maine Disability Rights Center ...
But calling for more involuntary hospitalizations isnt among them. *Jeff Deeney. * May 26, 2014 ... Confusing Mental-Health Intervention and Violence Prevention. There are many ways to prevent some violent tragedies, including ... Philadelphias mental health interventions aim to prevent random acts of violence and misguided jail time. ... Rapper Lil Waynes seizures and hospitalization highlight a double standard in hustler culture. Crack cocaine and heroin users ...
... also deputy medical director of the Los Angeles County Mental Health Department, met in his office with Gale Holland to discuss ... L.A.'s mental-health-care system. Miller, who... ... It would probably lead to many involuntary hospitalizations. ... Milton Miller: L.A.s Mental Health Woes. GALE HOLLANDGale Holland is a Los Angeles journalist.. "There is a crisis each week ... Q: What does quality mental health look like?. A: Well, you have to have services available 24 hours a day. You have to have a ...
Previous research has shown considerable differences in how often coercive measures are used in mental health care between ... Hoyer G (2008) Involuntary hospitalization in contemporary mental health care. Some (still) unanswered questions. J Mental ... Attitudes of mental health professionals and lay-people towards involuntary admission and treatment in England and Germany-a ... In: Knapp M, McDavid D, Mossialos E, Thornicroft G (eds) Mental Health Policy and Practice across Europe: the future direction ...
... student-run mental health app Unmasked in late July, questions have arisen surrounding the role of app moderators and the ... Following the involuntary hospitalization of a student who expressed suicidal thoughts on the anonymous, ... Following the involuntary hospitalization of a student who expressed suicidal thoughts on the anonymous, student-run mental ... "Police responding to mental health crises can often have really scary consequences for people of color and Black people in ...
Involuntary mental hospitalization is like slavery. Refining the standards for commitment is like prettifying the slave ... V]oluntary mental hospitalization is always potentially and often actually a covert form of involuntary mental hospitalization ... "Involuntary mental hospitalization is like slavery. Refining the standards for commitment is like prettifying the slave ... "In my view, involuntary hospitalization and the insanity defense ought to be abolished, exactly as slavery was abolished, or ...
... civil assessments for involuntary hospitalization, treatment over objection, outpatient commitment and guardianship; 5) child ... Kalihi-Palama Mental Health Center, the Hawaii Family Court Mental Health Liaison Branch, and the UH Forensic Psychiatry Clinic ... a seminar on landmark cases in mental health law, and a program in mental health law at the SIU School of Law specifically ... Aggression and Mental Disorder. This has been newly formed under the auspices of the University and Penetanguishene Mental ...
Rodgers entered assisted outpatient treatment, also known as involuntary outpatient commitment.. Since its inception, the court ... With Hospitalization Losing Favor, States Allow Outpatient Mental Health Treatment by Kaiser Health News , November 13, 2018 AT ... This Is What Happens When a City Shuts Down Mental Health Clinics New School Year, New Mental Health Lessons: 2 States Now ... When mental illness hijacks Margaret Rodgers mind, she acts out.. Rodgers, 35, lives with depression and bipolar disorder. ...
Factors affecting ethnic differences in womens use of outpatient mental health services were analyzed to determine whether ... Rosenfield S: Race differences in involuntary hospitalization: Psychiatric vs. labeling perspectives.Journal of Health and ... Sue S: Community mental health services to minority groups.American Psychologist 1977; 32:616-624.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Presidents Commission on Mental Health.Task Panel Reports: The nature and Scope of the Problem (Vol. 2). Washington, DC: U.S. ...
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that can result in hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and ... In some cases, emergency hospitalization may be needed. Laws on involuntary commitment for mental health treatment vary by ... Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some ... People with schizophrenia often lack awareness that their difficulties stem from a mental disorder that requires medical ...
Mental Health issues. *Psychiatric hospitalization of wards on voluntary and involuntary basis ...
Whalen, Jennifer (2014). "Communicating to Escape: A Look at Involuntary Hospitalization." Journal of Medicine and the Person, ... Mental health institutions have a goal of producing well-adjusted people but do not allow them to live in the necessary ... A look at involuntary hospitalization," the authors discuss their experiences with the required medications at the two ... If mental health patients are put in an institution where they are made to feel "othered" (Whalen, 2014) or "sick" (Kaysen, ...
At my job as an inpatient mental health counselor I had to confront the reality of a hospitalization system with serious and ... "suspect on reasonable grounds that the person needs to be an involuntary patient" to "the mental health practitioner need only ... After years of hospitalizations and treatment by force, it is hard for individuals and families to break free of this co ... The issue with me is, as the "Mental Health Professionals" always say, "are you a licensed mental health professional?" No. . . ...
On review of the record,the nurse notes that the admission was an involuntary hospitalization. Based on this information,the ... Mental health nursing practice test 3 by Nursing Path 2077 views * Mental health nursing practice test 6 by Nursing Path 2154 ... Mental health nursing practice test 7 by Nursing Path 2758 views * Mental health nursing practice test 2 by Nursing Path 1037 ... Rn%2 b mental%2bhealth%2bsaunders%2bquestions%2bbook * 1. Saunders NCLEX Questions Ch 71-76Chapter 71 1. The Nurse is working ...
However, the act also made involuntary hospitalizations significantly easier. In 2017, the Mental Health Act was amended to ... The Mental Health Act expanded the number of national mental hospitals and community mental health centers with the goal of ... Mental health issues are prevalent in South Korea, with the highest suicide rate and the highest rate of hospitalizations for ... Public spending on mental healthcare remains low, at 3%, most of which goes to inpatient mental hospitals despite the fact that ...
... and the massive intrusion on individual liberty that involuntary psychiatric hospitalization entails. Petitioner contends that ... In many respects, confinement in a mental institution is even more intrusive than incarceration in a prison. Inmates of mental ... Footnote 2/13] As for mental illness, certainly some conditions that satisfy the "mental disease" element of the insanity ... provides a constitutionally adequate basis for involuntary, indefinite commitment to psychiatric hospitalization. ...
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that can result in hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and ... In some cases, emergency hospitalization may be needed. Laws on involuntary commitment for mental health treatment vary by ... Hospitalization. During crisis periods or times of severe symptoms, hospitalization may be necessary to ensure safety, proper ... Psychiatric evaluation. A doctor or mental health professional checks mental status by observing appearance and demeanor and ...
Administration And Policy In Mental Health, 45(2):254-264. ... Length of Involuntary Hospitalization Related to the Referring ... Length of Involuntary Hospitalization Related to the Referring Physicians Psychiatric Emergency Experience. ...
... involuntary hospitalization; restraint of the agitated patient (verbal restraint, chemical restraint and physical restraint); ... 1) Evaluation and Management of Children and Adolescents With Acute Mental Health or Behavioral Problems. Part I: Common ... 2) Evaluation and Management of Children With Acute Mental Health or Behavioral Problems. Part II: Recognition of Clinically ... This clinical report focuses on the challenges a pediatrician may face when evaluating patients with a mental health condition ...
  • The measures include prohibiting individuals from purchasing or possessing firearms after a short-term involuntary hospitalization, if they have been convicted of a violent misdemeanor, are the subject of a temporary domestic violence restraining order, or have been convicted of drunken driving two or more times in five years. (courant.com)
  • On the federal level, the researchers' findings support the consortium's suggestion that the government clarify and refine policies dealing with gun disqualification for individuals who have been involuntary committed for mental health reasons, and state laws should be strengthened to prohibit gun purchases or possession following a short-term involuntary hospitalization. (healthcanal.com)
  • For example, the individual must be exhibiting behavior that is a danger to himself or others in order to be held, the hold must be for evaluation only and a court order must be received for more than very short term treatment or hospitalization (typically no longer than 72 hours). (bionity.com)
  • The legislature is cognizant that a portion of the mentally ill population, including the chronically homeless, are being deprived of urgent, medically appropriate mental health intervention that is best administered on an inpatient basis. (hawaii.gov)
  • The legislature finds that although mentally ill people have a right to refuse medication or mental health treatment to some degree, steps must be taken to ensure that these individuals take medication and undergo treatment that is necessary to help prevent them from causing danger to themselves and others. (hawaii.gov)
  • Salize HJ, Dressing H (2004) Epidemiology of involuntary placement of mentally ill people across the European Union. (springer.com)
  • He is then committed to a mental hospital and within 50 days thereafter is entitled to a judicial hearing to determine his eligibility for release, at which he has the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence that he is no longer mentally ill or dangerous. (justia.com)
  • Named after 19-year-old Laura Wilcox-who was gunned down by a mentally ill man in 2001-Laura's Law says that a person who meets certain criteria, like refusing treatment, showing signs of being a threat to himself or others or having a history of hospitalization and/or incarceration, can be court-ordered to follow an "assisted-outpatient treatment" plan. (sdcitybeat.com)
  • The state trial court instructed the jury to determine whether, based on "clear, unequivocal and convincing evidence," appellant was mentally ill and required hospitalization for his own welfare and protection or the protection of others. (justia.com)
  • The magistrate found "probable cause" to believe the young man was "mentally ill and in need of hospitalization" and issued a temporary detention order. (slate.com)
  • RCM 909(a) states that "[n]o person may be brought to trial by court-martial if that person is presently suffering from a mental disease or defect rendering him or her mentally incompetent to the extent that he or she is unable to understand the nature of the proceedings against them [sic] or to conduct or cooperate intelligently in the defense of the case. (ucmjdefense.com)
  • In a case where the defendant wants to represent himself, the Supreme Court held that the Constitution permits judges to take realistic account of the particular defendant's mental capacities by asking whether a defendant is mentally competent to represent himself. (ucmjdefense.com)
  • The criterion for involuntary hospitalization is that an individual is mentally ill and presents an imminent danger or threat of danger to self, or others. (namilexington.org)
  • Yet, there is no tally of the number of programs or the number of people involuntarily placed in one, said David DeVoursney, chief of the Community Support Programs Branch at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (governing.com)
  • A "clear and convincing" standard of proof is required by the Fourteenth Amendment in a civil proceeding brought under state law to commit an individual involuntarily for an indefinite period to a state mental hospital. (justia.com)
  • In the Netherlands patients can be involuntarily admitted if they have a mental disorder causing dangerous. (ebscohost.com)
  • What I would like to talk about today is the issue of involuntarily hospitalization -of being confined for a psych evaluation. (bphope.com)
  • MHA urges states to adopt laws that reflect the paramount value of maximizing the dignity, autonomy and self-determination of persons affected by mental health conditions. (mentalhealthamerica.net)
  • Laws were changed in every state to limit involuntary hospitalization so people can't be committed without their consent, unless there is a danger of hurting themselves or others. (dailyherald.com)
  • The laws concerning hospitalization for depression vary from state to state. (webmd.com)
  • HARTFORD - The Sandy Hook Advisory Commission on Thursday released a draft report on the Dec. 14, 2012, school massacre that brought a state to its knees and spawned tougher gun laws, more police mass-response training, and exposed weaknesses in the state mental-health system. (courant.com)
  • In my view, involuntary hospitalization and the insanity defense ought to be abolished, exactly as slavery was abolished, or the disfranchisement of women was abolished, or the persecution of homosexuals was abolished. (cchrint.org)
  • The Superior Court found petitioner not guilty by reason of insanity and committed him to a mental hospital. (justia.com)
  • When a criminal defendant establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that he is not guilty of a crime by reason of insanity, the Constitution permits the Government, on the basis of the insanity judgment, to confine him to a mental institution until such time as he has regained his sanity or is no longer a danger to himself or society. (justia.com)
  • Persons with mental health conditions can and should be treated in the least restrictive environment and in a manner designed to preserve their dignity and autonomy and to maximize the opportunities for recovery. (mentalhealthamerica.net)
  • Hoyer G, Kjellin L, Engberg M, Kaltiala-Heino R, Nilstun T, Sigurjonsdottir M et al (2002) Paternalism and autonomy: a presentation of a Nordic study on the use of coercion in the mental health care system. (springer.com)
  • Pedersen, Reidar 2018-06-05 00:00:00 Background: Professionals within the mental health services face many ethical dilemmas and challenging situations regarding the use of coercion. (deepdyve.com)
  • Keywords: Coercion, Ethics reflection groups, Focus group study, Health care professionals, Mental health care Background Some studies refer to 'large-scale' and 'small-scale' Ethical challenges in mental health care ethical challenges . (deepdyve.com)
  • BMC Medical Ethics (2018) 19:54 Page 2 of 14 The use of coercion in mental health care them - for example how to balance autonomy with ben- Over the last years, the use of coercion in mental health eficence - within the mental health services than in services has received increasing attention. (deepdyve.com)
  • By co- paradox since law and practice in mental health services ercion we refer to both formal, informal and per- raises many complex ethical challenges (1-6) and prob- ceived coercion [8, and between there are many grey ably have the potential to undermine the right to free- areas. (deepdyve.com)
  • A 2008 report by the American Medical Association (AMA) states that during the time of deinstitutionalization, necessary services and funding were not put into place for adequate community mental health services. (hhs.gov)